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Causes:

There are two rod shaped bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis which cause TB. It is estimated that 30% of the worlds population have one form of the bacterium within their bodies.

Symptoms:
Persistent cough Tiredness Loss of appetite Weight loss Fever Coughing up blood

Transmission:
It is spread through the air by droplets which are released when infected individuals cough, sneeze, laugh or talk. M.Tuberculosis can last a few weeks after the droplets dry. It is normally close contact for a long period of time which spreads the disease. TB can also be spread from cows to humans as they can be infected by M.Bovis.

People more likely to catch TB:


Close contact with infected individuals Working or residing in long term care facilities Living in countries where TB is common Having reduced immunity

Prevention:
Vaccinations all children in the UK are routinely tested for their immunity Better education about TB More and better housing Improved health facilities and treatments Better nutrition so immune systems are not weakened