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Soil Engineering - Testing

Soil Engineering - Testing

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Published by Shiba Quraishi

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Published by: Shiba Quraishi on Nov 14, 2012
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04/12/2014

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er proposed building a subdivision in southwest Denver. The
location was known to builders and engineers as a potentially high-risk area. The
soils possess high swelling potential. The developer obtained a comprehensive soil
report from a qualified geotechnical engineer. In the soil report, the following facts
were pointed out:

The subsoil consists of shallow overburden soils over claystone bedrock.
The site is underlain by steeply dipping cretaceous sedimentary rocks.
No free water was found in the test holes to a depth of 35 ft, 74 days after

drilling.

There is a risk of developing a future perched water condition on top of
bedrock due to irrigation within the development.
There is a five-acre pond located about a mile to the south of the development,
as shown in Figure 13.10.

In 1989, when the development was partially completed, many of the houses
suffered damage and water entered into the basements. Extensive investigation was
conducted to determine the source of water that entered into the area. After months
of intensive study by college professors, geotechnical engineers, geologists, and
water engineers, two schools of opinions were established: that water was derived

©2000 CRC Press LLC

from the perched water condition, and that water was derived due to seepage from
the pond.

13.4.1P

ERCHED

W

ATER

This opinion claimed the water that caused damage to the residences was primarily
due to the development of a perched water condition. The following are the main
arguments:

1.Prior to the development, no free water was found to a depth of 35 ft.
After the development, water was found at a shallow depth in the area of
the completed houses.
2. As shown in Figure 13.11, at the vacant lots to the east of the development
the soils maintained the initial moisture content with no change of water
level.

3.A perched water condition was created by the lawn watering practice used
by the owners of the completed houses. It is also possible that faulty

FIGURE 13.10

Develo

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