daily herald

the Brown
vol. cxxii, no. 109
Monday, noveMber 26, 2012

since 1891

InSIde

Page 3

Seniors, alum awarded international scholarships
By Sam Heft-LutHy
Staff Writer

Winners talk

The Herald sat down with scholarship recipients

Page 4

Art for change
Artists and profs discuss how art can create change Page 7

Manliness
Carty ’15 argues men need to look beyond masculinity
today tomorrow

47 / 29

39 / 31

For the first time in at least a decade, Brown students and recent alums were awarded each of the rhodes, Marshall and Mitchell Scholarships. the scholarships are prestigious international awards to study abroad at universities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Clayton Aldern ’13, editor-inchief of post- Magazine, received the rhodes Scholarship, which funds two years of postgraduate study at oxford University. Aldern will study neuroscience at oxford. nicholas werle ’10, a former herald senior staff writer, won the Marshall Scholarship, which funds two years of study at any university in the United Kingdom. werle has chosen to split up his two years of funding between University College London and the London School of economics. he will study economics at UCL and management and regulation of

risk at LSe. Lucas Mason-Brown ’13 won the Mitchell Scholarship, which funds one year of postgraduate study at any Irish university. Mason-Brown willstudy mathematics at trinity College in Dublin. “It makes sense in some ways to cluster the rhodes, Mitchell and Marshall Scholarships,” said Linda Dunleavy, associate dean of the College for fellowships. “they all happen around the same time of year, and they have similar criteria.” Mason-Brown is the first Mitchell winner from Brown since 2002, Dunleavy said. nine Brown students were finalists for the rhodes Scholarship this year, but only Aldern was chosen. Last year, there were six rhodes finalists and four winners from Brown, Dunleavy said. there were three Brown student finalists for the Marshall Scholarship, of whom only werle was chosen. Mason-Brown / / Scholar page 3

courtesy of clayton aldern

Clayton aldern ’13, above, was awarded the prestigious Rhodes Scholarship, which pays for two years of study at Oxford university.

Insider trading case may implicate Corporation trustee dorms’ new
By eLi Okun
Senior Staff Writer

Federal authorities leveled charges last tuesday against a portfolio manager formerly employed by an affiliate of SAC Capital Advisors L.P., the hedge fund founded by Corporation trustee Steven Cohen P’08. the charges detail what could be one of the largest insider-trading schemes on record, and mark the fourth time in recent years that current or former employees of SAC Capital have been embroiled in insider-trading allegations. though Cohen was not named in the criminal and civil suits filed tuesday by the U.S. attorneys’ office in Manhattan and the Securities and exchange Commission, some national media outlets portrayed the charges as part

of a federal probe that has been slowly closing in on Cohen. the wall Street Journal identified Cohen as the man referred to as “Portfolio Manager A,” the “owner and founder” of the firm, in the SeC’s civil complaint. the suit said Portfolio Manager A authorized several trades based on information obtained via insider trading, though it did not allege Portfolio Manager A was aware of the illegal methods being used. Mathew Martoma, the portfolio manager implicated in the suits who left SAC Capital in 2010, is alleged to have received advance information in 2008 on the negative results of clinical trials for a new drug to treat Alzheimer’s. Martoma allegedly urged SAC Capital to sell short its stock holdings in elan Corporation

P.L.C. and wyeth Pharmaceuticals, the drug companies involved in the trials, just two weeks before their results were made public. the combination of profits earned and losses avoided on the trade amounted to $276 million, which prosecutors deemed the greatest insider-trading windfall ever. Federal authorities tried unsuccessfully to persuade Martoma to become a cooperating witness in a larger criminal case against Cohen a year before they charged the portfolio manager with insider trading, the wall Street Journal reported last thursday. An agent from the Federal Bureau of Investigation showed up at Martoma’s Florida home but was unable to get him to assist with the investigation of Cohen, though Martoma’s cooperation could have

reduced the length of the prison sentence he would face if convicted. the new revelation highlights authorities’ ambition to build a strong criminal case against Cohen. the charges come as part of a broader government crackdown on illegal insider trading in recent years, amid extensive federal investigation into whether wall Street has inappropriately received advance notice about clinical trial results. there have been more than 170 insidertrading actions advanced by the SeC in the past three years, according to an SeC press release. “Mr. Cohen and SAC are confident that they have acted appropriately and will continue to cooperate with the government’s inquiry,” SAC Capital spokesperson Jonathan Gasthalter told / / trading page 2

recycling system adds ease, order
By HannaH keRman
Senior Staff Writer

alum named Miss West virginia, heads to nationals
By mOLLy SCHuLSOn
Staff Writer

courtesy of chelsea welch

Chelsea Welch ’12, above center, said her time as captain of Brown’s cheerleading team helped her win the title of miss West Virginia this year.

In the midst of chaos — 27 women hurriedly throwing on dresses, applying makeup and styling hair to perfection — Chelsea welch ’12 sat calmly off to the side, collecting her thoughts. But her relaxed state would not last. Soon, the women would be whisked away from backstage, cued to present themselves in front of an audience and judges they needed to impress with their physiques and interview skills. welch passed with flying colors. welch won the title of Miss west Virginia in the Miss USA pageant earlier this year, as well as the judges’ pick for Most Photogenic, and if she wins the Miss USA competition in early June 2013, she will become the first Miss USA winner in history to hail from west Virginia. “The judges found someone here who was extraordinarily poised, com-

fortable in her own skin and obviously very well-educated,” said randy Sanders, west Virginia’s state director of the Miss Universe organization. while at Brown, welch was captain of the cheerleading squad. Performing in front of football fans helped boost her confidence, she said. “I grew to be more comfortable in front of large crowds, so I wasn’t nervous on stage,” she said. As an Ivy League graduate, welch might not fit the typical pageant stereotype, but she said she believes her education has given her an advantage. “People don’t expect me to be smart, and they are really shocked that I can form a complete sentence and communicate my thoughts in a cohesive manner,” welch said. She said judges are sometimes surprised by her communication skills. “She has made the judges feel very comfortable / / Pageant page 3

The office of energy and environment instituted a new single-stream recycling policy in residency halls this year, allowing paper, plastic, glass, aluminum and all other recyclable materials to be disposed of in the same large blue bins. the new program is “trying to make it easier for students,” said Jeff Baum ’15, who worked for Facilities Management over the summer and is currently a member of the Brown Climate Action Forum. The renamed recycling rooms are much more organized, Baum said. There are two sections of bins, one for landfill trash and one for recycled items. In the corner, there is a specific section for cardboard. In the previous recycling system, students were expected to sort their waste, but “recycling can be pretty messy,” Baum said. recycling cardboard earned Brown $53,370 in 2011, wrote Kai Morrell ’11, outreach coordinator for the office of energy and environment, in an email to The herald. on average, the University makes around $32,210 from recycled cardboard rebates. The reduced amount of trash also allows Brown to save $32,000 to $35,000 on tipping fees each year, Morrell wrote. Morrell added that since Providence already operates on a singlestream recycling system, adopting it in dorms will better prepare students for moving off campus. But she said the University sees an increased value for its recyclables if streams are kept separate, so academic buildings still operate on the / / Recycle page 5

2 campus news
C alendar
TODAY 3:30 P .m. Observational Studies In Health Care 121 South Main, Room 245 7P .m. Fossil Fuel Divestment Roadshow Salomon Center, Room 101 6P .m. Ayn Rand’s Philosophy Wilson Hall, Room 104 NOV. 25 TOmORROW 4P .m. The Global Poverty Project Metcalf 101, Friedman Auditorium NOV. 26

the Brown DAILy herALD MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

/ / trading page 1
the herald. Martoma allegedly received the information from Sidney Gilman, a professor of neurology at the University of Michigan Medical School who was involved with the clinical trials. the SeC filed a civil-fraud suit against Gilman as well.

According to news reports, Martoma and Gilman first connected through the system of expert networks, which are legal means for companies to obtain general scientific information. But Martoma allegedly exploited that relationship to get specific private results illegally. In one case, Gilman forwarded Martoma a PowerPoint with the trials’

negative results, the suits claimed. the shifting nature of clinical trials — which companies now usually conduct on their own products in secret, rather than to advance public scientific knowledge — has made the process “a very different and not a very nice game,” said roy Poses ’73 MD’78, clinical associate professor of medicine at / / trading page 5

menu
SHARPE REFECTORY VERNEY-WOOLLEY DINING HALL

/ / Paranormal page 8
ical societies such as the rhode Island historical Society, said Dave de Costa, son of the organization’s co-founder. rISeUP also puts up public events for civilians to understand the methods and significance of paranormal investigation. Though Brown is “tight-lipped” about any paranormal activity, there have been some reports of such occurrences on the rhode Island School of Design campus, de Costa said. It is important to keep in mind that paranormal sightings include an in-

LunCH
Italian Chicken Parmesan, Hot Roast Beef on a Sesame Roll, Vegan Roasted Couscous, Frosted Brownies Chicken Fajitas, Vegan Black Bean Tacos, Beef Barley Soup, White Chocolate Chip Cookies

DinneR
Macaroni & Cheese, Cider Glazed Turkey, Baked Sweet Potatoes, Chocolate Sundae Cake Pizza Rustica with Spinach, Italian Meatballs, Italian Couscous, Broiled Stuffed Tomatoes

Sudoku

terpretive element, and depends on what the viewer perceives as real, he said. religious and cultural interpretations, which give rise to what people may perceive as paranormal, must be balanced with today’s science and technology in a very logical manner, he added. Much of rISeUP’s job is to distinguish which cases are merely caused by a person’s environment, whether it be a psychological issue triggering distress or hallucination, an eerie location or people involved or spiritual beliefs that lead them to think that there is paranormal activity around them. rISeUP

strives to help people differentiate what they see and what they think they see, in order to understand which claims are real and which are imagined, before the paranormal investigations begin in earnest. But paranormal investigations have some universal applicability to everyone, whether they are historians, priests, academics or investigators, de Costa said. “whichever way you look at it, it’s the same story at the root, and we as human beings are trying to learn about our relationship with the world,” de Costa said.

Shaw ’13: Family, friends and sports
By tOm SHaW
Contributing Writer

RELEASE DATE– Monday, November 26, 2012

Los Angeles Times Daily Crossword Puzzle
ACROSS 1 Ed of “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” 6 “Mystery solved!” 9 Spear 13 Picked 14 Artist’s studio site 16 “Arsenic and Old __” 17 Mischievous girl in classic comics 19 Fairy tale menace 20 Display for the first time, as a product 21 Rajah’s spouse 23 Until this time 24 Grilled fish in Japanese unadon 26 “Exodus” actor Sal 28 Florida NBA team, on scoreboards 31 Jack LaLanne, for one 35 Tries to make it alone 37 Funereal stacks 38 Unaccompanied 39 Baggage handler, e.g. 42 Actress Amanda 43 Put the kibosh on 45 Idle 47 1984 South African Peace Nobelist 50 Williams with a .344 lifetime batting average 51 High-altitude nest 52 Lavish bash 54 Slap-on-theforehead cry 56 The “height” part of a height phobia 58 Dress to the nines 62 __ hygiene 64 “Star Trek” role for George Takei 66 Late-night Jay 67 Genesis garden site 68 Scrabble pieces 69 Bustle 70 Big name in ice cream 71 Monica of tennis DOWN 1 Rights protection gp. 2 Knee-to-ankle bone

Edited by Rich Norris and Joyce Nichols Lewis

CroSSWord

34 “¿Cómo está __?” 53 Cow on a 3 Misbehaving 36 Boss’s “We need carton child’s to talk” punishment 54 Birdbrain 40 Sufficient, in 55 After-school 4 Makeup maven slang cookie Lauder 41 Too violent for a 57 Gave the green 5 Raised PG-13 light sculptures 59 Quiet spell 6 Musketeer motto 44 Nickelodeon explorer 60 Beekeeper word 46 Figures made played by Peter 7 Time of day with scissors Fonda 8 On fire 48 Ornamental wall 61 Kisser 9 __-mo replay recess 63 Lav of London 10 Cry that starts a 49 Put down 65 “__ questions?” kid’s game 11 Ranch division ANSWER TO PREVIOUS PUZZLE: 12 Borscht ingredient 15 North African capital for which its country is named 18 Mama Cass’s surname 22 Clouseau’s title: Abbr. 25 D-Day city 27 Nile Valley country 28 Eyed lewdly 29 TV sports pioneer Arledge 30 Pitches in 32 Cry that conflicts with 10-Down 33 Christopher of 11/26/12 xwordeditor@aol.com “Superman”

welcome back from break, everyone. These past few days have been all about self-reflection, learning to be men of good character and being grateful for the little things. So here are a few things I’m thankful for. First, I’d like to thank Brandon Moore, Mark Sanchez and the rest of the new york Jets organization for starting Christmas early and giving America the greatest 52 seconds of nFL football it’s seen in a long while. At least they followed the game plan and kept the new england offense off the field as long as they could. of course, Detroit also made headlines thursday for throwing away their season as quickly as Jim Schwartz could get that challenge flag out of his pocket. (note: For those of you not watching, congratulations for not having any ties to Detroit or houston!) The Lions faced a mustwin game and would have won if only their coach didn’t challenge an unchallengeable play which would have been successfully overturned if it weren’t challenged. welcome to the twilight Zone. As if things couldn’t get worse for the city of Detroit, the spirit of replacement ref past emerged to give the ball to the texans despite Detroit clearly recovering their own punt. The game ended up going into overtime and, while no one actually cares who won, at least we got an extra

15 minutes of Megatron doing amazing things. The takeaway is, as usual, to cheat without getting caught or, as Mr. Cartmenez taught me, be savvy. (But how do I reach these keeeds?) For my post-Thanksgiving food coma, I had the pleasure of attending the national Invitational tournament Season tip-off at Madison Square Garden with Kareem Abdul-Jabbar (I was on the Jumbotron before they cut to him!). I witnessed no. 4 Michigan hold a scrappy Kansas State squad at bay for the first half before blowing the doors open in the second, with one noticeably intoxicated fan screaming, “Don’t let the gate hit your ass on the way out!” Though the results weren’t surprising, the amount of nBA pedigree on the wolverines team was. with tim “Screw ‘run tMC,’ I’m Playing hero Ball” hardaway Jr., Glenn “not as Big Dog” robinson III and Jon “his Mom’s Favorite Basketball Player is Al” horford leading the way, the forensics experts would suggest good things for this team. obviously, there are a lot of great teams in contention in college basketball. Kentucky is once again stocked with talent (John Calipari is going to run out of souls to sacrifice at this rate), Duke is their usual selves (see: douchebag) and ohio State, though undefeated, is still not going to a Bowl game (oops, wrong sport). of course, come March, I fully expect KU to go on a roll (rock Chalk! we’ll do

daily herald
the Brown
www.browndailyherald.com 195 angell St., Providence, r.I.
Claire Peracchio, President rebecca Ballhaus, Vice President Danielle Marshak, treasurer Siena DeLisser, Secretary The Brown Daily herald (USPS 067.740) is an independent newspaper serving the Brown University community daily since 1891. It is published Monday through Friday during the academic year, excluding vacations, once during Commencement and once during orientation by The Brown Daily herald, Inc. Single copy free for each member of the community. PoStMASter please send corrections to P.o. Box 2538, Providence, rI 02906. Periodicals postage paid at Providence, r.I. Subscription prices: $280 one year daily, $140 one semester daily. Copyright 2012 by The Brown Daily herald, Inc. All rights reserved.
By C.C. Burnikel and D. Scott Nichols (c)2012 Tribune Media Services, Inc.

11/26/12

(401) 351-3372 herald@browndailyherald.com

edItorIal

(401) 351-3260 gm@browndailyherald.com

buSIneSS

without molasses because anything from Missouri has a taint about it!) and win me all my money back when I inevitably pencil them in as national champions. while there were many highly touted players in the tournament, the player that really surprised was Pittsburgh’s Steven Adams. A 7-footer out of new Zealand and the youngest of 18, the 19-year-old was able to put up an efficient 13 points along with three incredible blocks that helped key a blowout win over the Delaware Blue hens. That’s the kind of talent that has vaulted Adams to the top of scouting reports with multiple draft sites projecting him as a lottery pick, assuming he declares. (I guess a 7-foot-3-inch wingspan compensates for the fact that he couldn’t read until a few years ago.) If Danny Ainge is reading this, take notes. And finally, I couldn’t go through today’s column without mentioning my favorite big man in the league, Andrew Bynum. It seems that after years of dominating the hardwood, Bynum may have rolled his final strike. hopefully, Steven Adams doesn’t discover a latent love of bowling because Disco Inferno may just be the bane of nBA centers’ knees. This is why you don’t trade for someone who, with the exception of ’06-’07 and last year’s lockout-shortened season, hasn’t played more than 65 games in the regular season and has publicly acknowledged that he has arthritis in his knees. Sure, Iggy Iguodala was a redundant piece in the 76ers’ swingman heavy rotation, but maybe Philadelphia General Manager tony DiLeo should look for someone with a full skeletal structure next time before dealing away his best player. now, Bynum’s just one parking lot fistfight from reaching Glen Davis’ potential and being traded for Marcel reece and a box of condoms in DiLeo’s fantasy football league. either way, the classy citizens of Philadelphia will have to go on sporting those awesome, irregularly proportioned Kwame Brown jerseys for the rest of the year. And if that’s not your thing, I hear bowling is really fun this time of year.

the Brown DAILy herALD MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

Q&a: nicholas Werle ’10, Marshall scholar

Q&a: Clayton aldern ’13, rhodes scholar
What was the selection process like? It’s quite intense. First, you need to learn about it. I wasn’t even under the impression that this was a thing I could apply for a few months ago. First, it’s a matter of getting the Brown nomination. you work on your application starting in May, turn it in to Brown in the beginning of August. There’s that initial process: whether you do or do not receive the Brown stamp of approval. you need eight letters of recommendation, then you apply to the national level and then you do or do not get an interview. I applied through Minnesota — you can either apply through the geographical locality where your college is or where your hometown is. It’s the most intimidating thing I’ve ever done in my life. These people are more or less deciding your future. you have seven people all firing questions at you. All seven people are extremely successful. They’re all rhodes Scholars — well, the chair of the committee is not — and giants in their fields, asking relatively difficult questions. what was nice was the questions did seem to focus on my application. For the most part, they were asking me things that I knew about. I think the theme of the weekend was that it was over in a flash. The interview itself was only 25 minutes. It’s like you walk in, and as you touch the chair that you’re sitting in, the first question is fired at you. Where were you when you found out you had been awarded the scholarship? They announced the day of the interviews. I interviewed that morning, and then maybe six hours later, they had a decision for us. I’m stuttering a little bit because I think I’m still doing a bit of processing. More than anything, it was a rush of disbelief. I remember sitting there and the whole ceremony was very short. They came in, we had been sitting in this room, the other finalists sitting in the room for a couple hours. They came in and said, “you know, we’re not going to conduct a second round of interviews. we’re ready to announce.” They gave the standard, “This has been a very difficult year to make the decision,” and then they just, like, said the names. It all happened very, very quickly. The initial state was definitely shock. It’s craziness. What did your research entail at brown? I work with Dr. rebecca Burwell (professor of psychology) and Dr. Jonathan ho (a postdoctoral research associate in the cognitive, linguistic and psychological sciences department). Under them, I conduct visual discrimination and decision-making research. Being able to look at an object and identify it for what it is, and then link that identification with some kind of action and follow through with that action. I work (with) rats, probing those circuits, trying to figure out what goes wrong in a situation where you’re attempting to identify an object and make a decision based on that information, but you make the incorrect decision. Will you be continuing that work at oxford? I’ll be doing neuroscience to a certain extent, not the same work I’m doing now. I will likely do the Master’s and then go into a (PhD) program. I’m more interested in brain-computer interfaces. Being able to read out motor imagery from somebody’s thoughts, either a quadriplegic or paraplegic, being able to train a computer to read those thoughts as actual movements and then transform that into an actual action like a prosthetic arm. That’s the kind of stuff I’m really interested in on the neuroscience side. The other half of my proposal for the rhodes is closely studying science communication. Science writing, policy questions that relate to open access to academia — that’s going to be going on outside the lab. What have you done to celebrate? It was also my birthday on Monday. I actually share a birthday with my stepdad, so he and I were both celebrating that, and obviously I was also celebrating this. So our Thanksgiving party was really great. It’s been a really wonderful couple of days. — Sam Heft-Luthy

scholarships 3

What was the process in applying for this scholarship? I started this process when I was a senior, and Dean Lassonde suggested that I apply for the rhodes and the Marshall. I applied to both last year. I had been out of college for one year then. I was a finalist in new york for the rhodes, but I was not selected as a winner. This year, I applied to the Marshall Scholarship again, and I went up to Boston to the (British) Consulate General. whereas the rhodes Scholarship interview was a big to-do, the Marshall interview was very simple. It was a fiveperson interview panel. They asked me about my academic history and my professional history. Actually, most questions were about my long-distance backpacking experiences. They called me the next day and told me I was going to england. What did you do in the interim between graduating and applying for the scholarship? As soon as I graduated, I left to do a two-month backpacking trip — from Pawling, n.y., to Mt. Katahdin, Maine, which was about 800 miles. I came back to Providence and spent a year doing some of my own independent research in economics. I was an affiliated scholar in the Pembroke Seminar. I taught AP economics at the wheeler School. After the 2010-11 school year, I went on a backpacking trip on the John Muir trail in the Sierra nevada in California. After that, I moved to Brooklyn, where I work as an investigative analyst in the major economic crimes bureau of the Manhattan District Attorney’s office. What will your work focus on? Where are you choosing to study? I’m doing a one-year master’s in economics at University College London. one year master’s in management and regulation of risk at LSe. What is the plan after the Marshall Scholarship? I’ll probably go to law school. I’d like to be a financial crimes prosecutor and eventually a regulator working to reform our financial markets. I’m interested in reforming our financial markets to promote greater economic equality and more stable economic growth. I’m feeling pretty excited. I didn’t study any economics at Brown, so I’m hoping that this scholarship will afford me the opportunity to be as technologically sophisticated in financial markets as the people who work in those markets — so that as a regulator, I can promote our common interests in having a more fair and stable economic system. — Sam Heft-Luthy

Q&a: lucas Mason-brown ’13, Mitchell scholar
time with them next year. What was the selection process like? It entailed a two-hour reception at the Irish embassy with the 20 other finalists and the other judges on the panel. the next morning, we were all interviewed for 15 to 20 minutes by a panel of judges. we all got phone calls later that day with our status. I was surprised by how non-confrontational it was. you hear about rhodes Scholarship interviews that are almost hostile and belligerent, and it was not at all like that. tell me a little bit more about your work in cryptography. over the past year or so, I’ve been involved in a project devoted to deciphering some 250 pages of handwritten notes in the margins of a book they have at the (John Carter Brown) library. these notes were written some time in the late 17th century by roger williams, rhode Island’s founder. About 10 months ago, I was able to crack the code and in essence translate about 200 pages of marginalia, revealing, among other things, an unpublished theological essay by williams. What will you be studying in dublin? I plan to pursue a one-year master’s degree in Mathematics at trinity College in Dublin. What do you plan to do when your scholarship is finished? I plan to get a PhD in Mathematics. Probably number theory. — Sam Heft-Luthy

/ / Scholar page 1
was the only Brown student finalist for the Mitchell Scholarship, Dunleavy said. Students who applied for any of the three scholarships initially applied within the University. “there’s a review by a Brown committee of faculty members, and they review the internal candidates,” Dunleavy said. “From that group of candidates, the committee decides who’s going to be endorsed by the University. we support those students who are applying by giving them feedback on their application essays or their application materials in general.” “I think this year’s result is very positive,” Dunleavy added. “I feel very happy to have a winner in all three major awards and also to have a large number of finalists.”

Where were you when you found out you had won the scholarship? I got a call in the airport on the way back from D.C. from the folks at the Mitchell that I had won it. I was so, so excited. At the reception, I got the chance to meet all the other finalists and they all seemed really intelligent and interesting, and I’m really thrilled to be able to spend

@the_herald
swimsuit portion because after I work my butt off and get in the best shape I can be, it’s really rewarding to show that off,” she said. Compared to the Miss America pageant, Miss USA is “more about opening up modeling and entertainment opportunities to the winners,” welch said. even so, she continues competing in pageants mainly for the sense of belonging. “It’s a way for me to reconnect with my family and community,” welch said. “It’s really cool to see who I know supports me and gets involved.” now as Miss west Virginia, welch will take on the responsibility of being a role model. “I’ll be making appearances around the state and … really just talking to young women in west Virginia,” she said. After graduating from Brown with a concentration in human biology, welch is currently working toward achieving a master’s degree at the University of Georgia. She plans to join the Peace Corps after finishing her degree, balancing service, a sash and an Ivy League diploma.

/ / Pageant page 1
that she could go forward and handle speaking engagements,” Sanders said. he added that one reason welch won the title was her ability to successfully speak before “charitable foundations, successful business people and philanthropists” at the various events where she is now scheduled to appear. welch is not new to the world of pageantry — since the age of 13, she has competed in about 10 competitions. “My older sister did pageants when I was growing up, and I wanted to be like her,” she said. “After my first teen Miss pageant, I kind of got hooked.” In high school, welch won the Miss west Virginia teen USA and said she knew she would someday compete for Miss west Virginia. welch said her pageant experience was largely well-received at Brown. “I never really ran into anyone with negative comments” about pageants, she said. “I think a lot of people put me in a box and thought I was going to be a certain way,” she added. when classmates

found out she was a beauty queen, welch said they would respond by saying “really? I would never expect that.” She took it as a compliment. brainy beauty queens Closer to campus, Parielle Lacy ’15 participated in this year’s Miss rhode Island competition. Interested in pursuing a modeling career, Lacy was told that “agents occasionally scout talent (at pageants),” she wrote in an email to The herald. Lacy said her favorite part of the competition was the interview portion. “I am well aware of how vacuous pageants are, and I felt like (the interview) somewhat compensated for it,” she wrote. Fittingly, Lacy went on to win Best Interview. Lacy’s pageant was also a high-stress environment. Participants had only 10 minutes for each wardrobe change and no assistance in the makeup department. They were also required to finance their own transport, clothing, hair and makeup, as well as pay a $795 sponsorship fee. Though she does not plan on doing

any more pageants in the near future, Lacy said she does not regret her experience as it allowed her to develop new skills like public speaking. She is doubleconcentrating in computer science and political science. the role model regimen In order to transform themselves into beauty queens, both Lacy and welch had to monitor their diet and exercise regimens. “I was told that muscle tone was important, so I worked out about five times a week about five weeks before (the competition),” Lacy wrote. She also avoided food with high sugar content and soda, and only wore heels for a week to prepare. The most important aspect of pageantry preparation is “maintaining physical fitness, learning about nutrition and exercising in a sustainable way,” welch said. welch exercises a little over an hour a day six times a week. She plans to intensify her workout schedule right before the Miss USA pageant. “I like the

4 arts & culture
By kiki BaRneS
Staff Writer

the Brown DAILy herALD MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

Panel explores the role of art in social movements
A panel of artists and teachers led a discussion about the use of art for social change in an event titled “Cultural expression in the wake of Catastrophic Violence” at the Perry and Marty Granoff Center for the Creative Arts nov. 20. The panel was a culminating event for “Soulographie: our Genocides,” a series of 17 plays written by erik ehn, professor of theater arts and performance studies, performed at La MaMa experimental Theater Club in new york nov. 11-18. ehn described the panel as “a conversation among five artists and teachers committed to art as social change, especially trauma relief.” ehn had worked with most of the panelists before, he said, and all of them are involved with international philanthropic work related to the arts. George ongom, one of the panelists, is the project coordinator for A river Blue in Uganda, a small community-based organization. The organization works to help small communities in northern Uganda recuperate and unite in the face of the brutalities committed by Joseph Kony and the Lord’s resistance Army. A river Blue promotes celebration and life through art, music and vocational training. The music and dance traditions of Ikoce and okeme are particularly helpful to the refugees in Uganda, ongom said. two of ongom’s friends from Uganda performed an Ikoce song for the panel. The lyrics told the story of the war in northern Uganda. Aisha Khadar Desince, another panelist and executive director of the nonprofit organization Khadarlis, works with communities in Sierra Leone and Guatemala to help reinstitute civil infrastructure. Desinse started the organization after visiting her family’s old home in Sierra Leone and being shocked by the lack of structure in the society, she said. “I just thought, it’s five years after the war. who is helping these people?” she added. Khadarlis is working with the collaborative arts institution one Million Bones, which recognizes the victims of genocides across the globe through the creation of artificial bones. The bones will be assembled as a installation in washington, D.C., in 2013. Panelist Dijana Milosevic helps to run a theater company in Serbia, a country still reeling through the effects of a brutal civil war. The company started the campaign In/visible City, which sponsors performances about the positive side of Serbian history on public buses. “People ask, do we have the right to do theater or art when people are suffering?” she said. “we realized that we can create a change even in the middle of the darkest times.” Claudia Bernardi discussed how she helped found a school of art called walls of hope in the Salvadoran town of Perquin. The small community’s economy thrived during the war, she said. “It has gotten to the point where people are looking back at the war with nostalgia.” The community reached out to bring art into the postwar situation, Bernardi said, adding that the school’s greatest achievement is that it is now run by local artists. Pauline ross, the final panelist, runs a community arts center called the Playhouse theater in Derry, northern Ireland. In the aftermath of the conflicts between the Irish republican Army and the British armed forces, the Playhouse is a neutral space where everyone can come together, she said. Performances relating the severe trauma the local people experienced have had cathartic effects, she said, adding that inviting artists from outside cultures neutralizes the situation. After presentations from each of the five panelists, the audience and panel formed a circle for a question and answer session. Panelists addressed issues such as the recruitment and training of volunteers and the concern that artistic efforts can often keep emotional wounds open. “It’s important that we not forget our responsibilities regarding peace and continue to provide gestures of compassion,” ehn said. “If not, we will fall into mediocrity that spoils into violence.”

www.browndailyherald.com

the Brown DAILy herALD MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

campus news 5
prompted him to think about how such a program could work at Brown. “If you can put your ego above the fact that you’re sorting trash, it would really help keep the waste stream clean,” he said. The Brown Climate Action Forum is involved in a number of other recycling and sustainability initiatives on and around campus. BCAF members have served as recycling consultants for the Thayer Street District Management Authority — a group of businesses located on the street, where there is currently no recycling. The group is also working to promote increased recycling in satellite eateries. Baum praised the system in the Blue room, noting the multiple bins and boxes filled with cups and containers that explain what can be recycled. BCAF is hoping to bring that system to both Josiah’s and the Ivy room, where Baum said all waste is currently disposed of as landfill trash. The group hopes these initiatives will “boost recycling rates a lot — because they are currently at zero,” Baum said, adding that Brown Dining Services is working with student groups to address these problems. The group is also working to install energy-saving technologies around campus, including a low-flow urinal project. As urinals use two to three gallons of water per flush, the group wants “to replace some high-traffic urinals with waterless alternatives,” Baum said. he cited the Sciences Library urinal as an example — if replaced with a waterless option, the University would save 16,650 gallons of water a year, according to BCAF’s payback calculations. Baum said the University is making strides with recycling and energy initiatives, and the city is in the process of developing an industrial compost system. “we are constantly evaluating whether or not composting would work at Brown,” Morrell said. As the city has already signed a contract to create a composting system, this is “something Brown can be a part of,” Morrell added, though no definitive decisions have been made. “People assume they can throw whatever they want in the recycling bin and someone else will sort it, but we have to be really careful about creating a clean waste stream,” Baum said. “Anything that’s not recycled is a sign of inefficiency.”

/ / Recycle page 1
double-stream system. ecoreps, a group that promotes sustainability and environmentally friendly practices on campus, began grading the recycling rooms on a monthly basis this year, looking through the bags to see if waste has been sorted correctly. each recycling room is given a letter grade on a report card posted in the basement. The new system has only been in place for a few months, but its enforcers are hopeful that there will be noticeable improvements. ecoreps will be tracking its grading system and the success of the program throughout the year. Food contamination can pose a problem to recycling efforts. A greasy

pizza plate can turn a bin full of recycling into unusable trash. This is one of the reasons single-stream recycling can be controversial, as “you get a higher volume of recycling, but a more contaminated load,” Baum said. other universities have found novel ways to deal with this issue. Baum cited the example of Clark University in worcester, Mass., which hires 15 students to serve as recycling-sorters every semester. The recycling is so clean that it produces a high revenue for the University, and the money is used to pay those sorters. “People would definitely want that job,” ezra Lichtman ’15 said. “If people knew it was a student job, they might be more careful about sorting,” said Gabi Sclafani ’14. Baum said Clark’s recycling system

/ / Curriculum page 8
said. Discussions have included how to incorporate language study and international experiences as “a kind of special program alongside any given concentration,” Bergeron said. “what we’re talking about would not be a minor, and it wouldn’t be a certificate, but something that helps to shape a set of courses in the general education around issues having to do with international study.” other international discussion topics have included advising for students studying abroad and language requirements for study abroad programs, said Asia nelson ’15, a committee member. The tension between incorporating different initiatives into the curriculum and preserving Brown’s no-require-

ments philosophy is an important issue for the committee, nelson said. one possible solution, she said, could be including some components only in specifically designated concentrations, rather than University-wide mandates. Because the committee is still in its early stages, no definite solutions have yet been finalized. The current process is more about “casting our net really wide,” Johnson said. nelson said she appreciated the chance for students to make their voices heard alongside some of the University’s leaders. Committee members frequently turn to the undergraduate representatives for perspectives on what the student body needs and how it would receive various ideas, she said, adding that the process has “been a really empowering experience for me.” Despite widespread perceptions of

uncertainty in the higher education world, the committee is dedicated to promoting and perpetuating the ideals of the open curriculum, ybarra said. “everyone who’s sitting around the table does believe in the liberal arts, and I think that Brown, by virtue of its status — we’re not in a place of crisis,” she said. Pointing out that major curricular revisions have historically accompanied moments of national or international crisis — like Columbia adopting its core curriculum in response to world war I — ybarra added that the committee is careful “not to jump before we need to jump.”

Johnson said the new Curriculum is “a framework that we already have that works really well,” with the committee considering “what kind of other scaffolding or ornaments (we can) adhere to that.” The committee has met three times so far with several more meetings planned for the end of the semester. Meetings are structured like a seminar, Bergeron said, with some readings on a specific topic sent out beforehand and a focus on open-ended discussion around the table. Bergeron said input from the campus community will help provide inno-

vative ways to think about addressing these issues. “we’re hoping ... to send a broader inquiry out to the campus to ask for ideas that fall under these categories or other things that people think that we should consider,” she said. Students can currently send thoughts or ideas to a committeespecific email address listed on the website to assist the committee as it creates initial plans this semester. Later in the year, “once some of the ideas (have) congealed,” Bergeron said the committee will likely hold a public forum.

ComiCS
Join the Club | simon henriques

/ / trading page 2
the Alpert Medical School. In his sole experience talking with investors through such networks, Poses said he was aware that he could only offer broad information about his field. “I clearly couldn’t tell them anything about ongoing trials or anything that ... they couldn’t have just read out of an article,” he said. Poses added that he thought Cohen’s potential involvement in the latest insider-trading charges reflected poorly on the University. “the troubling aspect is that we look to the Corporation ... to uphold the mission of Brown and sort of be stewards of the University,” he said. “Ideally, I would like the Corporation to be people who are fine, upstanding people without question about their character.” Cohen is generally considered one of wall Street’s biggest players. he earned a spot on time Magazine’s 2007 list of the world’s 100 most influential people, and Forbes ranked him the 106th wealthiest this year. Cohen is a prolific art collector who at one time expressed interest in purchasing the Los Angeles Dodgers. Cohen is not the first Corporation member to come under investigation for potentially unethical financial dealings. Former Corporation fellow Steven rattner ’74 P’10 P’13 P’15, a former herald editor-inchief, was barred from the securities industry for two years in november 2010 as part of a settlement after his private investment firm, Quadrangle Group, was scrutinized for a pay-to-

play pension fund scheme. the office of the Vice President for Public Affairs and University relations had not returned a request for comment as of Sunday evening. An earlier version of this article appeared online Nov. 22, 2012.

6 editorial & letter
adidas the awful
editorial
There’s a new social movement on campus, and it’s not Kony 2012. The Brown Student Labor Alliance has been applying pressure on University officials to cut their contract with Adidas, circulating a petition that has garnered 380 signatures. This protest comes in the wake of the closure of Pt Kizone, one of Adidas’ suppliers, which shuttered its factory in April 2011 after declaring bankruptcy, leaving about 2,800 workers unemployed. while other clients of Pt Kizone, like nike, paid the severance wages owed to the stranded employees, Adidas has repeatedly denied requests to pay the legally owed $1.8 million in severance fees. Adidas has a history of exploiting its outsourced labor, having failed to pay severance in at least three cases in Indonesia alone. Its biggest supplier, Gildan Activewear, has shown a blatant disregard for labor rights, refusing to meet with union leaders and supporting fake unions to attack workers’ rights. In response to Adidas’ actions, Cornell and oberlin College have terminated their business contracts with Adidas, and the Brown: Cut Adidas campaign is advocating that the administration at Brown do the same. The herald’s editorial page board unequivocally supports this stance. not only have Adidas’ actions violated Brown’s Vendor Code of Conduct, as the Cut Adidas campaign points out on its website, but continuing to support the company in light of its labor abuse is a betrayal of the University’s founding principles. our mission is to “serve the community, the nation and the world,” and an important part of this should be cultivating partnerships with companies and organizations that uphold the same ideals we aspire to. not only is continuing to work with a company proven to violate this ethic hypocritical, but it undermines the members of the Brown community who work toward equity and social justice. realistically, Brown would lose very little from cutting its contract with Adidas and switching over to any of the other dozens of high-quality brands that dominate the sports market. Several other similar brands, like north Face or reI, have demonstrated a commitment to sustainability and fair labor. Aside from the initial cost of changing the logo on retail available to students, Brown would be unaffected by the switch. By remaining in a partnership with Adidas, we are complicit in its violation of labor laws and human rights. Joining other universities in applying pressure to Adidas would be a striking move in showing that both we and the Corporation are willing to act on the principles that underpin our institution. we encourage students to both support this new movement and consider other aspects of our lives in which we may be unwittingly supporting similar violations. with such an array of causes around campus, it is easy to become inoculated against the realities of the situations they present. But complacency on our part when we can potentially engender a significant change in this situation will only lead to further willingness to accept these violations. After all, many of us are still avid users of Macs, despite proven sweatshop conditions for Apple workers in Asia, or shop at Urban outfitters, despite its president and founder’s support of anti-gay marriage campaigns. we call for Brown students to reflect on how complacent we are willing to be for material comforts. enacting change will always be difficult, but there’s an easy and important step that we can take this semester. Cut Brown’s contract, and let Adidas know that its denial of basic labor rights will not be supported by our community. Editorials are written by The Herald’s editorial page board: its editors, Daniel Jeon and Annika Lichtenbaum, and its members, Georgia Angell, Sam Choi and Rachel Occhiogrosso. Send comments to editorials@browndailyherald.com.

the Brown DAILy herALD MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

editorial Cartoon b y a a n c h a l s a r a f
Generated by CamScanner from intsig.com

le t ter Column defines diversity too narrowly
to the editor: In a column last week, oliver rosenbloom defended affirmative action (“In defense of affirmative action,” nov. 19). his main argument in favor of this practice is increasing diversity in Brown’s classrooms so that students are exposed to different backgrounds and opinions. I believe this argument has no real value at Brown, one of the most self-selective universities in north America. First, although our average classroom can easily be mistaken for an Un conference with all kinds of different races and nationalities, the overwhelming majority of Brunonians are Democrats. If Brown truly cared about some diversity of opinions on campus, the administration would make this place more hospitable to republican and other political opinions that are not super liberal ones. Second, what does oliver think about diversity of religion on campus? The number of religious students at Brown are clearly below the national average. Amongst the few Brunonians who are religious, Jews are represented at a multiple of the national average, whereas other religions are not. If Brown cared about diversity, it would try to attract more religious people from many different beliefs. Third, Brown students are a lot less obese than the average American. Surely, obese people get discriminated against and could add perspective to a classroom — should we consider morbidly obese people favorably in university admissions, too? As you can see, affirmative action defines diversity much too narrowly to have any real impact on classes. while I would love to talk to black students who have been victims of the American justice system as oliver mentioned, herald readers should ask themselves whether Brown would admit a convicted black felon who could actually share this experience. My guess is no, and thus I have to conclude that affirmative action is a horrible proxy to get “diversity” into our classrooms. Supreme Court Chief Justice John roberts recently said the best way to stop discrimination based on race is to stop discriminating based on race. If a potential applicant has a unique way to add diversity to the classroom, show this in your essays and with actions you took during high school. A specific skin color will certainly not give it away! michael Schmitz

editor’S note
A column in Monday’s herald (“hudson ’14: to my outraged readers,” nov. 19) included a quote attributed to Thomas Jefferson stating, “A democracy is nothing more than mob rule, where 51 percent of the people may take away the rights of the other 49.” while this quote has been credited to Jefferson in the past, it has not been verified, and historical sources contain no record of it. Due to its unknown origin, it has been removed from the column.

t h e b row n da i ly h e r a l d
Editor-in-chiEf Claire Peracchio ManaGinG Editors rebecca ballhaus nicole boucher GEnEral ManaGErs Siena delisser danielle marshak sEnior Editors tony bakshi natalie Villacorta BuSIneSS officE ManaGEr Shawn reilly eDITORIAl Sarah mancone Arts & Culture Editor Joseph rosales Arts & Culture Editor elizabeth Carr City & State Editor amy rasmussen City & State Editor aparna bansal Features Editor Jordan hendricks Features Editor lucy feldman News Editor Shefali luthra News Editor alexandra macfarlane News Editor Sahil luthra Science & Research Editor Jake Comer Sports Editor lindor qunaj Sports Editor Sam rubinroit Assistant Sports Editor dan Jeon Editorial Page Editor annika lichtenbaum Editorial Page Editor lucas husted Opinions Editor garret Johnson Opinions Editor Jared moffat Opinions Editor greg Jordan-detamore Special Projects Graphics & photos emily gilbert Photo Editor Sam kase Photo Editor tom Sullivan Photo Editor Jonathan bateman Sports Photo Editor production Copy Desk Chief olivia Conetta Assistant Copy Chief Sara Palasits Design Editor kyle mcnamara Design Editor Julia Shube Assistant Design Editor brisa bodell Assistant Design Editor einat brenner Web Producer neal Poole

“People don’t expect me to be smart.”

quote of the day
— chelsea welch ’12 See pageant on page 1.

dirEctors Julia kuwahara Samuel Plotner nikita khadloya angel lee Sales Finance Alumni Relations Business Development ManaGErs Justin lee kaivan Shroff gregory Chatzinoff luka ursic alison Pruzan elizabeth gordon david Winer Human Resources Research & Development Collections Finance Operations Alumni Engagement Fundraising Marketing

facebook.com/browndailyherald

@the_herald

thebdh.org

CorreCtIonS PoLICy The Brown Daily herald is committed to providing the Brown University community with the most accurate information possible. Corrections may be submitted up to seven calendar days after publication. C o M M e n tA r y P o L I C y The editorial is the majority opinion of the editorial page board of The Brown Daily herald. The editorial viewpoint does not necessarily reflect the views of The Brown Daily herald, Inc. Columns, letters and comics reflect the opinions of their authors only. LetterS to the eDItor PoLICy Send letters to letters@browndailyherald.com. Include a telephone number with all letters. The herald reserves the right to edit all letters for length and clarity and cannot assure the publication of any letter. Please limit letters to 250 words. Under special circumstances writers may request anonymity, but no letter will be printed if the author’s identity is unknown to the editors. Announcements of events will not be printed. ADVertISInG PoLICy The Brown Daily herald, Inc. reserves the right to accept or decline any advertisement at its discretion.

POST- MAGAzIne Clay aldern Jenny Carr Editor-in-Chief Editor-in-Chief

BlOG DAIlY HeRAlD matt klimerman meredith bilski Editor-in-Chief Managing Editor

the Brown DAILy herALD MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

opinions 7
brown’s bigger elitist problem
at hand. But lower-class families have a tendency to raise children with restricted codes of communication, and therefore, rules are stated within a limited context lacking specificity and precision. These codes of communication tend to exist along the same class lines in school and thus become a fundamental difference between the operation of “elitists” and the working class. So why does this matter? why do we even need to recognize the different modes of communication and their potential effect our own rules through analysis and consideration of the specific situation at hand. Luckily for us, rules don’t matter much. we are not tied to the binds of the working-class American, who follows rules because if he or she does not, there might be real consequences. Companies are free to require their workers follow a strict set of rules because if the workers do not, then they can always be replaced, particularly when unemployment is high. There are no such consequences for us. rules, but the issue with the signs is not that we elitists at Brown have a condescending attitude toward the working class. If the goal is to minimize the barrier between classes, then yes, it is an appropriate goal to operate by more similar codes of communication. I tend to agree with the elitist sentiment in that I think questioning rules and determining an appropriate behavior for myself without explicit commands is certainly better than being forced to follow rules no matter what. But this must be done within reasonable limits, with the full inclusion of all classes and with greater consequences than the removal of any stain of failure from our University transcripts. Consider the behavior of Congress and wall Street, institutions where elitists were recently left to their own devices and decided rules for themselves with little regard for real consequences. From this, we should recognize that the elitist problem is greater than the comparatively explicit and restrictive rules of the working class. It is also our own lack of rules and personal consequences for bad behavior. Imagine what the working class might think of young elites who pity workers’ lifestyles because they have to follow explicit rules. The underlying implication is that we have done just fine without them.

Matt Brundage
opinions columnist

earlier this month, Adam Asher ’15 suggested that a sign on Pembroke campus addressed to construction workers is indicative of our condescending attitude toward the working class and that this is a big part of Brown’s elitist problem (“Brown’s elitist problem,” nov. 7). Among other rules, the sign states: “Please display the highest levels of respect for the Brown University students and their campus at all times. no swearing. no inappropriate comments.” First of all, the sign was likely put up by the construction company itself, not by Brown. Construction companies often use such self-imposed regulatory signs when working in community spaces. It really shouldn’t matter much, though, given that one possibly condescending sign wouldn’t be an accurate reflection of our collective elitist attitude toward the working class. what does matter, though, is the lens through which Asher viewed this issue. It reveals a fundamental misunderstanding of how each respective class currently operates, which prevents us from tackling any sort of “elitist problem.” It is a well-established sociological phenomenon that middle- and upper-class families tend to raise children with elaborated codes of communication, meaning that rules are specific to the situation and person

luckily for us, rules don’t matter much.

on our respective working environments? These codes of communication affect the fundamental structure of our society. If we are too quick to view restricted codes of communication manifested in the workplace as simply condescending, rather than a function of different upbringings, then we fail to recognize any sort of real solutions to an elitist problem whereby classes are divided without any of us really knowing why! The shock factor of these signs is that we are not used to seeing such explicit and authoritarian rules. we, the elitists of Brown, are exempt from petty rules like “no swearing.” we are quite often allowed to create

If we do not follow the few rules that are in place, we get to talk it out with an advisor or dean whose interests are aligned with our own. They don’t want to fire us from Brown. They want to work with us to ensure that we understand that sometimes in life we ought to follow certain rules because at some point there might be real consequences for our behavior. But don’t worry, that won’t happen here or now. have a cookie. nothing about the rules on the construction signs ought to be surprising or viewed as condescending. I certainly agree with Asher that humans are capable of operating outside the boundaries of such explicit

Matt Brundage ’15 thinks class shouldn’t be a taboo subject. he can be reached at matthew_brundage@brown.edu.

Men, manliness and manumission
KevIn carty
opinions columnist

For centuries and millennia of American and world history, women were commanded by constructs of patriarchy and concepts of femininity that were as oppressive as they were built on bullshit. In the 19th century, the tide began to turn as feminists asserted the belief, long held, that the content of their lives should no longer be constrained by the contours of their bodies. That assertion, that women should no longer be controlled by patriarchy and the gender roles it imposed upon them, began a social revolution that will continue to resonate for hundreds of years. But there’s a flip side to patriarchy, a flip side that I think too few have noticed. Men, in their historic — and, to a slightly lesser extent, current — control of the world, did not only help establish an ideal of femininity that was used to control women. They also established an ideal of masculinity for themselves, an ideal that continues to command men as much as a notion femininity continues to control women. And therein lies the problem. That concept of masculinity commands us men in a way that isn’t altogether good, and I think we need to start talking about it. Let’s begin with work. today, the argument that women are meant to be homemakers and men breadwinners, is one that rarely reaches the American political mainstream, and for good reason. But in

the average marriage, “women still spend twice as much time with kids as the men,” according to a recent new york times Magazine column, despite our society’s ostensible commitment to gender equality. In other words, the expectation that in marriage, the woman cares for the children while the man works, is still alive and well. And, just like there is an unexamined flip side to patriarchy, so is there a flip side to the manifestations of patriarchy. Just as women shouldn’t be expected to be homemakers, men shouldn’t be expected to be breadwinners. In modern America, we

are somehow designed to work in these areas. not one of these things can be completely chalked up to “natural” differences between men and women. no, these characteristics are socially inherited, a result of the limiting and burdensome expectation that we men become the primary earners for our future families. next, let’s talk about power. I doubt that anyone reading this article should need much convincing to acknowledge that hegemonic masculinity includes an assumption that men are power-hun-

Masculinity commands us men in a way that isn’t altogether good, and I think we need to start talking about it.

men are still expected to be exactly that. have you ever heard a college-aged male say that he might become a house-husband one day? I don’t think I ever have. why is it that women enroll in notoriously lower-paying majors like english and liberal arts at considerably higher rates than their male counterparts? I don’t think it’s because women have some propensity toward these fields. why is it that the most well-paying college majors also happen to be majors primarily chosen by men? I don’t think this is because we men

gry. Conventionally, masculine men may drink alcohol profusely, sleep with countless women or seek physical confrontation all as ways of demonstrating their strength and dominance. we’ve all met guys who do these things out of a desire to indicate their manliness and power. now, there is a substantial amount of men who enjoy this expectation and the things it compels them to do, but there are some obvious problems. In a general way, it marginalizes the men among us who reject the need to demonstrate power, those who dislike vio-

lence and eschew aggressive competition. And, more specifically, this expectation drives us away from ever revealing our own lack of total control. we tend away from showing emotions — like fear and sadness — that might betray weakness or inferiority and tend toward showing emotions — like pride, anger and jealousy — that communicate power and competency. I think one would be hard-pressed to prove that such a focus on power is a complete result of some natural male trait. even if it were, one would be even more hard-pressed to show that such a focus was worth keeping. Most of us men don’t spend a lot of time thinking about the limitations of our gender. we want well-paying careers for reasons that feel completely unrelated to our male identity, and we share emotions without always considering the gendered qualities of those feelings. But, as I’ve tried to show, these areas, each of which is essential to natural human flourishing, are heavily influenced by the expectations built into our masculinity. once we realize that fact, we might simultaneously realize a new era of self-determination, one where our loves and our passions, not the limits of patriarchy, are more fully capable of guiding our lives.

Kevin carty ’15 is a political science concentrator from washington, d.c. he would love to hear any responses and can be reached at kevin_carty@brown.edu.

daily herald
the Brown
By gaBRieLLe Dee
Contributing Writer

feature
of first-hand experience with paranormal fieldwork to host a show that goes beyond the typical hollywood scare. Another dimension the radio show boasts is its father-son dynamic. with his father’s lectures ringing in his head, Ben decided to enter the family business at age 13. a new vision of reality Understanding the paranormal consists not only of the creepy, otherworldly creatures that haunt the insides of closets, decrepit attics and corn fields that spaceships mistake as landing pads — it’s a new vision of reality. eno emphasized the danger and mystery that surround paranormal investigating. Behind the temporary, hour-long scare a trendy tV program seeks to create lies something much deeper. Philosophy, the nature of consciousness and religion all contribute to understanding the paranormal and therefore how one perceives the world, he said. eno said his father’s suicide during eno’s childhood made him ponder the concept of death. he realized he was especially interested in the nebulous middle ground of purgatory between heaven and hell, which he decided to explore in his religious studies. After graduating from two seminaries, eno was expelled from the third. This “lucky escape” was a result of his interest in the paranormal, eno said. There is a huge audience interested in the paranormal, and eno has a multitude of media to reach them. Aside from publishing several books, eno began a radio show at the suggestion of his publicist six years ago. The enos were offered a Monday drivetime spot on CBS radio, where it is currently on its sixth season. Paranormal Providence Providence is home to more than 20 other paranormal societies, usually nonprofit organizations that strive to help tackle problems concerning the paranormal, and researching on this relatively obscure frontier. rISeUP Paranormal, for example, is an organization of paranormal investigators in rhode Island and Connecticut. rISeUP usually investigates private homes and businesses, as well / / Paranormal page 2 as histor-

MonDAy, noVeMBer 26, 2012

From ghosts to ghostbusters, paranormal interest thrives in r.I.
Based on the prevalence of ghost hunters within city limits, Providence is not out of the reach of the paranormal world’s eerie undercurrents. Perhaps unexpectedly for a state its size, rhode Island is home to a thriving community of paranormal investigators who work to scope out what strange incidents and spooky beings lurk in the state’s capital city and beyond. From ghost academies that teach aspiring investigators the trade of ghost hunting, to ghost tours that share the lore of the city’s supposed hidden inhabitants, rhode Islanders have no shortage of opportunities to explore the supernatural. warwick is home to Jason hawes and Grant wilson, founders of the reality tV show “Ghost hunters,” now in its eighth season on the Syfy Channel. The show grew out of the Atlantic Paranormal Society, a paranormal investigative group founded by hawes and wilson, who now host the show. while the society may be the most prominent among rhode Island paranormal societies, there are more than 20 societies dedicated to the same cause, in addition to a number of independent investigators. Among them, they have covered cases across the state, including some too close to campus for comfort. an investigation close to home Though City hall, just a short walk from College hill, seems to be more a bustling center for history and taxes than a brimming ghost hub, chilling anecdotes have been reported about the building. The scent of an old cigar, a chair moving of its own accord and sightings of former Providence Mayor Thomas Doyle’s ghost in a top hat have reportedly tormented City hall’s employees. Past midnight sometime in early January, hawes and wilson, roaming one of the building’s dark rooms, heard an abrupt exclamation in the still silence. After the incident, the two investigators inspected a recording of their experience, and determined that the outburst consisted of a woman shouting “what!” and a man frantically responding, “The balcony!” Despite unexplained occurrences like these, the investigators decided that any being haunting Providence City hall was benign and wanted only to coexist with the building’s present employees. This experience was captured for public viewing in an episode of “Ghost hunters” earlier this season. But no amount of television can adequately capture the experience of being a paranormal investigator. dynamic duo Imagine a young girl driving through Connecticut in the 1970s, leaping from her car and asserting, “That’s my house!” The stunned inhabitants of the house recognize the girl, realizing that it was her translucent image that had been haunting their home. This early case was one of the most chilling experiences Paul eno, a paranormal investigator based in woonsocket, said he has had in his career. “I detest the term, ‘ghost hunter,’” eno said, who is also a journalist, author of several books and host of his own radio show, “Behind the Paranormal with Paul and Ben eno,” which he runs with his son Ben. eno said he prefers the term “paranormal investigator.” eno said he uses his religious education, personal memories and 46 years

bruno drops the ball, twice
By BRunO ZuCCOLO
SPortS Staff Writer

m. BBaLL

The men’s basketball team played its first two home games over Thanksgiving break, losing to both Bryant University and St. Francis College. The Bears came up short wednesday night, falling to Bryant 68-61, and then again Saturday afternoon in a 76-72 overtime defeat at the hands of St. Francis. Bryant 68, Brown 61 A sizeable crowd turned up to watch Bruno’s (2-3) first game of the season at the Pizzitola Center. But the Bears were unable to stay with the Bulldogs — their only lead was 6-4 three minutes into the game. turnover troubles tipped the game in the Bulldogs’ (3-2) favor — while the Bears gave up possession 10 times in the first half, the Bulldogs lost the ball only twice. Though both teams shot the ball with similar accuracy, the Bears continued to struggle with turnovers into the second half, ending with 19 compared to the Bulldogs’ seven. The Bulldogs held a 35-24 lead at the half, and they increased their lead to 16 points by the beginning of the second half, spurring the Bears into action. with about 10 minutes to go, Bruno went on a 13-3 run to narrow the deficit to six points. The Bears also had success rebounding,

and they used that advantage on the boards to cut the lead to four points with five minutes remaining. Despite the late comeback, the Bulldogs maintained their steadiness to keep Bruno at bay. A missed threepointer by co-captain Sean McGonagill ’14 and two missed free throws by rafael Maia ’15 stalled Bruno’s offense in the closing minutes, allowing the Bulldogs to once again extend the lead. “we were playing on our heels, I thought, for the entire first half, and a few minutes into the second half,” said head Coach Mike Martin ’04. “we started having a little more success once we were able to not play on our heels.” The Bulldogs found most of their points through their two main scorers: guard Dyami Starks had 25 and forward Alex Francis chipped in 18. on Bruno’s end, forward Cedric Kuakumensah ’16 put up a career-high 14 points and McGonagill added another 14. “Cedric’s going to be a very good player; we’re excited for his future,” Martin said. “he has a lot of ability, certainly in the defensive end of the floor, and tonight he was confident and made some shots.” St. francis 76, Brown 72 (Ot) Saturday’s game against St. Francis (2-2) was decided in overtime after an exciting end to the second half.

Kuakumensah, who finished with 10 points and 12 rebounds, tied the game at 60 with 33 seconds left on the clock after a series of lead changes during the last minutes. The terriers had led for much of the game, ending the first half ahead by 14 points, but the Bears staged the comeback after the break. Maia gave the Bears their first lead of the game, 53-51, with 6:15 left on the clock, scoring five points in one minute to grab the lead. In overtime, the Bears took a quick lead with a three-pointer from McGonagill. But Bruno quickly lost its advantage when the terriers went on a 10-1 run to bring the score to 71-64. The terriers were able to stay ahead for the remainder of play. In addition to Kuakumensah and McGonagill, Maia and co-captain Matt Sullivan ’13 also ended with double-digit scores, with 11 and 20 points, respectively. on St. Francis’ side, Jalen Cannon led the terriers with 20 points. In Saturday’s game, the Bears again had more turnovers than their opponent, drawing 23 to the terriers’ 15. “I said since we started, we’re not going to outscore teams, Martin said. “we’re going to have to win games with our defense.” Bruno’s next game will be at home against Sacred heart University Thursday.

u. seeks student input on curriculum changes
By eLi Okun
Senior Staff Writer

The University is reexamining its curriculum this year through the Committee on educational Innovation and will reach out to the wider campus community today with an email soliciting input and ideas. The committee, which has met this semester to discuss incorporating topics like internationalization and community engagement into the curriculum, is one of six committees convened by Provost Mark Schlissel P’15 as part of the broader year-long strategic planning process that began at the start of President Christina Paxson’s tenure. The email, sent Monday by Dean of the College and Committee Chair Katherine Bergeron, marks the committee’s initial attempt to expand its conversation about Brown’s academic direction beyond the 12 faculty members, administrators and students it comprises. In accordance with the committee’s charge — crafted by Schlissel, Bergeron and Theatre Arts and Performance Studies Associate Professor Patricia ybarra, the committee’s cochair — it is discussing a wide range of curricular issues. These include global citizenship and public service, online education, orienting students toward social justice, integrating science, math, pre-medical education and arts and humanities, committee members said. The committee is planning to draft preliminary findings and recommendations toward the end of the semester and present them at the February meeting of the Corporation, the University’s highest governing body, Bergeron said. A final report will likely follow in May. The committee is building on previous University efforts to reexamine

campus news

the curriculum, ybarra said. Five years ago, Bergeron convened a task Force on Undergraduate education, which issued a report and set of recommendations in September 2008. But the task force was more focused on improvements to the undergraduate advising system that have now been implemented, ybarra said. Current efforts are part of the University’s larger transitional efforts. “we’ve changed presidents and provosts and dean of faculties in the last two years,” ybarra said. “I think people are kind of figuring out what’s next in a really productive way.” In that spirit, the committee is much more “forward-thinking” than most university governance groups, said committee member Peter Johnson ’13. “It’s really great to be part of a process in which what we’re thinking about will hopefully be implemented within the next 10 years,” he said. “It’s a lot of, in a way, dreaming and looking at where we want Brown to be and what we want it to stress.” The committee wants to “think about some initiatives for the future that would build on the competitive strengths, competitive advantages of the Brown undergraduate experience” within the existing framework, Bergeron said. These include finding inventive ways to emphasize certain priorities within the curriculum without creating new mandates for students, committee members said. After meeting with roger nozaki MAt’89, director of the Swearer Center for Public Service and associate dean of the College for community and global engagement, the committee is considering the idea of “engaged fellowships” to promote research connections among faculty, students and community groups, Bergeron / / Curriculum page 5

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful