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“If I had to teach architecture....I would strive to inculcate in my pupils a keen sense of control--unbiased judgment and of the “how” and the “why.” I would encourage them to cultivate this sense till their dying day. But I would want them to base it on an objective series of facts. Facts are fluid and changeable especially nowadays, so I would teach them to distrust formulas and impress on them that everything is relative.” --Le Corbusier
Your THESIS is the one project that should integrate all your learning in your 4-year (or so...) stay in BS Architecture. It is suppose to justify your right to graduate. So, you will have to dig into all the knowledge that you have acquired (architectural and otherwise) to come up with a project that is not only feasible, but is also believable and distinctive. It begins with a problem, and ends at finding a solution to that problem. This is not an easy task. With a series of research works and evaluations (and reevaluations... and probably more research work), you need to come up with enough proof that your solution is right. But that’s getting ahead of the job... Right now, you are faced with one big problem. That is, HOW DO YOU COME UP WITH THE PROBLEM? But before we get into that, you have to choose a certain topic first. This will help you narrow down the number, the extent and the magnitude of the problem you want (?) to solve. SUGGESTED PROBLEM AREAS 1. Formulation or development of a project that does no exist yet 2. Generation of useful technical data or technical properties of new material or process 3. Improvement of existing knowledge 4. New application of an existing knowledge 5. Comparative study of two or more entities or development of an improved version of an existing one 6. Physical development of a research work 7. Documentation
CRITERIA FOR CHOOSING A TOPIC OR PROBLEM 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. The research topic must be one which YOU selected. It must be within your interest. It must be within your specialization. It must be based on your competence to tackle the necessary work. It must be within your financial capability.
Architecture Thesis Manual
6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.
It should have definable limits to suit your available resources. It must be researchable and manageable. It must be completed within a reasonable span of time. Its solution must require original, critical and reflective thinking. It must be significant, important and relevant to the present time and situation. It must contribute to the national development goals for the improvement of quality of life. It must contribute to the Institute’s “body of knowledge.” It must not undermine nor compromise the moral and spiritual values of the people. It must advocate changes in the present order of things. It must offer some kind of return for your efforts. It must not involve any hazards such as physical, social or legal.
These criteria, by the way, are not the only bases for your selection. You may have some criteria of your own that will help you decide.
PROPOSING A PROJECT When you have already set your mind on a certain topic or problem, the next step is to find out its physical application. Your thesis, after all, does not just involve research. Most of the time, the topic or problem chosen must be translated into a structure or a set of guidelines. Here are some questions to help you determine what kind of project you may carry out to interpret your research. 1. What are your interests? Do you know of any organizations or groups that support your interest? They may have possible projects. 2. Do you know of any possible proposal by a government agency and unit which you can further develop? 3. Are you aware of any new concept, technology or project which may be tested for feasibility in local application? 4. Again, you may have other bases that you might want to add to these. Now that you’re set at zeroing in on the topic and the project that you want to work on, it might be really useful in the future to list them down. Read and reread them. If one does not sound good to you, maybe it does not deserve to be in the list. This means you will have to wrack your brains one more time to come up with another one, but then again, it has a big chance of being better than the one you struck out, right? To further assist you in the final decision, you can use a table such as the one shown in Figure 1.
Architecture Thesis Manual
CRITERIA 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. availability of data personal interest financial capability time requirement etc. … …
Rating: 1 - Poor 2 – Fair 3 – Good 4 - Very Good 5 - Excellent
Figure 1. Selection of Project Please note that this exercise is not part of the book, but for sure you would do things like this to ease your way. After all, the acceptance of the responsibility of undertaking “whatever” is needed to meet your goals is the most important part in selecting a topic, aside from truly understanding every purpose, scope and requirements of the project. Lastly, here are some basic rules in writing your thesis. In this exercise, it is not enough that you know the data, have analyzed them and made your own conclusions based on them. It is also very important that you know why and how you should present such data on your thesis book. DOs AND DON’Ts in writing your paper: 1. Don’t ever copy text from any published works. That is a capital offense in thesis writing. In case you don’t know it yet, you could be jailed for that! Write in your own words. Your comprehension of the things you write can only be shown by your ability to summarize reports. 2. Don’t include photocopied texts in your book except as an appendix. 3. Do acknowledge and cite your source. This applies to all possible data sources including personal interviews. This will save you a lot of effort in explaining some concepts that are not really your own to begin with. 4. Do read and check your work. Checking includes grammar, spelling and composition. Remember, it’s always nice to be short and sweet. ☺ 5. Do include pictures, graphs, maps, charts and sketches. Architecture is a visual medium so always reinforce your ideas with figures. Of course, there should be proper captions. Make your reader understand the significance of that graph that took you hours to make! 6. Don’t use abbreviations, and unnecessary acronyms and contractions. 7. Do make the effort to introduce new ideas, new chapters, etc. This will create a smoother flow of your discussions. 8. Don’t be afraid of computers. They will facilitate editing and help you come up with better visual presentations.
Architecture Thesis Manual
THE THESIS BODY
Chapter 1. INTRODUCTION A. The Problem and Its Setting a. Background of the Study b. Statement of the Problem c. Architectural Thesis Goals/Objectives/Strategies d. Scope and Limitations e. Purpose/Relevance/Significance of the Study f. Assumptions g. Definition of Terms & Concepts B. C. D. E. Review of Related Literature and Studies Theoretical/Conceptual Framework Methodology of Research Bibliography PRESENTATION OF DATA
A. Data Management a. Present Condition b. Primary Data c. Tables and Graphs B. Case Studies a. Scope and Delimitations b. Case Studies c. Summary and Recommendations Chapter 3. ANALYSIS & INTERPRETATION A. Situational Analysis a. Identification/Assessment of Needs b. Restatement of the Problem c. Recommendations B. The Site a. Background
A.GRLajom b. Behavioral Analysis a. Design Parameters Chapter 6. B. Financial Viability d. Design Goals & Objectives C. TRANSLATION 5 . PROGRAMMING Behavioral Analysis Interrelationship Analysis Qualitative Analysis Quantitative Analysis Chapter 5. Technical Viability and Environmental Impact Assessment b. e. D. c. Activity Flow Diagrams b. SYNTHESIS A. Legal Viability c. Viability Studies a.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Design Proposal Chapter 4. d. Interrelationship Analysis D. g. Design Philosophy B. Site Selection Criteria Site Selection and Justification Site Analysis SWOT Analysis Baseline Studies Factors and Issues Relevant to the Site C. Environment-Behavior Studies c. f. Design Concepts D. C.
Ask yourself these questions: Do you have a clearer and deeper understanding of the conditions pertinent to your problem? Do you want to find a way to solve it? If there are already existing ways of solving it. Once you've connected the historical events with present developments and the problem at hand. clear idea. absence/incompatibility of present site. Remember. Try not to lose focus so early. Does your problem have a historical background? Most problems do. that you stick only to the relevant factors.GRLajom chapter 1. move on. etc. Inform your reader of the present scenario -. THE PROBLEM AND ITS SETTING a. Present the problems and concerns which brought you to choose to work on your proposal. okay? 3. then tell your reader so (again: do not use “I” and do not actually address your reader).Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. 6. You should do this in an informative manner which is not too technical for readers with no 6 . All you have to do here is convince your reader that your project is worth your effort and the reader’s attention.the unsatisfactory conditions and the problems that you feel need to be solved (and that YOU can actually solve ARCHITECTURALLY). Then present it clearly and coherently. need for proper planning. though. INTRODUCTION A. A proper Introduction will give the reader a strong strong vision of the direction you want your project to take. But be careful about delving too much on the historical context. Make sure. Here are some of the points you have to cover to make sure that you are writing your Introduction properly. 2. Trace it. are you interested in going the extra mile to come up with a better solution? If your answer to these questions is a resounding “YES!”. 1. So you cannot just go discussing anything you come across without understanding how it relates to what you want to achieve in the end. These would include such aspects such as technical problems. Why in the world must you do this!? Will it make the world a better place?) 4. need for recognition of potentials. 5. This is sometimes called the “RATIONALE” (which is also a tip: this is where you rationalize what you are doing. Describe the conditions of your study locale. You should do this without using the word “I” and without presenting your proposal just yet. INTRODUCTION/BACKGROUND This is the part that is supposed to give the reader a clear idea of what your thesis is all about. State the reason/s why it is necessary to conduct the study which will lead to your solution.
7. Keep in mind that you are doing an architectural thesis. STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM This is composed of a GENERAL STATEMENT of a MAJOR PROBLEM and SPECIFIC QUESTIONS or SUB PROBLEMS pertaining to your thesis topic. make sure that your objectives are consistent with the topics that you want to work on. The specific needs that you have identified are supposed to make your project unique from other studies. then by all means. OBJECTIVES Objectives are more SPECIFIC targets which eventually leads to the attainment of your architectural goal.GRLajom background in architecture. Before you start with the next part. What do you need to know. You may want to group them by certain categories as determined by your goal. study. If you can come up with a clever parting statement here. you only need to repeat them in this section. For time-specific objectives. If you have formulated them in the Introduction. a chronological arrangement may be more advisable. Since you will be focusing on several RESEARCH TOPICS. A brief description of the outcome could also help so that a conceivable “image” may be formed. or arrange them according to importance. research on. And you should do this whether the locality is being used as a source of basic data or a targeted site for application. Wrap up. Therefore. Though you haven’t defined your conceptual and theoretical frameworks at this point. you must have a clear idea of what their basis would be (clue: RESEARCH TOPICS?). Let your reader know this by stating your problem in a SIMPLE. make sure that you have linked all the things you’ve discussed. survey. Again remember the keyword: architectural! STRATEGIES Strategies are simply particular actions you have to do to achieve each specific objective.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you may be able to come up with different specific needs that may be addressed by your thesis. Forget about architectural for a while and focus on RESEARCH WORK. Refrain from devising PROGRAMS for the operations of your project. Do not leave the reader wondering where on earth you got the idea of conducting this study. 7 . CLEAR and DIRECT manner. DO! b.” You can begin “selling” your project here by defining what kind of STRUCTURE you want to see in the translation of your study. ARCHITECTURAL THESIS GOAL/OBJECTIVES/STRATEGIES ARCHITECTURAL THESIS GOAL There is one very important word here and that is “ARCHITECTURAL. c.
you do. Do you know why? Of course. Good. estimate or program in order to create a body of knowledge that will lead to meeting your objectives. you must first ask yourself what you need to do and why you need to do them.. d. What will be your subjects? What will you be looking into? Will it be the locale. They are structured in the imperative form (the better to scare you into doing them. Some examples would be budgetary limits (don’t we all have 8 . the final output. Write your purposes. It would.”. what? Then (as you may have already guessed) you have to explain why. scrap the objective before you get carried away identifying the strategies. right? Right. keep checking their relevance to your goal. LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY Most researchers make the mistake of using this part of the paper to state simply what their project will NOT be about. So make this a statement of the constraints or limiting factors that might affect your research. perhaps?). SCOPE and LIMITATIONS SCOPE OF THE STUDY It is very important that you state in the clearest manner possible the coverage of your study and project.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.GRLajom observe. the activities.. therefore. STRATEGIES 1. Then let’s say again that you also have to conduct deeper research about your thesis topic/s. And please be consistent with your sentence structure. 2. Elaborate if possible. STRATEGIES 1. If you do not see a direct relationship. If you begin the GOAL and the first OBJECTIVE with “To + verb. Let’s say you will be covering a lot of investigation with respect to the site. Then let’s say further that you’ll be conducting case studies. 2. Strategies are a totally different thing. But then again. objectives and strategies. Once you’ve identified these you can again categorize or group them to gauge the task better. GOAL OBJECTIVES 1. be more comprehensible if you follow the succeeding outline in stating your thesis goals. 2. Then let’s say you stop. the users. and therefore. who said that you are like most researchers? You’re not. use the format until you ran out of objectives to state. As you enumerate the objectives and strategies. Identify what you need to know as required by your project. To do this..
This may deal with the social. you are carried away by the description drawn from the client’s project proposals and thereby forgetting the architectural contributions you want your project to have.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. as an architect. sociologist. not a psychologist. economic or cultural aspects of the project. g. You can even combine or address all of the aspects if you like. and of course our favorite excuse: time constraints However. ASSUMPTIONS The thesis. if you are working on a Rehabilitation Center for Drug Dependents. physician nor a politician.GRLajom this??). ( and it MUST be a tool if that is what you aim). it can bring your project into a more realistic sense and create a more formidable framework for the design. 9 . You might end up doing a list of terms for you and not your readers. should however be as REALISTIC and ACHIEVABLE as possible. You can not alleviate poverty nor improve the whole bureaucratic system through your study. the possible funding source. And so you must always direct your discussions on the ARCHITECTURAL aspect of your work. But HOLD IT! Do not think of yourself as some kind of a God who can actually SOLVE the problems with your thesis in blink of an eye. Your assumptions can be of great help when dealing with programming and cost analysis Further. These may be conditions where you base your study that need some validation through key informants you have interviewed. DEFINITION OF TERMS and CONCEPTS One caution in doing this: This is NOT a mini-dictionary. you will not say that your thesis can actually heal these addicts. these limitations are determined only to keep your study at a realistic level and in no way should be used as an excuse for personal shortcomings or blocks in the outcome of the project. unavailability or inaccessibility of data. And so you are reminded that you will just write words that you believe are TOO TECHNICAL for your readers. you can state your possible contributions. PURPOSE/ RELEVANCE/ SIGNIFICANCE OF THE THESIS Who will benefit from your studies? How can this study be of any help in fostering a better architecture? These are few of the questions you have to take into consideration in writing the significance of your thesis. Do not include terms which are only unfamiliar to you. though a theoretical exercise which need no immediate application. Example. But it can be a TOOL. Oftentimes. Instead. f. It would only mean that you will be dealing with assumptions which will support your study and give substance to your work. Always keep in mind that you are an architect. to meet this concern. the organization who will run the proposal and the likes are examples of these. Your client’s name. e.
Use simple words in defining your terms. etc. reference books. a house made of light materials may be defined as one made of bamboo. 4. writeups and other thesis works which are somehow related to your topic(s). Need we say more? B. The key here is simple. and therefore building another bulk of things to be defined. This would also help you know where will you take-off. 10 . Terms should be defined operationally. What do you mean by accessibility? To make the meaning clear you have to define what covers the term. you probably would have also known the coverage of your thesis. Example: Learning areas may be defined as a classroom. Definitions may be taken from valid sources.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. This is also an operational definition. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE AND STUDIES When you have already established your scope. 5. Thus. you are ready to define varied literature related to your study. magazines and newspapers are samples of these. The more you read. 7. essential for a clearer understanding of your study. clear and direct as possible. here are some guidelines on citing related literature. you will then have the idea where would you start your study. researches. You may develop your own definition from the characteristics of the term defined. words or phrases which have special or unique meanings in the study are defined. Having known what were already written and published. Only terms. 3. Hence. 2. So don’t you think DENR would be a better alternative? 6. Acronyms should always be spelled out especially they are not commonly known or if they were used for the first time. It would be more complicated if you will not. say a laboratory or a drafting room. Definitions taken from these kinds of materials are called conceptual or theoretical definitions. but may take another meaning as to what your study is all about. buri. nipa. And hey. that is. you need to acknowledge them in any form possible. the better! And therefore the easier for you to visualize and understand the needs of your work. Encyclopedias.GRLajom The following are some guidelines in writing an effective definition of terms: 1. You may be using and typing the same long meaning of Department of Environment and Natural Resources for a hundred times or even more along your work. Will it just be a continuation of an existing project? Will you just be pushing a new theory related to those previously stated? Or is it a totally new project with totally new concepts related to the existing ones? To help you further understand. because these are printed and published materials. These are summarized versions of articles. how they are used in your study. For instance the study is about accessibility. Definitions should be as brief.
Theories have been subjected to further studies by various people and yet they are still something that can be verified. ten (10) pieces of literature for review is recommended. THEORETICAL/CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK Your thesis is a research-based thesis. group or an individual figure.g. Your piece of literature may be true and relevant today but not in the next months or years. This will be the part where you will inform your readers if there is a theory you want to prove e. Your Architectural Theory of Design subjects (AR 273 and 263) clearly state this as a relation between two properties. just enough. Again. your framework should be based from a proponent and the consolidation of studies made as well to see the extent of verification done. New learnings are discovered everyday. religious or otherwise. in the given example. If your research topic will be working on this type of a framework. then you have to state so. Materials must be as objective and as unbiased as possible.where ALL your inputs as well as your outputs will be based. your research topics correspond to these. haven’t you? You are just to organize and give your work a more solid basis by stating the theories and/or concepts and HOW will you go about this. if not the main end of it. A theory is something which already has a proponent. Your thesis can be a supportive study and a test if the theories presented are really true. Therefore. 11 . These may be based on your OWN ideas and NOT coming from another researcher or proponent. It is always best to know where and when to stop. this may sound a little bit confusing and difficult at first but you have already done this before. a THEORY has three basic components (1) conceptual scheme (2) set of proposition stating relationships between properties or variables and (3) context for verification. You might wonder what the difference between a theory and a concept is. It means that you are supposed to formulate ideas based on your gathered facts and information to later on be applied to a specific project. or a concept you want to test say. Something which will bind your thoughts into one concrete THRUST-. According to Homans (1967). 2. it is essential that you create a framework. 3. these may just be part and parcel of the research topic or the entire thesis. whether political. not to overwhelm your readers. Yes. It is not that changes occurs that abrupt but developments may arise which may have altered the theories presented on your researched literature. To know the applicability of these theories. CONCEPTS on the other hand are just ideas or concrete expression of terms (see chapter on concept). a moving space is best suited for the healing mind. You must always remember that these topics are supposed to be supportive ideas in the development of your study. Materials must be as recent as possible. a limited area can affect the behavior of a drug dependent. C. It means that a person before you had already proposed this theory and other people have been verifying this as well.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Usually. In an undergraduate thesis like yours. Materials may not be too few or too many. Maintain a balanced presentation of literature. space and behavior.GRLajom 1. You have to avoid material which are obviously and extremely siding an organization.
you need not indicate them.: US Government Printing Office. an and the.: National Council of Tecahers in Englih. 3. etc. analytic or a combination). RESEARCH DESIGNS c.GRLajom D.. and Perez III. you could include the names of all the authors. RESEARCH TACTICS E. 2. Research in Written Composition. and Spreckelmeyer. Page numbers are only necessary if the source is an article. This is a synthesis of your plan and how are you going to conduct the study. but if it is a book. interviews. 1.C. a. The methods of research (check your AR 483) will help you with this process. then the first name and middle name or intial (if any). For a book by an organization US Department of Commerce. magazines. etc.. Remember to put the authors’ surname first. For a book by three or more authors. If it is a survey: what type of questions will you be asking? How were you able to establish them? And so on and so forth. or use and others or et al. Richard. If it is an interview: with whom? why?. For when there are more than three authors. 2001. Philip. it is not only important that you know WHAT to do but more essentially HOW you will do it.) you have consulted in the development of your book. Kent F. Bibliography style for a book by one author Jodidio. November. Rosario S. Cologne. Folk Architecture. Julian E. 4. 1993. For a book by two authors.. Rodrigo D. 1989. Ill. Separate the major elements with a period. Architecture Now. Germany: Taschen GMBH. Use semicolons to separate names Dacanay Jr. Enhancing Value in Design Decisions. METHODOLOGY OF RESEARCH In any research. 12 .Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Here items are arranged alphabetically regardless of the articles a. and others. You may provide bibliographies for every chapter and have them listed at the end. Quezon City: GCF Books. Urbana. space permitting. Kirk. Stephen J. 1976. You see. 1963. Washington. but you have to maintain an alphabetical arrangement within each section. The following are some examples of possible sources and the manner by which you should include them in the Bibliography. D. New York: Random House. Pocket Data Book USA 1976. You can break down a rather long bibliography according to topics or type of publication. It is also recommended that you prepare a WORK PLAN. BIBLIOGRAPHY This is the list of references (books. Bradock. SYSTEMS OF INQUIRY b. You can choose from a number of methods used in an architectural research (descriptive. Encarnacion.. you have to enumerate them and elaborate and explain as well why are you using them. this is an organized table or framework which explains the step by step process of doing your study. Use commas to separate names.
12. Bulacan: Bulacan State University. For a book in a reprinted edition. it is sometimes necessary to give the section number or name with the page number Clines. • With newspapers. Mencken. Business Communication: Principles and Methods. 11. ed. Edited by Henry Nash Smith. 60-62. Title is placed in quotation marks and is not underlined. L. 1986. book in draft). • name involves guesswork [Nesmith. No need to supply the real name. 1984). Editor or other term is abbreviated and places after the name. Himstreet. compiler. compiler. “The Mother Tongue Has a Movement. 6. (September 2. 1986. 1958. 7th ed. Place the name of the editor. Carter L. The Second World War. “Buildings that Breathe” Time Magazine. H. enlarged and rewritten.. or translator in addition to author. Boston: Houghto Mifflin Co. Eleanor Lynn. and Baty.” New York Times (June 3. 1995. Author’s name first. title of periodical underlined. 1991.GRLajom 5. 6 vols.. Reprint. Inc. Ambrose. Supplement 1. The Devil’s Dictionary. Devoto. 1962. Churchill. New York: Alfred A. New York: Dover Publications.” Undergraduate Thesis. compiler. or volume. Eleanor Lynn?] Instant Architecture. or anonymous) Air Pollution Primer. Use the pen name of an author if that is what the title page shows. Francis X. Shaping Communities. manuscript. 8. Knopf. The word thesis or a similar term is used to label the work Dela Cruz. Boston: Kent Publishing Company.] Instant Architecture. 8E. Mark. 10. New York: Byron Preiss Visual Publication. For a book with editor. Juan. Wayne Murlin. For a book by an author with a pen name. Give title of article in quotation marks. The American Language. series. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.. Knopf. 1911. 4th ed. Knoxville. 9. Cromley. For a book edition. corrected. New York: Alfred A. New York: Harper and Row. 1958. volume number and issue number and date and the inclusive pages that the article appeared on Lacayo. Winston E.. or translator after the title Twain. Neale Publishing Co. Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. For a book with editor. 1995. Bierce. For a book with the author’s name not given • name known but not given on the title page [Nesmith. L. 1997. Data on the reprinting publisher are given after the data on the original publisher.. New York: Byron Preiss Visual Publication. Tennessee: The University of Tennessee Press. For articles. The American Language. 1948. H. • name is not given nor ascertainable (do not use anon. Mark Twain: Letters from the Earth. New York: National Tuberculosis and Respiratory Disease Asscociation.. 1984. or translator in place of author. 13 . 7.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. eds. 2001. Elizabeth Collins and Hudgins. Richard. William C. “Revitalization of the City of Malolos. 2002). For an unpublished work (thesis. Bernard. Mencken.
Jane R. This is treated as a printed material. and the form of the program For an on-line information. “The Passive. (September 2. • Include the name of the writer of the program. • Underline the title of program • Label Computer Software neither underlined nor enclosed in quotation marks. 22. if known. When several works by the same author are listed in sequence. 2002). . • Add any pertinent information like the computer for which the software was designed. • Include name of distributor and the year of publication. 1979). Miles. or use a line of 5 hypens in place of the author’s name. Richard. Use the style appropriate for the number of author/s For a computer software program. 3 • For when an article is continued Lacayo.GRLajom 13. 17. “A City with Its Own “Official Language. 14 . 251.” Technical Communication. Follow the style shown for a book by an organization. Donald. 14.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Punch. 28:1 (First Quarter 1981) 19-20. 30:3 (October. you may repeat the author’s name. 60-62. Walpole. “Buildings that Breathe” Time Magazine. the number of units of memory. but place between distributor and the year of publication. For government documents. but with a reference to the source/site at the end of the entry. For repeated Bibliography items. Why Must the Passive Be Damned?” College Composition and Communication. 16.’” San Francisco Chronicle (May 19. Corwin. 83 For a work cited in another work. 15. In Bush. 1985). • Separate items with periods.
It is necessary for you to know this so as you would determine which data can be processed and what are not. DON’T. this is as simple as showing factual data to your readers.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. a. But hey. you may be a bit lost about that. These come in statistical form. you may do the following suggestions: 1. You probably know now what the difference is between these two. you should be careful on what to present. tabular or graphical form. It would be necessary to have proper sequencing of the data you will be presenting. it would automatically qualify and be accepted as data. Organize your data. Factual data are those information based on what is existing. DATA MANAGEMENT After drawing a clear introduction and orienting your readers with the particulars of your thesis. architect. Alright. Analyze the articles. Are these really helpful? Are these important? Can I do without them? You see. you are supposed to give them the “meat” of the book in this chapter.) Argentine-born U. PRESENTATION OF DATA Architecture is not in the empty building. etc. 15 . This is not a mere tally nor collection of data. 3. tables.S. and their relevance to your thesis. . You might be tempted to present several bits of information or a huge number of knowledge about the topics you are studying. Recognize what data to present. Sequencing would mean developing your data presentation from the simplest to the most complex ideas. something which is of truth and reality. 2. You may have to come back to your good old junior year in high school to be able to understand this. PRESENT CONDITION It is inevitable to come up with basic data about your proposal. haven’t you done this before when you were doing your research methods a year ago? Yes. not because an article or a clipping tells you about your topic.Cesar Pelli (1926 . Presentation involves organization. The following is a detailed discussion of the types of data to be presented and the manner it should be presented. Segregate the facts from the concepts. but here’s a more comprehensible way of looking at it. to later on be connected to the main thing. but in the vital interchange between building and participant. To give you a clearer picture. However. whether in textual. A. You are to give your readers a comprehensive report of the facts you have gathered during the course of your research. Conceptual data may be written ideas which you could use as basis for your study. Ask yourself. It would also help if you would relate topics after topics so that you would establish the links between them.GRLajom chapter 2.
SECTORAL DATA General Public Services This covers the administrative systems of the municipality. nutrition and population policies. culture. Sex. Income Urban-Rural Population Distribution Population Density Growth Trends Literacy Rate Household Size Number of Dwelling Units by: Type of Construction Materials. sports and manpower development.. Population. Structure. you have to take note that these are “statistical” data and so these are data. tourism.g. PHYSICAL DATA Macro-Site Data Political Boundaries Area and Land Uses Climate Adjoining Areas and Uses Access Micro –Site Data Boundaries Area Land Use Topography/ Landform Water Bodies and Quality Orientation in relation to solar paths and wind paths Vegetation Flora and Fauna Visual Resources Existing Structures 3. Economic Services This covers agriculture. Religion. existing and projected uses of and demand for land. by the agency where you got them. Educational Attainment. e. This also includes the local government’s financial and fiscal administration. direction and pattern of growth of agriculture and industry. 1. protective services and recreational facilities of the municipality. housing and community development. health and sanitation. vehicular volume and Growth in Rice Production are just few samples of such. organizational structure. Ownership 2. Social Services This encompasses education. social welfare. already processed. trade and industry.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. policy development and information management. 16 . labor and employment. initially. DEMOGRAPHIC DATA Present and Projected Population Population Distribution by: Age.GRLajom However. Employment. projected income and employment opportunities.
4. listening (to symposia.GRLajom Physical Infrastructure This includes the inventory of roads. lectures). sewage and drainage. nonparcipatory). power. They are not commentary about the topic. Tactics that may be used to gather Primary Data include interviews. telecommunication. communication. traffic management. 17 . Technical/Technological. transportation. Problems • Outlooks or envisioned future business environments • Players and Leaders in the Industry • Competition and Competitive Advantages • Opportunities for Improvement b. Industries The housing industry Thesis Topics Subdivision development Community development Housing components and materials Commercial development Pharmaceutical Facilities Hospital Complex Sea Port development Multi-modal facilities Industrial development Production Centers Food processing plants Historic town renewal plans Information Technology Centers The retail sales industry The health care industry The transport industry The manufacturing industry The food industry The tourism industry The telecommunication Industry Some of the basic data that make up the industry profile are the following: • Current Standards of Operation • Accomplishments and Shortfalls vis-à-vis industry targets • Administrative/Organizational. solid waste disposal. PRIMARY DATA Primary data come from original sources. but rather consists of information that must be commented upon by succeeding topics. Following are some examples of industries that need to be studied relative to a number of thesis topics. surveys and observations (participatory.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. drinking water. focus groups. INDUSTRY PROFILE This consists of pieces of information relative to particular industries or aspects of the economy. transport terminal.
Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you may probably recognize a table when you see one. the question you might have in your mind is what are these tables? What about these graphs? A statistical table or simply table is defined as a systematic arrangement of related data in which classes of numerical facts or data are given each a row and their subclasses are given each a column in order to present the relationships of the sets or numerical facts or data in a definite.GRLajom Tactics Interviews • • • Interactive In-depth interviews Key informants interview Career histories • • Non-interactive Listening Focus Groups • • • • • Discussions guided to test in small groups Participants help construct the right questions Multiple sorting Projective surveys Participant observation Symposia Lectures Surveys Observation • • • • Non-participant observation stream of behavior Chronicles Field notes Visual mapping c. These are: 1. Now. or quantitative changes of a variable in comparison with those of another variable or variables in pictorial or diagrammatic form. It attracts attention more effectively than tables. This chapter may contain most of these figures but you are free to present some whenever the need in certain discussions arises. 18 . We are architects and so these graphs and illustrations will always be our most effective tools in expressing our thoughts. If you think that they will all come in a single bulk in just a single chapter. Now. right? A graph on the other hand. compact and understandable form or forms. is a chart representing the quantitative variations or changes of a variable itself. Your readers may skip tables but pause to look at charts. but you might be wondering where these will appear. TABLES and GRAPHS You may have already identified these tables and graphs at the beginning of your book. and. therefore is less likely to be overlooked. think again. There are some advantages of using a graph over a table.
Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. It gives a comprehensive view of quantitative data. Hundred percent graphs or charts a. 19 . Circle or pie chart 4. 4. e. A moving line exerts a more powerful effect in the reader’s mind than the tabulated data. d. Further. Ratio charts You might just be copying these tables. you can do it. b. It shows what is happening and what is likely to take place. Its general usefulness lies in the simplicity it adds to the presentation of the numerical data. Linear graphs a. Bar graphs a. Duo-directional or bilateral bar graph e. more expensive and time consuming. Subdivided or component bar graph f. Histogram 2. Statistical maps 6. Subdivided bar or rectangular bar graph b. Grouped or multiple or composite bar graph d. But don’t you think it would be more fruitful on your part if you’ll be doing these by yourself? Why not? You might have already gathered your data and so you are in the right position to process them yourself and show your readers these data as you understand them. Pictograms 5. graphs can only be made only the data have been tabulated. Single vertical bar graph b.GRLajom 2. But graphs have disadvantages as well as advantages. Single horizontal bar graph c. graphs and charts as part of your presentation of data. Time series or chronological line chart Composite line chart Frequency polygon Ogives Band chart 3. Come on. incomplete. They are generally inaccurate. Listed below are the varied types of graphs you may encounter: 1. The use of colors and pictorial diagrams make a list of figures in thesis reports more meaningful 3. c.
It is also advisable that you choose cases that are related to your thesis in distinctly varied ways. It is best. for instance. Lastly. You might also be able to draw more reliable conclusions by studying both local and foreign cases. however. That simply means that it is also YOU who can conduct the studies most effectively. cultural. If you need information regarding structures or scenarios abroad (especially if you want to determine the applicability of certain theories and principles to the Philippines). One case study may be concerned with a project similar to your proposal and another which employs a technology which is comparable to what you are proposing. a study of a case similar to the project (local and foreign). graphs and photographs would help you explain them better. maps. historical. could cover its physical. But not all of these may be relevant to your project. A study of a municipality. CASE STUDIES Each case study can be presented by first explaining how they are related to your project. If you think that sketches.GRLajom B. Do not forget that you are the one who has the best understanding of your project and what information you need from the case studies. Just remember to provide proper captions or else. you can use secondary data. CASE STUDIES This chapter is actually an extension of your Research Data. You also have to discuss the extent of work that you will cover in regard to these elements. At least three TOPICS for study would be ideal -. it would become evident to you that each structure. and their relevance to the project stated clearly. This is especially true for local cases that may have some connection with your project. they may be useless. you have to make sure that all the specific concerns are discussed properly. and a study of 20 . you can discuss all those concerns that you will NOT be covering in the DELIMITATION. localities and situations and you might be getting information that may not be available in textbooks or previous studies. locality or situation is made up of several variables. Focus. The difference is that with Case Studies. in this case. you are analyzing existing related structures. social and economic frameworks. groups. then use them to support your data. To further clarify matters. SCOPE and DELIMITATIONS As you study different cases. This will give your reader a more simplified view of what to note in the cases under study. to come up with at least one local study (besides the foreign one) so that it would be easier to determine the applicability and feasibility of foreign concepts in local settings. So.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. should be on the variable that may be difficult to determine without actual reconnaissance. user group. You can discuss the situation by dividing it into sub components and presenting their respective merits. b. a. you have to state in the SCOPE all the specific concerns that you will focus on.a study of similar user groups.
Even failed cases are helpful in your research as they give you a fairly good idea of what NOT to do. you should look into your thesis project and see the possible requirements or kind of character which will make it unique or increase its architectural value. THE RESEARCH BODY This is the thorough discussion regarding your research. the key is focus. Focus. why not? But the meat of the discussion should be on the psychology of 21 . we don’t want to be too idealistic here. in the end. you have to orient your readers why you choose the topics as your focal points of study. A common mistake here is that the contents of the research body are lifted from published work. and so they may come together as a package. approaches as well as trends (of course acknowledged) relative to your topic. How will you do this? First. RESEARCH TOPIC (or you can write the TOPIC TITLE) A research topic is something born with your thesis. This does not mean that you have to limit your case studies to three also. C. please take note of the word TOPIC. completely! This is a big no-no! Any data or information appearing on this part will have to be processed and quoted. do you need to write everything about behavior including the psychology of the human mind if your only concern is the behavior of a child? Just to inform your readers about the basic. with the source of your project hooked on these topics. If for example you are to discuss behavioral analysis as a research topic. You have to go back to the background you have presented in Chapter 1 and stress the need for the topics to be studied so as to have a clear solution. this section will give your readers a great deal of what they will be reading as they go along with your thesis. Discussions should be paraphrased and again – for the nth time – properly acknowledged! The information should be brief and discussions well-organized. being the “soul” of your book. But don’t be misguided. Be very specific. This should contain studies. to the problems posted in your statement. In selecting a research topic. c.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.GRLajom the current trend/s (local and foreign) pertinent to the project. This would require you to write the applicability of these topics to your project and so you should be wise in selecting the topics. These research topics do not only explain the essential things about your study but clarify as well the theoretical or conceptual framework you mentioned in Chapter 1. But of course. You can end this chapter by recommending and endorsing concepts and approaches learned from the case studies according to their suitability to your project. It might also be useful to include a failed case that used the same technique or was intended for the same user group. SUMMARY and RECOMMENDATIONS This is where you correlate and summarize all the factors that you have studied to see their implications to the project. However. In other words. Ideally these topics should be thought of before the project since these are basically the things of your interest. Again. You can very well do this by reiterating the roots of your problem(s).
University of the Philippines 22 . but you must not discuss them fully as you would be required to do in the Case Studies. This lecture was compiled from the following references: The Far Eastern University Architecture Thesis Manual Guide for Writing the Master of Architecture Thesis. APPLICATION It was mentioned earlier that your research will not have any value or significance unless you connect it with a project which will manifest the studies made. Let us continue our example on the behavioral analysis. you have to be specific. Bear in mind that what you’ll be writing should be something which will give your readers a clear understanding of your thesis and not confuse them.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Again. You may have to study theories on perception. you will not stop when you have given the application. This is the part where you relate your topics with your project. color and space to support your documented research when applied to the “real thing”. Check on its economic feasibility and other areas you might think is appropriate for study. You still have to cross examine these data. Focus! You may also want to mention cases and examples. So go straight to the point. It will be pertinent to note not only the theories on behavior but its application to the architectural sense as well.GRLajom children. However.
You might need to come up with a NEW STATEMENT. Keep this in mind: new view but not necessarily new problem. all the facts just reinforced the problem you stated in Chapter 1. RESTATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM Okay. If there are concepts and theories that need to be studied and discussed further so that you could arrive at the most effective design solutions. IDENTIFICATION/ASSESSMENT OF NEEDS If you think that it is enough just to gather and present your data think again. All you have to do in this case is to RESTATE it. But remember. you have made the problem clearer and more specific than before. psychological. This time. That simple. physiological. 23 . you’re right. you have to present them along with your recommendations. on the other hand. SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS a. they should anchor your thoughts to the ground. If. RECOMMENDATIONS So. you can very well analyze WHAT REALLY NEEDS TO BE DONE. They will have no value unless they can be related to the project. c. At least. discard them or process them so that although the root may be social. b. etc. With the theoretical foundation that you’ve laid out in Chapter 1 and the factual components that you’ve presented in Chapter 2. the expressed needs and requirements are architectural. the needs you identify here should always be ones that can be satisfied by ARCHITECTURAL SOLUTIONS. What you have to do in this chapter is “sift” through the information that you have presented in the previous chapters and come up with those that can serve as a basis for further developments. Just don’t veer too far from what you have previously stated. Same goes if you think that there is a new design approach which has to be developed and used for the proposal. in a way.. ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF DATA A. This time. Otherwise. do not feel compelled to change your statement. What do you do now? That would be what you will be discussing in this section. Your situation can have you viewing the problem in a new light.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. You have the facts now.GRLajom 3. so you might think that we’re going back to Chapter 1 here. This may be a statement of what structure you have concluded is necessary to solve the problem. You have to reread the Statement of the Problem you formulated with only preliminary information and high hopes.
You can add relevant topics but make sure that each one will be discussed clearly and thoroughly. you will have to discuss what features of a site -. the site attributes that it requires and why. For this chapter. size. etc. this is once again NOT a standard thing. discuss each criterion intensively. Just tell the reader so and give him an idea of your game plan for your quest. Of course.GRLajom B. a. all the programs we use and the designs we produce can come to nothing. Be specific. at least acquaint your reader with your situation (or predicament?) and what you plan to do about it. And to determine this. SITE SELECTION CRITERIA In this section. There are several topics to be covered in this chapter. THE SITE It must be our primary concern as designers to find the most ideal combination of function and location.are best-suited to your requirements. you will have to indicate how these factors and attributes will affect the project.. don’t whine. b. If it’s not.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you will have to conduct several types of studies at several levels to come up with the best site for your proposed project. but that does not mean that you will have a lighter workload than if you have to look for one.. brief your reader about pertinent matters in regard to it (location. If the site is given. Avoid vague statements such as “big enough”. And voila! There’s your SITE SELECTION CRITERIA. Stick only to the criteria that are most relevant to your project. Some points may be helpful here: 1. therefore. Timedistances relations. in the end.. Your site may be given. 2. a huge advantage if you can coherently state the character of your project. The “why?” is quite easy to answer. 24 . BACKGROUND With a reliable knowledge and a vision of your project proposal.both natural and built -. Did you get them from a textbook? Did you so brilliantly come up with it on your own? Are you following standards set by a government agency? Or is it all of the above? Once you have stated your answer. We might struggle to create a very well-contrived plan but if the structure juts out like a sore thumb in its location.). you have to conduct comprehensive analyses of the characteristics of the site and its surrounding areas. At this point. Your focus should be on the appropriateness and feasibility of possible sites to the intended use. However. “should be accessible”. for example. Don’t worry. may mean the world to one project and have no effect whatsoever on another. The extent of what you will discuss here will depend basically on how important and influential the choice of site is to your project. you can now determine its requisite site requirements and the possibility of having to seek for alternatives. It is.
the better. SITE ANALYSIS Although the Site Selection Process has already given your reader an idea about your site. 25 . tell the truth. a discussion of how these factors affect your project always follows. too. climate. natural elements. In this analysis. SITE SELECTION and JUSTIFICATION So. but in the end they will serve you better as useful design determinants. the condition of various factors such as utilities. If some important elements are absent in your site. It might also simplify the work if you can try to evaluate the sites’ merits using a rating system (1 for severe limitation. 4 . Yes. when you would feel like you have to LIE about some of the factors. the more honest you are about them. say water system. Your site needs not be perfect. It can give your reader an idea of how suitable the site is to the project with just one look. Please DON’T. So. OPPORTUNITIES and THREATS in relation to your project) may be the best visual guide to the analysis. Do not seek qualities that would be impossible to find. 3 good condition. and the MACRO SITE ANALYSIS which includes the examination of the site environs up to the horizon (sometimes even beyond). deeper analysis is still needed. Start by pointing out their favorable and unfavorable aspects by BRIEFLY discussing each one. it is possible to learn how each factor influences the project at a deeper level. It will also enable you to relate these aspects to each other so that you can have a clear idea of your site’s potentials as well as its imperfections. e. It is sometimes very tempting to limit the discussion of the effects to the most obvious and conspicuous.the MICRO SITE ANALYSIS which studies the specific area within the property boundaries and its immediate environs. There will be times. But perfect? Not really. 2 . let’s say that you were lucky enough to find three possible sites for your project.GRLajom 3.excellent condition). WEAKNESSES. Then. This is usually done in two levels -.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. d. This is the site that could meet the project requirements with the least modifications. yes. They might sound like big limitations now. SWOT ANALYSIS To most designers. Be realistic. Try to see if the score in the rating system validates your choice. Ideal. The table on Figure 2 is a very effective tool in selecting the best possible site for your proposal. But since an extensive analysis should be involved. that makes a location on top of a snow-capped mountain here in the Philippines totally out of the question! c. infrastructure and sensuous characters are presented. select the most ideal one.moderate constraint. Of course. a tabulated SWOT analysis (defining its STRENGTHS.
SITE SELECTION CRITERIA From Landscape Architecture: A Manual for Site Planning and Design By John Ormsbee Simonds New York: Mc-Graw Hill.GRLajom Figure 2.) Travel experience (pleasant or unpleasant) Community ambience Schools Shopping Churches Cultural opportunities (library. depth) Water supply and quality Economy (rising.) Safety and security Medical facilities Governance Taxes Major detraction (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and descried) NEIGHBORHOOD Landscape character Lifestyle Compatibility of proposed uses Trafficways (access. declining) Transportation (highways and transit) Energy (availability and relative cost) Landscape character Cultural opportunities Employment opportunities Health care facilities Major detractions (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and describe) COMMUNITY Travel (time-distance to work. attractiveness) Schools Conveniences (schools. service. auditorium) Public services (fire. etc. etc. storms. 26 . storms. etc. 1998 CRITERIA I.) Parks. recreation and open space Exposure (sun. shopping.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. etc. Utilities (availability and cost) Major detraction (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and descried) Site 1 Site 2 Site 3 Site 4 Site 5 II. III. wind. rainfall.) Soils (stability. fumes. planning) Freedom from noise. REGIONAL Climate (temperature. fertility. police. etc. hazard. stable.
Some municipality. that in some cases a single severe constraint or superlative feature might well overwhelm the statistics and become the deciding factor. the arithmetic sum for each column would give a general indication of its relative overall rating. wind and breeze Views Privacy Freedom from noise and glare Visual impact of neighboring uses Visual impact upon neighboring uses Proximity to utility leads Site 1 Site 2 Site 3 Site 4 Site 5 LEGEND * .severe limitation # .Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. city.moderate constraint ^ . It is to be realized. And remember that this is SITE analysis. provincial or even regional data may help but they should NEVER be the focus of this part.condition good > . much less its only content. 27 .condition excellent Note: By substituting numbers for symbols.GRLajom CRITERIA PROPERTY Size and shape (suitability) Aspect from approaches Safe entrance and egress On-site “feel” Permanent trees and cover Need for clearing Ground forms and gradients Soils (quality and depth) Relative cost of earthwork and foundation Site drainage Adjacent structures (or lack of) Neighbors Relationship to circulation patterns Relative cost of land and development Major detraction (list and describe) Exceptional features (list and descried) BUILDING SITE Topographic “fit” of programmed user Gradient of approaches Safe distance at entrance drive Orientation to sun. however.
Baseline information can be the bases for formulating the parameters by which the outcomes of the research can be evaluated. etc.). local ordinances. efficiency. in the end. 1.) Special Projects Map Weather Map 2. BASELINE STUDIES Baselines are starting points from which the design proper takes off. These are often measured by getting feedbacks from users or consumers Performance Standards These are standards that regulate operations or ways of doing things. etc. 28 . flooding. you also have to identify and study other factors that are not based on the law. codes and policies (or even international ones. strong coastal winds. You may begin this section by presenting a Code Survey. fault. if necessary) that will help you define the limits of your development. Aside from these. These would include phenomena which are natural to your site (flooding. EXISTING STANDARDS Quality Standards Governing benchmarks that regulate the physical make-up of industry outputs. These are often quantified and measured in terms of units such as speed. you will have to state how all these will affect your site. MAPS Base Maps Municipal or General Base Map Poblacion or Urban Base Map Base Maps for other Built-up Areas Vicinity Map Thematic or Analytical Maps Contour Map Soil Map Slope Map Land Capability Map Soil Suitability for Agricultural Uses Soil Suitability for Urban Uses Hydro-geologic or Groundwater Map Facilities/ Infrastructures Map Development Constraints Map (geologic. FACTORS and ISSUES RELEVANT TO THE SITE These are factors and considerations in regard to the site that will be relevant to your project. g. They help paint the backdrop against which the research undertaking is being pursued. etc. rate. local customs and community characteristics. Of course.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.GRLajom f. Look for local laws.
atmospheric quality.I. 1979 a. humidity.elevation and fluctuation. SUMMARY DESCRIPTION OF THE OFF-SITE CONTEXT AND ITS CHANGES – geographic location. wind direction and force • Local microclimates: warm and cool slopes. PHYSICAL DATA 1. market reports. b. COLLATION OF EXISTING DATA such as contour maps.T. problem and possibilities presented through notes. census materials. Geology and soil • Underlying geology. aerial photos. Topography • Pattern of landforms • Contours • Slope analysis • Visibility analysis • Circulation analysis • Unique features 4.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. sensitivity to change • Mapping of general plant cover. Press. climate records.quantity and quality 3. DATA ON THE SITE AND ITS IMMEDIATE CONTEXT A. Massachusetts.flow. slide and subsidence 2. ledge. including wooded areas 29 . capacity. engineering reports. smells 5. official proposals. shade. precipitation. amounts. undrained depressions • Water table . Ecology • Dominant plant/animal communities . surrounding populations. cloudiness. rock character and depth • Soil type and depth. records and current controversies c. self-regulation. legal and public control documents.location and relative stability • Their dependence on existing factors. boring tests. photographs. histories. ecological and hydrographic system. heat reflection and storage. sketches. traffic studies. geological soil and water surveys.GRLajom CHECKLIST OF SITE DATA From Site Planning by Kevin Lynch M.variation and purity • Natural and man-made drainage channels . plant indicators • Sound level. value as engineering material and as plant medium • Fill. land use patterns. blockages. INITIAL PERSONAL RECONNAISSANCE – observation of the site’s apparent character. Climate • Regional data on variation of temperature. principal off-site destinations and facilities d. springs • Water supply . general economy. etc. social studies. purity • Surface drainage patterns. access system. solar angle. Water • Existing water bodies . ecological studies. wind deflection and local breeze. social and political structure. air drainage.
2006 References: University of the Philippines Masters of Architecture Guide for Thesis-writing Draft of Far Eastern University Architecture Thesis Manual 30 . species and elevation at base 6. location. condition. elevation. type. participants. Images • Group and individual identification and organization of site • Meanings attached to the site. easements. lines and areas 3. Sensuous Qualities • Character and relation of visual spaces • Viewpoints. Classification of site by areas of similar structure. and problems 2. water. wishes.the dynamic aspect of the site 4. conflicts 5. stability. location. CULTURAL DATA 1. sound. Analysis of current and likely future changes . rights and restraints • Ownerships. rhythm. fears. Identification of significant problems and possibilities Thesis Manual.GRLajom Specimen trees to be retained: their location. floor elevations. transit. symbolic expression • Hopes. Identification of key points. gas. steam. quality. preferences C. conflicts 3. capacity.): location. telephone. capacity 7. etc. spread. paths. On-site and adjacent behavior settings: nature. Resident and using population • Number and composition • Social structures and institution • Economic structure • Political structure • Current changes and problems 2. smell and feel • B. Man-made structures • Existing buildings: outline. vistas and visual focal points • Character and rhythm of visual sequences • Quality and variation of light. electricity. and other rights • Legal controls: zoning and other regulations • Economic values • Accepted “territories” • Political jurisdictions 4.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Past and future • Site history and its traces • Public and private intentions for future use of site. rails. us • Circulation facilities (roads. etc. condition • Utilities (storm and sanitary sewers. DATA CORRELATION 1.): location. Site values.
but not quite. The results of your case studies would probably be applied here. for example. they’re not.and it will not stop there. This is true for schools. You have to orient your readers of the variances 31 . Although such graphical instruments help facilitate the organization of spaces. they may be too flexible. Again. consequently. where the activities of the users as based on the scheduling of classes. the activity flow diagram may be governed by a given schedule. Moreover. this is an analysis and so you would not just list the activities. interviews or any first-hand procedure. structures. you are to give your readers a hint of why you’re discussing these things. and so you’ll have the tendency to overlook at the appropriate circulation. Apart from identifying the activities and behavior of your users. defensible space and space bubbles are very helpful tools in analyzing the behavior of people in relation to the environment. this procedure will help you understand how the environment shapes behavior and vice-versa. For some projects. Again. whether individual or group. it is recommended that you have to go further and create alternative schemes or bubbles (variations of your design) and even zoning (based on the result of matrices) with circulation diagrams of various types of users. the pattern may have to be determined through direct observation. BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS 1.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. The pattern of activitiy will also create a basis for the interrelationships of spaces and. this would entail a comparative analysis of your users’ behavior with that of other paradigms. ENVIRONMENT-BEHAVIOR STUDIES Should your thesis have the behavior of the users as its main thrust. How will these affect the overall concept of your thesis? In what way can these behaviors be a tool in designing an effective working environment? Do you need to apply your knowledge in space engineering? The concepts of territoriality. you should expand this part and have a thorough and in depth output. 3. it might be useful to your study to look into their patterns of activities as these would help determine the characteristics of spaces which will be provided for them. you are encouraged to draw various schemes to present probable solutions. If you think that doing matrices and bubble diagrams would be too easy for you to do. For others. It is also important to note the less obvious details in the pattern aside from those which are based on a given program or are easily discernible through observation. INTERRELATIONSHIP ANALYSIS This is the simplest part of space programming-. To avoid this. ACTIVITY FLOW DIAGRAM As your project will cater mainly to its users. You may not only be dealing with the activities of the users for the time being but would most probably extend your analysis to the culture of these people. 2. In the end.GRLajom C. well unfortunately.
this covers all initial. the research output must include recommendations on the development of the proposed technology. They are used to determine probable impediments to project realization and to identify measures by which these impediments may be minimized or eliminated. In this case. Remember to include the services and utilities. equipment purchase. spaces. VIABILITY STUDIES Viability studies are undertaken to ascertain the possibility of the project getting implemented. It can be a matrix which allocates specific variable depending on the activity e.regular/periodic expenses such as utility bills. one-time expenditures. rentals Maintenance . laboratories. It’s also possible that the proposed project is illustrative of new technology. testing must be possible within the existing framework of expertise and tools by which the processes can be carried out. TECHNICAL VIABILITY & ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT The Technical Design Constraints . infrastructure and know-how. Examples are: design development cost. Another way is to layout a scheme containing the furniture. replication.g.periodic or one-time expenses for repairs and facilities upgrading 32 .GRLajom and indicate the advantages and disadvantages of each scheme so that you would not have the difficulty of explaining the design of your choice when later on tested against the concepts. This may be most helpful for rooms requiring specific furniture as in hospitals. factories and the like.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. You may also use basic standards from the National Building Code or other building standards and multiply these with the number of users. pivotal and then coming up with the area. Examples are: construction of production plants. Propositions must be grounded on theories that are sufficiently backed up by past research undertakings. Production. a. land acquisition Operating . D. Cost Project Cost . and circulation (of course in scale). salaries for personnel.All designers must work within a set of parameters based on the following: Technology The project must be realizable based on the available systems. construction/ development/ production cost Capital . There are different methods in programming spaces.these are expenses that are directly attributable to the completion of the project.
required expertise. sources and availability of needed building or product components need to be firmed up Manpower . Schedules may be in the form of a bar chart.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.the types.the labor component. The results are used to weigh favorable 33 .a schedule showing how the project will progress over a projected duration must be shown. organizational requirements also need to be identified Equipment .a lead-time or preparatory period may be needed before a project can fully take-off Resource Requirements Materials .pieces of light and heavy equipment needed for the production and operating stages must be available Site Conditions Location/ Surrounding Areas Land Area and Configuration Access Climate Landforms Topography Geology Soil Type Water Bodies Hydrology Oceanography Vegetation Atmosphere/Air quality Fish and Wildlife Visual Resources Danger/ Hazard prone areas Existing Structures Infrastructure Utilities Water Power Drainage N Communication Environmental Impact Assessment. an S-curve or a PERT-CPM diagram Phasing .project completion may be done in phases or in distinct time frames Gestation .GRLajom Time Timeframe .An EIA is undertaken to compare scenarios with and without the proposed project.
Batas Pambansa 220.0 5. 1.0 2. Batas Pambansa 344.0 14. models and paradigms 34 . the EIA is used to identify ways by which unfavorable impacts may be mitigated.0 7.0 11. inventions.0 • Name and Address of Project Proponent Type of Project Overview Summary The Project Setting The Proposal A Brief History of Past Environmental Conditions and a Description of the Existing Environmental and Resource Use. LEGAL VIABILITY Projects must be developed and implemented within the existing legal framework that is defined by the following: Design Laws. b. Codes. Future Environmental Conditions without the Project (An average of five years projection) Prediction and Assessment of Impacts Contingency Plans Environmental Briefings and Monitoring Mitigation Measures Residual/ Unavoidable Impacts Information Deficiencies Appendices Consultation and Comments including Public Recommendations Details are in the attached Readings Considering that projects of all types and scale have varying degrees of environmental impacts. economic and political concerns.0 9. Condominium Act.0 10.0 13. ICOMOS. The Environmental Impact Statement outline prescribed by the Department of Environment and Natural Resources.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.GRLajom against unfavorable impacts of the project on the environment. the Referral Codes.0 15. The word ‘environment’ here refers to both the physical and non-physical dimensions. Presidential Decree 957 Patent Laws/ Intellectual Property Rights – there are procedures for claiming ownership over intellectual properties in the form of creative work. The physical dimensions cover ecological and technological concerns while the nonphysical dimensions cover the social.0 8.0 12. cultural.0 6.0 3. Guidelines – examples are the National Building Code.0 4.
GRLajom Accreditation – there are also procedures for recognition prior to entry into the target market. Shared Taxation A tax is a compulsory contribution to government without reference to a particular benefit received by the taxpayer.e. i. User Charges/ Rentals This strategy attempts to extract the amount required to finance services from those who benefit from their existence. when the benefits are acknowledged by the beneficiaries. Another legal concern has to do with the entities or personalities that will be tapped to develop and implement the proposed project. Institutional Arrangements. For example the AITECH (Accreditation of Innovative Technology) is a task force that screens.. In this case the research output must include recommendations on how these modifications can be systematically effected. The final price that is passed on to the buyer/consumer should cover the cost of production and the mark-up. Under perfect conditions. taxation.other laws that can directly or indirectly affect the project outcome are the Civil Code.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. come basically from either public or private sources. Subsidy from general taxation occurs when there is 35 . for various project types. Selling price is determined by market forces and by the prevailing ratio between supply and demand.the particular public or private organizations and their roles in the network should also be clarified It would also be possible that the project is illustrative of the need to modify certain aspects within the existing legal framework. Recovery of investments could be through any of the following: Sales These are the proceeds from the outright disposal of completed products or its independent components. FINANCIAL VIABILITY Sources of Funds Funds. then user charges must show a direct linked between the quantity of services and the revenues generated to finance their services. etc.the type and level of networking required to effect project completion need to be identified Concerned Agencies. Investments of any form and origin need to be recovered and in most cases with an acceptable level of profit. as allocated. trading. c. evaluates8 and approves new technology for housing Other Laws. laws that cover national defense.
Financial Benchmarks Profitability The assessment of profitability is begins with the computation of the net income. Full cost-recovery is not always expected out of projects that are financed through grants. i.. therefore. The total amount of loan is distributed over its life and. These terms specify repayment period. conditions for use are normally stipulated. Grants This form of assistance is usually given for pre-identified projects.e. The bottom line figure is then used to compute for the following profitability ratios : Return on Investment (ROI) = Net Income Total Investment Project Life Profit Margin (PM) = Net Income Total Sales Gross Profit Ratio (GPR) = Gross Profit Total Sales 36 . mode of payment. which basically is equal to Total Revenues less Total Cost. or where consumers cannot afford the full cost of a service that is regarded as essential to human welfare. interest rates and provisions for penalties. to successive beneficiaries. Funding Terms Borrowings/Loans Large capital investments are usually financed by loans that are granted based on specific lending terms.GRLajom some degree of general benefit.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.
GRLajom d. You’ve come a long way. Since this is the foundation of all that you will be conceptualizing from hereon. Remember: functions and activities only. For example. you will be needing all the confidence you can muster as you forge through the next step: stating your DESIGN PROPOSAL. Avoid words that may be too technical or too complex or too vague. Not yet. Aside from this. the reader must have a good idea of what to expect in the translation. Refrain from naming specific spaces though. Actually. the Design Proposal should be discussed in the clearest and most coherent manner possible. you can say “a venue for the exhibit of native Filipino art” but you cannot say “museum”. DESIGN PROPOSAL Take a deep breath.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Take a minute or two to congratulate yourself for what you have accomplished so far. 37 . you must also enumerate the specific functions that your project will perform and the specific activities that it will house. With just one look at the Proposal. This should be done in the Programming part.
etc. This will give you and your readers an idea how a certain department works and interrelate with each other. However. Before you go deeper with the details of space programming. this is an analysis and so you would not just list the activities and presto! You’re done with it! Apart from identifying the activities and behavior of your users. In addition. It would be difficult to understand and appreciate what you’ll write here if you don’t give your readers a background of your project. let this be stated and taken into account. For the purpose of the thesis. thus requiring an active space. and which are not. a. should the project need to provide areas for expansion. In doing so. These may be guided by legal standards or conditions informally set by the unit of analysis as dictated by the needs. Here. The main end of this exercise is to have a systematic presentation of all these requirements to later on be translated in into schemes and plans.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you are to give your readers a hint of why you’re discussing these things. and users. PROGRAMMING This is perhaps the most important part of your thesis. Your organizational chart could be your best tool in doing this. It is the consolidation of all the requirements. Again. facilities. spatial relationships. Space programming is an exercise for the student to concretize the abstractions of space relationships into units of measure as well as the flow or circulation. BEHAVIORAL ANALYSIS As your thesis will cater to its users. You may not only be dealing with the activities of the users for the time being but would most probably extend your analysis to the culture of these people. Should your thesis focus on the behavior of the users as its main thrust. this would entail a comparative analysis of your users’ behavior with that of other paradigms.GRLajom chapter 4. you are to stick to the minimum requirements. How will these affect the overall concept of your thesis? In what way can these behaviors be a tool in designing an effective working 38 . you will find yourself identifying which units are active. since the discussion to follow will delve on the administrative structure of the proponent. rules and regulations. you will enumerate the main departments or units and how they relate to each other. then it would be helpful if you could also explain what this organization does. Analyzing the schedule of the activities would also be helpful. more than anyone else. afterwards. Requirements would mean the needs of the project (users and systems) in terms of 3-dimensional spaces. You have to indicate the magnitude and level of sensitivity of service to adequately and effectively provide a space for them. whether individual or group. Moreover. The visiting public would also share an ear with the analysis. it is but rightful to take a look into their activities as well as their operations if they move in an organization. standards. it would be appropriate to define the term for you. you should expand this part and have a thorough and in depth output. Rules and regulations are the legal guidelines that you must follow in the course of the design. its purpose. you have to come up with the possible areas for your project as a concrete solution to the things you discussed in the earlier part of your work. In this part.
as the term suggests is an analysis pertinent to the QUALITIES of your proposal which will inevitably become bases for the design. You may notice that this programming method includes the basic steps in design or what you familiarly know as DESIGN PROCESS. You have to orient your readers of the variances and indicate the advantages and disadvantages of each scheme so that you would not have the difficulty of explaining the design of your choice when later on tested against the concepts. Like the interrelationship analysis. and TIME. Although such graphical instruments help facilitate the organization of spaces. it is recommended that you have to go further and create alternative schemes or bubbles (variations of your design) and even zoning (based on the result of matrices) with circulation diagrams of various types of users. the data (facts) you have gathered in chapter 2. it can be interchanged so as to fit the desired program.but not quite. If you think that doing matrices and bubble diagrams would be too easy for you to do. 39 . It can be a matrix which allocates specific variable depending on the activity e. Qualitative analysis. which initially caters to the qualities of the project. and the proposed ideas (concepts) you have in the next chapter to do this. you are encouraged to draw various schemes to present probable solutions. QUALITATIVE ANALYSIS This has been proven as one of the most effective. Therefore. This may be most helpful for rooms requiring specific furniture as in hospitals.g. The results of your case studies would probably be applied here.and it will not stop there. (2) Collecting and Analyzing FACTS. they’re not. spaces and circulation (of course in scale). b. Another way is to layout a scheme containing the furniture. if not the most effective way of programming spaces. It is a two-fold analysis. To avoid this. All these concerns will have to be interacted with four (4) considerations: FUNCTION. Again. You may consult the book Problem Seeking by Pena to further understand this discussion. they may be too flexible and so you’ll have the tendency to overlook at the appropriate circulation. You may also use basic standards from the National Building Code or other building standards and multiply these with the number of users.GRLajom environment? Do you need to apply your knowledge in space engineering? You watch and see. ECONOMY. well unfortunately. Let us first deal with the first one. Provided with this manual is a sample table with possible issues for each concern. factories and the like. this analysis also comes in matrix form. and later on translated to be a quantitative one.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. (3) Uncovering and Testing CONCEPTS. There are different methods in programming spaces. This would have to do with five major concerns namely: (1) Establishing GOALS. (4) Determining NEEDS and (5) Stating the PROBLEMS. laboratories. FORM. You’re right! You will have to use the objectives in chapter 1 (goals). c. pivotal and then coming up with the area. Remember to include the services and utilities. INTERRELATIONSHIP ANALYSIS This is the simplest part of space programming-.
GRLajom d. It translates the qualitative matrix you did to a more tangible thing. numbers. a qualitative input would have to be translated into a more perceptible program to be understood and later be translated into a plan. you will only TRANSLATE on a quantitative evaluation. you can generalize the function of the space you are providing. Perhaps. What then would be the content of this part? You will be enumerating the areas which you think will be needed by your proposal (again. QUANTITATIVE ANALYSIS Like any other data. the word is TANGIBLE. OPERATION COSTS. a laboratory and a drawing room under a single heading. depending upon the function it will perform. the quantitative talks of the more realizable output. This way. Yes. But you have to identify all these rooms as well since you will be determining the required number in the end.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. you could also deal with the analysis of the COSTING and RETURN OF INVESTMENT through concepts on funding and its possible revenue schemes. This will contain the mathematical computations for your project. you may want to call a classroom.something which can be grasped by the readers at once. That’s right. when you’re dealing with schools. etc. From the most basic computation of space areas to CONSTRUCTION COSTS. Example. You may ask: why then can’t you go directly with the quantitative? The answer is simple. Quantitative analysis involves quantities. you read it right! NUMBERS. LIFE CYCLE COSTS. figures. say learning areas. 40 . This is what a quantitative analysis does. MAINTENANCE COSTS. These are general areas which can be specifically named in various terms. Because all the inputs in this section will be taken from the Qualitative analysis. While the qualitative speaks of the abstract. numerals and therefore computations. based on the qualitative analysis). Remember.
b. Thus. What do you wish to do with your structures? How would you like the systems to go? What would you like to achieve at the end of your translation? Hey. DESIGN GOALS and OBJECTIVES Nope. living or not. The things you’ll present here are the ones relative to your probable DESIGN. DESIGN PHILOSOPHY Sure. who may have studied the same topics you’re dealing with and defined ideas appropriate for your study. single composition. CAUTION: You may be tempted to use philosophies you already have used for your design plates when you were in your lower years. though this may be your take-off point. In other words. you can be a philosopher. These are the bases of your ideas for the proposal. you are not going back to your chapter 1 and rewrite the objectives and goals you have written there. Yes. you have established the theories and the concepts you’ll need for your proposal.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Something you should have known now by heart. And two. These are the basic contents of your concept board. You may have to go back to your objectives and see if you were able to meet them or restructure your concepts so that your readers will have a clearer vision of what you plan to do in your Design 10 (knock on wood!). Philosophies do this.GRLajom chapter 5. But take note that these are DESIGN goals and objectives – different from the goals and objectives of your STUDY. There are two types of philosophy. SYNTHESIS You’re almost done! This is the phase where you summarize all that has been done in the book. Dictums of well-known architects (refer to your Theory of Architectural Design 02) will be a great deal of help for you in doing this part of your thesis. you have to quote them and tell your readers so. or more so years in your stay in the institute. you are able to conceive your own thoughts especially if you were the one who proposed the study. wait! These do not only pertain to the possible appearance of the structures but the overall objectives of the design as well. On the contrary. a guiding dictum which gels your proposed work into one. it may be YOUR OWN notions for the project. Why not? But see to it that it would be applicable for your project you’re doing. You could base your design objectives from the objectives of your thesis. AND you must understand them! “Form follows function” may be a cute cliché but WAKE UP! You CANNOT use it all the time. but it wouldn’t be enough to just have them and let loose of the unifying thing in work. One. a. coming from a person. This chapter will be your LINK to your translation in your bid for an architectural degree. See. these are more FOCUSED on the DESIGN aspects of your project. they should be FLEXIBLE. why not? And so. perhaps you now realize that there REALLY IS a difference after all. and vice versa. Meaning. five. 41 . Philosophies are NOT FIXED. How about that for a push?! The discussions to follow may not be new to you for you have been doing this for the past four. they must bend to where they should go and reflect the design you would like to have for your project.
Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. complicated as it is. literal relationships between things. 42 . It has to connote insights. how well did you fare in remembering them? You don’t have to use all five at the same time. here’s a review of your design concepts. Most of the time. the Design Concepts will be the BACKBONE of the ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN. meaning. and your personal accounts for the project. a concept also identifies how various aspects of the requirements for a building can be brought together in a SPECIFIC thought that DIRECTLY influences the DESIGN and its CONFIGURATION. This may be simple for you to understand if you were getting high grades in your concept boards in your past design subjects. In that way you directly respond to the stated requirements. And they should go hand in hand to effectively work together – the framework and the concepts. DESIGN CONCEPTS Concepts are thoughts concerning the way several elements or characteristics can be combined into a SINGLE THING. Programmatic This is what you have been doing all the while in your lower design subjects. where you write the problems. It may also be something which discovers the roots of the issues. this comes with a conceptual scenario. Ideals Here you look at the universality of the concept. You just have to choose which of them fits your thesis. This only means that the concepts you will be providing will somehow wrap up the totality of your design program. 2. is explained in terms of terse. the relationships are abstract rather than literal. In architecture. Metaphors and Simile This type of concept also identifies relationships between things. state your philosophies and come up with a concept at the end. You tend to look for a desirable characteristic of an object and make this as the model for your project. See if you can still remember them: 1.GRLajom c. 5. come up with the objectives. Analogy (looking at other things) Here you identify possible. 3. You view the project as a universal one – something which will be a universal solution for even a general problem So. 4.a short essay that tie together all the important factors and ideas that influenced the design solution. You may have to establish certain patterns of parallel relationships. However. If not. explicit statements. Basically there are five (5) types of concepts in architecture. Do you still remember the discussion in the framework? While that framework will be your THRUST. Essences The whole program that you have for your thesis.
Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. You may have to be guided with legal documents and follow pertinent laws to do this.GRLajom d. you’re right again! This part will be your DESIGN GUIDELINES which will tell your readers as well the restrictions for your project. And as the term conveys. These will comprise your design parameters. It would involve an explanation along with a long list of the laws. You may also want to call these as Design CONSIDERATIONS. Circulation. Security. This applies both to the structures and its immediate environment (both the micro and the macro). DESIGN PARAMETERS All done! All you need to do now is check the existing standards applicable to your thesis for translation. Having established the guidelines would only mean you’re ready to go to your drawing board and translate this book into ARCHITECTURAL PLANS. Yes. Accessibility. and Economy may be the factors you would be looking at here. But it would not just end in writing these headings. rules and orders governing such considerations. 43 . you are to state the things you would have to consider in doing your design. Building Orientation.
You may have to wait for the next semester to see the contents of the discussion on this. TRANSLATION Don’t get too excited. So good luck! Aim to do chapter 6.GRLajom chapter 6. ☺ 44 . You know what we mean.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva.
Social Engineering d. Filipino Architecture 4. THE SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF ARCHITECTURE a. • 45 . THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT a. Architectural Innovations d. • RESEARCH TOPICS The student can choose any three (3) from the given list of research topics.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Sick Building Syndrome d. THE HUMAN ENVIRONMENT a.GRLajom GUIDELINES FOR THE THESIS BOOK • THEME For this academic year. These topics should provide adequate foundation for the title/proposal. The student-proponent shall have to come up with a thesis which will embody concepts and design solutions that are locally feasible and globally competitive. THEORIES OF ARCHITECTURE a. fourteen (14) days before the Finals Week of the first semester. Design of Interior Environments d. Ergonomics c. Psychological Effects of Spaces b. Historical Preservation b. “Intelligent” Building Design b. Urban Renewal c. DEADLINE FOR SUBMISSION A copy of the Final Draft of the Thesis Book shall be submitted not later than 5:00 in the afternoon. High-rise Structures • TIMETABLE FOR SUBMITTALS A schedule of submittals will be provided by the Thesis Advisers to guide the students in programming their activities with respect to given deadlines. Proxemics d. Tropical Design c. the theme for the thesis shall be FILIPINO ARCHITECTURE IN RESPONSE TO THE GLOBAL SCENARIO. Indigenous Technology c. Theories of Territoriality and Defensible Spaces 5. Failure to submit the Book on time shall mean automatic disqualification for AR 541543D (Architectural Design X). Green Architecture b. Architecture in Response to Natural Phenomena 2. Interior Architecture e. Anthropometrics b. Environment-Behavior Studies 3. 1. Principles of Scale and Proportion c. ARCHITECTURAL TECHNOLOGY a.
Thesis books submitted in even numbered years. which will come from the performance 46 . After which the Jurors shall assess the merits of the Book and give their grade for the Defense. A member of the Thesis Council shall compute the grade. A Schedule of Thesis Book Defense will be distributed to the Thesis Classes a week before the first presentation.0 cm) Orientation: Landscape Language: English Text Format: General 12 Times New Roman Subtitles 14 Times New Roman Bold Titles 16 Times New Roman Bold Margins: Left 2 ½ inches Right 2 inches Top 1 inch Bottom 1 inch THESIS COVER FORMAT A uniform pattern for the cover of the Thesis Book must be followed. This shall be done to inform the students of their individual schedule and give them adequate time to prepare for their Defense. shall have maroon cover with silver letters. A compact disk containing the presentation shall be submitted after the deliberation. A copy of the Schedule will also be posted on a visually accessible bulletin board. therefore shall get a failing grade for the Defense. • GUIDELINES FOR ORAL DEFENSE OF THESIS BOOK • SCHEDULE OF DEFENSE The Final Draft of the Thesis Book shall be defended one week before the Finals Week for the first semester.GRLajom • THESIS BOOK FORMAT Size of paper: A4 (29. these shall be read by the Adviser who shall also announce whether the Proponent passed or failed the Oral Defense. The proponent should come 30 minutes before his/her schedule to defend.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. The cover shall also be in landscape format using the text font and sizes as indicated in Figure – If the academic year ends in an even numbered year.7 x 21. • MANNER OF DEFENSE The Thesis Book shall be presented by the proponent in front of a Panel of Jurors using MS PowerPoint. the cover shall be white with maroon letters. Questions coming from the Jurors may be answered in another 15 minutes. If there are recommendations. and. The Jury grade shall comprise 60% of the student’s final grade for the book while the Adviser shall give the remaining 40%. Those who will come 30 minutes after their schedule shall not be allowed to defend anymore. Each student shall be given 15 minutes to present the Book. on the other hand.
• DELIBERATIONS GRADING SYSTEM The Jury’s grade will be based upon a set of criteria which was previously presented and agreed upon by the Thesis Class. Knowledge and/or exposure to the respective research topics will be the primary criteria for the selection of Jury members. Therefore. The jurors shall be selected so that the schedule of defense will not be in conflict with the schedule of their classes and other co-curricular activities. a failing grade in the Book Defense will certainly mean automatic disqualification for the next Architectural Design subject which is Ar 541-542D. • PANEL OF JURORS A panel of jurors composed of faculty members from the Department of Architecture shall deliberate on the merits of the Book. This grade will represent 60% of the student’s final grade for the book. a failing grade for the book shall also mean failure in Ar 551-553D and disqualification from the next Architectural Design subject which is Ar 541-543D.00 – before the Proposal Clarification P 250.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. being the regulating body in this procedure. Since the grade for the book comprises 75% of the grade in Ar 551-553D.GRLajom and submittals of the student during the course subject. is excluded from sitting as members of the panel. This amount is broken down into two scheduled payments: P 250. The Panel of Jurors shall be composed of not more than three architects from the Department of Architecture. The Thesis Council.00 – one week before the Book Oral Defense • 47 . FEES Each student shall pay the amount of five hundred pesos (P 500. The grade for the Oral Defense shall be based on the following criteria: Content Presentation Oral Graphical 60% 20% 20% 100% • DRESS CODE The proponents are strictly required to wear the prescribed school uniform including his/her identification card during the Book Defense.00) at the Dean’s Office for the deliberation of the Book.
SITE PREPARATION Estimate 1% to 3% of building cost 2. ROADWAYS Estimate per linear meter 4.5% of building cost 10. SIDEWALKS AND TERRACES Estimate 1% to 7% of building cost 5.5% to 2. OFF-SITE UTILITIES Estimate 3% to 5% of building cost 9.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. WALLS AND SCREENS Estimate . parking lighting lump sum per car 48 . OUTDOOR EQUIPMENT Estimate lump sum 12. PARKING Refer to required ratio to get number of parking slots. ON-SITE UTILITIES Estimate 1% to 3% of building cost 8. OUTDOOR LIGHTING Estimate pedestrian lighting 1% of building cost.GRLajom GUIDELINES FOR SITE DEVELOPMENT COST From Problem Seeking by William Pena 1. LANDSCAPING Estimate 1% to 2% of building cost 11. 3.5% to 2. Estimate per slot. OUTDOOR SPORTS FACILITIES Estimate lump sum per unit per type 7.5% of building cost 6. STORM DRAINAGE Estimate .
With just one look at the Proposal. Remember: functions and activities only. Since this is the foundation of all that you will be conceptualizing from hereon. the Design Proposal should be discussed in the clearest and most coherent manner possible. the reader must have a good idea of what to expect in the translation. Actually. Avoid words that may be too technical or too complex or too vague. you will be needing all the confidence you can muster as you forge through the next step: stating your DESIGN PROPOSAL. you can say “a venue for the exhibit of native Filipino art” but you cannot say “museum. you must also enumerate the specific functions that your project will perform and the specific activities that it will house. 49 . This should be done in the Programming part.” Not yet. Refrain from naming specific spaces though.GRLajom DESIGN PROPOSAL Take a deep breath. For example.Architecture Thesis Manual EMCVillanueva. Aside from this. You’ve come a long way. Take a minute or two to congratulate yourself for what you have accomplished so far.
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