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Computer Basics introduces general computer use and terminology. It describes the basic hardware components of a PC and introduces basic skills for using software programs in a windows environment. This course will address hardware and peripheral components of the computer and how to use them correctly. After completing Computer Basics the user should be able to: Describe the basic components of the computer. Describe hardware and software. Identify peripheral devices. Identify input and output devices. Start the computer, run programs and shut down the computer. Control program windows and menus.
A computer is an electronic device that has the ability to store, retrieve, and process data, and can be programmed with instructions that it remembers. The physical parts that make up a computer (the central processing unit, input, output, and memory) are called hardware. Programs that tell a computer what to do are called software. A set of instructions that perform a particular task is called a program, software program, or software. Peripherals are any hardware device connected to a computer, any part of the computer outside the CPU and working memory. Some examples of peripherals are keyboards, the mouse, monitors, printers, scanners, disk and tape drives, microphones, speakers, joysticks, plotters, and cameras.
Region 4 Teaching, Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003)
The picture below displays two internal devices—the floppy disk drive and CD ROM drive. the better the monitor. An amber light indicates that the computer is in ―sleep‖ mode. but more information can be displayed. the monitor will automatically come on when you move the mouse or press any key on the keyboard.A. 800 x 600 PIXELS (SVGA) – most web sites are designed to be viewed at this setting.28 dot pitch. 2. A green indicator light denotes that the monitor is on. It is expressed as a pair of numbers that give the number of dots on a line (horizontal) and the number of lines (vertical). When you boot up your computer. When the computer wants to display something. 1024 x 768 PIXELS (SVGA) 1280 x 1024 PIXELS (SVGA)-. If you turn your monitor off with the switch. Most monitors come with a . the clearer and sharper the picture appears on the monitor. The smaller the pixels. Four resolutions commonly used today: ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ 640 x 480 PIXELS (VGA) (SVGA) -. Software in newer computers automatically shuts the monitor down when the computer is shut down--the monitor is put in a ―sleep‖ mode and the indicator light turns amber. MONITOR The computer monitor is an output device that displays input on a screen and is very similar to a television monitor. ▪ ▪ ▪ Monitor Resolution refers to the number of dots on the screen or pixels.images are larger for visually impaired students. The smaller the dot pitch. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 2 . ▪ Controls for the monitor are located on the monitor itself. This is the standard for monitors. you will have to turn the monitor on by pressing the ON/OFF switch. Do not buy a monitor if the dot pitch is more than . No indicator light indicates that the monitor is off. and changes the values in the video memory.28. COMPUTER The computer is a machine that processes data according to a set of instructions that are stored internally either temporarily or permanently. there will be no indicator light. 6 FLOPPY DISK DRIVE 7 CD ROM DRIVE 5 DISKETTE DRIVE ACCESS INDICATOR 1 POWER SWITCH 2 POWER INDICATOR 3 RESET BUTTON 4 HARD DISK DRIVE ACCESS INDICATOR Region 4 Teaching. When the monitor light is amber. if the computer is booted up. The monitor has an ON/OFF Button/Switch (which powers only the monitor) and an indicator light (green or amber). The computer has either external or internal peripherals attached to it. it calculates how it needs to change the color and brightness of the different pixels.images are smaller.
4. usually called Drive A. DISKETTE DRIVE INDICATOR -. POWER INDICATOR -. 6.1. INTERNAL COMPONENTS OF A COMPUTER Region 4 Teaching. you should NEVER attempt to eject the floppy disk. 7. RESET BUTTON -.Storage device that holds.Allows you to reboot (restart) your system without having to power down the entire computer.Turns green when the computer is accessing your hard drive. Whenever the computer is turned off. 2.Turns the computer on and off.Located in the center of the power switch. If this light is green. HARD DISK DRIVE ACCESS INDICATOR -. either retrieving or storing information.Turns green when the computer is accessing your floppy disk drive. C. A green light indicates the computer is on. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 3 . either retrieving or storing information. reads and writes to floppy disks.Player or reader that reads data from a CD ROM disk. FLOPPY DISK DRIVE -. 5. CD-DRIVE -. Rebooting the system in this manner reduces stress on the system components. POWER SWITCH -. always wait at least 60 seconds before turning it back on again. This button is used ONLY when the computer has ―frozen‖ and will not accept any commands. 3.
CPU (Central Processing Unit) The CPU is the computer's control center.000 MHz. processors with higher MHz or GHz enhance your ability to run creative.it is the hub of all data transfer. ▪ MegaHertz -. the BIOS is the program a microprocessor uses to get the computer started after you turn it on. keyboard and disk drive. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 4 . all rolled into one. ROM (Read Only Memory) A type of memory chip that does not lose information. a device that adds memory to a computer RDRAM (Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory) Region 4 Teaching. entertainment. 1 GHz is equal to 1. its contents cannot be altered. Think of it as the brain that does all the thinking (computation). The chipset uses the DMA controller and the bus controller to organize the steady flow of data that it controls. communication.Motherboard Sometimes called the system board or main board. mouse. RAM is erased automatically when the power is turned off. BIOS (basic input/output system). some of the chips which reside on the motherboard are known as the motherboard's chipset. The speed at which the CPU processes information internally is measured in MegaHertz (MHz) and GigaHertz (GHz). and is usually second in size only to the processor. and productivity applications.5 inches square. memory. Chipsets are integrated (soldered onto the motherboard) and are not upgradable without a new motherboard. BIOS (Basic Input Output System) An integral part of the PC. The motherboard typically contains the processor (or CPU). Can be accessed without touching preceding bytes. The motherboard is the central nervous system and circulatory system. serial and parallel ports. even when the power is turned off. The actual CPU is about 1. Generally. Chipset The chipset controls the system and its capabilities. It reads instructions from your software and tells your computer what to do. RAM (Random Access Memory) Available for storing data and programs currently being processed. the motherboard is the main circuit board of a PC. Once data is programmed into the ROM chip. ▪ ▪ DIMM (Dual Inline Memory Module). expansion slots.One million cycles per second — used to measure the speed of a CPU chip. The chipset is a series of chips attached directly to the motherboard. yet it is the most critical part of the computer. such as the display screen. and all the controllers required to communicate with standard peripheral devices. It also manages the data flow between the computer's operating system and attached peripheral devices. mass storage interfaces. plus much more. Collectively. All components communicate with the processor through the chipset . ROM BIOS chips are used to store information for starting up your computer. For example.
SDRAM (Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory). SDRAM synchronizes itself with the processors bus and is capable of running at 133 MHz. Capable of providing up to 1. and hard drives. Depending on the computer. the faster it operates and the more programs you can run at the same time. If the data still cannot be found. When the CPU needs data. ▪ GIGABYTE (GB) Approximately one billion characters. the narrow. ▪ KILOBYTE (K) Approximately one thousand characters.▪ ▪ Developed by Rambus Corporation. and (2) External cache (L2) resides on the motherboard. SIMM (Single In-Line Memory Module) A narrow circuit board that contains RAM (also called DRAM) memory chips.6 GB/sec bandwidth per channel. Cache Cache (pronounced cash) is a block of high speed memory where data is copied when it is retrieved from the RAM. This storage of key instructions enables a performance improvement in the processor. the CPU checks the next-fastest source — L2. high-performance channel also offers performance and capacity scalability through the use of multiple channels in parallel. RDRAM is able to load a new stream of data before the previous stream has completed. There are two groups of extremely fast memory chips that allow the computer to operate faster: (1) Internal cache (L1) is built into the CPU. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 5 . it first checks the fastest source — L1. L2 cache is also called SRAM. A character can be a number. The L2 cache is an area of high-speed memory that improves performance by reducing the average memory access time. CD-ROM drives. or one page of double spaced text. Byte -. If the data is not there. letter or symbol. SDRAM enables a system to run applications and temporarily store documents that are being worked on. Both L1 and L2 store data recently used by the CPU. The more RAM chips you add to the computer. SIMMs may need to be installed in multiples of two or four. Note: A byte consists of 8 bits. a time-consuming search of the slower RAM is required. or one thousand novels. Intel processors incorporate level 1 (L1) and level 2 (L2) caches.Bytes are used to measure both computer memory (RAM) and the storage capacity of floppy disks. Region 4 Teaching. ▪ MEGABYTE (MB) Approximately one million characters. resulting in less waiting time and therefore faster access speeds. BYTE One character. or one novel.
D. Don't try to remove cables by "wiggling" from side to side. USB 5.). When attaching or removing cables from the computer it is important to be very careful. it may be useful to label each cable and it's appropriate port. Pull cables directly out to avoid damaging the pins. 3. 2 & 2. Video Port 4. Speaker cables plug into headphone jacks on the back panel and are also colorcoded. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 6 . Mouse Port 2. Parallel Port 1. The following figure is a diagram of the ports on the back of the computer. It is important that all cables are inserted completely and securely in their port (pins screwed in all the way) or the peripheral will not function properly. The cables are connected with "pins" that can easily be bent or broken. pink dot on printer port. Serial Port Region 4 Teaching. etc. When the computer is stored for the summer it will be very easy to reconnect cables in the fall. Newer computers have ports that are color-coded with their appropriate cables. Once all peripherals have been connected to the computer. BACK PANEL AND CABLES The ports that connect the peripherals to the computer are located on the back panel of the computer. Keyboard 6. etc. Two successful methods used to code cables and ports include colored dots using nail polish (red mouse cable. The back panel may have small icons on the ports showing the correct cables (example --monitor for monitor cable).) and numbering cables and ports (1 & 1. red dot on mouse port. pink printer cable. Included are pictures of the cable connectors for different peripherals attached to the computer.
If you only save your work on the hard disk. either through viruses. a set of digital speakers. you run the risk of losing your data. click the ―Stop‖ button then remove the device. which attack the hard disk. A processor-independent standard for system-level interfacing between a computer and intelligent devices including hard-drives. It’s very important to back up your important files onto other media. USB give the PC user a no-hassle way to connect a new digital joystick. the ―Remove Hardware‖ window opens. floppy disks. 1. also called a diskette. Floppy Disk -. printer. ▪ E.A removable disk that stores information magnetically. ▪ Adds the feature of "hot-swapping" so that you don't need to shut down and restart your PC to attach or remove a peripheral. Just plug it in and go! To remove a USB device. all work is entered into the computer's memory. CD-ROM. a digital camera. STORAGE DEVICES When working on the computer.Mouse Cable & Ports Keyboard Cable & Ports Printer Cable SCSI (Small Computer System Interface). or to hard disk failure or crashes. single click the hardware button in the system tray. or a PC telephone to their computer. you must ―save‖ your work to a storage device before turning the computer off. USB (Universal Serial Bus) is a new technology theoretically capable of connecting a very large number of external devices on a computer. When your work is saved it creates a computer ―file‖. You can use a floppy disk to exchange information between computers. In order to store your work for future retrieval. The most common storage devices are hard disks and floppy disks. Select the device you wish to disconnect. or to make a backup of Region 4 Teaching. such as floppy disks. a scanner. scanners and many more. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 7 .
5 inch floppy disk by moving the plastic tab up to the write-protected position (open hole). Not Write Protected Write Protected Every disk comes with a write-protect tab. There is normally one head for each surface used on the drive.your files. See Section M. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 8 . most floppy disks come already formatted. The Read/Write Heads are energy converters: they transform electrical signals to magnetic signals. Today. Region 4 Teaching. The tab provides protection against erasing or replacing information on a floppy disk. and magnetic signals back to electrical ones again. and Windows NT. drinks. Floppy disks are 3. Disks can be reused as long as there are no bad sectors on the disk. However. 2. You can write-protect a 3. for instructions on how to run scandisk on a floppy. Macintosh OS. label up. keep them away from heat. Windows.44 MB. located inside the computer case. A ―double-density‖ (DD) diskette has a storage capacity of 740 KB while a ―high-density‖ (HD) diskette has a storage capacity of 1. Every disk must be formatted with the operating system used by the computer in order to allow storage of files. Today's hard disks provide fast retrieval and can hold several gigabytes of information as compared to megabytes on floppy disks. Most computers come with one or two hard drives. The terms hard drive and hard disk are used interchangeably. it is a good idea to run scandisk on a disk before using as a means of checking the disk for bad sectors. called drive C and drive D. The operating system is the ―language‖ of the program—the disk must be in the same language as the computer in order to communicate. Hard drive-.The primary device that a computer uses to store information. No information can be altered on the disk when it is write-protected. be sure to purchase them for the operating system you are using (IBM/PC Compatible or Apple/Macintosh). To protect your floppy disks. and magnets.5 inches in diameter and they are enclosed in a rigid plastic shell. Use a felt tip pen to label a disk and write on the label before you attach it to the disk. They are in essence tiny electromagnets that perform this conversion from electrical information to magnetic and back again. Examples of operating systems are DOS. Disks are inserted into the disk drive with the metal part first. When you purchase disks.
they are gaining popularity as storage and backup mediums. which provides the computer with stereo speaker capabilities. These drives are read only and cannot be used for recording data. All computers today come with CD-ROM drives that are part of the computer’s multimedia configuration. ◙ Handling and storage of CD-ROM’s are the same as musical CD-ROM’s and floppy disks. Zip disks -. Hold the CD-ROM by the edges when handling. Region 4 Teaching. Due to the large storage capability of zip disks and mobility of the drives. Two types of CD-ROM disks are used in these drives: CD-Recordable (CD-R) and CD-Read/Write (CDR/W). An external zip drive can be moved from one computer to another. allowing for musical CD-ROMs to also be played on your computer.250 MB of data (depending on the type of drive purchased) and cost about $11 to $19 each.If the heads contact the surface of the disk while it is at operational speed. the information is pressed on one side (the side opposite the label). A special 3.5" removable disk drive is needed to retrieve the information from the computer and write to the zip disk. and shock applied to the hard disk while it is in operation. 5. 4. They are connected to a sound card. :^) The most common causes of head crashes are contamination getting stuck in the thin gap between the head and the disk.html . ◙ Only retrieve data that’s pre-recorded by the manufacturer. This is usually called a head crash.com. You can download CD-RW UDF Reader software from www. Most software programs today are shipped on CD-ROMs instead of floppy disks.com/2001-200. CD-ROMS—Compact disks can store approximately 650-800 MB of data or 74-80 minutes of music. while CD-R disks can be read by most CD-ROM drives. damage to the heads. Protect CD-ROM’s by making sure the data side does not get scratched and by providing proper storage (store them in the case they came in).com (click on the Downloads tab) or http://downloads-zdnet. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 9 . ◙ CD-ROM’s are inserted into the CD-ROM drive with the label side up. damage to the surface of the disk. Like a musical CD-ROM. two of the most frightening words to any computer user. the result can be loss of data. ◙ Pressing the button opens and closes the drive. or all three. 3. rewrite and record data. Read/Write CD-ROMS—CD-ROM drives that write. ◙ Avoid putting fingers on the information side.Zip disks store 100 . CD-R/W’s can only be ―read‖ by CD Read/Write drives.zdnet.
CD/DVD-ROM (internal) Open/Close button CD-Writer (internal) Open/Close button Zip 100mb Drive Headphone Jack Power Light 6. The mouse should always be used with a mouse pad to provide a smooth surface for Region 4 Teaching. or CD. Mouse – The mouse is a pointing device attached to the computer that controls the movement of the cursor on the screen. Unlike most removable drives. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 10 . depending on manufacturer. and downloadable drivers that allow the keychain drive to be compatible with older systems that do not have USB ports. USB/Flash Drive (Jump/Thumb Drive) . Zip drive disk. the computer's operating system recognizes the device as a removable drive. INPUT DEVICES 1. Several keychain drive manufacturers offer additional features such as password protection. a keychain drive does not require rebooting after it's attached. 7.is a plug-and-play portable storage device that uses flash memory and is lightweight enough to attach to a key chain. and is not platform dependent. does not require batteries or an external power supply. It allows the user to execute commands using point & click and click & drag techniques. rather than by sectors. in a corresponding range of prices. Keychain drives are available in capacities ranging from 8 MB to 2 gigabytes. A keychain drive can be used in place of a floppy disk. Backup and retrieval of stored information is slower with tapes because the information is stored sequentially. The advantage of tape cassettes is that they can be purchased with large storage capacities (1 – 4 GB’s) allowing the entire contents of the hard drive to easily fit on one tape. When the user plugs the device into their USB port. As the user moves the mouse across the pad. Cartridge tapes—These are magnetic tapes similar to cassette tapes used as a storage and backup device. F. the cursor moves across the screen. The computer must search in sequential order to find the desired information.
Print.lib.org/freeware/gomouse.html Practice Using the Mouse Playing Games: http://www.mouse movement and to help keep the mouse from damage.us/tech/tutor/holding. The PC mouse has two buttons (left and right) and newer mice have a scroll wheel between the two.nj. opening a folder. The phrase to "click" means to select (a screen object) by moving the mouse pointer to the object's position and clicking a mouse button by pressing it down once.ckls.html New User Tutorial on Using the Mouse: http://www. Mouse commands are executed by "clicking".mi. Shift Click refers to clicking the mouse button while holding the Shift key down. Right Click refers to clicking the right mouse button which reveals a context menu. Delete.e. and them immediately releasing it.lib. The context menu may display actions such as Open. ▪ Executing commands (i. ▪ ▪ ▪ ▪ Need to practice your mouse skills? Basic Mouse Skills by Grey Olltwit (free): http://www.html Mouse Practice: http://www.the type of file. Send To. Some newer mice also include a scroll wheel for scrolling through long documents.us/courses/orie0100/mouse.html Mouse Practice: http://www.com/fun/java/dinodots/dino1. Create Shortcut and Properties (to see an item's settings.lawrencegoetz.org/~crippel/computerlab/tutorials/mouse/page1. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 11 . the object can by moved to a new location by ―dragging‖.htm Region 4 Teaching. opening a file. Click and Drag is also used more generally to refer to any operation in which the left mouse button is held down while the mouse is moved. because it changes based on the status of the item you clicked -. Paste. There is a timed rhythm to double clicking and the mouse must NOT move between clicks.lizardpoint. The term ―click‖ refers to the left mouse button. If you "run out of room" on the pad. meaning that you must click the left mouse button twice in rapid succession. simply pick up the mouse and move it to the opposite edge and continue movement.com/programs/mousepractice/ Mouse Aerobics! http://www. and so on) all dependent upon where you right click.adders.burlco.cc. on a file or on a blank space in a window. Placing the mouse arrow on an object and holding down the left mouse button while moving it. for example. opening a program) requires a double click.us/Classes/cns/ Connect the Dots: Provides practice clicking the mouse http://www. New.tx.vc.northville. Copy.
The computer receives most of its input from the user via the keyboard that is very similar to the typewriter keyboard. There are extra keys on the computer's keyboard that are not found on a normal typewriter.Short for Control. the end of the page.Another name for the Enter key. or down. RETURN KEY -. Following is an explanation of the function of these keys. this key is used in conjunction with other keys to produce control characters.four arrow keys for moving the cursor or insertion point right. deletes the character at the current cursor position or to the right of the insertion point. Sometimes labeled Return instead of Enter. NUMERIC KEYPAD -.Used to enter commands or to move the cursor to the beginning of the next line. The meaning of each control character depends on which program is running. this key is used to send special codes to devices and to exit (or escape) from programs and tasks. These keys have different meanings depending on which program is running.moves the cursor to the top left corner of the screen or to the beginning of the file. causes all alphabetic characters to be uppercase. Often abbreviated PgUp and PgDn.A separate set of keys on some keyboards that contain the numbers 0 through 9 and a decimal point arranged as on an adding machine.Special keys labeled F1 to Fx. BACKSPACE KEY-. this key is like a second Control key PAGE UP and PAGE DOWN -. left. CTRL KEY -. when activated. or the end of the file depending where the cursor is located on the page and on which program is running. The exact manner in which the keys function depends on the software program. ENTER -.2.Short for Alternate. or deletes the selected object. ESC -. DELETE KEY-. FUNCTION KEYS -.Deletes the character just to the left of the cursor (or insertion point) and moves the cursor to that position. ALT KEY -.Sometimes labeled Del.moves the cursor up or down a set number of lines usually one page or screen at a time. up. END -. x being the number of function keys on the keyboard.Short for Escape. Moving the arrow keys does not delete any characters on the screen. HOME -. Numeric keypads make it Region 4 Teaching. The keyboard is connected by a cable to the keyboard port on the back of the computer. ARROW KEYS -. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 12 . CAPS LOCK KEY -. but it can have other meanings depending on which program is running. Keyboard -.moves the cursor to the end of the line.A toggle key that. but does not move the cursor.
KEYSTROKES TO KNOW 1. especially to shut down. usually. simultaneously. G. does not bring up the previous window. With each new insertion. characters to the right of the cursor are pushed to the right of the insertion point to make room for the new characters. 3. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 13 . Most PC keyboards have an Ins or Insert key that lets you switch back and forth between insert and overwrite modes. Region 4 Teaching. it may sometimes shift on the screen so that you cannot locate the buttons on the title bar to close. typing then overwrites existing characters instead of inserting the new ones before the old ones. Use your mouse to save work prior to shutting down then press the Power button on the desktop/tower.easier to enter large amounts of numeric data. minimize or maximize the window. 5. This is often called overwrite mode. Ctrl + Esc or Windows Logo Key--pressing these two keys. all characters typed are placed at the cursor position (or to the right of the insertion point). In insert mode. the NUM LOCK must be on (Num Lock light is green). click ―End Task‖ to close the program—if you have not saved all data entered since the last save will be lost. 4. Arrow down and select Maximize and the window will open to a full screen with the buttons showing. NOTE: If the keyboard freezes restarting by pressing the Reset button will not correct the conflict. Ctrl + Alt + Delete. with a choice of ―Maximize‖. or pressing the Windows Logo Key. pressing these three keys simultaneously will usually open the Close Program dialog box which contains a list box of applications that are running: Highlight the program that is ―not responding‖ and may be causing the problem and choose ―End Task. If insert mode is turned off. F1—Displays Help information for the active object or the window as a whole. Ctrl + Esc. Ctrl + Alt + Delete--whenever the computer ―locks up‖ (freezes) and the mouse or keyboard will not work. Use the arrow keys to navigate the Start menu. you MUST shut down. shut the computer down. will bring up the Start menu.‖ A second dialog box may open allowing you to rethink this decision. 2. INSERT -. then pressing them again will. Enter--pressing this key is the same as left clicking the mouse button. Pressing these three keys will open a window. Shift + Alt + Spacebar--when a window is in the ―Restore‖ mode.Changes between insert mode and overstrike mode in word processing programs. NOTE: If pressing these keys. For the keypad to function as numbers.
Check the Cable and Connector: Make sure that the mouse cable is not caught on anything on the workplace to prevent damage. 3. There should always be air space behind the computer so the fan can cool the computer. Doing this helps keep the monitor looking good and improves cooling.Keep Food and Drink Away: The number one enemy of keyboards is not dust. 2. Keep all magnets away from the computer or disks. Failure to do so could cause damage or loss of data. The power supply fan should be inspected. the plug on the motherboard where the keyboard connects to it. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 15 .Clean the Mouse Regularly: It should be cleaned on a monthly basis. click Shut Down. etc. to prevent damage. but in fact food and drink. The inside can be cleaned either by blasting with compressed air or using a small vacuum with a PC cleaning attachment. and the cursor won't move smoothly. The best way to clean the outside of the case is just to wipe it with a damp cloth (don't spray liquids right on the case). This includes cleaning the mouse ball.The monitor screen should be cleaned weekly since dust accumulates more quickly on the surface of a monitor than elsewhere because of the static charge generated by many monitors. Region 4 Teaching. Once a year. 5. For example. it is a good idea to clean the dust off the outside of the case. or worst of all. Mouse -. If the ball becomes dirty then it doesn't roll properly. Make sure that the monitor's cooling vents are never blocked off.The system case should be cleaned annually to prevent excessive buildup of dust. The monitor should always be turned off if it will not be in use for one or two hours. and this is usually caused by excessive dust and dirt coating the components and clogging the power supply fan. some desktop machines tend in time to be pushed back to the very back of the desk where they might cause the power supply fan to be blocked by a wall. and then click Shut Down The Computer (Shortcut: Press the Windows Logo Key. SHUTDOWN To shut down your computer. Check Positioning: Make sure the case hasn't over time been pushed into a place where it shouldn't be. The best way to clean the screen is just to wipe it with a slightly damp. CARE OF INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS 1.The power supply's chief enemy is overheating.. It is imperative that you shut down the computer properly. Keyboard -. Power Supply Fan -. Magnets will erase all data! J. approximately quarterly. 4. to make sure that it is providing good ventilation and that it is not gummed up with dirt. soft cloth. companies will try to sell you fancy wipes but they are not generally necessary (and some can leave annoying smudges). Check the Cable and Connector: Make sure that the keyboard cable is not caught on anything or pinched between desk drawers. Monitor -. if the keyboard cable is too tight this can damage the cable. System Case -. connector. K. then the U key and then the S key). Either using a vacuum cleaner with a small tip attachment can clean it or blowing it out with an air duster (remove case cover and blow out otherwise simply spreading the dust inside the case which can cause other problems).6. There should be slack in the cable as well. click the Start button. and also the rollers on the inside of the unit. There should be slack in the cable as well.
Pressing the "Control" "Alt" and "Delete" keys at the same time is an alternate way of rebooting the computer. Type the word scandisk (all one word) in the box and click the OK button. M. it may be necessary to restart (also known as "reboot") the computer using alternate means. go to Run. many times. Run scandisk to check a disk for bad sectors. 2. The following window will open: 3. even this will not work. Highlight the first icon [3 ½ Floppy (A:)]. Click on the one that says ―End Task‖.If the computer "freezes". If using "Control" "Alt" and "Delete" will not restart your computer. RUNNING SCANDISK (Win 98) Before using. the program will close and you can continue as normal. Under the ―Type of test‖ section click the radio button next to ―Thorough‖. Place cursor on Start Button. you need to reboot your computer by pressing the reset button in front of your computer. floppy disks should be checked to be sure they contain no bad sectors. Make sure the write protect tab on the right side of the disk is closed. If you are lucky. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 16 . At the bottom of the window will be three tabs. Make sure there is a check mark on Automatically fix errors. Click Start button. Bad sectors can result in data loss. A window will appear (see #4 under Keystrokes to Know) showing all programs currently open with the one currently in use highlighted. However. Region 4 Teaching. 1. Insert the disk (metal side first) into the disk drive.
4.4. Click on the ―Tools‖ tab.‖ 3. throw the disk away. throw the disk away. Click on Properties. Error-Checking (Win XP) 1. Region 4 Teaching. Check the third line-if there is a number. Right click on the 3-1/2 Floppy (A:) drive icon. This window will open when scandisk is complete. a pop-up menu appears. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 17 . Insert the 3-1/2 floppy diskette into the drive. The ―3-1/2 Floppy (A:) Properties‖ window opens. 2. Double-click ―My Computer. Check the first line--if it found errors.
com) Region 4 Teaching.lft.com) Intel (www.maran.dell. The following window opens when the scan is completed.us/handouts) Dell (www.com/dictionary/) PCGuide (http://www. Learning and Technology Center (Revised 8/2003) 18 . Click the ―Check Now…‖ button in the ―Error-checking‖ section. You will see the following window: 6. Click OK.la. References: Lafayette Parish School System Instructional Technology Department (www. Click the Start button.5.pcguide.k12.intel.com) MaranGraphics (http://www.
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