LECTURE WISE NOTES

AND OTER DETAILS OF THE SUBJECT
ECE052- ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES

FOR VIII SEMESTER OF B.TECH CIVIL ENGINEERING UNDER TEACHING - LEARNING - PROCESS OF SHARDA GROUP OF INSTITUTIONS BY

Er. R.S. JUREL
SENIOR FACULTY/ASSTT. PROFESSOR CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

HINDUSTAN COLLEGE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, FARAH, MATHURA (UP)

DECEMBER 2011

INDEX
S.No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 5(a) ITEM Time Table Syllabus Preamble Lesson Plan Along with Text book, reference books and photos Lecture wise notes Question bank and Tutorial/Assignment details Unit –I PAGE NO. 1 2 3-4 5-8

Lecture No. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Diversion Head works type, function, selection of site classification, distinction between weir and barrage Component parts of a diversion head work with details.

Topic

Page No. 9-13 14-23 24-34 34-41 42-51 52-61 62-69 70-83 84-85 86-87

Failure of hydraulic structure founded on permeable foundations design of impervious floor for sub surface flow, Bligh’s Theory Khosla’s theory for determination of pressure and exit gradient. Method of independent variables correction for thickness of floor, mutual interference of piles and slope Regulation works- falls, calcification design principals of falls. Design of Sarda type fall. Design of Straight Glacis fall. Principle and design of distributary’s Head Regulator and cross regulator, canal escape and bed bars. Question Bank Tutorial/ Assignment

(b) Unit - II Lecture No. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15.

Topic Design principles of weir on permeable foundation for subsurface and surface flow. Design of vertical drop weir. Design of sloping glacis weir. Canal head regulator function and design consideration. Cross Drainage works, necessity and types aqueduct, siphon Aqueduct super passage, canal siphon and level crossings Design Principles of cross drainage works. Head loss and up lift pressure

Page No. 88-94 95-106 107-120 121-130 131-136 137-143 144-148

16.

Design example. Question Bank Tutorial/ Assignment

149-157 158 159-160

(C) Unit – III Lecture No. 17. 18. 19. 20.

Topic Flood routing Type, Methods of reservoir routing, Trial and Error Method. Modified Pul’s and Godrich method of reservoir routing. Channel routing Muskingum method. Investigation and planning of dams and reservoir classification, engineering survey, Geological Investigation, Hydrological investigations. Selection of site for reservoir, storage zones of a reservoir. Estimation of storage capacity, reservoir losses, life of a reservoir, sedimentation and control, economic height of a dam. Dams classification and selection criterion. Earth dams classification components and seepage control Causes of failure of earth dam. Design criterion of earth dam. Phreatic line and its determination. Stability analysis of earth dam. Question Bank Tutorial/ Assignment

Page No. 161-176 177-187 188-208 209-214

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

215-230 231-239 240-243 244-245 246-249 250-257 258-267 268-269 270-271

(d) Unit – IV Lecture No. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. Topic Gravity Dams forces, Method of analysis, failure of gravity dam, and factor of safety. Elementary profile of a gravity dam. Stability analysis of gravity dam. Design of gravity dams. Galleries in Gravity dam Joins and control of cracks. Question Bank Tutorial/ Assignment Page No. 272-275 276-279 280-282 283-286 287-297 298-299 300-301

(e) Unit – V Lecture No. 33. 34 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40. Topic Page No.

Spillways Capacity types straight drop & ogee spill way including 302-317 design. Trough spillway side channel spillway. Shaft spillway, siphon spill 318-326 way. Energy dissipation below spillway 327-339 Design criteria for hydraulic jump type stilling basins with horizontal & sloping aprons, spillway gates. Hydroelectric power assessment of potential w.r.t. India. Classification of power plants merit of hydroelectric plants Important terms and numerical. Principal components of a hydroelectric scheme and power house layout. Classification of Turbines and their suitability. Question Bank Tutorial/ Assignment 340-345 346-350 351-356 357-362 363-381 382 383-385 386-398 399

6. 7.

University Question papers Topics for presentation for student seminar.

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PREAMBLE 1. The subject “ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF HYDRAULIC STRUCTURES” having GBTU code no. ECE 052 is an elective subject for VIIIth semester final year civil engineering students. This subject deals with following main items.

(1) Details and design of diversion head works like weir and barrage constructed on perennial rivers for diversion of water to canal for irrigation purpose. (2) Details and design of canal regulation works like falls, head regulator, cross, regulator, canal escape, bed bars and cross drainage works like Aqueduct etc. (3) Investigations and Planning of Dams and Reservoirs, Details and design of dams, spillways etc. (4) Details about hydro electric power generation. 2. This is an advance subject which is related to Water Resources Engineering. Its knowledge is essential for design irrigation projects. 3. For proper study of the subject the knowledge of following is required. (1) Water Resources engineering (2) Hydrology (3) Geo Technical Engineering (4) Surveying (5) Engineering Geology. (6) Concrete Structures 4. The knowledge of this subjects is essential for job in Irrigation Department of state and Central water and power commission, Central ground water board, Command Areas authorities, River Basin commission National water resource council, and national water development Agency of central government. It also helps in getting jobs in private construction company like Hindustan construction co. which are engaged in construction of dams, weir, Barrage, Canal etc. 5. The recruitment to above departments is either through state and union public service commissions or though H.R. Deptt of private companies.

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6. For study of above subject, lecture notes as per GBTU syllabus is being given on LMS site. IT is also available with the subject teacher given below-

R.S. JUREL Senior Faculaty/Astt Prof Civil Er. Deptt. R.No. 346A Mobile No. 9634747847 Students are being provided with question bank and assignments which will help in preparation of GBTU Exam as well as internal examinations. Whole syllabus will be covered in class by subject teacher for which students are advised to note down lecture and should 100% attendance as well as proper discipline in class. 7. The following projects can be taken up related to the subject. (1) Design and construction of check dams, vertical drop weir on rivers and perennial streams for irrigation and recharge of ground water. (2) Water management of a water shed. (3) Infiltration galleries for city water supply. (4) Roof Top rain water harvesting

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LESSON – PLAN 1. 2. Teacher’s Name Text Books : : R.S. JUREL 1. Irrigation Engineering and Hydraulic Structure By. S.K. Garg, Khana Publishers. 2. Irrigation and water power engineering by B.C. Punmia & others 1. Irrigation Engineering by G.S. Birdie Dhanpat Rai Publishing Co. PVT. LTD. 2. Hydrology and water Resources Engineering by S.K. Garg, Khanna Publisher. 2011-12 Final year civil section A & B Analysis and design of hydraulic structures ECE052

3.

Reference Books

:

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Lecture No. 1. 2. 3.

Year Section Subject Subject Code Lecture wise details Unit I I I

: : : :

Proposed Topic date Diversion Head works type, function, selection of site classification, distinction between weir and barrage Component parts of a diversion head work with details. Failure of hydraulic structure founded on permeable foundations design of impervious floor for sub surface flow, Bligh’s Theory Khosla’s theory for determination of pressure and exit gradient. Method of independent variables correction for thickness of floor, mutual interference of piles and slope Regulation works- falls, calcification design principals of falls. Design of Sarda type fall. Design of Straight Glacis fall. Principle and design of distributary’s Head Regulator and cross regulator, canal escape and bed bars. Design principles of weir on permeable foundation for subsurface and surface flow. Design of vertical drop weir. Design of sloping glacis weir. Canal head regulator function and design consideration. Cross Drainage works, necessity and types aqueduct, siphon Aqueduct super passage, canal siphon and level crossings Design Principles of cross drainage works.

Page No. 9-13 14-23 24-34

4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

I I I I I II II II II II II

35-41 42-51 52-61 62-69 70-83 88-94 95-106 107-120 121-130 131-136 137-143

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15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20.

II II III III III III

Head loss and uplift pressure Design example. Flood routing Type, Methods of reservoir routing, Trial and Error Method. Modified Pul’s and Godrich method of reservoir routing. Channel routing Muskingum method. Investigation and planning of dams and reservoir classification, engineering survey, Geological Investigation, Hydrological investigations. Selection of site for reservoir, storage zones of a reservoir. Estimation of storage capacity, reservoir losses, life of a reservoir, sedimentation and control, economic height of a dam. Dams classification and selection criterion. Earth dams classification components and seepage control Causes of failure of earth dam. Design criterion of earth dam. Phreatic line and its determination. Stability analysis of earth dam. Gravity Dams forces, Method of analysis, failure of gravity dam, and factor of safety. Elementary profile of a gravity dam. Stability analysis of gravity dam. Design of gravity dams. Galleries in Gravity dam Joins and control of cracks. Spillways Capacity types straight drop & ogee spill way including design. Trough spillway side channel spillway. Shaft spillway, siphon spill way. Energy dissipation below spillway

144-148 149-157 161-176 177-187 188-208 209-214

21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. 33. 34 35. 36. 37. 38. 39. 40.

III III III III III III III IV IV IV IV IV V V V V V V V V

215-230 231-239 240-243 244-245 246-249 250-257 258-267 272-275 276-279 280-282 283-286 287-297 302-317 318-326 327-339

Design criteria for hydraulic jump type stilling basins with 340-345 horizontal & sloping aprons, spillway gates. Hydroelectric power assessment of potential w.r.t. India. 346-350 Classification of power plants merit of hydroelectric plants Important terms and numerical. 351-356 Principal components of a hydroelectric scheme and power house layout. Classification of Turbines and their suitability. 357-362 363-381

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PARIKSHA DAM JHANSI

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Canal Head Regulator – Betva Canal Jhansi U.P.

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