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MAKING THE DIGITAL TO REAL
ByKrishna Teja Mutyala
Introduction of 3d printing
Technology using in 3DP
Basic procedure of 3d printing
Applications, Advantages & Disadvantages
Future of 3DP
3Dimensions printing is a method of converting a virtual 3D model into a physical object.
3D printing is a category of rapid prototyping technology.
Rapid prototyping technology
It is a automatic construction of
physical objects using additive manufacturing technology.
The first techniques for rapid
prototyping became available in the late 1980’s and were used to produce models and prototype parts.
Types of Rapid Prototyping
(1986- liquid photosensitive polymers that solidify when exposed to ultraviolet light Photopolymer)
Laminated Object Manufacturing
(layers of adhesive-coated sheet material are bonded together to form a prototypePaper and plastic)
Selective Laser Sintering
(1989-uses a laser beam to selectively fuse powdered materials - Thermoplastics, metals, sand)
Fused Deposition Modeling
(1990-laying down material in layers -Thermoplastics)
Electron Beam Melting(EBM)
(metal powder layer per layer with an electron beam in a high vacuum - Titanium alloys)
3D printing uses standard inkjet printing technology It implies close traditional to 2D printing. To create parts layer-by-layer by depositing a liquid binder
onto thin layers of powder.
Basic process of 3d printing
Although several rapid
prototyping techniques exist, all employ the same basic five-step process. 1.Create a CAD model of the design 2.Convert the CAD model to STL format or ( .PLY,.3DS,.ZPR)
3.Slice the file into thin cross-sectional layers it can be 0.01 to 0.7mm thick cross sectional area
4.Construct the model layer by layer
-Layer thickness about 0.1mm -a binder fluid(Photopolymers) is used to fuse the powder in desired areas - A UV flood lamp mounted in print head to cure each layer as it is deposited. -Unbounded powder remains to support the part.
5.Clean and finish the model
Removing the prototype from the machine and detaching
Unbounded powder is blow off.
3D printers that print with a
variety of materials, such as starch based powder ,ceramic powder & plastic.
It can built complex mechanism
in a single run. As show in fig the tiny gaps b/w gears can also be produced easily.
The major manufacturer of 3D
printing equipment is Z Corporation.
Cost & Time of a product
Avg. cost is $2-3 per cubic inch fig shows about 8.75 cubic inch
it cost about $22 to produce.
Architecture It size about -18*14*20 cm Printing time-9 hours
Most current 3D printers are
not used to create final consumer products . Rather, they are used for prototypes or to produce moulds .
Art & Entertainment Jewelry Prototypes
Geospatial Medicine Education and Architecture
Organ printing (also known as tissue printing) we can make our own design automobile parts and other parts
in home or near by shops .
Create physical 3D models quickly and easily. High definition color models can be created Good tolerance Economical -compared to conventional model
Fastest Print Speed 5x-10x faster than all other technologies Less skilled workers.
Rough surface finish
It may not be suitable for large sized objects. 3D printers are still expensive 3D printers have the potential of creating many jobs and
opportunities, they might also put certain jobs at risk
Future of 3D printers
Improved accuracy and surface finish Increased size capacity. Increase in speed .
Decrease of cost.
3D printing enable the manufacturer to improve there
designs and get the product to market more quickly than ever.
3D printing is developing relative to the developments of
CNC and 2D printers becoming faster, easier to operate and cheaper prices.
There is still lot of growth to be seen in this field in near