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Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization - UMTS

Actix Inc 12012 Sunset Hills Rd Suite 910 Reston, VA 20190 Tel: (703) 707-4777 Fax: (703) 707-4778 Email: support@actix.com Web site: http://www.actix.com

COPYRIGHT Actix Inc 2005

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Introduction ................................................................................................................ 6 Scope of the Course ............................................................................................... 6 Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? .................................................................. 6 Prerequisites........................................................................................................... 7 Topics to Be Covered ............................................................................................. 8 Whats New in A-RVS Version 2.1 ............................................................................. 9 Data Visualization................................................................................................... 9 Licensing ................................................................................................................ 9 Data Formats Supported ...................................................................................... 10 Getting Started With Analyzer .................................................................................. 11 Starting Analyzer .................................................................................................. 11 Configuring Analyzer ............................................................................................ 12
Toolbar Configuration...............................................................................................................12 Setting up Maps .......................................................................................................................13 More Pan and Zoom Options...................................................................................................17 Map Scale and Coordinates.....................................................................................................17 Loading Cell Site Data .............................................................................................................17 Viewing Cell Site Information ...................................................................................................22 Searching for Cells .......................................................................................................................23

Data Aggregation (Binning) .................................................................................. 25


Thresholds Editor .....................................................................................................................27

Exploring the Workspace ......................................................................................... 29 Loading Data Files................................................................................................ 29


Examining UMTS Handset Data ..............................................................................................29 Examining Technology-Independent Data...............................................................................33 Examining UMTS Scanner Data ..............................................................................................34

The Favorites Group............................................................................................. 37


Sharing Favorites .....................................................................................................................38

Viewing Data in Analyzer ......................................................................................... 39 Viewing Data on Maps.......................................................................................... 39


The Direction Button.....................................................................................................................45

Figure 14: Map with Directional Arrows displayed ......................................... 45 Viewing Data on Charts ........................................................................................ 46
Modifying Chart Properties ...........................................................................................................48

Viewing Data in Tables ......................................................................................... 49 Viewing Data in the Message Browser ................................................................. 51 Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser......................................................... 53 Viewing Data on Workbooks................................................................................. 54 The Replay Tool ................................................................................................... 56
Docking the Replay Tool ..........................................................................................................57

Viewing Data on State Forms ............................................................................... 58


Using Preconfigured StateForms.............................................................................................58 Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor ................................................................62 Modifying an Existing StateForms File.....................................................................................63 Creating Your Own StateForms File ........................................................................................64

Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace ........................................................ 68 The Network Image .................................................................................................. 69 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 2

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Preparation ........................................................................................................... 69 Creating a New Network Image............................................................................ 70 Batch Load Files Into the Network Image ............................................................. 71 Display Data for the Entire Network...................................................................... 72 Simulate a New Day........................................................................................... 73 Create a Custom Network Image Template.......................................................... 73 Reporting UMTS Network Performance ................................................................... 81 Application Packages ........................................................................................... 81
Running Application Packs...........................................................................................................82 UMTS Drive Test Summary .....................................................................................................83 UMTS CPICH Level Analysis...................................................................................................84 UMTS Call Statistics ................................................................................................................84 UMTS Call Setup Analysis .......................................................................................................84 UMTS Handoff Analysis ...........................................................................................................84 UMTS Quality Analysis ............................................................................................................85 Running a Pre-Defined Report.................................................................................................86 Creating a Custom Report............................................................................................................88 Running Your Report with New Data .......................................................................................90 Modifying a Custom Report ..........................................................................................................90

Performing Custom Analysis in Analyzer ................................................................. 94 About Queries....................................................................................................... 94 Filter Analysis ....................................................................................................... 95
Working With Pre-Configured Filters............................................................................................95 Creating a Custom Filter...............................................................................................................96 Additional Custom Filters..............................................................................................................99

Binned Query Analysis ....................................................................................... 102


ServingCellDistance in Miles .................................................................................................102 Scanner Pilot Pollution Query ................................................................................................103 Additional Binned Queries .....................................................................................................106

Histogram and Statistic Query Analysis.............................................................. 111


ServingCellDistance in Miles Statistic Query .............................................................................111 ServingCellDistance in Miles Histogram Query..........................................................................112

Crosstab Query Analysis .................................................................................... 114


Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab Query................................................................................114 Display the Crosstab Query Results ......................................................................................117 Filter the Crosstab Query Results..........................................................................................117 Additional Crosstab Queries ..................................................................................................118

Event Query Analysis ......................................................................................... 121


Displaying Event Queries.......................................................................................................125 Additional Event Queries .......................................................................................................125

Scanner Based Network Rollout Analyses (specific to UMTS)............................... 128 Neighbor List Analysis ........................................................................................ 128 CPICH Pollution Analysis ................................................................................... 131 Handoff Analysis................................................................................................. 135 Simulated Active Set .......................................................................................... 137 Printing Maps ......................................................................................................... 139 Saving Your Preferred Layout ................................................................................ 141 Importing Cell Site Data Using the Network Explorer ............................................. 142 Importing Network Data ...................................................................................... 142 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 3

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Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format ..................................................................................142 Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data.................................................................................144 Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data ......................................................145 Importing the Data..................................................................................................................146

Updating Cell Site Data ...................................................................................... 151


Automatic Import of Cell Site Data.........................................................................................152

Where to Get More Help ........................................................................................ 154 Help File ............................................................................................................. 154 Technical Support............................................................................................... 156 Actix Web Site .................................................................................................... 157 Contact Your Instructor....................................................................................... 158 Additional Copies of this Manual ........................................................................ 158 More Advanced Training..................................................................................... 158 Appendix A UMTS Event Definitions ................................................................... 159

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All contents of this document are the property of Actix Inc and are provided for information purposes only. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. Actix will not be held liable for technical or editorial omissions made herein, and will not be held liable for incidental, consequential or other similar damages resulting from the use of its products.

Copyright Actix Inc. 2005, All Rights Reserved

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Introduction
Scope of the Course
Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization provides a comprehensive overview of Actix Analyzer Rollout Verification Solution (Analyzer). Our goal is to give new users an understanding of what Analyzer can do and how it can help them improve the quality of service for their network subscribers. Advanced users will be introduced to Analyzer features they may not know about and to new network applications that can be performed using Analyzer. The instructors for this course are experts in using Analyzer to increase productivity and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. Participants are given ample opportunity to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. Upon completing the course, participants will be able to use what they learned in class to identify and solve real network problems. Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization begins with a high-level presentation of the Analyzer interface and its capabilities. We will then cover how Analyzer can be customized to tailor existing optimization processes to the specific needs of the participants.

Who Should Attend Analyzer Training?


Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization System Performance Engineers responsible for measuring and quantifying network quality relative to competitors and/or established benchmarks Engineers looking to further understand the application of drive test, call trace and protocol data in optimizing networks Experienced technicians involved in field optimization Anyone looking to maximize the return on their investment in Actix Analyzer

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Prerequisites
Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages/limitations with each dataset Access to Actix Analyzer software Basic computer literacy, including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications
A computer meeting recommended or at least minimum requirements:

Hardware Processor: Memory (RAM) Disk Space CD-ROM Drive One Parallel Port Monitor

Optimal Performance P4 2.6 GHz 1 GB 60+ GB Available

Minimal Performance Pentium II 440 MHz 256 MB 1 GB Available

-To install the application-For Single-User Hardware Key1280x1024x64k color resolution or higher 1024x768x256 color resolution

Other

Mouse and Keyboard

In addition to the hardware requirements listed above, Analyzer performs best when the Windows Virtual Memory Paging size is set to between 1000 and 1500 MB. The method for setting this parameter varies by operating system. Please consult your OS help for specific instructions regarding this parameter.

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Topics to Be Covered
Configuring your Analyzer workspace including map, cell site, and parameter configuration in order to display your geographic area and network cell plan Viewing data in a variety of ways to gain insight into possible network problems Diagnosing and solving quality of service problems with drive test and switch data Using pre-defined and custom analyses to analyze data and devise tailored optimization solutions Identifying the impact of wide area network optimization changes in terms of Quality of Service using advanced features that allow Analyzer to be tailored to integrate seamlessly into developed optimization process and procedures of the latest task orientated application packages and their supporting engineering notes, which highlight how Analyzer can be used to fine tune network performance and further enhance quality of service. Using the Help options and maximizing the benefit of technical support
Using some

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Whats New in A-RVS Version 2.1


Data Visualization
Preconfigured StateForms - A number of preconfigured CDMA StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. StateForms Charts In addition to viewing parameter values at selected data points, charts can be added to StateForms to view trends in the data over time. Events and parameters can be displayed on these charts, and the granularity of time can be selected. Event Navigator The Event Navigator view in the StateForms allows you to view the important voice or data events that occurred during the drive overlaid on a bar which shows the calls data in the file colored by serving channel. Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser, the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. Cell Site Configuration The Network Explorer has been updated to ease the cell site configuration process. The Auto Import feature is available to automatically update the cellrefs file with changes to network data. The Display Cell Data view provides easy access to network data details within the workspace. Search for Attributes It is now possible to search for specific attributes within the tree structure of all open data streams within the Workspace Explorer. The results of the search will be displayed in the new Search Results tab. Region Filtering - A filtering mechanism has been implemented at the map layer level. This feature allows for one or more polygons of any desired size and shape to be drawn on a map. Data can then be filtered either inside or outside this defined region. Direction Button It is now possible to display directional arrows on any drive-test map. These arrows indicate the direction of the drive test vehicle during collection.

Licensing
Several licensing options are available to meet the varied needs of different customers. Stand-alone Configurations Users from the same customer will be able to readily interchange hardware keys without the inconvenience of having to move, copy, or replace license files.

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Commutable Network Configurations The Actix customer who uses the Analyzer in a commutable network configuration will now have more flexibility in configuring the use of licenses to support usage in the office and in the field.

Data Formats Supported


Each of the following UMTS handset formats is supported in the current A-RVS platform: Agilent Nitro (Qualcomm chipset) CAIT (Qualcomm chipset) Couei (NEC, Samsung, Sanyo handsets) Nemo (Nokia handset) NEC TEMS Export (Motorola handset) Each of the following UMTS scanner formats is supported in the current A-RVS platform: Agilent Viper and Nitro Anritsu Couei with Anritsu DTI Nemo TEMS Export Each of the following UMTS call trace formats is supported in the current ARVS platform: Nortel

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Getting Started With Analyzer


Starting Analyzer
As with any Windows application, you can start Analyzer in several ways. When you install Analyzer, a folder is created from the Start button that contains a shortcut for Analyzer. To use this shortcut to start Analyzer, select Start Programs Actix Analyzer.

Note: If you would like to add an Analyzer shortcut to your desktop, right-click on the Analyzer item on the start menu and choose Create Shortcut. It will appear on the desktop. Actix Folder Analyzer Shortcut

Start Button

Figure 1 - Starting Analyzer Using the Shortcut on the Start Menu

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After starting Analyzer, the splash screen is displayed while the application loads. A blank Analyzer workspace then opens:

Main Menu

Toolbar

Workspace Browser Status Bar

Figure 2 - An Empty Workspace in Analyzer

Configuring Analyzer
Before you can begin analyzing data, there are a few configuration matters to attend to. You will want to modify the size of the default toolbars so that large icons are visible. This is particularly helpful for novice users. In order to obtain some geographical reference points for your logfiles, you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point Analyzer to a valid, applicable cell site database, known in Analyzer as a cellrefs file. Toolbar Configuration 1. Select Tools Preferences from the main menu. 2. Browse down to General Settings (about half way down the page) and locate Use Small Toolbars 3. Uncheck or Deselect the box.

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Figure 3: Toolbar Configuration

Setting up Maps This section shows you how to load MapInfo tabular (.tab) data to present data analyses on map backdrops. 1. Create a new map by selecting View Display new Map 2. Click on the Maximize icon to maximize the Map window. 3. In the Map Window, click on the Layers icon: 4. The Layer Control Dialog will open: Layer Options .

Current Layers

Layer Properties

Layer Reorder

Figure 4 - The Layer Control Dialog

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5. In the Layer Control dialog, click Add to open the Open Layer dialog. 6. Select or type in the name of a MapInfo Map (*.tab) file, then click Open. In class, the map files we will open can be found within: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\MapFiles MapInfo layers are named according to the geographic location of the data (usually abbreviated US state name and/or county name), and by the type of data contained in the file. The following table lists some of the common abbreviations used for MapInfo data types: Suffix Layer Type Y1 RtHwy010_Top Y2 RtHwy010_Bot X1 IntShld010 X2 IntShld1040 Pc Cultural Points Pn Natural Points Pm Municipal Points R Railroads H Highways S Streets Wr Water (rivers) Wb Water (bodies of water) Lm Landmarks Cb City Boundary Mc Minor Civic Division Cy County Other MapInfo layers: Voting District, Native American Lands, Sub-MCD, State level tables (school districts and elevation contours) For example, the MapInfo layer named GAFULTS.TAB contains street-level data for Fulton County, Georgia. 7. You may want to modify the layer properties by selecting the layer and choosing the various options within the Layer Control Dialog: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 14

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A. Properties Labels: Use the Label Properties dialog to show, hide, or modify map labels. To turn off labeling (recommended to improve map load time), uncheck the Display within range box. Check boxes also are also available to Allow Overlapped Text and Allow Duplicated Text. The label font can be controlled through the Label Style button. The label position and label offset can be modified at the bottom right corner of the dialog. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. B. Properties Display: Use the Display Properties dialog to control the display features of the map layer. Override the default vector coloring by checking Override Style and modifying the Layer Style. Select OK to exit the Display Properties dialog. C. Reorder Up and Reorder Down: Use the Reorder buttons to change the ordering of the layers. Moving map layers to the bottom of the layer stack is recommended to provide an uncluttered backdrop for cell site data and logfile parameters. Layer Accessibility: To display a layer, check the . box next to the layer name under the eye icon To make a layer selectable, check the box next to the layer name under the arrow icon . To make a layer writeable, check the box next to the layer name under the pencil icon . Layers Remove: Use the Remove button to remove a map layer from the workspace. 8. After modifying any desired layer properties, close the Layer Control dialog with the Close button and changes will take effect.

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Map Toolbar

Figure 5 - A Map in Analyzer with a MapInfo Layer Added

9. In a new Analyzer installation, the map location defaults to 0 longitude, 0 latitude. Pan the map viewing area to display the new map by right-clicking in the map area, then choosing Zoom Go to Layer and selecting the layer you just added. 10. Right-click on the map and choose Zoom Zoom In from the pop-up menu or click on the Zoom In button on the Map toolbar. Click and drag a rectangle around a small area of interest on the map. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. 11. In order to ensure faster loading of maps in future Analyzer sessions, load only the MapInfo layers that you need. In most cases, street-level data is all that is required for looking at optimization data. Too many layers make the map look cluttered, and increase the time required for the map to load.

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More Pan and Zoom Options The pop-up menu in the Map window offers a variety of convenient pan and zoom options. Previous View Right-click in the map and select Zoom Previous View. Returns to the last zoom setting by undoing the last zoom operation. View Entire Map Right-click in the map and select Zoom View Entire Map. Zooms out to show the entire map area you have defined. Pan Right-click in the map and select Tool Pan. The cursor will change to a hand symbol. Click and drag to move the map in the viewing pane. Center Right-click in the map and select Tool Center, then click on a point in the map window. The map will pan so that the point you selected is the center. Measuring Distances on the Map Right-click in the map and select Tool Distance. Click the first point of the two you would like to measure the distance between, and then drag the cursor to the second point. Notice that the distance is displayed next to the cursor and is continuously updated as you drag. The units are not displayed, so if you are not sure what the current units setting is, right-click on the map, and then select Map Units Distance. After using any pan or zoom option, return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. Map Scale and Coordinates By default, the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window. In addition, the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. To turn on or off the scale, right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale. To show or hide the cursor coordinates, right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Long. Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer, and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements, a formatted cell site database must exist containing location and configuration data for each cell site. In

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Analyzer, we refer to this file as the Cellrefs file, although this file can have any name. Later in the course, we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Analyzer. For now, we will point Analyzer to a pre-formatted cellrefs file, and then display the sites on the map. 1. From the main menu, select Tools Preferences. 2. In the Change Preferences dialog, on the File Location line, double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. 3. In the Open dialog, navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. In class the file we will use is called Training UMTS Cellrefs.txt which has been installed in the following location: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4. Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. 5. A message box will be displayed saying that the new Cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. Click OK to close the message box. Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. From the Main Menu, choose File New Workspace to create a new workspace. At this point, there is no need to save the current workspace. 6. In the new workspace, click View Display New Map. By default the cell sites are now visible.

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Displaying Site Labels By default, site labels and cell labels will be displayed on the map. You can leave the labels as they are, modify the way they are displayed, or turn them off entirely. The site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. This allows you to display of Site Name or Site ID in addition to or instead of SC, Azimuth, or Beamwidth. In Analyzer, sectors are called cells based on the European GSM standards terminology. The following instructions specify first site labeling, then cell labeling: 1. 2. 3. In the Layer Control dialog box, select the site layer (named WCDMA_Site-Site_Name) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog, press the Labels button. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4. In the Label Properties box, use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. Currently, there are two formats of labels from which to choose: The Site Name (default) shows only the site name. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. 5. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol, use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. If you wish to change the font of the labels, use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog.

6. 7.

The Site Labels have now been formatted.

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Next, format the Cell Labels: 1. In the Layer Control dialog box, select the cell layer (named WCDMA_Cell-Beamwidth-SC) 2. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog, press the Labels button 3. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4. In the Label Properties box, use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. All WCDMA_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. SC is a popular labeling option, as it allows you to quickly identify each sector. 5. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol, use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. If you wish to change the font of the labels, use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. Click OK in the Label Properties dialog, and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels.

6. 7.

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Figure 6 - Labeled Sites and Sectors on Map in Analyzer

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Viewing Cell Site Information A cells Azimuth, Beamwidth and SC can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1. Display site data of interest on the map. 2. From the main menu, select Cells Display Cell Data. 3. From the main menu, select Window Tile Horizontally or Window Tile Vertically. 4. Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window.

Figure 7 - Display Cell Data Window

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Searching for Cells Search for Cells provides a mechanism for locating specific cell sites based on user-defined search criteria. To conduct a search: 1. Display site data of interest on the map. 2. From the main menu, select Cells Search for Cells. 3. From the main menu, select Window Tile Horizontally or Window Tile Vertically to arrange the CellRefs Search dialog and the map in the workspace. 4. Ensure that WCDMA is visible in the Technology drop-down. 5. Use the Add, Edit and Delete buttons to modify search criteria. 6. Click the Search Now button to show in the Results window all matching cell sites from the current cellrefs file.

Figure 8: Cellrefs Search Dialog

7. From the Results window, select a row to highlight and center the corresponding sector on the map. 8. Click the Highlight All button to highlight all matching sectors on the map. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 23

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Figure 9: Map Highlighting All Sectors Meeting Search Criteria

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Data Aggregation (Binning)


Actix Solutions aggregate data into groups called bins in order to provide a reasonable number of data points from a computing and analysis perspective. The aggregation method used to create one bin from many data points depends on the type of parameter. For example, measurement parameters, such as UTRA CarrierRSSI and UetransmittedPower, are binned by averaging all component measurements into one data point. For network state parameters, such as Scrambling codes, a bin is given the most frequently occurring value (the mode) among the component measurements. Events (such as dropped calls and handovers) are binned by the number of events occurring within the component measurements. There are four modes for determining how to divide data into bins: Time-based binning Distance binning Message binning Location binning Time-based binning combines data in the time domain using a user-specified duration for the bin. The speed of travel during logging will affect how many log files you see in a certain area. The diagram below looks at a one-second bin.

Distance binning combines data into bins corresponding to the distance traveled by the test mobile. This mode is commonly used for drive test analyses when viewing on a map to ensure plot points are evenly spaced.

Message binning sets the number of messages to average equal to 1. Each message is placed into its own bin with the net result of no averaging of the data. Message binning should not be set to any value other than 1. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 25

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Location binning - analogous to overlaying a spatial grid on top of the data with a user-definable granularity. This can be used when examining several drive files crossing over the same geographic area. This method is often used for superstreams. Grid (not seen) Drive Routes

All points in this box will be binned together to produce one plot point

To set the binning mode 1 In the Tools Preferences dialog, click on the + next to Binning to expand it 2 Set the binning mode for maps, charts, and reports to Time based. 3 Highlight the time field and set the Time to 1000 ms.

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Thresholds Editor A-RVS contains several events specific to UMTS technology that allow the user specify thresholds at which these events are triggered. The triggers for these events may be modified in the Tools Display Thresholds dialog. The parameters available for modification include: Uu_CallSetupFailure_Num_RRCConnReq Specifies the number of RRC Connection Request messages that may be seen during call setup before the event is considered to be a Call Setup Failure. This threshold works in conjunction with Uu_CallSetupFailure_TimeDelay. Uu_CallSetupFailure_TimeDelay Represents the maximum delay that can be tolerated between each RRC Connection Request. This threshold works in conjunction with Uu_CallSetupFailure_Num_RRCConnReq. Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold Represents the maximum TxPower that can be tolerated as one component of the Coverage Limited event. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and the Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold to determine when the Coverage Limited event is set. Uu_EcNoInterference Threshold Represents the minimum EcNo that can be tolerated as one component of the System Interference event. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_RSCP_Interference_Threshold to determine when the System Interference event is set. Uu_HighUE_TxPower Represents the maximum TxPower that can be tolerated as one component of the Poor Uplink Coverage event. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and the Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold to determine when the Poor Uplink Coverage event is set. Uu_LowUE_TxPower Represents the minimum TxPower that can be tolerated as one component of the Poor Downlink Coverage event. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and the Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold to determine when the Poor Downlink Coverage event is set. Uu_PilotPollution Threshold This threshold determines the level of interference required to determine whether the Pilot Pollution event has occurred. Uu_Poor_EcNo Threshold This threshold is used in the Coverage Limited event, the Poor Uplink Coverage event and the Poor Downlink Coverage event to specify the minimum tolerable EcNo level. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 27

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Uu_Poor_RSCP Threshold This threshold is used in the Coverage Limited event, the Poor Uplink Coverage event and the Poor Downlink Coverage event. This threshold will contribute to the determination of the Coverage Limited or Poor Downlink Coverage events if the measured RSCP is lower than the setting. This threshold will contribute to pegging the Poor Uplink Coverage event if the measured RSCP is higher than the setting. Uu_RSCP_Interference Threshold This threshold is used in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_EcNo Threshold to determine the System Interference event. The System Interference event will be pegged if the measured RSCP is greater than this threshold and the measured EcNo is less than the Uu_Poor_EcNo Threshold.

Figure 10 - Thresholds Editor

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Exploring the Workspace


Loading Data Files
Now that you are more familiar with the Analyzer environment, we will move on to opening logfiles and examining the type of information available from these files in Analyzer. Load the following drive test files by selecting File Open Logfile or by clicking the Open Logfile icon: . These files are located in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles directory. a. UMTS Voice 1.dt1 b. UMTS Data 1.SD5 c. Agilent Scanner 1.mdb A + will appear next to the Loaded Data Files folder in the Workspace Browser once files have been loaded. Click on the + to expand the folder and view the loaded files. Notice that all of the files were loaded into this workspace. Data files from any collection equipment supported by Analyzer can be opened and displayed in the same workspace. Examining UMTS Handset Data 1. Expand the UMTS Voice 1 file tree in the workspace. 2. Expand the layers under the handset data stream (labelled Nemo3GPP (0), then expand the UMTS node and examine each data group and parameter, as shown the figure below.

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Figure 11 - Expanded Handset Stream Showing Radio Groups and Parameters

Upon loading a UMTS handset file, note that several data groups are created. These data groups are common in Analyzer to all UMTS handset files, regardless of data collection vendor. Each group will appear as long as at least one parameter within that group was collected by the device.

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The following data groups are created under the UMTS node: Downlink Measurements This group contains Uu interface measurements reported by the mobile. Pilot Measurements This group contains signal strength measurements for individual SCs detected within the logfile. Dedicated Radio Link Once a call has been established, parameters that are associated with the SCs serving the call, such as Handoff State, are contained here. Uu_RRC Radio Resource Control is the protocol layer governing air interface communication within the UMTS network. Parameters associated with protocol messaging can be found in this group. Event Data Call events triggered by the current state of the UMTS mobile. If an event is not present in the tree, it did not occur in the file. This group also contains events with user-definable thresholds, such as Uu_PilotPollution and Uu_CoverageLimited. The thresholds for these events can be modified under the Tools Thresholds menu. Statistics Data This group contains statistics calculated based on UMTS protocol messaging, including Call Duration and timing components of Call Setup Time. Vendor Specific This group contains parameters unique to a specific type of data collection equipment. Rake Finger Measurements (Qualcomm chipset handsets only) provides individual finger measurements, including multipath measurements for the same SC. Additional parameters are available for UMTS files containing wireless data activity: 1. Expand the UMTS Data 1 file tree in the workspace. 2. Expand the layers under the Samsung 3GPP (3) stream, and notice how the UMTS radio network metrics are organized the same way as in the UMTS Voice 1 file. 3. Expand the layers under the Data (2) and expand the Data Testing node. Examine each group and parameter, as shown the figure below.

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Figure 12 - Expanded Handset Stream Showing Data Testing Node

The Data Testing node in a UMTS handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to a single wireless technology. Under the Data Testing node, the following groups may be found: Application Measurements Find the instantaneous application layer throughput here. This is the value that most closely approximates the end users experience. Protocol Measurements This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack. This group contains statistics for the IP, PPP, TCP, ICMP and RLP2 layers. IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets, or datagrams, to be delivered in a packet-switched data network.

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TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error, control and informational messages within the data network. RLP2 information is provided in some drive-test formats to represent the physical connection between the mobile and the test system.

Task Settings This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id and Task_Name. Task Summary This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task. Ping Statistics This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. Application Statistics This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application. Connection This group contains details for data connections activated within the logfile. HTTP Statistics This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. Examining Technology-Independent Data Under the UMTS Voice 1 Nemo3GPP (0) handset stream, expand the Independent folder to look at technology independent parameters decoded in Analyzer. In addition to GPS measurements, device-specific data, and internal Analyzer messages, find the following groups here: GPS Data This group contains mobile longitude, latitude, distance travelled, and speed. Message Info The date and time for the start of the data stream can be found in this group. This information is useful when building report templates. Site Data Node If a cell site database is being used in the Analyzer, the software will automatically calculate these measurements that take both the drive and the cell site Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 33

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information into account. Some of the measurements contained here are: ServingCellDistancedistance, serving sector in meters, to the

NeighborCellDistancedistance, in meters, to nonprimary serving sectors File Info In this node find label and timestamp information for the logfile under investigation. Vendor Specific Vendor Specific measurements may be grouped here or under the UMTS node. In either case, this group provides measurements specific to the particular collection device used. Device Info This group contains settings for the mobile device on which data is logged. Examining UMTS Scanner Data Due to the nature of the coding scheme in a UMTS system, scanner data is an invaluable tool for detecting problems in the network. Because SCs are reused across a UMTS network with a much lower frequency than in an FDMA/TDMA network, each SC scan can be directly linked to a particular site or sector in the network. The Agilent Scanner 1.mdb file already opened in the workspace contains SC scanner data in the E6455C (IMT2000 Receiver)E6455C (IMT2000 Receiver) 2132.600MHz (1) stream. Expand the scanner stream to reveal the contents:

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Figure 13 UMTS Scanner Stream Expanded to Show Its Contents

Note that under the UMTS data group, several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. For each scanner stream, the following nodes are available: Other This group contains scanner measurements concerning RSSI, Chip Offset, Carrier Error and the Scan Code Group. Nth Best This node contains ranked measurements for EcNo, RSCP, SC and PathLoss. Within each group, the 0 element contains the best performing data. For example, CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcNo_0 gives the strongest EcNo of all SCs scanned. Ec/Io This group contains the interference-to-chip-energy measurements organized by various dimensions. RSCP This group contains the Received Signal Code Power organized by various dimensions. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 35

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Delay Find the CPICH Scan Delay Spread for each SC in this group. Pilot Measurements Find the CPICH PathLoss for each SC in this group. Active Set This group contains simulated Active Set measurements based on scanner data and the user-defined WCDMA settings in the Tools Preferences dialog. Monitored Set This group contains simulated Monitored Set measurements based on scanner data and the userdefined WCDMA settings in the Tools Preferences dialog. Event Data Events in this group are based on the simulated Active Set and Monitored Set SCs based on scanner data and user defined thresholds set under WCDMA in the Tools Preferences dialog.

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The Favorites Group


You may find that having access to all of the parameters within a logfile in the Workspace is not necessary and that it makes finding the key parameters more difficult. Analyzer allows you to identify a subset of parameters you need access to and place them in the Favorites Group. This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the Workspace. Try setting the following favorites for UMTS radio parameters based on the UMTS Voice 1 data file: 1. In the Workspace, click to select the UMTS Downlink Measurements UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi parameter, then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the popup menu. Also add the UE_TxPow parameter to Favorites. 2. Under Dedicated Radio Link, find Uu_UE_HandoffState and add it to Favorites. 3. Under the Event Data Call group, find Uu_CallDropped and Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail and add them to Favorites. 4. Under the Event Data Coverage group, find Uu_PilotPollution and Uu_CoverageLimited and add them to Favorites. 5. In the Workspace, click on the Favorites tab. A tree view of the items you added is displayed. You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. The parameters that you define as Favorites will be available on the Favorites tab for any data file open in the workspace that contains those parameters, as well as for any new files opened that contain the specified parameters.

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Figure 14 - Workspace Showing the Favorites Parameters Displayed

6. To remove a parameter from your favorites, select the parameter. Right-click on it and choose Remove Favorite. Sharing Favorites Favorites can be shared among users. Favorites are saved in the Favorites.dat file located in the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\ Analyzer\Bin\XMLFiles directory. To share Favorites with another user, copy the Favorites.dat file to the same directory on the desired machine. The user of that machine will then have access to those Favorites each time Analyzer is launched.

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Viewing Data in Analyzer


In Analyzer, data can be viewed in a variety of ways to facilitate easy analysis. You can plot parameters on maps and display them on charts, tables, and in workbooks.

Viewing Data on Maps


There are two options for viewing data on maps: To view any parameter on a new map: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Map. To view a parameter on a map already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a map already open in the workspace. Modifying Legend Ranges From the handset stream of the UMTS Voice 1 file, display the UMTS Downlink Measurements Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo parameter on a map and try the following: 1. In the legend, right-click on Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo and select Modify Ranges to change the ranges displayed.

Figure 15 - Modify Ranges Dialog Box

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2. Remove any unwanted ranges by highlighting the range and selecting Remove. Ranges must be removed one at a time. Analyzer will not allow the deletion of the last two remaining ranges. 3. Enter the maximum and minimum value for each range and click Update to modify an existing range, or Add to add a new range. Use the Below and Above buttons to specify edge ranges. The recommended approach to modifying legend ranges is to start with the minimum value ranges and work your way toward the maximum. 4. Within the Modify Ranges dialog, you can change the color assigned to each of your new ranges. With the range highlighted, click on the Selected Button in the Set Colors section. To set all of the ranges to default colors, click on the Default button in the Set Colors section. 5. Press Close to close the Modify Ranges dialog and return to the workspace. All range and color settings are automatically saved with the Modify Ranges dialog is closed. Note: Use the Cancel button to back out of any changes you do not want to keep. More Range Display Options Right-click on the stream in the legend for more legend options: Select Attribute Style to change the color, size and shape of the data trail. These parameters affect all data points for this parameter, regardless of value. Style Setting lets you decide whether to indicate a parameters value range changes by color, size, or shape. The Set Legend To menu item allows you to maintain multiple legend configurations for a single parameter. The default legend settings will always be used upon entering a new Analyzer workspace. To maximize the utility of this feature, give each legend configuration for a parameter a unique name and set the preferred configuration to be the default. The Copy Legend to Clipboard and Export to File options let you create an image of the legend for use in other Windows programs. Change the style of an individual range without re-entering the Modify Ranges dialog by right-clicking on the range and selecting Selected Ranges Style. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 40

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Changes to legend settings are automatically saved by Analyzer. This information is saved in XML files, one for each parameter. The files are saved in the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Format Groups\User Settings folder. After legends have been modified and saved as desired on one computer, you can transfer these files to the same location on another computer to share legend settings between users. The Map Offset Tool Offsetting of a data trail on the map may be achieved by manually offsetting the data on the map, or by specifying a numeric distance to offset the trail in the x and y directions. To use the Offset Tool to offset a trail: 1. View UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi on the map in addition to Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 by dragging UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi onto the existing map. 2. In the Map Layers dialog, highlight the layer you wish to offset and then select Offset Offset Tool. 3. Move the Offset Tool cursor to determine how much to offset the trails. Click the mouse once to accept the modified position.

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Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0

UTRA UE CarrierRssi

Figure 16 - RSSI and EcNo_0 on the Same Map

4. To remove the offset, select the offset layer in the Map Layers dialog, select Offset, and click on Reset. 5. If you wish to specify a specific offset distance, type the distance in the X and Y text boxes in the Offset Layers dialog. Type 0 for both the X and Y offset to return the offset trail to its original position. The distance units for offset are based on the setting found by right-clicking on the map and selecting Map Units Distance. Adding Annotations to the Map Annotations are a means of adding text and simple shapes to your map. You can use these to indicate trouble spots or point out features of interest in your network. 1. In the Layer Control dialog, select the Annotations layer and use the Reorder Up button to move it to the top. 2. Close the Layer Control dialog. from the map 3. Select the Annotations button toolbar. The annotations toolbar appears on the map. Clicking on the Annotations button again will hide the toolbar. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 42

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4. Click on the Text button insert text mode.

. The cursor will change to

5. Click on the map to place the text and add the desired text. 6. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. 7. To edit the text, select the text using the Edit Text button . 8. Change the style or font by selecting the text with the Select tool, right clicking and selecting Tool Feature Style. 9. To remove text, select the text box using the Select tool and press the delete key.

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Formatting Data Labels on the Map Labels can be displayed for any parameter you display on a map. This can be used to show exact values of any parameter at each point. The UMTS parameter UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU provides a very useful example of text labelling on the map: 1. From the UMTS Pilot Measurements group, display the Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER parameter on the map. 2. Drag the UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU parameter onto the same map. 3. In the Layer Control dialog box, reorder the layers so that the Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER parameter is beneath UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU. 4. Highlight the UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU layer and select the Labels button. 5. Select Show to show the values at each data point. 6. Select Allow overlapped text and Hide adjacent duplicate text, if desired. 7. Exit the Label Properties dialog and the Layer Control dialog. The UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU parameter contains the labels for each scrambling code in the active set at each active set update. Labelling this parameter, while displaying other measurements on the map, provides insight into the handoff implementation in the UMTS network. Displaying Lines to Cells on the Map Lines to cells can be used for a variety of analysis tasks. You can show the lines to the strongest SC and other serving SCs for a single point. You can also look at the lines to strongest SC from a selection of points at once. 1. In the Layer Control dialog box, make sure that the View and the Select boxes for the Lines to Serving Cells (Strongest SC) and Lines to Neighbor Cells (other serving SCs) layers are checked. 2. Move the Lines to Serving Cells and Lines to Neighbor cells layers up to be the top two layers on the list. 3. After dismissing the Layer Control dialog, use the Select tool to select a point on the map. Lines from the data point to the Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 44

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serving SC cells will be displayed. The solid line points to the strongest SC and the dashed lines point to the other serving SCs. 4. There are several options for how the lines will be labelled and colored. By default, the lines will be black and not labelled. You can choose to color the lines by UE Tx Power, UE Carrier RSSI or any other UMTS parameter collected within the dataset. 5. In addition to selecting single points, you can select more than one point. Click on the Area Select button on the map toolbar. Use the Select Box tool to select a group of data points on the map. The resulting lines to serving and neighbor cells for multiple data points may be useful in determining whether calls made in an area are being served by the appropriate cells. The Direction Button The Direction button allows the user to display directional arrows on any drive-test map. These arrows indicate the direction of the drive when the initial data was collected. It is located on the Map Toolbar.

Direction button

Figure 14: Map with Directional Arrows displayed

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Viewing Data on Charts


Analyzer can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. There are two ways to view data on charts: 1. To view any parameter on a new chart: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Chart. 2. To view a parameter on a chart already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a chart already open in the workspace. To demonstrate some of the chart capabilities in Analyzer, we will create a Time Series chart containing wireless data parameters. 1. In the UMTS Data 1 file in the Workspace, expand Data (2) Data Testing Application Measurements and select App_Throughput_DL. 2. Right-click on App_Throughput_DL and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu. Notice that a chart appears with a throughput value at each data point. 3. Click on the Histogram button to view the data as a distribution. The ranges that appear are the same ranges that were set for this parameter on the map legend. 4. Click on the Series button series chart. to return the chart to a time

5. You may wish to examine an area with particularly high or low throughput in detail. To zoom in on a section of the chart, click and drag a rectangle, moving from upper left to lower right. To return to the previous zoomed view, click and drag a rectangle moving from lower right to upper left. 6. Drag and drop App_Throughput_UL onto the chart. 7. Drag and drop Task_Time_Elapsed onto the chart. Your chart should look like the figure below.

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Figure 15 App_Throughput_DL, App_Throughput_UL and Task_Time_Elapsed displayed on a chart

Note that throughput and task time are measured in different units, so they appear on separate axes. 8. Drag and drop the Event_Task_Start and Event_Task_End events (from the Event Data group) onto this chart. The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines. A Task defines a single user-defined process, which operates over a well-defined period of time (that is, it has a start and a stop), such as an FTP file download, a PING command, or a web page download. In the case of drive tests, all of the vendors have a series of pre-defined tasks and some allow users to define custom tasks of their own.

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Modifying Chart Properties 1. Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. Right-click on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu. 2. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. As you change the properties of the chart, the chart is automatically updated. 3. On the Chart Series page, click the Title button to change the title of one of the series. 4. Still on the Chart Series page, use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted. This also affects their position in the legend. 5. On the Chart Axis page, redefine the style for the axis, labels, and ticks. 6. On the Chart Legend page, modify the fonts and colors. 7. Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart 3D page. 8. Click Close to close the Properties dialog when you are satisfied with the formatting you have done. 9. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard. 10. In Word or PowerPoint, click Edit Paste to paste your chart into that application. 11. In Analyzer, with the chart still open, create a map displaying the same data. Make sure that the Select tool is activated on the map. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized.

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Viewing Data in Tables


Tables provide a quick view of numeric data for a selected parameter. You can look at statistics, such as mean, minimum, and maximum, histogram distribution information, or the time series data for the parameter displayed on a spreadsheet. Tables can be synchronized with maps to provide an integrated view of network data. A trouble area that is identified quickly on a map using visual inspection can then be examined more closely on a table by looking at exact numerical values of key parameters. There are two ways to view data on tables: 1. To view any parameter on a new table: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Table. 2. To view a parameter on a table already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a table already open in the workspace. To demonstrate the functionality of the Analyzer table in network optimization applications, we will create a new table containing some parameters related to wireless data network analysis. 1. Display App_Throughput_DL from the Data (2) stream of UMTS Data 1 on a table. To do this, select Data (2) Data Testing App_Throughput_DL, then right-click and select Display on Table.

Stream Selection Box

Figure 16 App_Throughput_DL Displayed on a Table

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2. Drag App_Throughput_UL onto the same table to view the values side-by-side. 3. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. The histogram ranges correspond to the map legend ranges set for the last parameter displayed on the table. Use the drop-down list at the bottom to switch between histogram values for the different parameters. 4. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics for all parameters displayed on the table. 5. Click on the Series tab to return to that view. Then drag the Task_App_Bytes_DL and Task_App_Bytes_UL parameters onto the same table. 6. Display Task_App_Bytes_DL and Task_App_Bytes_UL on a new chart in the workspace. 7. Tile the table and the chart in the workspace by selecting Window Tile Horizontally from the main menu. 8. With the table and chart visible in the workspace, select any point on the chart. Notice that the table synchronizes to the same point, and that the throughput and round trip time values are now visible. In this case, correlating the parameters using multiple views provides insight into the amount of data downloaded during the application for which instantaneous throughput values are available. 9. Open another UMTS data file in the current workspace. Use the stream selection box to look at new handset data in the same table configuration without having to repeat the work you did to set up the original table.

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Viewing Data in the Message Browser


Analyzer provides the Message Browser to allow you to analyze the messaging reported by the logging device. The browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging and searching and filtering operations on the data. The Message Browser can play an integral part in a problem-area investigation when it is used in conjunction with the Analyzer map and table. To open the Message Browser right-click on the handset stream under the UMTS Voice 1 file and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu.

Figure 17 - Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser

1. Click on an event in the Event Panel. Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected. This allows a quick view of the specific messaging associated with a particular event. 2. The search function can be used to locate a particular parameter in the messaging, even if the message name is Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 51

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unknown. In the Search box, type ActiveSetUpdateComplete, then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. The Active Set Update Complete message signifies a change to the active set. The Soft Handover message immediately following the Active Set Complete message indicates which SCs have been added to or removed from the Active Set during the procedure. 3. Right-click on the message area and choose Properties from the pop-up menu. In the Properties dialog, click on the Message Format tab and modify the Font for the Message Browser. 4. On the Message Filtering Tab of the Properties Dialog, uncheck All Message Types and check UMTS RRC Messages to show only messaging associated with the UMTS Radio Resource Control layer. The message filtering capability is useful when investigating specific events, and only the messages associated with those events are of interest. 5. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on the Copy icon. Open Microsoft Word and click Edit Paste to paste the text into the current document.

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Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser


The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser, the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. The following Protocol Stack Browser view is available for UMTS drive test data: UMTS Uu RRC - Message pane displays Radio Resource Control (RRC) messaging, RRC message cause values, and Layer 3 messaging. RRC messaging represents communication between the mobile and the Node B, while Layer 3 messaging represents communication between the mobile and the 3G MSC. UMTS networks are backwards compatible with and can hand off to GSM networks. Drive test files which contain UMTS and GSM / GPRS data will also have the following Protocol Stack Browser views available: Layer 3 Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages and message direction Layer 3 Signalling Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages only GPRS Events Message pane displays messages signifying GPRS events GPRS RLC / MAC Message pane displays GSM Layer 3, and GPRS RLC and MAC messages

Figure 18 UMTS Uu RRC Protocol Stack Browser

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Viewing Data on Workbooks


In some cases, the Analyzer Table may not provide enough flexibility for viewing data. Analyzers Workbook feature provides a more flexible method for detailed analysis of trouble areas. This format allows data to be searched, sorted, filtered, formatted, and printed through Microsoft Excel. There are two ways to view data on workbooks: 1. To view any parameter on a new workbook: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Workbook. 2. To view a parameter on a workbook that has already been opened: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Workbook (active). View the Uu_UE_HandoffState parameter from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a workbook: 1. Select Dedicated Radio Link Uu_UE_HandoffState, then right-click and select Display on Workbook. Notice the series data is displayed in Excel with time, latitude, and longitude

Figure 19 Uu_UE_HandoffState Displayed in a Workbook

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2. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. 3. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics. 4. Close the workbook without saving changes.

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The Replay Tool


The Replay Tool allows you to sequentially view data points in the files you are analyzing. Resembling the controls of a VCR, you can use the Replay Tool to move forward or backward, automatically or manually advancing through the data. You can move through data displayed on a chart, map, table or messaging. The stream selection box allows you to choose which stream to watch. It will display all open logfiles, whether or not you have a parameter from the stream displayed. 1. Display UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi from UMTS Voice 1 on a map. 2. Drag the Uu_CallDropped event onto the same map and zoom in to closely view the two drops in the file. 3. Display the Uu_CallDropped, UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi, UE_TxPow, Uu_ActiveSet_SC_0 and Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 on a table. 4. Use the Window menu to tile the map and table horizontally. 5. To access the Replay Tool, select Tools Display Replay. Step Backward Step Forward Play Forward Stream Selection Play Backward Play Speed

Figure 20 - The Replay Tool

Progress Bar

6. Making sure that the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream is selected in the replay tool, select a point on the map, near the beginning of the drive. 7. Click on the Step Forward button to move to the next point on the drive.

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8. Notice that the selection box on the map moves to the next data point in the drive. The table has also been updated by highlighting the relevant data. 9. Experiment with the remaining buttons to see how they interact with the rest of the views. Docking the Replay Tool You may find it more convenient to position the Replay Tool under the Workspace Browser. The procedure for doing this is called docking. 1. Click on the left-most of the four buttons at the upper . If there are only right-hand side of the Replay Tool three buttons, minimize and then restore the Replay Tool to make the fourth button appear. 2. The Replay Tool will now show up along the right side of the Workspace Browser. To move it under the Workspace Browser, click on the thin gray bar at the top of the Replay Tool and drag it to the far left side of your screen.

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Viewing Data on State Forms


Actix State Forms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously. Used in conjunction with the Replay Tool, maps, tables, and charts, you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification. Using Preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured UMTS StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. The preconfigured forms available for UMTS drive test data are: UMTS Data Event Navigator UMTS Data Session UMTS Throughput UMTS Top 10 Scan Measurements UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set UMTS UE Call Information UMTS UE Measurement Charts UMTS UE Radio Parameters UMTS UE Transport Channel Info UMTS Voice Event Navigator

Figure 21 UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set Form

View the UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set form for the UMTS Voice 1 sample file:

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1. Right-click on the stream name Nemo 3GPP (0) in the workspace and choose Display Form UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set. Forms can also be selected from the View Forms option on the main menu. 2. In general, when selecting a form, make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze. For example, do not select the UMTS Data form for a logfile containing voice calls. 3. If the Stream Selector is not visible, right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear. Use the drop-down list to select the stream you wish to view data for. If you are not seeing information in the forms, verify that the right data stream is selected.

Figure 22 - Select UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form

4. Forms with measurement views like the UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form or the UMTS Data Session Form are best viewed when docked with the Replay Tool at the side of the screen as seen in the figure below. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 59

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Figure 23 UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form Docked in Workspace

To dock a form on the left side of the workspace, bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) . Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form, drag it over to the bottom section of the Workspace Browser, and release. Once docked like in the view above, you can adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform. 5. Forms with chart views like the UMTS Voice Event Navigator or the UMTS Data Event Navigator may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below.

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Figure 24 UMTS Voice Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace

To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace, bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next to the Workspace Browser. Then, making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire Analyzer viewing platform, drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. Once docked like in the view above, you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform. Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs. The following sections describe the modification of existing forms, and the creation of new forms from scratch using the State Forms Editor.

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Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms, modify existing forms, and build new forms from scratch. The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. Stream Selection Box

StateForms Tool Bar Parameter Values

Figure 25 - The StateForms Editor

1. From the Tools menu, select StateForms Editor. 2. Position your mouse cursor over the empty StateForms Editor box that is launched, right-click and select Open File. Browse to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\State Forms directory and open the file called UMTS Handset.axl. 3. Once loaded, make sure a stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another Analyzer view (map, chart, table or message browser). Note: If the stream selection box is not visible, right-click on the state form box and select Stream Selector. The stream selection box will appear. 4. Select any point on a map, chart, or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected.

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Note: Verify that the stream selector in the StateForms window is showing the same stream that you are trying to synch with. Modifying an Existing StateForms File You can use an existing StateForms file as it is, or you can make modifications to it. Suppose the UMTS Handset file has almost everything you would like to see, but that you are also interested in the handoff state. To add handoff state to the StateForms display: 1. If you do not already have the StateForms file displayed, click Tools Display StateForms. Click Open File and choose the UMTS Handset file. 2. Click on the Toggle Design Mode button on the StateForms tool bar, or right-click and select Design Mode. 3. The StateForms window now shows the design view:

StateForms Tool Bar

Attribute Window
Figure 26 - StateForms Window in Design Mode

The buttons on the StateForms tool bar are, from left to right, Delete, Cut, Copy, Paste, Toggle Design Mode, Select, Label, Attribute Value, Array Attribute Value, Time Chart, Scan Chart and Group Box. Delete Removes an object from the form. Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. Cut Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard.

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Copy To copy an object to the clipboard, select it and click the Copy button. Paste Use this button to insert a copied object onto the form. Toggle Design Mode To exit the Design Mode and return to the View mode, click the Toggle Design Mode button. Select To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. Label Click and drag a rectangle, then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window. Attribute Value Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list. The value of that attribute will be displayed in the rectangle you defined. Array Attribute Value Click and drag to define a table. In the attribute window, specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. Time Chart Click and drag to define the area for a time series chart for the form. Use the chart control in the Attribute Window to add data ranges and otherwise edit the Time Chart. Scan Chart Click and drag to define the area for a scanner chart for the form. Use the chart control in the Attribute Window to add data ranges and otherwise edit the Scan Chart. Group Box Used to clarify which attributes on your form belong together, click and drag to define a rectangle. Creating Your Own StateForms File Several sample state forms are provided by Actix. You can also design your own forms from scratch. You can do this by creating a new StateForms file or by adding a new sheet to a current file. We will create a new file for this example. The finished form will look like this:

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Figure 27 - Completed StateForms File

If you do not have the StateForms window open, click Tools Display StateForms. 1. To start a new StateForms file, click the New File button. Alternatively right-click on the form and select New File. 2. To begin adding objects to the StateForms sheet, click the Toggle Design Mode button to open the sheet in Design Mode. 3. Add the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi label by clicking the Label Button. Click and drag the rectangle. 4. Select the label object and make these modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Caption: UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi b. Font Auto Size: False c. Font Size: 10 5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the BER label, setting the caption to Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER. 6. To display the value for UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi, click the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the CarrierRssi label. 7. Select the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Attribute Value object and make the following modifications: a. Specify Min+Max: True b. Bar Range Min: 0 c. Bar Range Max: 0 d. Attribute: UMTS UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi e. Show Value Change: True Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 65 Downlink Measurements

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

f. Font Auto Size: False g. Font Size: 10 8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the BER Attribute Value, setting the attribute to Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER (found in the Pilot Measurements group). 9. To create the Attribute Bar for RSSI, click on the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi attribute value object. 10. Select the Carrier RSSI Attribute Bar and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Specify Min+Max: True b. Bar Range Min: -110 c. Bar Range Max: -45 d. Bar Color: Turquoise e. Attribute: UMTS Downlink Measurements UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi f. Show Value Text: False g. Show Min Text: True h. Show Max Text: True i. Show Minor Ticks: True j. Show Major Ticks: True k. Font Auto Size: False l. Font Size: 10 11. To create the BER attribute bar, the Attribute Value button, then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the BER attribute value object. 12. Select the BER Attribute Bar object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Specify Min+Max: True b. Bar Range Min: 0 c. Bar Range Max: 100 d. Bar Color: Dark Blue e. Attribute: UMTS Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER Pilot Measurements

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f. Show Value Text: False g. Show Min Text: True h. Show Max Text: True i. Show Minor Ticks: True j. Show Major Ticks: True k. Font Auto Size: False l. Font Size: 10 13. To add the Group Box object, click on the Group Box button, then click and drag a rectangle around all of the items on your form. 14. Select the Group Box object and make the following modification in the Attribute Window: a. Caption: Network Parameters b. Fore Color: Blue c. Font Auto Size: False d. Font Size: 12 e. Default Font: False f. Font Bold: True 15. Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the State Forms directory and call it UMTS Network Parameters.axl. 16. Return to the View Mode by clicking on the Toggle Design Mode button. 17. Test your new form by displaying a parameter from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a map. Make sure that the handset stream is selected in the StateForms stream selector box. Click on any point on the map, and see the parameter values for Carrier RSSI and Pilot Downlink BER appear on your StateForm.

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Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace


Analyzers SuperStream feature may be used to merge multiple files collected on the same link (i.e. drive test or call trace). SuperStreaming multiple drive test files is desirable when you require one-click functionality for displaying the same parameter from multiple streams on any Analyzer view, or when aggregate statistics on multiple drives are required. SuperStreaming creates a pointer to files already open in the workspace and does not create any new files. SuperStreams may be saved in workspaces, as long as all component files are saved in the same workspace. To create a superstream containing several drive test files: 1. Ensure that the following files are loaded in the Analyzer workspace: UMTS Voice 1.dt1 UMTS Voice 2.dt1 UMTS Voice 3.dt1 2. Select Tools Create Superstream. 3. Name the superstream Merged Handset Data. 4. In the SuperStreaming dialog, check the UMTS Voice 1, UMTS Voice 2, and UMTS Voice 3 streams. 5. Use Timestamps is the default Merge Method. Click OK in the SuperStreaming dialog to create the SuperStream merged using timestamps. When Analyzer has finished creating the SuperStream, it will . You can perform appear in the Workspace: analyses on the SuperStream using the map, chart, message browser, and query features discussed earlier.

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The Network Image


Preparation
Frequently, optimization engineers are asked to provide a complete network picture for management, customer service, and planning purposes. A complete network drive may consist of a large number of data files from different sources, that when combined contain a very large amount of data. Actix Analyzer allows you to create system level outputs in the software by creating a composite database consisting of multiple drives that is much smaller than the sum of the individual drive files. This is accomplished through a feature called a Network Image. Network Images summarize the most commonly used network parameters and store them in an external file (*.dat) for systemwide analysis or benchmarking. Because only key parameters are saved into the Network Image file, this file is much smaller than the sum of its parts. A Network Image populated with data is saved as a separate, smaller file from the original logfiles. The original logfiles are not altered in the creation of a Network Image repository. The data contained in a Network Image file differs from normal logfiles, in that the image file contains only the parameters specified and is binned according to the image definition. Network Image files are pre-configured by Actix. Please contact Actix technical support for any specific requests for Network Image templates.

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Creating a New Network Image


Assume you were asked to combine three logfiles representing a days worth of driving by three different engineers. Create a network image to consolidate the data into one reasonably-sized file: 1. Create a network image by selecting Network Image Create Network Image from the main Analyzer menu. 2. For the name, enter UMTS Cluster Drive. 3. Select the UMTS Voice (50 meter location binned) image, then click OK. This will create a Network Image containing location binning at a 50 meter granularity.

Figure 28 - Creating a Network Image

4. In the Save dialog, save the file under C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\NetworkImageDefns. Your workspace will update after creating the Network Image. Browse the workspace and investigate the new template called Cluster Level Data. This template is currently an empty shell that will be populated with data extracted from logfiles. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 70

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Figure 29 - Workspace Showing the Network Image

Batch Load Files Into the Network Image


The Network Image that you just created is nothing more than a repository. Currently, it contains no data. You must add data to the repository. Files do not need to be open in the workspace in order to be added to the Network Image. 1. To load files into the Network Image, right-click on the UMTS Cluster Drive Network Image in the workspace and select Batch Load Files. 2. In the resulting dialog, select the Handset files UMTS Voice 1 UMTS Voice 3 located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Data Files. Note: these files do NOT need to be open in the workspace. 3. Select Open to begin processing and wait until all the files have completed processing. 4. A Load Results report, like the one shown below, will appear once processing is complete. Select OK to close the report.

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Figure 30 - Dialog Showing That File Processing is Complete

Display Data for the Entire Network


Many logfiles contain data for more than one device. Network Image templates, such as the UMTS Voice template used in this example, can accommodate multiple data streams collected under a single logfile. However, each of the files added to this particular Network Image were collected using only one handset. The handset was attached to Slot 0 of the device, so you will find all data in the populated network image under a stream called UMTS Device (Slot 0). 1. Expand the UMTS Device (Slot 0) stream. Notice that key optimization parameters in the Downlink Measurements, Pilot Measurements, Dedicated Radio Link, Statistics Data and Event Data groups are included in the Network Image. 2. Using standard Analyzer actions, display some parameters on Charts, Maps, and Tables.

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Simulate a New Day


Saving multiple files in one Network Image will allow a significantly faster load time than when loading each file individually. Demonstrate the faster load time by starting a new workspace and attaching the Network Image. 1. Create a new workspace by selecting File New Workspace from the main Analyzer toolbar. 2. Attach the previously created Network Image by selecting Network Image Attach Network Image. 3. In the resulting dialog, browse and select UMTS Cluster Drive.dat. 4. Select Open to attach to the Network Image. The workspace will update to reflect the change. Notice how quickly the Network Image attaches! 5. Expand the UMTS Device (Slot 0) stream. Display some parameters on charts, maps, and tables. Key optimization parameters from three separate files have been combined into a single, smaller file that loads into Analyzer much faster than the original files!

Create a Custom Network Image Template


Some pre-configured Network Image templates are packaged with Actix solutions. It is also possible to create custom Network Image templates within the Analyzer workspace. This section describes the creation of custom Network Image templates using the Network Image Template Wizard. To create a custom Network Image template, start the Network Image Template Wizard by selecting Network Image Network Image Template Wizard from the main menu1. Complete each of the steps in the Wizard: Step 1 Create a New Template / Open an Existing Template: o To create a new template, click Next to continue.

If you plan to include any Queries in your custom Network Image template, ensure that the Queries are available in the workspace before beginning this procedure.

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o To import and modify an existing template, click Open. Note that only templates created using the Wizard are fully supported. Older templates created by hand will be imported but may not behave as expected. In this case, a warning message will be displayed.

Figure 31 Create a New Template / Open an Existing Template

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Step 2 Choose Your Devices: o You may want to process different data streams in different ways. For example, you may want to extract different attributes for handset and scanner data captured in the same logfile. You can define a meaningful Device Name and specify a Filter to uniquely identify each device within a logfile. When populating the Network Image, only data streams with names containing the Filter text will be processed into each device. o If there are logfiles loaded into the workspace, the streams in those files will be displayed in the Currently Loaded Devices panel on the left:

Figure 32 Choose Your Devices

o Click the Add button to add a new device:

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Figure 33 - Add Device Name Dialog

o Enter the Device Name and the related Filter that identifies the stream of interest within the logfile. The Device Name is a label that has meaning to the user. The software determines whether data from a stream should be loaded into the Device based on whether the Filter text matches any text in the data stream name. In this example, the Filter 0) uniquely identifies the UMTS handset stream in the file, while using an identifier that is common to many types of logfiles. If the Filter field is left empty, data from all streams will be loaded into the Device. o Click OK to add the Device to the Device List. o A Network Image template may contain multiple devices. Once all the Devices have been entered, click Next to continue.

Figure 34 - Devices Added to the Device List

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Step 3 Choose Your Attributes: o Select a Device from the panel on the right, and then use the Add button to select the required attributes from the Attribute Picker panel on the left. o If you select an array attribute (i.e. Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[]), a dialog will prompt you for the range of indices. Enter the start and end values and click OK. o In addition to standard analysis parameters, we recommend adding the Independent FileName parameter to each Device in a Network Image. FileName can be used to trace data points in the Network Image to the original source file. This method is used to perform detailed analysis on problems spotted in the high level Network Image. o Attributes are assigned to one Device at a time. To duplicate the attributes selected for one Device into another Device, select the Device with the required attributes and click Copy. Then select the second Device and click Paste. o Once you have added all required attributes, click Next to continue.

Figure 35 Choose Your Attributes

Step 4 Choose Settings For Your Devices: o To create a binned dataset, ensure the Binned checkbox is enabled and choose the appropriate Binning Settings. We

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recommend the following Binning Settings for Network Images: Time Binning 3 second or larger bins Location Binning 50 x 50 meter or larger bins o Select the appropriate UTM zone from which the file was collected. o To create a histogram of the data, check the Histogram box. o To create a statistical summary of the data, check the Statistics box. o Note that Binning Settings are assigned to one Device at a time. Repeat this process for each Device. o Click Next to continue.

Figure 36 Binning Settings Dialog

Step 5 Choose Your Queries: o Note that only queries available in the workspace can be added. o Select a Query from the left pane. o Select a Device from the right pane. o Click Add to use the selected Query in the selected Device. o Continue until all the required Queries have been added to the appropriate Devices. o Click Next to Continue

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Figure 37 - Choose Your Queries

Step 6 Confirm Your Selection: o This window summarizes the contents of the Network Image template. o After reviewing the contents, click Finish to open the Save As dialog. o The Network Image template must be saved in C:\Document and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\ NetworkImageDefns or a subfolder. Saving in this location ensures that the template will be available as a selection in the Create Network Image dialog box. Enter a filename and click Save.

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Figure 38 - Confirm Your Selection

After saving the new Network Image template in the \Bin\NetworkImageDefns folder, the template will be available in the Create Network Image dialog. You can now create and populate a Network Image repository using your custom template!

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Reporting UMTS Network Performance


The reporting features in Analyzer allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated, polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Analyzer installation. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. They can be used when a professional, formatted output is required, but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template. Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of Analyzers integration with Microsoft Excel. Reports may be included with an Analyzer installation (such as the UMTS Training Materials), but are not always included. Reports, unlike Application Packs, allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data. Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch. This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms, including running Application Packs, running pre-defined Reports, and creating custom Reports.

Application Packages
A-RVS contains Application Packages specific to UMTS. The Application Packs are a series of reports, each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. The Application Packs currently available for analysis of UMTS handset data are: UMTS Drive Test Summary UMTS CPICH Level Analysis UMTS Call Statistics UMTS Call Setup Analysis UMTS Handoff Analysis UMTS Quality Analysis An Application Pack is currently available for analysis of UMTS scanner data: UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout

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Running Application Packs Once a data file is loaded, the Application Packages can be accessed in one of two ways: 1. 2. Through the Analysis menu on the main menu. By right-clicking on the stream name in the Workspace Browser

Note: The Application Packs require Analyzer to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly. Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu, an Application Pack window will appear. The window is divided into two panes. The top panel is called the Statistics Explorer, and it contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream. Information in the cell explorer is organized by serving site and sector. The bottom pane is called the Report Window and contains a list of available reports associated with the selected Application Pack. Double-click on any of the available reports to run the report. Once executed, the results of the reports can be saved, printed, and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel.

Statistics Explorer

Report Window

Figure 39 UMTS Drive Test Summary Application Pack

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UMTS Drive Test Summary This application pack contains the following reports: 1. File Summary This report provides information about the drive route, calls made and received, coverage and quality in the logfile. 2. Coverage Summary This report summarizes the strongest EcNo and the strongest RSCP in the Active Set, providing statistics and distribution information for each metric. The Coverage Summary report is shown below:

Figure 40 UMTS Coverage Summary Report

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UMTS CPICH Level Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. CPICH b4 RRC Con Req This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a five second window leading up to each RRC connection request in the logfile. 2. CPICH after Call End or Drop This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a ten second window following each successfully completed or dropped call. 3. CPICH during Call This report provides mean CPICH performance metrics during each call in the logfile. 4. CPICH before Call End or Drop - This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a five second window before the end of each call in the logfile. UMTS Call Statistics This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Call Statistics This report provides call setup and termination statistics, including the access failure rate, dropped call rate, and successful call rate. 2. Call Sustainability This report provides call duration statistics and is particularly useful for analyzing the sustainability for long-call testing configurations. 3. Call Timing Analysis This report provides time-based statistics for each call recorded in the logfile. Timing analysis statistics include time between setup messages, average time between measurement reports and Active Set Updates, average time between Active Set Update messages, and call duration. UMTS Call Setup Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Call Setup Status This report provides a breakdown of call setup attempts, including successful attempts, failed attempts, and failed attempt causes. 2. Call Sequence Outcome This report provides a listing of which call sequence messages have been seen for each call in the logfile. UMTS Handoff Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Handoff Breakdown Analysis This report provides handoff state statistics, including actual vs. goal metrics for target percent of drive in soft handoff. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 84

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

2. SHO per Event 1a 1b 1c This report breaks down the number of Active Set Update additions (Event 1a), removals (Event 1b) and replacements (Event 1c) within the logfile. UMTS Quality Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Overall BLER This report provides statistics and distribution information for the downlink transport channel block error rate. 2. BLER per Call This report provides block error rate statistics on a per call basis. Statistics provided include call duration, maximum BLER, minimum BLER and mean BLER. 3. BLER During SHO This report provides BLER statistics during soft handover. Statistics are calculated during the period from each RRC Active Set Update message until each Update Complete message.

Figure 41 - BLER During SHO Report

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Running a Pre-Defined Report Since Application Packs are built into the Analyzer, they may not exactly meet your teams reporting requirements. Additionally, App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data. Analyzer Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel, and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change. In this section, you will populate a pre-defined Analyzer Report template that contains multiple data streams. In the next section, you will create a custom report from scratch. To run the pre-defined report: 1. From the Analyzer Workbook/Report. main menu select Workbook Open

2. Navigate to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and Open the report called UMTS GPRS Throughput Report.xls. 3. Analyzer prompts you to select a data stream to replace the EGPRS stream. Select the handset stream from EGPRS Drive Test 1.dt1 (in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer directory) and click OK. 4. Analyzer then prompts you to select a UMTS data stream. Select the Data (2) stream from UMTS Data 1.sd5 and click OK. 5. Analyzer will generate the report and launch Excel. Expect for this to take a few moments. When this process is complete, click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report.

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The output of the report will look like this:

Figure 42 - Results of the CDMA Handset Comparison Final Summary Report

The A-RVS UMTS Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports for UMTS voice and data calls that can be run according to the steps above. The following table describes each report and indicates what type of data each report should be run with.
Report Name
Application Throughput Report.xls UMTS GPRS Coverage Report.xls

To be run on Data Streams of Type:


UMTS Data Logfile

Description of Report Sheets


Report: Provides statistics and distribution information for downlink Application Throughput Report: Provides distribution comparison via pie chart of coverage for an E/GPRS drive and a UMTS drive Report: Compares throughput statistics for an E/GPRS network and a UMTS network

E/GPRS Data Logfile UMTS Data Logfile E/GPRS Logfile UMTS Data Logfile

UMTS GPRS Throughput Report.xls

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Creating a Custom Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook, and then formatting the report page using Excel. The objective of this section is to create a simple report, like the one shown below, to display a histogram distribution and statistics for Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg. Since BLER is a parameter that an estimate of the integrity of the air interface, the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance.

Figure 43 BLER Histogram and Statistics Report

To create this report: 1. Ensure that the UMTS Voice 1.dt1 file is loaded into the Workspace. 2. Select the parameter Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg from UMTS Downlink Measurements. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook. Excel will launch. The Workbook will contain three sheets, which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. 3. Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet Report. 4. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab. Click and drag to define a window around the data set, including the column headers. 5. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: 6. The chart wizard will open: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 88 .

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Figure 44 - Chart Wizard in Excel

7. Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions. 8. Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. 9. Cut and paste the new chart onto the Report sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet. 10. To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report, type = in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference. 11. Add a title to the worksheet, position the histogram on the page, format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting. 12. From the Excel main menu, select File Save. Save the file in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports folder and name it BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report. 13. Close the Excel workbook.

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Running Your Report with New Data 1. Ensure that the UMTS Voice 2.dt1 file is loaded into the Workspace. 2. Select Workbook Open Workbook to open the BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory. 3. A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s):

Figure 45 - Running the BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report on New Data

4. Select the UMTS Voice 2 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data.

Modifying a Custom Report Analyzer reports can be upgraded or modified at any time. To modify an existing report: 1. Run the report through the Analyzer Workbook Open Workbook menu before making any modifications. 2. Make modifications to the existing report, including adding additional parameters from the same data stream, adding the same parameters from different data stream, or making cosmetic adjustments. 3. Save the file.

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Note that making modifications to a report by opening the Excel file in Windows will cause the Analyzer report to become corrupt. Some suggestions for upgrading existing reports: Add Additional Parameters to the Report - Add to the existing report different parameters from the same data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. Update the Report page to show results for any and all parameters included. Create a Comparison Report Add to the existing report the same parameter from a different data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. Update the Report page to show results for both data sets.

Figure 46 - Comparison Report

Provide Histogram Results as a Percentage Histogram results expressed as a percentage may provide a more meaningful comparison than results expressed as a count. Create an Intermediate sheet in Excel to convert the histogram values into percentages. Update the Source Data for the histogram chart to reflect the new display method.

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Figure 47 - Intermediate Sheet for Calculating PDF Values

Figure 48 - Comparison Report with PDF

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Embed an Excel Macro in a Report Any Excel format or technique may be applied to an Analyzer report, including macros which automate specific tasks within Excel. The UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report provides an example of a report containing an Excel macro. This report provides a comparison of the UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI parameter at common locations in two different logfiles. To generate results from the report: 1. For the best results, set the workspace binning to Location Binned, X Bin Size = 200 meters, Y Bin Size = 200 meters. 2. Open two logfiles which contain common data points. 3. Run the UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report on the two logfiles. 4. On the Report sheet click the Create Table button. The Create Table button invokes a macro that looks for matching locations in the two logfiles, and populates the table with the CarrierRSSI values at those data points. 5. To map the Carrier RSSI Delta values in Analyzer, save the resulting table as a delimited text file. Use the File Import Text File option to import the data into Analyzer. Once the data is imported, the parameters may be viewed using all standard viewing mechanisms.

Figure 49 - UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report Results

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Performing Custom Analysis in Analyzer


You can create a wide variety of customized analyses using Analyzer. You may want to highlight potential voice or data problem areas, or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data. Your customized analysis, called a query, can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data. The queries can be created, accessed, and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager.

About Queries
Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams. Analyzer supports six types of queries: Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Cross Tab Query Analysis Event Query Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Analyzer supports the use of queries to assist in the detection, correction, and presentation of network problems. In this section a number of these analyses are used for examining various aspects of voice and data networks. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: Select Tools Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager, select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries that you wish to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder that you wish to save your query in. Analyzers default structure provides the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Queries folder for an easy place to store queries.

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Name the *.aqf file Training_Class_Queries. All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. To import the queries into a new Analyzer session, go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. Browse to find the *.aqf file in which you saved your queries.

Filter Analysis
Sometimes it is desirable to examine only a subset of the data points collected in a logfile. We can use a filter to look only at those data points of interest to us. A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and displays the data only if the criterion is met. This provides the engineer with a quick way to identify trouble areas in which to focus optimization efforts. Working With Pre-Configured Filters RVS-UM2 comes with a set UMTS filters installed in the workspace. These filters are: Poor Mobile Receive Power Uu_ActiveSet_RSCP[0] < -95 dBm High Mobile Transmit Power UE_TxPow > 0 dBm Low Mobile Transmit Power UE_TxPow < -30 dBm High Mobile Receive Power Uu_ActiveSet_RSCP[0] > -80 dBm Poor Ec/No Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] < -15 dBm Good Ec/No Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] > -8 dBm To activate these pre-configured UMTS filters: 1. Display any parameter of interest in the workspace (i.e. map, chart, table, message browser). 2. Right-click on the stream name and select Filter, then the filtered name. 3. All views will update to show only data points that meet the filter criteria.

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4. Multiple filters may be selected at once. The And and Or options on the filter menu designate the method for combining multiple filters. Creating a Custom Filter Filters can be used to quickly identify areas with poor network performance. In this case, we will filter all points with high traffic channel downlink BLER, and use the results to pinpoint where quality problems are occurring and try to determine what is causing them. You can create a filter query which highlights those points which have Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg > 10% to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service. 1. From the main menu, select Tools Analysis Manager. 2. Select the Filter icon in the dialog and click on New. 3. For the Filter Name, enter Traffic Channel BLER. 4. Use the attribute chooser to select Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg from the UMTS Downlink Measurements group. 5. For the operation, choose >=. 6. For the Threshold, enter 10.

Figure 50 - Filter Wizard

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7. Click OK to create the filter. 8. Confirm that the query was created by clicking on the Existing Analyses tab in the Analysis Manager. The High Traffic Channel BLER filter will be listed under the Filters category. 9. From the Existing Analyses tab, save the High Traffic Channel BLER Filter to the Training_Class_Queries.aqf file by selecting it and using the Export button. Multiple queries may be saved in one *.aqf file. 10. Display any parameter (i.e. RSSI, EcNo, Uu_ActiveSet_SC_0) on the map. Apply the filter by rightclicking on the stream name in the workspace and selecting Filter High Traffic Channel BLER. Notice that only points with BER exceeding the defined threshold appear on the map. The filter has provided a quick way of illuminating trouble spots and focusing optimization efforts. 11. Remove the filter from the map by right clicking on the handset data stream, selecting Filter, and unchecking the High Traffic Channel BLER filter. The filter can be reapplied at any time using the same method.

Figure 51 - Map of Data Filtered Using the High Traffic Channel BLER Filter

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In UMTS networks, areas with interference may be identified as those locations experiencing poor BLER but strong Carrier RSSI. Filters may be combined using Boolean operations in Analyzer to look at more than one condition at each data point. 1. Create a new filter called Strong Carrier RSSI, which filters on data points where UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi is greater than 85 dBm. 2. Apply the filter to the handset stream of UMTS Voice 1.dt1. 3. With the High Traffic Channel BLER filter applied, right click on the handset stream, select Filter, and make sure that the AND operator is selected with a bullet. 4. Returning to the Filter menu, apply the Strong Carrier RSSI filter in addition to the High Traffic Channel BLER filter. What do the data points remaining on the map at this point indicate? Be sure to save the Strong Carrier RSSI filter, in addition to the other queries youve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file, making sure to select all of the filters and queries.

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Additional Custom Filters Filters may be created on any parameter in the Analyzer workspace. Some additional filter ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.aqf file that is installed with the training materials, and are described here: The High Drive Test Speed filter shows data points at which the drive test vehicle was travelling at speeds greater than 60 kilometers per hour. This query will be valid for files containing the SpeedKph parameter in the Independent GPS Data group. This query may be modified for different speeds, or to work with the SpeedMph parameter when relevant.

Figure 52 Wizard for High Drive Test Speed Filter

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The Distant Server filter shows data points at which the serving cell is more than 6 kilometers from the data point. This query is based on the ServingCellDistance parameter, which is present in the workspace when Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site file.

Figure 53 Wizard for Distant Server Filter

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The Mobile Not In Idle State filter shows data points where the Uu_CallState parameter is not equal to 1 (Idle). As with all filters, this filter may be applied to any parameter displayed. For example, it may be useful to map the UU_UE_HandoffState parameter and apply this filter to show the Handoff State only when the mobile is in a call. Note: When entering a threshold for a parameter with discrete values, it is necessary to type the enumerated value of the choice you wish to select. In this case, it is necessary to type a 1 in the text box selecting 1=idle from the drop down list will corrupt the filter

Figure 54 - Wizard for Mobile Not In Idle State Filter

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Binned Query Analysis


The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters, using functions and inequalities. The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map, chart, table, or workbook. ServingCellDistance in Miles By default, Analyzer displays the serving cell distance in meters. A simple, yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1. Select Tools Analysis Manager. 2. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. 3. For the Description, enter ServingCellDistance in Miles.

Figure 55 - Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles Query

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4. In the parameters box, find the serving cell distance under Independent Site Data Node ServingCellDistance and doubleclick on it to add it to the expression. 5. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder, type in /1609.344. 6. Set the Format to Float. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. 7. Click OK to create the query. 8. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. 9. The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. Under the handset stream, expand the Queries Binned Queries group. 10. Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Table to display the query results on a table. Drag the original ServingCellDistance parameter onto the same table to verify the results. 11. Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. Note that the legend ranges must be modified to provide a more meaningful view of the data. Scanner Pilot Pollution Query The Binned Query analysis allows you to create a new expression, as a parameter, based on existing parameters. This is useful for adding nonstandard analyses, like pilot pollution based on UMTS scanner data, where each vendor has their own definition for the analysis. Mathematically speaking, the CPICH_Scan_EcIo_For_SC data set is an array that contains Ec/Io data for all SCs measured at each data point. The array_count function counts the number of SCs in this array which have an Ec/Io > -15 dB. The query returns a 1 when the Pilot Pollution criteria are met and a 0 when they are not. In terms of the network, this query finds all bins where there were more than 4 servers above -15 dB. Thus, this query detects areas where there are multiple servers, no dominant server, and/or poor signal quality.

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Create the Scanner Pilot Pollution query using the Analysis Manager: 1. Select Tools Analysis Manager. 2. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. 3. For the Description, enter Scanner Pilot Pollution.

Figure 56 - Binned Query Wizard Expression Builder

We will create a custom parameter that counts the number of SCs above 15 dB at each point on the drive, and returns a value of True if it exceeds 3. The Expression is: array_count(CPICH_Scan_EcIo_For_SC[], >, -15) >= 4 1. In the lower right hand window, select array_count from the list of functions. Notice the pop-up description for each function. Double-click on the array_count function to add it to the expression. The expression window now contains: array_count(attribute[],operation, expr) 2. Highlight the <<attribute[]>> parameter. In the lower left hand window, step through the UMTS EcIo group to find the attribute CPICH_Scan_EcIo_for_SC. Double-click the attribute to add it to the expression. 3. In place of <<operation>>, <<expr>>, enter >and -15. 4. After the closing parenthesis, enter >= 4. 5. In the format drop-down list, set the Format to Boolean. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 104

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6. Click OK to finish creating the binned query. While still in the Analysis Manager, take the opportunity to save the query to the Training_Class_Queries.aqf file. 7. Click OK to close the Analysis Manager. This query should be used to analyze Scanner data only. Look at the results of the query for a UMTS scanner on the map. Points with Pilot Pollution, as defined by the expression, will show up on the map as a Boolean 1. Points with no Pilot Pollution will show up as a 0. You may be interested in looking at the number of SCs above the threshold at each location, as opposed to a Boolean value that designates data points where more than four SCs are above that threshold. How could you modify the Pilot Pollution Identification query you just created to give the number of SCs above 15 dB at each data point?

Figure 57 - Map Displaying the Results of the Pilot Pollution Query

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The results of the Scanner Pilot Pollution query indicate where the Pilot Pollution condition exists. To determine which SCs contribute to the condition, it may be useful to display the EcIo values for each SC on a table, or to create a custom StateForm for viewing the levels of the Top N SCs. Additional Binned Queries Binned queries may include any expression or combination of parameters from the Analyzer workspace. Some additional binned query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.aqf file that is installed with the training materials, and are described here: The Number of SCs Within 3 dB of the Strongest Server query provides the number of SCs at each data point, including the strongest SC, measured within 3 dB of the strongest server. The expression uses the UMTS scanner parameter CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcIo, which provides the scanned EcIo values in order from strongest to weakest. The array_max function is used to ensure that the strongest EcIo value is selected for comparison purposes. The Format for this expression is Count.

Figure 58 Expression Builder for Number of SCs Within 3 dB Query

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The High Active Set Count query indicates data points where there are three or more SCs in the Active Set. The threshold in this expression can be modified as required. The Format for this expression is Boolean, so that the query will return a True or False result depending upon whether the high active set count condition is met.

Figure 59 - Expression Builder for High Active Set Count Query

Some parameters, such as Uu_CallState, are collected infrequently, and may appear sporadically when displayed on any Analyzer view. In such cases, the state function may be used to hold the last valid value of the parameter and provide a solid data trail. The Uu_CallState Last Valid Value query demonstrates the use of the state function to hold the last valid value for Uu_CallState, providing a solid data trail for that parameter.

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Figure 60 - Expression Builder for Uu_CallState Last Valid Value

It may be desirable to find the strongest SC, or the EcIo of the strongest SC, for a user defined list. The subarray function types allow the user to find the nth strongest/weakest element in a list specified by the user. The Scanner Strongest SC - User Defined List and Scanner Strongest EcIo - User Defined List queries return the strongest SC/EcIo for SCs 11, 12, 13 and 14. The list may be modified for the SCs of interest.

Figure 61 - Expression Builder for Scanner Strongest SC - User Defined

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Figure 62 - Expression Builder for Scanner Strongest EcIo - User Defined

It is possible to filter on the results of a binned query expression. This technique is used in the Display SysInfo Messages filter. It shows only data points at which these messages were received. The Filter Wizard for this analysis is shown below:

Figure 63 - Filter Wizard for Display SysInfo Messages Filter

The Message Type Filter expression was created to specify the messages to include in the filter:

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Figure 64 - Message Type Filter Expression

The expression uses the Boolean AND (&&) operator to specify Uu_RRC_MsgType numbers that indicate SysInfo messages (1100 3600). The expression returns a true value if the current Uu_RRC_MsgType falls within this range. The filter is set up to include only those data points where this expression evaluates to true. When entering a threshold for a parameter with discrete values, it is necessary to type the enumerated value of the choice you wish to select. In this case, it is necessary to type a 1 in the text box selecting 1 = true from the drop down list will corrupt the filter.

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Histogram and Statistic Query Analysis


Serving cell distance is an important parameter to consider when diagnosing network problems. Knowing the average serving cell distance throughout a logfile or the number of data points at which the distance is high may indicate whether the data network is performing properly. Analyzers Histogram and Statistic Queries are available to provide these analysis formats for custom expressions. Since the serving cell distance in miles is not available as a standard Analyzer parameter, it is necessary to use the Histogram and Statistic Query formats to provide results for this type of analysis. ServingCellDistance in Miles Statistic Query This section describes the creation of a Statistic Query for the ServingCellDistance in Miles custom expression. 1. Create a new Binned Query to provide the ServingCellDistance in Miles. Refer to the previous section if you have not already created this query. 2. Display the ServingCellDistance in Miles binned query results for UMTS Voice 1 on a chart to verify that the query is working properly. 3. From the Analysis Manager, create a new Statistic Query to provide statistics for the new ServingCellDistance in Miles expression: Query Name: ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics Expression: Use the button to select the ServingCellDistance In Miles expression created in Step 1. Choose not to exclude data from the calculation.

Figure 65 - Statistic Wizard for the ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics Query

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4. Statistic query results can be found in the Queries Statistics group under each data stream in your file. Display the ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics query results for UMTS Voice 1 on a table. Select the Statistics tab on the table. What is the mean serving cell distance in miles for this file? What is the maximum serving cell distance in miles for this file? ServingCellDistance in Miles Histogram Query This section describes the creation of a Histogram Query for the ServingCellDistance in Miles custom expression. 1. From the Analysis Manager, create a new Histogram Query to provide a distribution plot for the ServingCellDistance In Miles parameter: Query Name: ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution Expression: Use the button to select the ServingCellDistance In Miles expression created in Step 1. Select the option to Specify ranges for my histogram bars. Set the following ranges: o 0 and < 0.5 o 0.5 and < 1 o 1 and < 2 o 2 and < 5 o 5 Click OK to exit the Histogram Wizard.

Remember to save this query, in addition to the other queries youve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file, making sure to include all of the previously created queries and filters.

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Figure 66 - Histogram Wizard for the ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution Query

2. Histogram query results can be found in the Queries Histograms group under each data stream in your workspace. Display the ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution results on a chart. In what range did most ServingCellDistance In Miles values fall for this file? Remember to save this query, in addition to the other queries youve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file, making sure to include all of the previously created queries and filters. A histogram query may be used to the view the distribution for any parameter consisting of different data ranges than the defaults. The figure below is a histogram for the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi parameter. Notice that the ranges on the X-axis are different than the default ranges provided when mapping this parameter. Histogram Query results may be embedded in a Report to provide specialized ranges that are different than those used for mapping in the workspace. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 113

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Figure 67 - Histogram Chart with different ranges for UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi

Crosstab Query Analysis


The crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. The groups can be sorted, and a query can contain several options for grouping data. Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab Query The crosstab query may be used to group UMTS data by serving site and sector. This example will have the Serving Site and Serving Sector as the grouping options, and the mean RSSI, maximum number of SCs in the active set, and number of dropped calls as the statistics to display for each group. When the query is completed and the results are displayed on the Statistics Explorer, it will look like this:

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Figure 68 - Results of Crosstab Query on the Statistics Explorer

To Create the Crosstab Query: 1. 2. 3. 4. Select Tools Analysis Manager. Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New. Name the query Sort by Site and Sector. Click on the New Dimension button. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select. Use the attribute

to select Independent Site Data Node ServingCellID to chooser add the serving site as the first dimension. Use the attribute chooser again to select Independent Site Data Node ServingSectorID to add the serving sector as the second dimension. 5. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the statistics explorer. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean RSSI, maximum number of SCs in the active set, and the number of dropped calls. All of these statistics will be available for the Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 115

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complete drive, for each serving site and sector. Specific parameters relating to each statistic are included in the table below. a. Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. b. Enter the Statistic name. c. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest. d. Select the method to use to calculate the statistic. e. Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window. Statistic Name Mean RSSI Max Active Set Count # Dropped Calls Expression UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Uu_ActiveSet_Count Uu_CallDropped (Note: it is necessary to change the format group of this parameter to Count. To do this, Edit the expression and type count in the format group drop down. 6. Once completed, click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. Be sure to save the Sort by Site and Sector crosstab query, in addition to the other queries youve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file. Method of Calculation Mean Max Count

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Figure 69 - Specifying the Dimensions and Statistics for the Crosstab Query

Display the Crosstab Query Results Once created, the crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace, and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed, sorted by Serving Cell ID or Serving Sector ID. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. Run the crosstab query on the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream. Filter the Crosstab Query Results The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other Analyzer view. In this case, it may be useful to view data for only one serving site, such as Site 109. 1. View Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a map. Display the Uu_CallDropped event on the same map. 2. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window Tile Vertically. 3. In the Statistics Explorer, select the row for Site 109. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 117

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4. With the row for Site 109 selected, press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. Notice that only data points served by this site remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. 5. To remove filtering, click the Filter button again. The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer. Additional Crosstab Queries Crosstab queries may be used to sort statistics by any relevant dimension. Some additional crosstab query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.aqf file that is installed with the training materials, and are described here: The Sort by Strongest Active SC query provides the same statistics as the Sort by Site and Sector query, though the results are sorted by the strongest Active SC. The Copy From button in the crosstab query wizard may be used to copy the stats from the Sort by Site and Sector, instead of building each statistic from scratch.

Figure 70 - Sort by Strongest Active SC Query Wizard

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The Sort by Data Task ID query provides statistics for a UMTS data log sorted by the unique ID assigned to each task in the file. The statistics provided include the Task Name for each task, throughputs, round trip time values, and elapsed time for each task.

Figure 71 - Sort Data Statistics by Task ID Query Wizard

The Sort by Data Task Name query provides statistics for a UMTS data log sorted by the each task name in the file. The Task Name is not necessarily unique within a logfile, so results may group several tasks which have the same name. The statistics provided are similar to those included in the Sort by Data Task ID query, and may be obtained by using the Copy From button, instead of recreating the statistic from scratch.

Figure 72 - Sort by Data Task Name Query Results

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The Sort by Call ID query provides statistics for each call in the logfile. The Dimension for this query is the Uu_Call_ID parameter. The Statistics for this query make use of expressions, defined as follows:
Statistic Name Call Duration (minutes) Call Setup Time (ms) # Dropped Calls # Call Setup Failures % Bad Quality
Uu_TimeBetweenRRC_REQandCallStart

Expression Uu_CallDuration/60000

Method of Calculation Maximum Value Maximum Value Count Count Percentage

Format Group Float Time Count Count Percent True

Uu_CallDropped
default(Uu_IncomingCallSetupFai l*1,Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail*1) Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER >= 10

The Sort by Call ID query will look like this when displayed on the Statistics Explorer:

Figure 73 - Sort by Call ID Query Results

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Event Query Analysis


The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a userdefined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call. Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events, such as multiple drops in an area due to low coverage. We will create an Event Query to return statistics for a five-second window for each dropped call in the file. The query results can be displayed on the Statistics Explorer as in the figure below:

Figure 74 - Dropped Call Window Results

To create the Dropped Call Window Event Query: 1. Select Tools Analysis Manager. 2. Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New. 3. For the Trigger Selection, use the attribute picker to select UMTS Event Data Uu_CallDropped. The parameter will show up in the triggering window. 4. For the Window Range, choose Time Based and set the window to 5,000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event.

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Figure 75 - Setting Up the Event Query

5. Click Next. 6. For the name of the query, enter Dropped Call Window.

Figure 76 - Defining the Name, Dimensions, and Statistics for the Query

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7. In an Event Query, the query dimension is set by default to be the EventTime. In this case, we will use the default dimension. 8. To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window, click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window. 9. For the name, enter Site ID.

Figure 77 - Choose a Calculation Method for the Event Query

10. Choose the Edit button below the line that reads Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic:. 11. The Expression Builder will launch. Inside the top portion of the window, type State(). This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists. 12. Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder, expand the Independent Site Data Node tree. Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression. 13. Click OK to exit the Expression Builder.

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Figure 78 - Expression Builder for the Event Query

14. In the Statistic window, select the method to calculate the statistic. In this case, select Last Value. Click OK when finished with the Statistic window. 15. Repeat steps 7 through 14 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). The statistics that require the use of the State() function or that access an individual element of an array (i.e. Uu_ActiveSet_SC[0]) must be specified using the Expression Builder. All other statistics may \be picked using the Attribute Chooser Expression State(ServingSectorID) State(Uu_Call_ID) Uu_UE_HandoffState UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI UE_TxPow Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER Uu_ActiveSet_SC[0] Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Mean Last Value Mean .

Once completed, click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query.

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Displaying Event Queries Once created, the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace, and selecting Display the Statistics Explorer. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed, sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds). The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. Run the event query on the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)?

Figure 79 - Displaying the Results Of the Event Query

Be sure to save the Dropped Call Window event query, in addition to the other queries youve created, in your Training_Class_Queries.aqf file, making sure to include all of the filters and queries. Additional Event Queries Event Queries may be developed to analyze any event within a logfile. Some additional Event Query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.aqf file that is installed with the training materials, and are described here: The Active Set Update Summary Event Query provides statistics at each Active Set Update in a logfile, including the SCs in the Active Set at the Update, the Active Set Size at the Update, and the time between the current and previous Active Set Updates.

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Figure 80 - Active Set Update Summary Query Results

The Event Query can serve as a mechanism for extracting individual calls as separate streams in the Analyzer workspace. This technique is illustrated in the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Event Query. When displayed on the Statistics Explorer, this query appears to be very similar to the Sort by Call ID Query.

Figure 81 - UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query Results

There are two primary differences between the results of the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query and the Sort by Call ID Query: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 126

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i. The UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query contains an extra statistic, in that Call ID is included as the last statistic. ii. The Analyze button is active in the Statistics Explorer when the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query is displayed. Selecting any Call ID in the Statistics Explorer and clicking the Analyze button will cause a new substream containing data from that call to be extracted in the workspace. Data can be displayed and analyzed from any substream in the same way for any standard stream.

Figure 82 Substreams from the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query

The UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query is an Event Query set up as follows: Trigger Selection: state(Uu_Call_ID)>0 Messages Before Event: 0 Messages After Event: 0 Discriminator: state(Uu_Call_ID) Dimension: state(Uu_Call_ID) (remove the default EventTime dimension) Statistics: Same as the statistics for the Sort by Call ID Query, with the addition of the Call ID statistic (last value of state(Uu_Call_ID))

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Scanner Based Network Rollout Analyses (specific to UMTS)


Neighbor List Analysis
The Neighbor List Analysis provides an automated approach for generating optimal neighbor lists and overcoming major service degrading problems such as missing neighbors. The key components of the neighbor list module are: Generation of recommendations for optimal neighbor list settings based on UMTS/WCDMA scanner drive test data. Integration with Network Element Database to audit existing neighbor lists and suggest changes, and to correlate non-unique measured data attributes such as Scrambling Code with unique identifiers such as Sector ID. The Neighbor List Module implements the following algorithm: Ec/Io measurements below a noise floor are filtered out of the data set before analysis. User definable binning is used to reduce the number of measurement points in each bin to create one value per bin optionally, no binning at all can be applied and the analysis will run on the full data set. At each point along the drive test, a list of prospective neighbors is accumulated. If a neighbor signal is within a user-definable threshold of the best server in the active set, then it is considered as a potential neighbor. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC, the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. Once all the bins in the log file have been compiled into the symmetrical matrix, the results are compared against actual neighbor lists contained in the network element database and the following are calculated: 1. A list of sector IDs included in the matrix, but not the actual neighbor list. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 128

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2. A list of sector IDs included in the actual list, but not the matrix.

C Neighbour 2

Figure 83 - Neighbor List Analysis Example

In the figure above, Cell A is the best server by CPICH Ec/Io. Cells B and C are within a user-specified threshold of Cell A's are Ec/Io, and so are counted as potential neighbors of A. Cell D is not within the required threshold and so is not counted as a prospective neighbor, nor is Cell E which did not have a measurable signal contribution at this point in the drive test. Here is a sample symmetric prospective neighbor array using sector IDs A, B, C and D: A A B C D N/A 10 2 15 B 10 N/A 40 0 C 2 40 N/A 12 D 15 0 12 N/A

The limitations of this algorithm are: Results are only produced in areas that have been tested, so the test areas should be carefully considered before removing any Sectors from the neighbor lists. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 129

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Drive test do not necessarily emulate the radio environment encountered by pedestrian and in-building users; however, walk tests and in-building test may be included in the analysis as desired. To access the Neighbor List Recommendations report: 1. Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace. 2. Configuration parameters for this analysis can be set by selecting Tools Preferences WCDMA Neighbour List. The configuration preferences include the reporting range, maximum list size, addition and removal thresholds and minimum number of samples to include a server in the analysis. 3. From the main menu, select Analysis UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. 4. Double-click on the Neighbour List Recommendations report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. If there is no cell site database corresponding to the current dataset, or if the current cell site database does not contain neighbor list information, the report will work, though the results in the Cell, Site and Action columns will be invalid.

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Figure 84 - Neighbor List Recommendations Report Output

CPICH Pollution Analysis


The CPICH or Pilot Pollution Analysis uses an Simulated Active Set to estimate which pilots would have been actively demodulated by the UE, and then detects other pilots above a user-definable threshold that cause excessive interference. Please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details on how the Active Set is estimated based on WCDMA scanner measurements. The pilot pollution algorithm has these components: Ec/Io measurements below a noise floor are filtered out of the data set prior to analysis. User definable binning is used to reduce the number of measurement points in each bin to create one value per bin optionally, no binning at all can be applied and the analysis will run on the full data set.

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At each point along the drive test, CPICH Ec/Io data for each Scrambling Code is used to assign SCs to an Active Set or a Pollution Set (please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details). The Pollution Set consists of all SCs that are not in the Active Set, and have a CPICH Ec/Io within a user specified pollution threshold of the strongest CPICH Ec/Io in the Active Set. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC, the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. A pollution array is created in memory which records the number of times each sector ID is seen as a source of pilot pollution. All bins in the log file are then processed into the pollution matrix.

A Active Set

Figure 85 - CPICH Pollution Analysis Example

In the example above, Cells A, B and C are part of the Active Set, as determined by the Simulated Active Set module. Cell D has a CPICH Ec/Io within a userspecified pollution threshold of the Active Sets best server Ec/Io, and so is counted as a contributer to pilot pollution at this point in the drive test. Cell E has a CPICH Ec/Io that is not within this threshold and so is not a pollution source. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 132

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Shown below is a sample pollution array indicating the number of points at which each sector caused pilot pollution for sector IDs A, B, C and D: Sector ID A B C D Pollution Count 0 150 45 12

Results are presented in the Pilot Pollution Analysis application report. In addition, Pilot Pollution may be geographically analyzed for each SC by accessing the Pollution_for_SC attribute in the workspace view. To access the Pilot Pollution Analysis report: 1. Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace. 2. From the main menu, select Analysis UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. 3. Double-click on the Pilot Pollution Analysis report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. 4. Enter the Pilot Pollution Margin (dB). This margin is used to determine which pilots in the monitored set are within close proximity to the strongest pilot in the active set. Shown below, the Pilot Pollution Analysis Report indicates the worst interferers sorted by Scrambling Code:

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Figure 86- Pilot Pollution Analysis Report Output

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Handoff Analysis
The Handoff Analysis module uses the Simulated Active Set to determine the handoff state at each point along a drive test. Statistics on handoff state may then be calculated and presented in a report format. Excessive handoff state reduces capacity and increases infrastructure costs for a given traffic level. Please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details on how the Active Set is estimated based on WCDMA scanner measurements. The handoff state algorithm has the following components: The Active Set of pilots is determined using the Simulated Active Set module. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC, the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. Handoff state is calculated by determining the configuration of the sectors in the Active Set. All bins in the log file are then processed into the handoff state matrix. Reports showing the percentage of handoff state for each sector and for the total drive test may then be calculated. The Handoff State Analysis examines Sector IDs involved in call at a given drive test point and determines which of the above states applies, based on UMTS scanner data:

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Figure 87- Handoff State Descriptions

To access the Handoff Analysis report: 1. Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace. 2. From the main menu, select Analysis UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. 3. Double-click on the Handoff Analysis report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. The populated Handoff Analysis report will look like this:

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Figure 88 - Handoff Analysis Report Output

Simulated Active Set


The CPICH Pollution Analysis and Handoff Analysis reports are both based on a calculated Active Set, which is determined by the Simulated Active Set Module. The Simulated Active Set module implements the 3GPP handoff algorithm and uses scanner Ec/Io measurements in conjunction with user-specified 3GPP handoff thresholds to emulate the Active Set at each point along a drive test. These thresholds are available for modification by the user in the Tools Preferences dialog under WCDMA. The attributes available for modification by the user are listed in the figure below, as indicated in the 3GPP specifications: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 137

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Figure 89 - Simulated Active Set Settings

In addition to being used in reports, the Simulated Active set parameters are specified as attributes for UMTS scanner data, and may be displayed on any standard Analyzer view. Below is a sample set of scanner data for three individual SCs with color and vertical lines indicating transitions of pilots into and out of the Active Set.

Figure 90 - Simulated Active Set Measurements and Transitions

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Printing Maps
A-SVS features five different ways to obtain printable map outputs: Print using Quick Print Print using Map Layout Designer Copy to Clipboard Export Map to a different file format Export individual map layers to Map Info The recommended method is the Quick Print. The Quick Print option allows you to bypass the Map Layout Designer and print the map with a legend in a fixed position. To print a map using the Quick Print option (recommended): 1. Display data on a map in the workspace. 2. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. 3. Select the paper source, page orientation, and margin sizes. 4. Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size, content, legend visibility, and scale. 5. In the Print Setup dialog, select OK to print the map. The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page, add a title, and preview the output. To print your map using the Map Layout Designer: 1. Open a map with data in the workspace. 2. Select the Layout button from the toolbar. 3. Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer. 4. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. 5. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. Resize the text box as necessary. With the Label Box selected, choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. 6. Move the legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail. Resize the legend as necessary. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 139

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7. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. 8. Select Print when the map layout is arranged to your satisfaction. You can also print a map by copying it to the clipboard. 1. Right-click on the map to be copied and select Copy to Clipboard. 2. Paste the map into another application and use that applications print function to print the map. A fourth option is to convert the map to a different file format and use a compatible program to print the output file. Analyzer supports the exporting of maps to the following formats: BMP, JPG, WMF, PNG, TIF, GIF, and PSD. 1. Right-click on the map and choose Export Map. 2. Select the desired file format. Finally, a fifth option is to export individual map layer(s) directly into MapInfo. To do this: 1. From the map view, open the Layer Control dialog box. 2. Select Export. 3. Choose the layers that you wish to export. Browse to the appropriate destination folder. 4. Click OK.

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Saving Your Preferred Layout


In Analyzer, the workspace includes all data display windows within the Analyzer application window, together with the Workspace Explorer. Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items: Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed Superstreams you have created To save your workspace click File Save Workspace As and give the file a name. The Analyzer file structure includes a Workspaces folder that can be used to hold your saved workspaces, though you can save a workspace to any location. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries, simply save a workspace with the queries of interest, but no data files. The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place.

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Importing Cell Site Data Using the Network Explorer


The Network Explorer allows you to import network element data into Analyzer, creating a cell plan file called cellrefs.txt. It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information in Analyzer as changes are made to the network. This section describes how to import delimited data into Analyzer, and how to configure the Automatic Import tool.

Importing Network Data


The important thing to remember about Analyzers network data import process is that the process requires two files: 1. A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form, with one row for each individual sector in a network. 2. A blank file, containing only Analyzer header information, to be populated with formatted data. Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network, you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to UMTS network analysis, the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace. All other parameters are optional. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector, Analyzer will be able to import the data.

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UMTS Cell Site Parameters for Import:


Parameter
Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number

Analyzer Group
WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Cell

Analyzer Name
SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector ID

Purpose
Text description of the site for display on map. Numeric identifier for the site. Locates site icons on map. Locates site icons on map. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. Governs the shape of the sector wedge icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells. Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power for informational purposes only Mobile Country Code for informational purposes only National Domain Code for informational purposes only Location Area Code for informational purposes only Cell Identity for informational purposes only Legacy parameter unused Used to define a pre-defined neighbor list for each cell. Used during neighbor list recommendations analysis.

Azimuth Beamwidth

WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell

Azimuth Beamwidth

Scrambling Code EIRP

WCDMA_Cell

SC

WCDMA_Cell

EIRP

Mobile Country Code Mobile Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity BSIC Neighbor List

WCDMA_Cell

MCC

WCDMA_Cell

MNC

WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell

LAC WCDMA_CI BSCI WCDMANeighborList

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The figure below is an example of a delimited UMTS file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer, the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. Additionally, the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer.

Figure 91 - UMTS Cell Site Data Spreadsheet

Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Although Analyzer does not require cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order, following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1. The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location. Beware of non-unique Site ID's - that is, entries that have multiple sets of lats/longs for the same Site ID. Non-unique Site ID's will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. Site Names need not be unique - they are used for labeling purposes only. 2. Position information must be accurate in order for Analyzer to display sites in the correct location on the map. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal, as should latitudes with a 'South' notation. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed.

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Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data Before importing new cells into Analyzer, ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database. A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: ; #NetworkData datafile Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs.txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs The file to be populated need not be named cellrefs.txt. We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation. To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data, use the File Location line in the Tools Preferences dialog. See the section on Loading Cell Site Data for more details.

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Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file, you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information. 1. To access the Network Explorer select Cells Network Explorer.

Figure 92- Network Explorer Window

The Network Explorer display consists of two panels. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection. If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information, you will not see any cell site data at this time. 2. On the toolbar select Import Import From New Template to open the Import dialog. 3. Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog.

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Figure 93- Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2)

4. Give the Template a meaningful Template Name. 5. Check the appropriate Delimiter. 6. In most cases, the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply. Adjust these settings if necessary. 7. Click Next.

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Figure 94 - Settings (Step 2 of 2) Assign WCDMA_Site Data

8. Expand the WCDMA_Site data node. Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. Repeat for each of the required fields in the WCDMA_Site data node, based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional, but this field is frequently used for the site label. Required, and this field must be unique for each site in the database. Required Required

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Figure 95 - Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) Assign WCDMA_Cell Data

9. Expand the WCDMA_Cell data node. Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter. Repeat for each of the required fields in the WCDMA_Cell data node, based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP SC MCC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Page 149

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Field MNC LAC WCDMA_CI BSIC WCDMANeighborList

Required for proper operation? Optional Optional Optional Unused Optional

10. Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned. If the current workspace contains existing site data, you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. Select No to append to existing data. 11. If any errors occur during the import, a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors.log 12. Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_WCDMA_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer. 13. Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. The Name, Location and ID of the site will appear, as well as a folder containing WCDMA Cell Elements. Drill into the WCDMA Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector. 14. To save the formatted site information, select the Save button. 15. Close the Network Explorer by clicking the X at the upper right hand corner. 16. After closing the Network Explorer, view a new map by selecting View Display New Map. 17. If cell icons do not appear on the map, right click on the WCDMA_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. Be sure to close the map with the X at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view.

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Figure 96 - Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map

Updating Cell Site Data


There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information in Analyzer: Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths, SCs, etc.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer. Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text. Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added, complete frequency retune), use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file into Analyzer. Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow.

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Automatic Import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time Analyzer is opened. To use the Automatic Import feature: 1. From the Analyzer main menu, select Tools Preferences. 2. Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. 3. Select the Automatic Import Input File. contains your delimited site data. This is the text file that

4. Select the Automatic Import Template. Once a template has been created, a new Analyzer workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list. To use a template created on another computer, copy the template of interest from the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates directory to the same directory on your machine. 5. Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time Analyzer is restarted.

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Figure 97 - Automatic Import Setup

Once Automatic Import is configured, any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected, and will be changed accordingly in your Analyzer cell site file each time Analyzer is opened.

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Where to Get More Help


Help File
Analyzer includes comprehensive online help, which can be accessed by clicking on Help menu on the main menu. The primary help documentation can be found under Help Contents. You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords and performing a search.

Key Word

Search Results

Figure 98 - Actix Online Help Showing Search Results For cellrefs

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Specific information, like the definition of engineering parameters, can be accessed by clicking on Help Show Context Help. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list, or you can open the Context Help window, then click on an item in the Workspace. Attribute Definition

Selected Attribute

Figure 99 - Highlighted Item in the Workspace and the Corresponding Entry in Attribute Help

The contents of the Help window can be printed, stored under Favorites, and resized or minimized to enable side-by-side review as operations are performed in Analyzer.

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Technical Support
Technical support is available by phone, email, and on the Actix Web site. Technical personnel are located in Reston, VA, USA, London UK, and Singapore to provide assistance. In the US technical support can be reached at: Phone: 1 (877) 72-ACTIX (toll free) 1 (877) 722-2849 1 (703) 740-2244 (local) Between the hours of 09:00-17:00 EST If you are calling outside of hours, please leave your contact information and a brief description of the nature of the call. Email: support@actix.com On the Web: www.myactix.com

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When contacting Actix Support please have your license key number and the software revision number you are using ready to speed up the resolution of your problem. The version number of the software is available by going to Help About Analyzer.

Figure 100 - About Analyzer Window

Actix Web Site


Our Web site is located at: www.actix.com and can be accessed directly from the Online Help menu under Visit the Actix Web site. In addition to containing information about Actix, the Analyzer, and other products, it contains further application modules for Analyzer for common optimization tasks, and sections on Frequently Asked Questions. Actix frequently improves the Analyzer with incremental updates to the software as further test and measurement vendors formats integrated into the tool or updated in accordance with new versions of phones or Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 157

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infrastructure. To confirm you are using the most current version of the software please check under the Help About Analyzer menu and compare that with the current release cited on the Web site. Upgrades can be downloaded from the web providing the support and maintenance contract purchased with the software is still current. If you have any questions please contact our support staff.

Contact Your Instructor


The objective of this training session is to provide all attendees with the knowledge and desire to use Analyzer upon completing the course. To confirm the training has met your expectations you are invited to complete a post training survey and highlight any aspect of the course that could be improved or did not meet your expectations. You will receive a business card with your instructors phone number and e-mail address. Feel free to contact your instructor at any time.

Additional Copies of this Manual


Are available from Actix support or from your instructor.

More Advanced Training


Actix offers a range of training courses designed to improve the understanding, proficiency and productivity of engineers using Actix Analyzer for network optimization and performance in the fast paced world of wireless communications. For more information, or to book any of these courses, please contact your instructor or sales manager at: Actix Inc (Sales), 12012 Sunset Hills Rd, Suite 910, Reston, VA 20190, USA. Phone: (703) 707-4777 Fax: (703) 707-4778 Email: sales@actix.com On the Web: www.actix.com

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Appendix A UMTS Event Definitions


Event Data Call Events Call Event Name
Uu_OutgoingCallOK

Triggering Sequence
Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration (1) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup (1) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM CM Service Request (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Request (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Response (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Command (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Setup (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Call Proceeding (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Connect GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Alerting OR CC Connect Acknowledge
(1)


(1)

At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request, Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup

The messages with the symbol star are usually present but not mandatory

(*)

Uu_IncomingCallOK

Uu_RRC_MsgType == PagingType1 with Uu_RRC_PagingRecord_cn_Identity_pagingCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == RR Paging response (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Request (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Response (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Command (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Setup (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Call Proceeding (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Connect GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Alerting OR CC Connect

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Call Event Name

Triggering Sequence
(2)

Acknowledge At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request, Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup. Paging type 1 message is required for an incoming call.

(1)

At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request, Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup

The messages with the symbol star are usually present but not mandatory

(*)

Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail

Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Then any of the following options: *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Reject or *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release or *Any BCCH messages during the call setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == PagingType1 with Uu_RRC_PagingRecord_cn_Identity_pagingCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Then any of the following options: *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Reject or *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release or *Any BCCH messages during the call setup When in Call (Outgoing Call Ok or Incoming Call Ok), you get one of the following messages: *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Disconnect or *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release Complete or *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release And any of the above messages with a normal cause for ending the call (CauseCodeCC is equal or less than 31) When in Call (Outgoing Call Ok or Incoming Call Ok), you get any of the following options: Any BCCH Message or Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release AND Release Cause is not Normal or One of the following messages: *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Disconnect) OR *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release Complete) OR *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release) *AND any of the above messages with NOT a normal cause for ending the call (CauseCodeCC is greater than 31)

Uu_IncomingCallSetupFail

Uu_CallCompleted

Uu_CallDropped

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Call Event Name


Uu_LocationUpdateOK Uu_LocationUpdateFail

Triggering Sequence
GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Accept GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Reject

Event Data RRC Events RRC Event Name


Uu_OutgoingRRC_ConnectionOK

Triggering Sequence
Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete

Uu_IncomingRRC_ConnectionOK

Event Data RAB Events RAB Event Name


Uu_RadioBearerSetupOK Uu_RadioBearerSetupFail Uu_RadioBearerReleaseOK Uu_RadioBearerReleaseFail

Triggering Sequence
RAB Setup message Followed by RAB Setup Complete RAB Setup message Followed by RAB Setup Failure RAB Release message Followed by RAB Release Complete RAB Release message Followed by RAB Release Failure

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Event Data Coverage Events All Coverage Events which make use of thresholds may be customized by the user in the Tools Display Thresholds menu. Coverage Event Name
Uu_PilotPollution Uu_TooManyServers Uu_System_Interference Uu_Coverage_Limited

Triggering Condition(s)
4 or more pilots detected above Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold 4 or more pilots are detected within X dB of the server, threshold X is set by the user as Uu_TooManyServersThreshold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower_Threhold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower_Threshold This event monitors the Ec/No of Monitored Set SCs with the Ec/No of Active Set SCs in an 8 second window prior to each dropped call. The Uu_HandoverProblem event is pegged if the Monitored Set SCs are stronger than the Active Set SCs more often than the Active Set SCs are stronger than the Monited Set SCs. SC in Active Set after drop is not in Active Set before drop and SC in Active Set after drop is not in Neighbor List before drop

Uu_PoorDL_Coverage

Uu_PoorUL_Coverage

Uu_HandoverProblem

Uu_MissingNeighbor

Event Data Handoff Events Handoff Event Name


Uu_HandoffOK

Triggering Sequence
ActiveSetUpdate message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdate) ActiveSetUpdateComplete message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdateComplete) ActiveSetUpdate message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdate) ActiveSetUpdateFailure message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdateFailure)

Uu_HandoffFail

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