The Oral Anatomy | Part 2

GINGIVA
The gingiva are what most people call the “gums”. The actually anatomy of the gingiva, known commonly as the “gums”, is shown in the image on the right. Because it is firmly attached to the underlying bone, the lighter pink colored gum tissue is called the “attached gingiva”. Its consistency is the same as the gums overlying in the hard palate mentioned above. The unattached gingiva, also known as the Alveolar Mucosa, is the darker pink tissue above and it is not firmly attached to the underlying bone. The mucogingival junction is what the junction between them is called. The small margin of tissue outlined in yellow is called the free or marginal gingiva (it is sometimes called the free gingival margin), and it is the sleeve like portion of the gingiva that is unattached that surrounds the tooth to form the gingival sulcus.. HARD PALATE AND SOFT PALATE The roof of your mouth has two distinctive parts. The Hard Palate is the tough, leathery, non movable part of the roof of your mouth that is attached to the inside of your teeth and curves up to make the vault of your palate. The Soft Palate lies behind the hard palate and is closer to the back of your throat. You can feel the dividing line between the hard and soft palates with your tongue if you can draw it back that far. The Uvula is attached to the back of the soft palate. MAXILLARY TUBEROSITY The tough, hard humps behind your top back teeth on both sides of the dental arch are called the Maxillary Tuberosities(note that both the upper and lower teeth are arranged in “arches”). These humps are persistent, permanent part of the mouth that have underlying bone and hard gum tissue covering them, even if all the upper teeth are extracted.

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