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Muharram 2012#4

Muharram 2012#4

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A booklet describing the tabooth (casket) of sakina, the test of Allah (SWT) on the people with Saul. The story of David and Goliath
A booklet describing the tabooth (casket) of sakina, the test of Allah (SWT) on the people with Saul. The story of David and Goliath

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Published by: self bulding on Nov 18, 2012
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11/04/2013

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The Patience Of Imam Hussain (AS) 4

248. Their prophet said to them, ‘Indeed the sign of his kingship shall be that the Ark will come to you, bearing tranquillity from your Lord and the relics left behind by the House of Moses and the House of Aaron, borne by the angels. There is indeed a sign in that for you, should you be faithful.’

The word Al Sakinah is the opposite of movement. When you are calm and at peace your heart has Sakinah. The person who is not attached to this world when he does things tries to get good

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out of them. A believing person knows that his affairs are in the hands of God and not in his hands. The believer’s heart is at peace and such a person is at peace and has sakinah. Those who love this material world when they do things fear loss of their material things and their heart is restless. Such people do not have Sakinah.

Allamah Tabatabai in Tafsir Mizan says
A believing man, because of his belief in Allah. relies on a firm support and an unshaken pillar of strength. He bases his life on true knowledge where doubt and confusion cannot intrude: sets forth in his actions in the light of divine commandments which he is sure are the most perfect guide. He knows that his affairs are not in his own hands: he is, therefore, not afraid of any possible loss: and if any harm comes to him, he is not sorry about it. He is not puzzled when he has to distinguish good from evil. The disbelievers do not have sakinah or peace. They make evil people (shaitans) their guardians. Allah says Surely We have made the Satans to be the guardians of those who do not believe (7:27). ...and whoever takes the Satan for a guardian rather than Allah, he indeed shall suffer a manifest lost. He gives them promises and excites vain desires in them; and the Satan does not promise them aught but (in) deception... (it is) a promise of Allah, true (indeed); and who is truer of word than Allah? (4:119-122)

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Saul, David and Goliath (Talooth, Dawood and Jaloot)

249.  As Saul set out with the troops, he said, ‘Allah will test you with a stream: anyone who drinks from it will not belong to me, but those who do not drink from it will belong to me, barring someone who draws a scoop with his hand.’ But they drank from it, [all] except a few of them. So when he crossed it along with the faithful who were with him, they said, ‘We have no strength today against Goliath and his troops.’ Those who were certain they will encounter Allah said, ‘How many a small party has overcome a larger party by Allah’s will! And Allah is with the patient. 250. So when they marched out for [encounter with] Goliath and his troops, they said, ‘Our Lord, pour patience upon us, make our feet steady, and assist us against the faithless lot.’ 251.  Thus they routed them with Allah’s will, and David killed Goliath, and Allah gave him the kingdom and wisdom, and taught him whatever He liked. Were it not for Allah’s repelling the people by means of one another, the earth would surely have been corrupted; but Allah is gracious to the world’s creatures. In the story of David and Goliath those who went against Goliath were in three groups. Those who were not of Talooth, those with him and those who took a handful of water from the stream. Some commentators of the Quran have mentioned that the stream means love of this world. Thus those who were lovers of this world were not with the leader appointed by Allah. Those who took but a small taste of this world were with the leader however they were afraid of the

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large army. Allah gave victory over evil to the leader and his chosen followers, these were certain of their meeting with Allah. Those who loved this world were afraid of the power of the large and evil general (goliath, jalooth) and his army.

Imam Hussain (AS) and his companions

In light of the verses we read above and the hadith of the Imam (AS) the test of karbala becomes clear. A large number of the Muslims in kufa had written letters inviting Imam Hussain (AS) to come to Kufa. When they were challenged by the evil people of the time they forgot their duty toward Imam Hussain (AS). Some of them were employees of the evil Ibne Ziad. He had raised an army using a different reason. People who loved Imam Hussain (AS) joined t his army thinking that they would not go against Imam Hussain (AS). When the time came, the army went against Imam Hussain (AS). At this time the people who were employed by the army thought about the salary they were getting, they thought about what would happen to their family but not about what would happen to Imam Hussain (AS) and his family. Imam Hussain (AS) clearly said “They revolve around religion as long as their materialistic needs are well provided;”. Similar to those people who we learned about in the story of David and Goliath from the Quran. Most of the army who went to fight the evil oppressor Goliath and his army drank deeply from the river (this world) and were not of the army of believers. Of the remaining soldiers some took a handful of water from the river (this world) and said “We have today no power against Goliath and his forces", and those who replied them were those who had not tasted of it. These were the steadfast companions of the leader chosen by Allah. It should be remembered that when they face difficulties, tests & trials, very few people prove to be steadfast.

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