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Published by Andor Molitorisz

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Published by: Andor Molitorisz on Nov 22, 2012
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C11 Numerical Control Equipment Control types: 1. Manual 2.

Cams and copy system - following a profile defined by a physical piece, attached by springs or a hydraulic system to the cutting tool. Using the hydraulics we can set a ratio between the different axes. 3. Mechanical and electronic devices - use a position sensor (to indicate only position), using micro-switches at start and end of the course to stop/start the motion as necessary. This can be combined with cams to control the profile and the feed of the cutting tool. 4. NC - numerical control. Instead of physical cams and switches we have electrical cards to access functions or the machine tool hardware functions. The cards are coupled with registers and a display, the latter displays the parameters of the functions, as read from the registers. The control of the machine is done via the control panel, using a programming language (ex. G-code). 5. CNC - computer numerical control. The electronic cards are replaced with a microprocessor, the registers with the memory, coupled with a graphical display. The control panel is basically the same, with and extra keyboard. 1. Machine Tool: ex. 5-axis milling machine tool 1. plug in - connect to a power system 1. electrical power - AC/DC Motor 2. Hydraulic 3. Pneumatic 2. Start up the machine 3. Main spindle 1. sense of rotation 2. speed 1. gearbox (step) - the number of combinations, depending on the ratios 2. Continuous change of speed 3. position if possible 4. Numerical Axes:

we can increase the obtained precision of the linear position. generate signals based on logical decisions. 5. 4. Incremental .) Measuring systems:  Absolute   Direct . circular. 2. ensure the feedback data acquisition for a continuous process state identification 10. 3. obtaining a continuous measurement. tools management .linear ruler o Relative .rotational. end position 4. 11. elliptic. 6. By changing the disc with one with more increments. digital . sense of motion (trajectory is linear or circular. etc. if combination of multiple axes is possible. the selection of the resultant trajectory (linear. activate the operator control panel 13. Included: 1.1. 7. we can put it anywhere o Outputs:   analog . send data for the MMI (man-machine interface) 12. depending on the guiding lines) 2. Control of the spindle axis position control axes correlation command the drive for every axes identify the machine tool status accept input data store the command information send the manufacturing information in the sequence imposed by the process order 9. measuring the increments on the disc we can obtain the linear position. not representing every value. 8.there is a linear connection.the measurement is grainy. feed 3. the final precision depends on the increments of the measuring method.the zero point is a floating point.

centering 2. the source code is stored on punched cards or magnetic tape. pozitia si nr. circular interpolation 4. Technical drawing . Restrictii 6.14. turatie AP (min. limbajul de programare acceptat 10. Second generation: NC system. Writing the program 8. Determining the compulsory points. de scule din magazie 7. ECS . errors management Generations of numerical control:    First generation: the machine is destined for manual operation. drilling 3. Tool choices needed for the processes 4. Steps for the project: 1. Avans 4. . tool store positions 8. de axe controlate numeric 3. only on the central computer. adapted for the attachment of numerical equipment to display tool position. . 7. Execute the program . BLU (2 microns) 5. Multiple NC equipments are coupled to a single computer that manages the functions and send out commands as needed. trepte turatii) 2. Dry run 9. Syntax check 2.restrictii si caracteristici 9.Add a carthesian coord. nr. milling 3. Nothing is displayed on the individual machines anymore. Third generation: DNC . Verification of the program 1. Cutting Data calculations 5. Checking cutting data relative to the CNC system's characteristics 1. List of operations 1. cursele pe axe 6. system 2. while monitoring the status of machine-tools. max. tipul.direct numerical control.

17 RPM . S13 5.500 S50 .250 S41 . S21 7. 14.125 S32 . 13.1600 S61 .160 S33 . 22. 16.32 .1250 S60 . 20.200 S40 . 18. 12.40 .3200 . CPV1: 1. S11 3.1000 S53 . 11.400 S43 .80 – 100 S31 .20 RPM . S23 9.800 S52 .320 S42 . S22 8. . S12 4. Check the part. 15. S30 10. 17. 24. Turatii pt. 23.50 .2500 S63 .10. 19. 21.63 . S20 6.630 S51 . S10 2.25 .2000 S62 .

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