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Published by dwybagus20

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Published by: dwybagus20 on Nov 18, 2012
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It consists of two main chambers, made of cast iron. They are
reservoir an compression chamber. The reservoir contains the fluid to
supply to the brake system. The Filler hole is covered with a plug which
contains an air vent, to keep the brake fluid always at atmospheric
pressure. The plug prevents the system from dust and watt particles.

Fig. Schematic view of Single Master Cylinder

The compression chamber contains a piston, primary and
secondary rubber cups, coil spring, outlet check valve and a rubber
seat. The compression chambers is connected with reservoir through
two holes larger port is called the intake port and the smaller port is
called the by pass port.

The pistons works inside the compression chamber and is
operated by the brake pedal through linkages. To prevent leakage there
are rubber seals on both ends of the pistons in the compression
chamber. A rubber boot covers the push rod end of the master cylinder
to keep it free from foreign matter. If check valve fails, air flows in to the
compression chamber which makes braking system to failure.

When the brake pedal in pressed down the piston inside the
cylinder pumps ort fluid in to the brake lined through the check valve as
a result, a fluid pressure is built up in the wheel cylinders. The moving
out wheel cylinder pistons expands the brake slices and the brakes are

When the brake pedal is released, the spring pressure in the
master cylinder moves Me piston to the backward. The liquid from the
four cylinders does not flow back at once. At the same time a partial
vacuum is developed in the compression chamber and unless this is
destroyed immediately, then chances of air leaking into the system.
Even a very small amount of air will render the brakes useless, since the
air being compressible.

This problem is solved by having intake port as shown, as soon as
same vacuum is formed, the atmospheric pressure in the fluid reservoir
forces the fluid through intake port and holes in the piston which
deflects the rubber cup and enters the compressions chamber,
destroying the vacuum.

But, by time this vacuum is destroyed, the fluid from the lines
comes back in reservoir by lining the fluid check valve off its seat. But-
the compression chamber is already full. The extra fluid coming from
the lines passes to the fluid reservoir through by- pass port.

When brake pedal is filly released, spring in the cylinder holds the
check vain against the rubber seat with sufficient pressure to maintains
6 to 8 lbs pressure in brake lines and wheel cylinder.

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