PHILIPPINE GOVERNMENT AND CONSTITUTION Course Guide A: Course Overview: This course presents basic concepts, principles, processes

, rights and institutions necessary for the understanding of the framework of the Philippine Government and the fundamental charter from which it is founded (the Constitution). B: Course Goals: At the end of the semester, you are expected to: 1. Acquire basic knowledge regarding the concepts and principles behind Philippine Government and Constitution; 2. to apply this basic knowledge for you to critically analyze and formulate intelligent opinions on certain political issues besetting the Philippine government; and 3. to better exercise your rights and discharge your corresponding obligations to others as responsible members of a democratic society. C: Materials: In taking this subject, you are required to secure a copy of this course guide as well as all of the modules containing the topics to be covered and study guides, if any. You must also refer to any of the updated editions of textbooks on the subject and to the 1987 Philippine Constitution. Newspaper broadsheets and journals will also be used in relating concepts being studied to contemporary political issues.

D. Topics and Subject Matter: PRELIM I. Politics, Power and Authority 1. Concepts of Politics a. Neutral Concept

b.2 Charismatic Authority b.3 According to the relationship between the three branches of government . 2.1 According to Seat of Power Monarchy Oligarchy or Aristocracy Democracy Dictatorial Government Military Governmentc. Definitionb. Physical and Political Element 2. Classification and Forms of Government c.3. Evaluative Concept c. General and Specific Functions of the Government b. Power: The Tool of Politics a. Views on Power a.1. The Inherent Powers of the Government Power of Eminent Domain Police Power Power of Taxation c.2.3 Legal-Rational Authority II. Conservative View a. The Concept of the State. Pejorative Concept 2. Radical View b. The Bases of Authority (Legitimate Power) by Max Weber b. The Government a. Liberal View a. Government and Constitution 1.1 Traditional Authority b. The Statea. According to Legitimacy De Facto (Government of Force) De Jure (Government of Law) c.

Meaning and Objective of a Preamble 2. National purposes and aims in adopting the Philippine Constitution as set forth in the preamble 3. The Archipelagic Principle of Territoriality . Nature and Purpose of the Constitution b.4 According to the extent of power of the national government Unitary Federal 3.3 According to difficulty of amendment or revision Rigid or Inelastic Flexible or Elastic c. The importance of defining the national territory 4. Scope of the Philippine national territory 5. Classification and Forms b. Methods of Constitutional Amendments or Revisions Constitutional Convention Constituent Assembly Initiative MIDTERM III.Presidential Parliamentary c. I) 1.2 According to Form Written Unwritten b.1 According to Origin Conventional or Enacted Cumulative or Evolved b. The Constitution a. The Preamble and the Philippine National Territory (Art.

The supremacy of civilian authority over military authority (Sec. freedom. II) 1. Adherence to the policy of peace. c. 4) 5. Renunciation of [aggressive] war as an instrument of national policy. equality. 3. (Sec. The National Principles of the Philippine Republic (Art. Philippine Territorial Claims IV.6. 1) a.5) . cooperation and amity with all nations. Manifestations of a Republican State. justice. 3) 4. liberty and property and promotion of general welfare as essential factors for the enjoyment of the blessings of democracy. protection of life. b. Peace and order.To serve and protect the people as the prime duty of the government (Sec. right of minority and check and balances -passage of irrepealable laws -suability of the State b. (Sec. Adoption of international law as part of the law of the land. 2) a. Principles governing foreign policy. Means through which Filipinos exercise sovereignty 2. (Sec. The Philippines being a democratic and republican state.

Right to life. Right to due process of law (Sec. Classes of Rights a. Human Rights 1.1) Meaning of due process of law Aspects of due process of law (procedural and substantive due process) . Political Rights5. liberty and property (Art. Classes of Constitutional Rights a. 6) d State V. Social and Economic Rights a. The inviolability of the separation of Church and State. (Sec. III. Definition of Right2.1) Meaning of deprivation of life. Civil Right Social and Political Rights Rights of the Accused b. liberty and property b. Statutory Rights 4. Natural Rights b. The Term in Legal Context a. Civil Personality Natural Person Juridical Person b. Sec. Political Personality (Citizenship) 4.6. Constitutional Rights Political Rights Civil Rights Rights of the Accused c.

Meaning and Implications of Citizenship 2. 11-12) 6. Sec. II. Sec. Right to privacy of communication and correspondence (Art. Right against unreasonable searches and seizures (Art. Right to equal protection of the laws (Art. III. XIII.21) VI. Sec. III. Sec. 11 . 1) d. Freedom of Expression (Art. 4) Speech Press Assembly Petition Association (Art. Liberty of Abode and the Right to Travel (Art. 2) Meaning of Search Warrant and Warrant of Arrest Requirements for the issuance of a warrant Instances when searches and seizures can be done without a warrant.c. Sec. Sec. III. 18 / Art XIII. Sec. III. Right to just compensation for private property taken for public use. Citizenship (Article IV) 1. Sec. 1 and 2) j. III. 9) i. Right to health (Art. Sec. Sec. The Plain View Doctrine e. III. Involuntary Method Jus sanguinis Principle Voluntary Method (Naturalization) . 8) Religious freedom (Art. XIV. 3) k. Right to education (Art. Rights of the Accused (Art. 5) Tests of Reasonable Restrictions on the Freedom of Expression (Obscenity Test. Methods of Acquiring Citizenshipa. Right to labor (Art. Sec. 3)DEPARTMENTAL f. (Sec. 6) h. Sec. III. III.Clear and Present Danger Test and Dangerous Tendency Test) g.

Naturalized VII. Suffrage (Article V) 1. Kinds of Citizena. The Philippine Congress a. Legislative Department (Article VI) 1. Referendume . Steps in the Passage of a Bill B. Qualifications of Filipino Voters FINAL VIII. Forms of Suffragea. Natural-Bornb. Meaning of Executive Power . The Philippine Executive Branch (Article VII) 1. The Three Branches of the Philippine Government A. Powers of Congress gislative Powers d. Election b. Composition c. Plebiscited . Statute and Resolution 3. Recall c. Meaning of a Bill. Sessions of Congress Executive 2.3. Meaning of Suffrage 2. Initiative 3.

Grounds. Sec. Accountability of Public Officers (Art. Qualifications. Sec. Qualifications for the members of the Supreme Court IX.2. The Cabinet and Government Executive Agencies C. Term of Office and Maximum Terms of the President and the Vice-President 3. VI. XIII. VI. Meaning and Scope of Judicial Power 2. 17-19) Electoral Tribunals Commission on Appointments in Congress (Art. IX. Impeachable Officials c. XI. Secs. 2[3]) . Organization and Jurisdiction of Philippine Courts 3. Procedures and Penalty for Impeachment Cases Removal of Other Officials Members of Congress (Art. IX) Civil Service CommissionCommission on Audit Office of the Ombudsman (Art. Sec. Constitutional Commissions (Art. 17-19) X. IX. Secs. XI) The Nature of Public Office (Sec. The Philippine Judicial Branch (Article VIII) 1. 1) Grounds for Disciplinary Action in the Civil Service Impeachment a. Nature and Purpose of Impeachment b. Meaning . Powers of the Supreme Court 4. 16[3]) Lower court judges (Art. B-Sec. 11) CSC Officers and Employees (Art. 5-14) Commission on Human Rights (Art. Powers of the President 4.

. and Final). you must attend classes regularly and obtain a passing average of the marks of the four (4) periods (Prelim. Other requirements include written compositions.Cabinet Members Sandigan bayan: Anti-Graft Court Office of the Ombudsman (Tanodbayan) E. case studies/analysis and participation in a graded recitation to be conducted towards the end of every grading period. Departmental. Course Requirements: To pass the course. Midterm.

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