Title: CJS230 Rehabilitation Paper

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Title: Rehabilitation Paper Submitted by: Travis Hance Course: CJS230 Instructor: David Foltzer

Title: CJS230 Rehabilitation Paper

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What is prisoner rehabilitation? Rehabilitation “represented a perspective that said one purpose of imprisonment was to promote positive change in the prisoner during confinement. This perspective would be officially abandoned during the 1970s, but it remains part of the prison vocabulary, and it retains adherents among corrections officials, scholars, prisoners, and the public.” (Foster, 2006). In my belief than, prisoner rehabilitation is the concept that services and administrators can make a difference by changing prisoner’s mental attitude and concepts of morals. It extends both throughout the time of interment and during a period of parole after release.

What are the origins of prisoner rehabilitation? The origins of rehabilitation focused on forcing an inmate to consider both the error of his or her ways, the gravity of the crime committed, and why good conduct and further avoidance of crime would be beneficial. The initial origins of the penitentiary were created by the Quakers, and reinforced by religious fervor for a ‘black and white’ application of the law. “What the Quakers believed in was penance, the suffering of punishment inducing the prisoner to express sorrow for his sins and to promise to do good to make up for his evil acts—social change based on the religious transformation that took place within the penitentiary. The penitentiary was a place for penitents to do penance. This was intended to take place in isolation, as one might meditate alone in one’s room” (Foster, 2006).

How does prisoner rehabilitation affect prisons and general society?

Title: CJS230 Rehabilitation Paper

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Rehabilitation is an important aspect of the both the prison system and what society expects from those who have broken the law. “For one thing, rehabilitation—a more focused form of rehabilitation—is enjoying a comeback. Certain aspects of the new rehabilitation—drug treatment and job training—are highly compatible with parole.” (Foster, 2006). Parolees can benefit from both the benefits of rehabilitative programs and the regular supervision of the parole officers and law enforcement.

What recommendations might you make to improve prisoner rehabilitation? In general, I believe that prisoner rehabilitation an be improved through education and programs which are monitored by both prison officials and physicians in an attempt to change the prisoners core set of values and beliefs. While there will always be some prisoners who simply refuse to change, I believe that there are many who can be helped to change through a rigorous program of both medication, education, and strict guidelines.

Title: CJS230 Rehabilitation Paper References A. Corrections: The Fundamentals, by Burk Foster. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Page 371

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B. Corrections: The Fundamentals, by Burk Foster. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Page 373

C. Corrections: The Fundamentals, by Burk Foster. Published by Prentice-Hall. Copyright © 2006 by Pearson Education, Inc. Page 428