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Church and the Barbarians

Church and the Barbarians

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10/16/2011

Leodgar, (S. Leger), bishop of Autun, 81, 146 Leontius of Byzantium, 86 Leovigild, Wisigothic king in Spain,
48, 75 Lerins, abbey, 81 Liber Pontificalis, 39 n., 151 Liberatus, sixth-century theological writer in Africa,
106 Limoges, 150, 174 Lindisfarne, 117 Litanies, 184-6 Literature in North Africa, 106; literary renaissance
under Charles the Great, 166. See Boethius, Cassiodorus, Gregory the Great, Gregory of Tours, John of
Damascus, Learning, Paul the Silentiary, Procopius, Venantius Fortunatus, Theodore of the Studium
Liturgies, 181-90 Liudhard, Frankish bishop in Kent, 186 Lombards, 40, 147-50, 152; invade Italy, 34, 61;
pope negotiates with, 62; conversion from Arianism to Catholicism, 4, 56, 63, 134 Lothar (Chlothochar) II.,
king of Lotharingia, 191-2 Louis I., the Pious, emperor, son of Charles I., 129 Louis II., emperor, son of the
Emperor Lothar I., 192 Louis the German, king of Bavaria (840-76), son of Louis the Pious, 128 Louis
d'Outremer, king of the West Franks (936-54), son of Charles the Simple, 174 Ludmilla, S., of Bohemia, 128
Luxeuil, S. Columban's monastery at, 55-6

Mâcon, Second Council of (585), 180 Magdeburg, archbishopric, 126, 197-8 Maieul (Majolus), abbat of
Cluny, 174 Mainz, 195; S. Boniface, archbishop of, 137-8 Malmesbury, abbey, 115, 171 Manichaeans, 104,
178 Mansi, G. D., Italian theologian (1692-1769); his Concilia referred to, 15 n., 17 n., 21 n., 76 Maraba,
catholicos of Persia, 99 Mark, S., evangelist, 64 Maron, John, founder of the Maronites, 84 Maronite Church,
23, 89 Marozia, paramour of Pope Sergius III., mother of Pope John XI., 196 Marriage of the clergy, 25, 91,
119-20; in the Greek Church, 85; marriage of spiritual relations forbidden, 177 Martel, Charles, Frankish
mayor of the palace, 135, 137, 144, 146 Martial, S., monastery at Limoges, 174 Martin, S., monastery at
Tours, 168, 173 Martin I., pope, 88 Martin, S., bishop of Braga, 74 Martyrdom of S. Adalbert, 125, 129; S.
Boniface, 139, 202; Pope John, 31; S. Theodosia, 158; S. Wenceslas, 128-9 Mary, the Blessed Virgin, 18, 80;
images of, 156-7 Mass, the, 15 n.; Mass of the presanctified, 179; the Roman Mass, fifth to eighth century,
180-2: sixth century, 188-90; "ite, missa est," 190 Maurice, emperor, 22, 62, 66 Maurice, S., 125 Maximus,
orthodox African abbat and controversialist, 89, 108 Meccah, 101 Media, 93 Medinah, 101 Melkites,
orthodox, in Egypt, 84, 110 Mellitus, bishop, 176 Melrose, monastery, 116 Mennas, patriarch of
Constantinople, 15, 17 Merovech, son of Chilperich I., 43 Merovingians. See Merwings Merv, Nestorian
Church of, 98 Merwings, Frankish royal house, 43-7, 138, 144, 147, 196, 199; encourage literature, 51; their
sins, 52-4: their age called golden by Mabillon, 57; decay of their kingdoms, 135 Mesopotamia, national
Church of, 13 Methodius, S., patriarch of Constantinople (843-7), 12, 156 Methodius, S., archbishop of
Moravia, 123-4, 128-9 Metz, capital of Austrasia, 135; bishop of, 144 Michael III., "the Drunkard," emperor,
192-3 Mieczyslaw, king of Poland, 125 Milan, archbishop of, 39; church of, 183 Mir (Theodemir), king of the
Suevi in Spain, 74 Missale Francorum, 183 Missions, important in this period, 2, 3; Byzantine, 6, 84;
supported by the emperors, 23; missions from Rome, 62, 117, 183-90; Nestorian, 6, 96-8; Monophysite, 24,
111; missionary zeal of the Irish Church, 116, 121-2; missions of the ninth century, 123; to the Bulgarians,
124; to the Slavs, 124-9; to Northmen, 129-32; to Frisians, 136, 139; missions checked by the iconoclastic
controversy, 156; mission of S. Augustine, 183-90; missionary wars of Charles the Great, 139-42, and of the
Saxon emperors, 197; zeal of Otto III. and Silvester II. for missions, 201-2 Monasticism, in the East, 25,
161-3; its debt to S. Benedict, 37; to S. Columban, 53; Irish, 53, 114; monasticism in Gaul, 54, 171; a defence
against the secularisation of the Frankish Church, 57; in Persia, 99; in Scotland, 119; missionary fruits of, 130;
close connection with learning, 167; Alcuin's attitude to, 168; decay in ninth century, 172; revival at Cluny,
173-5; the Studium at Constantinople, 161-3; kings become monks, 77, 145 Mongols, 100 Monophysites,
Monophysitism, 23, 83, 85, 110, 156, 159; Eastern attempts at compromise rejected by Rome, 7-8; Justinian
studies the question, 10-11, and condemns it, 15; its condemnation necessary to the acceptance of a logically
tenable creed, 19; Monophysite missions, 24, 111; Monophysitism in Abyssinia, 112; Arabia, 101; Armenia,
95; India, 97; Persia, 98-9; Syria, 101 Monothelites, Monothelitism, 22-3, 84-9, 159; its condemnation
necessary, 19; favoured the progress of Islam, 102; weakened African Christianity, 108 Montanists, heretical
followers of the second-century fanatic Montanus, 178 Monte Cassino, monastery, 35, 39, 61, 145 Monza,
Lombard relics at, 69 Moors, heathen, of fifth century, 103; Muhammadan, in Spain and Gaul, 73, 146
Moralia of Gregory the Great, 63 Moravia, 124, 127-9 Mosaics at Constantinople and Ravenna, 26 Mozarabic
rite, Christian liturgy which survived the Moorish occupation and is still in use in Spain, 189 Mugurrah
(Nubia), visited by missionaries, 111 Muhammad (Mohammed), the prophet, 101 Muhammad II., conqueror
of Constantinople in 1453, 27 Muhammadans, Muhammadanism, theocratic ideal of, 139-40; absorb the

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