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P14x_EN_AP_B43,0

P14x_EN_AP_B43,0

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Published by: Kwong Hwo Tiang on Dec 03, 2012
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If DDB 464: “AR Init Trip Test” is mapped to an opto input, and that input is activated
momentarily, the relay logic generates a CB trip output via DDB 372, mapped in
default PSL to output R3, and initiates an autoreclose cycle.
4.1.1.2 Autoreclose logic outputs

The following DDB signals can be assigned to a relay contact in the PSL or assigned
to a Monitor Bit in "Commissioning Tests", to provide information about the status of
the auto Reclose cycle. They can also be applied to other PSL logic as required. The
logic output DDBs are described below, identified by their DDB signal text.

4.1.1.2.1 AR in progress

The "DDB 360: AR in Progress" signal is present during the complete reclose cycle
from protection initiation to the end of the reclaim time or lockout. DDB 456: “AR in
Progress 1” operates with DDB 360 at autoreclose initiation, and, if DDB 453: “DAR
Complete” does not operate, remains operated until DDB 360 resets at the end of the
cycle. If DDB 453 goes high during the autoreclose cycle, DDB 456 resets (see notes
on logic input “DAR Complete” above).
4.1.1.2.2 Sequence counter status

During each autoreclose cycle, a “Sequence Counter” increments by 1 after each
fault trip, and resets to zero at the end of the cycle.
DDB 362: “Seq Counter = 0” is set when the counter is at zero;
DDB 363: “Seq Counter = 1” is set when the counter is at 1;
DDB 364: “Seq Counter = 2” is set when the counter is at 2;
DDB 365: “Seq Counter = 3” is set when the counter is at 3;
and
DDB 366: “Seq Counter = 4” is set when the counter is at 4.

4.1.1.2.3 Successful close

The "DDB 367: Successful Close" output indicates that an autoreclose cycle has been
successfully completed. A successful autoreclose signal is given after the CB has
tripped from the protection and reclosed whereupon the fault has been cleared and
the reclaim time has expired resetting the autoreclose cycle. The successful
autoreclose output is reset at the next CB trip or from one of the reset lockout
methods; see section 4.1.3.8.1. ’Reset from lockout’.

4.1.1.2.4 AR in service

The "DDB 361: AR in service" output indicates whether the autoreclose is in or out of
service. Autoreclose is in service when the relay is in Auto mode and out of service
when in the Non Auto and Live Line modes.

4.1.1.2.5 Block main prot

The "DDB 358: Block Main Prot" output indicates that the instantaneous protection
"Ι>3", "Ι>4", "ΙN1>3", "ΙN1>4", "ΙN2>3", "ΙN2>4" is being blocked by the
autoreclose logic during the autoreclose cycle. Blocking of the instantaneous stages
for each trip of the autoreclose cycle is programmed using the Overcurrent and Earth

Application Notes

P14x/EN AP/B43

MiCOM P141, P142, P143

Page 97/164

Fault 1/2 function link settings, "Ι> Function Link", "ΙN1> Func Link", "ΙN2> Func
Link", and the "Trip 1/2/3/4/5 Main" settings; see section 4.1.3.3 ‘Blocking
instantaneous protection during an autoreclose cycle’.

4.1.1.2.6 Block SEF prot

The "DDB 359: Block SEF Prot" output indicates that the instantaneous SEF protection
"ΙSEF>3, ΙSEF>4" is being blocked by the autoreclose logic during the autoreclose
cycle. Blocking of the instantaneous SEF stages for each trip of the autoreclose cycle is
programmed using the SEF/REF Prot’n function link setting, "ΙSEF> Func Link", and
the "Trip 1/2/3/4/5 SEF" settings; see section 4.1.3.3 ‘Blocking instantaneous
protection during an autoreclose cycle’.

4.1.1.2.7 Reclose checks

DDB 460: “Reclose Checks” operates when the dead time function is “primed” (see
notes on logic input “DT OK to Start”, above).

4.1.1.2.8 Dead T in prog

The "DDB 368: Dead T in Prog" output indicates that the dead time is in progress.
This signal is set when DDB 460: “Reclose Checks” is set AND input DDB 457: “Dead
Time Enabled” is high, and may be useful during relay commissioning to check the
operation of the autoreclose cycle.

4.1.1.2.9 DT complete

DDB 459: “DT Complete” operates at the end of the set dead time, and remains
operated until either the scheme resets at the end of the reclaim time or a further
protection operation/AR initiation occurs. It can be applied purely as an indication,
or included in PSL mapping to logic input DDB 453: “DAR Complete” if required (see
logic input notes).
4.1.1.2.10 System checks indication

DDB 462: “AR Sync Check” operates when either of the synchro check modules, if
selected for autoreclosing, confirms an “in synchronism” condition.
DDB 463: “AR SysChecks OK” operates when any selected system check condition
(synchro check, live bus/dead line etc.) is confirmed.

4.1.1.2.11 Auto close

The "DDB 371: Auto Close" output indicates that the autoreclose logic has issued a
close signal to the CB. This output feeds a signal to the control close pulse timer and
remains on until the CB has closed. This signal may be useful during relay
commissioning to check the operation of the autoreclose cycle.
4.1.1.2.12 “Trip when AR blocked” indication
DDB 369: “Protection Lockt” operates if AR lockout is triggered by protection
operation either during the inhibit period following a manual CB close (see section
4.1.3.7 – “Autoreclose inhibit following manual close”), or when the relay is in Non
Auto or Live Line mode (see section 4.1.3.8 – “AR lockout”).

4.1.1.2.13 Reset lockout indication

DDB 370: “Reset Lckout Alm” operates when the relay is in Non Auto mode, if setting
49 22 – “Reset Lockout by” – is set to “Select NonAuto”. See section 4.1.3.8.1 –
‘Reset from lockout’.

P14x/EN AP/B43

Application Notes

Page 98/164

MiCOM P141, P142, P143

4.1.1.3 Autoreclose alarms

The following DDB signals will produce a relay alarm. These are described below,
identified by their DDB signal text.
4.1.1.3.1 AR no checksync (latched)

The "DDB 165: AR No Checksync" alarm indicates that the system voltages were not
suitable for autoreclosing at the end of the check synch window time (Sys Check
Time), leading to a lockout condition. This alarm can be reset using one of the reset
lockout methods; see section 4.1.3.8.1 ’Reset from lockout’.
4.1.1.3.2 AR CB unhealthy (latched)

The "DDB 164: AR CB Unhealthy" alarm indicates that the "DDB 230: CB Healthy"
input was not energised at the end of the "CB Healthy Time", leading to a lockout
condition. The "DDB 230: CB Healthy" input is used to indicate that there is sufficient
energy in the CB operating mechanism to close and trip the CB at the end of the
dead time. This alarm can be reset using one of the reset lockout methods; see
section 4.1.3.8.1 ’Reset from lockout’.
4.1.1.3.3 AR lockout (self reset)

The "DDB 163: AR Lockout" alarm indicates that the relay is in a lockout status and
that further reclose attempts will not be made; see section 4.1.3.8 ‘AR Lockout’ for
more details. This alarm can be reset using one of the reset lockout methods; see
section 4.1.3.8.1 ’Reset from lockout’.
4.1.2 Autoreclose logic operating sequence
The autoreclose function provides multi-shot three phase autoreclose control. It can
be adjusted to perform a single shot, two shot, three shot or four shot cycle,
selectable via "Number of Shots". There is also the option to initiate a separate
autoreclose cycle with a different number of shots, "Number of SEF Shots", for the SEF
protection. Dead times for all shots (reclose attempts) are independently adjustable.
The number of shots is directly related to the type of faults likely to occur on the
system and the voltage level of the system. Generally, on medium voltage networks
where the percentage of transient and semi-permanent faults is likely to be high, a
multi-shot autoreclose device will increase the possibility of the distribution line being
successfully re-energised following reclosure of the circuit breaker. For more
information, please refer to section 4.1.4 ‘Setting guidelines’.
An autoreclose cycle can be internally initiated by operation of a protection element
or externally by a separate protection device, provided the circuit breaker is closed
until the instant of protection operation. The dead time "Dead Time 1", "Dead Time
2", "Dead Time 3", "Dead Time 4" starts when the circuit breaker has tripped and
optionally when the protection has reset, selectable via "Start Dead t On". At the end
of the relevant dead time, a CB close signal is given, provided system conditions are
suitable. The system conditions to be met for closing are that the system voltages are
in synchronism or dead line/live bus or live line/dead bus conditions exist, indicated
by the internal check synchronising element and that the circuit breaker closing
spring, or other energy source, is fully charged indicated from the "DDB 230: CB
Healthy" input. The CB close signal is cut-off when the circuit breaker closes.
When the CB has closed the reclaim time "Reclaim Time" starts. If the circuit breaker
does not trip again, the autoreclose function resets at the end of the reclaim time. If
the protection operates during the reclaim time the relay either advances to the next
shot in the programmed autoreclose cycle, or, if all programmed reclose attempts
have been made, goes to lockout.

Application Notes

P14x/EN AP/B43

MiCOM P141, P142, P143

Page 99/164

The total number of autoreclosures is shown in the CB Control menu under "Total
Reclosures". This value can be reset to zero with the "Reset Total A/R" command.

4.1.3 Main operating features
4.1.3.1 Operation modes

The autoreclosing function has three operating modes:
1.

AUTO MODE

Autoreclose in service

2.

NON AUTO MODE

Autoreclose out of service – selected protection
functions are blocked if setting “AR Deselected”
[4914] = Block Inst Prot.

3.

LIVE LINE MODE

Autoreclose out of service – protection functions
are NOT blocked, even if setting “AR Deselected”
[4914] = Block Inst Prot. LIVE LINE MODE is a
functional requirement by some utilities, for
maximum safety during live line working on the
protected feeder.
For any operating mode to be selected, CONFIGURATION menu setting
“Autoreclose” [0924] must first be set to “Enabled”. The required operating mode
can then be selected by different methods, to suit specific application requirements.
The basic method of mode selection is determined by AUTORECLOSE Group n menu
setting “AR Mode Select” [4091], as summarised in the following table:

A/R Mode
Select Setting

Description

COMMAND
MODE

Auto/Non Auto is selected by command cell “Autoreclose Mode”.

OPTO SET
MODE

If DDB 241: Auto Mode input is high Auto operating mode is
selected (Autoreclose is in service).
If DDB 241: Auto Mode input is low Non Auto operating mode is
selected (Autoreclose is out of service and instantaneous protection
is blocked)

USER SET
MODE

If DDB 242: Telecontrol input is high, the CB Control Autoreclose
Mode is used to select Auto or Non Auto operating mode.
If DDB 242: Telecontrol input is low, behaves as OPTO SET
setting.

PULSE SET
MODE

If DDB 242: Telecontrol input is high, the operating mode is
toggled between Auto and Non Auto Mode on the falling edge of
DDB 241: Auto Mode input pulses. The pulses are produced by
SCADA system.
If DDB 242: Telecontrol input is low, behaves as OPTO SET
setting.

Note:

If “Live Line Mode” input DDB 240 is active, the scheme
is forced into LIVE LINE MODE, irrespective of the AR
Mode Select setting and Auto Mode and Telecontrol input
DDBs.

P14x/EN AP/B43

Application Notes

Page 100/164

MiCOM P141, P142, P143

Live Line Mode input DDB 240 and Telecontrol input DDB 242 are provided to meet
the requirements of some utilities who apply a four position selector switch to select
AUTO, NON AUTO or LIVE Line operating modes, as shown in Figure 25.

TELECONTROL

LIVE LINE

AUTO

4 POSITION SELECTOR SWITCH

NON AUTO

MiCOM FEEDER PROTECTION RELAY

LIVE LINE
LOGIC INPUT

AUTO
LOGIC INPUT

LIVE LINE

AUTO

RELAY MODE SETTINGS

TELECONTROL
LOGIC INPUT

OPERATING MODES

NON AUTO

AUTO COMMAND MODE

OPTO SET MODE

USER SET MODE

PULSE SET MODE

P0122ENa

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