P. 1
New Interpretations on Indus Valley Civilization

New Interpretations on Indus Valley Civilization

|Views: 293|Likes:
Published by Jeyakumar Ramasami
There are five main points in this book, they are as following:

1.This book supports the view that IVC people were from Middle -East (Iraq and Anatolia) and not of local origin.(Megalithic Farmers)

2.The Indus -sites are necropolises (burial grounds) and not megapolises as popularly imagined so far.

3.Corroborative evidences for Indus symbols are found in Jyotisha Vedanga.

4.The inscriptions on seals refer to month and date of annual death ceremony (Thithi) --it is a logo-gram. (symbols indicating "Mee"--"Vu" sound)

5.The Indus seals are deciphered.
There are five main points in this book, they are as following:

1.This book supports the view that IVC people were from Middle -East (Iraq and Anatolia) and not of local origin.(Megalithic Farmers)

2.The Indus -sites are necropolises (burial grounds) and not megapolises as popularly imagined so far.

3.Corroborative evidences for Indus symbols are found in Jyotisha Vedanga.

4.The inscriptions on seals refer to month and date of annual death ceremony (Thithi) --it is a logo-gram. (symbols indicating "Mee"--"Vu" sound)

5.The Indus seals are deciphered.

More info:

Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Jeyakumar Ramasami on Nov 21, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

10/23/2013

pdf

text

original

Kalan plays an important role in this book; he is concluded as the time
keeper and calendar maker of Indus people. Further details are under the heading
jyotish wheel.

38

Figure 3: Depiction of Kalan.

This illustration is from a fragment of seal found in Harappa. Note that the
right hand of Kalan itself is forked (Like a Trishul) and is having a double bun hair
style. (Kenoyer J. M., The latest discoveries.)

Rudra- Shiva

Asko Parpola‘s description of Rudra is in detail and very
thoughtfully analysed and narrated. It gives the full picture of the pre-Indo-
European god. It is generally agreed that Rudra is pre-Vedic god and most
probably prime god of the Indus people. The pictorial depiction of Rudra could be
seen in the copper tablets of Mohenjo Daro. (Parpola, 2000, p. 234) Further it is
generally agreed that proto Shiva depicted in the yogi seal is the next god evolved

39

from Rudra, and fully manifested Shiva appears in the later day Hinduism. Hence
it is important to fully understand the characteristics of Rudra to appreciate the
religious belief of Indus people.

The male figure shown in the copper tablet is armed with bow and

arrow, anthropomorphicc

apart from having a bull‘s horn, tail and long eyes. A
male deity having similar long eyes and bull‘s horn, but with a goat‘s beard is
known from several terracotta masks and terracotta statuettes. The Harappan art
also depicts the Markhor goat (wild mountain goat) with a human face, which has
similar long eyes and goat‘s beard. (Parpola, 2000, pp. 233, 234). Rudra holds two weapons,
club in one hand and bow in other hand. It is likely that all symbols depicting club
and bow may be indicating Rudra. In modern day these symbols are indicating
Mars (planet) and Aries (constellation), which are the outcome of evolutionary
process on Rudra. In this evolutionary process Rudra was in the beginning stage,
Mars and Aries are in the middle stage and Shiva and Kartikeya are in the final
stage.

In Rig-Vedic hymns, the god Rudra is described as a cruel hunter and
raider. With his characteristic weapon the bow, he shoots arrows at cattle and
people resulting in fever, disease and death. This role of Rudra is taken over by
Shiva in Vedic period and his youthful son Skanda (Kartikeya/ Murugan) (Hindu –
war-god). Rudra is born out of the incestuous relationship of his father Prajapathi
with his daughter Rohini. Rudra punishes his own father for this incestuous
relationship. This crude story should not be taken literally and confused with moral
values of ancient people. This story is an allegorical expression describing the loss
of importance of bull constellation. It looks like that the beginning of the year in
ancient times coincided with the heliacal rising of the constellation Auriga (the bull
constellation). Later it was replaced with Dog Star (Canis Major) sometime in the
ancient past. This change was very important and was recorded in story form with
an attractive story. Note that the same story of queen having relationship with bull
and delivering a Minotaur son appears in Greek culture, which is parallel to the
story of Prajapathi‘s relationship with Rohini. The similarity between these two
myths suggest that the story originated somewhere in Middle-east (Sumeria) and
has spread on two directions, one stream towards Greece and other stream towards
India.

c

Anthropomorphic form means that of giving the attribution of a human form to a god or an animal. (A
kind of mixed figure of animal, god and human being)

40

Myths

Myths are a separate line of thinking which are exhaustive and inconclusive.
It is a separate topic which has to be dealt with exclusively. The present topic
Indus civilisation and Vedic culture are so much inter twined with myth that it is
very difficult to ignore the study of myths. I would like to present and explain
some of the important myths which are relevant in our context. I was very much
intrigued by the story of Dhuruvan for long time from my child hood onwards. I
was of the opinion that it was some kind of historical event which had been
forgotten, which could be correlated with some historical event on the availability
of some evidence. The theme of the story was so emotional that it made a deep scar
in my mind and always remained in my mind.
The final breakthrough came to me a few years back, while I was reading
Bhagavatha Purana. The story comes in chapter-4, where the history of Dhuruvan
is narrated and it is clearly mentioned that the Dhuruvan will be reigning as pole
star for a period of 26,000 years, after that he will be replaced by some other
person. The editor of the book ―Shrimath Bhagavatha Saram‖, Shri Anna had
given the page note on the scientific truth behind this story and the concept of
precession. (Anna, 2003) It is truly amazing to know that our ancestors have
understood the phenomenon of precession and have codified that principle in a
remarkable story, so that the coming generations will remember it and will benefit
from that story.

Precession is the concept that the earth revolves around sun at the same time
spins around itself like a top. During such spin like a top, it does the same thing
like a top, it ―wobbles‖. When the top wobbles, it makes a small circle on the head
side. Earth also wobbles and makes a similar circular movement on the North Pole
side. This results in a phenomenon that the pole star gets replaced every 26,000
years. The moral of the story is that you should not look for historical event, in
every myth. The reason for developing a myth is generally an astronomical event.
I fell into the trap of myth, with the hope that it will contain some kind of
evidence which will explain the controversial topic of arising of earliest civilized
society. In mythological stories, I followed up the story of Perseus and tried to fix
him in some historical perspective for long time. Recently, I was pursuing the
astronomy subject trying to figure out the names and locations of various
constellations, during this process of identification of constellations, I realised that
Andromeda, the Queen‘s throne and Hero (Perseus) are names of constellations
and not historical figures. Using the subject of mythology with a hope to trace out
some historical event may lead to a pit fall, leading to wrong conclusions.

41

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->