Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification A Revision Guide Sample

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To get all 4 marks for this question you need to
make 4 separate points. You only need to describe
what happens. You don’t need to explain why.
You can get extra credit in your exam by giving a
specific example in your answer.
Describe what happens to a resort when it is in the
stagnation stage (Stage 5) of the Butler Model.
(4 marks)
Blackpool reached the stagnation stage just
after World War 2. The introduction of the
package holiday and cheaper air travel meant
people could go the Mediterranean for less
money. As a result visitor numbers to Blackpool
dropped, and businesses started to close as
they were becoming rundown due to a lack of
interest. Blackpool did attempt to come out of
the stagnation stage by building Blackpool Zoo.
Remembering the stages
You can use this phrase to help you
remember the different stages:
Elephants....................Exploration
In.................................Involvement
Dubai...........................Development
Can..............................Consolidation
See...............................Stagnation
Doctor..........................Decline
Stephen…………………….Stablisation
Raymond......................Rejuvenation
Resort development
Describe the characteristics of a resort at
Stage 4 of the Butler Model. (4 marks)
You could use an example from
your own knowledge to help
illustrate your answer. Blackpool
and Benidorm are good examples.
Stage 1 Exploration
Stage 2 Involvement
Stage 3 Development
Stage 4
Consolidation
Stage 5 Stagnation
N
u
m
b
e
r

o
f

t
o
u
r
i
s
t
s
Time
Rejuvenation
Stabilisation
Decline
Stage 6
Only A FEW RICH
PEOPLE visit so
income is low.
Visitor numbers
INCREASE and
hotels are built.
Some ATTRACTIONS
are built, and
community
becomes involved.
Transport and
accessibility is
improved and
majority of locals
work in tourist
industry. Facilities and
services DECLINE
so visitor
numbers drop.
Tourist numbers
DROP and so
locals lose
their JOBS.
INVESTMENT is
needed to
improve facilities.
Often rebranding
is done.
Resort continues to
operate but very
RUN DOWN and
STRUGGLING to survive.
E
I
D
C
S
SD R
The Butler Model for resort development is a way of describing how tourist resorts grow
and develop over time. It has 6 different stages. This graph shows the stages of the
Butler model.
Students have struggled with exam
questions similar to this - be prepared!
DRAFT - SUBJECT TO REVIEW
What happens at each stage?
H
I
G
HE
R
B-A
H
I
G
HE
R
B-A
A tourist's
world
Edexcel GCSE Geography Specification A Revision Guide Sample
www.pearsonschools.co.uk/reviseedexcel
Edexcel GCSE Business Studies Revision Workbook Sample
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31
Had a go Nearly there Nailed it
Resort development
1 Look at the diagram of the Butler Model which shows resort development. Give the correct
names for Stage 2 and Stage 6 by putting a cross in the correct box. (2 marks)
Make sure you extend
your point using an
example or more detail.
Stage 1
Exploration
Stage 3
Development
Stage 5
Stagnation Stage 6
Rejuvenation
Time
N
u
m
b
e
r

o
f

t
o
u
r
i
s
t
s
Stage 4
Consolidation
Stage 2
Stabilisation
Rejuvenation
Growth
Involvement
Stage 6
Stabilisation
Rejuvenation
Decline
Development
2 Which stage of the model has the least number of visitors? (1 mark)

3 Explain why the stage you named in question 2 has the least number of visitors. (2 marks)


4 What are the features (characteristics) of the rejuvenation stage (Stage 6)? (4 marks)
One of the main features of the rejuvenation stage is that tourist resorts may be forced to
rebrand – in 2003 a new art centre on the South Shore in Blackpool was built to help tourist
numbers.
Another feature of the stage is


5 Explain why tourist numbers increase from the development stage (Stage 3) to the
consolidation stage (Stage 4). (3 marks)



A tourist’s
world
FOUNDN
F
-
E
FOUNDN
F
-
E
D
HIGHER
HIGHER
B
-
A
DRAFT - SUBJECT TO REVIEW
D
FOUNDN
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