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Published by: Eilyn Ochea Mabansag on Nov 18, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Teacher Euzzane 

Prepared by: Miss Euzzane O. Mabansag


 ·to prevent the condition becoming worse.  ·to promote recovery .FIRST AID is the assistance given to a person who has suffered as a result of an accident or illness  ·to preserve life.

look and listen and ascertain what has happened. 4) If you are worried about the condition. 2) Assess the situation. consult a doctor or hospital for medical advice.REMINDERS WHEN GIVING FIRST AID 1) Remain calm and do not put yourself in danger. 3) Administer the necessary first aid to the best of your ability. stop. .


Press on the cut for up to 10 minutes to stop the bleeding using a sterile. wet gauze or a clean cloth. . Change this every 24 hours. Dress it with gauze and first-aid tape.Keep a scrape clean and dry. 3.FOR MINOR CUTS AND SCRAPES 1. 2.Clean in and around the wound thoroughly with soap and water.

Let them cool and wipe the ends with sterile gauze.Hold a lit match or flame to the ends of the tweezers to sterilize them. . 2.Clean the wound area with soapy water.FOR PUNCTURES THAT CAUSE MINOR BLEEDING 1. 3.Remove the object using clean tweezers.

if practical. Repeat several times for 2 days. 4. . 3. Apply a cold pack to the bruised area as soon as possible. 2. Take it off for 30 to 60 minutes.FOR BRUISES 1. Try to avoid hitting the bruised area again. Two days after the injury. Apply pressure to the cold pack. Keep the cold pack on for 10 minutes at a time.Do not bandage a bruise. use warm compresses for 20 minutes at a time. Rest the bruised area and raise it above the level of the heart.


Apply DIRECT PRESSURE on the wound. . 2. Apply PRESSURE AT A PRESSURE POINT.BLEEDING 1. 3. ELEVATE the wound above the level of the heart.

The final step to control bleeding is to apply a PRESSURE BANDAGE over the wound .4.

 Elevate .  Compress by wrapping an elastic (Ace) bandage or sleeve lightly (not tightly) around the joint or limb.SPRAINS  Rest the sprained or strained area.  Ice for 20 minutes every hour. the area above heart level.


a heat stroke.HEAT STROKE  Heat exhaustion is a warning that the body is getting too hot. body organs start to overheat. They will stop working if they get hot enough.  With .

Hot. dry.Convulsions.  Deep breathing and fast pulse.Loss of consciousness  .FOR A HEAT STROKE  These signs and symptoms can occur suddenly with little warning: Very high temperature (104ºF or higher). Then shallow breathing and weak pulse. No sweating. red skin. Hallucinations.  Confusion.

FOR HEAT EXHAUSTION Normal.  Thirst.  Dry mouth. or only slightly elevated body temperature.  Weakness.  . pale skin.Nausea. low.Muscle cramps. Feeling dizzy.Fatigue.Weak or rapid pulse. Vomiting can occur.  Cool. clammy.Headache.  Sweating.

and/or kidney disease.  Changes in the skin due to aging.  Waiting for a bus or other type of public transportation in hot.  Poor circulation.  . humid weather.CAUSES Extreme heat and humidity.  Overdressing. Heart.Not being able to get to public airconditioned places.Being in places without fans or air conditioners during hot. lung. humid weather.

. Place the feet higher than the head to avoid shock.Move the person to a cool place indoors or under a shady tree.Remove clothing. 2. 3.FIRST AID FOR HEAT STROKE 1.

. sponge the person with towels or sheets that are soaked in cold water. under the armpits. wet sheet.4. Either wrap the person in a cold. Put ice packs or cold compresses on the neck.Fan the person. 6. 5. or spray the person with cool water. and on the groin area.

Drink lots of liquids. . to 4:00 p.). .Do not do vigorous activity during the hottest part of the day (11:00 a. 2.PREVENTION 1. 3. Caution when you are in the sun.m.m.

loose-fitting clothing. so sweat can evaporate.4.Wear a wide-brimmed hat with vents. such as cotton. 5.Wear light. Use an umbrella for shade .

a piece of material that covers a wound to protect it from infection or stop bleeding BANDAGE .secures the dressing in place .BANDAGING  DRESSING .

 BANDAGE 1.Cover wounds 3.Provide support and immobilization .Applying pressure to bleeding wounds 2.


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