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Kenseikai Compiled

Kenseikai Compiled

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Published by Bendotz Tua Gila

http://kenseikai.world.coocan.jp/gihou/waza-ef.htm

http://kenseikai.world.coocan.jp/gihou/waza-ef.htm

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Published by: Bendotz Tua Gila on Nov 28, 2012
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Basic principles

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Fundamentals background,
and goals The following is not an authorized nor formal advocation of the Shorinji Kempo organization, but the interpretation of its principles by the author of this web site. It is based on what the author heard from the founder, Doushin So, while the author was in Honzan camp and also on the textbook published by the Shorinji Kempo organization.

Shorinji Kempo, its Background and Goal
Right after World War II, the Japanese were deeply depressed. Many people thought that what had been thought important or precious in their lives no longer had meaning. Friendship, love of family, helping people and so on, these things were truly important in other times and seemed to have been discarded. Many seemed to seek their own interests by taking advantage of others. Those who had little money or power were suffered greatly. The founder of Shorinji Kempo, Doushin So, wanted to do something to improve the spiritual wellbeing of these people. He knew that regardless of how society worked, the key to personal development lay within each individual. He had learned from his experience in China that everything depended on the individual. Even in unfair system, it is up to individuals to show mercy and kindness to others. One can save others even if society does not provide ready made supports for every situation. For the most part, it is every individual's thought and action that make the world what it is. Doushin So mixed this conviction with Buddhism and began teaching young people who had lost their way. He soon found it useless to try to make them listen to his philosophy or principle. They simply walked away. Just sitting in the class room and listening to principles, no matter how wise, sparked no interest of the youth of the day. He realized that he had to create the new philosophy, a "Kongo zen", or something relevant to attract the youth. Before World War II, Doushin So had learned various Kempo in China and was officially designated the successor of the leader of the north Shorinji school. He cast his convictions into a system incorporating Kempo as a way of physical training and meditation. He began to teach youth how to practice Kempo. Soon those who were taught Kempo by Doushin So became enchanted by its wonderful techniques and, at the same time, deeply impressed by Doushin So's philosophy. Today, Shorinji Kempo is widely spread all over the world and the world wide network of people who love Shorinji Kempo is growing rapidly. Although Shorinji Kempo's self-defense techniques are superior, its ultimate goal is not to develop a skill to knock down a person by its techniques, but to help people establish themselves as kind, generous individuals.

What kind of individual to develop?
Well, what kind of individual did Doushin So try to develop? Shorinji Kempo, or Kongo zen's principle, is very simple: "Everything depends on individuals." Social systems or rulers may cause hardship and injustice, but even in such situation, well developed individuals can change any situation for the better. Furthermore, even within the best social systems people may suffer from selfish individuals. For these reasons, Shorinji Kempo does not support any specific political party or specific social system. It is not political in nature, focusing on developing dependable individuals who can lead themselves and others to a better society. There is a phrase which states the essence of these principles simply and elegantly: "think of others' happiness with the first half of your being and think of your happiness with the remaining half". This can be interpreted in many ways. You may take it as: "try to make others happy by using half of what you have and try to make yourself happy by using the

remaining half". Or you may take it as most important of Christian principles: "Do unto others as you would have do unto you." Too simple? Simple in principle is often difficult to practice. The goal of Shorinji Kempo is to develop dependable individuals who think of others' happiness as well as their own and, through harmonious leadership or influence, improve the world for better human relationship. The Shorinji Kempo Association, in this its 50th anniversary, is putting special effort into expanding its network among those who love Shorinji Kempo as an activity. I am glad if my WWW page can contribute to building the network.

The Shorinji Kempo Organization
Currently there are four major organization of Shorinji Kempo. They are; - World Shorinji Kempo Organization (WSKO) : Consists of Shorinji Kempo federations all over the world. About 28 countries have joined the organization. - Shorinji Kempo Federation : University/High school clubs, Corporate clubs, and Culture centers are supposed to join this organization. Chairperson is Mr. Tsunihiro Arai. - Kongozen Souhonzan Shorinji : Branches of Shorinji Kempo are supposed to join this organization. President is Mr.Yoshiaka Suzuki. - Zenrin gakuen/Nippon Shorinji Budo Senmon gakko ( Shorinji Kempo Sch ool ) : Martial arts school dedicated for learning Shorinji Kempo. President is Mr. Hiromichi Yamazaki.

Professions of the Shorinji Kempo
While learning Shorinji Kempo, you may hear about "Seiku","Doukun", "Seigan" and "Raihaishi". These are the words, Doushin So wrote to remind us about the spiritual aspect of Shorinji Kempo. I was told that it was difficult to find out official translations of these, therefore I would like to give English translations below. However the followings are not word to word translation of them nor the official translations made by WSKO, but free translations by the author of this site.

Seiku

Scripture

Do nothing wrong, put in practice right things, and keep our soul clean, This is what Hotokes tell us. I myself is what I can depend on, I can not depend on others. Well developed oneself is the ultimate goal to depend on. If I do somethig wrong, I myself become sinful. If I do nothing wrong, then I can keep myself clean. Whether I am sinful or not, depend on my act. Others can not make me clean. Note: "Hotoke"; Hotoke has many meaning, sometimes it is Buddha himself, but enlightened persons are also called Hotoke. Here in Seiku, Hotokes mean wise people achieved enlightenment.

Doukun

Instructive briefing

Michi is given by Ten and it shows a way all human being has to follow. If we can find and follow it, then we can go forward and be safe. If we cannot find the way, we will get lost in the world. Therefore it is said that we cannot leave nor discard Michi. While we are living, it is valuable for us to do our best to follow Michi. If we are not shamed of our attitude in doing our best, we will be able to stand on the earth. If there is a man who does not do his best in ethical life, it can be said that he is not alive in spiritual meaning. Such man is said to be wasting his life. Our sole is same to Buddha's in nature, Kami lives in our mind. Therefore if we do our best and feel proud of doing the best, then we can stand in front of Kami with proud. Everything we do is observed by Kami, and any wickedness will not be overlooked. If you respect Ten, appreciate mercy of Kami, respect your ancestors, believe your friends and your family, join with local people, love your spouse, help others in trouble or in emergent need, teach and lead others, do your best, reflect your behavior and make yourself new, abandon wicked thought, seek for good, then even if nobody noticed your goodness, Ten will acknowledge your effort and will bring you and your descendant’s happiness and prosperity, and Dharma will guard you from bad Note: The literal meaning of Michi is a road. But its philosophical meaning is the road human being must follow in their daily life. Sometimes it is same as ethics, morality and commandment. The literal meaning of Ten is a heaven or sky. In Asian classic philosophy Ten is thought to be a source of almighty power. Kami means a god. But it is different from the got in Christianity. "Our sole is the same to Buddha's in nature"; In Asia, it is said that human being can be a god in nature, that is, we can have the tender mercy same to the divine mercy. This and the meaning of god are very different from the monotheistic religion in Europe.

Seigan

Profession

We swear that while we learn this way, Shorinji Kempo, we will not disgrace our ancestors nor double-cross our instructors, and will show respect for the elderly, will not hold younger members in contempt, will make friendship each other and help each other, and will do our best for the way Shorinji Kempo shows. We will not stick to our past, and as a infant baby learner of the Shorinji Kempo, purely seek to practice the way Shorinji Kempo shows. We will practice the way Shorinji Kempo shows, not for our own fame but for helping other people. Note: "as a infant baby learner": We have to empty a bottle before we put something new in it.

Raihaishi

prayer

We express our deepest worship to Dharma from far away. We make a confession about all the sin we have made since our birth inspired by our earthly desire. We will believe in Buddha, Teaching of Buddha and leaders, and obey the guidance. Please give us good guidance and divine aid.

Note: Buddha, Teaching of Buddha and leaders; Buddha, his Teaching and Buddhist priest are said to be the three treasures in Buddhism world. Original Raihaishi use the word “sanpou” meaning the above “three treasures”. The author of this site prefer leaders instead of Buddhist priest and is sure that Doushin So does not necessarily ment to Buddhist priest. Techniques Structure and how to learn them. Shin means mind, the faculty of reason and control. Many believe that dependability goes hand in hand with developing mental power. Juho is a set of techniques which let you escape from holds and enable you to throw someone who is attacking you.

System

The system of Shorinji Kempo
Mental Power Shin Juho

Physical Techniques Shorinji Kempo

Goho Goho is a set of self-defense techniques using kicking and punching. "Eki Kin Gyou" Intelligence Seiho Seiho is a set of techniques of theraputic massage and relaxation techniques. Chi Chi means wisdom, intelligence, mental ability. Practicing Shorinji Kempo develops one's mental faculty through human relations and the disciplined execution of physical techniques.

Shorinji Kempo is a conglomerate of the above three. Even to execute physical techniques there always must be Shin, mental power, to overcome the fear and Chi, to find out the weak point of the aggressor. And also, in physical techniques, Goho and Juho are not independant, they can work best with other's help.

Zazen
Zazen is a way of meditation came from Zen. Shorinji Kempo incorporate Zazen as an important way of mental training. When practicing Zazen, release your mind. Below is a way of sitting for Zazen. When standing up, take the reverse steps for sitting.

(1)Stand in Kesshu gamae.

(4)Put your right knee to your right hand side and down your hip right after your right ankle.

(2)Put your right foot back.

(5)Set your hip on the floor and put your right leg bent in front of your hip as shown in the left figure.

(3)Set your right knee on the floor.

(6)Pull your left ankle on to your right ankle, you may use your hands to help pulling your left ankle.

Principles in learning physical techniques
The body and the heart, they must go together. Development of one's body is greatly aided by one's control of one's mind. Power and love, they must go together, too. Power without love is nothing but violence. Love without the power to sustain it is useless. Do not try to defeat someone without thinking of defence. Offense without defense will lead you to lose. Do not try to harm anyone. Shorinji Kempo is intended to assist and develop people. Goho and Juho cannot be separated. They will work most beautifully in combination. You must practice both of them for good results. Try to practice Shorinji Kempo with a partner, who can help you practice in realistic situations. You can learn from each other.

Training tips
Seek to understand the principles behind each technique. If you know why a technique, a waza, works, then you can learn it more quickly. Practice as often as you can. Repeated practices will make your techniques almost instinctive. Try to practice a variety of techniques. They will work well in combination. Well balanced training will develop your skill best. For example, try to use both hands until you feel equally comfortable with both. Do not go overload. Shorinji Kempo is not asceticism. Practice it at level suitable to your skill, physical condition, and range of interests. Continuity is the most important factor for development. You may feel your progress is slow at first, but continuity can make you an expert in Shorinji Kempo.

Three stages in learning
The literal meaning of these three characters are Obey, Break and Leave. Their meanings are thought to be essential for learning the profound techniques. Obey, in this context, means "do exactly as you are taught". Sometimes, you will think of a better way to execute some technique or other however, such kind of casual idea will not help your progress. Understanding each technique can be achieved only if you have come to be able to do it as you are taught.. Break means modifying what you are taught to fit yourself, but after you fully understand what you were taught. You come to a level of modifying the techniques for better performance and bigger effect. Leave means establishing ones own techniques. You can develop your own techniques after going through the Break level.

Always try to go through these steps. You have to be modest to master the important fundamental techniques of Shorinji Kempo.

About Enbu
Enbu, or prearranged sequence of offending and defending techniques, is the most Shorinji Kempo like exhibition. Actually it is not just for an exhibition, it is for mastering Shorinji Kempo, and is the ultimate style of Kumite, major practicing way of Shorinji Kempo's techniques. Kumite means practicing techniques in cooperation with a partner. He can give you a chance to learn how an opponent may react to your movement, or your techniques such as joint locking is effective or not, and what do you feel in the pressure of his attack. Thus via Kumite you can learn from your partner and you can teach him at the same time. Shorinji Kempo's techniques are well fitted for sequence of movement. Imagine that you are attacked by someone, it is not realistic that he attacks you only once with one blow and does nothing right after. He will continue to offend you till he is stopped or succeeds to take you down. Thus, to prepare for the sequence of blows or kicks is very important and Enbu is one of the best way to train you to be ready for such situation. Although Enbu is prearranged, people in higher level can change the arrangement occasionally or arbitrary. They have profound knowledge of the opponent's action and reaction. However, while you are in beginner's level try to do as exactly as it is prearranged. The point here is that you must, for example, deliver your blow so that it will hit your partner unless he dodges it. If you deliver your blow not to reach him even if he stands still, Enbu becomes nothing but tracing the sequence without the partner. This cannot be called "Enbu", nor do anything meaningful for your development.

How and where to learn?
Shorinji Kempo is a sophisticated set of techniques and it is hard to gain an appreciation for how the techniques are interrelated. It's hard to learn by oneself. You have to feel the effect of the techniques by practicing it with others. And since you have to start from the Obey stage, you need an expert to learn from. It is strongly recommended that if you want to learn Shorinji Kempo, join a Dojo or Doin where people who want to learn Shorinji Kempo gather. You can find Dojo or Doin all over the world. There are many expert teachers of Shorinji Kempo, graduates of special training course in Honzan, which is the head quarter of Shorinji Kempo. Honzan, in Shikoku prefecture of Japan, is where Shorinji Kempo was founded. Every Dojo and Doin is ready to welcome you.

The Body and its parts
In this page red arrow means that it is a vital point.

atama for a head. kubi for a neck. kata for a shoulder. mune for a chest. ude for an arm. ashi for a leg. Sometimes kyaku is used instead of ashi, such as kyaku tou, which means using a leg like a sword to mow down your opponent. dou for a trunk or a body, but it does not include arms, legs nor a head, usually. hara for an abdomen. koshi for a waist, and it includes hips.

hitai for a forehead. me for an eye. hana for a nose. kuchi for a mouth. ago for a jaw. bukkotu for a secret point just under the Adam's apple. mikazuki for a secret point in a jaw. keichuu for a secret point in the neck bone. mimi for an ear. mayu for an eyebrow.

hiza for a knee mukouzune for a shin. kurubushi for an ankle. kakato for a heel. fukurahagi for a calf.

futomomo for a thigh.

kou for an instep. tumasaki for a tiptoe. zenzokutei for the front part of the sole of a foot. ashinoura for the sole of a foot. tushifumazu for the arch of a foot.

suigetu for a pit of the stomach. sanmai is a secret point in the side of a chest.

yokosanmai is a secret point in the side of a chest.

jouwan for an upper arm. zenwan for a forearm. hiji for an elbow. bosikyu is a key of juho. oyayubi for a thumb. hitosashiyubi for an index finger. tenohira for a palm. shuto is a little finger side of a palm. wantou is left side of your right forearm when the palm facing you. chuin is a secret point near the elbow. nakayubi for a middle finger, kusuriyubi for a ring finger, koyubi for a little finger.

Kyusho and Seiho
Arms - Pressure Points on the Inside and Outside

Legs - Pressure Points on the Front and Back

Head - Pressure Points on Head and Face

Torso - Pressure Points on the Trunk

Torso - Pressure Points on the Back

Elemental

Establish a basic techniques skill level through illustrated tips.

Basically, you have to learn Shorinji Kempo at a branch where an official instructor can teach you each techniques. Shorinji Kempo is not suitable for self learning. Especially, you need your partner to learn Juho to know how it works and what kind of pain each Juho technique causes. However, it may be worth you practice some techniques by yourself at home after you have been taught them at the branch. This page may be helpful for you to remind you of some tips of each techniques. Practice those techniques as many times as possible, to make these techniques part of your inherent ability. Listed below, basic movements and technical words and tips for some important techniques. English names given to each techniques may different from the WSKO's authorized technical term. I put them just for your ease of understanding. If you find out the difference between the names used in this page from the WSKO's terminologies, please let me know by email, thank you.

Basic technique Index Basic stance Basic postures Body movement Comments Foot positions and basic way of standing and how to sit. Basic postures of Byakuren chool and Giwa shool. How to move your body and dodge.

Basic steps Body parts Elemantal techniques in Goho Tips and explanation

Basic way of carring your body. Body parts used in offense and defense. Basic movement in Goho, such as punch, kick and guard. Important tips about specific techniques.

Basic stance Basic stance is called Sokui ho in Shorinji Kempo. Listed below are some of basic stances. Example of several foot position. Foot position Name Foot position Name

Kaisoku open stance

Heisoku, closed stance

Gyaku choji, regular stance

Mae kagi ashi, front foot right angle stance, a transitional stance.

Ushiro kagi ashi, rear foot right angle stance, a transitional stance.

Yoko kagi ashi, front foot step over stance, a transitional stance.

Hachiji ashi, kanji "eight" figure stance.

kawashi ashi, cross leg stance, a transitional stance.

Listed below are basic way of standing. Stance Name Stance Name Stance Name

Zenkutu dachi, front weight position

Koukutu dachi, rear weight position

Nekoashi dachi, front kick position

Kiba dachi, low weight position

Fukko dachi, knee position

Ku no ji dachi, standard standing position

Basic postures Tai gamae, or posture, is a position useful in guarding yourself and initiating offence. Eight postures of Byakuren school

Gassho gamae

Manji gamae

Midare gamae

Hasso gamae

Taiki gamae

Gyaku taiki gamae

Aiki gamae

Byakuren chuudan gamae

Nine postures of Giwa school

Kesshu gamae

Ichiji gamae

Niou gamae

Chudan gamae Gedan gamae

Gyaku gedan gamae

Fukko gamae

Tachi muso gamae

Yoko muso gamae

Fujin hou, Relative positioning There are three types of positionings as shown below.

Seitai gamae

You face your opponent as shown in the left figure.

Tai gamae

When your opponent stands with his left (right) foot forward, you stand with your left (right) foot forward.

Hiraki gamae

When your opponent stands with his left (right) foot forward, you stand with your right (left) foot forward.

Body movement, or Taisabaki Taisabaki means "body movement" to dodge punches and kicks and the way of changing body direction. Listed below are some of the basic way of moving the upper body to dodge your opponent's attack. Name Movement Explanation

Yoko furimi Side sway

Step your right leg to your right a little and sway your body to the right.

Ryusui Sway forward

Step your right leg to your right a little and sway your body to the 45 degree of angle to the right with your left shoulder leading your upper body's right turn.

Sorimi Sway back

Putting your weight to your rear leg, sway back.

Hikimi Drawing body

Draw your middle body back to put it out of your opponent's reach.

Listed below are some of the basic way of changing the body direction. Name Movement Explanation

Han tenshin Simple shift

Pull your rear leg behind your left leg to turn right and shift your body to the left. You can dodge your opponent's strait punch or kick with this technique.

Gyaku tenshin Reverse shift

Pull your front leg behind your right leg to turn left and shift your body to the right. You can dodge your opponent's strait punch or kick with this technique.

Put your front leg slightly forward to turn right.

Han tenkan Half turn

Put your rear leg a step forward to turn left.

Zen tenkan Full turn

Put your front leg in front of your rear leg and turn right 180 degree of angle to face your opponent on your back.

Nisoku zentenkan Two steps full turn

You can turn 180 degree in two steps. This technique is important to throw your opponent with Juho.

Ukemi Ukemi is a guarding technique to save your body from falling down and hit your body to the floor. There are several types of Ukemi techniques but the basic two techniques are shown below. Click on each figure to see the detail explanations.

Mae ukemi Front turn guard

To save your body from falling down damage, make your body turn forward.

Ushiro ukemi Backward turn guard

To save your body from falling down damage, make your body turn backward.

Mae ukemi
Mae ukemi is a defense technique when you can not stand upright and forced to fall down. By using Mae ukemi, you will be able to guard your head hitting the floor or ground and stand up quickly.

(1)Put your right foot forward. (2)Put down your right hand, so that it will touch the floor first. (3)Push your right elbow forward to make a circle as shown in Fig.(5). (4)Bend your neck and put your head inside the circle. (5)Turn your body forward. (6)Turn on. (7)Use your left hand to push you up, if necessary. (8)Lift your hip. (9)Turn back to see your opponent. (10)Take Fukko gamae. The blue line shown in the left must hit the floor continuously. That is, the blue line must make a circle to touch the floor.

Ushiro ukemi
Ushiro ukemi is a defense technique when you can not stand upright and forced to fall down. By usingUshiro ukemi, you will be able to guard your head hitting the floor or ground and stand up quickly.

(1)Stand up with your left foot back. (2)Step back your left foot to prevent falling down shock, (3)and put down your left hip, (4)so that it will touch the floor first. (5)Bend your neck and put your head close to your chest. (6)Guard your head with your hands and touch the floor with them. (7)Turn over. (8)Use your both hands to push the floor, to that you can stand up far from your opponent. (9)Push up your body. (10)Take Fukko gamae. The blue line shown in the left must hit the floor continuously from left foot to right hand, except dotted line part. That is, the blue line must make a circle to touch the floor.

Basic steps
Listed below are some of the basic steps of Shorinji Kempo. Name of the techniques Movement Explanation

Fumikomi ashi, Front leg forward step

Put your front leg a step forward.

Mae yose ashi, Rear leg forward step

Draw your rear leg toward your front leg.

Sashikomi ashi, Forward steps

Put your front leg a step forward and then draw your rear leg toward your front leg.

Sashikae ashi, Forward steps changing legs

Put your rear leg a step forward beyond your front leg. As shown in the left FIg. first, draw your right leg near your front leg and then put it in front of the left leg in 45 degree of angle.

Tobikomi ashi, Rear leg jump forward

Jump forward jumping with rear leg.

Mae kumo ashi, Front leg jump forward

Jump forward jumping with front leg. As shown in the left Fig. land on your rear leg first.

Elemental techniques in Goho
Listed below are some of the basic punching, kicking and guarding techniques of Shorinji Kempo. Detail explanations are given for those who would like to practice them at home.

Jun zuki

Jun zuki (Jun zuki) is a punch with your left (right) hand when you stand with your left (right) foot in front of you. It is very similar to a jab of boxing. The power of Jun zuki is not so large but it takes less time to reach your opponent. In the following figures, Jun zuki after you step forward is shown, however, there are many variations for Jun zuki. In the following way, you can learn much easily how to turn your shoulder and hip. After you find out how to use the power of your shoulder and hip turn in the movement shown below, try many variations such as, stand still Jun zuki , without stepping forward , and so on.

The animation in the left shows a practice method of jun zuki while moving forward. Learn how to move forward and how to use your hip movement and switching your shoulders.

(1) Put forward your left foot as shown in the left figure.

(2)Withdraw your right foot a little. At the same time, turn your shoulder counterclockwise. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your left punch.

(3)Turn your shoulder and hip clockwise. With this turning power stretch our your left fist to your opponent. Pull your right hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the turning speed. Do not put your left fist stretched out so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your left hand.

Gyaku zuki

Gyaku zuki (Gyaku zuki) is a punch with your right (left) hand when you stand with your left (right) foot in front of you. Gyaku zuki is a very powerful blow, but it travel long distance before it reaches your opponent, so there is a big chance for your opponent to dodge it. Therefore speed is very important for this technique. To earn speed, turn your shoulder and hip as quickly as possible. Gyaku zuki is a very basic punch, therefore it is very important for you to master it completely. You must ask your instructer in a branch you joined about its tips.

The left animation shows how to practice Gyaku zuki in moving forward situation. Although in the animation a short pause is added after delivering a gyaku zuki for illustrative purpose, you must draw back your fist as soon as you can after delivering your gyaku zuki.

In the following figures, Gyaku zuki after you step forward is shown, however, there are many variations for Gyaku zuki. In the following way, you can learn much easily how to turn your shoulder and hip. After you find out how to use the power of your shoulder and hip turn in the movement shown below, try many variations such as, stand still Gyaku zuki , without stepping forward , and so on.

(1) Put forward your left foot as shown in the left figure. (3)Turn your shoulder and hip counterclockwise. With this turning power stretch our your right fist to your opponent. Pull your left hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the turning speed. Do not put your right fist stretched out so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your right hand.

(2)Withdraw your right foot a little. At the same time, turn your shoulder clockwise. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your right punch.

Never pull back your elbow like the figure on the left. You may think that pulling back your elbow will add the power to your punch. However it helps nothing good but slow down your punch. Let your instructor check your form if your elbow is drawn backward. The punching power must be assisted with the force kicking the ground with your right foot same as jun zuki as shown in the left figure. Put your elbow beside your body, this will help transfering the power of your turing hip to your fist. Turn your shoulder sharply. Turning your shoulder will give you a longer reach.

Jun geri

Jun geri is a kick with your left (right) foot when you stand with your left (right) foot in front of you. The power of Jun geri is not so large but it takes less time to reach your opponent. Try to turn your hip to reach out and give it enough energy to stop your opponent's coming forward to you. Speed is very essential for this technique and try to pull back your leg as soon as possible so that it cannot be caught and held by youropponent. In the following figures, Jun geri without foreward step is shown, however, there are many variations for Jun geri. When practicing Jun geri, imagine as if your opponent is standing in front of you, and when you feel that your imaginary opponent begins to move, initiate Jun geri as shown in the figures below.

(1) Stand with your left foot in front of you as shown in the left figure.

(3)Turn your hip clockwise. With this turning power stretch our your left leg to your opponent. Do not put your left foot stretched out for a while so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your left foot. The trajectory of your foot shall be in the blue arrow shown left, not the red arrow.

(2)Pull your left foot a little. At the same time, turn your hip counterclockwise a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your left foot.

Gyaku geri

Gyaku geri is a kick with your right (left) foot when you stand with your left (right) foot in front of you. The power of Gyaku geri is large but it takes much time to reach your opponent.

The left animation shows how to practice Gyaku geri in moving forward situation continuously. This is a good way to learn how to move forward and deliver gyaku geri.

In the following figures, Gyaku geri after stepping foreward is shown, however, there are many variations for Gyaku geri.

(1) Stand with your left foot in front of you as shown in the left figure and step foreward your left foot.

(3)Turn your hip counterclockwise. With this turning power stretch our your right leg to your opponent. Do not put your right foot stretched out so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your right foot. The trajectory of your foot shall be the blue arrow shown left, not the red arrow.

(2)Pull your right foot a little foreward. At the same time, turn your hip clockwise a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your right foot.

Mawashi geri

Mawashi geri is a kicking technique used when you want to kick your opponent horizontally. Mawashi geri is a very powerful kick because it utilize a spinning energy of the body. It is very important to get the biggest power by turning your hip quickly. It is sometime difficult to dodge Mawashi geri. Stepping aside is an effective way to dodge a strait kick. However, Mawashi geri is a hook kick which can follow your side step. Sway back or blocking with arm or knee is an effective countermeasure against Mawashi geri.

The left animation is a stepping forward contiguous mawashi geri practice method.

In the following figures, Mawashi geri after stepping forward is explained for every motion, however, there are many variations for Mawashi geri. You may kick your opponent with your front leg, and/or without stepping forward.

(1) Stand with your left foot in front of you as shown in the left figure and step forward your left foot. (3)Lift your knee aimed at the target and,

(2)Put your left foot as shown in the left figure. Your left toe must point to the left hand side. Pull your right foot a little forward. At the same time, bend your left leg a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your right foot.

(4) give your foot circular momentum by turning your hip counterclockwise. With this turning power stretch out your right leg to the tatget. Do not put your right foot stretched out long time so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your right foot. The trajectory of your foot shall be the blue arrow shown left.

(4) give your foot circular momentum by turning your hip counterclockwise. With this turning power stretch out your right leg to the tatget. Do not put your right foot stretched out long time so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your right foot. The trajectory of your foot shall be the blue arrow shown left.

Yoko geri

Yoko geri is a kicking technique used when you want to kick your opponent standing your right or left hand side. Yoko geri is a very powerful kick because it utilize full energy of your hip movement. However it takes longer time for your foot to reach your opponent, speed is vital for this kicking technique. The left animation shows a practice of Yoko geri kicking your left and right hand side opponents. In Yoko geri, your Soku tou part of a leg, circled with a blue orval in the right figure, is used to hit your opponent, therefore this technique is also called Sokutou geri. In the following figures, Yoko geri after stepping forward is shown, because it is easy for you to learn how to turn your hip for Yoko geri in the movement shown in the figure below. There are many variations for Yoko geri. You may kick your opponent with your front leg, and/or without stepping forward.

(1) Stand with your left foot in front of you as shown in the left figure and step forward your left foot.

(3)Lift your right leg as shown in the left figure. With this movement you can store up an energy to stretch out your right leg to your opponent.

(2)Put your left foot as shown in the left figure. Your left toe must point to the left hand side. Pull your right foot a little forward. At the same time, bend your left leg a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your right foot.

(4)Stretch out your right foot. You must hit your opponent with your right Soku tou. Do not put your right foot stretched out long time so that your opponent will not have any chance to seize your right foot. The trajectory of your foot shall be the blue arrow shown left.

Uwa uke
Uwa uke is a basic guarding technique against your opponent's punch into your face or head. It is important to use your body movement to make your opponent's punch miss your face and apply Uwa uke so that it has no chance to hit your face. In the following figures, Uwa uke after you step backward is shown, however, there are many variations for Uwa uke. Try many variations such as, stepping forward, aside standing still and using backside arm as well as front side arm, so on. An animation below is an example of practicing Uwa Do not move your arm as shown uke, without reseeding, standing at the same place. below, that is, do not swing your You have to move your arm as shown below. You can arm with a pivot at your elbow. transfer the turning power of your hip and shoulder to your arm when you follow the movement shown below.

Use the red circle part in Uwa uke. Stretch out your fingers to make the red circle part's muscle inflated. This will help weakening a shock of being hit by your opponent.

(1) Put your right foot backward as shown in the left figure.

(3)Turn your hip clockwise. With this turning power stretch out your left hand up. Pull your left hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the pushing up speed of your left hand.

(2)Withdraw your left foot a little. At the same time, turn your shoulder counterclockwise a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your left hand for guarding.

Shita uke

Shita uke is a basic guarding technique against your opponent's punch or kick into your body. It is important to use your body movement to make your opponent's punch or kick miss your body and apply Shita uke so that it has no chance to hit your body. Please contact your instructer to learn Shita uke , for this is a very basic movement. Practice to learn basic movement in Shita uke standing at the same plece.

Use the red circle part in Shita uke. Stretch out your fingers to make the red circle part's muscle inflated. This will help weakening a shock of being hit by your opponent.

In the following figures, Shita uke after you step forward is shown, however, there are many variations for Shita uke. Try many variations such as, stepping backward.

(1) Put your left foot forward as shown in the left figure.

(3)Turn your hip clockwise. With this turning power stretch out your left hand down. Pull your left hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the pushing down speed of your left hand.

(2)Withdraw your right foot a little. At the same time, turn your shoulder counterclockwise a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your left hand for guarding.

Uchi uke

Uchi uke is a basic guarding technique against your opponent's punch or kick into your face or head. It is important to use your body movement to make your opponent's punch or kick miss your face and apply Uchi uke so that it has no chance to hit your face. In the following figures, Uchi uke after you step forward is shown, however, there are many variations for Uchi uke. Try many variations such as, stepping backward, aside standing still and using backside arm as well as front side arm, so on.

This is a self practicing of Uchi uke defending technique. Make sure that your face is off your opponent's punching line.

(1) Put your left foot forward as shown in the left figure.

(3)Shift your position with the movement above.

(2)And pull your right foot forward.

(4)Pull your forearm forward as shown in the left Fig. Pull your left hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the pushing speed of your left hand.

You have to move your arm as shown left. Do not swing your arm with a pivot at your elbow.

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Harai uke
Harai uke is a basic guarding technique against your opponent's punch or kick into your body. It is important to use your body movement to make your opponent's punch miss your body and apply Harai uke so that it has no chance to hit your body. You have to make your elbow bent at the time of impact with your opponent's kick. There are many chances to break your arm if you make your elbow stretched against your opponent's Mawashi geri. In the following figures, Harai uke after you step backward is shown, however, there are many variations for Harai uke. Try many variations such as, stepping forward using backside arm as well as front side arm, so on.

(1) Put your right foot backward as shown in the left figure.

(2)Withdraw your left foot a little.

(3)At the same time, turn your hip clockwise a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your left hand for guarding.

(3)Turn your hip counterclockwise. With this turning power sweep out your left hand. Pull your left hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the pushing up speed of your left hand.

Ren uke

Ren uke is a basic guarding technique against your opponent's sequential punches into your face and body. First you guard your face with Uwa uke and then guard your body with Shita uke, and at the same time, guard your face with Uchi uke. This guarding technique, Uchi uke for your face and Shita uke for your body, is called Ren uke. As your opponent may hit your face with his second brow, Uchi uke is a kind of insurance. There are many variations for Ren uke. Try as many variations as much. (2)Withdraw your left foot a little. At the same time, turn your shoulder counterclockwise a little. By this movement you can store up an energy to throw your left hand for guarding.

(1) Put your right foot backward as shown in the left figure.

(3)Turn your hip clockwise. With this turning power stretch out your left hand up. Pull your left hand in front of your chest. Also use this movement to accelerate the pushing up speed of your left hand.

(4)Guard your body with Shita uke and your face with Uchi uke. Withdraw you body so that your opponent's middle punch will miss your body.

(5)Pull your left knee up,

(6)and turn your hip clockwise and kick into your opponent.

Furiko duki (Furiko zuki)
Furiko means "pendulum". Furiko duki is a exercising method swinging your body like a pendulum and punch straight forward right and left in turn. It is good for your practice to assume your opponent standing in front of you and when swing your body, imagine your opponent's punch coming to you. Do not twist your wrist. Push out your fist straight forward by the turning power of your shoulder.

(1)Stand up in Kaisoku chuudan gamae.

(3)Swing your body to the left and turn your hip and shoulder counterclockwise and by this turning power, push out your right fist straight forward. Pull your left fist in front your chest. Repeat (2) and (3).

(2)Swing your body to the right and turn your hip and shoulder clockwise and by this turning power, push out your left fist straight forward. Pull your right fist in front your chest.

Wonderful Enbu
Houkei, or Standard Formation Doshin So classified and arranged techniques into categories and defined basic standard sequence of the movements, called Houkei, or standard formation. Many of them are practiced by a pair of person. They are called Kihon Kumi Enbu, or basic pair formation. It is the best way to learn Shorinji Kempo by practicing Kihon Kumi Enbu. But some of Houkei are defined so that you can practiced by yourself, without a partner.They are called Tan En Houkei, or single standard formation. Thus, we have another way of training our skill by ourself, without a partner. Although Houkei is prearranged sequence of the movements, it is sure that you can apply it to the real situation by changing the arrangement arbitrary after you have got to a certain level of skill by practicing Houkei. When practicing Houkei, always try to imagine that there is an opponent in front of you. Repeat as many times as you can to achieve a level where you do not have to command your body the next movement. There are four Tan En Houkei, or single standard formation, as listed below. They are Giwa ken, Tenchi ken, Byakuren ken and Manji no kata. Ryuou ken is added because some of its Houkei is defined as a single standard formation. Name Ryuou ken Giwa ken Tenchi ken Byakuren ken Manji no kata Explanation Starting from the situation that your opponent has seized your arm or hand. This is to train consecutive movement of offending and defending for the beginners. This is to teach a most basic movement of Shorinji Kempo to biginners. This is made of Goho of Byakuren techniques. This is to exhibit Goho and Juho.

Ryuou ken Name Ryuou ken 1st Giwa ken Name Giwa ken 1st Giwa ken 2nd Tenchi ken Name Tenchi ken 1st Tenchi ken 2nd Tenchi ken 3rd Tenchi ken 4th Tenchi ken 5th Tenchi ken 6th Byakuren ken Name Byakuren ken 1st Explanation This is composed of techniques offending with a hand used for a guard. Explanation This is composed of techniques offending with punch and kick, and defending by basic guard techniques. This consists of basic rengeki, two punches, kicks or mixed, in sequence without no pause in between. This consists of basic rengeki. Change the direction of offense while practicing. This consists of advanced rengeki , tobi-rengeri. This consists of sequence of Uchiharai uke and consecutive kick techniques. This consists of sequence of Uchiharai uke and consecutive Sokutou kick, or side kick, techniques. Explanation This is composed of basic techniques offending with punch and kick. This is composed of uchi uke, punch and kick, and han tenkan, half turn. Explanation This is composed of basic Juho technique, Kote muki, and consecutive counterattack.

Ryuou ken 1st
Ryuou ken 1st is a pair basic standard formation. You can learn basic movements of Kote nuki and the following techniques. The same formation for single person is defined as Tan En Houkei, or single standard formation. The movement is not exactly same to the right hand side person in the right animation. In case you are to have an examination, follow the movement as described below.

Prepare to start in Kesshu gamae. Keep your breath steady.

Draw your right leg back. Take Chudan gamae.

Do not let him seize your hand for the first time. Use Shita uke to guard your hand.

Apply Kote nuki. Push your right elbow completely.

Throw Uraken in his face.

Stepping aside to the right, punch his body with your left hand.

Kick his face or body with Mawashi geri.

Put your right leg in the former position and ready for the next movement.

Guarding with left Shita uke, draw your right leg behind your left leg.

Stop motion illustration of Ryuouken 1st.

Step 1, Start with chuudan gamae.

Step 2, Guard in kagite position with your left hand at chuudan position.

Step 3, Deliver meuchi to your opponet with your left hand.

Step 5, Deliver uraken punch to your opponent's face at sango critical point.

Step 4, Step your right foot foward. And apply kotenuki to your right hand. Completely push forward your elbow.

Step 6, Move your right foot right and punch in your opponent's body with your left hand.

Step 10, Step back your right foot and shitauke with your left hand.

Step 8, Swing your body to the left and punch in your opponent's face with your right hand.

Steo 9, Mawashi geri with your right leg. After the kick, put your right leg where it was.

<Tips> Do not try to pull your hand when seized. Use his force to pull to take Kagite guard position. The following is the explanation before the revision. Ryuou ken 1st is a pair basic standard formation. You can learn basic movements of Kote nuki and the following techniques. The same formation for single person is defined as Tan En Houkei, or single standard formation. The movement is the same of the right hand side person in the right animation. When he seized on the second time, take Kagite guard position at once and deliver Meuchi with left hand.

Prepare to start in Kesshu gamae. Keep your breath steady.

Draw your right leg back. Take Chudan gamae.

Do not let him seize your hand for the first time. Use Shita uke to guard your hand.

Apply Kote nuki. Push your right elbow completely.

Throw Uraken in his face.

Stepping aside to the right a little, punch his Dodging to the left a little, throw your right face with your left hand. punch in the middle.

Kick his face or body with Mawashi geri.

Put your right leg in the former position and Guarding with left Shita uke, draw your right ready for the next movement. leg behind your left leg.

Take Ichiji gamae position and prepare for the next movement. Gassho rei.

Giwa ken 1st
Giwa ken is made of basic movements for the beginners. It is useful for training beginners and also useful for senior people as an exercise. Prepare to start in Kesshu gamae. Keep your breath steady. Draw your right leg back and take Chudan gamaeposition. Stepping forward in 45 degree of angle to dodge your opponent's punch, throw your left upper punch. Draw your right leg a little forward and deliver your right middle punch.

Draw your right leg back, Soto uke with your right hand and Uchi uke with your left hand, or Niou uke. Take Ichiji gamae position.

Step your left leg in the position 45 degree Kick with your left leg and put the leg in right of your right leg and turn your head the previous position. back.

Turning your body back, or Zentenkan, try Uchiharai uke with your right hand. Take Gedan gamae position. Start the same movements from right hand.

<Tips> Try as many time as you can so that you can do it fluently.

Giwaken 2nd
Giwaken 2nd is usually practiced in consequence with Giwaken 1st. This causes Giwaken 2nd to start in hidari mae chuudan gamae. Han tenkan, or half turn, is used in Giwaken 2nd. However, you may apply Zen tenkan, or full turn, arbitrary after you master han tenkan. Hidari mae chuudan gamae Step your left foot diagonally forward, and uchi uke. Right middle punch. Right kick.

Turn your face right, and step your left Put your right foot in the previous position, and Left kick, and put the leg in the previous leg forward, turn right using han tenkan recede a little and left shita uke. position. technique.

Start again with right uchi uke.

Tips The animation on the top of this page is simplified, one han tenkan is omitted. Giwaken 2nd shall be completed in the position after you apply four right han tenkan.

Tenchiken 1st
This consists of basic offending and defending techniques.

In the illustration below, an opponent is added for better understanding of the each movement. Stand in Kesshu form. Drawing back your right leg, stand Step forward in 45 degree of angle, in left Chudan gamae. throw left punch in the face. Draw your right leg a little forward. Throw your right punch to the body. Guarding with right Sotouke, punch into the body with left Kagiduki, or hook punch.

Guard your face with Uchiuke and Guard your body with right Draw your left leg wide, and guard body with Shitauke at the same Uchiharai uke, apply left Soto uke Counterattack with right kick. your face with right Uwauke. time. at the same time.

Guarding your body with Shitauke, prepare for the next movement in left Ichiji gamae.

<Tips> Practice as many times as you can.

Tenchiken 2nd
This consists of basic offending and defending techniques. It includes rengeki, two punches, kicks or mixed, punch and kick, in sequence without no pause in between. Duck and guard your face with Right middle punch right after the uchiage uke. Throw left middle kagi upper furiduki. duki at the same time.

Stand in left ichiji gamae.

Upper left furiduki stepping diagonally forward.

Stepping forward your right leg, throw right upper punch.

Throw left middle punch right away.

Guard your face with soto uke and uchi uhiotoshi uke at the same time, niou uke.

Right middle kick and put your right leg where it was.

Draw back your right leg.

Prepare for the next movement in left ichiji gamae.

<Tips> Practice as many times as you can. Do not lose a rhythm of rengeki.

Tenchiken 3rd
This consists of basic offending and defending techniques. Changing the direction of offense is one of the feature of it. Stand in left ichiji gamae. Upper left furiduki stepping diagonally forward. Right middle punch in the direction of 30 degree of angle to the right. Mawashi geri in the direction of 60 Stepping forward your right leg in degree of angle to the right. the triangular direction to the right, throw right shutou giri.

Throw left middle punch right away.

Draw back your left leg and shita uke.

Right middle kick and put your right Turn back, using zentenkan. leg where it was.

Prepare for the next movement in left ichiji gamae.

Tips Change the direction of offense as shown in the left figure; furiduki(1), gyaku duki(2), mawasi geri(3), shutou giri(4).

Tenchi ken 4th
This consists of basic offending and defending techniques. It includes four consecutive offense, two with rengeki and two with tuki.

Stand in left ichiji gamae.

Jump with your left leg.

Right kick and,

left kick immediately.

Stepping forward your left leg, throw left shutou giri.

Throw right middle punch right away.

Draw back your right leg and shita Left middle kick and put your left leg uke. where it was.

Turn right, using hantenkan.

Prepare for the next movement in rightichiji gamae.

Tips For tobi ren geri, use your leg as shown in the left figure. Second kick may be mawashi geri instead of choku geri.

Tenchiken 5th
This consists of sequence of Uchiharai uke and consecutive kick techniques Start with right Ichiji gamae so that you can practice Tenchiken 5th right after Tenchiken 4th. Step forward your right leg in High kick with left leg and put it in front of Kagiashi position and you. Uchiharai uke with left hand.

Right Ichiji gamae.

Step aside your left foot and Uchiharai uke with right hand.

Kick with right leg and put it on the same spot.

Uchiharai uke with right hand and step forward left leg in Kagiashi position.

Side kick to your front with right leg.

Turn left using the momentum of Stepping forward your right pulling back right leg and stand foot, upper punch with your with your left foot. right hand.

Soto uke with right hand and middle punch with left hand.

Swaying back and Uchiharai uke with right hand.

Gedan gamae, or lower hand position.

Stepping forward your right foot,

Uchiharai uke with left hand and Zen tenkan, or full turn.

Prepare to the next movement with left Ichiji gamae.

Tips : Stand still in Kakuritu position, or single foot standing position.

Tenchiken 6th
This consists of basic offending and defending techniques. It includes uchi harai uke and sokuto geri and others. Stand in left ichiji gamae position. Tenchiken 6th is continued from Tenchiken 5th. Pull forward your right leg, uchiharai uke with your left arm. Sokuto geri with your left leg to your right. Put the leg in front of your right foot. Uchiharai uke with right arm and soto uke with left hand.

Sokuto geri to your right.

Tsuru ashi dachi.

Step forward diagonally to your right and right upper punch.

Left middle punch.

Modori duki with right hand..

Right kick.

Uchi harai uke with left hand and left han tenkan.

Left ichiji gamae, kesshu dachi and gassho rei.

Tips : Modori duki is a punch used while you move backward. In the above animation, each movement is stopped a while for the better understanding. When you practice, do not stop at each movement. You must move very smoothly and quickly.

Byakurenken 1st
When your opponent tries to punch in your face, block the punch with uchiuke and using the hand used for the block to counterattack. This technique is called Tubamegaeshi. Byakurenken 1st is a hokei to practice the consequential movement by oneself.

Take taikigamae with your left leg forward.

Move diagonally to the left and block upper punch with uchiuke.

Hit the opponents neck with your left hand.

Right middle punch.

Recede and shitauke.

Kick with left leg and put it down in the same position.

Step your left leg in 45 degree of angle in front of your right leg and turn your head back.

Uchiharai with right arm, turning back your body. Repeat again.

Tips, Speed is essential. Do not pause after uchiuke.

Illustrated

Techniques Techniques with animated illustrations

Here is a list of several basic physical techniques to give you a quick glance of the fine art of Shorinji Kempo. Doshin So classified various Kempo techniques he had learned in China as below based on their nature and structure. Click on the title of a technique to see an illustrated explanation. Although illustrations are consist of simple short sequence of techniques, try to add more movements to brush up your skill when you practice.

The following list of techniques are not all of Shorinji Kempo's techniques. There are far more techniques including variations. Many of them can not be mastered without proper help and instructions you will have in a branch of Shorinji Kempo. The background color of the following tables show to which level each technique belongs.

3-kyuu

2-kyuu

1-kyuu

1-dan

2-dan and higher

Note: The "Romanji" representation of names of techniques are not consistent, throughout this web site, with ones used in WSKO official curriculum. The author uses traditional "Romanji" representation, which can be used in most advanced Japanese input method including such as MSIME to get correct Kanji characters. However, this principle is not applied to all of the names. Some names are written using newer representation. It is used in mixed way. The author of this site is sorry about the inconvenience caused by these mixture. Although the author would like to continue to use traditional "Romanji" representation, he will add WSKO official "Romanji" representation at the same time, so far as it will not make page design uneasy to read. It will be shown in parentheses like, Nio(u) Ken which means that you have to use Niou Ken to use MSIME etc. but in WSKO curriculum Nio Ken is used.

Techniques classified by the level

3-kyu(u) techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sango(u) Ken Tenno(u)u Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Ryu(u)ka Ken Kongo(u) Ken Ryusui geri Shita uke geri Tsuikiten ichi Kote nuki Gyakugote Ude juuji gatame Katate yori nuki Katate okurigote Mae yubi gatame Ryoute yori nuki Okuri maki tenbin Tachi gasshou gatame Maki nuki Uwauke duki Shita uke jun geri Uwauke geri Uchiuke duki

2-kyu(u) techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sango(u) Ken Byakuren Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Ryu(u)ka Ken Kongo(u) Ken Uchiuke geri Han tenshin geri Tsubame gaeshi Kiri nuki Ryoute okurigote Ura gatame Tenshin geri Yoko tenshin geri Chidori gaeshi Juuji nuki Okuri yoko tenbin Juuji gatame Gasshou nuki Juujigote Kirikaeshi nuki Ryaku juujigote Sankaku nuki Ryoute juuji gote Kirigote Juuji uke geri

1-kyu(u) techniques
Nio(u) Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Ryu(u)ka Ken Rakan Ken Sotouke duki Jouhaku nuki Uragaeshi nage Sode maki Ude maki Sode dori Eri juuji Sodemaki tenbin Jouhaku dori Kata munaotoshi Sotouke geri Oshi kiri nuki Soto oshiuke duki Sode nuki Kusshin duki Eri nuki Kusshin geri

1-dan techniques
Sango(u) Ken Tenno(u)u Ken Kakuritsu Ken Harai uke geri Furiten ni Kintekigeri hizauke namigaeshi Keriten san Gyakugeri hizauke namigaeshi Morote juuji nuki Katate oshigote Kannuki gatame Tsukiten san Mawashigeri sanbou uke namigaeshi Nidan nuki Ryoute oshigote Morote hiki nuki Kotemaki gaeshi Morote juujigote

Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Katate oshi nuki Ryu(u)ka Ken Kongo(u) Ken Maki gote Mae tenbin gatame

2-dan and upper level techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sango(u) Ken Tenno(u)u Ken Byakuren Ken Chio(u) Ken Kakuritsu Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Uchiage duki Gedan gaeshi Keriten ichi Hangetsu gaeshi Jungeri chi ichi Gyakugeri chi san Sokutougeri hikiashi namigaeshi Tsuki nuki Hiji nuki Morote gyakugote Ryu(u)ka Ken Kote nage Okuri dori Goka Ken Kongo(u) Ken Rakan Ken Uwa uke nage Bukkotsu nage Tachi ichiji gatame Sodeguchi dori Sekoshi ichiji gatame Sodeguchimaki Okuri yubi dori Gyaku sode dori Sodemaki gaeshi Sode juuji Dangeri sanbouke dangerigaeshi Morote tsuki nuki Morote wa nuki Gassgho gyakugote Makikomigote Konoha okuri Uwauke gyakute nage Morote maki nuki Uchi nuki Gyaku gasshou nage Ryuu nage Okuri gasshou Uwauke se nage Age nuki Ryoute uchi nuki Nigiri kaeshi Sotomaki tenbin Kumade gaeshi Katate nage Gyakute nage Morote okurigote nage Tsuri otoshi Gyaku katate nage Morote oshi nuki Uchiage geri Chuudan gaeshi Gyakuten ichi Harai uke danduki Gyakugeri chi ichi Kaishin duki Gyaku tenshin geri Tsukiten ni Suigetsu gaesi Fukko chi ni Mikaduki gaeshi Harai uke chi ni Jungeri chi san Hangetu geri

Classified by techniques
There ara several ways to counterattack your opponent grasping your hand or arm. Niou ken is a set of essential elements of Goho. Each of them consists of single counterattack action. Ryusui geri, Uwauke duki, Uwauke geri, Uchiage duki, Uchiage geri, Uchiuke duki, Uchiuke geri, Sotouke duki, Sotouke geri, Soto oshiuke duki, Kaishin duki, Tenshin geri, Kusshin duki, Kusshin geri, Hangetu geri, Machi geri Sango ken is a set of basic techniques of Goho, using your hands as guards and counterattack with kicks. Harai uke geri, Gedan gaeshi, Chuudan gaeshi, Shita uke geri, Shita uke jun geri, Gyaku tenshin geri, Han tenshin geri, Yoko tenshin geri, Juuji uke geri Tennou ken is a set of techniques of Gohoand consists of a sequence of defending and counterattack actions triggered by an opponent's punch. Ten(n)o(u) ken Tsuikiten ichi, Keriten ichi, Gyakuten ichi, Furiten ni, Tsukiten ni, Keriten san, Tsukiten san Byakuren ken is a set of techniques of Goho, in which a hand or arm used for guard is used for counterattack. Tsubame gaeshi, Chidori gaeshi, Hangetsu gaeshi, Harai uke danduki, Suigetsu gaesi, Mikaduki gaeshi Chiou ken is a set of techniques of Goho in which a sequence of guarding and counterattack actions are triggered by an opponent's kick. Chio(u) ken Jungeri chi ichi, Gyakugeri chi ichi, Fukko chi ni, Harai uke chi ni, Jungeri chi san, Gyakugeri chi san Kakuritsu ken is a set of techniques of Goho consisting mainly of a sequence of guarding against kicks and counterattacking with kicks. Kakuritsu ken Kintekigeri hizauke namigaeshi, Gyakugeri hizauke namigaeshi, Sokutougeri hikiashi namigaeshi, Mawashigeri sanbou uke namigaeshi, Dangeri sanbouke dangerigaeshi Ryuou ken is a set of techniques of Juho consisting of techniques for escaping from holds.There ara several ways to escape from your opponent grasping your hand or arm Kote nuki, Katate yori nuki, Ryoute yori nuki, Tsuki nuki, Morote tsuki nuki, Maki nuki, Morote maki nuki, Age nuki, Katate oshi nuki, Morote oshi nuki, Kiri nuki, Juuji nuki, Morote juuji nuki, Gasshou nuki, Nidan nuki, Hiji nuki, Morote hiki nuki, Morote wa nuki, Jouhaku nuki, Oshi kiri nuki, Kirikaeshi nuki, Uchi nuki, Ryoute uchi nuki, Sankaku nuki, Sode nuki, Eri nuki

Nio(u) ken

Sango(u) ken

Byakuren ken

Ryu(u)o(u) ken

Ryu(u)ka ken

Goka ken

Kongo(u) ken

Rakan ken

Ryuka ken is a set of techniques developed from Ryuou ken enabling one to throw one's opponent. These techniques are central to Shorinji Kempo.There ara several ways to counterattack your opponent grasping your hand or arm, Gyakugote, Morote gyakugote, Gassgho gyakugote, Gyaku gasshou nage, Nigiri kaeshi, Gyakute nage, Maki gote, Kote nage, Uragaeshi nage, Makikomigote, Ryuu nage, Sotomaki tenbin, Katate okurigote, Ryoute okurigote, Morote okurigote nage, Okuri dori, Konoha okuri, Okuri gasshou, Kumade gaeshi,Tsuri otoshi, Okuri maki tenbin, Okuri hijizeme,Okuri yubi gaeshi, Okuri yoko tenbin, Okuri tsukitaoshi,Okuri shishi dori, Katate oshigote, Ryoute oshigote, Kotemaki gaeshi, Uchi nuki oshigote, Juujigote, Ryaku juujigote, Ryoute juuji gote, Morote juujigote, Kirigote, Kirikaeshigote,Kirikaeshi maki tenbin, Kirikaeshi nage,Katatenage kirikaeshi, Konoha gaeshi,Chouji nage, Gasshou chouji,Gasshou tsukiotoshi Goka ken is a set of techniques of Juho, including some offensive Juho techniques and some defensive techniques such as guarding against Goho and counterattack with Juho. Uwa uke nage, Uwauke gyakute nage, Uwauke se nage, Oshi uke nage, Katate nage, Okuri katate nage, Gyaku katate nage, Gasshou katate nage,Katate kannuki nageRyoute kannuki nageKannuki uchi tenbinKannuki soto tenbinBukkotsu nage, Harai bukkotsu nage,Ushiro bukkotsu nage,Gyaku tenbin nage, Hiki tenbin nage,Tenbin nage,Tsuki tenbin Kongou ken is a set of techniques of Juho enabling one to lock and hold your opponent in a various ways. Ude juuji gatame, Okuri gatame, Okuri yubi dori, Okuri tenbin dori,Kannuki okuri, Mae yubi gatame, Osae yubi gatame,Mae tenbin gatame,Mae ude gatame, Ura gatame, Tachi ichiji gatame, Sekoshi ichiji gatame, Ushiro ude gatame, Kannuki gatame, Konoha gatame,Sankaku gatame,Tsuriage dori, Soto gyakute dori,Uchi gyakute dori, Juuji gatame, Tsuriage ura gatame,Kumogarami, Tachi gassho gatame, Ura gasshou gatame,Ura hiza gatame Rakan ken is a set of the most profound techniques succeeded from very old Juho forms. Sode maki, Sode dori, Sodeguchi dori, Sodeguchimaki, Sodemaki tenbin, Gyaku sode dori, Sodemaki gaeshi, Sode juuji,Ushiro sode dori,Ushiro sodemaki, Jouhaku dori, Hikiotoshi, Kata munaotoshi, Hiki munaotoshi,Ryou munaotoshi, Ude maki, , Makiotoshi,Soto makiotoshi, Eri juuji, Kata muna otoshi, Okuri eri dori,Tekubi dori,Chouji dori, Ushiro eri dori,Yotsukumi koshinage,Maegami dori, Obi dori,Hangetsu kubinage,Maki uchi kubinage, Sukui kubinage,Yahazu nage,Kubijime nage, Juuji nage,Ken shime dori,Omote nage, Ura nage

Tips and explanations
Basic technical explanations and tips are listed below.

Direction of force in Nuki waza
By understanding the right direction of the force you have to apply in Nuki waza, you can easily escape from a grip. Those animals developed thumb can grab things tightly. That means if you can make a force of the thumb grabbing your wrist weaken, you can easily escape from the grip. Thumb can resist against the forces shown by red arrows in the left figure, but can not resist forces shown by green arrows. Shorinji Kempo utilize this fact, using (1) direction are Kote nuki and others, using (2) direction are Kiri nuki and others.

Another way of escaping is applying force in the direction of locking techniques and make your opponent release his grip because of the pain the locking techniques causes.

Meuchi
Once your opponent is prepared for your next move, it may have become difficult to execute a technique, that is, your waza on him. Especially if your opponent is stronger than you, some special techniques are called for. You should try to make it difficult for your opponent to concentrate on the essential elements that determine the effectiveness of your techniques. This category of techniques is called Meuchi and consists of flapping at eyes with fingertips. Delivering Meuchi, you can create a window of opportunity to getting rid of his concentration. You do not have to actually flap at your opponent's eye balls, just waving your finger tips in front of the eyes is sometimes enough. Use Meuchi whenever you try to execute Juho.

Kagite
Kagite is a typical guard style used for preventing your opponent from controlling you once your opponent has seized your wrist. Once one of your hands is in your opponent's grip, do not try to free your hand by pulling it directly back towards you.Your opponent, with greater strength, will hold fast to your hand. Rather, treating your hand-arm-body system as a lever, try to position the fulcrum of that system close to your body. The leverage gained will magnify your strength. This is a simple physical principle. Open your hand as illustrated in the left figure. By opening your hand, your wrist becomes thicker and this makes your opponent a little bit difficult to fasten the grip. However, this gives your opponent a chance to grip your finger at the same time. Therefore do not be in Kagite style for long. Move to the next technique as soon as possible. Remember, to effect this guard style, put your body and not your opponent's grip, near the fulcrum.

Do not try to pull the hand grabbed.

Point in the right description to see Kagite.

Sankaku shuhou or Triangle guard position
Sankaku shuhou is a guard technique against your opponent's offense, trying to twist your arm in a direction shown in the left Fig. Do not pull your wrist toward you, but rather put yourself near to your wrist seized and put it as close as your side body. Your arm will make a triangle shown in the left figure below. As you can see, your opponent's grip has already weakened just after you take Sankaku shuhou guard position.

Point in the right description to see Sankaku shuhou.

Nisoku tenkai
As illustrated at left, Nisoku tenkai, which means two steps full turn, is a way to turn 180 degree in two steps. The quickness and economy of movement this allows is important in throwing techniques.

Tips on Boshikyu
Usig Boshikyu, the aim is to control and push the back of your opponent's hand in such a way that your arm and your opponent's arm form a straight line. Boshikyu , or thenar, refers to the part of your palm just at the base of your thumb.

One man training:(Figs. below) (1)Put the palm of your left hand against the back of your right hand so that both palm faces you. Your left hand is to execute this maneuver on your right hand, which plays the part of your opponent's hand. (2)Hook the middle and ring fingers of your left hand around the fleshy base of your right thumb. (3)Using the leverage afforded by your palm, press the Boshikyu of your left hand against the back of your right hand to fold your right wrist. You shall be able to easily fold your right wrist as far as it will go and, thereby, point the fingers of you right hand at your chest. This will make your arms form a straight line (4)Twist your left hand to check a direction of the force you should apply to give the maximun pain. You can feel how the leverage gives your left hand control over your right hand.

In step 3, it is important to press your Boshikyu against the back of your opponent's hand and not twist your opponent's wrist with your thumb. Beginners sometimes try to twist their opponent's wrist, however this allows your opponent to escape from your grip. It does not work to your advantage at all, especially when your opponent is stronger than you.

Yubidori

This technique is used to lock an opponent's wrist and thumb. Use your Boshikyu firmly attached to the back of his hand and twist his thum in the direction shown in the right Fig.

3-kyu(u) techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sango(u) Ken Tenno(u)u Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Ryu(u)ka Ken Kongo(u) Ken Ryusui geri Shita uke geri Tsuikiten ichi Kote nuki Gyakugote Ude juuji gatame Katate yori nuki Katate okurigote Mae yubi gatame Ryoute yori nuki Okuri maki tenbin Tachi gasshou gatame Maki nuki Uwauke duki Shita uke jun geri Uwauke geri Uchiuke duki

Ryu(u)sui geri
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "ryuu-sui", meaning "running water", and the last one character part is pronounced "geri", meaning "kick". Thus this technique means "Sway your body in ryuu-sui form and counterattack with a kick". See the following explanation about ryuu-sui. Techniques You must tilt your body forward and your right shoulder and hip to right leg must be in smooths line along which water can run down very smoothly. Thus the name "ryuusui" comes from this form. When your opponent try to hit your face with his hand, you bend down to make his punch miss and counterattack with your kick. Forward dodge style;

The opponent try to hit your face with his left hand.

You step forward at a 45 degree angle and bend to make his punch miss you.

Guard your face with Soto uke and your body with Shita uke preparing Counterattack with middle kick. against his kick that may follow.

Step back and prepare for the next movement.

Backward dodge style;

The opponent try to hit your face with his left hand.

You move your weight onto your right foot.

Twist you waist and upper body to right and make your opponent's Counterattack with your left kick. punch miss your face.

Put your left leg back with Juuji ashi sagari moving technique. Prepare for the next movement.。

<これがコツ> Forward dodge style ;Do not afraid of being hit. Bend down forward and aside to let his punch miss your face. It is better keep your back straight. Backward dodge style; Make sure that your left leg and your left waist and shoulder make smooth line.

Stop motion illustration of Ryusui geri. dodging forward.

Step 1, Your opponent(left) and you(right) stand in left chuudan gamae.

Step 2, Your opponent deliver his right punch to your face. You step your left foot forward and,

Step 4, Thus make your opponent's punch miss your face. Guard your body with right shita uke and left soto uke for just in case your opponent deliver his right kick.

Step 3, turn your body counterclockwise and tilt your body forward.

Step 5, Counter attack with your right kick.

Stop motion illustlation for Ryuusui geri, dodging backward.

Step 1, Your opponent(left) stand in left chuudan gamae and you(right) stand in left ichiji gamae. Step 3, You twist your waist and shoulder to right, and

Step 2, Your opponent deriver his right punch to your face. You step your right foot right a little and,

Step 4, make your opponent's punch miss your face. Guard your body with left Icghiji gamae in a little high position against possible consecutive attack.

Step 5, Counterattack with your left kick.

Uwauke duki (Uwa uke zuki)
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Uwa uke", a name of the Shorinji Kempo guard technique, the last one character part is pronounced "zuki", meaning "a punch". Thus this technique means "Guard with uwa uke and counterattack with a punch. Techniques This technique is a very fundamental one, practice as many time as possible so that your body moves automatically. When your opponent try to hit your head or face, guard it with Uwa uke, and counterattack with middle punch. Try as many variation as possible.

Your opponent try to hit you by Shuto You step forward diagonally right uchi. and guard your head with Uwauke.

Middle punch with right hand.

Kumade duki with your left hand.

Prepare for the next movement.

Stop motion illustration of Uwauke duki. This illustration is different from the animation. Try as many variation as possible, such as shown below.

Step 1, Prepare for the movement. You (right) stand in left chuudan gamae.

Step 3, You step your left foot aslant forward and start left uwa uke twisting your hip counterclockwise,

Step 2, Your opponent (left) step his left foot forward and start delivering right shutou uchi on to your head.

Step 4, and with your hip's turning power, stretch out your right forearm to guard your face with uwa uke.

Step 5, Turn your hip clockwise, and deliver your left middle punch into your opponent's body.

Uchiuke duki (Uchi uke zuki)
What it means The first two charactors of Techniques When your opponent try to punch your face, you step aside with Uchi uke and counterattack with middle punch followed by middle kick. You make his punch miss your Make sure that you guard your face by stepping forward at 45 You punch his body with face with Uchi uke so that he degree angle. Apply Uchi uke at the opposite hand. can not hit you any more. the same time. are pronounced "Uchi Uke" meaning "Inside guard" and the last one charactor is pronounced "duki" meaning a punch.

The opponents try to punch your face.

You kick his body.

Step back and prepare for the next movement.

TIPS: Do not wipe off your opponent's hand with your hand. You have to step forward at 45 degree angle to make his punch miss you even if you do not use your hand to block his punch.

Stop motion illustration of Uchiuke duki.

Step 1; Prepare.

Step 4; Guard your face with Uchi uke.

Step 2; Watch your opponet's movement. As soon as detecting his movement, initiate your movement.

Step 5; Counterattack with right middle punch.

Step 3; Step forward at 45 degree angle.

Shitauke geri
This is a very essential movement. You must practice it as many times as you can so that it comes out instinctively. When your opponent try to punch your body, step forward aside a little with Shitauke and counterattack with middle kick. Practice both left and right, and also step back and forward. Take Hassou gamae to let your opponent think You stepping forward aside, of punching or kickking your body. guarding your body with Shitauke. Counterattack with Gyaku geri middle kick.

Tips: Although Shitauke is an early stage technique, it is not easy to do it in a refined style. It is important to slide down your arm. Do not try to wipe off the offending hand or leg. Counterattack shall be done almost at the same time with Shitauke.

Shita uke jun geri
This is a very essential movement. You must practice it as many times as you can so that it comes out instinctively. When your opponent try to punch your body, withdraw your body a little with Shitauke and counterattack with jun geri. Practice both left and right.

Take Hassou gamae to let your opponent Your opponent trys to punch your body, you think of kickking or punching your body. withdraw your body and apply shita uke.

Counterattack with jun geri.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips: Although Shita uke is an early stage technique, it is not easy to do it in a refined style. It is important to slide down your arm. Do not try to wipe off the offending hand or leg. Counterattack shall be done almost at the same time with Shita uke.

Tsukiten ichi
This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown consecutive punches to your face and body, to counterattack them with your kick.

Your opponent trys to throw a punch to your face.

You sway and guard it with Uwauke.

Your opponet throws middle punch. You guard it with Shitauke. Guard your face at a same time.

You kick back. Kick almost at the same time of guarding.

Prepare for next movement.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. The animation above makes several stopping for better understanding. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Kote nuki
Kote nuki works well when your opponent seizes your right (left) hand with his right (left) hand as illustrated in the right figure. The opponent seizes your Deliver Meuchi right away right wrist by his right hand. and, take Kagite guard style. Move to Kote nuki. Turn your palm down and push out your elbow from inside out, not moving the pivot. Turn your elbow out till your Hit into his face with the wrist is released completely. hand just released.

Wrong: This will not work well, if you try to escape when his arm is not stretched straight. He can follow your movement if his arm has freedom to bend. Never try to escape by pulling your hand.

Katate Yorinuki

Use Yorinuki to free your hand from your opponent's grip when he seized your hand as shown in the right Fig.

Your opponent seizes your hand.

You deliver Meuchi and guard Pull your body near to the point in Kagite. your hand is seized.

Turn your palm down and push your elbow out from under, twisting your hand clockwise.

Keep pushing out your elbow until your hand is completely freed.

Punch.

<Tips> When starting Yorinuki turn your palm down and then twisting your hand clockwise, push your elbow toward your opponent's body. Get back to safe position as soon as you escape. Do not pull your hand toward you when you try to escape.

Ryo(u)te Yori nuki

Ryoute Yori nuki is used when both your hands are seized with your opponent's both hands. Use Yori nuki to free your hand from your opponent's grip. It is applicable when he seized your hand as shown in the right Fig.

Your opponent seizes your both hand.

Guard in Kagite position.

Pull your body near to the point your hand is seized. Apply Yorinuki to your right hand.

Apply meuchi with your right hand.

Middle punch.

Apply yorinuki to your left hand.

Upper punch with your left hand.

Use your right hand in the same way as uchiuke, and

kick in his head.

Step down your leg in front and ichiji kamae.

<Tips> Before you apply second Yorinuki, make your body close to your opponent and set your left hand close to you so that you can easily turn your elbow in Yorinuki movement. You may step forward your right foot when applying second Yori nuki, but in advance phase you must be able to apply second Yori nuki without stepping forward your right foot as shown in the animation. Do not pull your hand toward you when you try to escape.

Maki nuki
This technique is used when your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his left (right) hand as shown in the right figure.

He seizes your right wrist with his left hand.

You deliver Meuchi at once.

Take Kagite style and move to Maki nuki at once.

Turn your right palm down and push out your right elbow horizontally.

Push out your elbow till your wrist becomes free.

Hit his face with your hand just freed.

Tips: Try to move your hand to the position shown in the left figure by sliding your palm around his wrist. Then push out your elbow counterclockwise. Do not move the pivot while pushing out your elbow.

Gyaku gote
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "gyaku", meaning "reverse", and the last two characters part is pronounced "gote", meaning "wrist". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand in reverse". Techniques You will learn Gyaku gote at early stage of learning Shorinji Kempo. This technique is most suitable for learning how to use Boshikyu, because without using Boshikyu properly it will not work well. You can take your opponent down by Gyaku gote, moreover if you can do Nisoku tenkai smoothly you can throw him away. Practice this technique as many times as possible to master this most Shorinji Kempo like technique. When your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his right (left) hand like the grip same as Kote nuki, take his wrist locked and throw him down.

His arm looks like this in the left figure when you can lock his wrist and arm successfully.

He seizes your wrist.

You deliverMeuchi and take Kagite style.

Hook your left hand to his hand and make your wrist free from his grip.

Use your Boshikyu to lock Use Nisoku tenkai to throw his hand as shown in the him down. tips bellow.

immobilize him by applying Yubi gatame.

Tips: Unlike Kote nuki, use your right arm in the direction that your arm push the base of his index finger to turn his wrist bent. Use your left hand's Boshikyu to bend his wrist together with your right arm. Push out your left elbow to make his right elbow come close to you.

Stop motion illustration of Gyaku gote.

Step 1, You ( right ) put your right hand forward to let your opponent ( left ) grab your right wrist with his right hand.

Step 2, When your opponent seizes your right wrist, step forward your left foot.

Step 3. And deliver Meuchi with your left hand to make his left hand grabbing your right hand be streched. Your right hand must be in Kagite guarding position.

Step 3, Atach your left hand on to the back of your opponent's right hand and step forward your right foot. It is very important at this point that you push out your right elbow and with the help of your left hand turn your right hand as shown in the left figure. Do not make your right wrist go far from your body. Make it as close as possible to your body.

Step 4, Turn your body as shown by the blue arrow in the left figure. Keep forcing your opponent's right elbow be bent and pushed out with the power of your left hand as shown by the red arrow.

Step 5, By turning your body your opponent will fall down. Your left elbow must be pushed out as shown in the left figure. If it is not properly pushed out as shown in the right figure. Your opponent will not fall down.

Katate Okurigote
When your opponent has seized your wrist as shown in the right Fig., use this technique to lock his wrist.This sequence to techniques is same as that of Maki nuki to the stage at which you make his grip lose power.

Push out your right elbow You throw Meuchi at Firmly lock his left wrist Your opponent try to from under and press his Using your both arm, once and turn your right Put your left hand on his by your both hand. You seize your right hand by left thumb. Use your left pull down his left hand to hand counterclockwise left hand. have to learn from an his left hand. Boshikyu to lock his your left knee. like Maki nuki. instructor about the tips. wrist.

Kick and try Yubidori to immobilize him.

TIPS: Use your left Boshikyu as shown in the right Fig. And use your right arm to make his left thumb lose its power.

Stop motion illustration of Katate okuri gote.

Okuri maki tenbin
When you apply Okuri gote to your opponent and he tries to escape by twisting his body, use Okuri maki tenbin.

Your opponent seizes your right hand with his left hand.

You throw Meuchi at once and turn your right hand counterclockwise like Maki nuki.

Put your left hand on his left hand and apply Okuri gote.

Your opponent twists his body to escape from Okuri gote, or to try to decrease its effect,

You tightly fasten his elbow in between your Press and lock his elbow without giving him right elbow and your side body. any moment to escape.

Kick in his body.

Prepare for the next movement.

TIPS: Do not pause after fasetning his elbow, move as quick as possible.

Ude ju(u)ji gatame
Although you will learn Ude juji gatame in early stage, it includes essence of Shorinji Kempo such as how to use Boshikyu. When this technique works well you can throw a big man very easily.

Ude juji gatame is an offensive technique. You seize your opponent's right (left) hand with your right (left) hand and twist his hand counterclockwise to make his palm face you. Then lock his elbow with your left (right) arm and throw him down. Slide your arm along with his arm You seize his hand and twist it. twisted till it comes to his elbow. Lock his elbow and push out your Deliver Meuchi to make him unable Twist his hand to make his palm right hand. to counterattack. turn up.

Put his waist onto your waist and throw him backward.

Apply Tachi gassho gatame to immobilize him after he falls down.

Stop motion ilustration of Ude juji gatame

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2

3

4

5

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Tips: You must twist his hand using your Boshikyu to make his palm turn up and even make it face to you. This will make him difficult to punch you with his free hand. Do not lift your hand up to throw him back.

Mae yubi gatame

Mae yubi gatame, or Front Finger lock, is a technique to lock your opponent's finger as shown in the right Fig.. This technique is useful after you take down your opponent with Gyaku gote.

Tips Apply this technique after you throw down your opponent with Gyakugote. You must make your opponent's elbow straight by pushing it with your knee as in the left figure. Twist your opponent's right hand with your Boshikyu counterclockwise, and make your opponent's middle finger bend by pushing it with your right hand's finger. (A)Make your palm and fingers straight. (B)Then, try to bend your palm with your fingers straight. You can see that the angle X is large. (C)Next, bend your fingers in such a way that you make a fist. You will see that this time the angle Y is much smaller than the angle X. Maeyubi gatame uses this fact. Holding your opponent's hand in (B) shape and then forcing its fingers in (C) shape while keeping the angle X large will give your opponent severe pain.

Right animation shows the above explanation. Do not forget to keep the angle X large.

Tachi gassho(u) gatame

Tachi gassho gatame is used to lock and hold your opponent after you have ececuted a throw, such as Ude juji. Your oponent will be locked in the position shown in the right Fig. with his velly facing the ceiling.

<Tips>It is important to keep your opponent's arm straight while removing your opponent's control over that arm by twisting it.

2-kyu(u) techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sango(u) Ken Uchiuke geri Tenshin geri Han tenshin geri Yoko tenshin geri Juuji uke geri Juuji nuki Gasshou nuki Kirikaeshi nuki Sankaku nuki Ryaku juujigote Ryoute juuji gote Kirigote

Byakuren Ken Tsubame gaeshi Chidori gaeshi Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Kiri nuki Ryu(u)ka Ken

Ryoute okurigote Okuri yoko tenbin Juujigote Juuji gatame

Kongo(u) Ken Ura gatame

Uchi uke geri
When your opponent try to punch your face,you guard your face with Uchi uke and counterattack with a side kick.

Satrt.

Your opponent try to punch your face.

Make sure that you guard your face with Uchi uke.

Counterattack with a side kick.

TIPS: Try not to move widely because this technique is not Tenshin geri which use foot work to make your opponent's punch miss your face.

Tenshin geri
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Ten", meaning "roll, move or change", the next one character part is pronounced "shin", meaning "body" and the last one characters part is pronounced "geri", meaning "a kick". Thus this technique means "shift your your body to make your opponent's punch or kick miss you and counterattack with a kick". Techniques This technique is a very fundamental one, practice as many time as possible so that your body moves automatically. When your opponent try to hit your face, dodge it by shifting your body, and counterattack with middle kick. Try as many variation as possible.

Your opponent try to hit your face with his right hand.

You step aside,

and shift your body so that his punch miss your face.

Counterattack with your right kick.

Tips, There are many variation to shift your body. Ask instructers to learn them.

Stop motion illustration of Tenshin geri.

Step 1, Start.

Step 4, Make his punch pass by your face by shifting your body. And initiate your right kick.

Step 2, Your opponent steps forward and start upper right punch.

Step 5, Kick with your right leg.

Step 3, You step forward and left to dodge his punch.

Han tenshin geri
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Han", meaning "half" and the middle two characters part is pronounced "tenshin", meaning "turning body or moving the position". And the last one character part is pronounced "geri", meaning "kick". Thus this technique means "counter attack with a kick using half turn defense technique". Techniques When your opponent tries to kick your body, turn your body using half turn defense techniques, or Han tenshin, and counterattack with middle kick.

Take left middle position, let your opponent think of kicking your body.

Stepping your right leg back to your left leg and make half turn, Han tenshin.

By Han tenshin make your opponent's kick miss your body. Guarding your face with Soto uke and your body with Uchi otoshi.

Counterattack with a middle kick.

Tips: It is important to make your opponent's kick miss your body by Han tenshin body movement. Counterattack shall be done almost at the same time with Han tenshin. Stop motion illustration of Han tenshin geri.

Step 1, Prepare in left middle position.

Step 4, Shift your body by Han tenshin to make your opponent's kick miss your body. Apply Soto uke with your right hand and Uchi otoshi with your left hand to guard your face and body.

Step 2, Your opponent's steps forward to kick your body.

Step 5, Counter attack with your kick.

Step 3, Step back your right foot to make Han tenshin.

Yoko tenshin geri
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Yoko", meaning "side or aside", the next two characters part is pronounced "ten shin", meaning "Change the position of the body" and the last one character part is pronounced "geri", meaning "a kick". Thus this technique means "shift your your body to make your opponent's punch or kick miss you and counterattack with a kick". Techniques When your opponent try to kick your body, dodge it by shifting your body, and counterattack with a middle kick. Your opponent try to kick your body with his right kick. He steps forward, and kick your body with his right leg. You shift your body to the right with your right foot stepping right. Guard your body with left Uchi harai uke and apply right Soto uke at the same time.

Counterattack with your left kick.

Pull back your left foot.

Prepare for the next movement. Tips, There are many variation to shift your body. Ask instructers to learn them.

Stop motion illustration of Yoko tenshin geri.

Step 1, Start.

Step 4, Guard against your opponent's middle kick with your left Uchiharai uke. Apply right Soto uke at the same time against possible consecutive attack.

Step 2, Your opponent steps forward and

Step 5, Counterattack with your left kick.

Step 3, start right middle kick. You step aside to the right to make your opponent's kick pass by your body by shifting your body.

Ju(u)ji uke geri
This technique is used, when your opponent tries to kick your body with Mawashi geri, to counterattack it with your kick. Juuji uke is a guard technique against Mawashi geri with Uchi uchiotoshi uke and Uchiharai uke at the same time.

Start.

Your opponent tries to kick your body with Mawashi geri.

You guard it with Juuji uke.

Counterattack with a kick

Prepare for the next movement.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. The animation above makes several stopping for better understanding. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Tsubame gaeshi
For this technique speed is essential. Practice as many time as you can to achieve maximum speed. When your opponent try to hit your face, You guard your face with Uchi uke and step in to counterattack his neck by your hand just used for Uchi uke. Block and counterattack must go almost at the same time. Let your opponent try to hit Your opponent trys to Slide your arm used for Uchi your face by making your upper punch your face. You block uke at once to hit his neck. guard absent. it with Uchi uke.

Middle punch shall follow.

Punch in his face.

Kick and step back to prepare for the next movement.

Tips: Do not wait a moment after Uchi uke. Without speed this technique works wrong giving your opponent a chance to deliver a following punch.

Chidori gaeshi
When your opponent try to hit your face, You guard your face with Uchi uke and step forward in 45 degree of angle to counterattack his face or eyes by your hand just used for Uchi uke. Block and counterattack must go almost at the same time. Let your opponent try to hit Your opponent trys to punch your face by making your upper your face. You block it with guard absent. Uchi uke. Kick down his rear leg by your right Sokuto geri, side kick.

Use your arm used for Uchi uke at once to hit his face.

Middle punch shall follow.

Hit his neck bone.

Tips: Do not wait a moment after Uchi uke. Without speed this technique works wrong giving your opponent a chance to deliver a following punch.

Kiri nuki
Kiri nuki works well when an opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his left (ritgt) hand as illustrated in the right figure. Kiri nuki let your hand escape from his grip. The opponent seizes your wrist by his left hand. Take the guard style Kagite and move to Kiri nuki at once. Turn your wrist counter clockwise as if you cut his thumb by your wrist. When your wrist is set free, counterattack with that hand.

Deliver Meuchi right away.

Caution: Tips: Do not try to pull your wrist straight down. Pulling Try to turn your wrist slightly to make the palm face it straight down will end up in "force to force you and use your wrist and arm as if you cut his thumb. competition". After his grip is unlocked turn your parm down and draw your wrist to your body.

Ju(u)ji nuki
This technique is used when your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his left (right) hand as illustrated in the left figure. It is the same grip as Kiri nuki, but Juji nuki is used when he trys to push the grip toward you.

Your opponent seizes your wrist and try to push it forward.

You take guard style Kagite with Meuchi. And move to Juni nuki.

Lift up your elbow without moving the pivot.

Put your elbow over his arm.

Push down your elbow near to your body.

Hit his face to prevent his further attack.

Tips: First turn your elbow sideways and after your elbow becomes higher than his arm, then push out your elbow over his arm to the position in figure(3), now just pushing down your elbow without moving the pivot will make your wrist free.

Gassho(u) nuki
What it means The first two character part of using Gasshou type movement". Techniques This technique is basically same to Kiri nuki . It can be said that Kiri nuki applied to both hand is Gasshou nuki. This technique is used when your opponent seizes your both wrists with his both hands. is "Gasshou", the last one character part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape". Thus this technique means "escape from your opponent's grip

Start,

You must guard in Kagite position.

Make your both palm slap together and

pull down your hands quickly, turning your palm.

Punch.

Tips: Do not pull down your elbow while pulling down your wrists. Try to use your hand as if cutting your opponent's thumb with it.

Stop motion illustration of Gasshou nuki.

Step 1, Start.

Step 3, Twist your palm as shown in the left fig. The illustration is exaggerated, you do not have to see your palm as shown in the left fig. It is drawn just to show the direction of turning.

Step 2, Gasshou, as fast as you can, so that it makes sound and you can take advantage of reaction.

Step 4, Pull out your hands as shown left. Do not pull down your elbows through step 2 to step 4.

Kirikaeshi nuki
What it means The first two character part of is pronounced "kiri kaeshi", meaning "counter" or "use your opponent's movement in your counterattack", the last one characters part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape". Thus this technique means "escape from your opponent's grip in the way that is most fitting to his offense". Techniques When your opponent grabs your wrist with his both hands and trys to twist it toward your back, apply Kirikaeshi nuki. Put your left hand forward to let your opponent seize your left hand. Turn your left hand counterclockwise and When seized, deliver Meuchi and put your Push out your left elbow to free your hand make your left palm go over your opponent's left elbow affixed to yous side body. seized. left wrist.

Tips Move your left hand counterclockwise and make sure your left palm go over your opponent's left wrist.

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Sankaku nuki
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Sankaku", meaning "a triangle" and the last one character part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape or unlock". Thus this technique means "guard your arm with Sankaku guard position and unlock his grip". Sanakaku guard position is named because your arm makes a triangle. Techniques When your opponent grips your hand with his both hands and try to twist your arm to your back, use this technique. First guard your arm with Sankaku guard position and then apply this Sankaku nuki. Put your right hand forward to let your opponent seize it. When seized, take Sankaku guard position. Push out your elbow and push it down. Deliver your elbow to your opponent's body.

Tips Use your arm as if you cut your opponent's thumb down.

Stop motion illustration of Sankaku nuki.

Step 1,Start

Step 3, Take Sankaku guard position. Even at this moment, by the effect of Sankaku Guard, his grip has already weakened.

Step 2, Let your opponent seize your left arm with his both hands.

Step 4, Push down your elbow as if you cut your his thumbs.

Ryo(u)te Okuri gote
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Ryou", meaning "both", the next one characters part is pronounced "te", meaning "a hand", and the last three characters part is pronounced "okurigote", a name of one of the Shorinji Kempo technique. Thus this technique means "Okurigote applied when your opponent seizes your both hands ". This is a variation of "Okurigote". Techniques Ryoute Okuri gote is used when both your hands are seized with your opponent's both hands. Practice Katate Okuri gote before you try this technique. Okuri gote is applicable when he seized your hand as shown in the right Fig.

Your opponent seizes your both hand.

Guard in Kagite position.

Apply Yorinuki to your right hand.

Apply meuchi with your right hand.

Apply Okuri gote to your left hand.

Use your right hand in the same way as Katate Tightly hold your opponent's hand with Okuri gote. your right Boshikyuu.

kick in his body.

<Tips> You may use Maki nuki to free your hand instead of Yori nuki depending on the situation. Do not pull your hand toward you when you try Yori nuki. Keep your hands low and close your body when locking your opponent's hand with Okuri gote.

Okuri yoko tenbin (Okuri yoko tembin)
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "okuri", meaning "deliver or send". However, it is easier to understand that it takes a part of Okurigote , a Shorinji Kempo technique. The second one character part is pronounced "yoko", meaning "side", and the last two characters part is pronounced "tembin", a name of the critical point at the arm joint. Thus this technique means "Apply tembin press technique , that is, push your opponent's arm sideways, actually downward, at the critical spot "tembin" in case your Okurigote technique does not work well. Techniques When your Okurigote technique does not work well, use this technique to lock his arm and throw him down. You (right) put your right hand forward to let your opponent seize it. Your opponent (left) seizes your right wrist. You take Kagite guard position and deliver Meuchi. Attach your left hand to your opponent's left hand and,

apply Okuri gote. But assume your opponent's wrist is too strong to be locked.

Strike your opponent's left arm joint down and push up your left hand.

Turn your body counterclockwise and throw him down.

Deliver your left punch to his face.

TIPS: Use your left Boshikyu in the same way as Katate okurigote and keep your left arm in Kagite angle. And attach your right arm at his left Tembin critical point and push it downward to make him down.

Ju(u)ji gote
Juji gote is used in the situation that your opponent seizes your You put your right hands upright position so that your opponent easily seizes your hand. hand from under your wrist. This technique uses "S character shape locking" same as Katamuna otoshi. Turn your left hand over his wrist and attach your left palm on to the back of his hand. Turn your both hands counterclockwise and put your right elbow over his left elbow and bend his arm in "S" shape.

You guard in Kagite position so that he can not take any advantage and apply meuchi.

Pull down and control him.

Hit sanmai to prevent his further attack.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips Attach your left hand so that he may escape away. Turn your right elbow to the position over your opponent's right elbow. Use your left Boshikyu to suppress his left hand. Try to make S character shape figure with his right hand. Use your right elbow to bend his left arm to make S character shape. Juji gote never works if his arm is not bent in S character shape.

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Ryaku ju(u)ji gote
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Ryaku", meaning "simple or not-in-the-strict-way", the next two characters part is pronounced "juji", meaning "a cross" and the last two characters part is pronounced "gote", meaning "hand or wrist". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand in the same way as Juji gote , but in much simpler way". This is a variation of "Juji gote". Techniques Ryaku jujigote is used when your left(right) hand is seized with your opponent's right(left) hand. Practice Juji gote before you try this technique.

Start.

Your opponent seizes your left hand with his right hand.

Attach your right hand on to his right hand's back.

Push out your left elbow to bend his arm in "S" shape.

Push down your left elbow and lift up your right elbow.

Kick to prevent his further attack.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips Push out your right elbow to lock his right hand.

Your right hand must be kept in the figure shown left. This will help you to make his arm bent in "S" shape.

If your right hand is rather straight, this technique will not work effectively.

Stop motion illustration of Ryaku juji gote.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your left wrist with his left hand as shown in the left figure. Attach your left hand onto the back of his right hand.

Step 3, Turn your left elbow over your opponent's right elbow to make his arm bent in "S" shape.

Step 2, Hold his right hand not to slip away.

Step 4, Push down your left elbow and pull up your right elbow. Use your right hand's "Boshikyu" to bend his wrist. Be sure that his arm is in "S" shape.

Ryo(u)te Ju(u)ji gote
Ryoute Juuji gote is used in the situation that your opponent seizes your both hand from under your wrist. This technique uses "S character shape locking" same as Katamuna otoshi. You can apply this technique in case your wrist is seized by one hand. You put your both hands upright position so that your opponent easily seizes your both hands. You guard in Kagite position so that he can not take any advantage. Because your both hands are not free, use a kick for atemi. Turn your right hand counterclockwise attaching your left hand on to his left hand.

Put your right elbow over his left elbow and turn your left hand in the direction of your right tumb is pointing.

Pull down and control him.

Hit sanmai to prevent his further attack.

Prepare for the next movement.

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5 6 Tips Turn your right elbow to the position over your opponent's right elbow. Attach your left hand so that he may escape away. Use your left Boshikyu to suppress his left hand. Try to make S character shape figure with his right hand. Use your right elbow to bend his left arm to make S character shape. Juuji gote never works if his arm is not bent in S character shape.

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Kiri gote
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Kiri", meaning "cut" and the last one character part is pronounced "gote" in this case, it is also pronounced "kote", meaning "wrist or back of a hand". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's wrist in the way such as cutting it with your hand". Techniques This technique is used in case your opponent seizes your right (left) hand with his right (left) hand to twist your hand into your back. Guard in Kagite position and lock his arm in "S" shape.

Your opponent seizes your right You deliver Meuchi and turn your hand with his right hand to twist it right hand clockwise. into your back.

And guard in Kagiteposition.

Attach your left hand from under his right hand so that it may not Lock his arm in "S" shape and kick slip away. Turn your right hand to prevent his further attack.. vertically to make his arm "S" shape.

<Tips> When you succeed to turn your opponent's hand in the position shown in the middle of the left upper Fig, attach your left hand with its palm facing up to his hand. You have to make "S" shape with his hand and arm to effectively apply this technique.

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How to use your left hand.

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Ura gatame
Ura gatame is a technique to lock an opponent's arm and shoulder as shown in the right Fig..

Use your boshikyu and your abdomen to press and lock your opponent's arm. Try to stretch your opponent's arm so that this technique works well.

Ju(u)ji gatame
What it means The first two characters part of sounds "Juuji" which means that this technique is used in combination with such as "Eri juuji" or "Juuji gote". The last one character sounds "gatame", meaning "Lock" or "make something unable to move". Thus, this technique is used right after Eri juuji or Juuji gote and instead of let your opponent go away but make him unable to move or run by locking his hand. Techniques Juuji gatameis applicable right after Eri juuji or Juuji gote. This technique take your opponnet down as shown in the right animation.

Apply Juuji gote or Eri juuji, and

take him down with Juuji gatame.

(note 1) Make sure that his arm makes S shape. Tips: You have to learn how to make "S" figure shown below when learning Eri juji or Juuji gote. After you make his hand and arm "S" figure, turn his palm counterclockwise as shown below. Use Boshikyuu when turning his palm.

1-kyu(u) techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sotouke duki Sotouke geri Oshi kiri nuki Soto oshiuke duki Sode nuki Kusshin duki Kusshin geri Eri nuki Kata munaotoshi

Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Jouhaku nuki Ryu(u)ka Ken Uragaeshi nage Rakan Ken Sode maki Ude maki

Sode dori Eri juuji

Sodemaki tenbin Jouhaku dori

Soto uke duki (Soto uke zuki)
This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown upper punch to your face, to counterattack them with your punches and kick.

Your opponent tries to throw a punch to your face.

You dodge and guard it with Soto Throw a middle punch while uke. guarding your face with Soto uke.

Upper punch.

And a kick, three consecutive counterattack, san renkou.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. The animation above makes several stopping for better understanding. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Soto uke geri
This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown upper punch to your face, to counterattack with a kick.

Ready.

Your opponent tries to throw a punch to your face.

You guard your face with Soto uke.

Counterattack with a kick.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. The animation above makes several stopping for better understanding. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement. Try left and right also. You may use Kumo ashi sagari after the kick as shown below.

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Soto oshi uke duki
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Soto", meaning "out or outside" and the next two characters part is pronounced "oshi uke", meaning "push guard". And the last one character part is pronounced "zuki", meaning "a punch". Thus this technique means "counterattack with a punch while guarding with Soto oshi uke, or outside push guard. Techniques This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown furi duki, or a swing punch to your face, to counterattack it with a punch. Soto oshi uke is used to guard your face against your opponent's furi duki.

Your opponent tries to throw a punch, Furi You step forward and guard it with Soto oshi duki, to your face. uke.

Counterattack with a right middle punch

Follow with left kumade duki, palm punch.

<Tips> Since furi duki is a powerful swing punch, you have to use your body movement to prevent it hitting your face. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Stop motion illustration of Soto oshi uke duki.

Step 1, Start.

Step 4, Counterattack with your right middle punch.

Step 2, Your opponent deriver right furi duki. Step your right foot forward.

Step 5, Follow with left Kumade duki, palm punch.

Step 3, Guard your face with Soto oshi uke, outside push guard.

Kusshin duki (Kusshin zuki)
This technique is used to counterattack your opponent's hook punch with your punch.

Your opponent trys to punch in your face.

Duck guarding your face.

Go under your opponent's hand and counterattack with a punch.

Prepare for next movement.

Tips Guard your face and body while ducking.

Kusshin geri
This technique is used to counterattack your opponent's hook punch with your kick.

Your opponent trys to punch in your face.

Duck guarding your face.

Go under your opponent's hand.

Kick your opponent.

Prepare for next movement.

Tips Guard your face and body while ducking.

Jo(u)haku nuki
Use Johaku nuki when your opponent seizes your upper arm/arms with his hand/hands. The right animation shows the movement of Johaku nuki when he seizes your upper arms.

Your opponent seizes your upper arms with his hands.

Take Kagite guard position so that you do not lose the control.

Turn your right arm counterclockwise and,

stretch it down.

Hit your opponent's face with uraken.

Apply the same movement to your left arm.

Stretch down your left arm.

Hit your opponent's face with uraken.

Throw middle punch. You may apply Johaku nuki to your left arm first and then to the right arm, depending on the condition.

Tips Turn your arm so that it goes by your ear and your opponent's grip becomes ineffective.

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Oshi kiri nuki
Use Oshi kiri nuki when your opponent seizes your upper arm/arms with his hand/hands. Turn your forearm to set it inside of your opponent's hands and then push it out. Apply Oshi kiri nuki, when your opponent seizes your upper arms with his arms bending, pushing his elbow outside as in the left Fig. Try Johaku nuki when your opponent seizes your upper arms as shown in the right Fig.

Your opponent seizes your upper arms with his hands.

Take Kagite guard position so that you do not lose the control.

Turn your right forearm clockwise to put your right arm inside of your opponent's left hand.

Push your right forearm out to kill your opponent's left wrist.

Stretch out your right hand to release it from your opponent's grip.

Hit your opponent's back neck with Wantou uchi.

Apply Johaku nuki to your left hand.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips Push your forearm out to cut your opponent's lock. Try to push it out a little bit backward.

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Sode nuki
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Sode", meaning "sleeve" and the last one character part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape" or "make it free". Thus this technique means "escape method when seized by sleeve". Techniques When your opponent seized your right(left) upper sleeve from over your hand by his left(right) hand, use Sodnuki to escape.

Put your right hand forward to

let your opponent seize your right upper sleeve.

Take Kagite guard position.

Deliver meuchi.

Turn your right hand counterclockwise. Make your opponent's wrist bent.

Push down your hand to escape.

Hit his face with your right Uraken.

Follow with left middle punch. (And prepare for the next movement.)

Tips Make sure that your opponent's wrist bent after you turn your elbow counterclockwise.

Eri nuki
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Eri", meaning a lapel, a red part of this technique means "escape method when seized by a lapel". Techniques When your opponent seized your neckband , use Eri nuki to escape. . The last one character part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape" or "make it free". Thus

Make a space in front of your chest to

let your opponent seize your lapel.

Deliver meuchi.

Strike down your right elbow on to your opponent's left hand.

Turn your right hand counterclockwise. Make your opponent's wrist bent. Push down your hand to escape.

Hit his face with your right Uraken and left middle punch.

Tips Make sure that your opponent's wrist bent after you turn your elbow counterclockwise so that he has to let your lapel free because of pain caused by keep holding your lapel.

Uragaeshi nage
You will learn Uragaeshi nage at early stage of learning Shorinji Kempo. This technique can be easily practiced once you know its tips. Apply this technique with Gyaku gote or Maki gote to bring your opponent down in reverse position, his chest facing the ground,

You are applying Gyaku gote or Maki gote.

At the moment your opponent's hip hits push your left hand to make him turn around the floor, the point where his hip is contacting the floor.

Then turn his wrist clockwise and pull.

He will be forced to roll down with his back facing up.

Fix his shoulder with your left hand.

Step forward your right foot and apply Uragatame.

Tips It is essential that you should turn your opponent exactly when his hip hits the floor. After his back lies on the floor, it is impossible to turn him around. As you can see in the right animation, turn him making the + mark in the animation as a pivot of turning. Make his head go through under your hands. After his body turned, twist your opponent's wrist clockwise and pull it low. By this action your opponent will be forced to roll to the chest down position. It is important to make enough space to make him turn and roll by moving your feet. Try as many time as possible to get the tips.

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Sode maki
When your opponent seized your right(left) upper sleeve from under your hand by his left(right) hand, use Sodemaki.

Put your right hand forward to

let your opponent seize your right upper sleeve.

Deliver meuchi and,

put your left hand on to your opponent's left hand.

Turn your right hand clockwise. Make your opponent's hand in "S" shape.

Pull down your hands.

Kick his body while keeping his hand in "S" shape.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips Keep your opponent's hand tightly fixed to your right hand's angle by pushing it with your left hand. Make sure your opponent's hand is in "s" shape.

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Sodedori
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Sode", meaning "a sleeve" and the last one character part is pronounced "dori", meaning "catch or lock". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand when he seizes your sleeve". Techniques When your opponent seized your right(left) upper sleeve from over your hand by his left(right) hand, use Sodedori. let your opponent seize your right upper sleeve. Deliver shuto giri, as shown below, ormeuchi and, put your left hand on to your opponent's left hand.

Put your right hand forward to

Turn your right hand clockwise. Make your opponent's arm in " " shape.

Pull down your hands

While keeping his arm in "

" shape,

kick his body.

Stop motion illustration of Sode dori.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right sleeve with his left hand as shown in the left figure.

Step 3, Squeeze his left hand with your right inner elbow and your left hand. And turn your hand as shown in the left figure.

Step 2, Attach your left hand on to his left hand.

Step 4, Pull down your hands, and make his left arm in " " shape.

Tips Keep your opponent's hand tightly fixed to your right hand's angle by pushing it with your left hand. Make sure your opponent's hand is in " " shape.

While keeping your opponent's arm in " " shape twist his palm as shown in the left figure and push its little finger root. You must do this with your right upper arm while bending your joint. This is based on the same principle as Johaku dori.

Sodemaki tenbin (Sodemaki tembin)
What it means The first two character part of is pronounced "Sode maki", a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique, the last two characters part is pronounced "tembin", meaning "a balance" and also a name of the critical spot in an elbow joint. Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand at the critical spot "tembin" in case your opponent tries to escape from "Sode maki". Techniques When your opponent tries to escape from your Sodemaki. lock your opponent's arm at the critical spot Tembin,

Put your right hand forward to

let your opponent seize your right upper sleeve.

Deliver meuchi and,

put your left hand on to your opponent's left hand.

Turn your right hand clockwise. Make your opponent's Your opponent tries to escape by twisting hand in "S" shape. his body, turing back.

Fix his elbow between your body and Use your right elbow to lock his arm and your right elbow. lift your left hand for effective force.

Stop motion illustration of Sode mak tenbin.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your left sleeve with his left hand as shown in the left figure.

Step 2, Attach your left hand onto the back of his right hand. Hold his left hand not to slip away.

Step 3, Turn your left elbow over your opponent's right elbow to make his arm bent in "S" shape.

Step 4, When your opponent tries to escape, pull your left hand to your chest. Turn your right elbow over his elbow.

Step 5, Fix his elbow between your side body and your right elbow. At this moment, your right elbow has to be pressed at your opponent's "tembin" critical spot. Also you must use your left Boshikyu to lock your oppopnent's wrist.

Step 6, Pull up your left elbow and push down your right elbow hard and quicklly.

Tips Keep your opponent's elbow tightly fixed at your side body.Apply this technique hard and quickly. Slow attack will let your opponent have a chande to escape.

Jo(u)haku dori
Johaku dori locks your opponent's hand, when he seized your upper arm as shown in the right Fig. Lock his hand with your fold arm and the opposite hand.

Your opponents seizes your upper arm.

You deliver Meuchi and guard in Kagite.

Take down his hand with your arm.

Try to twist a little to push down his hand.

Kick.

<Tips> You must make your opponent's hand and arm to form the figure as shown in the left Fig. Try to fix your your opponent's hand as firm as possible so that it may not slip away.

Effective form

How to fix your opponent's hand.

Katamuna otoshi
Although this technique may relatively be easy to learn, it is very effective. The principle of this technique is very useful and it can be applied in various situations. Many Juho use this technique to lock a wrist. Katamuna otoshi is applicable when your opponent grabs your clothes at your chest as illustrated in the right figure and push the hand toward you.

He grabs your clothes at your chest and push forward.

You deliver Meuchi and Add left hand to grab his left Make your both arms straight attach your right hand to his hand from over his fist. and turn them left hand from under his fist. counterclockwise. Turn his fist 180 degree.

When your elbow comes Kick his body so that he will higher than his, turn your not attack you any more. elbow over it and push down your elbow without moving the pivot.

Tips: Catch his fist grabbing your clothes as shown below, from under and from top. After fastening your grip of both hands, turn them 180 degree of angle to make the base of his little finger turns up. At this point, his arm and hand must be look like the right most figure below. You have to learn that this "S" figure is essential for success of Katamuna otoshi. After you make his hand and arm "S" figure, turn his palm clockwise ( looked from his palm side) in the vertical plane. Ask an instructor how to make his hand and arm "S" figure.

Ude maki
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Ude", meaning "an arm", the last one character part is pronounced "maki", meaning "wind or wrap". Thus this technique means "Use your arm as if wrap your opponent's hand with your arm and lock it. Techniques Ude maki can be applied when your opponent seizes your lower lapel. Apply Erinuki technique to the earlier stage of this technique. And then use another hand not to let your opponent's hand slip away. Lock your opponent's hand in S character shape. Let your opponent seizes your lower lapel. Your opponent seizes your lower lapel with his left hand. Deliver meuchi with your left hand and strike down your right elbow onto your opponent's left wrist. Use the same technique as Erinuki to your right hand.

Attach your left hand onto the back of your opponent's left hand. Turn your arm Make sure your opponent' arm is in S counterclockwise. Raise your right character shape. elbow.

Pull your right elbow down.

Use your both hand to make your opponent immobilized.

Tips Turn your arm so that it goes by your ear and your opponent's grip becomes ineffective. Make sure that your opponent's hand is in S character shape.

Stop motion illustration of Udemaki.

Step 1, Raise your right hand and

Step 3, Turn your right hand counterclockwise and attach your left hand onto the back of your opponent's left hand.

Step 2, strike it down on to your opponent's left wrist to loosen his grip.

Step 4, Keep moving. Turn your elbow counterclockwise. Push your opponent's left hand into the angle of your right lebow with your left palm.

Step 5, Pull down your right elbow. Be sure that his hand makes S character shape.

Step6. Take your opponent down completely.

Eri juji
What it means The first character of sounds "Eri" meaning the red part of . The last two characters sounds "Juji" meaning a cross. This comes from the shape that your arm and your opponent's arm makes in the stop motion illustration below, upper right most fig with green background color. Comments Although this technique may relatively be easy to learn, it is very effective. The principle of this technique is very useful and it can be applied in various situations. Many Juho use this technique to lock a wrist. Techniques Eri juji is applicable when your opponent grabs your clothes at your chest as illustrated in the right figure and push the hand toward you.

He grabs your clothes at your chest and push forward.

You deliver Meuchi and

attach your left hand to his left hand Hit his left wrist with your right hand from under his from over his fist. wrist, to bend it.

Turn your both arms counterclockwise. When your elbow comes higher than his,

turn your elbow over it and push down your elbow without moving the pivot.

Keep his arm in S shape.(note 1)

Kick his body so that he will not attack you any more.

(note 1) You may grab his palm with your both hands, while in this figure you grab his palm with one hand and use another hand to hold his elbow to make it sure that his arm makes S shape.

Tips: Catch his fist grabbing your clothes as shown below, from over. After fastening your grip, turn them counterclockwise to make the base of his little finger turns up. You have to learn that this "S" figure is essential for success of Eri juji. After you make his hand and arm "S" figure, turn his palm clockwise ( looked from his palm side) in the vertical plane. Ask an instructor how to make his hand and arm "S" figure. Stop motion illustration of Eri juji.

Step 1, Grab his fist from over his hand.

Step 2, Hit his wrist with your right hand from under his wrist, so that his wrist can be bend easily.

Step 3, Your right arm and his left arm makes a cross. His wrist must be bent by your right hand hit.

Step 5, Keep turning until your elbow comes in the position to be pushed down over his elbow.

Step 4, Turn counterclockwise.

Step 6, Push down your right elbow over his elbow.

1-dan techniques
Sango(u) Ken Harai uke geri Tenno(u)u Ken Kakuritsu Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Furiten ni Kintekigeri hizauke namigaeshi Katate oshi nuki Keriten san Gyakugeri hizauke namigaeshi Morote juuji nuki Katate oshigote Kannuki gatame Tsukiten san Mawashigeri sanbou uke namigaeshi Nidan nuki Ryoute oshigote Morote hiki nuki Kotemaki gaeshi

Ryu(u)ka Ken Maki gote Kongo(u) Ken Mae tenbin gatame

Morote juujigote

Harai uke geri
This technique is used, when your opponent kick your body with Mawashi geri, to block it with Harai uke and kick back. Let your opponent tries to kick your body by raising your right guard.. Your opponent tries to kick your body. You guard his Mawashi geri with Uchi harai uke. Counterattack with a middle kick Prepare for the next movement.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement. Do not stretch your elbow when blocking his kick. There is a chance to damage your arm if your elbow is hit when it is straight.

Furiten ni
This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown consecutive punches to your face, to counterattack them with your kick. Your opponent tries to throw a punch, Furi duki, to your face. You sway and guard it with Soto Your opponent throws upper Counterattack with a side kick oshi uke. punch, Furi duki again. You guard it with Uchi otoshi uke. Prepare for the next movement.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. The animation above makes several stopping for better understanding. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Keriten san
This technique is used to counterattack your opponent's sequence of punches and kick with your kick. The movement is essential and useful in various situations. Your opponent trys to punch in your You sway back and guard your face with his front hand. face with Uwauke. Your opponent throws his punch to Your opponent kicks your body. You You counterattack with kick at your body. You guard it with guard it with Jujiuke, blocking with once. Shitauke. both hands crossed.

Tips Speed is essential. Illustrative animation stops at the end of each movements for better understanding. Do not pause at each end of the movements when you execute this technique. Try to counterattack almost at the same time you block your opponent's kick.

Tukiten san
This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown consecutive punches to your face and body, to counterattack them with your kick.

Your opponent tries to throw a punch to your face.

You sway and guard it with Uwauke.

Your opponent throws middle Guarding the following punch with punch. You guard it with Shitauke. Uwauke, Guard your face at a same time.

counterattack with a kick.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Kinteki geri hizauke namigaeshi
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Kinteki", a name of critical point, the next one character part is pronounced "geri", meaning "a kick", the middle two characters part is pronounced "Hiza uke", meaning name of the Shorinji Kempo technique using a knee as a guard against a kick, and the one before the last character is pronounced "nami", meaning "wave", and the last one is pronounced "Gaeshi", meaning "a counterattack". Thus this technique means "counterattack like wave coming back and forth, defense and then offense, right after Hiza uke guard against kinteki kick.

Techniques This technique is used to guard your kinteki critical point from your opponent's kick. You counterattack with a kick into your opponent's kinteki critical point.

Start.

Your opponent offend with Kinteki geri.

You block it with Hiza uke.

You counterattack with your right kick.

Tips; When you guard with Hiza uke or knee guard, try to prepare for the next movement with the leg used for Hiza uke. Speed is the most important for this technique. Try to kick back as soon as you block the kick with Hiza uke.

A stop motion explanation of Kinteki geri hizauke nami gaeshi.

Step 1, Start. Step 3, You guard your kinteki critical point with your right hiza uke, knee guard,

Step 2, Your opponent steps forward his right foot and then left foot, and is going to kick into your kinteki critical point.

Step 4, and counterattack with your right kick into his kinteki critical point. Use the turning power of your hip.

Gyaku geri hiza uke namigaeshi
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Gyaku geri", a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique, the middle two characters part is pronounced "Hiza uke", meaning name of the Shorinji Kempo technique using a knee as a guard against a kick, and the one before the last character is pronounced "nami", meaning "wave", and the last one is pronounced "Gaeshi", meaning "a counter attack". Thus this technique means "counter attack like wave coming back and forth, defense and then offense, right after Hiza uke guard against Gyaku geri. Techniques This technique is used to guard your low, middle zone of the body at the same time from your opponent's kick, Gyaku geri. You counterattack with a kick. Apply Juuji uke at the same time.

Start.

Your opponent offend with Gyaku geri. You block it with Juuji uke and Hiza uke.

You counterattack with a kick.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips; When you guard with Hiza uke or knee guard, try to prepare for the next movement with the leg used for Hiza uke. Speed is the most important for this technique. Try to kick back as soon as you block the kick with Hiza uke.

A stop motion explanation of Gyaku geri hizauke nami gaeshi.

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Mawashi geri sanbou uke namigaeshi
This technique is used to guard your low, middle and upper zone of the body at the same time from your opponent's kick. It consists of Uchi uke for upper, Juji uke for middle and Hiza uke for low kick and your counterattack with kick. Sanbou uke means defending three zones at the same time.

First guard your face with Uchi ukefrom the opponent's punch.

He continutes to offend with middle He continues to offend with upper You counterattack with high kick. punch. You block it with Shita uke. kick. You block it with Juji uke and Hiza uke.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips: When you guard with Hiza uke or knee guard, try to prepare for the next movement, high kick, with the leg used for Hiza uke. Speed is the most important for this technique. Try to kick back as soon as you block the kick with Hiza uke.

Katate Oshinuki
Katate Oshinuki is used to free your right(left) hand from your opponent gripping it with his left(right) hand from under your wrist.

Your opponent seizes your right wrist by his left hand.

Counterattack with left Shuto to prevent his further attack.

Attach your left hand to his left elbow to make it stretched and turn your forearm vertically.

Try to let your right elbow hit his arm.

Throw Kumadeduki.

Tips If your opponent's left arm is not straight, Oshinuki can not work well. Try to stretch his arm by attaching your left hand to his elbow. Turn your forearm in vertical plane so that your elbow hit his arm.

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Morote Ju(u)ji nuki

What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Moro te", meaning "both hands", the last three characters part is pronounced "Jujinuki", a name of Shorinji Kempo technique. Thus this technique means "Juuji nuki applicable in case your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands. Techniques This technique is used when your opponent seizes your wrist with his both hands. The principle of escaping is same as Juji nuki.

Your opponent seizes your wrist with his both hands and try to push it forward.

You take Kagite guard position and

deliver Meuchi.

Lift up your elbow and put it over his arm.

Push down your elbow near to your body.

Hit his face to prevent his further attack.

Middle punch.

Prepare for the next movement.

Stop motion illustration of Morote juuji nuki.

Tips: First turn your elbow up and after your elbow becomes higher than his arm, then push out your elbow over his arm. Do not try to pull your wrist.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his both hands as shown in the left figure.

Step 4, over your opponent's left hand .

Step 2, Turn your right elbow up.

Step 5, Push down your elbow. Make sure your elbow drawn to your body ( The left figure shows your elbow in the middle of the way to your body.)

Step 3, Push it forward and

Nidan nuki
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Nidan", meaning "two steps", the last one character part is pronounced "Nuki", meaning "escape or unlock". Thus this technique means "First try Yori nuki ( 1st step) and when your opponent twist your hand not to apply Yori nuki, then apply this technique as a second step." Techniques When you try to apply Yori nuki and your opponent twist your hand making you unable to apply Yorinuki, then apply this technique as a second step.

Put your both hands forward to

let your opponent seize your hands. You try to guard in Kagite position.

Your opponent twist your right hand and push it so that you can not apply Yori nuki.

You flip your palm and

turn your elbow over your wrist cutting your opponent's thumb with your forearm.

Turn your body and pull your hand off.

Ura ken punch.

Apply Yori nuki to another hand.

Stop motion illustration of Nidan nuki. Tips Keep your opponent's elbow tightly fixed at your side body.Apply this technique hard and quickly. Slow attack will let your opponent have a chande to escape.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your left hand with his left hand as shown in the left figure.

Step 4, Flit your palm as shown in the left Fig. to make space between your wrist and his palm.

Step 2, When you try to apply Yori nuki, he twists your hand to prevent your Yori nuki.

Step 5, Turn your elbow over his grip as if you cut his thumb with your forearm.

Step 3, You can not apply Yori nuki while your hand is in the position shown left. Now, you have to apply Nidan nuki.

Step 6, Turn your elbow over his grip completely and pull your hand off.

Morote hiki nuki
What it means The first two character part of is pronounced "Moro te", meaning "both hands", the middle one character is pronounced "hiki", meaning "pull" and the last one character is pronounced "nuki" meaning "escape" or "unlock". Thus this technique means "Free your hand from your opponent's both hands by pulling out your hand". Techniques This technique is same to Kiri nuki in principle. The difference is that Morote hiki nuki is used in case that your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands where Kiri nuki is applicable when your opponent seizes your hand with one hand.

Put your right hand forward to

let your opponent seize it with his both hands.

Guarding in Kagite position deliver Shuto to his neck.

Attach your left hand on to your right hand and

Turn your right hand in character shape while pulling down your right hand.

Pull down and out your right hand completely.

Punch in his face.

Prepare for the next movement.

<Tips> Cut your opponent's thumb in a direction in which you will get minimum resistance, that is toward the fingertip of the thumb. If you try to move your hand in a wrong direction you can not free your hand, because your opponent seizes your hand with his both hand. You can not win unless you use the technique in two to one situation. Stop motion illustration of Morote hiki nuki.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right hand with his both hands as shown in the left figure. Suppose his right hand seizes upper portion of your forehand and his left hand in the lower position.

Step 4, Cut his lower thumb in the direction shown in the left figure.

Step 2, Cut your opponent's upper thumb. You have to swing your hand as shown in the left figure so that you can cut his thumb without hard obstruction.

Step 5, Pull your hand down completely. All the above steps make your hand move in shape. If his right hand in the lower position and his left hand in the upper position, then you have to move your hand in "S" character shape.

Step 3, Turn your right hand as shown in the left figure so that you can cut his lower thumb without hard obstruction in the next step. At this step your opponent's upper grip has to be lost taken off.

Maki gote
You will learn Maki gote at early stage of learning Shorinji Kempo. Practice this technique as many times as possible to master this most Shorinji Kempo like technique. When your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his both hands, take his wrist locked and throw him down. It is also applicable when your opponent seizes your wrist with his left or right hand only.

Your opponent seizes your right wrist with You take Kagite position and grab his hand his both hands. with your left hand, and kick.

Putting down your leg forward, push out your right elbow and use your left Boshikyu to lock his right wrist.

Using Two step turn, throw your opponent down.

Kick in body to prevent further attack.

Prepare to the next movement.

Tips: Use your left hand's Boshikyu to bend your opponent's right wrist together with your right arm. Push out your right elbow and pull it down to make his right wrist to be locked with the help of your left Boshikyu.

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Katate oshigote
This technique is a little bit complicated, but if you can follow your instructor, it can be easily learned. The way your opponent's wrist is locked is same as Gyaku gote, it is different in the use of your hands to lock his wrist. This technique also requires the skill to use your Boshikyu.

When your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his left (right) hand as illustrated in the right, lock his hand using your left hand's Boshikyu and throw him down.

He seizes your hand.

You deliver Meuchi and take kagite Attach your left hand to his left Throw him down using your hands style. hand from under and hook it to the as illustrated below. base of his thumb.

Immobilize him with Kanuki katame.

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Tips: First twist your right hand clockwise as shown in the left animation and set his grip near to you. Then attach your left hand to the back of his hand from under his hand. Turn your hands clockwise, with your left hand's help pushing the back of his left hand. After your right hand becomes free, put it on to your left hand and now use your both hands to lock his wrist. Because you can use both hands in a way that both hands can cooperate easily, sometimes Oshi gote is easier than Gyaku gote for the beginner.

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2-dan techniques
Nio(u) Ken Sango(u) Ken Tenno(u)u Ken Byakuren Ken Chio(u) Ken Kakuritsu Ken Ryu(u)o(u) Ken Uchiage duki Gedan gaeshi Keriten ichi Hangetsu gaeshi Jungeri chi ichi Gyakugeri chi san Sokutougeri hikiashi namigaeshi Tsuki nuki Hiji nuki Morote gyakugote Ryu(u)ka Ken Kote nage Okuri dori Goka Ken Kongo(u) Ken Rakan Ken Uwa uke nage Bukkotsu nage Tachi ichiji gatame Sodeguchi dori Sekoshi ichiji gatame Sodeguchimaki Okuri yubi dori Gyaku sode dori Sodemaki gaeshi Sode juuji Dangeri sanbouke dangerigaeshi Morote tsuki nuki Morote wa nuki Gassgho gyakugote Makikomigote Konoha okuri Uwauke gyakute nage Morote maki nuki Uchi nuki Age nuki Ryoute uchi nuki Gyakute nage Morote okurigote nage Tsuri otoshi Gyaku katate nage Morote oshi nuki Uchiage geri Chuudan gaeshi Gyakuten ichi Harai uke danduki Gyakugeri chi ichi Kaishin duki Gyaku tenshin geri Tsukiten ni Suigetsu gaesi Fukko chi ni Mikaduki gaeshi Harai uke chi ni Jungeri chi san Hangetu geri

Gyaku gasshou nage Nigiri kaeshi Ryuu nage Okuri gasshou Uwauke se nage Sotomaki tenbin Kumade gaeshi Katate nage

Uchi age duki (Uchi age zuki)
This technique is a very fundamental one, practice as many time as possible so that your body moves automatically. When your opponent try to hit your head or face, guard it with Uchiage uke, and counterattack with middle punch. Try as many variation as possible. Start in leftchuudan. You guard your face with Uchiage ukeagainst your opponent's upper punch. Counterattack with your middle punch. Right upper punch.

Tips Uchiage uke is one of the quickest guard of Shorinji Kempo. Try as many times as possible with variations. When practicing Uchiage uke, try to raise your elbow first.

Uchiage geri
This technique is a very fundamental one, practice as many time as possible so that your body moves automatically. When your opponent try to hit your head or face, guard it with Uchiage uke, and counterattack with a kick. Try as many variation as possible. Your opponent is going to hit your face with his left hand. You guard your face with Uchiage uke and counterattack with a right kick. Prepare for the next movement.

Tips Uchiage uke is one of the quickest guard of Shorinji Kempo. Try as many times as possible with variations. When practicing Uchiage uke, try to raise your elbow first.

Kaishin duki
What it means The first two character part of is pronounced "Kaishin", one of the Shorinji Kempo's moving technique, meaning "open space in front of your body" and the last one character part is pronounced "zuki", meaning "a punch". Thus this technique means "counterattack with a punch while dodging your opponent's punch by shifting aside". Techniques This technique is base on the body maneuvering technique to make your opponent' punch miss your face or body. Counterattack with a punch.Try many variations. Your opponent tries to throw a punch, You step aside widely to make his punch miss your body. Counterattack with a right upper punch Follow with leftkumade duki, palm punch.

<Tips> Make sure your opponent's punch does not hit you even if you do not guard with your hand, that is, step aside enough to make such safe positioning. Try as many times as you can to achieve

Stop motion illustration of Kaishin duki.

Step 1, Start. Step 2, Your opponent deriver right straight punch into your face. Step 3, Step your right foot aside widely and guard your face with Kakete or Oshiuke. Step 4, Counterattack with your left punch. Step 5, Follow with left Kumade duki, palm punch.

Hangetsu geri
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "hangetsu", meaning the half moon and , the last one character part is pronounced "geri", meaning "a kick".hangetsu comes from the shape of your hand used in the guard phase of Hangetsu geri. Thus this technique means "guard with your hand forming the half moon shape and counterattack with a kick. Techniques When your opponent try to punch your face,you guard your face with Hangetsu uke and counterattack with a kick. Try left/right, open/close positions as many variations as possible. Satrt. Your opponent try to punch your face. Make sure that you guard your face withHangetsu uke. And pull down your opponent's hand. Counterattack with a kick.

Stop motion illustration of Hangetsu geri.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his both hands as shown in the left figure. Step 2, Turn your right elbow up. Step 3, Push it forward and Step 4, over your opponent's left hand . Step 5, Push down your elbow. Make sure your elbow drawn to your body. ( The left figure shows your elbow in the middle of the way to your body.)

Gedan gaeshi
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "gedan", meaning "low" and the last one character part is pronounced "gaeshi", meaning "a counterattack or return". Thus this technique means "Counter attack against your opponent's lower kick (actually a middle kick) with a kick". Techniques This technique is used, when your opponent kick your body , to block it with Harai uke and kick back.’The counter kick in the above animation is corrected from left middle kick (wrong) to right middle kick (correct). (03.02.08) Let your opponent tries to kick your body. Your opponent tries to kick your body with Sashikomi geri.. You guard his kick with Uchi harai uke, and counterattack with your right middle kick. Prepare for next movement.

Stop motion illustration of Gedan gaeshi.

Step 1, Start. Step 2, Your opponent deriver left kick. You step your left foot forward and aside. Step 3, Guard your body with your right sweep gard. Step 4, And counterattack with your right kick (as shown in the red arrow in Step 3).

Chudan Gaeshi
Counterattack against middle kick with kick Speed is the key factor for this technique. You try to make your opponent kick your body by setting your guard loose. He trys to kick your middle. Preparing for the counterattack, you guard your body with Shita uke. At the same time with Shita uke, counterattack with your high kick, or middle kick. Step back and prepare for the next movement.

Tips: Prepare for the counterattack when you guard your body with Shita uke.

Gyaku tenshin geri
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "gyaku", meaning "reverse", and the middle two characters part is pronounced "tenshin", meaning "shift a body" in Shorinji kempo, and "gyaku tenshin" is a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique of shifting your body to make your opponent's punch or kick miss your body, and the last one character part is pronounced "geri" meaning "a kick". Thus this technique means "Gurad your body with tenshin shifting-body technique and counter attack with a kick". Techniques Gyaku tenshin geri is used to counterattack your opponent's punch. Use Gyaku tenshin to dodge the punch and counterattack with kick. You stand withHassogamae guard position. Your opponent step forward and punch in your body. You dodge it withGyaku tenshin. Guarding your body with Shita uke, counterattack withMawashi geri. Prepare for the next movement.

<Tipps> Be sure to dodge the punch with Gyaku tenshinand prepare for counterattack with kick at once.

Stop motion illustration of Gyaku tenshin geri.

Step 1, You ( left ) stand in Hasshou gurad position to let your opponent ( right ) deliver his punch in your body. Step 2, Your opponent step his left foot forward and try to punch into your body. You step your right foot back to make Tenshin body shift. Step 3. You guard your body with your left Shita uke against his right middle punch. You must shift your weight to your right leg to prepare for your left Mawashi geri. Step 4, Counter attack with your left Mawashi geri into his body.

Keriten ichi
This technique is used to counterattack your opponent's sequence of punch and kick,mawashi geri, with your kick and throw him withsukui nage. Ready. Your opponent trys to punch in your face with gyaku duki. You step forward to dodge his punch and guard your face with right hand soto uke. Guard your body with uchi harai uke against your opponent's mawashi geri and hold his leg.

Counterattack with a kick.

Stepping forward your leg used to kick,

Throw him with sukui nage.

Prepare for the nest movement.

Tips Speed is essential. Illustrative animation stops at the end of each movements for better understanding. Do not pause at each end of the movements when you execute this technique. Try to counterattack almost at the same time you block your opponent's kick.

Tsukiten ni
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Tsuki", meaning "punch" and the middle one character part is pronounced "ten", meaning "sky, upper or heavn". And the last one character part is pronounced "ni", meaning "two or second". In Shorinji Kempo, tsuki ten is a name of the group technique of Tennou ken, Thus this technique means "A second technique of Tsuki ten group technique". Techniques This technique is used, when your opponent has thrown consecutive punches to your face, to counterattack them with your kick. Your opponent tries to throw his left punch to your face. You sway and guard it with Uchiage uke. He throws a punch to your face with his right hand. You guard it with Uchi otoshi uke. Counterattack with your right kick.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Stop motion illustration of Tsukiten 2.

Step 1, Start. Step 2, Your opponent deriver right straight punch into your face. Step 3, Step your right foot aside widely and guard your face with Kakete or Oshiuke. Step 4, Counterattack with your left punch.

Hangetu gaeshi
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Hangetu", meaning "half moon" and the last one character part is pronounced "gaeshi", meaning "counter" or "return". This technique is given the name because it uses "Hangetu uke" as a defenc technique. "Hangetu uke" is named so because the shape of your palm in Hangetu ukelooks like a half moon as shown in the left figure.

Techniques When your opponent try to hit your face, You guard your face with Hangetu uke and counterattack his face with your hand just used for Hangetu uke. Block his following punch by pressing your hand onto his hand at the same time. Let your opponent try to hit your face by making your upper guard absent. You are supposed to be in Midare gamae. Your opponent trys to punch your face. You block it with Hangetu uke. At the same time, use your left open hand to block your opponent's middle punch.

Punch with kumade.

Middle kick.

Prepare for next movement.

Tips: Without speed this technique works wrong giving your opponent a chance to deliver a following punch. Use your left hand, press it onto your opponent's left forearm, so that he will not be able to initiate his right punch.

Stop motion illustration of Hangetu gaeshi.

Step 1, Prepare in Hasso gamae. Step 2, Start your movement of Hangetu uke.\ Step 3, Use your right arm to hook your opponent's left hand. Step 4, And at the same time, press your left hand onto your opponent's left forearm so that he will not be able to initiate his left punch. Step 5, Initiate your counter punch. Step 6, Push into your opponent's face.

Harai uke danduki
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Harai uke", one of the Shorinji Kempo's guard technique, meaning "sweep guard" and the last two characters part is pronounced "dan zuki", meaning "a consequential punch". In Shorinji Kempo, dan duki is a technique using the same hand used just before, such as conseqtive punches using the same hand or "guard with one hand and punch with the same hand", Thus this technique means "Use harai uke against your opponent's kick, and counterattack with a punch using the same hand just used for harai uke". Techniques Apply harai uke against your opponent's kick and deliver uraken with the same hand used forharai uke. Smooth and quick movement is essential. You start from Ichiji gamae. Your opponent steps forward and try mawashi geri. You guard your body with harai uke. Step your right foot forward and counterattack with right uraken.

Follow with left middle punch.

Step forward and deriver right punch.

Right side kick.

Prepare for next movement.

<Tips> Speed is essential for this technique. Practice as many times as you can to achieve smooth movement.

Stop motion illustration of Hayrai uke dan duki.

Step 1, Start. Step 2, Your opponent deriver left Mawashi geri into your side body. You guard your body with your right Harai uke. Step 3-1, With your right hand used for Harai uke, Step 3-2, counterattack into your opponent's face. Step 4, Follow with left middle punch. Step 5-1, With your right foot, Step 5-2, deliver side kick into your opponent's body.

Suigetsu gaeshi
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Suigetsu", a name of a critical point in a body, the last one character part is pronounced "gaeshi", meaning "counterattack". Thus this technique means "Counterattack into your opponent's body at Suigetsu critical point. Techniques When your opponent try to hit your face, You guard your face with Uchi uke and step aside in front to counterattack his body with yourhiraken. Block and counterattack must go almost at the same time. Let your opponent try to hit your face by making your Your opponent tries to punch your face. upper guard absent. You block it with Uchi uke. Strike his body atSuigetsu critical point with your right hirakenswing punch.

Draw your right hand to your opponent's back and hit his neck with it.

Push him down with your both hands.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips: Do not wait a moment after Uchi uke. Without speed this technique works wrong giving your opponent a chance to deliver a following punch.

Stop motion illustration of Suigetu gaeshi

Step 1, You(right) stand in Taiki gamae with your left foot forward. Your opponent stand in Chuudan gamae with his right foot forward. Step 2, Your opponent deliver his right punch into your face. Guard your face with your left Uchi uke, Step 3, Hit your opponent's Suigetu critcal point in his body with your right hira ken swing punch. Step 4, Withdraw your right hand up to hit his neck. Step 5, Hit in your opponent's Keikotucritical point at tha back of his neck.

Mikaduki gaeshi (Mikazuki gaeshi)
What it means The first three characters part of is pronounced "mikazuki", a name of the critical point in your face, the last one character part is pronounced "gaeshi", meaning "a counterattack". Thus this technique means "counter attack at your opponent's Mikaduki critical point. Techniques When your opponent try to hit your face, You guard your face with left (right) Uchi uke and step forward in 45 degree of angle to counterattack his face at Mikaduki critical point with your right (left) Hira kenswing punch. Block and counterattack must go almost at the same time. Let your opponent(right) try to hit your face by making your upper guard absent. Your opponent tries to punch your face Push down his right hand with your left with his right hand. You block it hand ( Kake te uke ) with Uchi uke. Hit his face atMikaduki with your right hira kenswing punch.

With your right Shutouhit his neck at Keichuucritical point.

Kich with your right foot.

Pull back withkumoashi sagari.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips: Do not wait a moment after Uchi uke. Without speed this technique works wrong giving your opponent a chance to deliver a following punch.

Jungeri chi ichi
Jungeri chi ichi(1) is a technique used to counterattack your opponent by a kick when he has attacked you with his low kick. Start, Your opponent steps forward and draw your attention to his hand. You guard his kick withKen uke, "fist guard". Counterattack with a kick.

Upper punch.

Middle punch.

Prepare for next movement.

Gyakugeri chi ichi
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "gyaku geri", a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique, the middle one character part is pronounced "chi", meaning "ground", and the last one character is pronounced "ichi", meaning "one or first". Thus this technique means "Guard against your opponent's gyaku geri low kick at your kinteki critical point and counterattack with a kick". Techniques Gyakugeri chi ichi(1) is a technique used to counterattack your opponent by a kick when he attacks you with his low kick at kinteki critical point. The differnce with Jungeri chi ichi is that your opponent's kick is gyaku geri in case of Gyakugeri chi ichi while in case of Jungeri chi ichi it isjun geri. You(right) stand with your right foot forward. Your opponent steps forward and draw your attention to his hand. You guard his kick with Ken uke, "fist guard". Counterattack with a kick.

Upper punch.

Middle punch.

Prepare for next movement.

Fukko chi ni
Fukko chi ni is used when you are sitting down and your opponent tries to kick and punch in your face. You are sitting down and your opponent stands upright. He walks towards you and tries to kick your face with mawashi geri. Guard it with your right hand. Guard your face withuchi uke against the following punch in your face. Counterattack with your right hand punch. Stand up using your left hand to hook up his left leg to throw him down.

<Tipps> Try to draw up your knee as soon as possible to keep your freedom of your body movement.

Harai uke chi ni
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "harai uke", a name of the Shorinji Kempo defense technique, the middle one character part is pronounced "chi", meaning "ground" and the last one character is pronounced "ni", meaning "two or second". Thus this technique means "Second classification of counterattack technique against your opponent' kick, guard with harai uke". Techniques This is a technique used to counterattack your opponent by a punch when he has attacked you with his middle mawachi geri. You (right) stand inKesshu gamae. Your opponent comes close to you and try to You step aside with your left foot and Your opponent step forward with his left foot, and deliver left mawashi geri to your body. guard your body withuchi harai delivers right upper punch. You turn your body uke. a little and gurad your face withuchi uke.

You strike your opponent's body with your right middle ;unch.

Prepare for next movement.

Tips; Use your hip's turning power to guard against your opponent's mawashi geri. When guarding with uchi harai uke, your arm mast be bent a little to avoid possible injury at your elbow joint.

Jungeri chi san
Jungeri chi san(3) is a technique used to counterattack your opponent by a kick when he has attacked you with his kick followed by upper blow and middle punch Start, your opponent steps forward to kick you. You guard his kick with Uniharai Guard upper blow following the uke, "wipe off guard". kick withUwauke. Use Shitauke to guard succeeding middle punch and counterattack with kick.

<Tips> Speed is essential. Exercise as many times as you can so that you can perform the techniques automatically.

Sokutou geri hiki ashi nami gaeshi
What it means The first three characters part of is pronounced "Sokutou geri", a side kick, the middle two characters part is pronounced "hiki ashi", meaning "withdraw a foot", the next one character part is pronounced "nami", meaning "wave". and the last one character part is pronounced "gaeshi", meaning "counterattack". Thus this technique means "Guard against Sokutou kick by withdrawing your foot and counterattack like wave coming back and forth. Techniques When your opponent tries to kick your nee withSokutou kick, guard your foot by withdrawing it and counterattack with a kick. Put your right leg forward to let your opponent kick your leg. Your opponent kick at your right knee withSokutou kick. Withdraw your right foot to escape from your opponent's kick, and counterattack with your right kick at onece.

ips When withdrawing your foot, prepare for the next counterattack.

Dangeri sanbouke dangerigaeshi
This technique is used to guard your low, middle and upper zone of the body at the same time from your opponent's Dangeri kick. Sanbou uke means defending three zones at the same time. Your opponent steps in to kick your lower body and you guard with Hiza uke, knee guard. He tries to kick in your face and you guard your upper body with Sanbou uke. Without putting down your leg, counterattack with your kick. Middle kick.

Tips: When you guard with Sanbou uke, try to prepare for the next movement, Dangeri. Speed is the most important for this technique. Dangeri is a technique kicking twice using the same leg without putting down the leg used for the first kick. Because the second kick is started while you are standing on one foot, you have to use the momentum of pulling back your leg from the first kick and the power generated by twisting your waist to start the second kick.

Tsuki nuki
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Tsuki", meaning "push or punch", the last one character part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape or unlock". Thus this technique means "unlock your opponent's grip by pushing down your hand". Techniques When your opponent push down your hand after griping your wrist to put in a situation that you can not use Yori nuki, try this technique. The animation above shows a case that your opponent grips your both hands. In this case, use Tsuki nuki for your front hand and apply Yori nuki for another hand. There are many variation such as your opponent grips your right hand with his right hand, or with his both hands. Try as many variations as possible. Put your both hands forward to let your opponent seize your hands. Twist your hand and push out your elbow Deliver your elbow to your opponent's body. and push down your hand.

Tips Move your hand as if you cut your opponent's thumb holding your wrist. Twist your hand and push out your elbow.

Stop motion illustration of Tsuki nuki.

Step 1, Start. Let your opponent grip your wrist. Step 2, Your opponent trys to push down your hand so that you can not use Yori nuki. Step 3, Turn your right hand counterclockwise and push out your elbow so that your arm cut your opponent's thumb. Step 4, Push down your hand rapidly keep sticking out your elbow.

Morote maki nuki
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Moro te", meaning "both hands", the last two characters part is pronounced "maki nuki", a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique. Thus this technique means "a variation of Maki nuki in case your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands". Techniques A variation of Maki nuki, applicable when your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his both hands. Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his You turn your right hand counterclockwise both hands. and make your right hand go outside. Take kagite guard position and delivermeuchi. Push our your right elbow and turn your right hand counterclockwise.

Deliver urakenpunch into his face.

Middle punch.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips: Make sure that in kagiteposition, your right hand is outside of your opponent. Then push out your elbow counterclockwise. Do not move the pivot while pushing out your elbow.

Stop motion illustration of Morote maki nuki.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his both hands as shown in the left figure. Turn your right hand counterclockwise; make the back of your right hand go under your opponent's left hand. Step 2, Turn your right hand clockwise, and lift up your right fingers. Step 3, Make sure your right hand is in the position shown in the left figure. At Kagite guard position, your right hand must be as shown left. Then turn your right hand counterclockwise, make the palm of your right hand go over your opponent's left hand. Step 4, Push out your right elbow as shown in the left figure.

Morote oshi nuki
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "morote", meaning "both hands",and the last two characters part is pronounced "Oshi nuki", a name of Shorinji Kempo technique. Thus this technique means "Oshi nuki applicable in case your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands". Techniques This techniqe is a variation of Oshi nuki. When your opponent seizes your right ( left ) hand with his both hands and try to twist your hand clockwise ( counterclockwise ), apply this techniqe. Your opponent( right) seizes your right hand You take kagiteguard with his both hands. deliver meuchi. position and Attach your left hand to your right hand Turn your right elbow forward so that it hits push it out through your opponent's your opponent's arm. hands.

With your right arm

hit your opponent's neck at the critical Prepare for the next movement. point.

<TIPS> Your opponent will try to twist your hand clockwise to takeGyaku tembin . Use his power to twist your hand and turn your right palm up and step forward to take kagite guard position. Attach your left hand to your right hand and push it our through your opponent's hands. And then turn your right palm counterclockwise 90 degree of angle.

Push out forward your right elbow to free your right wrist from your opponent's grip. Your elbow shall draw vertical circle and your wrist must not be moved while pushing out your elbow. Stop motion illustration of Morote oshi nuki.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his both hands. Your turn your right hand clockwise and take Kagite guard position. Step 2, Attach your left hand to your right hand and push it out through your opponent's hands as shown in the left figure. Step 3, Then turn your right hand counterclockwise. Step 4, Push forward your elbow onto your opponent's hands. Step 5, Your right elbow is supposed to hit your opponent's elbow as shown in the left figure.

Morote wa nuki
What it means The first two character part of is pronounced "Moro te", meaning "both hands", the middle one character is pronounced "wa", meaning "circle" and the last one character is pronounced "nuki" meaning "escape" or "unlock". Thus this technique means "Free your hand from your opponent's both hands forming a circle ". See the left Fig. Techniques This technique is same a combination of Yori nuki and Kote nuki. This technique is applicable when your opponent seizes your right ( left ) hand with his both hand and tries to twist your hand to your back. Let your opponent seize your right hand. Your opponent tries to twist your right hand to your back. Guard in Kagiteposition and deliverMeuchi. Attach your left hand to your right finger top.

Push out your right elbow.

Upper punch.

Reced with Shita uke.

Prepare for the next movemant.

<Tips> Apply yori nuki to your opponent's left hand and kote nuki to the right hand respectivly, but at the same time. When your right hand has difficulty to unlock your opponent' left grip, turn your right palm to your chest a little. Ask your instructer for the tips.

Stop motion illustration of Morote wa nuki.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right hand with his both hands as shown in the left figure. Step 2, Guard in Kagite position. But turn your right palm to the ground as shown left. Step 3, Push out your right elbow, applying yori nuki to your opponent's left hand and kotenuki to the right hand. Step 4, Keep pushing out your right elbow. Step 5, Push out your right elbow completely.

Uchi nuki
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Uchi", meaning "hit or strike", the last one character part is pronounced "nuki", meaning "escape or slip away". Thus this technique means "when sezeid your hand, hit his wrist and escape". Techniques When your opponent seizes your hand, hit the critical point on his wrist with your Choji in the other hand and escape from the grip. Put your right hand forward to let your opponent seize your right wrist. You deliver Meuchiwith the left hand. Make the Choji in your left hand aim at your opponent's critical point in his left wrist.

Strike it with yourChoji.

Hit your opponent's face with your leftUraken.

Ask your instructor aboutChoji and the critical point in the wrist.

Stop motion illustration of Uchi nuki.

Step 1, Aim at your opponent's left critical point in the wrist with your left Choji. Step 2, Hit through it as shown in the left figure. Your opponent has to release his grip by the damage given with yourChoji strike.

Morote gyaku gote
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Moro te", meaning "both hands", the last three characters are pronounced "Gyaku gote", a name of Shorinji Kempo's technique. Thus this technique means "Gyaku gote applicable when your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands. Techniques When your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his right (left) hand like the grip same as Kote nuki, take his wrist locked and throw him down. He seizes your right wrist with his both hands. You deliverMeuchiand take Kagite style. Hook your left hand to his right hand and Use yourBoshikyu to lock his make your wrist free from his grip. right hand.

Use Nisoku tenkai to throw him down.

immobilize him by applying Yubi gatame.

Tips: Because your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands, you have to apply this technique correctly. Unless you can apply morote wa nuki properly, you will not be able to free your hand nor apply morote gyaku gote.

Gasshou gyaku gote
What it means The first two character part of is pronounced "Gasshou", meaning "put palms together", the last three characters part is pronounced "Gyakugote", a name of the Shorinji kempo juhotechniques. Thus this technique means "Throwing technique similar to Gyaku gote, but you attach your palm onto your opponent's palm". Techniques This technique is similar to Gyaku gote. However locking way is absolutely different each other. In Gyaku gote, your opponent's wrist is bend inside, however, in Gasshou gyaku gote, your opponent's wrist is bend outside. Nisoku tenkai technique used in Gasshou gyaku gote is same to that of Gyaku gote. When your opponent seizes your right (left) wrist with his right (left) hand like the grip same as Kote nuki, take his wrist locked and throw him down. He seizes your wrist. You deliverMeuchiand take Kagitestyle. Hook your left hand to his hand and Use your Boshikyuto lock his hand as shown in the tips bellow.

Use Nisoku tenkaito throw him down.

and

immobilize him by applying Tachi gasshou gatame.

Tips;Attach your left hand as shown below. Push hisboshikyuu with your boshikyuu and turn his hand counterclockwise

Gyaku gassho(u) nage
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "gyaku", meaning "reverse", the middle two characters part is pronounced "gasshou", meaning palm to palm grapple, and the last one character part is pronounced "nage", meaning "throw". Thus this technique means "Throwing technique similar to Gyaku gote, which shall be applied when your hand is seized palm to palm position like arm wrestling". Techniques This technique is similar to Gyaku gote. However it is applicable when your opponent seizes your hand in the same way as arm wrestling. Nisoku tenkai technique used in Gyaku gasshou nage is same to that of Gyaku gote. When your opponent seizes your right (left) hand with his right (left) hand like the grip same as arm wrestling, take his hand and lock it, and throw him down. He seizes your hand, as if playing arm You deliverMeuchiand take Kagite style. Hook your left hand to his hand and Use your Boshikyu to lock his hand as wrestling. shown in the tips bellow.

Use Nisoku tenkai to throw him down.

and

immobilize him by applying Tachi gasshou gatame.

Tips;Attach your left hand as shown below. Push the back of his hand with your boshikyuu and turn his hand counterclockwise

Detail illustration of Gyaku gasshou nage.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your left hand with his right hand Step 2, as shown in the left figure. Step 3, Attach you left palm to the back of his hand. Hook your left fingers to you opponent's right hand. Step 4, And use your left boshikyuu and your right hand to bend your opponent's right wrist. And turn your opponent's hand counterclockwise. Step 5, Completely turn and lock his wrist.

Nigiri kaeshi
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Nigiri", meaning "grasp", the last one characters part is pronounced "kaeshi", meaning "return" or "counterattack", The first one means "shake hands". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand in the situation such as griping each

character can make with the character meaning "hand", this other's hand in shaking hand form". Techniques

This technique is a kind of a variation of Gyaku gote. The differnce is starting position, this technique is rather an offensive technique while Gyaku gote is a defensive technique. Basic principles are same toGyaku gote, therefore you will feel easy to master this technique if you have had good training in Gyaku gote. Start in shaking hands position, take your opponent's wrist with your left hand and lock it in the same way as Gyaku gote. Start in shaking hands position. You deliverMeuchiand make your opponent's arm stretched.

Hook your left hand to his hand and

use your Boshikyuto lock his hand as shown in the tips bellow.

Use Nisoku tenkaito throw him down.

immobilize him by applying Yubi gatame.

Tips: Use your left hand's Boshikyu to bend his wrist together with the help of your right hand. You must place the grip near to your body. Push out your left elbow to make his right elbow come close to you in the same way as Gyaku gote.

Stop motion illustration of Nigiri kaeshi.

Step 1, Shake hand and apply Meuchi with your left hand. Step 2, Attach your left hand onto the back of his right hand. Step 3, Turn your left hand as shown in the left Fig. Use Boshikyu. Step 4, Turn your opponent's hand with help of your right hand. Use your left hand's Boshikyu. Step 5, Turn your opponent's hand completely. Rock your opponent's wrist in the same way as Gyaku gote.

Gyakute nage
What it means The first one character of is pronounced "gyaku", meaning "reverse" , the middle one character is pronounced "te", meaning "a hand" and the last one character is pronounced "nage", meaning "a throw". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand in reverse and throw him down. Techniques This technique is a variation of Gyaku gote. When you applyGyaku gote to your opponent and it is very hard to take him down with Gyaku gote, apply this technique as soon as you feel difficulty to take him down with Gyaku gote. Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his right hand. You deliverMeuchiand take Kagitestyle. Apply Gyaku gote. Apply Gyaku gote. (continue) As soon as you find difficulty to take him down,

Make your right hand go under his right hand and

hook it onto your opponent's back of the Lock his hand with your both hands and turn your body to right hand. make a space to take him down.

Apply Yubi gatame.

Tips: Do not hesitate to apply this technique whenever you find difficulty in taking down your opponent

Stop motion illustration of Gyakute nage.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his right hand as shown in the left figure. Attach your left hand onto your opponent's back of the hand. Step 2, Apply Gyaku gote. Step 3, Apply Gyaku gote.(continue) Step 4, When your opponent is very tough to be taken down with Gyaku gote, release your right hand and Step 5, turn it under your opponent's right hand. Step 6, And hook it on your opponent's right hand from under his arm as shown in the left Fig. Step 7, Use your both hands to throw him down.

Kote nage
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Kote", meaning " a wrist", the last one character part is pronounced "nage", meaning "a throw". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's wrist and throw him down". Techniques When your opponent tries to hit your body, guard it with Shita ukeand lock your opponent's hand and then apply Kotenage. However you can apply Kotenage in more offensive situation. You can use this technique while your opponent is just standing still. Take Hasso gamaeposition to let your opponent(left) initiate middle punch. You guard his right middle punch with left Shita uke. Attach your left hand used for Shita uketo his right hand. And kick him with your right leg.

Pull up your opponent's hand to make his position unstable.

Turn his right hand locking his wrist.

Throw him down by moving his hand largely.

Apply kick, punch or locking technique.

Tips Turn your both hands very largely while twisting your opponent's wrist as shown below. This technique uses swinging power of your both hands with a help of the turning energy of your body.

Ryu(u) nage
What it means The first one character of Techniques This technique is a variation of Gyaku gote. When you applyGyaku gote to your opponent and it is very hard to take him down with Gyaku gote, apply this technique as soon as you feel difficulty to take him down with Gyaku gote. Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his right hand. You deliverMeuchiand take Kagitestyle. Apply Gyaku gote. Apply Gyaku gote. (continue) As soon as you find difficulty to take him down, is pronounced "ryuu", meaning "a dragon" , the last one character is pronounced "nage", meaning "a throw".

Step forward your left foot a little and turn your right hand clockwise and make it go under his right elbow, and

hook it to your opponent's upper arm.

Lock his hand with your both hands and turn your body to make a space to take him down.

Apply Yubi gatame.

Tips: Do not hesitate to apply this technique whenever you find difficulty in taking down your opponent.

Stop motion illustration of Gyaku te nage.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his right hand as shown in the left figure. Step 2, Attach your left hand onto your opponent's back of the hand. Apply Gyaku gote. Step 3, Continue Gyaku gote. Step 4, When your opponent is very tough to be taken down with Gyaku gote, make your right hand go under his right elbow. Step 5, Hook your right hand as shown in the left Fig. Turn your body and throw him down.

Morote Okurigote nage
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "morote", meaning "both hands", the middle three characters part is pronounced "okurigote", a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique, the last one character part is pronounced "nage", meaning "a throw". Thus this technique means "Throwing down technique, the essence of which technique is same to Okurigote , applicable when your opponent seizes your hand with his both hands". Techniques When your opponent seizes your wrist with his both hands, use this technique to lock his wrist and throw him down. Your opponent is going to seize your right wrist with his both hands. You take kagite guard position, and deliver left middle punch to prevent his further movement. Turn your right hand counterclockwise likeMaki nuki and attach your left palm onto the back of his left hand.

Apply Okurigote technique and

Make a big swing of your opponent's shoulder to throw him down.

Lock his wrist with your both hands.

Kick his body to prevent his further movement.

Tips; This sequence to techniques is same as that of Maki nuki to the stage at which you make his grip lose power. To throw him down make the movement of your arms as large as possible, that is, swing his arm hard locking his wrist withOkurigote technique

Stop motion illustration of Morote okurigote nage.

Step 1, Your opponent seizes your right wrist with his both hands as shown in the left figure. Step 2, Turn your right palm and push it out under his left hand as shown left. Step 3, Attach your left palm on to the back of his left hand as shown left. Hook your leftring finger to the little finger side of the palm and affix your boshikyuu on to thebase of the thumb. Step 4, Push out your right elbow. Use your left boshikyuu to bend his wrist as shown left.

Okuri dori
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "okuri", an abbreviation of Okuri gote, a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique, the last one characters part is pronounced "dori", meaning "fix or immobilize". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand with the okurigote technique". Techniques This is an offensive version of Okuri gote. Catch your opponent's right (left) hand with your right (left) hand in a way you can apply Okuri gote. You can apply Okuri yubi doritechnique in the last stage of this technique. Catch your opponent's right (left) hand with your right (left) hand in a way you can apply Okuri gote Attach your left (right) hand and, turn his arm with a large and quick swing.

Lock his arm in Okuri gote style.

Okuri gasshou
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "okuri", an abbreviation of Okuri gote, a name of the Shorinji Kempo technique, the last two characters part is pronounced "gassho", meaning "setting two hands palm to palm". Thus this technique means "When your palm and your opponent's palm is clasped palm to palm, apply "Okurigote" technique. Techniques When your right(left) hand and your opponent's left(right) hand are clasped plam to palm with the fingers pointing up, attach your left(right) hand to the back of your opponent's left hand, and apply Okurigote technique. Let your opponent(left) clasp your right hand in palm to palm style. You bend your right wrist to your side. Deliver Meuchi.

Attach your left hand on to the back of your opponenti's left hand.

Use your leftBoshikyuu likeOkurigote.

Lock your opponent's left wrist.

Stop motion illustration of Okuri gasshou.

Step 1, Lock up your palm with your opponent's palm as shown in the left figure and in Step 2. Step 2, Let your opponent bend your wrist to your direction. Step 3, Attach your left hand over the back of your opponent's hand. And turn your opponent's left hand counterclockwise with your both hands. Step 4, Use your left Boshi kyuu power to lock your opponent's left hand in the same way as Okuri gote. Step 5, Use your right hand power also to lock your opponent's left hand.

Uwauke nage
When your opponent try to hit your head or face with Ura ken, guard it with Uwa uke, and counterattack with Uwauke nage. The opponent ( left ) tries to hit your face You step forward and guard your face with Uwa with ura ken. uke. You hit his body with right hand. Seize his right hand with your left hand and hold his elbow with your right hand as shown in the tips below.

Withdraw your left leg and lock his arm.

Throw him by turning quickly while locking his Kick him so that he can not easily attack you arm. again.

Prepare for the next movement.

Tips Hold your opponent's right elbow with your left hand from under his arm. Use your left hand to turn his right arm counterclockwise to make the back of his hand face you. Withdraw your left leg and turn your body to throw him.

Uwauke gyakute nage
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Uwa uke", a name of the Shorinji Kempo guarding technique, the middle one character part is pronounced "gyaku", meaning "reverse", the next character is pronounded "te", meaning "hand", and the last one character part is pronounced "nage", meaning "throw". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's hand in reverse direction right after guarding with Uwa uke". Techniques When your opponent try to hit your head or face with Ura ken, guard it with Uwa uke, and counterattack with this technique. Your opponent ( left ) tries to hit your face withura ken. You step forward and guard your face withUwa uke. You hit his body with right hand. Seize his right hand with your left hand and make your right hand go under his right hand to attach it to your left hand.

Use your right elbow to lock his hand. Turn your body by withdrawing your left foot.

Throw him down.

Kick.

Prepare for the next movement.

Hold your opponent's right hand with your both hands. Use your right elbow to turn his right hand. Withdraw your left leg and turn your body to throw him.

Uwauke se nage
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "Uwa uke", a name of the Shorinji Kempo guarding technique, the middle one character part is pronounced "se", meaning "back (of a body)", the last one character is pronounced "nage", meaning "throw". Thus this technique means "Guard with uwa uke and throw your opponent by setting him on your back". Actuallly this name comes from Judo technique "Seoi nage", that is, "apply Seoi nage after guarding with Uwa uke". Techniques When your opponent try to hit your face with hira ken, guard it with Uwa uke, and counterattack with Judo technique Seoi nage as shown right. Start. Your opponent ( left ) tries to hit your face withhira ken. You step forward and guard your face with leftUwa uke. Hit his body with right fist.

Seize his right hand with your both hands.

Make your body go under his body and make it Throw him down withJudo technique Seoi set on your back. nage.

Apply any technique to control him after he was thrown down on the floor.

Gurading technique against "Seoi nage" The best guard against Seoinage is "do not let your opponent grab your hand", but in case, unfortunately, you are set onto his back, try this technique shown right to avoid crashing down on to the floor. Put your left hand on to your opponent's back. Let your opponent(right) throw you. When your body decline enough, use your back muscle power to bend your back. Twist your body for safe landing.

TIPS of guarding technique Make your chest attached to your opponent's back. And make sure to use your back muscle to make your body turn.

Stop motion illustration of the guarding technique against Uwauke se nage, or seoinage.

Step 1, Put your left palm onto your opponent's back with your fingers pointing the floor. Step 2, Let your opponent set you onto his back. Step 3, Make your chest tightly attached to his back and with the help of your back muscles, flip your feet as quickly as possible, as shown in the left figure. This is the most critical point of this technique. Step 4, At the top of the turn, twist your body in the direction shown in Step 5. Push your left hand attached to your opponent's back to accelerate the turn. Step 5, If you moved properly in Step 3 and 4, you will Step 6. naturally stand on the ground.

Katate nage
This technique is rather an aggressive one to grasp the opponent's hand with your both hands and throw him by locking the hand. Take the opponent's right (left) hand by your both hands. Lock his hand by twisting it counterclockwise Put your left (right) leg forward and make your upper body as low as you can make (clockwise) so that he cannot counter attack the locked hand go over your head. Use Nisoku tenkai, two step full turn. Pull you. down his hand to throw him.

Keep locking his hand.

good job.

Kick his body to disable his counter attack.

Prepare for the next movement.

<Tips> When you go under your opponent's hand, you may be in danger of losing your balance unless you make your body as low as possible and move as quickly as possible.

This is the worst way. You almost lose your balance.

Lock the opponent's right hand by your both hands. And twist it counterclockwise.

Gyaku katate nage
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "Gyaku", meaning "reverse" or "opposite direction", the last three characters part is pronounced "Katate nage", a name of Shorinji Kempo's technique. This case "Gyaku" comes from "Gyaku gote", also a name of Shorinji Kempo's technique. Thus this technique means "Katate nage applied when your opponent seizes your hand in the same way as Gyaku gote". Techniques When your opponent seizes your right (left) hand with his right (left) hand, apply this technique. You can throw your opponet in the same way as Katate nage.

Let your opponent seize your right hand.

Your opponent seizes your right hand with Deliver Meuchi with your left hand. his right hand.

Attach your left hand on to your opponent's right hand.

Put your left leg forward and make the locked Kick his body to disable his counter attack. hand go over your head. UseNisoku Prepare for the next movement. tenkai, two step full turn. When you go under your opponent's hand, you may be in danger of losing your balance unless you make your body as low as possible and move as quickly as possible. Twist out your opponent's right hand with your Swing his hand up, so that he can not both hands. counterattack.

Bukkotsu nage
What it means The first two characters part of is pronounced "bukkotsu", the name of a critical point at your throat, the last one character part is pronounced "nage", meaning "throw". Thus this technique means "Press into Bukkotsu critical point to throw your opponent down. Techniques Press bukkotsu critical point to throw your opponent down. Let your opponent seizes your sleeve and lapel. Your opponent seizes your sleeve and lapel. You grab your opponent's left sleeve and seize Turn counterclockwise to make space for him his left collar with your right hand. And to fall down, and pull down your left hand push into his Bukkotsu critical point at his to throw him down. throat with your right thumb.

Kick into his body.

Tips Hold your opponent's left collar with your right hand and use your right thumb as shown in the left figure. Withdraw your left leg and turn your body to throw him.

Tachi ichiji gatame
Tachi ichiji gatame is a technique to lock your opponent's arm as shown in the right Fig.. You can make your opponent unable to escape while you are standing and locking his arm with one hand. This technique is applicable right after Uragaeshi nage. Your opponent shall be locked as shown below with his belly facing the floor.

Tips It is important to use yourBoshikyu. Do not let your opponent's arm bend, make it straight and twist and push it down toward his shoulder.

Sekoshi ichiji gatame
What it means The first one character part of is pronounced "se", meaning "back", the next one character part is pronounced "koshi", meaning "over", and the next two characters part is pronounced "ichi ji ", meaning "figure of one, or straight", and the last one character is pronounced "gatame", meaning "lock". Thus this technique means "lock your opponent's arm making straight line with your hand over his back". Techniques Sekoshi ichiji gatame is a technique to lock your opponent's arm and shoulder over his back. This technique is supposed to be used when you have to fight with another person while locking your opponent.

Start from Ura gatame position.

Step your right leg over your opponent's back.

Also step your left leg over his back.

Push your left hand down to immobilize your opponent.

Use your boshikyu to turn your opponent's hand, and push down his arm so that his shoulder be fixed onto the floor.

Okuri yubi dori
This is an offensive version of Okuri gote. Catch your opponent's right (left) hand with your right (left) hand in a way you can apply Okuri gote. Lock his thumb after you lock his arm in Okuri gote style. Catch your opponent's right (left) hand with your right (left) hand in a way you can apply Okuri gote Attach your left (right) hand and, turn his arm in a large and quick swing.

Lock his arm in Okuri gote style.

Twist his thumb with your left ( right) hand.

Tips Twist your opponent's thumb as shown in the right figure.

Sodemaki gaeshi
When your opponent seized your right(left) sleeve from under your hand by his left(right) hand, use Sodemaki gaeshi. Let your opponent seize your right sleeve. When seized, take stable position. Deliver meuchi, and attach the same hand from under your opponent's left back. Turn your right hand clockwise and rock your opponent's wrist same asOshigote.

Step forward your right leg and turn your right hand completely.

Take down your opponent.

Before he trys to get up, take kannukiposition.

Control him withkannukigatame.

ips Fix your opponent's hand in the angle your right elbow makes. Rock it in the same way as katake oshigote.

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