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NAME:_________________________________________________________________ Hamlet: Act I Quiz Part I: Short answer (complete sentences not necessary- but quotes would be great!

) 2pts) 1. Identify Bernardo, Francisco, Marcellus, Horatio, and King Hamlet. Bernardo, Francisco and Marcellus are two Sentinels. They are probably soldiers, and are guarding the castle. Bernardo and Francisco come upon each other in the night and Bernardo is Franciscos relief. For this relief much thanks I/i/7. Marcellus is Bernardos partner in the watch: If you do meet Horation and Marcellus, the rival of my watch, bid them make haste 1/i/13-14. 2. What had Bernardo seen at a prior watch? Bernardo has seen the ghostly apparition of dead King Hamlet (I/i) 3. Why does Marcellus think Horatio should speak to the ghost? Thou art a scholar. Speak to it, Horatio (I/i/49). Marcellus is saying that Horatio should speak to the ghost because hes a learned man and is better skilled rhetorically. 4. What does young Fortinbras want to do? Young Fortinbras seeks to reclaim lands his now-dead father, Old Fortinbras, lost in war to King Hamlet. He thinks that the treaty set forth by the two men is now void since they are both dead. (I/i/91-120) 5. Who do the soldiers/guards want to tell about the ghost? Hamlet. Let us impart what we have seen tonight unto young Hamlet, for upon my life this spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him (I/i/186-9). 6. Identify King Claudius, Queen Gertrude, Laertes, and Polonius. Claudius is the brother of dead King Hamlet, and now the King and husband to Gertrude, his former sister-in-law. Gertrude is Hamlets mother, the Queen to King Hamlet and now King Claudius. Polonius is a courtier, an advisor to the King. Laertes is the son to Polonius. 7. Where does Claudius send Cornelius and Voltimand? Claudius sends Cornelius and Voltimand to see Old Norway, Uncle to Young Fortinbras and now the King of Norway, to ferry a message telling him of Young Fortinbras plans to attack Denmark and reclaim his fathers lost lands (I/ii/16-39).

8. What does the King tell Hamlet? Tis sweet and commendable in your nature to give these mourning duties but you must know your father lost a father, that father lost, lost his to persever in obstinate condolement is a course of impious stubbornness, tis unmanly grief (I/ii/89-96). Claudius is saying that its just stubbornness for Hamlet to mourn so severely and so long, because death is a normal part of life. He also says that Hamlet is acting unmanly. 9. Hamlet is upset for two reasons. What are they? Gertrudes marriage the speed of it, and Gertrudes choice of husband. (i/ii/131-161) 10. What news does Horatio bring Hamlet? The news that he has seen the ghost of Hamlets father walking the night (I/ii/205-210) 11. What does Hamlet decide to do after he hears Horatio's news? I will watch tonight. Perchance twill walk again (I/ii/260) 12. What is Laertes' advice to Ophelia? Keep you in the rear of your affection out of the shot and danger of desire (I/iii/37-38). Laertes is telling Ophelia to be wary of Hamlets advances because being a young man, he probably just wants sex. Laertes councils her to remember her own reputation, which, once broke, cannot be put back together. 13. What is Polonius' advice to Laertes? Its all a bunch of circular platitudes basically just fatherly blustering. (I/iii/59-85) 14. At the end of Scene III, Ophelia agrees to "obey." What will she do? She swears to from this time forth so slander any moment leisure as to give words or talk with the Lord Hamlet (I/iii/139-140) 15. What did the ghost tell Hamlet? If thou didst ever thy dear father love Revenge his most foul and unnatural murder (I/v/27-29) 16. Hamlet swears Horatio to two things. What are they? Never to speak of this that you have seen (I/v/172) If Horatio notices Hamlet acting bizarre in the future, not to give away any sense that Horatio knows anything about it (I/v/184-199).

PART II: Pronoun Play (1pt) 1. Looks it not like the king? Here it = The Ghost 2. Thou art a scholar; speak to it Here, Thou = Horatio 3. This spirit, dumb to us, will speak to him. Here, him = Hamlet 4. Though yet of Hamlet our dear brothers death the memory be green Here, our = King Hamlet (who is speaker)? 5. He hath not failed to pester us with message,/Importing the surrender of those lands/ Lost by his father Here, He = Young Fortinbras 6. The head is not more native to the heart, / The hand more instrumental to the mouth,/ Than is the throne of Denmark to thy father. Here, thy = Young Hamlet and 7. father = King Hamlet 8. I am too much i the sun. Here, I = Young Hamlet 9. For your intent/In going back to Wittenberg,/It is most retrograde to our desire Here, your= Young Hamlet 11. Supply the missing word: Fie on t! ah fie! tis an unweeded garden That grows to see; things rank and gross in nature/Possess it merely. 12. Frailty, thy name is woman! Here, the woman the speaker has in mind is Gertrude 13. but no more like my father/Than I to Hercules Here, I = Young Hamlet 14. for on his choice depends/The sanity and health of the whole state Here, his = Young Hamlet (or just a king in general) 15. But, good my brother,/Do not, as some ungracious pastors do,/Show me the Steep and thorny way to heaven Here, brother = Laertes 16. and my = Ophelia 17. He hath, my lord, of late made many tenders/ Of his affection to me. Here, he = Young Hamlet 18. and lord = Polonius 19. and me = Ophelia 20. Thou comest in such a questionable shape/That I will speak to thee. Here, Thou = Ghost of King Hamlet 21. and I = Young Hamlet 22. The serpent that did sting thy fathers life/Now wears his crown. Here, serpent = King Claudius 23. and thy = Young Hamlet 24. and father = King Hamlet 25. Thus was I, sleeping, by a brothers hand/Of life, of crown, of queen, at once dispatchd:/Cut off even in the blossoms of my sin Here, I = King Hamlet 26. and brother = King Claudius 27. and queen = Gertrude 28. Supply the missing word in the following quotation: There are more things in heaven and earth, Horatio,/ Than are dreamt of in your Philosophy. 29. I perchance hereafter shall think meet/ To put an antic disposition on Here, I = Young Hamlet 30. The time is out of joint: O cursed spite, /That ever I was born to set it right! Here, I = Young Hamlet

PART III: ANALYSIS (13 points) Perform a close reading of Hamlets response to his mother in Act I sc. ii, lines 76-86. Analyze what you can tell about Hamlets character from this response, with specific line citations. EXTRA CREDIT: 1. Explain the pun or play on words used in #8 of Part II. Sun/son. I am too much in the sun he is too much his fathers son. 2. Explain/identify the literary device/element used in #22 of Part II. Metaphor Claudius is being compared to a serpent.