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Published by dwybagus20

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Published by: dwybagus20 on Nov 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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In the present days of increasing road speeds, power brakes bring
a welcome addition to the safety factor in modern automobiles .servo
assisted power brakes provide instant stopping with minimum pressure
on the brake pedal .this result in less pedal effort .the driver fatigue is
also reduced. Compressed air is used for the driver faigue is alsc
reduced compressed air is used for actuation. When the driver actuates
the brake, the compressed air then supplies mast of the effort required
for braking.

Construction and working

In vacuum assisted brake, vacuum was talon for pushing the push
rod of the maste cylinder. In air assisted hydraulic brake system instead
of vacuum, air is used fo application of brakes. The brake pedal link and
push rod of master cylinder is so designed and linked that in the event
of failure of air pressure, brakes can be applied but once again more
foot pressure will be required. It is also designed that to stop the vehicle
in air serve brake approximately half foot pressure is required in
comparison to the vehicle with hydraulic brakes. A layout of air assisted
hydraulic brake system is shown in figure.

The brake system consists of compressed air system and
hydraulic system. The compressed air system consists of air
compressor, pressure regulator, air reservoir and servo booster. Air
compressor in tata vehicle gets its drive from the engine cam shaft and
the compressor takes clean air through the pipe from air cleaner of the
engine. A* gets into the compressor inlet valve and after being
compressed sent to the air reservoir via outlet valve and pressure

The hydraulic system comprises master cylinder, Wheel cylinder,
brake drum brake shoes, brake fluid lines and hoses. There is a check
valve at the end of the master cylinder to control the flow of brake oil

The servo booster is mainly made up of 3 parts such as (i) air
control valve (ii piston and cylinder and (iii) master cylinder. The brake
booster used in Tata vehicles. In this figure the rod A linked to the brake

The other end of the rod A is linked with lever B. the upper
portions of lever B is linked with piston rod D and lower part of lever B
linked with pressure valve P. the piston rod D is connected to the master
cylinder piston and the piston kept in oppositions by spring C.

When the brake pedal is pressed, the rod A moves forward. This
movement of the brake pedal rod makes the valve rod to move which in
turn makes the air control valve opens which allows the high pressure
air to get into the cylinder behind the piston. Due to this high pressure,
piston moves forwared pushing the master cylinder rod. Due to this the

brake oil under pressure from the master cylinder goes to the wheel
cylinders and brake are applied.

When the brake pedal is released, inlet valve is closed alla out let
valve is opened The entire pressure admitted into the servo cylinder is
released to atmosphere and th^t spring moves the servo piston
backward. The master cylinder piston return to its origins position due
to the return spring pressure. The fluid pressure in the entire system
drops to its original low value and the return spring pull the brake shoes
away Tom the brake drums this causes the wheel cylinder piston also to
come back to their orginal inward positions. Thus brake is released.

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