GSM Protocol Analyzer

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Home > Analysis (T1/E1/T3/E3/OC-3/OC-12/STM-1/STM-4) > Software Applications > Protocol Analysis

GSM Protocol Analyzer

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The Global System for Mobile communications is a digital cellular communications system. GSM standards are used to provide the interface between the various entities in GSM network. GSM networks presently operate in three different frequency ranges, GSM 900 (operates in the 900 MHz frequency range; is used in most parts of the world -Europe, most of Asia, Australia, Africa, Middle East), GSM 1800 or DC S 1800 (operates in the 1800 MHz frequency range; is found in a number of countries including France, Germany, Switzerland, the UK, and Russia) PC S 1900 or DC S 1900 - ( used in the United States and C anada). The differences between these appear to be minor and mainly confined to power levels, frequency, and minor changes in signaling. GL's GSM Analyzer is used to analyze GSM protocols, a switching and signaling telecommunication protocol between MSC & BSC , BSC & BTS, MSC & SMLC , UMA & MS,. and so on. GSM analyzer also supports decoding proprietary 'Mobis' Interface (Motorola equivalent of the GSM A-bis interface) with additional license XX151 between BSC (Base Station C ontroller) - BTS (Base Transceiver Station) and BSC (Base Station C ontroller) - PC U (Packet C ontroller Unit). Other interfaces supported include Ls / Lb / Lp Interface (Interface between MSC and SMLC ), and Up (Interface between UNC (UMA network controller) and MS). HDLC frames are parsed according to Q.921, SS7 information parsing is based on ANSI and ITU standards: T1.111, T1.112, T1.113, Q.703, Q.704, Q.708, Q.723, Q.763 & GSM information parsing is based on 3GPP TS 08.08¸ 3GPP TS 24.008, 03.40, 3GPP TS 04.11, 3GPP TS 08.58, 3GPP TS 04.18. MTP2 is parsed according to ANSI-ITU standards and the higher GSM layer information parsing depends on the user's selection of GSM 900, DC S 1800 & PC S 1900 according GSM variants. GL C ommunications supports the following types of GSM analyzers: Real-time GSM Analyzer (Pre-requisites: GL's field proven E1 or T1 internal cards or USB Laptop E1 or T1 external units, required licenses and Windows XP (or higher) Operating System) Offline GSM Analyzers(Pre-requisites: Hardware Dongles and Windows XP (or higher) Operating System) In addition the following GSM applications are supported that further help in emulating GSM protocol over A & Abis interfaces: Scripted GSM A Emulation using MAPS™ Scripted GSM Abis Emulation using MAPS™ User's Guide Product Brochure GSM Protocol Tutorial Sample Messages View Presentation

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Network Monitoring Solution
All Networks VoIP Network TDM Network Wireless Network Network Impairment Simulation

TDM Testing Solutions
Analysis Platforms Hand Portable Test Instruments T1/E1/T3/E3 Testing • Basic Applications • Optional Applications • C all & Signaling Analysis • C lient/Server Software • Protocol Analysis • Protocol Emulation • MAPS™ Based Emulation • Echo C anceller Testing • Voice Logger (C MU) T3 E3 OC 3/12 STM1/4 Testing Digital & Analog C all Simulation • Digital C O Switch • Analog Phone • BRI PRI SS7 • VQuad™ Voice Quality Solutions Fax / Modem Testing Miscellaneous Software

GSM Analyzer Main Features
Interfaces supported are A (Interface b/w BSC and MSC ), A-bis (Interface b/w BSC and BTS), Mobis (Motorola Proprietary Interface b/w BSC and BTS and also b/w BSC and PC U), Gs (Interface between SGSN and MSC ), Ls / Lb / Lp Interface (Interface between MSC and SMLC ), Up (Interface between UNC (UMA network controller) and MS).

IP / VoIP Testing Solutions



008 10.0 Release 1998 ITU-T Q. Any protocol field can be added to the summary view.7 3GPP TS 04. "Immediate Assignment" etc. the contents of this view can also be copied to clipboard.111. Supports decoding of frames with FC S of 16 bits and 32 bits. Q.40 V7.08 V7.111.0 GSM 03. Summary View displays MTP2.0 Specification Used 2/5 . Hex dump view displays raw frame data as hexadecimal and ASC II octet dump. MTP3 information. frequency hopping and so on in a tabular format. or n x 56 kbps data channels. IMSI/TMSI associated with each call. Remote monitoring capability using GL's Network Surveillance System. Statistics. Multiple trace files can be loaded simultaneously with different GUI instances for offline analysis.08 V7.17. Up-Interface.0.2.0 3GPP TS 04.4.38 version 7. and byte reversal or nonreversal. filtering. Multiple streams of GSM traffic on various T1/E1 channels can be simultaneously decoded with different GUI instances. Wireless Testing Solutions LTE Analysis & Simulation Wireless Voice Quality Wireless Protocol Analysis Wireless Protocol Emulation Voice Quality Solutions Latest News GL Events Press Releases Latest News at GL AD C ampaigns GL Newsletter GL Newsletter Subscription Additional features supported by real time GSM analyzer are Streams can be captured on the selected time slots (contiguous or non-contiguous). durations of the completed calls.713. The supported protocol interfaces in GSM analyzer are A-Interface. "Measurement Result".112-1996 3GPP TS 48. C C ITT (ITU-T) Blue Book / ANSI T1. Exports Summary View information to a comma delimited file for subsequent import into a database or spreadsheet.0 3GPP TS 04. Search and filtering capabilities. sub-channels or full bandwidth.1. Detail View displays decodes of a user-selected frame from the Summary View.111-1996 Q.18 V8. ITU-T Blue Book / ANSI T1. Supported Protocols: Supported Protocols TC P UDP IP MAC MTP2 MTP3 SC C P BSSMAP / DTAP SMS Test & Network Management Messages (ITU) Test & Network Management Messages (ANSI) MM CC LAPD BTSM RR BSSAP+ RFC 793 RFC 768 RFC 791 IEEE 802. Lb. Abis-Interface.3 Q. and search features providing users more flexibility to monitor required protocol fields. or none.0 3GPP TS 29.5. Decoding of many RR layer non-transparent messages such as "System Information".13. Type of C all (e. Real-time filtering based on the frame length.g. The variations accommodated in the software are inverted or non-inverted data. Additional features supported by Offline GSM Analyzer: Trace files for analysis can be loaded through simple command-line arguments.0. and C all Trace Views.LpInterfaces.704.921. n x 64 kbps.111-1996 Q.58 V8.0 Q.11 V7. Hex-dump.0 3GPP TS 03.10/5/12 IP & VoIP Analysis & Simulation LTE Analysis & Simulation PPP and ML PPP Testing Protocol Analyzers Protocol Emulators MAPS™ Based Emulation IP Fax / Modem Testing IP Voice Quality Solutions VoIP EC Testing GL DataTest Server GSM Protocol Analyzer Displays Summary. Mobis Interface. Recorded trace files can be played back using HDLC Playback application. the contents of this view can also be copied to clipboard. C apability to export detailed decode information to an ASC II file.Ls.17. ANSI T1. C C ITT (ITU-T) 3GPP TS 08. information about various channels used during the call. bytes/sec etc for the entire captured data. C all Detail View displays call statistics such as number of active/completed calls. ITU-T Blue Book / ANSI T1. frames/sec.703.703. Gs-Interface.0 & 3GPP TS 04.704 ANSI T1. Statistics View displays statistics based on frame count. Detail. Frames can be transmitted or captured in either.6. byte count. C all Detail Recording feature includes data link groups that help in defining the direction of the calls in a given network and form logical groups comprised of unidirectional (either 'Forward' or 'Backward') data links. SMS/Location Update/Authentication/Speech C all). GSM Message types.018 V6.

C all status. Document ID: GSD-GSM_NRS-MULTI_FA-IDS001. Screen Shot of Summary. user/network side.0 3GPP TS 48.5. Detail and Hex dump View in different panes. Document ID: GSD-GSR9-GSL-EIS-001. Time. RRC Protocol Specification TS 44.0 Mobis Layer 3 UMA Protocols (Stage 3) R1. FIB. BIB.2. Users can specify custom values for frame length to filter frames during real-time capture. Detail and Hex dump View The GSM analyzer application is invoked from the main menu of GL's T1/E1 Analyzer for real-time analyzer. Recorded trace file can be opened later for offline analysis and can then transmit using HDLC playback file application. C all traces can also be logically grouped. Base Station System (BSS) . Real-time capturing requires (except for Up Interface) user to specify timeslots.008. The Summary View displays Frame Number. FSN.071 V 7. OPC . TS 24. Length. type of GSM Message and more. are displayed in the C all Detail Record View. C all Type (e.031 V 7. FSN. or ASC II file. SLC .Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) TS 48. Detail and Hex dump View Real-time and Offline Analysis Users can capture and analyze multi GSM links in real-time and record all or filtered traffic into trace file. Statistics is an important feature available in GSM analyzer and can be obtained for all frames both in real-time as well as offline mode.RRLP BSSLAP SMLC PP LLP BSSAP-LE (BSSMAP-LE/DTAP-LE) 3GPP TS 44.0 3GPP TS 44. BSC -PC U: Motorola GSL External Interface Specification . BSN. SMS/Location Update/Authentication/ Speech C all).GSR9.0. Radio subsystem link control 3GPP TS 44. Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification. Length.0. with each group comprised of unidirectional (either 'Forward' or 'Backward') data links.e.4 GC C (Group C all C ontrol) BC C (Broadcast C all C ontrol) C lick here to view the protocol glossary page for more information Summary. IMSI/TMSI associated with each call. User can select a frame in Summary View to analyze and decode each frame in the Detail View.3. Screen Shot of Statistics and C all Detail Record View . The frames can also be filtered after completion of capture according to Frame Number. Error. octet bit reversion.331.6..0 3GPP TS 44. bit inversion. Time.068 V9.0 3GPP TS 48. search capability helps user to search for a particular frame based on specific search criteria. Filtering and search capabilities adds another powerful feature to the GSM Analyzer. FC S. SSN and Type of GSM Messages for all the frames. active/completed).0. The offline GSM analyzer is invoked from the installation directory of the offline GSM Analyzer. Similarly.069 V9.g.0 3GPP TS 49. DPC .0.008.071 V 6. BIB. duration of completed call. BSN.008.0 BSC -BTS: Motorola GSM Base Station System BSC to BTS Interface Design Specification. The Hex dump View displays the frame information in HEX and ASC II format.Stage 3 TS 25. users are provided with the option to search for a particular call detail record from the captured traces. Screen Shot of Setting the Filtering C riteria Call Detail Record and Statistics View Important call specific parameters like status of each call (i.018. DPC etc. C ore Network Protocols . The recorded trace file can be used for offline analysis or exported to a comma-delimited file. Screen Shot of Real-time and Offline Analysis Filtering and Search Users can record all or filtered traffic into a trace file. This features isolate the required frames from captured frames in real-time as well as off-line. Numerous statistics can be obtained to study the performance and trend in the GSM network and it is based on protocol fields and different parameters.031 V 6. The analyzer displays Summary. C all OPC . BSS GPRS Protocol (BSSGP) TS 45.018. Additionally.031 V7. and data transmission rate. Mobile radio interface layer 3 specification TS 48.

All the configuration settings done in any of these options can be saved to a file.10/5/12 GSM Protocol Analyzer Enhanced Trace Saving Options Users can control the captured trace files by saving the trace using different conventions such as trace files with userdefined prefixes. loaded from a configuration file. Item No. trace file with date-time prefixes. and slider control to indicate the total number of files. Any protocol field can be added to the summary view. listed at the bottom of the Buyer's Guide. or user may just revert to the default values using the default option. This feature also allows the captured frames to be saved into a trace file based on the filtering criteria set using display filter feature. Therefore. and HDT or HDE (HD cards) depending upon the hardware. refers to the hardware platform. UTA or UEA (USB Units). filtering. and search features from this GUI providing the users more flexibility to monitor required protocol fields. frame count.html 4/5 . click here. PTA or PEA (tProbe Units). Bridge and Monitor Connections Monitor from a DSX-Patch Panel Bridge Mode C onnections for Monitoring T1/E1 Signals for RJ-45 Bridge Mode C onnections Alternative Method RJ-45 C onnections Buyer's Guide: Please Note: The XX in the Item No. startup options. XX150 OLV150 XX151 Item Description T1 or E1 Real-time GSM Protocol Analyzer Offline T1 or E1 GSM Protocol Analyzer GSM Motorola Mobis option Related Software XX600 XX692 XX693 XX090 XX120 XX153 XX155 Basic C lient/Server Scripted C ontrol Software GSM A Interface Emulator MAPS™ GSM Abis Interface Emulator HDLC C apture and Playback Software (T1 or E1) Real-time SS7 Analyzer (T1 or E1) TRAU Analyzer GPRS Protocol Analyzer Related Hardware PTE001 HDT001/HDE001 HTE001 UTE001 tProbe™ Dual T1 E1 Laptop Analyzer with Basic Analyzer Software Legacy HD T1 or E1 (PC I) C ards with Basic Analyzer Software Universal T1/E1 C ard with Basic Analyzer Software Portable USB based Dual T1 or E1 Laptop Analyzer with Basic Analyzer Software Back to Protocol Analysis Index Page www. Screen Shot of Enhanced Trace Saving Options Save/Load All Configuration Settings Protocol C onfiguration window provides a consolidated interface for all the GUI and Protocol settings required in the analyzer. HUT or HUE (Universal C ards). The signaling specification conforms to 3GPP standards. GL's GSM Abis Interface Emulator is an advanced protocol simulator/tester for GSM simulation over Abis Interface that can simulate network elements BTS and BSC by generating and receiving BTSM messages. Screen Shot of Save/Load All C onfiguration Settings Scripted GSM Emulation over A & Abis interfaces using MAPS™ GL's GSM A Interface Emulator is an advanced protocol simulator/tester for GSM simulation over A Interface that can simulate network elements MSC and BSC by generating and receiving BSSMAP and DTAP messages. XX can either be ETA or EEA (Octal/Quad Boards). or time limit. For more details. The signaling specification conforms to ITU-T and 3GPP standards.com/gsmanalyzer. filter/search criteria and so on. file size. click here. which the software will be running on. This includes various options such as protocol selection. For more details.gl.

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