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fhw;wpy; fye;jpLk; njhopw;$l tp\g;Gif

G+Tyfpy; ez;gu;fs; cyfshtpa njhopy;El;g tsu;r;rp xU E}w;whz;L fhykhf kpfg; ngUkstpy; Vw;gl;Ls;sij> njhlu;e;J Kd;ndLj;Jr; nry;tjpy; kdpjFyk; gy gpur;ridfis re;jpf;f Ntz;b tUfpd;wJ. mjpy; Gtp ntg;gkiljy; Kjd;ik tfpf;fpwJ. epyf;fupia vupj;J kpd;rf;jp cw;gj;jp nra;Ak; kpd;epiyaq;fs; ntspapLk; fupg;Gif> Briy vupj;J ,af;fg;gLk; thfdq;fs; ntspapLk; er;Rg;Gif> urhad njhopw;rhiyfspy; ,Ue;J ntsptUk; tp\g;Gif ,itfspy; cs;s Co2, Nox, SoX, PM MfpaitNa Gtp ntg;gkiljYf;fhd Kf;fpa fhuzkhf Gtpapay; tpQ;Qhdpfs; fz;lwpe;jij cyf jiytu;fspd; fUj;jhf khw;wpAs;sdu; ,jd;njhlu;r;rpahf Nkw;fz;l Gtp ntg;gkhjYf;fhd fhuzpfis jtpu;gjw;fhf Giffis fl;Lg;gLj;jpLk; Gjpa njhopy;El;g Kiwfs; eilKiwf;F tuj;Jtq;fpAs;sd.

fw;wJ epidtpUf;Fk;. ,e;j gpuhzthA fhw;wpy; 20% ,Ue;jhy;jhd; midj;J capupdq;fSk; thoKbAk;. Nkw;fz;l fupg;Gif gutyhy; gpuhzthA fhw;wpy; Fiwe;Jtpl;lJ. cyfpd; EiuaPuy; vd;wiof;fg;gLk; mNkrhd; fhLfs; mopf;fg;gLtjhy; fupakpy thAit cl;nfhz;L gpuhzthAit ntspapLk; ,aw;ifapd; gzp Nfs;tpf;FwpahfpAs;sJ. Kjypy; xU kuk;> mjdhy; rha;jNyh gy kuk;gpd;du; neUg;G. mt;tplk; gz;iz> vz;iz> Ruq;fk;>ePu;Njf;fk;> vy;yhkha; lhyu; kakhFk;. jpdrup 10 fhy;ge;jhl;l ikjhd gug;G.mNkrhd; mopf;fg;gLfpwJ-,it gpNurpypd; Gs;sptpguk;. NkYk; fhw;wpy; cs;s gyd;jUk; Kf;fpa thAf;fspd; rkepiy ,t;tp\g;Gifapdhy; ghjpf;fg;gl;L vy;yh capupdq;fSf;Fk; %r;Rj;jpzwy; Vw;gLfpwJ. gfypy; G+kp ngw;w #upa ntg;gk;> ,utpy; nkJtha; Fiwe;J Fspu;tiltij ,t;tp\g;Gifapy; cs;s fbd %yfq;fs; jLj;J> Gtp ntg;gkhfNt ,Uf;fr;nra;fpwJ. ,e;epiyapd; njhlu;r;rp Mu;l;bf;> mz;lhu;l;bf;fh gdp KfLfis cUfr;nra;J flNyhu efuq;fis ePupy; %o;fbf;Fk;. cyf ehLfs; Gtp ntg;gkiljiy Fiwj;jpl epiwNtw;wpa Kf;fpa KbTfs; 1) thdpy; fupg;Gif fyg;gij Fiwg;gjw;F kWf;Fk; ehLfSf;F Carbon TAX tpjpf;fg;gLk; ;. 2) fhLfs; mopg;gij jLj;J kuk; eLjiy Cf;Ftpf;f Ntz;Lk;. 3) Gjpa njhopy;El;gj;ij nray;gLj;jp fupg;Gif ntspNaw;wj;ij Fiwf;fNtz;Lk;. ,k;KbTfis nray;gLj;jpl Gifia mjpfkhf thdpy; fye;jpLk; gioa Sub Critical fup kpd;epiyaq;fSf;Fg; gjpyhf> kpd;epiyak; ntspNaw;Wk; fup Gifia KOJk; cwpQ;rp tbfl;b mjpy; cs;s Nitrogen, Sulfur, Carbon Jfs;fis kPz;Lk; vupj;J rf;jp jUk; Gjpa njhopy; El;gj;Jld; Super Critical kpd;epiyaq;fs; jw;NghJ cyfpy; gutyhf epWtg;gl;L tUfpd;wd. 1990 Kjy; epyf;fupia Fiwthf vupj;J mjpf kpd;rf;jpia ngWk; Once Through Super Critical kpd; jpl;lq;fis cyfpy; (gy gd;dhl;L epWtdq;fs;) tbtikj;J mjd; FiwghLfis njhlu;e;J rPuikj;J njhopy;El;g rpwg;gpid vl;bAs;sJ.
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Gtp ntg;gkiljy;;
#upadpd; ntg;g fjpu; tPr;ir jpdKk; gfy; Ntisapy; ek; G+Tyfk; ngw;Wf;nfhz;L gy;tif ngsjPf capu; Ntjpapay; khw;wk; miltjpd;%yk; ehk; midtUk; njhlu;e;J tho;e;J tUfpNwhk;. jhtuq;fs; fhw;wpy; cs;s fupakpy thAit cl;nfhz;L ];lhu;r; jahupj;J gpuhzthAit gfypy; ntspapLfpwJ - ehk; tFg;giwapy;

#g;gu; fpupl;bf;fy; kpd;epiya njhopy;El;gk; cila rpwe;j gd;dhl;L epWtdq;fs; 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ngd;rd; rPnkd;]; Ry;ru; ghg;fhf; & tpy;fhf;]; /Ngh];l;u; tPyu; my;];Nlhk; `pl;lhr;rp kpl;rpGrp nlh\pgh nlf;Ndhg;Nuhk; XN[v];rp n[u;nkdp Rtpl;ru;yhe;J mnkupf;fh mnkupf;fh mnkupf;fh [g;ghd; [g;ghd; [g;ghd; u\;ah u\;ah

ek;ehl;by; BHEL tbikj;jpLk;


Super Critical

kpd;epiyaq;fs; khepyk; msT


2 x 660 2 x 800
MW(B)

,lk; cilik
ghu;-vd;bgprp fpU\;zgl;bdk;vgpn[d;Nfh ghuhn[a;gpmNrhrpNal;

vz; 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

gPfhu; Me;jpuh cj;jugpuNjrk; cj;jugpuNjrk; fu;ehlfh

MW(B&TG)

MW(B&TG) MW(B&TG) MW(B&TG) MW(B&TG) MW(B&TG) MW(B&TG)

3 x 660 3 x 660 2 x 800 1 x 800 1 x 700

ek;ehl;by; 11 , 12 tJ jpl;lf;fkp\d;> 72,330MW Gjpa mdy;kpd; jpl;lj;jpy; ngUk;gFjp #g;gu;fpupl;bf;fy; kpd;epiyaq;fshf mikf;f Ntz;Lk; vd;W KbntLj;jjhy; jw;NghJ ehnlq;fpYk; 660MW, 800MW Super Critical kpd;epiyaq;fis mikj;jpLk; gzp Jupjkhf eilngw;W tUfpwJ. ,jpy; 9 kpd;epiyaq;fs; ,af;fg;gl;Ls;sJ. gd;dhl;L epWtdq;fSld; njhopy;El;g xg;ge;jk; nra;Jnfhz;l rPd> nfhupa>u\;a> cs;ehl;L kpd;epiya jahupg;ghsu;fs; tbikj;jpLk; Super Critical kpd; epiyaq;fs;
vz; jahupg;G - cilik nlf;Ndhg;Nuhk; XN[v];rp-u\;ahvd;bgprp `u;gpd;>nrg;Nfh> gpv];b[p;>ghg;Nfh> \hq;fha; vyf;bupf;rPdh- rpvy;gp>mlhdp/ upiyad;]; gtu;> v];]hu;> yhd;Nfh nlh\pgh-[g;ghd;lhlh gtu;> n[v];lGs;A> vd;bgprp> v];]hu; ^]d;-nfhupahlhlh gtu;> vd;bgprp vy; & b n[a;gpmNrhrpNal;> kfhn[d;Nfh> vgpn[d;Nfh> Nfgprpvy;> vd;bgprp ,l;lhr;rp-[g;ghd;gp[pMu; vdu;[p vd;bgprp khepyk; gPfhu;>rl;b];fu; msT
3 x 660 MW (TG) 3 x 660 MW(B&TG) 2 x 660 MW (B) 40 x 660 MW(B&TG) 2 x 660, 5 x 800, 3 x 800 MW (TG) 3 x 660, 5 x 800, 3x800 MW (B) 5 x 660 MW(B&TG) 2 x 800 MW (TG) 6 x 660 MW (B) 5 x 800 MW (TG)

yypj;G+u;g[h[; F&g; nauhkhu];Nfgprpvy; vl;yhG+u;Nfgprpvy;

fu;ehlfh fu;ehlfh
kj;jpagpuNjrk;

ngy;yhupNfgprpvy;

rpq;fNuypD.B gtu; nkhj;jk;

2 x 660

9,700 MW(B&TG)+1600 MW (B)

F[uhj;>Me;jpuh> `upahdh> kfhuh\;buh> rl;b];fu;> [hu;fz;l;>xbprh> kj;jpagpuNjrk; F[uhj;> fu;dhlfh

,e;jpahtpy; ghuk;gupakhf 50 tUlq;fSf;F Nky; kpd; epiyaq;fis mikj;JtUk; nghJj;Jiw epWtdkhd BHEL, Alstom - USA, Benson Siemens - German cld; njhopy;El;g xg;ge;jk; Vw;gLj;jpf; nfhz;L (660MW, 800MW) Super Critical kpd;jpl;lq;;fis jw;NghJ epiwNtw;wp tUfpwJ. fPopUe;J jz;zPiu gy Mapuk; RUs; Foha; fl;bDs; 260 Bar mOj;jj;Jld; Ntfkhf Nky;Nehf;fp mDg;Gk; jftikg;gpy(Evaporator) Rw;wpYk; 13000 ntg;g epiyapy; fupj;J}s; vupAk;NghJ jz;zPu; ePuhtpahfp mLj;jLj;j epiyfSf;F gpuahzpj;J mjpntg;g> mghu rf;jpkpf;f Super Critical Fluid Mf khwp (260 Bar, 5800C) kpd;fhe;j ildNkhit (Generator) jd;Ds; nfhz;l ePuhtp Roypia (Steam Turbine) Row;wp kpd; cw;gj;jpia nra;jpLk;. mjpNtfk;> mjpntg;gk;> cau; mOj;jk; ,tw;iw gy Mapuk; kzp Neuq;fs; ntbf;fhky;> tpupry;glhky;> cUfhky; jhf;Fg;gpbf;Fk; cNyhfk;jhd; ,j;njhopy;El;gj;jpd; capu;ehb.
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rl;b];fu;> F[uhj;> fu;dhlfh kfhuh\;buh> kj;jpagpuNjrk;> Me;jpuh kfhuh\;buh> gPfhu;> cj;jpu gpuNjrk;> Nkw;Ftq;fk;> rl;b];fu;>xbrh> fu;dhlfh

nkhj;jk;

31680MW(B&TG) +13660MW(B) +15300MW(TG)

mJ vd;d cNyhfk; ? FNuhkpak;> khypg;bdk;> epf;fy; Nfhghy;l;>

Nghuhd; kw;Wk; gy cuNkw;wg;gl;l fbdkhd cNyhfq;fis ,Uk;Gld; fye;J cUthf;fg;gl;l cNyhfk;jhd; mJ. 10-25 % FNuhkpak; ,f;fyg;G cNyhfj;jpd; KJnfYk;ghFk;. cau; ntg;gk;> cau; mOj;jj;jpid gy Mapuk; kzp Neuk; rpijahky;> nehWq;fhky; jhf;Fg;gpbf;Fk; ,e;j cNyhfj;jpy; gy Mapuk; ld; vil nfhz;l RUs; Foha; fl;likg;ig tbtikg;gJ mt;tsT vspjhd gzpah? 3500 C y; Foha;fis gw;witf;Fk; gzp> mjd;gpd; 5000 - 7000 C tiu gykzp Neuk; #Nlw;wp mjid gjg;gLj;Jk; gzp> ,tw;wpy; <LgLk; Copau;fspd; ciog;igAk;> Mgj;jpidAk; mstpl KbahJ. Gtp ntg;gkhFjiy Fiwg;gjw;fhf, Co2, Nox, SoX, PM #oy; Mgj;Jf;fis jLg;gjw;fhf Vw;gLj;jg;gl;l ,j;njhopy; El;gk; tbtikf;fg;gLk; fbdkhd gzpapd;NghJ mNj Co2, Nox, SoX, PM Mgj;Jf;fs;> fbdkhd nty;bq; gzpapd;NghJ njhopw;rhiyf;Fs; Vw;gLfpd;wJ. mJ nky;y fhw;wpy; gutp 10 fpkP Rw;wstpw;Fs; trpf;Fk; kf;fisAk;> kw;w capupdq;fspd; MNuhf;fpaj;ij Njhy;> EiuaPuy;> ,iug;ig> fy;yPuy; Mfpa Gw;WNehahy; mopf;fpwJ vd;gJ 1990 f;F gpwFjhd; cyf Rfhjhu epWtdj;jpd; ftdj;jpw;F te;jJ (WHO/IARC/Monogaph volume 49,86). XU nty;lu; njhopyhsp jd; gzpapd;NghJ Vw;gLk; tp\g;Gifapd; %yk; Mz;nlhd;wpw;;F 70 fpNyh Co2, Nox, SoX, FNuhkpak; 6 cs;spl;l Particulate Matter fis fhw;wpy; fyf;fpwhu;; vd;W Gs;sptpguk; $WfpwJ. vdNtjhd; OSHA, EIA Nghd;w njhopy; ghJfhg;G epWtdq;fs; ,t;tp\g; Gifapid cwpQ;rpLk; etPd fUtpfis njhopw; $lq;fspy; mikf;fNtz;Lk; vdTk;> tbfl;lg;gl;l ,t;tp\ %yfq;fis gj;jpukha;

fhw;Wg;Gfh igfspy; Nrkpj;J fzf;Ff; fhl;l Ntz;Lk; vdTk; mwptpj;Js;sJ. ,t;tp\j;ij kl;fr;nra;jpl jPtpu Muha;rpfspy; ehrh USA> <uhd;> kNyrpah kw;Wk; gy ehLfs; Nkw;nfhz;L tUfpd;wd. jpUr;rp BHEL epWtdj;jpy; 1500 f;F Nkw;gl;l jpwik tha;e;j %j;j> ,sk; nty;lu; Copau;fspd; fbdkhd gzpAld; mjw;F gf;f gykhf 5000 f;F Nkw;gl;l ,sk;>%j;j gpl;lu; Copau;fSld;> 2500 f;Fk; Nkw;gl;l Nkw;ghu;itahsu;fs;> nghwpahsu;fs; mwpthw;wYld; ,uT gfyhf Super Critical kpd; eppiya tbtikg;G gzp eilngw;W tUfpwJ. ,g;gzpapd;NghJ Mz;nlhd;wpw;F Rkhu; 180 ld; tp\g;Gif fhw;wpy; fyf;fpd;wJ. 5 yl;rk; nkl;upf;ld;fs; vil nfhz;l FNuhkpa cNyhfk; yhupfspy; %yg;nghUshf te;jpwq;fp> gpd; tbtikf;fg;gl;l cjpup ghfq;fshf jpdrup Vw;wpr;nry;yg;gLtij ghu;j;jhy; ,J xU ,Uk;G efukhf miof;fj;Njhd;Wk;. ,e;j tl;lhuk; KOtJk; ,Uk;G (Co2, Nox, SoX, PM Jfs;fspd; Mgj;jhd) thridia czuhjtu;fs; ahUk; ,Uf;fKbahJ. Mz;nlhd;Wf;F 15 Mapuk; Nfhbf;F cw;gj;jp nra;Ak;; ISO 9000, OHSAS 18000 rhd;wpjo; ngw;w kpfg;ngUk; jpUr;rp BHEL epWtdk;> jdJ njhopw; $lj;jpy; Vw;gLk; ,t;tp\g;Gifia (Source) cUthFk; ,lj;jpNyNa cwpQ;rpLk; njhopy;El;g capu; ghJfhg;G fUtpfisNah my;yJ ,t;tp\j; Jfs;fis ghJfhg;gha; Nrkpj;J fzf;F fhl;Lk; tiuKiwiaNah ,Jtiu ftdj;jpy; nfhs;stpy;iy vd;gJ> Gjpjha; ePr;rybf;Fk; xUtDf;F cs;s kNdhepiy vd;Wjhd; mwpaKbfpwJ. njhopy; El;gj;jpy; ntw;wpia va;jpLk; Ntisapy; fpilf;Fk; rpwpa %r;R thq;fypy; ghJfhg;G gzpia rpwg;ghf ,e;epWtdk; nra;jpLk; vd;gJ epr;rak;.

tp\Gifapy; ,Ue;J jw;fhg;G: 1) %f;F> tha; topahf clYf;Fs; tp\Gif nry;tjhy; Jtf;fepiyapy; ,Uky;> rsp> tapW cghijfs; kw;Wk; ,Wjpapy; jPtpu Gw;WNeha; cs;spl;l ghjpg;Gfs; Vw;gLtij jtph;f;f 2.5 ikf;uhd; Kf ftrk; mzpaTk;. 2) ntg;gk;. fjph; tPr;R> tp\g;Gif ,itfis jLj;J> fz;fis fhj;jpLk; fz;zhb mzpaTk;. 3) FNuhkpak;> Nfhghy;l; kw;Wk; gy tp\ Jfs;fs; (PM) nkd;ikahd rUkj;jpy; Vw;gLj;jpLk; ntg;gf;fl;bfs;> dermatitis Mfpa Neha;fspy; ,Ue;J cliy ghJfhj;jpl fj;jhio> rd;];fphPd; Mfpa fphPk;fis rUkj;jpy; G+rpf;nfhs;sTk;. 4) %r;R gapw;rp> clw;gapw;rp jpdKk; mtrpak;. jpdrhp ,uz;L Ntis ed;F ePuhlTk;. 5) midj;J Cl;lr;rj;Jf;fSk; mlq;fpa cztpid rhg;gplTk;.

Welding tp\g;Gifia cUthFk;

,lj;jpNyNa cwpQ;rpLk; njhopy;El;gk;

etk;gu; 2012

G+Tyfpy; ez;gu;fs;

Once Through Super Critical

kpd;epiya tbtikg;G

kuk; eLNthk;! Rw;W R+oypd; ez;gd; Super Critical kpd;epiyak;