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Dampness

Dampness

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Published by Umair Masood Memon

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Published by: Umair Masood Memon on Nov 30, 2012
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09/07/2013

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START WITH THE NAME OF ALLAH WHO IS MOST REHMAN AND RAHEEM

CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING

By ENGINEER SARFRAZ AHEER

floors and basement dry is termed as damp proofing. faulty construction and use of poor quality of materials. Dampness not only affects the life of the building but also creates unhygienic conditions in the building.DAMP PROOF COURSE DAMPNESS:The access or penetration of moisture contents inside a building through its walls. floors. Dampness in a building may occur due to bad design. . One of the requirements of the building is that it should be free from dampness. or roof is known dampness. The treatment given to prevent leakage of water from roof is generally termed as water proofing whereas the treatment given to keep the walls.

It promotes growth of termites. It causes peeling off and removal of plaster.Defects of dampness It cause dry rot to the wooden members provided in the building. Reduce the life of structure. gets destroyed earlier. All electric installation get degraded. if used on floor of a damped building. Carpet. . It causes corrosion of metals used in the construction of buildings. It causes efflorescence in brick work which may result in disintegration of bricks. It causes unhygienic conditions/unhealthy living conditions .

Moisture which originate in the building itself . Drainability of the soil 4. Climatic conditions 5. Defective construction 7. Level of site 3.CAUSES OF DAMPNESS:1. Defective materials 6. Rain penetration 2.

due to condensation process in cold weather the atmospheric moisture/water vapors can be identified by the drops present on walls.Rain penetration:it is considered as the chief source of penetration of dampness in the structures. The structure built on higher ground level can be drained off easily and less liable to dampness. . 4. Moisture can rapidly penetrate from porous bricks/stones or from joints. But the clayey soil retains the moisture and also causes dampness due to capillary rise. gravel and sandy soils allow water to pass through very easily. Climatic conditions:dampness is also called due to climatic changes. Level of site:The elevation of the building site has also effects on dampness. roofs or on ceiling. or from roof component. 2. Properly constructed walls offer considerable resistance to penetration. Drainability of soil:Dampness rising through the foundation walling. 3. Rain can easily penetrate through the cracks and joints between wall and roof. Moisture from wet ground may rise well above the ground level on account of capillary action.1. The Drainability of soil on which the building is constructed is an important factor for causing dampness.

and defective junction between roof slab and parapet wall may prove to be the source of dampness. 7. In case of flat roofs. in kitchen or bath rooms it can cause dampness in the building. 6.5. Defective materials:Dampness can be caused due to soakage of moisture by the defective materials like porous bricks. soft stone. down water pipes . Moisture which originates in the buildings itself:In case of any leakage in sewers. inadequate roof slopes. Defective construction:Defective construction of various parts such as joints between parapet and the roof coping causes dampness by transmitting rain water. improper rain water pipe connections. .

D.By providing damp proof course:The continuous layer of an impervious material provided in between the source of dampness and part of the structure is called damp proof course. on top of wall either at 15 to 20 cm above ground level. It may consist of bitumen. Or other damp proof material is applied on the concrete layer. plastic or polythene sheets. Generally DPC laid by layer of cement concrete (1:2:4) with full thickness of wall. . cement concrete.Methods of preventing dampness 1.By integral water-proof construction 1.C is laid horizontally above ground level at plinth in external wall to prevent from dampness.P. On the top of concrete layer two coats of hot bitumen are provided.By providing damp proof course 2.By surface treatment 3.

filling the microscopic pores. By surface treatment:Surface treatment consists in filling up the pores of the surfaces subjected to dampness. . Silica added to concrete to reacts with available calcium hydroxide and produce additional CSH gel that permanently bond to existing CSH. Like rock seal water proof paint. Which fill the pores and water repellent substance is formed on wall surface to make it damp proof course. lime and sand in proportion of 1:3:6 is found to serve the purpose of preventing dampness in wall due to rain effectively. By integral water proof construction:This method consist of adding certain compounds in the mortar or concrete to make it more dense by filling the pores through chemical action or increase impermeability. The walls plastered with cement. styrene acrylate polymer emulsion. The surface is less porous. Such compounds are available in market in powdered as well as in liquid forms.2. This method consist of painting the exposed surface of all wall with the water repellant paint. Or 5% sunlight soap is added in the water to be used for preparing the mortar. denser and harder. 3.

Wall coping or column coping provided. Ground slopes should be good. Lawn should not be made too close to the buildings Plumbing connections should be optimum.(slope. .PRECAUTIONS Do not allow water to run on the face of the building. Provide watershed. All building should have plinth protection Plinth height should be one feet or more. Provide adequate slope on terraces and bathrooms and external areas. dia).

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