Digital Signal Processing Lab # 1

Basic Signal Characteristics
Prepared by
Md. Ibrahim Khalil

Trigonometric Signals
• Sin (x)
clear all
close all
clc
t=0:0.001:0.02;
f=50;
y=sin (2*pi*f*t);

plot (t,y)

1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1

0

0.002

0.004

0.006

0.008

0.01

0.012

0.014

0.016

0.018

0.02

Trigonometric Signals
• Sin(x)
clear all
close all
clc
t=0:0.001:0.02;
f=50;
y=sin (2*pi*f*t);

plot (t,y,'o')

1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1

0

0.002

0.004

0.006

0.008

0.01

0.012

0.014

0.016

0.018

0.02

Trigonometric Signals
clear all
close all
clc
t=0:0.001:0.02;
f=50;
y=sin (2*pi*f*t);

stem (t,y)

1
0.8
0.6
0.4
0.2
0
-0.2
-0.4
-0.6
-0.8
-1

0

0.002

0.004

0.006

0.008

0.01

0.012

0.014

0.016

0.018

0.02

clear all;
close all;
clc; clf;
t=0:0.001:0.02;
f=50;
y=sin (2*pi*f*t);

axis([0,6,-1,1]);

subplot (2,2,1)
plot (t,y)
xlabel('time');
ylabel('amplitude');
title('sinusoid signal');

subplot (2,2,2)
plot (t,y,'o')
xlabel('time');
ylabel('amplitude');
title('sinusoid signal');
subplot (2,2,3)

stem (t,y)
xlabel('time');
ylabel('amplitude');
title('sinusoid signal');
subplot (2,2,4)

stem (t,y,'*')
xlabel('time');
ylabel('amplitude');
title('sinusoid signal');

sinusoid signal

1

1

0.5

0.5
amplitude

amplitude

sinusoid signal

0
-0.5

0

-0.5

0.005

0.01 0.015
time
sinusoid signal

-1

0.02

1

1

0.5

0.5
amplitude

amplitude

-1

0

0
-0.5
-1

0

0

0.005

0.01 0.015
time
sinusoid signal

0.02

0
-0.5

0.005

0.01
time

0.015

0.02

-1

0

0.005

0.01
time

0.015

0.02

Impulse Function
Impulse Response
1
0.9
0.8
0.7

Amplitude

clc;
clear all;
close all;
N=input('Number of
Samples');
n=-N:1:N
x=[zeros(1,N) 1 zeros(1,N)]
stem(n,x);
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Amplitude');
title('Impulse Response');

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-5

-4

-3

-2

-1

0
Time

1

2

3

4

5

Unit Step
clc;
clear all;
close all;
N=input('Number of Samples = ');
n=-N:1:N
x=[zeros(1,N) 1 ones(1,N)]
stem(n,x);
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Amplitude');
title('Unit Step Response');

Unit Step Response
1

0.9
0.8

Amplitude

0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0
-10

-8

-6

-4

-2

0
Time

2

4

6

8

10

Unit Ramp Signal
Unit Ramp Response
10
8
6
4

Amplitude

clc;
clear all;
close all;
disp('UNUT RAMP SIGNAL');
N=input('Number of Samples = ');
a=input('Amplitude = ')
n=-N:1:N
x=a*n
stem(n,x);
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Amplitude');
title('Unit Ramp Response');

2
0
-2
-4
-6
-8
-10
-10

-8

-6

-4

-2

0
Time

2

4

6

8

10

Exponential Decay
Exponential Decaying Signal Response
1
0.9
0.8
0.7

Amplitude

clc;
clear all;
close all;
disp('EXPONENTIAL DECAYING
SIGNAL');
N=input('Number of Samples = ');
a=0.5
n=0:.1:N
x=a.^n
stem(n,x);
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Amplitude');
title('Exponential Decaying Signal
Response');

0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

0

1

2

3

4

5
Time

6

7

8

9

10

Exponential Grow
clc;
clear all;
close all;
disp('EXPONENTIAL GROWING SIGNAL');
N=input('Number of Samples = ');
a=0.5
n=0:.1:N
x=a.^-n
stem(n,x);
xlabel('Time');
ylabel('Amplitude');
title('Exponential Growing Signal Response');

Exponential Growing Signal Response

1200

1000

Amplitude

800

600

400

200

0

0

1

2

3

4

5
Time

6

7

8

9

10

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