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Encuesta de Calidad de Vida Europea (EQLS)

Encuesta de Calidad de Vida Europea (EQLS)

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Published by Informativos.Net

Estos resultados, de la tercera Encuesta de Calidad de Vida Europea (EQLS) de Eurofound se han presentado hoy, 29 de noviembre de 2012, reflejando -con algunas excepciones interesantes- la realidad económica, con los mayores niveles de optimismo en Dinamarca y Suecia, y los menores niveles en Grecia, Italia y Portugal.

Estos resultados, de la tercera Encuesta de Calidad de Vida Europea (EQLS) de Eurofound se han presentado hoy, 29 de noviembre de 2012, reflejando -con algunas excepciones interesantes- la realidad económica, con los mayores niveles de optimismo en Dinamarca y Suecia, y los menores niveles en Grecia, Italia y Portugal.

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Policy context

Quality of the environment and environmental sustainability are
fundamental in approaches to measuring societal progress, as
seen, for example, in the Commission’s Beyond GDP initiative.
Housing and the local neighbourhood are key aspects of the
environment. The EU has a limited role to play in these areas.
Nevertheless, it does contribute to addressing housing depri-
vation, and to improving living conditions in neighbourhoods,
mainly though allocation of Structural Funds. The Europe 2020
strategy has, among its principal objectives, the aim to de-
crease the number of people in or at risk of poverty and social
exclusion by 20 million. The European Platform against poverty
and social exclusion aims to contribute to this by, among other
initiatives, improving access to housing.

While the housing market is treated like any other commod-
ity within the European Single Market subject to competition,
social housing is a service of general interest (SGI). In fulfilling
a basic need for vulnerable groups, social housing can thus be
supported with state aid. A more recent policy development
marks the reinforced interaction between national housing poli-
cies and the EU: the European economic governance, which
allows the European Commission to make recommendations
to Member States on their housing policies.15

With regard to local environment more broadly, an initiative
within the Europe 2020 strategy called ‘a resource-efficient
Europe’ was launched. It includes attention to ‘healthy neigh-
bourhoods’, recycling and insulation. Local environments in
rural areas are further affected by the Common Agricultural
Policy, which comprises a large share of the EU’s budget, and
it has a major impact on the rural environment.

This chapter describes how Europeans perceive the quality
of their homes and their local environment, and outlines the
characteristics of their housing. It will identify how housing
conditions and perceived quality differ between population
sub groups, especially with regard to age and households’
composition and income. Degree of urbanisation is also

a variable of potential interest given that, overall, urban–rural
differences are small in the more affluent areas and progres-
sively more marked in poorer parts of the EU (Eurofound,
2006a). The relationship of these housing and environmental
issues is investigated in relation to other key variables, which
could explain differences. Associations with some variables
are more thoroughly investigated in other chapters of this
report, for example on ‘social exclusion and community in-
volvement’ (Chapter 5) and ‘health’ (Chapter 7). Comparison
with 2007 EQLS data gives an indication of the impact of the
financial crisis on housing and the local neighbourhood, and
on the prevalence and nature of problems related to the sur-
rounding environment.

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