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Background Events – Formation of the Great Alliance
A specific sequence of diplomatic events has driven the world to the situation it has been in by the middle 1830s.
After the American independence, the growing United States was looking for ways to expand. They bordered France from west and north-east, England from north, and Spain from south. In 1781, only 5 years after their establishment in 1775, the United States decided to start their expansion campaign from the easiest side, and declared war on Spain. Spain had a single colony on the south east of Northern America, called Florida. The Spanish didn't really have a chance against the American attack, since most of their colonies were in South America. Therefore, being quite isolated, the city of Tampa (which was the main city in Florida) wasn't well prepared for war and had almost no defense. Spain had defensive pact with the Holy Roman Empire. The Holy Roman Empire had to declare war on the United States, and they did so right away. The Holy Roman Empire had no colonies, and of course the Americans didn't hold any lands in Europe. Neither side really had a reason to cross the Atlantic Ocean and attack each other, so this war was only on paper Three years later, in 1784, France joined the United States of America in their war against the Holy Roman Empire. It was thought as a diplomatic move which was intended to improve their relations with America. It looked like the French were the next to be attacked in the American campaigns, and France wished to prevent it. It was a risky move, because it was clear that in a European land battle, the Holy Roman Empire beats France in any parameter. Especially because France had to hold armies in the Atlantic and in America, while the Holy Roman Empire didn’t have to do so. The French feared of an American attack more than they feared of the Holy Roman Empire, so they took that risk. The defensive pact between the Holy Roman Empire and Spain was still in effect, and this time Spain has stepped next to the Empire and declared war on France. It was the formal start of the Grenades War. This war put France and the Americans on the same side against the Holy Roman Empire and Spain. It was a surprise, previously before that, it looked like a matter of a few years before a conflict between France and America is started. It might have delayed the conflict in a few years. In the end of 1787 America has captured the city of Tampa with ease, sending the Spanish away from Northern America. The United States didn't have any more goals to achieve in their war against Spain.
The Holy Roman Empire couldn’t reach any achievement in the war against France. Despite beating a few hundreds of French defenders, they couldn't make any progress. But in the beginning of 1788, a surprise came from the western front, with Spain capturing the French city of Bordeaux.
From that moment, the Grenades War became inactive and unimportant. Spain and the Holy Roman Empire didn't really try to make any progress against France in Europe, and they haven't managed to reach North America as well. The French assessments were right – the war didn’t cause too much damage, and secured a temporary peace in America. Two years later, in 1790, England has declared war on America. The English held a few colonies in the northern coast of Northern America, and didn’t have a strong army in there. It was a bit surprising that they have started the war, and not the United States, especially because England has already had an inactive war against France, their neighbors in America. The reason for that declaration was England interest to stop the United States' campaigns in North America, and to regain control on some parts of the eastern coast. They considered the Grenades War as a good American achievement, and they wished to remove those achievements right after the Grenades War became inactive. The English thought that now it's their greatest chance, because they have the formal support of Spain and the Holy Roman Empire. England has become another mutual enemy of France and America, along with their enemies on paper – Spain and the Holy Roman Empire. The battles against England centered in the north-eastern parts of Northern America, and were called the Canadian War. In 1800 the Holy Roman imperial rule has been through a general revolution. The people lost their trust in the dynasty, and a well known aristocrat gathered them against the emperor and against the whole Papal-elected rule. After a short struggle, the Emperor has been exiled and a new dynasty of absolute monarchs has risen. This dynasty cancelled the federal structure and centered the empire. The new emperor cut off the dependence on the Pope.
To emphasize that, he changed the name of the empire to Germany. However, Vienna remained the capital city. In the beginning of 1802 the United States has finally declared war on France and captured the large city of Detroit. Now any chance of cooperation between France and the Americans in the Canadian War has been nullified. The Canadian War became a three sided war. In 1805 the United States has made peace with Spain. It was clearly understandable, since they had nothing to fight for anymore, after the Spanish leaving the continent in 1784. During these 21 years not a single battle has occurred between these two. Two years later, in 1807, Russia signs defensive pact with France. Being in a war with every neighbor, it was quite too late for France, but it gave the people a little cheer-up. In 1808, America has captured Fort St. Louis Pris from France. That had marked the end of the contest between the two, because the only three French cities left in North America have been clearly insignificant. In 1814 England signed defensive pact with Germany. Both England and Germany had been in a war against America and France, and thanks to that their relationship has been great. That created a great chain alliance between England, Germany, and Spain. But still, no battles against France occurred in Europe. The Grenades War was already a war on paper since the capture of Bordeaux, and the Canadian War was the only war to be really fought. The two wars were now called the Two Shores Wars, because they were fought both around France in Western Europe and around the eastern Northern American coast. In 1817 the Americans have captured the English city of York Factory, on the northern coast of America. Now the only European colonies left in Northern America were in Quebec. Three years later America captured the French colony of Port Royal in southern Quebec, and has made peace with France. Lucky for French, they didn’t have to deal with huge attacks in the European battlefield while the Americans invaded their colonies. That's because Germany, Spain and England kept quite in Europe. They probably didn’t want to get into any conflict with Russia, the new formal ally of France. They maybe even preferred negotiating for peace with France in order to get rid of any Russian danger, but no peace agreements were signed at that time. The capture of Port Royal was actually the informal end of the Canadian War, but the countries couldn't sign any formal peace agreement. Results of the Two Shores Wars:
The clearest result is the considerable expansion and strengthening of the United States of America. At the beginning of the Grenades War they were a narrow strip of coastal cities, and now they control most of the settled territories in North America. From that moment on, a relative peace was really kept between those countries. The Great Alliance tried to keep Russia calm, while the enemies of the Great Alliance didn’t want do get into any unnecessary conflict with them. Therefore the Alliance's enemies kept their wars on paper for the following years (the Great Alliance had enemies in East Asia as well). However, their relations with the Alliance remained cold. During these following 15 years of relative peace in the world, America has got into several insignificant wars with almost every country in the Greater Near East, including Arabia, Persia, India, and Ethiopia. After the decline of the Grenades War in 1788, Spain focused on its war against Portugal. This war was intensive but static, and the battles were held on the borderlines, without any progress. In the early 1830s Spain has managed to make the breakthrough and invaded the Kingdom of Portugal. They have captured Lisbon, and taken all of the Portuguese territories in the Iberian Peninsula. Having too many colonies, the Portuguese couldn’t hold up, and finally collapsed in 1835, making the Spanish much more powerful. The collapse of Portugal granted independence to a lot of new states in South America, and in some other islands. The first to gain independence had been Sao Paulo. Sao Paulo owned another large territory much northern to the centre of the state. The capital of the state was Sao Paulo. The State of Minas Geraes was the largest of the new South American states, sprawling along the eastern coast of South America. Its capital was Rio de Janeiro. The State of Para had been a Portuguese colony populated by many Dutch immigrants. The mixed population had made it the first colony to gain independence in America – in the early 1760s. Now it joined the new State of Minas Geraes and expanded the latter's northern territory Another new state was the State of Amapa, which was located between Minas Geraes and the northern Spanish colonies. Its capital has been Macapa. In the island of Madagascar, the State of Diana was founded. In a matter of a few days, the Atlantic colonies of Portugal declared independence too; The Caribbean State and the Independent Region of the Azores formed their own governments in their islands.
First World War
A few weeks after the world was shocked by the collapse of Portugal, an extremely greater shock was about to come.
By the summer of 1835, most of the wars in the world had been inactive and ineffective. It was thought that that era of sequential wars is about to end, after 100 exhausting years. The major powers weren't interested in continuing their wars, and those wars didn’t really affect the political daily routine in those countries. But just a few weeks after the collapse of Portugal, in February 1835, in a completely unexpected move, The Kingdom of France has agreed to become a vassal state of Russia. The now called Protectorate of France probably worried that Russia won't really meet its expectations as an ally, if needed. The Russians didn't have any overseas colonies, and they wished to use France to gain control of some areas in America. Having France as their vassals could give them a nice base in Northern America, from which they could start their campaigns in the new world and gain influence across the oceans. This agreement caused Russia to join France's inactive wars against the Great Alliance of Spain, Germany, and England. The Russians didn’t worry about those wars, since they were inactive for a long time. But the agreement has just rekindled the existing wars, and has driven the Great Alliance to take active steps. The reason was that Germany was afraid of being attacked from both east and west fronts. They knew that Russia was much more powerful than France, and now they couldn’t assume that their enemies will be afraid to attack. The Germans didn't want to let their enemies decide about an attack and about timing. They wanted to dictate the process of an upcoming active war. They didn't want to let Russia and France organize an attack together. Therefore they intended to finish the western side in a quick war, and then to try dealing with Russia, which was known as a peacekeeping state in those times. England assumed that now the French will be busy enough, and felt free to send its navy to attack the United States of America without any French involvement. That way they could expand their territory in Northern America, and maybe to even capture some French colonies on the way, while the French will suffer from multiple attacks in Europe. America, Mongolia and Siam had inactive wars against the countries of the Great Alliance. America had been in wars against the Alliance since the Two Shores Wars. Mongolia and Siam had been in a war against countries from the Alliance for years. These wars were completely on paper. Mongolia and Siam never really battled a European country in the last decades. Suddenly the three found themselves fighting in a world war with Russia and France on their side. The inactive wars of America, Mongolia and Siam against the Alliance became active too as the European battlefield was rekindled. The reason was that the three wanted to end their wars against the Great Alliance by supporting the other two and maybe finish on top of the Alliance. These five were the only countries which formally opposed the Great Alliance. They organized themselves together and formed the World Wide Opposition. The Incas, who had signed a defensive pact with Spain in the early 1830s, had to join the war against Russia and France too. They did so right after Russia's declaration. America and Spain kept their peace agreement of 1805, and didn’t let the international atmosphere affect their relationship. The World Wide Opposition The Great Alliance
England Germany Spain Inca
America Mongolia Siam
Although Mongolia belonged to the Opposition, they had been in a war against Siam. It looked then like a puncture in the Opposition. This is why Siam didn't really help the Opposition in the world war, and focused on repelling the Mongolian invasions. Mongolia was also intensively involved in the Near East: They were in a war against the Ottomans, and against Arabia, which had been the former masters of the Ottomans. Also against Persia, which was Arabia's ally, and also against India, which was the current vassal of Arabia. Those wars prevented from Mongolia to send most of its army to Europe. They had to keep massive protection in their borders as well, and they also had most of their army in Siam, of course. The American (along with Mali) has also been in a war against Arabia and its partners – Persia and India. America was also in a war against Ethiopia. However, the American wars in the Near East weren't put into serious action during the world war. Because of all of these, it was clear that most of the Near Eastern countries favored the Great Alliance So there were some other semi neutral countries: Arabia, India, Persia, Ethiopia and the Ottomans were partially belonged to the Great Alliance. Those countries didn't declare their belonging to the Alliance, but they did somehow take a part in the war. Unintentionally, they shared their enemies with the Alliance. They didn’t have anything against the World Wide Opposition, or for the Great Alliance. They tried to emphasize that they aren't affected by the tearing between the two sides, and that it is none of their business. But they did fight among the Alliance's soldiers when they could and needed to, or when it was worthwhile. It caused them many diplomatic problems, of course. However, they usually didn't affect the process of the war.
The Opening Moves
German Invasion of France Right after the outbreak of the war, a massive amount of German military units invaded France and approached Paris from south-east. No army opposed them on their way, and they have crossed the northern Seine quickly and with no resistance. The German attack included Canons, Cavalries, some Riflemen units and numerous Grenadiers, while the French defense included only a few Riflemen units.
The German plans of finishing the western front quickly seemed reasonable. France had almost no defense at all in any city compared to Germany and Spain. It looked like they were going to capture the whole country in the flick of an eye.
In the eastern German battlefront the armies kept standing still after the outbreak, mostly fortifying cities. One unimportant battle between Germany and Russia occurred in the forests of north Finland, on the borderlines between the two. Another noticeable event was when a small amount of German Riflemen was sent into the Russian territories, and approached Novgorod from north-west. The defense of Novgorod was extremely neglected, including Longbowmen and Pikemen. It looked like an easy prey for the German Riflemen. Other Countries Deal With the War In the early weeks of the war America started to suffer from English and German naval attacks. The United States then wished to capture the whole English colony, so that the Great Alliance will not have any base in Northern America. While the war kept going on, the state of Israel was given independence in January 1836. The city of Jerusalem was freed after a few years of struggle against the Arabian rule The Ottomans took advantage of the disorder in those areas and annexed some land areas north to Israel.
In February 1837, Mongolia has made peace with Spain. It was really understandable, because the two couldn't really meet in a battle, and didn't have any diplomatic rivalry in first place. They war was cause by the defensive pact between Spain and the Holy Roman Empire, a pact which evolved to be the Great Alliance. A month later, Ethiopia joins the Near Eastern countries and declares war on Mongolia. Mongolia's worst scenario was a Russian capitulation to Germany. Russia had a long borderline with Mongolia, and if Russia joins the Alliance, they'll be able to invade Mongolia easily and from several directions. Therefore the Mongolians made efforts to help Russia against Germany in the east Balkans. The Balkans was indeed Germany's most unsuccessful area during the war, maybe thanks to the surprising Mongolian helping troops. After the rekindling of the wars against the Great Alliance, the Kingdom of Siam has been through a horrible crisis. The new active enemies only added to the citizens' fear of Mongolia. Thos fears along with their dissatisfaction of the King's decisions in the war made them demand a capitulation. Within a few weeks Siam has agreed to become a vassal state of Mongolia, and was renamed the Khanate of Cambodia. The term Cambodia was decided in the agreements with Mongolia. Cambodians were a smaller Khmer ethnic group, and not the Siamese majority. The Mongolian goal in the renaming was to emphasize that the powerful Kingdom of Siam is no more – now they are a smaller Cambodian Khanate. By the end of March 1837 the capitulation of Cambodia was completed, and it made Cambodia join the Mongolian wars against the Near Eastern countries, and to make peace with Spain, like Mongolia did. A German Success against France The fortification in Paris was firm, and it took a lot of time for the Cannons to bring down the city defense. While the Cannons were battling, numerous German troops were destroying the suburbs of Paris. When the defense of Paris was down, a huge amount of Cavalries entered the city to finish up the last battles. In October 1840, the Germans have finally managed to take Paris. The way to Paris was still blocked, and Germany couldn't have a continuous boundary all the way to Paris. Even though, the conquest allowed them to send another division to the south, to take Marseilles. The French capital was moved temporarily to Rennes, in north-west France.
England and France didn’t have enough army in east Northern America to go and attack each other there, but the Germans sent a lot of supply ships to the English. English and German ship bombarded the French ports in America, but at this stage, no land battles occurred between them on the continent. Semi Neutral States Encounter Different Conflicts In April 1841, Japan enters the scene for the first time, and declares war on the Ottomans. Three months later, in July 1841, Arabia recaptures Jerusalem and brings down the new Israeli state. Once again, the Ottomans took advantage of the mess around Israel and annexed land areas encircling Jerusalem. After the recapture of Jerusalem by the Arabs, the governors' attitude towards the Israelis changed dramatically. The Arabs saw the Israelis as rebels, who stand against Arabia. The Israeli revolution was also the reason for the Ottoman occupation of many land areas around Israel that once were under Arabian rule. It made the Arabs blame the Israelis for that too. The new attitude made the Israeli citizens much more depressed and rebellious. However, now they knew that a small independent state in the Levant is impossible to hold in these times, when the two Islamic powers wish to take control over every piece of land in the Levant.
Two months later, the Barbarian State of Mexica captures the native city of Tampico in Central America. The whole native Aztec region was annexed by the Barbarians. Now the only sovereign native region remained in the world was the native Mayan region. In 1843, Cambodia captures the city of Pagan from India. This region of Burma had been a sensitive area for years, and had been the foundation of the tension between India and Cambodia. The capitulation of Cambodia made them declare war on India and was the move which relit that region. Passivism of the World Wide Opposition
The Germans reinforced their south division to breach the way to Marseilles. They didn't meet a considerable opposition in their way south, but they took their time, because they had to keep Paris well defended. The battles in Marseilles ended in an easy German victory as well. By August 1845 Germany has managed to capture the city of Marseilles, along with all of the south-eastern lands of France. It looked like a matter of a few years until France is wiped out of Europe. But Russia kept calm, and didn't try to invade Germany in any way. Russia was known to be a peaceful state, so wasn't such a big surprise. The worries of France in the 30s were proved to be true – Russia didn't make an effort to protect France. What the French couldn't guess was that even being in a war against Germany; the Russians still don't do anything. Germany was the on the attacking side in the battles against Russia as well, but they didn't invest a considerable military power in the eastern front. Russia took advantage of the fact that the German didn't send massive arms, and took their time to invest in economical issues. Russia's policy was criticized by some politicians who claimed that Russia might regret that later.
World War is Pushed Aside by a Wave of Revolutions In the autumn of 1846, a wave of national uprising hit the city of Amsterdam and its surrounding areas. The Dutch people of Amsterdam saw the German Empire taking over Europe, and this fear made them wish for returning to their glory days in the late middle ages as a free and powerful state. The Germans didn't want any interruptions in the war, and by the end of 1846 they were given independence by Germany. The new Kingdom of Netherlands placed its capital in Amsterdam. During those struggles for independence, communities in South America started to get more and more identified with their Dutch brothers in Europe. In the 16th century, a lot of Dutch immigrants moved to the Portuguese colonies in South America. The citizen of Adrians Fort, a city, in the northern area of the Minas Geraes declared themselves as a part of the new Dutch Kingdom. The city was once the capital of the former State of Para - the first colony to get independence in South America. It had been founded by the Kingdom of Portugal in the 17th century, but over the years a lot of immigrants from the Netherlands settled in the city. By the late 1750s the majority of its population was Dutch. The rest of Minas Geraes was populated by Portuguese. Therefore the rest didn't join the Netherlands. Another new world area populated by Dutch had been the Caribbean Islands. 96% of the citizens of the most peaceful state in the world were Dutch, so they threw away the colonial Portuguese character of the state, and join the new Kingdom of Netherlands. England has managed to take advantage of the mess around the Netherlands, and annexed a former German territory between the Netherlands and France.
In 1847, the Kingdom of England has been through a revolution too. The atmosphere in the kingdom before the war had been completely different than it was 12 years after the outbreak. The English citizens of 1830s saw their Kingdom as the strongest, bravest and most important country in Europe, and probably in the world. The fact that they haven’t won a single battle during this war, and that the government couldn’t make up any goal for the continuation of the war, made the citizens unpleased with the management of the kingdom. Meanwhile, the king has died, and it was an opportunity for the revolutionaries to take matters into their own hands. With the support of the people, they formed a new republic, named the Commonwealth of England. Beside the democratic parliament, the heir of the kingdom inherited the throne as the king of the Commonwealth of England. The new Dutch rule in South America couldn't get along with the State of Amapa. In the End of 1847, the Kingdom of Netherlands has declared war on Amapa. After a few years of oppression under the new Arabian rule, the Israelis reached the conclusion that they had better revolt and ask to join the Ottoman Sultanate. The Ottomans encircled Jerusalem anyway, and they thought the Ottomans might appreciate their wish to join the Sultanate and treat them nicer under their rule than the Arabs do. In December 1848, the city of Jerusalem has revolted and joined the Ottoman Sultanate. The process has been held in cooperation between the Ottomans and the Arabs. The Ottomans didn’t have to deal with any Arab resistance. The Ottoman borders expanded a lot around these lands, but the issue didn’t affect the great relationship between the Ottomans and the Arabs.
In 1850, England lost most of its territory in western Netherlands. They didn’t need in those lands anymore, because now they knew for sure that the Dutch are not going to take part in the war. Only a small coast strip near Amsterdam remained English. In January 1851 Mali has reached its first achievement in the war against the Arabs – They have captured the city of Rabat in western North Africa.
In March 1852, the French, which already held the city of Teotihuacan in Central America, captured the city of Tampico from the Barbarians and expanded their territory in Central America.
The Collapse of France In the years after the conquest of Marseilles, Germany slowed down a bit. Just like they planned, the western front was already won, and they focused on moving most of its offensive troop to the eastern front. They had to reorganize their army. But the army reached Russia as an unorganized and dispersed army. Therefore, even though the Russian army was extremely unprepared, no progress was made in this front. Being frustrated of it, the German army in Russia started burning down land areas. They burnt towns, villages, fields and farms, while the Russian army couldn't take risks of attacking those German vandalizing troops. The poor Russian army stayed inside the cities most of the time, except for the enhancing battles of Finland.
In early 1855 the expected has arrived. The French city of Rennes was finally captured, and the French were definitively defeated. But surprisingly it was the Spanish who brought down the Protectorate of France. Spain and Germany have taken over all of the French territories in Europe, except for a little strip in the northern coast given to England.
The French colonies declared their independence, since they didn't want to rely on the dilapidated French political entity. The independence of the colonies ended the French sovereignty at anyplace, and France remained a geographic term. The State of Quebec was established in the north-east of Northern America, and remained a part of the World Wide Opposition. In Central America, the French colony of Mexica was given independence. There had been argument about the name of that state. The French colonial name was Mexique. The native people of the colony wanted to call their states the Aztec State. The compromising decision was to call it by the native geographical term Mexica. Mexica had been the central area of the Aztec's land, and the modern name of its historical capital Tenochtitlan, which is now under Barbarian control. It is the origin of the French name Mexique, and the Spanish name Mexico. The southern part of the state was populated only by Aztec Mesoamerican people, because it was captured by France only three years earlier. The southern part used the opportunity to get rid of a French rule and declared independence as the State of South Mexica. 30% of North Mexica's population was French, and even the rest had already adopted a European culture and lifestyle, so they kept the French-styled rule. However, they were mostly Taoists, because of the thousands of Chinese missionaries arrived there in the early 1700s.
The north didn't accept the southern rebel, and declared war on South Mexica. South Mexica was a relatively developed country, and not as extremely undeveloped as it had been under the native Aztec rule. So the North didn't have a considerable advantage over the south, and therefore both states of Mexica didn't actually try to attack each other. South Mexica was then considered one of the semi neutral countries belonged to the Great Alliance, while the North formally joined the World Wide Opposition. Beside those two, the Barbarian State of Mexica was becoming stronger and firmer.
A Quiet Decade of Insignificant Diplomatic Events In the previous centuries, many random Chinese revolts occurred in the southern Mongolian lands. Most of them were local, and not intense. It became rarer every decade, since the Chinese people were loosing their definition. In 1857, a Chinese revolt hit the Mongol city of Hangzhou, in the south-east of Mongolia. In these years, Mongolia invested most of its army in the war, and neglected those issues. Therefore, the Chinese revolt has succeeded and the State of Zhejiang was founded in October 1857.
The investments in the war may have worth the effort though – because within a few days the Mongols have captured the nearby Arabian city of Chiayukuan, in the Taklamakan desert. Now the Mongolians didn't have any threat bordering them.
It might have been the reason why India has broken free from the Arabs in 1859. In September 1861, the Dutch signs defensive pact with the Ottomans. India had managed to hold on its own for only four years, and in 1863 they returned to being the vassals of Arabia. Three months later, Japan singed defensive pact with Russia. It always looked like they supported the Opposition, but now it is the first time they showed it. They were still out of the war, but now only a spark was needed to make Japan join the war. The Arabs, which didn’t formally join any side, encountered many diplomatic complexities during the world war. They wished to keep their trading networks with countries from both sides, and it became a problem, because the two sides wish to weaken and isolate each other. By the early 1860s it was already a national economical worry. It has driven a well known sheikh from the Arabian city of Kuwait to organize international activates in order to end the world war. A German Breakthrough against Russia In the 1860s Russia has finally started to be prepared for war, and started building attacking troops to invade the Balkans. Their city defenses were still poor, and that became a serious problem for Russia when the German invasions in the Baltic coast stated to intensify. After the conquest of France a massive amount of German troops were moved to the eastern front, to the invasion divisions. In June 1864, Germany has made the first breakthrough in the eastern front, and captured the Russian city of Novgorod in a surprising move. The siege of Novgorod was a quick one. It wasn't surprising form the militarily aspect, but diplomatically it was unexpected. Russia was considered the firmest empire in the world, and the loss of Novgorod caused people around the world to doubt it. In the German invasion of the early 1850s the Germans couldn't make any progress, so they have just ruined the whole land areas around Novgorod. Since those earlier invasions, many German soldiers are stationed around the city of Novgorod, and it was captured right after the order was given.
Meanwhile, the naval battles in the north-eastern coasts of Northern America started to intensify. After the collapse of France, America had to defend against the English attack all alone, and began to lose most of its navy. German fleets reinforced the English in those battles.
Congress of Kuwait
In May 1866 the Congress of Kuwait was held.
The world at the eve of the congress:
The sheikh invited leaders of three countries from each point of view. Side the Opposition: America, Russia, and Japan. Side the Alliance: Germany, England, and Spain. Neutral: Arabs, Ottomans, and Dutch. Japan wasn't officially a member of the Opposition, and they didn’t enter the battlefield. They supported the Opposition diplomatically for years, and this is why they were chosen. Every country was allowed to present one demand. The Ottomans demanded the city of Athens, which was controlled by the German Empire They thought that it would extraordinarily improve their domination in the eastern Mediterranean coast. England and Germany voted no, of course. The Netherlands, who still didn’t like the German Empire, voted yes, along with the Ottomans, of course, the Americans, and the Russians, who wished to weaken Germany. Spain and Japan abstained surprisingly. The Arabs didn’t surprise with their abstention. The demand was accepted. The Netherlands demanded the city of Recife, which was controlled by the State of Sao Paulo. In this area the Dutch people were a minority, but it could help the Kingdom of Netherlands expand its domination in South America. In a rare move, Japan and the Ottomans (sworn enemies) were the only countries to vote no. Everyone else voted yes, except for the United States, which abstained.
In this vote, the votes weren’t related to the war, and it has no diplomacy in it, since the Netherlands were considered completely neutral. The demand was accepted. Russia demanded the city of Bamian, which was controlled by the Persian Kingdom. This could just expand Russia's borders, and they tried to avoid any confrontation with the Alliance in this congress. Only Russia and America voted yes. England and Germany voted no, of course. The Ottomans, which were close to Persia, also voted no. The rest abstained. The Arabs surprised with their abstention, because they had an alliance with Persia. They probably feared of Russia. It didn’t harm their relationship with Persia, because the demand wasn’t accepted. Germany demanded the city of Qufu, which was controlled by the Mongol Empire. They thought that they won't get an approval for a Russian city, so they picked a weaker member of the Opposition. That might have been a warning sign for Japan, since the city faced Japan from the other side of the sea. Japan, Russia, and the Americans voted no, of course. The Netherlands objected too, because of their hatred to Germany. The rest voted yes, and no one abstained. The demand was accepted. England demanded the city of York Factory, which was controlled by the United States of America. The city was once an English colony. It was the most reasonable choice for England, which didn’t seek for control of any land area in Europe anymore, after the collapse of France. The Netherlands objected surprisingly, along with America and Russia. Japan abstained. It disappointed the Americans. The rest voted yes. Spain didn’t have anything against the United States, but they were much friendlier towards England. The demand was accepted, but the United States refused to pass the city to their sworn enemies. The United States probably weren’t afraid of any response to this refusal, since they felt protected in their landmass, while the entire world is in a war. The attacks on the American shores were rare and not very harmful, so they could refuse that demand without worrying about any new threats. Spain demanded the city of Mexica, which was controlled by the Barbarian State of Mexica. This Barbarian state was relatively powerful. The Spanish, which held a lot of land areas in South America, felt uncomfortable with the barbarian threat, and wished to peacefully take their central city. Other states in America were afraid of a confrontation with the Barbarians too. The Spanish thought it would make those states admire Spain. It was important for them, because their Spanish colonial rule wasn't liked by the independent states. The United States didn’t want to harm their nice relationship with Spain too, so they abstained. The Netherlands, which had some land areas in America abstained too. The Ottomans abstained because of a lack of interests in the issue. The whole Alliance voted yes. The demand wasn’t accepted. The Arabs demanded the city of Chiayukuan, which was controlled by the Mongol Empire. The city was held by Arabia for years, and it had a good chance of approval in the congress. They didn’t ask for a Malinese city, because Mali held good relationships with countries from both sides, and they knew it won't be accepted. The Netherlands, Japan and America voted no, Spain and England abstained, and the rest voted yes. Russia disappointed the Mongols who helped them in the Balkans. It was probably because they wanted to keep the Arabs as neutral as possible, and not to anger them.
The demand was accepted. Japan demanded the city of Darwin, which was controlled by the Commonwealth of England. The whole Great Alliance voted no, along with the Ottomans. Russia, Arabia and the Netherlands abstained. Russia's abstention was a surprise, but a city in Australia indeed didn't interest them. America and Japan voted yes. The demand wasn't accepted. The Americans demanded the city of St. John's, which was controlled by the Commonwealth of England. Spain abstained, and received a lot of appreciation from the Americans. Russia, Japan, the Dutch and the Americans voted yes. The rest objected. The demand wasn’t accepted. In conclusion: - Germany lost Athens to the Ottomans. - Sao Paulo lost Recife to the Netherlands. - Mongolia lost Qufu to the Germans, and Chiayukuan to the Arabs.
The congress clarified a few issues which were unclear before:
- The Japanese supported the World Wide Opposition only in one demand, but they objected all of the Great Alliance's demands. That proved their belonging to the Opposition. - The Mongols found out that their diplomatic situation is terrible, especially because they have lost two cities, and were partially betrayed by Russia. - The Netherlands slightly favor the World Wide Opposition. - The relationship between America and Spain still haven’t been harmed by the world war.
It didn't look like the results of the congress will bring the war to an end, but it certainly did affected the upcoming events.
The Final Moves
Aftermath of Kuwait In December 1867, Mali has captured the Arabian city of Oran, in North Africa.
A year later, Arabia has made peace with Mongolia. This was a direct outcome of the Congress, in which Mongolia returned a city to Arabia. The peace agreement included India and Cambodia, the vassals of the two. Persia and the Ottomans remained the only two Near Eastern enemies of Mongolia and Cambodia. Since the decision of the congress, Mongolian army invaded the German-ruled area of Shandong non stop. Intensive battles were held there. Germany had no way to transport units from Europe to Shandong, neither through Asia nor through the ocean. In Asia they had Russia to block them, and in the Atlantic ocean Japan didn’t let them enter the East China Sea. Germany was running out of defenders in Qufu, and the Mongols focused all of their attacking troops to this area. In January 1869, the Mongolia has recaptured the city of Qufu from the German rule. That had worsened the relationship between Mongolia and the Great Alliance. The capture of Qufu and the peace with Arabia and India returned the pride of the Mongolians, after the humiliation of Kuwait.
Europe between Socialism and German Progress In 1870, a communist revolution broke out in the Russian Empire. The communists, which had been a major power in Russia in the previous 7 years, finally succeeded to take over the Imperial Palace in Moscow, and vandalized it. They divided the Russian Empire into several socialist republics, and founded the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The world looked up in wonder whether the Soviet Union will quit the war in order to invest in the stabilization of the new rule. However, the Soviet Union didn’t have the upper hand in the war against Germany, and they couldn’t just quit even if they wanted to. A few months later, Socialism hit England too.
It wasn’t like in Russia, but some demonstrations did their job, and the commonwealth had to adopt a socialist economical policy The battles of north Finland were still the major battlefield between Germany and the Soviet Union, and they were still far from being won. The Soviet army was focused on these battles, while many German troops made their way northern from Novgorod in a surprising attack on the city of Onega. These troops "skipped" the battles of Finland in a shortcut, and found the Soviets unprepared around Onega. The Germans were about to captured the city, which was running out of defenders.
In 1871, the Spanish people started to lose interest in winning the war, and focused on their interior political situation. They didn't have any enemy around, and had no any warlike threat. Therefore the public wished for a commonwealth like in England. The demonstrations became unstoppable, and the king ordered on a massive constitutional revolution, including an active parliament and an economic policy of state property. His purpose was keeping his throne, but it was clear that he will lose his influence on the government. The state renamed itself the Republic of Spain. In 1872, the Germans have made a great breakthrough in their war against the Soviet Union, and the have managed to take Onega. It was the first time they had made a noticeable progress in the eastern border. It made a dramatic change in the battles in Finland as well, because Germany has completely taken over the lands of Finland. Soviet troops started to run away, especially from Finland, while the Germans looked like they could go even deeper.
Right after that, Germany has gone through a communist revolution too - the same story as in every European empire – and renamed itself the Free Socialist Republic of Germany. The only not socialist land areas remained in Europe were Ottoman Greece and the Netherlands. The World Wide Opposition kept deepening their connection with Japan in order to make them join the war. In 1873, the United States of America signed defensive pact with Japan. Another American motive for the agreement was their intention to have more not communist allies. In the early 1870s many wealthy Spanish citizens immigrated to the North African territories, in order the escaped from socialism. The socialist economical policy wasn’t really implemented in North Africa, because there weren't any firm Spanish cities in there. Just several unsettled territories; most of them were appended to Spain in the course of the Malinese conquests in North Africa. Those areas were still under Arabian cultural influence, and this wave of immigrants brought many wealthy Spanish to settle in North Africa. Most of the immigrants, which came from an urban culture, didn't get along in the rural environment of Spanish North Africa. Most of them quickly immigrated to the city of Oran, which was under a fresh Malinese rule, and bordered Spain in North Africa. The Malinese authorities deprived any civil right from the Spanish immigrants in Oran, and the law didn’t protect them at all. But within 4-5 years the population of Oran was almost half Spanish; therefore the Spanish citizens revolted and the city of Oran joined the Spanish Republic in 1875.
Years of Peace and Diplomatic Revolutions In 1876, after years of unsuccessful negotiations, the unbelievable has happened. The Barbarian State of Mexica, North Mexica, and South Mexica have united and formed the Aztec Alliance. The three states had an extreme tension between each other. The motives for the south and north to unite were the inefficiency of the war. The Barbarians were the strongest in Central America, and if they wished to unite, the other two would just follow them. So a possible reason for the surprising act by the Barbarians can be their external threats: 1. The United States of America wished to take control of Central America. They had nice relationships with the North and the South, so they would begin with the Barbarians if they invade Mexica. 2. In the Congress of Kuwait, Spain asked for the city of Mexica, which was the largest Barbarian city. That stressed the Barbarians and made them worry of a Spanish invasion. Therefore the Barbarians wished to unite with the two other Mexican States.
They thought that if they adopt a western lifestyle and give up their aggressive and intimidating character, they would be able to deal with the threats. The former Barbarian State was the major part of the Alliance, and the alliance made them stronger and more relevant to the global politics. The capital of the Aztec Alliance was the city of Mexica. The Aztec Alliance declared it's neutrality in the war.
In August 1878 America signs defensive pact with Mongolia. It was an interest of the two. Mongolia was afraid that the Soviet Union will become a vassal of Germany and attack them, and the United States wished to make sure their allies won’t leave them. The American plan was harmed a little after a year. The Khanate of Cambodia rebelled against the Mongol Empire and has managed to break free. They have changed their name symbolically into the Empire of Siam. The Mongol Empire lost much of its might, but kept on fine relations with Siam. This revolution made England reconsider its interest in the Far East. They had to fight for their lives in North America, and a war in the Far East might be costly, especially after Siam has gotten stronger. By the end of 1879 England has made peace with both Siam and Mongolia. The Spanish Republic's military was very meager in the years after the collapse of France. Therefore, nationalist rebels could easily take control of the Spanish territories in France. In 1880, a French rebellion in Bordeaux has managed to take over the city and the whole Aquitaine region. They made Bordeaux the capital of the new independent French state – the Aquitaine Region. Spain lost most of its remaining lands in the area of former France to Germany as well, after they could no longer maintain their rule in there. The Spanish were very lucky for having no enemies bordering them, because they were really in a bad shape.
After the brilliant conquest of Onega and Finland, the German army had difficulties going deeper into the Soviet Union. Therefore they decided that they are willing to give away lands in order to end it with a smaller taste of victory. There worried that their difficulties can cause a surprising Soviet counterattack that might remove all of their achievements. In July 1881, Germany has made peace with Siam and the Soviet Union. Among the agreements they returned to the borders of 72' – before the great German breakthrough. The city of Onega was returned to the Soviet Union and Novgorod remained under German control. America tried to make peace with Germany as well, but the negotiations failed. It was almost certain that the war between the Soviet Union and Spain will become inactive, and likewise, their war against England too. Last Battles End the Remaining Conflicts Two months after that, the United States have captured the English city of St. John in Northern America, and wiped the English out of the continent. It was the first time the English have lost a battle in the commonwealth era. The Quebec State was also given some of those former English territories.
In 1882, the United States have managed to make peace with Arabia, India, and Persia. America has also signed defensive pact with the Soviet Union in February 1882, in order to make the Soviet Union return to the war against Germany in the future.
Two months after that Germany invaded the Aquitaine Region, and captured the city of Bordeaux. Spain has managed to annex some of the southern lands of the region.
In February 1883, Mongolian corps invaded Persia from north east and captured the city of Bamian. In those battles, both the Mongols and the Persians wasted all of their army in the area of Bamian, and the Mongols have taken the city in a minuscule victory. The Mongol Empire sent a greater division through the Taklamakan desert to secure the occupation of Bamian. But the capture of Bamian let the Soviet Union expand its territory in this area. Mongolia and the Soviet Union didn't have any agreement of open borders. Mongolia also didn't have an agreement of open borders with India, its former enemy. So the greater division couldn't reach Persia, and the poor Mongol defense of Bamian couldn't be reinforced.
The war between Germany and Mongolia became completely inactive after the invasion of Persia. In November 1884 England has made peace with the Soviet Union. It was clear that this is the end of the war for the Soviet Union, and looked like a matter of time until they will make peace with Spain and the Inca as well. Two months later the Persians have recaptured the city of Bamian in a heroic battle. A few courageous Persian Pikemen troops have managed to sneak into the city and recapture it. However, it was certain that if the great Mongol division had managed to arrive at Bamian, the Persians could never have done so.
In June 1886 the Dutch army in South America has invaded Amapa and captured the city of Macapa.
Final Agreements and End of the War The United States had a sequence of victories against the English in America. But now that the whole English army and navy in Northern America were defeated, the United States had to cross the Atlantic Ocean in order to keep this sequence of victories. The American navy was small, and they couldn't send a massive military power out of the continent. Therefore, in September 1888, America signed a fair peace agreement with England. Under the German rule Aquitaine was a terror region. Terrorist attacks occurred every week, and many German officers were injured. Germany wished to get rid of this region, but they refused to grant independence to the French again. Therefore in July 1889 they granted this area to Spain. The agreement resembled the revolt of Jerusalem in 1848.
In the same months, the Aztec Alliance had agreed to become a vassal state of Arabia, and was renamed the Aztec Sultanate. A year later, America has made peace with Ethiopia.
In December 1891, the Soviet Union had made peace with Spain. The war between the Soviet Union and the Inca wasn't a real war, so this is the absolute end of the war for them. Meanwhile in Japan, many citizens started to demand a social economic policy. The communist party in the parliament gained a lot of voters, and in the summer of 1891 they have became the largest party in Japan. They instituted a state property economy, and renamed the states as the People's Republic of Japan. In May 1892, America has made peace with Germany, and marked the formal end of the war, after 57 years of slowly progressed battles. Both America and Germany knew that they wouldn't be able to organize a considerable attack on the other side of the Atlantic Ocean. That made them brings the unnecessary war to an end, with no clear victor. The world at the end of the war:
The combatants and participants of the war at its end:
It was considered that the Alliance had won the European battlefield, and the Opposition had won the American battlefield. Even though the war was over, the sides remained as they were. It was because of the chains of defensive pacts between countries from each side, which remained similar to the beginning, with a change in the Opposition – Japan replaces Siam. In the beginning of the war, the World Wide Opposition just unintentionally found themselves on the same side. They weren't a formal alliance like the Great Alliance. Now the former World Wide Opposition became a formal alliance too, with this chain of pacts: Japan-Soviet Union-United States-Mongolia. The Great Alliance remained as it was: England-Germany-Spain-Inca. One trigger could light it all up again.
Background Events - Rise of the Arabian League
At this stage, people around the world thought it is the peaceful era which arrived – but the following conflicts built a much threatening world in the early 1900s years.
A year and a half after the war has ended; the new quadrangle alliance which was formed by the powers of the World Wide Opposition had to prove itself for the first time. In October 1893, Ethiopia has agreed to become a vassal state of Arabia. It was a result of a larger revolution in Ethiopia, which was intended to improve its known position as weak country. Arabia's influence in the world became massive after the congress of Kuwait, and the Ethiopian rule thought that Arabia could help Ethiopia. To emphasize the revolution, they changed their name to Abyssinia, and under Arabia they were called the Sultanate of Abyssinia. It created a powerful Arabian coalition, including Arabia, Abyssinia, Aztecs and India, along with Arabia's friendly countries – Persia and the Ottoman Sultanate. As a result of this act, Arabia had to declare war on Mongolia, the enemy of Ethiopia. This was another reason why Abyssinia agreed to be a vassal state. They knew that Arabia had plenty of wars against Mongolia through its history. Arabia's two other vassals – India and the Aztecs had to join the war against Mongolia too. Mongolia had a defensive pact with America and Japan, which caused the two to declare war on Arabia and its three vassals. Mongolia has already been in a war against Persia and the Ottomans for many years. The Ottomans have also been in a war on paper against Japan, and their loathing was somehow very deep. So it became a war between the Greater Near East and the Quadrangle Powers, except for the Soviet Union which remained out of it, because they didn't have a direct pact with Mongolia. However, except for battles between Arabia and Mongolia, this massive war remained on paper in its first decade. The Quadrangle Powers have leaned from their mistakes. Right after the declaration Mongolia signed defensive pact with the Soviet Union, so that in the next conflict they will be involved surely. In April the same year, England has signed defensive pact with Mali, and joined Mali to the Great Alliance of Europe. In 1896 the United States invaded the Aztec Sultanate and captured the city of Teotihuacan with extreme ease. The American forces weren't yet organized at the south border, because their battles in the world war occurred in the North, but it still looked like they could easily bring down the Aztec Sultanate. In 1899 they have captured Tampico as well, and continued forward with three divisions into three cities: Coyuca, Mexica, and Tlatelolco.
Meanwhile in Mongolia, massive arms were approaching Chiayukuan. The city wasn't well protected at all, and only a miracle like in Bamian could save it from being captured. In this picture, the left division is the same great Mongol division which remained stationed in the Taklamakan desert from the world war. They were patrolling around that empty desert since the Soviet expansion in north east Persia blocked the Mongolian plans of invading Persia with a massive army.
In 1902 the United States have captured Coyuca, and were very close to capture Mexica as well. In 1903, the State of Quebec, which had already fully adopted the American culture, joined the United States of America.
A few months later, Japan has made peace with the Ottomans. In 1904 a shocking surprise hit central Asia. Siam had been in a war against Persia since the capitulation to Mongolia in 1837. They used their open borders with the Soviet Union, and invaded Persia from north. They had their army heading to Bamian. At the same year, the Daur people of south eastern Siberia had won their struggle of independence against the Mongol Empire.
In 1905, Persia has captured the Malinese city of Zaria. Mali had been in a war on paper against Persia since the world war. The Persians had a noticeable number of military troops left in Africa from the world war. Now they used them invade Mali from south east.
Later that year, Mongolia has finally captured the city of Chiayukuan. In 1906, America has finished their campaign in Mexica. It was a crushing American victory, and Aztec Sultanate was brought down.
Second World War
The collapse of the Aztecs and the capture of Chiayukuan were thought to mark the end of the political sensitivity in the world, but one last sensitive area could bring the harm again.
In January 1907, the leader of the French people in Germany and Spain declared on a change in their policy. He asked his people to intensively protest for independence. It soon became the most massive wave of rebellion in the previous hundred years. Germany and Spain had to collaborate to deal with it. When it became a violent rebellion, the two countries tried to seat the French leader to negotiations. The French leader made Germany and Spain agree to serious concessions. France was given more than a third of the land areas they held in Europe in the 1830s. Marseilles and the whole south and eastern areas of former France remained under German control. Germany and Spain wanted to prevent any chance of conflict around France, so they decided that France will become their vassals. Even though Spain lost more territories than Germany in those agreements, France had become a vassal state of Germany.
The vassalage agreement caused France to sign a symbolic peace agreement with the Great Alliance it now belonged to. Germany hadn't made a peace agreement with Mongolia since the world war, and the new Protectorate of France now needed to join this inactive war against Mongolia. Germany didn't think the declarations will cause any damage. An exhausting world war had just ended, and they were sure that no country wished to enter another similar conflict. They assumed that even if another wars are declared, no enemy would bother to go on and attack. The calmness of after the world war was well liked among leaders from all over the world. This declaration of war activated the large system of defensive pacts between the Quadrangle Powers. The United States of America, the Soviet Union and the Japanese Republic had to step next to Mongolia and declare war on France. A war against France actually meant that those three have declared war on France's masters – the Free Socialist Republic of Germany. Spain and England, the allies of Germany, responded immediately, and both of them declared war on the three new enemies of Germany. The three had defensive pacts with Mongolia, of course, and that made Mongolia declare war on England and Spain as well. This declaration made Mali and the Incas, which have a defensive pact with England and Spain, join the war against the Quadrangle Powers. The Quadrangle Powers faced the Great Alliance and the Arabian League at the same time. Together they were called The United Coalitions. The Great Alliance included the main three powers – England, Germany and Spain, along with another three members, each one added by a different power: Mali, France and the Inca. The German government assumed that the Quadrangle Powers will keep these wars inactive, because no country of the Quadrangle Powers had any interest in invading Europe at this stage. The United Coalitions
The Quadrangle Po
England Spain Mali Inca
Mongolia Japan America Soviets
Very few states remained neutral. Persia and the Ottomans had been in a war against Mongolia, and Persia had also been in a war against Mali.
The Ottoman Sultanate didn't formally belong to any side, but it has supported the side who served its interests – The United Coalitions. The Persians held their campaigns against Mali, and on the other hand they had always feared of another Mongol invasion. They were Double Fighters. They were torn between the Quadrangle Powers and the Coalitions, even though they had good relation with the Arabian League for centuries. However, their wars weren't very important, and they were semi neutral. They didn't have an interest in defeating a specific side. Siam had been in a war against Persia, and the Netherlands had been in a war against the Ottomans. But these wars had nothing to do with the combating sides, with the world war, or with its diplomacy. These wars didn't affect any of those.
The Opening Moves
A few months after the war started, the Great Alliance fastened its unity, when Spain signed defensive pact with England. Now the whole main three had defensive pacts with each other. The first main battles were held in the eastern Northern American coasts. Indian, English, and Spanish fleets arrived at the American coasts of Quebec. America had just started to rehabilitate its navy after the First World War, but most of the American navy was moved to the Central American Gulf during the war against the Aztecs. Therefore they weren't prepared to defend against the fleets. After a few weeks of battling, Spanish ships arrived at Central America as well. They were about to finish up the American navy with ease, and soon they did so. But those ships didn’t have any land soldiers on board, so they all stayed in the Central American coasts and bombarded American coastal cities. In 1909, Siam has finally managed to capture Bamian, after completely defeating the well organized defense of the city. A Great Clash between Germany and the Soviets At 1911, the first European clash had started. Massive battles were held along the border between Germany and the Soviet Union. The two armies of the two mightiest countries in the world faced each other with their greatest might, around Novgorod. Massive German army was stationed in Novgorod after the First World War. Along with the treaties in the end of the First World War, the German army in the Soviet lands had to return to its borders. Therefore, millions of German soldiers were ordered to return to Novgorod, which was the nearest German territory, and were stuck in there until the Second World War. A similar amount of Soviet soldiers have now reached the border in Novgorod. Experts said that the number of soldiers and troops from each side in that battle was enough to capture the whole land area of South America. The German army was more modern and advanced than the older Soviet army which included simple Riflemen units and Cannons from the early 19th century.
Meanwhile, the battles of Finland from the First World War have been renewed. Germany also sent division to the southern area, to breach the way to Kiev.
A few years into the war, the Incans have reach the conclusion that they have nothing to look for in this war, and that the chances they will take any militarily part in the war – either offensive or defensive, are minimal. They didn't see any good coming from keeping this war – they couldn't sail safely in the Pacific Ocean, and couldn't trade with Asian countries at all, nor didn't they have any target for the continuation of the war as well. Between 1911 and 1913, several Incan international organizations were founded, all with the same purpose – to set the terms for negotiations between the sides, and especially to get Spain, Mongolia and Japan out of the war. In 1913 the United States started to enforce their army in the Central American cities. It enhanced Incan worries even more. In February 1913, The Ottomans made the first warlike step. They have taken advantage of the mess around Bamian, and brought the massive army they already held in Persia into the city and captured it from Siam. Siam has been completely neutral, but Bamian was a Persian city in the full sense of the word. Therefore this move stressed the world out. Diplomatist claimed that it can be a sign for the first clash between Persia and the Ottomans. A clash between them was thought to be a really shocking event, if happened.
In 1915, the Battles of Finland have finally ended with a minuscule German victory. Meanwhile, the Soviet siege of Novgorod continued and cost a massive amount of casualties. By the beginning of 1916, the battles of Novgorod looked like they are heading for a German win. The Soviet siege was weakening. Two months later, Siam signs defensive pact with Arabia. They both were enemies of Mongolia as well. Arabia wished to add Siam to the Arabian League, and it was their first step.
Congress of Tucume
In March 1916 the Congress of Tucume was held.
The world at the eve of the Congress:
The important leaders of each side attended, but Japan was conspicuously absent. The Ottomans were invited as the only neutral vote. The participants were 5 of the United Coalitions, 3 of the Quadrangle Powers, and one semi neutral supporter of the United Coalitions. It was clear that the Incas wanted to end this congress with the United Coalitions on top. The Arabs demanded the city of Rabat, which was controlled by the Islamic Malinese Empire Arabia wished for an Atlantic coastal city for years, and it was the opportunity. However, it also signed that the Arabs don't really care about the interests of the Great Alliance. England and America voted no. England had good relations with Mali. The Americans used to have good relations with Mali in the First World War. They favored Mali over Arabia with no dubt. The Soviets voted yes, because they were the only members of the Quadrangle Powers to keep good relationship with the Arabian League. The Ottomans voted yes because of their friendship with Arabia. The Arabs voted yes as well, of course. The Incans voted yes, because they probably wanted the Arabs to be able to send ships across the Atlantics and stop the Americans, if needed. Spain and Germany abstained because they didn't want to split the United Coalitions, and Mongolia abstained because they hated both the Arabs and the Malinese. The demand was accepted.
The Americans didn't demand anything. All of their neighbors were neutral countries, and they didn't want to have new enemies. The Ottomans demanded the city of Naples, which was controlled by the Free Socialist Republic of Germany. It was the second time that the Ottomans demanded a German city, even though those two were peaceful towards each other. These demands made the Germans very suspicious towards the Ottoman Sultanate in their diplomacy. However, the reason for that demand was that the Ottomans feared the Soviet Union, and didn't want to ask for a Soviet city. They didn't want to break their friendship with Persia and Arabia as well, so their best choice was German coastal cities around the Mediterranean Sea. The Arabs and the Ottomans voted yes of course, along with America and the Soviets, which wanted to weaken the German Republic. The Incans voted yes as well, probably because they wanted to support the neutral countries. Germany and Span voted no, of course. Mongolia and England abstained. Mongolia didn't bother to choose between two of its worst enemies, and England, the ally of Germany, wanted to keep the Ottomans pleased with them, because of their vicinity in Africa. The demand was accepted. Mongolia demanded the city of Choibalsan, which was the capital city of the State of Dauria. The existence of a Daurian state within the Mongolian borders was very annoying for the Mongols, and they wished to get read of it. They knew that taking its capital will cause a complete collapse of Dauria. Arabia, England, and Germany voted yes. Dauria was completely neutral. Those three probably didn't have any goals in their war against Mongolia, and they wished to cool it down by supporting Mongolia, America, Mongolia, and the Soviets voted yes as well, of course. The Incans and the Ottomans voted no. The Ottomans were the worst enemies of Mongolia, and the Incans probably supported another neutral country. No one abstained. The demand was accepted. The Incans didn't demand anything. They wanted to end this war, and didn't need any unnecessary conflict with their neighbors. The Soviets demanded the city of Lulea, which was controlled by the Free Socialist Republic of Germany. They wished to open another front against Germany, in the north, where there was no massive German protection. Moreover, the Soviets wanted a Baltic coastal city since the First World War. Arabia voted yes in a surprising move. Again, it could be their fear of the Soviets declaring war on them, but it was also suspected to be a bribe. Along with Arabia; America, Mongolia, and the Soviets voted yes as well, in order to weaken Germany, of course. The whole Great Alliance voted no – England, Germany, Spain, and the Incans. The Incans also didn't want the Soviets to have any advantage over Germany, because they wanted Germany to beat them quickly and end the war. The Ottomans voted no as well. They have always tried to prevent a Soviet expansion, and unlike many of their Near Eastern neighbors, they weren't afraid of the Soviet Union. No one abstained. The demand wasn’t accepted.
Germany demanded the city of Sevastopol, which was controlled by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. It was Germany's chance to have a first advantage in the Balkans. The votes here were the exact opposite of the votes for the Soviet demand. The whole Great Alliance voted yes – England, Germany, Spain, and the Incans. The Incans wanted Germany to have an advantage over the Soviets, because they wanted Germany to beat them quickly and end the war. The Ottomans voted yes as well. Weakening the Russians is an old Ottoman motive. There weren't any war between the two. The Ottomans just felt a tension. This time Arabia voted for the Soviets as well, from the same reasons as before. Then it probably was their wish to get along with the Soviets. Along with Arabia; America, Mongolia, and the Soviets voted no as well, because they all wanted to weaken Germany, of course. No one abstained. The demand was accepted. England demanded the city of St. John's, which was controlled by the United States of America. It can be a basis from which they will be able to statrt their attacks on the Americans. The whole United Coalitions voted yes, along with the Ottomans. Mongolia, America, and the Soviets voted no, and no one abstained. The demand was accepted. Spain demanded the city of Ponta Delgada, which was the capital city of the Independent Region of the Azores. Spain, England, and Germany voted yes, of course. The Ottomans voted yes as well, because of their relatively good relations with Spain. Arabia objected. It was a surprise, and proved again that they don't care about their partner's interests. Along with Arabia, all of the Quadrangle Powers voted no as well. The demand wasn’t accepted. In conclusion: - Mali lost Rabat to the Arabs. - Germany lost Naples to the Ottomans. - Dauria lost Choibalsan to the Mongols, and was completely annexed by Mongolia. - The Soviets lost Sevastopol to the Germans. - America lost St. John's to the English.
In this congress, there had been a noticeable majority for the Coalitions, and the results proved it. It also clarified a few issues: - The United Coalitions isn't interested in beating Mongolia. All they want is to end their war against them as soon as possible and invest in other fronts. They even brought down a neutral independent state just to make a tribute to Mongolia. - The Arabs and the Ottomans are still concern of a war against the Soviet Union. Unlike the Ottomans, the Arabs are really worried of such a scenario. What they couldn't notice was that the Soviets were trying to cool their southern border too. - The Arabs don't really care about the needs of the Great Alliance or about their interests. They only use the Europeans for their needs as their partners in the world war.
It is clear that this congress has improved the position of the United Coalitions, and has given them a nice advantage.
Tucume Causes a Wave of Diplomatic Mess After the Germans got Sevastopol, they neglected their plans to reach Kiev, and their army was spread in disorder around the lands of Ukraine. A year after the Ottoman conquest of Bamian, the area was finally stabilized, after decades of disorder. The Ottoman territory in Persia expanded, and a very successful rule was held there. In April 1917, Mongolia canceled its defensive pact with the United States. Maybe they were worried that these pacts drag them into unnecessary wars. The congress of Tucume really proved that Mongolia has nothing to do in the war against the Great Alliance.
In September 1918, the Apostolic Palace in Rome arranged a voting in order to join the whole Catholic world to the war against Japan. Spain, France, Germany, England, Mali, and the Incans voted yes. The Netherlands abstained, of course. Persia and the Soviets voted no. It was the first time that Persia formally supported the Quadrangle Powers. The United States of America voted no as well, and defied the resolution. The supporters had 662 votes of the whole 1074. 665 votes needed to pass that kind of resolution, so it was failed by 3 votes. The votes weren't surprising. The Americans proved again how much they need Japan on their side. Two months after that, Persia has made peace with Mali, and became a Semi Neutral Supporter of the United Coalitions. In addition to their war against Mongolia, they still had been in a war against Siam. In May 1919, Persia has agreed to become a vassal state of the Ottoman Sultanate. The Ottomans gave Persia the new less honoured name Eyalet of Sharazor. A month later, India has broken free from Arabia. In August 1920, Germany and France have finally made peace with Mongolia. It was another step for Mongolia in order to quit the unnecessary wars. War is Back on Track within the Soviet Borders Maybe it did make the Germans more focused - in April 1921 Germany has captured the city of Onega. After winning the Battles of Finland, they could attack Onega from various directions. Two weeks later, the Soviet Union cancelled its defensive pact with the United States of America. Maybe they didn't want to be somehow forced into wars against the Arabian League as well. America lost two defensive pacts in 4 years, and it might be a crack in the Quadrangle Powers. In July 1921, after years of silent depression, the Ghanaian people of south eastern Mali started massive demonstrations in the city of Accra. The reason was probably the strengthening of the Sharazorian rule in the eastern parts of the empire. In September that year, the Republican State of Ghana was founded.
In March 1922, the Soviets have recaptured the city of Onega.
There had been a real disorder of armies around Onega during that one year German rule in the city, and the Soviets took advantage of it. They tried to stabilize their army around there, in order to prevent another capture. But they didn’t have enough army to hold strong defence in the city. A year later, the Siege of Novgorod ended in a crushing German victory. German soldiers have taken over the whole surrounding areas.
In October 1923, the Soviet Union has made peace with the Incans. There wasn't any military conflict between them, but this peace was still a courageous diplomatic move. War is fought both in Eastern Europe and in North America By 1925, the Spanish naval attack on the American coasts became a national catastrophe in the United States. The American navy was completely wiped. Not even a single ship remained. And every time new ships were built, Spanish Frigates destroyed them the moment they start to sail. The Spanish Ships on the Line were bombarding the American coastal cities nonstop. Luckily for the Americans, those ships didn't transport Infantries. In 1926, the Americans introduced a new naval technology, which was expected to bring horror to the Spanish navy – the Ironclad. Those ships were extremely powerful and heavy. They are the best for clearing up ships of the shores. Since 1926, the Americans hurried and tried to build as many Ironclads as possible. In August 1926, Japan has made peace with Spain. This agreement stressed the Americans. In January 1927, Germany captures the city of Onega again.
And just like before – it was a result of the military mess around the city.
Two months later, Mali singed defensive pact with Germany, and stabilized itself more as a member of the Great Alliance. While most of the Spanish ships sailed southwards to Central America, a new threat appeared on the horizon of Washington. It was a new kind of ships which the Americans have never thought about. The German Destroyers were making their way to the coasts of Washington. In 1928, the Americans started to attack the city of St. John's. But they didn't have enough army in there, so they soon neglected the attack. They had to focus on the sea battles against Spain and Germany. In 1929, the Germans have completely taken over Finland and the areas around Onega. It ended the mess around the area, and it looked like a Soviet counterattack is not possible. However southwards from Finland, a big Soviet army was heading to Novgorod. But it was really not advanced, compared to the modern German Infantries. That Soviet army was so undeveloped that it included Grenadiers like those who were in use in America in the Grenades War.
In September 1930, the Americans have finally completed the Ironclad projects and started to attack the Spanish ships with ease. However, the German Destroyers ruined the American plans, and destroyed the first Ironclads. The American admirals didn't know what to do, because the Destroyers anchored in the Harbour of Washington and were ready to attack every new Ironclad sent out to the sea. In April 1932, Germany revived the plans of capturing Kiev, and a massive army got on the way. After the battles in Onega, the protection of Kiev was totally neglected, and the Germans had an almost open path to Kiev. In January 1936, Spain sent Destroyers to North America too. The number of the Spanish Destroyers was twice as the German. The Americans have also started to build their own Destroyers, and wished that it will help them deal with the catastrophe in the coasts. A Short Pause in the War following a Portuguese Revival
In August 1936, the people of Lisbon started to demonstrate against the Spanish socialist rule. The Portuguese national movements took advantage of this situation and inflamed the population against the Spanish, with no connection to Socialism. Soon it became a national revolt. In December 1936, the Kingdom of Portugal was revived, and re-established in Lisbon. In the following year, negotiations were held between Portugal and the independent Portuguese colonies in order to join them to the kingdom. By August 1937, they joined the Kingdom of Portugal and became an integral part of it. Now there were no more independent colonial states in South America, and the Second Colonial Era of South America has begun.
The establishment of Portugal and France on account of former Spanish territories marked Spain as the weaker power of the Great Alliance. In October 1937, Mali has made peace with Japan. That war was really on paper, and ending it did change anything. Two months later, American Airships started to bomb the Spanish Destroyers from the air. In January 1938, Germany started to return land units from the Soviet front, and the threat on Kiev was passed. From that moment, the war between Germany and the Soviet Union froze, even though a massive amount of German soldier remained stationed deep inside the Soviet border. During the previous decade many German people immigrated to the Netherlands, because of the German Socialism. After the independence of France, the Netherlands finally bordered a not socialist country from the west, and that has given them a sense of security. The immigration became wider and included not only anti-socialist people, but many people who wanted to live far away from the Soviet front. By the late 1930s, the majority of the Netherlands population was German. It caused many violent events and confrontations between Dutch and Germans.
In April 1938, India has agreed to become a vassal state of Spain, and was renamed the Viceroyalty of India. It weakened the power of the Arabian League among the United Coalitions. India turned to be under the mastery of the Great European Alliance. In August 1940, America has made peace with Arabia, and with their vassals – Abyssinia. In January 1941, the Ottoman sultan has finally given up his throne after years of intellectual and secular revolutionary actions. They adopted a Parliament government, but the Autocracy and the Socialist economy remained as they were. They were now called National Democratic Popular Turkey. Last Turning Points and Practical End of the War In July 1942 a huge surprise hit Europe. While many German divisions were on their way out the Soviet borders, a big Soviet division has sneaked from an unknown basis and has taken Onega. It was a big hit for Germany, which thought that this war has practically ended with their victory. As a result of this conquest, some territories in Finland returned to Soviet control, and Germany lost many of its achievements in this war. Just like the First World War – Germany has already held Finland, but couldn't hold it well and end the war with Onega in German hands. The General Secretary of the Union emphasized that Onega will never fall again. In August 1942 the Incas have made peace with Japan. Now they could sail safely in the Pacific Ocean. A week later, Mongolia has made peace with Spain, and with their vassals – India. India saw this as an opportunity to achieve serenity in their north eastern border. Now that they have managed to have a master which isn't Arabia, it was their time to make peace with Mongolia. They probably convinced the Spanish to make peace with Mongolia. 1942 can be considered the practical end of the world war. They only theatre which remained active was the attrition sea battles along the North American coast. The American airships attacks on the European navies were heavy and caused a lot of damage. American destroyers shown upon the coast once in a while, but were destroyed by Spanish or German ships before they could make a noticeable damage. The American coast cities were bombarded heavily as well, and it was a war of attrition. The United States declared that they won't end the war until they take back city of St. John's. However, they did try to negotiate with Spain for peace. The negotiations failed. In April 1943 America has managed to clear the Spanish navies of Hudson Bay. It allowed them to move their airships to the east at plan an attack of St. John's. But Spanish Destroyers appeared in the horizon near the Hudson Strait and they headed to the bay. Final Agreements and Formal End of the War In December 1943, Germany has made peace with the Soviet Union. The treaty included France, of course.
In February 1944, the Spanish ships from the Hudson Strait surprisingly attacked American ships around St. John's. The bigger surprise came later, when the Americans have managed to win a crushing victory in that battle, even though the Spanish ships were twice as many as the American ships. After that, another American attempt for negotiations failed. In March 1945, the Americans have made peace with Germany and France. The Americans started to build their siege on St. John's. In January 1946, America signs defensive pact with the Soviet Union. They were worried about what happened if Germany returns to the war. They needed the Soviets on their side in such a scenario. The Soviets needed the Americans on their side if Germany attacked. Two months later, America has made peace with Mali. In October 1947, Japan has made peace with Germany and France. The Japanese wished to end this war, and didn't want their allies to drive them into wars against the United Coalitions. In the following years they tried to negotiate in order to end the remaining wars of the Quadrangle Powers. Two weeks later, England has made peace with Mongolia. A week after that, the Incans have made peace with Mongolia too. At this stage, the remaining wars weren't referred as part of the world war, but as its leftovers. The world war was considered over. It was believed that these wars will continue a few years after the world war, and will fade away someday. However, others believed that the world war can not be ended that with no formal agreements. They claimed that these wars needed to be ended, and especially the war between America and England, which was the only one to be really active in those years. In February 1948, Portugal has agreed to become a vassal state of Germany. Their fear of Spain made them look for a master. Now if Spain invades Portugal they'll start a war from 3 directions: Portugal, Germany, and France. In other words – Portugal is secured. And more important, Portugal joined the Great Alliance. In June 1948, America signs defensive pact with Turkey. The secularization of Turkey and the Parliamentary government might have brought them closer to America. The United States wanted to add Turkey to the Quadrangle Powers. They knew that if another war is started, that's their only way to beat the Arabian League, especially when Sharazor is a vassal state of Turkey. It also spotted a tearing between Turkey and the rest of the Islamic world. Mongolia viewed this agreement from an interesting point of view. The defensive pact between America and Mongolia was already cancelled, and now it looked like the Americans "betray" Mongolia by getting closer to Mongolia's worst enemy. However, the relations between Turkey and America were still terrible. In March 1949, the Japanese social activism in Mongolia achieved its target, and Mongolia had been through a social revolution. They were renamed People's Republic of Mongolia.
Now America remained the only not socialist power among the Quadrangle Powers.
Congress of Botankou
In November 1949, the congress of Botankou was held.
The world at the eve of the congress:
Japan wished to end the conflict between the Quadrangle Powers and the Great European Alliance. The Arabian League was really out of the world war at this stage, and only Abyssinia represented them in the congress. The important leaders of the other two groups attended. The 4 leaders of the Quadrangle Alliance were invited. From the United Coalitions, the big three of the Great Alliance attended, and Abyssinia represented the Arabian League. All in all 4 of each side participated in the congress. Siam was invited as a neutral country. The fact that Arabia didn't participate, made Siam, which has a defensive pact with Arabia, a completely neutral country in this congress. Mongolia demanded the city of Bamian, which was controlled by National Democratic Popular Turkey. The historical value of this city is clear. Japan and Mongolia voted yes, of course. Siam voted yes as well, maybe because the Ottomans have taken Bamian from them. But America abstained, because they didn't want to loose their pact with Turkey, and on the other hand they wished to resign the pact with Mongolia. The United Coalitions countries voted no. They knew that both Mongolia and the Soviets are troubled by the Turkish rule in Bamian, and they wished to retain it.
The demand wasn't accepted. The Soviets demanded the city of Lulea, which was controlled by the Free Socialist Republic of Germany. They wished to seal the war against Germany with an advantage. Moreover, the Soviets wanted a Baltic coastal city since the First World War. The whole Quadrangle voted yes, of course. The Great Alliance voted no, of course. Siam voted no as well. They had no clear reason for it. It was suspected to be a bribe, but another possibility is that there was a tension between Siam and the Soviet Union during their rule in Bamian. Abyssinia abstained, probably because the Arabian League hadn't been in a war against the Soviet Union during the world war. The demand wasn’t accepted. Germany demanded the city of Onega, which was controlled by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. The same story as in the Soviets demand – they wanted to end this war with an advantage. The votes here were the exact opposite of the Soviet demand. The whole Quadrangle voted no, of course. The Great Alliance voted yes, of course. Siam supported them this time as well, probably from the same reasons as before Abyssinia abstained, from the same reasons as before. The demand wasn't accepted England demanded the city of Port-Royal, which was controlled by the United States of America. The English believed that if the Americans loose another city, they will understand that they can't wipe the English out of North America, and will end the battles. The Quadrangle Powers voted no. The rest supported the demand, along with Abyssinia and Siam. America had fair relations with Siam. They probably were bribed this time as well, but maybe Siam did wish to get closer to the United Coalitions in this congress. Maybe they wanted to beat Mongolia in the next conflict. The demand was accepted, but the Americans refused to pass the city to England. In Tucume, America lost St. John's and it made them stay in a war against England much longer after the practical end of the world war. They didn't want to make that mistake again. They also remember that when they refused to follow the demand in the congress of Kuwait, they haven't suffered from any diplomatic crisis. This time they need to keep their peace with Germany, but they knew that their defensive pact with the Soviet Union will prevent a German attack on the American shores. Spain demanded the city of Mexica, which was controlled by the United States of America. They wished to expand their colonies that way. They also assumed that a city in Central America will help them in their wars against the United States. The votes this time were exactly the same as in the English demand, with the same motives of voting for every country. The demand was accepted. America refused again, from the same reasons, and angered the members of the United Coalitions. The United States of America learned that they can disregard the decisions of international congresses. No one attacked them or declared a war on them as a result. Not even an embargo. The Americans knew that no one will attack them from two reasons: 1. Everyone saw how exhausted and purposeless was the Spanish navy as a result of the war of attrition, and no one wanted to get into a war of that kind against America.
2. The defensive pact with the Soviet Union intimidated every country, especially Germany, which was still shocked by the quick loss of Onega and Finland, right at the end of the world war. Siam demanded the city of Visakhapatnam, which was controlled by the Viceroyalty of India. The historical conflict of Pagan probably affected the demand. However, it was their best choice as neutrals. India bordered them, and demanding a Mongolian city was too radical for them. Siam, Mongolia and America voted yes. Mongolia wanted to weaken India, and America wished to weaken Spain by harming their vassals, or just to weaken the United Coalitions. The Soviet Union and Japan abstained, because they didn't want any tension in East Asia. The United Coalitions voted no. The Europeans wanted to be on Spain's side, and Abyssinia had good relations with India since the period when they both were the vassals of Arabia. Abyssinia didn't demand anything. The Arabian League was really out of those wars, and Abyssinia's job was just to be the symbolic representations of the Arabian League. Abyssinia only bordered Turkey, England, and Arabia. The Arabian League didn't want to have any unneeded diplomatic crisis with Turkey or England. Japan didn't demand anything too. They could have asked for a Germany or an English city in Australia or in Indonesia, but they wished to end the remaining wars, and weren't interested in triggering another conflict. America demanded the city of St. John's, which was controlled by the Commonwealth of England. America declared several times that this is the only important demand in the congress, because it is the only one which could simply bring a formal end to the Second World War. If America takes St. John's, they'll try to negotiate with England. If they succeed, they will make peace between England and the Soviets as well. Then Spain will be the only one in a war against the Quadrangle Powers, and will agree for a peace with no request. The Quadrangle Powers voted yes. The rest voted no. Abyssinia was a true enemy of America, and Siam, again, proved its wishes to get closer to the United Coalitions. The demand wasn't accepted. No decisions were carried out in this congress. The Congress emphasized a few issues: - The American new relations with Turkey can harm their immediate support for Mongolia. - The tension around Bamian is still alive. - The Arabian League still doesn't have anything against the Soviet Union. But Abyssinia, unlike the Arabs, doesn't seek for Soviet support. They abstained in the demands of Germany and the Soviet Union, whereas Arabia voted for the Soviets in Tucume. - Siam is trying to get closer to the United Coalitions. Maybe they wish to beat Mongolia once and for all. Mongolia and Siam are not enemies, but there is a historical contest between them. - The United States are the most hated country of the Quadrangle Powers. The congress applied two demands for American cities. - The United States don't care about these international decisions, and they have ignored them three times already.
Now it seemed like the congress didn't change anything, but it did proved that the war is over, or at least should be. However, the sides proved to be very firm and united. The remaining wars calmed down after the congress, and no battles occurred. In December 1950, the United Nations has been founded in Hamburg. Its goal was to make sure that the world war is ending, and to end the remaining wars. In May 1951, America has made peace with the Inca.
Third World War
No one could have guessed that this is where the next world war will come from.
In November 1952, the Netherlands has agreed to become a vassal state of the United States of America. The Netherlands were worried of a German annexation, because of the demographic problems. They wished to prevent it by joining the enemies of Germany. They assumed that if Germany will have to deal with the Soviets (the allies of America), they are safe. They didn't worry about a French attack at all. The United States always wished for a way to affect the European battlefield, and that's the way. Now they could affect the result of every great European conflict. The decision was very hasty, and not well considered. Right after the agreement was signed, the Netherlands had to declare war on America's enemies: England, Spain and India. The defensive pacts caused Germany, Mali, and the Inca to step next to Spain and England, and declare war on the Netherlands. France and Portugal, the vassals of Germany, did so too, of course. A declaration of war over the Netherlands meant a war with America. By declaring war on America; Japan, Turkey, Sharazor, and the Soviet Union had to declare war on the Inca, Mali, Germany, France and Portugal as well. The European Pact caused Spain, India, and England to declare war on those countries in return. Declaring war on Japan and the Soviet Union joined their ally, Mongolia, to the war against the Great Alliance. Even though the United States hadn't fully considered the consequences of the agreement, they didn't view them as terrible. After the congress of Botankou, they felt that ending the war with a victory over England and Spain will take very long. They knew that intensive European battles will limit the Spanish attacks, and might cause England to return some of their infantries from St. John's to Europe. So the Americans didn't fear of a possible war. They actually liked the idea. Having a vassal state was their only way to drag everyone into a war again. The United States also thought that it could be the chance to add three more countries to the Quadrangle Powers – The Netherlands, Turkey, and Sharazor. So, the Japanese worries, which had been the reasons why they organized the congress of Botankou, were right. The war of Attrition developed into another world war. The new America Coalition included America, Netherlands, Japan, Soviet Union, Turkey, Sharazor, and Mongolia. The Great Alliance remained the same, with an addition of Portugal. The American Coalition
The Great Allian
Japan Soviets Turkey
Siam, Arabia, and Abyssinia didn’t belong to any side, but they were semi neutral supporters of the Great Alliance, because of their war against Mongolia. The Arabian League was really torn off in the late years of the Second World War.
The Arabs have lost their pact with Persia, and now they can't have the Ottoman support they had before. India is no longer their vassals, and now their only partners are Abyssinia and Siam. The Arabian League doesn't is not a continuous territorial bloc as they were in the Second World War.
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