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Adrian Dingles Chemistry Pages 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010. All rights reserved.

These materials may NOT be copied or redistributed in any way, except for individual class instruction.

Revised August 2009

AP Common Ions
CATIONS (+ve)
Name Aluminum Ammonium Arsenic (III) Arsenic (V) Barium Bismuth (III) Bismuth (V) Cadmium Calcium Chromium (II) Chromium (III) Cobalt (II) Cobalt (III) Copper (I) Copper (II) Hydrogen Hydronium Iron (II) Iron (III) Lead (II) Lead (IV) Lithium Magnesium Manganese (II) Manganese (IV) Mercury (I) Mercury (II) Nickel (II) Potassium Silver Sodium Strontium Tin (II) Tin (IV) Zinc Symbol/ Formula Al + NH4 3+ As 5+ As 2+ Ba 3+ Bi 5+ Bi 2+ Cd 2+ Ca 2+ Cr 3+ Cr 2+ Co 3+ Co + Cu 2+ Cu + H + H3 O 2+ Fe 3+ Fe 2+ Pb 4+ Pb + Li 2+ Mg 2+ Mn 4+ Mn 2+ Hg2 2+ Hg 2+ Ni + K + Ag + Na 2+ Sr 2+ Sn 4+ Sn 2+ Zn
3+

ANIONS (-ve)
Alternative* Name Bromide Bromate (I) Bromate (III) Bromate (V) Bromate (VII) Carbonate Chlorate (I) Chlorate (III) Chlorate (V) Chlorate (VII) Chloride Chromate Cyanide Dichromate Dihydrogen Phosphate Ethanoate Fluoride Hydride Hydrogen Carbonate Hydrogen Oxalate Hydrogen Phosphate Hydrogen Sulfate Hydrogen Sulfide Hydrogen Sulfite Hydroxide Iodate (I) Iodate (III) Iodate (V) Iodate (VII) Iodide Manganate (VII) Nitrate Nitride Nitrite Oxalate Oxide Peroxide Phosphate Phosphide Phosphite Sulfate Sulfide Sulfite Thiosulfate Thiocyanate Symbol/ Formula Br BrO BrO2 BrO3 BrO4 2CO3 ClO ClO2 ClO3 ClO4 Cl 2CrO4 CN 2Cr2O7 H2PO4 C2 H3 O 2 F H HCO3 HC2O4 2HPO4 HSO4 HS HSO3 OH IO IO2 IO3 IO4 I MnO4 NO3 3N NO2 2C2 O 4 2O 2O2 3PO4 3P 3PO3 2SO4 2S 2SO3 2S2 O 3 SCN
-

Alternative*

(Hypobromite) (Bromite) (Bromate) (Perbromate) (Hypochlorite) (Chlorite) (Chlorate) (Perchlorate)

(Cuprous) (Cupric)

(Acetate)

(Ferrous) (Ferric) (Plumbous) (Plumbic)

(Bicarbonate) (Binoxalate) (Bisulfate) (Bisulfide) (Bisulfite) (Hypoiodite) (Iodite) (Iodate) (Periodate) (Permanganate)

(Mercurous) (Mercuric)

(Stannous) (Stannic)

(Ethandioate)

* In the case of the cations, the alternative names are generally redundant in modern chemistry, but the anions sometimes use the alternate names. E.g. the oxyhalogen ions (bromate, chlorate, iodate etc.) are usually referred to by the alternate names, but HSO3 is more commonly called Hydrogen Sulfite. In each case where two names are given, the more common one used in the United States is underlined.

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Adrian Dingles Chemistry Pages 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010. All rights reserved. These materials may NOT be copied or redistributed in any way, except for individual class instruction.

Revised August 2009


+2
Hg2
2+

+1
NH4
+

POLYATOMIC IONS -1
BrO
-

-2
CO3
22-

-3
PO3 PO4
33-

BrO2 BrO3 BrO4


-

C2 O 4 CrO4

222-

Cr2O7 HPO4 SO3 SO4

C2 H3 O 2 ClO
-

222-

ClO2 ClO3 ClO4 CN


-

S2 O 3

HCO3

HC2O4 H2PO4 HS
-

HSO3 HSO4 IO
-

IO2 IO3 IO4

MnO4 NO2 NO3 OH


-

SCN

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