P. 1
Mexico

Mexico

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Published by swapnilga
In this ppt i covered all imp. aspects of Mexico.
From-swapnil gadewar
In this ppt i covered all imp. aspects of Mexico.
From-swapnil gadewar

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Published by: swapnilga on Jan 25, 2009
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05/18/2014

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WELCOME TO MEXICO

History
The site of advanced Amerindian civilizations, Mexico came under Spanish rule for three centuries before achieving independence early in the 19th century. A devaluation of the peso in late 1994 threw Mexico into economic turmoil, triggering the worst recession in over half a century. The nation continues to make an impressive recovery. Ongoing economic and social concerns include low real wages, underemployment for a large segment of the population, inequitable income distribution, and few advancement opportunities for the largely Amerindian population in the impoverished southern states. The elections held in 2000 marked the first time since the 1910 Mexican Revolution that an opposition candidate - Vicente FOX of the National Action Party (PAN) - defeated the party in government, the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI). He was succeeded in 2006 by another PAN candidate Felipe CALDERON.

Location:
Middle America, bordering the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico, between Belize and the US and bordering the North Pacific Ocean, between Guatemala and the US.

Area:
total: 1,972,550 sq km land: 1,923,040 sq km water: 49,510 sq km

NATURAL FACTORS
• Natural resources:
• • • • • • • • petroleum Silver copper gold lead zinc natural gas timber

• Natural hazards:
• tsunamis along the Pacific coast • volcanoes and destructive earthquakes in the center and south • hurricanes on the Pacific • Gulf of Mexico • Caribbean coasts

LABOU R
Labour Force : 44.71 million (2007 est) Labour Force by occupation : agriculture :18% industry : 24% services : 58% (2003) Unemployment Rate :3.7 % plus underemployment of perhaps 25% (2007 est.)

POPULATION
1. Population: 109,955,400 (July 2008 est.) 3. Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.6% 15-64 years: 64.3% 65 years and over: 6.1% 5. Median age : male: 24.9 years female: 27 years 7. Population growth rate: 1.142% 9. Birth rate: 20.04 births/1,000 population 11.Death rate: 4.78 deaths/1,000 population

FEATURES OF MEXICAN ECONOMY
Mexico has a free market economy in the trillion dollar class. It contains a mixture of modern and outmoded industry and agriculture, increasingly dominated by the private sector. Recent administrations have expanded competition in seaports, railroads, telecommunications, electricity generation, natural gas distribution, and airports. Per capita income is one-fourth that of the US; income distribution remains highly unequal. Trade with the US and Canada has tripled since the implementation of NAFTA in 1994. Mexico has 12 free trade agreements with over 40 countries.

GDP
1. GDP (purchasing power parity):$1.353 trillion (2007 est.) 3. GDP (official exchange rate):$893.4 billion (2007 est.) 5. GDP - real growth rate: 3.2% (2007 est.) 7. GDP - per capita (PPP): $12,400 (2007 est.) 9. GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 4% Industry: 26.6% services: 69.5% (2007 est.)

GOVERNMENT ROLE
The federal Govt. determines the over all base of economic activity attempting to maintain steady growth, high levels of employment and price stability by spending and adjusting tax rates or managing the money supply and controlling the use of credit it affects to speed of the economic rates growth does affecting the levels of prices and employment. The Govt. is responsible for the nations defense system research operation their key to the development. State Govt. are responsible for road projects , education system and law and order mechanism. There are many private enterprises running education institutes and universities. The lends help to businesses and individuals in various ways e.g. Social security, mediclaim.

Govt. has been a party to various international agreements for security of environment such as climate change - kyoto protocol , hazardous waste law of the sea marine dumping ozone layer protection ship pollution etc. It is party to various international associations such as APEC, BCIE, UNESCO, WTO, WHO, and UN. It has signed fourteen TRADE agreements with forty nations such as JAPAN, CANADA, GERMANY etc.

Communications
  
19.754 million (2007) • Telephones - main lines in use: 68.254 million (2007) • Telephones - mobile cellular: • Radio broadcast stations: AM 850, FM 545, shortwave 15

• • • •

(2003) Television broadcast stations: 236 (plus repeaters) (1997) Internet country code: .mx Internet hosts: 7.629 million (2007) Internet users: 22.812 million (2007)

Transportation   
• Airports: 1,834 • Heliports: 1 • Pipelines: Gas 22,705 km; liquid petroleum gas
1,875 km; oil 8,688 km; oil/gas/water 228 km; refined products 6,520 km

• Railways : 17,665 km • Roadways: 356,945 km • Waterways: 2,900 km

Military
• Manpower available for military service: males • • •

age 16-49: 27,774,688 females age 16-49: 29,376,791 Manpower fit for military service: males age 1649: 22,188,284 females age 16-49: 24,884,614 Manpower reaching militarily significant age annually: male: 1,110,544 female: 1,073,223 Military expenditures: 0.5% of GDP

Management in Mexican organization
Doing business in Mexico is very different than in other countries the values, social practices, managerial methods & belief systems of the Mexican workers and Mexican are different in a such a manner that if manager and business person of rest of world who do not take time to understand this differences and accommodate his or her behavior and expectations will end up being frustrated and disappointed in addition the Mexican associates will also be disappointed and frustrated In Mexico leisure considered essential for full life, they works to live and money is for enjoying life. Direction delegation and managerial style is autocratic in nature . Knowledge is purely theoretical ,practical implementation is often is not possible. Action oriented problem solving approach and control policies are still not fully accepted. Sensitive to giving and receiving critical feedback.

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Mostly loyal to superiors (person rather than organization). In staffing family and friends are preferred due to trustworthiness. Avoids personal competition fevers harmony network. Working deadlines are flexible. “ Manaña can mean ” not today. Planning mostly short-term

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