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Impact of Industries and Urbanization

Impact of Industries and Urbanization

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Published by: rosememory on Nov 13, 2012
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06/06/2014

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Many gases mix with water like nitrogen and oxygen without chemically reacting with it. Some gases

chemically react with water e.g. ammonia, CO2, and HCl. Oxygen does not react with water.

Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is really a physical distribution of oxygen molecules in water. There are two

main sources of DO in water: atmosphere and photosynthesis.

The amount of DO that can be held by water depends on 3 factors: water temperature, salinity, and

atmospheric pressure; Amount of DO increases with decreasing temperature (colder water holds more

oxygen). Amount of DO increases with decreasing salinity (freshwater holds more oxygen than

saltwater does); Amount of DO decreases with decreasing atmospheric pressure (amount of DO

absorbed in water decreases as altitude increases).

The chart below shows the solubility of DO in mg/l in water at various temperatures.

Fig. 6.6 Solubility of Oxygen

Masters Thesis Impact of Industries and Urbanization on water Resource in Mojo
River Catchment

March, 2007

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