igyk

2007 jif¾ fojk l,dmhhs'

fkdl<fyd;a fï ;;a;ajhka ;jÿrg;a j¾Okh
ùug th msgqn,hla jkq fkdwkqudkh'

iudc" wd¾Ól" foaYmd,ksl jYfhka ,dxlSh
iudch mqrd me;sr mj;sk wrdðl iajNdjh iy
Ôjk úhou by< hdu .ek l;d lsÍfï § th
tAksid ck;djg uqyqK §ug isÿù we;s oyil=;a ia;%Skag n,mdkafka flfiao@ wmf.a wjOdkh tA
tlla m%Yak iy lïlfgd¿ fujr igykska wms ms<sn|jh' rfÜ mdßfNda.slhska ms<sn| j.lshk
wjOdrKh lruq'
weu;s;=ud Bfha fmf¾od rEmjdysksh Tiafia m%ldY
lrkq ,enQfõ lsß msá ñ, by< oeóu l,n, fkdúh
hqoaOh fukau ;ek ;ek yuqjk u< isrere" hq;= ldrKhla njhs' thg fya;= f,i Tyq lshd
meyerf.k hdï" w;= r eoyka ùï" udOHfõ§ka isáfha túg wfma uõjreka ;u orejkag uõlsß
urdoeóï" Tjqkag myr§ï muKla fkdj ck;dj §ug jeäfhka fm<fUkq we; ls h dhs ' ;jo
u; megfjk Ôjk nr o fõ.fhka by<g f.dia wdkhkh lrk fuu úh,s lsß msá kshñ; m%ñ;shg
;sfí' È.ska È.gu isÿjk w;HdjYH mdßfNda.sl wkql+, fkdjk njhs' ;u orejkag fo;fka tfrk
NdKavj, ñ, by< hdu fmdÿ ck;djg ord.; lsß ál fkd§ msá lsß fmdjk wïu,d .ek wms
fkdyels ;;a;ajhgu m;aj we;' ;jÿrg;a bjish kï fkdoksuq' Tjqka isákafka fujka
fkdyels ;ek nvq ñ, wvq lrk f,i" bkaOk weu;s;=uka,df.a ÈjH ud,s.dj,u ñi fï rfÜ
ñ, my; ouk f,i b,a,d u;=jk ck;d úfrdaOh" fjk;a ;ekl kï fkdjk nj meyeÈ,s h'
YsIHhskf
a .a" f.dúhkaf.a ldka;djkaf.a Woaf>daIK fmdaIHodhS wdydr .ekSug ke;slu ksid fï rfÜ
u¾okh lrkq ,nkafka yÈis kS;sh iy hqoaOh ldka;djkaf.ka 36]la o .eìKs uõjrekaf.ka 65]
ovóud lr.ksñks'
la muK o rla; ySk;djfhka fmf<k njg ffjoH
;u m%Yak fjkqfjka mdrg ng rcrg úYaj úoHd{hska fidhdf.k we;s nj fï weu;s;=ud
úoHd,fha isik
q a l÷¿ .Eiaj,ska kdjkq ÿgqjdg miqj fkdokakjd úh yel' nv .skakg n;la Whd
yïnka f ;dg fya k a f.dúhka f .a iduldó .kakg" yd,a fiarejla ñ,§ .kakg fkdyels mjq,a
Woaf>daIKhlg fmd,sia negka fmd¨ m%ydrhlg lSodyla kï fï rfÜ isào@ tfukau wm okakd
uqyqK §ug isÿjQ whqre wms úoaHq;a udOH Tiafia mßÈ orefjl=g uõlsß ,ndÈh yelafla Wmßu wjqreÿ
ÿgqfjuq' fuys§ fmd,sia fldia;dm,ajrfhl= úiska 1-2 olajd ld,hla ;=< muKls' bkamiqj ;kh
;u negka fmd,af,ka ksrdhqo f.dú ldka;djlg bfrõjdg orejdf.a nv ms f rka k g ;rï ls ß
myr §u wms ;rfha u fy<d olsuq' l;r.u ueKsla ,efnka f ka ke;' b;s x jevg hk uõjreka g
.fÕa ÈhlemSfï wd.ñl W;aijhg iyNd.sfjñka muKla fkdj .DyKshkag mjd orejkaf.a fmdaIK
isá wysxil jkaokdlrejkag Wu;= fõYfhka isá wjYH;djh bgq ls Í ug ls ß ms á §ug is ÿ fõ'
fmd,sia Ngfhl=f.a fmd¨ m%ydrhg ,laùug isÿù fndfydauhla mdie,a orejkaf.a Wfoa wdydrh lsß
jeä ld,hla .; jQ f ha o ke;' fuu is h ¨ fldamamhla muKls' nyq;rhla jQ fï rfÜ ÿmam;a
isÿùïj,ska fmkS hkafka h<s;a fmd,sia u¾okfha ck;dj re'150$-" 200$- la f.jd lsßmsá melÜgqjla
ñ,§ .kafka flfiao@ wdKavqj n,hg tk úg
yia;h l%ufhka by<g tifjñka ;sfnk njhs'
lsßfok uõjrekag yd .eìKs uõjrekag ,ndfokjd
fï wdldrhg ;u whs ; S k a fjkq f jka hehs lshQ fmdaIK u,a, fldfyaoehs wmg wikakg
Woaf>daIKh lsÍug" úfrdaOh m%ldY lsÍug we;s isÿjkafka fï ksidh' fuf,i w;a;fkdau;sl f,i
m%cd;ka;%jd§ whs;shg jeg nef|ñka u¾okh" nvqñ, by< oeófuka fi!LH iïmkak Ôú;hla
NSIKh ysi tiùu wmg lshkafka t;rï iqN .; lsÍug ck;djg we;s iudÔh iy wd¾Ól
fmruÕ ,l=Kla kï fkdfõ' fujeks whs;Ska W,a,x>Kh fõ' hqoaOhg uqjd ù isÿflfrk
m%cd;ka;%jdohg tfrysj isÿjk u¾ok ck;d whs;Ska W,a,x>Kh lsÍug tfrysj mdrg
lsh
% dldrlïj,g tfrysj isú,a iudch ish y~ wjÈ neiS u ñi fï rfÜ ÿma m ;a ck;djg ;j;a
úl,amhla ;sfíoehs wms fuys,d igyka lruq' •
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

1

wNsfhda.h
Tn yuqfõ ;nk

zwehZ l,dmh Tn w;g m;ajkafka
wm rfÜ foaYmd,k mßirh ;=<
w;sYhska jHdl+, ;;a;ajhla mj;sk wjêhl
§ h' fuh b;sydifha ;SrKd;aul fudfyd;la
njg ielhla ke;' hg;a úð; md,kfhka
ksoyi ,enQ ld,fha isg ol=fKa foaYmd,kh
wrla.;a m%Odk mCI fol jk Y%S ,xld ksoyia
mCIh iy tlai;a cd;sl mCIh oeka tlsfkl
y÷kd.kakg neß ;rug u m%;sm;a;s w;ska
iudk h' Okjdoh rg ;=< jHdma; lsÍu iy
fj<|m, .;sl;ajh u; mokï jQ wd¾Ól
j¾Okh u; Tjqkaf.a ixj¾Ok u;jdoh iy
ls%hdldß;ajh f.dv ke.S ;sfí' Tjqka w;r
ckjd¾.s l m% Y a k h úi£u ms < s n |j ;s f nk
wdl,amhkays hï fjkila fmfkkakg ;snqK
o" t,aà'à'B h iuÕ idlÉPd fldg" n,h
úuOH.; ls Í u u; mokï jQ foa Y md,k
rgdjla f.dvke.Su iïnJOfhka mCI fol
;= < u iïuq ; s h la ;s f nk nj lS u g ;rï
;;a;ajhl ke;' fï m%Yakh u; mCI fol
;=< u hï ms,a fn§ula we;sùug o bÈßfha
bvlv we;' tfia jqjfyd;a" fuf;la l,a wm
y÷kdf.k isá Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIh iy
tlai;a cd;sl mCI fol fjkqjg ckjd¾.sl
m%Yakh úi£u i|yd fhdod.; hq;= Wmdh ud¾.
2

hqoaOh o idlÉPdj o hk ldrKdj mokï
fldg.;a foaYmd,k n,uq¿ .ekaùula wmg
oel .; yels jkq we;' fï kj foaYmd,k
ikao¾Nh ms<sn|j wm oeka isg u ixfõ§ úh
hq;af;a tA ;=< iduh yd m%cd;ka;%jdoh i|yd
jk ia ; % S k a f .a ls % h dldß;a j hka f.dkq l<
hq;af;a flfia o hk lreK fmroeß fldg
f.k h'
wjdikdjlg" fu ikao¾Nh ;=< wm hï
lf,l ia;%S wNsjDoaêhg yd n,i;=lrKhg
md¾Yùhehs y÷kdf.k is á m% . ;s Y S , S fyda
jdudxYsl n,fõ.hkaf.a iaÓr meje;aula .ek
wmg n,fmdfrd;a;= ;nd .; fkdyelsh' zjuZ
ksfhdackh lrkjd hehs lshd.kakd lKavdhï
w;s oCIsKdxYsl ia:djrhka lrmskakd .;a úg
wmg isÿjkafka" m%.;sYS,S u;OdÍkag
ysñjkafka ,snr,a Okm;s u;jdoh ;=< iaÓridr
iduhla i|yd" hqla;sh yd idOdrKh i|yd
.; hq;= uÕ ksYaph lr .ekSug h'
fï úm¾hdihka yuq f õ mj;a j k
ue;sjrKhla ms<sn|j o wm ixfõ§ úh hq;=h'
ia;%Ska jYfhka wmg ysñjkafka by< hk Ôjk
úhou ms < s n |j Woa f >da I K ls Í u muK o@
tfia ; a ke;a k ï" m% p Ka v ;a j fhka f;dr
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

f.!rjkS h Ôú;hla .; ls Í ug" iudk
whs;sjdislï N=la;s ú£ug wm ia;%Ska yeáhg
ld,hla mqrd lrk úúO wr.,hka iuia;
iudchgu tu whs;Ska ysñlr §fï wr.,hla
olajd jHdma; lsÍu o@ fufia wfma wr.,h
jHdma ; l<fyd;a wmf.a u jQ b,a , S ï yd
m%fõYhkag l=ula fõ o@ m%Odk fmf,a mCIj,
wh lsisodl .íidj kS;s.; lsÍug md¾Yùh
fjhso@ md¾,sfïka;=j ;=< isáh hq;= ia;%S uka;%S
m%;sY;h 50] la úh hq;=h hk kS;s
m%;sixialrKhg mCIj Pkaoh fohs o@ ,xldj
nyqjd¾.sl" nyq wd.ñl iudchla nj
ms<s.kakg hehs fmdÿ igka mdGh f.k tk

wh u mqoa.,hd jkdyS nyq-wkkH;djhkaf.a
m%ldYhla nj ms<s.kSú o@
bÈßhg tk ld, mßÉfþoh ;SrKd;aul
h' iuia; ,xldfõ wkd.;h fuka u wfma;a
wkd.;h ;SrKh fjñka mj;S' ia;%Ska jYfhka
fukau m%cd;ka;%jdoh wfmaCId lrk
mqrjeishka jYfhka o wm wmg Wreu N+ñldj
jvd;a id¾:lj bgq lrkafka flfia o@ hqo
úfrdaë" m%cd;ka;%.rel" idu idlÉPdjg mCI
ckn,hla f.dvkef.k úg tys iu
fldgialrejka jkafka flfiao@ wm yuqfõ
we;s wNsfhda.h thhs' •
iqks,d wfífialr

lsßmsá .Kka .shdg
lula kE' t;fldgj;a
wfma wïu,d orejkag uõlsß fokak
Wkkaÿ fjhs'

Th u,a,s álla wylg lr,d
ug;a lsß álla §mxfld
wïfï'''
yS''' ug;a nv.skshs'''
lsß álla ´kE'''

;a
yS''' uglda'''
§mxf

2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

3

fujr zwehZ yuqjg tl;=fjkafka m%k
s i
a s ux.,sld
uy;añhhs’ weh furg HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajkakkaf.a
iqN idOkh fjkqfjka lghq;= lrk wdh;khl
m%Odk l%h
s dldßkshl f,iska lghq;= lrkq ,nhs’

ug lshkak ;sfhkafka HIV iuÕ
Ôj;ajkjdg jvd wudrehs fï iudch
iuÕ Ôj;aùu lsh,hs'

˜

H

IV/AIDS ms<sn| 8 jeks wdishd
meis m s l a
iuq ¿ j
wf.da i a ; =
ui 19 - 23 ola j d YS % ,xldfõ§
meje;aùug fï jkúg ish¿ lghq;= iqodkï
lrñka isákjd' HIV/AIDS ms<sn|j f,dalfha
wks;a rgj,a iu. .;al< Y%S ,xldj miqjkafka
l=uk ;;a;ajhlo@ fuu iuq¿j Y%S ,xldfõ §
meje;aùug úfYaIs; fya;=jla ;sfnkjdo @

wfma rg ;=< HIV ms<sn|j oekqj;a lsÍfï
jev igyka mq¿,a jkafka ke;skï fï ms<sn|j
mj;sk Nhdkllu jeäùug we;s bvlvo
mq¨,a fjkjd'

ud is ; k wdldrhg iuq ¿ j ,xldfõ§
meje;aùug n,mE úfYaI fya;+ka kï keye'
fujeks iuq¿jla meje;aùug fuu l,dmfha
myiq l ï iys ; ,ia i k rgla ks i d ,xldj
f;dard .kakg we;s'

ug lshkak ;sfhkafka HIV iuÕ
Ôj;ajkjdg jvd wudrehs fï iudch iuÕ
Ôj;aùu lsh,hs'

HIV/AIDS ;;a;ajhka .;al, f,dalfha
fndfyda rgj,aj,g jvd jeä wvq m%jk;djhla
;ud ,xldfõ olakg ,efnkafka' fï ms<sn|j
wms i;=gqúh hq;=hs' kuq;a ysñka jqj;a jd¾Islj
j¾Okhùula olakg ,efnk ksid wjodkfï
wvqjla keye hehs wms l,amkd fkdl< hq;=hs'
fyñka jqj;a j¾Okh úfï Nhdkllu wm
y÷kd.; hq;= fjkjd'
4

Tn HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajk ,dxlslhl= f,i
wfma iudchg fï ms<sn|j we;s wjfndaOh
oekqu .ek olskafka flfiao@

fm!oa.,slj .;a;u fï ksid ud fndfyda
wNs f hda . j,g uq y q K ÿka flfkla ' wfma
iudchg ke;skï m%cdjg oekqu wjfndaOh
ke;s ksidu uf.a mjqf,a ish¿ fokdgu úYd,
m%pKav l%shdjkag f.dÿreùug isÿjqKd' f.j,a
.sks;eîï" orejkaj wOHdmkfhka t,jd oeóu"
mjqf,a idudðlhska ishÈú ydkslr .ekSu jeks
úúOdldr jQ ys x idjka g f.dÿreúug wmg
isÿjqKd'

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

kuq;a ug lshkak ;sfhkafka HIV iuÕ
Ôj;ajk m%cdj;a fï iudcfha ish¿
whs ; s j dis l ï ,eìh hq ; = wka whg jf.a u
idudkH mqrjeishka f,i Ôj;a ùug whs;sh
we;s msßila njhs' úfYaIfhka Tjqka wdorh"
.re;ajh" ms<s.ekSu ,eìh hq;= msßila jf.au
wOHdmkh ,eîfï" /ls h djla ls Í fï iy
foaYmd,k lghq;=j, fh§fï whs;sh jeks
ish¿u idudÔh whs;Ska iy jrm%ido Tjqkag;a
ysñúh hq;=hs'

wdidokhg f.dÿre jkafka wef.a jerÈ yeisÍï
ksid lsh,hs' ta wdl,amh widOdrKhs'
HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajk m%cdj fjkqfjka iy
th me;sÍu je<elaùu fjkqfjka wmf.a rch
lskï l%shdud¾. .kq ,nkafkao@

fï ms<sn| j.lSï orñka lghq;= lrkq
,nkafka fi!LH wud;HdxYhhs' oekg rcfha
^myiqlï iys;& frday,aj,ska HIV ffjrih
YÍr .;ù we;aoehs ne,Sug lrkq ,nk reêr
HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajkakka idudcfhka fldka mÍlaIdjka lr .ekSug mq¿jks' ta i|yd .;hq;=
m%;sldr fkdñf,a ,ndfokjd' kuq;a fuu
l< hq;=" msgqjy,a l,hq;= msßila fkdfõ'
m%;sldr
Èjhsfka
iEu
HIV
iuÕ
Ôj;a j k
frday,lskau ,nd .ekSug wjYH
ldka;djla lsisu
ldka ; djka g úfYa I fhka uq y q K
myiq l ï fkdue;s ks i d HIV
whq
r
ls
k
a
iudchg
§ug is ÿ jk wNs f hda . " .eg¿
iuÕ
Ôj;ajkakka
iïnkaO fkdù
fudkjdo @
wmyiq;djhg ,lafjkjd'

f.org fj,d

Tõ" HIV iuÕ Ôj;a j k
fkajdislj m%;sldr wjYH wh
;ukaf.a mjqf,a
msßñ md¾Yjhg jvd m%Yak .eg¿
i|yd oekg IDH ^WK frday,&
lghq;= lrf.k
rdYs h lg ldka ; djlg uq y q K
myiqlu ,nd§ ;sfnkjd' kuq;a
ysáh;a weh fj;
§ug isÿjkjd' widOdrKhg ,la
bÈßfha § rcfha iEu frday,l
HIV wjOdku
fjkjd msßñhdg jeäh' wehg
§u fï i|yd wjYH mÍCId iy
mj;s
k
jd'
thg
iudcfha ms < s . ekS u la keye'
m%;sldr ,nd.ekSu i|yd wjYH
fya;=j ;ukaf.a
ks;ru weh foi iudch
myiqlï mq¨,a lrkjdkï ;ud
iajdñ mqreIhdf.ka jvd;a id¾:l' wju jYfhka
n,kafka jerÈlrefjla úÈhg'
iuyr úg újdyl hqj,la kï
fld<U k.rh .;af;d;a" ol=Kq
th ;ukag tkak
ieñhd ish Èú ydkslr .ekSug
fld<U uy frday, ^l¿fndaú,&
mq¨jka'
mq¨jks' kuq;a ldka;djlg ujla
iy W;=re fld<U uy
yeáhg ;ukaf.a orefjda
frda y ,j,a ^rd.u& fï i|yd
fjkq f jka foudms h ka fjkq f jka úYd, wjYH myiq l ï we;s lrkjd kï b;du;a
j.lSula ;sfnkjd bIag lsÍug" ieneúkau iqÿiqhs' ta iuÕu uykqjr uyfrday, jeks
ldka;dj Yla;su;a' fï ksid m%Yakfhka m,d ia:dkj,;a tu myiqlï imhk f,ig wm
hkjd fjkqjg weh m%Yakfhka ch.ekSug" b,a,Sï bÈßm;a fldg ;sfnkjd'
wNsfhda.j,g uqyqK §ug ;SrKh lrkjd'
Bg wu;rj rch HIV ms < s n |j m% c dj
msßñfhl=g HIV iuÕ Ôj;aùug isÿjqjfyd;a
oekq
j;a lsÍfï ld¾hfha kshef,kjd' kuq;a
fidhkjdg jvd f;dr;=re ldka;djlg ta foa
jq f kd;a iudch úis k a fidhkjd' weh fuu ld¾hNdrh m%udKj;a hehs i|yka lsÍug
fldfyduo HIV widokhg ,la jqfka lsh,d' ;rul wmyiq;djhla ;sfnkjd' we;af;kau
fuys§ ud lshkak leu;s ;j;a ldrKhla fuu ffjrifhka m%cdj wdrlaId lsÍu i|yd
;shkjd' ldka;djla lsisu whqrlska iudchg wjYH lghq;= lsÍfï j.lSu ;kslru rchg
iïnkaO fkdù f.org fj,d ;ukaf.a mjqf,a muKla oeßh yels fohla fkdfõ' thg
lghq ; = lrf.k ys á h;a weh fj; HIV m% c djf.a " fjk;a rdcH fkdjk iy m% c d
wjOdku mj;skjd' thg fya;=j ;ukaf.a ixúOdkj, odhl;ajh úYd, jYfhka wjYH
iajdñ mqreIhdf.ka th ;ukag tkak mq¨jka' fjkjd' fujeks oekqj;a lsÍïj,g HIV iuÕ
ia;%S ¥IKhlg ,lafjkakg mq¿jka' kuq;a wfma cSj;ajkakka o iïnJO lr.ekSu jvd;a iqÿiqhs'
iudch ks;ru ys;kafka ldka;djla HIV
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

5

Tn jev lrk j.lSï orK rdcH fkdjk
ixúOdkfhka fï iïnkaOfhka isÿ flfrkafka
ljr wdldrfha fiajdjlao@
fï wdh;kfha m%Odk;u wruqK kï HIV
iuÕ Ôj;ajkkaf.a iqN idOkh i|yd l%shd
lsÍuhs' fuys§ wjOdrKh flfrk tla m%Odk
ldrKhla kï HIV iuÕ Ôj;a jkakkag
iudcfha idudkH mqrjeishka f,i Ôj;aùug
wjYH bvlv" /ljrKh iys; iudc
mßirhla ks¾udKh lsÍuhs'
fuys§ HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajkakkag m%;sldr
,eîug iydh ùu" udkis l Wmfoa Y kh"
Tjqkaf.a mjq,aj, idudðlhskaf.a udkisl;ajh
Yla;su;a lsÍu i|yd lghq;=j, fhfokjd'
óg wu;rj úfYaIfhkau i|yka l< yelafla
HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajkakkaf.a udkj whs;sjdislï
;yjqre lsÍu i|yd;a thg wjYH m%;sm;a;suh
iy wdl,a m uh fjkia l ï iudch ;= <
we;s l s Í u i|yd;a wm lghq ; = lrk njhs '
fudjqkag /lshd ia:dkj, § uqyqK §ug isÿjk
m%Yak wju lsÍug;a wms cd;Hka;r lïlre
ixúOdkh iuÕ tlaj mq¨,a jev ms<sfj,la
l% s h d;a u l lrkjd' wod, fia j d ia : dkj,
ks , OdÍka iy fia j lhs k a oekq j ;a lrkq
,nkjd' HIV ffjrih fndaùfï iSud iys;
bvlv iy ffjrih YÍr.;jq wfhl= g
iudcfha idudkH mqrjeisfhl=g fuka ish¿
ys ñ lï jrm% i do j,g we;s whs ; s j dis l ï
ms<sn|j fuys§ wms lreKQ wjfndaO lrfokjd'
f,dalfha yeu;eklu mdfya HIV iuÕ
Ôj;ajkakka /lshdj, kshqla; fjkjd'
óg wu;rj wm AIDS udrdka;slhs lshk
ls h uk iuÕ ìhjeÿKq iudchg i;H"
h:d¾:h meyeÈ,s lr fokjd' fuh
udrdka;slhs ;ud' kuq;a fï ms<sn|j
j.úNd.hlska f;drj nrm;, f,i iudch
ìhl< ksid ;ud wo HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajkakkag
m%pKav f,i ie,lSug wfma iudch yqreù
;sfnkafka' úfYaIfhkau fuh fndaùu ms<sn|j
wfma iudch ;=< we;s jerÈ iy.; wdl,am
;=rka lsÍug wm m%cdj oekqj;a lsÍfï jev
igyka Èh;a lrkq ,nkjd' Tn ljqreka fyda
wmg wdrdOkh lrkjd kï HIV iuÕ
Ôj;ajkakka úÈhg wmg tkak mq¿jka m%cdjg
lreKq wjfndaOlr§ug'
6

fuh idudkH iudcfha flfkla meyeÈ,s
lrkjdg jvd ud jeks HIV iuÕ Ôj;ajk
flfkla úiska meyeÈ,s lr§fuka id¾:l
m%;sM, ,nd.ekSug mq¿jks hehs ud úYajdi
lrkjd'
HIV ffjrih fndaùu j,lajd .ekSu i|yd
fï rfÜ ck;djg Tng Èhyels mKs ú vh
l=ulao @
ud lshkafka fuh fndaùug ;sfnk bvlv
b;du;a iSud iys; jQ frda.hla njhs' ukao
ñksiqkag je<efok wksl=;a fndafjk
frda . fuka lEfuka " îfuka " tlg wdY% h
lsÍfuka fndajk frda.hla fkdfõ fuh' fï
ksid ;ud fndaùfï bvlv b;du;a iSudiys;
jQ frda . hla njg yeÈka ú h yela f la fuh
flfkl=f.ka ;j flfkl=g fndaúh yelafla
,sx.sl iïnkaO;djhlska" reêr mdrú,khlska
fyda fT!IO tkak;a lsÍfï WmlrKj,ska
^tkak;a lgq& j,ska muKla jk ksidhs' b;sx
oeka wfma rfÜ reêrh mdrú,kh lsÍfï §
fï i|yd wjYH mQ¾j f,a mÍlaIdjka we;=¿
wfkl=;a wdrlaId jQ l%shdud¾. .kq ,nkjd'
ta jf.au fT!IO tkak;a lsÍfï § tlajrla
muKla Ndú;d l< yels tkak;a lgq Ndú;d
lrkjd'
tfia u fuu frda . h jeä jYfhka u
fndaùfï bvlv /§ ;sfnkafka mqoa.,hska
lsysmfofkl= iuÕ mj;ajk wkdrCIs; ,sx.sl
iïnkaO;djhkaj,§hs' ;udg b;du;a ;Èka
úYajdi l< fkdyels wh iuÕ mj;ajkq ,nk
,s x .s l iïnka O ;dj,s k a wdrla I d jq j fyd;a
fuh fndaùfï m%jk;djh wvqlr.; yelshs'
újdyh olajd ,sx.sl yeisßï j,ska je,lS
is à fuka " fldka v ï Ndú;d ls Í fuka " uÕ
f;dg§ yÈisfha yuqù ys;j;alï we;slr.;a
wh iuÕ ,sx.sl tlaùu olajd fkdhEfuka"
ìß|" ieñhd iylrejd iy iyldßh
j.lSfuka tlsfkldg úYajdifhka
yeisfrkafka kï HIV me;sÍu j,lajd.kak
wmg mq¿jks'
fï ldrKdj;a ls h ka k u ´fka f.or
ysáh;a HIVj,g ,laùfï wjOdku ;sfhkak
mq ¿ jks ' uka o tls f kldg úYa j di iy.;
j.lSfuka hq;= ,sx.sl in|;d fkd;snqfkd;a
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

we;eï úg fujeks frda.hlg f.dÿreùug
we;s bvm%ia:d jeäfjkjd'
fuu frda.h ms<sn|j jeäysáhka muKla
fkdj uf.a woyfia yeáhg wjqreÿ 15 g jeä
mdie,a <uqkaj;a oekqj;a lsSÍu w;HjYHhhs'
Tjqkag fï ms<sn|j ksjerÈ f;dr;=re ,nd§u
yßu jeo.;a'
flfia kuq;a wfma rfÜ ;ju;a HIV/AIDS
ms<sn| oekg flfrk ksjdrK jev igyka
m%udKj;a uÜgul keye' wdrlaIdldÍ ,sx.sl
yeis Í ula i|yd fldka v ï Ndú;fha we;s
jákdlu .ek oekq u iudchg hd hq ; = h s '
ixl% u Ks l fia j lhs k a muKla fkdfõ'
úfYaIfhka hqqo yuqodj" kdúl yuqodj fmd,Sish
jeks wdh;kj, fiajh lrk who fï ms<sn|j
oekqj;a lsÍu wksjd¾hhhs'

fuu udkj m%;sYla;s W!k;d ffjrih
Nhdklhs' kuq;a fuhska wdrlaIdùug we;s
bvlv úYd,hs' fndaùug we;s bvlv iSud
iys;hs' fuh YÍr.; jQ flfkl=g orejka
ye§u fyda újdyùu l< fkdyelshs' ;ju
fuh ksÜGdjgu iqj lsÍug fnfy;a
fidhdf.k ke;s ksid fuys Nhdkllu ;j;a
jeäfjkjd'
fï ksid ug lshkak ;sfhkafka fld;rï
Nhdkl jqj;a fuhska je<lS isàug ñksidg
yelshdj ;sfnk njhs' ta iuÕu HIV iuÕ
Ôj;a jka f ka o fiiq mq o a . ,hs k a fuka u
iduldój ks o yfia i;= á ka Ôj;a ùug
whs ; s j dis l ï we;s whhs ' Tjq k a g wdorh"
lreKdj" /ljrKh wjYHhs' •
idlÉPdj iy igyk

iqñld fmf¾rd

wdorh fkdy÷kk
wfhl= miqmi l,la
wdorh b,a,ñka
.shd tl hqj;shla
wE; ÿr hi rÕg
fmfkk tA ñßÕ=jg
/já,d uqjfokla
Èj .shd y;s y,d

uq,d
fkdfjka
<f|a'''

wdorfh ñßÕ=jg
/já,d ÿl nod
Ôú;h ì,s.kak
fkdfoka ;sr wÈgkska
;ksj ys| lrmkak
igka fmruqK /f.k
fkdy~kak <÷kafka
ke.sákak <÷kafka
ne,a,sfhda ne<,sfhda
megjq yd ;ksfj,d
Ôú;h /l.kak ú¢;s
jo fõokd

2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

n,af,d yd n<,a¨ o
fkdn,;sh tA Èyd
f,dj fidnd ou thhs
^we;eï& ñksiqkq;a Bg fkdfjkia fõo@'''
kkaod fmf¾rd

7

akfw
xpÉskw

wu;r §ukdj,g" jdyk myiqlïj,g"
ld¾h uKav, fï yeu fohlgu
kdia;s lrkafka uyckhdf.a uqo,afka'
tA uÈjg m;a;rhla ne¨j;a m%jD;a;s
weyqj;a oek.kak ,efnkafka rfÜ
f,dl= f,dl= ks,;, ork Woúh lrk
jxpd .eku ;uhs' fuhd,d fuÉpr fmdr
ldf.k wudrefjka fï n,hg tkafka b;ska
wms j rls k a k fka ' wfka b;s k a fïjd ldg
lshkako@

frdfI,a ( wksl f;dmams., w,a,mq tl iurkak
kgmq kegqug fldÉpr uqo,a kdia;h
s la lrkak
weoao@
fyaIdka ( fudlo frdfI,a f,dl= l,amkdjl@
frdfI,a ( kE uu fï l,amkd lf<a wms mäh
wrka f.or hkjd ú;rhs Bg myqjod b|ka
i;hla kE wf;a'a '' mqÿu Ôjk nrla ;uhs fïl
kx'
ÿmam;df.a lEu fjÉp mdkaf.äh .sks .Kka'
mdkamsá" lsßmsá" t<j¿ ud¿ t;fldg .Eia"
,hsÜ ì,a" nia.dia;=" ,dïmq f;,a yeufoau
by<g" mäh ú;rla tl ;ek fldfydu Ôj;a
fjkako ukaod@
pß; ( ´jd b;ska f.or .EKq whf.a m%Yakfka'
f.or fodr úhou msßuyf.k jev lrkak
.EKq oek.kak ´k' wksl fï hqoaOhla
;sfhk fldg b;ska nvq ñ, jeä fjkjfka'
hqoaO lrkakhs nvq ñ, wvq lrkakhs folla
lrkak neyefka'
fyaIdka ( nvq ñ, jeäfjk tl fldyduo .EKq
whf.a m%Yakhla ú;rla fjkafka pß;' fïl
.EKq fõjd msßñ fõjd rfÜ yeu flfkl=gu
oefkk m%Yakhlafk' Thd fï f.or .EKq
whg msßuyf.k jev lrkak lshkjd' tA;a
yßhg l,amkd lr,d ne¨fjd;a tAl lshkak
fjkafka wfma md,lhkag ;uhs' fldÉpr
kdia;shla o fï wh rgg lrkafka'
pß; ( wehs hqoaO lrk tl o kdia;sh@ wms Thd,g
ld,d î,d bkak;a rgla ;sfhkak tmehs'
fyaIdka ( hqoafo .ek fkfuhs uu lshkafka'
pß; ( tfykï fudlla .eko@
fyaIdka ( wfma jf.a fmdä rglg orkak mq¿jka
weu;s uKav,hla o oeka fï m;alrf.k
;sfhkafka' tA whf.a mäkä f.jkak" fjk
8

pß; ( wehs tAl;a Thd,g fmakafka jerÈhg o@ tAl
wfma yuqodj ,nmq f,dl= ch.%yKhla fka'
frdfI,a ( idlÉPdfjka iduh ch.%yKh lrmq ;eka
ñi hqoO
a h hqoO
a fhkau Èkmq ;eka .ek f,dalfha
wykak olskak ,efnkafka ke;s ;rï' fyd|hs
wms tA l;dj me;a;lska ;shuqflda''' tA;a fï
f;dmams., ch.%yKh uq,a lrf.k fld<U
;sìÉp W;aijhg fldÉpr kx i,a,s kdia;s
lrkak weoao@ Th W;aijhg fhdod.;a; l*S¾
hdkdj,ska tlla by<g k.a.kak ú;rla
fldÉpr kï uqo,la jeh fjkjo tA jf.a l*S¾
lShla mdúÉÑ l<do" wksl Bg biafi,a,d lrmq
mqyqKqùï tod wdrCIdj fjkqfjka ormq úhoï
fï yeu tllau kdia;shla fka'
fyaIdka ( wksl tod fld<U mdrj,a jymq tflka
wms úkao lrof¾ lS fofkla tod ria;h
s dÿ jqKdo'
lÜáhla ch.%yK" ksoyi iurk fldg wms
lSfofklaf.a ksoyfia mdf¾ hkak ;sfhk
whs;sh ke;sfjkjo fkao@ fufyu fndre
ujdmEï lrkak ,CI .Kka i,a,s kdia;s
lrkfldg fldfyduo rg ixj¾Okh fjkafka@
pß; ( tA l;dfj;a we;a;la ;sfhkjd ;uhs'
fyaIdka ( wms fï idudkH ck;djf.a Ôjk nr
.ek l;d lrkjd' wfma rcjrekag;a Ôjknr
ord.kak neßld,hla fïl'
pß; ( fudllao tA l;dfj f;areu@
fyaIdka ( wehs okafka keoao wfma wdpd¾h ÿgq.euqKq
rc;= u d Ôj;a fjka k ;s f hk wudrejgu
fplam;a fydrlula lr,d wyqjK
q dfka' b;sx wms
jf.a ÿmam;a rgjeisfhd .ek fudk l;do@ •
risld §mdks
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

wfma
weiska

meúÈ meje;afuys ffu;S% lreKd

zW

Wmam,jKaKd

ma m ,jKa K dZ jkdys nq ÿ ka f .a w.% Y%dúldjls' tA f:Íka jykafiaf.a ku
fhdod iq k s , a wdßhr;a k wOPHCIKh l<
Ñ;%máh uE;l § m%o¾Ykh jQjls' zixldrdZ
fn!oaO o¾Ykfhys lsñÿkq Ñ;%máhla jQjd fia
u" zWmam,jKaKdZ-fn!oaO meúÈ-.sys meje;au
mokï fldg.;a fn!oaO Ñ;%máhls' uq,skau"
lsj hq;af;a leurdlrKh" wdf,dallrKh"
ixia l rKh" ix.S ; lrKh rx.kh" wd§
wxf.da m dx. .;a l, zWma m ,jKa K dZ úúO
wvq¨yq~qlïj,ska msß iskud ks¾udKhla njhs'
tfy;a tys m%Odk wLHdkh ^narrative& fm%aCIl
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

is; r|jd ;nd .kS' tA fya;=fjka u wmg
wmyiqjlska f;drj" iskudmgh kerôh yelsh'
Ñ;%máfha ;sr rpkh l< ;siai wfífialrg
iy wOHCIKh l< iqks,a wdßhr;akg wmf.a
m%Kduh ysñúh hq;af;a fï fya;=fjks'
zWmam,jKaKdZ wdLHdkh f.dvk.d ;sfnk
wdldrh jvd;a lemS fmfkka f ka " Ns C Iq K S
;k;= r m% ; s f CIa m lrk n,.;= ix>hd
jyka f ia , d Ôj;a jk iudchla ks r EmKh
lrñka u" tA iudch ;=< fndÿ meúÈ ia;%sh bgq
lrk ;SrKd;aul ld¾hhka tA yryd úoyd
9

l=, .¾jh iy
mqreIdêm;H iqrlsk
fndÿ kdhl;ajh
wdrCId l< hq;= nj
wdßh;akg yeÕ=fKa
wehs oehs fkdoksñ'

olajk ksid h' l=, .¾jh iy mqreIdêm;H
iqrlsk fndÿ kdhl;ajh wdrCId l< hq;= nj
wdßh;a k g yeÕ= f Ka wehs oehs fkdoks ñ '
nq r euhg" ;dhs , ka ; hg" Ökhg f.dia
Wmiïmodj iy meúÈ nj ,en oUq,af,a § meúÈ
nj ,en ,xldfõ úúO m,d;aj, jev jdih
lrk Ns C Iq K S k a jyka f ia , df.a tä;r nj
ksfIaO lsÍug Tyq fm<UqfKa wehsoehs fkdoksñ'
wdrKH fiakdikfha jev isákafka oi is,a
iudoka jQ is,aud;djka nj wjOdrKh lsÍu
i|yd u fhdod.;a fonia LKav Ñ;%máhg
we;=<;a h' tfy;a thg m%;smCIj" fï meúÈ
ia;%S msßi j;a ms<sfj;a ms<smÈñka" .ïuqkaf.ka
mqo mQcd ,nñka" okg nKg jäñka tÈfkod
Ôú;fha § m%cdj iuÕ Ôj;a jk wdldrh uq¿
Ñ;%máh mqrdu Tyq wm yuqfõ È. yÍ'
meúÈ ia;%Skaf.a wNHka;r mej;au úoyd
oela ù u i|yd wdßhr;a k f,dl= uEKs f hda
Wmam,jKaKd is,aud;dj" fmdä we;a;S iy
wdrKHfha wdjf;aj lrk Wmdil ia;%sh-w;r
úúO wka;¾-ls%hdjka fhdod.kS' tl w;lska
10

wm yuqjg tkafka meúÈ Ôú;fha kS;s-Í;s yd
iSudjka h' úfgl §md fuya;df.a 'Water'
Ñ;%máh isys.kajñka kS;s mkjk f,dl= uEKs
iy tA kS;Skag tfrysj l=vd ler,s .yk fmdä
we;a;S w;r ixjdo fuhg lÈu ksoiqkls' fï
meúÈ ia;%Ska fl;rï kuq;a nqoaO jpkhg iy
nqÿka úiska meúÈ ia;%Skag mkjk ,o Í;Skag
.re lrñka ;u tÈfkod Ôú;h ilia
fldgf.k we;aoehs wmg fmfka' tA iuÕ u
wm ;=< mek k.sk m%Yak kï fï ia;%Skag
mQ ¾ K meúÈnj ms ß kuka k g wmf.a iuyr
NsCIQka jykafia,d yelsf,kafka ukao hkakhs'
wfkla w;g wm yuqjg tkafka meúÈ ia;%Ska
yd ndysr .sys$meúÈ iudch w;r mj;sk iÔù
iïnJO;djhhs' .fï NsCIqj we;=¿ ish¨fokdu
fï meúÈ ia;%Skaf.ka bgqjk iudc fufyjr
ms<s.kS' fn!oaO meje;au ms<sn|j Ñ;%máh wm
yuq j g f.k tk ;S r Kd;a u l cjks l dj"
Ñ;%máfha ikaêia:dkh o fõ' mqoa.,fhla urd
m,d hk ;=jd,lrefjl=g wem Wmia:dk l<
Wmam,jKaKd rdcfødayS lghq;a;la lr ;sfí'

th iuyr meúÈ ms<sfj;aj,g o tfrys h'
wehg o~qjï §ug kS;sh bÈßm;a fkdjqj;a"
m%cdj bÈßm;a fõ' wdrKHhg odkh fkd§ug
.fï ia;%Syq ;SrKh lr;s' túg .fï NsCIqj
Tjq k g fodia mjrka f ka ffu;% s h -lreKdj
ms<sn| fn!oaO m%;smodj Tjqkag isyslr foñks'
Tjqyq is;a fjkiafldg .ks;s' wksl=;a is,a
uEKsjrekaf.a iqN isoaêh i|yd wdrKH w;yer
hdug ;SrKh l< WmamkajKaKd uEKshf.a
.uk kj;S'
fn!oa O weoys , a , iy fn!oa O m% ; s m odj
ms<sn|j Ñ;%máh mqrd wm yuqfõ È. yefrkafka
tA w;r ;sfnk .egqï" .eg¿ iy iqixjdohka
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

ksr;=rej isysm;a lrñks' fn!oaO meúÈ yd .sys
ia;%sh ms<sn|j wm okakd" fkdokakd l;d mqj;a
;ekska ;ek i|yka lrk ;sr kdglh wm
;=< nqoaOd.fï meúÈ ia;%sh ms<sn| ckkd;aul
yeÕSï we;s lrhs' is,auEKsjreka fjkqfjka
y~ kÕk" Wmam,jKaKd uEKshkaf.a ls%hdj
fndÿ meje;afï idrO¾u fhdod .ksñka u
idOdrKSlrKh lrk" .ïuqkaf.a mqyq fndÿ
meje;aug wNsfhda. lrk NsCIqj ieneúka u
j¾;udk ,dxlSh iudchg w;HjYH pß;hls'
tfiau ieneúka u meúÈ Í;s iqrlsk" ffu;%sh
yd lreKdj Ôjudk .=Kdx.hka fia ms<smÈk
ud,kS f*dkafiald mK fmdjk f,dl= uEKsfhda
o wdo¾Yj;a pß;hls' fï fom,f.ka u wmg
Wlyd .; yels wdo¾Yh kï uQ,O¾u u;
fkdmsßfy,d msysgd.;a úg" kuHYS,S úh yels
njhs'
.sys wd;aufhys Wmam,jKaKd uEKsfhda ;u
foudmskaf.a l=, .¾jh fya;=fjka ú¢ ÿla
.eyeg" w;S;dj¾ck f,i wm yuqjg tkafka
wef.a is; ;=< ,she¨Kq ÿla .skaor ch .ekSug

weh meúÈ Ôú;fha msysg me;+ wdldrh yqjd
olajñks' ;u ieñhd urd oeuQ mshd yuqfõ
t;= ñ h mE ffu;% s h yd lreKdj" jkfha
uq K .efik mK wÈk ;reK ñkS u rejd
flfrys o weh Wmojd .kS' Ñ;%máh wjidkfha
§ f,dl= uEKsfhda wkqu; lrkafka o thhs'
mqyq weoys,a,g jvd Ôjudk meje;au nqÿ oyfï
b.ekaùï wkqj jákd nj wmg tA;a;= .ekaùu
wdßhr;akf.a m%Odk wruqKla nj ug yefÕa'
tA iuÕu" zWma m ,jKa K dZ Ñ;% m áh hï
ÿrlg 1987-1989 NSIK iufha ,xldfõ ol=fKa
ls%hd;aul jQ ;reK f,a msmdih rEm.; lrhs'
;reK ler,sldr lKavdhu" ;udg tfrysj
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

fn!oaO meúÈ yd .sys ia;%sh
ms<sn|j wm okakd" fkdokakd
l;d mqj;a ;ekska ;ek i|yka
lrk ;sr kdglh wm ;=<
nqoaOd.fï meúÈ ia;%sh ms<sn|
ckkd;aul yeÕSï we;s lrhs'

Èh;a fldg ;sfnk u¾okh yuqfõ ;ud;a
u¾okldÍ jk wdldrh" tA hq.h wu;l jQ
whg fï Ñ;%máh h<s u;la fldg fohs' tla
;reKfhl= urd ouk wksla ;reKhd o l=ßre
urKhg uqyqK fohs' f,a msmdih fndajk
frda.hla jeks h' ;reKhska foaYmd,ksl fya;=
u; w;a;fkdau;sl f,i zfødayshdZ hehs kï
l< ;ud i.hd urd oukjd fia u z.eñZ
ms ß ñka ñkS u re ;reKhd urd ouhs ' fï
pl%dldr >d;k ixialD;shg tfrys jkafka
meúÈ ia;%sh yd mqreIhd muKS' lsisÿ
md,khls k a f;dr ìys i q K q ñks i a >d;k"
w;=reoykaùï" meyer f.k hdï j,ska msß
fujka hq.hl" wm fn!oaO rgla h" iudchla
h" hkqfjka lE flda .iñka reêr msmdih u
fn!oaO ck;dj ;=<g ld joaok NsCIqkaf.ka
.yk ,dxlSh iudchg" zWmam,jKaKd Ñ;%máh
yryd fmfkk ffu;s%h yd lreKdj ms<sn|
jD;a;dka;h isis,ila u fõjdæ•
úYaj ms%hd

11

Stock.xchng

ia;%shg tfrys m%pKav;ajh
iy

we

iudc j.lSu

h mdi,a hk ld,fha b;d ieye,a,q
is;ska iuk,shla fuka ld,h .;
l<dh' tfy;a wehg jika; yuqjQ od isg Tyqf.a
isysk f,dfõ weh lsre¿ me<eka|dh' wehf.a
fl,sf,d,a.;s fjkqjg" ;ekam;alu tlajqKs'
wjidkfha úúO ndOl ueo Tjqyq ;ks u;hg
hq. Èúh wdrïN l<y'

l=uk fyda fya;=jla u; Tyqf.a /lshdj
wysñ jqKq úg f.or fodr w.ysÕlï jeä
jkakg úh' l%ufhka ieñhdf.a .;s mej;=ïj,
o fjkila jkakg úh' Tyq u;a meka î f.or
tkakg mgka .;af;ah' f.or fuf;la ,e.=ï
f.k isá Y%shd ldka;dj l%ufhka mE, fodßka
mek hkakg úh'

jir ;=kla hk úg wehg ÿfjl=;a" mqf;l=;a
,enqKs' Tjqkaf.a leoe,af,a ks;r .ejiqfKa
u,a bysreKq yskdjh' ,o fnd<| l;dh' Ysrdks
ujla f,i;a Nd¾hdjla f,i;a ish ksjfia
ish¨ lghq;=j,g Wr§ mjqf,a fukau wdorKSh
ieñhdf.a jev lghq;= ms<sn|j o ukd f,i
fidhd ne¨jdh'

jika; /lshdj wysñ jQ od isg u;amekg
fhduq jQ w;r l%ufhka Tyq thg weíneys
jkakg úh' uq,§ ;rula fkdbjis,su;a f,i
yeis r eK o miq j l% u fhka m% p Ka v f,i
yeisfrkakg úh'

12

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

jika; iuÕ uq¨ Ôú;hu jika; iuhla
f,i .; lrkakg isysk uejQ Ysrdksg oeka
Èkm;d ijig" rd;%shg ,nd.; yels jQfha
.=á negh' mreI jpkh - ysxikldÍ jO§ïh'
u;amekg .scq jQ whl=f.a uki úlD;s f,i
fjkiajk ksid jika;f.a idudkH yeisÍu o
m%lD;s ;;a;ajfhka fndfyda wE;a fjkakg úh'
uq ¿ oji mq r du Tyq Ys r dks g nek jeÿfka
fya;=jla we;sj fkdfõ' wehj kslrefKau
iel lrkakg o úh'
f.or wvqmdvq" orejkaf.a mdi,a m%Yak" .ek
wehg l;d lrka k g flfkla ke;' Tyq
uq¨ukskau wid¾:l ñksfil= f,i yeisfrhs'
wf;a uq o ,a fkdue;s úg tu flda m h ms g
lrkafka Ysrdksf.ks'
weh ish ieñhdf.a m%ydr iy oreKq jO
ysxid yuqfõ bjid isákafka orejka fjkqfjks'
Tjqyq ijia jk úg ìfhka .efy;s' uq¨ uq¨j,
yexf.;s' jika; ksid foudmshka wysñ lr.;a
wehg Tjqka fj; hdug o yelshdjla ke;'
;u ieñhdf.a fuu ;;a;ajh Tjqkag lSug
yels h djla o ke;' orejka Tyq iuÕ oud
hkakg mq¿jkalula o ke;' weh .srhg ysr jQ
mqjla f.ähla fuka oeä mSvkhg yiqj ysr ù
isà'
fï wo fndfyda uOHu fukau my< wdodhï
,nk mjq , a j , lka ; djka f .a Ôú;j,
w;=<dka;hhs' ldka;dj hkq Ôú;h fokakg
bmÿKq wfhls' tfy;a fndfyda ldka;djkaf.a
fyd| ld,h .;jkafka ieñhdf.a fyda weh
iuÕ isák iylrejdf.a m%pKav;ajhg yiqù
.e,fjkakg neßj jO ú¢ñks'
Tyq fuu m% p Ka v ;a j h zweh fj;Z uq o d
yßkafka wE ÿ¾j, wfhl= f,i i,lñks'
iudcfha ms<s.;a u;h jkafka ldka;dj hkq
ug is¨gq iuk, ;gq jeks" u,la fia" iqkaor
ishqï jia;=jla hkakh'
Tyqg mqreIdêm;H uqod yßkakg wjYH jQ
úg" ldka ; djg we;a ; m% l dY ls Í ug fyda
h:d¾:h meyeÈ,s lsÍug bvla ke;' Tyq th
ms<s.kafka o ke;' Tyq lshk mßÈ weh okakd
fohla o ke;' weh fï 21 jk ishjfia o
Tyqg wkqj f.hs uq,af,a isáh hq;=h'
fï ;;a;ajhg fndfydaÿrg j.lsj hq;af;a
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

o ldka;djkau h' fndfyda wïu,d oekqj;aj
fyda fkdoekqj;aj ishmq;=kag ¥,dg jvd jeä
ie,ls,a,la olajñka l=vd l< isgu mqreI
zj¾.hd fY%aIaGhsZ" zwoaú;ShhsZ lshd ldka;dj
fojeks ;ekg ,d ie,ls h hq ; = h hk u;s
u;dka;r l=vd mq;=kaf.a <má ukia ;=<g
ldjeoa § u ;= < s k a " bfíu Tjq k a is ; ka k g
fm<fUkafka tA wldrhlgh' Tjqka iuÕ tu
u;su;dka;r jeäu o je<elaúh fkdfya'
tA wkqj ldka;d mrmqr wmyiq;djhg m;a
lsÍug oek fyda fkdoek ish mq;=kag m%:u
mdvu lshd foñka tu jrog uq,a ., ;nkafka
iuyr wïudjrekah' tA wehg iudch úiska
lshd ÿka wdldrhgh'
fï ksid ish há is;g ldjeo ;sfnk tu
yeÕSï jeäysáhka jQ miq wjia:dj ,o iefkka
ldka;dj fj; uqod yeÍug fuu jeäysá mq;=ka
fm<fU;s' wehg hqla;sh idOdrKh .ek l;d
lsÍug bv ,efnkafka ke;' weh wudkqIsl
f,i ¥IKh fldg wjidkfha lDDr f,i
urd oeóug lghq;= lrkafka o fuu wdl,amuh
yeÕSu u; f.dv kef.k úlD;s ls%hdj,sfhys
m%;sM,hla jYfhks' tfiau Tyq lshk foa" lrk
foa weh wújdofhka ms<s.; hq;=h-isÿ l<
hq;=h' Tyqf.a jpkhg tyd weh fkdhd hq;=h
- hka k Tyq f .a ukfia me,mÈhïj we;s
u;jdohhs'
fuu iudc wdl,amh fjkia úh hq;= ld,h
meñK we;' Tyq f .ka is ÿ jk wlghq ; = l ï
idOdrK f,i jgyd §ug wehg wjia:djla
;sìh hq;=h' ldka;dj hkq yqfola fojk .Kfha
ukqIH fldÜGdYhla fkdj" mq;d iy iudkju
fuf,dj t<sh ÿgq Yla;su;a ;eke;a;shla nj;a"
wehg lsisod ysßyerhla fkdl< hq;= nj o
uõjreka th mq;=kag jgyd Èh hq;=h'
m%pKav;ajh ;=<k
s a YdÍßl ydkslÍ
s ï fukau"
udkisl ydks lsÍï o isÿfõ' m%pKav;ajh
YdÍßl mSvd lsÍïj,g muKla iSud fkdfõ'
th ndysr fõokdj,ska hqla; jk kuq;a" is;ays
we;sjk ;=jd, myiqfjka bj;a l< fkdyel'
thg m%;sldr ,ndÈh yelafla ufkda
úoHdkql+,jh' ke;fyd;a weh iodld,slj
udkisl f,i jO ú¢k wfhl= njg m;afõ'
tfia YdÍßlj;a " udkis l j;a mS v khg
yiqjk fnfyda ldka;dfjda fuu ;;a;ajhka
13

iÕjdf.k is á ;s ' iuyr úg th ;udf.a
ffojh lshd fyda ;udg fuh Wreuhlah lshd
fyda" ;u uj o fujka foaYkdjka ú¢ñka
bjid ordf.k isá nj ÿgq weh o tf,iu ú|
ordf.k uqksj; rlskakSh' th tosfkod isÿjk
isÿùï ud,djla f,i is;hs' tfia ;ksju ish
ieñhdf.ka is ÿ jk m% p Ka v ys x ikh"
w;a;fkdau;sl yeisÍï ú| ord.ksñka orejka
fjkqfjka hhs is;ñka weh is; ikid .kS'

jeäjk nj weh f;areï .kafka ke;' flfia
fj;;a wjidkfha wfkal ÿla fodïkiaj,g
uqyqK mEug isÿjkafka wehguhs'
is h ieñhd jeà is á k krdjf,ka Tyq
f.dv.ka k g wehg Wmfoia ryiH f,i
,nd§ug yels kï" wehg Okd;a u l
n,dfmdfrd;a;= ,ndfokafka kï" tA nj Tyqg
flfiaj;a oek .kakg bv fkd;nkafka kï
fï ;;a;ajh fjkia l< yels jkq we;'

tfy;a bka weh YdÍßlj iy udkislj
fuys§ b;d ie,ls,su;a úhhq;= fohls" îu;a
ÿn, jk nj weh is;sh hq;=h' mSvkh tfia
wh ks ; r wka wh ielhg
isrlr .ekSfuka fndfydaúg
Ndckh lrk nj' fïksid hï
oeä f,i frda.S ùug o mq¿jk'
;ruls k a fyda ;udf.a h:d
Tyq
g
tfy;a tfia is à ug wehg
;;a ; a j h fjk;a md¾Yjhlg
wjYH fkdfõ' weh .=á lE hq;=
mqreIdêm;H
lshkjdhs oek .;fyd;a tAu.ska
fkdfõ' ;udg oreKq f,i jO
uqod yßkakg
Tyq wehf.a Ôú;h ñys m s g
fok ieñhdf.a ys x ik ls % h d
wmdhla njg m;a lrkq ksielh'
wjYH jQ úg"
bjid ordf.k is à u wjYH
túg iykh ,eîu fjkq j g
fkdfõ' fujka mS v khg$
ldka;djg
weh is h ks j fia oreKq jO
ysxikhg md;%jk ldka;djkag
we;a
;
m%
l
dY
ys x idj,g
Ndckh
jk
iyk$Wmfoia i,ik wdh;k
is
r
ldßhla
njg
m;a
l
rkq
we;'
lsÍu
mj;S"
fï ksid wehg Wmldr lrk"
fyda h:d¾:h
tlS wdh;k fldf;la
lsÍug wjxlju W;aidy
mej;sh;a ;udf.a ieñhdf.ka
meyeÈ,s lsÍug tfia
lrk wdh;k b;d ks y ~ju
fufia YdÍßlj;a" ,sx.slj;a"
wjia:djla ke;' ryiH f,i tAjd l< hq;=h' tlS
udkislj;a" m%pKav;ajh
wdh;k fj; wE; .ïj,
Tyq th
w;aú¢k nj újD;j lshkakg
ldka;djf.a meñKSu m%dfhda.sl
fuu ldka ; dfjda ue,s f j;s '
ms<s.kafka o
fkdue;' kshu fiajdjla
fuhg fya;=jla jkafka weh
,nd§ug kï tlS wdh;k cx.u
ke;'
tfia mjid kej; hd hq;af;a
f,i fyda .ug" k.rhg hkjd
;u ieñhd <Õgu ùuhs' tfia
kï" jO ú¢k zwehgZ th úYd,
ieñhdf.a kshu iajrEmh iy ;ud flf¾
iykhla jkjd we;' fudKrd.," w.=Kfld<
lghq;= lrk wdldrh fy<sorõ l< miq kej;
me,eiai" wkqrdOmqrh" mq;a;,u" jeks ÿIalr
Tyq fj; f.dia tA neõ Tyq oek .;fyd;a
m<d;aj, ldka;djkag mjd thska fi;la
mj;akd ;;a;ajh ;j;a oreKq jk nj weh
ie,fikq we;'
okS" iuyr úg jvd;a wk;=reodhl ;;a;ajhla
21 jk ishjfia §j;a fuu ;;a;ajh msgq
fyda Ôú; úkdYhlska th fl<jr úh yel'
oelSug yels jkq we;ehs is;=j o miq.sh ishjfia
fï ;;a;ajh f;areï .kakd ldka;dj ;udg
§ isÿ jQ ls%hdj,shu fï ish jfiao isÿjk nj
;u ks j fia §u ;u ieñhdf.ka is ÿ jk
Èkm;d mq j ;a m ;a n,k ´kEu wfhl= g
m%pKav;ajh .ek ;j;a wfhl=g fyda
jegfykq we;' tA wkqj .Dyia: m%pKav;ajhg
wdh;khlg m%ldY lrkakg ue,sfõ' Tyqf.a
;s; ;eîug fufia yelsfõoehs ldka;djka
ysxikldÍ ls%hd" ,sx.sl wiykhka" wiïu;
;=< m%Yakhla u;= ù ;sfí'
in|;d iy u;amekg weíneys ùu ksid wehg
we;sjk mSvdldÍ ;;a;ajh iÕjdf.k isà'
fuu m%Yakh úi£ug ukd ie,iqï iy.;
tfia l<;a fkdl<;a Tyq f .a m% p Ka v ;a j h ls%hdj,shla ;sìh hq;=fõ'

14

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

tfy;a th myiq fkdjk" b;d ixlS¾K
;;a;ajhls' fuu m%pKav;ajh msgq olskakg
Woõ lrk wh" ldka;djg iyk i,ik wh
tA neõ jgydf.k lghq;= ilia l< hq;=h'
ieñhdg h:d¾:h jgyd Èh yels m%dfhda.sl
jev ms < s f j,la ilia jka f ka kï th
ldka;djg lrk uyÕ= fiajdjls'
;udf.a ìß|g ;udg ´kE ´kE wdldrhg
;,d fm,d jO nJOkhg m;a lsÍu kS;sfhka
jrola nj lshd Èh hq;=h' tfia fkdlrk;dla
Tyq ;u ls%hdj,sh tf,iskau È.gu lrf.k
hkq we;'
i,ld ne,sh hq;= jvd;a Nhdklu ;;a;ajh
kï .Dyia: m%pKav;ajh orejkag n,mdk
wdldrhhs ' orejka hkq wdorh" fifkyi
b,a,k - wdorh ;=< Ôj;a jkakg leu;s
fldgils ' Tjq k a wdorh ,eîu fjkq j g
olskafka" w;a ú¢kafka" lDDr;ajh iy ysxidlÍ
ls%hd kï uj fj; uqod yßk NSIKh kï" tlS
orejd iajNdúl ;;a;ajh fjkqjg olskafka
ÿIaG;ajfhka msß NSIKldÍ jg msgdjls'
fï ksid wjidk m%;sM,h jkqfha iudchg
wys;lr m%pKav iajrEmS" iudc úfrdaë ls%hdj,
kshq;= hy.=Kj,ska ñÿKq ;reK mrmqrla we;s
ùuh' md;d,fha fyda fjk;a iudc úfrdaë
f,i yeisfrk fndfyda wh fufia l=vd l<
m%pKav;ajhg ì,s jQ fyda w;aú¢ wh nj fy<s
ù we;' fï ksid tu orejkaf.ka nyq;rhla
hym;a mqrjeishka fõ hhs ldg wfmaCId l<
yelso@
tfia kï .Dyia: ysxikh hkq úkdYldÍ
w;=reM, f.k fok ms<sldjls'
tys ;j;a w;=re M,hls-.eyeKq orejkaf.a
udkisl;ajh-Tjqka l=vd l, isg w;a ú¢ ish
ujg isÿjQ widOdrKh" m%pKav ls%hd" ksid
l,lsÍu wiykh wdÈfhka mSvd ú£' tfiau
iuyre" ms ß ñ ixy;s h gu ffjr lrka k g
fm<fU;s' fujka ldka;djkaf.ka idudch
,nk M,odhl;a j h .ek úuis h hq ; = h ' tA
udkislj weo jeà isák Tjqkaf.a ukia wj
me;a;g fhduq ù ;sfnk ksidh'
fï ks i d wod< iudchg n,mdk fuu
.Dyia: fyda ldka;djg tfrys YdÍßl iy

2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

udkis l m% p Ka v ;a j h fuu is h jfia § j;a
uq,skqmqgd oeóug j. lsj hq;= wh lghq;= l<
hq;=h'
ksis mßÈ isÿ lrkjd kï th l< hq;=
fukau l< yels fohls' rfÜ ck.yKfhka
52] m%udKhla ldka;djkah' bka 22] g wêl
m%udKhla ldka;d uQ,sl mjq,ah' tfiau rfÜ
cd;sl wdodhu i|yd jvd;au Wr fokafka
ldka;djkah' fï wkqj ldka;dj fyda wehf.a
m%Yk
a lsif
s ia;a wvqfjka ;lafiare l< fkdyel'
weh ksoyia fj<| l,dmfha fyda fõjd" f;a
l¾udka;fha fyda fõjd" úfoaYSh /lshdj,
fh§fï§ fyda fõjd" rgg Wmhd fok
wdodhfuka fï rg bÈßhg hk nj wu;l
fkdl< hq;=h'
fï ksid rg wNHka;rfha § weh uqyqK
fok m%Yakj,g o tA yd iudk jeo.;alula
,nd§ Tjqkag iyk ,nd§u;a" ÿflka uqojd
§u;a md,lhs k a f .a j.lS u fõ' Tjq k a ,jd
Wmhdf.k lEu muKla m%udK;a fkdfõ'
ishqï f,iiEu jgmsgdjlau i,ld n,d
ilia l< l%u fõohla u.ska muKla ìï
uÜgfï ldka;djkag hym;a m%;sM, Wod lr.;
yelsh' fï ;;a;ajfhka ñ§fï ls%hdud¾. ilid
.; yel'
tA my< isg by<g ldkaÿjk jpkj,ska
fkdjk ls%hdfjkau id¾:l jk jev ms<sfj,la
ieliS u g ldka ; djg .re lrk" wehf.a
úuq l a ; s h wjxlju m% d ¾:kd lrk ldf.a ; a
hq;=luls-j.lSuls'•
moaud meää,shka

Tfí ks¾udK wmg tjkak'
ia;%Ska ms<sn|j fukau iudcfha úúO
úIhka iïnJOfhka ,shejqKq ,sms"
ks¾udK i|yd weh iÕrdj újD;h'
wmg ,shkak'
zwehZ iÕrdj
ldka;dj yd udOH iduQyslh
174" w,aúia wejksHq" ldi,a ùÈh" fld<U 8"

15

lú ys;
tod ;snQ lú ys;
§f.l .shd ÿre l;rl
wdor ys;l meg,Sf.k
fkd;ld wka ish¨ foh
tod ,shQ fndfyda lúlï
fkd;lñka ,shkakg
w¨;a wdor .Shla
fyd|u more;a iuÕ .,md
ysrjqkd lú ys;
ne£ul ish¨ /yeka iuÕ
yels¨kd w;mh
È.yer .kak neßf,i
,shkakg ys;+ wdor .Sh
lr;a;fha f.dkqg ne¢
msÿre fuks
yeuodu;a w;fmúh fkdyels
l=iaisfha ÿï ljq¿ w;ßka
,sx neïfï .,amäh w;ßka
f.or fodr lïlfgd¨ w;ßka
.,d .sfha lú ys;hs t;kska
ìï fldgdf.k mi fmr,f.k
fndfyda lú mo ksoka lrÆ
fï fmdf<dfõ jeis fkdjeiaid jQ
wiajekak ;j ;j;a ÿr Æ
u,la msmqkg M,la jejqkg
w¨;a .S;fha ;kqj jehqjg
ksoyfia ys; .,df.k f.dia
;j;a wdihs ljla lSug

ud,sld l=udß wdßhr;ak
fmd$.=ref.dve,a, úoHd,h" uy;,dfld, jej"
ueÈß.sßh

16

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

nvq ñ, by<g
wms j,m,a,g
t;fldg
Pkao fmdfrdkaÿ@
tia' ueKsfla r;akdhl
Wm úÿy,am;skshla
—ls ß ms á we;= ¿ f.dvdla
mdßfNda . s l NdKa v j, ñ,
orkak neß úÈyg by< .syk
s 'a
mdßfNda.slhska úÈyg wms fï
.ek l,lsß,d bkafka' wvq
wdodhï ,nk yd uOHu mka;sfha whg fï
nvq ñ, jeäùu ;Èka oefkkjd' rchla yeáhg
fï ;;a;ajh md,kh lsÍu w;HjHYHhs'
nvq ñ, jeäùug hqoaOh;a tl fya;=jla'
rgg iduh f.k ths lsh,d fï nvq ñ, jeäùu
bjik msßil=;a rfÜ bkakjd' tA jqK;a wks;a
me;af;ka ne¨ju úYd, weu;s uKav,hlhg
ork úhou" tA whg fok §ukd" ,ndfok ñ,
wêl jdyk" rfÜ ;sfhk kdia;sh yd ¥IKh
fïjd wmsg f,dl= m%YaKhla rchla úÈhg fï
foaj¨;a hï md,khla" idOdrKSlrKhla lsÍu
wjYHhs'˜
fla'tA' ÿIHka;
lïlrefjla
—uf.a .u óß.u' uu
fld<U kej;s,d l=,S jev
lrkafka' fï jf. nvqñ,
jeäfjkak biair re'150$lska uu ojfia lEu úhou
ms ß uy .;a ; d' oeka tA l g
re' 300$- la ú;r hkjd' wfma f.or ,hsÜ
keye' l=mams ,dïmq m;a;= lrkafka' udihlg
tAlgu re' 2"000$- lg <Õ .dkla hkjd' f.or
fmdä <ufhla bkak yskaod ? t<sfjklka
l=mams ,dïmqjla m;a;= lrkjd' wms jf.a ÿmam;a
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

wh mdúÉÑ lrk ,dïmqf;¨;a oeka .sks .Kka'
nvqñ, jeäjqKd lsh,d wmsg ojig ,efnk
l=,sh jeäfjkafka keye' tA yskaod wms yß
wudrefjka ;uhs Ôj;a fjkafka' ug <uhs
;=kafofkla bkakjd' thd,f.ka fokafkla
bf.k .kakjd' <uhskag msáfokak nia.dia;=
foka k " f.or lEu îu fï yeufoa u wms
lr.kafka yß wudrefjka' wms fï rcfhka
b,a,kafka nvq ñ, wvq lrkak lsh,d'˜
wd¾'tÉ'whs' iïm;a
;%Sfrdao r: ßheÿfrla
—fmÜr,a jeälrmq tl;a
tla l wms g ,efnk yh¾
wvqhs' fï úÈyg È.gu
fmÜr,a" ãi,a jeälrmq tl
yßu widOdrKhs' biair uu
Wfoag lvqfj, b|ka ;S%ú,a
tfla weú;a
fnd/,af,a yh¾ ÿj,d
yji ;S%ú,rfhkau lvqfj, .shd' oeka tAl
lrkak wudrehs' fmÜr,a .Kka yskaod' tA ksid
uu fnd/,af,a w÷kk f.hl ?g ;S%ú,¾ tl
;sh,d nia tfla f.or hkjd' Wfoag wdmyq
nia tfla weú;a yh¾ ÿjkjd'
msá ñ, jeä lrmq tl;a tlal wms msá
fndk tl keje;a;=jd' biair .Eia ,sfma bõfõ'
oeka .Eiq;a .Kka yskaod or ,sfma Whkjd' fï
úÈhg wms f.dvdla wudrefjka ;uhs Ôj;a
fjkafka ;S%ú,¾j,g iykdOdrhla fok tl
.ek l;d lrkjd' wms rchg lshkafka wmsg
iykdOdr tmd' fï fmÜr,a ñ, wvqlrkak
lsh,d'˜

17

bJødKs rKisxy
.DyKshla
—wms Ôj;a fjkafka úY%du
jegqfmka ojiska oji nvqj,
ñ, by< hkjd' .sh i;sfh
.s y s k a .;a ; nvq j , .dk
fkfuhs fï i;sfha .syska
n,kfldg' msá" mdka" mdkamsá" t<j¨" ud¨" .Eia
nia.dia;= fï yeufoau .Kka .sysx' tA;a wmsg
,efnk úY%du jegqm kï jeäfjkafka keye'
tkak tkaku wfma úhou jeäfjkj' biair wms
wudrefjka fï úhou msßuyf.k udislj lShla
yß b;=re l<d yÈishl § mdúÉÑ lrkak' fï
nvq .Kka hk úÈyg oeka tfyu lrkak neye'
udfia bjr fjkak l,ska Khg .kakhs wmsg
fj,d ;sfhkafka' wmsg wu;r lghq;a;lg lsh,d
fhdojkak" f,vla ÿlla yeÿkyu .kak" wms
bkak f.j,a w¿;ajeähd lr.kak wvqu ;rñka
oeka wmsg f,vla yeÿk fj,djlgj;a ;%Sú,¾
tflka fnfy;la .kakj;a hkak neß ;;a;ajhla
we;sfj,d ;sfhkafka" fudlo fmÜr,a jeä ksid
;%Sú,¾ .dia;=;a jeähs' wfma wd¾Ólh Yla;su;a
lrkak kï fï nvq ñ, my; fy,kak ´k'
ã't,a' wrkaor
rcfha fiaúldjla
mdßfNda.sl
NdKav
fndfyduhl ñ, jeäfj,d
;sfhkjd' tA lshkafka lsßmsá"
.Eia nia . dia ; = È.s k a È.gu
by< .shd' tA;a Bg idfmaCIj
rdcH fiajlhkaf.a jegqma jeä
fjka f ka keye' fï ks i d wms g wd¾Ól
wmyiq;dj,g uqyqK fokak isÿfj,d ;sfhkjd'
wms .kak mäh udifha lEu îu úhoïj,g
fhfoõjyu b;sßhla ke;s ;rï' b;ska wmsg
bkak ksjila yod.kak" <uhskaf.a ÈhqKqjg
fhdojka k uq o ,la b;s ß lr.ka k neßfj,d
;sfhkjd' Ôjk úhou my; fy,kak lghq;=
lrkak lsh,d wms b,a,d ysákjd'
Oïñl lu,aisß
iq¿ l¾udka; ysñfhla
uu inka" úIîc kdYl Èhr ksIamdokh lr,d
fnodyeÍu lrkafka' oeka fï yeu NdKavhlu
ñ, by< hdu;a tla l wfma ks I a m dokj,g
fhdod.kak wuqøjHj, ñ, .Kkq;a fndfyda
fihska jeäfj,d' fï ksIamdok fnodyßkak
18

fhdod.ka k jdykj, .dia ; = ; a jeäfj,d
;sfhkjd' ãi,a" fmÜr,a by< hdu ksid fï
foaj,a jeäjqKd lsh,d wfma nvqj, ñ, jeä
lrkak neye' tfyu lf<d;a
wfma wf,úh my, niskjd'
fï ksid wmsg ,efnk ,dNh
f.dvdla wvqfj,d ;sfhkjd'
wms fndfydu wudrefjka
;uhs fï jHdmdrh oeka
lrf.k hka f ka ' ñks i a i q
wf;a fjko ;rï uqo,a ke;s
ksid wfma nvq wf,ú fjkj;a
oeka wvqhs' wms jf.a iq¨ l¾udka; ysñhkag fï
wd¾Ól lvd jeàu fl,skau n,mdkj'
iÑ;%d úYajud,s
kS;s m%fõY úNd.hg
bf.k.kakd isiú
q hla

uu ;du bf.k .ka k
flfkla ks i d jeämq r u fï
Ôjk úhou by< hdu
oefkka f ka keye' fudlo
fouõmshkaf.ka ;du hefmk
ksid' kuq;a ug oefkk foa
;uhs ug la,dia hkak ojfia
úhoug fok uqo, biair tlal ne¨jyu oeka
m%udKj;a keye' nia.dia;= fï wjqreoafoa lsysm
j;djla jeä l<d' tfyu lr,;a nia u.Skag
wju m%jdyk myiqlïj;a ,efnkafka keye' nia
fyd,a Ü j, iEfyk fj,djla k;r lrf.k
bka k jd' yq i a u .ka k j;a neß ;rï fikÕ
mgjkjd' lsisu myiqlula keye' wks;a tl la,dia
hk ojiaj,g wms lEu .kafka msáka' oeka lEu
melÜ tl;a .Kka .syska re' 70$-la 80$-la fjkjd'
fï úÈhg nvq ñ, by< hdu ks i d wms g
fouõmshkaf.ka wu;r jevj,g i,a,s lShlaj;a
b,a,kak neye' fudlo tA wh;a wudrefjka ;uhs
fï Tlafldu jevj,g i,a,s fokafka'

.Eia" ,hsÜ" lsßmsá" mdka" nia .dia;=" fï
yeufoau
´fidaka ;,h;a ys,a lrf.k ñ, by,g ke.
we;af;a
tkuq ; a wfma mäh wfka tl ;ek
m,afjkafka
md,lhs k s " uka o wmf.a nv.s k a k Tn,g
fkdoefkkafka' •
risld §mdks
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

stock.xchng

iïm%odhsl iudc
n,fõ.hka ;=<
ksjfiys isÿjk
wr.,hka idudkH
fohla f,i
ms<.
s ekqk;a wo jk
úg tjeks myr§ula
ìhjeoao ùula"
ks.d lsÍula"
udkj whs;sjdislï
W,a,x>Kh lsÍula
f,i i,ld kS;u
s h
ls%hdud¾.hlg hdyels
uÜgug udkj
whs;j
s dislï ms<n
s |
ixl,amh ÈhqKq ù
;sfnkjd'
fuhg n,mE tla
fya;j
= la kï .Dyia:
m%pKav;ajh ms<sn|
wjOdkh jeä
jYfhka fhduqùula
iy taA fjkqfjka
wr., lsÍu;ah'

udkj ysñlï fmdf;a
fkd,shjqKq ia;%S ysñlï

˜

2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

ud

kj ys ñ lï iy ldka ; d whs ; s j dis l ï fjk fjku
l;dny lrk úIhka jQ f ha " udkj ys ñ lï f,i
ms<s.eKqkq" ie,l=kq ldrKd w;rg ldka;djkag tfrysj isÿjk
m%pKav;ajh yd .; yels kS;suh ls%hdud¾. ms<sn|j w;=<;aj
fkd;sîuhs'
udkj ys ñ lï ms < s n | ixl,a m h b;s y difha uq , s k a u wmg
y÷kd.ekSug yelsjkafka m%xY úma,jfha § m%cd;ka;%jdoh .ek
l;dny lrk hq.fha§hs'
m%cd;ka;%jdoh ;=<ska uq,a j;djg idudkH ñksiqkag ;ukaf.a
rg md,kh lrk l%ufõoh ms<sn|j hula lSug yd ;ukaf.a
md,lhka f;dard.ekSug we;s whs;sh" foaYmd,k rgdjla yd md,k
rgdjla ms<sn|j l;d lsÍug" ;SrK .ekSug we;s whs;sh idlÉPd
úh' tf,i ;SrK .ekSug iqÿiq jk mqoa.,hkag ukqIHhka f,i
iudk whs;sjdislï yd iudk f.!rjh ,eîulska hq;=j Ôj;aùug
whs;shla ;sfí hk ldrKh fï l;d ny ;=<ska biau;= jqKs' th
kS;suh me;af;ka jeo.;a jQjd fukau iudch me;af;ka o jeo.;a
úh' ukao fï hq.fha mej;sfha rcjrekaf.a md,k hq.hla ùuhs'
iudcfha is h ¨ jrm% i do N= l a ; s ú¢fï whs ; s h ro< mx;s h g
flaJø.;j ;snqKs' my< mx;sj, ñksiqkag whs;sjdislï wysñjQjd
muKla fkdj Tjqka ukqIH fldÜGdYhla f,i ms<s.ekSula
iudcfha fkd;snqKs' m%cd;ka;%jdoh iy udkj whs;sjdislï hk
ixl,am fol ìysjQfha" j¾Okh jQfha fujeks miqìula mokï
lrf.kh'
19

fuu m% c d;ka ; % j d§ iy udkj ys ñ lï
ixl,am w;r ldka;dj iïnJOfhka mej;s
;;a;ajh .ek i|yka lrf;d;a" f,dalfha
uq,skau m%cd;ka;%jdoh ms<sn| ;yjqre jQfha
msßñka wrNhd muKs' .eyeKqkag Pkao whs;sh
mjd ,enqfKa m%cd;ka;%jdoh ixl,am we;sù
jir 300 l muK ld,hla .;jqKdg miqjh'
fï ;;a;ajh i|yd ldka;djka ms<sn|j mej;s
iudÔh wdl,am b;d m%n, f,i n,mdk ,§'
ksjiska msg ldrKd ms<sn|j ;SrK .ekSug
;rï oekqula fkdue;s" ÿr olsk kqjKla ke;s
ck msßila f,i ldka;djka ms<sn|j mej;s
fujeks iudc wdl,a m hka u;jdohka
m% c d;ka ; % j doh" udkj ys ñ lï jeks mq ¿ ,a
ixl,am olajd hdfï§ ldka;djka fkdi,ld
yeÍula isÿúh'
f,dalfha fndfyda foa ks¾udKh jkqfha
f.dv kef.kq f ha mj;s k iudc mßirh
mokï lrf.kh' tfukau tu mokï ilia
l< wh úiska u iy tu u; orkakka úiskau
Tjqka iïmdokh lrk foa ;=< Tjqkaf.a woyia
yd u;jdohka o f.dkq lsÍu w;S;fha isgu
isÿjQ fohls'
udkj whs;sjdislï" ixl,amh ks¾udKh
flrefKa fmdÿ f,dalh mokï lrf.kh'
udkj whs;sjdislï ms<sn|j ;sfnk cd;Hka;r
kS;s Í;s flgqïm;a foi ne¨jfyd;a tAjd isú,a
iy foa Y md,k whs ; s j dis l ï flfrys jeä
wjOdkhla fhduq fldg ;s f nk nj
fmfkkakg ;sfí'
udkj ys ñ lï W,a , x>Kh ùï f,i
fndfydaúg fmkakqï lrkqfha w;a;fkdau;sl
f,i w;a wvx.=jg .ekSï" jO ysxid meñKùï"
w;=reoyka ùï jeks foaj,ah' tAjd isú,a yd
foaYmd,k whs;sjdislï fõ' fmdÿ iudcfha §
jeämqru fujeks ;;a;ajhkag f.dÿre jkafka
msßñkah' fujeks fya;+ka uq,alrf.k udkj
ysñlï hgf;a lka;djkag tfrys
m%pKav;ajhka udkj ysñlï W,a,x>Kh ùula
f,i fkdie,lSfï M,hla f,i iudch ;=<
ldka;d whs;sjdislï ms<sn| fjku jQ l;sldjla
werôKs'
fï hgf;a idlÉPdjg .eKqkq m%Odk;u
ldrKdj jQfha fmdÿ iudcfhka msg; § tkï
ksjfia § ;u mjq, ;=< § ldka;djkag uqyqK
§ug isÿj ;sfnk m%pKav;ajhhs'
20

fuu ;;a ; a j hg tfrys j f,da l h mq r du
ldka ; d ixúOdk iy udkj ys ñ lï .re
lrkakka kS;s u.ska iy iudÔh jYfhka
m%;sl¾u fiùug hdu ;=< we;s jQ y~ ldka;d
whs;sjdislï f,i u;ùh'
fuf,i udkj ysñlï lvùula f,i .Kka
fkd.eKqkq m%Odk;u ldrKh jQfha .Dyia:
m%pKav;ajhhs' ksjila ;=< kS;suh
iïnJO;djhlska ne÷Kq hqj,la w;r iajdñhd
ìß|g myr §u wmrdOhla yeáh ms<s.eKqfka
ke;' kuq;a ldka;d ixúOdkj, yd udkj
ys ñ lï ixúOdkj, n,mEu u; 1992
cd;Hka;r m%{ma;shla f,i ksjila ;=< isÿjk
myr§ula wmrdOhla f,i;a" thg tfrysj ls%hd
lsÍug rchg yd cd;Hka;r m%cdjg j.lSula
we;s njla ms<s.eKqks'
f,dalh mqrd .eyeKqka nyq;rhla mSvd ú¢kd
.Dyia: m%pKav;ajh wmrdOhla" ukqIH;ajhg
ks . djla f,ig ms < s . ka k d kS ; s h la
fidhd.ekSug fkdyels jQ ksid we;s jQ m%n,
ls%hdldß;ajh u; —ldka;d whs;sjdislï o
udkj whs;sjdislï fõ˜ hk igyka mdGh
f.dv ke.=Ks'
iïm%odhsl iudc n,fõ.hka ;=< ksjfiys
is ÿ jk wr.,hka idudkH fohla f,i
ms < s . ekq k ;a wo jk úg tjeks myr§ula
ìhjeoa o ùula " ks . d ls Í ula " udkj
whs;sjdislï W,a,x>Kh lsÍula f,i i,ld
kS;suh ls%hdud¾.hlg hdyels uÜgug udkj
whs;sjdislï ms<sn| ixl,amh ÈhqKq ù ;sfí'
fuhg n,mE tla fya ; = j la kï .Dyia :
m%pKav;ajh ms<sn| wjOdkh jeä jYfhka
fhduqùula iy tA fjkqfjka wr., lsÍu;ah'
fuu kS ; s ls % h d;a u l ls Í ug ,xldfõ
wdKavql%u jHjia:dfjka ms<sf.k we;s kuq;a
fndfydaúg ldka;djkaf.a ysñlï W,a,x>Kh
jk wjia:d fidhd.; yelshs' tfy;a .Dyia:
m%pKav;ajh yd ldka;djkag tfrysj ysxikh"
ia;%S ¥IKhkag tfrys b;d meyeÈ,s kS;suh
ls%hdud¾. .ekSu mj;sk rchkaf.ka" kS;s
ls%hd;aul lrkakkaf.a;a j.lSula jk w;r
widOdrKhkag ,lajk ldka;djka fjkqfjka
y~ ke.Su rfÜ ish¨ ck;djf.a j.lSula
iy hq;=lula o fõ'•
ouhka;s uq;=l=udrf.a
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

—u

u lu,d fiaúh¾' uu
bmÿfKa" 1949 .ïmy
fudrf.dv lshk .fï' uf.a
;d;a ; d jvq f jla ' wïu;a
yq Õ dla W.;a flfkla
fkfuhs' wïud lsõfõ thd
biafldaf,a yh mdia flrejd
lsh,d' wfma wd¾Ól ;;a;ajh
fndfydu my< ;;a ; a j hl
;snqfKa'
wfma mjqf,a kj
fofkla ys á hd" whs h ,d
;=kafokhs" wlal,d fokakhs"
u,a , s , d foka k hs ' kx.s
flfkl=hs ysáhd' uu mjqf,a
yhfjkshd'
uf.a
jhi
wjq r eÿ
folyudrla fjkfldg ug
;snqKq fmdä wikSmhla ksid
wïud udj fjo uy;a;fhl=g
fmkakqjd' Tyq ug udkaou hehs
is;d lidhla §,d ;sfhkjd'
tA lidh ojia folla
fndkfldg uf.a weia folu
iqÿ fj,d ;sfhkjd' tA lidhg
;uhs uf. wia folu wkaO
fj,d ;sfhkafka'
bka mia f ia udj weia
jdÜgqjg f.ksysx ;sfhkjd'
tAldf, ysgmq úhdkd fodia;r
uy;aufhla udj n,,d lsh,d
;s f hkjd uf.a weia f ol
kej; iqj lrkak neye " lõo
fï weia j ,g weis â od,d
;sfhkafka lsh,d' wjqreÿ myla
fjklï udj f.or ;shdf.k
b|,d bf.k.ka k iq ÿ iq
wdh;khlg odka k ls h ,d'
.fï bia f lda f ,a uy;a ; hhs
.fï rd<ydñ flfkl=hs ug
Woõ lr,d ;s f hkjd'
tA f .d,a f ,d wïug ls h ,d
;sfhkjd .ïmy ñßiaj;af;a
lf;da , s l m,a , s f ha ms , s m a
Èidkdhl ms h ;= u dj yïn
fjka k ls h ,d udj odka k
fyd| ;ekla fydhd.kak' tA
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

y÷kd.ksuq

wkaO nj
ffO¾hhla
lr.;a

lu,d
weia wkaO
—uf.a
jqfKa ug jhi
wjqre¥ folyudf¾È
udkaou hehs is;d
¥ka fnfy;la
jer§fuks'

˜

msh;=ud ,shqula §,d ;sfhkjd'
rd.u w|-ìysß mdi,lg udj
we;=<;a lr.kak lsh,d' tA
mdi, mj;a j df.k .s f ha
fn,aðhï cd;sl meúÈ
fidfydhqßhka úiska' wïu,d
udj tydg ^rd.u Ydka ;
fcdaima w| f.d¿ ìysß mdi,&
f.ks y s k a ndr ÿka k d' wms g

t;ek§ wOHdmkh ,enqfKa
bx.% S i s udOHfhka ' is x y,
;snqfKa tl úIhla yeáhg
muKhs' bx.%Sis;a tlalu wms
fyd| isß;a úß;a" mqreÿ bf.k
.;af;a t;ek§' fyd| mokula
jegqKd' tu meúÈ fidhqßh;a
wmsg fyd| wd;au úYajdihla
yd wd;a u wNs u dkhla ,nd
ÿkakd' tAf.d,af,da wmsg lsjqjd
wkaO nj m%Yakhla lr.kak
tmd lsh,d' tA ksid wms ,jd
jev flfrõjd' ojig ld,
igykla wmg ;snqKd' tA wkqj
;uhs jev lf<a' biafldaf,ka
miafia mehla ;snqKd w;alï
i|yd' wms fmd,a fld<hs" ,Kqhs
fhdo,d mdmsis úhkak bf.k
.;a;d' meÿre úhkak bf.k
.;a;d' wmsg ,iaikg meÿre
rgd úhkak wudrehs' kuq;a
meÿre úùfuys fhÿKd' tA
meÿre tfy <uhskg
a ksod.kak
mdúÉÑ l<d' jQ,a f.d;kak
bf.k .;a;d' mqxÑ <uhskag
im;a;=" u*ar,a" mqxÑ lndhka"
f;dmams wdÈh jQ,aj,ska f.;=jd'
wms g ms h dfkda j .yka k ;a
b.ekakqjd'
idudkHfhka wms yqÕdla
fj,djg bf.k .kafka wks;a
wh lrk foaj,a n,,d tAl
wkqlrKh lsÍfuka' wms jf.a
whg wkq l rKh lrka k
fma k a f ka
keye'
wms
21

wkq l rKh lrka f ka wms g
wefyk foa ú;rhs' tA yskaod
wms g yq Õ dla foa j ,a uÕ
yefrkjd' f.orl § wms jf.a
wkaO <ufhla jerÈhg lkjd
kï" fldka o kudf.k ìu
n,df.k bkakjd kï wïu,d
tA j d yoka k hka f ka keye'
thd mõ lsh,d kslka bkakjd'
tA jq K dg uu bf.k .;a ;
mdif,a tAjf.a mqxÑ foaj,a mjd
yß .eia i q j d' tA meúÈ
fidhqßhka wmsg iEu fohlau
b.eka j q j d' wms g fyd|
fm!reI;ajhla t;ek§ f.dv
k.d.kak mq¿jka jqKd'
meúÈ fidhq ß hka wms g
lsõjd bx.%Sis ú;rla bf.k
f.k yßhkafka keye isxy,;a
bf.k.kak fjkjd lsh,d'
tA ksid wms lkHdrdufha b|,d
.fï biafldaf,g .shd' yfha
mka ; s f ha is g wfÜ mka ; s h
olajd t;k bf.k .;a;d' tA
bia f lda f ,a id'fm< i|yd
wka O <ufhl= g yßhk
úIhka ;snqfKa keye' t;k
;snqfKa N+f.da,h" ueyqï" .Dy
úoHdj iy Ñ;% l¾uh lshk
úIhka ú;rhs ' tA ks i d ug
r;a u ,dfka wka O úoHd,hg
hkak isÿjqKd'
uu úfYaIfhkau lshkak
´k fohla ;uhs wdndê;
flfkl= g
wkq l ïmdj
ls h ka f ka úkdYhla ' tfyu
flfkl=g —whsfhda mõ˜ lsh,d
wkq l ïmdjla ola j kjd kï
thd ljodj;a ke.s á ka f ka
keye' tAf.d,a,ka .ek ixfõ§
fj,d f;areï .ekSuhs jeo.;a
fjkafka'
t;ek wjqreÿ tlyudrla
bka k fldg ug nd,s l d
úoHd,fhka Ys I H;a j hla
,enq K d'
uu
nd,s l d
22

úoHd,fhka idudkH fm<
iu;a jqKd' miqj Wiia fm<;a
iu;a jq K d' Bg mia f ia
t;ekska udj úYaj úoHd,hg
f;areKd'
nd,s l d mdief,a § uu
idudkH <uhs tlal mka;sfha
ysáhd' mdvï wyf.k ysáhd'
fí%,aj,ska uu uf.a fkdaÜia
,shd .;a;d' l¿,E,af,a ,shk
tAjd <uhs lsfhõjd' iuyr
úg .= r ejre;a ls f hõjd' tA
úÈyg ug yefuda f .u

uu úfYaIfhkau lshkak
´k fohla ;uhs
wdndê; flfkl=g
wkqlïmdj lshkafka
úkdYhla' tfyu
flfkl=g —whsfhda mõ˜
lsh,d wkqlïmdjla
olajkjd kï thd
ljodj;a ke.sákafka
keye'
iyfhda.h
,enqKd'
mq i a ; ld,fha § ug fjku
fmdä fïfil=hs mqgq foll=hs
fjka lr,d §,d ;snqKd' t;k
uuhs ug lshjk <uhhs
ú;rhs b|.;af;a' mqia;ld,h
ndrj ysgmq uevï ug tÉpr
ixfõ§ jqKd' tAl ug f,dl=
Woõjla jqKd' uu fydiag,a
tfla ys á fha ' ug t;k;a
hd¿fjda f.dvdla ysáhd'
udj úYaj úoHd,hg
f;a r eKdu jeäÿr bf.k
.kak ug uqo,a ;snqfK keye'
tAf.d,af,d lsõjd Thd
;jÿrg;a bf.k.ka k ´k
lsh,d' r;au,dfka biafldaf,a
ys á h úÿy,a m ;s ; = u d iS ' tÉ'

.= K j¾Ok uy;d ;Èka u
lsõjd bf.k .kak lsh,d' Tyq
ug ls õ jd iudc fia j d
wud;HxYhg uf.a ;;a;ajh
lsh,d ,smshla ,shkak lsh,d'
ug ,shqula wdjd iudc fiajd
wud;HxYfhka " fn,yS k h;a
mqkre;a:dmkh lsÍfï l%uh
hgf;a ug úYa j úoHd,
wOHdmkh i|yd YsIH;ajhla
,efnkjd ls h ,d' tl
fldkafoaishla ;snqKd' uu tl
úNd.hla fyda wiu;a jqfKd;a
ug YsIH;ajh wysñ fjkjd
lsh,d' udj fmardfoKsh úYaj
úoHd,hg f;areKd' uu wjqreÿ
y;rla bf.kf.k o¾Yk
úoHdj f.!rj Wmdêh iu;a
jqKd'
úYa j úoHd,fha § fmdä
fmdä m%Yak u;= jqK;a wms
yefudau iyfhda.fhka ysáhd'
ojila fka j dis l d.drfha
md,sldj ug lsõjd <ufhl=g
ud;a
tla l
ldurhla
fnod.kak lsh,d' tA <uhd
lsõjd uu thdg ´k Woõjla
lrka k ï
tA ; a
ldurh
fnod.kak kï neye lsh,d'
uu ;=kafofkla tlal fjk
ldurhl bkakï lsh,d' tA
jq K dg ud;a tla l nd,s l d
úoHd,fha ys g mq fjk
hd¿fjla bÈßm;a jqKd ud;a
tlal ldurfha bkak' fojk
wjq r eoa f oÈ ug fjku
ldurhla yïn jq K d' uu
ldurh fyd|g ms ß is ÿ jg
;shd.;a;' uu bx.%Sis ÿ¾j,
<uhs k a g bx.% S i s b.eka j q j d'
iudc fia j d jev lrka k ;a
áflka ál ud mqreÿ jqKd' ug
iudcfha fyd| yria l vla
úYaj úoHd,h ;=<ska olskak
mq ¿ jka jq K d' ug yeu
cd;s h lu <uhs k a j weiq r e
lrkak ,enqKd' fou< uqia,sï"
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

uef,a" n¾.¾" wm%sldkq yd Ök
<uhska mjd' uu rd.u
biafldaf,ka bf.k.;a fohla
;uhs" wd.ï fNao" cd;sfNao
jeks fNaoj,ska tyd is;Sfï
yelshdj' Th yeufoau wu;l
lr,d ukqIHhka úÈyg ys;,d
Tjq k a g
ls Ü gq
fjka k
mq¿jkalu ,enqKd'
úYaj úoHd,fhka msgjqKdg
mia f ia
wela j hs k dia
wdh;kfha ug /ls h dj
,enq K d' uu t;ek ndys r
lÓldpd¾hjßhla jYfhka
Wmdê wfmaCIlhskag o¾Yk
úoHdj b.ekajqjd'
úYaj úoHd,fhka msgfj,d
udi fol ;=klg ú;r miafia
uu újdy jq K d' ug
uy;a ; hdj yïnjq f Ka uu
wjidk wjq r eoa f o úNd.hg
mdvï lrk w;f¾' Tyq
*%ekaisia fiaúh¾' Tyq idudkH
mqoa.,fhla' wms újdy jqfka
fm% a u iïnJO;djhls k a '
uy;a ; hd yeuodu ls õ fõ
uf.a wkaO nj thg ljodj;a
m%Yakhla jqfka keye lsh,d'
wfma f.or Ôú;fhÈ wms
f.or jev fnod .;a;d' wms
fokaku tl;=fj,d bõjd' wms
f.dvdla iudc fia j d jev
flrejd' uf.a bia f lda f ,
jevj,g thd yßhg Woõ
l<d' udj Èßu;a l<d ñila
ljodj;a udj keje;a j q f õ
keye' ug tl mqf;la bkakjd'
Tyq oeka újdylhs'
ndys r lÓldpd¾hjßhla
jYfhka fiajh lrk w;r;=r
ug .=rejßhla úÈyg mdi,lg
m;a ù ula ,enq K d' uq , È uu
.= r ejßhla f,i lghq ; =
lrkak leu;s jqfKa keye'
tA;a uu" m<uq m;aùu ,enqK
mdi,g .shd' tA mdi, ;snqfKaa
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

.ïmy'
tjlg
tys
úÿy,am;sksh udj oelmq
.ukau lsõjd ux jf.a
flfkla thdf.a mdi,g
.=rejßhla úÈyg .kak neye
lsh,d'
uu
t;ekska
wffO¾hg m;a j q f Ka keye'
mia f i hla l , pJøfcda ; s
mdie,g m;aùu ,enqKd' t;ek
uu wjqreÿ folyudrla
b.eka j q j d' 1980 ckjdß 1
fjksod uu lgqfkaßh Ydka;
finia;shka uOH uyd
úoHd,hg m;a ù ula " ,eì,d
W.kajkak .shd' tod isg ux
úY%du hkf;la tu úoHd,fha
;uhs b.ekaùï lghq;= lf<a
ls%ia;shdks wd.u" bx.%Sis
Wiiafm< mka;s i|yd ;¾l
Ydia;%h yd bx.%Sis" iy yh y;
mka;s i|yd W.kaj,d
;sfhkjd' uu W.kajk
w;f¾ fld<U úYaj úoHd,fha
wOHdmkh ms < s n | mYa p d;a
Wmdê mdGud,djla l<d'
t;ek§;a uf.a wkaO nj ug
wNsfhda.hla jqKd' újD; úYaj
úoHd,fha wh uq,skau leu;s
jqfKa keye udj tu
mdGud,djg we;=<;a lr.kak'
miq j uu lreKq meyeÈ,s
lr§,d wjidkfha § leue;a;
,nd.;a ; d' uu äma f ,da u d
mdGud,dj id¾:lj iïmQ¾K
l<d' wfma mjqf,a wlal,d wvq
jhis k a újdy jq K d' uf.a
wndOh ksidu ;uhs fuÉpr
ÿrg wOHdmkhla ,nd.kak
ug yels j q f Ka ' ug bf.k
.kak myiqlï ,enqKd' uf.a
wïu;a ug lsh,d ;sfhkjd
uu;a wks;a wh jf.a idudkH
flfkla jqkdkï udj;a
blaukg nkao,d §,d lsh,d'
ug ,efnk wjia:dj,ska
uu Wmßu m%fhdackh .;a;d'
oeka wkaO <uhskag myiqlï

jeähs' biair wmsg wefyk
yeufoa u ,s h d.;a ; d' oeka
<uhs k a g fí% , a Trf,da i q j
fkdñf,a fokjd' oeka <uhs
wms ;rï fjfyfikafka keye'
uu iudchg ls h ka f ka "
wdndO iys; flfkl=g
iudcfhka wjYH fjka f ka
wjfnda O d;a u l
Woõ'
w;fokak wjYH wjia:djla
kï w; fokak' f.dvdla wh
lrk ;j fohla ;uhs" wkaO
flfkla jerÈhg we÷ula
we|f.k hkjd kï ys ñ ka
ief¾ l;dfjkjd wrhd yß
mõ thd wkaO ksidfka''' wfka
mõ fkao''' lsh,d' Bg jeäh
fyd|hs thd <Õg .syska thdg
tA je/oao yod.kak Woõ lrk
tl' tfyu jqfKd;a wdndO
iys ; whg fï f,da f la
f.dvdla myiqlï iys; ;ekla
fjhs' ug ´k uf.a Yla;sh
wks;a whg;a §,d wks;a whj
ke.sÜg,d .kak' uu wks;a
wdndO iys ; whg fok
mKsúvh ;uhs ;uqka wkaOhs
lsh,d me;a;lg fj,d bkafk
ke;=j tu wdndOhu Yla;shla
lrf.k bÈßhg tkak' uq¿
.ekafjkak tmd' tA jf.au wms
jf.a wdndê; whg iudcfha
wks;a whf.ka wkqlïmdjg
jvd wmsj f;areï wrf.k hï
yeÕS u ls k a lghq ; = ls Í uhs '
wjYHh' wfkla ldrfKa ;uhs
uu bia i r b|,du wdi
flrejd Wmfoa Y kh jeks
fiajdjla lrkak' uu oekg;a
m,a , s h g iïnJOj ;reK
<uhs k a g Wmfoa Y k fia j h
imhkjd' tA jf.a uf.ka
Wmfoa Y kd;a u l
fia j h
,nd.ka k leu;s whg uu
Woõ lrkak leu;shs' •
iqf,dapkd fld<Uf.a
23

kqfU w;g

i

kakoaO wr.," f,dj
mqrd ;ekska ;ek
fudaÿfõ' hqoaOh iy urKh
ck Ôú;fha idudkH isÿùï
ù yudrh' fujeks miqìula
;=< hqo ìïj, igka jÈk
<uhska f,dj mqrdu isà'
fuu <uqkag ish
whs;sjdislï /lf.k Ôj;a
ùug fkdyels ù ;sfnkafka
wehs oehs fidhd ne,sh hq;=
lreKls'
,xldfõ <ud fufyldr
fiajh kS;sfhka ;ykï h'
tfy;a ,xldfõ <ud
fid,aodÿjka ikakoaO
wr.,hg iïnJO ù isà'
,xldfõ muKla fkdj
f,dj mqrd wú .egqï mj;sk
rgj, <ud fid,aodÿjka
300"000 muK hqo .egqïj,g
fhdodf.k we;s njg
24

.sks wúh
nr
keoao

jd¾;dfõ' mj;sk c;Hka;r
kS;sh wkqj fi,aodÿjl=
ùfï wju jhia iSudj jhi
wjqreÿ 15 h' <ud
fid,aodÿjka n|jd .ekSug
tfrysj fukau <ud
whs;sjdislï ms<sn|j o l;d
lrk fndfyda rgj, jhi
wjqreÿ 18 g wvq <uhska
yuqod fiajhg fhdodf.k
we;' tx.,ka;h" lekvdj
lshqndj" Ñ,sh" bkaÈhdj
c¾uksh uelaisfldaj wd§
rgj, jhi 16 § <uhskag
hqoyuqod fiajhg iïnJO
úh yelsh' weußld tlai;a
ckmoh" ´iafÜ%,shdj
fvkaud¾lh" kjiS,ka;h"
m%xYh" b;d,sh" fkda¾fõ
wd§ rgj, jhi wjq 17 §
<uhska hqoyuqod fiajhg
n|jd .kS' wm%sldkq
l,dmfha;a" wdishdj we;=¿

orejfka'''
,xldfõ <ud
fufyldr fiajh
kS;fs hka ;ykï h'
tfy;a ,xldfõ
<ud fid,aodÿfjda
ikakoaO wr.,hg
iïnJO ù isà'

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

ixj¾Okh" fkdjQ È<s÷
rgj, hqo .egqï i|yd
<uhska n|jd f.k we;'
.egqï mj;sk f,dalfha
úúO rgj, <uhska
fid,aodÿjka f,i fhdod
.ekSu ms<sn|j udOH jd¾;d
fldf;l=;a m< ù we;'
tfy;a Y%S ,xldj ;=< <ud
fid,aodÿjka n|jd .ekSu
ms<sn|j j¾;djkafka uE;
b;sydih ;=<h' tkï W;=re
kef.kysr ckjd¾.sl
hqoaOh weröu;a iuÕh' Y%S
,xld rcfha ks;H yuqodj
i|yd <ud fid,aodÿjka
n|jd fkd.efka' tfy;a
t,a'à'à'B'h <ud
fid,aodÿjka n|jd .kakd
nj hqksfi*a ixúOdkh
úiska o fy<sorõ lr we;'
msßñ <uqka muKla fkdj
.eyeKq <uqka o t,a'à'à'B'
yuqodjg n|jdf.k we;s nj
o tys ldka;d n,ldfha
mqyqKqùï ,nkafka jhi
wjqreÿ 15 muK jk .eyeKq
orejka nj;a lshefõ'
t,a'à'à'h urdf.k uefrk
fndaïnlrejka f,i mqyqKq
lsÍug o <uqka fhdod.kakd
njg lreKq wkdjrKh
jQfha" ysgmq weu;sjrfhl= jQ"
iS'ù' .=Kr;ak uy;d
>d;kh lsÍug <ufhl=
fhdodf.k ;snQ nj jd¾;d
ùfuks' t,a'à'àB
ixúOdkhg iu.dój
W;=re-kef.kysr m<d;aj,
ikakoaO ls%hdj, fhÿKq
B'mS'wd¾'t,a't*a' ixúOdkh o
<uqka n|jd .;a njg
f;dr;=re wkdjrKh ù
we;' tf,iu W;=rekef.kysr m%foaYj,
ls%hd;aul jQ fgf,da iy
Bfrdaia hk ixúOdk fol o
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

YsIH jHdmdr i|yd <uqka
n|jd f.k we;' cd;Hka;r
CIud ixúOdkfha
jd¾;dj,g wkqj fgf,da
iy maf,dÜ ixúOdkh o
t,a'à'à'B' ixúOdkhg fmr
isgu ;u ikakoaO
jHdmdrj,g <uqka fhdojd
f.k ;snQ nj lshhs'

m%;sfCIam lrkq ,eîh'
tmuKla fkdj tjeks
fohlg l=uk wdldrhlska
fyda iydh fokq ,nk
flfkl= njg mÍCIKj,ska
Tmamq jqjfyd;a Tjqka
ms<sn|j oeä o~qjï ,nd
fok nj o ckdêm;s;=ud
úiska m%ldY lrk ,§'

W;=re-kef.kysr
m%foaYj, .egqï we;sùug
fmr 1971 § ck;d úuqla;s
fmruqK kdhl;ajh ÿka
ol=fKa we;sjQ ;reK
le/,a,g o mdie,a isiqka
iïnJO ù we;' jhi
wjqreÿ 16-17 mdie,a isiqka
1971 le/,a,g iïnJO ùu
muKla fkdj úfrdaO;d
jHdmdrj,g o iïnJO ù
we;s njg tA ms<sn|j we;s
jd¾;d idCIs orhs' oYl
folyudrlg wêl ld,hla
;=< furg mj;sk hqo
jd;djrKh ksid <ud
fid,aodÿjka ìysùu muKla
fkdj orefjda ldhslj yd
udkislj uy;a mSvkhg
m;aj isá;s' t,a'à'à'B'fhka
fjkaj .sh kef.kysr
ikakoaO kdhl lreKd
wïudkao t,a'à'à'B'hg
úreoaOj igka je§ug ;u
ixúOdkhg <ud
fid,aodÿjka tla/ia lrñka
isák nj lshefõ' tlai;a
cd;Skaf.a ixúOdkfha
<uhska iy wdhqO ikakoaO
igka ms<sn| ksfhdað;
wdh;kfha
WmfoaYljrfhl= jk
we,ka frdla uy;d úiska
lreKd md¾Yjhg <uqka
tl;=lr .ekSug Y%S ,xld
yuqodfõ iydh ,efnk nj
o m%ldY l< w;r tu
fpdaokdj rch úiska

<uqka fid,aodÿjka f,i
n|jd .ekSfï§ isÿjkafka
<ud whs;sjdislï wysñ
lsÍuls' tu orejkag
wOHdmkhla ,eîug
wjia:djla ke;' Ôj;a ùfï
wjia:dj o ke;' ldhsl
fukau uy;a udkisl
mSvkhg f.dÿrejk <uqka
<ud wmpdrj,g o fhdod
.kS' ,sx.sl ysßyer fukau
wvï;af;aÜgïj,g ,lafõ'
hqo T;a;=lrejka jYfhka
fhdod.kakd Tjqka ms<sn|j
hï ielhla we;sjQ úg ;u
ixúOdkh úiskau Tjqka
>d;kh flf¾'
hqoaOh jQ l,S rfÜ
wd¾Ól m%Yak muKla fkdj
ish¿ udkj jd¾.hdg o
i;d iSmdjg o .yfld<
we< fod<g o uy;a
úkdYhlau fõ' jd¾.sl
fNaofhka f;drj cd;sfha
u,ajeks <ud mrmqrg ßis
fia jeã fï rg fmdaIKh
lrkakg idufha u,a
úlis; jk Èk h ljodo@
hqo Wkaudoh ljod kj;So@•
wdßhj;S bre.,a nKavdr
^udkj ysñlï iy ixj¾Okh ms<sn| kS;sfõ§
ixúOdkfha ldka;d mqj;am; 2003 - 2 l,dmh"
2006 11-8 bßod ,xld §m mqj;amf;a lsß orejka
igka ìug olalk fou< igka lduh" î'î'iS'
.=jka úÿ,s fiajfha ixfoaYh jevigyk weiqßka
fuu ,smsh ilia lrk ,§'&

25

b

ys k a È " fnx.d,s NdIdjka y s
m%ùK;ajh ,nd.;a mdrÈhd¾
hglS lreKq .ek ukd
oekqfuka miqúh'

kaÈhdfõ ;ñ,akdvqfjys
ìys j Q uyd lújreka
f.ka flfkl= jQ iq n % u ks h
mdrÈhd¾ ;srefk,afõ,s
osia;%slalfha
msysá
tAÜffghmqrï ys 1882 j¾Ifha
foieïn¾ ui 11 jk Èk Wm;
,enq f õh' ms h d is k a k idñ
whsh¾ uj ,CIañ wïud,ah'

ngys r f,da l fha lújre
ms<sn|j wdidfjka miqjQ
mdrÈhd¾ ia;%S;ajh .ek Tjqyq
oerE u;o fyd|ska oek

bkaÈhdkq ia;k
S% f
a .a úuql;
a h
s
fjkqfjka y~ ke.+ hq. mqreIfhla
mdrÈhd¾ wjêh bka È hdfõ
iókajrekaf.a1 wdêm;Hfhka
nyq, úh' tys lúfhda
iókajrekaf.a m%Yia;s .dhkd
lrñka
Ôj;a
jQy'
tA Ü ffghmq r ï kï jQ tla
Èidjla tjeks iókajrekaf.ka
iukaú; úh' mdrÈhd¾ Tyqf.a
l=vd úh oñ< mäjrekaf.ka
ieÈ rduqjla ;=< fldgq jQ ksid"
Tyqg l=vd úfha§u oñ<
NdIdfõ m% ù K;a j h ys ñ úh'
tfldf<dia jk jhfia § .S;
rpkd l< mdrÈhd¾f.a
lú;a j h ÿgq m`äjre Tyq
—Ndr§˜ hk kdufhka msÿy'
mdroshd¾ Tyqf.a .S
ks¾udKj, foaYfm%auh"
ks o yi" úuq l a ; s h " foa Y fha
úuqla;sh" iu.sh" ia;%S úuqla;sh"
cd;sl ie,iqï" iudc kS;sh"
ñ:Hd u;j,g úfrdaOh"
mq r d;khka f .a fY% a I a G ;a j h"
wkHfoaY
úoaj;=kaf.a
fY%aIaG;ajh úfoaY .%ka:j,
26

ia;%shlg Wm;skau
WreujQ yd iudP
ixia:s;sh u.ska
wehg w;alr ÿka
whs;Ska we;' ksoyfia
Ôj;a jkúg weh
whs;sh ,nkakSh'
úYsIaG;ajh iy oñ< NdIdjg
we;s we,au wd§ úIhka uQ,sl
lr.;a lú fukau ,sms
ks¾udKh lf<ah' tys§
ia;%S;ajh ms<sn| lreKqj,g
úfYaI ;ekla ,eìKs' Tyqf.a
ldjH ks¾udK uekúka
mßYS , kh lrk úg ia ; S %
úuqla;sh" ia;%S wNsjDoaêh" ia;%S
ks o yi yd wOHdmkh hk
lreKq flfrys Tyq ;=< ;snQ
Wkka ÿ j yd we,a u ukdj
meyeÈ,s fõ' bx.%Sis" ixialD;"

is á fha h ' ^mq j ;a m ;a - iq f oa Y
ñ;a ; s r ka " pl% j ¾;S " bka o s h d&

l,dfjys kshe,Su fya;=fjka
f,dal iudchSh yd foaYmd,k
m%jk;d oek.kakg o Tyqg
bv ,eìKs' ia;%S;ajh .ek l;d
l< ixúOdk yd mqoa.,fhda
iuÕ we;s lr.;a in|;djka
wod< fCIa;%h ms<sn|j Tyqf.a
wjOdkh jeä lf<a h ' Tyq
úiska 1907 oS wdrïN lrk ,o
zpl% j ¾;s Z keue;s mq j ;a m ;
ia;%S;ajh uq,alr .;a tlla úh'
1905 § l,algdjg wdikakfha
msysá .ïudkhl úfõldkkao
ia j dñf.a Ys I Hdj ks f õÈ;d
foa ú keue;a ; s h Tyq g uq K
.eiqKs' tys§ ksfõÈ;d foaú
ks o yia wr.,fhys ia ; % S k a
iyNd.s
lrjd
.kakd
wdldrh;a" ia;%Skaf.a wNsjDoaêh
fjkqfjka weh lemù lghq;=
lrk nj;a mdr§ oekf.k
we;' tosk mgka ksfõÈ;d foaú
;u .= r e;= ñ hla lr.;a Tyq
zks f õÈ;d foa ú Z kdufhka
² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

.S;hla o .dhkd lf<ah' ^l=udridó" tia' tka'
mdrÈhd¾ ÿgq ia;%S;ajh - msgq 61& mdrÈhd¾ ;=< msysá
ia;%S;ajh yd ne¢ Wkkaÿjg fuu.ska mkakrhla
we;sjQ w;r" th Tyqf.a Ôú; ld,h mqrdjgu
oe,aù ;snqKS' Tyq ;=< ia;%S whs;Ska ms<sn|j uq,a
nei.;a lreKq ms<sìUqjQ whqre fuu.ska meyeÈ,s
fõ'
ia ; % s h lg Wm;s k a u WreujQ yd iudc
ixia:s;sh u.ska wehg w;alr ÿka whs;Ska we;'
ksoyfia Ôj;a jkúg weh whs;sh ,nkakSh'
wehgu wfõKsl jQ whs;Ska fndfydah' fm%au
lsÍu" újdy ùu" Èlalido ùu" kej; újdy
ùu" .sys Ôú;h .; lsÍu" wOHdmkh ,eîu"
foa m , ,eîu" Pka o hg iy foa Y md,kfha
fh§ug iy iudc fufyjr ls Í ug we;s
whs;Ska fukau ˜ia;%S ksoyi wjYHhhs˜" —ia;%sh
mqreIhdg hg;a fkdúh hq;=h˜" —ia;S%
úuqla;sfhys we;s jro lsuo@˜" —weh ksjig
iSud fkdúh hq;=h˜" —ia;%shg úuqla;sh we;˜
jeks fou< ldjH ks¾udK Tiafia Tyq ia;%S
úuqla;sh fidhd we;' Tyqf.a ldjH ks¾udK
ia ; % S úuq l a ; s h g tfrys wOHdmkh" wd.ñl
Ydia ; % " iudc is ß ;a úß;a " ñ:Hd u; yd
u¾okhg tfrysj ke.S isák whqre oelsh
yelsh' úfgl Tyq WrK ù ia;%S úuqla;shg
wl=,a fy<k Ydia;% úkdY l< hq;= nj;a iSud
mekùfuka ia;%Skaf.a m;sj; /lsh fkdyels
nj;a " th ia ; % S mq r eI fomd¾Yjhgu fmdÿ
idOlhla nj;a ,shd we;'
mqreIhd" ia;%sh ;u ldu NdKavh"
jevldßh" orejka m%iQ; lrk hka;%h wd§
jYfhka i,lkakg jQ od mgka ia;%S jy,aNdjh
j¾Okh úh' mdrÈhd¾ mqreIdêm;Hhg oeä
f,i úreoaO jQfhah' —ia;%shg wjuka isÿlrk
msßñhd ùrfhl= fkdj" ia;%sh msßñhdg hg;a
keye fï fofokd tlsfklg noaO jqKq Ôjhla˜
hehs Tyq lSfõh' mdrÈhd¾ ia;%sh Yla;shla lr
.ksñka lú bÈßm;a lr we;' fm%aufhys ia;S%
mq r eI iudk;a j h —lka k ïudúka ldo,a ˜
^lkakïudf.a fm%auh& yd —l=hs,ska ldo,a˜
^fldjq,df.a fm%auh& jeks ldjH u.ska úoyd
oelajQ Tyq ia;%s úuqla;sh Wfoid ùr ia;%S pß;h"
fø!m§3 u.ska ms<sôUq lr we;' —mqÿffu fmka˜
^kùk ia;%sh& lúh ;=< mqreIdêm;H yd ia;%S
jy,aNdjhg iyuq,skau úreoaO jk úma,j yd
ùr ia;%shla f,i;a ia;%S whs;sh ;yjqre lrk
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

l%shdldßkshl f,i;a kùk ia;%sh lr,shg
f.k we;'
ia;%shg úuqla;sh f.kfok uQ,sl mshjr
la mdr§ fufia ú.%y lr we;'

10

1' ia;%sh u,ajr ùug fmr újdyh
isÿfkdúh hq;=h'
2' weh wlue;s mqreIhd iuÕ újdyh
jk f,i n, lsÍfuka je<lsh hq;=h'
3' újdyfhka miq wehg mqreIhdf.ka
fjkaùfï ^wjYH jqjfyd;a& ksoyi
,ndÈh hq;=h' wjuka iy.;j
ie,lSfuka je<lsh hq;=h'
4' .eyeKq orejka yg foam, whs;sh iuj
ysñ úh hq;=h'
5' iajdñhd wysñ jQ ia;%shf.a kej;
újdyhg ndOd t,a, fkdl< hq;=h'
6' újdyfhka f;drj jD;a;sfhys kshe,S
f.!rjfhka Ôj;a ùug n,dfmdfrd;a;=
jk ia;%Skag th i|yd bv ,ndÈh
hq;=hs'
7' ia;%Ska iajdñhd yer fjk;a msßñka
iuÕ l;d lsÍug oek y÷kd .ekSug
úreoaOj mj;sk fldkafoais bj;a l<
hq;=h'
8' msßñhdg fuka iEu fCIa;%hlu Wiia
wOHdmkh ,eîug mqyqKqj ,ndÈh
hq;=h'
9' iqÿiqlu u; foaYmd,kfhys ks,
oeÍug ;sfnk bvlv kS;sh u.ska
wyqrd fkdoeñh hq;=h'
10' bkaÈhdjg ksoyi ,eîfuka wk;=rej"
ia;%Skag rdc;dka;%sl whs;sfhys bv
,eìh hq;=h'
ia;%s-mqreI iudkd;au;dj .ek l;d l<
mdrÈhd¾ —úuqla;sh wysñ ;eke;a;shg fuf,dj
Ôú;hla ke;˜ uefhka mjihs' ;jo" ;ñ,a
kdÜáka ú<smamq˜ - ;ñ,a kdvqfõ wjÈùu kï
,smsfhys" ia;%sh Ôjudkh' wehg o is;la we;"
fud<hla we;" mxfÉkaøshka o we;' Tjqyq mk
ke;s hka;% fkdfj;s' mK we;s jDCI,;d o
fkdfj;s' Tjqyq msßñkafiah' YÍrfhys wx.j,
fjkila we;;a wd;auh tlls' Ôj úoHd;aul
fjkialï we;' tfy;a th mokï lr .ksñka
fjkialï lsÍfuka je<elS isákakehs mdr§
b,a,hs'
27

úfYa I fhka u foa m , whs ; s h ms < s n |j
mdrÈhd¾ úiska u;= lrk ,o lreKq wog;a
j,x.=h' ia;%Skaf.a jy,aNdjh .ek l;d lrk
úg tys foam, whs;sh uq,a nei we;' tfy;a
ia;%S whs;sh .ek l;d l< whf.ka
w;f<diaila foam, whs;sh .ek o l;d lr
we;' rdï fudyka rdhs4 È.ska È.gu ia;%Skag
foam, whs;sh ysñúh hq;=hehs ;yjqre lr ;sfí'
mdrÈhd¾ o fï nj m%ldY lr we;' ldka;djka
/lshd f;dard .ekSu ms<sn|j Tyq meyeÈ,s
ia:djrhlska miq úh' ia;%Skag ;u l=i,;dj
yd reÑhg wkqj jD;a;sfhys fhosh yels nj
mdr§ mjihs'
nd,jhia újdyhg mdrÈhd¾ oeä f,i
úreoaO úh' mdr§ we;=¿ mjqf,a fiiq whg
nd,jhfia § újdyhka isÿ flßKs'
myf<diajk úfha§ jhi wjqreÿ y;la muKla
iïmQ¾K jQ fi,a,ïud yd mdr§ w;r újdyh
isÿúh' miq ld,Skj ;udf.a wd;au pß; l;dj
,shQ mdrÈhd¾ újdyh .ek is;k l< is;
le<fUk nj lSh' <ud úfha miqjQ <oeßhkaf.a
is;a ;ejq,a .Kkh l< fkdyels úh' ;;a;ajh
fufia ;sìh§ 1860 § bx.%sis wdKavqj úiska
jhi wjqreÿ oyh iïmQ¾K fkdjQ ìß| iuÕ
mj;ajk ,sx.sl weiqr ;ykï lrk kS;shla
f.k tk ,§' fõ,aial=uref.a rdc;dka;%sl
bx.%Sis ixpdrfha § Tyq ms<s.ekSu fjkqfjka
mdrÈhd¾ ,sjQ lú fmf<ys bx.%Sis wdKavqj"
ia;%Skag tfrysj úfYaIfhkau i;s mQcd ^ñh.sh
;u ieñhd fjkqfjka ìß| oriEhg mekSu&
isß;a msgqoelSu w.h l< hq;=h hkak ,shd
we;'
.sys Ôú;fhys iajdñhd yd ìß| w;r wdorh
yd whs;sh ;sìh hq;=h' ia;%shg .sys Ôú;h ;=<
whs;Ska ;sìh hq;=h' whs;Ska W,a,x>Kh ù
jyf,l= f,i isàu oeäj fy<d oel we;s
mdrÈhd¾ —ieñhdg ìß| jyf,l= fkdj
Ôú;fhys geUla yß wvlaZ th Ysj yd md¾j;S
jeksh" úIaKq yd ,CIañ jeksh' ud;DNdjh
ms<sn|j o ishqï woyia oerE mdrÈhd¾ ujf.a
.=K .ek o fndfyda j¾Kkd lr we;'
ia ; % S k a i;s mQ c dfjys fh§u yd fhoùu
Tjqkag tfrysj isÿjQ ;j;a idyisl l%shdjls'
mq r eIhd wys ñ ia ; % S k a f .a ys i nQ .id iq ÿ
fkdfyd;a rkajka meyefhka hq;= jia;%j,ska
irid meúos Ôú;hg ;,a¨ lsÍfï m%jk;djla
28

mdr§ hq.fhys ;sìKs' fndfyda nd, jhialdr
jekaoUq ia;%Syq b;du;a lDDr ie,lSïj,g uqyqK
ÿka y ' ieñhd wys ñ ;eke;a ; s h ;jÿrg;a
Tyqf.a idxldfjka Ôj;a úh hq;=hs' wkH msßñka
oelSfuka wehg lduql yeÕSï my< fkdúh
hq ; = h ' lduq l bÉPd ke;s ls Í u jia wehg
,ndÿka wdydrj, ¨Kq" weUq,a ier fyda fjk;a
ri ldrl wdydrhg fkd.; hq;= fukau iS;,
c,fhka ia k dkh ls Í u wks j d¾h flßKs '
tmuKla fkdj jekaoUqfjda iudcfhka fkrmd
oeuQy'
jekaoUqjkag .Dy lghq;=j,g iyNd.S ùug
ndOd t,a , úh' iudch ;= < uq , a n ei ;s n Q
fujeks ÿ¾u;hka g tfrys j mdr§ ia ; % S k a
Yla;su;a lrkq jia ia;%S úuqla;s foaYmd,k
miqìula ;u idys;H lD;Ska ;=<ska ks¾udKh
l< tlu bka§h mqoa.,hd úh' iudch úiska
idok ,o fujeks ÿ¾u; fkrmd oeóug lemjQ
rdcd rdï4 mdrÈf.a meiiqug ,laúh'
mdrÈhd¾ ;u ks ¾ udK ;= < ia ; % S k a g yd
oeßhkag wOHdmkh ,eîfï wjYH;dj ukdj
ms<ìUq lrhs' —ia;%sh uqjy;a ùug" wúoHdj
ÿre lsÍug" f,dfõ §ma;shg ia;%S wOHdmkh
wksjd¾h˜ nj fmkajd § we;' oekqfuka weh
,nk wdYs ¾ jdoh yd wúoHdfjka wE ,nk
wmydi meyeÈ,s lr we;'
ia;%Ska foaYmd,kfhys kshe,S ks,;, oeÍu
ms<sn|j mdrÈhd¾ ;=< f,dl= wdYdjla úh'
msßñkag fukau ia;%Skag o foaYmd,k ksoyi
;s ì h hq ; = nj Tyq ;rfha m% l dY lf<a h '
mdrÈhd¾f.a ld,h ia;%S úuqla;s jHdmdrh werUQ
ld,hhs' úfYaIfhkau foaYmd,k fCIa;%fhys
ia;%S ixúOdk ìysùug ;=vqÿkafka Tyqf.a y~h'
ia;%S úuqla;sh Wfoid iuyr msßñ wh o y`v
ke.+y' mshqðka5 fuys m%Odk fmf<a wfhls'
mdrÈhd¾ mshqðka úiska ks¾udKh lrk ,o
lúhla yd mßj¾;khla" mßj¾;khg
ke.=fõh' fujeks miqìul ìysjQ mdrÈhd¾f.a
u; m% . ;s Y S , s h ' ;udf.a ks ¾ udKj, ia ; % S
úuqla;shg m%Odk ;ekla ,nd§ we;'•
l=yksê l=.fkaika
1'
2'
3'
4'
5'

bx.%Sis md,k iufha rch i;= bvï ysñ Okl=fõrhska
wOHd;añl Ñka;kjdÈfhls'
uydNdr;fha mxp mdKavjhkaf.a ìß|
yskaÿ m%;sixialdrKjdÈfhls'
ia;%S úuqla;sh i|yd igka l< mqreIfhla'

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

wd

ishd iy meismsla l,dmfha taâia
ms<sn| 8 jeks wka;¾cd;sl iuq¿j
^ ICAAP & 2007 wf.daia;= ui 19-23 olajd Y%S
,xldfõ fld<U§ meje;afjkq we;' f,dj kka
foiska meñfKk 2000- 3000 ;a w;r ixLHdjla
Bg iyNd.s jkq we;ehs wfmalaId flf¾'
fujr wka ; ¾cd;s l iuq ¿ fõ f;a u dj
jkafka —fjkiaùfï /<s-wfmalaIdfõ /<s˜
hkakhs' tys§ idlÉPd" idlÉPd uKavm yd
iïuka;%K ;=<ska fukau m%dfoaYSh" l,dmSh
yd f.da,Sh jYfhka tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia widokhg
olajk m%;spdr úuid ne,Sug kshñ;h' th
m%cd l%shdldÍkag" úoHd¾Òkag yd
m¾fha I lhs k a g ' udOHlrejka g " fi!LH
jD;a;slhskag yd m%;sm;a;s ie,iqïlrejkag
yd tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia iuÕ Ôj;a jk mqoa.,hskag
;u úfYaI{ ±kqu yd w;a±lSï yqjudre lr
.ekSugo wjia:djla jkq we;' wka;¾ cd;sl
iuq ¿ j tÉ'whs ' ù' iy ta â ia ms < s n |j my<
uÜgfï l% s h dldrlïj,g m% f õYhla f.dv
ke.Sug yd ta .ek mj;sk .eg¿ .eUqßka
wjfndaO lr .ekSug;a lreKq bÈßm;a lsÍug;a
lÈu fõÈldjla jkq we;'
úfYaIfhkau ldka;dj yd udOH iduqyslh"
ia ; % S iyfhda . s ; d lKa v dhu" bka f *da ï yd
ia;%Skaf.a udkj whs;sjdislï ms<sn| m%Yak .ek
l%shd lrk fjk;a ixúOdk tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia"
ia ; % S k a flf¾ tys n,mEu" ia ; % S k a g tfrys
m%pKav;ajh yd tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia w;r we;s
iïnkaO;djh yd ,sx.sl;ajh iïnkaO m%Yak
yd tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia w;r we;s iïnkaO;djh
ms<sn| wmf.a ±kqu mq¿,a lsÍug wjldYhla
ks¾udKh lrkq we;'
wf.daia;= 18 jeks Èk tkï wka;¾cd;sl
iuq¿j ks, jYfhka wdrïN ùug fmr wdishdkq
ia;%Skaf.a udkj whs;sjdislï uKavmh tlai;a
cd;Skaf.a ixp¾Ok jev igyk yd l,dmh
mqrdu we;s ia;%Skaf.a wfkl=;a lKavdhï j,
iyfhda.h we;sj tÉ'whs'ù' Wreuh yd foam,
whs ; s h ms < s n | ia ; % S k a f .a wdis h d meis m s l a
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia"
ia;k
S% a iy
ia;-S% mqreINdùh
m%Yk
a
Widúhla mj;a jkq we;' fuh wmg tÉ'whs'ù'
je<÷k ia;%Skaf.a idlaIsj,g ijka §ug;a" ;u
foam, Wreuh wysñ lsÍug .;a W;aidyhka
mrdch fldg id¾:l;a j hla w;a lr .;a
wjia : d ieuÍug;a Ôjk jD;a ; S k a ;yjq r e
ls Í fï iy iq r la I s ; wjldYh .ek ijka
§ug;a yels úr, wjia : djla jkq we;'
tÉ'whs'ù' je<£u;a iu. foam, wysñ lsÍfï
iy Wreuh ,nd fkd§fï n,fõ. j,g
tfrys j wr., fldg bka ch.;a yd Bg
úfrdaOh mE ia;%Skaf.a ±lau yd y~ ;=<ska
29

tÉ'whs'ù' iy foam, ,nd.ekSug ia;%Skag we;s
iudk whs;sh w;r we;s l%u l%ufhka jvd;a
wk;=reodhl jk iïnkaO;djh wjfndaO lr
.ekSug yd jvd;a úfõpkd;aul yd
ks¾udKd;aul wdldrhlska m%;spdr ±laùug;a
wmg yelsjkq we;'
fuu l%shdj,sh kùk;ajh yd
f.da , s h lrKh fya ; = fldg f.k iudc
ixúOdkfha kj wdldrhka iu. meñK we;s
foam, wysñ lsÍfï iy Wreuh wysñ lsÍfï
kj wdldrhkag úfYaI i|ykla we;sj wdishd
meismsla l,dmfha ia;%Skaf.a foam, Wreulu
yd foam, whs;sh yd tÉ'whs'ù'$taâia w;r
we;s iïnkaO;djh ms<sn| jeä jQ wjOdkhg
olajk wmf.a m%;spdrhhs'
Ôj;aùu" wdrlaIdj yd iqrlaIs;
wjldYhlg ms ú iS u yd ta ms < s n | md,kh
isß;la jYfhkau wysñ lrkq ,enq wdishd
meismsla l,dmSh ia;%Skaf.a w;a±lSï tÉ'whs'ù'$
taâia widokfha m%;sM, iu. wNsuqL jQ úg
jvd;a ixlS¾K yd jvd;a Nhxldr ù we;'
l,dmh mq r du tÉ'whs ' ù' iy ta â ia iuÕ
Ôj;ajk ia;%Skaf.a foam, ysñlu yd Wreuh
wysñ lsÍfï wjia:d wehf.a úY%du §ukdj"
i,dl m;" rka wdNrK" yrl ndk yd wdydr
mdk ,eîfï ud¾. ke;sùfï wjia:d wmg
jd¾;dfõ' wehg idudkH ksjyklg" iqrlaIs;
wjldYhlg" bvulg yd foam, j,g we;s
whs;sh wysñ úh yel' ia;%Ska Ôj;aùfï iy
wdrlaIdùfï fuu uQ,sl uQ,dY% j,ska msgux
lsÍu ksid Tjqka tÉ'whs'ù' widokhg f.dÿre
ùu wvqlr .ekSug we;s wjldY weysÍ hkq
we;' tfukau fuu jix.;fha wdksixi j,g
uqyqK §fug Tjqkag we;s yelshdjka wvq lrkq
we;'

wdishd iy meisml
s a l,dmfha taâia ms<n
s |
8 jeks wka ; ¾cd;s l iuq ¿ jg fmr
^ICAAP 2007& fld<U§ meje;s ia;k
S% f
a .a
Wmfoa Y kd;a u l jevuq ¿ fõ wjia : d
lsysmhla fuys oelafõ' fuh ixúOdkh
lrkq ,enqfõ Y%S ,xld rdcH fkdjk
ldka;d ixúOdk tl;=j iy ldka;dj yd
udOH iduQyl
s h úisk's fï i|yd wkq.y
% h
olajkq ,enqfõ ICAAP f,alï ld¾hd,h
iy m%cd tl;=j (Community Forum)
úisks' Èjhsfka W;=re kef.kysr we;=¿
Èia ; % s l a l .Kkdjls k a ia ; % S ixúOdk
ksfhdað;fhda fuhg iyNd.s jQy'

fuu l,dmSh Widúh ia;%S kdhlhska yd
ia;%S l%shdldÍka o ;u foam, yd Wreuhkag
we;s whs;sh b,a,d isàug ia;%Ska n,.ekaùug
yd tÉ'whs ' ù' yd ta â ia j ,g f.dÿreùfï
wjodku wvq lr .ekS u g jev lrk ia ; % S
m% c djka tlg tla flf¾' fuu Widúfha
meje;afjk úNd.h ;=<ska jvd;a M,odhs f,i
ueÈy;a ùfï kj ±laula Wod jkq we;ehs wms
n,dfmdfrd;a;= fjuq' •
f¾j;S pjq,d
30

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

lshn
q dj 1959 jif¾ § neáiagdf.a n,h
fmr,d oud msfo,a liaf;%da we;=¿ úma,jjd§
lKavdhula rdcH n,h ,ndf.k tod isg wo
olajdu tu n,h /l.ksñka weußldj úiska
È.ska È.gu l< n,mEïj,g hg;a fkdù
lghq;= l< rgls'

ihqfrka
tf;r

úma,jjd§ le/,a, meje;s ld,fha;a Bg
miqj;a msfo,a liaf;%dfa .a rch uq, mgkau
tkï úma,jjd§ le/,a, meje;s
iufha isgu ldka;djkaf.a
iyNd.s;j
a h flfrys wjOdkh
fhduq lrñka lghq;= lf<ah'
ú,aud tiamska iy yhsä
idka;ußhd hk ia;S% lsh
% dldßka
fofokdf.a kdhl;ajfhka 1959 §
lshn
q dkq ldka;d ix.uh msyg
s j
q d
.kq ,enqfõh' tod isg wo olajdu
ia;k
S% fa .a whs;j
s dislï fjkqfjka
lemjqK lshn
q dkq ldka;d ix.uh
lshn
q ka rch iuÕ b;d iómj
lghq;= lrkq ,nhs' 1997-85
ldka;d oYlh f,i tlai;a
cd;Skfa .a ixúOdkh úiska kï
lrkq ,eîfuka miqj 1975 jif¾
§ lshn
q dkq ldka;d ix.ufha
n,mEfuka lshn
q ka rch kS;h
s la
iïu; lr.kq ,eîh' fuu kS;h
s
f.or jevg ldka;djkag jegqmla
fkdf.jkafka kï iajdñmqreIhd
Woõ lrkafka o ke;akï Tyqg
úreoaOj kS;s ud¾.fhka lsh
% d l<
yels ùuhs' fuf,i ldka;djkaf.a
whs;k
S a fjkqfjka m%;m
s ;a;u
s h
fjkialï lrñka kS;s iïmdokh
l< lshn
q dfõ" ldka;djf.a wo ;;a;j
a h
.ek wms uola úuid n,uq'

ixj¾Okfha mQ¾K
yjq,alrejka ùug
Nd.H,o lshqndkq
ldka;dfjda

- ixialdßldjka

2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

ls

hqndfõ ck.yKfhka 50]la ia;%Syq fj;s' ia;%Skag
tfrys ish¨ wdldrfha fjkialï ÿr,Sfï iSfvda
m%{ma;sh w;aika l< m%:u rg lshqndjhs' 1980 ud¾;= 06
fjks Èk th w;aika lrk ,§' th ls%hd;aul lsÍfï
mk; lshqnd md¾,sfïka;=fõ iïu; lr.kakd ,oafoa 1980
cQ,s 17 fjks Èkh' t;eka isg lshqndkq ia;%Skag wd¾Ól"
foaYmd,ksl" ixialD;sl iy iudÔh jYfhka msßñkag
31

lshqnka ia;%Ska fiajh lrk fCIa;%
lshn
q ka Y%u yuqodfjka
md¾,sfïka;= ksfhdackfhka
wdh;k m%OdkSka
weu;sjßhka
ksfhdacH weu;sjßhka
kS;{
s jßhka
by< Widú úksYp
a hldßkshka
úoHd ióCIK uOHia:dk m%OdkSka
uydpd¾hjßhka iy ld¾ñl Ys,m
a k
s h
s ka
fi!LH fCIa;%fha lïlre ldka;djka
ffjoHjßhka
úfoaYhkays fiajfha ksr; ffjoHjßhka
wOHdmk fCIa;%fha kshq;= lïlre ia;%Ska
ish¿ m¾fhaIK i|yd fh§ isák ia;%Ska
úoHd{jßhka
úoHd mSGdêm;skh
s ka

m%;sY;h
46]
36]
35'4]
22]
60]
71]
47]
24]
66'1]
72]
56]
52'3]
70]
48'9]
44'6]
41'7]

iudk whs;sjdislï lshqndkq jHjia:dfjka iy
iudcfhka o ,enqKs' th lshqnka jHjia:dfõ
44 fjks j.ka ; s f hka ;yjq r e ù we;'
wOHdmkh" fi!LH myiqlï" ksjdi" /lshd"
iudk fiajhg iudk jegqma" lsis ndOdjlska
f;dr Wiiaùï ,nd.ekSu mqreI mCIhg fukau
ldka;djkag o ysñùu i;=gg lreKls'
ud;D urK ixLHdj 100"000 lg 33'9 ls'
<ore urK ixLHdj 1000 lg 5'2 ls' th .eìKs
uõjreka f .ka 99] la u rcfha mjq , a
ffjoHjreka iy fyÈhka úiska n,d .kS'
újdyjk whf.ka m<uq udi ;=k ;=< 95] la
.eí .ekSu ;yjqre lr;s' .eí.;a ld, iSudj
;=< úfYaI{ ffjoHjre 12 j;djla fï wh
mßCId lrkq ,efí' ffjoH Wmfoia u; rcfha
frday,aj, 99'9] la ore m%iQ; isÿ flf¾' wikSm
12 la i|yd <uqkf
a .ka 99'5] lg tkak;a ,ndfoa'
wjqreÿ 15-24 w;r jhia ldKavfha ,sùfï
iy lshùfï yelshdj 99'6] ls' úYaj úoHd,j,g
we;=,a jk YsIHhskaf.ka ldka;djka ixLHdj
62] ls' 2002-2003 jir ;=< WmdêOdÍkaf.ka
63'5] la u ldka ; dfjda jQ y ' wOHdmk
uydpd¾hjßhkaf.a m%;sY;h 53'4]ls' ldka;d
uQ,sl mjq,a 36] ls'

32

by; i|yka o;a ; wkq j ls h q n dfõ
ixj¾Okh i|yd ldka;d odhl;ajh b;d by<
uÜgul mj;s k nj fmfka ' hï ia ; % s h la
isrf.g kshu jqjfyd;a wehf.a jD;a;sh wkqj
jegqma f.jk w;r tu ld¾hNdrh isrf.h
;=< bgq lsÍug wehg wjia:dj Wodlrkq ,efí'
fuys§ wehg mjq,la isà kï tu jegqfmka
fldgila mjqf,a whg heùug;a b;sßh b;=re
ls Í ula jYfhka ;eka m ;a ls Í ug;a wehg
yelshdjla we;'

2006 o;a; wkqj ,;ska weußldfõ
md¾,sfïka;=j ;=< ldka;d ksfhdackh
rg
wdckaákdj
n%iS,h
lekvdj
fldf,dïìhdj
lshqndj
fyhsá
fydkaÿrdih
uelaisfldaj
weußld tlai;a ckmoh

wdik .Kk

^]&
35
8'6
21
1'1
36
3'6
23'4
25'8
15'2

1959 lshqnka úma,jfhka miq lshqnka ldka;d
iïfïk,h msysgqjd .kakd ,§' th oekg
lshqnka ia;%Skaf.a ixj¾Okh wruqKq fldgf.k
l%shd;aul fõ' th rcfha fkdjk wdh;khla
f,i ia;%Skaf.a idudðl uqo,ska f.dvk.d
.;a; o th lshqndfõ Yla;su;au ixúOdkhls'
tys idudðl;ajh ñ,shk 3'8 la jk w;r
rfÜ wjqreÿ 14 g jeä ldka;djkaf.ka 85]lau
fuys idudðl;ajh orhs' lshqnka rch ia;%Skag
iy orejkag uQ,sl ;ek §u úfYaI;ajhls'•

v,ais o is,ajd

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

b

¿lam÷re .sks.ksoa§
tk meÕsß uqiq ÿï
iqj|g rÊð wdihs' tA;a
fohshfka Wfoa iqÿmdg b¿la
u,a tlal oÕr mEj b¿la
m÷re msÉÑ,d l¿ wÕ=re
njg m;afj,d' fmfkk
fkdfmfkk wE;g Èfjk
l¿mdg .EúÉp ìïlv Èyd
rÊð n,df.k ysáfha
ÿflka' oeù wjika fkdjqk
b¿la m÷rej,ska ;ju;a
r;=mdg" lymdg .sksmqmqre
úisfjkjd' ie|E w÷r
oeäfjoa§ rÊðg tA oiqk
fmkqfka ;o l¿mdg miq
ìul mqxÑ mqxÑ lymdg"
r;=mdg u,aj,ska is;=jula
wefokjd jf.a' fï úh,s
ìïlvj,a yryd oyj,a
;siafia yudf.k wdmq úh<s
yq<Õg hdka;ug isis,ila
uqiqfj,d'
rÊð ysáfha fyafka
fl,jrg fjkav ;sín
l¿.,a fmd;a; Wv
jdäfj,d' rd;a;sßh <Õd
fjoaÈ rÊðf.a ys;g
ord.kav neß ÿlla
oefkkjd' tA;a tlalu ySka
md¿.;shla" ;j;a
fudkjfoda wvqmdvq f.dvla
iSrejg weú;a rÊðf.a ys;
wjg fyd,auka lrkjd'
rÊð .,afmd;a; Wäka
ke.sg,d me,afldfÜ Èydg
weÿkd' ,sfma m;a;=fjk .sks
t<sh;a tlal wehg frdà
msÉfpk iqj|la oekqkd'
—f.dïuka l¿jr tklï
Th le,Ej me;af;a bkav
tmd nx' yeu me;af;kau
wfma Ôú;j,g mkskav
n,df.k bkafka wk;=re
ú;rhs''' álla mßiaiï
fjkav ys;mx rÊð˜
2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

flá
l;dj

pdkaokS l=udß fyar;a

ud,df.a y~ yenEjgu
f,ka.;=hs'
—? fjkfldg ux wdihs
kfÕa fl,jrla fkdfmkk
tA le,Ej Èyd n,df.k
bkav'''˜

—wehs hflda ?g le,Ej
Èyd n,df.k ysáhu
fudkjo fmkafka l¿jr
ñila˜
—fudlj;a fkdfmfkk
yskaou ;uhs uu tA le,Ej

33

Èyd n,df.k bkav wdid˜
tfyu lsh, me,a fodrlvg
fj,d ;j;a ál fj,djla
w÷frka jefyk le,Ej Èyd
n,df.k ysgmq rÊð lgy~
wjÈ l<d'
—tA;a ug ysf;kjd kf.a
fldhs fj,djl yß r;afka
fï le,Efjka u;=fj,d
me,afldfÜg ths lsh,d'''˜ tA
fj,dfj kï tA yf`â ySka
bls .eys,a,la ;sfhk nj
ud,dg oekqkd' ud,dg ysi
yrj,d rÊð Èyd n,kav
´klula jqfka kE' rÊðf.a
f,ka.;= ñ;=ßh yeáhg wE
okakjd" wEg oefkkjd
;ukaf.a ñ;=ßhf.a yojf;a
lelEfrk fõokdj-;ukq;a
ñksyd fjkqfjka
je,fmkjd' rÊð;a ñksyd
fjkqfjka je,fmkjd'
fokaku ñksiaiq ke;s .EKq'
ud,f. ñksyd ke;sfj,d
wjqreÿ tlyudrhs' rÊðf.a
ñksyd ke;sfj,d wjqreÿ 4hs'
rÊð ;du;a n,df.k
bkakjd ñksyd wdmyq
tk;=re' ud,f.a ñksyd
wdmyq tk;=re kx n,df.k
bkav fohla kE' urKh yd
w;=reoyka ùu w;r úYd,
mr;rhla ;sfhkjd' fn,a,
je<odf.k ueßÉp
Wm;siaif.a isrer fmÜáhl
od,d t<sfha .y,d ;snqk
glrka uvqj hg ojia ;=kla
;sínd' iqÿ wkao,d" iqÿ ;sr
we|,d iqÿ fldä je,a
weo,d' ldg;a oekqKd tAl
urKhla lsh,d' we~qj"
je,mqkd' yeu flfklau
oekf.k ysáhd Tyq hkafka
h<s fkdtk .ukla lsh,d'
yduÿrefjda mdxYl=f,a
ÿkakd" okaÿkakd ksjka iem
,efnkav lsh,d m%d¾:kd

l<d' fmááh j,g od,d
yefudaf.u weia biairyd
j, jy,d oeïud" ud,f.a
ñksyd uereKd' tA;a rÊðf.a
ñksyd'''
—jyf,a uqÿka ,Sh;a Èr,d"
mrd, fol ;=kl=;a Èr,d'
wo jevla yïn jqfk;a ke;s
tfla uu le,Ejg .syska ,S
lE,s fol ;=kla lmdf.k
tkakï rÊfcda'''˜ lsh,d
pkaof¾ f.oßka .sfha' wf;a
;snqfka ,S lmk msyshhs j;=r

jfr,a,d'''˜ rÊð megjq
fokakg lE .eyqjd'
—nv.skshs wïfï
fyd|gu' wms w;mh
fidaof.k wdfõ' n;a
Èhkaflda''' id,sh kdfyka
we~qjd'˜
—fmakjd w;mh
fydaof.k wdmq yeá' we,g
uy ÿrlao@ m,h,a,d
.sys,a,d fyd|g weÕm; yß
fydaok jfr,a,d ux n;a

fn,af, je,odf.k ueßÉp Wm;siaif.a isrer
fmÜáhl od,d t<sfha .y,d ;snqk glrka uvqj hg
ojia ;=kla ;sínd' iqÿ wkao,d" iqÿ ;sr we|,d
iqÿ fldä je,a weo,d' ldg;a oekqKd tAl urKhla
lsh,d' we~qj" je,mqkd' yeu flfklau oekf.k
ysáhd Tyq hkafka h<s fkdtk .ukla lsh,d'

fnda;f,hs' Wfoag ¨Kq ñßia
tlal frdáhla lEjd'''
—uu oj,a lkav f.or
tkakï''' yd,a álla
we;sfka' iq.;ka whshd ud¿
f.kdfjd;a wrf.k Whmx'
fyg i,a,s fokakï lsh,'''˜
rÊð pkaof¾f.a Wmfoia ál
ms,smeoaod''' n;a Wh,d jeõ
ud¿ fydoaola ñßig Wh,d"
;snqK fmd,a wvf,a .d,d
od,d wÕ=k fld<
ue,a¨ul=;a yeÿjd' yßhg
oj,a fod<yg ,xfjoa§
md,s;hs" id,shhs fokak uv
kdf.k f.or ÿjf.k
wdfõ we|f.k ysáh
nekshï fol wf;a lrl
lrljd'
—f.g f.dvfjkafka kE
Th uvf.dv;a tlal'''
m,h,a,d .sys,a,d kdf.k

fno,d ;shkakï' oeka
wmam;a ths n;a lkav WU,d
uv msáka bkakjd oelafld;a
Wkaoe lE .yhs'''˜ rÊðf.ka
.e,ú,a,la kE lsh,d
oek.;a; fld,af,da fokakd
inka lE,a,;a wrka f.a
msámiafika .,d nysk
we<g Èjqjd'
rÊð fld,af,da fokakg
n;a fnÿfõ ueá wä
j<|lg Wäkau n;a yekaola
folla pkaof¾g fjka
lr,d' fmdä Wkag ud¿
fydÈ fnok fldg yekaog
wdmq fldÉÑ ñßia lr,a
wdmyq fydoaog oeïfï
pkaof¾ fldÉÑ ñßiaj,g
wdi yskaod' fldfydu;a
fld,af,da fokakd fldÉÑ
ñßia lkafka kE' n;a msÕka
fol w;g .;a; fld,af,da"

fokakd jeõud¿ fydoao Èyd
.scqlfuka ne¨j;a
w.=kfld< ue,a¨u Èyd
n¨fõ lg rehsf;g
yodf.k'
—flda wïfu wmamd''''@˜
pkaof¾g wmamd lsh,d
lshkav orejkag yqre lf<a
rÊð' tAl rÊðg mqreoaog
jf.a flrek fohla' ;uka
;d;a;g wmamd lsh,d l;d
lrmq ksid ;ukaf.a
orejkag;a tfyu u l;d
lrkav mqreÿ l<d'
—lef,ag .shd mrd, lE,s
folla lmdf.k tkav' oeka
uÕ tkjd;a we;s' oj,a lEu
lkav tkjd lsh,d .sfha'''˜
tfyu lshdf.k rÊð jeg
mek,d mdrgu .shd' pkaof¾
fmakav kE' rÊð yekaoEfõ
y;r;a myqfjklïu mdr
ne¨jd' ;ukaj myqlrf.k
.sh lSm fofkl=gu
pkaof¾f.a mudj .ek
lsjqjd'
—id,sh,f.a wmamd mrd,
lE,s folla lmdf.k tkav
lsh,d le,Ejg .shd' ;du
wdfõ kE''' fâúâ whsfha
fï uÕ n,d n,d bkafka'''˜
—Th lef,ag .sh ;j
ljqre yß tlal,d ñksyd
yjia fjklï ,S lmkjd
we;s tAlhs nx m%udo
we;af;a''' ;j álla
n,mxflda'''˜ tl ojil=;a
oj,a tkakï lsh,d lef,ag
.sh pkaof¾ ovhfï .sh
ùrisxy whsh,dg tl;=fj,d
yekaoEfj,d f.or wfõ˜
wo;a tfyu fjkave''''
yekaoEfõ y;r;a
myqjqkdg miafia rÊð n;a
álla fnodf.k lEjd' f.a

l=mams ,dïmqj m;a;= lr,d
mehla folla .; fjoaÈ;a
pkaof¾ wdfõ keye'
rÊðf.a ys; l,n, jqKd'
ys;g áflka ál nh
ßx.kav mgka .;a;d' rÊð
orefjda fokak;a w;ska
weof.k fgdaÉ tl;a m;a;=
lrf.k f.hska f.g Èjqjd'

r;afka w;=reoyka
fj,d' rÊðg
ys;yod.kav neye'
uy>k le,Ej olsoaÈ
rÊðf.a fõokdj w¨;a
fjkjd' fldfyka yß
;eklska r;afka u;=fjhs
lsh,d ySka
n,dfmdfrd;a;=jl=;a
we;s fjkjd' tA;a
n,dfmdfrd;a;= lshkafka
fõokdfju wks;a
me;a;' w;=reoyka
fjÉp ukqiaifhla tlal
;sfhk ne£u fldhs
úÈhg wyjr lrkak o
lsh,d rÊðg ys;d.kav
neye'

Wfoa lef,ag .sh pkaof¾
;du f.or weú;a kE'
wdrxÑh úkdä myg oyhg
.u mqrdu me;srekd' mkaoï
wrf.k" fgdaÉ wrf.k ;=ka
y;r fokd ÑÜgd udu,f.a
ñÿ,g frdla fjkjd' rÊð
pqÜgd udu,f.a msf,a
jdäfj,d bls.ykjd'
—wfka ÑÜgd udfï fï
ukqiaihg fudkjd jqkdo@
lef,ag .sh ldgj;au wfma
ukqiaihj weye .eys,d
kEfka'''˜

—b;sx kd~d ysgmx rÊð
iuyr úg pkaof¾ mdr
jerÈ,d w,a,mq .ulgj;a
.sys,a,do okafka kE'''
fudkjd lrkav;a fyg Wfoa
fjklï bkav tmEh' fï
uy ? Th jkdka;f¾g
hkafka ljqo@ .sh;a
fydhkafka fldfyo@˜
ÑÜgd uduf.a lshuk
ljqre;a wkqu; l<d'
? fod<yudr;a myqWkd'
fld,af,da fokakg ÑÜgd
udu,f.a ms,alv Wvu kskao
.sys,a,d' ÑÜgd kekaod
Wkafokakdf.a weÕg Ö;a;
froaola od,d'''
—rÊð fld,af,d fokakg
kskao .syska' WU;a Th
idf,ka meÿrla t,df.k
ksod .kska' wms fyg Wfoau
r;afkj fydhkav mgka
.uq'''˜
—Tõ fl,af, jfrka
f.g äx.la weye mshd.ksx'
Wfoa fjklï bkav tmEh
fudl lrkav;a'''˜
rÊð f.a we;=,g .sfha
ksod.kav ´k lula ;snqk
yskaod fkfjhs' äx.la
;ksfjkav ´k fjÉp
yskaod'
myqjod mdkaor
fjkfldgu rÊðhs" ÑÜgd
uduhs' .%dudrCIl l=udr
u,a,shs Èjqjd fmd,sishg'
t;k meñKs,a,la od,'
B<Õg Èjqjd lEïma tlg'
ljqre;a tl;= jqkd r;afkj
fydhkak' lKavdhï y;
wglg fnÈ,d .syska le,Ej
mSrejd' tA;a r;afka .ek
lsisu wdrxÑhla keye'
w,a,mq .ïj,g mKsúv
hejqjd' tA;a lsisu wdrxÑhla

keye' tod oji;a f.ú,d
.shd' rÊð yeuodu;a
r;afkj fydhkav uykais
jqKd' fldfya lsh,d
fydhkaav o i;d
isjqmdfjl=g f.dÿre jqkdo'
tA;a f,a ìxÿjla we÷ï
lvu,a,la" YÍr wx.hla
b;=re fkdlru' mqreÿ
úÈhgu br mdhf.k wdjd'
wdfh;a br neye,d .shd'
oyj,j,a /hj,a fldÉpr
.dkla kï f.ú,d .shdo@
rÊð;a r;afkj fydhkav
fudk;rï uykais Wkdo'
tA;a tAjd .Õg lemQ
bKs.dkg jqKd' r;afka
w;=reoyka fj,d' rÊðg
ys;yod.kav neye' uy>k
le,Ej olsoaÈ rÊðf.a
fõokdj w¨;a fjkjd'
fldfyka yß ;eklska
r;afka u;=fjhs lsh,d ySka
n,dfmdfrd;a;=jl=;a we;s
fjkjd' tA;a n,dfmdfrd;a;=
lshkafka fõokdfju wks;a
me;a;' w;=reoyka fjÉp
ukqiaifhla tlal ;sfhk
ne£u fldhs úÈhg wyjr
lrkak o lsh,d rÊðg
ys;d.kav neye' nKla
lshkav mdxYl=,hla fokav
ys; yod.kak nE rÊðg'
w;=reoyka fjÉp ukqiaih
.ek ú¢kav fjk fõokdj
rÊð ú¢kjd fyd|gu'
fkdtkaku .shd lsh,d
rÊðg ys;yod.kav neye'
orejkag wmamd .ek fudkjd
lshkav o@ orefjd;a yeuodu
uÕn,df.k b¢hs wdmyq
tklï' ljodj;au
w;=reoyka jqkq ñksiaiqkag
urKhl=;a keye" Ôú;hl=;a
keye' rÊð ys;kafka
tfyuhs' •
36

m%:u
rd;s%h iy
m;sj;
kEishka" udmshka ÿrf.dia h
tlu tl /hla wm w;g §
h<sÿ Wka tkq ksh; mdkaor
úuikag pß; iy;slh .ek
m%:u fm%aufhka j,au;a fjñka
;sßifkl= w;ska .eyeKshl jQ
kqU Èkd ud meñKs fï fudfyd;
ÿla fkdù ú|.kqj ueÈy;aj
f,dalhla kqfUka b,a,d isák
Y=oaO jQ tA pß; iy;slh
tmd ug tmd th tmduh
kqfUka ud fkdb,a,ñ lsisu Èk
lsß iqfoka Tma ke.=kq lduf¾
yskdfjhs wm fofok ms<s.kak
,shlñka msreKq ux., hyk
wuq;a;la ù we;s o kqUg ug
f,dalhu wmú;% jqKq lf,l
kqf´ msú;=re lula l=ug''' ug@
Ôúf;a w;S;h ienE f,i ug ìkQ
f,dfõ msßisÿ u <| kqUfõ h'

ofòf.dv ðkodi

² 2 l,dmh ² 2007

ia;S%;ajfha levm;

ISSN - 1391-7307

2007 ² 2 l,dmh

igyk
wNsfhda.h
yuqj - ms%kais ux.,sld - —tÉ'whs'ù' iuÕ Ôj;ajkjdg jvd'''˜ - iqñld fmf¾rd
wfka wksÉpx - risld §mdks
wfma weiska - Wmam,jKaKd - úYaj ms%hd
ia;%shg tfrys m%pKav;ajh iy iudc j.lSu - moaud meää,shka
nvq ñ, by<g wms j,m,a,g - risld §mdks
udkj ysñlï fmdf;a fkd,shjqKq ia;%S ysñlï - ouhka;s uq;=l=udrf.a
y÷kd.ksuq - wkaO nj ffO¾hhla lr.;a lu,d - iqf,dapkd fld<Uf.a
kqfò w;g .sks wúh nr keoao orejfka - wdßhj;S bre.,anKavdr
bkaÈhdkq ia;%Skaf.a úuqla;sh fjkqfjka y~ ke.+ hq. mqreIfhla - l=yksê l=.fkaIka
tÉ'whs'ù'$tAâia" ia;%Ska iy ia;%S-mqreI iudcNdùh m%Yak - f¾j;S pjq,d
ihqfrka tf;r - ixj¾Okfha mQ¾K yjq,alrejka '''' - v,ais o is,ajd
flál;dj - fkdu< ñksiaiq - pdkaokS l=udß fyar;a

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ixialrKh
iqñld fmf¾rd
iqks,d wfífialr
úfYaI odhl;ajh
lreKd fmf¾rd
m%ldYk ks,OdßkS
fõ,dhqoka chÑ;%d
we;=<; Ñ;%
ouhka;s uq;=l=udrf.a
msgljrh" msgq ieliqu
fõ,dhqoka chÑ;%d

m%ldYkh
ldka;dj yd udOH iduQyslh
174" w,aúia wejksHq" ldi,a ùÈh" fld<U 8" Y%S ,xld
ÿrl:k ( 0112-5632045" 5635900 *elaia ( 0112-690192
úoaHq;a ;emE, ( womedia@sltnet.lk fyda options@sltnet.lk

2007 ² 2 l,dmh ²

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