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സ്നേഹസംവാദം മാസിക - 2012 December

സ്നേഹസംവാദം മാസിക - 2012 December

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samvadam monthly, sneha samvadam
samvadam monthly, sneha samvadam

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01/03/2016

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Printed Published and owned by M.Mohammed Akbar.

Printed at Screen Offset printers,
Cochin-18. Published at Cochin-18. Editor M.Mohammed Akbar, Niche of Truth,
PB No:1981, Vyttila, Cochin-19, Tel: 0484 2301275, Fax: 0484 2301175
Internet Edition: www.snehasamvadam.com
Email: editor@snehasamvadam.com
For Online Booking: www.islamicbookshelf.com
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˛A_q AZo_v 6
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˛F≥.Fw lpssk≥ 26
imkv{Xw Is≠ ØmØ imkv{X kqN \Iƒ...
˛tUm. ]n.sI A_vZpdkmJv kp√an
hn[nhnizmkw
˛iao¿ aZo\n 40
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9
2012 Unkw_¿ 4
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kwhmZw
s≠Øp∂p! kwhmZ hnhmZ߃ \nc
¥ c ambn \S ∂p sIm ≠n cn °p∂p! Ckv 
emans‚ alXzw DZvtLmjn°p∂ cN\
Iƒ ]pdØndßns°m≠ncn°p∂p! Cß
s\ sbms° \S ∂p sIm t≠ bn cnt ° b 
Ym¿Y apkv enw F∂v {]amWßfpsS sh
fn®Øn¬ ]dbmhp∂ Hcmsf Is≠Øp
hm\mbn Hct\zjWw \SØnbm¬ AØ
csamcp hy‡nsbt]mepw Is≠Øm≥
IgnbmØ Ahÿ. Ckvemans‚ t]cp
am{Xw Ahtijn°pIbpw apkvenwIƒ
A {] Xy £ cm hp Ibpw sNøp∂ Ime 
sØ°pdn®p≈ {]hN\߃ ChnsS ]p
e¿∂pImWmw.
kwLS\m]chpw {]mÿm\nIhpam
b hn`mKob Nn¥Iƒ ]S¿∂p]¥en®v
HcpXcw PmXnh¬°cWØn¬ sNs∂
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kwhmZßfnepw ]pe¿tØ≠p∂ am\y
Xbpw {]Xn]£ _lpam\hpw kwL
S \ Iƒ°pw Ah bpsS h‡m °ƒ°pw
\jv Ss∏´ncn°p∂p. tIcfØn¬ C∂v \n
ehnep≈ F√m apkvenw kwLS\Ifp
sSbpw ÿnXn CXpXs∂bmWv. t`Zs∏
  ´sX∂v Nq≠n°mWn°m≥ Hcp kwLS
\bpan√. kwLS\m]camb \n£n]vX
Xm¬]cy߃ hf¿∂psN∂v adp kwL
S\Ifnep≈hsc sshb‡nIambn B
{Ian°pIbpw kaqlØn¬ XmdSn®v Im
Wn °p Ibpw sNøp∂ ÿnXn bn¬ F 
Ønbncn°p∂p. Nne kwLS\IfpsS {]
kaImenI apkvenw ssIcfnbpsS
t\¿°v Xncn®v sh® IÆmSnIfmWv A
SpØ ImeØmbn {]kn≤oIcn®p sIm
≠ncn°p∂ kvt\lkwhmZw amknIbn
se Hmtcm FUnt‰mdnbepIfpw. hnizm
km[njv TnXhpw BZ¿ißfpsSbpw aqey
ß fp sSbpw Du∂p _ e ap ≈ Xp amb kv 
t\l˛kulm¿Z _‘w \ne\n¿Øp
hm≥ _m[yÿcmWv hnizmknIƒ F∂v
Ckv emans‚ {]mYanI ]mTß sf¶nep
adnbp∂ B¿°pw AwKoIcn°mXncn°m
\mhn√. F∂m¬ h¿Øam\Ime apkv
enw kaqlØns‚ Ahÿbpw Izp¿B
\nsebpw Xncpkp∂Øntebpw kphy
‡m[ym]\ßfpw XΩnep≈ AIew a
s‰√m cwKßfnepsa∂t]mse C°mcy
Ønepw hfsc IqSpXemWv . Ckv emans‚
al\obmib߃ {]kwKn°phm\pw F
gpXphm\pw "D≤cn°p'hm\pw am{Xap≈
hbmWv F∂ a´nemWv apkvenw P\X
bpsS apt∂m´pt]m°v. CkvemanIaqey
߃°v {]hrØn]YØn¬ ]q¿WX h
cp  Øp  hm  \p≈ Xm¬]cyw A  [n  I  am  cn 
  e pw ImWs∏Sp∂n√.
F{Xam{Xw apkvenw kwLS\Ifpw
{]ÿm\ßfpw {]t_m[Icpw {]mkw
Kn  I  cp  amWv tIcfØn¬ C∂p≈Xv! ap
°n\pw NmWn\pw AIeØn¬ aX{]
kwc ]cºcIƒ Actßdp∂p. B\p
ImenIßfn¬ Ckvemans\ N¿hnXN¿
hWw \SØn ]pXnb kn≤m¥ßƒ I
kwK ]cn]mSnIƒ ]®bmb ]cZqjW
thZnIfmbn A\p`hs∏Sp∂p≠n∂v. adp
`mKsØ tami°mcmbn Nn{XoIcn°m≥
]®bmb \pWIfpw hymPamb Btcm
]Wßfpw AWn\ncØphm≥ Nne {]m
kwKnI¿ {ian°p∂Xv ImWptºmƒ ]e
t∏mgpw Ad∏pw shdp∏pw e÷bpw tXm
∂mdp≠v. {]ÿm\ hf¿®°pw \ne\n
¬]n\pw kwLS\bnte°v Bsf°q´m
\pw AWnIsf ]nSn®p\n¿Øm\pw th
≠n {]t_m[Isc∂pIqSn ta¬hnemk
ap≈h¿ Ckveman\v A]cnNnXßfmb
ssienIƒ Ahew_n°p∂Xv ImWp
tºmƒ Ckv emans\ Chscms° tN¿∂v
FhntS°mWv sIm≠pt]mIp∂Xv F∂v
Nn¥n®pt]mImdp≠v!
"apkv enwIfpsS kmtlmZcyw' F∂Xv
XnI®pw Izp¿B\nIamb, thZmXv aIamb
Hcp A\pimk\bmWv. AXns\ adnI
S°p∂ {]t_m[\˛Bib˛{]NcW {]
h¿Ø\߃ D]cnπhambn am{Xambn
cn°pw CkvemanI hntijWw t\Sp∂
Xv. Zu¿`mKyhim¬ C∂ns‚ A\p`h
߃ AØ  c  Øn¬ D]  cn  πh Ckv em 
anI \mSy߃ \nd™XmWv. aqeym[n
jvTnXamb ]ckv]c_‘hpw klh¿
ØnXzhpw Bcn¬\n∂pw D≠mIp∂n√.
kwLS\Ifpw {]ÿm\ßfpw hnizmkn
Iƒ°nSbn¬ On{ZXbpw Ass\Iyhpw
D≠m°p∂XcØn¬ {]h¿Øn®psIm
≠ncn°p∂p. hf¿∂pw hfcpwtXmdpw ]n
f¿∂pw apt∂dp∂ ÿm]\h¬°cn°
s∏´ ]pdwtamSnIƒ am{XamWv C∂v kw
LS\Iƒ. Hmtcm kwLS\Iƒ°p≈n
epw \S∂phcp∂ "]mfbØnse ]SIƒ'
]et∏mgpw ]pdwtemIadnbp∂Xv s]m´n
sØdnIfpsS L´ßfnembncn°pw. AXp
hsc ÿm]nX Xm¬]cyßfpsS t]cn¬
Hcpas∏´v \n¬°p∂h¿ s]s´∂v Hcp
\mƒ ]ckv]cw Btcm]W߃ D∂bn
®v cwKØphcp∂XpImWmw. CsX√mw
\S°p∂Xv Ckv emans‚ t]cnemWt√m
Ft∂m¿°ptºmƒ tJZw tXm∂p∂p!
apJ{]kwKØn¬ kqNn∏n® Xn∑I
sf√mw H∂ptN¿∂v, GjWn, ]cZqj
Ww, ]c\nµ, ]cnlmkw, A\ycpsS Ip
‰ßfpw IpdhpIfpw NnI™t\zjn®v ]
cØm\p≈ hy{KX, _‘ßsf XΩn¬
AI‰¬, ktlmZcßsf XΩn¬ sX‰n
°¬, amXm]nXm°sfbpw a°sfbpw
XΩneSn∏n°¬, kz¥w Imcyw t\m°n
A√mlphn\mbp≈ kvt\lhpw kaImenI apkv enwIfpw
F.hn. ^n¿Zukv Heht°mSv
2012 Unkw_¿ 5
HXpßn°qSn \S°p∂h¿s°Xnsc C√m
°YIƒ sa\™v Ahsc kz¥w ]cn
kcßfn¬ H‰s∏Spج F∂nXymZn A
Xy[nIw {Iqcamb hnt\mZßfn¬ G¿s∏
Sp∂h¿ A[nIhpw apkv enwIƒ Xs∂
bmWv. kzktlmZcs‚ thZ\ I≠v B
kzZn®v Nncn°p∂ HcpXcw ^mknÃv˛
kmUnÃv at\m`mhØn\v G‰hpw IqSp
X¬ hnt[bs∏´ncn°p∂Xv ""a\pjycm
in°pth≠n Bhn¿`hn∏n°s∏´ DØa
P\XbmIp∂p \n߃'' F∂v Izp¿B≥
]cnNbs∏SpØnb AtX apkv enw P\X
Xs∂bmWv F∂v ]dtb≠nhp∂Xn¬
\noaamb thZ\bpw Bfl\nµbpw D
≠v F∂v ad®psh°p∂n√.
kwLS\°pth≠n am{Xw \nesIm
≈p∂h¿ Ckvemw tNm¿∂pt]mIp∂Xv
{i≤n°mdns√∂mWv A\p`hw. ]et∏m
gpw ]cZqjW kZpIfnse \mbIcpw
Ch¿Xs∂bmbncn°pw. ]≈nIfnepw ]m
Xtbmcßfnepw \memƒIqSp∂nSßfnep
sams° Chcp≠mIpw. A]cs\ \nµn
®pw A]lkn®pambncn°pw ChcpsS
aX{]h¿Ø\w apt∂dp∂Xv. Ckveman
s‚ am\pjnIhpw Bflobhpamb KpW
߃ kaqlØnepw Xs‚ Np‰p]mSnepw
{]kcn∏n°p∂Xn\v ]Icambn Aam\
hnIhpw A\nkv emanIhpamb {]hW
XIƒ°v s]mXpP\a[yØn¬ thtcm´
ap≠m°phm\mbn ]cn{ian°p∂ CØcw
"£p{ZPohnIƒ' bYm¿YØn¬ Ckvem
anI{]t_m[\Øns‚ h‡m°fmtWm
F∂v {]amWßfpsS shfn®Øn¬ Nn
¥n ®p t\m °n bm¬ As√ ∂m bn cn°pw
adp]Sn e`n°p∂Xv. Ckv emans‚ kw
ip≤ kwkvImcØn¬ \n∂p≈ hy‡
amb AI¬® bpsS Poh \p≈ {]Xo I 
ß  fm bn cn°pw ]e t∏mgpw kwL S \m 
{]h¿ØI¿ F∂p]d™v ta\n\Sn®v \S
°p∂ Cu kzm¿Yw`cnIƒ.
hm°nepw {]hrØnbnepw ]I¿Ø
s∏SmØ {]t_m[\߃ F¥pXcw {]
t_m[\ßfmWv? AWnIsf Ckv em
ans‚ {]mYanIß fmb \∑ Ifntes°
¶nepw FØn°mØ apkvenw kwLS\
Iƒ GXpXcw Ckv emans‚ kwL S\
I fmWv? F∂nßs\ ]eXcw tNmZyß
ƒ Db¿∂phcp∂p≠v. CØcw Ckv em
anI {]t_m[\ßf{Xbpw sh≈Øn¬
hnc¬XpºpsIm≠v Nn{Xw hc°p∂Xp
t]msebp≈ hrYm {]h¿ØnIƒ am{X
ambntØm∂p∂p. H‰s∏´ kZvhrØcpw
kpa\pIfpamb A]q¿hw Nne¿ D≈
XpsIm≠mbncn°mw Ckv emans‚ B[ym
flnI{]`mhw sI´pt]mImsX \ne\n
¬ °p ∂Xv? AXy [nIw aeo a k amb C 
Øcsamcp apkvenw kmaqlnIm¥co£
Øn¬ \n∂psIm≠v kv t\lkwhmZØn
s‚ apJ{]kwKw hmbn®t∏mƒ h√m
sØmcp B\µhpw kt¥mjhpw a\
n\v A\p`hs∏´p. B B\µhpw k
t¥mjhpw bmsXmcp Ie¿∏pan√msX,
ap≥hn[nItfm k¶pNnXXm¬]cyßtfm
C√msX ChnsS {]ISn∏n°pIbmWv. H
∏w Ckvemans‚ kmwkvImcnI ]co£
Wimebn¬ tXm‰pt]mb Hcp kXymt\z
jn  bpsS \n¿hym  P  amb A£  c  ߃
Iq  Sn bmWo Ipdn∏v F∂v ]{Xm[n]k
tlmZcs\ khn\bw Hm¿an∏n°pIbpw
sNøp∂p.
aeme°v e`n®Xpw
^ekvXo\nIƒ°v \ntj[n®Xpw
\qdpIW  °n\v ]n©p  Ip  ™p  ß 
sfbpw hr≤≥am scbpw kv{XoI sfbpw
sIms∂mSp°ns°m≠v C{kmtb¬, \c
th´ \SØp∂ kabØv temIw Gsd
{]Xo£tbmsS c≠maXpw `cWØnte
‰nb Atacn°≥ {]knU‚v _cmIv H
_ma {]XnIcn®Xv ""{]Xntcm[n°m\p≈
AhImiw C{kmtben\pap≠v'' F∂m
bncp∂p.
]m°nÿm≥ apkv enw Xo{hhmZnIƒ
A£ cm `ym ksØ l\n °p∂p F∂v
tªmsKgpXnbXv aqew shSntb‰p NnIn
’ bn¬ Ign bp∂ aeme bqkq ^ns\
F b¿ Bw_pe≥kv Ab®v kuP\y
NnIn’ \¬IpIbpw temI aeme tU
BNcn°pIbpw thƒUv ]okv ^ut≠
j≥ Ahm¿Uv \¬In BZcn°pIbpw
sNbv X AtX Atacn° Xs∂bmWv Cu
Cc´Øm∏v ImWn®Xv F∂v a\nem
Iptºmtg Chcnse h¿Kob˛hwiob Zp
jvS Nn¥IfpsS ImTn\yw hy‡amhq.
Hcp ssIsIm≠v kam[m\sØ Xncp
Ωp Ibpw adp ssI sIm≠v A{I a ßsf
XgpIpIbpw sNøp∂ Cu ZpjvSi ‡n
Iƒ temIkam[m\Øn\v `ojWnbm
sW∂ ImcyØn¬ kwiban√. AtX
kabw Bbp[_ew sIm≠pw kmt¶
XnI ]n≥_ewsIm≠pw CXccmjv{Sß
sf°mƒ _lpZqcw ap∂n¬ \n¬°p∂
Cu £p{Z i‡nIsf "kn÷o¬ I√p
Iƒ' sIm≠v {]Xntcm[n°msa∂v Icp
Xp∂Xv auVyamWv. ^e{]Zas√∂v Dd
∏p≈ {]Xym{IaW߃ GsXmcp kaq
lØn\pw tZmjIcamtb `hn°q. \n¿am
WmflIamb \hkaqlØns‚ krjvSn
∏n\v hnLmXw \n¬°m≥ am{Xta CØ
cw {]Xntcm[߃ klmbn°q.
AtXkabw, ^ekvXo\nse {Inkv
Xym\nIfpw˛apkvenwIfpaSßnb P\hn
`mKsØ Iq´s°me sNøptºmƒ Ip‰
Icamb \nkwKX ]pe¿Øp∂ Ad_v
cmPyßfneS°ap≈ apkvenw `cWm[n
ImcnIfpsS \ne]mSv Gsd A]e]\o
b  am  Wv . ssk\nI klm  b  an  s√  ¶n¬
t]m epw A{Ian cmjv{S ßƒs°Xnsc
tbmPn® {]kvXmh\Isf¶nepw \SØn
XßfpsS \ne]mSv hy‡am°m≥ Ch¿
Xømdmbn´ns√¶n¬ kw`hn°m≥ t]mIp
∂Xv Zqchym]Iamb {]XymLmXßfm
Wv. IS∂pIb‰w C\nbpw Bh¿Øn°
s∏t´°mw. CcIƒ hyXykv Xcmhpsa∂v
am{Xw.
kvt\lkwhmZw amknIbpsS {]kn≤oIcWamcw`n®Xp apX¬
AXns‚ apJhne 10 cq]bmWv. t]∏dn\pw {]n‚nwKn\pw CXn\nsS
]e XhW hne IqSpIbpw a‰p B\pImenI߃ hne h¿[n∏n°p
Ibp  ap  ≠mb  t∏mgpw kv t\lkwhmZw BZysØ hne Xs∂
\ne\n¿Øm≥ {ian®n´p≠v. A\nhmcykmlNcyßfm¬ ASpØ
e°w apX¬ amknI°v hne h¿[n∏nt°≠n h∂n  cn°p 
∂p. F∂m¬, \nehnep≈ hcn°m¿°v AhcpsS Imemh[n Xocp
∂Xp hsc amknI XpS¿∂pw Ab°p∂XmWv. am\y hmb\°m¿
klIcn°Wsa∂v At]£n°p∂p.
˛k¿°ptej≥ amt\P¿
(_m°n t]Pv 49¬)
2012 Unkw_¿ 6
Xn cp sam gn 
A_q AZo_v
apkvenw kaqlw
]m¿izh¬Icn°s∏Sptºmƒ...
tNmcØp≈nIƒ C‰phogp∂ {]`m
Xß sfbmWv apkvenwtemIw C∂v hc
th‰psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv . FhnsSbpw ]oU
\ßfpw ]XnXzhpw AhKW\bpamWv
apkvenw kaqlØn\v e`n°p∂Xv. au
enI a\pjymhImi߃ t]mepw ]e
t∏mgpw \ntj[n°s∏Sp∂p. km{amPyXz
hpw apXemfnØ i‡nIfpw am{Xa√;
apkvenwIƒ \yq\]£amb {]tZißfn
se√mw Ah¿ \m\mhn[Øn¬ B{Ian
°s∏´psIm≠ncn°pIbmWv.
apkvenwIfpsS Ne\߃ t]mepw
H∏nsbSp°p∂ Iymad°ÆpIfmWv ao
UnbbptSXv . AhcpsS thj`qjmZnIfpw
kw km c co Xn Ifpw kmwkvIm cnI khn 
tijXIfpsa√mw Xo{hhmZhpw `oIcX
bpsa√mambn Nn{XoIcn°s∏Sp∂p. \ne
\n¬∏n\v th≠n i_vZn°p∂Xpw Xß
fpsS cmPyw Ih¿s∂Sp°p∂h¿s°Xn
sc Is√dnbp∂Xpsa√mw temIØn\v `o
IcXbmWv . F∂m¬ \nc]cm[nIsf th
´bmSn sIm∂pX≈p∂Xmhs´ kam[m\
Øn\v th≠nbp≈ ]cn{iaßfpw!
apkvenwIƒ {]Xm]Øns‚ tkm]m
\ßfnemdmSnbncp∂ Hcp ]q¿hImew
temIØv Ign™pt]mbn´p≠v . temIØn
te‰hpw hepsX∂v ]dbm≥ Ignbp∂
hn  im  e  amb km{am  Py  Øns‚ A[n 
]≥am  cmbn apkv enw  Iƒ hmWn  ´p  ≠v .
apkv enw tem  I  Øp  \n  ∂p  ≠mb ssh 
⁄m\nI hnkvt^mS\Øns‚ AWp
{]kcWamWv bqtdm]y≥ hymhkmbnI
hnπ h Øn\v Xn cn sIm fp Øn b Xv. a[y 
Ime imkv{XNcn{Xw ]cXptºmƒ Im
Wp∂ t]cpIf[nIhpw apkvenw {]Xn
`  I  fp  tS  Xm  Wv . kv s]bn \n sebpw Za 
kvIknsebpw sXcphpIfn¬ ImWp∂
sImØp]WnItfmSp IqSnb an\mc߃
apkvenw {]Xm]Øns‚ Ncn{Xw \tΩmSv
]dbp∂p≠v.
F¥psIm≠mWv apkvenwIƒ Ah
tlf\ßfpw AhKW\Ifpw sIm≠v
A]am\n°s∏´Xv ? Ft∏mgmWv hni∂p
he™ sN∂mbv Iq´w ap∂n¬ h∂ps]´
B´n≥Ip´nIfpsS ta¬ NmSnhogpwt]m
se apkv enwIfpsS ta¬ i{Xp°ƒ NmSn
hoWXv?
GsX¶nepw {]tXyI {]tZisØ
{]iv \ßfnte°p≈ hnc¬Nq≠e√; F
∂m¬ s]mXphmb hnebncpØen¬ C
Øcw tNmZy߃°p≈ adp]SnbmWv {]
hmNI≥ ]Tn∏n®Xv, sFlnIPohnX
hn`hßtfmSp≈ AanXamb Bk‡n
bpw acW`bhpamWv apkvenwIfpsS Zp
¿_eX°v ImcWsa∂v.
hnizmkcwKØp≈ hyXnNe\amWv
apkvenwIƒ°v kw`hn® G‰hpw Kuc
hXcamb A]Nbw. CXc kaqlßsf
A√mlphnte°v hnfn°m≥ \nbp‡cm
bh¿ Xs∂ A√mlphn\v ka∑msctbm
klmbnIsftbm \n›bn°p∂Xv F¥p
am{Xw KuchXcamWv. aplΩZv \_n
]Tn∏n°mØ BNmcm\pjv Tm\߃ kzo
Icn°pI hgn A√mlphns‚ ]miØn
¬\n∂v ]nSnhn´ncn°pIbmWv _lp`q
cn]£w hcp∂ apkvenwIƒ. icnbmb
hnizmkhpw k¬I¿aßfpw hgn A√m
lp hn\v kºq¿W ambn ka¿∏n °p ∂ 
h¿°mWv Ah≥ \n¿`bXzhpw {]Xm]
hpw hmKvZm\w sNøp∂Xv.
hnizmkamWv hnPbØns‚ \nZm\w.
{]hmNI\pw i{Xp°fpw BZyambn G‰p
ap´nb _Zvdn¬ i{Xp°ƒ aq∂v aSßp
≠mbn´pw apkvenwIƒ hnPbn®Xv AN
©eamb hnizmkØns‚ IcpØnembn
cp∂p. {]bmkßfnepw ]co£Wßfn
epw £an°pIbpw A√mlphnte°v aS
ßpIbpamWv hnizmknIƒ sNtø≠Xv.
A]Izamb {]XnIcWßfpw Xo{hamb
hn  `m  KobNn¥Ifpw BXy¥nIambn \
jvSamWp≠m°nØo¿ØpI F∂v \mw
Xncn®dntb≠Xp≠v.
\_n ]d™p: hni°p∂h≥ `£W∏m{XØnte°v NmSnhogpw t]mse a‰p≈h¿ \n
߃s°Xnsc NmSn hogps∂mcp Imew hcnI Xs∂ sNøpw. A\pNc¿ tNmZn®p: A√m
lphns‚ ZqXtc R߃ A∂v FÆØn¬ Ipdhmbncn°ptam? AhnSp∂v ]d™p: "A
√ A∂v \n߃ [mcmfap≠mbncn°pw. ]s£ Hgp°psh≈Ønse N≠nIƒ t]mse
bmbncn°pw, _elo\X \nßsf _m[n®ncn°pw. ho≠pw tNmZn°s∏´p: A√mlphn
s‚ ZqXtc, F¥mWv Cu _elo\X? \_n Acpfn: "sFlnImk‡nbpw acW`oXn
bpw' (A_qZmhqZv)
2012 Unkw_¿ 7
"^nXv\'ItfmSp≈ {]XnIcWw
]co£, ]co£Ww, Ipg∏w F∂o A¿YI¬]\Ifp≈ ^,X,\ {Xbm£cßfn¬\n∂v \n
¿[cn°s∏´ "^nXv\'sb∂ ]Zw ]co£, ]co£Ww, Ipg∏w, kºØv, a°ƒ, Ahnizmkw, P
\߃°nSbnep≈ tNcnXncnhv IØn®pIfbpI F∂o A¿Yßfn¬ {]tbmKn°mdps≠∂v {]
kn≤ Ad_n`mj \nL≠phmb enkm\p¬ Ad_v hy‡am°p∂p≠v. ]co£Ww (29:2), hgn
apS°pIbpw sX‰n®pIfbpIbpw sNøpI (5:49), ]oU\w (16:110), Ipg∏w (57:14), a¿Z\w (85:10)
F∂o A¿Yßfnse√mw Izp¿B≥ ^nXv\sb∂v {]tbmKn®Xv ImWm\mIpw. kaqlØn¬ Ipg
∏ßfp≠mhpIbpw imcocnIhpw am\knIhpambn kXyhnizmknIƒ ]oUn∏n°s∏SpIbpw sNøp
tºmƒ Ah A√mlphn¬\n∂p≈ ]co£WßfmsW∂v a\nem°pIbpw ]XdpItbm ]ng
bv°pItbm sNømsX £an°pIbpw A\nhmcyamb Ahkcßfn¬ am{Xw {]amW߃ ]Tn
∏n®pX∂ coXnbn¬ {]XnIcn°pIbpw sNtø≠h\mWv apkvenw. Ipg∏ßfpw \mißfpap≠m
Iptºmƒ AhtbmSv Fßs\ {]XnIcn°p∂psh∂XmWv apkvenans\ kw_‘n®nStØmfap
≈ ]co£Ww. A√mlpshbpw A¥yZn\sØbpw {]Xo£n°pIbpw A√mlphns\ [mcmf
ambn Hm¿an°pIbpw sNøp∂h¿°p≈ DØa amXrIbmbn ]cnip≤ Izp¿B≥ (33:21) Db¿Øn
°mWn® {]hmNIs‚  samgn Ifpw sNbvXn Ifpw Xs∂ bm IWw Ipg ∏ ß fpsS kµ¿` ß fn 
epw apkvenwIsf hgn \StØ≠Xv. Ipg ∏ °m¿ D] tbmKn°p∂ `mj bpsS ssienbpw coXn
bpw cq]hpw Xs∂bmWv Hcmƒ Xs‚ {]XnIcWambn kzoIcn°p∂sX¶n¬ B cwKsØ ]co
£WØn¬ Abmƒ ]cmPbs∏Sp∂psh∂mWv A¿Yw.
am\yXbpw hn\bhpw ssIhnSmXncn°pI: {]hmNIs‚ hn\btØmSpw am\yXtbmSp
IqsSbpap≈ s]cpam‰sØ {]iwkn®psIm≠v Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂Xv "\o ]cpjkz`mhnbpw
ITn\lrZb\pambncp∂psh¶n¬ \ns‚ Np‰n¬\n∂pw Ah¿ ]ncn™pt]mtb°pambncp∂p'
(3:159)sh∂mWv F∂ hkvXpX Gsd {it≤bamWv. DlvZn¬sh®v Xs‚ \n¿tZisØ AhKWn
°pIbpw kacm¿PnX kºØns‚ tiJcWØn¬ AanXmthiw ImWn°pIbpw bp≤cwKØv
]cmPbap≠mbt∏mƒ {]hmNIs\  hn´v ]n≥Xncnt™mSpIbpw sNbvXhtcmSp≈ {]hmNI
s]cpam‰sØ°pdn®v ]cma¿in°shbmWv Izp¿B≥ C°mcyw FSpØp]dbp∂sX∂pIqSn a\
nemIptºmgmWv B alXvhy‡nXzØns‚bpw s]cpam‰w F{XtØmfw am\yambncp∂psh∂v
t_m[ys∏SpI. ""GXp ImcysØbpw hn\bw at\mlcam°nØo¿°pw; hn\bØns‚ A`mhw
F¥ns\bpw tæ—am°nØo¿°pw.'' (kzlolpapkvenw) F∂ {]hmNIhN\w \¬Ip∂ shfn
®ambncn°Ww ^nXv\Iƒ°p \Sphn¬ Pohn°p∂ apkvenan\v hgn ImWnt°≠Xv. am\yXbn
√mØ s]cpam‰ ßfpw hn\b an√mØ h¿Øam\ßfpw Ipg ∏ ßsf Xo{ham°pI am{Xsabp
≈q. A`n{]mbhyXymk߃ aqeap≠mIp∂ Ipg∏Øn¬ Xt‚X√mØ A`n{]mbßfpƒs°m
≈p∂htcmSv am\yhpw hn\bm\znXhpambn s]cpamdphm\pw hntbmPn°p∂sXhnsSsb∂v Ah
[m\XtbmsS ]d™psImSp°phm\pw k∂≤amhpIbmsW¶n¬ Xs∂ Ipg∏Øns‚ Xo{hX
bn√mXmIpw. ""kwba\w, Ah[m\X F∂o A√mlp CjvSs∏Sp∂ c≠v kz`mh߃ Xm¶fn
] {Xm [n ]¿ °v  ] d bm \p ≈ Xv 
2012 Unkw_¿ 8
ep≠v'' F∂v AivimPv A_vZp¬ ssJkn t\mSv {]hmNI≥ ]d™Xn¬\n∂v \aps°√mw
]Tn°phm≥ \nch[n ]mTßfp≠v. ""k¬kz`mhØns‚ ]q¿ØoIcWØn\pth≠nbmWv Rm≥
\ntbmKn°s∏´ncn°p∂Xv'' (aphXz, AlvaZv) F∂p ]Tn∏n® {]hmNIs‚ A\p bm bn Iƒ
F{X henb ]co£WØn\v hnt[bambmepw Xßfn¬ kzm`mhnIambn \ne\n¬t°≠ kz`m
hKpWßsfm∂pw Xs∂ ssIhn´pt]mImXncn°phm≥ {]tXyIw {i≤nt°≠Xp≠v.
£an°pI: A√mlphns‚ ]co£Wßfp≠mIptºmƒ "£an°p∂h¿°v kt¥mjhm¿Ø
bdnbn°pI'(2:155)sb∂ Izp¿B\nI \n¿tZiw £abpsS {]m[m\ysØbpw A\nhmcyXsbbpw
Ipdn®v hy‡am°p∂p≠v. ""\n߃°ptijw £a A\nhmcyambnØocp∂ \mfpIƒ hcm\p≠v;
A∂v £an°pIsb∂m¬ Fcn™psIm≠ncn°p∂ Xo°´bn¬ ssIsh°p∂Xpt]msebmbn
cn°pw. A°meØv A√mlphns‚ I¬]\Iƒ apdpsI]nSn°p∂h¿°v (kam[m\ImeØv)
A°mcyw sNbvX AºXpt]cpsS {]Xn^eØn\p Xpeamb {]Xn^eap≠mhpw'' (A_qZmhqZv,
C_v\pamP, Camw A¬_m\n kzlolmsW∂v ]d™Xv kn¬kneØpkzlolv lZoYv 494)
F∂v A_qYAve_ A¬ Jpim\ntbmSv {]hmNI≥ ]d™Xmbn hy‡am°p∂ lZoYv
^nXv\Ifp≠mhp∂ kµ¿`ßfn¬ £an°pIbpw A√mlphns‚ ]miw apdpsI ]nSn°pIbpw
sNøp∂h¿°v \¬Ip∂ {]Xo£ A]mcamWv. i{Xp°fm¬ ]oUn∏n°s∏Sptºmƒ am{Xa√,
A\pbmbnIfm¬ AhaXn°s∏Sptºmgpw £atbmsSØs∂ \ne\n¬°Wsa∂ ]mTamWv {]hm
NIPohnXw hnizmknIƒ°v \¬Ip∂ Xv. lpssZ_nb k‘nbpsS kµ¿`Øn¬, A√mlphn
s‚ I¬]\b\pkcn®psIm≠v bp≤an√mIcmdn¬ H∏psh°pIbpw a°mapivcn°pIƒ°v GI
]£obambn A\pIqesa∂v tXm∂p∂ Icm¿ hyhÿIsf AwKoIcn°pIbpw sNbvX {]hm
NI\S]Snbn¬ A\pbmbnIƒ H∂S¶w {]Xntj[n°pIbpw A\pkcWt°Sns‚ ]Sn Ibdm
≥ XpSßpIbpw sNbv X kµ¿`Øn¬ £atbmsS \n¬°pIbpw ssZhhN\߃ HmXnt°ƒ∏n®v
A\pbmbnIƒ°v km¥z\w \¬IpIbpw sNbvX {]hmNI\ne]mSv \¬Ip∂ ktµiw Dƒs°m
≈m≥ Ign™m¬ GXv {]XnIqeamb ]co£WL´Ønepw £atbmsS \n¬°m≥ hnizmknI
ƒ°v km[n°pw. l÷mPv_v\p bqkp^ns‚ ]oU\ßsf°pdn®v ]cmXn ]d™htcmSv {]hm
NIhN\ap≤cn®psIm≠v "£an°pI'sb∂v D]tZin® A\kp_v\p amen°ns‚ \S]Snbn¬
(kzlolp¬ _pJmcn) F°mesØbpw apkvenwIƒ°v amXrIbp≠v. ""\obpambn _‘w hntO
Zn®hcpambn \o _‘w ÿm]n°pI; \ns∂ AhKWn®h\v \o \¬IpI; \nt∂mSv sX‰p sN
bvXht\mSv \o £an°pI; \ns‚ \mhns\ \nb{¥n°pI; \ns‚ ]m]ßsftbm¿Øv \o IÆo¿
s]mgn°pI; \o \ns‚ ho´n¬ ASßn°gnbpI; F∂nßs\ DJv_Øp_v\p Awdn\v {]hmN
I≥ \¬Inb \n¿tZi߃ (AlvaZv kn¬kneØpkvkzlolv, lZoYv 1699) {]mh¿ØnIam
°phm≥ k∂ ≤ambm¬ Ipg ∏ ßƒ°v \Sphn¬ Ahbv°v Du¿÷w \¬Ip∂ hcmbnØo cp∂
KXntISnte°v Bcpw B]Xn°pIbns√∂v Dd∏mWv.
\oXn°pth≠n \ne\n¬°pI: kz¥Øn\pw kz¥°m¿°pw _‘p°ƒ°psaXncmWv
\oXnsb¶n¬ t]mepw \oXn°pth≠n \ne\n¬t°≠h\mWv apkvenwIƒ F∂v \njvI¿jn°p
∂ Izp¿B≥ hN\w Ahkm\n°p∂Xv ""AXn\m¬ \n߃ \oXn ]men°msX X∂njvSßsf
]n≥]‰cpXv; \n߃ hfs®mSn°pItbm Hgn™pamdpItbm sNøp∂ ]£w Xo¿®bmbpw \n
߃ {]h¿Øn°p∂Xn\°pdns®√mw kq£vaambn Adnbp∂h\mIp∂p A√mlp.''(4:135) F∂p
]d™psIm≠msW∂ Imcyw {it≤bamWv . ""Hcp Iq´tcmSpw \nßfpsS hntcm[w AhtcmSv A\oXn
sNøp∂Xn\p≈ {]tNmZIambncn°cpXv''(5:8) F∂ Izp¿B≥ I¬]\ A£cw{]Xn ]men°p
hm≥ apkvenwIƒ k∂≤amhpIbmsW¶n¬ Hcphn[w kmaqlnI Ipg∏ßsf√mw C√msXbmIp
sa∂pd∏mWv . Xs‚ I£n°pth≠n A¬]w A\oXnsb√mw BImsa∂ hnNmchpw kz¥w ]m¿´n
bpsS hnPbØn\v A\oXns°m∏w \n¬°mw F∂ BibhpamWv GXv AhkcØnepw \oXn
s°m∏amIWw apkvenw \ne\n¬t°≠sX∂p ]Tn∏n°p∂ Izp¿B\nImibØn\v ]Icambn
]ecpsSbpw a\pIsf `cn°p∂Xv. Xm≥ A\oXn sNbvXn´ps≠∂v shfns∏SpØs∏´t∏mƒ
AXv k¿hmfl\m kzoIcn°pIbpw {]Xn{Inb kzoIcn°m≥ k∂≤\mbn Ip∏mbaqcn \n∂psIm
Sp°pIbpw sNbv X {]hmNIamXrI {]kwKn°phm≥ am{Xap≈Xs√∂v a\nem°phm≥ apkv enw
Iƒ k∂  ≤  am  sW  ¶n¬ ^nXv \  I  fpsS h‡m  °tfm KpW  t`m  ‡m  °tfm B  Ip∂ ]X  \  Øn 
¬\n∂v c£s∏Sm≥ Ah¿°v km[n°pw. ""Fs‚ aIƒ ^mØna Ifhp \SØnbm¬ Rm≥ Ah
fpsS Icw tOZn°pI Xs∂ sNøpw'' (kzlolp¬ _pJmcn) F∂v {]Jym]n® {]hmNIs‚ am
\knImhÿ hf¿ØnsbSp°m≥ km[n®m¬ ^nXv\Iƒ°v IpgeqØv \SØp∂hcn¬ Dƒs∏Sm
Xncn°phm≥ F√mh¿°pw Ignbpw. A√mlp A\p{Kln°s´ (Bao≥).
2012 Unkw_¿ 9
A¬Øm^v AΩm´n°p∂v

A√mlp GI≥. Ah\v ]¶mfnIƒ Bcpan√. Ahs‚
A[nImcØntem AhImiØntem B¿°pw Hcp ]¶pan√.
Ah≥ HgnsIbp≈h¿ kIeXpw Ahs‚ krjv SnIƒ. F√m
krjvSnIfpsSbpw ]cn]q¿W kwc£Ww \n¿hln°p∂Xv,
k¿hhpw \nb{¥n°p∂Xv Ah≥ am{XamWv. krjvSnIfn¬
]eXn\pw hyXykvX LS\bmWv. At\Iw krjvSnIfn¬
H∂v am{XamWv a\pjy≥. a\pjy¿ Hcp kaqlambn Pohn
°ptºmƒ kaqlØn¬ ]ment°≠ \nba\n¿tZißfp≠v.
Hcp IpSpw_Øntem kaqlØntem cmPytØm F√mhcpw
GsX¶nepsamcp \nbaw As√¶n¬ Nne acymZIƒ ]men
®mWv Pohn°p∂Xv . kaqlØns‚ k¥penXXzØn\pw kam
[m\Øn\pw \nba߃ ]ment°≠Xv AXy¥mt]£nX
amWv. a\pjy¿ ]ment°≠ \nba߃ BcmWv \n¿tZin
t°≠Xv? a\pjycpsS {kjvSmhv F∂mWv DØcw. am¿KZ¿
i\w ssZhØns‚ _m[yXbmWv F∂v Izp¿B≥ DW¿Øp
∂p. a\pjyhwiØns‚ Bcw`w apX¬ a\pjy¿ ]ment°≠
\nba߃ A√mlp a\pjykaqlsØ ]Tn∏n®p. {]kvXpX
\nba߃ BNmc acymZIƒ ]Tn∏n°p∂Xn\mbn a\pjy
cn¬\n∂v Nnesc A√mlp sXcs™SpØp. AhcmWv {]hm
NI≥am¿. {]hmNI≥am¿°v A√mlp thZ{KŸßƒ \¬In.
thZ{KŸßf\pkcn®v {]hmNI≥am¿ P\߃°nSbn¬ hn
[n I¬]n®p. {]hmNI≥amsc A\pkcn®h¿ kXyhnizm
knIfmbn. Ahsc AwKoIcn°mØh¿ kXy\ntj[nIfp
ss{IkvXhssZhk¶¬]w
Izp¿B\ns‚ \ne]mSv
2012 Unkw_¿ 10
ambn. {]hmNI≥amcpsS {][m\s∏´ I¬]\ \sΩsb√mw
krjvSn® GI\mb A√mlphns\ am{Xw Bcm[n°pI F
∂Xmbncp∂p. Cu I¬]\bpsS ]q¿ØoIcWamWv XpS¿
∂p≈ F√m \nba\n¿tZißfpw. a\pjyPohnXw acW
tØmSpIqSn Ahkm\n°p∂n√ F∂v {]hmNI≥am¿ P\
ßtfmSv ]d™p. ssZhnIimk\Iƒ A\pkcn®v Pohn®
h¿°v acWtijw Hcn°epw Ahkm\n°mØ kpJku
IcyßtfmSv IqSnb kz¿Kap≠v. kz¿KØn¬ ZpxJtam Zpcn
Xtam thZ\tbm hm¿[Iytam iImcßtfm H∂pwXs∂bn
√. kz¿KhmknIƒ F¥pXs∂ B{Kln®mepw Ah¿°Xv
e`n°pw. CXn\v t\¿hn]coXamWv \cIØnse Ahÿ.
AhnsS ZpxJhpw thZ\bpw iImcßfpw a¿Z\ßfpw a\p
jy\v klnt°≠nhcpw. I√pIƒt]mepw IØn°m≥ tijn
bp≈ XoIpfimcØn¬ a\pjy≥ Fdnb s∏ Spw. F∂m¬
acWw ]n∂oSv kw`hn°pIbpan√. ITn\amb hni∏v A\p
`hs∏Spw. ]s£, kzmZnjvSamb `£Ww e`n°n√. Xnf®
{ZmhIamWv AhnSsØ ]m\obw. `£n°pwtXmdpw hni∏v
h ¿[n °p∂ `£ W amWv AhnsS e`n °p I.
`bm\Iamb \cIØn¬\n∂v c£s∏´v kz¿K]qt¥m
∏pIfnte°v {]thin°m≥ Hcp hgnam{Xw. {]hmNI≥amsc
]n≥]‰n Pohn°pI. a\pjy\n¿anXamb BNmc߃ Dt]
£n°pI. ssZhØnte°v XncnbpI. A√mlphns‚ \nba
\n¿tZißfnte°v a\pjysc £Wn°m\mbn ]e Ime
L´ßfnembn hnhn[ cmPyßfnembn A\h[n {]hmNI
≥am¿ h∂p. C{_mlnw (A{_lmw), aqk (tamkkv ), Cuk
(tbip), blvbm(tbml∂m≥) aplΩZv  XpSßnbh¿
{]hmNI≥amcn¬ NnecmWv. {]hmNI≥amcnse Ahkm
\sØbmfmWv aplΩZv.
aplΩZv \_n°v  apºv h∂ {]hmNI\mWv tbip.
GI\mb A√mlphns\ am{Xw Bcm[n°m\mWv as‰√m
{]hmNI≥amscbpwt]mse tbiphpw P\ßtfmSv ]d™
Xv. tbiphn\v tijw Ime{ItaW At±lØns‚ A\pbm
bnIƒ At±lsØ AanXambn ]pIgv Øn. At±ltØm
Sp≈ kv t\l°qSpX¬sIm≠mWv ]pIgv ØnbsX¶nepw Ah
km\w At±lØns‚ BZ¿iØns‚ IS°¬ IØnsh®p
sIm≠mWv AhcXv \n¿hln®Xv. At±lw ssZhØns‚
aI\mWv F∂h¿ {]Jym]n®p. Nne¿ ]d™Xv At±lw
ssZhw Xs∂bmWv F∂mbncp∂p. tbip ssZhambt∏mƒ
tbiphns‚ amXmhmb a¿bw ssZhamXmhmbn hymJym\n
°s∏´p.
F∂m¬ CXpsIm≠pw Ahkm\n®n√. AhcpsS kn≤m
¥ßƒ. tbiphns‚bpw tacnbpsSbpw cq]߃ D≠m°n
Ah¿ hn{Klmcm[\bnte°v {]thin®p. amemJamcpsS s]
cp∂mfpIƒ BtLmjn®p. ]pWyhmf∑mcpsS {]XnaIfp
≠m°n AhtcmSv {]m¿Yn°m≥ XpSßn. F¥ne[nIw tbip
hns\ sIm√m≥ D]tbmKn®psh∂v hnizkn°s∏Sp∂ Ipcn
iphsc AhcpsS Bcm[\m]m{Xambn. GI\mb ssZhtØm
Sv am{Xw {]m¿Y\Iƒ \n¿hln°Wsa∂v ]Tn∏n® tbip
hns‚ ]n¬Ime A\pbmbnIƒ _lpssZhØnte°v hgn
amdn. ssZhØns‚ \ymb{]amW߃ am{Xw A\pkcn°m≥
I¬]n°s∏´ Ah¿ a\pjy\n¿anX \nba߃ A\pkcn®p.
tbip ]Tn∏n® {]m¿Y\mcoXnIƒ Ah¿ ]pdInte°v
hens®dn™p. ]Icw tbiphns‚ c‡hpw amwkhpamsW
∂v k¶¬]n®v A∏hpw ho™pw Ign®v Ip¿_m\˛Znhy_en
XpSßnb BNmc߃ BhnjvIcn®p. Npcp°n ]d™m¬
tbiphns‚ BZ¿iw tbiphns‚ ktµiw hnIeam°pIbpw
`qanbn¬\n∂v D∑qe\w sNøpIbpw sNbvXp.
Cu kµ¿`Øn¬ tbiphns‚ Ncy ]p\xÿm]n°m\pw
tbiphns‚ BZ¿iw hniZoIcn°m\pw tbiphns‚ ta¬
i{Xp°fpw an{Xßfpw Nm¿Ønb AkXy {]NcWßfpsS
s]m≈Øc߃ Xpd∂pIm´m\pw k¿thm]cn GI\mb ssZ
hsØ am{Xw Bcm[n®psIm≠v tbiphns‚ bYm¿Y am¿
Kw ]n¥pS¿∂v \nXyPoh\mb kz¿KØnte°v FØnt®cm
≥ a\pjytcmSv Blzm\w sNbv XpsIm≠v tbiphns‚ ]n≥Km
anbmbn aplΩZv ssZhØm¬ \ntbmKn°s∏´p.
a\pjy\mb tbip
""a¿bans‚ ]p{X≥ ZqX\√msX as‰m∂pambncp∂n√. A
t±lØn\v apºpw \nch[n ssZhZqX≥am¿ Ign™pt]mbn
´p≠v. At±lØns‚ amXmhv kXyk‘bmbncp∂p. Ah
cncphcpw Blmcw Ign°pIbpw sNbvXncp∂p. \mw bmYm¿
YyØns‚ ZrjvSm¥ßƒ Ah¿°v ap∂n¬ Fßs\ shfn
s∏SpØp∂psh∂v t\m°pI. ]ns∂ Ah¿ Ftßm´mWv
hyXnNen®v t]mIp∂Xv F∂pw t\m°pI (Izp¿B≥ 5:75).
`bm\Iamb \cIØn¬\n∂v c
£s∏´v kz¿K]qt¥m∏pIfnte°v
{]thin°m≥ Hcp hgnam{Xw. {]
 hmNI≥amsc ]n≥]‰n Pohn°p
  I. a\pjy\n¿anXamb BNmcß
  ƒ Dt]£n°pI. ssZhØnte°v
XncnbpI. A√mlphns‚ \nba
  \n¿tZißfnte°v a\pjysc £
  Wn°m\mbn ]e ImeL´ßfnem
 bn hnhn[ cmPyßfnembn A\
  h[n {]hmNI≥am¿ h∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 11
tbip ssZh]p{X\msW∂pw ssZhamsW∂pw {Inkv Xym
\nIƒ hmZn°pIbpw hnizkn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. ]cºcm
KXambn hnizkn®phcp∂ aXhnizmkw F∂ \ne°v km[m
cW°mcmb {Inkv XpaX hnizmknIƒ Cu hmZsØ tNmZyw
sNømsX hnizkn°p∂p. F¥psIm≠mWv tbiphns\ ssZ
hsa∂pw ssZh]p{Xs\∂pw k¶¬]n°p∂Xv F∂ tNmZy
Øn\v hyXykvXßfmb adp]SnIfmWv ss{IkvXhk`Iƒ
\¬Inhcp∂Xv. tbip ssZhamWv F∂v ÿm]n°p∂Xn\v
th≠n ss{IkvXhcpsS F√m hmZapJßsfbpw Izp¿B≥
i‡ambpw bp‡ambpw Jfin°p∂p. F∂m¬ A‘amb
hntZzjtam kXyØn\pt\sc ]pdwXncn™v \n¬°mt\m
Izp¿B≥ k∂≤a√. ss{IkvXhcpsS hmZßfn¬ kXyk
‘amb hmZßsf Izp¿B≥ AwKoIcn°p∂p. AXns\ k
Xys∏SpØp∂p. kXyhpw AkXyhpw IqSn°e¿∂ hmZK
XnIfpsS bmYm¿Yyw shfns∏SpØp∂p. AXnse AkXy
ßsf kXyØn¬\n∂v XpS®pam‰p∂p.
I\yIbmb a¿bw ssZhlnXØm¬ K¿`w [cn°pIbpw
tbiphns\ {]khn°pIbpw sNbvXp. ]nXmhn√msX A¤p
XIcamb tbiphns‚ P\\w At±lw ssZh]p{X\mWv F∂
Xn\p≈ sXfnhmbn ss{IkvXh{]t_m[I≥am¿ AhImi
s∏Sp∂p. a¿bans\bpw aI≥ Cukm\_n(tbip)sbbpw
kw_‘n®v Izp¿B\nse ]cma¿i߃ ss{IkvXh k¶
¬]ßtf°mƒ D∂Xhpw kpµchpamWv. a¿bans\°pdn®v
ss{IkvXh¿ thZ{KŸambn AwKoIcn°p∂ ss__nƒ {]
kvXmhn°p∂Xnt\°mƒ IqSpXembn Izp¿B≥ {]Xn]mZn
°p∂p≠v.
114 A[ymb߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂ Izp¿B\nse Hcp A
[ymbØns‚ t]cv a¿bw F∂mWv . Izp¿B\nse ]e A[ym
b ß fnepambn hnhcn°p∂ a¿b ans‚ kw`hw C{] Imcw
kw{Kln°mw:
a¿b ans‚ amXmhv K¿`n Wn bm bn cn s°, K¿`ÿinip
B¨Ip´nbmbncn°psa∂ {]Xo£bn¬ A√mlphns‚ am
¿KØn¬ t\¿®bm°n. Ip´nsb ]≈nbn¬ hf¿ØpIbpw
B[ymflnI am¿Kßfn¬ apgpIn Pohn°pIbpw sNøp∂
Hcp k{ºZmbw B ImeL´ßfn¬ {]Nmcap≠mbncp∂p.
{] Xo £°v hn] co Xambn \hPmXinip s]¨Ip´nbmsb 
¶nepw amXmhv ssZh\maØn¬ FSpØ Xocpam\w am‰nbn 
√. Ip´n°v a¿bw F∂v t]cn´p. Pdpkteanse ss_Øp¬
ap  J ±kn¬ a¿bans\ G¬]n®p. a¿bans‚ kwc£Ww {]
hmNI\mb k°cnøm Gs‰SpØp. hnip≤ tZhmeb
Øns‚ AIØfßfnse ]cnip≤amb A¥co£Øn¬ ]
hn{Xbpw ]cn]mh\bpamb a¿bw hf¿∂p. a¿bans‚ Acn
In¬ ]et∏mgpw B ImeØv e`n°mØ ]g߃ I≠v k
°cnøm {]hmNI≥ tNmZn®p. CsX√mw FhnSp∂mWv e`n
®Xv? a¿bw adp]Sn ]d™p: "A√mlphn¬\n∂v' (3:35˛37).
a¿bw hf¿∂v I\yIbmbt∏mƒ A√mlphns‚ ae°v (am
emJ) h∂psIm≠v tbiphn\v P∑w \¬Im≥ a¿bans\
A√mlp sXcs™SpØpsh∂ hm¿Ø Adnbn°p∂p. {]
kv XpX kw`hw Izp¿B≥ hnhcn°p∂Xv ImWpI:
""{]hmNIsc, Cu thZ{KŸØn¬ a¿bans\ ]‰nbp≈
hnhcw Hm¿an°pI. Xs‚ IpSpw_°mcn¬ \n∂v Ing°p≈
Hcp `mKtØ°v Hgn™pamdn Ahƒ Ign™p. F∂n´v, A
h¿ ImWmXncn°m≥ Ahƒ Hcp adbp≠m°n. At∏mƒ \
ΩpsS Bflmhns\ (Pn_vcoens\) \mw AhfpsS ASptØ
°v \ntbmKn®p. Aßs\ At±lw AhfpsS apºn¬ XnI
™ a\pjycq]Øn¬ {]Xy£s∏´p. Ahƒ ]d™p: ""Xo
¿®bmbpw \n∂n¬\n∂v Rm≥ ]caImcpWnI\n¬ icWw
tXSp∂p, \o [¿a\njvSbp≈h\msW¶n¬'. At±lw ]d
™p: ]cnip≤\mb Hcm¨Ip´nsb \n\°v Zm\w sNøp∂
Xn\pth≠n \ns‚ c£nXmhb® ZqX≥ am{XamIp∂p Rm≥.
Ahƒ tNmZn®p: F\n°v Fßs\ Hcp Ip´nbp≠mIpw? Hcp
]pcpj\pw Fs∂ kv]¿in®n´n√. Rms\mcp Zp¿\S∏pIm
cnbpa√. At±lw ]d™p: A{]ImcwXs∂ kw`hn°pw.
Xs∂ kw_‘n®nStØmfw AXv hfsc \nmcamb Imcy
amWv F∂v \ns‚ c£nXmhv Acpfnbncn°p∂p. B Ip
™ns\ a\pjy¿°v Hcp ZrjvSm¥hpw \ΩpsS ]°¬\n
∂p≈ ImcpWyhpam°m≥. AXv Xocpam\n°s∏´ Imcyam
Ip∂p. Aßs\ Ahs\ K¿`w [cn°pIbpw F∂n´v AXp
ambn Ahƒ AIse Hcp ÿeØv amdn Xmakn°pIbpw
sNbvXp. Aßs\ {]khthZ\ Ahsf Hcp CuØ∏\ac
Øns‚ ASptØ°v sIm≠ph∂p. Ahƒ ]d™p: Rm≥
CXn\v apºv Xs∂ acn°pIbpw ]msS hnkvacn®v X≈s∏´
hfmIpIbpw sNbvXncps∂¶n¬ F{X \∂mbncp∂p. DSs\
AhfpsS Xmgv `mKØp\n∂v hnfn®p]d™p: \o hyk\n
a¿bans‚ I\yImXzhpw
tbip  hns‚ ]nXmhn√mØ
A¤pX P\\hpw Izp¿B
  ≥ AwKoIcn°p∂p. F∂m
¬ AXpsIms≠m∂pw tb
  ip ssZhtam ssZh]p{Xt\m
BIp∂n√ F∂v Izp¿B≥
DW¿Øp  ∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 12
t°≠; \ns‚ Xmgv `mKØv Hcp Acphn D≠m°nØ∂ncn
°p∂p. CuØ∏\acw \ns‚ ASp°te°v ]nSn®v Ipep°p
I. AXv \n\°v ]mIamb ]gw hogvØnØcpw. Aßs\ \o
Xn∂pIbpw IpSn°pIbpw I¨Ipfn¿a A\p`hn°pIbpw
sNøpI. a\pjycn¬ Bscsb¶nepw ImWp∂]£w Imcp
Wyhm\mb A√mlphn\v th≠n Rm≥ {hXw t\m‰ncn°bm
Wv; AXn\m¬ Ct∂ Znhkw Rm≥ BtcmSpw kwkmcn°
bn√.
]n∂oSv, Ip´nbpambn Ahƒ Xs‚ BfpIfpsS ASptØ
°v sN∂p. Ah¿ ]d™p: ""a¿bta, Bt£]Icamb Hcp
ImcywXs∂bmWv \o sNbvXXv. tl, lmdqs‚ ktlmZco,
\ns‚ ]nXmhv Hcp NoØ a\pjy\mbncp∂n√t√m. \ns‚
amXmhv Hcp Zp¿\S∏pImcnbpambncp∂n√! At∏mƒ Ahƒ
I p´n bpsS t\sc N q 
≠n°mWn®p. Ah¿
tNmZn®p. sXm´nenep
≈ Hcp Ip´ntbmSv R
  ߃ Fßs\ kwkm
cn°pw? Ip´n ]d™p:
Rm≥ A√mlphns‚
Zmk\mWv . Ah≥ F
\n°v thZ{KŸw \
¬IpIbpw Fs∂ {]
hm  N  I  \m  °p  Ibpw
sNbvXp. Rm≥ Fhn
sS bm bmepw Fs∂
Ah≥ A\p{KloX
\m°n. Rm≥ Pohn®n
cn°p∂ Imea{Xbpw \akvIcn°m\pw kImØv \¬Im\pw
Ah≥ Ft∂mSv A\pimkn®p. Fs‚ amXmhnt\mSv \√ \n
ebn¬ s]cpamdm\pw. Fs∂ Ah≥ Hcp \njvTqc\pw \n¿`m
Kyhm\pam°nbn´n√. Rm≥ P\n® Znhkhpw acn°p∂ Znh
khpw ]p\cp∞m\ Znhkhpw F\n°v im¥nbp≠mIpw. A
Xs{X a¿bans‚ aI\mb Cukm. Ah¿ GsXmcp hnjØn
¬ X¿°n°p∂pthm AXns\∏‰nbp≈ kXyhN\as{X CXv ''
(Izp¿B≥ 19:16˛34)
a¿bans‚ I\yImXzhpw tbiphns‚ ]nXmhn√mØ A
¤pX P\\hpw Izp¿B≥ AwKoIcn°p∂p. F∂m¬ AXp
sIms≠m∂pw tbip ssZhtam ssZh]p{X
t\m BIp∂n√ F∂v Izp¿B≥ DW¿Øp∂p.
tbiphn¬\n∂v BZyw shfns∏´ A
¤pX{]hrØnbmWv sXm´nen¬sh®v tbip
kwkmcn®psh∂p≈Xv. {]kvXpX kw`mj
WØn¬ tbip Xs‚ amXmhns‚ Nmcn{Xy
ip ≤nsb kwi bn ® h¿°v adp ]Sn \¬Ip 
∂p. A√mlphns‚ Ffnb Zmk\mWv Xm≥
F∂v P\ßsf t_m[ys∏SpØp∂p. Izp¿
B≥ ss{IkvX h cpsS bp‡n t_m [ sØ 
bpw _p≤nsbbpw X´nbpW¿Øp∂p. ]nXm
hn√mØ tbiphns‚ P\\w At±lsØ
ssZhambn AwKoIcn°m≥ \nßfpsS _p
≤n \nßtfmSv Bhiys∏Sp∂psh¶n¬ am
Xmhpw ]nXmhpan√msX ssZhØm¬ krjvSn°s∏´ hy‡n
XzamWv a\pjy]nXmhv BZw. tbiphn\v amXmsh¶nepw D≠m
bncp∂p. BZan\mIs´ amXmhpw ]nXmhpan√. Aßs\sb
¶n¬ BZw F¥psIm≠v ssZhtam ssZh]p{Xt\m Bbn√.
BZans\ krjv Sn® AtX ssZhw Xs∂bt√ tbiphns\bpw
krjvSn®Xv. At∏mƒ Bsc krjvSn®psh∂ X√ {][m\w,
Bcv krjv Sn®psh∂XmWv . {kjv Smhv A√mlphmWv . BZapw
tbiphpw krjvSnIfmWv. krjvSnIfnep≈ hnkvabß
fpw A¤pXßfpw {kjv Smhns‚ Ignhpw {]Xm]hpamWv hnfn
t®mXp∂Xv; krjvSnbptSX√.
Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p: ""A√mlphns‚ ASp°¬ Cuk
(tbip)bpsS D]a BZans‚ D]abmWv. BZans\ krjvSn
®Xv aÆn¬\n∂mWv. D≠mhpI F∂v BZant\mSv Ah≥ I
¬]n®p. DSs\ Ah D≠mhpIbmbn. CsX√mw \ns‚ c£n
Xmhn¬\n∂p≈ ]cam¿YamWv. BIbm¬, kwibmep°fn
¬ \o Dƒs∏ScpXv'' (Izp¿B≥ 3:59˛60)
{XntbIXzw
{XntbIXzw AYhm {XnXzw ss{IkvXh hnizmkØns‚
ASnÿm\ßfnsem∂mWv. {XnXzØns‚ hnh£ C{]Imc
amWv: ssZhw H∂mWv, F¶nepw aq∂mWv. AYhm aq∂mfp
Iƒ (Three Persons) GI ssZhØn¬ D≠v . ]nXmhmb ssZhw,
]p{X\mb ssZhw, ]cnip≤mflmhmb ssZhw. 1+1+1=1 F∂
Bibw KWnXimkv {X  ]  c  ambn icn  b  √m  Ø  Xp  sIm≠v
1x1x1=1 F∂ KWnX bp‡n sIm≠v {Xntb I XzsØ anj 
Wdnam¿ \ymboIcn°mdp≠v. CØcw bp‡nsIm≠v ap∏
Ønapt°mSn ssZhßsf Bcm[n°p∂h¿°pw XßfptSXv
GIssZh hnizmkamWv F∂v ka¿Yn°m≥ Ignbpw. AXp
sIm≠pXs∂ CØcw \ymboIcW߃ km[mcW°m¿°pw
_p≤nPohnIƒ°pw Htct]mse {Kln°m≥ km[n°mØ
kakybmWv . CØcw hnizmkßsf tNmZyw sNømsX AwKo
Icn°pIbmWv bYm¿Y ssZhkv t\lw F∂v aXtaemf∑m¿
hnizmknIsf [cn∏n°pIbmWv. bYm¿YØn¬ {XnXzw F∂
Bibw ss__nfn¬ hnhcn°s∏´ At\Iw {]hmNI≥am
cn¬ BcpwXs∂ kqNn∏n°pIt]mepw sNbvXn´n√ F∂
XmWv hkvXpX. {]hmNI≥am¿ F√mhcpw temItØmSv ]d
™Xv GI\mb {k„mhns\ am{Xw Bcm[n°m\mWv F∂Xv
F√mhcpw AwKoIcn°p∂ ImcyamWv. Izp¿B≥ G‰hpw
Bsc krjvSn®psh∂X√
{][m\w, Bcv krjvSn®p
 sh∂XmWv. {kjvSmhv A
√mlphmWv . BZapw tbip
hpw krjvSnIfmWv. kr
jv SnIfnep≈ hnkvabß
fpw A¤pXßfpw {kjvSm
 hns‚ Ignhpw {]Xm]hp
amWv hnfnt®mXp∂Xv; kr
jvSn bp tS X √.
2012 Unkw_¿ 13
shdp°pIbpw Bh¿Øn®mh¿Øn®v \ntj[n°pIbpw sN
øp∂XmWv ssZhØn\v ]p{X\p≠v F∂ hmZhpw {XntbI
XzhmZhpw. CXns\ kw_‘n® Nne Izp¿B≥ hN\߃
t\m°pI:
""A√tbm thZ°mtc, kzaXØn¬ AXncv IhnbmXncn
°phn≥. kXya√mØsXm∂pw A√mlphns‚ t]cn¬ Btcm
]n°mXncn°phn≥. a¿bans‚ ]p{X≥ Cukm akolv (tbip
aninlm) Hcp ssZhZqX\pw ssZhw a¿bante°v Ab® Hcp
hN\hpa√msX as‰m∂pw Bbncp∂n√. A√mlphn¶¬ \n
∂p≈ Hcp Bflmhpambncp∂p. \nßfpw A√mlphnepw
Ahs‚ ZqX≥amcnepw hnizkn°pI. {XntbIXzw hmZn°m
Xncn°pI, AXn¬\n∂v hncan°pI. AXmWv \n߃°v DØ
aw. A√mlp GI\mIp∂p. ]p{X≥ D≠mbncn°p∂Xn¬\n∂v
F{Xtbm AXoXamwhÆw Ah≥ ]cnip≤\pamIp∂p. B
Imi `qanIfnep≈sXms°bpw Aht‚Xs{X. AhbpsS ssI
ImcyØn\pw ta¬t\m´Øn\pw Ah≥Xs∂ F{Xbpw aXn
bmbh\t√m'' (Izp¿B≥ 4:71)
a\pjysc krjv Sn°pIbpw Ah¿°v Pohn°m≥ th≠p∂
hmbp, sh≈w, shfn®w F∂nh \¬IpIbpw Ahsc Pohn
∏n°pIbpw acn∏n°pIbpw sNøp∂Xv ssZhamWv F∂mWv
F√m ssZh hnizmknIfpw hnizkn°p∂Xv. 2000 h¿jß
ƒ°v apºpw `qanbn¬ a\pjy¿ P\n°pIbpw Pohn°pIbpw
acn°pIbpsams° sNbv Xn´p≠v . tbip P\n°p∂Xv hscbpw
tbiphns\ krjv Sn® ssZhamWv a\pjysc P\n∏n°pIbpw
Pohn∏n°pIbpw acn∏n°pIbpw sNbvXncp∂Xv F∂v {Inkv
Xym\nIƒ Dƒs∏sSbp≈ a\pjy¿ kΩXn°pw. tbiphns‚
P\\tijw ssZhw CØcw I¿Øhy߃ \n¿
hln°p∂Xn\v tbiphns\ NpaXes∏SpØnbn
´ps≠∂v tbip AhImihmZw D∂bn®n´pan√.
Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p: ""a¿bans‚ ]p{X≥ a
kolv Xs∂bmIp∂p ssZhw F∂v ]d™h¿
Xo¿®bmbpw \ntj[nIfmbncn°p∂p. {]hmNI
sc AhtcmSv tNmZn°pI: ssZhw a¿bans‚ ]p
{X≥ akoln(aninlm)s\bpw At±lØns‚ am
Xmhns\bpw `qhmknIsf AJnesØbpw \in
∏n°m≥ Xocpam\n®m¬ Ahs\ B Xocpam\
Øn¬\n∂pw hyXnNen∏n°m≥ Ignhp≈h¿ B
cp≠v? A√mlp, BImi `qanIfpsSbpw Ah
°n S bn ep≈ kI e Xn s‚bpw A[n ] \m Ip ∂p.
Xm\n—n°p∂sX¥pw Ah≥ krjvSn°p∂p. Ahs‚ i‡n
kIe hkvXp°sfbpw hebw sNbvXn´p≈XmIp∂p.'' (Izp¿
B ≥ 5:17)
krjv SnItfmSv AXy[nIw Zbbp≈h\mWv A√mlp. sX‰p
Iƒ a\pjy¿°v kw`hn°psa∂Xv A√mlphn\v Adnbmw.
clkyhpw ]ckyhpw Adnbp∂h\mWh≥. \∑Ifn¬sh®v
G‰hpw henb \∑ {kjvSmhmb A√mlphns\ Bcm[n°
emWv. G‰hpw henb ]m]w GI\mb A√mlphns\ IqSm
sX Ahs‚ krjvSnIsf Bcm[n°emWv. F∂m¬ ]m] 
Øn¬\n∂v ]n¥ncn™v ssZhtØmSv ]›mØ]n®m¬ Ah≥
am∏v \¬Ipw. kIe ]m]ßfpw s]mdp°p∂ DZmc\mWv
A√mlp. a\pjytcmSv G‰hpw KpWImw£bp≈h\s{X A
√mlp. Izp¿B\neqsS A√mlp a\pjys‚ _p≤nsb X´n
bpW¿Øp∂p. sX‰pIƒ Nq≠n°m´p∂p. Ahs‚ in£sb
°pdn®v ap∂dnbn∏v \¬Ip∂p. ]m]tamN\sØbpw {]Xn^
esØbpw Ipdn®v kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn°p∂p.
""A√mlp aqhcn¬ Hcph\mIp∂p F∂v hmZn®hcpw Xo
¿®bmbpw \ntj[nIfmbncn°p∂p. Fs¥∂m¬ GIssZh
a  √msX Hcp ssZhhpw C√Xs∂. Ah¿ Xß fpsS CØcw
hmZß fn¬\n∂v hncan®ns√¶n¬ Ahcn¬ \ntj [nIfmb 
hsc thZ\tbdnb in£ _m[n°pIXs∂ sNøpw. C\nbpw
Ah¿ ]›mØ]n°pIbpw Aht\mSv am∏v A`y¿Yn°pIbpw
sNøp∂nt√? A√mlp Gsd am∏cpfp∂h\pw Zbm]c\pa
t√m.'' (Izp¿B≥ 5:73˛74)
Ipcniv acWw bmYm¿Yytam?
{InkvXpaXØn¬ Ipcnin\v AanX {]m[m\yamWp≈Xv.
A Xv AhcpsS aX Nn” ß fn¬ H∂mWv. Ipcnins\ `qcn] 
£w ss{IkvXhk`Ifpw ]hn{Xambn ImWpIbpw BZcn
°pIbpw Nne¿ Bcm[n°pIbpw sNøp∂p. tbiphns‚ `qan
bnse PohnXImeØv Hcn°epw Ipcnin\v alXzap≠mbn
cp∂Xmbn Bcpw a\nem°nbncp∂n√. temImcw`w apX¬
tbip{InkvXp hscbp≈ {]hmNI≥am¿ BcpwXs∂ Ipcn
ins\ hWßpItbm Ipcniv s\‰nbn¬ hcbv°pItbm sN
bvXncp∂n√. tdmam km{amPyØn¬ Ip‰hmfnIsf in£n°p
∂Xn\pth≠n D]tbmKn®ncp∂XmWv Ipcniv. ssIIfnepw
ImepIfnepw BWnbSn®v Ipcnin¬ Xd°ptºmƒ c‡w hm
¿∂v acWw kw`hn°pIbmWv sNøp∂Xv. tbip {IqinX\m
bn F∂ k¶¬]Øn¬\n∂mWv Ipcnin\v hnip≤nbpsS ]cn
tbip P\n°p∂Xv hscbpw tbiphns\
krjv Sn® ssZhamWv a\pjysc P\n∏n
  °pIbpw Pohn∏n°pIbpw acn∏n°pIbpw
sNbvXncp∂Xv F∂v {InkvXym\nIƒ Dƒ
s∏ sS bp≈ a\p jy¿ k Ω Xn °pw. tbip 
hns‚ P\\tijw ssZhw CØcw I¿Ø
 hy߃ \n¿hln°p∂Xn\v tbiphns\
NpaXes∏SpØnbn´ps≠∂v tbip Ah
ImihmZw D∂bn®n´pan√.
2012 Unkw_¿ 14
thjw ssIhcp∂Xv. tbip Ipcnin¬ InS∂v acn®Xv `qanbn
ep≈ kIecpsSbpw ]m] Øn\v ]cnlmcambmsW∂v {In
kvXy≥k`Iƒ ]Tn∏n°p∂p. BZapw l∆bpw sNbvX ]m]w
kIe a\pjycnte°pw ]¶psh°s∏SpIbpw sNbvXt∏mƒ
{]kvXpX ]m]߃°v th≠nbmWv tbip PohXymKØn\v
XømdmbXv. Hcp hmZØn\v th≠n Cu ]m] ]cnlmc kn
≤m¥w AwKo Icn®m¬ Xs∂bpw c≠v Imcy ßƒ kΩXn
t°≠nhcpw. H∂v, tbiphns‚ Ipcniv acWw hscbp≈ k
Ie a\pjycpw ss__nfn¬ hnip≤≥amsc∂v ]cnNbs∏
SpØs∏´ {]hmNI≥am¿ Dƒs∏sS ]m]nIfmbn acn®p F∂v .
c≠v, a\pjycpsS ]m]߃°v ]Icambn kz¥w Poh≥ \
¬In ]m]߃ ]cn]q¿Wambn C√mbva sNbvXXn\m¬ C\n
Bcpw ]m]w sNøn√, AYhm ]m]w sNbvXm¬ Ah¿°v
in£bpan√. Cu c≠v Imcyßfpw bp‡nt°m aX {]amW
߃t°m \nc°p∂Xpa√. Ipcniv acWw kw`hn®Xn\m¬
a \p jy cpsS ]m]w s]mdp ° s∏ s´ ¶n¬ AXns‚ s{IUn‰v
tbiphn\v am{Xw AhImis∏´X√. At±lØns\ H‰ns°m
SpØpsh∂v ]dbs∏Sp∂ bqZmkn\pw, At±lsØ {Iqin
°m≥ DØchn´ ]nemtØmkpw {Iqin® tdma≥ ]SbmfnIfpw
F√mw a\pjycpsS ]m]߃ IgpIn°fbm≥ ]cn{ian®p
sh∂v ]dtb≠nhcpw. ImcWw Ipcniv acWØns‚ Hcp°
߃ \SØnbpw hnPbIcambn {]tbmKh¬Icn®Xpw Ah
cmWt√m.
bYm¿YØn¬ tbip sIm√s∏tS≠Xv a\pjycminbpsS
Bhiyambncp∂n√. At±lØns‚ {]XntbmKnIfpsS AXm
bXv blqZ d∫nIfpsS B{Klambncp∂p. kXyw P\ßfn
¬\n∂v ad®psh®v P\ßfpsS kºØpw BZchpIfpw ]nSn
®p]‰n kpJkar≤amb PohnXw \bn®ncp∂ blqZ ]ptcm
lnX∑m¿°v ssZh hN\߃ kXyambn ]dbpIbpw {]hr
Øn°pIbpw sNøp∂ tbiphns‚ km∂n[yw Akl\ob
ambncp∂p. tbiphns‚ kp
hntij {]h¿Ø\߃ C
\nbpw XpS¿∂m¬, kXyw
P\߃ a\nem°nbm¬
XßfpsS ssZhØns‚ {]
Xn]pcpj≥am¿ F∂ ]Zhn
°v Cf°w X´p sa∂pw kp 
JPohnXw Ahkm\n°psa
∂pw Ah¿°v \√ t_m[y
ap≠mbncp∂p. tbiphns\
Xnsc Zpjv{]NcW߃ A
gn®phn´Xpw {Iqin°m≥ t{]
cn∏n®Xpw Ahcmbncp∂p.
F∂m¬ C∂v tbip {Iq
in  °  s∏  ´p  sh∂v hcp  Øn 
Øo ¿°p ∂Xv ss{IkvXh
hnizmkØns‚ `mKamWv.
P ∑ ]m] kn≤m ¥ Øns‚
A Sn ÿm\ {]am W am Wv.
tbiphns‚ ZnhyXzØn\p
≈ sXfnhpIfnsem∂mWv
Ipcniv acWhpw Dbn¿sØ
gpt∂¬∏pw. Ipcniv acWw ss{IkvXh hnizmkØns‚ ASn
ÿm\ineIfnsem∂mbn hymJym\n°s∏Sptºmgpw \nehn
se ss{IkvXh k` Iƒ AwKo I cn® \mev kphn ti j ß 
fnepw Ipcniv acW Øns‚bpw Dbn¿sØgpt∂¬]ns‚bpw
ImcyØn¬ {]ISamb sshcp  [y  ßfp≠v. aplΩZv \_nbp
sS {]t_m[\ ImeØpw Ipcniv acWsØ°pdn®v {InkvXym
\nIƒ°nSbn¬ A`n{]mbhyXymkap≠mbncp∂p. Ipcniv ac
WsØ°pdn®v Kl\amb N¿®t°m hmNmeamb kwhmZ
߃t°m Izp¿B≥ apXncp∂n√. {]kvXpX kw`hØn\v
A ¿l amb ]cnK W\ \¬Ins°m≠v hy‡ambpw kw£n
]v Xambpw Ipcniv acWw kw_‘n® bmYm¿Yyw A√mlp
shfns∏SpØp∂p:
""A√mlphns‚ ZqX\mb, a¿bans‚ aI≥ akolv Cu
kmsb R߃ sIm∂ncn°p∂p F∂h¿ ]d™Xn\mepw
(Ah¿ i]n°s∏´ncn°p∂p.) hmkvXhØn¬ At±lsØ
Ah¿ sImes∏SpØnbn´pan√, {Iqin®n´pan√. ]s£ (bm
Ym¿Yyw) Ah¿°v Xncn®dnbmXmhpIbmWp≠mbXv. Xo¿®
bmbpw At±lØns‚ (CukmbpsS) ImcyØn¬ `n∂n®h¿
AXns\∏‰n kwibØn¬ Xs∂bmIp∂p. Dulmt]mlsØ
]n¥pScp∂X√msX Ah¿°v A°mcysØ∏‰n bmsXmcp A
dnhpan√. Dd∏mbpw At±lsØ Ah¿ sImes∏SpØnbn´n√.
F∂m¬ At±lsØ A√mlp Ah¶te°v Db¿ØpIbs{X
sNbvXXv. A√mlp {]Xm]nbpw bpIvXnam\pamIp∂p.'' (Izp¿
B≥ 4:157˛158).
""(C{kmboey¿) akolns\Xnsc KqVX{¥Øn¬ G¿s∏
´p. At∏mƒ A√mlphpw X{¥w {]tbmKn®p. X{¥w {]tbm
Kn°p∂hcn¬ AXypØa≥ A√mlpXs∂. A√mlp Cukm
tbmSv ]d™p: Hm Cukm, Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ Xm¶sf aS°nhn
fn°p∂Xpw F∂nte°v Db¿Øp∂XpamIp∂p. Xm¶sf \ntj
[n®hcn¬\n∂v Xm¶sf \mw ip≤oIcn°p∂XpamIp∂p. Xm¶
fpsS am¿Kw ]n¥pS¿∂hsc Xm¶sf \ntj
[n®htc°mƒ D∂Xcm°n \ne\n¿Øpw
A¥y\mƒhsc. \nßsfms°bpw HSphn¬
F∂nte°v aStß≠Xp≠v. \n߃ ]ckv
BZw \_n apX¬ tbip{In
kvXp hscbp≈ {]hmNI≥
 am¿ BcpwXs∂ Ipcnins\
hWßpItbm Ipcniv s\‰n
 bn¬ hcbv°pItbm sNbv
 Xncp∂n√. tdmam km{amPy
 Øn¬ Ip‰hmfnIsf in£n
  °p∂Xn\pth≠n D]tbmKn
 ®ncp∂XmWv Ipcniv. ssII
 fnepw ImepIfnepw BWnb
 Sn®v Ipcnin¬ Xd°ptºmƒ
c‡w hm¿∂v acWw kw`hn
°p I bmWv sNøp ∂ Xv.
2012 Unkw_¿ 15
]cw `n∂n®ncp∂ Imcyßfn¬ At∏mƒ Rm≥ Xo¿∏v I¬]n
°pw. F∂m¬ kXysØ \ntj[n®hsc ClØnepw ]c
Ønepw Rm≥ ITn\ambn in£n°p∂XmIp∂p. At∏mƒ
Ahsc klmbn°m≥ Bcpap≠mhn√. kXyØn¬ hniz
kn°pIbpw k¬I¿a߃ A\pjvSn°pIbpw sNbvXh¿°v
AhcpsS {]Xn^ew ]q¿Wambn \¬Is∏Spw. A{IanIsf
A√mlp Hcn°epw CjvSs∏Sp∂n√' (Izp¿B≥ 3:54˛57)
tbiphns‚ kphntijw
tbiphn\v A√mlp AhXcn∏n® thZ{KŸamWv C©o
¬. tbiphns‚ P\\Øn\v apºphsc XudmØv (tXmd) Bbn
cp∂p C{kmbo¬ kaqlØns‚ thZ{KŸw. aqkm \_n°v
(tamkkv) ssZhw AhXcn∏n®XmWv XudmØv. Cukm
\_n°v  C©o¬ AhXcn∏n°s∏´t∏mgpw XudmØv
Zp¿_es∏SpItbm AXnse icoAØv (aX\nbaw) hyXym
ks∏SpØpItbm sNbv Xn√. Cukm \_n XudmØv A\p
kcn®v Pohn°pIbpw P\ßsf AX\pkcn®v Pohn°m≥ D
]tZin°pIbpw sNbvXp.
""B {]hmNI≥amsc ]n¥pS¿∂v, a¿bans‚ ]p{X≥ Cu
kmsb ˛ Xs‚ ap∂nep≈ XudmØns\ kXy s∏ SpØp∂ h
\mbn˛\mw Ab®p. AXn¬ am¿KZ¿i\hpw {]Imihpap≠v.
XudmØns\ icnsh®pw kq£vaX ]men°p∂h¿°v am¿K
Z¿i\hpambpw XtØzm]tZihpambWXv AhXo¿WambXv .''
(Izp¿B≥ 5:46).
aqkm\_n(tamkkv )bpsS Imetijw P\߃ XudmØv
]n≥]‰n Pohns®¶nepw Imew IgnbpwtXmdpw XudmØn¬
\n∂v Ah¿ AI∂psIm≠ncp∂p. Cukm \_nbpsS Im
eambt∏mtg°pw blqZ ]ptcmlnX≥am¿ aXtae[y£∑m
cmbn P\ßfn¬\n∂v AhnlnXambn [\w tiJcn°pIbpw
XudmØnse \nba߃°v ]Icw kz¥ambn \nba\n¿amWw
\SØn AXv XudmØnse \nbaßfmsW∂v P\ßsf sX
‰p[cn∏n°pIbpw sNbvXp. thZ{KŸw km[mcW°m¿°v hn
hcn®v sImSp°msX kXysØ Ah¿ ad®psh®p. CØc
samcp Zimk‘nbnemWv Cukm\_n A√mlphn\m¬
\ntbmKn°s∏Sp∂Xv. XudmØns‚ BZna hnip≤n At±lw
]p\xÿm]n®p. Xs‚ ImeL´Øn\v A\ptbmPyambXpw
Xs‚ ]n≥KmanIƒ Adn™ncnt°≠Xpamb XtØzm]tZi
ßfpw `mhn {]hN\ßfpw Dƒs°m≈p∂hbpamWv At±
l Øn\v AhXcn∏n°s∏´ C©o¬. C©o eneqsS {][m\
s∏´ c≠v ZuXy߃ ]q¿ØoIcn°s∏´p. H∂matØXv tbip
hn\v apºv Ab°s∏´ ssZhZqX≥ tamkkns‚ am¿Kw Xs∂
bmWv ]n¥pStc≠Xv F∂pw Xs‚ kz¥w hIbmbn Hcp
]pXnb aXtam ap≥Ime {]hmNI≥amcn¬\n∂v hyXykvX
am b Hcp PohnX]≤ Xntbm X\n°v P\ ßƒ°v ap∂n¬
ka¿]n°phm\n√ F∂Xpw. c≠maXmbn Xs‚ ZuXyØns‚
XpS¿®bpw ssZhnIshfn]mSpIfpsS ]q¿ØoIcWhpw \S
t°≠Xn\v X\n°v tijw \ntbmKnX\mIp∂ {]hmNIs\
°pdn®v Xs‚ P\XtbmSv ]dbpI F∂Xv. XudmØnepw C
©o enepw tcJ s∏ SpØs∏´ apl ΩZv \_nsb AwKo I
cnt°≠Xpw BZcnt°≠Xpw At±lØn\v AhXo¿Wamb
{KŸw A\pkcn®v Pohnt°≠Xpw tbiphns‚ bYm¿Y A
\pbmbnIfpsS _m[yXbmWv F∂v Izp¿B\neqsS A√mlp
thZhmlIsc DW¿Øp∂p.
""a¿bans‚ aI\mb Cukm ]d™ kµ¿`hpw ({it≤
b a s{X): C{km bo¬ k¥ Xn I tf, F\n°v apºp≈ Xudm 
Øns\ kXys∏SpØnbpw tijw hcp∂ Alv aZv F∂ ssZh
ZqXs\∏‰n kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn®pw \nßfnte°ph∂
ssZhZqX\mIp∂p Rm≥. Aßs\ At±lw hy‡amb sXfn
hpIfpambn sN∂t∏mƒ Ah¿ ]d™p: CXv XnI™ Pme
hnZybmIp∂p.'' (Izp¿B≥ 61:6)
tbiphns‚ ZuXyßfn¬ hfsc {][m\s∏´XmWv apl
ΩZv \_n sb∏‰nbp≈ kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn°pI F∂
Xv. Cu kt¥mjhm¿Ø°v ]e {]tXyIXIfpap≠v. apºv
AhXcn°s∏´ thZ{KŸamb XudmØn¬t]mepw aplΩZv
\_n sb]‰n ]cma¿in®ncn°p∂p.
]q¿h{]hmNI∑mtcmSv aplΩZv \_n sb klmbn°
Wsa∂v A√mlp \n¿tZin®Xmbn Izp¿B≥ 3:81epw Hcp
hnizhntamNI\v th≠nbp≈ C{_mlnw \_nbpsS {]m
Ipcniv acWw kw`hn®Xn\m¬ a\pjycpsS ]m]w
s]mdp°s∏s´¶n¬ AXns‚ s{IUn‰v tbiphn\v
am{Xw AhImis∏´X√. At±lØns\ H‰ns°m
 Sp Øp sh∂v ]dbs∏Sp∂ bqZm kpw, At± l sØ
{Iqin  °m  ≥ DØ  c  hn´ ]nem  tØmkpw {Iqin®
tdma≥ ]SbmfnIfpw F√mw a\pjycpsS ]m]ß
ƒ IgpIn°fbm≥ ]cn{ian®psh∂v ]dtb≠n
h  cpw.
2012 Unkw_¿ 16
¿Y\ 2:129epw \mw hmbn°p∂p. ]q¿h {]hmNI∑msc√mw
AhcpsS A\pbmbnItfmSv A¥naZqXs\°pdn®v ]dbpIbpw
Ah¿°v AhXcn°s∏´ thZ{KŸßfn¬ ASbmfs∏SpØ
s∏SpIbpw sNbvX {]hmNIs‚ BKa\w ASpØncn°p∂p
sh∂v Adnbn°m≥ tbip BKX\mbXv XnI®pw kµ¿t`m
NnXwXs∂. Ahkm\ \mƒhtc°pw C\nsbmcp {]hmNI
≥ hcm\n√. C\n Hcp thZ{KŸw ssZhØn¬\n∂v AhX
cn°m\pan√. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ kIe a\pjy¿°pw Cl
]c tam£Øn\mbn Ahkm\ thZ{KŸamb Izp¿B≥
A\p[mh\w sNtø≠Xp≠v.
""AhcpsS ASpØv, XudmØnepw C©oenepw tcJs∏
SpØn°mWp∂ \nc£c\mb {]hmNIs\ ]n¥pScp∂h¿.
AsX, \mw AhtcmSv \∑ I¬]n°pIbpw Xn∑ hntcm[n
°pIbpw sNøp∂p. ip≤ambh A\phZn°pIbpw Aip≤
ambh \njn≤am°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Ahsc sRcn®psIm
≠ncn°p∂ `mc߃ Cd°nsh°pIbpw Ahsc hcn™v
apdp°nb Nß eIƒ s]m´ns®dnbpIbpw sNøp∂p. AXn
\m¬ At±lsØ hnizkn°pIbpw BZcn°pIbpw klm
bn°pIbpw At±ltØmsSm∏w Cd°s∏´ {]Imiw ]n¥p
ScpIbpw sNøp∂hcmtcm AhcmIp∂p hnPbw {]m]n®h¿.''
(Izp¿B≥ 7:157)
Izp¿B≥ hfsc hy‡ambn ]d™XmWv XudmØnepw
C©oenepw aplΩZv \_nsb ∏‰n IrXy amb ]cm a¿i ap 
≠v F∂ hkvXpX. Izp¿B≥ AhXcn°p∂ ]›mØe
Øn¬ ]q¿h thZßsf°pdn®v Adnhp≈ ]finX≥am¿ B
cpwXs∂ Izp¿B\ns‚ Cu AhImihmZsØ ]ckyambn
tNmZyw sNøpItbm \ntj[n°pItbm sNbvXn´n√ F∂Xv
apl ΩZv \_nbpsS {]hmNIXzsØ kw_ ‘n®v Ah¿°v
IrXyamb t_m[yap≠mbncp∂p F∂Xn\v sXfnhmWv. thZ
hnizmknIƒ°v AhcpsS k¥m\ßsf Xncn®dnbp∂Xpt]m
se  apl ΩZv \_nsb Adnbmambncp∂psh∂v Izp¿B≥
2:146, 6:20 hN\߃ \tΩmSv ]dbp∂p. ""\mw thZw \¬In
bh¿°v kz¥w a°sf Adnbmhp∂t]mse C°mcyw Adn
bmw. Ahcn¬ Hcp hn`mKw t_m[]q¿hw kXyw ad®psh
°pIbmWv'' (Izp¿B≥ 2:146)
aplΩZv \_nsb]‰n C©oenepw XudmØnepw {]kv
Xmhn®n´p≠v F∂ kXyw ss{IkvXh ktlmZcßtfmSv ]d
™m¬ ss__nfn¬ AØcsamcp ]cma¿ian√ F∂h¿ a
dp]Sn ]dt™°pw. ss__nfnse aplΩZv \_nsb°pdn®
]cma¿ißtfm AXns‚ kXymkXyXtbm hnhcn°pI F∂
Xnte°v Rm≥ apXncp∂n√. ss__nƒ C©oemWv F∂
anYym[mcWsIm≠mWv ss{Ikv Xh ktlmZc߃ A{]Imcw
]dbp∂Xv. ss__nƒ C©oemWv F∂v ss{IkvXh ]fin
X≥am¿°pt]mepw Bflm¿Yambn ]dbm≥ Ignbn√ F∂
XmWv hkvXpX. A√mlphn\m¬ AhXcn∏n°s∏´XmWv
C©o¬. kphntijI¿Øm°ƒ FgpXnb kphntijßfm
Wv ss__nƒ. ss__nfpw C©oepw XΩnep≈ Htcsbmcp
_‘w ss__nfn¬ C©oense Nne ]cma¿i߃ D≠v
F∂Xv am{XamWv.
aplΩZv \_nbpsS kaImenIcmb blqZ, ss{Ikv Xh
]finX≥am¿°v \_nsb kw_‘n® tXmdbnsebpw C
©oensebpw ]cma¿i߃ Ahy‡ambncp∂n√. F∂m¬
kXyw a\nembn´pw A‘X \Sn°p∂ ]ptcmlnX∑m¿
F°mesØbpw t]me A∂pap≠mbncp∂p. kXyw ad®p
sh°pIbpw a\x]q¿hw kXy\ntj[Ønte°v BfpIsf
£Wn°pIbpw sNbv XpsIm≠v XßfmWv bYm¿YØn¬ k
XyØns‚ BfpIsf∂v AhImis∏´ ss{Ikv XhtcmSv A√m
lphns\ ap≥\n¿Øn kXyw sNøm≥ th≠n Ahsc sh√p
hnfn°m≥ A√mlp \_ntbmSv I¬]n®p.
""\n\°v kq£va⁄m\w e`n®tijw h√hcpw (Cukm
bpsS ImcyØn¬) \nt∂mSv X¿°n°p∂ ]£w AhtcmSv
]dbpI: hcnI, RßfpsS k¥m\ßsfbpw \nßfpsS k
¥m\ßsfbpw RßfpsS kv{XoIsfbpw \nßfpsS kv{XoI
sfbpw \ap°v hnfn°mw. R߃°pw \n߃°pw AXn¬
lmPcmImw. XpS¿∂v \Ωn¬ AkXyhmZnIfmtcm Ah¿s°
Xnsc A√mlphns‚ im]ap≠mIm≥ \ap°v {]m¿Yn°mw.''
(Izp¿B≥ 3:61)
Cu hN\w AhXcn®t∏mƒ {]hmNI≥ ]d™p: ""{]
amW߃ kzoIcn°p∂ns√¶n¬ \nßfpambn ap_mle \S
Øm≥ \mY≥ Ft∂mSv I¬]n®ncn°p∂p'' Ah¿ ]d™p:
""R߃ BtemNn®v hnhcw ]dbmw.'' Aßs\ Ah¿ aS
ßn. XßfpsS t\Xmhnt\mSv Ah¿ A`n{]mbw Bcm™p.
""aplΩZv {]hmNI\msW∂v \n߃°dnbmw. GXv hn`m
Khpw AhcpsS {]hmNIt\mSv ap_mle (im]{]m¿Y\)
tbip Dƒs∏sSbp≈ ap≥Ime {]hmNI≥am¿ BcpwXs∂ {InkvXym\nIfmbncp∂n√. Ah
cmcpw kzbw {InkvXym\nIƒ F∂v AhImis∏SpItbm {InkvXpaXØnte°v P\ßsf
£Wn°pItbm sNbvXncp∂n√. F¥n\[nIw, {InkvXpaXw F∂ t]cpt]mepw Ah¿°v
Adn bn √m bn cp ∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 17
\SØnbm¬ AhcpsS D∑qe\miw Xo¿®bmWv . \n߃ {]hm
NIt\mSv hnS]d™v \m´nte°v aSßpI.''
aplΩZv \_nbpw AhnSpsØ aIƒ ^mØnasbbpw
`¿Ømhv Aensbbpw a°sfbpwIq´n ap_mle°mbn ]pd
s∏´p. Xs‚ IpSpw_tØmSv \_n ]d™p: ""Rm≥ {]m¿Yn
®m¬ \n߃ Bao≥ ]dbpI.''
At∏mƒ \Pdm\nse Hcp ss{IkvXh]ptcmlnX≥ ]d
™p: ""{InkvXy≥ kaqlta, Hcp ]¿hXw X¬ÿm\Øp
\n∂v \o°m≥ A√mlphnt\mSv {]m¿Yn®m¬t]mepw AXn\v
DØcw e`n°p∂ Hcp hn`mKsØ Rm≥ ImWp∂p. AXp
sIm≠v \n߃ Ahcpambn ap_mle (im]{]m¿Y\) \S
ØcpXv. As√¶n¬ A¥y\mƒhsc Hcp {InkvXym\nbpw `q
temIØv D≠mhpIbn√.''
]n∂oSv Ah¿ {]hmNIt\mSv ]d™p: ""R߃ ap_m
le°n√.''
At∏mƒ \_n ]d™p: ""F¶n¬ \n߃ apkvenamhp
I.'' AXn\pw Ah¿ hnkΩXn®p.
Cu A[ymbØn¬ D≤cn® Izp¿B≥ hN\ßfpw {]hm
NINcn{XØnse \tS kqNn∏n® Ncn{X kw`hßfpw apl
ΩZv \_nbpsS {]hmNIXzhpw At±lØn\hXcn® ssZ
hnI{KŸhpw kXyamsW∂v At±lØns‚ kaImenIcmb
blqZ ss{IkvXh ]ptcmlnX≥am¿°v DØat_m[yap≠m
bncp∂p F∂v \sΩ sXcys∏SpØp∂p. Cu kXyw a\n
em °n b h≥ ss{IkvXh ]ptcm ln X cn¬ A∂ sØ sb ∂ 
t]mse C∂pw D≠v F∂XmWv IuXpIIcamb as‰mcp h
kv XpX. ssZham¿KØnep≈ Cu bm{Xbn¬ F√m a\pjycpw
Dƒs∏´v ssZhØns‚ {]oXnbpw Ahs‚ kΩm\amb imiz
Xam¿Khpw Icÿam°phm≥ KpWImw£tbmsS A√mlp
\tΩmSv D]tZin°p∂p.
""]dbpI: thZ°mtc, R߃°pw \n߃°pw Xpeyamb
Hcp ImcyØnte°v hcmw. A√mlphns\b√msX a‰mscbpw
\mw hWßcpXv ; Ah\v \mw ]¶mfnIsf I¬]n°cpXv ; A√m
lphns\ hn´v \Ωn¬ Nne¿ a‰pNnesc ssZhßfm°n sh°
cpXv. ]ns∂bpw Ah¿ ]n¥ncnbp∂]£w AhtcmSv ]dbp
I: R߃ A√mlphn\v Iogvs∏´h¿ (apkvenwIƒ) BsW
∂Xn\v \n߃ km£yw hln°pI.'' (Izp¿B≥ 3:64)
ap≥Ime {]hmNI≥am¿ {InkvXym\nIf√
temIØv a\pjymcw`w apX¬ A√mlp {]hmNI∑msc
\ntbmKn®psIm≠ncp∂p. BZw, \qlv, C{_mlnw, Ckvam
Cu¬, bAv°q_v, bqkp^v, Aøq_v, lmdq¨, aqkm, Zmhq
Zv, kpsseam≥, Ceymkv, bq\pkv, kIcnøm, blv bm, Cukm
 apXemb {]hmNI≥am¿ A√mlp Ab® {]hmNI∑m
cmWv. ]eImeßfn¬ ]e tZißfnembn e£Øn¬]cw
{]hmNI≥am¿ Cu `qanbn¬ h∂pt]mbn´p≠v. Cu {]hmN
I≥amsc ss{IkvXhhnizmknIƒ BZcn°pIbpw _lpam
\n°pIbpw sNøp∂p. ssZhØm¬ sXcs™Sp°s∏SpIbpw
ssZhw kv t\ln°pIbpw ssZhsØ a‰v a\pjytc°mƒ IqSp
Xembn Bcm[n°pIbpw sNbvX Cu {]hmNI≥am¿ Bcpw
Xs∂ Hcp hn{KlsØbpw tZhmebØn¬ {]Z¿in∏n°pI
tbm Bcm[n°pItbm sNbv Xncp∂n√. amemJamtcmtSm hnip
≤≥amcmb ]tcXmflm°tfmtSm Ah¿ a[yÿ{]m¿Y\tbm
klmb`y¿Y\Itfm \SØnbncp∂n√. Xq°pacsØtbm Ip
cnins\tbm ssZhØns‚ Nn”ßfmbn Ah¿ a\nem°p
Itbm BZcn°pItbm sNbvXn´n√. k∂nKv≤ L´Øn¬ A
h¿ s\‰nbn¬ Ipcniv hc®ncp∂n√. Ahsc√mw GI\mb
A√mlphns\ am{Xw Bcm[n®p. Aht\mSv am{Xsa {]m¿Yn
°mhq F∂v ]Tn∏n®p. A√mlphns‚ ktµiw {]Ncn∏n
°p∂Xn\v th≠n Ah¿ PohnXw ka¿]n®p. AXns‚ t]
cn¬ ]ecpw ]oUn∏n°s∏´p. \m´n¬\n∂v B´ntbmSn°s∏
´p. Nne¿ h[n°s∏´p. Cu IjvSXIsf√mw Ah¿ kln®
Xv F√mhscbpw krjvSn® GI\mb A√mlphns\ am{Xw
tbip  hns‚ injy≥am¿ tbip  hns\
{]hmNI\mbmWv a\nem°nbncp∂Xv.
Ah¿ {]m¿Yn  ®Xv tbip  hn  t\m  Sm  bn  cp 
∂n √. adn®v tbip BtcmSmtWm {]m¿Yn
 ®ncp∂Xv B ssZhtØmSmbncp∂p. ap≥
  Im  e {]hm  N  I≥am¿ ]Tn  ∏n  ®  Xn¬\n∂v
`n∂amb Hcp Imcyhpw tbip ssZhsØ
 °pdn®v ]d™n´n√.
2012 Unkw_¿ 18
Bcm[n°Ww F∂v {]t_m[\w sNbvXXns‚ t]cnembn
cp∂p. A√mlp AhXcn∏n® \nbaßf\pkcn®v a\pjy¿°n
Sbn¬ Xo¿∏v I¬]n°Wsa∂pw hn[n \SØWsa∂pw I¬]n
®Xns‚ t]cnembncp∂p.
Ah¿ A√mlphns‚ I¬]\ ]q¿Wambn A\pkcn°p
∂hcmbncp∂p. Ah¿ ]cntOZ\ \SØnbncp∂p. \akvImcw
IrXyambn \ne\n¿Ønbncp∂p. k°mØv \¬Inbncp∂p.
A∂]m\ob߃ Dt]£n®v A√mlphns‚ I¬]\{]Imcw
{hXw A\pjv Tn®ncp∂p. amwkmlmcw Hgnhm°ns°m≠v shPn
t‰dnb≥ am{Xw `£n®psIm≠p≈ {hXm\pjv Tm\w tbipthm
a‰v {]hmNI≥amtcm A\pjv Tn°pItbm I¬]n°pItbm sN
bvXn´n√. AXv ]ptcmlnX≥am¿ ]pXpXmbn BhnjvIcn®
\nbaamWv. {]hmNI≥amcpw Ahsc ]n≥]‰nb A\pbmbn
Ifpw kXyØn\pw \oXn°pw [¿aØns‚ ]p\xÿm]\Øn
\pw ASn®a¿Øs∏´hcpsS ]p\cp∞m\Øn\pw hr≤cpsS
bpw kv{XoI fp sSbpw Ip´n I fp sSbpw Ah Imi kwc £ W 
Øn\pth≠nbpw ssZham¿KØn¬ kacw \SØnbncp∂p.
ap≥Ime {]hmNI∑msc°pdn®v Cu A[ymbØn¬ {]Xn
]mZn® kwKXnIsf√mw ss{IkvXh ]ptcmlnX≥am¿°pw
km[mcW hnizmknIƒ°pw Adnbmhp∂ kXyamWv. tbip
Dƒs∏sSbp≈ ap≥Ime {]hmNI≥am¿ BcpwXs∂ {Inkv
Xym\nIfmbncp∂n√. Ahcmcpw kzbw {InkvXym\nIƒ F∂v
AhImis∏SpItbm {InkvXpaXØnte°v P\ßsf £Wn
°pItbm sNbvXncp∂n√. F¥n\[nIw, {InkvXpaXw F∂
t]cpt]mepw Ah¿°v Adnbn√mbncp∂p. F∂m¬ Ahsc√mw
GI ssZhmcm[\bpsS h‡m°fmbncp∂p. A√mlphn\v
]cn]q¿Wambn ka¿∏n®hcmbncp∂p. A√mlphns\ \ncp
]m[nIambn A\pkcn®hcpw Ahs‚ B⁄m \ntcm[\
ßsf IWniambn ]men®hcpambncp∂p. CØcpWØnep≈
]caamb ka¿]WØn\mWv Ad_n `mjbn¬ Ckv emw F∂v
]dbp∂Xv . AXpsIm≠v Xs∂bmWv ap≥Ime {]hmNI≥am¿
apkvenwIfmWv F∂v Izp¿B≥ {]kvXmhn°p∂Xv.
""C{_mloapw CkvamCuepw CkvlmJpw bAvIq_pw b
Av Iq_v k¥XnIfpw blqZtcm As√¶n¬ {Inkv Xym\nItfm
Bbncp∂psh∂mtWm \nßfpsS hmZw? F¶n¬ tNmZn°p
I, "\nßfmtWm Gsd Adnbp∂Xv, AtXm A√mlpthm?'
Xs‚ hiw A√mlphn¶¬\n∂v Hcp km£yap≠mbncn°p
Ibpw F∂n´Xv ad®psh°pIbpw sNbvXht\°mƒ henb
A{Ian Bcp≠v ? \nßfpsS {]h¿Ø\ßsf°pdn®v A√mlp
A{i≤\√.'' (Izp¿B≥ 2:140)
""Hm, thZhnizmknIsf C{_mlo an(s‚ aXØn) s\°p
dn®v \nßsf¥n\v X¿°n°p∂p? XudmØpw C©oepsa√mw
At±lØn\v tijamWt√m AhXcn°s∏´Xv . AXpt]mepw
\n߃ a\nem°p∂nt√? \n߃°v Adnhp≈ Imcyß
fn¬ th≠pthmfw \n߃ X¿°n®pIgn™p. C\n H´pw Adn
hn√mØ hnjbßfnepw \n߃ X¿°Ønte¿s∏Sp∂sX
¥n\v ? A√mlp Adnbp∂p; \nßtfm Adnbp∂n√. C{_mlow
PqX\mbncp∂n√. {InkvXym\nbpambncp∂n√. F∂m¬ A 
t±lw GIm{KNnØ\mb apkvenw Bbncp∂p. Hcn°epw
_lpssZh hnizmknbmbncp∂n´n√. C{_mloans‚ D‰hcm
bncn°phm≥ B¿s°¶nepw A¿lXbps≠¶n¬ AXv, At±
lsØ A\pKan®h¿°mIp∂p. Ct∏mƒ Cu {]hmNI\pw
(aplΩZv \_n) At±lØn¬ hnizkn®hcpw Cu _‘
Øn\v IqSpX¬ A¿lcmbncn°p∂p. A√mlp, hnizmknI
fpsS am{Xw XpWbpw c£I\pamIp∂p'' (Izp¿B≥ 3:65˛68)
tbiphns‚ {]t_m[\ {]h¿Ø\߃
hymPamb ssZhk¶¬]ßfn¬\n∂pw a\pjy\n¿anX
\nbaßfn¬\n∂pw a\pjysc c£n®v bYm¿Y {kjvSmhpw
kwc£\pamb A√mlphns‚ \nba\n¿tZißfnte°v a
\pjykaqlsØ £Wn°phm\pw Ahsc kwkvIcn°m\p
ambmWv {]hmNI≥am¿ \ntbmKnXcmIp∂Xv. ap≥Ign™
ssZhZqX≥am¿ P\tØmSv ]d™ ssZhsØ°pdn®mWv Cu
km(tbip)\_nbpw P\ßtfmSv ]d™Xv. ]q¿hnI {]hmN
I≥amcpsS kmtcm]tZi߃ hmsamgnbmbpw hcsamgnbmbpw
\¬Is∏´ncp∂Xn\m¬ tbip P\ßfnte°v h∂v A√mlp
hs‚ ktµi߃ hnhcn®t∏mƒ kXymt\zjnIfpw \njvI
f¶cpamb a\pjy¿ tbip ssZhZqXcn¬ Dƒs∏´h\msW∂v
a\nem°n. Xm≥ ssZhamsWt∂m ssZhØns‚ AhXmc
amsWt∂m Xs‚ amXmhv ssZhamXmhmsWt∂m At±lw
AhImis∏´n√. C{kmboeycnte°v \ntbmKnX\mb ssZh
Zq  X s\∂mWv tbip kzbw ]cnNbs∏SpØnbXv. a‰v {]hm
NI≥amsct]mse tbiphn\pw kXyktµi {]NmcWØn\v
klmbnIfmbn injy≥am¿ D≠mbn. {InkvXob ktlmZc¿
tbiphn\m¬ ]Tn∏n°s∏´ ]mT߃ Hcp
{]hmNIs‚ e£ytam ZuXytam as‰mcp
{]hm  N  I  \n¬\n∂v hyXy  kv X  am  bn  cp
 ∂n√ F∂ hkvXpX°v ASnhcbnSp∂p.
bYm¿YØn¬ GI\mb A√mlphns‚
ktµihmlIcmb {]hmNI≥am¿ hyXy
 kvXamb ssZh ho£Wßtfm ]ckv]c
hncp  ≤  amb I¬]  \  Itfm krjv Sn]q  P
  bpsS \ym  bo  I  c  W  ßtfm ]Tn  ∏n  °pI
F∂Xv kw`hya√ Xs∂.
2012 Unkw_¿ 19
At∏mkvXe≥amsc∂v hnfn°p∂ tbiphns‚ sXcs™Sp
°s∏´ injy≥amsc Izp¿B≥ ]cnNbs∏SpØp∂Xv "lhm
cnIƒ' F∂mWv. ssZham¿KØnep≈ Xs‚ {]t_m[\ ]cn
{i a ßƒ°v lhm cn I fpsS ]cn ]q¿W ]n¥p W bp ≠m bn cp 
∂p. tbiphns‚ injy≥am¿ tbiphns\ {]hmNI\mbmWv
a\nem°nbncp∂Xv. Ah¿ {]m¿Yn®Xv tbiphnt\mSmbn
cp∂n√. adn®v tbip BtcmSmtWm {]m¿Yn®ncp∂Xv B ssZh
tØmSmbncp∂p. ap≥Ime {]hmNI≥am¿ ]Tn∏n®Xn¬\n∂v
`n∂amb Hcp Imcyhpw tbip ssZhsØ°pdn®v ]d™n´n√.
{]hm  N  I≥am¿ R߃ ssZh\nbp  ‡  cmWv F∂pw
Rßsf ]n¥pStc≠Xv P\߃°v \n¿_‘ _m[yXbm
sW∂pw F¶n¬ am{Xsa \n߃°v Cl]c hnPb߃ e`n
°pIbp≈qsh∂v P\ßtfmSv ]dbptºmƒ {]hmNI≥amcpsS
kXyX P\߃°v t_m[ys∏Sp∂Xn\pth≠nbpw kXy
am¿Kw Ahew_n°mØh¿°v ssZhØn\v apºn¬ HgnI
gnhv ]dbm≥ \ymbw e`n°mXncn°p∂Xn\v th≠nbpw Nne
A¤pXIrXy߃ {]hmNI≥amcneqsS A√mlp shfns∏
SpØmdp≠v. DZmlcWambn C{_mlow IjvWßfm°n
]e `mKßfn¬sh® ]£nIsf hnfn®t∏mƒ ]d∂ph∂Xv.
(A¬_Jd: 260). kXy\ntj[nIfm¬ A·nIpfiØnte°v
FSpsØdnbs∏´t∏mgpw A¤pXIcambn c£s∏´Xpw A·n
C{_mlnw \_n°v Ipfncmbn A\p`hs∏´Xpw. (21:68). D
ssk¿ \_nsb (F{k {]hmNI≥) acn®v Hcp iXh¿j
Øn\v tijw `qanbn¬sh®pXs∂ ]p\cp÷ohn∏n®v P\
߃°v ZrjvSm¥am°nbXv (A¬_Jd: 259). aqkm\_n
(tamsi {]hmNI≥) sN¶S¬ ]nf¿Øn kz¥w P\Xsb
^tdmhbpsS A{IaWØn¬\n∂v c£n®Xv (26:63). aqkm\
_nbpsS hSn k¿∏ambn amdp∂Xv (7:107), kIdnøm \_n
°v hm¿[IyØn¬ h‘ybmb At±lØns‚ `mcybn¬
k¥m\ap≠mbXv (3:39,40). aplΩZv \_n°v N{µs\ ]nf
¿Øn {]Z¿in∏n®Xv (54:1) XpSßnbh. {]hmNI≥am¿°v \
¬Is∏´ Aam\pjnI kw`hßfn¬ NneXv am{XamWv Chn
sS kqNn∏n®Xv. tbip ssZhZqX\mbXpsIm≠pXs∂ At±
lØneqsSbpw Aam\pjnI kw`h߃ shfnhm°s∏´n´p
≠v. Aam\pjnI kw`h߃ shfnhm°s∏´ CXc {]hmN
I≥am¿ ssZhßtfm ssZhØns‚ k¥m\ßtfm A√mØ
Xpt]mse tbiphpw ssZhtam ssZh]p{Xt\m A√ F∂
XmWv bmYm¿Yyw.
""(Cukm C{kmbo¬ hwiØn¬ ZqX\mbn sN∂t∏mƒ
]d™p:) Rm≥ \nßfpsS d∫n¶¬\n∂p≈ ZrjvSm¥hp
ambn \nßfn¬ h∂h\mIp∂p. Rm≥ \nßfpsS ap∂n¬sh®v
IfnaÆpsIm≠v Hcp ]£nt°meap≠m°mw. F∂n´v AXn¬
DuXmw. At∏mƒ A√mlphns‚ lnXØm¬, AsXmcp ]£n
bmbnØocpw. P∑\m A‘\mbh\pw ]mfiv tcmKn°pw A
√mlphns‚ lnXØm¬, Rm≥ tcmKim¥n \¬Imw. A√m
lphns‚ lnXØm¬ Rm≥ arXtZlsØ Pohn∏n°mw. \n
߃ `£n®psIm≠ncn°p∂sXs¥∂pw hoSpIfn¬ kq£n®v
sh®n´p≈Xv Fs¥∂pw Rm≥ \n߃°v hnhcn®pXcmw. C
Xn ¬ \n߃°v aXn bmb ZrjvSm ¥ ap ≠v˛\n߃ hniz kn 
°p∂hcmsW¶n¬. XudmØn¬\n∂v (tXmd) Fs‚ Cu Ime
L ´ Øn¬ \nehnep≈ \nba imk\Isf kXy s∏ SpØp
∂h\pambn´mWv Rm≥ \ntbmKn°s∏´n´p≈Xv. \n߃°v
\njn≤am°s∏´ncp∂, Nne Imcy߃ A\phZn°p∂Xn\m
bn´pw Rm≥ h∂p. Adnbphn≥, \nßfpsS c£nXmhn¶¬\n
∂p≈ ZrjvSm¥hpambmWv Rm≥ \nßfn¬ h∂ncn°p∂Xv.
AXn\m¬ A√mlphnt\mSv `‡nbp≈hcmbncn°phn≥, F
s∂ A\pkcn∏n≥. A√mlp Fs‚ c£nXmhmIp∂p. \nß
fpsSbpw c£nXmhmIp∂p. AXn\m¬ \n߃ Ahs\ am{Xw
Bcm[n°pI. AXmIp∂p k∑m¿Kw.'' (Izp¿B≥ 3:49:51)
as‰√m {]hmNI≥amcpsSbpw t]msebmbncp∂p Cukm
bptSbpw {]t_m[\Øns‚ coXnbpw F∂mWv bmYm¿Yyw.
temIw apgph≥ krjv Sn°pIbpw tbip Dƒs∏sSbp≈ kIe
{]hmNI∑mscbpw `qanbnte°v \ntbmKn°pIbpw sNbvX
Bcm[\IfpsSbpw kvtXm{X Io¿Ø\ßfpsSbpw bYm¿Y
AhIminbpw krjvSnIfpsS kIe t\¿® hgn]mSpIƒ°pw
A¿l\pamb GIssZhamb A√mlphns\ am{Xw Bcm[n
°pI.
GIssZhØns‚ ktµihmlI≥ F∂ \ne°v Fs∂
]cn]q¿Wambn A\pkcn°pI. a\pjy¿ {]amWnt°≠ I
¬]\Iƒ BNmcacymZIƒ F∂nh ssZhZqX≥amcpsS Ncy
I fp sSbpw Znhy {K Ÿ Øns‚ hN \ ß fp sSbpw ASn ÿm \ 
ØnemhpI. \njn≤ambXpw A\phZ\o b ambXpw Fs¥
√mamsW∂v Xocpam\n°p∂Xn\v ]ptcmlnX≥am¿°v Hc[n
Imchpan√. AXn\p≈ A[nImcw A√mlphn\v am{XamWv.
tbiphn\m¬ ]Tn∏n°s∏´ ]mT߃ Hcp {]hmNIs‚
e£ytam ZuXytam as‰mcp {]hmNI\n¬\n∂v hyXykvX
ambncp∂n√ F∂ hkv XpX°v ASnhcbnSp∂p. bYm¿YØn¬
tbiphns\°pdn®v ]cma¿in°p∂ thZ
 {KŸßfnse√mwXs∂ Hcp a\pjyPohn
  Xw \bn®Xmbn ImWp∂ tbiphns\ ssZ
  hØns‚ KpW߃ k¶¬]n®v \¬In ]q
 Pn°pIbpw AXn¬Xs∂ iTn®p\n¬°p
 Ibpw sNøp∂Xv F{Xta¬ A]ISIcam
 sW∂v lrZbßfp≈h¿ Nn¥n°s´.
2012 Unkw_¿ 20
GI\mb A√mlphns‚ ktµihmlIcmb {]hmNI≥am¿
hyXykvXamb ssZh ho£Wßtfm ]ckv]c hncp≤amb
I¬]\Itfm krjvSn]qPbpsS \ymboIcWßtfm ]Tn∏n
°pI F∂Xv kw`hya√ Xs∂. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ aqkm
\_n, Cukm \_n, aplΩZv  \_n Dƒs∏ sS bp≈ F 
√m \_namcpsSbpw {]t_m[\߃ XΩn¬ H´pwXs∂ A
¥cap≠mbncp∂n√.
""(tbip ]d™p) A√mlp Fs‚ \mY\mIp∂p. \nß
fpsSbpw \mY\mIp∂p. AXn\m¬ \n߃ Ah\v Bcm[
\ sNøphn≥ CXmWv t\cmb hgn.'' (Izp¿B≥ 19:37)
""tbip sXfn™ ZrjvSm¥hpambn BKX\mbt∏mƒ {]
Jym]n®p: Rm\nXm XØz⁄m\hpambn \nßfn¬ h∂ncn
°p∂p. \n߃ ]ckv]cw `n∂n®psIm≠ncn°p∂ kwKXn
IfpsS bmYm¿Yy߃ shfns∏SpØnØcp∂Xn\v th≠nb
s{X (Rm≥ h∂n´p≈Xv). AXn\m¬, \n߃ A√mlphn
t\mSv `‡n]pe¿ØpIbpw Fs∂ A\pkcn°pIbpw sNøp
hn≥. CXmWv t\cmb am¿Kw. ]s£ (kphy‡amb Cu
]mT߃ \¬Is∏´n´pw) Ah¿ I£nIfmbn `n∂n®p. AXn
\m¬ A{IanIfmbh¿°v thZ\tbdnb \mfnse in£bm¬
alm\miap≠v'' (Izp¿B≥ 43:63˛65)
ip≤amb GIssZhXzw {]t_m[\w sNbv XpsIm≠v `qan
bn¬ h∂v ssZhk∂n[nbnte°v t]mb ap≥Ime {]hmNI
≥amsct]mse tbiphpw At±lØns‚ {]t_m[\w XnI
™ DØchmZnXzt_m[tØmsS \n¿hln®p. i{Xp°ƒ At±
lØns\Xnsc IpX{¥ßƒ sa\™p. kXy{]hmNI\mb
tbipXs‚ P\XtbmSv kz¥w \ne]mSv hy‡am°n.
""C{kmbo¬ hwiw \ntj[n°m\pw FXn¿°m\pamWv Hcp
ßp∂sX∂v I≠t∏mƒ Cukm tNmZn®p: ssZhnIam¿KØn¬
Fs∂ klmbn°m≥ Bcp≠v? lhmcnIƒ (At∏mkvXe≥
am¿) adp]Sn ]d™p: R߃ A√mlphns‚ klmbnIfm
Ip∂p. R߃ A√mlphn¬ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. R߃
apkvenwIƒ BsW∂v Xm¶ƒ km£yw hln®mepw.'' (Izp¿
B≥ 3:52)
XpS¿∂v , alm\mb tbip {]hmNIs‚ injy≥am¿ tbip
hnfn®v {]m¿Yn°p∂ ssZhtØmSv {]m¿Yn®p. ""c£nXmth,
\o AhXcn∏n®Xn¬ R߃ hnizkn®ncn°p∂p. ssZhZq
Xs\ A\pKan°phm≥ k∂≤\mhpIbpw sNbvXncn°p∂p.
\o RßfpsS \mw kXykm£nIfpsS Iq´Øn¬ tcJs∏Sp
tØWta'' (Izp¿B≥ 3:52)
Ckvemw tbiphns‚bpw aplΩZns‚bpw am¿Kw
Ckvemw tbiphns‚bpw aplΩZns‚bpw am{Xw am¿Ka
√. temIØv ssZhØm¬ \ntbmKnXcmb apgph≥ {]hmN
I≥am  cp  sSbpw am¿K  am  bn  cp  ∂p. F√m {]hm  N  I≥amcpw
Ahsc icnbmwhÆw A\p[mh\w sNbvXv ssZh{]oXn°v
]m{Xamb AhcpsS A\pbmbnhrµßfpw Bcm[n®ncp∂Xv
GI\pw krjv Sn˛ÿnXn˛kwlmcmZn IrXyßfn¬ Bcpw ]¶p
Imcn√mØh\pamb A√mlphns\bmbncp∂p. A√mlphns\
am{Xambncp∂p. hmkvXhØn¬ tbip BcmsW∂v Adnbp
hm≥ B{Kln°p∂h¿°v ap≥Ign™ ]cma¿i߃ \¬
Ip∂ adp]Sn C{]ImcamWv; tbip a\pjy\mbncp∂p. Hcp
kv{XobpsS K¿`mibØn¬\n∂v ]pdØph∂, \o≠ hwim
h  enbp≈, ]cn]q¿W\mb a\pjys‚ BIrXntbmSv IqSnb,
am\pjnIamb ]cn[nIfpw ]cnanXnIfpw D]m[nIfpw F√m
ap≈ a\pjys‚ kIe khnti j XIfpw Dƒs°m≈p∂
tbip ssZhamIm≥ Xcan√ F∂Xv F{Xbpw hy‡hpw i‡
hpamb Hcp hkvXpXbmWv. At±lw `£Ww Ign°p∂p;
D d ßp∂p; DW cp∂p; hni∏pw Zmlhpw A\p ` hn °p∂p;
NqSpw XWp∏pw A\p`hn°p∂p; ]nimNv aptJs\bp≈ ]co
£WØn\v t]mepw hnt[b\m°s∏Sp∂p. Cßs\sb√m
amWv tbip F∂v {InkvXpaX hnizmknIfpw AwKoIcn°p
∂p. F∂ncnt° tbip ssZhamsWt∂m, ssZhØn¬ ]¶m
fnbmsWt∂m _p≤nbpw hnthIhpw Nn¥mi‡nbpap≈ a\p
jy\v k¶¬]n°phm\mIptam? tbiphns\°pdn®v ]cma¿in
°p∂ thZ{KŸßfnse√mwXs∂ Hcp a\pjyPohnXw \bn
®Xmbn ImWp∂ tbiphns\ ssZhØns‚ KpW߃ k¶
¬]n®v \¬In ]qPn°pIbpw AXn¬Xs∂ iTn®p\n¬°p
Ibpw sNøp∂Xv F{Xta¬ A]ISIcamsW∂v lrZbß
fp≈h¿ Nn¥n°s´. temIØv bYm¿YØn¬ BKX\mbn
IS∂pt]mb Ncn{X]pcpj\mb tbiphns\b√ CØc°m¿
hnizkn°p∂Xv. adn®v AhcpsS `mh\bpsSbpw DulØn
s‚bpw krjvSnbmb Hcp Ir{Xna tbiphnemWv Ch¿ hniz
kn®ncn°p∂Xv; Xo¿®.
ImcyßfpsS bmYm¿Yyw Cßs\bmsW¶nepw {Inkv Xym
\nIƒ ssZhØns‚ a°fpw CjvS°mcpambmWv kzbw ]cn
tbip At± l Øns‚ P\XtbmSv ] d
™ AtX hnizmk{]amWØnte°v X
s∂bmWv, tbiphns‚ bYm¿Y am¿KØn
¬\n∂v hyXnNen® {InkvXym\nIsf apl
 ΩZv £Wn °p ∂ Xv. tbip hns\ kr jv
 Sn® tbip Bcm[n® GI\mb A√mlp
 hns\ Bcm[n°m≥, A√mlphnt\mSv am
 {Xw klmb klIcW߃ A`y¿Yn°p
  hm≥, Ahs\ am{Xw hWßphm≥, Ah\v
am{Xw hgßphm≥.
2012 Unkw_¿ 21
Nbs∏SpØp∂Xv. F∂m¬ AØcw hmZKXnIƒsIms≠m
∂pw Xs∂ AkXysØ kXyam°n am‰m\pw {kjvSmhns\
\ntj[n®h¿°v CltemIØpw ]ctemIØpw h∂v `hn
°p∂ \nIØm\mhmØ in£Ifn¬\n∂pw IjvS\jvSß
fn¬\n∂pw Xßsf c£s∏SpØm\pw ]cym]vXa√ F∂mWv
A[ymw 5, kqd: amCZbneqsS A√mlp hy‡am°p∂Xv.
""blqZcpw \{kmbcpw ]dbp∂p: R߃ ssZhØns‚
]p{X∑mcpw Ah\v {]nbs∏´hcpamWv! AhtcmSv tNmZn°pI:
F¶n¬ ]ns∂ \nßfpsS ]m]ßfpsS t]cn¬ Ah≥ \nß
sf in£n°p∂Xv F¥v?'' bYm¿YØn¬, \nßfpw A√mlp
krjvSn® a‰v a\pjysct∏msebp≈ a\pjy¿ am{XamIp∂p.
Xm\pt±in°p∂h¿°v Ah≥ am∏v \¬Ip∂p. Xm\pt±in
°p∂hsc in£n°p∂p. BImihpw `qanbpw Ahbnep≈Xv
apgph\pw Ahs‚ am{Xw DSabnemIp∂p. kIeXns‚bpw
aS°hpw Ah¶te°pXs∂'' (Izp¿B≥ 5:18)
tbip At±lØns‚ P\XtbmSv ]d™ AtX hn
izmk{]amWØnte°v Xs∂bmWv tbiphns‚ bYm¿Y am
¿KØn¬\n∂v hyXnNen® {InkvXym\nIsf aplΩZv £
Wn°p∂Xv. tbiphns\ krjvSn® tbip Bcm[n® GI\m
b A√mlphns\ Bcm[n°m≥. A√mlphnt\mSv am{Xw k
lmb klIcW߃ A`y¿Yn°phm≥. Ahs\ am{Xw hW
ßphm≥. Ah\v am{Xw hgßphm≥. kz¥w ]m]߃ a\p
jycmb ]ptcmlnX≥am¿°v ap∂n¬ G‰p]dbmsX lrZb
Ønep≈Xv ]q¿Wambn Adnbp∂ A√mlphnt\mSv G‰p]
dbm≥. Npcp°n∏d™m¬ A√mlphn\v ]cn]q¿Wambn k
a¿∏n°phm≥.
""{]hmNIsc, ]dbpI: Hm thZhnizmknIsf, Rßfpw
\nßfpw Hcpt]mse AwKoIcnt°≠ {]amWØnte°v hcp
hn≥. AXmbXv, A√mlp A√mØ B¿°pw \mw Bcm[\
sNømXncn°pI. Bscbpw Ahs‚ ]¶mfnIfm°mXncn°p
I, \mw Nne¿ Nnesc A√mlpsh IqSmsXbp≈ c£I¿Øm
hm bn kzoI cn °m Xn cn °p I. Cu ktµiw kzoI cn °msX
Ah¿ ]n¥ncnbp∂psh¶n¬ AhtcmSv Xpd∂v ]dbphn≥.
R߃ apkv enwIƒ BsW ∂ Xn\v \n߃ km£nIfmbn
cn°pI'' (Izp¿B≥ 3:64)
""thZ°m¿ hnizkn°pIbpw ssZh`‡cmhpIbpw sNbv
Xn  cp ∂p sh ¶n¬ Xo¿® bmbpw \mw Ah cpsS Xn∑ Iƒ s]m 
dpØv sImSp°pIbpw A\pKrloXamb DZym\ßfn¬ {]th
i\acpfpIbpw sNøpambncp∂p. IjvSw! XudmØpw C©o
epw Xßfpw \mY¶¬\n∂v X߃°v AhXo¿Wamb CXc
thZßfpw Ah¿ \ne\n¿Ønbncp∂psh¶n¬, Ah¿°mbn
Blmcw aosX\n∂v h¿jn°pIbpw Iosg\n∂v {]hln°p
Ibpw sNøpambncp∂p. Ahcn¬ Ipd®mfpIƒ t\¿hgn°v
\S°p∂hcpap≠v. F¶nepw IqSpX¬ t]cpw ISpØ ]m]n
IfmWv'' (Izp¿B≥ 5:65˛66)
{InkvXpaX hnizmknIfmbn hf¿∂Xns‚ t]cn¬ A√m
lp Ahsc F∂t∂°pambn Dt]£n°p∂n√. adn®v kXy
hn  izmkØns‚ hnimeXbnte°pw AXphgn Cl]c ku
Jytam£ßfnte°pw A√mlp Ahsc £Wn°p∂p. {In
kv Xym\nIƒ thZ{KŸambn AwKoIcn°p∂ XudmØpw
C©oepw a‰v thZßfpw \ne\n¿Ønbncps∂¶n¬ hnizmk˛
BNmc˛Nn¥m cwKØp≈ Cu am¿K{`wiw Ah¿°v hcnI
bn√mbncp∂psh∂v A√mlp Ahsc Hm¿an∏n°p∂p. Hcmƒ
XudmØns‚ A\pbmbnbmhpIbpw XudmØns\ \ne\n¿
ØpIbpw sNøpI F∂Xns‚ Xm¬]cyamWv Izp¿Bs\
A¥na thZ {K Ÿ ambn AwKo I cn °pI F∂Xpw apl ΩZv
\_nsb ]n≥]‰pI F∂p≈Xpw. Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p: ""X
ßfpsS ]°ep≈ XudmØnepw C©oenepw tcJs∏SpØn
°mWp∂ \nc£c\mb {]hmNIs\ ]n¥pScp∂hcmtcm (A
hcmIp∂p C∂v A\p{KlØn\v A¿lcmbn´p≈h¿) At±
lw Ah¿°v \∑ hn[n°p∂p, Xn∑ hne°p∂p. Ah¿°mbn
ip≤ hkvXp°sf A\phZn®v sImSp°pIbpw Aip≤ h
kvXp°sf \ntcm[n°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Ahsc sRcn®p
sIm≠ncp∂ `mc߃ Cd°nsh°p∂p. Ahsc hcn™v apdp
°nbncp∂ NßeIƒ s]m´ns®dnbp∂p. AXn\m¬ At±l
Øn¬ hnizkn°pIbpw At±lsØ _es∏SpØpIbpw k
lmbn°pIbpw At±l tØmsSm∏w AhXo¿W amb {]Im
isØ ]n¥pScpIbpw sNøp∂hcmtcm, Ah¿ am{XamIp∂p
hnPbw {]m]n°p∂h¿.'' (Izp¿B≥ 7:157)
{InkvXym\nIfn¬Xs∂ Izp¿Bs\ ssZh{KŸambpw ap
lΩZv \_nsb A¥y{]hmNI\mbpw XudmØn¬\nt∂m
C©oen¬\nt∂m AhbpsS Nne hmIy߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂
ss__nfn¬\nt∂m a\nem°nb Nne {InkvXpaX hnizm
knIƒ D≠v F∂p≈Xv ChnsS kvacn°p∂p. F∂m¬ Izp¿
B\nepw A¥y{]hmNI\nepw hnizkn®v AwKoIcn®psIm
≠v am{Xw A√mlphns‚ ]°¬\n∂p≈ {]Xn^eØn\v
\mw A¿lamIp∂n√ F∂mWv \tS D≤cn® Izp¿B≥ hN
\Øn¬\n∂v hy‡amIp∂Xv. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ {]hmN
I\n¬ hnizkn°p∂tXmsSm∏w At±lsØ klmbn°pI
bpw At±lØn\v AhXcn® {]Imiamb Izp¿B≥ ]n≥]
tbip {IqinX\mbn F∂ k¶¬]Øn¬
\n∂mWv Ipcnin\v hnip≤nbpsS ]cnth
  jw ssIhcp∂Xv. tbip Ipcnin¬ InS∂vv
acn®Xv `qanbnep≈ kIecpsSbpw ]m]
  Øn\v ]cnlmcambmsW∂v {InkvXy≥k`
 Iƒ ]Tn∏n°p∂p. BZapw l∆bpw sNbv
 X ]m]w kIe a\pjycnte°pw ]¶psh
 °  ´t∏mƒ sNbv X  t∏mƒ {]kv XpX ]m
 ]  ߃°v th≠nbmWv tbip PohXymK
 Øn\v XømdmbXv F∂mWhcpsS hmZw.
2012 Unkw_¿ 22
‰pIbpw sNtø≠Xv {InkvXym\nIƒ°v \n¿_‘amWv. A
t∏mƒ am{XamWv Ah¿ XudmØns‚ I¬]\Iƒ ]men®
hcmhpI.
""a¿bans‚ ]p{X≥ Cukm ]d™Xpw Hm¿°pI: C{km
boen¬ hwita, Rm≥ A√mlphn¬\n∂v \nßfnte°v \n
tbmKn°s∏´ ZqX\mIp∂p; F\n°v apºv BKXambn´p≈
XudmØns\ kXys∏SpØp∂h\mIp∂p; F\n°v tijw
hcm\ncn°p∂ AlvaZv F∂v t]cp≈ ssZhZqXs\°pdn®v
kphntijadnbn°p∂h\pamIp∂p'' (Izp¿B≥ 61:6)
5:65˛66¬ thZ°mtcmSv kqNn∏n®Xv C©o¬ \ne\n¿Øn
bncps∂¶n¬ F∂mWv. C©o¬ {]Imcw tbip Xs‚ A\p
bmbnItfmSv DZvtLmjn®Xv aplΩZv \_nsb°pdn®p≈
kphntijamWv . AXpsIm≠pXs∂ {Inkv XpaXm\pbmbnIƒ
aplΩZv \_nsbbpw Izp¿Bs\bpw A\p[mh\w sNøp
tºmgmWv C©o¬ \ne\n¿Øp∂h¿ F∂ _lpaXn°v A
¿lcmhpI. ]q¿h thZ߃ Izp¿Bs\bpw aplΩZn s\ 
bpw ]cn N b s∏ Sp Øn b Xn s\ °p dn®v 2:89, 146, 6:20, 3:81 XpS 
ßnb hN\ßfn¬ ]cma¿iap≠v. F∂m¬ CØcw hN\
߃°pt\sc A‘X \Snt®m Zp¿hymJym\nt®m blqZ≥
amcpw {Inkv Xym\nIfpw A√mlphn¬ hnizkn°p∂XpsIm≠v
am{Xw tam£m¿lcmsW∂v {]Ncn∏n°p∂h¿ Izp¿Bs‚
Nne `mK ßsf \ntj [n°pIbmWv F∂v kmµ¿`nIambn
Hm¿as∏SpØs´.
""\mw thZw \¬Inbn´p≈h¿, AXns\ bYmhn[n hmbn
°p∂h¿ Btcm, Ah¿ CXn¬ (Izp¿B\n¬ Bflm¿Yambn)
hnizkn°p∂p. AXv \ntj[n®h¿ Btcm AhcmIp∂p sIm
Snb \jvSw kw`hn®h¿'' (Izp¿B≥ 2:121)
""A√tbm thZw e`n®htc, t\csØ \nßfpsS IqsS
bp≈ thZsØ kXys∏SpØnbpw _es∏SpØnbpwsIm≠v
Ct∏mƒ \mw AhXcn∏n®psIm≠ncn°p∂ thZØn¬ hniz
kn°phn≥; Nne apJßsf \mw hnIrXam°n ]pdtIm´v Xncn
°pItbm As√¶n¬ km_ØpImsc i]n®t]mse i]n
°pItbm sNøpw apºmbn. A√mlphns‚ hn[n \S∏nemhp
IXs∂ sNøpsa∂v Hm¿°phn≥ A√mlp A√mØhsc B
cm[n°p∂Xv am{Xw A√mlp Xosc s]mdp°n√. AX√mØ
F{XXs∂ ]m]ßfpw Xm\nNvOn°p∂h¿°v Ah≥ s]m
dpØv sImSp°pw. A√mlphns\IpSmsX Ahs‚ krjvSnI
sf Bcm[n°p∂h\mtcm Ah≥ henb Ifhpw `b¶c Ip
‰hpw sNbvXncn°p∂p'' (Izp¿B≥ 4:47˛48)
tbiphn\v tijw bh\ Nn¥IcpsSbpw kqcymcm[Icp
sSbpw thZhmIy߃ hfs®mSn°p∂ sh≈]qinb ih°
√dIƒ F∂v tbip D]an® ]ptcmlnX∑mcpsSbpw XØz
Nn ¥m ] c amb kao ] \ ßfpw X¿° imkv{X a\ p≈ aX 
t\Xm°∑mcpw tbiphns‚ am¿KsØ as‰m∂m°n am‰n. AXv
]s£ Hcn°epw tbiphns‚tbm At±lsØ ]n¥pS¿∂
kXyhnizmknIfpsStbm Ip‰tam hogvNtbm A√. tbiphn
s‚ am¿KØn¬\n∂v _lpZqcw AI∂pt]mb {InkvXpaX
hnizmknIsf tbiphns‚ kXyam¿KØnte°v £Wn°m≥
A√mlp aplΩZv \_n {]hmNI\mbn \ntbmKn®p. A⁄
XbpsSbpw ZpcmNmcßfpsSbpw Zpkzm[o\Øn¬\n∂pw ]ptcm
ln X≥am¿ D≠m °n sb Sp ° s∏´ a\p jy \n¿anX \nb a ß 
fn¬\n∂pw P\ßsf tamNn∏n°phm\mbncp∂p tbiphns‚
]n≥Kmanbmb aplΩZv s‚ \ntbmKw.
""A√tbm thZ°msc, \ΩpsS ZqX≥ \nßfn¬ BKX
\mbncn°p∂p. At±lw thZØn¬ \n߃ ]qgvØnsh®ncn
°p∂ [mcmfw Imcy߃ \n߃°v hniZoIcn®v XcnIbpw
hfsc Imcy߃ \n߃°v CfhpsNbvXv XcnIbpw sNbvXn
cn°p∂p. \nßfn¬, A√mlphn¶¬\n∂p≈ shfn®hpw kp
hy‡amb thZhpw h∂ncn°p∂p. AXphgn Ahs‚ {]oXn
tXSp∂h¿°v c£mam¿Kw ImWn®psImSp°pIbpw Ahs‚
lnXØm¬ Ahsc Ccp´pIfn¬\n∂v shfn®Ønte°v \bn
°pIbpw t\cmb ]mXbnte°v hgnImWn°pIbpw sNøp
∂p.'' (Izp¿B≥ 5:15˛16).
a\pjysc kz¿KØns‚ A\¥cmhIminIfm°n ssZh
Øns‚ kmao]yØnte°v Db¿Øm≥ a\pjycminbpsS \∑
°mbn kaqlØns‚˛IpSpw_Øns‚˛hy‡nbpsS [m¿anI
i‡n  °mbn \mKcnIXbpsS kuµcy ]q¿ØoIcWØn\m
bn a\pjymcw`w apX¬ ]eImeßfnembn hnhn[ tZiß
fnembn A√mlp \ntbmKn® At\Iw {]hmNIhcycn¬ Nne
cmWv \qlv, C{_mlnw, aqk, Cuk, aplΩZv  XpS ßn 
bh¿. {]hmNI≥am¿°nSbn¬ th¿Xncnhv ImWn°cpsX∂v
Izp¿B\neqsS A√mlp I¿i\ambn apkv enwIsf D]tZ
in°p∂p. (2:136). Hcp {]hmNIs\ alXzh¬Icn°m≥ a‰v
{]hmNI≥amsc hneIpd®v ImWp∂Xpw {]hmNI≥amcpsS
ta¬ A]hmZhpw Akm≥am¿KnIXbpw Btcm]n°p∂Xpw
henb A]cm[amIp∂p. ssZhØm¬ sXcs™Sp°s∏´h
cmWv {]hmNI≥am¿. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ Ah¿ ]m]ßfn
¬ \n∂v kpc £n X cm Wv. ssZhnI \nb a ßƒ IWn i ambn
PohnXØn¬ ]pe¿Ønbpw ssZham¿KØnte°v P\ßsf
£Wn®pw {]hmNI≥am¿ Pohn®p. tbip {]hmNI\v tijw
apgph≥ a\pjy¿°pambn aplΩZv \ntbmKn°s∏´p. (4:79).
blqZ ]ptcmlnX¿ tbiphns\°pdn®v A]hmZ{]Nmc
ß fn¬ G¿s∏ ´ t∏mƒ apl ΩZv tbip hns\ al Xz s∏ Sp 
Øn. apºv AhXcn∏n® thZ{KŸßfpsS ktµi߃ Dƒ
s°m≠v Izp¿B≥ A¥na thZ{KŸambn A√mlp AhX
cn∏n®p. Izp¿B\ns‚ {]tbmKh¬°cWw aplΩZv \_n
bpsS PohnXØneqsS a\pjy cmin°v t_m[y s∏ SpØn.
Cu temIsØ Ahkm\sØ a\pjys‚bpw hgnIm´nbmbn
A¥y{]hmNI\mbn aplΩZv A√mlphn\m¬ tcJs∏Sp
Øs∏´p. (33:40). a‰v {KŸßsft]mse am‰ØncpØepIƒ
hcpØp∂Xn¬\n∂v Izp¿Bs\ A√mlp kwc£n®p. (15:9).
C∂v \nehnep≈ aX{KŸßfn¬sh®v kzbw ssZhnI
s a∂v AhImi s∏ Sp∂ Htcsbmcp {KŸ amWv Izp¿B≥.
Izp¿B\pw aplΩZv \_n bpsS PohnXhpw Hcp Xpd∂
]pkvXIambn \ap°v apºnep≠v. GIssZhXzw, ]ctemIw,
amemJam¿ XpSßnb ssZhnIamb AdnhpIƒ D≈hcmWv
{InkvXym\nIƒ. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ kXyØn\v t\sc ]pdw
Xncn™v \n¬°mt\m AkXyØn¬Xs∂ XpScmt\m {Inkv
Xym\nIƒ°v km[ya√. hnizmknIsf ssZhw G¬]n® DØ
chmZnØw kXyØnte°v £Wn°pI F∂Xv am{XamWv.
AXmWv CØcw Ipdn∏pIfpsS t{]cIhpw.
2012 Unkw_¿ 23
ap_md°v Xncq¿°mSv

hymPssZhßfpsSbpw BƒssZhßfpsSbpw \mSmWv \ΩpsS `mcX almcm
Pyw. `qapJØp≈ k¿h aXßfpw ChnsSbp≠v F∂mWv ]dbs∏Sp∂Xv. FÆa‰
hymPssZhßfpsSbpw Bbnc°W°n\v BƒssZhßfpsSbpw IqSn \mSmWnXv.
P\{]Xn\n[nIfpsS kXy{]Xn⁄bpsS t]cnemsW¶nepw cmPysØ ]ctam
∂X \oXn]oTØn¬\n∂pw {it≤bamb Hcp \nco£Ww C°gn™ Znhkw ]{X
ßfn¬ Xes°´pIƒ ]nSns®Sp°pIbp≠mbn.
2001¬ sP.Fkv.Fkv ÿm\m¿Ynbmbn hnPbn® Dtajv N≈bn¬ {io\mcmb
WKpcphns‚ t]cnemWv kXy{]Xn⁄ sNbvXXv. CXns\Xnsc tImgnt°mSv kz
tZin lcnZmkv ka¿∏n® l¿Pnbn¬ sslt°mSXn Cu kXy{]Xn⁄ `cWL
S\m]cas√∂v hy‡am°nbncp∂p. CXns\Xnsc Dtajv ka¿∏n® l¿PnbnemWv
kp{]owtImSXn BƒssZhßfpsS t]cnep≈ kXy{]Xn⁄ AwKoIcn°m\mhn
s√∂v C°gn™ Znhkw hy‡am°nbXv.
`cWLS\m{]Imcw ssZh\maØntem ZrV{]Xn⁄tbm BWv kXy{]Xn⁄
sNtø≠Xv. AXn\v ]Icw {io\mcmbW Kpcphns\ ssZhambn IW°m°n kXy
{]Xn⁄ sNøp∂Xv icnbmtWm F∂mWv tNmZyw. BƒssZhßfpsS t]cn¬ k
Xy{]Xn⁄ sNøp∂Xv Hcp ImcWhimepw AwKoIcn°m\mhn√. ap∏Ønapt°mSn
ssZhßfpw e£°W°n\v Bƒ ssZhßfpap≈ Hcp cmPyØv {io\mcmbWKp
cphns\ ssZhambn ImWm\mIptamsb∂pw Hmtcm ssZhßfpsSbpw t]cnep≈
kXy{]Xn⁄ `cWLS\m]camb {]iv\߃ D≠m°nt√sb∂pw tImSXn tNmZn
°p∂p. hnizmknIfpsS Xm¬] cy ß fn¬ tImSXn CSs] Sm≥ B{K ln°p∂n√.
F ∂m¬ `c W L S\m {]iv\ ß fn¬ CS s] tS ≠n h cpw. l¿Pn bnse hnj b ßƒ
KuchXcamsW∂pw hniZhmZw tIƒt°≠Xps≠∂pw PÃnkv B¿.Fw. tem[
_lpssZhmcm[\s°Xnsc kp{]owtImSXn
2012 Unkw_¿ 24
A[y£\mb s_©v \nco£n®p. tIkv
20\v ho≠pw ]cnKWn°m\mbn tImSXn
\n›bn®n´p≠v.
a\pjycn¬ alm`qcn]£hpw ssZh
Øn¬ hnizkn°p∂hcmWv. Hcp alm
{kjv Smhns\ Ahscms° AwKoIcn°p
∂p. A\¥hnimehpw Ah¿W\obhp
amb Cu alm{]]©Øn\v ]n∂n¬ H
cp hniz\mY\ps≠∂ ImcyØn¬ A
h¿°m¿°pw kwiban√. t{]mt´mWpw
\yqt{SmWpw CeIv t{SmWpaSßp∂ B‰w
apX¬ tImSm\ptImSn \£{X߃ Dƒ
s°m≈p∂ KymeIvkn hsc \nbXhpw
k¶o¿Whpw IWnihpamb {]m]©nI
\nbaßfneqsS kwhn[m\ns®mcp°nb
Hcp alm{kjvSmhns\ Is≠Øm≥ A
l¶mcan√mØ GsXmcp _p≤n°pw {]
bmktaXpan√.
F∂m¬ Bcm[\ B alm{kjvSm
hn\v am{Xw A¿∏n°p∂hc√ alm`qcn
]£w ssZhhnizmknIfpw. Bcm[\ a‰v
]e¿°pw Ah¿ A¿∏n°p∂p. B]¬
L´ßfn¬ krjv SnItfmSv {]m¿Yn°p∂p.
BhemXnIƒ hymPssZh߃°v apºn
¬ AhXcn∏n°p∂p.
Hmtcm ÿe\maßtfmSv tN¿Øv tZ
h∑mcpw tZhnIfpap≠v . {]mtZinI ssZh
߃ thsd. IpessZh߃°mbn ]qP
\SØp∂h¿ as‰mcp `mKØv. CXns\m
s° A∏pdØmWv Pohn®ncn°p∂ B
ƒssZh߃.
Pohn®ncp∂ ImeØv Kpcphpw t\
Xmhpambncp∂bmƒ acWs∏Sp∂tXmsS
ssZhambn amdp∂XmWv \mw ChnsS Im
Wp∂Xv. {io_p≤≥ apX¬ {io\mcmb
WKpcphsc AXn¬s]Sp∂p. tbip{In
kv Xp apX¬ kmbn _m _ b S°w Bcm 
[n°s∏Sp∂p.
Cßs\ Bcm [n ° s∏ Sp∂ hymP 
ssZhßtfm BƒssZhßtfm Bsc¶n
epw krjvSnI¿XrXzw kzbw AhImi
s∏´n´pt≠m? Cu ImWp∂ `qantbbpw
AXnse PohPmeßsfbpw krjvSn®Xv
Xm\msW∂v Ahcn¬ Bcpw C°mew
hsc AhImis∏´n´n√. Bcm[n°p∂
tImSm\ptImSn a\pjycnemsc¶nepw X
߃ Bcm[n°p∂ Cu ssZhamWv F
√mw krjvSn®v ]cn]men°p∂sX∂v ]d
bp∂pt≠m? C°mew hsc Aßs\sbm
cp hmZhpw \mw tI´n´n√.
Cu hymPssZh߃ ChnsS h√Xpw
krjvSn®n´pt≠m? Ds≠¶n¬ AsXm∂v
ImWn®pXcptam F∂v tNmZn°p∂p≠v Izp
¿B≥. B tNmZyw \nXy{]k‡amWv.
""\o ]dbpI: A√mlphn\v ]pdsa
\n߃ hnfn®v {]m¿Yn°p∂ \nßfpsS
]¶mfnIsf]‰n \n߃ Nn¥n®v t\m°n
bn ´pt≠m? `qan bn¬ Fs¥m ∂m W h¿
krjv Sn®n´p≈sX∂v \n߃ F\n°v Im
Wn®pXcnI. AX√, BImißfn¬ A
h¿°v h√ ]¶papt≠m? AX√ \mw A
h¿°v h√ thZhpw \¬Inbn´v AXn¬
\n∂p≈ sXfnh\pkcn®mtWm Ah¿
\nesIm≈p∂Xv? A√, A{IaImcnIƒ
At\ym\yw hmKv Zm\w sNøp∂Xv h©\
am{XamIp∂p'' (Izp¿B≥ 35:40)
Nn¥bnte°v Xpf®pIbdp∂ tNmZy
߃! efnXhpw hy‡hpamb Bibw!
B¿°pw a\nem°m≥ ]‰nb ssien!
alm {kjvSmhmb A√mlp A√mØh
sc hnfn®v tXSp∂, {]m¿Yn°p∂, Bcm
[n°p∂htc, \n߃ Bcm[n®psIm≠n
cn°p∂ Cu ssZhß fn¬ Bsc¶nepw
Fs¥¶nepw Hcp hkvXphns\ krjvSn
®n´pt≠m? Aßs\sbm∂v ImWn®pX
cm≥ \n߃°mIptam? Cu `qanbn¬ F
hnsSsb¶nepw Aßs\sbm∂pt≠m? C
\n `qanbnens√¶n¬ BImiØpt≠m?
Chscsbms° hnfn®v {]m¿Yn°p∂Xn\v
\n߃°v Fs¥¶nepw tcJ lmPcm
°m\pt≠m? thZßfn¬ h√ tcJbp
apt≠m? {kjv Smhns\b√mØhsc Bcm
[n°p∂Xn\v _p≤n]camb h√ \ymb
hpapt≠m?
Cu tNmZy߃s°m∂pw hkvXp\n
jvTamb adp]Snbn√ F∂XmWv hkvXp
X. _lpssZhmcm[I¿°v BsIbp≈
\ymbw X߃ Aßs\bmWv ]nXm°
sf I≠Xv, Ah¿ sNbvXph∂ncp∂Xv
Rßfpw sNøp∂p, A{Xam{Xw. C°mcyw
Izp¿B≥ ]ebnSßfn¬ hy‡am°nbn
´p≠v . ""C{_mloans‚ hrØm¥w \o A
h¿°v hmbn®ptIƒ∏n°pI. At±lw X
s‚ ]nXmhnt\mSpw P\ßtfmSpw tNmZn
® kµ¿`w: \n߃ Fs¥m∂ns\bmWv
Bcm[n®psIm≠ncn°p∂Xv? Ah¿ ]
d™p: R߃ Nne hn{Klßsf Bcm
[n°pIbpw AhbpsS apºn¬ `P\an
cn°pIbpw sNøp∂p. At±lw ]d™p:
\n߃ {]m¿Yn°ptºmƒ AhcXv tI
ƒ°ptam? AYhm Ah¿ \n߃°v D]
Imctam D]{Zhtam sNøptam? Ah¿ ]
d™p: A√m, RßfpsS ]nXm°ƒ A
{]Imcw sNøp∂Xmbn R߃ I≠ncn
°p∂p (F∂pam{Xw)'' (Izp¿B≥ 26:69˛74)
GXpImeØpw _lpssZhmcm[I¿
°v ]dbm\p≠mbncp∂ \ymbw H∂pam
{Xw. Cu Bcm[y¿/ Bcm[yhkv Xp°ƒ
RßfpsS {]m¿Y\ tIƒ°psat∂m A
h/Ah¿ AXn\v DØcw sNøpsat∂m
A h/Ah¿ AXns\ms° Ignhp≈ h
cmsWt∂m H∂pw R߃°v Adnbn√.
A°mcysam∂pw R߃ Nn¥n®pt\m
°nbn´n√. RßfpsS ]mcºcyamWnXv.
RßfpsS ]nXm°fpw ]nXmal∑mcpsam
s° C{]Imcw {]h¿Øn°p∂Xv R߃
I≠p. AXv I≠pw ]cnNbn®pamWv R
߃ hf¿∂Xv . AXpXs∂ Rßfpw sN
øp∂p.
hmkvXhØn¬ CsXmcp A¤pXam
Wv. henb hntcm[m`mkamWv. PohnX
Ønse F√m {]iv\ßfnepw taJeI
fnepw L´ßfnepw Nn¥n°pIbpw ]Tn
°pIbpw hniIe\w \SØpIbpw sN
øpw. BgØn¬ ]T\w \StØ≠Xv A
ßs\Xs∂ sNøpw. AXn\pth≠n ka
bhpw ]Whpw hn\ntbmKn°pw. Fhn
sSsbms° t]mIWtam AhnsSsbms°
t]mIpw. Bsc  sbms° ImW  Wtam
kwkmcn°Wtam N¿® sNøWtam A
sXms° sNøpw. F∂m¬ auenI {]m[m
\yap≈ Cu hnjbØn¬ a\pjycn¬
`qcn]£hpw Xømdn√ F∂XmWv bm
Ym¿Yyw.
a\pjysc hgn]ng∏n°p∂Xv ]nim
NmWv . G‰hpw {][m\s∏´Xpw ASnÿm
\]chpamb ImcyØn¬ ]ng∏n®m¬ ]n
t{]mt´mWpw \yqt{SmWpw Ce Ivt{Sm Wp a S ßp∂ B‰w
apX¬ tImSm\ptImSn \£{X߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂ Kyme
 Iv kn  hsc \nbXhpw k¶o¿Whpw IWnihpamb {]m]
 ©nI\nbaßfneqsS kwhn[m\ns®mcp°nb Hcp alm{k
 jvSmhns\ Is≠Øm≥ Al¶mcan√mØ GsXmcp
_p≤n°pw {]bm k ta Xp an √.
2012 Unkw_¿ 25
s∂ ]nimNns‚ e£yw \ndthdn. {k
jv Smhmb A√mlphns\ am{Xw Bcm
[n°pI F∂XmWv G‰hpw ASnÿm
\]camb hnjbw. AXn\v FXncv sNbv
Xm¬ \cIin£bmsW∂v Izp¿B≥ Hcp
kwi  b  Øn  \p  an  S  an  √mØ cq]  Øn¬
hy‡am°nbXmWv. as‰√m ]m]ßfpw
AXnt\°mƒ XmsgbmWv . sIme, tamj
Ww, hy`nNmcw, h©\, ]nSn®p]dn, I
h¿® XpSßnb k¿h]m]ßfpw _lp
ssZhmcm[\ F∂ alm]m]tØmfw Kp
cpXca√. At∏mƒ GIssZhmcm[\bn
¬ a\pjys\ hgnsX‰n®m¬ Ahs\ \
cImhIminbm°m≥ Ffp∏ambn. AXp
sIm≠v ]nimNv Ft∏mgpw {i≤ tI{µo
Icn°pI C°mcyØn¬ Xs∂bmbncn°pw.
GIssZhmcm[\bn¬\n∂v sX‰n°pI.
AXmWv a\pjycpsS Ahÿ. Cß
s\bmbnØo¿∂Xv _ncpZhpw _ncpZm\
¥c _ncp Z hp ap ≈ h¿, s{]m^ j W¬
_nZpcm\¥c _ncpZap≈h¿, s{]m^j
W¬ cwKsØ hnZKv[¿, tUmIvS¿am¿,
F©n\ob¿am¿, \nbahnZKv [¿, imkv {X
∑m¿, FgpØpIm¿, Nn¥I¿ XpSßn F
√m {]K¤ aXnIfpw C°mcyw hcptºm
ƒ Nn¥n°mXncn°p∂Xpw Aßs\ hgn
tISnseØp∂Xpw AXmWv. GsXmcp
ImcysØ]‰nbmtWm G‰hpw Kuch
tØmsS Nn¥n®v Xocpam\saSpt°≠Xv
AXns\]‰n Nn¥n°m≥ Nn¥I∑m¿°v
t\can√. F¥v sNøm\mWv?!
Izp¿B≥ Bh¿Øn°p∂ Hcp {]
tbmKap≠v. A‘cpw DuaIfpw _[nc
cpamWh¿ F∂v. A‘¿ F∂m¬ IÆv
ImWmØh¿ F∂mWt√m. ChnsS A
X√ Dt±in°p∂Xv F∂v hy‡amWv.
IÆpw Imgv Nbpap≠mbn´pw ImtW≠Xv
ImWmØh¿ F∂mW¿Yw. tIƒhnbp
≠mbn´pw tIƒt°≠Xv tIƒ°mØh¿
F∂mWv _[nc∑m¿ F∂XpsIm≠v Dt±
in°p∂Xv . DuaIƒ F∂mepw Aßs\
Xs∂. F¥ns\]‰nbmtWm G‰hpw Ku
chambn kwkmcnt°≠Xpw tNmZn®dn
tb≠Xpw. AXns\]‰n kwkmcn°mØ
h¿. temIØp≈ as‰√m Imcyßsf]
‰nbpw kwkmcn°m≥ Ah¿°v kabhpw
kuIcyhpap≠mIpw. \mw F¥n\v C
hn sS Pohn °p∂p? Pohn X Øns‚ ]c a 
amb e£yw F¥mWv? \mw ]cnK Wn
t°≠ G‰hpw {][m\s∏´ Imcysa¥m
Wv? CXymZn auen I amb kwK Xn I sf 
]‰n Nn¥n°mt\m At\zjn°mt\m Xm
¬]cyan√mØh\v Imgv Nbpw tIƒhnbpw
Nn¥mi‡nbpap≠mbns´¥v Imcyw?
Nn¥n°p∂ a\pjy\v apºn¬ Izp¿
B≥ AhXcn∏n°p∂Xv krjvSn®hs\
B  cm  [n  °  W  sa  ∂m  Wv . a\pjys\ kr
jv Sn®Xv Xm\msWt∂m, XßfmsWt∂m
C°mewhsc Bsc¶nepw AhImis∏´n
´pt≠m? CXphsc Bcpw AhImis∏´n
´n√. c≠v a\pjysc sIm≠ph∂v HcpØ
s\ h[n°pIbpw a‰hs\ Pohn°m≥ A
\phZn°pIbpw sNbv XpsIm≠v [n°mcw
]d™hscms° Ncn{XØnep≠mbn´p
  ≠v . a\pjys\∂ krjvSnsb kwhn[m
\ns®mcp°nbXv Xm\msW∂pw hmZn°m
\p≈ alm [m¿jv Syw B¿°pap≠mbn´n√.
krjvSn®hs\ Bcm[n°pI F∂
efnXhpw EPphpamb BibamWv Izp¿
B≥ am\hcmin°v apºn¬ sh°p∂
Xv. ""G a\pjytc! \nßtfbpw \n߃
°v apºp≈htcbpw krjvSn® \mYs\
\n߃ Bcm[n°ph≥, \n߃ kq£v
aX ]men°phm≥th≠n. \n߃°pth
≠n `qansb saØbpw BImisØ ta
¬]pcbpam°nØcnIbpw BImiØp\n
∂v sh≈w sNmcn™pX∂n´v AXv ap
tJ\ \n߃°v `£n°phm\p≈ Imbv
I\nIƒ D¬]mZn∏n®pXcnIbpw sNbvX
h≥. AXn\m¬ (CsX√mw) Adn™p
sIm≠v \n߃ A√mlphn\v ka∑msc
D≠m°cpXv'' (Izp¿B≥ 2:21, 22)
ChnsS ]d™ Imcy߃ sNbvXp
Xcp∂ at‰sX¶nepw ssZhßfpt≠m
Cu temIØv ? ssZhßfn¬ Bsc¶nepw
A{]Imcw AhImis∏´n´pt≠m? Bcm
[n°p∂hcn¬ Bsc¶nepw XßfpsS
C∂bn∂ Bcm[ycmWnsXms° sNøp
∂Xv F∂v hmZn®n´pt≠m? c≠pan√.
in]m¿i \SØpsa∂v a\pjy¿ Icp
Xp∂ in]m¿iIscbpw hnfn®ptXSp∂
htcmSv Izp¿B≥ tNmZn°p∂Xv ImWpI:
""tNmZn°pI: BcmWv BImißfpsSbpw
`qanbpsSbpw c£nXmhv? ]dbpI: A√m
lphmWv. ]dbpI: F∂n´pw Ah\v ]pd
sa Ahch¿°pXs∂ D]Imctam D]
{Zhtam sNøm≥ kzm[o\an√mØ Nne
c£m[nImcnIsf \n߃ kzoIcn°pI
bmtWm? ]dbpI: A‘\pw Imgv Nbp≈
h\pw XpeycmIptam? AYhm Ccp´pI
fpw shfn®hpw XpeyamIptam? AX√,
A√mlphn\v ]pdsa Ah¿ ]¶mfnIfm
°n  sh®h¿, Ah≥ krjv Sn°p∂Xv t]m
seXs∂ krjvSn \SØnbn´v (Ccphn`m
KØnt‚bpw) krjvSnIƒ Ah¿°v Xncn
®dnbmXmhpIbmtWm D≠mbXv? ]d
bpI: A√mlphs{X F√m hkvXp°
fpsSbpw {kjvSmhv. Ah≥ GI\pw k
¿hm[n]XnbpamIp∂p'' (Izp¿B≥ 13:16)
Hcp hymJym\hpw Bhiyan√mØ
Bibßfpw hmIyßfpw. a\pjy_p≤n
bnte°v Xpf®pIbdp∂h. A√mlphpw
A√mlp A√mØhcpw krjvSn∏v \S
Ønb c≠pXcw krjvSnIƒ ChnsSbp
t≠m F∂pw B c≠pXcw krjvSnIfpw
IqSn°e¿∂v Xncn®dnbmXmbn´pt≠m F
∂pwhsc Izp¿B≥ tNmZn°p∂p. ]s£,
_p≤nbp≈ a\pjy≥ Ahs‚ _p≤n
D]tbmKn°p∂pt≠m?
Bcm[n°s∏Sp∂ hymPssZ
hßtfm BƒssZhßtfm B
sc¶nepw krjvSnI¿XrXzw
kzbw AhImis∏´n´pt≠m?
`qantbbpw AXnse PohPm
eßsfbpw krjv Sn®Xv Xm\m
sW∂v Ahcn¬ Bcpw C°m
ewhsc AhImis∏´n´n√.
Bcm[n°p∂ tImSm\ptImSn
a\pjycnemsc¶nepw X߃
Bcm[n°p∂ Cu ssZham
Wv F√mw krjvSn®v ]cn]men
 °p ∂ sX∂v ]d bp ∂pt≠m?
2012 Unkw_¿ 26
F≥.Fw lpssk≥  
]cnWmahmZw Pohimkv{XØns‚ `mKamsW∂ sX‰mb [mcW A`ykvXhn
Zy¿°nSbnep≠v. Pohimkv{XØnse sXfnbn°s∏´ \nco£Wßtfbpw ]cnWma
k¶¬]ß sfbpw Iq´n °p g®v Ah X cn ∏n °p ∂ Xn¬ \n∂mWv Cßs\sbmcp
A_≤ [mcWbp≠mbXv. Pohimkv{XtaXv ]cnWmahmZtaXv F∂v th¿Xncn®p
a\nem°m≥ an°h¿°pw km[n°msX hcp∂p. Pohimkv{XØns‚ `mKamWv
]cnWmahmZw F∂v hcpØnXo¿°m≥ Um¿hn\nÃpIƒ A\ph¿Øn°p∂ X{¥w
IqSnbmWnXv . ChcpsS Xs∂ cN\Iƒ kq£v aambn hniIe\w sNbv Xm¬ bYm¿Y
imkv{XsØbpw ]cnWmahmZ Zp¿hymJym\ßsfbpw th¿Xncn®dnbm\mhpw.
Um¿hn≥ kn≤m¥sØ ]cnNbs∏SpØp∂ s{]m^: Ip™pÆn h¿ΩbpsS
Cu hmNI߃ t\m°q: ""Um¿hn≥ Xs‚ kn≤m¥sØ Hcp sNdphmNIØn¬
HXp°n \n¿Ønbn´p≈Xv BZyw Xs∂ D≤cn°mw. "PohPmeßfpsS A`nhr≤n°v
hgnh® Hcp s]mXp\nbaw s]cpIpI, sshhn[yw ssIhcn°pI; i‡≥am¿ Pohn
°pw, Ai‡≥am¿°v acWw F∂XmWv.'' {]IrXnbnse Xncs™Sp∏v AYhm
{]IrXn \n¿[mcWw F∂mWv Um¿hn≥ Cu {]{Inbsb hntijn∏n®Xv.''
(1)
]cnWmakn≤m¥Øns‚ kmcmwiamWv ta¬hcnIfnep≈sX∂mWv {KŸIm
]cnWmaw
imkv{Xhpw imkv{X Zp¿hymJym\ßfpw
]cnWmahpw P\nXIimkv{Xhpw: 3
2012 Unkw_¿ 27
cs‚ A`n{]mbw. CXnse H∂masØ
\nco£Ww PohnIƒ s]cpIp∂p F∂
XmWv . PohnIƒ ]p\cp¬]mZ\ØneqsS
s]cpIp∂p F∂Xv Hcp {]IrXnimkv{X
hkvXpXbmWv. F∂m¬ CXn\v ]cnWm
ahmZhpambn bmsXmcp _‘hpans√∂
XmWv hkv XpX. PohnIƒ s]cpIp∂p F
∂Xv ]cnWmaw ka¿Yn°p∂ hkvXpX
  tbb√. {KŸImcs‚ hnhcWw t\m°q:
""AXnthKw s]‰ps]cpInbpw, a‰p
ka¿Yamb coXnIfn¬ ]p\cpev]mZ\w
\SØnbpw, kzbw \ne\n¿Øphm\p≈
Hmtcm PohnbptSbpw hmk\ P∑kn≤
am Wv. ]s£, hmkvX h Øn¬, Pohn I 
fpsS ]p\cp¬]mZ\tijnbpsS hfsc
sNdnsbmcwiw am{Xsa km£mXv Icn°
s∏Sp∂p≈p.''
(2)
PohnIƒ s]‰ps]cpIp∂Xv kzbw
\ne\n¿Øphm\msW∂v ]cnWmahmZn
Ifpw kΩXn°p∂p. ""kzbw \ne\n¿
ØpI'' F∂Xn\v ]cnWan°pI F∂
√t√m A¿Yw! adn®v, ]cnWan°mXncn
°pI F∂pXs∂bmW¿Yw! Hmtcm Poh
PmXnbpw ""kzbw \ndpØm≥'' s]‰ps]
cpInbm¬ AtX PohPmXnIfpsS k¥
Xn ]cºc \ne\n¬°pw. CXmWv {]Ir
Xnbn¬ \S°p∂Xv . {]IrXnimkv {X \nco
£ W ßƒ Cu hkvXp X bmWv ÿnco 
Icn°p∂Xv. CXmIs´ Hcp PohPmXn
bn¬ \n∂pw XnI®pw hyXykvXamb a‰
t\Iw PohPmXnIƒ ]cnWan®p≠mhpI
F∂ k¶¬]sØ Xo¿Øpw \ntj[n
°pIbmWv sNøp∂Xv.
Hmtcm PohPmXnbpw ""kzbw \ne\n
dpØm≥'' {]IrXnXs∂ \nch[n kwhn
[m\߃ Hcp°nbn´p≠v . \ΩpsS \m´n¬
ImWp∂ Icnbne°nfnsbbpw ]qØm¶n
cnsbbpw DZmlcWamsbSp°mw. ]dºp
Ifnepw Np≈n°mSpIfnepw Xp≈n®mSn
\S°p∂ ChbpsS sNdp]‰ßsf tIc
fØnsehnsSbpw ImWmw. Cu ]£nI
sf°pdn®p≈ {KŸ Imcs‚ hnhcWw
t\m°q:
""Icnbne°nfnbpsS hep∏w ]qØm
¶ncnsb°mƒ kzev]w IqSpXemWv. Icn
bne°nfn°v s]m¥bpw Ip‰n°mSpamWn
jv Ssa¶n¬ ]qØm¶ncn°v IqSpX¬ Xpd
mb {]tZißfmWnjvSw. ]pds∏Sphn
°p∂ i_v ZØn\pw hyXymkap≠v . (CXv
tI´pXs∂ AdnbWw; hnkv Xcn°phm≥
{]bmkamWv). Icnbne°nfnbpsS IqSv
IqSpX¬ DbcØnep≈ sImºpIfnemWv
ImWpI. c≠nt\bpw Htc hf∏n¬Ø
s∂ ImWmsa¶nepw c≠pw tN¿∂ ]‰
߃ ImWpIbn√. CW tNcp∂ kab
Øv Icn bn e °nfn Icn bn e °n fn sbbpw
]qØm¶ncnbn ]qØm¶ncntbbpw am{Xta
kzo I cn °p I bp ≈p; k¶ c Pm Xn Iƒ {] 
IrXnbn¬ D≠mhp∂n√.''
(3)
Icnbne°nfnbpw ]qØm¶ncnbpw G
sd kmZriyap≈ PohPmXnIfmbn´pw A
h ]ckv]cw {]Xyp¬]mZ\ _‘Øn¬
G¿s∏SmsX c≠v PohPmXnIfmbn Xs∂
\ne\n¬°p∂p! s]‰ps]cpIn Hmtcm Po
h Pm Xnbpw Ah bpsS kv]ojokv khn 
tijXIƒ C{X I¿i\ambn kzbw \n
dpØnbm¬ Hcp PohPmXn XnI®pw hyXy
kv Xamb as‰m∂mbn amdm\p≈ km[yX
C√mXmhp∂p.
Hmtcm PohPmXn°pw ""kzbw \ne\n
dpØm≥'' klmbIamb s]cpam‰ {]{In
bIƒ Xs∂bp≠v . {KŸImcs‚ Cu hcn
Iƒ {i≤n°q:
""P¥p°fn¬ G‰hpw i‡amb tk
I]q¿h {]Xypev]mZ\ hnt—Z\ {]{Inb
s]cpam‰sØ kw_‘n®n´p≈Xmsa∂
Xn\v kwiban√. ]cnWmaØns‚ Db¿∂
]Sn I fn¬ h¿Øn °p∂ P¥p Pm e ß fn 
emWnXv kphy‡ambn ImWpI˛\s´√n
Iƒ, k‘n]mZnIƒ, XpSßnbhbn¬.
AtXkabw tNjv Smioean√mØXpsIm
≠v  kky ß fn¬ Cu {]{Inb H´pw X 
s∂ ImWpIbpan√. {]Xypev ]mZ\tØm
S\p_‘n® GsX¶nepw XcØnep≈
BNmc߃ ta¬]d™ an° P¥p°
ƒ°pw D≈XmWv. CWsb Xncn®dnbm
\pw {]Xypev ]mZ\Øn¬ G¿s∏Sm≥ th
≠ DtØPIw ]Icphm\pw Cu BNm
c ßƒ Hgn ®p Iq Sm≥ høm Ø h bm Wv.
B¨ XhfIƒ Dds° Icbp∂Xpw B
¨ abn¬ ]oenIƒ hnS¿Øn BSp∂
Xpw CWsb BI¿jn°m\pw DtØPn
∏n°m\pamsW∂v an°h¿°pw Adnbm
hp∂Xmbncn°pw. ]s£, an∂man\pßp
Iƒ an∂p∂Xpw Hm¥ns‚ Kfÿew
tNmc IpSn® amXncn Nph∂pXpSp°p
∂ Xpw CtX Bh iy Øn \p X s∂ bm 
sW∂v ]ecpw a\nem°nbn´p≠mbn
cn°pIbn√. ]eXcw an∂man\pßpI
fp≈hbn¬ Hmtcm∂ns‚bpw an∂p∂Xn
s‚ thKXbpw Xo{hXbpw {]tXyIXc
Ønembncn°pw. kz¥w kv]ojokns‚
{]Imikv ^pcW k{ºZmbtØmSpam{X
sa s]¨ an∂man\pßpIƒ BIrjvS
cmhpIbp≈q. (an∂p∂Xpw an\pßp∂
Xpw apJyambpw BWpßfmWv) s]Æp
Icnbne°nfnbpw ]qØm¶ncnbpw Gsd kmZriyap≈ Poh
  PmXnIfmbn´pw Ah ]ckv]cw {]Xyp¬]mZ\ _‘Øn¬
G¿s∏SmsX c≠v PohPmXnIfmbn Xs∂ \ne\n¬°p∂p!
s]‰ps]cpIn Hmtcm PohPmXnbpw AhbpsS kv]ojokv
k  hn  ti  j  X  Iƒ C{X I¿i  \  ambn kzbw \ndp  Øn  bm¬
H cp PohPmXn XnI®pw hyXykv Xamb as‰m∂mbn amdm\p
  ≈ km[yX C√m Xm hp ∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 28
ß sf BI¿jn°m≥ am{Xa√, BWp
ßtfbpw s]Æpßtfbpw At\ym\yw
DtØPn∏n°phm\pw {]WbmNmc߃
BhiyamWv. Hmtcm kv]ojokn\pw {]
tXyI XcØnep≈ {]WbtNjvSIfm
Wp≈sX∂pw AhtbmSv kz¥w kv ]ojo
kn¬s∏´ CWIƒ am{Xsa {]Xn{]h¿
Øn°pIbp≈p F∂XpamWv {]Xypev ]m
Z\ hnt—Z\Øns‚ B[mcw.''
(4)
Hmtcm PohPmXnbpw AhbpsS kz
`mhhntijXIƒ F{X I¿i\ambmWv
\ne\ndpØp∂sX∂pw AXn\v th≠
kwhn[m\ßfmWv {]IrXnbn¬ k÷o
Icn°s∏´n´p≈sX∂pw hy‡amWv . s]
cpam‰mNmc߃ hgn CXv IrXyambpw
I¿i\ambpw \nb{¥n°s∏Sp∂p≠v. F
∂ pw sXfnbp∂p. a’y ßƒ°nSbnse
CØcsamcp I¿i\hyhÿsb∏‰n {K
ŸImc≥ Ipdn®Xv t\m°q:
""kzbw \ne\n¿Øphm\p≈ Hmtcm
PohnbpsSbpw hmk\ P∑kn≤amsW
∂v'' {KŸImc≥ kΩXn°p∂p≠t√m.
kzbw \ne\n¿Øm≥ Hmtcm Pohn°pw
P∑kn≤amb hmk\bps≠¶n¬ Ah
]cnWan°psa∂v IcpXp∂Xv sshcp[y
at√? kzbw \ne\n¿Øm\p≈ Hmtcm
PohnbpsSbpw hmk\'' {]IrXnbn¬ Im
Wp∂ Hmtcm Pohntbbpw PohPmXntb
bpw \nco£n®m¬ B¿°pw t_m[yam
Ip∂ bmYm¿YyamWv . Cu bmYm¿YyØn
\v hncp≤amWv Ah ]cnWan°psa∂
k¶¬]w. CXns‚ hni Zmwi ßƒ ]cn
tim[n°mw.
Ht´sd kmZriyßfps≠¶nepw Igp
Xbpw IpXncbpw c≠v PohPmXnIfmWv.
Ah {]Xyp¬]mZ\ØneqsS at‰sX¶n
epw k¶cPohPmXnIsf D¬]mZn∏n°n
√. {KŸImcs‚ hnhcWw t\m°q:
""XΩn¬ CWtN¿∂m¬ am{Xw t]m
cm, Dev ]mZItijnbpw BtcmKyhpap≈
k¥XnIƒ D≠mhpI IqSnb sNbv Xm¬
am{Xsa c≠pPmXnIƒ Htc kv]ojokn
¬ s]Spsa∂v ]dbm≥ Xcap≈q. tImh¿
IgpXbpsS IY {]kn≤amWt√m. IpXn
cbpw IgpXbpw XΩnep≈ _‘Øn¬
\n∂pw D≠mhp∂XmWv tImh¿ IgpX.
kzbw BtcmKyhpw i‡nbpsams°bp
s≠¶nepw k¥XypXv]mZ\ tijn tIm
h¿ IgpXbv°v Xosc C√. AXpsIm≠v
IpXncbpw IgpXbpw hyXykv X kv ]ojo
kpIfmsW∂v ]dbp∂Xn¬ sX‰n√.''
(5)
IgpX IgpXbmbpw IpXnc IpXnc
bm bpw \ne \n¬°p sa ∂t√ CXn ¬ \n 
∂pw {Klnt°≠Xv? hyXykvX PohPm
XnIƒ {]Xyp¬]mZ\ _‘ap≠m°mØ
Xns‚ ^ew F¥mIpsa∂v {KŸImc≥
XpS¿∂v FgpXnbXv ImWpI:
""hyXykvX kv]ojokpIƒ XΩn¬
^e{]Zamb {]Xypev]mZ\w \S°pI
bn√ F∂ hkvXp X bpsS ^ew F¥m 
sW∂v t\m°mw. Hmtcm hy‡nbnepw c
≠p sk‰p t{ImatkmapIƒ (Po\pIfpw)
D≈Xn¬ Hcp sk‰v A—\n¬\n∂pw at‰
sk‰v AΩbn¬\n∂pw In´nbXmbncn°p
sa∂v Adnbmat√m. Aßs\ A—\Ω
am cpsS Po\p Iƒ k¥ Xn I fn¬ ktΩ 
fn°p∂p. CtX Po\pIƒ \∂msbm∂v
I i°n k¥ Xn I ƒ Ah cpsS k¥ Xn 
Ifnte°v ]Icp∂p. XmØznIambn ]d
™m¬ Hcp kv ]ojoknse GsXmcp hy
‡n °pw AtX kv]ojo knse as‰m cp
hy‡nbpambn C{]Imcw Po\pIƒ k
tΩfn∏n°phm≥ km[n°pw. c≠v B¨
{]PIƒ XΩn¬ {]Xypev]mZ\w km[y
a s√ ¶n¬ IqSn Ah cpsS Po\p Iƒ X 
Ωn¬ c≠mw Xeapdbn¬ ktΩfn°phm
≥ hntcm[an√ ˛H∂ns‚ B¨ k¥Xn
bpw at‰Xns‚ s]¨ k¥Xnbpw XΩn
¬ CWtNcptºmƒ. C{]Imcw, Ime{I
taW Hcp hy‡nbnep≈ GsXmcp Po
\pw AtX kv ]ojoknep≈ GsXmcp hy
‡nbnte°pw˛IrXyambn ]d™m¬ B
hy‡nbpsS k¥Xn ]cºcbnte°v ˛hym
]n°phm≥ hntcm[an√. Cu A¿YØn¬
Hcp kv]ojo kn¬s]´ hy‡n Iƒ s° 
√mw Po\pIfpsS Hcp s]mXp ss]XrI
aps≠∂v ]dbmw. AtXkabw hyXy
kvX kv]ojokpIfn¬s]´ hy‡nIƒ
XΩn¬ {]Xypev]mZ\w km[ya√mØXp
sIm≠v Hcp kv]ojoknse Po\pIƒ a
s‰mcp kv]ojokn\v B¿Pn°phm≥ km
[ya√. Aßs\, F√m kv]ojokpIƒ 
°pw XßfptSXmb Po\pIfpsS Hcp s]m
Xpk© b ap≠mbncn°pw. AXn¬ a‰p
kv ]ojo  kp  Iƒ°v Ah  Im  i  an  √. Hm 
t  cm kv]ojokpw AXnhn]peamsbmcp
XdhmSpt]msebmsW∂p ]dbmw. Po\p
IfmWv XdhmSns‚ s]mXpkzØv. kv
]ojoknse h¿W߃ (Races) Xdhm
´nse Xmbv hgnIƒ t]msebmsW∂p ]d
bmw.''
(6)
""F√m kv]ojokpIƒ°pw Xßfp
tSXmb Po\pIfpsS Hcp s]mXpk©b
ap≠mbncn°pw'' F∂pw ""AXn¬ a‰p kv
]ojokpIƒ°v AhImian√'' F∂pw
hmZn°ptºmƒ bp‡nklambn FØm
hp∂ \nKa\w ASnÿm\ PohPmXnIƒ
]cnW an°n√ F∂pXs∂ bmWv. AXn
\m¬ {]IrXn\nco£WßfneqsS t_m
[yamIp∂ hkvXpXIƒ PohnIƒ ]cn
W an °p sa ∂√, ]cn W an °n s√ ∂mWv
sXfnbn°p∂Xv.
PohnIƒ s]‰ps]cpIp∂sXßs\
sb∂v \nco£n®mepw C°mcyw t_m[y
amhpw. GItImi PohnIƒ apX¬ \oe
Hmtcm PohPmXnbpw AhbpsS kz`mhhntijXIƒ F{X
I¿i\ambmWv \ne\ndpØp∂sX∂pw AXn\v th≠ kwhn
[m\ßfmWv {]IrXnbn¬ k÷oIcn°s∏´n´p≈sX∂pw
hy‡amWv. s]cpam‰mNmc߃ hgn CXv IrXyambpw I¿i
\ambpw \nb{¥n°s∏Sp∂p≠v F∂pw sXfnbp∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 29
ØnanwKe߃ hsc {]Xyp¬]mZ\w \S
Øp∂p≠v. C°mea{Xbpw {]IrXn\nco
£I¿ {]Xyp¬]mZ\k{ºZmbsØ°p
dn®v ]T\w \SØn Is≠Ønb hkvXp
XIƒ Fs¥ms°bmWv?
Hmtcm Pohnbpw AhbpsS Ip™p
ßsfbmWv {]Xyp¬]mZn∏n°p∂Xv. Hm
tcm PohPmXnbpw AhbpsS Xs∂ Ip
™pßsf tImSm\ptImSn h¿j߃ {]
Xyp¬]mZn∏n®psIm≠ncp∂mepw ]ns∂
bpw P\n°p∂Xv AtX PohPmXnIƒ
Xs∂bt√? CXn\v ]cnWmahpambn _
‘an√ F∂p Xs∂b√ ]cnWmaw kw`
hn°n√ F∂mWnXv sXfnbn°p∂Xv . s]
‰p  s] cp Ip ∂Xv DZm l c W k lnXw Ip 
™pÆnh¿Ω hnhcn®Xn¬\n∂pXs∂
C°mcyw hy‡amWv. At±lØns‚ h
cnIƒ t\m°q: ""CXp hy‡am°m≥ B
\bpsS DZmlcWamWv Um¿hn≥ FSp
Øn´p≈Xv . {]Xypev ]mZ\£aX G‰hpw
Ipd™ PohnIfnsem∂mWv B\. Hcp
]nSnbm\ IqSnb]£w, Bdp {]khn
°pw. Cu tXmXn¬ ]p\cpev]mZ\w \S
ØpIbpw k¥XnIsf√mw hr≤mhÿ
hsc Pohn°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ Hcp tPm
Sn B\bn¬\n∂p≈ k¥Xn]cºc 750
sIm√߃sIm≠v Hcp tImSn 90 e£
am bn Øocpw! (sXs° C¥y bn¬ C∂v
BsIbp≈ B\IfpsS FÆw 3000 B
sW∂v Hm¿°pI). Cu tXmXn¬ B\
Iƒ s]‰ps]cpImØXn\p≈ ImcWw
]nSnbm\IfpsS {]khw Ipdbp∂Xpw
`qcn]£w k¥XnIƒ {]Xyp¬]mZ\w
sNømsX Xs∂ acWaSbp∂Xpw sIm
≠msW∂v hy‡amWt√m.''
(7)
B\Iƒ Fßs\ F{XImew {]Xyp
¬]mZ\w \SØnbmepw B\Iƒ am{Xta
P\n°pIbp≈qsh∂v hy‡at√? {]Ir
Xnbn¬ ImWp∂t]mse AXnPohn°s∏
Sp∂ B\IfpsS FÆw Ipd hmsW ¶n
epw IqSpXemsW¶nepw B\Iƒ B\
Ifmbn XpScpw. B\IfpsS k¥Xn]c
º cIƒ Hscm‰ Ip™pw acn°msX 740
sIm√߃sIm≠v 90 e£ambnØocp∂
AhÿbmWv {]IrXnbn¬ D≠mIp∂
Xv. F∂v k¶¬]n°q. F¶n¬t∏mepw
B\Iƒ B\Isf am{Xta {]khn°q
F∂v hy‡amWv! CXv ]cnWmaw kw`
hn°n√ F∂mWv sXfnbn°p∂Xv; kw`
hn°m\p≈ km[yXbnte°v Aev]w
t]mepw kqN\ \¬Ip∂n√ F∂XmWv
bmYm¿Yyw.
C\n, ""PohnIƒ XΩn¬ PohnXku
Icy߃°pth≠nbp≈ a’cw'' \S°p
∂p F∂ \nco£Ww ]cntim[n°mw.
CXpaqew ]cnWmaw kw`hn°ptam? Hcn
°epan√. Ip™pÆn h¿ΩbpsS hm°p
IfnXmWv: ""Htc ]cnXÿnXnbn¬ Pohn
°p∂ PohnIƒ XΩnemWv a’cØn\v
km[yXbp≈sX∂ hkvXpXbpw Um¿
hn≥ Nq≠n°m´p∂p≠v . djybn¬ Gjy
≥]m‰ (Iqd) bqtdm]y≥ ]m‰sb a’
cn®v XpcØnbXpw, Hmkv t{Senbbn¬ ]pd
\mS≥ tX\o®Iƒ \mS≥ tX\o®IfpsS
ÿm\tas‰SpØXpw DZmlcWßfmbn
At±lw FSpØp ]d™n´p≠v.''
(8)
ChnsS PohnXkacØns‚ G‰hpw
henb DZmlcWßfmWv \¬Inbn´p≈
Xv. Gjy≥ ]m‰Iƒ bqtdm]y≥ ]m‰I
sf XpcØnbmepw ]pd\mS≥ tX\o®I
ƒ \mS≥ tX\o®IfpsS ÿm\tas‰Sp
Ømepw ]cnWmaØn\v Ah klmbI
amhptam? Hcn°epan√. Gjy≥ ]m‰I
ƒ Gjy≥ ]m‰Ifmbpw bqtdm]y≥ ]m‰
Iƒ bqtdm]y≥ ]m‰Ifmbpw XpScpsa
∂t√ CXv sXfnbn°p∂Xv? ]cnWan
°msX Xs∂ PohnXkacw \SØnb hn
Pbn°msa∂mWnXv sXfnbn°p∂Xv . Hcp
PohPmXn as‰m∂mbn amdm\√ amdmXn
cn°m\mWv PohnXkacw klmbn°p∂
Xv F∂v hy‡amWv. {KŸImc≥ Um¿
hns‚ Hcp Is≠Øens\°pdns®gpXn
b Cu hcnIƒ Cu hkvXpX `wKy¥
tcW kqNn∏n°p∂Xv ImWpI: ""P¥p
°ƒ \in°p∂Xv apJyambpw ap´bmbpw
Ip™pßfmbpw, sNSnIƒ ssX{]mb
Ønepw BsW∂v Um¿hn≥ ]co£W
߃ hgn sXfnbn°pIbp≠mbn. Xs‚
]dºn¬ Xms\ apf® 357 IfhnØpI
fn¬ 295 FÆw CebnSp∂Xn\papºpX
s∂ {]mWnIfpw H®pIfpw Xns∂mSp°n
b s{X. tijn®hbn¬ IqSpX¬ thKw
hf¿∂h a‰p≈hbpsS hf¿®bv°v hn
LmXambn. Ahkm\w Ht∂m ct≠m am
{Xw ]qhnSphm≥ th≠ {]mbsaØntbm
F∂v kwibw. CXmWv {]IrXn\nbaw.
ChnsS \in°p∂h t]mepw a‰v Pohn
Iƒ°v `£Wtam hftam BbnØocp
I  bmWv sNøp  ∂  sX∂pw A{]  Imcw
Hc¿YØn¬ ]cm{ibw \¬IpIbmWv
Ah sNøp∂sX∂pw {i≤n°pI.''
(9)
\in°p∂hbpw \in°mØhbpw ]
cnWan°p∂n√; eLphmbnt∏mepw. \in
°p  ∂h \in  °m  Øhsb ^e  Øn¬
Hmtcm Pohnbpw AhbpsS Ip™pßsfbmWv {]Xyp¬]m
  Zn∏n°p∂Xv. Hmtcm PohPmXnbpw AhbpsS Xs∂ Ip™p
 ßsf tIm  Sm  \p  tImSn h¿j  ߃ {]Xyp¬]m  Zn  ∏n  ®p  sIm
 ≠ncp∂mepw ]ns∂bpw P\n°p∂Xv AtX PohPmXnIƒ
Xs∂bmWv. CXn\v ]cnWmahpambn _‘an√ F∂pXs∂
b√ ]cnWmaw kw`hn°n√ F∂mWnXv sXfnbn°p∂Xv.
2012 Unkw_¿ 30
AXnPoh\Øn\v klmbn°pIbmsW
∂pw CXv ]cm{ibamsW∂pw ta¬hcn
Ifn¬\n∂pw {Kln°m\mhpw. AXnPo
hn°p∂ AtX PmXn PohnPmeßsf {]
Xyp¬]mZn∏n°pIbpw AtX PmXn Poh
Pme߃ \nc¥cambn {]Xyp¬]mZn∏n
°s∏SpIbpw sNøp∂p. CXnsehnsSbm
Wv ]cnWmaw kw`hn°p∂Xv? FhnsS
bpans√∂XmWv bmYm¿Yyw. Hmtcm Poh
PmXnbpw AhbpsS Xs∂ XeapdIsf
{]Xyp¬]mZn∏n°p∂XmWv {]IrXn\nb
asa¶n¬ ]cnWmaw Hcn°epw kw`hn
°ns√∂v sXfnbp∂p. Npcp°Øn¬ Po
hnXa’cw D≠v F∂XpsImt≠m IqSp
X¬ A¿lXbp≈Xv AXnPohn°s∏Sp
sa∂XpsImt≠m ]cnWmaw \S°psa
∂√ \S°ns√∂mWv sXfnbp∂Xv.
PohnIƒ°nSbn¬ \ne\n¬]n\mbn
a’cap≠v F∂Xv Nne {]IrXn \nco
£IcpsS A`n{]mbamWv . Um¿hn≥ CXv
Du∂n∏d™v {]IrXn \n¿[mcWhpambn
Iq´n bn W°n ]cn Wmak ¶¬ ] Øn s‚
tNcphbm°n AhXcn∏n®p. F∂m¬
Pohn  Iƒ°n  S  bn¬ apJy  ambpw \S 
°p∂Xv a’ cas√∂pw kl IcW am
sW∂pw B[p\nI {]IrXn \nco£I¿
Nq≠n°m´p∂p. AXn\m¬ PohnIƒ°n
S  bnse {]apJ `mhw F∂ \ne°v Um¿
hn≥ AhXcn∏n® PohnXa’cw ASn
ÿm\clnXamsbmcp k¶¬]amsW∂v
sXfn™pIgn™p. (CXns‚ hniZmwi
߃ ChnsS Hgnhm°p∂p). AXncn°
s´. Um¿hn≥ k¶¬]n®t]mep≈ a’
cw {]IrXnbn¬ \S°p∂n√ F∂v ]cn
WmahmZnIfpsS cN\Ifn¬\n∂p Xs∂
{Kln°m\mhpw. s{]m^: Ip™pÆnh¿a
bpsS Cu hnhcWw t\m°q:
""Htc ]cnkcØn¬ Htc hn[w Pohn
°p∂ PohnIƒ XΩn¬ am{Xta a’ c
ap≠mhpIbp≈q. DZmlcWambn, \mS≥
Ipcßpw dokkv (_¥¿) Ipcßpw ico
cLS\bnepw ioeßfnepw Ch c≠pw
XΩn¬ hfsc kmayap≠v . c≠p Iq´  cpsS
bpw ]Yymlmcw ]gßfmsW¶nepw hm
kv XhØn¬ ssIbn¬ In´p∂sX¥pw Xn
∂pw F∂p ]dbp∂Xmbncn°pw IqSpX¬
i cn. `£Ww tXSp ∂Xv a’ c ß fn¬
am {Xa√, \neØp\n∂pw IqSnbmWv . c≠n
s‚bpw CjvSs∏´ hmkÿew CS  Xq  ¿
∂ ImSpIf√, IqSpX¬ Xpdmb {]tZ
ißfmWv. Cu hI kmay߃ ImcWw
Cu c≠p IpcßpIƒ Htc ÿeØp
Pohn°m\nSbmbm¬ Ah XΩn¬ a’
cap≠mhpIbpw H∂v as‰m∂ns\ Xpc
ØpIbpw sNøpsa∂v A\pam\n°p∂ 
Xn¬ sX‰n√. hmkvXhØn¬ HcnSØpw
Ah H∂n®v ]m¿°p∂ns√∂Xv A¿Y
hØmWv. sXs° C¥ybn¬ tKmZmhcn
\ZnbpsS sX°v \mS≥ Ipcßpw hS°v
dokkv Ipcßpw BWv ImWp∂Xv . tIc
fØnepw ]›naL´Ønse a‰pNne CS
ßfnepw ImWp∂ as‰mcp a°m°p Ipc
ßmWv knwlhme≥. F¶nepw Chbpw
\m S≥ Ipcßpw XΩn¬ a’ c an √. F 
s¥∂m¬ knwlhmes‚ hmkw CSXq
¿∂ ImSpIfnemWv. \mS≥ IpcßpIƒ
°mhs´, ac߃ Ipd™ {]tZißfm
WnjvSw.''
(10)
\mS≥ Ipcßpw dokkv Ipcßpw H
tc ÿeØp Pohn°m\nSbmbm¬ am
{Xta a’cap≠mhq. F∂m¬ ""HcnSØpw
Ah H∂n®v ]m¿°p∂ns√∂Xv A¿Y
hØmWv'' F∂pw {KŸImc≥ FgpXn
bn´p≠t√m. ""Htc {]tZiØv a’cn®p
Xs∂ IgnbWw'' Fs∂mcp {]IrXn\n
b aw C√mXncns° a’ cØn\v km[y 
Xbp≠mbm¬ ]pXnb hmkÿe߃
Is≠Øm\mbncn°pw. PohnIfpsS {iaw.
kzm`mhnIambpw PohnXa’cw Xs∂
A{]Xy£amtb°pw. ]cnWmaØn\p≈
km¶¬]nIamb km[yXt]mepw AtXm
sS C√mXmhp∂p.
C\n, ISpØ a’cw D≠msb∂v I
cpXpI. F¶n¬, AXv ]cnWmaØn\v Im
cWamhptam? Hcn°epan√. C°mcyhpw
]cnWma hnZKv[cpsS hnhcWßfn¬\n
∂pw {Kln°m\mhpw. Cu hcnIƒ {i≤n
°pI:
""\ΩpsS I¨apºn¬ \S∂psIm≠n
cn°p∂ Hcp a’cØns‚ Imcyw IqSn
]dbmw. CubnsSbmbn Ipfßfnepw tXm
SpIfnepw a‰pw Ipfhmf (Water Hyacinth,
Eichornia)]S¿∂p]nSn®ncn°p∂Xv I≠n
´nt√? sh≈Øn¬ s]m¥n°nS°p∂ H
cpXcw sNSnbmWnXv. kztZiw Atacn
°bmWv. \ΩpsS \m´n¬˛AXpt]mse
temIØn¬ ]ebnSØpw˛Cu ]mb¬
h∂ps]´Xv Ign™ \qtdm Ccp\qtdm
sIm√Øn\IØmWv. AXn\papºv tIc
fØn¬ IS∏mb¬ (Pistia) XmdmhpIf
(Lemna)F∂o sNSnIfmWv sh≈∏c∏n
¬ km[mcW I≠ncp∂Xv. IS∏mbepw
bYm¿YØn¬, \in  °p  ∂h \in  °m  Øhsb AXnPoh
 \Øn\v klmbn°pIbmsW∂pw ^e  Øn¬ CXv ]cm{i
b  am  sW∂pw {Kln  °m  \m  hpw. AXn  Po  hn  °p∂ AtX Pm
 Xn PohPmeßsf {]Xyp¬]mZn∏n°pIbpw AtX PmXn
PohPme߃ \nc¥cambn {]Xyp¬]mZn∏n°s∏SpIbpw
sNøp∂p. CXnsehnsSbmWv ]cnWmaw kw`hn°p∂Xv?
2012 Unkw_¿ 31
Ipfhmgbpw XΩn¬ hfsc kayap≠v.
Ipfhmg h∂tXmsSIqSn C∂v an° Ipf
ßfnepw AXmWv ImWp∂Xv IS∏mb
e√. XpS°Øn¬ c≠pw Hcpan®v Htc
IpfØn¬ It≠°msa¶nepw Ipd®pIm
eØn\Iw Ipfhmg am{Xtabp≈q F∂
ÿnXnbmhpw. IqSpX¬ ka¿Yamb {]
Xypev]mZ\ coXnbmWv IpfhmgbpsS hn
PbØn\v ImcWw F∂p ]dbmw.''
IS∏mbepw XmdmhpIfbpw Ipfhm
gbpw XΩnembncp∂p PohnXa’cw. B
ZysØ c≠pw ]cmPbs∏´v \mamhti
jambn. Ipfhmg AXnPoh\w t\Sn. C
Xpw ]cnWmahpw XΩnse¥v _‘w? I
S∏mbepw XmdmhpIfbpw \mamhtij
ambXn\m¬ ]cnWmaØns‚ {]iv \w DZn
°p∂n√ F∂p hy‡amWv. Ipfhmgbm
Is´ AXnPo hn°pIbpw sNbvXp. Cu
a’ c Øn eqsS Ipf hm g bn¬ ]cn Wm a 
Øns‚ em©\sb¶nepw {]Xy£ambn
´pt≠m? C√ F∂p hy‡amWv . \in®h
bntem AXnPohn°s∏´bntem PohnX
a’cw hgn ]cnWma{]hWXIsfm∂pw
Bhn¿`hn°p∂ns√¶n¬ PohnXa’cw
GsX¶nepw hn[Øn¬ ]cnWmasØ
klmbn°psa∂v IcpXm\mhn√. Pohn
Xa’cØnse hnPbamWv {]IrXn\n¿
[mcWw AYhm {]IrXnbpsS Xncs™
Sp∏v. {]IrXn\n¿[mcWw \S∂mepw ]cn
Wmaw H´pwXs∂ kw`hn°pIbns√∂m
Wv IpfhmgbpsS hnPbw sXfnbn°p∂
Xv. {]IrXn\n¿[mcWØneqsS ]cnWm
aw \S°m≥ km[y Xbns√∂mWv CXn
\¿Yw. s{]m^: Ip™pÆn h¿ΩbpsS
Cu hm°pIƒ {i≤n°pI: ""PohnIsf
A h bpsS Pohn X co Xn bp ambn ]q¿hm 
[nIw CW°pIbmWv {]IrXn\n¿[mc
WØns‚ ^ew. as‰mcphn[Øn¬ ]d
™m¬, ]cnXxÿnXnbpambp≈ Hcp Po
hnbpsS A\ph¿Ø\w \n¿[mcWw aq
ew IqSp X¬ `{Z am bn Xocpw. hmkvX h 
Øn¬ {]IrXn\n¿[mcWhpw A\ph¿
Ø\hpw Htc {]Xn`mkØns‚ c≠ph
i߃ am{XamWv.''
(11)
Pohn Iƒ Ah bpsS Pohn X co Xn bp 
ambn IqSpX¬ CWßm≥ {]IrXn\n¿[m
cWw ImcWamIp∂p F∂Xn\¿Yw {]
IrXn\n¿[mcWw \S°pt¥mdpw ]cnW
an°m\p≈ km[yX Ipdbp∂psh∂mWv .
{]IrXn\n¿[mcWw PohnIsf ]cnWan
∏n°m\√, ]cnW an∏n°msX \ne\n¿
Øm\mWv IqSpX¬ km[yXsb∂v CXn
¬\n∂pw sXfnbp∂p. GXmbmepw Um
¿hns‚ k¶¬]߃°v as‰mcphiw Iq
Snbps≠∂v {KŸImc≥ Xs∂ Ipdn®Xv
Cßs\bmWv :
""BI¿jIßfmb lrkzhN\ßfn
eqsS AhXcn∏n°msa∂XmWv Um¿hn
s‚ kn≤m ¥ Øns‚ ta∑bpw AtX k 
abw tZmjhpw. "PohnXkacw' "tbmKy
≥amcpsS AXnPohn\w' XpSßnb hmIy
߃ hfsc tZymXIßfmsW¶nepw A
h tZymXn∏n°p∂Xv kq£vahpw Kl\
hpamb Hcp kn≤m¥sØb√. shdpw D
]cnπhamb Hcp hnNmcsØbmWv. Zu
¿`mKyIcsa∂v ]dbs´ \ΩpsS ]mT]p
kvXIßfn¬t]mepw CØcw hnIScq]
Ønep≈ BibßfmWv Um¿hn\nkw
F∂ t]cn¬ ÿm\w ]nSn®n´p≈Xv.''
(12)
]mT]pkvXI߃ Xbmdm°p∂Xv
AXmXv ImesØ ]cnWma ]finX≥
amcmWv. Ah¿ imkv{Xsa∂ t]cn¬ [
cn®psh®Xpw a‰p≈h¿°v ]I¿∂p\¬
Ip∂Xpw hnISamb BibßfmsW¶n¬
Um¿hn\nkw hnISamsW∂Xns‚ `mKn
Iamb sXfnhv IqSnbt√ AXv? Npcpßn
bXv {]NmcØnep≈ Um¿hn\nksa¶n
epw hnISamb BibamsW∂v CXn¬
\n∂pw sXfnbp∂nt√? Um¿hn≥ kn≤m
¥Øns‚ h‡mhmb Ip™pÆnh¿a°v
]mT]pkv XIßfnse Um¿hn\nkw hnI
Sambn tXm∂p∂psh¶n¬ Um¿hn≥ `
‡nbn√mØh¿°v Um¿hn\nkw hnIS
ambn tXm∂mXncn°ptam?
PohnIƒ°nSbn¬ \ne\n¬]n\mbn a’cap≠v F∂Xv
Nne {]  Ir  Xn \nco  £  I  cpsS A`n  {]m  b  am  Wv . Um¿hn≥
CXv Du∂n  ∏  d  ™v {]IrXn\n¿[m  c  W  hp  ambn Iq´n  bn
 W°n ]cnWmak¶¬]Øns‚ tNcphbm°n AhXcn∏n
®p. F∂m¬ Pohn  Iƒ°n  S  bn¬ apJyambpw \S°p∂Xv
a’cas√∂pw klIcWamsW∂pw B[p\nI {]IrXn
\nco£I¿ Nq≠n°m´p∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 32
{]Nm  c  Øn  ep≈ Um¿ho  \n  b≥
k¶¬]߃ ""kq£v ahpw Kl\hpamb
Hcp kn≤m¥''as√∂pw ""shdpw D]cnπ
h  amb Hcp hnNmcamsW∂pw Um¿hn≥
B  cm[I\mb Ip™pÆn h¿a°v tXm
∂p∂psh¶n¬ Um¿hn≥ `‡c√mØ
h¿°v F¥mbncn°pw tXm∂pI F∂v
Duln°mhp∂tXbp≈q. At\zjWhpw
hniIe\hpw hniZmwißfnte°v \o
ßpIbmsW¶n¬ Um¿hn≥ k¶¬]ß
ƒ D]cnπhamb hnNmc߃ t]mepa
s√∂pw AXnepw XmsgbmWXns‚ \ne
F∂v t_m[yamhpIbpw sNøpw! C°m
cyhpw {KŸImcs‚ hm°pIfn¬\n∂pw
{Kln°m\mhpw. Um¿hns‚ alm Is≠
ØepIƒ F∂ \ne°v {]Ncn∏n°s∏
Sp∂ ]eXpw Aßs\bs√∂XmWv h
kv XpX. Ip™pÆnh¿abpsS Cu hcn
Iƒ t\m°q: ""PohnIfn¬ ImWp∂ ssh
hn[yhpw, XeapdIƒ tXmdpw Ahbn¬
h≥tXmXn¬ h∂ptNcp∂ hn\mihpw
shdpw hkvXpXIƒ am{XamWv. {i≤m
]q¿hw Poh  Pm  e  ßsf \nco  £n  °p∂
G  sXm  cmƒ°pw Ffp∏w t_m[y  am  hp 
∂hbmWnh. Cu hkvXpXIƒ Iq´nbn
a °p tºm ƒ In´p∂ \nK a\ amWv Um¿ 
hn≥ ]mekv kn≤m¥Øns‚ ImXemb
hiw''
(13)
PohnIfn¬ ImWp∂ sshhn[yhpw
hn\mihpw ""shdpw hkvXpXIƒ am{X
amWv'' F∂ Ip™pÆn h¿abpsS {]k
vXmhw Xo¿Øpw icnbmWv. ""GsXmcmƒ
°pw Ffp∏w t_m[yamhp∂hbmWnh''
F∂ A`n{]mbhpw icnbmWv. Chs°m
∂pw Um¿hn  \n  k  hp  a  mbn t\cn  s´mcp
_‘hpan√. Um¿hn\v F{Xtbm apºv
{]IrXnimkv{X⁄¿ {Kln® hkvXpX
IfmWnh. ""Cu hkvXpXIƒ Iq´nbnW
°ptºmƒ In´p∂ \nKa\amWv Um¿hn
≥ ]mekv kn≤m¥''sa∂ hmZw icnbm
tWm F∂v t\m°mw. PohnIfn¬ ImWp
∂ sshhn[yhpw XeapdIƒtXmdpw A
hbn¬ h≥tXmXn¬ h∂ptNcp∂ hn\m
ihpw ""Iq´nbnW°ptºmƒ'' ]cnWmaw
In´p∂sXßs\? Cu hkvXpXIƒ F
ß s\ Iq´n bn W °n bmepw kXy k ‘ 
amb Hcp {]IrXn\nco£I\v ]cnWmaw
F∂ k¶¬]w e`n°ptam F∂v ]cn
tim[n°mw.
Htc amXm]nXm°fpsS k¥XnIƒ
°nSbn¬t]mepw hyXymk߃ ImWmw.
F√m PohnIfnepw CØcw sshhn[y
ßfp≠v. CsX°pdn®p≈ {KŸImcs‚
hcnIƒ t\m°q:
""tImia¿a߃°IØp≈ AXnkq
£vaamb \q¬cq]Ønep≈ t{Imatkm
apIfpw AhbneSßp∂ Po\pIfpamWv
PohnIfpsS kz`mhßsf \nb{¥n°p∂
sX∂v \ap ° dn bmw. ]mc º cy Øns‚
s]mcpfmb t{ImatkmapItfbpw Po\p
Itfbpw s]mXphmbn P\nXI{Zhysa∂v
hnfn°mw. PohnIƒ XΩnep≈ sshhn
[yØns‚ B[mcw Ahbnse P\nXI
{ZhyØnse sshhn[yambncn°Wsa∂
Xv Duln°mhp∂tXbp≈p.''
(14)
P\nXI {ZhyØnse sshhn[yw A
\p k cn ®mWv Poh Pm Xn bnse AwK ß 
ƒ°nSbn¬ sshhn[yap≠m°p∂Xv . Cu
sshhn[yw \ne\n¿Øns°m≠pXs∂
bmWv Hmtcm PohPmXnbpw sshhn[y
tØmsSbpw F∂m¬ PohPmXnbpsS P
\nXI]cn[n ewLn°msXbpw \ne\n
¬°p∂Xv . F∂m¬ ]cnWmaImcWambn
{KŸImc≥ Nq≠n°m´p∂ [mcW {i
≤n°q:
""]cn h¿Ø \ ßƒ Dƒs°m ≈p hm 
\p≈ hmk\ t{ImatkmapIƒ°pw Po
\pIƒ°pw P∑kn≤ambnØs∂bp≠v.
AXßs\b√mbncp∂psh¶n¬ ap∂q‰n
Nn  ezm\w tImSn sIm√  ߃°p  apºv D 
≠mbnØo¿∂ AtX kq£vaPohnIƒ
X  s∂  bm  bn  cn°pw C∂pw temIw apgp 
h ≥ .''
(15)
""ap∂q‰nNnezm\w tImSn sIm√߃
°v apºv D≠mbnØo¿∂ AtX kq£va
PohnIƒ'' ]n¬°meØv ]cnWan®mWv
a‰p PohPmXnIƒ D≠mbsX∂ hmZamWv
{KŸImc≥ kqNn∏n°p∂Xv. F∂m¬
Cu A`yqlsØ°qSmsX Xs∂ {]Ir
Xn\nco£WØneqsS B¿°pw t_m[y
am hp∂ a‰p Nne hkvXp X Ifpw D≠v.
""ap∂q‰nNnezm\w tImSn sIm√߃°v
apºv D≠mbnØo¿∂ AtX kq£vaPo
hnIƒ'' C∂pw \ne\n¬°p∂p F∂ bm
Ym¿YyamWXv. ""ap∂q‰nNnezm\w tImSn
sIm√  ߃°v apºv D≠m  bn  Øo¿∂
AtX kq£v a  Po  hn  Iƒ'' GItImi Po
hnIfmbpw ASnÿm\]camb am‰ßfn
√msXbpw C∂pw \ne\n¬°p∂p. ]cn
WmahmZnIfpw krjvSnhmZnIfpw AwKo
Icn°p∂ {]IrXnimkv{XhkvXpXbm
WnXv. kq£vaPohnIfn¬\n∂pw ]cnW
an®mWv a‰p PohPmXnIƒ D≠mbXv F
PohnIƒ AhbpsS PohnXcoXnbpambn IqSpX¬ CWßm
 ≥ {]IrXn\n¿[mcWw ImcWamIp∂p F∂Xn\¿Yw {]Ir
 Xn\n¿[mcWw \S°pt¥mdpw ]cnWan°m\p≈ km[yX Ip
  dbp∂psh∂mWv. {]IrXn\n¿[mcWw PohnIsf ]cnWan
  ∏n°m\√, ]cnWan∏n°msX \ne\n¿Øm\mWv IqSpX¬
km[yXsb∂v CXn¬\n∂pw sXfnbp∂p.
2012 Unkw_¿ 33
∂Xv A`yqlw am{XamsW¶n¬ kq£v a
PohnIƒ C∂pw \ne\n¬°p∂p F∂Xv
hkvXpXbmWv.
{KŸImcs‚ Cu hnhcWw t\m°q:
""Adnhp≈nStØmfw G‰hpw ]g°ap≈
PohnIƒ t{]mImcntbm´pIfmWv . 350 tIm
Sn sIm√w apºv D¤hn® ChbpsS B[p
\nI {]Xn\n[nIfmWv _mIv ‰ocnbßfpw,
kbmt\m _mIv‰ocnbßfpw. kbmt\m
_mIv ‰ocnb߃°v \oe˛]® B¬K F
∂pw t]cp≠v. _mIv‰ocnbßfpsS B[n
]XyImesØ `qan Fßs\bmbncp∂p
F∂v kqNn∏n°p∂ Nne ÿe߃ C
t∏mgpw D≠v. Atacn°bn¬ htbmanwKv
tÉn¬ hS °p ] Sn ™m dmbn sbt√m 
tÃm¨ \mjW¬ ]m¿°v Fs∂mcp \n
k¿K cayamb Im´p{]tZiap≠v. icmi
cn 2500 ao‰¿ Db cØn¬ HºXv e£w
slIvS¿ hnkvXo¿Waps≈mcp ]cnc£n
°s∏Sp∂ h\amWnXv. A[nIhpw ]c
∂ A·n]¿hX taSpIfmWv. A·n]¿
hX kv^SnIw sIm≠p≠mbn´p≈ Hcp
IdpØ ae, apgph≥ t^mknepabamb
Hcp ImSv F∂nhbpw ChnSsØ A¤p
X  °mgvNIfn¬ s]Spw''
(16)
{KŸImc≥ XpS¿s∂gpXnb Cu hcn
Iƒ IqSpX¬ {i≤m¿lamWv: ""ChnsS
ImWp∂ _mIvSocnb߃ {]Imi kw
t«jWw sNøp∂ kzt]mjnWnIfmWv .
]t£, Ch {]Imi kwt«jWØn\v
Bhiyamb ssl{UP\pth≠n D]tbm
Kn°p∂Xv ssl{UP≥ kƒss^Uv (H
2
S)
BWv , sh≈a√. AXpsIm≠v ChbpsS
Dt]mev ]∂w K‘IamWv (kƒ^¿). Hm
Iv knP\√. K‘I _mIv ‰ocnbßsf∂m
Wv Chbv°v sImSpØn´p≈ t]cv. sb
t√m tÃm¨ \mjW¬ ]m¿°n¬ Im
Wp∂ cwKw 200 tImSn sIm√w apºsØ
`qanbn¬ IqSpX¬ km[mcWambncp∂n
cn°Ww''
(17)
""Ccp∂qdv tImSn sIm√w ap
º sØ `qan'' bnse _mIvSo cnb kaq l 
Øns‚ ÿnXn C∂pw AtX]Sn XpScp
∂p F∂mWt√m CXn\¿Yw!
BZyImeØp≠mbn F∂p IcpXs∏
Sp∂ GItImiPohnbmb kbt\m_m
IvSocnb DZmlcWw. Chsb t^mknem
bn In´nbn´p≠v. ap∂q‰ºXv tImSn h¿j
߃ ]g°ap≠v . t^mknepIƒ°v ! C{X
tb sd h¿j ßƒ°v tijhpw Cu _m
IvSo cn b Iƒ C∂p≈ _mIvSo cn b I sf 
t∏msebmWv !!
"]cn  h¿Ø  \  ߃ Dƒs°m  ≈p  hm 
\p≈ hmk\ t{Ima  tkm  ap  Iƒ°pw
Po\pIƒ°pw P∑kn≤ambnØs∂bp
≠m'bncp∂psh¶n¬ GItImi Aao_
Ifn¬\n∂pw Ccp]Xv e£tØmfw Poh
PmXnIƒ D≠mbn´pw BZyIme GI
tImi Aao_Iƒ C∂pw AtX]Sn Ah
tijn°pambncpt∂m? Aao_ am{Xa√
BZyImetØsX∂v ]cnWmahmZnIƒ ]
dbp∂ AkwJyw PohPmXnIƒ bmsXm
cp am‰hpan√msX C∂pw Ahtijn°p
ambncpt∂m? CXn¬\n∂pw ]cnWmahm
ZnIƒ ]dbp∂ "]cnh¿Ø\߃' sI´p
IYbmsW∂v sXfnbp∂nt√?
"]cn  h¿Ø  \  ߃ Dƒs°m  ≈p  hm 
\p≈ hmk\ t{ImatkmapIƒ°pw Po
\pIƒ°pw P∑kn≤ambnØs∂bp's≠
∂Xn\m¬ Hcp kv]ojokn\v F¥v kw`
hn °p sa∂v {KŸ Im c≥ Xs∂ hnh cn 
°p∂Xv {i≤n°pI: ""Hcp kv ]ojoknse
Nne kaql߃ AtX kv]ojoknse
a‰p kaqlßfn¬\n∂v th¿XncnbpIbpw
{]Xyp¬]mZ\ hnt—Z\am¿Pn°pIbpw
sNøptºmgmWt√m kv]ojokpIƒ th
¿Xncnbp∂Xv. ]pXnb kv]ojokpw aqe
kv ]ojokpw XΩn¬ {]Xypev]mZ\ hn
t—Z\ap≈sXmgn®m¬ _m°n ]e e£
Wßfnepw kmZriyap≠mbncn°pw. Cu
kmZriysØ am\n®v Ahsb Htc P\p
n¬ Xs∂ s]SpØp∂p. t{Umtkm^n
ebnse 600 kv]ojokpIƒ t]mse˛A
s√¶n¬, ISph, knwlw, ]p≈n∏pen, F
∂nhsbt∏mse˛]m≥Xoc F∂ P\pn
se aq∂v kv]ojokpIfmWnh. kv ]ojo
kpIƒ kzX{¥]cnWmaw XpS¿∂psIm
≠ncn°pIbpw AXn\nSbn¬ Ah ]p
Xnb kv]ojokpIƒ°v P∑w \¬IpI
bpw sNbvXpsIm≠ncn°pw''
(18)
Cßs\sbm∂pw kw`hn®n´ns√∂v
{]Jym]n®psIm≠mWv tImSm\ptImSn
GItImiPohnIƒ `qapJØv C∂pw A
[nhkn°p∂Xv. GItImiPohnIƒ°v
C∂pw Cc´tImi PohnIƒ Bbn ]cn
Wan°m≥ t]mepw km[n®n´n√ F∂m
Wv {]IrXn \nco£W߃ t_m[ys∏
SpØp∂Xv. Cu A\ntj[y imkv{Xh
kvXpXsb \ntj[n°pw hn[w Aao_
]penbmbpw ]p≈n∏penbmbpw amdn F
∂v k¶¬]n®m¬ AΩqΩ°Ybmhpw F
∂√msX Ahsbms° imkv{Xamhp∂
sXßs\?
AΩqΩ°Ysb imkv{Xam°n am‰m
≥ {KŸImc≥ \ncØp∂ HgnIgnhnXm:
""F√m h¿Wßfpw ]pXnb kv]ojokp
Ifmbn XocpIbns√∂Xpt]mse F√m
]pXnb kv]ojokpIfpw ]pXnb P\p
pIfmbpw, F√m P\ppIfpw ]pXnb
IpSpw_ßfmbpw a‰pw ]cnWan®psIm
≈Wsa∂ns√∂p am{Xw ]dtb≠Xp≠v .
hfsc sNdnsbmcp iXam\Øn\pam{Xta
BZyImeØp≠mbn F∂p IcpXs∏Sp∂ GItImiPohn
bmb kbt\m_mIvSocnbsb t^mknembn In´nbn´p≠v.
ap∂q‰ºXv tImSn h¿j߃ ]g°ap≠v. t^mknepIƒ°v!
C{Xtbsd h¿j߃°v tijhpw Cu _mIvSocnbIƒ C
∂p≈ _mIvSocnbIsft∏msebmWv!!
2012 Unkw_¿ 34
ta¬ hn`mKØn¬ tN¿°m≥ X°hÆ
ap≈ aqe`qX ]cnh¿Ø\߃ h∂p
tNcpIbp≈q.''
(19)
AXmbXv GItImi Pohnbmb Aao
_Ifn¬ ""hfsc sNdnsbmcp iXam\
Øn  \p am{Xta'' ""aqe`qX ]cnh¿Ø\
߃ h∂ptNcpIbp≈q'' F∂¿Yw. {K
ŸImc≥ apsºgpXnbt]mse ""]cnh¿
Ø\߃ Dƒs°m≈phm\p≈ hmk\
t{ImatkmapIƒ°pw Po\pIƒ°pw P∑
kn≤ambnØs∂bp''s≠¶n¬ Aao_
Isf√mw ]cnWan°pambncp∂nt√? Npcp
ßnbXv Ahsb√mw Cc´tIminIfnse
¶nepambn amdpambncp∂nt√? ChnsS c
≠nsemcp hmZta Htckabw icnbmhq!
""]cnh¿Ø\߃ Dƒs°m≈phm\p
≈ hmk\ t{ImatkmapIƒ°pw Pohn
Iƒ°pw P∑kn≤ambnØs∂bpbps≠
¶n¬ ap∂q‰ºXv tImSn h¿j߃°nS
bn¬ F√m Aao_Ifpw ]cnWan®v a‰v
PohPmXnIfmbn amdpambncp∂nt√? A
ßs\ kw`hn®n´n√ F∂Xv AhnX¿°n
Xamb hkvXpXbt√? {KŸImcs‚ X
s∂ hmZ{]Imcw ""hfsc sNdnsbmcp iX
am\Øn\p am{Xta'' ]cnh¿Ø\߃ h
∂ptNcpIbp≈q. CXmWv bmYm¿Yysa
¶n¬ ""]cnh¿Ø\߃ Dƒs°m≈phm
\p≈ hmk\'' t{ImatkmapIƒ°pw Po
hnIƒ°pw P∑kn≤ambn Xs∂bps≠
∂v Fßs\ ]dbm\mhpw? ""hfsc sNdn
sbmcp iXam\Øn\p am{Xta'' AXp≈q
F∂t√ A¿Yw? F¶n¬ sNdnsbmcp iX
am\Øn\pam{Xw ""]cnh¿Ø\߃ Dƒ
s°m≈phm\p≈ hmk\''bp≠mbsX¥p
sIm≠msW∂v ]cnWmahmZnIƒ hni
ZoIcn°ptam? bYm¿YØn¬, CsX√mw
]cnWmaw F∂ AΩqΩ°Ysb \ymbo
Icn°m\p≈ kq{XhnZyIft√? GItIm
i Pohnbmb Aao_bn¬ ap∂q‰ºXv tIm
Sn h¿jßfmbn sshhn[yßfp≠mbn´pw
Aao_Iƒ C∂pw Aao_Ifmbn \ne
\n¬°p∂Xv sshhn[y߃ ]cnWmaIm
cWamsW∂ ]cnWmahmZØns‚ ASn
Ød XI¿°p∂ {]IrXnimkv {X hkv Xp
XbmWv . sshhn[yhpw hn\mihpw Fß
s\ ""Iq´nbnW°n''bmepw ]cnWmaw D≠m
Ins√∂mWv CXn¬\n∂pw sXfnbp∂Xv .
]cnWmaØn\v Hcp\ne°pw ImcW
amImØ sshhn[yßfpw ]p\cp¬]mZ
\hpw hwih¿[\hpw AS°ap≈ {]Ir
Xn bmYm¿Yyßsfbpw {]{InbIsfbpw
B[mcam°n PohPmXnIƒ ]cnWan°n
√ F∂ imkv{Xob \nKa\ØnemWv {]
IrXnimkv {X⁄¿ FØnbXv . Um¿hn\v
apºpw Um¿hns‚ ImeØpw bmYm¿Yy
t_m[hpw kXyk‘Xbpw D≈h¿ A
Ø c samcp \nK a \ Øn em sW Øn b Xv.
""GsXmcmƒ°pw Ffp∏w t_m[yamhp
∂'' Cu hkvXpXIƒ {]Imcw PohPm
XnIƒ ]cnWan°m\√, ]cnWan°mXn
cn°m\mWv IqSpX¬ km[yX. F∂m¬
Um¿hns\ kw_‘n®nStØmfw Cu h
kv XpXIƒ am{Xw aXnbmbncp∂n√. Poh
PmXnIƒ ]cnWan°pw F∂v hcpØn
Øo¿Øv krjvSnhmZsØ \ncmIcn°m
\p≈ \ymboIcWw sI´n®at°≠ A
Xymhiyap≠mbncp∂p. ""GsXmcmƒ°pw
Ffp∏w t_m[yamhp∂'' Cu hkvXpX
Isf ]cnWmasa∂ hymPhmZhpambn Iq
´n°pg®v imkv {Xob ]cnthjw D≠m°n
sbSp°m≥ Um¿hn≥ \n¿_‘nX\mbn
cp∂p. ]cnWma kmlnXyImcs‚ hm°p
IfnXm: ""kv]ojokpIsf√mw {]tXyIw
{]tXyIw krjv Sn°s∏´hbs√∂pw Hcp
kv ]ojo kn¬ cq]m ¥cw h∂n ´mWv ]p 
Xnb kv]ojokv D≠mhp∂sX∂pamW
t√m ]cnWmahmZØns‚ ImXemb k
¶¬]w.
Cu cq]m¥cw Fßs\ kw`hn°p
∂psh∂XmWv "kv]ojokpIfpsS D¬
`h'hØnse Hcp {][m\ {]Xn]mZyw)
(20)
as‰m cn SØv Cß t\bpw: ""kv]ojo 
kpIfpsS D¬`h'ØneqsS Um¿hn≥ c
≠p ImcyßfmWv km[n®Xv. H∂v, kv
]ojokpItfmtcm∂pw {]tXyIw krjv Sn
°s∏´hbs√∂pw Ahsb√mw tIhew
ss\k¿§nIambn ]cnWan®p≠mbhbm
sW ∂pw sXfnbn°pI. c≠v, Cu ss\
k¿§nI{]{Inb \S°p∂ hn[w kv ]jv S
am°pI.''
(21)
]cnWmakn≤m¥w sa\™p≠m°m
\p≈ ImcWw Ct∏mƒ hy‡ambnt√?
kv]ojokpItfmtcm∂pw {]tXyIw kr
jv Sn°s∏´Xs√∂v H∂maXmbpw ka¿Yn
t°≠Xp≠v . CXn\v kv ]ojokpIƒ ]cn
Wan®p≠mbXmsW∂v hmZn°Ww. A
Xn\v klmbn°p∂ kn≤m¥w sI´n®
a°Ww! (Um¿hn≥ C°mcyw Iptd°qSn
kv]jvSambn FgpXnbn´p≠v. AsX∏‰n
as‰mcp IrXnbn¬ hniZoIcn®Xv t\m°p
I.)
(22)
kv]ojokpItfmtcm∂pw {]tXyIw
krjvSn°s∏´hbs√∂v hcpØnØo¿
°m≥ H∂maXmbpw {ian°pIbmWv Um
¿hn≥ sNbvXXv. {]IrXn \nco£WØn
eqsS e`yamb hkv XpXIƒ Cu Dt±iyw
]q  ¿Øo  I  cn  °m≥ klm  b  I  a  s√  ∂p
t_m[yambt∏mƒ hkv XpXIsf hfs®m
Sn°m\mbn Um¿hns‚ {iaw. F{X A[zm
\n®n´pw thKX Ipd™ sN∂mbIsf
thKX IqSnb sN∂mbIfmbn "]cnW
an'∏n°mt\ At±lØn\v km[n®p≈p.
HSphn¬ \nhrØnbn√mXmbt∏mƒ th
KX Ipd™ sN∂mbIƒ thKX IqSnb
sN∂mbIfmbXpt]mse Aao_ a\p
jy\mbn ]cnWan®p F∂t±lw X´nhn
Sm≥ \n¿_‘nX\mbn!
Ipdn∏pIƒ:
1. Ip™p Æn h¿a, ]cn Wmaw Fßs\?
(tIcf imkv{X kmlnXy ]cnjØv, Unkw
_¿ 2009) t]Pv 14
2. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 15
3. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 81
4. ta¬ IrXn t]PpIƒ 178 ˛179
5. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 86
6. ta¬ IrXn t]PpIƒ 86 ˛87
7. ta¬ IrXn t]PpIƒ 15 ˛16
8. ta¬ IrXn t]PpIƒ 16 ˛17
9. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 17 (Du∂¬ teJIt‚Xv )
10. Ip™p Æn h¿a, ]cn Wmaw F∂m¬
(tI  cf imkv{X kmlnXy ]cn j Øv, sk ]v 
Xw_¿ 2009) t]Pv 15
11. ]cn Wmaw Fß s\?, t]Pv 18
12. ta¬Ir Xn, t]Pv 14
13. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 17
14. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 102
15. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 102
16. ]cn Wmaw F∂ m¬, t]Pv 116
17. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 116
18. ]cnWmaw Fßs\?, t]PpIƒ 208˛209
19. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 209
20. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 14
21. ta¬ IrXn t]Pv 13
22. ]cnWmakn≤m¥w: ]pXnb {]Xnk‘n
  Iƒ ({]Xo£m _p°v kv , 2010), t]PpIƒ 27˛28.
ASpØ e°Øn¬: Ia‚pIƒ°v adp]Sn
(ASpØ e°Øn¬ Ahkm\n°pw)
tImSm\ptImSn GItImiPohnIƒ°v C∂pw Cc´tImi
PohnIƒ Bbn ]cnWan°m≥ t]mepw km[n®n´n√ F∂m
Wv {]IrXn \nco£W߃ t_m[ys∏SpØp∂Xv.
2012 Unkw_¿ 35
imkv{Xw Is≠ØmØ
imkv{X kqN\Iƒ Izp¿B\n¬\n∂v
ho£Ww: 2
kz]v \w Hcp imkv {Xob hniIe\w
a\pjyicocØnse ]t©{µnbß
fmWv IÆv , aq°v , \m°v , sNhn, Xz°v F
∂nh. Chsb√mw icocamIp∂ Iºyq
´ dns‚ C≥]pSvkv AYhm hnhc߃
\¬Ip∂Xn\p≈ am¿KßfmWv. aukv,
Io t_m¿Uv, kn.Un ss{Uhv apX em b 
hbneqsSbmWt√m Iºyq´dns‚ _p≤n
tI{µamb kn.]n.bphnte°v hnhc߃
\¬IpI. \mw ImWp∂ hkvXp°fpsS
{] Xn_nw_w IÆns‚ sd‰n\bn¬ ] 
Xn®v Xet®mdns‚ skdn{_Øns‚ ]n
∂n  ep≈ ss{]adn hnjz¬ tIm ¿ s´ Iv 
kn¬ FØptºmgmWv ImgvNbp≠mIp
∂Xv. I≠pIgn™m¬ AXns‚ tIm∏n
Hm¿abmbn sk°‚dn hnjz¬ tIm¿s´
Ivkn¬ kq£n°p∂p.
CXpt]mse \mw tIƒ°p∂ i_vZ
XcwK߃ Snºm\Øn¬ X´n HmknIv ƒ,
tIm¢nb F∂o Ahbh  ß  fneqsS k
©cn®v sshZypXkv]µ\ßfmbn Xe
t®mdnse GItZiw a[yØnep≈ ss{]
adn HmUn‰dn tIm¿s´IvknseØptºm
gmWv \mw tIƒ°p∂Xv. tI´pIgn™v
Hm¿abmIptºmƒ sk°‚dn HmUn‰dn
tIm¿s´Iv kn¬ kq£n°p∂p. CXpt]m
se \mhv, aq°v, sXmen F∂nhbneqsS
hcp∂ hnhc߃°pw kw`hn°p∂p.
At∏mgmWv cpNn, aWw, kv]¿i\w F
∂nh A\p`hn°p∂Xv . At∏mƒ 5 ss{]
adn tIm¿s´Iv kpIfpw 5 sk°‚dn tIm
tUm. ]n.sI. A_vZpdkm°v kp√an

2012 Unkw_¿ 36
¿s´Iv kpIfpw Xet®mdnep≠v F∂¿Yw.
kz]v\w Fßs\ kw`hn°p∂p?
\mw Dd  ßp   tºmƒ sk°‚dn
tIm¿s´  Iv kp  I  fn¬ \n∂v AhnsS
kq£n® Hm¿a  I  fn¬\n∂v NneXv
sshZypXkv ]µ  \  ß  fmbn sk°‚dn
tIm¿s´  Iv kp  I  fn¬\n∂v ss{]adn
tIm¿s´  Iv kp  I  fn  te°v AXm  Xns‚
s\¿hpIfneqsS \oßp∂p. DZmlcW
ambn t\csØ \SØnb Hcp bm{Xbn¬
I≠ Imgv N  Iƒ sk°‚dn hnjz¬
tIm¿s´Ivkn¬ \n∂v ss{]adn tIm¿s´
Ivknte°v sshZypX ktµißfmbn
Hm]v SnIv s\¿hneqsS FØptºmƒ Zriy
߃ I≠psIm≠ncn°p∂ AtX A\p
`hw Ddßp∂ Bƒ°v D≠mIp∂p. CXp
t]mse tIƒhn, aWw, cpNn, kv]¿i\w
F∂nhbpsS sk°‚dn tIm¿s´IvkpI
fn¬\n∂v ss{]adn tIm¿s´Ivknte°v
\mUnIfneqsS ktµi߃ hcptºmƒ
Pohn X Øn¬ D≠mb AtX A\p ` h
߃ Dd  ßp∂ Bƒ°v D≠m  Ip  ∂p.
CXmWv kz]v\sØ°pdn®v HWnbtdm
fPn FØn\n¬°p∂ \nKa\w.
]s£ apºv bmsXmcp A\p`hhpw
C√mØ Imcy߃ kz]v \Øn¬ ImWp
tºmƒ AXn\v FhnSp∂mWv sshZypX
ktµiw hcp∂Xv ? am{Xa√, hcm\ncn°p
∂ kw`hßfpsS apt∂mSnbmbn kz]v \
߃ ImWp∂p F∂v ap≥ hnhcWØn
¬ \n∂v sXfn bn ° s∏´ \ne°v sk ° 
‚dn tIm¿s´Ivkn¬\n∂p≈ Hm¿abpsS
dnt´¨ satkPpIƒ am{Xa√, `mhnsb
°pdn®v hy‡ambn Adnhpw \nb{¥W
hp ap≈ Hcp i‡n bn¬\n ∂p≈ ktµ 
ißfpw Nne kz]v\ßfn¬ D≠mIp∂p
≠v F∂v imkv{XtemIw AwKoIcnt°
≠nhcpw. At∏mƒ A√mlphns‚ JZv¿
(πm≥) JfmAv (πm≥ \S∏nem°¬) F
∂o bmYm¿Yyßsf AwKoIcn°m≥ H
WnbtdmfPnbnse KthjW߃ hgn
B[p\nItemIw \n¿_‘nXamIpw. ]
s£ Al¶mcan√mØ kXymt\zjnI
ƒ°v am{Xta CØcw ZrjvSm¥ßfpw ]
T\ KthjWßfpw hgn t\¿am¿KØn
te°v FØm≥ km[n°pIbp≈q. Izp¿
B≥ ]d™Xv F{X kXyw! ""]ca h©
Icpw \µnsI´hcpa√mØ (Bcpw) \Ωp
sS ZrjvSm¥ßsf \ntj[n°pIbn√.''
(Izp¿B≥ 31:32)
B Im i `q an Iƒ°n S bnse Zqcw
\_n ]d™Xmbn C_v\p A∫m
kv dnt∏m¿´v sNøp∂p: \n߃°dnbp
tam \nßfpsSbpw AXns‚bpw (AYhm
`qanbpsSbpw BImiØns‚bpw) CSbn
ep≈ Zqcw. A\pNc∑m¿ ]d™p: A√m
lphn\pw Ahs‚ ZqX\pw Adnbmw. \_n
 ]d™p: 500 h¿jsØ hgnZqcap≠v
Ah XΩn¬. Hmtcm BImi߃°nSbn
epw AtX Zqcap≠v. (AlvaZv, Xp¿apZn).
Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p: ""Ah≥ BIm
iØp\n∂v `qanbnte°v Imcy߃ \nb
{¥n  ®  b  °p  ∂p. ]n∂oSv Hcp Znhkw
Imcyw Ah¶te°pb¿∂v t]mIp∂p.
\n߃ IW  °m  °p  ∂  X  c  Øn  ep≈
Bbncw h¿jamIp∂p B ZnhkØns‚
Afhv.'' (Izp¿B≥ 32:5)
apIfn¬ ]d™ 500 `qanbnte°pw
500 Ah¶te°v Db¿∂v t]mIm\pw˛A
XmWv Izp¿B≥ BbØn¬ ]d™ B
bncw h¿jw˛{]kn≤ Izp¿B≥ hymJym
Xm°fmb apPmlnZv, JXmZ XpSßnbh
¿, ae°pIƒ `qanbnte°pw Xncn®pw k
©cn°p∂ ZqcamWv 500X2=1000 F∂mWv
hymJym\n®Xv . (X^v ko¿ C_v \p Iko¿
3/391 kqdØpPZ 5s‚ hymJym\w t\m
°pI)
F¥mWv 500? 500 {]Imih¿jßf
√. ImcWw Ct∏mƒXs∂ AXns‚ F
{Xtbm Zqcw hsc KymeIvknIƒ Is≠
Øn. F¶n¬ 500 ]m¿sk°v (Parsec)B
tWm? Bhm≥ km[yXbp≠v. ImcWw
Hcp ]m¿sk°v 3.26 {]Imih¿jamWv.
AXn\m¬ Ct∏mƒ Is≠Ønb G‰hpw
ZqcØp≈ KymeIvkn 404 tImSn ]m¿
sk°v AIsebmWv. Ah AXn`b¶c
amb thKXbn¬ AIepIbmWv. F∂n
´pw H∂mw BImiØnt∑¬ ap´nbn´n√.
am{Xa√, C\nbpw Zqsc KymeIvknIƒ
Is≠Øm\p≈ km[yXbpap≠v. 1630
tImSn {]Imih¿jw AYhm 500 tImSn
]m¿sk°v AIse I´nbp≈ Hcp {]m]
©nI hkvXp k¿h KymeIvknIsfbpw
s]mXn™v \n¬°p∂p F∂v Is≠Øp
tam? kq£vaamb hnhcw A√mlphn∂
dnbmw. Is≠Ønbm¬ Cu lZoYns‚
bpw Izp¿B≥ kq‡Øns‚bpw hymJym
\w imkv{Xobambn hnhcn°m≥ km[n
°pw. C≥imA√m.
Npcp°Øn¬, CXphsc tKmfimkv
{X cwKØv ]cnNban√mØ, \£{Xm\
¥c ZqcØnse Hcp bqWn‰v (Interstellar
distance Unit) D≠v F∂v Cu hnhcW
Øn¬\n∂v a\nem°mw.
kucbqY tI{µamb kqcy≥ 14 e£w Intemao‰¿ hymkhpw
13
1/2
e£w `qan  Isf Dƒs°m  ≈m  \p≈ hym]v Xhpw a[y
 Øn¬ H∂  c  t°mSn Un{Kn sk‚n  s{Kbv Uv NqSp  ap≈ Hcp
h≥ B‰  anIv \ne  b  am  Wv . `qan  tbmSv G‰hpw ASp  Øp≈
km[m  cW \£  {X  am  Wv kqcy≥. kqcy≥ Ign  ™m¬ G 
‰hpw ASpØ \£{XamWv t{]mIvkn am sk t‚m dn. Zqcw 4.24
{]Imih¿jw.
2012 Unkw_¿ 37
≥. kqcy≥ Ign™m¬ G‰hpw ASpØ
\£{XamWv t{]mIv knamskt‚mdn. Zqcw
4.24 {]Imih¿jw.
sk°‚n¬ 3 e£w Intemao‰¿ th
K X bp≈ {]Imiw Hcp h¿jw XpS¿® 
bmbn k© cn ®m¬ FØp∂ Zqc amWv
Hcp {]Imih¿jw (Light Year) AYhm
9.46 e£w tImSn Intemao‰dn\mWv Hcp
{]Imih¿jw F∂v ]dbp∂Xv. t{]mIv
knam skt‚mdn Ign™m¬ G‰hpw A
SpØp≈ \£{XamWv 4.3 {]Imih¿jw
Zqc Øp≈ B¬^m sk t‚m dn. ]n∂oSv
_¿WmUvÃm¿ (5.9 LY) hpƒ^v (7.78 LY),
eme≥U (8.29 LY) IqSmsX Izp¿B\n¬
53:49¬ t]scSpØp]d™ GI\£{Xw
Sirius-A (8.58 LY). \mw kndnbkns\ cm
{Xn ImWmdp≠v. Orion AYhm th´°m
c≥ F∂v t]cp≈ \£{XkaqlØn¬
Orion belt F∂ t]cnep≈ 3 \£{Xß
ƒ Xmtgm´v \o´nbm¬ FØp∂Xv kndn
bknembncn°pw. AXv ImWptºmƒ \mw
a\nem°pI 2003¬ kndnbkn¬ \n∂v
]pds∏´ {]ImiamWv 1912¬ \mw ImWp
∂Xv F∂v.
CXpt]mse 1400 {]Imih¿j߃
°v A∏pdØp≈ Hcp BImitKmfØn
¬ Ct∏mƒ FØn \mw i‡ntbdnb Hcp
sS  ekv tIm∏p  ]  tbm  Kn®v `qan  bn  te°v
t\m°p∂psh∂v k¶¬]n°pI. F¶n¬
F ¥m bn cn°pw ImWp I. 1400 h¿j ß 
ƒ°v apºv Pohn® aplΩZv \_nbpw
kzlm_m°sfbpambncn°pw! £ochoYn
(Milky way) F∂, ]Xn\mbncw tImSntbm
fw \£{Xßfpw {Klßfpw tN¿∂ \
ΩpsS KmeIvknbn¬s]´XmWv kucbq
Yw. G‰hpw ASpØp≈ kqcy≥ Ign
™m¬ ]ns∂ G‰hpw ASpØp≈ \£
{XsØ, an\p‰pItfm, aWn°qdpItfm,
Znhkßtfm, amkßtfm {]Imiw k©
cn°p∂ ZqcsØm∂pw krjv Sn°msX \m
teIm¬ h¿jw {]Imiw k©cn°p∂
ZqcØv A√mlp krjv Sn®Xv F¥n\mWv ?
ASpØv Hcp \£{Xap≠mbm¬ A
Xns‚ {]Imiw `qanbn¬ X´n `qanbnse
cmhv ]Iembn amdpw. AYhm cm∏Iep
Iƒ amdnamdnhcp∂ {]{Inb C√mXmIpw.
CXmWv Izp¿B\n¬ ]d™Xv.
""Xo¿®bmbpw BImißfpsSbpw `q
anbpsSbpw krjvSn∏nepw cm∏IepIƒ
amdnamdn hcp∂Xnepw k¬_p≤nbp≈
h¿°v ]e ZrjvSm¥ßfpap≠v.'' (Izp¿
B≥ 3:190)
an¬°oth KymeIvknbpsS hymkw
Hcpe£w {]Imih¿jamWv. AXpIgn
™m¬ G‰hpw ASpØp≈ KymeIvkn
20 e£w {]Imih¿jw ZqcØp≈ B
≥ t{Um aoU (Andromaeda)bmWv. C ß 
s\ 1300 Hmfw KymeIvknIƒ tN¿∂ \
ΩpsS tem°¬ KymeIvkn {Kq∏mWv hn
¿tKm ¢Ã¿. AXpIgn™m¬ ]ns∂ G
‰hpw ASpØp≈ ¢Ã¿ 35 tImSn Intem
ao‰¿ ZqcØp≈ tImam¢ÃdmWv. Cß
s\ At\Imbncw ¢ÃdpIƒXs∂bp≠v .
Ct∂hsc Adnbs∏´ G‰hpw AIse
bp≈ KymeIvkn kaql Ønte°p≈
Zqcw 1320 tImSn {]Imih¿jamWv. \
ΩpsS shdpw IÆpsIm≠v ImWp∂ \
£ {X ß fpsS FÆw 5773 BWv. Keo 
entbm I≠p]nSn® Hm]vSn°¬ sSekv
tIm∏pIƒ IqSpX¬ hnIkn∏n®v \nco
Ggv BIm i ßƒ/{]] © Øns‚ A 
\¥ hnimeX
\mw Pohn°p∂ `qan 12756 Intemao
‰¿ hymkhpw 40075 Intemao‰¿ Np‰f
hpw 51 tImSn NXpc{i Intemao‰¿ hnkv
Xo¿Whpap≈ Hcp BImitKmfamWv.
kucbqYØnse aq∂masØ tKmfamWv
`qan. _p[≥ (Mercury) ip{I≥ (Venus),
sNm∆ (Mars), hymgw (Jupiter), i\n (Sat-
urn), bpdm\kv , s\]v Syq¨ F∂nhbmWv
kucbqYØnse a‰v {K߃. CXphsc
Adnbs∏´nStØmfw kqcy\pw `qanbpsS
D]{Klamb N{µ≥ Dƒs∏sS 174 D]{K
lßfpw sNm∆bpsSbpw hymgØns‚bpw
CS bn¬ kqcys\ Np‰p∂ Bcn c ° W 
°n\v On∂{Klßfpw (Asteroids) CSbv
°nsS IrXyamb Imebfhn¬ IS∂ph
cp∂ hm¬\£{Xßfpw (Comets) shSn
bp≠t]mse hcp∂ Xobp≠Iƒ (Me-
teors) XpS ßn b h sb√mw tN¿∂ XmWv
kucbqYw (Solar System)
Hmtcm sk°‚nepw 3 e£w Intem
ao‰¿ thKXbn¬ k©cn°p∂ {]Imiw
15 tImSn In. ao‰¿ Zqsc bp≈ kqcy \n 
¬ \n∂v `qan bn se Øm≥ F´v an\p‰v 20
sk °‚pw G‰hpw Zqsc bp≈ s\]vSyq 
Wntes°Øm≥ GItZiw 4
1/2
aWn°q
dpw FSp°pw.
kuc bqY tI{µ amb kqcy≥ 14 e 
£w Intemao‰¿ hymkhpw 13
1/2
e£w
`qanIsf Dƒs°m≈m\p≈ hym]vXhpw
a [y Øn¬ H∂ c t°mSn Un{Kn sk‚n 
s{K bvUv NqSp ap≈ Hcp h≥ B‰ anIv
\nebamWv. `qantbmSv G‰hpw ASpØp
≈ Hcp km[m cW \£ {X amWv kq cy 
\mw kndnbkns\ cm{Xn Im
  Wm  dp  ≠v . Orion AYhm th
  ´°mc≥ F∂v t]cp≈ \£
  {X  k  aq  l  Øn¬ Orion belt
F∂ t]cnep≈ 3 \£{X
 ßƒ Xmtgm´v \o´nbm¬F
Øp∂Xv kndnbknembncn
°pw. AXv ImWptºmƒ \mw
a\nem°pI 2003¬ kndn
bkn¬ \n∂v ]pds∏´ {]Im
iamWv 1912¬ \mw ImWp∂
Xv F∂v.
2012 Unkw_¿ 38
Adn bs∏Sp∂ Ggv BIm ißfn¬ H∂v
am{XamWv H∂mw BImiw. AXn\v Xmsg
e£°W°n\v ¢ÃdpIfn¬ H∂v am{X
amWv hn¿tKm ¢Ã¿˛AXnse 1300 Hmfw
KymeIvknIfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv an¬°o
th. AXnse ]Xn\mbncw tImSntbmfw
\£ {X ß fn¬ H∂v am{X amWv kqcy≥.
kucbqYØnse 8 {Klßfn¬ H∂v am{X
amWv `qan.
bm≥ Ignbq. G‰hpw AIsebp≈ 1320
tImSn {]Imih¿jw ZqcØp≈ Kyme
Ivknt]mepw H∂mw hm\Øns‚ Xmsg
bmWv F∂v Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p.
""G‰hpw ASpØ BImisØ \mw
hnf°pIƒsIm≠v Ae¶cn®ncn°p∂p.''
(Izp¿B≥ 67:5)
AXn\m¬ G‰hpw ASpØp≈ H∂m
as Ø BImiw k¿h \£ {X ß fp sS 
bpw A∏pdØpIqSn hebw sNbvXv \n
¬°p∂p. Camw Alv aZpw Xn¿apZnbpw
tcJs∏SpØnb Hcp {]hmNIhN\w C
_v \p A∫mkv hn¬\n∂v D≤cn°p
∂p: \_n tNmZn®p: \n߃°dnbptam
F¥mWv H∂mw BImihpw c≠mw B
Imihpw XΩnep≈ Zqcsa∂v ? Hmtcm B
Imi߃ XΩnepw `qanbpw BImiß
fpw XΩnep≈ ZqcØn\v XpeyamWXv''
F∂v \_n ]d™p. (X^v ko¿ C_v \p
Iko¿)
CXp{]Imcw c≠mw BImiØnte
°v 1320X2=2640 tImSn {]Imih¿jw Zq 
cw  . A{]Imcw 7mw BImiw 1320X7=9240
tImSn {]Imih¿jtØ°mfpw Zqcap≠m
bncn°Ww. Hmtcm KymeIv knIfpw AXn
`b¶camb thKXbn¬ AI∂psIm≠n
cn°p∂p F∂v FUzn≥ ]n. l_vƒ F
∂ imkv{X⁄≥ Huble theory of expa-
nding universe F∂ kn≤m¥a\pkcn®v
I≠p]nSn®p. CXpw Izp¿B≥ ]dbp∂p:
""D]cn afieamhs´ \mw AXns\
£n®t∏mƒ ]ns∂bpw tImSn°W°n\v
\£{Xßsf Is≠Øn. ]n∂oSv tdUn
tbm sSekvtIm∏pIƒsIm≠v \nco£
Ww \SØnbt∏mƒ AXnt\°mfpw F
{Xtbm tImSn°W°n\v KymeIv knIfpw
¢ÃdpIfpw I≠p. F∂n´pw tKmfimkv
{X ⁄ ∑m¿ (Astronomers) ]dbp∂p. C
Xphsc Is≠Ønb Cu {]]©sa√mw
bYm¿Y {]]©Øns‚ Hcp ht°m hm
tem am{Xambncn°mw. CXns‚ A∏pdØv
F¥v F∂v R߃°v Is≠Øm≥ Ign
™n´n√. F{X i‡ntbdnb l_vƒ sS
ekvtIm∏nepw {]]©Øns‚ A‰w Im
Wm  ≥ Ign  bmØ \n  lm  bm  hÿ
hm  \  imkv {X⁄¿°v t_m[ys∏´n  ´p 
≠v  . C °mcyw Izp¿B≥ hnhcn°p∂Xv
ImWpI:
""Ggv BImißsf ASp°pIfmbn
krjv Sn®h\mIp∂p Ah≥. F∂m¬ \o
Zrjv Sn H∂pIqSn Xncn®psIm≠phcq. h√
hnShpw \o ImWp∂pt≠m? ]n∂oSv c≠p
X  hW IÆns\ \o Xncn  ®p  sIm  ≠p  h 
cq. \ns‚ ASptØ°v B IÆv ]chi
ambns°m≠pw aSßnhcpw.'' (Izp¿B≥
67:3,4)
CXphsc hnhcn® {]]© tKmfß
fpw KymeIvknIfpsa√mw H∂mw hm\
Øns‚ XmsgbmWv. hm\߃ AYhm
BImi߃ F∂Xv Akvt{SmWan D]
tbmKn®v hnhcn°m≥ Ignbn√. Izp¿B
\neqsSbpw lZoYneqsSbpw am{Xsa ]d
Icßfm¬ \n¿an®ncn°p∂p. Xo¿®bm
bpw \mw hnIkn∏n®psImt≠bncn°pw.''
(Izp¿B≥ 51:47)
Cßs\ hnIkn®psImt≠bncp∂n
´pw H∂mw BImiØn¬ KymeIv knIƒ
ap´n bn ´n √. A¥y \mƒ hsc ap´p I bp 
an √. C\nbpw CXn t\ °mƒ IqSp X¬
AIsebpw \£{Xkaql߃ Is≠
Øm\pw km[yXbp≠v. CXv c≠pw sh
®pt\m°ptºmƒ Ggmw BImiw ta¬
]d™ {]Imih¿jtØ°mfpw F{X
tb m IqSp X¬ Zqc Øm bn cn°pw k¿h 
Xns\bpw hebw sNbvXv \n¬°p∂Xv.
anAvdmPv bm{XbpsS lZoYn¬ Ahkm
\Øn¬ ]dbp∂p: A\kv _v \p amenIv
 BWv Cu \o≠ lZoYv dnt∏m¿´v sN
øp∂Xv . \_n ]d™p: ""]ns∂ Fs∂
bpwsIm≠v Ggmw BImiØn¬\n∂v
knZvdØp¬ ap≥Xlmbnte°v sIm≠p
t]mbn.'' AXv AhnsSbp≈ Hcp hr£
Øns‚ t]cmWv . AXns‚ F{Xtbm A
\  ¥  hn  Zq  c  X  bn  emWv A√m  lp  hns‚
knwlmk\w.
BImi߃˛Izp¿B≥ kq‡ßfn
eqsS
Ggv ÿe ß fn emWv Ggv BIm i 
߃ F∂v Izp¿B≥ D]tbmKn®Xv. A
hsb hnjb{IaØn¬ ]cntim[n°mw.
krjv Sn∏v
""]pdsa Ggv BImißfmbn {Iao
2012 Unkw_¿ 39
bmsX knZv dØp¬ ap≥Xl˛kz¿Kw˛XpS
ßnbhsb]‰nbmWv lZoYn¬ ]dbp∂
Xv. Izp¿B\ns\ hymJym\n°ptºmƒ
{]hmNIhN\߃ FXncmhm≥ ]mSn√
F∂ Imcyw {]tXyIw Hm¿°Ww.
3. Ggv F∂m¬ GgpXs∂. ]s£,
F¥mWv Ggv? Ggv bqYßtfm, KmeIv
knItfm ¢ÃdpItfm H∂pa√˛F√mw G
gnt\°mƒ IqSpXep≠v. H∂masØ B
ImisØ°pdn®v t]mepw a\nem°m≥
Ign™n´n√mØ Astronomy Ggmw BIm
isØ°pdn®v {Kln°m≥ Fßs\ km
[n°pw? km[n °p I bm sW ¶n¬ Xs∂
hfsc°mew Igntb≠nhcpw.
C\n \ap°v Xncn®phcmw, Adnbs∏
Sp∂ Ggv BImißfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv
H∂mw BImiw. AXn\v Xmsg e£°
W°n\v ¢ÃdpIfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv
hn¿tKm ¢Ã¿˛AXnse 1300 Hmfw Kyme
IvknIfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv an¬°o th.
AXnse ]Xn\mbncw tImSntbmfw \£
{Xßfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv kqcy≥. kuc
bqYØnse 8 {Klßfn¬ H∂v am{Xam
Wv `qan. `qanbnse Ggv h≥IcIfn¬ H∂v
Icn®psIm≠v D]cntemIsØ kwhn[m
\n®Xpw Ah≥ Xs∂bmWv .'' (Izp¿B≥
2:29)
Ggv BImißfnepw PohnIfp≠v
Ggv BImißfpw `qanbpw Ahbn
ep≈hcpw Ahs‚ ]cnip≤nsb hmgv
Øp∂p. (Izp¿B≥ 17:44)
Ggv ]Y߃
Xo¿®bmbpw \n߃°v apIfn¬ \mw
Ggv ]Yßsf krjv Sn®n´p≠v . (Izp¿B≥
23:17)
Ggv ASp°pIƒ
""Ggv BImißsf ASp°pIfmbn
krjvSn®h\mIp∂p Ah≥'' (Izp¿B≥
67:3)
_enjvTamb GsgÆw
\n߃°v aosX _en jvS amb Ggv
BImi߃ \mw \n¿an®p. (Izp¿B≥
78:12)
F¥mWv 7 sIm≠v Dt±in°p∂Xv?
CXn¬ aq∂v Xcw hymJym\amWp≈Xv .
1. A¥co£hmbphnse Troposphere,
Stratosphere, Mesosphere, Ionosphere, Ther-
mosphere, Exosphere F∂o ASp°pIƒ
BWv CXpsIm≠v Dt±iw F∂v tIcf
Ønse Nne {]kn≤ {]`mjIcpw teJ
\ßfpw hymJym\n°mdp≠v . AXpw Bdv
LayerItf Is≠Ønbn´p≈q.
am{Xa√, 120 Intemao‰dne[nIw hm
bpafieØns‚ ]cn[n FØpt∂bn√.
AX\pkcn®v Cu 120 Intemao‰dns‚
]cn[n°p≈nembncn°Ww anAvdmPn¬
\_n I≠ {]hmNI∑mcpsS ÿm\w.
DZm: Ggmw BImiØn¬sh®v C{_m
ln  wsb I≠p. F∂m¬ Ah  km 
\sØ A¥ co£]mfn bmb Exopsphe-
reemWv C{_mlnw \_n F∂v ]d
tb≠nhcnt√? am{Xa√, Ggmw BImi
Øn\v tijw ]ns∂bpw Ipsd BImi
ßfp≠v F∂v lZoYn¬ ]dbp∂n√. G
gn¬ Ahkm\n°pIbmWv.
2. tUm. tamdnkv _p°mbv Xs‚ Qu-
ran and Modern Science F∂ ]pkvX I 
Øn¬ Cßs\ ]dbp∂p: Seven Means
many˛Ggv F∂m¬ "[mcmfw' F∂¿Yw.
Cu A`n{]mbhpw icnb√. ImcWw
GgmasØ BImiw Ign™tijw ]n
∂oSv [mcmfw BImißfp≠v F∂v ]d
Ct∂  hsc Adn  b  s∏´ G‰hpw AI  se  bp≈ KymeIv kn
kaqlØnte°p≈ Zqcw 1320 tImSn {]Imih¿jamWv. \
 ΩpsS shdpw IÆpsIm≠v ImWp∂ \£{XßfpsS FÆw
5773 BWv. Keoentbm I≠p]nSn® Hm]vSn°¬ sSekvtIm
 ∏pIƒ IqSpX¬ hnIkn∏n®v \nco£n®t∏mƒ ]ns∂bpw
tImSn°W°n\v \£{Xßsf Is≠Øn.
am{XamWv Gjy. AXnse 52 cmjv{Sß
fn¬ H∂v am{XamWv C¥y. C¥ybnse
28 kwÿm\ßfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv tIc
fw. tIcfØnse 14 Pn√Ifn¬ H∂v am{X
amWv ae∏pdw. ae∏pdw Pn√bnse 100
e[nIw ]©mbØpIfn¬ H∂v am{Xam
Wv Xncq c ßm Sn. Cu ]©m b Ønse 16
hm¿UpIfnsem∂nep≈ \qdpIW°n\v
hoSpIfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv Gt‚Xv. A
Xnse AwKßfn¬ H∂v am{XamWv Rm
≥. F¶n¬ Cu alm  {]  ]  ©  Øns‚ c 
£n Xmhmb \mYm \ns‚ apºn¬ F{X
sNdpXmWv. F{X \nmc\mWv Rm≥!
C u Nn¥ bmWv Izp¿ B≥ \sΩ D W ¿ 
Øp∂Xv.
""\n∂psIm≠pw Ccp∂psIm≠pw In
S  ∂p  sIm≠pw A√m  lpsh Hm¿an  °p 
Ibpw BImißfpsS bpw `qanbpsSbpw
krjvSn∏ns\]‰n Nn¥n°pIbpw sNøp
∂hcmWv Ah¿. RßfpsS c£nXmth
\o \nc¿YIambn krjvSn®X√ CXv. \o
F{Xtbm ]cnip≤≥! AXpsIm≠v \c
Iin£bn¬\n∂v Rßsf c£n°tW''
(Iz p ¿  B≥ 3: 191)
2012 Unkw_¿ 40
iao¿ aZo\n

CkvemanI hnizmkImcyßfn¬ BdmatØXmbn \_n ]Tn∏n®XmWv hn[n
bnep≈ hnizmkw. AYhm \∑bpw Xn∑bpsa√mw A√mlphns‚ \n› b a\pk
cn®mWp≠mhp∂Xv F∂ hnizmkw. A¬ JZmAv h¬ JZv¿ (hn[nbpw \n¿Wbhpw)
F∂mWv kmt¶XnIambn CXv Adnbs∏Sp∂Xv. AXmbXv temIØp≈ sNdpXpw
hepamb F¥v kwK Xnbpw A√mlphns‚ Adnhpw \n¿W b hpa\pkcn®v am{X
amWv \S°p∂Xv.
{]am  Wßsf hn´v kz¥w _p≤nbpw bp‡nbpw ASnÿm\am°nb ]ecpw hy
XnNen®pt]mbXpw Gsd hnhmZ߃ krjvSn®XpamWv hn[nhnizmkw F∂ hn
jbw. Izp¿B\pw kp∂Øpw Bh¿Øn®p ]d™Xpw k®cnXcmb ]q¿hnI¿
\ncmt£]w AwKoIcn®pt]m∂Xpamb kwKXnbmbn´p IqSn {]amWØns‚ shfn
®Øn¬ hkvXp\njvTambn Imcy߃ {Kln°m≥ Xømd√mXncp∂ Nne¿ Bib
°pg∏߃ krjvSn°pIbpw hnIeamb hymJym\߃ \¬In {]amWßsf hf
s®mSn°m≥ {ian°pIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v Cu hnjbØn¬ F∂ hkvXpX BapJ
ambn Xs∂ \mw Adn™ncnt°≠XmWv.
AXn\m¬ C{µobmXoXßfmb hnizmkImcyßfn¬ s]mXphnepw hn[nhnizm
kØns‚ ImcyØn¬ {]tXyIn®pw sshb‡nIßfmb A`n{]mb߃°pw \nK
a\߃°pw KthjW߃°pa∏pdw {]amW߃ F¥p]dbp∂p F∂pw A√m
lphns‚ {]iwk°¿lcpw {]hmNI in£WØn¬ hf¿∂phcp∂Xpamb ]q¿hn
I cmb k® cn X¿ Fß s\ bm WnXv a\ n em °n bn cp ∂Xv F∂pamWv \mw ASn 
ÿm\]cambn At\zjnt°≠Xv. AhcpsS am¿KamWs√m hnip≤hpw kpc£n
XhpambXv. B am¿Kw ]n≥]‰phm\mWv ]cnip≤ Izp¿B\pw \_nbpw \tΩmSv
\nc¥cw DW¿ØnbXpw.
A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""X\n°v k≥am¿Kw hyIvXambn°gn™ tijhpw Bsc
¶nepw ssZhZqX\pambn FXn¿Øv \n¬°pIbpw, kXyhnizmknIfpsSX√mØ
am¿Kw ]n¥pScpIbpw sNøp∂ ]£w Ah≥ Xncn™ hgn°v Xs∂ \mw Ahs\
Xncn®phnSp∂Xpw, \cIØnen´v \mahs\ Icn°p∂XpamWv. AsX{X tamiamb
]cyhkm\w!''(4:115)
""aplmPndpIfn¬ \n∂pw A≥kmdpIfn¬ \n∂pw BZyambn apt∂m´v h∂hcpw,
kpIrXw sNbvXpsIm≠v Ahsc ]n¥pS¿∂hcpw Btcm Ahsc∏‰n A√mlp
hn[nhnizmkw
6
2012 Unkw_¿ 41
kwXr]v X\mbncn°p∂p. Ahs\∏‰n A
hcpw kwXr]vXcmbncn°p∂p. Xmgv`mK
Øv AcphnIƒ HgpIns°m≠ncn°p∂
kz¿KtØm∏pIƒ Ah¿°v Ah≥ Hcp
°nsh°pIbpw sNbv Xncn°p∂p. Fs∂
∂pw AhcXn¬ \nXyhmknIfm  bn  cn 
°p  w. AXs{X alØmb `mKyw.'' (9:100)
kzlolp apkvenan¬ hn[nhnizmk
hpambn _‘s∏´ lZoYv D≤cn°ptºm
ƒ AXns‚ Hcp {]tXyI ]›mØew
IqSn BapJambn D≤cn°p∂p≠v. AXm
bXv blvb_v\p bAvapdpw lpssaZv_v
\p A_Zn¿ dlvam≥ A¬ lnwbcnbpw
Iq Sn a°Øv h®v A_vZp √m ln_v\p
Da¿ s\ I≠pap´m\nSbmbn. At∏mƒ
XßfpsS \m´n¬ AYhm CdmJn¬ hn
[nsb \ntj[n®p sIm≠v cwK{]thiw
sNbvX Hcp hn`mKsØ Ipdn®v kzlm
_nbmb A_v Zp√mln _v \p Da¿t\mSv
Ah¿ tNmZn®p. At∏mƒ C_v \p Da¿ 
AhtcmSp c≠p t]tcmSpambn ]d™p
""\n߃ B hn[n\ntj[nIsf I≠p
ap  ´n  bm¬ F\n°v Ahcpambpw Ah¿°v
Rm\pambpw bmsXmcp _‘hpans√∂v
Adnbn°pI. Dadns‚ aI≥ A_vZp√
CXm kXyw sNbvXp ]dbp∂p; Ahcn
¬ Hcmƒ°v DlvZv aetbmfw kz¿Wap
≠mIpIbpw AXh¿ sNehgn°pIbpw
sNbvXm¬ t]mepw hn[nbn¬ hnizkn
°mØnStØmfw A√mlp AXv kzoI
cn°p∂X√.'' tijw ]nXmhv Da¿ ]Tn
∏n®psImSpØ lZoYv At±lw Ah¿
°p ]d™psImSpØp. (apkvenw)
ImcWw hnizmkw (Cuam≥) Ckv em
an s‚ ASn Ø d bm Wv. AXns‚ A`m h 
Ønep≈ I¿a߃ A{]k‡hpw A
kzoIcyhpamsW∂mWv Izp¿B≥ ]Tn
∏n®Xv. (14:18,24:39,25:23 apXemb kq‡
߃ ImWpI.)
AXpsIm≠p Xs∂ k®cnXcmb ]q
¿hkqcnIƒ CØcw hnizmkImcyßfn
¬ {]tXyIw {i≤ ]Xn∏n®ncn°p∂p. {]
apJ Xm_nCu ]WvUnX\mbncp∂ Xzm
hqkv  ]dbp∂p. \_nbpsS A\p N 
c∑mcmb Hcp ]‰w BfpIsf Rm≥ Im
WpIbp≠mbn. Ahscms°bpw ]d™n
cp∂Xv F√mw hn[nb\pkcn®mWv kw`
hn°p∂Xv F∂mWv . At±lw ]dbp∂p:
A_vZp√mln_v\p Da¿ C{]Imcw ]d
bp∂Xv Rm≥ tI´n´p≠v ""Dt∑jhpw A
i‡nbpaS°w F√m Imcyhpw hn[nb
\pkcn®mWv.'' (kzlolp apkvenw)
JZm JZvdn≥ AYhm hn[nbn¬ hniz
kn°mØh¿°p A√mlphns‚ im]˛
tIm  ]ßfpw in£bpap≠mIpsa∂ \
_n  Xm°oXv sNbvXn´p≠v.
A√mlp am{XamWv {kjv Smhpw \nb
¥mhpw BImi`qanIfnep≈ k¿hXn
s‚bpw DSaÿ\pw. Ah≥ am{XamWv
Bcm[\°¿ls\∂p≈ GIssZh hn
izmkØns‚ (XuloZns‚) ]q¿ØoI
cWw IqSnbmWXv. A√mlphns‚ al 
Xzhpw i‡n amlmflyßfpw \sΩ t_m
[ys∏SpØp∂XmWv hmkvXhØn¬ hn
[nbnep≈ hnizmkw.
ssiJp¬ Ckvemw C_v\p ssXanb
 D≤cn°p∂p: C_v\p A∫mkv ]d
™Xmbn, hn[nhnizmkw (JZ¿) GI
ssZhØns‚ (XuloZns‚) hyhÿnXn
bmWv. Bsc¶nepw A√mlphns‚ GI
Xzw AwKo Icn°pIbpw Ahs‚ hn[n
bn¬ hnizkn°pIbpw sNbvXm¬ Ah
cpsS GIssZhhnizmkw (XuloZv ) ]cn
]q¿Wambn. F∂m¬ Bsc¶nepw A√m
lphns‚ GIXzw AwKo Icn°pIbpw
Ahs‚ hn[nbn¬ Ahnizkn°pIbpw
sN bvXm¬ AXv Abm fpsS GI ssZ h 
hnizmkw XI¿ØpIf™p. (aPvapD ^
Xmh hm:8 t]:258)
A√mlphns\ ]cnNbs∏SpØns°m
≠v Ahs‚ GIXzhpw (XuloZpw) i
‡n amlmflyßfpw (JpZvdØpw) hn[n
\n¿Wbhpw(JZvdpw) ]ckv]cw tN¿Øp
]d™ cwK߃ ]cnip≤ Izp¿B\n¬
]ebnSØpw ImWmhp∂XmWv.
A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""BImißfpsS
bpw `qanbpsSbpw B[n]Xyw B¿°m
tWm Ah\s{X (AXv AhXcn∏n®h≥)
Ah≥ k¥m\sØ kzoIcn®n´n√. B
[n]XyØn¬ Ah∂v bmsXmcp ]¶mfn
bpw D≠mbn´pan√. Hmtcm hkvXpshbpw
Ah≥ krjv Sn°pIbpw, AXns\ Ah≥
icnbmwhÆw hyhkvYs∏SpØpIbpw
sNbvXncn°p∂p.'' (25:2)
""AXyp∂X\mb \ns‚ c£nXmhn
s‚ \maw {]Io¿Øn°pI.krjvSn°pI
bpw, kwhn[m\n°pIbpw sNbvX (c£n
Xmhns‚) hyhkvY \n¿Wbn®p am¿KZ
¿i\w \¬Inbh\pw...'' (87:1˛3)
Nne¿ CXns\ (hn[nhnizmksØ)
tIhew {]m]©nI {]Xn`mkßfnepw
{]IrXn\nbaßfnepw am{Xw ]cnanXs∏
SpØn hniZoIcn°p∂Xv ImWmw. AXv
Ckv emw ]Tn∏n® hn[nhnizmksØ icn
bmb cq]Øn¬ Dƒs°m≈p∂tXm, C
kv emanI {]amWßtfmSv \oXn ]pe¿
Øp∂tXm Bb hnhcWa√.
F¥mWv hn[nhnizmkw?
Ckvemw ]Tn∏n°p∂ hn[nhnizmk
Øn\p kp{][m\ßfmb \mep LSI
߃ AYhm \mep Xeßfp≠v. Ah
bpƒs°m≈mØ hn[nhnizmkw Ip‰a
‰X√. {]amWßfn¬ \n∂I∂v bp‡n
°pw \nKa\߃°pw {]m[m\yw I¬]n
°p∂ ]n¬°me°mcpsS hniZoIcW
ß fmWv AØ c Øn ep≈ hnh c ßƒ
ImWm≥ km[n°p∂Xv. B \mev LS
Ißfpw AhbpsS Xm¬]cyhpw hniZo
Icn°mw.
1. A√mlphns‚ Adnhv:
`mhn˛`qX˛h¿Øam\ hyXymkßfn
√msX F√m kwKXnIfpw A√mlp B
Zyta Xs∂ Adn™n´p≈XmWv F∂
XmWv JZm˛JZ¿ AYhm hn[nhnizmk
Ønse H∂masØ LSIw. kq£vahpw
hniZhpambn F√m Imcyßfpw Ah D
≠mIp∂Xn\p aptº Xs∂ A√mlp A
dn™n´p≠v. A√mlp kzbw ]cnNbs∏
SpØnb \maßfpw Ahbpƒs°m≈p∂
hntijßfpw Cu hkvXpXbnte°v hn
c¬Nq≠p∂XmWv. AYhm A√mlp F
√m  a  dnbp∂h\pw (A¬ Aeo) F√mw
tIƒ°p∂h\pw (AaoA) F√mw Im
Nne¿ hn[nhnizmksØ tIhew {]m]©nI {]Xn
`mkßfnepw {]IrXn\nbaßfnepw am{Xw ]cnanX
s∏SpØn hniZoIcn°p∂Xv ImWmw. AXv Ckvemw
]Tn∏n® hn[nhnizmksØ icnbmb cq]Øn¬ Dƒ
s°m≈p∂tXm, Ckv emanI {]amWßtfmSv \oXn
]pe¿Øp∂tXm Bb hnhcWa√.
2012 Unkw_¿ 42
Wp  ∂  h\pw (A¬ _kzo¿) kq£v   a 
⁄m\nbpw (A¬ J_o¿) Hs°bmsW
∂v ]dbptºmƒ Cu hkvXpXbmWv A
dnbn°p∂Xv.
A√mlp Ahs‚ Adnhns\ Ipdn®v
\sΩ Adnbn°p∂Xv ImWpI. ""Ahs‚
]°emIp∂p AZriyImcyØns‚ JP
\mhpIƒ. Ah\√msX Ah AdnbpI
bn√. Icbnepw ISenepap≈Xv Ah≥
Adnbp∂p. Ah\dnbmsX Hcp Ce t]m
epw hogp∂n√. `qanbnse Ccp´pIƒ°p
≈nencn°p∂ Hcp [m\yaWnbmIs´, ]
®tbm, DWßnbtXm Bb GsXmcp h
kvXphmIs´, hyIvXamb Hcp tcJbn¬
F  gpXs∏´Xmbn´√msX D≠mhn√. ''
(6:59)
34:3,53:35,59:22,65:12 apXemb kq‡
ßfpw C°mcyØn¬ hy‡amWv.
2. tcJs∏Spج:
A√m  lp  hns‚ Adn  hn¬s∏SmØ
bmsXm ∂p an√ F∂ Xp t]mse Xs∂
F√m kwKXnIfpw Ah≥ Hcp kwc£n
X ^eIØn¬ (A√ulp¬ alv^qZv)
tcJs∏SpØpIbpw sNbvXn´p≠v. `uXn
I temIsØ GsX¶nepw ^eIßsf
tbm {KŸßsftbm t]mse \ap°Xn
s\ k¶¬]n°m≥ Ignbn√. ImcWw A
Xv \ΩpsS ]t©{µnb߃°∏pdap≈
ad™ Imcyßfn¬ (ssK_v ) s]´XmWv .
A_vZp√mln _v\p Awdn _v\n¬
Bkzv ]dbp∂p. \_n C{]Imcw ]
dbp∂Xn\mbn Rm≥ tI´n´p≠v. BIm
i˛`qanIsf krjvSn°p∂Xns‚ AºXn
\mbncw h¿j߃°p apºp Xs∂ kr
jvSnIfpsS hn[n\n¿Wb߃ A√mlp
tcJs∏SpØn. (kzlolp apkvenw)
hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ hyXykvXßfmb
t]cpIfneqsS CØcw Hcp tcJsb Ip
dn®v ]cma¿in®n´p≠v. (6:59, 57:22, 23)
XpSßn ]e hN\ßfnepw AXv ImWmw.
3. A√mlphns‚ Dt±iyw AYhm
aioAØv:
temIØv sNdpXpw hepXpamb F
¥pw A√mlphns‚ Dt±iyhpw A\pa
Xnbpw A\pkcn®v am{Xta D≠mIp∂p
≈p F∂XmWv CXpsIm≠p A¿Yam
°p∂Xv. A√mlp Dt±in°p∂sXt¥m
AXv \S°p∂p. Ah\pt±in°mØXv \
S°pIbn√. AXv A√mlphns‚ B[n
]XysØbpw A[nImctØbpw Adnbn
°p∂ kwKXn IqSnbmWv. AYhm Ah
s‚ Adnhpw A\paXnbpan√msX bmsXm
∂pw Ahs‚ B[n]XyØnep≈ Cu
temIØv \S°p∂n√ F∂¿Yw. ""\n\°v
h√ tZmjhpw _m[n®m¬ Cßns\ sN
bv Xncps∂¶n¬ Cßns\bmIpambncp∂p
F∂v \o ]dbcpXv. \n›bw, Aßs\
bmsW¶n¬, As√  ¶n¬ Cßs\ sNbv
Xncps∂¶n¬ XpSßnb Nn¥Iƒ ]nim
Nns‚ {]h¿Ø\߃°v hmXn¬ Xpd
°p∂XmWv.'' (kzlolv apkvenw)
hni∂v Ahi\mbncn°p∂ Hcmƒ
ssZhhn[nbps≠¶n¬ Fs‚ hni∏v am
dpsa∂v \n\®v shdpsX Ccn°mdn√. {]
XypX hni∏v am‰m\mbn `£Ww Ign
°m  \p≈ G¿∏mSv sNøpw. Zmln°ptºm
gpw Aßs\ Xs∂. Xs‚ t\sc Nodn
∏m™p hcp∂ Hcp hml\w ImWptºm
ƒ ssZhhn[n  bp  s≠  ¶nte A]  I  S 
Øn  ¬ s]SpIbp≈q F∂p ]d™p B
cpw AhnsS Xs∂ \n∂p sImSp°mdn√.
adn®v Xs‚ \∑°v DXIp∂ {]h¿Ø
\߃ HmtcmcpØcpw sNøpw. C{]Imcw
Xs∂ \∑ Xn∑IfpsS ImcyØnepw X
t∂mSv \n¿tZin°s∏´ Imcy߃ sN
øm≥ HmtcmcpØcpw _m[yÿcmWv.
HmtcmcpØcpsSbpw Xocpam\ßfpw
sNbvXnIfpw Imse°q´n Adnbp∂ ]S
®Xºpcm≥ AXv IqSn ]cnKWn®v Imcy
߃ tcJs∏SpØn F∂pam{Xw. A√m
sX tcJ s∏ SpØn b Xns‚ t]cn¬ Hcm 
ƒ°pw {]h¿Ø\kzmX{¥yw \ntj[n
°s∏Sp∂ Hcp \n¿_‘nXmhÿbpw
ChnSbn√ Xm\pw
A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""]dbpI: kXyw
\nßfpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ \n∂p≈XmIp
∂p. AXn\m¬ CjvSap≈h¿ hnizkn
° s´. CjvSap≈h¿ Ahnizkn°s´.
A{IanIƒ°v \mw \cImKv\n Hcp°n
sh®n´p≠v. AXns‚ IqSmcw Ahsc h
ebw sNbvXncn°p∂p. Ah¿ sh≈Øn
\t]£n°p∂ ]£w Dcp°nb temlw
t]mep≈ Hcp sh≈ambncn°pw. Ah
¿°v IpSn°m≥ \¬Is∏Sp∂Xv. AXv
apJßsf Fcn®v Ifbpw. hfsc Zpjn®
]m\obw Xs∂. AXv (\cIw) hfsc Zp
jn ® hn{ia ÿew Xs∂.'' (18:29)
""IqSnt®¿∂p≠mb Hcp _oPØn¬
\n∂v Xo¿®bmbpw \mw a\pjys\ kr
jv Sn®ncn°p∂p. \mw Ahs\ ]co£n
°phm\mbn´v . Aßs\ Ahs\ \mw tI
ƒhnbp≈h\pw Imgv Nbp≈h\pam°n
bncn°p∂p. Xo¿®bmbpw \mw Ah∂v
hgn ImWn®psImSpØncn°p∂p. F∂n´v
H∂pIn¬ Ah≥ \µnbp≈h\mIp∂p.
As√¶n¬ \µnsI´h\mIp∂p.'' (76:2˛3)
A√mlp F√mw tcJs∏SpØnsh®p
sh∂Xv sIm≠v HcmfpsSbpw \∑˛Xn∑
Iƒ sXscs™Sp°phm\pw {]h¿Øn
°m\pap≈ kzmX{¥yw C√msXbmIp
∂ns√∂¿Yw. Hcp DZmlcWØneqsS C
Xv hy‡am°mw. Ccp]Xv Ip´nIsf ]Tn
∏n°p∂ Hc[ym]I≥ tIhew ]mT`m
K߃ sNm√ns°mSp°p∂Xn\∏pdw B
flm¿Yamb Hcp am¿KZ¿inIqSnbmb A
t±lw IrXyambn Htcm \∑sb Ipdn®pw
Ahsc t_m[ys∏SpØpIbpw D]tZin
°pIbpw sNøp∂p. \n›nX ]mT`mK
߃ ]q¿Ønbm°nbØn\p tijw ]
co£ \SØp∂Xn\p apºv Xs‚ IrXy
amb Adnhns‚bpw hnebncpØens‚
bpw ASnÿm\Øn¬ B Ccp]Xp Ip´n
IfpsSbpw dnk¬´pIƒ Xømdm°n `{Z
ambn taibn¬ h®p]q´n. ]n∂oSv thsd
A[ym]I≥ h∂v ]co£ \SØpIbpw
dnk¬´v Xømdm°pIbpw sNbv Xp. ^ew
t\m°ptºmƒ BZysØ A[ym]I¿ tc
Js∏SpØnbXnt\mSv CXv \qdv iXam\
hpw tbmPn°p∂ Xmbn°≠m¬ B A 
hn[nhnizmkØns‚ ImcyØn¬ sshb‡nIßfmb
A`n  {]m  b  ߃°pw \nK  a  \  ߃°pw Kth  j  W 
߃°pa∏pdw{]am  W  ß  ƒ F¥p]d  bp∂p F∂pw
A√m  lp  hns‚ {]iw  k°¿lcpw {]hm NIin£W 
Øn¬ hf¿∂phcp∂Xpamb ]q¿hnIcmb k®cnX¿
Fß s\ bm WnXv a\ n em °n bn cp ∂Xv F∂pamWv
\mw ASnÿm\]cambn At\zjnt°≠Xv.
2012 Unkw_¿ 43
[ym]Is‚ Ignhpw alXzhpambncn°pw
GsXmcp \njv ]£aXnbpw hnebncpØp
I. At±lsØ kXyk‘cmb Hmtcm
cpØcpw ap‡IWvTw {]iwkn°pIbpw
sNøpw. dnk¬´v Imte°q´n FgpXnh
®Xns‚ t]cn¬ ]cmPnXcmb Ip´nIƒ
t]mepw˛Ah¿ \oXn\njv Tbp≈hcmsW
¶n¬˛A[ym]Is\ ]gn°pIbn√. adn®v
kz¥sØ Xs∂bmbncn°pw Ah¿°p
Ip‰s∏SpØm\p≠mhpI. ImcWw A[ym
]I≥ Xs‚ Adnhpw hnebncpØepa\p
kcn®v tcJs∏SpØnb dnk¬´v AhcpsS
{]h¿Ø\kzmX  {¥y  ß  sf  sbm∂pw
\ntj[n®n´p≠mbncp∂n√.
CtX{]Imcw \cImhIminIfmIp
∂hcm  scms°sb∂p Ah  cpsS Xocp 
am  \ßfpw {]h¿Ø\ßfpw Imte°q´n
aenem°nb ]S®h≥ tcJ s∏ SpØn
sh  ®  Xn¬ Xcnºpw A\o  Xn  bn  √∂v am 
{X a√ Ahs‚ Ignhpw alXzhpw \njv  
  ]  £  a  Xn  Iƒ°v t_m[y  s∏  Sp  Ibpw
sNøpw.
hn[nhnizmkØns‚ KpW^e߃
Ckv emw ]Tn∏n°p∂ hn[nhnizmkw
icnbmb hn[Øn¬ Dƒs°m≈p∂ Hcp
kXyhnizmknsb kw_‘n®nStØmfw
\nch[n KpW]camb ^e߃ t\Sn
sbSp°m≥ km[n°psa∂XmWv hkv Xp
X. A√mlphns‚ \n›b{]ImcamWv
Imcyßsfms°bpw \S°p∂sX∂pw Im
cp  Wy hm\pw \oXn am \p amb A √m lp 
hns‚ hn[nbn¬ AXy¥nIambn X\n°v
\∑am{Xta D≠mhpIbp≈p F∂pw Xncn
®dnbp∂ hnizmkn AXy[nIw kam[m
\w A\p`hn°p∂bmfmbncn°pw.
A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""bp≤w sNøm≥
\n߃°nXm \n¿_‘ I¬]\ \¬
Is∏´ncn°p∂p. AXmIs´ \n߃°v
A\njvSIcamIp∂p. F∂m¬ Hcp Im
cyw \n߃ shdp°pIbpw (bYm¿YØn
¬) AXv \n߃°v KpWIcambncn°p
Ibpw sNømw. \nßsfmcp Imcyw CjvS
s∏SpIbpw (bYm¿YØn¬) \n߃°Xv
tZmjIcambncn°pIbpw sNbv sX∂pw h
cmw. A√mlp Adnbp∂p. \n߃ Adn
bp∂n√.''(2:216)
Hcn°epw \ncmi\mhmsX ZpxJß
fn√msX kt¥mjIcamb Hcp PohnXw
\bn°m≥ {]kvXpX hnizmkw Abmsf
{]m]vX\m°p∂XmWv. Hcn°epw Abm
ƒ X\n°p≠mb t\´ßfpsS t]cn¬ A
anXambn BÀmZn°pItbm Al¶cn°p
Itbm sNøpIbpan√. ImcWw Xs‚ {]
bXv \߃ F∂Xnt\°mfp]cn A√mlp
hns‚ \n›bhpw A\p{KlhpamWv Cu
t\´ßsf∂v Abmƒ Xncn®dnbp∂p. A
tXmsS hn\bm\znX\pw \µnbp≈ Zmk
\pambn amdp∂ Abmƒ, B t\´ßtfm
S\p_‘ambn {kjv Smhmb A√mlp X
t∂mSv \n¿tZin® \∑bpsSbpw \oXnbp
sSbpw hn[nhne°pIƒ ]men®psIm≠v
ISaIƒ \n¿hln°p∂ ImcyØnepw ap
≥]¥nbnep≠mIpw.
A√mlp ]dbp∂p: ""`qanbntem \n
ßfpsS tZlßfn¬ Xs∂tbm bmsXmcp
B]Øpw _m[n°pIbp≠mbn´n√; A
Xns\ \mw D  ≠m°p∂Xn\v apºv Xs∂
Hcp tcJbn¬ Dƒs]´pIgn™  Xmbn´ 
√ msX. Xo¿®bmbpw AXv A√mlpsh
kw_‘n®nStØmfw Ffp∏ap≈XmIp
∂p. (Cßs\ \mw sNbv XXv ) \n߃°p
\jvSs∏´Xns‚ t]cn¬ \n߃ ZpxJn
°mXncn°phm\pw, \n߃°v Ah≥ \
¬InbXns‚ t]cn¬ \n߃ BÀmZn
°mXncn°phm\pw th≠nbmWv. A√m
lp bmsXmcp Al¶mcnsbbpw Zpc`n
am\nsbbpw Cjv Ss∏SpIbn√.'' (57:22,23)
AXy¥nIambn A√mlphns‚ Xocp
am\a\pkcn®mWv Imcy ßƒ \S°pI
F∂v Xncn®dnbptºmƒ X\n°v sNøm
\p≈sX√mw sNbvXv tijw _m°n ]S
®h\n¬ `cta¬]n®v Aht\mSpam{Xw
{]m¿Yn®v kzÿXtbmsS Pohn°m\pw
GXv L´Ønepw £a ssIs°m≈m\pw
hnizmkn°p km[n°pw. A{]Imcw X
s∂ `mhnsb Ipdn® hymIpeXIfpw D
¬IWvTIfpw Abmsf Akzÿ\m°p
Ibn√. F√mw A√mlphns‚ hn[n t]m
se F∂v kam[m\n®v ss[cyktaXw
A bmƒ k¿h \∑ Ifnte°pw Cd ßn
∏pds∏Spw. A√mlphns\ kw_‘n®v
ip  `m]v Xn hnizm  k  am  bn  cn  °pw A  bm 
ƒ °p≠mhpI.
PohnXbmYm¿Yyßfn¬ \n∂v Hfn
t®mSmt\m PohnXØn¬ ]cmPbw kΩ
Xn°mt\m Abmƒ k∂≤amhpIbn√.
BfllXymNn¥bpw a\am[m\Øn
\mbn aZyhpw ab°pacp∂pw t]mep≈
hsb B{i  bn  °epw Abmsf kw_ 
‘n  ®n  StØmfw AS™ A[ym  b  ß 
fm bnc n °pw.  A √m lp hns‚ apºn e √m 
sX Xe Ip  \n  °mØ [oc\pw A`nam
\nbpw B¿°pw ]mZtkh sNømØ B
Z¿i[oc\pambncn°pabmƒ.
PohnX ]co £ W ß fpsS ]cp] cp
Ø bmYm¿Yy߃°p ap≥]n¬ Hcp b
Ym¿Y hnizmknbpsS \ne]msS¥msW
∂v hnip≤ Izp¿B≥ hy‡am°nbXv
CØcØnep≈ hnizmknIsf ap∂n¬
I≠p  sIm  ≠mWv .A√mlp ]d  bp∂p:
""Ip ds®ms° `bw, ]´nWn, [\\jvSw,
Poh \jvSw, hn`h \jvSw F∂nh ap
tJ\ \nßsf \mw ]co£n°pI Xs∂
sNøpw. (AØcw kµ¿`ßfn¬) £an
°p∂h¿°v kt¥mjhm¿Ø Adnbn
°pI. X߃°v h√ B]Øpw _m[n
®m¬ Ah¿ (B £amioe¿) ]dbp∂
Xv; R߃ A√mlphns‚ A[o\Øn
emWv. Ah¶te°v Xs∂ aStß≠h
cpamWv F∂mbncn°pw. Ah¿°s{X
XßfpsS c£nXmhn¶¬ \n∂v A\p{K
lßfpw ImcpWyhpw e`n°p∂Xv. Ah
cs{X k≥am¿Kw {]m]n®h¿.'' (2:155˛157)
k¿thm]cn A√mlphpw Ahs‚ Zq
X\pw ]Tn∏n® bYm¿Y hnizmkw kzoI
cn®v BXy¥nI hnPbw t\Sm\pw A
bmƒ°XneqsS km[n°p∂p. k¿hi 
‡\mb A√mlp Ah\hXcn∏n® b
Ym¿Y hnizmkßfpw BZ¿ißfpw kzo
Icn®v PohnXhnPbw Icÿam°m≥ \
sΩ A\p{Kln°s´! (Bao≥)
A√mlphns‚ \n›b{]ImcamWv Imcyßsfms°
bpw \S°p∂sX∂pw ImcpWyhm\pw \oXnam\pamb
A√mlphns‚ hn[nbn¬ AXy¥nIambn X\n°v \∑
am {Xta D≠m hp I bp≈p F∂pw Xncn ® dn bp∂ hn 
izmkn AXy[nIw kam[m\w A\p`hn°p∂bmfm
bn  cn°pw.
2012 Unkw_¿ 44
tkmjy¬ s\‰vh¿°pIfneqsSbp≈ CkvemanI{]t_m[\Øn\v G‰hpw km[yXbp≈ taJebmWv tªmsKgpØv .
{]t_m[\cwKsØ {it≤bamb aebmf tªmKpIsf ]cnNbs∏SpØp∂ tImfamWnXv.
\nßfpsS tªmKp I fpsS URL klnXw kvt\l kwhm Z Øntes° gp XpI.
C.  sa  bn¬: editor@snehasamvadam.com
hn.sI A–p¬ djoZv


AklnjvWpXbpsSbpw shdp∏ns‚bpw IÆpIfneqsSbm
Iptºmƒ apkvenw \mKcnIXbpsS Nn{Xw F{X am{Xw hnIeam
bn Nn{XoIcn°m\mIpw F∂v a\nem°m≥ aebmfØnse C
kv emw hncp≤ tªmKpIfneqsS H∂v Hm´{]Z£nWw \SØnbm¬
aXnbmIpw.
apkvenw \mKcnIXbpsS Ncn{Xw tcJs∏´XmWv. AXn\m¬
Xs∂ ho≠psamcp ]I¿ØnsbgpØnt\°mƒ Cu t]mÃn¬
Rm\pt±in°p∂Xv Ncn{X ]›mØesØ ]cnNbs∏SpØp
IbmWv . apkv enw `cWImesØ imkv {X˛kaqlnI˛kmºØnI
]ptcmKXn Hcp Ncn{XkXyamsW∂ncns°, \nch[n ]T\ßfpw
tcJIfpw \nehneps≠∂ncns° B coXnbnep≈ Hcp ]I¿
ØnsbgpØv Bhiyan√. ]et∏mgpw Ncn{Xhmb\Iƒ h¿Ø
am\Øn‚ IÆpIfneqsSbmIp∂p F∂Xv icnbmb Nn{Xw \¬
Im≥ klmbIamIp∂n√. AXn\m¬ H‰s∏´ ]cma¿i߃ F
Xn¿hmb\bmWp \¬Ip∂Xv.
Ncn{X kXyßsf Xnckv Icn°pI tcmKmXpcamb a\ns‚
e£WamWv. kaqlØnse F√m \mKcnIXbpsSbpw Ncn{X
Øn¬ AXns‚ Db¿®bpsSbpw XI¿®bpsSbpw Nn{Xap≠v. A
Xns‚ ImcW߃ ]T\hnt[bam°p∂ Ncn{X hnZym¿Yn A
Xn¬ \n∂pw ]mT߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂p F∂XmWv KpW]camb
Awiw. apkvenw \mKcnIXbpsS Ncn{Xw B[p\nI Ncn{XØn
s‚ `mKamWv. AXn\m¬ Xs∂ Dulßtf°mƒ bmYm¿Yyß
fmWv Ncn{Xßfnep≈Xv.
apkvenw \mKcnIXbpw hna¿i\ßfpw
http://muslimchristiansamvaadam.blogspot.in
2012 Unkw_¿ 45
apkvenw \mKcnIbpw a‰p \mKcnIX
I fpw
apkvenw \mKcnIX a‰t\Iw \mK
cnIXIfnsem∂v F∂ Hcp ÿm\w am
{XamtWm Ae¶cn°p∂Xv? AtXm hy
Xncn‡amtWm? Ds≠¶n¬ a‰p \mKcn
IXIfn¬ \n∂v AXns\ hyXncn‡am
°p∂ Imcyßsf¥v?
1. temIØnse a‰v \mKcnIXIfn¬
\n∂v apkvenw \mKcnIXsb am‰n \n¿
Øp∂Xv {][m\ambpw AXns‚ hym]
\Øns‚ thKXbmWv. AKÃkv XpS
°w Ipdn® tdma≥ km{amPyØns‚ hf
¿® AXns‚ aq¿[\yØnseØnbXv F
gp\qdv h¿j߃ sIm≠mWv . AeIv km
≠¿ N{Ih¿ØnbpsS km{amPyw Atd
_y≥ km{amPyØns‚ sNdnsbmcwiw
am{XamWv. alØmb tdma≥ km{amPy
sØ Bbncw h¿jtØmfw AXnPohn®
t]¿jy≥ km{amPyw apkvenwIƒ°v Io
gSßp∂Xv ]Øp h¿jØns‚ Imeb
fhn¬. temIØn¬ Cßns\sbmc¤p
Xw CXns‚ aptºm tijtam D≠m  bn 
´n √.
2. Ad_v kaqlw Hcn°epw Ckv
eman\p apºv Hcp ÿncamb cm{„ob
e£yap≈ kaqlambncp∂n√. Ahcp
s S bp≤w tKm{X bp≤߃ am{X am bn 
cp∂p. IhnIfmbncp∂ Ah¿ kz]v\Po
hnIfpw \mtSmSnIfpambncp∂p. \o≠bm
{XIƒ ÿmbnbmb cm{„kz`mhap≈
Hcp kaqlam°n Ahsc ]cnh¿Øn∏n
®ncp∂pan√. hym]mcnIfmbncp∂ Ah¿
cm{„ob°mtc Bbncp∂n√. Aßns\
bp≈ Hcp kaqlw Hcp \q‰m≠v sIm≠v
Bbncßtfmfw h¿jw ]g°ap≈ tdm
a°msc, t]¿jy°msc, IogS°n ]m›m
Xy Xp¿°nsb A[o\Xbnem°n, C¥y
hsc hym]n®p, B{^n° `cn® i‡n
bmb Hc¤pXw c≠matØXv . Ncn{XØn
¬ CXn\p kam\amb as‰m∂v ImWn
°m\mIptam?
3. Ncn{Xw a‰p \mKcnIXIfn¬ \n∂v
apkvenw \mKcnIXsb hyXncn‡am°p
∂Xv AXns‚ XI¿®bpsS ImessZ¿
Lyw sIm≠mWv. tdma\pw t]¿jybp
sa√mw ZiI߃ sIm≠mWv XI¿∂
sX¶n¬ kwkvImcw F∂ coXnbn¬ C
∂pw Ckvemans\ XqsØdnbm≥ Ign
™n´n√. cm{„obambn C∂pw apkvenw
`cW{]tZi߃ apkvenw `cWm[nIfp
sS A[o\Xbn¬ Xs∂. Chsb√mw a‰p
\mKcnIXIfn¬ \n∂pw apkvenw \mK
cnIXsb am‰n \n¿Øp∂ LSIßfmWv .
Cu Ncn{X]›mØew a\nem°p
∂ Hcmƒ°v {]hmNIs‚ ImeØv hf
sc Ipd™ {]tZi߃ am{Xta Ckv
eman\v B[n]Xyap≠mbncp∂p≈q, ]n
∂oSv IogS°s∏´ {]tZißfnse \mKcn
IX Ckv eman¬ kzm[o\w sNepØn F
∂ cq]Ønep≈ A`n{]mb{]IS\߃
Ad∏pfhm°pw.
kwkvImcw F∂pw sImSp°¬ hm
ßepIfmWv. AXns\ DƒsIm≈m≥ I
gnbp∂ Hcp kaqlsØ kr„n°pI F
∂XmWv Hcp Nn¥m[mcsb thdn´v \n¿
Øp∂Xv. Ckvemw AXp \¬In F∂Xv
Xs∂bmWv kXyhpw. DZmlcWØn\v
t]¿jybn¬ \n∂mWv apkvenw \mKcn
IXbnte°v hmkvXphnZy hcp∂Xv. X
Øz Nn¥Iƒ°v XpS°w Ipdn°p∂Xv
tdman¬ \n∂pw. ]s£ Ahsb√mw Dƒ
sIm≈m≥ Ignbp∂ BflobssNX\yw
Ad_nt‚Xv kz¥hpw.
C∂sØ Ham≥, sba≥, skuZn A
td_y, bp F C, JØ¿, _lv ssd≥, Ip
ssh‰v XpSßnbhbmbncp∂p A∂sØ
Atd_y. ChnsS am{Xta Ad_n `mj
bp≠mbncp∂p≈p.
Ad_n skan‰nIv `mjIfnse G‰
hpw {]mbw Ipd™ `mjbmbn´mWp K
Wn°p∂Xv. AcmanIv, DKmcn‰v, ln{_p
F∂o `mjIƒ Dƒs∏Sp∂ `mjmIpSpw
_Ønse G‰hpw IqSpX¬ BfpIƒ
C∂v D]tbmKn°p∂ `mjbmWp Ad
_nIv. C∂sØ Cdm°v, tPm¿±m≥, kn
dnb XpSßn kuZn hscbp≈ `mKßfn
¬ BC-6mw\q‰m≠v apX¬ ]pcmX\ Ad
_nIv D]tbmKn®ncp∂Xmbn sXfnhpI
fp≠v. (Woodard, Roger D. Ancient Lan-
guages of Syria-Palestine and Arabia. p 180,
M.C.A. Macdonald, "Reflections On The
Linguistic Map Of Pre-Islamic Arabia", Ara-
bian Archaeology And Epigraphy, 2000,
Volume 11, p. 50 and 61)
`cn°p∂h¿ Ad_n `mj HutZym
KnI `mjbm°nbXpsIm≠v ChnSßfn
se hyhlmc `mj Ad_nbmbn. A
ßs\ Chscms° Ad_nIƒ F∂ ap{Z
t]td≠nbpw h∂p. Ncn{XØnse th
sdmcp P\X°pw CXpt]mse Hcp KXn
Ncn{XkXyßsf Xnckv Icn°pI tcmKmXpcamb a\ns‚
e£WamWv. kaqlØnse F√m \mKcnIXbpsSbpw N
 cn{XØn¬ AXns‚ Db¿®bpsSbpw XI¿®bpsSbpw Nn{X
ap≠v. AXns‚ ImcW߃ ]T\hnt[bam°p∂ Ncn{X
hnZym¿Yn AXn¬ \n∂pw ]mT߃ Dƒs°m≈p∂p F∂
 XmWv KpW]camb Awiw.
2012 Unkw_¿ 46
tISp≠mbn´n√. Cw•ojpIm¿ temIØn
s‚ ]e `mKØpw A[n\nthiw \SØn
AhcpsS km{amPyØns‚ `mKam°nbn
cp∂p. Atacn° Im\U, Hmkvt{Senb,
\yqknem≠v C∂nhnSßfnse `mj Cw
•ojpam°nbncp∂p. ]s£ AhnSØp
Imsc Bcpw Cw•ojpIm¿ F∂p hnfn
°mdn√. F∂m¬ Ad_nIfpsS A[n
\nthiÿeßfnse P\ßsfsb√mw
]n∂oSv Ncn{Xw hnfn®Xv Ad_nIƒ F
∂mWv !
tbiphns‚ ImeØv sPdqkew `cn
®ncp∂Xv tdma°mcmbncp∂p. A∂v sP
dqkteans‚ HuZtymKnI `mj {Ko°v
Bbncp∂p, `cWkuIcyØn\mbn Hu
tZymKnI `mj kzoIcn°pI F∂Xv Hcp
]mXIa√t√m. hyhmkmb hnπhØn\p
tijw ]e cmPyßfpw ]m›mXy¿ X
ßfpsS `mKam°nbt∏mƒ AhnSsØ
P\ßtf°mƒ Ah¿°v XmXv]cyw hn
`h߃ am{Xambncp∂p. AXn\m¬ X
ßfpsS ta¬t°mbvabpsS `mKambmWv
Ah¿ a‰p≈hsc XßfpsS ]Zhnbnte
°pb¿ØmXncp∂Xv. F∂m¬ apkv enw
Ifm¬ IogS°s∏´ {]tZißfnep≈h
cmIs´ Cßns\ Hcp c≠mw ]uc∑mcm
b√ Pohn®ncp∂Xv.
Atd_y≥ km{amPyXzØns‚ `mK
°m¿ F∂ A¿YØnemWv Ad_nIƒ
F∂v Ncn{XImc∑m¿ hnfn®n´p≈Xv. ap
kv enw `cWm[nImcnIƒ°v Iognembncp
∂p apkvenwIfpw apkvenwIfpa√mØ
imkv {X⁄cpw IemImc∑mcpw ]pjv ∏n
®p \n∂ncp∂Xv.
Atd_y°v Np‰nepap≠mbncp∂ {]
tZißfnse√mw Xs∂ hnImkw {]m]n
® \mKcnIXIfp≠mbncp∂psh∂mWv
hna¿iI¿ ]dbp∂Xv. saskms∏t´man
bbnepw, _m_ntemWnb bnepw,kpta
dn bbnepw, Aodnbbnepw, Cu Pn]v ‰n
epw, t]¿jybnepw AXnkº∂amb \m
K  cn  I  XIfp≠mbncp∂p. AXnt\mS 
Øp Xs∂bmbncp∂p {Ko°v kwkv Imcw
D∂Xn {]m]n®ncp∂Xv F∂mWh¿ Fgp
Xp∂Xv.
tdma≥ km{amPyØns‚ Ncn{Xw
hniZambn e`n°psa∂ncns° Ggmw
\q‰m≠nse tdmans‚ Ahÿsbs¥∂v
IrXyambn a\nemhpw. Kn∫s‚ De-
cline and fall of the Roman empire F∂
{K Ÿw am{Xw t\m°nbm¬ CXns‚ \n
PÿnXn t_m[ys∏Spw. \mKcnIX ap
ºv \ne \n∂ncp∂Xv sIm≠v am{Xw Hcp
{]tZihpw D∂Xn {]m]n°n√; AXns‚
KpW^e߃ \ne\n¿Øm\mIp∂ns√
¶n¬. Ggmw \q‰m≠n¬ Atd_y°v Np
‰pap≈ {]tZißfn¬ kmwkvImcnIim
kv {X apt∂‰ßfp≠mbncp∂p F∂v sX
fnbn°p∂psh¶n¬ Cu hmZØn\p {]
k‡nbp≠mIpambncp∂p.
A∫mknb `cWIqSw imkv{X km
t¶XnI cwKØv IpXn®pNm´w \SØn
F∂p ]dbp∂Xn∂¿Yw AXn\p apºp
≈h¿ H∂pw sNbvXn√ F∂√. adn®v
{]hmNI≥ apX¬ \mep Jeo^amcpw
AahnIfpw ]mIs∏SpØnb hnØpIsf
dn™v ]pjvIeam°nb `qanbn¬ ^ew
e`n®Xv A∫mknIƒ°mbncp∂psh∂p
am{Xw. lnPvd 132¬ BZysØ A∫mkn
Jeo^ ÿm\ta¬°ptºmƒ km{amPy
ßfpsS Ncn{XØn¬ AsXmcp henb
Imebfh√. A∫mknIfpsS ImesØ
imkv{XXØz Nn¥Ifnse IpXn∏ns‚
{][m\ ImcWw At∏mtg°pw apkvenw
km{amPyw AXns‚ hnkv XrXnbnseØn
bncp∂p F∂Xmbncp∂p. am{Xa√, \n
ehnep≈ bp≤ kao]\ambncp∂n√ ap
kv enwIƒ A\ph¿Øn®ncp∂Xv. bp≤
Øn¬ t\cn´v ]s¶Sp°mXncp∂ knhn
Ncn{Xw a‰p \mKcnIXIfn¬ \n∂v apkvenw \mKcnIXsb
hyXncn‡am°p∂Xv AXns‚ XI¿®bpsS ImessZ¿Lyw
sIm≠mWv . tdma\pw t]¿jybpsa√mw ZiI߃ sIm
 ≠mWv XI¿∂sX¶n¬ kwkvImcw F∂ coXnbn¬ C∂pw
C  kv   emans\ XqsØdnbm≥ Ign™n´n√. cm{„obambn
C∂pw apkvenw `cW{]tZi߃ apkvenw `cWm[nIfpsS
A[o\Xbn¬ Xs∂.
2012 Unkw_¿ 47
enb∑m¿ ]q¿W kpc£nXcmbncp∂p.
]nSns®Sp°s∏Sp∂ {]tZi߃ Np´pI
cn°p∂ coXnbpw C√mXm°n. CXv cm{„
]p\¿ \n¿amW{]{Inbsb klmbn®p.
A Xn\m¬ P\ßfpsS ]n¥p W bm ¿ Pn 
°m≥ apkvenw Jeo^am¿°v Ign™n
cp ∂p.
ss{IkvXhcpw \mKcnIXbpw
CkvemanI \mKcnIX DØpwKXbn
seØn \n¬°p∂ kabØv s{sIkv Xh
bqtdm∏n¬ F¥mbncp∂p \S∂ncp∂Xv
F∂pIqSn a\nemt°≠Xp≠v. F√m
imkv{X ]cma¿ißfpw ss__nfn∂pw
ssZhØn∂psaXncv F∂v hn[nsbgpXn
XØzNn¥Iscbpw imkv{X⁄scbpw
Nn{Xh[w sNøpIbmbncp∂p aX t\
XrXzw. Iq´n\p `cW t\XrXzhpw. Inqu-
isition F∂ {IqcX s{sIkvXhXbpsS
t]cnembncp∂p Actßdnbncp∂Xv . `qan
Nen®Xn\v ]mhw Keoentbm hsc hn
NmcW t\cntS≠n h∂p. CXmIs´ ]
Xn\mdmw \q‰m≠nepw. AXn\p ImcW
ambn ]ptcmlnX¿ ]d™XmIs´ ss_
_nfnse ""`qXew I¿Ømhns≥d apºn¬
{]Iº\w sIm≈s´! AhnSp∂t√m tem
IsØ AN©eambn Dd∏n®Xv.'' (1 Zn
\hrØm¥w 16:30) F∂ ss__nƒ h
N\hpw!
""I¿Ømhp hmgp∂p; AhnSp∂p
alnabWn™ncn°p∂p; AhnSp∂p
i‡nsIm≠v Ac apdp°nbncn°p∂p;
temIw kpÿm]nXambncn°p∂p; AXn
\v Cf°w X´pIbn√.'' (k¶o¿Ø\߃
93:1)
""P\XIfpsS CSbn¬ {]tLmjn°p
hn≥: I¿Ømhp hmgp∂p; kpÿm]nX
ambncn°p∂p; AXn\v Cf°w X´pIbn√;
AhnSp∂p P\XIsf \oXn]q¿hw hn
[n°pw.'' (k¶o¿Ø\߃ 96:10)
Fs∂√map≈ hmIyßfneqsS Cf
ImØ `qansb ssZhw ss__nfn¬ hy
‡ am°nbncns° `qan Fßns\ Nen 
°psa∂v t]m∏n\v hnizkn°m\mIpw. t]m
∏ns\ ssZhw t\cn´v kwhZn°p∂ Znhy
s\∂v IcpXp∂ cm{„ t\XrXzØn\pw.
CuPn]v‰nepw, t]¿jybnepw AXn
kº∂amb \mKcnIXIfp≠mbncp∂p
sh∂w AXnt\mSØp Xs∂bmbncp∂p
{Ko°v kwkv Imcw D∂Xn {]m]n®ncp∂Xv
F∂pamWv hna¿iIcpsS I≠p]nSpØw.
{Ko°n\v D∂Xamb kwkvImchpw al
Ømb XØzNn¥Ifpap≠mbncp∂p F
∂Xv icnbmWv. ]s£ tdmw s{sIkv X
hX kzoIcn®tXmsS F√mw XInSw adn
™p. X߃°v XmXv ]cyan√mØ Nn¥m
k c WnIsf√mw s{sIkvXh ]p tcm ln 
X¿ IØn®p If™p. F¥nt\sd Ip
cnip acWsØ AwKoIcn°mØ F√m
kphntijßfpw shÆodm°n. Bsc¶n
epw a‰p h√ kphntijßfpw kq£n
®m¬ h[ in£bmbncp∂p ^ew. A
ßns\ \in∏n®Xn¬ ]eXpw ]n∂oSv I
s≠Sp°s∏´p. ^nen∏ns‚ kphntijw,
sdUv ko NpcpfpIƒ, ]o‰dns‚ kphnti
jw XpSßn \qdp IW°n\v.
temIw C∂pw BZcn°p∂ Acnkv
t‰m´nens‚ kºq¿W IrXnIƒ em‰n\n
te°v Ad_nbn¬ \n∂v ]n∂oSv ]cn`m
js∏SpØpIbmbncp∂p F∂v IqSn tN
¿Ønhmbn°ptºmgmWv apkvenw `cWm
[nImcnIƒ imkv{X kaqlØn\v \¬
Inb kw`mh\Iƒ a\nemhpIbp≈q.
apkv ena√mØ \nch[n imkv {X⁄
¿, XØzNn¥I¿, IhnIƒ F√mw apkv
enw `cWImeØp≠mbncp∂p. Ahsc
sb√mw DƒsIm≈m≥ apkvenw kaql
Øn\p Ign™p F∂Xv Xs∂bmWv ap
kv enwIfpsS G‰hpw henb kw`mh\.
aXw auenIambn IcpXp∂, hnizkn°p
∂ Hcp kaqlØn¬ Cßs\ kw`hn
®Xv AXv hnizmkØns‚ `mKambXv
sIm≠v Xs∂bmWv. CXv tIhew kaq
lØns‚ ta¬Ø´n¬ am{Xw kw`hn®
Nne Imcya√mbncp∂p. CuPn]vXv apkv
enw temIØn\p≈nembt∏mƒ AhnS
sØ I¿jI¿ A[nIhpw s{sIkv Xh
cmbncp∂p. `cWm[nImcnIƒ \S∏nem
°nb PetkN\ ]≤XnbpsS G‰hpw
henb KpWt`m‡m°ƒ Cu I¿jI
cmbncp∂p. Ipd™ ImeØn\p≈n¬ A
h¿ G‰hpw kº∂ hn`mKambn amdpI
bpw sNbvXp.
apkvenw `cWImeØv s{sIkv Xh
Cw•ojpIm¿ temIØns‚ ]e
`mKØpw A[n\nthiw \SØn
AhcpsS km{amPyØns‚ `mK
 am°nbncp∂p. Atacn° Im\
  U, Hmkvt{Senb, \yqknem≠v C
  ∂nhnSßfnse `mj Cw•ojpam
  °n  bncp∂p. ]s£ AhnSØp
 Im  sc Bcpw Cw•ojpIm¿ F 
∂p hnfn°mdn√. F∂m¬ Ad
 _nIfpsS A[n\nthiÿeß
 fn  se P\ßsfsb√mw ]n∂oSv
Ncn{Xw hnfn®Xv Ad_nIƒ F
∂mWv!
2012 Unkw_¿ 48
cpw blqZcpw aXØns‚ t]cn¬ sIm√
s∏´Xv apkvenwIfmembncp∂n√. adn®v
Ipcnip bp≤ImeØv bqtdm]y≥ s{sI
kv Xhcm¬ IrXyambn ]d™m¬ tdma≥
ItØmen°°mcm¬ Bbncp∂p. kpdn
bm\o s{sIkvXh¿°v t]mepw c£bp
≠mbncp∂n√ F∂Xv Ncn{Xw. Dadns‚
ImeØv sPdqkew apkvenwIƒ°v Io
gSßnbt∏mƒ apX¬ PqXcpw s{sIkv X
hcpw klh¿ØnXztØmsS sPdqkte
anep≠mbncp∂p. tdma°m¿ ASnt®mSn®
PqX¿ h¿j߃°v tijw Xncns®Øp
∂Xv apkvenwIƒ tdmans\ tXm¬]n®v
sP  dqkew IogS°nbt∏mgmbncp∂p.
(Gil, Moshe -A History of Palestine, Cam-
bridge Universtiy Press. p. 70 71.)
Ncn{XImc\mb Kn∫≥ Dadns‚
sP dqkteante°p≈ hnPbmtLmj 
bm{XbpsS emfnXysØ Ipdn®v Bth
iw sIm≈p∂p≠v. A∂v Dadpw Pdqk
tew ]ptcmlnX\mb kt{^m\nbkpw
XΩn¬ D≠m°nb Icm¿ Umari Treaty
F∂ t]cn¬ tcJs∏SpØnbXv Ncn{X
Ønse sh≈ntcJbmWv.
F∂m¬ t]m]v A¿_≥ c≠mas‚
shfn]mSpw tI´ph∂ IpcniphmlI¿
a\pjysc t]mepw Np´pXn∂ {Iqccmbn
cp∂p. At∏mƒ tbiphns\ sIm∂ Pq
XcpsS Imcyw ]dbm\pt≠m? Fgp]Xn
\mbncw km[mcW°mscbmWv A∂v sP
dqktean\p≈nse ]≈nbn¬ am{Xw Ip
cnipbp≤°m¿ sIms∂mSp°nbXv.
C\n Dbcp∂ tNmZyw, F¥mWo bp
KØns‚ kw`mh\ F∂XmWv . C≥Uy,
{Ko°v, t]¿jy, saks∏mt´manb, ssN
\ XpSßn A∂dnbs∏´ncp∂ H´pan°
tI{µßfnepap≠mb Bibßsf kzmw
ioIcn®v AXv kv ^pSw sNbv Xv , AXns\
sa®s∏SpØn, ]n¬°meØn\p \¬In
F∂XmWXns‚ H∂masØ kw`mh\.
Ch¿ CsXm∂pw sNbvXn√mbncps∂¶n
¬ imkv {Xw apcSn®p t]mIpI Xs∂ sN
øpambncp∂p F∂mWv am\th{µ\mY
tdmbv F∂ Fw.F≥ tdmbnbpsS 1939¬
{]kn≤oIcn® Historical Role of Islam F
∂ ]pkvXIØn¬ ]dbp∂Xv.
`qan Nen°p∂psh∂v ]d™Xn\m
¬ aX hnNmcW t\cntS≠n h∂ Keo
entbm HcpZmlcWw am{Xw. Adnbs∏
Sm Ø F{Xtbm Keoentbmam¿ Ncn {X 
A∫mknb `cWIqSw imkv{X kmt¶XnI cwKØv IpXn
®pNm´w \SØn F∂p ]dbp∂Xn∂¿Yw AXn\p apºp≈
 h¿ H∂pw sNbvXn√ F∂√. adn®v {]hmNI≥ apX¬ \mep
Jeo^amcpw AahnIfpw ]mIs∏SpØnb hnØpIsfdn™v
]pjvIeam°nb `qanbn¬ ^ew e`n®Xv A∫mknIƒ°m
 bn cp∂psh∂p am{Xw.
Øn¬ ad™p InS°p∂p.
Bdmw \q‰m≠n¬ aX{`m¥\mb P
Ão\nb≥ N{Ih¿Øn XpSßnh® aX
h¬°cWw tdmanse Nn¥Isc \mSp
hnSm≥ t{]cn∏n®p. N¿®ns\Xncmb Hcp
Nn¥mKXnbpw tdman¬ ]mSn√mbncp∂p.
t]¿jybne`bw {]m]n°m≥ {ian®psh
¶nepw AhnsSbpw ÿnXn hn`n∂ambn
cp∂n√. ]s£ Cu aX hncp≤scbS°w
DƒsIm≈m\p≈ hnimeX apkvenw `c
Wm[nImcnIƒ°p≠mbncp∂p. Ah¿ ]
ecpw apkvenwIfmbt∏mƒ Nne¿ s{sI
kv Xhcmbpw PqXcmbpw aX\ntj[nIfm
bpw \n∂p.
hn⁄m\w tXSp∂Xn\p aXw XS
ans√∂Xv Jeo^am¿ Is≠ØnbX√.
{]hmNIs‚ Ncy Xs∂bmWv. _Z¿
bp≤Øn¬ ]nSn°s∏´ i{Xp°sf tam
Nn∏n°m≥ tamN\{Zhyambn Bhiys∏
´Xv FgpXm\dnbp∂h¿ ]Øv apkv enwI
sf FgpXm≥ ]Tn∏n°pI F∂Xmbncp
∂p  . ]WtØ°mƒ hn⁄m\Øn\p
{]mapJyw \¬Inb B ]mXbmWv apkv
enw Jeo^amcpw ]n¥pS¿∂Xv.
_KvZmZnse {]ikvXamb slsem
t°m sse{_dn Xobn´t∏mƒ AXns‚
Nmcw sIm≠v bq{^´okv amkßtfmfw
IdpsØmgpIn F∂Xv Ncn{Xw. s{sIkv
Xh bqtdm∏v Nn¥m[mcIsf Ipgn®p aq
Snbt∏mƒ Gs‰Sp°m≥ Ad_v temIw
XømdmbXv ssZhImcpWyambncps∂∂v
thWw a\nem°m≥, As√¶n¬ C
∂pw Ccp´p _m[n® kaqlambn temIw
Ignbpambncp∂p. P\m[n]XyØn\p ap
2012 Unkw_¿ 49
ºv GsXmcp hnImkhpw AXns‚ `c
WkmcYyhpambn _‘s∏´ncn°p∂p.
tKm{X P\m[n]Xyw \ne\n∂ncp∂ tdm
an¬ \n∂v `cW kmcYyw s{sIkv Xh
Xbnte°v \oßnbXmbncp∂p tdmans‚
XI¿®°v ImcWw. CuPn]vXpw kndnb
bpw e_\m\psa√mw tdmans‚ Iognem
bncp∂p. Cu {]tZi߃ IogS°pI h
gn c£s∏´Xv A∂sØ P\X am{Xa√,
am\pj Ipew IqSnbmWv.
apkv enw CuPn]v Xv DƒsIm≠Xv
ssItdmbnse Hcp e£Øn¬ ]cw h
cp∂ ]pkvXIapƒsIm≈p∂ sse{_dn
bmWv. sIm¿tZmhbnse sse{_dn ssI
tdmhnt\°mƒ Bdnc´nbpw. hna¿iI¿
]dbp∂Xv t]mse A°meL´Ønse
alm≥am¿ ssZh hnizknIfmbncp∂ncn
°mw, ]s£ Ckvemw aX hnizmknI
fmbncp∂n√ F∂Xv icnb√, Cu Ime
L´Ønse alm∑m¿ Ckv emw aXhnizm
knIƒ Xs∂bmbncp∂p, Ipd®p t]¿
CXc aXÿcpambncp∂p. Ahsc√mh
cpw Xs∂ XßfpsS IgnhpIƒ sXfn
bn®ncp∂Xv apkvenw `cWm[nImcnIfp
kuP\yw
apkvenwIf√mØ
GXm\pw t]¿°v am{Xw
BZyw At]£n°p∂ GXm\pw Aapkv enwIƒ°v Hcp h¿jtØ°v Ppss_¬ C¥y≥ Ckv emlo
sk‚¿ kv t\lkwhmZw amknI kuP\yambn Ab®psImSp°p∂p. DS≥ _‘s∏SpI:
:  Jubail@nicheoftruth.org A  s√  ¶n  ¬  SnehaSamvadam Monthly
P.B. No:1981, Vyttila, Kochi-682019, Tel: 0484 2301275
sS hnimeamb IpS°ognembncp∂p. A
Xns‚ Dƒt{]cIambn h¿Øn®Xv aXw
Xs∂bmbncp∂p.
Hmtcm \mKcnIXbpw am\pjNcnX
Øn¬ AXns‚ Isøm∏pIƒ \¬Inbm
Wp IS∂pt]mbXv. B[p\nI \mKcnI
XbpsS ]Sn∏pcbmbncp∂p apkvenw \m
KcnIX. AXns‚ t\sc Xpd∂ IÆpI
tfmsS t\m°p∂h¿°v ]Tn°m\pw a\
nem°m\ptasdbp≠v. AS™ IÆp
ambn X∏p∂h¿ IpcpS≥ B\sb X∏p
∂Xv t]mse X∏ns°mt≠bncn°pw.
apkvenw `cWImeØv s{sIkvXhcpw blqZcpw aXØns‚
t]cn¬ sIm  √  s∏  ´Xv apkv enwIfmembncp∂n√. adn®v Ip
  cnip bp≤ImeØv bqtdm]y≥ s{sIkvXhcm¬˛IrXyambn
]d™m¬ tdma≥ I  tØmen°°mcm¬˛Bbncp∂p. kp
 dn  bm\o s{sIkvXh¿°v t]mepw c£bp≠mbncp∂n√ F
 ∂Xv Ncn{Xw.
\_n Hcn°¬ Xs‚ A\pNc≥am
tcmSv Hcp hSn Bhiys∏´p. Iøn¬ In
´nb hSn At±lw \njv{]bmkw HSn®v
Xncn®psImSpØp. tijw Ipd®v IqSn h
SnIƒ Bhiys∏´p. Hcp sI´v hSnIƒ
IønseØnb {]hmNI≥ AXv H∂n®v
h®v HSn°m≥ {ian°pIbpw HSn°m≥
]‰mØ B sI´v Iøn¬ sh®v apkvenw
kapZmbw H∂n®v \n¬t°≠Xns‚ Bh
iyIX t_m[ys∏SpØpIbpw sNbvXp.
ka  Im  enI temIØpw Csbmcp
B ibw ]n≥]‰nsIm≠v Xs∂bmbncn
°Ww apkvenw kapZmbw apt∂m´v t]m
tI  ≠  Xv . hnizmk˛I¿a  cw  KØv G 
sXm  cp A`n  {]mb hyXym  ap  s≠  ¶n  epw
km  ap  Zm  bnI {]iv \  ß  fn¬ H∂n®v \n 
¬°m\pw Htc a\tmsS apt∂m´v t]m
Im\pw ]cn  {i  an  °p  I. \mY≥ A  \p 
  {K  ln  °  s´.
˛\kvhn≥ Xph°mSv
(t]Pv 5¬ \n∂v XpS¿®)
2012 Unkw_¿ 50
A _q A ao≥ 
ssZh\maØnse kXy{]Xn⁄
Hcp Fw.F¬.F bpsS kXy{]Xn
⁄bpambn _‘s∏´ tIkpw tImSXn
hn[nbpw AXns\Xnscbp≈ A∏o ep
sams° tIc fobkaq l Øn¬ kPoh
N¿®bmbncn°pIbmWt√m. ssZh\ma
Øn¬ {]Xn⁄ sNøm\p≈ AhImiw
hIsh®p sImSpØpsIm≠p≈ tImSXn
hn[nbn¬ Xr]vXcmImsX {io\mcmbW
Kpcphns‚ t]cn¬ Xs∂ {]Xn⁄ sN
øWsa∂ hmZØn¬ Nne¿ I£n tN¿
∂v sIm≠mWv N¿® kPoham°n \n¿
Ønbncn°p∂Xv.
GXv aXhpw BZ¿ihpamWv Xm≥
kzoIcnt°≠sX∂v Xocpam\n°m≥ G
sXmcp ]uc\pw AhImiap≠v. ssZh
amcmsW∂pw ssZhamIm\p≈ tbmKyX
sb¥msW∂pw Xncn®dnbm\p≈ _p≤n
bpw hnthIhpw ]IzaXnIfmb GsXmcp
a\pjy\pw D≠mtI≠XmWv . ssZhambn
AYhm Bcm[y\pw AXyp∂X\pambn
Xm≥ kzoIcnt°≠h\mcmsW∂v IrXy
amb Xncn®dnhns√¶n¬ h√mØ A[a
XzØnepw ASnaØØnepambncn°pw A
bmƒ FØns∏SpI.
P\\hpw acWhpw hni∏pw Zmlhpw
tcmKhpw thZ\Ifpsams°bp≈ Hcmfpw
ssZhamIm≥ tbmKy\√. Zmk≥amcpsS
Bhiyßfdnbm\pw AhcpsS hnfnIƒ
tIƒ°m\pw Ahsc klmbn°m\pw I
gnbmØ Zp¿_e ssZhßsf sIm≠v A
Øcw `‡≥am¿°v F¥v t\´w?
GXv kabØpw GXv ImcyØn\pw
GXv `mjbn¬ hnfn®mepw AXv tIƒ
°m\pw DØcw sNøm\pw Ignhp≈ k
¿hi‡\pw ImcpWyhm\pambncn°Ww
bYm¿Y Bcm[y≥. ZpcnX߃ AI‰n
BizmktaIm≥ Ignbp∂ht\mSv {]m¿Yn
®nt´ Imcyap≈q. B]ØpIfn¬ B{i
bhpw A`btI{µhpamIm≥ Ignbp∂h
t\ ssZhsa∂ hntijWØn\v A¿l
Xbp≈q.
Ht´sd ]cnanXnIfpw IpdhpIfpap≈
P\\hpw acWhpw A\p`hn°p∂ Hcp
krjvSnbpw ssZha√. Ahscm∂pw {]m
¿Yn°s∏Sm≥ A¿l\pa√. kXyk‘
cmb Hscm‰ a\pjy\pw AXpsIm≠v X
s∂ ZnhyXzw AhImis∏´n´pan√.
alØp°fmb aplΩZv tbm, tb
ipthm, {io \mcmbWKpcpthm Bcpw
ZnhyXzw AhImis∏´Xn\v hkv Xp\njv T
amb bmsXmcp tcJ bpan√. adn®v Ah
scms°bpw am\pjnIamb ]e Ipd hp
Ifpap≈ krjv SnIfmbncp∂p F∂XmWv
hmkvXhw. AXpsIm≠v Xs∂ Ahcm
cpw Xßsf hnfn®p {]m¿Yn°m\pw Bcm
[n°phm\pw P\ßsf D]tZin®n´n√.
{]XypX AhcpsS {kjvSmhpw kwc£
I\pamb kXyssZhsØ Bcm[n°phm
\mWh¿ D]tZin®Xv. Ah¿ P\n°p
∂Xn\v apºpw Cu alm{]]©hpw A
Xnse A¤pX {]Xn`mkßfpw ChnsS
bp≠mbncp∂p. Cu alØp°fpsS A`m
hØnepw Ah apd{]Imcw \S°pIbpw
sNøp∂p≠v.
Izp¿B≥ tNmZn°p∂Xv ImWpI:
""AYhm, IjvSs∏´h≥ hnfn®p {]m¿Yn
®m¬ Ah∂p DØcw \¬IpIbpw hn
jaw \o°nsImSp°pIbpw, \nßsf `q
anbn¬ {]Xn\n[nIfm°pIbpw sNøp∂
ht\m (AX√, AhcpsS ssZhßtfm?)
A√mlpthmsSm∏w thsd h√ ssZhhp
apt≠m?'' (27:62)
bYm¿Y ssZhsØ Izp¿B≥ ]cn
Nbs∏SpØp∂Xn{]ImcamWv . ""A√mlp
˛Ah\√msX ssZhan√. Fs∂∂pw Po
hn®ncn°p∂h≥. F√mw \nb{¥n°p∂
h≥. ab°tam Dd°tam Ahs\ _m
[n°pIbn√. Ahs‚XmWv BImi`qan
  Ifnep≈sX√mw.'' (2:255)
F∂m¬ AkXyssZhØns‚ \ma
Øn¬ {]Xn⁄ sNøp∂Xv tIhew H
cp `wKnhm°mbn am{Xw I≠psIm≠v {]
h¿Øn°p∂Xv A]lmkyhpw Ip‰Ic
hpamWv. F√mw ImWpIbpw AdnbpI
bpw sNøp∂ k¿hi‡\mb A√m 
lpsh km£nbm°nsIm≠v ]dbp∂ {]
Xn⁄ kXyk‘ambn ]men°m≥ G
sXmcp hnizmknbpw _m[yÿ\mWv . A
hs‚ tImSXnbnte°v Xncn®v sNt√≠
Xps≠∂pw Ahs‚ hnNmcWsb t\cn
tS≠n hcpsa∂pap≈ t_m[w Hmtcmcp
Ø¿°pw D≠mtI≠XmWv. AhnsS A
\¿lambn CSs]Sm\pw c£n°m\pw B
cpap≠mIns√∂v Xncn®dnbp∂Xpw \∂m
bncn°pw.
""{]Xn^e\S]SnbpsS Znhkw F 
∂m¬ F¥msW∂v \n\°dnbptam? H
cmƒ°pw as‰mcmƒ°p th≠n bmsXm
∂pw A[o\s∏SpØm\mhmØ Hcp Zn
hkw. At∂Znhkw ssIImcyI¿XrXzw
A√mlphn∂mbncn°pw.'' (82:17˛19)
A√mlp A\p{Kln°s´.
""a\pjytc, Hcp DZmlcWanXm hnhcn°s∏Sp∂p. \n߃ AXv {i≤n®p
tIƒ°pI. Xo¿®bmbpw A√mlphn\v ]pdsa \n߃ hnfn®p {]m¿Yn
°p∂h¿ Hcp Cu®sbt∏mepw krjvSn°pIbn√. AXn∂mbn Ahsc
√mhcpw HØptN¿∂m¬ t]mepw. Cu® AhcpsS ]°¬ \n∂v h√Xpw
X´nsbSpØm¬ AXns‚ ]°¬ \n∂v AXv tamNn∏ns®Sp°m\pw Ah
¿°v Ignbn√. At]£n°p∂h\pw At]£n°s∏Sp∂h\pw Zp¿_e¿
Xs∂.''(22:73)

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