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Combustion Reaction of Engine Fuels

Objectives

Apply the conservation of mass to the reacting systems to determine balance reaction equation. Defined the parameters used in the combustion analysis, such as Air-Fuel Ratio, Percent theoretical air & Dew point temperature. Apply energy balance to reacting systems for both steadyflow control volumes and fixed mass system. Calculate enthalpy of reaction, enthalpy of combustion and heating value of fuels. Determine the adiabatic flame temperature for reacting mixture.

Octane rating or octane number is a standard measure of the performance of a motor or aviation fuel. The higher the octane number, the more compression the fuel can withstand before detonating. The octane rating is a measure of how likely a gasoline or liquid petroleum fuel is to self ignite. The higher the number, the less likely an engine is to preignite and suffer damage.

Isooctane (upper) has an octane rating of 100 whereas n-heptane has an octane rating of 0.

Cetane number or CN is a measure of a fuel's ignition delay, the time period between the start of injection and the first identifiable pressure increase during combustion of the fuel. In a particular diesel engine, higher cetane fuels will have shorter ignition delay periods than lower cetane fuels.