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Ngy son: Tit 15:

CNG C CHNG LIN KT HO HC. V BI TP TRC NGHIM.


I. Mc tiu bi hc 1. Kin thc: HS nm vng cc kiu lin kt ho hc. 2. K nng: Vn dng kin thc lm mt s bi tp trc nghim 3. Thi : nghim tc, tp trung. II. Chun b: - GV: H thng cu hi v bi tp trc ngim - HS: n tp kin thc chng lin kt ha hc III. Phng php:m thoi nu vn . IV. Tin trnh ln lp: 1. n nh lp.Kim tra s s 2. Kim tra bi c: Cho cc phn t: Na2O; CaCl2 ; Al2O3; H2S; CO2. Phn t no c to nn bi lin kt CHT c cc , CHT khng cc v lin kt ion ? 3. Bi mi: Hot ng GV - HS Ni dung I. L thuyt c bn: Hot ng 1: ? Nhc li ni dung ca qui tc bt t. 1. Qui tc bt t: HS chun b 1 pht v tr li. Cc nguyn t ca cc nguyn t c khuynh hng lin kt vi cc nguyn t khc t c cu hnh electron bn vng ca cc kh him vi 8 electron (hoc 2 i vi heli) lp ngoi cng. ? Nu mi quan h gia lin kt ion v lin kt 2. Mi quan h gia lin kt ion v lin kt CHT: CHT? ( Trang 63/ sgk). HS chun b 2 pht v tr li. ? Hiu m in nh hng n lin kt ho 3. Hiu m in v lin kt ho hc: hc nh th no? ( Trang 63/ sgk). HS chun b 2 pht v tr li. ? Cc qui tc xc nh s oxi ho. 4.Cc qui tc xc nh s oxi ho: HS chun b 2 pht v tr li. (Trang 73/sgk). Hot ng: 2 Cho bi, HS tho lun nhm . HS chun b 2 pht, c i din tr li p n: c) II.Bi tp: 1) Kt lun no sau y sai: a) Lin kt trong phn t NH3, H2O, H2S l lin kt cng ho tr c cc. b) Lin kt trong phn t BaF2 v CsCl l lin kt ion. c) Lin kt trong phn t CaS v AlCl3 l lin kt ion v c hnh thnh gia kloi v phi kim. d) Lin kt trong phn t Cl2, H2, O2, N2 l lin kt cng ho tr khng cc. 2) Cho phn t cc cht sau: NH3, H2S, H2O, H2Se, CsCl, CaS, BaF2. Chiu tng phn cc lin kt ca cc nguyn t trong cc phn t trn l dy no sau y: a) H2Se, H2S, NH3, H2O, CaS, CsCl, BaF2.

Hot ng: 3 Cho bi tho lun nhm . HS chun b 3 pht, c i din tr li. HD: s dng p n: a)

b)H2Se, NH3, H2S, H2O, CaS, BaF2, CsCl, c)H2S, H2Se, NH3, H2O,CaS, BaF2 , CsCl d)Tt c u sai. Hot ng: 4 - Cho bi, tho lun nhm . HS chun b 2 pht, c i din tr li p n: d) 3) Tm cu sai trong cc cu sau y: Cc nguyn t lin kt vi nhau thnh phn t : a) C cu hnh electron (e) ca kh him. b) C cu hnh e ngoi cng l 2e hoc 8e. c) Chuyn sang trng thi nng lng thp hn. d) Chuyn sang trng thi nng lng cao hn. 4) S oxi ho ca Nit trong NH3, HNO2 v NO3ln lt l: a) -3, +3, +5. b) +3, -3, +5 c) +3, +5, -3 d) +5, -3, +3. 5) Tng s proton trong 2 ion XZ32- v XZ42- ln lt l 40 v 48. X, Z ln lt l 2 nguyn t no sau y: a) S v O b) P v O. c) N v H d) Cl v O. 6) Cho cc oxit sau: Na2O, MgO, Al2O3, SiO2, P2O5, SO3, Cl2O7. Dy oxit no sau y ch c lin kt cng ho tr. a) SiO2, MgO, P2O5, Cl2O7. b) SiO2, SO3, P2O5, Cl2O7. c) SiO2, SO3, P2O5. d) SiO2, Al2O3, P2O5, Cl2O7.

Hot ng: 5 Cho bi , tho lun nhm . HS chun b 2 pht, c i din tr li p n: a) Hot ng: 6 Cho bi, HS tho lun nhm . HS chun b 3 pht, c i din tr li p n: a) Hot ng: 7 Cho bi tho lun nhm . HS chun b 3 pht, c i din tr li p n: b)

7) Cho 3 nguyn t: X (ns1) , Y (ns2np1), Z ( Hot ng: 8 - Cho bi, HS tho lun nhm . HS chun b 2 ns2np5) vi n = 3 l lp electron ngoi cng ca X, pht, c i din tr li Y, Z. Cu tr li no sau y l sai: p n: c) a) Lin kt gia Z v Z l lin kt cng ho tr. b) Lin kt gia X v Z l lin kt cng ho tr. c) Lin kt gia Y v Z l lin kt cng ho tr c cc hoc lin kt ion. Nguyn t X, nguyn t Y l kim loi, nguyn t Z l phi kim. 4. Cng c, dn d: - Chun b chng oxi ho kh. - n tp: Xc nh s oxi ho cc nguyn t. Ngy 19/11/2012 K duyt ca TTCM