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Kuća, Naselje, Društvo u Egeji

Kuća, Naselje, Društvo u Egeji

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RUTH WESTGATE, NICK FISHER and JAMES WHITLEY (Eds.

)

BRITISH SCHOOL AT ATHENS

BUILDING COMMUNITIES
House, Settlement and Society in the Aegean and Beyond

BUILDING COMMUNITIES
House, Settlement and Society in the Aegean and Beyond
Proceedings of a Conference held at Cardiff University 17–21 April 2001
Edited by

Ruth Westgate, Nick Fisher and James Whitley
House, Settlement and Society in the Aegean and Beyond

This volume explores a range of approaches to the built environment of the ancient Mediterranean world, with two main aims: first, to relate archaeological evidence to the wider cultural and historical context, and second, to bridge the conventional divide between prehistoric and Classical archaeology. It contains 40 papers by an international array of scholars, ranging from the Neolithic to Late Antiquity, and geographically from the Aegean to Italy, North Africa, Egypt and the Black Sea. Major themes include: • the theory and methodology of analysing and interpreting built space • the relationship of the built environment to social and political structures and the formation of states • the development of civic and religious space • the identification of households in the archaeological record • the formation and interpretation of domestic assemblages • problems in the identification of functional areas within the house • changing conceptions of public and private • space and gender • the function and significance of decoration in houses and palaces • the uses of ethnoarchaeology and virtual reality for understanding architectural remains • the effects of acculturation in the domestic sphere • the archaeology of the domestic economy • the problems of combining literary and archaeological evidence. The papers offer many new interpretations of a wide range of material and, taken together, give an exciting overview of the latest scholarship and ideas in this rich and developing field of study. The conference formed part of the British Academy / AHRB-funded project ‘Strategies, Structures and Ideologies of the Built Environment’.

BRITISH SCHOOL AT ATHENS STUDIES 15

BUILDING COMMUNITIES

Edited by

Ruth Westgate, Nick Fisher and James Whitley

BRITISH SCHOOL AT ATHENS STUDIES

15

BUILDING COMMUNITIES:
HOUSE, SETTLEMENT AND SOCIETY IN THE AEGEAN AND BEYOND Proceedings of a Conference held at Cardiff University, 17–21 April 2001

Edited by

Ruth Westgate, Nick Fisher and James Whitley

BRITISH SCHOOL AT ATHENS STUDIES 15

Published and distributed by The British School at Athens Senate House, Malet Street, London WC1E 7HU ©The Council, the British School at Athens

Series Editor: Olga Krzyszkowska First published in Great Britain 2007 ISBN 978-0-904887-56-3 No part of this volume may be reproduced or transmitted in any form, or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopy, or stored in a retrieval system, without prior written permission of the publisher

This book is set in Ehrhardt 11/12 pt Designed and computer typeset by Rayna Andrew Printed in Great Britain by Short Run Press Ltd, 25 Bittern Road, Exeter, Devon EX2 7LW

Contents
List of figures List of tables List of maps List of abbreviations Abstracts/Perilhvyei~ Preface Introduction 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Greek houses as a source of evidence for social relations Lisa Nevett Functional analysis of survey sites William Cavanagh and Christopher Mee The identification of Neolithic households: unfeasible or just disregarded? Stella Souvatzi Neolithic households in Greece: the contribution of ethnoarchaeology Nikos Efstratiou The Neolithic settlement at Çatalhöyük and Pueblo ethnoarchaeology Laura D. Steele Extracting the domestic from indigenous Sicily Fraser Sturt, Simon Stoddart and Caroline Malone Domestic architecture and public space in Early Bronze Age Poliochni (Lemnos) Massimo Cultraro House, households and community at Early Minoan Fournou Korifi: methods and models for interpretation Todd Whitelaw Residence design and variation in residential group structure: a case study, Mallia Dorella Romanou Naturalising the cultural: architectonicised landscape as ideology in Minoan Crete Louise A. Hitchcock In the shadows of Kastri: an examination of domestic and civic space at Palaikastro (Crete) Tim Cunningham Life outside a Mycenaean palace: elite houses on the periphery of citadel sites Bryan E. Burns Domestic space and gender roles in ancient Egyptian village households: a view from Amarna workmen’s village and Deir el-Medina Aikaterini Koltsida House, household and community at LM IIIC Vronda, Kavousi Kevin Glowacki Cretan Early Iron Age hearth temples and the articulation of sacred space Mieke Prent Interpreting Cretan private and communal spaces (800–500 BC) Lena Sjögren Architecture and social structure in Early Iron Age Greece Alexander Mazarakis Ainian From megaron to oikos at Zagora Alexandra Coucouzeli House — community — settlement: the new concept of living in Archaic Greece Franziska Lang vii xii xii xiii xv xxvii 1 5 11 19 29 37 47 55 65 77 91 99 111 121 129 141 149 157 169 183

vi

CONTENTS

20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40

Did democracy transform Athenian space? Robin Osborne Searching for the domestic: investigations of the built environment in Iron Age and Archaic Sicily Matthew Fitzjohn Defining domestic space at Euesperides, Cyrenaica: Archaic structures on the Sidi Abeid David Gill and Patricia Flecks Lighting dark rooms: some thoughts about the use of space in early Greek domestic architecture Eva Parisinou Fire and smoke: hearths, braziers and chimneys in the Greek house Barbara Tsakirgis House clearance: unpacking the ‘kitchen’ in Classical Greece Lin Foxhall More thoughts on the space of the symposium Kathleen M. Lynch House and veil in ancient Greece Lloyd Llewellyn-Jones Oikos and oikonomia: Greek houses, households and the domestic economy Bradley A. Ault ‘Living above the shop’: domestic aspects of the ancient industrial workshops of the Laureion area of south-east Attica John Ellis Jones Living and housing in Classical and Hellenistic Eretria Karl Reber The urban layout of Megalopolis in its civic and confederate context James Roy Scythian and Olbian settlements in the Lower Dnieper region Valeria Bylkova From houses to tenements: domestic architecture in Hellenistic Alexandria Richard A. Tomlinson Life’s rich pattern: decoration as evidence for room function in Hellenistic houses Ruth Westgate Differentiation in the Hellenistic houses of Delos: the question of functional areas Monika Trümper Dionysos at Pompeii Shelley Hales Engendering Roman domestic space Penelope M. Allison The Roman domus in the Greek world Maria Papaioannou Identification of space through a study of mosaics: a case study, Knossos, Crete Rebecca Sweetman Some theoretical considerations and a Late Antique house from Roman Egypt Richard Alston Bibliography List of contributors Indices Topographical index General index Maps

195 201 205 213 225 233 243 251 259 267 281 289 297 307 313 323 335 343 351 363 373 379 415 417 417 419 429

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