Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization - UMTS

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Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Introduction ................................................................................................................ 6 Scope of the Course ............................................................................................... 6 Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? .................................................................. 6 Prerequisites........................................................................................................... 7 Topics to Be Covered ............................................................................................. 8 What’s New in A-RVS Version 2.1 ............................................................................. 9 Data Visualization................................................................................................... 9 Licensing ................................................................................................................ 9 Data Formats Supported ...................................................................................... 10 Getting Started With Analyzer .................................................................................. 11 Starting Analyzer .................................................................................................. 11 Configuring Analyzer ............................................................................................ 12
Toolbar Configuration...............................................................................................................12 Setting up Maps .......................................................................................................................13 More Pan and Zoom Options...................................................................................................17 Map Scale and Coordinates.....................................................................................................17 Loading Cell Site Data .............................................................................................................17 Viewing Cell Site Information ...................................................................................................22 Searching for Cells .......................................................................................................................23

Data Aggregation (Binning) .................................................................................. 25
Thresholds Editor .....................................................................................................................27

Exploring the Workspace ......................................................................................... 29 Loading Data Files................................................................................................ 29
Examining UMTS Handset Data ..............................................................................................29 Examining Technology-Independent Data...............................................................................33 Examining UMTS Scanner Data ..............................................................................................34

The Favorites Group............................................................................................. 37
Sharing Favorites .....................................................................................................................38

Viewing Data in Analyzer ......................................................................................... 39 Viewing Data on Maps.......................................................................................... 39
The Direction Button.....................................................................................................................45

Figure 14: Map with Directional Arrows displayed ......................................... 45 Viewing Data on Charts ........................................................................................ 46
Modifying Chart Properties ...........................................................................................................48

Viewing Data in Tables ......................................................................................... 49 Viewing Data in the Message Browser ................................................................. 51 Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser......................................................... 53 Viewing Data on Workbooks................................................................................. 54 The Replay Tool ................................................................................................... 56
Docking the Replay Tool ..........................................................................................................57

Viewing Data on State Forms ............................................................................... 58
Using Preconfigured StateForms.............................................................................................58 Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor ................................................................62 Modifying an Existing StateForms File.....................................................................................63 Creating Your Own StateForms File ........................................................................................64

Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace ........................................................ 68 The Network Image .................................................................................................. 69 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 2

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Preparation ........................................................................................................... 69 Creating a New Network Image............................................................................ 70 Batch Load Files Into the Network Image ............................................................. 71 Display Data for the Entire Network...................................................................... 72 Simulate a “New Day”........................................................................................... 73 Create a Custom Network Image Template.......................................................... 73 Reporting UMTS Network Performance ................................................................... 81 Application Packages ........................................................................................... 81
Running Application Packs...........................................................................................................82 UMTS Drive Test Summary .....................................................................................................83 UMTS CPICH Level Analysis...................................................................................................84 UMTS Call Statistics ................................................................................................................84 UMTS Call Setup Analysis .......................................................................................................84 UMTS Handoff Analysis ...........................................................................................................84 UMTS Quality Analysis ............................................................................................................85 Running a Pre-Defined Report.................................................................................................86 Creating a Custom Report............................................................................................................88 Running Your Report with New Data .......................................................................................90 Modifying a Custom Report ..........................................................................................................90

Performing Custom Analysis in Analyzer ................................................................. 94 About Queries....................................................................................................... 94 Filter Analysis ....................................................................................................... 95
Working With Pre-Configured Filters............................................................................................95 Creating a Custom Filter...............................................................................................................96 Additional Custom Filters..............................................................................................................99

Binned Query Analysis ....................................................................................... 102
ServingCellDistance in Miles .................................................................................................102 Scanner Pilot Pollution Query ................................................................................................103 Additional Binned Queries .....................................................................................................106

Histogram and Statistic Query Analysis.............................................................. 111
ServingCellDistance in Miles Statistic Query .............................................................................111 ServingCellDistance in Miles Histogram Query..........................................................................112

Crosstab Query Analysis .................................................................................... 114
Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab Query................................................................................114 Display the Crosstab Query Results ......................................................................................117 Filter the Crosstab Query Results..........................................................................................117 Additional Crosstab Queries ..................................................................................................118

Event Query Analysis ......................................................................................... 121
Displaying Event Queries.......................................................................................................125 Additional Event Queries .......................................................................................................125

Scanner Based Network Rollout Analyses (specific to UMTS)............................... 128 Neighbor List Analysis ........................................................................................ 128 CPICH Pollution Analysis ................................................................................... 131 Handoff Analysis................................................................................................. 135 Simulated Active Set .......................................................................................... 137 Printing Maps ......................................................................................................... 139 Saving Your Preferred Layout ................................................................................ 141 Importing Cell Site Data Using the Network Explorer ............................................. 142 Importing Network Data ...................................................................................... 142 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 3

........................................................... 157 Contact Your Instructor....................................................................................... 151 Automatic Import of Cell Site Data................................................................................................. 154 Technical Support...........................................Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format ......................................................................................................................... 156 Actix Web Site ................................................................................ 154 Help File ................ 158 Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions .............144 Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data ..................145 Importing the Data.....................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................146 Updating Cell Site Data ...............................................142 Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data..........................................152 Where to Get More Help ...................................................................................................................................................................................... 158 Additional Copies of this Manual .......... 159 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 4 ..................................................................................... 158 More Advanced Training.................................

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS All contents of this document are the property of Actix Inc and are provided for information purposes only. consequential or other similar damages resulting from the use of its products. All Rights Reserved Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 5 . Copyright © Actix Inc. The information in this document is subject to change without notice. 2005. Actix will not be held liable for technical or editorial omissions made herein. and will not be held liable for incidental.

participants will be able to use what they learned in class to identify and solve real network problems. Class size is limited to ensure that everyone receives extensive one on one instruction. We will then cover how Analyzer can be customized to tailor existing optimization processes to the specific needs of the participants. The instructors for this course are experts in using Analyzer to increase productivity and are familiar with the challenges faced by engineers working in cellular/PCS environments. call trace and protocol data in optimizing networks Experienced technicians involved in field optimization Anyone looking to maximize the return on their investment in Actix Analyzer Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 6 . Upon completing the course. Advanced users will be introduced to Analyzer features they may not know about and to new network applications that can be performed using Analyzer. Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization begins with a high-level presentation of the Analyzer interface and its capabilities. Who Should Attend Analyzer Training? Engineers responsible for enhancing cellular performance and implementing wireless system optimization System Performance Engineers responsible for measuring and quantifying network quality relative to competitors and/or established benchmarks Engineers looking to further understand the application of drive test.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Introduction Scope of the Course Introduction to Analyzer for Network Optimization provides a comprehensive overview of Actix Analyzer – Rollout Verification Solution (‘Analyzer’). Participants are given ample opportunity to ask questions relevant to their particular optimization needs. Our goal is to give new users an understanding of what Analyzer can do and how it can help them improve the quality of service for their network subscribers.

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 7 . including familiarity with Windows and MS Office applications A computer meeting recommended or at least minimum requirements: Hardware Processor: Memory (RAM) Disk Space CD-ROM Drive One Parallel Port Monitor Optimal Performance P4 2.6 GHz 1 GB 60+ GB Available Minimal Performance Pentium II 440 MHz 256 MB 1 GB Available -To install the application-For Single-User Hardware Key1280x1024x64k color resolution or higher 1024x768x256 color resolution Other Mouse and Keyboard In addition to the hardware requirements listed above. Analyzer performs best when the Windows Virtual Memory Paging size is set to between 1000 and 1500 MB. Please consult your OS help for specific instructions regarding this parameter. The method for setting this parameter varies by operating system.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Prerequisites Familiarity with network infrastructure and operation of the air interface A general understanding of drive test and call trace collection and post-processing methodology and advantages/limitations with each dataset Access to Actix Analyzer software Basic computer literacy.

which highlight how Analyzer can be used to fine tune network performance and further enhance quality of service. cell site.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Topics to Be Covered Configuring your Analyzer workspace including map. Using the Help options and maximizing the benefit of technical support Using some Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 8 . and parameter configuration in order to display your geographic area and network cell plan Viewing data in a variety of ways to gain insight into possible network problems Diagnosing and solving quality of service problems with drive test and switch data Using pre-defined and custom analyses to analyze data and devise tailored optimization solutions Identifying the impact of wide area network optimization changes in terms of Quality of Service using advanced features that allow Analyzer to be tailored to integrate seamlessly into developed optimization process and procedures of the latest task orientated application packages and their supporting engineering notes.

and the granularity of time can be selected. Cell Site Configuration – The Network Explorer has been updated to ease the cell site configuration process.A filtering mechanism has been implemented at the map layer level. Data can then be filtered either inside or outside this defined region. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS What’s New in A-RVS Version 2.1 Data Visualization Preconfigured StateForms . Region Filtering . Events and parameters can be displayed on these charts. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser. StateForms Charts – In addition to viewing parameter values at selected data points. The Display Cell Data view provides easy access to network data details within the workspace. Event Navigator – The Event Navigator view in the StateForms allows you to view the important voice or data events that occurred during the drive overlaid on a bar which shows the calls data in the file colored by serving channel. The Auto Import feature is available to automatically update the cellrefs file with changes to network data. The results of the search will be displayed in the new “Search Results” tab.A number of preconfigured CDMA StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. or replace license files. copy. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 9 . Stand-alone Configurations – Users from the same customer will be able to readily interchange hardware keys without the inconvenience of having to move. These arrows indicate the direction of the drive test vehicle during collection. Search for Attributes – It is now possible to search for specific attributes within the tree structure of all open data streams within the Workspace Explorer. Direction Button – It is now possible to display directional arrows on any drive-test map. This feature allows for one or more polygons of any desired size and shape to be drawn on a map. Protocol Stack Browser – The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. charts can be added to StateForms to view trends in the data over time. Licensing Several licensing options are available to meet the varied needs of different customers.

Data Formats Supported Each of the following UMTS handset formats is supported in the current A-RVS platform: Agilent Nitro (Qualcomm chipset) CAIT (Qualcomm chipset) Couei (NEC. Samsung.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Commutable Network Configurations – The Actix customer who uses the Analyzer in a commutable network configuration will now have more flexibility in configuring the use of licenses to support usage in the office and in the field. Sanyo handsets) Nemo (Nokia handset) NEC TEMS Export (Motorola handset) Each of the following UMTS scanner formats is supported in the current A-RVS platform: Agilent Viper and Nitro Anritsu Couei with Anritsu DTI Nemo TEMS Export Each of the following UMTS call trace formats is supported in the current ARVS platform: Nortel Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 10 .

you can start Analyzer in several ways.Starting Analyzer Using the Shortcut on the Start Menu Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 11 . To use this shortcut to start Analyzer. Actix Folder Analyzer Shortcut Start Button Figure 1 . When you install Analyzer. select Start → Programs → Actix → Analyzer. It will appear on the desktop. right-click on the Analyzer item on the start menu and choose Create Shortcut. a folder is created from the Start button that contains a shortcut for Analyzer.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Getting Started With Analyzer Starting Analyzer As with any Windows application. Note: If you would like to add an Analyzer shortcut to your desktop.

you will need to load some MapInfo maps and point Analyzer to a valid. You will want to modify the size of the default toolbars so that large icons are visible. In order to obtain some geographical reference points for your logfiles. Browse down to “General Settings” (about half way down the page) and locate “Use Small Toolbars” 3. A blank Analyzer workspace then opens: Main Menu Toolbar Workspace Browser Status Bar Figure 2 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS After starting Analyzer. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 12 . the splash screen is displayed while the application loads. This is particularly helpful for novice users. known in Analyzer as a “cellrefs” file. applicable cell site database. Toolbar Configuration 1. there are a few configuration matters to attend to.An Empty Workspace in Analyzer Configuring Analyzer Before you can begin analyzing data. 2. Uncheck or Deselect the box. Select Tools → Preferences from the main menu.

1. Click on the Maximize icon to maximize the Map window. The Layer Control Dialog will open: Layer Options . 3. In the Map Window.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 3: Toolbar Configuration Setting up Maps This section shows you how to load MapInfo tabular (.The Layer Control Dialog Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 13 . Current Layers Layer Properties Layer Reorder Figure 4 . Create a new map by selecting View → Display new Map 2. click on the Layers icon: 4.tab) data to present data analyses on map backdrops.

You may want to modify the layer properties by selecting the layer and choosing the various options within the Layer Control Dialog: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 14 . State level tables (school districts and elevation contours) For example. the MapInfo layer named GAFULTS. In class. The following table lists some of the common abbreviations used for MapInfo data types: Suffix Layer Type Y1 RtHwy010_Top Y2 RtHwy010_Bot X1 IntShld010 X2 IntShld1040 Pc Cultural Points Pn Natural Points Pm Municipal Points R Railroads H Highways S Streets Wr Water (rivers) Wb Water (bodies of water) Lm Landmarks Cb City Boundary Mc Minor Civic Division Cy County Other MapInfo layers: Voting District. the map files we will open can be found within: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\MapFiles MapInfo layers are named according to the geographic location of the data (usually abbreviated US state name and/or county name). 7.tab) file. Sub-MCD. Select or type in the name of a MapInfo Map (*. click Add to open the Open Layer dialog. In the Layer Control dialog. Georgia. and by the type of data contained in the file. then click Open. Native American Lands.TAB contains street-level data for Fulton County.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 5. 6.

Reorder → Up and Reorder → Down: Use the Reorder buttons to change the ordering of the layers. To make a layer writeable. check the box next to the layer name under the arrow icon . Layer Accessibility: To display a layer. hide. Layers → Remove: Use the Remove button to remove a map layer from the workspace. 8. check the . Moving map layers to the bottom of the layer stack is recommended to provide an uncluttered backdrop for cell site data and logfile parameters. or modify map labels. Select OK to exit the Display Properties dialog.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS A. Properties → Labels: Use the Label Properties dialog to show. After modifying any desired layer properties. uncheck the Display within range box. To turn off labeling (recommended to improve map load time). The label font can be controlled through the Label Style button. check the box next to the layer name under the pencil icon . The label position and label offset can be modified at the bottom right corner of the dialog. close the Layer Control dialog with the Close button and changes will take effect. C. Override the default vector coloring by checking Override Style and modifying the Layer Style. Check boxes also are also available to Allow Overlapped Text and Allow Duplicated Text. B. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. Properties → Display: Use the Display Properties dialog to control the display features of the map layer. box next to the layer name under the eye icon To make a layer selectable. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 15 .

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 16 . then choosing Zoom → Go to Layer and selecting the layer you just added.A Map in Analyzer with a MapInfo Layer Added 9. 11. Too many layers make the map look cluttered. and increase the time required for the map to load. In order to ensure faster loading of maps in future Analyzer sessions.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Map Toolbar Figure 5 . Click and drag a rectangle around a small area of interest on the map. load only the MapInfo layers that you need. In a new Analyzer installation. Pan the map viewing area to display the new map by right-clicking in the map area. Right-click on the map and choose Zoom → Zoom In from the pop-up menu or click on the Zoom In button on the Map toolbar. the map location defaults to 0° longitude. 10. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. street-level data is all that is required for looking at optimization data. In most cases. 0° latitude.

return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. View Entire Map – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → View Entire Map. and integrate cell site data with real-time measurements. Pan – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Pan. To turn on or off the scale. Map Scale and Coordinates By default. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Scale. the map scale will appear in the lower left corner of the map window. so if you are not sure what the current units setting is. Loading Cell Site Data In order to display cell sites in Analyzer. a formatted cell site database must exist containing location and configuration data for each cell site. and then select Map Units → Distance. To show or hide the cursor coordinates. then click on a point in the map window. Notice that the distance is displayed next to the cursor and is continuously updated as you drag. In addition. and then drag the cursor to the second point. Measuring Distances on the Map – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Distance. Zooms out to show the entire map area you have defined. Click the first point of the two you would like to measure the distance between. In Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 17 . Click and drag to move the map in the viewing pane. Returns to the last zoom setting by undoing the last zoom operation. The units are not displayed. Center – Right-click in the map and select Tool → Center. The cursor will change to a hand symbol. the latitude and longitude coordinates of the cursor can be displayed. The map will pan so that the point you selected is the center. Previous View – Right-click in the map and select Zoom → Previous View.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS More Pan and Zoom Options The pop-up menu in the Map window offers a variety of convenient pan and zoom options. right-click on the map area and click to check or uncheck Show Lat/Long. After using any pan or zoom option. right-click on the map.

Analyzer loads cells upon opening Analyzer or starting a new workspace. In the Open dialog. there is no need to save the current workspace. A message box will be displayed saying that the new Cellrefs file takes effect when a new workspace is loaded. 2. click View →Display New Map. In the new workspace. For now. we will show you how to format your own data for recognition by Analyzer. Click OK to close the message box. double-click on the name of the current cellrefs file. navigate to the cellrefs file you would like to use and select Open. By default the cell sites are now visible. 6. 5. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 18 . we refer to this file as the ‘Cellrefs’ file. From the main menu. At this point.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Analyzer. we will point Analyzer to a pre-formatted cellrefs file. Later in the course. although this file can have any name. In the Change Preferences dialog. In class the file we will use is called ‘Training UMTS Cellrefs. choose File → New Workspace to create a new workspace.txt’ which has been installed in the following location: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs 4. select Tools → Preferences. 1. Click OK to close the Preferences dialog. on the File Location line. and then display the sites on the map. From the Main Menu. 3.

or Beamwidth. The site labels are displayed independently of cell labels. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. The following instructions specify first site labeling. Currently. 7. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. The Key Field label shows only the site ID. The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear. press the Labels button. “sectors” are called “cells” based on the European GSM standards terminology. This allows you to display of Site Name or Site ID in addition to or instead of SC. Azimuth. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. there are two formats of labels from which to choose: The Site Name (default) shows only the site name. then cell labeling: 1. site labels and cell labels will be displayed on the map. In the Layer Control dialog box. Select OK to exit the Label Properties dialog. or turn them off entirely. select the site layer (named WCDMA_Site-Site_Name) Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. In Analyzer. The Site Labels have now been formatted. 5. 3. You can leave the labels as they are. 2. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Displaying Site Labels By default. If you wish to change the font of the labels. 6. In the Label Properties box. modify the way they are displayed. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 19 . use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog.

The MapInfo-style Label Properties box will appear.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Next. 5. Under the Properties heading in the Layer Control dialog. 7. as it allows you to quickly identify each sector. format the Cell Labels: 1. In the Label Properties box. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 20 . If you wish to change the font of the labels. select the cell layer (named WCDMA_Cell-Beamwidth-SC) 2. If you wish to offset the label from the cell site symbol. Click OK in the Label Properties dialog. use the options in the Position box in the Label Properties dialog. All WCDMA_Cell parameters are available as options for labeling. 6. In the Layer Control dialog box. and then OK in the Layers dialog to apply the labels. SC is a popular labeling option. press the Labels button 3. use the drop down Data Field menu to determine the label format to display. use the Label Style button in the Properties dialog. Verify that each of the following boxes is checked: Show Allow overlapped text (recommended) Hide adjacent duplicate text (optional) 4.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 6 .Labeled Sites and Sectors on Map in Analyzer Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 21 .

4.Display Cell Data Window Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 22 . select Window → Tile Horizontally or Window → Tile Vertically. Click on a sector wedge or site dot on the map. 2. Beamwidth and SC can be obtained by running the mouse over a sector on the map. From the main menu. Details about that sector or site will appear in the Display Cell Data window.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Cell Site Information A cell’s Azimuth. Display site data of interest on the map. 3. Figure 7 . select Cells → Display Cell Data. From the main menu. To obtain more detailed information on each site or sector: 1.

Click the Search Now button to show in the Results window all matching cell sites from the current cellrefs file.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Searching for Cells Search for Cells provides a mechanism for locating specific cell sites based on user-defined search criteria. Ensure that WCDMA is visible in the Technology drop-down. 5. Click the Highlight All button to highlight all matching sectors on the map. From the main menu. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 23 . select Window → Tile Horizontally or Window → Tile Vertically to arrange the CellRefs Search dialog and the map in the workspace. From the main menu. 4. Figure 8: Cellrefs Search Dialog 7. select a row to highlight and center the corresponding sector on the map. 8. Edit and Delete buttons to modify search criteria. 2. Use the Add. Display site data of interest on the map. To conduct a search: 1. select Cells → Search for Cells. 6. 3. From the Results window.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 9: Map Highlighting All Sectors Meeting Search Criteria Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 24 .

Each message is placed into its own bin with the net result of no averaging of the data. such as UTRA CarrierRSSI and UetransmittedPower. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 25 . are binned by averaging all component measurements into one data point. such as Scrambling codes. Distance binning combines data into bins corresponding to the distance traveled by the test mobile. The diagram below looks at a one-second bin. For example. a bin is given the most frequently occurring value (the mode) among the component measurements. The aggregation method used to create one bin from many data points depends on the type of parameter. The speed of travel during logging will affect how many log files you see in a certain area.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Data Aggregation (Binning) Actix Solutions aggregate data into groups called bins in order to provide a reasonable number of data points from a computing and analysis perspective. There are four modes for determining how to divide data into bins: • Time-based binning • Distance binning • Message binning • Location binning Time-based binning combines data in the time domain using a user-specified duration for the bin. Events (such as dropped calls and handovers) are binned by the number of events occurring within the component measurements. This mode is commonly used for drive test analyses when viewing on a map to ensure plot points are evenly spaced. Message binning sets the number of messages to average equal to 1. Message binning should not be set to any value other than 1. For network state parameters. measurement parameters.

3 Highlight the time field and set the Time to 1000 ms. and reports to Time based. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 26 .analogous to overlaying a spatial grid on top of the data with a user-definable granularity.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Location binning . charts. This can be used when examining several drive files crossing over the same geographic area. Grid (not seen) Drive Routes All points in this box will be binned together to produce one plot point To set the binning mode 1 In the Tools → Preferences dialog. click on the ‘+’ next to Binning to expand it 2 Set the binning mode for maps. This method is often used for superstreams.

This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and the Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold to determine when the Poor Downlink Coverage event is set. Uu_CallSetupFailure_TimeDelay – Represents the maximum delay that can be tolerated between each RRC Connection Request. Uu_LowUE_TxPower – Represents the minimum TxPower that can be tolerated as one component of the Poor Downlink Coverage event. This threshold works in conjunction with Uu_CallSetupFailure_Num_RRCConnReq. Uu_EcNoInterference Threshold – Represents the minimum EcNo that can be tolerated as one component of the System Interference event. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and the Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold to determine when the Poor Uplink Coverage event is set. Uu_HighUE_TxPower – Represents the maximum TxPower that can be tolerated as one component of the Poor Uplink Coverage event. The triggers for these events may be modified in the Tools → Display Thresholds dialog. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and the Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold to determine when the Coverage Limited event is set. Uu_Poor_EcNo Threshold – This threshold is used in the Coverage Limited event. Uu_PilotPollution Threshold – This threshold determines the level of interference required to determine whether the Pilot Pollution event has occurred. This threshold works in conjunction with Uu_CallSetupFailure_TimeDelay. The parameters available for modification include: Uu_CallSetupFailure_Num_RRCConnReq – Specifies the number of RRC Connection Request messages that may be seen during call setup before the event is considered to be a Call Setup Failure.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Thresholds Editor A-RVS contains several events specific to UMTS technology that allow the user specify thresholds at which these events are triggered. Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold – Represents the maximum TxPower that can be tolerated as one component of the Coverage Limited event. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 27 . the Poor Uplink Coverage event and the Poor Downlink Coverage event to specify the minimum tolerable EcNo level. This threshold works in conjunction with the Uu_RSCP_Interference_Threshold to determine when the System Interference event is set.

the Poor Uplink Coverage event and the Poor Downlink Coverage event. This threshold will contribute to the determination of the Coverage Limited or Poor Downlink Coverage events if the measured RSCP is lower than the setting. Figure 10 . Uu_RSCP_Interference Threshold – This threshold is used in conjunction with the Uu_Poor_EcNo Threshold to determine the System Interference event.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Uu_Poor_RSCP Threshold – This threshold is used in the Coverage Limited event. The System Interference event will be pegged if the measured RSCP is greater than this threshold and the measured EcNo is less than the Uu_Poor_EcNo Threshold. This threshold will contribute to pegging the Poor Uplink Coverage event if the measured RSCP is higher than the setting.Thresholds Editor Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 28 .

Expand the UMTS Voice 1 file tree in the workspace.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Exploring the Workspace Loading Data Files Now that you are more familiar with the Analyzer environment. These files are located in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\DataFiles directory. then expand the UMTS node and examine each data group and parameter. Data files from any collection equipment supported by Analyzer can be opened and displayed in the same workspace.SD5 c. UMTS Data 1. Load the following drive test files by selecting File → Open Logfile or by clicking the Open Logfile icon: . UMTS Voice 1. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 29 . Click on the ‘+’ to expand the folder and view the loaded files. 2. Notice that all of the files were loaded into this workspace. as shown the figure below.dt1 b. Examining UMTS Handset Data 1. a. Expand the layers under the handset data stream (labelled Nemo3GPP (0). we will move on to opening logfiles and examining the type of information available from these files in Analyzer. Agilent Scanner 1.mdb A ‘+’ will appear next to the Loaded Data Files folder in the Workspace Browser once files have been loaded.

note that several data groups are created. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 30 .Expanded Handset Stream Showing Radio Groups and Parameters Upon loading a UMTS handset file. regardless of data collection vendor. Each group will appear as long as at least one parameter within that group was collected by the device. These data groups are common in Analyzer to all UMTS handset files.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 11 .

are contained here. Expand the UMTS Data 1 file tree in the workspace. Statistics Data – This group contains statistics calculated based on UMTS protocol messaging. The thresholds for these events can be modified under the Tools → Thresholds menu. Parameters associated with protocol messaging can be found in this group. Event Data – Call events triggered by the current state of the UMTS mobile. such as Handoff State. If an event is not present in the tree. Expand the layers under the Samsung 3GPP (3) stream. 3. including multipath measurements for the same SC. This group also contains events with user-definable thresholds. Pilot Measurements – This group contains signal strength measurements for individual SCs detected within the logfile.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The following data groups are created under the UMTS node: Downlink Measurements – This group contains Uu interface measurements reported by the mobile. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 31 . it did not occur in the file. Vendor Specific – This group contains parameters unique to a specific type of data collection equipment. and notice how the UMTS radio network metrics are organized the same way as in the UMTS Voice 1 file. Examine each group and parameter. Additional parameters are available for UMTS files containing wireless data activity: 1. including Call Duration and timing components of Call Setup Time. Uu_RRC – Radio Resource Control is the protocol layer governing air interface communication within the UMTS network. as shown the figure below. Dedicated Radio Link – Once a call has been established. Rake Finger Measurements (Qualcomm chipset handsets only) – provides individual finger measurements. parameters that are associated with the SCs serving the call. Expand the layers under the Data (2) and expand the Data Testing node. 2. such as Uu_PilotPollution and Uu_CoverageLimited.

Expanded Handset Stream Showing Data Testing Node The Data Testing node in a UMTS handset stream provides data parameters that are not specific to a single wireless technology. to be delivered in a packet-switched data network. or datagrams. Under the Data Testing node. This group contains statistics for the IP.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 12 . PPP. the following groups may be found: Application Measurements – Find the instantaneous application layer throughput here. TCP. Protocol Measurements – This group contains throughput values for each layer in the IP stack. • IP (Internet Protocol) provides a connectionless addressing scheme of packets. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 32 . ICMP and RLP2 layers. This is the value that most closely approximates the end user’s experience.

Examining Technology-Independent Data Under the UMTS Voice 1 → Nemo3GPP (0) handset stream. expand the Independent folder to look at technology independent parameters decoded in Analyzer. PPP (Point to Point Protocol) serves primarily to provide some security to datagrams in the IP network. and internal Analyzer messages. HTTP Statistics – This group contains metrics for any HTTP session within the logfile. Message Info – The date and time for the start of the data stream can be found in this group.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS • TCP (Transmission Control Protocol) establishes a virtual connection between a source and a destination in a data network. latitude. Site Data Node – If a cell site database is being used in the Analyzer. This information is useful when building report templates. RLP2 information is provided in some drive-test formats to represent the physical connection between the mobile and the test system. and speed. Application Statistics – This group contains the number of bytes transmitted by the data application. find the following groups here: GPS Data – This group contains mobile longitude. • • • Task Settings – This group contains task identifiers including Task_Id and Task_Name. ICMP (Internet Control Message Protocol) supports error. Connection – This group contains details for data connections activated within the logfile. distance travelled. Task Summary – This group contains application level parameters summarizing the entire task. the software will automatically calculate these measurements that take both the drive and the cell site Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 33 . control and informational messages within the data network. In addition to GPS measurements. Ping Statistics – This group contains metrics for any ping session within the logfile. device-specific data.

serving sector in meters. In either case. Examining UMTS Scanner Data Due to the nature of the coding scheme in a UMTS system.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS information into account.600MHz (1) stream. in meters. Device Info – This group contains settings for the mobile device on which data is logged. to the NeighborCellDistance–distance.mdb file already opened in the workspace contains SC scanner data in the E6455C (IMT2000 Receiver)E6455C (IMT2000 Receiver) 2132. each SC scan can be directly linked to a particular site or sector in the network. Vendor Specific – Vendor Specific measurements may be grouped here or under the UMTS node. Expand the scanner stream to reveal the contents: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 34 . Because SCs are reused across a UMTS network with a much lower frequency than in an FDMA/TDMA network. Some of the measurements contained here are: ServingCellDistance–distance. scanner data is an invaluable tool for detecting problems in the network. this group provides measurements specific to the particular collection device used. to nonprimary serving sectors File Info – In this node find label and timestamp information for the logfile under investigation. The Agilent Scanner 1.

CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcNo_0 gives the strongest EcNo of all SCs scanned. SC and PathLoss. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 35 . Chip Offset. Nth Best – This node contains ranked measurements for EcNo. Ec/Io – This group contains the interference-to-chip-energy measurements organized by various dimensions. the following nodes are available: Other – This group contains scanner measurements concerning RSSI.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 13 – UMTS Scanner Stream Expanded to Show Its Contents Note that under the UMTS data group. RSCP – This group contains the Received Signal Code Power organized by various dimensions. several groups have been created to help you easily drill down into the data. RSCP. For example. the “0” element contains the best performing data. For each scanner stream. Within each group. Carrier Error and the Scan Code Group.

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 36 . Active Set – This group contains simulated Active Set measurements based on scanner data and the user-defined WCDMA settings in the Tools → Preferences dialog. Pilot Measurements – Find the CPICH PathLoss for each SC in this group. Event Data – Events in this group are based on the simulated Active Set and Monitored Set SCs based on scanner data and user defined thresholds set under WCDMA in the Tools → Preferences dialog. Monitored Set – This group contains simulated Monitored Set measurements based on scanner data and the userdefined WCDMA settings in the Tools → Preferences dialog.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Delay – Find the CPICH Scan Delay Spread for each SC in this group.

find Uu_CallDropped and Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail and add them to Favorites. as well as for any new files opened that contain the specified parameters. 5. Under the Event Data → Call group. The parameters that you define as Favorites will be available on the Favorites tab for any data file open in the workspace that contains those parameters. then right-click on it and choose Add to Favorites from the popup menu. Try setting the following favorites for UMTS radio parameters based on the UMTS Voice 1 data file: 1. Under Dedicated Radio Link.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Favorites Group You may find that having access to all of the parameters within a logfile in the Workspace is not necessary and that it makes finding the key parameters more difficult. find Uu_UE_HandoffState and add it to Favorites. A tree view of the items you added is displayed. You can easily move between All and Favorites as necessary. In the Workspace. In the Workspace. click on the Favorites tab. click to select the UMTS → Downlink Measurements → UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi parameter. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 37 . This group can be viewed by clicking on the Favorites tab in the Workspace. find Uu_PilotPollution and Uu_CoverageLimited and add them to Favorites. Under the Event Data → Coverage group. Also add the UE_TxPow parameter to Favorites. Analyzer allows you to identify a subset of parameters you need access to and place them in the Favorites Group. 4. 2. 3.

select the parameter. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 38 .’ Sharing Favorites Favorites can be shared among users. To share Favorites with another user. The user of that machine will then have access to those Favorites each time Analyzer is launched. Favorites are saved in the Favorites. Right-click on it and choose ‘Remove Favorite.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 14 .dat file located in the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\ Analyzer\Bin\XMLFiles directory. To remove a parameter from your favorites.dat file to the same directory on the desired machine.Workspace Showing the Favorites Parameters Displayed 6. copy the Favorites.

right-click on Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo and select Modify Ranges to change the ranges displayed. To view a parameter on a map already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a map already open in the workspace. tables. You can plot parameters on maps and display them on charts. In the legend. Figure 15 . and in workbooks. data can be viewed in a variety of ways to facilitate easy analysis.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data in Analyzer In Analyzer. Modifying Legend Ranges From the handset stream of the UMTS Voice 1 file. Viewing Data on Maps There are two options for viewing data on maps: To view any parameter on a new map: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Map. display the UMTS → Downlink Measurements → Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo parameter on a map and try the following: 1.Modify Ranges Dialog Box Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 39 .

With the range highlighted. 3. More Range Display Options Right-click on the stream in the legend for more legend options: Select Attribute Style to change the color. Change the style of an individual range without re-entering the Modify Ranges dialog by right-clicking on the range and selecting Selected Range’s Style. or shape. All range and color settings are automatically saved with the Modify Ranges dialog is closed. you can change the color assigned to each of your new ranges. regardless of value. Remove any unwanted ranges by highlighting the range and selecting Remove. The recommended approach to modifying legend ranges is to start with the minimum value ranges and work your way toward the maximum. Enter the maximum and minimum value for each range and click Update to modify an existing range. The Set Legend To menu item allows you to maintain multiple legend configurations for a single parameter. Style Setting lets you decide whether to indicate a parameter’s value range changes by color. 4. click on the Selected Button in the Set Colors section. Analyzer will not allow the deletion of the last two remaining ranges. To maximize the utility of this feature. size and shape of the data trail. Ranges must be removed one at a time. Note: Use the Cancel button to back out of any changes you do not want to keep. size. or Add to add a new range. To set all of the ranges to default colors. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 40 . click on the Default button in the Set Colors section. These parameters affect all data points for this parameter. 5. The Copy Legend to Clipboard and Export to File options let you create an image of the legend for use in other Windows programs. Press Close to close the Modify Ranges dialog and return to the workspace. Use the Below and Above buttons to specify “edge” ranges. give each legend configuration for a parameter a unique name and set the preferred configuration to be the default.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 2. Within the Modify Ranges dialog. The default legend settings will always be used upon entering a new Analyzer workspace.

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 41 . After legends have been modified and saved as desired on one computer. Click the mouse once to accept the modified position. 3. you can transfer these files to the same location on another computer to share legend settings between users. or by specifying a numeric distance to offset the trail in the x and y directions. The Map Offset Tool Offsetting of a data trail on the map may be achieved by manually offsetting the data on the map. one for each parameter. View UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi on the map in addition to Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 by dragging UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi onto the existing map.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Changes to legend settings are automatically saved by Analyzer. Move the Offset Tool cursor to determine how much to offset the trails. This information is saved in XML files. highlight the layer you wish to offset and then select Offset → Offset Tool. 2. To use the Offset Tool to offset a trail: 1. The files are saved in the C:\Documents and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Format Groups\User Settings folder. In the Map Layers dialog.

In the Layer Control dialog. from the map 3. select the offset layer in the Map Layers dialog. select Offset. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 42 . and click on Reset. Select the Annotations button toolbar. 1. The annotations toolbar appears on the map. Clicking on the Annotations button again will hide the toolbar.RSSI and EcNo_0 on the Same Map 4. Adding Annotations to the Map Annotations are a means of adding text and simple shapes to your map. 2. type the distance in the X and Y text boxes in the Offset Layers dialog. To remove the offset. You can use these to indicate trouble spots or point out features of interest in your network. If you wish to specify a specific offset distance.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 UTRA UE CarrierRssi Figure 16 . 5. Type 0 for both the X and Y offset to return the offset trail to its original position. select the Annotations layer and use the Reorder → Up button to move it to the top. The distance units for offset are based on the setting found by right-clicking on the map and selecting Map Units → Distance. Close the Layer Control dialog.

Change the style or font by selecting the text with the Select tool. 9.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 4. To remove text. Return the cursor to the passive mode by clicking on the Select button. Click on the map to place the text and add the desired text. To edit the text. right clicking and selecting Tool → Feature Style. select the text box using the Select tool and press the delete key. 8. 6. Click on the Text button insert text mode. The cursor will change to 5. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 43 . select the text using the Edit Text button . 7. .

make sure that the View and the Select boxes for the Lines to Serving Cells (Strongest SC) and Lines to Neighbor Cells (other serving SCs) layers are checked. Drag the UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU parameter onto the same map. if desired. while displaying other measurements on the map. 7. This can be used to show exact values of any parameter at each point. After dismissing the Layer Control dialog. Exit the Label Properties dialog and the Layer Control dialog. 2. display the Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER parameter on the map. 5. Select Show to show the values at each data point. 3. 6. 3. provides insight into the handoff implementation in the UMTS network. reorder the layers so that the Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER parameter is beneath UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU. From the UMTS → Pilot Measurements group. Labelling this parameter. Select Allow overlapped text and Hide adjacent duplicate text. 4. In the Layer Control dialog box.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Formatting Data Labels on the Map Labels can be displayed for any parameter you display on a map. You can also look at the lines to strongest SC from a selection of points at once. Highlight the UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU layer and select the Labels button. Lines from the data point to the Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 44 . In the Layer Control dialog box. 2. 1. Displaying Lines to Cells on the Map Lines to cells can be used for a variety of analysis tasks. You can show the lines to the strongest SC and other serving SCs for a single point. The UMTS parameter UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU provides a very useful example of text labelling on the map: 1. Move the Lines to Serving Cells and Lines to Neighbor cells layers up to be the top two layers on the list. use the Select tool to select a point on the map. The UE_SCs_in_ActiveSetAtASU parameter contains the labels for each scrambling code in the active set at each active set update.

you can select more than one point. The solid line points to the strongest SC and the dashed lines point to the other serving SCs. Click on the Area Select button on the map toolbar.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS serving SC cells will be displayed. 5. By default. You can choose to color the lines by UE Tx Power. There are several options for how the lines will be labelled and colored. The resulting lines to serving and neighbor cells for multiple data points may be useful in determining whether calls made in an area are being served by the appropriate cells. These arrows indicate the direction of the drive when the initial data was collected. In addition to selecting single points. It is located on the Map Toolbar. The Direction Button The Direction button allows the user to display directional arrows on any drive-test map. the lines will be black and not labelled. Use the Select Box tool to select a group of data points on the map. 4. Direction button Figure 14: Map with Directional Arrows displayed Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 45 . UE Carrier RSSI or any other UMTS parameter collected within the dataset.

To return to the previous zoomed view. 7. we will create a Time Series chart containing wireless data parameters. 4. There are two ways to view data on charts: 1.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data on Charts Analyzer can create a variety of charts for the analysis and inspection of data. 2. Notice that a chart appears with a throughput value at each data point. Right-click on App_Throughput_DL and choose Display on Chart from the pop-up menu. 2. expand Data (2) → Data Testing → Application Measurements and select App_Throughput_DL. 1. Your chart should look like the figure below. click and drag a rectangle moving from lower right to upper left. Drag and drop Task_Time_Elapsed onto the chart. The ranges that appear are the same ranges that were set for this parameter on the map legend. click and drag a rectangle. Click on the Histogram button to view the data as a distribution. moving from upper left to lower right. To demonstrate some of the chart capabilities in Analyzer. To zoom in on a section of the chart. Click on the Series button series chart. You may wish to examine an area with particularly high or low throughput in detail. In the UMTS Data 1 file in the Workspace. Drag and drop App_Throughput_UL onto the chart. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 46 . To view a parameter on a chart already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a chart already open in the workspace. To view any parameter on a new chart: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Chart. to return the chart to a time 5. 6. 3.

which operates over a well-defined period of time (that is. App_Throughput_UL and Task_Time_Elapsed displayed on a chart Note that throughput and task time are measured in different units. In the case of drive tests. or a web page download. A Task defines a single user-defined process. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 47 . it has a start and a stop). 8. such as an FTP file download. The events will appear on the chart as vertical lines. Drag and drop the Event_Task_Start and Event_Task_End events (from the Event Data group) onto this chart. all of the vendors have a series of pre-defined tasks and some allow users to define custom tasks of their own. so they appear on separate axes.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 15 – App_Throughput_DL. a PING command.

As you change the properties of the chart. modify the fonts and colors. 5. Many chart properties can be customized through the Properties dialog. Still on the Chart Series page. Click on the Copy icon to place a copy of your chart on the clipboard. redefine the style for the axis. 11. On the Chart Legend page. labels. 4. use the up and down arrows to change the order in which the parameters are plotted.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Modifying Chart Properties 1. create a map displaying the same data. Click to select data on either the map or the chart and notice that the views are synchronized. 2. 7. In Word or PowerPoint. 9. This also affects their position in the legend. click the Title button to change the title of one of the series. On the Chart Axis page. 6. In Analyzer. Click Close to close the Properties dialog when you are satisfied with the formatting you have done. with the chart still open. On the Chart Series page. Right-click on the chart and choose Chart Properties from the menu. and ticks. click Edit → Paste to paste your chart into that application. the chart is automatically updated. 10. 8. Reposition the Properties Dialog so that you can see the chart with the dialog open. Make sure that the Select tool is activated on the map. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 48 . 3. Create a three-dimensional chart using the options on the Chart 3D page.

There are two ways to view data on tables: 1. or the time series data for the parameter displayed on a spreadsheet. and maximum. To do this. histogram distribution information.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data in Tables Tables provide a quick view of numeric data for a selected parameter. Stream Selection Box Figure 16– App_Throughput_DL Displayed on a Table Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 49 . we will create a new table containing some parameters related to wireless data network analysis. Tables can be synchronized with maps to provide an integrated view of network data. To demonstrate the functionality of the Analyzer table in network optimization applications. You can look at statistics. then right-click and select Display on Table. select Data (2) → Data Testing → App_Throughput_DL. 2. Display App_Throughput_DL from the Data (2) stream of UMTS Data 1 on a table. To view any parameter on a new table: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Table. To view a parameter on a table already open in the workspace: Click and drag the parameter of interest onto a table already open in the workspace. such as mean. minimum. A trouble area that is identified quickly on a map using visual inspection can then be examined more closely on a table by looking at exact numerical values of key parameters. 1.

Drag App_Throughput_UL onto the same table to view the values side-by-side. 5. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. 6. and that the throughput and round trip time values are now visible. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics for all parameters displayed on the table. Tile the table and the chart in the workspace by selecting Window → Tile Horizontally from the main menu. correlating the parameters using multiple views provides insight into the amount of data downloaded during the application for which instantaneous throughput values are available. 8. Open another UMTS data file in the current workspace. With the table and chart visible in the workspace. The histogram ranges correspond to the map legend ranges set for the last parameter displayed on the table. Then drag the Task_App_Bytes_DL and Task_App_Bytes_UL parameters onto the same table.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 2. select any point on the chart. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 50 . In this case. Display Task_App_Bytes_DL and Task_App_Bytes_UL on a new chart in the workspace. Use the stream selection box to look at new handset data in the same table configuration without having to repeat the work you did to set up the original table. Click on the Series tab to return to that view. 9. Use the drop-down list at the bottom to switch between histogram values for the different parameters. 7. 3. 4. Notice that the table synchronizes to the same point.

even if the message name is Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 51 .Messaging Displayed in the Message Browser 1. Watch as the Messaging Window synchronizes to display the messaging information corresponding to the event you selected. The Message Browser can play an integral part in a problem-area investigation when it is used in conjunction with the Analyzer map and table. To open the Message Browser right-click on the handset stream under the UMTS Voice 1 file and choose Display Message Browser from the pop-up menu. The browser also includes events derived from the Layer 3 messaging and searching and filtering operations on the data. This allows a quick view of the specific messaging associated with a particular event. 2.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data in the Message Browser Analyzer provides the Message Browser to allow you to analyze the messaging reported by the logging device. Figure 17 . Click on an event in the Event Panel. The search function can be used to locate a particular parameter in the messaging.

Continue the search by clicking the Find Next icon to find each subsequent occurrence of the string. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 52 . In the Search box. uncheck ‘All Message Types’ and check ‘UMTS RRC Messages’ to show only messaging associated with the UMTS Radio Resource Control layer. 3. 4. The Active Set Update Complete message signifies a change to the active set. and only the messages associated with those events are of interest. type ‘ActiveSetUpdateComplete’.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS unknown. Open Microsoft Word and click Edit → Paste to paste the text into the current document. On the Message Filtering Tab of the Properties Dialog. Right-click on the message area and choose Properties from the pop-up menu. click on the Message Format tab and modify the Font for the Message Browser. then click the Find Next button to find the next occurrence of this text string in the file. In the Properties dialog. The message filtering capability is useful when investigating specific events. 5. Select a section of text in the Message Browser and click on the Copy icon. The Soft Handover message immediately following the Active Set Complete message indicates which SCs have been added to or removed from the Active Set during the procedure.

and Layer 3 messaging. while Layer 3 messaging represents communication between the mobile and the 3G MSC. RRC messaging represents communication between the mobile and the Node B. Once a message of interest is identified in the top pane of the Protocol Stack Browser.Message pane displays Radio Resource Control (RRC) messaging. and GPRS RLC and MAC messages Figure 18 – UMTS Uu RRC Protocol Stack Browser Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 53 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data in the Protocol Stack Browser The Protocol Stack Browser allows the user to quickly browse through messages by examining the header only. UMTS networks are backwards compatible with and can hand off to GSM networks. the details of the message can be examined in the bottom pane. The following Protocol Stack Browser view is available for UMTS drive test data: UMTS Uu RRC . Drive test files which contain UMTS and GSM / GPRS data will also have the following Protocol Stack Browser views available: Layer 3 – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages and message direction Layer 3 Signalling – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3 messages only GPRS Events – Message pane displays messages signifying GPRS events GPRS RLC / MAC – Message pane displays GSM Layer 3. RRC message cause values.

and printed through Microsoft Excel. and longitude Figure 19– Uu_UE_HandoffState Displayed in a Workbook Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 54 . the Analyzer Table may not provide enough flexibility for viewing data. sorted. To view any parameter on a new workbook: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Workbook. There are two ways to view data on workbooks: 1. Analyzer’s Workbook feature provides a more flexible method for detailed analysis of trouble areas. 2. filtered. This format allows data to be searched. To view a parameter on a workbook that has already been opened: Right-click on the parameter of interest in the Workspace Browser and select Display on Workbook (active). View the Uu_UE_HandoffState parameter from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a workbook: 1. Notice the series data is displayed in Excel with time.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data on Workbooks In some cases. latitude. formatted. Select Dedicated Radio Link → Uu_UE_HandoffState. then right-click and select Display on Workbook.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 2. Click on the Statistics tab and notice the automatically calculated statistics. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 55 . 3. Close the workbook without saving changes. Click on the Histogram tab and notice the ranges and counts. 4.

Uu_ActiveSet_SC_0 and Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 on a table. whether or not you have a parameter from the stream displayed. you can use the Replay Tool to move forward or backward. 7. 2. Display UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi from UMTS Voice 1 on a map. Step Backward Step Forward Play Forward Stream Selection Play Backward Play Speed Figure 20 . 4. select a point on the map.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Replay Tool The Replay Tool allows you to sequentially view data points in the files you are analyzing. map. To access the Replay Tool. UE_TxPow. Making sure that the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream is selected in the replay tool. select Tools → Display Replay. Drag the Uu_CallDropped event onto the same map and zoom in to closely view the two drops in the file. Display the Uu_CallDropped. 3. UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi. Click on the Step Forward button to move to the next point on the drive. Resembling the controls of a VCR. 5. automatically or manually advancing through the data. You can move through data displayed on a chart. 1. near the beginning of the drive. table or messaging. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 56 . Use the Window menu to tile the map and table horizontally.The Replay Tool Progress Bar 6. The stream selection box allows you to choose which stream to watch. It will display all open logfiles.

Notice that the selection box on the map moves to the next data point in the drive. Docking the Replay Tool You may find it more convenient to position the Replay Tool under the Workspace Browser. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 57 . If there are only right-hand side of the Replay Tool three buttons. Click on the left-most of the four buttons at the upper . 2. click on the thin gray bar at the top of the Replay Tool and drag it to the far left side of your screen. The table has also been updated by highlighting the relevant data. To move it under the Workspace Browser. The Replay Tool will now show up along the right side of the Workspace Browser. The procedure for doing this is called docking. 9. 1. minimize and then restore the Replay Tool to make the fourth button appear.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 8. Experiment with the remaining buttons to see how they interact with the rest of the views.

Used in conjunction with the Replay Tool. you can quickly ascertain the values of several optimization parameters for problem identification. Using Preconfigured StateForms A number of preconfigured UMTS StateForms enable the user to quickly identify and troubleshoot important network events. and charts. maps. tables. The preconfigured forms available for UMTS drive test data are: • • • • • • • • • • UMTS Data Event Navigator UMTS Data Session UMTS Throughput UMTS Top 10 Scan Measurements UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set UMTS UE Call Information UMTS UE Measurement Charts UMTS UE Radio Parameters UMTS UE Transport Channel Info UMTS Voice Event Navigator Figure 21 – UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set Form View the UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set form for the UMTS Voice 1 sample file: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 58 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Data on State Forms Actix State Forms allow you to view multiple performance metrics simultaneously.

If you are not seeing information in the forms.Select UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form 4. verify that the right data stream is selected. right-click on the form and select Stream Selector. For example. Use the drop-down list to select the stream you wish to view data for. If the Stream Selector is not visible. do not select the UMTS Data form for a logfile containing voice calls.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 1. make sure that the form that you have selected applies to the type of data you want to analyze. when selecting a form. The Stream Selector drop-down will appear. Forms can also be selected from the View → Forms option on the main menu. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 59 . 2. Forms with measurement views like the UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form or the UMTS Data Session Form are best viewed when docked with the Replay Tool at the side of the screen as seen in the figure below. Right-click on the stream name Nemo 3GPP (0) in the workspace and choose Display Form → UMTS UE Active+Monitored Set. Figure 22 . In general. 3.

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 60 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 23 – UMTS Active+Monitored Set Form Docked in Workspace To dock a form on the left side of the workspace. drag it over to the bottom section of the Workspace Browser. you can adjust the top and right-hand borders to allow for more viewing space in the platform. Forms with chart views like the UMTS Voice Event Navigator or the UMTS Data Event Navigator may be best viewed when docked at the bottom of the screen as shown below. Once docked like in the view above. and release. 5. Click the gray horizontal line at the top of the form. bring up the form and click the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) .

Preconfigured forms can be edited to meet your individual analysis needs. Once docked like in the view above. drag the thin gray line of the form to the bottom right side of the screen so that it is completely on the left half of the viewing platform. bring up the form and use the docking button (to the left of the minimize button) to dock it next to the Workspace Browser. you can adjust the top border to allow for more viewing space in the platform.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 24 – UMTS Voice Event Navigator Form Docked in Workspace To dock a form at the bottom of the workspace. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 61 . Then. and the creation of new forms from scratch using the State Forms Editor. making sure that the right border of the form does not stretch past the midpoint of the entire Analyzer viewing platform. The following sections describe the modification of existing forms.

chart. Once loaded.The StateForms Editor 1. Browse to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\State Forms directory and open the file called UMTS Handset. select StateForms Editor. table or message browser). Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 62 . or table and notice that the contents of the form will update to reflect the state of the network at the point you selected.axl. The selected stream must correspond to data currently displayed on another Analyzer view (map. Select any point on a map. The components of the StateForms Editor window are shown in the figure below. 4. From the Tools menu. Note: If the stream selection box is not visible. right-click on the state form box and select Stream Selector. modify existing forms. The stream selection box will appear. right-click and select “Open File”. 2. make sure a stream is selected in the StateForms stream selection box.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Viewing Custom Forms with the StateForms Editor The StateForms Editor allows you to view custom forms. Stream Selection Box StateForms Tool Bar Parameter Values Figure 25 . chart. 3. Position your mouse cursor over the empty StateForms Editor box that is launched. and build new forms from scratch.

Select. Delete – Removes an object from the form. or right-click and select Design Mode.StateForms Window in Design Mode The buttons on the StateForms tool bar are.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Note: Verify that the stream selector in the StateForms window is showing the same stream that you are trying to synch with. Label. Suppose the UMTS Handset file has almost everything you would like to see. Scan Chart and Group Box. Copy. Modifying an Existing StateForms File You can use an existing StateForms file as it is. or you can make modifications to it. Click Open File and choose the UMTS Handset file. Toggle Design Mode. Array Attribute Value. from left to right. Attribute Value. Cut – Removes an object from the form and puts it on the clipboard. If you do not already have the StateForms file displayed. Time Chart. Delete. Cut. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 63 . Paste. The StateForms window now shows the design view: StateForms Tool Bar Attribute Window Figure 26 . Click on the Toggle Design Mode button on the StateForms tool bar. click Tools → Display StateForms. but that you are also interested in the handoff state. To add handoff state to the StateForms display: 1. Using the delete key on your keyboard will not work. 2. 3.

Use the chart control in the Attribute Window to add data ranges and otherwise edit the Scan Chart. Creating Your Own StateForms File Several sample state forms are provided by Actix. The finished form will look like this: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 64 . In the attribute window. click and drag to define a rectangle. Attribute Value – Click and drag a rectangle then choose an attribute from the list. then type your text into the Caption field in the attribute window. You can also design your own forms from scratch. Time Chart – Click and drag to define the area for a time series chart for the form. click the Toggle Design Mode button. select it and click the Copy button. The value of that attribute will be displayed in the rectangle you defined. Array Attribute Value – Click and drag to define a table. Paste – Use this button to insert a copied object onto the form. Group Box – Used to clarify which attributes on your form belong together.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Copy – To copy an object to the clipboard. Toggle Design Mode – To exit the Design Mode and return to the View mode. Use the chart control in the Attribute Window to add data ranges and otherwise edit the Time Chart. You can do this by creating a new StateForms file or by adding a new sheet to a current file. Select – To put the cursor into select mode to allow you to select an object on the form. specify the number of rows and columns your table will have. Label – Click and drag a rectangle. Scan Chart – Click and drag to define the area for a scanner chart for the form. We will create a new file for this example.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Figure 27 - Completed StateForms File

If you do not have the StateForms window open, click Tools → Display StateForms. 1. To start a new StateForms file, click the New File button. Alternatively right-click on the form and select New File. 2. To begin adding objects to the StateForms sheet, click the Toggle Design Mode button to open the sheet in Design Mode. 3. Add the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi label by clicking the Label Button. Click and drag the rectangle. 4. Select the label object and make these modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Caption: UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi b. Font Auto Size: False c. Font Size: 10 5. Repeat steps 3 and 4 for the BER label, setting the caption to ‘Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER’. 6. To display the value for UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi, click the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the CarrierRssi label. 7. Select the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Attribute Value object and make the following modifications: a. Specify Min+Max: True b. Bar Range Min: 0 c. Bar Range Max: 0 d. Attribute: UMTS → UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi e. Show Value Change: True Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 65 Downlink Measurements →

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f. Font Auto Size: False g. Font Size: 10 8. Repeat steps 6 and 7 for the BER Attribute Value, setting the attribute to Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER (found in the Pilot Measurements group). 9. To create the Attribute Bar for RSSI, click on the Attribute Value button then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi attribute value object. 10. Select the Carrier RSSI Attribute Bar and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Specify Min+Max: True b. Bar Range Min: -110 c. Bar Range Max: -45 d. Bar Color: Turquoise e. Attribute: UMTS → Downlink Measurements → UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi f. Show Value Text: False g. Show Min Text: True h. Show Max Text: True i. Show Minor Ticks: True j. Show Major Ticks: True k. Font Auto Size: False l. Font Size: 10 11. To create the BER attribute bar, the Attribute Value button, then click and drag a rectangle to the right of the BER attribute value object. 12. Select the BER Attribute Bar object and make the following modifications in the Attribute Window: a. Specify Min+Max: True b. Bar Range Min: 0 c. Bar Range Max: 100 d. Bar Color: Dark Blue e. Attribute: UMTS → Uu_Pilot_Downlink_BER Pilot Measurements →

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f. Show Value Text: False g. Show Min Text: True h. Show Max Text: True i. Show Minor Ticks: True j. Show Major Ticks: True k. Font Auto Size: False l. Font Size: 10 13. To add the Group Box object, click on the Group Box button, then click and drag a rectangle around all of the items on your form. 14. Select the Group Box object and make the following modification in the Attribute Window: a. Caption: Network Parameters b. Fore Color: Blue c. Font Auto Size: False d. Font Size: 12 e. Default Font: False f. Font Bold: True 15. Click the Save As button and save the StateForms file in the State Forms directory and call it UMTS Network Parameters.axl. 16. Return to the View Mode by clicking on the Toggle Design Mode button. 17. Test your new form by displaying a parameter from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a map. Make sure that the handset stream is selected in the StateForms stream selector box. Click on any point on the map, and see the parameter values for Carrier RSSI and Pilot Downlink BER appear on your StateForm.

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You can perform appear in the Workspace: analyses on the SuperStream using the map. check the UMTS Voice 1. chart.dt1 UMTS Voice 3.dt1 UMTS Voice 2. drive test or call trace). as long as all component files are saved in the same workspace. 5. or when aggregate statistics on multiple drives are required. In the SuperStreaming dialog. UMTS Voice 2. Click OK in the SuperStreaming dialog to create the SuperStream merged using timestamps. SuperStreaming multiple drive test files is desirable when you require one-click functionality for displaying the same parameter from multiple streams on any Analyzer view.dt1 2.e. SuperStreaming creates a pointer to files already open in the workspace and does not create any new files. SuperStreams may be saved in workspaces. Use Timestamps is the default Merge Method. message browser. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 68 . 4.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Merging Multiple Drive Files in the Workspace Analyzer’s SuperStream feature may be used to merge multiple files collected on the same link (i. Select Tools → Create Superstream. To create a superstream containing several drive test files: 1. When Analyzer has finished creating the SuperStream. 3. and query features discussed earlier. and UMTS Voice 3 streams. Name the superstream Merged Handset Data. Ensure that the following files are loaded in the Analyzer workspace: UMTS Voice 1. it will .

The data contained in a Network Image file differs from normal logfiles. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 69 . Please contact Actix technical support for any specific requests for Network Image templates. Network Images summarize the most commonly used network parameters and store them in an external file (*. Network Image files are pre-configured by Actix. customer service. Actix Analyzer allows you to create system level outputs in the software by creating a composite database consisting of multiple drives that is much smaller than the sum of the individual drive files. this file is much smaller than the sum of its parts. and planning purposes. The original logfiles are not altered in the creation of a Network Image repository. A Network Image populated with data is saved as a separate.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Network Image Preparation Frequently. in that the image file contains only the parameters specified and is binned according to the image definition. that when combined contain a very large amount of data. smaller file from the original logfiles. optimization engineers are asked to provide a complete network picture for management.dat) for systemwide analysis or benchmarking. A complete network drive may consist of a large number of data files from different sources. This is accomplished through a feature called a Network Image. Because only key parameters are saved into the Network Image file.

enter ‘UMTS Cluster Drive’. This will create a Network Image containing location binning at a 50 meter granularity. then click OK. 3. In the Save dialog. Select the UMTS Voice (50 meter location binned) image. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 70 . Your workspace will update after creating the Network Image. For the name. This template is currently an empty shell that will be populated with data extracted from logfiles.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Creating a New Network Image Assume you were asked to combine three logfiles representing a day’s worth of driving by three different engineers. save the file under C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\NetworkImageDefns.Creating a Network Image 4. Browse the workspace and investigate the new template called Cluster Level Data. Create a network image by selecting Network Image → Create Network Image from the main Analyzer menu. 2. Create a network image to consolidate the data into one reasonably-sized file: 1. Figure 28 .

Workspace Showing the Network Image Batch Load Files Into the Network Image The Network Image that you just created is nothing more than a repository. You must add data to the repository. 4. To load files into the Network Image. Select OK to close the report. will appear once processing is complete.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 29 . right-click on the UMTS Cluster Drive Network Image in the workspace and select Batch Load Files. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 71 . Select Open to begin processing and wait until all the files have completed processing. select the Handset files UMTS Voice 1 – UMTS Voice 3 located in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Data Files. A Load Results report. In the resulting dialog. 3. 2. Note: these files do NOT need to be open in the workspace. it contains no data. like the one shown below. Files do not need to be open in the workspace in order to be added to the Network Image. 1. Currently.

and Tables.Dialog Showing That File Processing is Complete Display Data for the Entire Network Many logfiles contain data for more than one device. display some parameters on Charts. Network Image templates. Dedicated Radio Link. Notice that key optimization parameters in the Downlink Measurements. The handset was attached to Slot 0 of the device. Using standard Analyzer actions. so you will find all data in the populated network image under a stream called UMTS Device (Slot 0). Expand the UMTS Device (Slot 0) stream. such as the UMTS Voice template used in this example.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 30 . 1. Maps. Pilot Measurements. Statistics Data and Event Data groups are included in the Network Image. However. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 72 . each of the files added to this particular Network Image were collected using only one handset. 2. can accommodate multiple data streams collected under a single logfile.

The workspace will update to reflect the change. Select Open to attach to the Network Image.dat. Expand the UMTS Device (Slot 0) stream. 2. If you plan to include any Queries in your custom Network Image template. Create a new workspace by selecting File → New Workspace from the main Analyzer toolbar. Complete each of the steps in the Wizard: • Step 1 – Create a New Template / Open an Existing Template: o To create a new template. 1. browse and select UMTS Cluster Drive. click Next to continue. Attach the previously created Network Image by selecting Network Image → Attach Network Image. 1 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 73 . start the Network Image Template Wizard by selecting Network Image → Network Image Template Wizard from the main menu1. In the resulting dialog. Demonstrate the faster load time by starting a new workspace and attaching the Network Image. 3. ensure that the Queries are available in the workspace before beginning this procedure. This section describes the creation of custom Network Image templates using the Network Image Template Wizard. Notice how quickly the Network Image attaches! 5. Display some parameters on charts. Key optimization parameters from three separate files have been combined into a single.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Simulate a “New Day” Saving multiple files in one Network Image will allow a significantly faster load time than when loading each file individually. To create a custom Network Image template. maps. and tables. 4. It is also possible to create custom Network Image templates within the Analyzer workspace. smaller file that loads into Analyzer much faster than the original files! Create a Custom Network Image Template Some pre-configured Network Image templates are packaged with Actix solutions.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS o To import and modify an existing template. click Open. Note that only templates created using the Wizard are fully supported. a warning message will be displayed. In this case. Older templates created by hand will be imported but may not behave as expected. Figure 31 – Create a New Template / Open an Existing Template Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 74 .

the streams in those files will be displayed in the ‘Currently Loaded Devices’ panel on the left: Figure 32 – Choose Your Devices o Click the Add button to add a new device: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 75 . o If there are logfiles loaded into the workspace. only data streams with names containing the Filter text will be processed into each device. When populating the Network Image. you may want to extract different attributes for handset and scanner data captured in the same logfile.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS • Step 2 – Choose Your Devices: o You may want to process different data streams in different ways. You can define a meaningful Device Name and specify a Filter to uniquely identify each device within a logfile. For example.

while using an identifier that is common to many types of logfiles. the Filter 0) uniquely identifies the UMTS handset stream in the file. The software determines whether data from a stream should be loaded into the Device based on whether the Filter text matches any text in the data stream name. data from all streams will be loaded into the Device. In this example.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 33 . If the Filter field is left empty. click Next to continue.Add Device Name Dialog o Enter the Device Name and the related Filter that identifies the stream of interest within the logfile. Figure 34 . Once all the Devices have been entered. o Click OK to add the Device to the Device List.Devices Added to the Device List Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 76 . The Device Name is a label that has meaning to the user. o A Network Image template may contain multiple devices.

FileName can be used to trace data points in the Network Image to the original source file. Enter the start and end values and click OK. click Next to continue.e. select the Device with the required attributes and click Copy.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS • Step 3 – Choose Your Attributes: o Select a Device from the panel on the right. o Attributes are assigned to one Device at a time. Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[]). a dialog will prompt you for the range of indices. o In addition to standard analysis parameters. ensure the Binned checkbox is enabled and choose the appropriate Binning Settings. This method is used to perform detailed analysis on problems spotted in the high level Network Image. To duplicate the attributes selected for one Device into another Device. Then select the second Device and click Paste. and then use the Add button to select the required attributes from the Attribute Picker panel on the left. o Once you have added all required attributes. o If you select an array attribute (i. we recommend adding the Independent → FileName parameter to each Device in a Network Image. Figure 35 – Choose Your Attributes • Step 4 – Choose Settings For Your Devices: o To create a binned dataset. We Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 77 .

Figure 36 – Binning Settings Dialog • Step 5 – Choose Your Queries: o Note that only queries available in the workspace can be added. o Click Next to continue. o To create a histogram of the data. o To create a statistical summary of the data. o Select a Query from the left pane. Repeat this process for each Device. o Note that Binning Settings are assigned to one Device at a time. check the Statistics box. o Click Add to use the selected Query in the selected Device. check the Histogram box. o Select a Device from the right pane. o Click Next to Continue Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 78 . o Continue until all the required Queries have been added to the appropriate Devices.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS recommend the following Binning Settings for Network Images: Time Binning – 3 second or larger bins Location Binning – 50 x 50 meter or larger bins o Select the appropriate UTM zone from which the file was collected.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

Figure 37 - Choose Your Queries

Step 6 – Confirm Your Selection: o This window summarizes the contents of the Network Image template. o After reviewing the contents, click Finish to open the Save As dialog. o The Network Image template must be saved in C:\Document and Settings\All Users\Application Data\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\ NetworkImageDefns or a subfolder. Saving in this location ensures that the template will be available as a selection in the Create Network Image dialog box. Enter a filename and click Save.

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Figure 38 - Confirm Your Selection

After saving the new Network Image template in the \Bin\NetworkImageDefns folder, the template will be available in the Create Network Image dialog. You can now create and populate a Network Image repository using your custom template!

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Reporting UMTS Network Performance
The reporting features in Analyzer allow you to create high-level management reports based on your data. Two different mechanisms exist for creating for producing integrated, polished reports that can be used to analyze high-level network statistics or communicate test results in a professional format: Application Packages are a technology-specific series of reports that are installed automatically with every Analyzer installation. Application Packs are typically used to obtain a high-level overview of call statistics. They can be used when a professional, formatted output is required, but time constraints do not allow for the creation of a custom template. Reports are user-definable formatted outputs that make use of Analyzer’s integration with Microsoft Excel. Reports may be included with an Analyzer installation (such as the UMTS Training Materials), but are not always included. Reports, unlike Application Packs, allow for formatted outputs of multiple streams of data. Use Reports when generating outputs for multiple streams of data and when you want to design a custom formatted template from scratch. This section describes the use of both reporting mechanisms, including running Application Packs, running pre-defined Reports, and creating custom Reports.

Application Packages
A-RVS contains Application Packages specific to UMTS. The Application Packs are a series of reports, each focusing on a particular aspect of mobile network optimization. The Application Packs currently available for analysis of UMTS handset data are: UMTS Drive Test Summary UMTS CPICH Level Analysis UMTS Call Statistics UMTS Call Setup Analysis UMTS Handoff Analysis UMTS Quality Analysis An Application Pack is currently available for analysis of UMTS scanner data: UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout

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Information in the cell explorer is organized by serving site and sector. The top panel is called the Statistics Explorer. Once you have selected one of the Application Packs from the menu.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Running Application Packs Once a data file is loaded. 2. an Application Pack window will appear. the results of the reports can be saved. The bottom pane is called the Report Window and contains a list of available reports associated with the selected Application Pack. Through the Analysis menu on the main menu. Double-click on any of the available reports to run the report. and shown in their raw form in Microsoft Excel. Statistics Explorer Report Window Figure 39 – UMTS Drive Test Summary Application Pack Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 82 . The window is divided into two panes. By right-clicking on the stream name in the Workspace Browser Note: The Application Packs require Analyzer to be pointing to a valid cellrefs file in order to function properly. the Application Packages can be accessed in one of two ways: 1. Once executed. printed. and it contains a summary of major call events and statistics for the selected stream.

Coverage Summary – This report summarizes the strongest EcNo and the strongest RSCP in the Active Set. coverage and quality in the logfile. File Summary – This report provides information about the drive route. 2.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS UMTS Drive Test Summary This application pack contains the following reports: 1. The Coverage Summary report is shown below: Figure 40 – UMTS Coverage Summary Report Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 83 . calls made and received. providing statistics and distribution information for each metric.

Timing analysis statistics include time between setup messages. UMTS Handoff Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Call Setup Status – This report provides a breakdown of call setup attempts. Call Sustainability – This report provides call duration statistics and is particularly useful for analyzing the sustainability for long-call testing configurations. CPICH before Call End or Drop . Handoff Breakdown Analysis – This report provides handoff state statistics. UMTS Call Statistics This application pack contains the following reports: 1. CPICH b4 RRC Con Req – This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a five second window leading up to each RRC connection request in the logfile. including successful attempts. and failed attempt causes. 3. average time between Active Set Update messages. 3. failed attempts. and successful call rate. average time between measurement reports and Active Set Updates.This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a five second window before the end of each call in the logfile. including actual vs. 2. CPICH after Call End or Drop – This report shows CPICH measurements for the active and monitored sets in a ten second window following each successfully completed or dropped call. and call duration.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS UMTS CPICH Level Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 84 . goal metrics for target percent of drive in soft handoff. CPICH during Call – This report provides mean CPICH performance metrics during each call in the logfile. 2. including the access failure rate. 2. dropped call rate. Call Statistics – This report provides call setup and termination statistics. Call Timing Analysis – This report provides time-based statistics for each call recorded in the logfile. UMTS Call Setup Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. 4. Call Sequence Outcome – This report provides a listing of which call sequence messages have been seen for each call in the logfile.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS

2. SHO per Event 1a 1b 1c – This report breaks down the number of Active Set Update additions (Event 1a), removals (Event 1b) and replacements (Event 1c) within the logfile. UMTS Quality Analysis This application pack contains the following reports: 1. Overall BLER – This report provides statistics and distribution information for the downlink transport channel block error rate. 2. BLER per Call – This report provides block error rate statistics on a per call basis. Statistics provided include call duration, maximum BLER, minimum BLER and mean BLER. 3. BLER During SHO – This report provides BLER statistics during soft handover. Statistics are calculated during the period from each RRC Active Set Update message until each Update Complete message.

Figure 41 - BLER During SHO Report

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Running a Pre-Defined Report Since Application Packs are built into the Analyzer, they may not exactly meet your team’s reporting requirements. Additionally, App Packs can only be run on a single stream of data. Analyzer Reports allow you to create custom reports using Microsoft Excel, and those reports may include data from multiple streams. Reports from multiple measurement sources allow you to compare data collected simultaneously or look at your network before and after making a change. In this section, you will populate a pre-defined Analyzer Report template that contains multiple data streams. In the next section, you will create a custom report from scratch. To run the pre-defined report: 1. From the Analyzer Workbook/Report. main menu select Workbook → Open

2. Navigate to C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports and Open the report called UMTS – GPRS Throughput Report.xls. 3. Analyzer prompts you to select a data stream to replace the EGPRS stream. Select the handset stream from EGPRS Drive Test 1.dt1 (in the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer directory) and click OK. 4. Analyzer then prompts you to select a UMTS data stream. Select the Data (2) stream from UMTS Data 1.sd5 and click OK. 5. Analyzer will generate the report and launch Excel. Expect for this to take a few moments. When this process is complete, click on the Report tab in the Excel workbook and examine the formatted report.

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The output of the report will look like this:

Figure 42 - Results of the CDMA Handset Comparison Final Summary Report

The A-RVS UMTS Training Materials come with several pre-defined reports for UMTS voice and data calls that can be run according to the steps above. The following table describes each report and indicates what type of data each report should be run with.
Report Name
Application Throughput Report.xls UMTS – GPRS Coverage Report.xls

To be run on Data Streams of Type:
UMTS Data Logfile

Description of Report Sheets
• Report: Provides statistics and distribution information for downlink Application Throughput Report: Provides distribution comparison via pie chart of coverage for an E/GPRS drive and a UMTS drive Report: Compares throughput statistics for an E/GPRS network and a UMTS network

E/GPRS Data Logfile UMTS Data Logfile E/GPRS Logfile UMTS Data Logfile

UMTS – GPRS Throughput Report.xls

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Creating a Custom Report Creating your own formatted report template is as easy as viewing the data you require on a workbook, and then formatting the report page using Excel. The objective of this section is to create a simple report, like the one shown below, to display a histogram distribution and statistics for Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg. Since BLER is a parameter that an estimate of the integrity of the air interface, the value of this parameter throughout a network is of great importance.

Figure 43 – BLER Histogram and Statistics Report

To create this report: 1. Ensure that the UMTS Voice 1.dt1 file is loaded into the Workspace. 2. Select the parameter Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg from UMTS → Downlink Measurements. Right-click on it and choose Display on Workbook. Excel will launch. The Workbook will contain three sheets, which can be accessed by clicking on the corresponding tab at the bottom sheet window. 3. Click on any blank sheet in the workbook and rename the sheet “Report”. 4. Click on the Histogram Formatted Data tab. Click and drag to define a window around the data set, including the column headers. 5. Select the chart icon from the top menu bar of Excel: 6. The chart wizard will open: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 88 .

Cut and paste the new chart onto the “Report” sheet in the workbook or choose to have the chart inserted as an object on the Report sheet. From the Excel main menu. Select a simple column chart and follow the Wizard prompts and instructions. Press Enter after selecting that cell to create the reference. type “=” in the cell you would like to hold the value on the Report sheet. Close the Excel workbook. position the histogram on the page. To place the mean and standard deviation statistics in the table in your report. 9. 10. 12. 13. Then switch to the Statistic Formatted Data tab and select the cell containing the data you wish to add to your report. 11. format a table around the statistics and add any other desired formatting. select File → Save.Chart Wizard in Excel 7.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 44 . Add a title to the worksheet. Click the Finish button in the chart wizard and a basic chart will be created. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 89 . Save the file in C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports folder and name it BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report. 8.

Run the report through the Analyzer Workbook → Open Workbook menu before making any modifications. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 90 . A dialog will appear that prompts you to select a data stream(s): Figure 45 . To modify an existing report: 1. Select the UMTS Voice 2 handset stream and watch the formatted report regenerate for the new data. including adding additional parameters from the same data stream. Make modifications to the existing report. adding the same parameters from different data stream. or making cosmetic adjustments. 2. 3. Ensure that the UMTS Voice 2. Select Workbook → Open Workbook to open the BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report saved previously to the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Reports directory. Save the file. 3. 2.dt1 file is loaded into the Workspace.Running the BLER_Histogram_and_Statistics_Report on New Data 4.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Running Your Report with New Data 1. Modifying a Custom Report Analyzer reports can be upgraded or modified at any time.

Create an Intermediate sheet in Excel to convert the histogram values into percentages. Update the Report page to show results for both data sets. Some suggestions for upgrading existing reports: • Add Additional Parameters to the Report . Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 91 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Note that making modifications to a report by opening the Excel file in Windows will cause the Analyzer report to become corrupt. Create a Comparison Report – Add to the existing report the same parameter from a different data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command. • Figure 46 .Add to the existing report different parameters from the same data stream using the Display on Workbook (Active) command.Comparison Report • Provide Histogram Results as a Percentage – Histogram results expressed as a percentage may provide a more meaningful comparison than results expressed as a count. Update the Source Data for the histogram chart to reflect the new display method. Update the Report page to show results for any and all parameters included.

Comparison Report with PDF Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 92 .Intermediate Sheet for Calculating PDF Values Figure 48 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 47 .

Y Bin Size = 200 meters. set the workspace binning to Location Binned. including macros which automate specific tasks within Excel. For the best results. Use the File → Import Text File option to import the data into Analyzer. X Bin Size = 200 meters.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS • Embed an Excel Macro in a Report – Any Excel format or technique may be applied to an Analyzer report. Run the UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report on the two logfiles. The Create Table button invokes a macro that looks for matching locations in the two logfiles. The UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report provides an example of a report containing an Excel macro. To map the Carrier RSSI Delta values in Analyzer. Once the data is imported.UMTS_CarrierRSSI_Delta_Report Results Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 93 . Open two logfiles which contain common data points. Figure 49 . the parameters may be viewed using all standard viewing mechanisms. On the Report sheet click the Create Table button. 5. 4. This report provides a comparison of the UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI parameter at common locations in two different logfiles. To generate results from the report: 1. 3. and populates the table with the CarrierRSSI values at those data points. 2. save the resulting table as a delimited text file.

About Queries Queries are a means of searching and filtering data based on events and thresholds you define. All custom analyses can be saved for future use through the Analysis Manager: Select Tools → Analysis Manager In the Analysis Manager. correction.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Performing Custom Analysis in Analyzer You can create a wide variety of customized analyses using Analyzer. and presentation of network problems. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 94 . In this section a number of these analyses are used for examining various aspects of voice and data networks. Your customized analysis. Analyzer’s default structure provides the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Queries folder for an easy place to store queries. called a query. The queries can be created. You may want to highlight potential voice or data problem areas. and edited in the Workspace through the Analysis Manager. Queries operate on binned data and are written using Boolean expressions and arithmetic operations containing data parameters from one or more data streams. Analyzer supports six types of queries: Filter Analysis Binned Query Analysis Cross Tab Query Analysis Event Query Statistic Analysis Histogram Analysis Analyzer supports the use of queries to assist in the detection. or test for common symptoms of bad radio link quality for the purpose of speeding up the analysis of data. accessed. select the Existing Analysis tab Select any queries that you wish to save and click the Export button Browse to a folder that you wish to save your query in. can be saved in a Workspace and reused for future drive data.

These filters are: Poor Mobile Receive Power – Uu_ActiveSet_RSCP[0] < -95 dBm High Mobile Transmit Power – UE_TxPow > 0 dBm Low Mobile Transmit Power – UE_TxPow < -30 dBm High Mobile Receive Power – Uu_ActiveSet_RSCP[0] > -80 dBm Poor Ec/No – Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] < -15 dBm Good Ec/No – Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] > -8 dBm To activate these pre-configured UMTS filters: 1. table. All views will update to show only data points that meet the filter criteria. Browse to find the *. Filter Analysis Sometimes it is desirable to examine only a subset of the data points collected in a logfile. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 95 . All queries created during training may be stored in the same file. Right-click on the stream name and select Filter. A filter analysis tests data on a single criterion and displays the data only if the criterion is met. chart. We can use a filter to look only at those data points of interest to us.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Name the *. 3. message browser). then the filtered name. Display any parameter of interest in the workspace (i. go to the Existing Analysis tab of the Analysis Manager and select the Import button. Working With Pre-Configured Filters RVS-UM2 comes with a set UMTS filters installed in the workspace. map.aqf file Training_Class_Queries. This provides the engineer with a quick way to identify trouble areas in which to focus optimization efforts.e. To import the queries into a new Analyzer session.aqf file in which you saved your queries. 2.

For the Filter Name. Use the attribute chooser to select Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg from the UMTS → Downlink Measurements group. Creating a Custom Filter Filters can be used to quickly identify areas with poor network performance.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 4. Select the Filter icon in the dialog and click on New. choose >=. we will filter all points with high traffic channel downlink BLER. select Tools → Analysis Manager. Figure 50 . 5. The And and Or options on the filter menu designate the method for combining multiple filters. In this case. For the operation. and use the results to pinpoint where quality problems are occurring and try to determine what is causing them. 6. enter ‘10’. From the main menu. enter ‘Traffic Channel BLER’. You can create a filter query which highlights those points which have Uu_TrCh_DownlinkBlerAgg > 10% to identify all the locations on the drive with poor quality of service. 4. 1. 2. 3. For the Threshold.Filter Wizard Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 96 . Multiple filters may be selected at once.

The High Traffic Channel BLER filter will be listed under the Filters category.Map of Data Filtered Using the High Traffic Channel BLER Filter Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 97 . Multiple queries may be saved in one *. Remove the filter from the map by right clicking on the handset data stream. Confirm that the query was created by clicking on the Existing Analyses tab in the Analysis Manager. Display any parameter (i.e. Uu_ActiveSet_SC_0) on the map. 8. Click OK to create the filter.aqf file. From the Existing Analyses tab. The filter can be reapplied at any time using the same method. EcNo. The filter has provided a quick way of illuminating trouble spots and focusing optimization efforts. Figure 51 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 7. 9. and unchecking the High Traffic Channel BLER filter. RSSI. save the High Traffic Channel BLER Filter to the Training_Class_Queries. Apply the filter by rightclicking on the stream name in the workspace and selecting Filter → High Traffic Channel BLER. 10. 11. Notice that only points with BER exceeding the defined threshold appear on the map. selecting Filter.aqf file by selecting it and using the Export button.

2. select Filter. making sure to select all of the filters and queries. 1. areas with interference may be identified as those locations experiencing poor BLER but strong Carrier RSSI. and make sure that the AND operator is selected with a bullet. Create a new filter called Strong Carrier RSSI. apply the Strong Carrier RSSI filter in addition to the High Traffic Channel BLER filter. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 98 . in your Training_Class_Queries. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. What do the data points remaining on the map at this point indicate? Be sure to save the Strong Carrier RSSI filter. which filters on data points where UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi is greater than –85 dBm. Apply the filter to the handset stream of UMTS Voice 1. 3. Filters may be combined using Boolean operations in Analyzer to look at more than one condition at each data point. With the High Traffic Channel BLER filter applied.aqf file.dt1. 4.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS In UMTS networks. Returning to the Filter menu. right click on the handset stream.

aqf file that is installed with the training materials.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Additional Custom Filters Filters may be created on any parameter in the Analyzer workspace. or to work with the SpeedMph parameter when relevant. and are described here: The High Drive Test Speed filter shows data points at which the drive test vehicle was travelling at speeds greater than 60 kilometers per hour. Figure 52 – Wizard for High Drive Test Speed Filter Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 99 . This query will be valid for files containing the SpeedKph parameter in the Independent → GPS Data group. This query may be modified for different speeds. Some additional filter ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.

which is present in the workspace when Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site file. This query is based on the ServingCellDistance parameter.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Distant Server filter shows data points at which the serving cell is more than 6 kilometers from the data point. Figure 53 – Wizard for Distant Server Filter Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 100 .

Wizard for Mobile Not In Idle State Filter Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 101 . it is necessary to type a ‘1’ in the text box – selecting ‘1=idle’ from the drop down list will corrupt the filter Figure 54 . In this case. For example. As with all filters. it may be useful to map the UU_UE_HandoffState parameter and apply this filter to show the Handoff State only when the mobile is in a call. this filter may be applied to any parameter displayed. Note: When entering a threshold for a parameter with discrete values.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Mobile Not In Idle State filter shows data points where the Uu_CallState parameter is not equal to 1 (Idle). it is necessary to type the enumerated value of the choice you wish to select.

2.Creating the ServingCellDistance in Miles Query Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 102 . Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. The results of a binned query can be displayed on a map. Figure 55 . chart. enter ‘ServingCellDistance in Miles’. ServingCellDistance in Miles By default. A simple. yet very useful example of a binned query is the conversion of the serving cell distance from meters to miles. For the Description. Analyzer displays the serving cell distance in meters. table. Create the ServingCellDistance in Miles query using the Analysis Manager: 1. using functions and inequalities. 3. or workbook.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Binned Query Analysis The Binned Query allows you to define a new parameter based on existing parameters. Select Tools → Analysis Manager.

Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Table to display the query results on a table. Note that the legend ranges must be modified to provide a more meaningful view of the data. and/or poor signal quality. In terms of the network. find the serving cell distance under Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellDistance and doubleclick on it to add it to the expression.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 4. as a parameter. 8. Mathematically speaking. the CPICH_Scan_EcIo_For_SC data set is an array that contains Ec/Io data for all SCs measured at each data point. Drag the original ServingCellDistance parameter onto the same table to verify the results. Click OK to create the query. In the parameters box. this query detects areas where there are multiple servers. expand the Queries → Binned Queries group. Click OK again to close the Analysis Manager. 5. 11. 6. The query will appear in the Queries group under every data stream in the workspace. where each vendor has their own definition for the analysis. 10. Set the Format to Float. like pilot pollution based on UMTS scanner data. The array_count function counts the number of SCs in this array which have an Ec/Io > -15 dB. Scanner Pilot Pollution Query The Binned Query analysis allows you to create a new expression. 9.344’. At the end of the text in the Expression Builder. Thus. The easiest way to do this is to select the Format drop down dialog and start typing Float in the window. based on existing parameters. This is useful for adding nonstandard analyses. The query returns a ‘1’ when the Pilot Pollution criteria are met and a ‘0’ when they are not. this query finds all bins where there were more than 4 servers above -15 dB. no dominant server. Right-click on the ServingCellDistance in Miles query and choose Display on Map to display the query results on a map. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 103 . 7. type in ‘/1609. Under the handset stream.

Notice the pop-up description for each function. For the Description. Double-click on the ‘array_count’ function to add it to the expression. Double-click the attribute to add it to the expression. enter ‘Scanner Pilot Pollution’.Binned Query Wizard Expression Builder We will create a custom parameter that counts the number of SCs above –15 dB at each point on the drive. 3. In the lower left hand window. step through the UMTS → EcIo group to find the attribute CPICH_Scan_EcIo_for_SC. Figure 56 . Highlight the <<attribute[]>> parameter. and returns a value of ‘True’ if it exceeds 3. 4. The expression window now contains: array_count(«attribute[]». In place of <<operation>>. Select the Binned Query icon in the dialog and click on New. -15) >= 4 1. enter ‘ >= 4’. select ‘array_count’ from the list of functions. The Expression is: array_count(CPICH_Scan_EcIo_For_SC[]. set the Format to Boolean. enter ‘>’and ‘-15’. 5. 3.«operation». <<expr>>. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. >.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Create the Scanner Pilot Pollution query using the Analysis Manager: 1. 2. In the format drop-down list. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 104 . In the lower right hand window. After the closing parenthesis. «expr») 2.

as opposed to a Boolean value that designates data points where more than four SCs are above that threshold. 7. as defined by the expression.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 6. take the opportunity to save the query to the Training_Class_Queries. This query should be used to analyze Scanner data only. How could you modify the Pilot Pollution Identification query you just created to give the number of SCs above –15 dB at each data point? Figure 57 .aqf file. Click OK to close the Analysis Manager. Points with Pilot Pollution. Click OK to finish creating the binned query. will show up on the map as a Boolean 1. You may be interested in looking at the number of SCs above the threshold at each location.Map Displaying the Results of the Pilot Pollution Query Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 105 . While still in the Analysis Manager. Points with no Pilot Pollution will show up as a 0. Look at the results of the query for a UMTS scanner on the map.

Some additional binned query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.aqf file that is installed with the training materials. The array_max function is used to ensure that the strongest EcIo value is selected for comparison purposes. The expression uses the UMTS scanner parameter CPICH_Scan_EcIo_SortedBy_EcIo. or to create a custom StateForm for viewing the levels of the Top N SCs. The Format for this expression is Count. To determine which SCs contribute to the condition. including the strongest SC. Figure 58 – Expression Builder for Number of SCs Within 3 dB Query Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 106 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The results of the Scanner Pilot Pollution query indicate where the Pilot Pollution condition exists. it may be useful to display the EcIo values for each SC on a table. measured within 3 dB of the strongest server. which provides the scanned EcIo values in order from strongest to weakest. Additional Binned Queries Binned queries may include any expression or combination of parameters from the Analyzer workspace. and are described here: The Number of SCs Within 3 dB of the Strongest Server query provides the number of SCs at each data point.

the state function may be used to hold the last valid value of the parameter and provide a solid data trail. The Format for this expression is Boolean.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The High Active Set Count query indicates data points where there are three or more SCs in the Active Set.Expression Builder for High Active Set Count Query Some parameters. The threshold in this expression can be modified as required. The Uu_CallState Last Valid Value query demonstrates the use of the state function to hold the last valid value for Uu_CallState. In such cases. so that the query will return a ‘True’ or ‘False’ result depending upon whether the high active set count condition is met. Figure 59 . are collected infrequently. and may appear sporadically when displayed on any Analyzer view. providing a solid data trail for that parameter. such as Uu_CallState. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 107 .

or the EcIo of the strongest SC.User Defined List queries return the strongest SC/EcIo for SCs 11. for a user defined list.Expression Builder for Scanner Strongest SC . The “subarray” function types allow the user to find the nth strongest/weakest element in a list specified by the user. 13 and 14. The list may be modified for the SCs of interest.User Defined Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 108 . Figure 61 .Expression Builder for Uu_CallState Last Valid Value It may be desirable to find the strongest SC. The Scanner Strongest SC .User Defined List and Scanner Strongest EcIo .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 60 . 12.

Expression Builder for Scanner Strongest EcIo . It shows only data points at which these messages were received. This technique is used in the Display SysInfo Messages filter.Filter Wizard for Display SysInfo Messages Filter The Message Type Filter expression was created to specify the messages to include in the filter: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 109 . The Filter Wizard for this analysis is shown below: Figure 63 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 62 .User Defined It is possible to filter on the results of a binned query expression.

The expression returns a “true” value if the current Uu_RRC_MsgType falls within this range. In this case. it is necessary to type a ‘1’ in the text box – selecting ‘1 = true’ from the drop down list will corrupt the filter.Message Type Filter Expression The expression uses the Boolean AND (‘&&’) operator to specify Uu_RRC_MsgType numbers that indicate SysInfo messages (1100 – 3600). it is necessary to type the enumerated value of the choice you wish to select. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 110 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 64 . The filter is set up to include only those data points where this expression evaluates to “true”. When entering a threshold for a parameter with discrete values.

create a new Statistic Query to provide statistics for the new ServingCellDistance in Miles expression: • • • Query Name: ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics Expression: Use the button to select the ServingCellDistance In Miles expression created in Step 1. From the Analysis Manager. Choose not to exclude data from the calculation. Refer to the previous section if you have not already created this query. Since the serving cell distance in miles is not available as a standard Analyzer parameter. Knowing the average serving cell distance throughout a logfile or the number of data points at which the distance is high may indicate whether the data network is performing properly. 3. Analyzer’s Histogram and Statistic Queries are available to provide these analysis formats for custom expressions.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Histogram and Statistic Query Analysis Serving cell distance is an important parameter to consider when diagnosing network problems.Statistic Wizard for the ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics Query Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 111 . it is necessary to use the Histogram and Statistic Query formats to provide results for this type of analysis. ServingCellDistance in Miles Statistic Query This section describes the creation of a Statistic Query for the ServingCellDistance in Miles custom expression. 1. 2. Display the ServingCellDistance in Miles binned query results for UMTS Voice 1 on a chart to verify that the query is working properly. Create a new Binned Query to provide the ServingCellDistance in Miles. Figure 65 .

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 112 . Display the ServingCellDistance In Miles Statistics query results for UMTS Voice 1 on a table. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. Select the option to “Specify ranges for my histogram bars”.aqf file. Statistic query results can be found in the Queries → Statistics group under each data stream in your file. What is the mean serving cell distance in miles for this file? What is the maximum serving cell distance in miles for this file? ServingCellDistance in Miles Histogram Query This section describes the creation of a Histogram Query for the ServingCellDistance in Miles custom expression. in your Training_Class_Queries. Remember to save this query.5 and < 1 o ≥ 1 and < 2 o ≥ 2 and < 5 o ≥5 • Click OK to exit the Histogram Wizard. From the Analysis Manager.5 o ≥ 0. making sure to include all of the previously created queries and filters. 1.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 4. Select the Statistics tab on the table. Set the following ranges: o ≥ 0 and < 0. create a new Histogram Query to provide a distribution plot for the ServingCellDistance In Miles parameter: • • • • Query Name: ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution Expression: Use the button to select the ServingCellDistance In Miles expression created in Step 1.

Histogram Query results may be embedded in a Report to provide specialized ranges that are different than those used for mapping in the workspace. Notice that the ranges on the X-axis are different than the default ranges provided when mapping this parameter. in your Training_Class_Queries. making sure to include all of the previously created queries and filters. Display the ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution results on a chart.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 66 . Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 113 . A histogram query may be used to the view the distribution for any parameter consisting of different data ranges than the defaults.aqf file. The figure below is a histogram for the UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi parameter. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. In what range did most ServingCellDistance In Miles values fall for this file? Remember to save this query.Histogram Wizard for the ServingCellDistance In Miles Distribution Query 2. Histogram query results can be found in the Queries → Histograms group under each data stream in your workspace.

This example will have the Serving Site and Serving Sector as the grouping options.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 67 . maximum number of SCs in the active set. and number of dropped calls as the statistics to display for each group. The groups can be sorted. Sort by Site and Sector Crosstab Query The crosstab query may be used to group UMTS data by serving site and sector. and a query can contain several options for grouping data. it will look like this: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 114 .Histogram Chart with different ranges for UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Crosstab Query Analysis The crosstab query is used to group data and display statistics for each group. and the mean RSSI. When the query is completed and the results are displayed on the Statistics Explorer.

Name the query “Sort by Site and Sector”. The statistics that we will include in this query are the mean RSSI.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 68 . and the number of dropped calls. 3. 4. Use the attribute chooser again to select Independent → Site Data Node → ServingSectorID to add the serving sector as the second dimension. Use the attribute to select Independent → Site Data Node → ServingCellID to chooser add the serving site as the first dimension. 5. maximum number of SCs in the active set. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. Click on the ‘New Dimension’ button. The query statistics are the results that you would like to include for each dimension. The parameters that you choose will be displayed as the columns in the statistics explorer.Results of Crosstab Query on the Statistics Explorer To Create the Crosstab Query: 1. 2. All of these statistics will be available for the Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 115 . Select the Crosstab Query icon and click on New. The query dimension allows you to group and order your results using the attribute you select.

e. Click OK when finished with the Statistic Window. c. click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. Click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic Window. d. Method of Calculation Mean Max Count Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 116 . 6. for each serving site and sector. Once completed. Use the attribute chooser to select the statistic of interest.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS complete drive. b. Select the method to use to calculate the statistic. To do this. ‘Edit’ the expression and type ‘count’ in the format group drop down. Be sure to save the Sort by Site and Sector crosstab query.aqf file. a. in your Training_Class_Queries. Enter the Statistic name. Statistic Name Mean RSSI Max Active Set Count # Dropped Calls Expression UTRA_UE_CarrierRssi Uu_ActiveSet_Count Uu_CallDropped (Note: it is necessary to change the format group of this parameter to ‘Count’. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. Specific parameters relating to each statistic are included in the table below.

select the row for Site 109. Filter the Crosstab Query Results The Filter button on the Statistics Explorer may be used to quickly filter query results in the Stats Explorer and in any other Analyzer view. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. Tile the map and the Statistics Explorer vertically in the workspace by selecting Window → Tile Vertically. the crosstab query results can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace. 3.Specifying the Dimensions and Statistics for the Crosstab Query Display the Crosstab Query Results Once created. it may be useful to view data for only one serving site. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 117 . In this case. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed. Display the Uu_CallDropped event on the same map. sorted by Serving Cell ID or Serving Sector ID. Run the crosstab query on the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream. such as Site 109. and selecting Display in Statistics Explorer. View Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo_0 from the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream on a map.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 69 . 2. 1. In the Statistics Explorer.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 4. instead of building each statistic from scratch. Figure 70 . The Copy From button in the crosstab query wizard may be used to copy the stats from the Sort by Site and Sector. With the row for Site 109 selected. Some additional crosstab query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries. and are described here: The Sort by Strongest Active SC query provides the same statistics as the Sort by Site and Sector query. To remove filtering. Additional Crosstab Queries Crosstab queries may be used to sort statistics by any relevant dimension.Sort by Strongest Active SC Query Wizard Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 118 . click the Filter button again. press the Filter button in the Statistics Explorer. Notice that only data points served by this site remain in the Statistics Explorer and on the map. The filter will be unapplied from both the map and the Statistics Explorer. though the results are sorted by the strongest Active SC.aqf file that is installed with the training materials. 5.

instead of recreating the statistic from scratch. The statistics provided are similar to those included in the Sort by Data Task ID query. The statistics provided include the Task Name for each task.Sort by Data Task Name Query Results Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 119 . The Task Name is not necessarily unique within a logfile.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Sort by Data Task ID query provides statistics for a UMTS data log sorted by the unique ID assigned to each task in the file. Figure 72 . round trip time values.Sort Data Statistics by Task ID Query Wizard The Sort by Data Task Name query provides statistics for a UMTS data log sorted by the each task name in the file. and may be obtained by using the Copy From button. and elapsed time for each task. throughputs. Figure 71 . so results may group several tasks which have the same name.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The Sort by Call ID query provides statistics for each call in the logfile. The Dimension for this query is the Uu_Call_ID parameter.Sort by Call ID Query Results Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 120 . The Statistics for this query make use of expressions. defined as follows: Statistic Name Call Duration (minutes) Call Setup Time (ms) # Dropped Calls # Call Setup Failures % Bad Quality Uu_TimeBetweenRRC_REQandCallStart Expression Uu_CallDuration/60000 Method of Calculation Maximum Value Maximum Value Count Count Percentage Format Group Float Time Count Count Percent True Uu_CallDropped default(Uu_IncomingCallSetupFai l*1.Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail*1) Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER >= 10 The Sort by Call ID query will look like this when displayed on the Statistics Explorer: Figure 73 .

Dropped Call Window Results To create the Dropped Call Window Event Query: 1. Select the Event Query icon in the dialog and click on New. The parameter will show up in the triggering window. 3. Select Tools → Analysis Manager. The query results can be displayed on the Statistics Explorer as in the figure below: Figure 74 . Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 121 . For the Window Range.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Event Query Analysis The Event Query allows you to extract key performance statistics for a userdefined time or message window before or after a defined event like a handover failure or dropped call. Viewing the window surrounding an event can provide insight into whether a pattern exists among undesirable events. For the Trigger Selection. choose Time Based and set the window to 5. We will create an Event Query to return statistics for a five-second window for each dropped call in the file. 4. 2.000 milliseconds before the event and 0 milliseconds after the event. such as multiple drops in an area due to low coverage. use the attribute picker to select UMTS → Event Data → Uu_CallDropped.

enter ‘Dropped Call Window’.Defining the Name. For the name of the query. and Statistics for the Query Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 122 . Click Next.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 75 . 6. Dimensions. Figure 76 .Setting Up the Event Query 5.

12. Click inside the parentheses of the State() function. the query dimension is set by default to be the EventTime. we will use the default dimension. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 123 . 11. Click OK to exit the Expression Builder. In an Event Query. For the name. To define a statistic to be displayed in the event window. type State(). enter ‘Site ID’. In the Parameters area of the Expression Builder. click on the New Statistic button to launch the Statistic window. Figure 77 . 13.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 7. In this case. 8. This State() function is required to ensure that the last valid value of the parameter persists. Double-click on the ServingCellId parameter to insert it into the expression.Choose a Calculation Method for the Event Query 10. The Expression Builder will launch. Inside the top portion of the window. Choose the Edit button below the line that reads “Enter the expression that should be calculated in your statistic:”. expand the Independent → Site Data Node tree. 9.

All other statistics may \be picked using the Attribute Chooser Expression State(ServingSectorID) State(Uu_Call_ID) Uu_UE_HandoffState UTRA_UE_CarrierRSSI UE_TxPow Uu_Pilot_DownlinkBER Uu_ActiveSet_SC[0] Uu_ActiveSet_EcNo[0] Method to Calculate Last Value Last Value Last Value Mean Mean Mean Last Value Mean .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 78 . click OK in all other active dialogs to complete the query. Repeat steps 7 through 14 above to define the following statistics (choose an appropriate name for each one). In the Statistic window.Expression Builder for the Event Query 14. select Last Value. Uu_ActiveSet_SC[0]) must be specified using the Expression Builder. Click OK when finished with the Statistic window. In this case. The statistics that require the use of the State() function or that access an individual element of an array (i.e. Once completed. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 124 . select the method to calculate the statistic. 15.

making sure to include all of the filters and queries.aqf file that is installed with the training materials. the Active Set Size at the Update. the event query can be displayed in the Statistics Explorer by right-clicking on the query in the workspace.Displaying the Results Of the Event Query Be sure to save the Dropped Call Window event query. sorted by the time of the event (in milliseconds). Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 125 . including the SCs in the Active Set at the Update. and selecting Display the Statistics Explorer. and are described here: The Active Set Update Summary Event Query provides statistics at each Active Set Update in a logfile. in your Training_Class_Queries. How many dropped calls occurred in this file? What appears to be the primary reason for the dropped call(s)? Figure 79 . Additional Event Queries Event Queries may be developed to analyze any event within a logfile.aqf file.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Displaying Event Queries Once created. The Statistics Explorer will launch and the results can be viewed. in addition to the other queries you’ve created. The queries can also be displayed in Excel workbooks. Run the event query on the UMTS Voice 1 handset stream. and the time between the current and previous Active Set Updates. Some additional Event Query ideas that may be useful for UMTS analysis are included in the UMTS Training Queries.

Figure 81 .UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query Results There are two primary differences between the results of the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query and the Sort by Call ID Query: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 126 . This technique is illustrated in the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Event Query.Active Set Update Summary Query Results The Event Query can serve as a mechanism for extracting individual calls as separate streams in the Analyzer workspace.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 80 . this query appears to be very similar to the Sort by Call ID Query. When displayed on the Statistics Explorer.

ii. Selecting any Call ID in the Statistics Explorer and clicking the Analyze button will cause a new substream containing data from that call to be extracted in the workspace. The UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query contains an extra statistic.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS i. with the addition of the Call ID statistic (last value of state(Uu_Call_ID)) Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 127 . in that Call ID is included as the last statistic. Data can be displayed and analyzed from any substream in the same way for any standard stream. Figure 82 – Substreams from the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query The UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query is an Event Query set up as follows: • • • • • • Trigger Selection: state(Uu_Call_ID)>0 Messages Before Event: 0 Messages After Event: 0 Discriminator: state(Uu_Call_ID) Dimension: state(Uu_Call_ID) (remove the default EventTime dimension) Statistics: Same as the statistics for the Sort by Call ID Query. The Analyze button is active in the Statistics Explorer when the UMTS Drive Test Call Extractor Query is displayed.

A list of sector IDs included in the matrix. no binning at all can be applied and the analysis will run on the full data set. User definable binning is used to reduce the number of measurement points in each bin to create one value per bin – optionally. At each point along the drive test. and to correlate non-unique measured data attributes such as Scrambling Code with unique identifiers such as Sector ID. the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 128 . then it is considered as a potential neighbor. The Neighbor List Module implements the following algorithm: Ec/Io measurements below a noise floor are filtered out of the data set before analysis.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Scanner Based Network Rollout Analyses (specific to UMTS) Neighbor List Analysis The Neighbor List Analysis provides an automated approach for generating optimal neighbor lists and overcoming major service degrading problems such as missing neighbors. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC. Once all the bins in the log file have been compiled into the symmetrical matrix. the results are compared against actual neighbor lists contained in the network element database and the following are calculated: 1. If a neighbor signal is within a user-definable threshold of the best server in the active set. The key components of the neighbor list module are: Generation of recommendations for optimal neighbor list settings based on UMTS/WCDMA scanner drive test data. Integration with Network Element Database to audit existing neighbor lists and suggest changes. a list of prospective neighbors is accumulated. but not the actual neighbor list.

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 129 . A list of sector IDs included in the actual list. Cell D is not within the required threshold and so is not counted as a prospective neighbor. so the test areas should be carefully considered before removing any Sectors from the neighbor lists. Cell A is the best server by CPICH Ec/Io. nor is Cell E which did not have a measurable signal contribution at this point in the drive test.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 2. B. and so are counted as potential neighbors of A. Here is a sample symmetric prospective neighbor array using sector IDs A. but not the matrix. Cells B and C are within a user-specified threshold of Cell A's are Ec/Io.Neighbor List Analysis Example In the figure above. C Neighbour 2 Figure 83 . C and D: A A B C D N/A 10 2 15 B 10 N/A 40 0 C 2 40 N/A 12 D 15 0 12 N/A The limitations of this algorithm are: Results are only produced in areas that have been tested.

4. Double-click on the Neighbour List Recommendations report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. The configuration preferences include the reporting range. Configuration parameters for this analysis can be set by selecting Tools → Preferences → WCDMA Neighbour List. the report will work. If there is no cell site database corresponding to the current dataset. maximum list size. or if the current cell site database does not contain neighbor list information. From the main menu. Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace. “Site” and “Action” columns will be invalid. addition and removal thresholds and minimum number of samples to include a server in the analysis.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Drive test do not necessarily emulate the radio environment encountered by pedestrian and in-building users. select Analysis → UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. though the results in the “Cell”. 3. 2. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 130 . however. walk tests and in-building test may be included in the analysis as desired. To access the Neighbor List Recommendations report: 1.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 84 . Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 131 . no binning at all can be applied and the analysis will run on the full data set. Please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details on how the Active Set is estimated based on WCDMA scanner measurements. The pilot pollution algorithm has these components: Ec/Io measurements below a noise floor are filtered out of the data set prior to analysis.Neighbor List Recommendations Report Output CPICH Pollution Analysis The CPICH or Pilot Pollution Analysis uses an Simulated Active Set to estimate which pilots would have been actively demodulated by the UE. and then detects other pilots above a user-definable threshold that cause excessive interference. User definable binning is used to reduce the number of measurement points in each bin to create one value per bin – optionally.

Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 132 . All bins in the log file are then processed into the pollution matrix. A Active Set Figure 85 . Cell D has a CPICH Ec/Io within a userspecified pollution threshold of the Active Set’s best server Ec/Io. B and C are part of the Active Set. Cell E has a CPICH Ec/Io that is not within this threshold and so is not a pollution source. and have a CPICH Ec/Io within a user specified pollution threshold of the strongest CPICH Ec/Io in the Active Set. as determined by the Simulated Active Set module. The Pollution Set consists of all SCs that are not in the Active Set. A pollution array is created in memory which records the number of times each sector ID is seen as a source of pilot pollution. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC. CPICH Ec/Io data for each Scrambling Code is used to assign SCs to an Active Set or a Pollution Set (please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details).Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS At each point along the drive test.CPICH Pollution Analysis Example In the example above. the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. and so is counted as a contributer to pilot pollution at this point in the drive test. Cells A.

select Analysis → UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. Shown below. In addition. C and D: Sector ID A B C D Pollution Count 0 150 45 12 Results are presented in the Pilot Pollution Analysis application report. 3. This margin is used to determine which pilots in the monitored set are within close proximity to the strongest pilot in the active set. Pilot Pollution may be geographically analyzed for each SC by accessing the Pollution_for_SC attribute in the workspace view. 2. the Pilot Pollution Analysis Report indicates the worst interferers sorted by Scrambling Code: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 133 . B. To access the Pilot Pollution Analysis report: 1. Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace. 4. Enter the Pilot Pollution Margin (dB). Double-click on the Pilot Pollution Analysis report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Shown below is a sample pollution array indicating the number of points at which each sector caused pilot pollution for sector IDs A. From the main menu.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 86.Pilot Pollution Analysis Report Output Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 134 .

The handoff state algorithm has the following components: The Active Set of pilots is determined using the Simulated Active Set module.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Handoff Analysis The Handoff Analysis module uses the Simulated Active Set to determine the handoff state at each point along a drive test. the network element database is searched to identify the Sector and Cell IDs of the SC. Please see the Simulated Active Set section for more details on how the Active Set is estimated based on WCDMA scanner measurements. Statistics on handoff state may then be calculated and presented in a report format. Reports showing the percentage of handoff state for each sector and for the total drive test may then be calculated. based on UMTS scanner data: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 135 . Handoff state is calculated by determining the configuration of the sectors in the Active Set. All bins in the log file are then processed into the handoff state matrix. Using the geographic information in the log file and the SC. The Handoff State Analysis examines Sector IDs involved in call at a given drive test point and determines which of the above states applies. Excessive handoff state reduces capacity and increases infrastructure costs for a given traffic level.

Double-click on the Handoff Analysis report icon in the lower pane of the Application Pack. select Analysis → UMTS Accelerated Network Rollout. 2. Ensure that a suitable UMTS scanner file and corresponding Network Element Database are loaded in the workspace.Handoff State Descriptions To access the Handoff Analysis report: 1.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 87. 3. The populated Handoff Analysis report will look like this: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 136 . From the main menu.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 88 . These thresholds are available for modification by the user in the Tools → Preferences dialog under WCDMA.Handoff Analysis Report Output Simulated Active Set The CPICH Pollution Analysis and Handoff Analysis reports are both based on a calculated Active Set. The Simulated Active Set module implements the 3GPP handoff algorithm and uses scanner Ec/Io measurements in conjunction with user-specified 3GPP handoff thresholds to emulate the Active Set at each point along a drive test. The attributes available for modification by the user are listed in the figure below. which is determined by the Simulated Active Set Module. as indicated in the 3GPP specifications: Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 137 .

Simulated Active Set Measurements and Transitions Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 138 .Simulated Active Set Settings In addition to being used in reports. the Simulated Active set parameters are specified as attributes for UMTS scanner data.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 89 . Below is a sample set of scanner data for three individual SCs with color and vertical lines indicating transitions of pilots into and out of the Active Set. Figure 90 . and may be displayed on any standard Analyzer view.

Choose the page layout for the map and select OK to bring up the Map Layout Designer. and margin sizes. Move the label box and the map so that they are not overlapping. 3. 5. The Map Layout Designer may be used to arrange the map and legend on the page. select OK to print the map. legend visibility. The Quick Print option allows you to bypass the Map Layout Designer and print the map with a legend in a fixed position. 6. content. choose Properties from the Toolbar to change the label font. Display data on a map in the workspace. Resize the text box as necessary. Resize the legend as necessary. 4. Use the Options button in the lower left hand corner of the Print Setup dialog to adjust map size. page orientation. 5. 4.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Printing Maps A-SVS features five different ways to obtain printable map outputs: Print using “Quick Print” Print using Map Layout Designer Copy to Clipboard Export Map to a different file format Export individual map layers to Map Info The recommended method is the “Quick Print”. Open a map with data in the workspace. With the Label Box selected. 3. add a title. Move the legend so that it is not overlapping the map trail. and scale. Double-click on the Label box to change the title of the map. Select the paper source. 2. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 139 . Select the Layout button from the toolbar. To print a map using the Quick Print option (recommended): 1. In the Print Setup dialog. Select the Print button from the map toolbar. 2. and preview the output. To print your map using the Map Layout Designer: 1.

WMF.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS 7. PNG. Analyzer supports the exporting of maps to the following formats: BMP. Finally. Close Print Preview to make any modifications necessary. Select Print Preview from the Toolbar to determine what the printed page will look like. To do this: 1. 8. 2. 3. Select “Export”. 2. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 140 . Select the desired file format. Select Print when the map layout is arranged to your satisfaction. Browse to the appropriate destination folder. JPG. A fourth option is to convert the map to a different file format and use a compatible program to print the output file. TIF. Right-click on the map and choose “Export Map”. Click “OK”. Right-click on the map to be copied and select “Copy to Clipboard”. 1. 2. 1. From the map view. Paste the map into another application and use that application’s print function to print the map. open the “Layer Control” dialog box. a fifth option is to export individual map layer(s) directly into MapInfo. 4. GIF. Choose the layers that you wish to export. and PSD. You can also print a map by copying it to the clipboard.

The workspace may then be saved as a shortcut on the Windows Desktop. Double-click on the Desktop shortcut to open Analyzer with all of your frequently used queries in place. To start up Analyzer with a set of commonly used queries. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 141 . simply save a workspace with the queries of interest. though you can save a workspace to any location. The Analyzer file structure includes a ‘Workspaces’ folder that can be used to hold your saved workspaces. Saving a workspace in Analyzer allows you to save the following items: Window layouts Open files you are currently working with Custom analyses you have created Custom attributes you have executed Superstreams you have created To save your workspace click File → Save Workspace As and give the file a name. the workspace includes all data display windows within the Analyzer application window.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Saving Your Preferred Layout In Analyzer. together with the Workspace Explorer. but no data files. A workspace created with Analyzer may be opened directly from the Windows Desktop.

containing only Analyzer header information. The data may come from a network database or a planning tool configuration file. 2. Analyzer will be able to import the data.txt. It also lets you browse and edit this network information once it has been loaded into Analyzer. To maximize the benefit Analyzer can bring to UMTS network analysis. A delimited text file that contains unformatted data arranged in tabular form. with one row for each individual sector in a network. Importing Network Data The important thing to remember about Analyzer’s network data import process is that the process requires two files: 1.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Importing Cell Site Data Using the Network Explorer The Network Explorer allows you to import network element data into Analyzer. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 142 . to be populated with formatted data. The Automatic Import feature provides an automated method of updating cell site information in Analyzer as changes are made to the network. and how to configure the Automatic Import tool. creating a cell plan file called cellrefs. All other parameters are optional. As long as the data is in a tabular format with one row for each sector. the parameters listed in bold in the table on the following page are REQUIRED for cell data to function with logged data in the main workspace. This section describes how to import delimited data into Analyzer. Obtaining Site Data in Tabular Format In order to import cell site data from your own network. A blank file. you will need to obtain a delimited text file containing the data listed in the table below.

Numeric identifier for the site. Locates site icons on map. Locates site icons on map. Used during neighbor list recommendations analysis. Equivalent Isotropic Radiated Power – for informational purposes only Mobile Country Code – for informational purposes only National Domain Code – for informational purposes only Location Area Code – for informational purposes only Cell Identity – for informational purposes only Legacy parameter – unused Used to define a pre-defined neighbor list for each cell. Governs the shape of the sector ‘wedge’ icon to reflect the beamwidth of antenna deployed at the site. Used for cell site identification and to calculate lines to cells.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS UMTS Cell Site Parameters for Import: Parameter Site Name Site Number Latitude Longitude Sector Number Analyzer Group WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Site WCDMA_Cell Analyzer Name SiteName SiteID Latitude Longitude Sector ID Purpose Text description of the site for display on map. Sector-specific information useful for display on maps (can be alpha or numeric) Orients the sector icons on the map. Azimuth Beamwidth WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell Azimuth Beamwidth Scrambling Code EIRP WCDMA_Cell SC WCDMA_Cell EIRP Mobile Country Code Mobile Network Code Location Area Code Cell Identity BSIC Neighbor List WCDMA_Cell MCC WCDMA_Cell MNC WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell WCDMA_Cell LAC WCDMA_CI BSCI WCDMANeighborList Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 143 .

Non-unique Site ID's will result in site markers appearing on the map without sector wedges. Sites will appear skewed on the map if the latitude and longitude fields are transposed. 2. Additionally. Longitudes that have a 'West' notation should be represented as a negative decimal. The Site ID field must contain a unique value for each site location. following these guidelines will provide the best results: 1.they are used for labeling purposes only. the Excel spreadsheet must be saved as a TEXT file for import into Analyzer. the figure shows all of the REQUIRED fields. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 144 . Site Names need not be unique . Though the columns can be in any order for import into Analyzer. Figure 91 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS The figure below is an example of a delimited UMTS file that could be used to import a site list into Analyzer. entries that have multiple sets of lats/longs for the same Site ID.UMTS Cell Site Data Spreadsheet Guidelines for Formatting Tabular Data Although Analyzer does not require cell site data fields to be listed in a particular order. Beware of non-unique Site ID's . Position information must be accurate in order for Analyzer to display sites in the correct location on the map.that is. as should latitudes with a 'South' notation.

A valid cell site database is a text file in which the first line contains the text below: . ensure that Analyzer is pointing to a valid cell site database. To point the Analyzer to the file you wish to populate with the new cell site data.txt located in the directory called: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs The file to be populated need not be named “cellrefs.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Obtaining the File to be Populated With Formatted Data Before importing new cells into Analyzer. See the section on Loading Cell Site Data for more details. We recommend renaming this file with a meaningful name in order to prevent the file from being overwritten during reinstallation. use the File Location line in the Tools → Preferences dialog.txt”. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 145 . #NetworkData – datafile Every Analyzer installation comes with a clean file called cellrefs.

If you have pointed Analyzer to a cellrefs file containing only header information.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Importing the Data Once you have obtained your cell site database in delimited format and pointed Analyzer to a valid cellrefs file. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 146 . 3. you will not see any cell site data at this time.Network Explorer Window The Network Explorer display consists of two panels. On the toolbar select Import → Import From New Template to open the Import dialog. Figure 92. Select the appropriate network data file and click Open to display the Import Settings dialog. 2. 1. The left panel contains a tree view of the network element data. The right panel shows details about relevant parameters for the current selection. To access the Network Explorer select Cells → Network Explorer. you are ready to open the Network Explorer and import the site information.

Adjust these settings if necessary. the default information under the General Settings and Coordinate Information headers will apply.Import Settings Dialog (Step 1 of 2) 4. 5.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 93. In most cases. Check the appropriate Delimiter. Give the Template a meaningful Template Name. 6. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 147 . Click Next. 7.

Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Site_Name parameter. Click in the Column field next to the Site_Name parameter. Required Required Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 148 . and this field must be unique for each site in the database. Repeat for each of the required fields in the WCDMA_Site data node.Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign WCDMA_Site Data 8. Required. Expand the WCDMA_Site data node. but this field is frequently used for the site label. based on the table below: Field Site_Name SiteID Latitude Longitude Mapping required for proper operation? Optional.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 94 .

based on the table below: Field Sector_ID Azimuth Beamwidth EIRP SC MCC Required for proper operation? Required Required Required Optional Required Optional Page 149 Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization .Column Settings (Step 2 of 2) – Assign WCDMA_Cell Data 9. Select the parameter name from your site database that corresponds to the Sector_ID parameter.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 95 . Repeat for each of the required fields in the WCDMA_Cell data node. Click in the Column field next to the Sector_ID parameter. Expand the WCDMA_Cell data node.

After closing the Network Explorer. The error log specifies the cause of each error encountered and can be found in: C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\ImportErrors. you will be asked whether you want to remove existing data before importing new data. select the Save button.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Field MNC LAC WCDMA_CI BSIC WCDMANeighborList Required for proper operation? Optional Optional Optional Unused Optional 10. view a new map by selecting View → Display New Map. 14. To save the formatted site information. Close the Network Explorer by clicking the “X” at the upper right hand corner. 13. 16. Click Finish when all the columns have been assigned.log 12. as well as a folder containing WCDMA Cell Elements. 15. Select No to append to existing data. Drill into the WCDMA Cell Elements folder and examine the values corresponding to each sector. 17. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 150 . If the current workspace contains existing site data. Double-click on any site name in the right hand pane. Location and ID of the site will appear. If cell icons do not appear on the map. Be sure to close the map with the “X” at the upper right hand corner to save all changes to the map view. Select Yes to overwrite existing data. If any errors occur during the import. The Name. 11. right click on the WCDMA_Cell layer in the map legend at the left hand side of the map window. Select Zoom to Layer to zoom the map to the appropriate location. a pop-up message will indicate that an error log has been created. Inspect the cell data in the Network Explorer by expanding the All_WCDMA_Site_Elements folder in the left-hand pane of the Network Explorer.

complete frequency retune). etc. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 151 . Be sure to save the modifications before exiting the Network Explorer! If the cellplan file is updated (multiple sites added. use the Automatic Import feature to detect changes to an existing cell plan and import the updated cell site file into Analyzer.) can be modified directly from the Network Explorer. Simply browse to find the site and sector of interest and double click on a single parameter to activate the text.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 96 .Use Zoom to Layer to Locate Cells on Map Updating Cell Site Data There are two convenient ways to update cell plan information in Analyzer: Minor cell plan changes (a few azimuths. SCs. Instructions for using the Automatic Import feature follow.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Automatic Import of Cell Site Data The Automatic Import feature detects changes to cell plan data and updates the configured site data every time Analyzer is opened. a new Analyzer workspace must be started in order for that template to appear in this list. To use the Automatic Import feature: 1. Select the Automatic Import Input File. To use a template created on another computer. select Tools → Preferences. Once a template has been created. 3. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 152 . 5. This is the text file that 4. Select the Automatic Import Template. 2. A message will appear that Automatic Import has been enabled and that your currently loaded cellrefs will be overwritten the next time Analyzer is restarted. Expand the Automatic Import option under Cellrefs and select the Enable Automatic Import option. contains your delimited site data. From the Analyzer main menu. copy the template of interest from the C:\Program Files\Actix\Analyzer\Bin\Cellrefs\Templates directory to the same directory on your machine. Click OK to exit the Change Preferences dialog.

any changes to the Automatic Import Input File will be detected. and will be changed accordingly in your Analyzer cell site file each time Analyzer is opened.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Figure 97 .Automatic Import Setup Once Automatic Import is configured. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 153 .

The primary help documentation can be found under Help → Contents. which can be accessed by clicking on Help menu on the main menu. You can look up information about a particular topic either by choosing an item from the index or by entering keywords and performing a search. Key Word Search Results Figure 98 .Actix Online Help Showing Search Results For ‘cellrefs’ Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 154 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Where to Get More Help Help File Analyzer includes comprehensive online help.

like the definition of engineering parameters.Highlighted Item in the Workspace and the Corresponding Entry in Attribute Help The contents of the Help window can be printed. Attribute Definition Selected Attribute Figure 99 . and resized or minimized to enable side-by-side review as operations are performed in Analyzer. You can look up an item in the alphabetized list. or you can open the Context Help window. can be accessed by clicking on Help → Show Context Help. stored under Favorites. then click on an item in the Workspace.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Specific information. Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 155 .

VA. In the US technical support can be reached at: Phone: 1 (877) 72-ACTIX (toll free) 1 (877) 722-2849 1 (703) 740-2244 (local) Between the hours of 09:00-17:00 EST If you are calling outside of hours.com Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 156 . and Singapore to provide assistance.com On the Web: www. email. Email: support@actix. Technical personnel are located in Reston.myactix. London UK. and on the Actix Web site. please leave your contact information and a brief description of the nature of the call.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Technical Support Technical support is available by phone. USA.

In addition to containing information about Actix.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS When contacting Actix Support please have your license key number and the software revision number you are using ready to speed up the resolution of your problem. Actix frequently improves the Analyzer with incremental updates to the software as further test and measurement vendors’ formats integrated into the tool or updated in accordance with new versions of phones or Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 157 . and other products.com and can be accessed directly from the Online Help menu under Visit the Actix Web site. the Analyzer. and sections on Frequently Asked Questions. Figure 100 .About Analyzer Window Actix Web Site Our Web site is located at: www. The version number of the software is available by going to Help → About Analyzer. it contains further application modules for Analyzer for common optimization tasks.actix.

To confirm you are using the most current version of the software please check under the Help → About Analyzer menu and compare that with the current release cited on the Web site. proficiency and productivity of engineers using Actix Analyzer for network optimization and performance in the fast paced world of wireless communications. For more information. Suite 910. More Advanced Training Actix offers a range of training courses designed to improve the understanding. 12012 Sunset Hills Rd. USA. Feel free to contact your instructor at any time. Phone: (703) 707-4777 Fax: (703) 707-4778 Email: sales@actix.com On the Web: www.com Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 158 . You will receive a business card with your instructor’s phone number and e-mail address.Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS infrastructure. VA 20190. If you have any questions please contact our support staff. Contact Your Instructor The objective of this training session is to provide all attendees with the knowledge and desire to use Analyzer upon completing the course. or to book any of these courses. Additional Copies of this Manual Are available from Actix support or from your instructor. To confirm the training has met your expectations you are invited to complete a post training survey and highlight any aspect of the course that could be improved or did not meet your expectations. please contact your instructor or sales manager at: Actix Inc (Sales). Upgrades can be downloaded from the web providing the support and maintenance contract purchased with the software is still current.actix. Reston.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Appendix A – UMTS Event Definitions • Event Data – Call Events Call Event Name Uu_OutgoingCallOK Triggering Sequence • Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration (1) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup (1) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM CM Service Request (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Request (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Response (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Command (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Setup (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Call Proceeding (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Connect GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Alerting OR CC Connect Acknowledge (1) • • • • • • • • • • • • • (1) At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request. Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup The messages with the symbol star are usually present but not mandatory (*) Uu_IncomingCallOK • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Uu_RRC_MsgType == PagingType1 with Uu_RRC_PagingRecord_cn_Identity_pagingCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup (2) Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete GSM_Um_Msg_Type == RR Paging response (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Request (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Authentication Response (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Command (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Security Mode Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Setup (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Call Proceeding (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup (*) Uu_RRC_MsgType == Radio Bearer Setup Complete (*) GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Connect GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Alerting OR CC Connect Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 159 .

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Call Event Name Triggering Sequence (2) Acknowledge At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request. you get any of the following options: Any BCCH Message or Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release AND Release Cause is not Normal or One of the following messages: *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Disconnect) OR *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release Complete) OR *(GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release) *AND any of the above messages with NOT a normal cause for ending the call (CauseCodeCC is greater than 31) Uu_IncomingCallSetupFail • • • Uu_CallCompleted • • Uu_CallDropped • • • • Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 160 . (1) At least one of those messages (RRC Connection Request. Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup. Setup or Complete) needs to be present to initiate the call setup The messages with the symbol star are usually present but not mandatory (*) Uu_OutgoingCallSetupFail • • Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Then any of the following options: *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Reject or *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release or *Any BCCH messages during the call setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == PagingType1 with Uu_RRC_PagingRecord_cn_Identity_pagingCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Then any of the following options: *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Reject or *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup *Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Release or *Any BCCH messages during the call setup When in Call (Outgoing Call Ok or Incoming Call Ok). you get one of the following messages: *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Disconnect or *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release Complete or *GSM_Um_Msg_Type == CC Release And any of the above messages with a normal cause for ending the call (CauseCodeCC is equal or less than 31) When in Call (Outgoing Call Ok or Incoming Call Ok). Paging type 1 message is required for an incoming call.

Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS Call Event Name Uu_LocationUpdateOK Uu_LocationUpdateFail Triggering Sequence • • • • GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Accept GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Request GSM_Um_Msg_Type == MM Location Updating Reject • Event Data – RRC Events RRC Event Name Uu_OutgoingRRC_ConnectionOK Triggering Sequence • Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *RRC_OriginatingConversationalCall *RRC_OriginatingStreamingCall *RRC_OriginatingInteractiveCall *RRC_OriginatingBackgroundCall *RRC_OriginatingSubscribedTrafficCall *RRC_Registration Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Request with Uu_RRC_RRCConnectionRequest_establishmentCause equals any of the following: *TerminatingConversationalCall *TerminatingStreamingCall *TerminatingInteractiveCall *TerminatingBackgroundCall Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Uu_RRC_MsgType == RRC Connection Setup Complete • • Uu_IncomingRRC_ConnectionOK • • • • Event Data – RAB Events RAB Event Name Uu_RadioBearerSetupOK Uu_RadioBearerSetupFail Uu_RadioBearerReleaseOK Uu_RadioBearerReleaseFail Triggering Sequence • • • • • • • • RAB Setup message Followed by RAB Setup Complete RAB Setup message Followed by RAB Setup Failure RAB Release message Followed by RAB Release Complete RAB Release message Followed by RAB Release Failure Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 161 .

The Uu_HandoverProblem event is pegged if the Monitored Set SCs are stronger than the Active Set SCs more often than the Active Set SCs are stronger than the Monited Set SCs. threshold X is set by the user as Uu_TooManyServersThreshold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_EcNoInterferenceThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_RSCP_InterferenceThreshold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower > Uu_CoverageLimitedUE_TxPowerThreshold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_EcNo_Threshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet < Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower < Uu_LowUE_TxPower_Threhold CPICH_EcNo_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_EcNoThreshold and CPICH_RSCP_in_ActiveSet > Uu_Poor_RSCP_Threshold and UeTransmittedPower > Uu_HighUE_TxPower_Threshold This event monitors the Ec/No of Monitored Set SCs with the Ec/No of Active Set SCs in an 8 second window prior to each dropped call. Coverage Event Name Uu_PilotPollution Uu_TooManyServers Uu_System_Interference Uu_Coverage_Limited Triggering Condition(s) • • • • • • • • • • • • • • 4 or more pilots detected above Uu_PilotPollutionThreshold 4 or more pilots are detected within X dB of the server. SC in Active Set after drop is not in Active Set before drop and SC in Active Set after drop is not in Neighbor List before drop Uu_PoorDL_Coverage Uu_PoorUL_Coverage Uu_HandoverProblem Uu_MissingNeighbor • • • Event Data – Handoff Events Handoff Event Name Uu_HandoffOK Triggering Sequence • • • • ActiveSetUpdate message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdate) ActiveSetUpdateComplete message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdateComplete) ActiveSetUpdate message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdate) ActiveSetUpdateFailure message (Uu_RRC_MsgType == ActiveSetUpdateFailure) Uu_HandoffFail Introduction to A-RVS for Network Optimization Page 162 .Introduction to A-RVS for UMTS • Event Data – Coverage Events All Coverage Events which make use of thresholds may be customized by the user in the Tools → Display Thresholds menu.