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SOCIO-ECONOMIC AND PHYSICAL PROFILE (SEPP)


MUNICIPALITY OF KAWIT, CAVITE

2011

Prepared By Office of the Municipal Planning and Development Coordinator


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SOCIO-ECONOMIC PHYSICAL PROFILE

1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND Long before the coming of the Spaniards, Kawit was already a thriving settlement, and when the colonizers came, they called the settlement CAVITE EL VIEJO. It is the oldest of the three parishes established during the administration of Manila Archbishop Garcia Serrano (1618-1629). How the town got its name maybe based on the hook-shaped shoreline from Manila to Sangley Point, Cavite City. The Pilipino term for the word Hook is Kawit. The town was the first anchorage established by the Spaniards in Cavite province. It was where the Jesuits built a parish church in honor of Saint Mary Magdalene. The colonizers soon found a better place, also a part of Kawit, and developed it as site of its navy yard. This former town of Kawit is now known as Cavite City. A short distance from Cavite navy yard was a placed called TIERRA ALTA, which, because of its higher elevation, fine stream, cool climate, and rich vegetation, became a favorite vacation resort and hunting ground for Spanish conquistadores. This territory referred to by the Spaniards is now the Municipality of Noveleta, which seceded from Kawit in 1908. Beside Cavite City and Noveleta, the Municipality of Imus was also in the early days of the Spanish rule, a part of Kawit. As far back as October 1795, the people of Imus, through a Recollect Father, petitioned the Spanish government that they be permitted to secede from Kawit and to establish a separate parish. Thus, from the old settlement of Cavite el Viejo sprang Cavite City and the Municipalities of Noveleta and Imus. Kawit played a major role in the Philippine Revolution of 1896 and in the Filipino-American War. It was in this town where the Spaniards met their first major setback when Filipino insurgents, led by the towns Capitan Municipal by the name of EMILIO AGUINALDO Y FAMY, captured a contingent of

Spanish soldiers from Dalahican headquarters who where about to arrest Aguinaldo and other municipal officials suspected of being Katipuneros. The initial victory of the Katipuneros under the leadership of Aguinaldo was followed by a string of other successful battles against the Spaniards, bringing fame and glory to their young leader and laid foundation to his becoming the President of the First Philippine Republic. It was on June 12, 1898 when General Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the Philippine Independence on the balcony of his Mansion (The Aguinaldo Shrine). Beside Gen. Aguinaldo, this small town gave the country five other generals of the revolution, namely: Candido Tria Tirona, Crispulo Aguinaldo, Daniel Tria Tirona, Baldomero Aguinaldo and Tomas Mascardo. The history of Philippine struggle for freedom will not be complete without mentioning the prominent figures who contributed immensely to the establishment of the First Nationalist Democratic Republic in Asia. POLITICAL HISTORY

The New Municipal Hall of Kawit located at Brgy. Batong Dalig boasts of being the symbol of a resurgent community, at par with its neighbors and continually striving to be a globally competitive municipality. The well defined structural design and architectural lines characterize todays Kawit, strong in its conviction, geared up for the challenges ahead, and always ready to respond to calls for modernism. It is also a concrete
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demonstration of Kawits rise from a struggling town to one in the forefront of innovation and progress. The old Municipal Hall will however be preserved as a testimony to the Kawiteos struggles and victories in the past. It was where the great Gen. Emilio F. Aguinaldo held office in his younger political days, aside from playing hosts to a number of notable historical episodes including the Agaw Armas, one of the first acts of heroism and courage of our forefathers. The ground floor of this old Municipal Hall is still being used as Kawit Post Office and PNP Headquarter and the Barangy Hall of Poblacion.

LIST OF MUNICIPAL MAYORS 1. Hon. Leon Sta. Rita 2. Hon. Leoncio Mata 3. Hon. Ladislao Lucero de Manila 4. Hon. Leon Mateo 5. Hon. Ronquillo 6. Hon. Juan Capistrano 7. Hon. Anacleto dela Cruz 8. Hon. Jose Lopez Lumibao 9. Hon. Valeriano celestial 10.Hon. Ignacio Samaniego 11.Hon. Estanislao Tirona 12.Hon. Carlos Aguinaldo 13.Hon. Agripino Rieta 14.Hon. Mariano Ayson 15.Hon. Licerio Lagda 16.Hon. Justo Dao 17.Hon. Santos Torres 18.Hon. Eusebio de Castro 19.Hon. Crispulo Aguinaldo 20.Hon. Emilio Aguinaldo 21.Hon. Candido Tirona 22.Hon. Angel Janijorge 23.Hon. Julian Legaspi 24.Hon. Benigno Santi 25.Hon. Andres Ner 26.Hon. Tomas Mascardo 4

Poblacion Tabon Tabon Poblacion Poblacion Binakayan Wakas

Binakayan Wakas Binakayan Kaingen Poblacion Binakayan Kaingen Wakas Binakayan Poblacion

1900 1902 1902 1904 1904 1905 1905 1905 1906

27.Hon. Justo Kalagayan 28.Hon. Manuel Victa 29.Hon. Canuto Encarnacion 30.Hon. Aurelio Santonil 31.Hon. Ciriaco Ronquillo 32.Hon. Gavino Toledo 33.Hon. Francisco Ramos 34.Hon. Mateo Red 35.Hon. Potenciano Resurreccion36.Hon. Ricardo Santy 37.Hon. Marcelino Vales 38.Hon. Segundo Caimol 39.Hon. Agapito Quiamzon 40.Hon. German Bay 41.Hon. Epifanio Victa 42.Hon. German Bay 43.Hon. Florentino Bautista Jr 44.Hon. Ramon Resurreccion 45.Hon. Felicismo Bautista 46.Hon. Benjamin Legaspi 47.Hon. Federico Poblete 48.Hon. Bienvenido Pobre 49.Hon. Federico A. Poblete 50.Hon. Reynaldo B. Aguinaldo-

Binakayan Tabon Sta. Isabel Sta. Isabel Tabon Wakas Kaingen Tabon Binakayan Poblacion Sta. Isabel Binakayan Poblacion Kaingen Marulas Kaingen Binakayan Binakayan Binakayan Kaingen Marulas Kaingen Marulas Binakayan

1906 1910 1910 1914 1914 - 1918 1918 - 1920 1920 - 1924 1924 1926 1926 1928 1928 1930 1930 1937 1937 1938 1938 1940 1940 1942 1942 1945 1948 1956 1956 1959 1959 1968 1968 1979 1979 1986 1986 1987 1987 1988 1988 1998 1998 2001 2001 2007 2007 to Present

2. PHYSICAL AND NATURAL CHARACTERISTICS A. Location, land area and political subdivision The Municipality of Kawit is located within the Province of Cavite, Region IV-A (CALABARZON), west of the island of Luzon. It is particularly situated in the northern part of the province and is bounded by Cavite City and Bacoor Bay in the north, Municipality of Bacoor in the east, Municipality of Imus in the southeast, Municipality of Gen. Trias in the south and Municipality of Noveleta in the west. It has a distinctive hookshaped coastline and famous for its Aguinaldo Shrine.

The location of the Municipality of Kawit in the Province of Cavite It is about 25 kilometers away southwest of Manila by land and about four (4) kilometers south of Cavite City across Bacoor Bay. With The opening of the new road named Cavite Expressway or CAVITEX, travel time from Manila to Kawit will now only be 20 minutes instead of an hour and a half and will decongest Aguinaldo and Tirona Highway.

B. Topography and Slope The topography and slope of Kawit is generally flat. The nature of the topography is due to the fact that Kawit is a coastal municipality where the average land elevation is just over a meter above sea level.

C. Soil Characterization/Composition HYDROSOIL This type of soil is found in the particular portion of Binakayan near the coast and in the southern portion of Marulas. This type of soil is described as sandy in texture with small amount of clay and organic matter. The soil generally consists of submerged elements of the swamps, marine ponds, salt beds of the Bacoor Bay and vicinity. The texture of the sub-aqueous horizons ranges from sand to sandy clay. QUINGUA FINE SANDY LOAM This type of soil is found on the northwest portion of Kawit particularly in the Barangays of Sta. Isabel, Wakas II and Magdalo. The soil is typically a river deposit of sandy material. The depth of the surface soil varies according to the level of the river flood terrace. Usually it ranges from light brown to pale brown. This type of soil is most suitable for vegetable growing, particularly tomatoes, beans, cowpeas, and mangoes. GUADALUPE SOIL This type of soil is found in the majority of the Municipality such as San Sebastian, Batong Dalig, Tabon I, II, and III, Panamitan, Gahak, Wakas I, Poblacion , Kaingen and part of Binakayan. The Guadalupe clay is part of Guadalupe series, which is the continuation of the series established in Rizal province. The Guadalupe soil is underlain by volcanic materials of various degrees of disintegration and weathering. The depth of the surface soil ranges from 20 to 30 centimeters. It is very dark brown to nearly black coarse granular when dry. For this type of soil, the undisturbed soil is hard and compact, and breaks and cracks easily, rendering cultivation quite difficult. However, this soil gives minimum yield of lowland rice due to lack of moisture in the substratum. Rice plants can suffer badly during drought condition. OBANDO SAND This type of soil is found in the northeastern portion of Binakayan. The soil is sandy loam in nature and is suitable for vegetable growing.

As for the geologic characteristics, the entire Municipality is alluvium in nature. Fluviatile alluvium is made up of transported rock
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weathering products and unconsolidated volcanic detritus. It occurs as old and new beach sands and silt deposits which normally contains clay and gravely tenses. The formational geologic boundary covers the outskirt of Kawit. There are no existing major faults in the province. D. Geo-hazard Flooding Notable observations in the years 1990-2000s were the increase frequency of occurrence of above average high tide in the coastline barangay. From the normal level of three (3) up to four (4) feet tidal level, an almost two (2) feet increase were noted in the municipality. It was also during the middle of the decade that saltwater intrusion has been observed. Water from artesian wells was no longer potable due to the increasing level of salinity and unpalatable taste. In the years 2000 up to present, there exists an abnormal climatic behavior in the municipality. Early onset of rainy season and decreased number of rainy days were likewise noted. Rainy season commenced a month earlier than usual starting on the month of May. Rainfall behavior has been observed to be intense but of short duration. More frequent surface runoff flooding and flooding aggravated by sea-level rise were also noted in the municipality. It was also during this period that strong typhoons hit the locality. Cited were typhoons Milenyo (2006) and Frank (2008) which caused significant damages to life and property. The identified major climate-change related and extreme events that occurred in the Municipality of Kawit, Cavite are discussed in details as follows: High Tide / Sea-Level Rise. Above normal sea level rise especially during the occurrence of high tide were observed along barangays close to the coastline of the Municipality of Kawit. There are four (4) barangays namely Poblacion, Kaingen, Wakas I and II that are directly affected by the rise. Some barangays on the outskirt that
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are near the rivers experienced occasional rise during high tide. Tidal rise level during lunar cycle has increased through the years and some barangays experience the water rising from the waterways, when years before, the same levels of high tide were unnoticeable. There are about six (6) more barangays this past two (2) years that were experiencing the same level rise during high tide and much higher on rainy season. These are Barangays Tabon I, Tabon II, Gahak, Marulas, Panamitan and Magdalo (Putol). A maximum sea level rise of almost two (2) feet from normal high tide rise of 3 to 4 feet has been recorded. Eleven barangays out of 23 barangays in the Municipality of Kawit are now feeling the impacts of higher tide level. This translates to more than 30,000 people affected comprising more than 40 percent of the total population. This perceived climate-change related event has been observed to be occurring for the last five (5) years or so. It occurs almost all year round and significantly more noticeable during lunar cycle. High tide rise were observed almost throughout the entire municipality and recurs every lunar cycle and usually lasted 5 to 6 hours, from time of rising to the time of water subsidence. Storm and Flooding Storms in the past years were observed to have brought higher volume of water per unit rainfall event, higher level of flood waters and frequent overflowing of rivers. In 2000, during the centennial flood (as locally called) a recorded water level that ranged from 2 ft to almost 6 ft. in the low lying areas of the municipality was noted. But in 2006, the typhoon Milenyo has brought 3ft. to 8 ft. of heavily silted floodwaters to almost all the 23 barangays of Kawit. Compounding the flooding events is erosion and sedimentation. Flood waters and huge volume of rain waters coming from the upland areas caused erosion and scouring of river walls. It has been observed also that erosion along tributaries to the main river system contributed to large volume of soil, silt, eroded vegetation and garbage build-up along the estuaries of Kawit coastline. Erosion of protection mud dikes and fishpond

walls during flood events were observed hampering their operations and productivity. There are five (5) barangays in the municipality that are directly affected by floods every storm season. They are all located in the lowest lying areas in Kawit and include Barangays Kaingen, Poblacion, Wakas I and II and Magdalo (Putol). A big flood event occurs once in a span of five (5) years. During the occurrence of flood in these areas under low-tide condition, flood waters last up to eight (8) hours but during the high-tide condition water level rises more and lasts longer. It usually takes about 24 hours before water level subsided. The figure below shows the flood hazard map developed for the Municipality of Kawit, Cavite. It shows the extent and depth of flooding in case of a 100-year flooding event.

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Saltwater Intrusion Traditionally, Kawits potable water supply greatly depended on deep well. Deep well were usually set-up using an average of 16-18 pieces of GI pipes at 20-ft. length each to yield potable water. But majority of the deep wells around the area drastically turned salty. The community artesian wells (shallow tube wells) also suffered significantly. At present, it will take 20 pieces or more 20-ft. length GI pipes to construct a deep well in the area. This has been observed for about 6 to 8 years ago. E. Climate Kawit is categorized under the Type 1 of climate classification where there are distinct wet and dry season. Rainy months are generally observed from the months of May through October with August as the peak rainy month with an average rainfall of 460 mm. The rest of the months of the year are considered dry. (Source PAGASA) Normal monthly temperature ranges from 24.0 to 31.5 degrees Centigrade. The coolest month is January while the warmest is May. Records of relative humidity shows the mean monthly relative humidity ranges from 70 to 82 percent. The prevailing wind is the east southeast ( ESE ) direction occurring during the months of February through May and October. The average wind speed is two (2) miles per hour. F. Resources 1. Water Resources Kawits territorial waters covering 612.2814 hectares as part of the Bacoor Bay is the major source of saltwater replenished by the South China Sea that generally supported fishpond and fish pen owners. For the reason that there exists an unsettled boundary dispute between Kawit and Noveleta posed a threat to their trade, these fish pen owners are held back to further engage in the business. This has been aggravated by the decreasing quality of these waters, after being silted by flashflood waters from mainland.

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As multi-purpose diversion routes, the coastal roads will create vicinities that could only feasibly be used for commercial purposes. These waters are the site of an expanding coastal road projects the CAVITEX; R-1 Extension; and the Kawit-Noveleta Coastal Road. The levels of water system being used in the municipality are Level I which is the stand alone water points like deep wells and Level III piped water supply with a private water point which is being provided by MWSI. In 2011, around 92.4 % of the total households have access to improve safe water supply. 3. DEMOGRAPHY 3.1 Demographic Profiling 3.1.1 Provincial Population by City/Municipality The last Census period was conducted in 2010. The Province of Cavite and Municipality of Kawits population and growth rate in Year 2010 is 3.090,691 at 4.12% and 78,209 at 2.23% respectively. The projected population of the province for the Year 2011 is 3,225,156 while Kawit is 79,970 which accounts for 2.48% of the total provincial population.

3.1.2 H i s t o r i c a l P O P L

YEAR 2000 2007 2010 2011

CAVITE 2,063,161 2,856,765 3,090,691 3,225,156

KAWIT 62,751 76,405 78,209 79,970

% SHARE 3.04 2.67 2.53 2.48

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POPULATION GROWTH According to the 2010 Census, the Municipality of Kawit has a total population of 78,209. Kawit experienced its highest growth rate during the period from 1990 to 1995 at 3.87 %. The growth rate of the Municipality from 1995 to 2000 dropped tremendously to 2.16 % which was lower than the national growth rate then of 2.36 % per annum. It however tagged behind the provincial growth rate, which shot up to a high of 5.45 %. The succeeding 7 years, from 2000 to 2007 saw a sudden increase growth rate for the Municipality at 2.81 % but still falling behind the provincial growth at 4.59% but higher than the national growth rate at 2.04%. Based on 2000 and 2010 Census of Population, the projected population for the Year 2011 is 79,970 at 2.23% growth rate. The growth of Kawit in 2011s was reflective of the growth surge experienced and being experienced by Cavite due to its established direction as part of the CALABARZON. The Table 3.1 below shows the comparative growth rate of Kawit, Cavite.

Table 3.1 HISTORICAL POPULATION GROWTH KAWIT

POPULATION 1990 - 2011


90000 80000 70000 60000 50000 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 1990 1995 2000 2007 2010 2011 47755 56993 62751 76405 78209 79970 POPULATION

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3.1.3 Population Distribution Kawits population is concentrated in 8 barangays situated in Binakayan namely: Manggahan-Lawin, Pulborista, Congbalay-Legaspi, Aplaya, SamalaMarquez, Bisita-Balsahan which consists of 41.16% of the total projected population. Tramo-Bantayan and Kanluran-Lola Neneng and this is also where the Central Business District ( CBD ) is located. Aside from barangays located in Binakayan, the most populous barangay as of 2011 Projected Population is Toclong. This is primarily due to the increase of dwellers in the newly opened subdivisions. Based on land area distribution, Toclong has the largest area which then becomes the target of real estate developer in the municipality. As of today, Toclong has a total of 9 subdivisions and this includes the Municipal Housing Project. The significant contribution of Binakayan, Panamitan, Tabon I, Putol and Sta. Isabel to the total population of Kawit may be attributed to the concentration of various commercial establishments, major institutions and the public market in these areas. These barangays are also traversed by the two (2) major thoroughfare of Kawit, the Tirona Highway and Centennial Road upon which public transport vehicles journey daily. San Sebastian and Poblacion and San Sebastian post the lowest population at 897 and 932 respectively. The small population of Poblacion is attributed mainly to the use of about 93 % of its 97.58 has. land area by marine ponds. 3.1.3.1 Total Population by Barangay

Based on the projected population for the Year 2011 (as shown onTable 3.2) the municipality has a total population of 79,970. Brgy. Toclong, TramoBantayan and Samala-Marquez post the highest population, comprising 10.44%, 7.75% and 6.32% respectively of the total population of the municipality. Brgy. San Sebastian and Poblacion register the lowest population at 1.12% and 1.17% of the total Kawits population.

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TABLE 3.2 PROJECTED POPULATION PROJECTED POPULATION


2011
BARANGAY 1 MANGGAHAN-LAWIN 2 POLBORISTA 3 CONGBALAY-LEGASPI 4 APLAYA 5 SAMALA-MARQUEZ 6 BISITA-BALSAHAN 7 TRAMO-BANTAYAN 8 LOLA NENG-KANLURAN 9 MARULAS 10 GAHAK 11 KAINGEN 12 POBLACION 13 WAKAS I 14 WAKAS II 15 TABON I 16 TABON II 17 TABON III 18 TOCLONG 19 BATONG DALIG 20 SAN SEBASTIAN 21 MAGDALO (PUTOL) 22 PANAMITAN 23 STA. ISABEL 4,666 2,814 4,748 4,233 5,051 2,271 6,195 2,940 3,829 2,749 1,634 932 2,045 1,749 4,943 1,459 2,162 8,354 4,520 897 4,311 3,397 4,071 79,970

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3.1.3.2

Urban Household Population by Barangay

The number of households increased from 13,510 in 2007 to 20,971 in 2011, whereas the household size declined from 5.66 in 2007 to 4.08 in 2011. (Table 3.3)

TABLE 3.3 TOTAL NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLD AND SIZE


PROJECTED NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLD AND SIZE (2011)
BARANGAY KANLURAN-LOLA NENENG BALSAHAN-BISITA APLAYA CONGBALAY-LEGASPI MANGGAHAN-LAWIN POLBORISTA SAMALA-MARQUEZ TRAMO-BANTAYAN GAHAK KAINGEN MARULAS PANAMITAN POBLACION MAGDALO SAN SEBASTIAN STA. ISABEL TOCLONG WAKAS I WAKAS II BATONG DALIG TABON I TABON II TABON III # of Household Household HOUSEHOLD Household 2007 Size (2007) 2011 Size (2011) 527 4.71 818 3.39 586 3.93 910 2.83 749 5.73 1163 4.13 798 5.49 1239 3.96 806 5.41 1251 3.90 450 5.88 699 4.24 1070 5.15 1661 3.71 830 6.26 1288 4.52 490 5.24 761 3.78 354 4.32 549 3.11 724 5.26 1124 3.79 638 5.14 990 3.71 184 4.75 286 3.42 646 6.73 1003 4.85 112 7.13 174 5.14 705 5.60 1094 4.04 766 5.91 1189 7.63 473 4.16 734 3.00 431 4.57 669 3.29 659 5.91 1023 4.26 698 6.49 1083 4.68 366 3.80 568 2.74 448 4.97 695 3.59

TOTAL

13510

5.66

20971

4.08

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TABLE 3.4 PROJECTED HOUSEHOLD SIZE 2011-2021


PROJECTED HOUSEHOLD SIZE 2011 - 2021
4.4 4.27 4.2 4.08 4 4.03

3.98

3.93

3.89

3.8

3.84

3.8

3.75

3.71

Column2 3.66 3.62

3.6

3.4

3.2 2007 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021

The average household size is projected to continue decreasing at 3.62 person per household by year 2021. The projected number of household and size are based on Household Projection derived from 2000-2007 estimated population data based on NSO 2007 Census of Population. Table 3.4 above shows the number of household in Kawit will be growing to 31,276 by 2021.

3.1.3.3

Urban Population Projection by Barangay

The Year 2011 classifies the municipality of Kawit as an urban area with its population of 79,970 classified therein as an urban population.

3.1.3.4

Male-Female Population by Age Group Projected Population by Age group/Sex

Age and sex are two of the most important demographic characteristics both from demographer and planner point of view. There is a relative balance between the male and female population of Kawit. The latter is 50.34 % of the total

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population while the former is slightly lower at 49.66 %, a difference of 546 persons. The sex ratio (male-female) is 1:1.0137. A very young population resides in Kawit. The young of ages 0 to 24 comprise more than 50.05 % of the total population. The population contribution of each group gets smaller as it gets older. The highest contribution of the population comes from the age group 0-4 years old. The productive population or the working age group approximately from ages 15 to 64 represents 64.35 % of the population. The dependent population, those below 15 years old and over 64 years old, reflects 35.65 % of the population. (Table 3.5)

TABLE 3.5 POPULATION BY AGE GROUP AND SIZE, 2011


POPULATION BY AGE GROUP - KAWIT 2011
AGE GROUP ALL AGES MALE 0-4 5-9 10 - 14 15-19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 -44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 -64 65 - 69 70 -74 75 - 79 80 and over 4,565 4,415 4,019 3,590 3,769 3,526 3,137 2,974 2,523 2,075 1,696 1,213 823 583 352 212 240 39,712
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FEMALE 4,146 4,112 3,812 3,873 3,723 3,748 3,121 3,063 2,466 2,114 1,705 1,328 992 757 547 398 353 40,258

TOTAL 8,711 8,527 7,831 7,463 7,492 7,274 6,258 6,037 4,989 4,189 3,401 2,541 1,815 1,340 899 610 593 79,970

% DISTRIBUTION 10.89% 10.66% 9.79% 9.33% 9.37% 9.10% 7.83% 7.55% 6.24% 5.24% 4.25% 3.18% 2.27% 1.68% 1.12% 0.76% 0.74% 100.00%

TABLE 3.6 PROJECTED POPULATION BY AGE GROUP AND SEX, 2011 - 2021

PROJECTED POPULATION BY AGE GROUP AND SEX


KAWIT,CAVITE 2,011 MALE FEMALE AGE 0 to 4 5 to 9 10 to 14 15 to 19 20 to 24 25 to 29 30 to 34 35 to 39 40 to 44 45 to 49 50 to 54 55 to 59 60 to 64 65 to 69 70 to 74 75 to 79 80 & over 4,565 4,415 4,019 3,590 3,769 3,526 3,137 2,974 2,523 2,075 1,696 1,213 823 583 352 212 240 39,712 4,146 4,112 3,812 3,873 3,723 3,748 3,121 3,063 2,466 2,114 1,705 1,328 992 757 547 398 353 40,258 4,669 4,515 4,110 3,671 3,854 3,606 3,208 3,041 2,580 2,122 1,734 1,240 842 596 360 218 246 40,612 4,238 4,204 3,898 3,959 3,807 3,832 3,191 3,131 2,521 2,161 1,743 1,358 1,014 773 559 408 361 41,158 4,775 4,617 4,204 3,754 3,941 3,688 3,280 3,110 2,639 2,170 1,773 1,269 861 610 368 222 252 41,533 4333 4298 3985 4048 3892 3917 3262 3201 2577 2210 1782 1388 1037 791 572 417 368 42,078 4,883 4,722 4,299 3,839 4,031 3,772 3,355 3,181 2,699 2,219 1,814 1,297 881 622 376 228 257 42,475 4,430 4,394 4,074 4,138 3,979 4,005 3,335 3,273 2,635 2,259 1,822 1,419 1,060 809 584 426 377 43,019 4,994 4,829 4,396 3,926 4,122 3,857 3,431 3,253 2,760 2,270 1,855 1,327 901 638 384 233 263 43,439 4,529 4,492 4,165 4,231 4,068 4,094 3,410 3,346 2,694 2,310 1,863 1,451 1,083 826 597 436 385 43,980 5,107 4,939 4,496 4,016 4,216 3,945 3,509 3,327 2,822 2,321 1,897 1,357 920 651 394 238 269 44,424 4,630 4,592 4,258 4,325 4,159 4,186 3,486 3,421 2,754 2,361 1,905 1,483 1,108 845 611 445 394 44,963 5,223 5,051 4,598 4,107 4,311 4,034 3,588 3,402 2,886 2,374 1,940 1,388 942 667 402 243 275 45,431 4,734 4,695 4,353 4,422 4,252 4,280 3,564 3,497 2,816 2,414 1,947 1,516 1,132 864 625 455 403 45,969 5341 5165 4702 4200 4409 4126 3670 3479 2952 2428 1984 1419 963 682 412 248 282 46,462 4839 4800 4450 4521 4347 4375 3644 3576 2879 2468 1991 1550 1158 883 638 465 412 46,996 5462 5282 4809 4295 4509 4219 3753 3558 3019 2483 2029 1451 985 697 422 255 288 47,516 4948 4907 4550 4622 4444 4473 3725 3656 2943 2523 2035 1585 1184 903 653 476 421 48,046 5586 5402 4918 4392 4611 4315 3838 3639 3087 2539 2075 1484 1007 713 430 260 294 48,593 5058 5017 4652 4725 4543 4573 3808 3737 3009 2580 2081 1620 1210 923 667 486 430 49,120 5713 5525 5030 4492 4716 4413 3925 3722 3157 2597 2122 1518 1030 729 440 266 300 49,695 5171 5129 4756 4831 4645 4675 3893 3821 3076 2637 2127 1657 1237 944 682 497 440 50,218 2012 FEMALE 2013 FEMALE 2014 FEM ALE 2015 FEMALE 2016 FEMALE 2017 FEMALE 2018 FEMALE 2019 2020 FEMALE MALE FEMALE 2021 FEMALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

MALE

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3.1.3.5

Population Density/Residential Density

The population density of Kawit increased by 2.27 % from 4,499 persons / sq.km.to 4,601persons/sq.km.in Year 2011. The highest densities are found in Brgy.Tramo-Bantayan 28,881, Manggahan-Lawin 25,992 and Samala-Marquez23,223, all these brgys. are situated in Binakayan. The least dense are found in Brgy. San Sebastian and Poblacion.(Table 3.7)

Table 3.7
POPULATION DENSITY BY BARANGAY 2010 & 2011
2010
POPULATION POPULATION LAND AREA HECTARES 2940 2271 4233 4748 4666 2814 5051 6195 2749 1634 3829 3397 932 4311 897 4071 8354 2045 1749 4520 4943 1459 2162 79,970 22.72 16.09 20.9 22.24 18 132.24 21.75 21.45 43.11 79.71 66.07 57.1 97.58 123.43 190.2 231.06 298.24 12.71 35.53 122.06 41.35 29.35 35.35 1,738.24 POP. DENSITY PERSON/SQ. KM. 12654 13804 19809 20877 25350 2081 22713 28247 6235 2005 5668 5818 934 3416 461 1723 2740 15736 4816 3622 11690 4862 5980 4,499

2011
POP. DENSITY PERSON/SQ. KM. 12,940 14,114 20,254 21,349 25,922 2,128 23,223 28,881 6,377 2,050 5,795 5,949 955 3,493 472 1,762 2,801 16,090 4,923 3,703 11,954 4,971 6,116 4,601

BARANGAY
KANLURAN-LOLA NENENG BALSAHAN-BISITA APLAYA CONGBALAY-LEGASPI MANGGAHAN-LAWIN POLBORISTA SAMALA-MARQUEZ TRAMO-BANTAYAN GAHAK KAINGEN MARULAS PANAMITAN POBLACION MAGDALO SAN SEBASTIAN STA. ISABEL TOCLONG WAKAS I WAKAS II BATONG DALIG TABON I TABON II

2010 2875 2221 4140 4643 4563 2752 4940 6059 2688 1598 3745 3322 911 4216 877 3981 8171 2000 1711 4421 4834 1427 2114 78,209

2011

TABON III TOTAL

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3.1.4

POPULATION COMPOSITION 3.1.4.1 Age Dependency Ratio

It is the ratio of dependents-people younger than 15 or older than 64 to the working age-population-those ages 15 to 64. The child dependency ratio is 48.72 while old dependency ratio is 6.70. The total dependency for 2011 is 55.42. A high dependency ratio can cause serious problem for a municipality. This will translate to high demand for social services such as employment, social welfare, school and other basic needs.

Table 3.8
PROJECTED POPULATION BY AGE GROUP - KAWIT 2011
AGE GROUP ALL AGES TOTAL % DISTRIBUTION

0-4 5-9 10 - 14 15-19 20 - 24 25 - 29 30 - 34 35 - 39 40 -44 45 - 49 50 - 54 55 - 59 60 -64 65 - 69 70 -74 75 - 79 80 and over

8,711 8,527 7,831 7,463 7,492 7,274 6,258 6,037 4,989 4,189 3,401 2,541 1,815 1,340 899 610 593 79,970

10.89% 10.66% 9.79% 9.33% 9.37% 9.10% 7.83% 7.55% 6.24% 5.24% 4.25% 3.18% 2.27% 1.68% 1.12% 0.76% 0.74% 100.00%

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The three (3) broad age groups are the population of the young age group (0 to 14 years old) which constitutes 31.35%, the productive age group (15-64 years old) 64.35% and the old age group (65 yrs old and over) 4.30%.

TOTAL
3,442

25,069 YOUNG AGE GROUP PRODUCTIVE AGE GROUP OLD AGE GROUP 51,459

3.1.4.2

Projected Labor Force

As of 2011, the total labor force is 51,459. By Year 2021, the municipality would have a projected labor force of 64,290. 3.1.5 OTHER POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS Marital Status

3.1.5.1

Based on 2007 Census of population (Household Population 10 years old and over), there are 25,541 married couples, 2612 widowed/widower, 1,552 divorced/separated, 5,215 common law/live-in, 24,974 - single and 105 unknown.

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3.1.5.2

Mother Tongue/Ethnicity

Tagalog prevails as the most widely spoken language in the municipality. Due to the proximity of Kawit to Manila, theres a multiplicity of in-migration, thus exists a different dialects by the populace. 3.1.5.3 Religious Affiliation

The local residents are mostly religious people. This is reflected by their affiliation with a number of religious sects. Kawiteos are predominantly Roman Catholic and significantly following are the Iglesia ni Kristo, United Church of Christ, Aglipay, Christians, Protestant, Jehovahs Witnesses and other Born Again Christians. 4. SOCIAL SECTOR 4.1 EDUCATION 4.1.1 Elementary School The municipality has a total of thirteen (11) public and ten (10) private elementary schools. schools as of SY 2011-2012. The table below shows that the public and private elementary schools have a total enrollment of 8,226 and 1,280 respectively. (Table 4.1) Table 4.1 Number of Enrollment by School SY 2011-2012 Current Enrollment 1271 538 2148 493 961 267

1. 2. 3. 4. S. 5. GAHAK-MARULAS ELEM. SCHOOL 6. KAINGEN - POBLACION ELEM. SCHOOL


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ELEMENTARY PUBLIC AGUINALDO ELEM. SCHOOL BATONG DALIG ELEM. SCHOOL BINAKYAN ELEM. SCHOOL FLORANTE ILANO MEMORIAL E.

7. PANAMITAN ELEM. SCHOOL 8. POTOL - STA. ISABEL ELEM. SCHOOL 9. TOCLONG ELEM. SCHOOL 10.TRAMO ELEM. SCHOOL 11.WAKAS ELEM. SCHOOL 8,226 PRIVATE 1. ST. MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL 2. MILDEN ACADEMY 3. OUR LADY OF FATIMA ACADEMY 4. VERONIDIA LEARNING INSTITUTE 5. BRICKWOOD SCHOOL OF CAVITE 6. INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF SCIENCE 7. MARIA CORRINE COLLEGE 8. MARY MONTESSORI SCHOOL OF CAVITE 9. LIVING STREAM CHRISTIAN SCHOOL OF CAVITE 10.LAKERSFIELS LEARNING ACADEMY 1,280

222

791 593 352 590

226 186 225 77 225 81 57 85 46 72

In SY 2011-2012, there are 192 public and 83 private teachers in elementary level. Table 4.2 below shows both the private and public schools met the standard teacher student ratio of 1:45 except for Toclong and Tramo Elementary School. Kawit has a total of 245 classrooms both public and private elementary schools. Based on the total enrollees for the elementary level of 8,226 and total classrooms of 164 and considering the standard ratio of 1:45, there is a shortage of 19 classrooms for public elementary schools (Table 4.3).

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Table 4.2 TEACHER STUDENT RATIO Number of

Current ELEMENTARY 1. AGUINALDO ELEM. SCHOOL 2. BATONG DALIG ELEM. SCHOOL 3. BINAKYAN ELEM. SCHOOL 4. FLORANTE ILANO MEMORIAL E. S. 5. GAHAK-MARULAS ELEM. SCHOOL 6. KAINGEN - POBLACION ELEM. SCHOOL 7. PANAMITAN ELEM. SCHOOL 8. POTOL - STA. ISABEL ELEM. SCHOOL 9. TOCLONG ELEM. SCHOOL 10.TRAMO ELEM. SCHOOL 11.WAKAS ELEM. SCHOOL PRIVATE 1. ST. MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL 2. MILDEN ACADEMY 3. OUR LADY OF FATIMA ACADEMY 4. VERONIDIA LEARNING INSTITUTE 5. BRICKWOOD SCHOOL OF CAVITE 6. INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF SCIENCE
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Enrollment Teachers 1271 538 2148 493 961 267 222 791 593 352 590 8226 31 13 53 11 21 7 7 18 10 7 14 192

Teacher/ Student Ratio 1:41 1:41 1:41 1:45 1:46 1:38 1:32 1:44 1:59 1:50 1:42 1:43

226 186 225 77 225 81

8 7 12 8 14 9

1:28 1:27 1:19 1:10 1:16 1:09

7. MARIA CORRINE COLLEGE 8. MARY MONTESSORI SCHOOL OF CAVITE 9. LIVING STREAM CHRISTIAN SCHOOL OF CAVITE 10.LAKERSFIELS LEARNING ACADEMY

57 85

5 6

1:11 1:14

46 72

8 6

1:06 1:12

Table 4.3

CLASSROOM STUDENT RATIO

Current ELEMENTARY PUBLIC 1. AGUINALDO ELEM. SCHOOL 2. BATONG DALIG ELEM. SCHOOL 3. BINAKYAN ELEM. SCHOOL 4. FLORANTE ILANO MEMORIAL E. S. 5. GAHAK-MARULAS ELEM. SCHOOL 6. KAINGEN - POBLACION ELEM. SCHOOL 7. PANAMITAN ELEM. SCHOOL 8. POTOL - STA. ISABEL ELEM. SCHOOL 9. TOCLONG ELEM. SCHOOL 10.TRAMO ELEM. SCHOOL 11.WAKAS ELEM. SCHOOL Enrollment

Number of Classrooms

Classroom/ Student Ratio

1271 538 2148 493 961 267 222 791 593 352 590 8,226
26

27 9 47 10 19 7 7 16 7 3 12 164 1:50

1:47 1:60 1:46 1:49 1:51 1:38 1:32 1:49 1:85 1:117 1:49

PRIVATE SCHOOLS STUDENTS CLASSROOM 1. ST. MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL 226 8 2. MILDEN ACADEMY 186 7 3. OUR LADY OF FATIMA ACADEMY 225 10 4. VERONIDIA LEARNING INSTITUTE 77 7 5. BRICKWOOD SCHOOL OF CAVITE 225 11 6. INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF SCIENCE 81 12 7. MARIA CORRINE COLLEGE 57 7 8. MARY MONTESSORI SCHOOL OF CAVITE 85 6 9. LIVING STREAM CHRISTIAN SCHOOL OF CAVITE 46 7 10.LAKERSFIELS LEARNING ACADEMY 72 6 1,280

RATIO 1:28 1:27 1:23 1:11 1:20 1:07 1:08 1:14

1:07 1:12

81 1:16

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4.1.2 Secondary School At present, the municipality has two (2) public and five (5) private secondary schools with a total enrollees of 5,641 and 686 respectively. Based on the number of enrollees in the public secondary schools, there is a shortage of fourteen (14) classrooms while the teacher-student ratio standard was met. Table 4.4 NUMBER OF ENROLLMENT BY SCHOOL

SECONDARY PUBLIC 1. EMILIO TRIA TIRONA M. N. H. S. 2. BINAKAYAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL Note: Classes are in two (2) shifts PRIVATE 1. ST. MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL 2. MILDEN ACADEMY 3. MARY MONTESSORI SCHOOL OF CAVITE 4, INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF SCIENCE 5. MARIA CORRINE COLLEGE

4000 1641 5,641 511 80 47 20 28 686

Table 4.5 shows that the standard teacher student ratio was met both in private and public schools. Table 4.5 TEACHER STUDENT RATIO No. of Enrollees No. of Teachers Student/Teacher Ratio

SECONDARY PUBLIC 1. EMILIO TRIA TIRONA M. N. H. S. 2. BINAKAYAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL

4000 1641 5,641


28

180 33 213

1:22 1:50 1:26

PRIVATE 1. ST. MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL 2. MILDEN ACADEMY 3. MARY MONTESSORI SCHOOL OF CAVITE 4, INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF SCIENCE 5. MARIA CORRINE COLLEGE

511 80 47 20 28 686

19 4 4 5 3 35

1:27 1:20 1:12 1:04 1:07 1:20

Table 4.6 shows that for SY 2011-2012, the public high school particularly Binakayan National High School fell below the standard ratio of one classroom per 45 students. Due to high number of enrollees in this school there is a shortage of around 24 classrooms. To address the problem, the school administration instituted the double shifting method as a response to the lack of classroom and ballooning pupil-classroom ratio. In this scheme, classroom will be used twice a day by two classes, effectively cutting into half the classes to accommodate more pupils.

Table 4.6

CLASSROOM-STUDENT RATIO No. of No. of Student/Classroom Enrollees Classrooms Ratio SECONDARY PUBLIC 1. EMILIO TRIA TIRONA M. N. H. S. 4000 99 1:40 2. BINAKAYAN NATIONAL HIGH SCHOOL 1641 12 1:137 Note: Classes are in two (2) shifts 1:51 5,641 111 PRIVATE 1. ST. MARY MAGDALENE SCHOOL 511 18 1:28 2. MILDEN ACADEMY 80 4 1:20
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3. MARY MONTESSORI SCHOOL OF CAVITE 4, INTEGRATED SCHOOL OF SCIENCE 5. MARIA CORRINE COLLEGE

47 20 28 686

4 2 3 31

1:12 1:10 1:09 1:22

4.1.2 Tertiary Education As a society, the Filipino people put much premium on education as their means to better their lives. Education is generally viewed as the great equalizer of opportunities. Unfortunately, there is no tertiary education being offered in the municipality. A vital component in a societys development is its youths education, particularly the tertiary education institutions that would offer low-cost collegiate courses and vocational/skills/special studies. This is essential and would play an important factor for Kawits rapid development and progress. There exists a need to attract and invite expanding Metro Manila schools to build and operate in our municipality. 4.2 HEALTH AND SANITATION

4.2.1 Health Resources 4.2.1.1 Health Personnel-Population Ratio

In order for any municipal health center to function effectively and efficiently, theres a need to maintain a well trained, motivated and well functioning workforce towards achieving a goal of improving the health of the populace. Considering the standard ratio of 1:20,000 for doctors - population and total projected population for the Year 2011 of 79,970, there is an existing personnel gap of three (3) medical doctors. There is only one (1) medical technologist and 12 midwives to attend the needs of the whole populace. Based on the standard ratio for midwife and medical technologist population of 1:5,000 and 1:40,000 respectively, thus there exists a personnel gap of four (4) midwives and one (1) medical technologist. Since there are only twelve (12) midwives for the twenty three (23) barangays, each midwife serves two or more barangays. Barangay Health Workers (BHW) are tapped to help and assist medical health personnel in rendering primary health care services such as maternal, newborn and child health.
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Table 4.7

Total Number of Health Personnel, 2011

NUMBER OF HEALTH PERSONNEL - 2011


2011 DOCTOR DENTIST NURSES MIDWIVES NUTRITIONIST MEDICAL TECHNOLOGIST SANITARY INSPECTORS PHARMACIST PHYSICAL THERAPIST RADIOLOGY TECHNOLOGIST BRGY. HEALTH WORKERS 1 2 10 12 0 1 1 2 2 2 44

4.2.1.2

Facilities and Services Rendered

As of 2011, there are two (2) hospitals, 16 medical clinics, two (2) Rural Health Units, 19 Barangay Health Stations and 1 Diagnostic Clinic operating in the municipality. Primary Public Health Care is rendered depending on the necessity. Midwives are the primary health care facilitators on the health care station. Moreover, doctor and nurses managed the two (2) major Health Centers and also visit and attend to the Health Care Stations as scheduled. The Municipal Government of Kawit was able to build one 25 beds secondary government hospital which was named Kawit Kalayaan Hospital and is being operated by the Provincial Government of Cavite for the past 16 years. There is only one (1) private hospital in the municipality named Kawit Maternity and General Hospital located at Brgy. Kaingen, Kawit, Cavite

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KAWIT KALAYAAN HOSPITAL Kawit Kalayaan Hospital is located in Brgy. San Sebastian, Kawit, Cavite. This is a 25-beds secondary government hospital.

RURAL HEALTH UNITS

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TABON HEALTH CENTER Tabon Health Center is located at Brgy. Tabon II, Kawit, Cavite. This Rural Health Unit caters to Brgys. Tabon I, II, III, Batong Dalig, Panamitan, Marulas, Gahak, Kaingen, Magdalo-Putol, Sta. Isabel, Wakas I and II, San Sebastian, Toclong and Poblacion.

BINAKAYAN HEALTH CENTER Binakayan Health center is located at Brgy. Congbalay, Kawit, Cavite. This Rural Health Unit caters to Brgys. Congbalay-Legaspi, Samala-Marquez, Aplaya, Polborista, Manggahan-Lawin, Kanluran-Lola Neneng, BalsahanBisita and Tramo-Bantayan.

33

KAWIT DIAGNOSTIC CLINIC The Kawit Diagnostic Clinic is located beside the government owned hospital Kawit Kalayaan Hospital in Brgy. San Sebastian. This clinic is being manned by two (2) Physical Therapists and two (2) Radiology Technologists. It offers rehabilitation therapy, ultrasound and X-ray.

4.2.1.3

HEALTH STATUS INDICATORS

The Crude Birth Rate and Death Rate are statistical values that can be utilized to measure the growth or decline of a population. These are both measured by the rate of births or deaths respectively among a population of 1000. The total live birth in 2011 is 841 or Crude Birth Rate (CBR) of 10.52 per 1000 population. (Table 4.8) The total number of deaths registered at 344 or Crude Death Rate (CDR) of 4.30 per 1000 population. Infant Mortality Rate is the number of newborns dying undera year of age divided by the total love births during the year. The total number of infant death registered in 2011 is eight (8) thus the Infant Mortality rate (IMR) is 9.51 per 1000 live birth. No record of maternal death was registered in the municipality. The low Infant Mortality Rate and Zero Maternal date Rate is an
34

indication of adequate immunization program, sound infant and maternal nutrition, satisfactory ante and post-natal services, adequate disease control program, adequate environmental and sound housing facilities. Table 4.8

HEALTH STATUS INDICATORS, 2011 HEALTH INDICATORS Crude Birth Rate (per 1000 population) Crude Death rate (per 1000 population) Infant Mortality Ratio (per 1000 live births) Maternal Mortality Ratio (per 1000 live births) RATE 10.52 4.3 9.51 0

LIVE BIRTH BY SEX : 1997 - 2011 NO. OF LIVE BIRTHS BIRTH RATE TOTAL 16.83 16.79 14.52 12.52 10.52

YEAR MALE FEMALE TOTALMALE FEMALE 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 541 545 587 541 397 745 748 540 438 444 1286 1293 1127 979 841 7.08 7.08 7.56 6.92 4.96 9.75 9.71 6.96 5.60 5.56

35

NO. OF DEATHS : 2007 - 2011 YEAR MALE FEMALE TOTAL 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 143 162 178 203 195 119 129 108 166 149 262 291 286 369 344 MALE 1.87 2.10 2.29 2.60 2.44 FEMALE 1.56 1.68 1.39 2.12 1.86 TOTAL 3.43 3.78 3.68 4.72 4.30

TEN LEADING CAUSES OF MORTALITY (2011) /10,000 CASES 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. TOTAL 82 37 23 15 14 13 12 10 8 7 RATE 10.25 4.63 2.88 1.87 1.75 1.62 1.50 1.25 1.00 0.87

Myocardial Infarction Cancer (all forms) Pneumonia Liver Cirrhosis Diabetes Mellitus, Pulmonary Tubercolosis Pulmonary Emphysema Septicemia Cerebro Vascular Disease Community Acquired Pneumonia Bronchial Asthma

TEN LEADING CAUSES OF MORBIDITY (2011)/10000

1. 2. 3.

Upper Respiratory Tract Infection Acute Bronchitis Asthmatic Bronchitis


36

985 794 468

123.17 99.29 58.52

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10.

Diarrhea Urinary Tract Infection Hypertension TB Respiratory Pneumonia Otitis Media Hypersensitivity Reaction 4.2.1.4 Mortality and Morbidity Rate

239 213 193 182 100 41 34

29.89 26.63 24.13 22.76 12.50 5.13 4.25

The 2011 survey of Mortality shows that Myocardial Infarction disease registers the highest mortality rate. It is followed by Cancer (all forms) and pneumonia ranked third. The 2011 survey of Morbidity shows that Upper Respiratory Tract Infection is the leading cause of morbidity in the municipality followed by Acute Bronchitis and Asthmatic Bronchitis. 4.2.1.5 Nutritional Status

Based on the Municipal Summary Report (Operation Timbang), approximately, 91% of the young population preschoolers aged 0 to 71 months are considered normal in weight while 4.5 % are categorized as Underweight (2nd degree malnourished) while only 1.7% are Severely Underweight (3rd degree malnourished). No first degree malnourished was reported nor registered in the municipality.

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MUNICIPAL SUMMARY REPORT (OPERATION TIMBANG) KAWIT, CAVITE 2011

WEIGHT STATUS
NO. OF PS MONTHS WEIGHED 0 -11 12 -23 24 -35 36 - 47 48 - 59 60 - 71 1072 1449 1447 1626 1495 1233 8322 NORMAL 982 1334 1321 1448 1364 1140 7589 SEVERELY UNDERWEIGHT UNDERWEIGHT OVERWEIGHT 38 54 65 92 69 58 376 10 24 32 35 27 13 141 42 37 29 51 35 22 216

4.2.2 Sanitation 4.2.2.1 Household distribution by type of toilet facility

As per records of the Municipal Health Office, almost 89% of the total household has sanitary toilet.

38

4.2.3 Burial Ground 4.2.3.1 Status and Inventory of Private and Public Cemetery NAME OF CEMETERY AREA OCCUPIED (square meters) 4,630 3,048 4,190 18,310 13,922 1,356 746 9,040 7,272 4,572 2,800 14,715 TYPE Owner Aglipayan Church Public Public Private Private Private Private Private Private Private Private Private DATE Established 1930 1929 1987 1982 1996 1984 1970 1971 1994 1976 1992

LOCATION

Binakayan Tabon III Wakas Binakayan Binakayan Binakayan Wakas Wakas Wakas Wakas Tabon III Tabon III

Binakayan Cemetery Tabon Cemetery Wakas Catholic Cemetery Divine Memorial Park Mother Mary Memorial Park Realica Memorial Park Kawit Memorial Park Kawit Memorial Garden Profeta Memorial Park Doa Gregoria Memorial Park Paradise Memorial Park Pinagpala Memorial Park

4.2.4 Solid Waste and Waste Water Facilities 4.2.4.1 Volume of waste generation/facilities

The Municipality wanted a permanent solution to its solid waste problem. Option is very restricted because of the municipalitys limited budget, topographical location and a very limited land area. The only option left is to
39

recycle and to convert residual waste materials into other commercially useful products. At present, the municipality has utilized a vacant lot, two (2) hectares situated at Barangay Batong Dalig as its disposal area for all collected garbage. In compliance to Republic Act of 9003, the municipality is working out on all possible options to convert our present open dumpsite into a controlled dumpsite. The municipality has about three (3) garbage trucks assigned in different barangays of the municipality. The average amount of garbage collection is 12 tons per day. There are four (4) barangays who had installed a Material Recovery Facility (MRF) in their respective community. 4.3 HOUSING 4.3.1 Inventory of Dwelling units by type of construction materials Based on the 2007 survey of dwelling units by construction materials, as shown in Table 3.6 only 22.10 % of dwelling units are made of wood. Dwelling units made up of concrete concrete/brick stone and half wood/galvanized iron asbestos comprise of 72.29 % while 1.28 % are made up of nipa and 4.01 % are makeshift. However, 2007 survey shows that all existing housing units were all occupied. This is primarily due to increase of dwellers and job opportunities in nearby towns. NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS IN OCCUPIED DWELLING UNITS BY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS TYPE OF BUILDING PERCENT Concrete/Brick/Stone Wood Half Concrete/Brick/Stone and Half Wood Galvanized Iron/Aluminum Bamboo/Sawali/Cogon/Nipa Asbestos
40

NUMBER

7,837 3,777 4,410 111 218 1 1.28 22.10 25.80

45.84

0.65

Glass 1 Makeshift / Salvaged / Improvised Materials 686 Others / Not Reported 54 No Walls 1 17,096 Source : 2007 Census of Population 4.3.2 Inventory of residential subdivision NAME OF SUBDIVISION Bangalan Subdivision Caimol Subdivision Salud Subdivision Sarino Subdivision Allenville Town Homes Bautista Subdivision

4.01 0.32

100 %

BARANGAY ManggahanLawin

NAME OF DEVELOPER Salvador Bangalan Rodeigo Caimol, et al Antero Salud Prescila Sarino Medicion II Realty Florentino/Florosa Bautista

Samala-Maruez CongbalayLegaspi

FVL Subdivision Villa Icaza Subdivision Fatima Subdivision Villa Imang

Francisco Chua Icaza Family Leon and Cely del Rosario Hrs. of Juan Cajulis Magdalena & Ramon Resurreccion

Tramo-Bantayan Aplaya

Balsahan

Restol Subdivision Bagalawis Subdivision Encarnacion


41

Gahak

Pedro Bagalawis Encarnacion Family

Kaingen Marulas Panamitan

Subdivision Galan-Rieta Subdivision Cavite El Viejo Sunset Meadows Subdivision Don Pedro Subdivision Bawar Subdivision Cadiz Subdivision Josephine's Subdivision Marcville Subdivision Salud Subdivision Vales Subdivision Venus Subdivision Sta.Maria Subdivision Grand Centennial Homes Carenville Subdivision Poblete Subdivision Baypoint Estates

Juanito Galan & Medardo Rieta Fedrico Campos Addio Properties Jaime Jarin Pascual & Norma Bawar Cadiz Family Alfonso Sarayba & Josephine Little Imelda Profeta Antero Salud Ace Sandro Marcial Torres Sta. Maria Family Antel Holdings Renato & Carmen Reyes Dominador Poblete Progressive Homes, Inc.

Magdalo (Potol)

Sta. Isabel

Anna Caridad Holdings & Caacao Subdivision Antonio Nazareno Bagnas Subdivision Bagnas Family

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Tabon

Greenville Subdivision 4K Subdivision Cavite Realty Subdivision Garland Subdivision Villa Ramires Subdivision Waterfield Village Arigo Subdivision Summerville Subdivision Lakersfield Subdivision Julie-Anne Subdivision Kalayaan Homes Rockwell Subdivision Philhomes subdivision Estrella Homes Subd. (Phase II) Estrella Homes IV Subd. Boston Heights Subdivision Urban Poor Dev't. Prpperties, Inc. Colet Subdivision Corona Subdivision Lancaster Village Grand Centennial Homes
43

Francisco Chua Demetrio Encarnacion Cavite Realty, Inc. Renato Reyes Rosalinda Ayson et al Nicanor Samaniego Angel Arigo Jaime & Celia San Agustin

Batong Dalig

Toclong

Roberto Baes Romeo Monzon Municipal Gov't. of Kawit Shapell Homes Shalimar Builders Borland Development Corp. Borland Development Corp. New APEC Dev't. Corp. Urban Poor Dev't. Fund Angel Colet Corona Encarnacion Pro Friends Inc. Antel Holdings

Wakas

San Sebastian

San Sebastian Ciudad de Cavite 4.3.3 Inventory of households and housing units living in dangerous areas At present, there is no household and housing unit living in dangerous areas. It is imperative to every LGU officials to assure ones safety, thus measures are being undertaken by the municipality.

4.3.4 Inventory of lands for Socialized housing 1. 2. 3, 4. KAWIT KALAYAAN HOUSING URBAN POOR DEVELOPMENT ASSN. EL CAVITE HOUSING ALLENVILLE HOMES Toclong Toclong Putol Magdalo Manggahan-Lawin

For an ever increasing populace and with the influx of migrants, a study on the suitable locations for socialized housing sites shall provide the community with security on one of mans basic needs shelter. Barangays Toclong, San Sebastian and Putol are potentials for such housing units. 4.4 SOCIAL WELFARE SERVICES Anchored on its mission, to provide socio economic developmental opportunities, protective and preventive services in regaining individuals self worth, self-esteem and dignity, the Municipal Social Welfare Office has managed to successfully implement its various projects for their varied concerns. Through the years, the family has been the pivotal institution around which visually all societies have derived their strength and forced their future. The Philippine government recognizes the importance of strengthening the family and has passed several constitutional and legislative provision to support the family, as the basic unit of society. Inadequacies in family income translate to other inadequacies in meeting the basic needs for human survival, as that for safe water, food, clothing, shelter, basic education and medical care. Thus the Department of Social Welfare and
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Development was mandated to develop and implement a comprehensive program of social welfare services to facilitate the integration of the most disadvantaged and distressed Filipinos into the main stream of society. The Municipality has 24 Day Care Centers managed by 11 Day Care Workers who provide substitute parenting to potentially neglected, abandoned children of 0-4 years old at a time when their parents are busy at work. They provide activities that will build their Cognitive, Language, Motor, Spiritual and Social Values and Personal Abilities. A total of 1,400 children had benefited for the year 2011 from our 24 Day Care Centers. They were trained and prepared for their primary education focusing on formation of social and moral values and awareness on gender roles. List of Day Care Centers 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. Kanluran Kaingen Samala Putol Aplaya Tabon I Wakas II Tabon III Polborista Batong Dalig Lanai-Manggahan Lakersfield Kalayaan-Toclong San Sebastian Panamitan
45

No. of Students 30 38 92 48 34 107 55 93 25 58 30 68 58 40 44

16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

Gahak Toclong Balsahan Wakas I Tramo Manggahan Waterfield Poblacion Pugad Ibon TOTAL 56 70 33 30 1,400 107 67 87

85

45

Majority of Filipinos continue to exist in poverty and social workers will be overwhelmingly confronted with issues of children with special needs, disadvantaged families, women in different circumstances and person with disabilities and indigent senior citizens. Through provision of different programs and services, our partners particularly the local government unit is providing full support and maximum effort to attend to the needs of the less fortunate families in our municipality. Municipal Social Welfare mission is to provide a comprehensive social welfare and development policies, plans and programs for the disadvantaged Filipinos to be implemented at the community level in partnership with local government units. In order to attain this mission, the Municipal Social Welfare and Development, Kawit units of DSWD rendered services such as: Distribution of Burial Assistance for Senior Citizens Distribution of food and financial assistance for fire victims at Brgy. Congbalay Pre-Marriage Counselling Nutrition Month Celebration Educational Field Trip Celebration of Universal Children Month Feeding Program for Day Care Children AVAWC Training/Seminar (Parents of day care children)
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Film Showing Child Abuse for Day Care Children and Parents Christmas Party of Senior Citizens per barangay Sports Fest of day care children and parents Celebration of Linggo ng Wika Issuance of Solo Parent ID Issuance of Senior Citizen ID and Purchase Booklet Orientation and Assessment for Livelihood Projects Simultaneous cleaning of drainage and canal Distribution of PHILHEALTH ID for the poor Distribution of Financial Assistance for PWD re: Sunong Dunong Distribution of Social Pension for Senior Citizens

PROGRAMS AND SERVICES 1. COMMUNITY WELFARE PROGRAMS Functional Welfare Structures Supervised monthly meetings and activities of Senior Citizens, conducted orientation and assessed qualified grantees of livelihood project for capital assistance, undergone simultaneous cleaning of canal and drainage. Conducted orientation and disseminate information on the Protection of Children, initiated activities that will enhance the rights of the children and women like federation or Samahan ng mga Ina, Federation of Day Care Parents and Workers and Federation of Senior Citizens. Conducted training/seminars on Disaster Preparedness and creation of organization for Persons with Disability (PWD) WOMEN WELFARE PROGRAM Conducted Business Management Seminar for the qualified mothers for Capital Assistance Program Conducted Livelihood Training in coordination with TESDA Skills Training for Samahan ng mga Ina for the provision of financial assistance Conducted regular meeting for monitoring and supervision purposes. Conducted modular package training which includes maternal and child care and community participation. Literacy, self enhancement and awareness
47

2.

Conducted seminar on Magna Carta for Women participated by teachers of Emiliano Tria Tirona Memorial National High School ETTMNHS

3.

CHILD WELFARE PROGRAM 1,400 pre- schoolers were recognized under 24 day care centers Day Care Children had participated on the Educational Field Trip Universal Child Celebration on the month of October wherein day care children participated on the parade by displaying different costumes and talents. The best performer was chosen and awarded with prizes. Conducted Draw and Tell Contest for pre-schoolers of Kawit and winners were awarded with trophies and prizes. Day care Children had attended film showing (animated movie) about child abuse prevention.

4.

YOUTH DEVELOPMENT PROGRAM Conducted leadership and capability training for out of school youth Attended court hearing at RTC-Imus, Cavite for minors with court cases Recommended indigent youth for scholarship (NCST), referred youth for job placement, referred drug dependent minors for institutional care and supervised and monitored minor who had court cases by giving continuous counseling.

5.

FAMILY WELFARE PROGRAM SOLO PARENT Assessment and issuance of Solo Parent Identification Card or certification and provide counseling for dual role performance of single parent.

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PARENT EFFECTIVENESS SERVICE Modules on proper maternity health care, child development, childs rights, proper nutrition, husband and wife relationship and responsible parenthood and family case work were discussed during consultation meeting. 168 couples were given Pre-Marriage Counseling 12 women who are victims of battering and unwanted pregnancy were given counseling

6. EMERGENCY ASSISTANCE PROGRAM 544 individuals were given Financial Assistance under Aid to Individual in Crisis Situation (AICS) 678 individuals were given Social Case Study Report, Certificate of Indigency for scholarship programs and recommendation for availment of financial assistance to PCSO, Provincial DSWD, Cong. Ebaya, Senate, NGOs and Brgy. AICS. 7. DISABLED PERSONS / ELDERLY PROGRAMS 3 Veterans were given Burial Assistance 22 Senior Citizens were given Burial Assistance in the amount of PhP 1,000.00 by the Provincial Government. Regular Monthly Meeting for every organized group of Senior Citizens as well as the Federation Officers. Medical mission for Senior Citizens Free eye check up and eye glasses for the elderly Senior Citizens with cataract problem were given recommendation for free operation 50 Disabled persons were extended financial assistance through Sunong Dunong Program. 8. SPECIAL SOCIAL SERVICES Sexually abused children victims were assisted to Trial Court and being accompanied for medico legal.

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Battered / maltreated wife and children were referred for temporary shelter and being assisted in filing cases to the court and given counseling. Husband and wife who had marital problems was given counseling and referred on legal counsel for further information. Problem on child custody support were assisted for proper intervention. Youthful offenders, abandoned/abused/neglected minor and children were referred for institutional care and assisted for court hearing. Taong Grasa was recommended, assisted and referred to Municipal Health Officer and Cavite Mental Health for intervention.

4.5 PROTECTIVE SERVICES As in the other municipalities of Cavite, public safety and civil defense is generally administered by the Philippine National Police (PNP). There are no private security agencies or detective services in the municipality of Kawit. Headquarters for the municipal force, numbering 33 (2 PCO and 31 PNC), is located in Brgy. San Sebastian. The force-population-ratio is 1:2,423 which is below the standard prescribed under Presidential Decree 1184 (Professionalization Law of 1977) of 1:500. The total number of crimes both index and non-index crimes increased from 124 in 2010 to 183 in 2011. Out of the total volume of crimes in 2011, 126 and 57 were index and non-index crimes respectively. From 01 January to 30 December 2011, One Hundred Twenty Six (126) Index Crimes were recorded and these are Thirteen (13) murder cases, Five (5) Homicide cases, Twenty Nine (29) physical injuries, one (1) rape incidents, Twenty Three (23) robbery, Forty Six (46) theft, and Nine (9) car-napping incidents while Fifty Seven (57) are Non-Index Crimes. The Average Monthly Crime rate (AMCR) is 19.07 and the Crime Solution Efficiency (CSE) is 19.07%. There is a sudden increase in the total number of crimes registered in 2011, thus a more
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aggressive approach against criminality need to be employed to maintain the peace and order stability in the municipality.

AVERAGE MONTHLY CRIME RATE (AMCR) TOTAL CRIME PERIOD YEAR 2011 YEAR 2010 YEAR 2009 YEAR 2008 POPULATION 79,970 78,209 77,612 77,006 VOLUME 183 124 266 51 AMCR 19.07 13.21 28.56 5.52

AVERAGE INDEX CRIME RATE PERIOD YEAR 2011 YEAR 2010 YEAR 2009 YEAR 2008 POPULATION 79,970 78,209 77,612 77,006 TOTAL CRIME VOLUME 126 104 230 28 AMICR 13.13 11.08 24.70 3.03

AVERAGE NON -INDEX CRIME RATE, 2008 2011 TOTAL CRIME VOLUME 57 20 36 23

PERIOD YEAR 2011 YEAR 2010 YEAR 2009 YEAR 2008

POPULATION 79,970 78,209 77,612 77,006

AMCR 5.94 2.13 3.87 2.49

The crime solution efficiency ratio of the municipality or the ratio of the total number of crimes solved to the total volume of crimes recorded decreased 34.28% from 58.87% in 2010 to 24.59% in 2011.
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CRIME SOLUTION EFFICIENCY, 2008 2011 TOTAL NO. CRIMES 183 124 266 51 TOTAL CRIME SOLVED 45 73 240 45

PERIOD YEAR 2011 YEAR 2010 YEAR 2009 YEAR 2008

CSE 24.59% 58.87% 90.22% 88.23%

Since criminality continues to pose a serious threat to peace and order and public safety in our country. The fight against criminality, lawlessness, illegal armed groups, drug traffickers/pushers requires the maximum commitment not only of those in the law enforcement service, but just as importantly, the barangay officials and the concerned citizens of the private sectors. Thus, barangay government unit has been encouraged and tapped to support the military and the police by collecting intelligence information, giving early warnings, conducting ronda and similar neighborhood activities and helping in providing public information and supporting community development projects. Barangay is the basic of smallest socio-political area of governance in the country. A Barangay Tanod is a local volunteer who has been deputized to carry out basic security functions under the auspice of the barangay captain for their respective barangay. This is likely to include basic police functions for arrest, traffic control and the maintenance of peace and order and public safety. As of 2011, there are about 348 barangay tanods assigned in the 23 barangays of the municipality. Table ____)

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TOTAL NUMBER OF BARANGAY TANOD PER BARANGAY


BARANGAY APLAYA BALSAHAN-BISITA BATONG DALIG CONGBALAY-LEGASPI GAHAK KAINGEN KANLURAN-LOLA NENENG MAGDALO (PUTOL) MANGGAHAN-LAWIN MARULAS PANAMITAN POBLACION TOTAL NO. OF BRGY. TANODS 20 14 13 20 17 14 13 20 17 17 11 8

FIRE PROTECTION AND PREVENTION The Bureau of Fire Protection (BFP) is mandated by law to establish and maintain in every municipality a Fire Station complete with personnel and firefighting equipment. There are two (2) fire stations in the municipality located in Brgy. Magdalo (Putol) and Binakayan. These stations are manned by one (1) Fire Officer and nine (9) non-officers personnel. As mandated, every fire station is divided into two (2) sections the Administrative and Operations Section in order to cope up with its mission To Prevent and Suppress Destructive Fires. To augment the need for additional manpower, a total of ten (10) fire aides from the municipality are hired to strengthen the firefighter force. The ideal ratio of fire fighters is 1:2,000 inhabitants; there is an inadequacy of 20 firefighters to attend to the public safety services for the growing population of 79,970 in 2011. As of 2011, the municipality has two (2) fire trucks which are both on serviceable status. Considering the total number of commercial establishments registered in 2011 which is about 1,700 and residential houses and the increase in the number of subdivisions, there is a need of an additional two (2) fire trucks to meet the standard ratio and to efficiently serve the community. At present the Kawit Fire Station is in need of radio communication equipment and service vehicle for fire safety inspectors and investigators.
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The Office of the Bureau of Fire Protection reported 33 fire incidents Structural (1), and grass/rubbish (31) during the CY 2011. Table _____, shows the Fire incidents in the municipality for the past 5 years.

FIRE INCIDENCE, 2007 - 2011


NATURE OF FIRE STRUCTURAL GRASS/RUBBISH VEHICULAR TOTAL 2007 3 22 1 26 8 31 35 33 2008 1 7 2009 1 30 2010 4 31 2011 2 31

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4.6 SPORTS AND RECREATION Whereas, sports activities were once generally confined to the schools, the same are now located at different barangays in Kawit. There are now interbarangay and inter-school tournament and sports fest being held at designated times of the year. Track and field facilities exist in some schools. As typical young Filipinos are fond of basketball, it will be observed that all barangays in Kawit have a basketball court, all of which are made of concrete. Well maintained private bowling lanes and tennis courts are available in various barangays in Kawit. Billiard tables, swimming pools provide for other recreational activities. 1. WATER CAMP RESORT Water Camp Resort located in Panamitan offers a relaxing atmosphere of a resort surrounded by wide areas of open space and man-made lakes while providing active recreation with swimming pools.

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Water Camp Resort

was formerly known as Josephines Restaurant and

Resort. It offers a relaxing atmosphere of a resort surrounded by wide areas of open space and man-made lakes while providing active recreation with swimming pools. After enjoying decades of popularity, Josephine Resort was due for a major facelift. New concepts in water fun for both young and old were the focus of the renovation in 1999. An architect and engineers were commissioned to fit into the resorts new look the latest trends in water park resorts here and abroad. Christened Water Camp to project the new image, the resort proudly showcased four interconnected swimming activity pools, a 20-room inn and four family villas, and a well-maintained natural fishpond for fishing and boating activities. Water Camp became the freshwater oasis outside Manila. The Fishermans Wharf outlet was completed a year after to give the resorts guests the option to catch and grill their own fish, easily making it one of the most enticing features of the resort. With the newest attractions at the Water Camp Resort, there is something for every member of the family to enjoy; making it the best place to spend a memorable escapade with the family. ISLAND COVE RESORT AND RESTAURANT

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Island Cove Hotel and Leisure Park is ISO 9001:2000 certified and accredited by the Department of Tourism as a triple A resort. Located in the historic town of Kawit, Cavite, this Mediterranean-inspired island is only 45 minutes away from Manila. It is known to be a pioneer in the tourism industry with the introduction of a myriad of attraction that lure both local and foreign visitors. Among these are the Oceania Water Park, the Animal Island and the Adventure Zone. This is a familyoriented adventure resort in the Philippines. It has countless sports, recreation and leisure facilities and numerous restaurants. The Hotel is one of the best in the Province of Cavite and it boasts of 113 updated rooms. Island Cove is also perfect for celebrations, corporate functions and team building activities. This is environment-friendly and has a long-term vision to become a self-sustaining natural environment, with regard to waste management and reduction in fuel emission. CHERRYS PAVILION AND RESORT It is located at Greenville Heights Subdivision, Brgy. Tabon I, Kawit, Cavite. It has three swimming pools, octopus slides, billiard tables, videoke bar, hotel and a spacious pavilion located beside the resort which can accommodate up to 500 guests. It isnt just a place where you can have fun but can also celebrate your most memorable events that will come your way.

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5. ECONOMIC SECTOR 5.1 AGRICULTURE 5.1.1 Agricultural Production 5.1.1.1 Crop Production and Land Utilization by type As of 2011, almost 66% (1,150.86 hectares) of the total land area is classified as agricultural land. Out of the total agricultural land area, only about 28.24% (325 has.) is allocated to rice production, mongo 0.27% ( 3.0 has.), fruits and vegetables 0.48% (5.50 has.), 15% (164.1 has.) is used for fishponds and salt beds. However, only 43 percent of the cropland is actually being utilized for crop production and the remaining 57 percent is either idle or unproductive. There are about 148 farmers who are into rice, corn and other vegetable production. Rice is the major agricultural crop in the area. Annually it yielded an average harvest of 56.875 metric tons. Rice is usually grown two times a year. Crops and vegetables are also raised. Irrigation determined to a large extent
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the number of cropping seasons per year, however some agricultural land are rain fed. The municipality produces 61 metric tons of assorted fruits and vegetables. 5.1.1.2 Livestock and Poultry Production Livestock and poultry production is also being done by some 3,000 farmers and entrepreneur although can only be categorized under backyard raising scale. Common livestock production includes chicken, cattle, carabao, duck and swine. 5.1.1.3 Fisheries and Aquaculture Another major economic activity in Kawit is fishpond/fishery operations. This includes production of shrimps, sugpo and bangus. Fishponds are found along the coastal and estuarine zone of the municipality. In 2011, average total fishery production yield was estimated at 4 metric tons of bangus per hectare and 3.2 metric tones of sugpo per hectare. Produce are directly sold to consumers / middlemen of adjacent municipalities and Metro manila. Some fisher folks are also involved in mussel and oyster gathering. Other fishery-based products produced in the municipality are mussel chips, dried fish, shrimp paste and smoked fish. 5.1.2 Support systems 5.1.2.1 Physical Infrastructure There is an urgent need for the maintenance of the farm to market roads and the existing irrigation canal. Industrial crops such as coconut, coffee and cacao, citrus and pineapple which cover more than one-third of Cavites total land area are noticeably absent in the municipality. The absence of industrial crops in the municipality can be explained by its soil types as mentioned in Section 2.c (Soil and Geologic Characteristics). The Guadalupe and Quingua Fine Sandy Loam are predominant in the barangays of Kawit. These soil types are not highly suitable for growing industrial crops. Although rice, corn and other vegetables can be grown in these soil types, soil productivity cannot be maximized due to the sandy and clayish contents of the soil. As indicated by the 90cavans yield per hectare of irrigated riceland in Kawit, soil productivity has been hampered, as compared to the national average yield for irrigated ricelands of 120 cavans
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per hectare/harvest. This means that cultivated rice lands in Kawit are almost 25% less productive, making crop production less profitable if not unprofitable for the farmers. 5.1.2.2 Credit and Finance Farmers are given loans for their agriculture production needs such as pesticides and fertilizers. 5.1.2.3 Agriculture and Forest Support Program and Technical Assistance The Municipal Agriculture Office renders various technical and support services to farmers. The lack of irrigation facilities and agricultural support and credit services are the major factors for farmers and landowners to look into other sources of livelihood. Hence, the past years saw a decline in the value of agricultural land and the gradual shift to residential land uses. Below are programs/projects available as technical support being given by the Agriculture Department A. B. C. D. E. F. Sustained Self Sufficiency for Rice Acceleration of Livelihood Programs Livestock Production Promotion of Farm Home Resource Management Fisheries Production and Development Cooperative Development and Private Sector Involvement

5.1.4 Areas Covered by National/Local Policies 5.1.4.1 Network of Protected Areas for Agricultural and Agro-Industrial Areas for Development (NPAAAD) 5.1.4.2 Strategic Agriculture and Fishery Development Zones (SAFDZs) 5.1.4.3 CARPable Areas/Lands

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5.2

COMMERCE AND TRADE

5.2.1 Inventory and Distribution of Commercial Establishments by Type RETAILERS TRADE PEDDLER OF CLOTH RICE RETAILER FEEDS AND OTHER POULTRY SUPPLY/PRODUCTS DRUGSTORE FURNITURE AND APPLIANCE DEALER AUTO ELECTRONICS PRODUCTS GASOLINE STATION/LPG RETAILERS LUMBER/HANDWARE/CONST. SUPPLY SEAFOOD VENDING VEGETABLE & FRUIT VENDING MEAT/CHICKEN VENDING SARI-SARI STORE/SCHOOL SUPPLIES/WATER STATIONS LANDSCAPPING MOTOR/BICYCLE PARTS AND SUPPLIES TOBACCO GUNS STORE BEAUTY PRODUCTS TOTAL WHOLESALE TRADE SUPERMARKET/GROCERIES GENERAL MERCHANDISE JUNKSHOP SCRAP TOTAL NOS. 17 15 9 16 11 25 13 47 63 48 103 397 1 21 0 3 2 791

6 39 10 17 72

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BANKING /FINANCE RURAL/COMMERCIAL BANK LENDING/INVESTOR/INSURANCE PAWNSHOP/FOREIGN EXCHANGE/REMITTANCE TOTAL

9 12 29 50

REAL ESTATE LESSOR OF REAL ESTATE REAL ESTATE DEVELOPER TOTAL SERVICES COMPUTER SHOPS/ACCESSORIES AND AMUSEMENTS HOTEL/CASINO PRINTING PRESS/ STICKERS/POSTER/PUBLISHING FUNERAL PARLOR/HOMES/PARK RICE MILL MEDICAL/DENTAL CLINIC AND SUPPLY/CLINIC/HOSPITAL REPAIR SHOP RESTAURANT/CARINDERIA/EATERY BARBER/PARLORSHOP TAILORING/DRESS SHOP/LAUNDRY SHOP UPHOLSTERY/CABINETS/KITCHEN/PANDAYAN MASSAGE/THERAPEUTIC/BEAUTY/SPA PHOTO/STUDIO SUPPLY PIGGERY RESORT BURGER STAND TRAVEL AND TOURS
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284 10 294 NOS. 64 3 10 7 0 26 14 81 26 13 4 7 6 0 2 1 9

MOVIE HOUSE CATERING/ PARTY NEEDS CAR WASH RECREATIONAL/TRAINING/TESTING CENTERS WAREHOUSE/BODEGA TELECOMMUNICATIONS/ APARTMENT/ROOM FOR RENT PETSHOP AND SUPPLIES ADVERTISEMENT/NEWS/AGENCY TRUCKING SHOOTING RANGE TOTAL MANUFACTURING / INDUSTRIAL TRADING MANUFACTURING IMPORT/EXPORT GARMENTS/SUB-CONTRACTOR VULCANIZING FACTORY INDUSTRIAL COMPANY BAKERY AND SUPPLY/BAKERSHOP TRADING TOTAL GRAND TOTAL 5.2.2 Growth Pattern

0 6 7 26 28 3 4 6 10 3 1 367

1 1 11 5 3 4 32 33 90 1664

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TOTAL NUMBER OF BUSINESS ESTABLISHMENTS 2007 - 2011 YEAR TOTAL 2007 1,560 2008 1,549 2009 1,439 2010 1,710 2011 1,664

GROWTH PATTERN
1750 1700 1650 1600 1550 1500 1450 1400 1350 1300 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 1439 1560 1549 GROWTH PATTERN 1710 1664

The opening of the Centennial Road (Soriano Road or CEPZA Road) in 2009 as the major thoroughfare of Kawit introduced more commercial establishments. Very notable is the new Kartini Hotel along Centennial Road of Barangay Gahak. Along the same strip in Barangays Tabon, Batong-Dalig, and Putol, more and more investors in the restaurant industry (night-out-spots) started to pour in.
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However, those business establishments in the SERVICES TRADE along the former major thoroughfare Tirona Hi-way (National Road) from Malamok Bridge up to Tabon-Poblacion junction have been severely affected by that alteration. They were constrained to cut down their business investments, others could not even afford to pay up their taxes due the Kawits Business Licensing Office. Hence, the significant decline as indicated in the table. Most notable is the indefinite shutdown of the famous Josephine;s Restaurant. Those in the retail trade like stores, bakeries, gift shops and the like, have been affected as well. The strategy to counterbalance the effect is to tap Barangay officials of the affected areas and find other marketable but more profitable merchandise, or change the business activity by which to engage with.

5.2.3 External and Internal Factors affecting Commerce and trade There are lots of factors that greatly affect commercial trade in the municipality. One of the foremost reason is the absence of a Revised Municipal Tax Code. Fortunately in the beginning of the Year 2012, the municipality was able to come up with the Revised Tax Code. It took the municipality 10 years before the said revision. There is also the lack of a monitoring team from Barangay Officials that have been tapped to investigate or discover business establishments in their area of responsibility, that the count of delinquent establishments, and/or unregistered, decreased. 5.3 INDUSTRY 5.3.1 Inventory of Industries by Type For the past 5 years (2007-2011), there are only 3 industrial firms existing in the municipality namely R.M. Handog Merchandising, A.M. Rieta Chemicals Trading and Caimol Marketing Inc. 5.3.2 Growth Trend 5.3.3 Support Facilities
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5.4 TOURISM One of the foremost and most important industries in the country, that needs sustenance and assistance, is the Tourism Industry. It generates employment and encourages the growth of small and medium industries that form the backbone of our economy. Tourism is an effective vehicle for cultural awareness and historical consciousness. And because Kawit has a rich historical background and cultural heritage, the Municipal Government has directed its thrust for tourism development by way of restoring and preserving some of its significant tourist attractions that projects the Municipalitys cultural heritage from the historical past. In the process, tourism will help improve the municipalitys economy and it will make the citizenry cognizant of the valuable history and more importantly give it a sense of pride in its heritage. 5.4.1 Inventory of Tourism Facilities One of the foremost and most important industries in the country, that needs sustenance and assistance, is the Tourism Industry. It generates employment and encourages the growth of small and medium industries that form the backbone of our economy. Tourism is an effective vehicle for cultural awareness and historical consciousness. And because Cavite City has a rich historical background and cultural heritage, the Municipal Government has directed its thrust for tourism development by way of restoring and preserving some of its significant tourist attractions that projects the Municipalitys cultural heritage from the historical past. In the process, tourism will help improve the citys economy and it will make the citizenry cognizant of the valuable history and more importantly give it a sense of pride in its heritage.

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HISTORIAL TOURIST ATTRACTIONS A. GEN. EMILIO AGUINALDO SHRINE

The Aguinaldo Shrine is the national shrine located in Kawit, Cavite in the Republic of the Philippines, where the independence of the Philippines from Spain was declared on June 12, 1898. To commemorate the event, now known as Araw ng Kalayaan or Independence Day, a national holiday, the Philippine flag is raised here by top government officials every June 12th of each year. The shrine is the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo, the First President of the First Republic of the Philippines. The house was first built in 1845 made from wood and thatch, and reconstructed in 1969.

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B. GENERAL BALDOMERO AGUINALDO SHRINE

Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo was the first cousin of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo and became his right hand. He was the president of the Magdalo Council which was established in Imus, Cavite. He was the First President of the Asociacion de los Veteranos de la Revolucion Filipina. This restored historical edifice was originally built in 1906 and served as the official residence of Gen. Baldomero Aguinaldo and his family. C. BATTLE OF BINAKAYAN MONUMENT

The encounter in Binakayan is one in a two-pronged branch of offensive against Spaniards on November 9-11, 1896. The second encounter was in Kalero, Noveleta wherein hundreds of Spanish soldiers has been killed by Filipinos. During the uprising, Gen. Gregoria Montoya was with the revolutionary forces. She is the Joan of Arc of the Philippines and hailed from
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Tabon, Kawit, Cavite. Two hundred fifty Spanish soldiers surrendered in "Polvorin" (Pulborista) after a brief encounter with Filipino soldiers. The Spanish forces were totally demoralized. It is the second victory of the Filipino Revolutionaries under the leadership of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo in the Second Philippine Revolution. D. GENERAL CANDIDO TIRONA MONUMENT Gen. Candido Tirona Monument is located at Poblacion, Kawit Cavite. This monument was built in memory of Gen. Candido Tirona who was the first revolutionary Captain Municipal in the Philippines. He was one of the "Heroes of Binakayan Battle that took place on Nov. 9-11,1896" in which the Spanish forces under the over-all command of Governor and Cpt. Gen. Ramon Blanco were decisively defeated. Born on Aug. 29, 1863, he was the son of a wealthy couple, Estanislao and Juana Mata, both natives of Kawit. He was also a compadre of Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo.

RELIGIOUS ATTRACTION: St. Mary Magdalene Parish Church

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St. Mary Magdalene Church in Kawit, Cavite is one of the oldest churches in the Philippines. It was initially built of wood in 1638 and was erected by six Filipino families hailing from the towns of Maragondon and Silang. St. Mary Magdelene is the patroness saint of Kawit. In 1737, the cornerstones were built. However, they were destroyed in 1831 by a strong typhoon. It was handled by the Secular priests in 1786 and then by the Recolletos in 1894. The present structure was constructed in 1737. In 1869, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo, the president of the first Philippine Republic was baptized in this church. Aguinaldo's birth certificate is kept inside a glass cabinet on the left side of the altar A life-size statue of St. Mary Magdalene is stored inside the parish church of Kawit. The present parish priest is Rev. Fr. Romeo O. Ner.

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OUR LADY OF FATIMA PARISH CHURCH

The Our Lady of Fatima Parish was previously located in Tirona Highway, Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite. On December 12, 1996, the new shrine of Our Lady of Fatima in Brgy. Congbalay, Binakayan was solemnly blessed and consecrated. What was once a dream became a reality? One of the most beautiful and unique churches of Cavite has been built as a fitting testimony of peoples love for their Beloved Mother, OUR LADY OF FATIMA. This new church boasts of its landscaped main altar with waterfalls which is a sight to
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behold and adds freshness and serenity to the place. The background of the church is in itself a mini-park with trees and plants, a mini-aviary, a small fishpond and a gazebo. 5.4.2 Tourism Departure and Arrival by Type Tourism industry has been proven to be a major contributing factor in the growth of ones economy. It is an engine of investment, employment, growth and development. Tourist arrivals both foreign and locals reaches113,399 in 2011. However, the average foreign tourist arrival in the municipality for the past 5 years accounted for only 1% of the total tourist arrivals in the municipality. To further boost the tourism industry in Kawit, tourism-related projects, plans, programs and strategies must be implemented.

TOTAL NUMBER OF TOURIST ARRIVAL 2007 - 2011


TYPE FOREIGN LOCAL STUDENTS 126,010 2007 1,004 125,006 2008 908 48,571 73,184 122,663 2009 1,041 34,283 66,476 101,800 2010 953 29,339 106,051 136,343 2011 1,259 27,242 84,898 113,399

Existing and Potential Tourism Area Historical landmarks all over Kawit weigh the most in current Tourists Arrival quantity. Foremost is the Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo Shrine which features the vast Freedom Park in Barangay Kaingen; seconded by the Battle of Binakayan Site in
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Barangay Pulvorista-Bianakayan; and the Baldomero Aguinaldo Shrine in Bisita St., Binakayan. Volume of tourists is greater for students who are Philippine History enthusiasts. The density of Local and Foreign Tourists account for those regular visits to that most famous cultural landmark in Kawit The Kawit Roman Catholic Church (or the St. Mary Magdalene Parish Church) which was built in 1817 by Spanish priests, partially destroyed during the World War II bombings, and at the opening of the second millennium restored to its original greatness and grandeur. Another prospective tourist attraction is that proposed Freedom Park Extension, with road network as access to the original National Road up to the KawitNoveleta Coastal Road Project and CAVITEX. Soon to rise on this site are leisure and educational parks with ponds, nature-enriched environment, with memorials of Philippine heroes stretched by the boulevard. A sure landmark that will depict Kawit as it should and will always be an illustrious historical spot.

6. INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR 6.1 Transportation Kawit now has two (2) major road networks that leads to Metro Manila in the north and the industrial part of Cavite to the south namely, the Tirona Highway-Highway 25 and Covelandia-CEPZA Road. The Tirona Highway and Highway 25 are two adjoining roads which serves the coast part of Kawit with dense population which the previous Town Hall was established besides the St Mary Magdalene Church and the Aguinaldo Shrine. It interconnects the town of Bacoor and Noveleta from North to South. Other known establishments that serves this roads within Kawit are Josephines Resort and Restaurant, Sasahama Restaurant, Cherrys Pavilion, Binakayan Public Market, Bautista Arcade, Mercury Drug, Metrobank, BPI, PS Bank, Malvar Supermarket, Emilus Supermarket, Massway Supermarket and other fast food chains like Mang Inasal, Mc Donalds and Jollibee etc. The Covelandia-Cepza Road are also two adjoining roads recently constructed to be used as the main thoroughfare to the Industrial Zones of Cavite (CEPZA) and the Port Area of Manila vice versa. The 30 m wide
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highway bypass the farmland of the town and the coastline Binakayan which escalates a number of commercial establishments and resort in the area namely; Sula Gas, Petron Gasoline Station, Orange County, Phoenix Gasoline Station, Jetti Gasoline Station, Kartini Hotel, 711 Store, RCPJC Hardware, Cedz Restaurant, Tirona Hardware, Tiles Center, Island Cove, Miquels Bar & Restaurant, Esther Robina Restaurant etc. And also the newly established Municipal Annex Building (New Town Hall) utilizes this road which will be the framework to be the new center of Kawit in the near future. To further ease the traffic problem of the Province of Cavite, there is an on-going construction of 7 kms Tollway being built by UEM-MARA Phils. Corporation a wholly owned subsidiary of Coastal Road Corporation will extends the existing 6.45 kms. Coastal Road from Zapote in Las Pinas City to Tirona Highway in Kawit, Cavite. This was named CAVITE TOLL EXPRESSWAY (CAVITEX) and this will absolutely shorten the travel time from Manila to Cavite. This project will be a boost to the Province of Cavites tourism and will definitely revolutionize the lives of Caviteos and will allow commercial traffic to move quicker from Port Area and NAIA to the Cavite Export Processing Zone which is truly essential to nationwide economic development. Data gathered from the Engineering Office reveals that there is a total of about 35.259 kilometers of roads in the entire municipality. 1. 2. 3. 4. National Roads Provincial Roads Municipal Roads Barangay Roads 13.700 2.296 0.809 18.454

6.1.1 Inventory of roads and Bridges (external/internal link) 6.1.2 Mode of Transportation by type Buses, jeepneys and tricylcles are the main public utility vehicles in the municipality. Transportation in going to Manila and nearby towns is by means of buses and jeepneys. Mobility in the municipality is supported by the following existing transport facilities such as road network, bridges and physical inventory of transport units. Other support transport facilities are
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waiting stations and public parking areas while there are no airports, seaports, cargo ports and major land transportation terminal. 6.3 Transport Terminals There is no existing land transport terminal in the municipality. The public utility buses plying to Manila usually comes from nearby towns like Cavite City, Tanza, Naic and Ternate terminals. 6.2 Power The Manila Electric Company (MERALCO) is the franchise holder of the power utility service of Kawit, Cavite. The built up area which are concentrated in the northern portion as well as the eastern and western boundaries which are also becoming built-up areas respectively are provided with electricity with an aggregate length of power lines, mostly installed along municipal and other major roads of approximately forty (40) linear kilometers. Considering an average consumption of .0644 kilowatt hour per person (residential) as per Year 2005 Philippines Electric Consumption, the present demand of electrical supply based on projected population for the Year 2011 which is 79,970, it is about 123,601 kilowatt - hour/day. 6.3 Water 6.3.1 Facilities Water for human consumption is being supplied by MWSI and about one hundred fifty (150) public artesian wells/deep wells located sparsely in the built up areas as well in agricultural areas. The MWSI water services are extended to the consumers through an aggregate length of 18.39 linear kilometers of pipelines, mostly installed in the built-up areas in the northern part of the municipality. There are six (6) MWSI pumping stations serving the residents of the municipality. Considering an average consumption of 107 liters/capita/day (residential), the present demand of water supply, based on existing population, is about 8,556,790 liters/day or 8,556 cubic meters /day. The extent of MWSI is limited to areas installed with the pipeline system.

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6.3.2 Number of Household serve by type of water system Based on the Municipal Health Office record, there are 2 types of water system in the municipality, the Level I and II . About 51.09 % and 48.09% of the total household uses Level I and Level II respectively.

6.4 Postal Service The Post Office under the Philippine Postal Corporation is manned by a Postmaster and four (4) Letter Carriers and equipped with metered machine, pigeon holes, weighing scale, telephone, typewriter, table with chair, filing cabinet, safety vault, steel box, lock box and sorting table. VOLUME OF MAILS POSTED AND DELIVERED KAWIT, CAVITE

POSTED MAILS DOMESTIC INTERNATIONAL TOTAL 57,911 2,695 60,606 DELIVERED MAILS DOMESTIC INTERNATIONAL TOTAL 219,226 20,313 239,539

Communication Service Facilities Year 2011 The Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (PLDT) and GLOBE Telecommunications, both private firms are the franchise holder of the telephone system in Kawit, Cavite. \ 6.4 Telecommunication: Inventory of Tower CellsSites)

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LIST OF CELL SITES Municipality of Kawit, Cavite 2011 NAME 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 GLOBE TELECOMMUNICATIONS GLOBE TELECOMMUNICATIONS GLOBE TELECOMMUNICATIONS GLOBE TELECOMMUNICATIONS GLOBE TELECOMMUNICATIONS SMART COMMUNICATIONS INC. SMART COMMUNICATIONS INC. SMART COMMUNICATIONS INC. SMART COMMUNICATIONS INC. DIGITEL TOWER DIGITEL TOWER DIGITEL TOWER DIGITEL TOWER DIGITEL TOWER ISLACOM CO. INC. ISLACOM CO. INC. LOCATION Wakas, Kawit, Cavite Toclong, Kawit, Cavite Batong Dalig, Kawit, Cavite Toclong, Kawit, Cavite Batong Dalig, Kawit, Cavite Gahak, Kawit, Cavite Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite Magdalo, Kawit, Cavite Panamitan, Kawit, Cavite Magdalo, Kawit, Cavite Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite Gahak, Kawit, Cavite Tramo-Bantayan, Binakayan, K.C. Sta. Isabel, Kawit, Cavite Binakayan, Kawit, Cavite Balsahan, Binakayan, K.C.

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ANALYSIS MATRIX (INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR) 1. Lack of flood control system INFRASTRUCTURE SECTOR Disaster to the populace Instruct the MDRRC to make a comprehensive report on their Plans and Programs for a Flood-Control Project for high-risk areas Persistent and prolonged traffic jams in the area Strict adherence to traffic rules and regulations by the Traffic Management Group along Tirona Highway-Binakayan vicinity

2. Hampered road widening projects along the Binakayan Trading Center

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