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Home Security System

Home Security System

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Published by: Cik Pina on Nov 30, 2012
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Chapter 2: Literature Review

Home Security Systems
Home Security System is a complete system that secures a home from various threats including home intrusion. There is a lot of external threats that can endanger our home and family, ranging from break-ins and theft to fires and carbon monoxide poisoning. Keep our loved ones and assets safe from such dangers with a home surveillance system from a security company. These systems go far beyond traditional house alarms and are comprised of several different security devices to monitor all aspects of our home, such as smoke detectors, motion sensors and security cameras. When one of these devices is triggered, the security company is immediately notified and can dispatch emergency responders if we or our home is in danger. By understanding the purpose of each part of a home security system, consumers can be sure they are protecting what is danger to them without spending an excessive amount of money on items they do not need like spending on safeguard purpose and safety manpower. . By paying a small fee, a homeowner can be assured their home is constantly being monitored.

What is Necessary for a Home Security System? A Basic Home Security System in market consists Of :
            Panel Door and Window Contacts Motion Detector Monitoring Alarm/Alarm system Battery Back-up Bells/Sirens Burglar Alarm Carbon Monoxide Detector or Monitor CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) Central Monitoring Center Chime or Bell Mode

Every other part of a home security system is wired into the panel . the security system is able to use the telephone line to call the authorities if a break-in occurs. Motion Detector A motion detector protects the entire room. There are "smart" motion detectors that will recognize a human moving about. a chime will sound. This helps to cut down on false alarms. When the system is not turned. a contact sensor is triggered. we can keep track of when our kids leave or come home. When a door or window is opened. However. It will also pick up the movement of someone getting up for a midnight snack. When they are turned on.                       Carbon Monoxide Detector or Monitor CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) Central Monitoring Center Chime or Bell Mode Digital Video Monitoring System Door and Window Contacts DVR/CCTV Recorder Electronic Surveillance System Emergency Phone Emergency Response Locator Fire Detector and Alarm Glass Break Detectors Handheld Remote Heat Detectors Interior Sounder/Bell Interior Sounder/Bell Keypad Panic Buttons Keypads Light Activation Low Temperature Sensors Paging Features Phone Activation Smoke Detectors Two-way Keypad Panel This is the "brains" of the home security system. so they aren't effective in high traffic areas. if we choose. broken or home security system is disarmed. the home security system usually calls a monitoring center. they are a great addition to a home security system while everyone is out of the house. and a signal is sent to dispatch if the system is alarmed. but will not go off if a dog or cat is moving in the room. This includes windows. Door and Window Contacts Contacts are hidden devices that detect the opening of protected windows and doors. Motion detectors can usually be programmed so that they will only go off if a large animal or person sets them off.Our control panel can keep a log of when these contacts were broken so that. authorities can be summoned when an intruder is detected. Some motion detectors also have a glass break sensor. If we have a monitored motion detector. This is absolutely necessary for your system to work. An employee of the monitoring center will telephone the authorities. It is attuned to the sound of breaking glass. motion detectors can sense intruders within our home. Monitoring When a home security system is monitored. A window contact will not cause the alarm to go off if the window were broken. If an alarm is tripped. a signal will also be sent to the central dispatch center. the alarm would go off. If a window were broken.The alarm company will typically install the control panel inside a closet or some other concealed area of our home. We no need to worry about our pets stopping us from installing a home security system. Then. A homeowner can also ask that .

If your carbon monoxide monitor goes off. If it is a monitored burglar alarm then the local authorities will be notified at the time of the incident. if there is an emergency. There are several different alarm system monitoring companies that you can choose from. One of the best uses for the chime or bell mode is to let you know that someone has opened a door. Digital Video Monitoring System . a signal is sent to a team of operators who will then get the proper authorities notified immediately. A home security alarm can be one of the first lines of defense when it comes to invasions or the threat of fire. Alarm An alarm system is essentially any mechanism or series of mechanisms that trigger an alert that there is a problem in the house. If the Carbon Monoxide Monitor is tripped then a signal will be sent to dispatch and the proper authorities will be alerted so that EMS (Emergency Medical) can respond to your situation. CCTV (Closed Circuit Television) A video surveillance system that allows you to watch certain areas of your home.he or she be called first in case of an alarm. This is to ensure that the security system has not been accidentally set off. Burglar Alarm A burglar alarm is an electrical system that is primarily used to scare off burglars with a loud noise. Carbon Monoxide Detector or Monitor Carbon Monoxide is odorless and colorless. However. Bells/Sirens Visual and audible bells can alert your family and neighbors that there is a problem in your home. Chime or Bell Mode – A programmable internal system that lets you know if someone has entered a zone while the system is disarmed. a homeowner can be assured their home is constantly being monitored. there wouldn’t be any bells or whistles when something goes wrong. Then. This is why it is sometimes referred to as the “silent killer. If a burglar sees that the home has a home security alarm system installed then they will be less likely to want to deal with that particular home. Otherwise. The battery back-up keeps the home security system operational if there is an electrical failure. Once the central monitoring center receives a distress signal. It’s a good way to keep track of teens or to know if a toddler has entered a portion of the house that is not safe. Get everyone out of the house as quickly and safely as possible. CCTV is mostly used for businesses but can also be employed as part of a home security system. If you have small children and a swimming pool then there are many steps that you should take in order to try to keep them safe. Central Monitoring Center – This is the dispatch center where distress signals are received. don’t wait for EMS to arrive. By paying a small fee.” A monitored carbon monoxide detector can alert authorities when high levels of this deadly gas have been detected. you should never use your chime or bell mode as your only way to safeguard your children from dangers such as swimming pools. When installed. Most of these home security companies have a national scope. These are used in the disarmed mode for a variety of reasons. Another sound might be the ‘chirp’ that is sounded when contacts have been broken. If carbon monoxide is detected then an alarm is sounded. The device monitors the presence and levels of carbon monoxide gas in a particular area. It is operational 24 hours a day. it might be a good idea to advertise the fact that there is a burglar alarm in the house. such as a backyard with a swimming pool. they will immediately call the home in order to make sure that it was not a false alarm. Battery Back-up A battery back-up is part of the control panel in most home security systems. When an alarm is triggered by an intruder or fire. they will notify the proper authorities right away.

you might need to use it in a portion of your property that is not monitored by your home security system. a contact sensor is triggered. DVR A Digital Video Recorder (DVR) is an electronic device that records video and saves it on a computer hard disk. The persons responsible for monitoring the alarms can then notify the fire department or other emergency responder to come to your aid. police and medical personnel find your home quicker. Door and Window Contacts When a door or window is opened. You might want to take this into consideration when setting your password. Other products may include the medical emergency pendant or the panic button. These ‘emergency phone systems’ are meant to speed up the process of alerting the authorities that you are in need of help. This type of DVR is typically used in malls and other shopping places but can come in handy for home security systems as well. DVR CCTV Recorder Records action on a surveillance camera on closed circuit television so that it can be seen later. Fire detectors should be thoroughly tested at least once per year. You can use a DVR in conjunction with a video monitoring system so that sequences of time can be recorded and played back at your convenience. if you choose. DVR or PC. a chime will sound. Glass Break Detectors These are devices that trigger an alarm when the sound or vibration of breaking glass is detected. if you are in your garden and you start to feel faint and think that you may be having a medical emergency.These are video security systems that can be used with a VCR. they can gain entrance without disrupting the contacts. These signs should be marked with reflective numbers and should be easy to spot whether it is day or night. you can use your mobile device in order to summon help right away. Emergency Response Locator This is a sign that you put in your yard in order to help deter burglars and also to help fire. and a variety of other devices. Some systems are ‘motion sensitive’ so that they only start recording if there is something going on. Your control panel can keep a log of when these contacts were broken so that. If it is a monitored system then it can send a signal to a monitoring center. You can use a wireless surveillance camera in order to tape actions that occur in a designated area and have those actions recorded and played back by using a VCR. . This saves tape on a video cassette and space on a DVR or PC. Electronic Surveillance System These systems can protect homes from break-ins. Make sure that your DVR hard disk has adequate storage capacity. When the system is not turned on. For example. This is an extra layer of defense that many homeowners choose to pass up. Just keep in mind that teenagers can be fairly crafty and they are generally good with modern day electronics. or personal computer. For instance. The door and window contacts can only go so far. They are commonly referred to as home security systems and can include burglar alarms that notify the police. wireless security cameras or CCTV. burglary. if you are in the yard and a stranger hops over your fence. This can come in handy if you happen to have teens. An electronic surveillance system usually includes wireless security cameras. and assault. Emergency Phone Some home security monitoring companies offer phones for emergency assistance and personal alarms. and a signal is sent to dispatch if the system is alarmed. you can keep track of when your kids leave or come home. It does no good to summon the police or fire departments if they can’t find your home! Fire Detector and Alarm Fire alarms detect smoke and/or heat. If you have a panic button. When the sound is detected an alarm can be sent to a Local Monitoring Station if the sensor is part of a monitored home security system. They have been known to reprogram a home security system so that their comings and goings go unnoticed. DVR. If a burglar breaks a ground floor window.

lights can also be turned on with a remote control. Excessive heat can be a precursor to combustion. These are typically used in convenience stores as ‘the under the counter button’ but they can also be installed as part of a complete home security system. emergency services can automatically be alerted that you have a possible fire. When used in conjunction with a home security monitoring company. The type of remote control that you choose is completely up to you. Two-way Keypad This is a device that can check the status of your security system from outside your home. nine times out of ten they will simply do an ‘about face’ and march right back out the door. For instance. a fairly quiet chime may sound. You can even choose to not have one at all. This can come in handy if you live in an area where the outside temperature frequently dips down below freezing. Interior Sounder/Bell This is a siren or bell in your home that will notify your family that there is a fire or an intrusion. When the system is not armed. It can also come in handy if you arrive at work only to remember that you forgot to activate your home security system! Smoke Detectors Gives early detection of a fire by an audible warning. The keypad is typically located close to the main entrance of your home so that you can turn off your alarm when you first come in the door. If your smoke detector uses a battery. Some remotes can also be used in order to open your garage door or turn on the lights in your home. other products or combustion. you should have a certain day of the year that you religiously use to change the batteries. It can be placed in a hallway or somewhere in your home that is centrally located and convenient. It can be setup so that there are different sounding signals for each type of event. Heat Detectors Heat detectors can determine excessive heat in your house or building. If you receive a page that your alarm has gone off. A large portion of burglaries and home invasions take place while the homeowner is at work during the day. Keypads The keypad allows you to interact with your home security system. You should use caution with these devices. you shouldn’t just rush home and enter your house. a very loud bell might ring throughout the house when the home security system is armed. Light Activation Some home security systems can turn on lights when an intruder is detected. Paging Features Some home security systems employee a paging feature that can alert you if there is an intrusion or fire. Low Temperature Sensors – Alerts a monitoring center when the temperature inside your home drops below a specified level. This could come in handy if you are away on vacation and you need to let the neighbor enter your home to take care of your animals. They typically will detect smoke. If a burglar enters your home and all the lights immediately go on. On some systems. There might be a burglar in there! Phone Activation Some security systems can be turned on and off over the phone. This can be a stand alone fire detection system or can work in conjunction with other security systems. .Handheld Remote If you have a hand-help remote control then you can arm or disarm your home security system. Keypad Panic Buttons These are used in order to send out a silent alarm alerting the authorities that you are in need of assistance. This can come in handy if you are at work or school.

An electronic motion detector contains a motion sensor that transforms the detection of motion into an electric signal. A motion detector may be connected to a burglar alarm that is used to alert the home owner or security service after it detects motion. Most motion detectors can detect up to15 – 25 meters (50–80ft). This can be achieved by measuring optical changes in the field of view.MOTION SENSOR DETECTOR A motion sensor is a device for motion detection. Such a detector may also trigger a red light camera. Motion detectors have . That is. automatic light. They form a vital component of comprehensive security systems. for both homes and businesses. A motion detector attached to an outdoor. it is a device that contains a physical mechanism or electronic sensor that quantifies motion that can be either integrated with or connected to other devices that alert the user of the presence of a moving object within the field of view.

The Motion Detector System A motion detection system is a type of security alarm which can quantify motion. Defined as a passive infrared (PIR) detector. This sensors measure infrared radiation emanating from objects in the field of view. An ultrasonic sensor sends out ultrasonic waves and then measures its reflection off an object that is moving. SYSTEM OVERVIEW PIR stands for Passive InfraRed. Apparent motionis detected when an infrared emitting source with one . Aside from the PIR detector. microwave motion detectors and tomographic motion detectors. which is the one most preferred by users to secure their homes or businesses. Some of these applications include motion-activated outdoor lighting systems. In simple terms. This type of detector system is effective in detecting movements at an average of 50 feet to 80 feet. Types of Motion Detector System A number of houses nowadays already prefer a wireless motion detector because of the convenience of not seeing visible wires that make the place a little messy. it is a motion detector. This motion can then be connected to other gadgets or equipments that signals the user that there is motion occurring in a particular area. This detector system can also be linked to an intruder alarm system that immediately alerts security about a possible burglary. This is because the sensor with the timing device prevents unoccupied spaces (like public comfort rooms) from lighting up.found great application in domestic and commercial applications. These forms are all classified as a wireless motion detector. It only has one output pin and another two pins is connected to 5V and GND separately. Microwave sensors Microwave sensors use microwave pulses to measure a moving object’s reflection. there are also motion detector systems that use ultrasound (ultrasonic motion detector). Tomographic sensor A tomographic sensor detects disturbances in radio waves if they travel via areas that have a lot of network nodes. There is also a type for this detector that contains a timing device. motion sensor street lamps and motion sensor lanterns. A motion detection system is considered vital in securing a home or a business. The newer systems already work on dual sensors in order to better improve the detector’s ability to ‘sense correctly’ and avoid false alarms. PIR Passive InfraRed A popular motion detector system is the PIR detector. this type looks for a source of body heat in order to detect movement.

Microwave detectors on the other hand can be sensitive to radio interference. A moving object is identified using the Doppler effect comparing transmitted and reflected signals. but can be prone to false alarms if not properly installed as their detection can pass through walls. Applications of this Alarm System Primarily. If the motion is continuous. the output remains high for a few seconds (depend on the variable resistor adjusted). passes in front of source with another temperature. as well as your family’s safety is always of utmost importance. with the fast pace that technology is improving. Consequently. However. or both). other uses have also been found for this alarm system. For instance. a motion detector system can also now be used to manipulate appliances and all other amenities in the house. The unitoutput is high whenever there is motion detected.Passive InfraRed (PIR) and microwave. personal safety. . PIR detectors provide excellent protection. such as wall. aside from detecting a possible burglar in the house or in the store. Motion detectors which combine PIR and microwave detection are called 'dual-technology' (or 'dual-tech') and are relatively immune to interference. Dual-tech sensors also provide the additional benefit of anti-masking functionality. In most applications. users by alarm systems for the protection of their properties (residences or business establishments. It will remain high for longer if H from the jumper is selected. Microwave detectors are much more sensitive to movement than PIR detectors. such as indoor lighting How do motion detectors work? There are two types of motion detectors . the output remains high. A PIR detector will alert your security system when it detects movement of a source of infrared radiation against background radiation levels. Aftermotion stops.temperature. such as human body. After all. In some hostile environments PIR detection on its own may not be suitable as it can be sensitive to thermal radiation interference. For this project. If the signal matches preset detection criteria an alarm is triggered. PIR detectors monitor the infrared radiation emitted by all objects within their field of view. they have a low false alarm rate as both technologies have to detect simultaneously in order for an alarm to be triggered. The Application of a Motion Detector System It would not come as a surprise if homes nowadays have a motion detector systeminstalled in it. Microwave detectors transmit an electromagnetic signal and compare the reflected signal from all objects in their field of view. the resistant of variable resistor is adjusted to as low as possible so that the output of the sensor would not remain high for long time after motion stops.

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