P. 1
MECH.EQ (3)

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11/19/2012

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# Mech-1 AP PHYSICS ANTI-MEMORIZATION SHEET Rectilinear Motion  v= General  ds dt

 a=

 dv dt

  ∆s = ∫ v( t )dt

  ∆v = ∫ a( t )dt v = vo + a t
1 d − do = ∆d = 2 ( v + v o )t

Constant Acceleration -

1 d − do = ∆d = v o t + 2 a t 2 2 2a(d − do ) = 2a∆d = v 2 − v o

Planar Motion  General - r = x ˆ + y ˆ i j

  ˆ dt a= v = dr = v x ˆ + v y ˆ i j     ∆ r = ∫ v( t )dt ∆v = ∫ a( t )dt

 dv dt

=

 d2 r 2 dt

= ax ˆ + ay ˆ i j

Projectile Motion   1 r ( t ) = v o t − 2 g t 2 ˆ where: j

(

)

⇒ x = v ox t = ( v o cos θ)t ⇒ y = v oy t −
g

2 2 oy Eqn. of Path: ⇒ y = vo x x − 2( vo x ) 2 x = (tan θ)x − 2( v o cos θ ) 2 x   ⇒ v x = vox = vo cos θ v( t ) = v o − ( g t ) ˆ where: j ⇒ v y = voy − g t = vo sinθ − g t  a( t ) = − g ˆ where: ⇒ ax = 0 and ay = − g j

( ) [
v

]

1 2

g t 2 = ( v o sin θ)t −

[

g

]

1 2

g t2

UCM -

v = 2πr = rω T

ω = dθ = 2π dt T   W = mg
2 2

ω f = 1 = 2π T

ac = vr = 4π2 r = ω r T r r Fe = −kx

2

2

2

Forces    ∑ F = Fnet = ma = F c = ma c

 dp dt

f s ≤ µ sN Ffric ≤ µN

f k = µ kN

where: a = v = 4π r = ω 2r c r T2   W = F • ∆s F int = − dU ds Pinst =
dW dt

Work, Energy & Power   W = ∫ F( s) • ds     ∆U = ∫ Fext • ds = − ∫ Fint • ds Pave = W t Impulse & Momentum     p = mv ∑ p i =∑p f    p mr rc m = ∑ m v c m = ∑m ∑ ∑

W net = ∆K Ug = mgh

2 1 K = 2 mv

W nc = ∆E

  =F•v

Ue = 1 kx 2

2

    I (or J) = ∫ F dt = ∆p

    I (or J) = Fave ∆t = ∆p

Mech-2 AP PHYSICS ANTI-MEMORIZATION SHEET Rotation  Constant α ω = ω o + αt
1 θ − θo = ∆θ = ω o t + 2 αt 2 2 2

2 α(θ − θo ) = 2 α∆θ = ω − ω o θ − θo = ∆θ = 1 (ω + ω o )t 2 Iparallel axis = Ic m + Md Ihoop = MR
2 2 2 2

Moment of Inertia - I =

∑ mr2 = ∫ r2dm
2 2

1 Idisk = 2 MR 1 Irod = 12 ML

Isphere = 2 MR 5

2

1 Irect. plate = 12 (a + b )

   τ = r xF Gravitation
R3 T2

∑τ = τ

net

=

 dL dt

 = Iα

    L = r x m v = Iω

1 Krot = 2 Iω

2

=K

e = c = D− d a D+ d

 GMm ˆ Fg = − 2 r r and E < 0 and E < 0

1 Circular orbits: K = 2 Ug

 GM ˆ g=− 2 r r Parabolic orbits: K = Ug Hyperbolic orbits: K > Ug

Ug = −

GMm r

and E = 0 and E > 0

Elliptical orbits: K < Ug SHM

Linear Displacements F = −(constant)x
d x + (constant) x m dt 2
2

Angular Displacements Restoring ⇐ Force Torque ⇒ Equation of Motion Displ. from Equilibrium Speed Acceleration Angular Frequency Period Kinetic Energy Potential Energy τ = −(constant )θ
d θ + (constant) θ = I dt 2
2

=0

0

x = A cos(ωt + φ ) v = dx dt
2 x a= d 2

θ = A cos(ωt + φ) Angular speed= dθ dt
2 θ α= d2

ω = 2 πf = 2π m T= = 2 π (constant) ω
2 1 K = 2 mv 2 1 U = 2 ( constant )x

dt (constant) m

dt

ω = 2 πf = I 2π I T= = 2 π (constant) ω
2 1 K = 2 I(angular speed) 2 1 U = 2 ( constant )θ

(constant)

E=K+U k (spring-mass system) =
mg l

(simple pendulum) =

Total Mechanical Energy E=K+U (constant) = mgl (compound pendulum) (constant) = κ (torsional pendulum)

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