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Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com
2 Book: Author: Publisher: ISBN: Price: Date: Teach Yourself German Niranjan Jha Cromosys Publication 9781301878680 $5.00 December 2012
Preface Cromosys Publication’s Teach Yourself German book is an optimal quality guide to the beginners as well as advanced learners. German is the language of great demand after English because it is widely spoken in many European countries. Language is the pillar of human origin and evolution, and so, even many other languages of the world died in this century, but German is still surviving and flourishing because of its strong root in the human culture and civilization. Moreover, the entire grammar of German is the base of English grammar. This book is unmatchable and unique of its kind that guarantees your succes s. The lessons and study materials exclusively designed are based on my fifteen years of research in linguistic field. The text, audio and video are magnificently powerful to bring you into educational light. Whether you r intention is to travel abroad or plunge deep into your research, if you need to learn a language, then German is the best choice. Around eight years ago, when I went to the USA, I got a chance to learn it, and since then I have been teaching this language globally with high exposure. Having been communicating with German-speaking people around the world while managing a team in several call centers and being able to understand linguistic science, I would like to assure you that this language is easy to learn in just one moth of daily practice. And once learnt, with your sharpened bilingual ability you can make your way of success without any hindrance. After you start the lesson of this book, you don’t need to worry about anything but just follow each and everything carefully. Don’t procrastinate, over-confide or give up. You are going to do the most beautiful thing for yourself, so be bold enough to complete all the lessons. The sentence constructions of German are similar to English, only a few things which are not similar, I have explained properly in the easiest method I could ever find. The pronunciation of each word is given in bracket so that you can speak it correctly. The significance of this book is that it is dynamic, systemic and blissful with abundance of pure and perfect set of rules that took a decade of time in preparation. One alone, being immaturely suggested, spend ages in watching movies and listening to the audio which helps them to imitate a little but not learn what in actual sense it is, and their never-ending process of Picasso Adventure collects some scattered information which is unworthy to learning a foreign language. And the aspirants get lost in wilderness. You may have seen some other books on German full of conversations and dialogues which the students purchase by mistake, but they land up in giving up the hope of learning because that is not the proper book. Just memorizing the dialogues will not take you anywhere. So I have designed this book with proper set of lessons to make you start your adventure sitting at home beginning with real basic. This book is highly useful for the people working in communication based industry, media houses, entertainment world, and for those who are teachers, writers, researchers and students. And definitely for those who love languages – especially German! Cromosys, our language research and education center, saving human efforts from being wasted, is dedicated to teach you this language as good as possible. The world growing with density has brought enormous opportunity to foreign language speakers irrespective of their geographical boundaries. Having been teaching this language for last several years, I have come across the numerous rules which I Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
3 have elaborated in this book. Our path-breaking pioneer training institute for English Speaking, Mass Communication, Foreign Languages, Computer Training, and Academic Tuition, is committed to enlightening human mind with educational endeavors, and we are doing the same for last successful fifteen years. I believe I have done all I could to make this book useful to you, and not only hopeful but I am sure that your success is in your hand now because this book will take you miles ahead in your expectation. We always respect the views and comments of readers, so for any communication with regards to assistance, enquiry or collaboration, we are always there at your reach as it helps us improve our ability. Niranjan Jha Founder: Web:
Cromosys Corporation www.cromosys.in facebook.com/cromosys Contact no. +91-9561450045 Email address: email@example.com Facebook link: www.facebook.com/niranjanjha1 Address: 001, Jaisatyam, Patankar Road, Nallasopara (W), Mumbai, India-401203.
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Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
Alphabets There are 26 letters in German alphabet. All are the same as of English. Next to each letter the pronunciation is given. Write the letters in your notebook and speak out the pronunciation for practice. Don’t jump up to the next lesson without proper practice of this lesson.
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
aa bay (b+e+i) tsay (t+s+ay) day ay eff gay (g = heavy throat sound) haa ee ye kaa ell emm enn o pay koo err ess tay (soft - t) oo fow way iks ipselon tsait (t+s+aa+i+t)
Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com
Pronunciation This lesson explains the proper pronunciation of the letters and lists the example words with their pronunciation also. You are required to concentrate more be cause you may find some pronunciation quite strange. All the nouns MUST begin with a capital letter and other words with a small letter. A – It is generally pronounced as ‘aa’. kalt (kaalt) = cold rosa (roza) = pink
B – This letter is pronounced same as in English. Bruder (broodayr) = brother [broodayr or brooder are same in pronunciation] sieben (zeebayn) = seven When ‘b’ comes at the end of a word, it is pronounced like ‘p’. derb (dayrp) = strong oberhalb (obayrhaalp) = above
C – It usually sounds ‘k’. auch (awk) = also nach (naak) = after If ‘c’ comes before the letter e,i, y; then it sounds like ‘tse’, which is ‘t+s+ay’ Cellist (tselist) = cellist [a musical instrument player)
D – It is pronounced same as in English. Dame (daamay) = woman Dorf (dorf) = village If ‘d’ comes at the end of a word, it sounds ‘t’. Feld (faylt) = filed Kind (kint) = child
E – It is pronounced like ‘ay’ or ‘ey’. *‘ay’ or ‘ey’ or ‘e’ is of same value] Tante (taantay) = aunt Birne (birnay) = blub
F – This letter is pronounced same as in English. Freund (fro-int) = frined [fro+i+nt] Ehefrau (ayhay-fraw) = wife [ay+hay+fr+aaw] Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
then ‘g’ is pronounced like ‘sh’.com . Milch (milsh) = milk Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. Gefahr (gayfaar) = danger August (oogust) = August If ‘g’ comes at the end of a word after ‘i’ like ‘ig’. Ehemann (ayhay-maan) = husband lahm (laam) = lame I – It is pronounced like ‘ee’. Tag (taak) = day Sometimes the ending ‘g’ is also pronounced like ‘k’. hohl (hol) = hollow or empty M – This letter sounds same as in English.6 Lesson 3 Pronunciation G – This letter is pronounced with heavy guttural (throat) sound. Haar (haar) = hair Huhn (hoon) = chicken If ‘h’ comes in the middle of a word after a vowel. then ‘h’ remains silent. dieser (deezayr) = this ihr (eer) = yours J – This letter is pronounced like ‘y’. wenig (waanish) – little *Pronounce correctly* ledig (laydish) = unmarried If ‘g’ comes before ‘i' at the end of a word. Liebling (leeplink) = darling H – It sounds same as in English. Juli (yooli) = July ja (yaa) = yes K – It sounds same as in English. then ‘g’ is pronounced like ‘k’. kaufen (kawfayn) = to buy L – It sounds same as in English.
it is pronounced like ‘z’. rot (rot) = red S – It sounds ‘s’ if it comes in the beginning or at the end of a word. Nabel (naabayl) = navel Nichte (nishtay) = niece Neffe (nayfay) = nephew O – This letter sounds same as in English. Ofen (ofayn) = stove toll (tol) = mad Obst (opst) = fruit P – This letter sounds same as in English.com . Qual (ku-aal) = agony R – This letter sounds same as in English. Esel (ayzayl) = donkey Hose (hozay) = trousers seit (zaa-it) = since T – It is pronounced soft compared to its English equivalent. Mutter (mootayr) = mother Tabak (taabak) = tobacco (taa+b+half ‘a’+k) Salat (zalaat) = salad (z+half ‘a’+laat) Hotel (hotayl) = hotel Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com Lesson 4 Pronunciation N – This letter sounds same as in English. das (daas) = this Glas (glaas) = glass bis (bis) = till When ‘s’ comes before a vowel in the middle of a word. Pack (paak) = packet Oper (opayr) = opera Q – It is always pronounced like ‘ku’ because it comes with the letter u as – ‘qu’.
wenn (vayn) = when Wasser (vaasayr) = water Wort (wort) = word wahr (vaar) = true X – It sounds same as in English.com . Yacht (jaaxt) yacht * Pronounce correctly* Z – It is pronounced like ‘ts’ which is a mixed sound of ‘t+s’. ‘v’ is pronounced like ‘v’. Vag (vaak) = vague November (novaymbayr) = November W – This letter sounds same as in English. Zwerg (tswayrk) = dwarf zehnte (tsayntay) = tenth Zwiebel (tsveebayl) = onion Zitrone (tsitron) = lemon * Pronounce correctly* Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Lesson 5 Pronunciation U – It is pronounced like ‘oo’. Hut (hoot) = hat gut (goot) = good blau (blaa-oo) = blue Suppe (zoopay) = food V – This letter sounds like ‘f’. Vater (faatayr) = father voll (fol) = full Vetter (faytayr) cousin brother viel (feel) = much In some words which have come from foreign languages. Taxi (taaksi) = taxi Y – It is pronounced like ‘j’ of English.
even your single slip will take you to the bottom from where you can’t even think of starting back again. If English is your first language. In the same way. you have completed five lessons. things from here will get difficult for you. Remember that only difficult thing brings amazing success in your life. before moving ahead. then be serious about it. You won’t learn it automatically. If you want great success. make sure that you have done proper practice till fifth lesson. Why it is necessary is that while learning a foreign language.com . (5) If you get a chance to talk to or chat with German-speaking people though internet or so me other media. you may need to buy a German-to-English dictionary. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. Just looking into this book with pleasure seeking attitude can make you laugh a little as you see some words of German. You would have learnt it by yourself. The only thing you have to do is that take this book as a guide to lead you step by step for it. If you ignore and do not do that. imagine how the other people learn it! I can tell you. English is also not easy to billions of people of the world. it requires proper practice by writing the lesson from this book into your notebook and practicing the pronunciation of the words. So refrain yourself from behaving like a play-boy learner and be a little serious about it. For that. it will be fabulous. Once you are thorough. Till now. Don’t jump off and scroll down to the other pages without having a proper practice done on all the previous lessons. you have to do great work.9 Strict Instructions Remember that learning German is never difficult. you have to make efforts to learn this language. Things are easy but get more logical and logical as you move ahead. Some people learn it after great effort by putting everything on stake. You can get some translation software free from internet that will help you doing translation from English-to-German and German-to-English. (1) (2) (3) (4) You can enjoy the world of German only after you completely go through this book. what benefit the thing can give you? Nothing. grapes are so ur! What is easy in the world? And if something is easy. because if it was so easy. For them. There are many people who want to learn a new language because it is very much fascinating. You may buy some audio-video books of German conversation. So. Wishing you all the best! Don’t quit. but many of them fail in the beginning only because they don’t practice. continue learning. there was no need to buy this book. but if you are really interested to learn it.
stove. husband. difficult. Pronunciation is not a problem in German at all. mad Word.com . fruit Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. lame. when. Water.10 Lesson 6 Some words These are different kind of words of German language. morning. Write them in your notebook and pronounce them correctly. just there are a few things that you have to work upon. Tee (tee) Zimmer (tseemay) Haus (haws) Sohn (zon) Wahrheit (vaar-haa-it) mann (maan) Held (haylt) Teppich (taypish) Regen (raygayn) Honig (honish) Sonntag (zontaak) Sommer (zomayr) Brot (brot) Winter (wintayr) silbern (zilbern) Thron (tron) krank (krank) schwer (shvayr) Morgen (morgayn) Abend (aabaynt) Name (naamay) Keksen (kayksayn) Suppe (zoopay) purpurn (purpurn) Woche (vosh) Zunge (tsung) Kinn (kin) Boden (bodayn) = tea = room = house = son = truth = man = hero = carpet = rain = honey = Sunday = summer = bread = winter = silver = throne = ill = difficult [sh+v+ay+r] = morning = evening = name = Biscuits = soup = purple *it is ‘pur’ not ‘par’+ = week = tongue = chin = floor Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German and pronounce them correctly. You may have to try again and again as you may not be able to pronounce them correctly in first attempt. true Evening.
u. then it is pronounced like ‘kh’ with heavy throat sound.au. ü. ich (ish) =I nicht (nisht) = not Bücher (beeshayr) = books The compound ‘st’ coming in the beginning of a word sounds like ‘sht’. i.o. It is rarely used in German. eu. Thron (tron) = throne Theater (tay-aa-tayr) = theatre The name of this letter ‘β’ is (ays-tsayt) which is ‘es+tset’.11 Lesson 7 Compound letters The compound ‘sch’ is pronounced ‘sh’. It is pronounced like ‘ss’. Stuhl (Shtool) = chair stumm (shtoom) = dumb If ‘st’ appears in the middle of a word or after ‘ch’. Bach (baakh) = stream hoch (hokh) = high. tall Kuchen (kookhen) = cake Rauch (rawkh) = smoke [’aw’ as it is pronounced in ‘rock’] Tochter (tokhtayr) = daughter The letter ‘ch’ gives the sound of ‘sh’ when it comes after e. Spalt (shpaalt) = crack [sh+p+aa+lt] Spiegelei (shpeegelaai) = fried egg [’aai’ or ‘ai’ is as ‘y’ in the word ‘my’+ If ‘ch’ comes after the letter a. ö. groβ (gross) = long Straβe (shtraa-ssay) = street [sh+traa+say] Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. then it sounds ‘st’.com . Fenster (faynstayr) = window nächst (naai-sh-st) = next *Pronounce correctly* The compound ‘th’ is pronounced as ‘t’. fleisch (flaish) = flesh [it is flaa+ish] schwager (shwaagayr) = brother-in-law schreiben (shraai+ben) = to write The compound ‘sp’ sounds like ‘shp’.
silbern söhne. It is pronounced like ‘o+e’. hoch. Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German and pronounce them correctly. evening. krank. dumb. five. ö. stream. schön (shoen) = beautiful söhne (zo-e-nay) = sons grösser (groesayr) = bigger The letter ü is pronounced like ‘eu’ which is ‘e+u’. But there are some exceptions to these rules also which will be getting clear to you as you move ahead. Beautiful. Käse. nächst. water Write the meaning of these words in English and pronounce them correctly. grösser. fruit. difficult. ö.com . müssen (meusayn) = must grün (greun) = green [gre+u+n] fünf (feu-nf) = five These three letters ‘ä. cake.12 Lesson 8 Umlauts The umlauts are placed on the three letters – a. Stuhl. After placing umlauts they look like ä. just keep moving. bigger Sons. Käse (kei-zay) = cheese The short sound of this letter is (ay) as ‘set’ in English. tall True. ü’ have long sound when they are followed by a consonant letter or if they come at the end of a word. The letter ä has two sounds – long and short. o. Kuchen. morning. Sometimes. The long sound is like (ei) as ‘say’ in English. Don’t worry. stumm. schwager Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. Thron. chair Name. u. Gepäek (gaypayk) = luggage The letter ö has no equivalent in English. they are pronounced short when they are followed by two or more consonants. ü and their pronunciation gets modified. Bach schwer. Abend Name.
die. das. are categorized as masculine. feminine and neuter gender. the definite article ‘the’ is used. To distinguish the gender of a particular noun. All the nouns whether they are living or non-living. Here are a few more examples of nouns in all the three genders. The article is used before noun and undergoes a change in accordance with the gender and number of the accompanying noun. These precede the noun depending on its gender and number. The father (mas) The mother (fem) The money (neuter) The man The woman The ship = der Vater (dayr faatayr) = die Mutter (dee mootayr) = das Geld (daas gaylt) = der Mann (maan) = die Frau (fraa-oo) = das Schiff (sheef) From the above you may have noticed the three forms of definite articles ‘the’ as – der.13 Lesson 9 Nouns and Articles The name of a person. place or thing is called noun.com . Masculine Nouns der König (ko-e-nish) der Student (shtoodnt) der Freund (fro-int) der Lehrer (layrayr) der Apfel (aafayl) der Brief (breef) der Bruder der Bäcker (bei-kayr) Feminine Nouns die Königin (koe-neezeen) die Studentin (shtoodnteen) die Freundin (frointeen) die Lehrerin (layrayreen) die Schwester (shwaystr) die Tasse (taasay) die Milch (milsh) die Schule (shoolay) Neuter Nouns das Buch (bookh) das Feld (faylt) das Auto (aa-oo-to) das Dach (daakh) das Vogel (fogayl) das Boden (bodayn) das Hemd (haymt) das Messer (maysayr) = the king = the student = the friend = the teacher = the apple = the letter = the brother = the baker = the queen = the female student = the female friend = the female teacher = the sister = the cup = the milk = the school = the book = the field = the car = the roof = the bird = the floor = the shirt = the knife Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. You can find the gender of any noun by looking into a dictionary.
the school . So. the money. As already said. feminine and neuter only the article ‘die’ is used. Now we will see what happens with plural nouns. It is also necessary to mention here that The gender categorization in German is quite different. the cup. the field. the roof. Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German. Please pay attention to it otherwise it may appear complicated to you. But don’t get afraid. Looking into the dictionary and finding out the gender of each word is the only way to get acquainted to it. the word – the miss = das Fraulein (frowlaain) is also neuter. Plural Nouns The father The fathers The mother The mothers The letter The letters The man The men The woman The women The roof The roofs = der Vater = die Vater = die Mutter = die Mutter = das Brief = die Briefe (breefay) = der Mann = die Manner (maanayr) = die Frau = die frauen (frowayn) = das Dach = die Dacher (daakhayr) The first thing what we notice here is that in the Plural of all the three genders – masculine. the book. The only thing I will say here that the time when German was created. you will be explained everything step by step.com . the car. The apple. (not die Vaters). the definite article undergoes a change according to the gender of the accompanying noun. the letter. Similarly. the fathers Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. the bird. there was no logic to call it illogical. the floor.14 Lesson 10 Plural Nouns and Articles The gender categorization in German is not based on any rule but it is a tradition being followed. the brother. the milk. And one thing that may have surprised you is that in German The rule of changing singular into plural is quite different from English which will be explained in the next lessons. And it is not a one-day task but takes a period of time to get through. the fathers = die Vater. and so: The girl The girls = das Mädchen (mayt-shayn) = die Mädchen The word ‘girl’ is a neuter noun in German because of its ending as –chen.
–er do not undergo any change in the plural except taking umlaut on first vowel. take ‘e’ at the end but do not take umlaut. Their plural is indicated by accompanying article only.15 Lesson 11 Singular .Plural This lesson describes the rules of changing a singular noun into plural. while chaning into plural. Rule 1 The masculine or neuter nouns ending in –el.com . der Onkel (onkayl) die Önkel der Apfel die Äpfel der Garten (gaartayn) die Gärten (gayrtayn) der Laden (laadayn) die Läden (laydayn) der Bruder die Brüder der Lehrer die Lehrer das Boden die Böden = the uncle = the uncles = the apple = the apples = the garden = the gardens = the shop = the shops = the brother = the brothers = the teacher = the teachers = the floor (neuter) = the floors Rule 2 Some masculine nouns. der Gast (gaast) die Gäste (gaystay) der Tisch (tish) die Tische (tishay) = the guest = the guests = the table = the tables Rule 4 Some masculine nouns take ‘er’ at the end and umlaut to become plural. der Tag (taak) die Tage (taagay) der Hund (hoont) die Hunde (hoonday) der Brief (breef) die Briefe (breefay) = the day = the days = the dog = the dogs = letter = letters Rule 3 Some masculine nouns take both ‘e’ and umlaut to become plural. der Wurm (worm) die Würmer = the worm = the worms Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. –en. This lesson requires a proper attention while learning.
–en. the apples Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com der Mann (maan) die Manner (maanayr) das Kind die Kinder (kintayr) = man = men = the child = the children Rule 5 The masculine or neuter nouns which do not end with –el. the dogs. they take ‘en’ to become plural. the night. the wall. so continue learning. the walls. the bears. the floor. The bear. Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German. the floors. German is similar to English but not exactly the same. die Tante (taantay) die Tanten (taantayn) die Dame die Damen die Nacht (naakht) die Nächte (naykhtay) die Magd (maygt) die Mägde (maygday) die Wand (vaant) die Wände (vaynday) die Hand (haant) die Hände (haynday) die Schwester die Schwestern die Tür (te-ur) die Türen = the aunt = the aunts = the lady = the ladies = the night = the nights = the maid = the maids = the wall = the walls = the hand = the hands = the sister = the sisters = the door = the doors It is being said again that the singular-plural management may appear complicated to those who will not pay attention to this lesson because it is one of the most important lessons of this book. the guest. the guests. der Soldat (soldaat) die Soldaten der Bar (bayr) die Baren (bayrayn) das Bett (bayt) die Betten = the soldier = the soldiers = the bear = the bears = the bed = the beds Rule 6 The feminine singular nouns take –n or –en and umlaut to become plural. the nights. don’t give up. –er. the dog.com . the apple.
the women. ein Mann eine Frau ein Buch eine Tasse ein Brief eine Schule ein Apfel eine Hand ein Soldat eine Nacht ein kind eine Tante ein Haus eine Königin ein Auge (awgay) ein ohr (or) ein Bett (bet) ein Ei (ei) ein Soldat eine Dame ein Gast eine Schwester = a man = a woman = a book = a cup = a letter = a school = an apple = a hand = a soldier = a night = a child [Neuter] = an aunt = a house = a queen = an eye [Neuter] = an ear [Neuter] = a bed [Neuter] = an egg [Neuter] = the soldier = the lady = the guest = the sister Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German. the father. a father. a sister. the sister. the uncle. the mothers Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. the man. the uncles. so we use ‘ein’ (aa-in) for the masculine nouns and ‘eine’ (aa-i-nay) for the feminine nouns. the fathers. the men. a mother. an aunt. the sisters. the woman. the mother.17 Lesson 12 Indefinite Article As we use ‘a’ or ‘an’ indefinite article in English. A man. the aunt. a woman. We are emphasizing here the rule of indefinite article. a brother. the aunts. the brothers.com . an uncle. the brother.
and –ich are masculine. Zeitung (tsai-toonk) = newspaper Freundschaft (froint-shaaft) = friendship Erlaubnis (erlaw-pnis) = permission 3. –keit. –ing. Garten (gaartayn) = garden Regen (raygayn) = rain Kuchen (koochayn) = cake 7. Held (haylt) = hero Heldin (hayldin) = heroine König (kaynish) Königin (koeneezeen) Spieler (shpeelayr) Spielerin (shpelereen) = king = queen = player = female player 2. So the ending of a word determines the gender.18 Lesson 13 Gender As already said. Liebling (leeplink) = darling Teppich (taypish) = carpet Honig (honish) = honey Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. there are three kinds of gender in German – masculine. Nouns ending in –ung. Wahrheit (vaarhait) = truth Schönheit (shein-hait) = beauty Sklaverei (sklaa-veree) = slavery Reinheit (rainhait) = purity 4. Some masculine words take ‘–in’ at the end to become feminine. Generally the nouns which end in –e are feminine and those which do not end in –e are masculine. Most of the nouns ending in –en are masculine. Most of the abstract nouns in German are feminine. Kindlein (keendlain) = baby Fräulein (frei-lain) = young lady Kätzchen (keits-shayn) = kitten 6. there are some rules to change the gender of a noun. –ei. The nouns ending in –chen or –lein are neuter. Gesicht (gayzisht) = face Gebein (gaybain) = bones Gefäss (gayfeis) = vessel 5. Most of the nouns with the prefix ‘ge-’ are neuter. –nis are feminine. 1. –schaft. The two-syllable nouns ending in –ig. Now.com . feminine and neuter.
heroine. Held. brother-in-law. honey. Lehrer. purity.com . truth. darling. Heldin. Beauty.19 Lesson 14 Some Masculine – Feminine Words Fürst (fyoorst) Fürstin (fyoorsteen) Freund (froint) Freundin (frointeen) Lehrer (layrayr) Lehrerin (layrayreen) Bettler (baytlayr) Bettlerin (baytlayreen) Schwieger (shvee-gayr) Schwiegerin (shvee-gayreen) Held (helt) Heldin (heldeen) Student (shtoodnt) Studentin (shtoodenteen) Ehemann (ayhayman) Ehefrau (ayhayfrow) = prince = princess = male friend = female friend = male teacher = female teacher = male beggar = female beggar = brother-in-law = sister-in-law = hero = heroine = male student = female student = husband = wife Schwieger-sohn (shveegayr-zon) = son-in-law Schwieger-tochter = daughter-in-law Neffe (nayfay) Nichte (nishtay) Pferd (pfayrt) Stute (shtoot) = nephew = niece = horse [p+f+ay+rt] = mare Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German. Honig. female beggar. Sklaverei. Kindlein. Schwieger Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. slavery Write the meaning of these words in English. Reinheit. kitten. Wahrheit. Kätzchen. young lady. Lehrerin. Schönheit. Liebling. Fräulein. Teppich. Bettler. carpet.
the adjectives change according to the gender. In German.com . number and case of nouns. For example: Rule 1: With Indefinite Article Good = gut (goot) A good man (mas) A good woman (fem) A good book (neuter) = ein guter Mann (gootayr) = eine gute Frau (gootay) = ein gutes Buch (gootays) In these sentences the adjective ‘gut’ has declined as follows: With a masculine singular noun > gut+er With a feminine singular noun > gut+e With a neuter singular noun > gut+es Rule 2: With Definite Article Good = gut (goot) The good man The good woman The good book The good boys Other Examples Old wine (m) Old mother (f) Old book (n) Red hat (m) Red ink (f) Red water (n) Some Adjectives warm (vaarm) kalt (kaalt) neu (neeoo) alt (aalt) lieber (leebayr) groβer (grosayr) bester (baystayr) runden (roondayn) groβ (gros) bedacht (baydaakht) beanlagt (been-laakt) frisch (frish) rein (raa-in) schmutzig (shmoot-sish) = der gute Mann (gootay) = die gute Frau = das gute Buch = die guten Knaben (gootayn) = alter Wein (vaa-in) = alte Mutter = altes Buch = roter Hut = rote Tinte (tintay) = rotes Wasser (vaasayr) = warm = cold = new = old = dear = large = best = round = tall = careful = talented = fresh = clean = dirty Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Lesson 15 Forming Sentences with Adjective Forming sentences with adjectives in German is different from English.
a talented daughter. the new girl. the tall man.21 taub (tawp) dumm (doom) fleissig (flai-sish) faul (fawl) durstig (doorstish) hungrig (hoongrish) breit (brait) hässlich (heislish) eng (ing) lustig (looshtish) One step ahead little = klein (klain) A little daughter (f) The little daughter sad = traurig (trawrish) A sad girl (f) The sad girl clever = klug (klook) A clever boy (m) The clever boy pretty = hübsch (heupsh) A pretty girl (f) The pretty girl short = kurz (koorts) A short letter (m) The short letter clean = rein (raa-in) A clean handkerchief (n) The clean handkerchief new = neu (neeoo) A new dress (n) The new dress old = alt (aalt) An old castle (n) The old castle = deaf = stupid = hardworking = lazy = thirsty = hungry = broad = ugly = narrow = merry = eine kleine Tochter = die kleine Tochter = eine traurige Mädchen = das traurige Mädchen = ein kluger Junge = der kluge Junge = eine hübsche Mädchen = das hübsche Mädchen = ein kurzer Brief = der kurze Brief = ein reines Taschentuch (taashentukh) = das reine Taschentuch = ein neues Kleid (klaa-it) = das neue Kleid = ein altes Schloβ (shlos) = das alte Schloβ Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. the talented son. a new boy. a tall woman. the talented daughter Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. the tall woman. a talented son. the new boy.com . a new girl. A tall man.
22 Lesson 16 Comparisons The comparative of adjective is always formed by adding –er to the positive degree. –er. –z or vowel takes ‘st’ in superlative. –t. –m takes ‘ste’. And the adjective ending in –el. –en. small smaller smallest poor poorer poorest old older oldest big bigger biggest = klein (klaa-in) [positive] = kleiner (klaainayr) [comparative] = kleinst (klaainst) [superlative] = arm (aarm) = ärmer (eir-mayr) = ärmste (eirms-tay) = alt (aalt) = älter (eil-tayr) = älteste (ayltaystay) = gross = grösser = grösste The adjective ending in –d. Many adjectives take umlaut in comparison and many do not. –s. –ss. and –st. hard harder hardest noble nobler noblest stupid stupider stupidest full fuller fullest happy happier happiest brave braver bravest = hart (haart) = härter = härtest = edel (aydayl) = edler = edelste = dumm (doom) = dümmer (deumayr) = dümmste (deumstay) = voll (fol) = voller = vollst = froh (fro) = froher = frohest = tapfer (taap-fayr) = tapferer = tapferste Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. –ste in the superlative degree.com . –sch.
23 Lesson 17 Case The case has a different set of rules which affects the indefinite and definite articles of the nouns. to the woman. the big book. a pretty girl. the oldest letter. the woman. A man. the new dress. of the man. in masculine and neuter nouns. to the men. the women. the happiest man. the big house. the sad girl.com . of a woman. The brave father. the clever boy. Write these examples in your notebook and frame some sentences of your own to make sure you understand the rule of case. the poorest student. of the woman. a woman. to a man. of a man. the man. of the women. a short letter. to the women Translate these sentences into German. a little daughter. the noblest woman. Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. the old castle Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. the happy mother. the letter ‘–s’ is added at the end to make it plural. to a woman. Objective Case A man (m) A woman (f) A book (n) = ein Mann = eine Frau = ein Buch Genitive Case of a man of a woman of a book = eines Mann (aa-i-nes) = einer Frau (aa-i-ner) = eines Buch (aa-i-nes) Dative Case to / for a man to / for a woman to / for a book = einem Mann (aa-i-nem) = einer Frau = einem Buch Definite Article Case the father of the father to / for the father of the house = der Vater = des Vaters* = dem Vater = des Hauses *For the meaning ‘of’. the men. of the men. the small school. to the man.
24 Lesson 18 Days and Moths The name of days. Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday Sunday January February March April May June July August September October November December Spring Summer Autumn Winter The week Next Monday On Tuesday Last Wednesday The weather The year Colors White Black Brown Yellow Green Red Pink = der Montag (montaak) = der Dienstag (deenstaak) = der Mittwoch (mitvokh) = der Donnerstag (donayrstaak) = der Freitag (fraa-i-taak) = der Samstag (zaamstaak) = der Sonntag (zontaak) = der Januar (yaanoo-aar) = der Februar (faybroo-aar) = der März (meirtz) = der April (aapril) = der Mai (maa-i) = der Juni (yooni) = der Juli (yooli) = der August (awgoost) = der September (zeptaymbayr) = der Oktober (oktobayr) = der November (novaymbayr) = der Dezember (ditsembayr) = der Frühling (feruling) = der Sommer (zomayr) = der Herbst (hayrbst) = der Winter (vintayr) = die Woche (voshay) = nächsten Montag = dem Dienstag = letzten Mittwoch (letstet) = das Wetter (vaytayr) = das Jahr (yaar) = weiss (vaa-is) = schwarz (shvaarts) = braun = gelb (gaylp) = Grün (gre-un) = rot = rosa (rozaa) Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. months and seasons are all masculine in German.com . so the article ‘der’ should be used with all.
com . und = and Twenty-one = einundzwanzig (aai-unts-vaan-tsish) [ein+und+zwanzig] Twenty-two = zweiundzwanzig (tsvei-unts-vaan-tsish) [zwei+und+zwanzig] Thirty = dreiβig (draisish) Forty = vierzig (feertsish) Fifty = fünfzig (feunftsish) Sixty = sechzig (zektsish) Seventy = siebzig (zeeptsish) Eighty = achtzig (aakht-tsish) Ninety = neunzig (neun-tsish) Hundred = hundert (hoondayrt) One thousand = ein tausend (tawzent) One million = eine Million (meelee-yon) First Second Third Fourth Fifth Sixth Seventh Eighth Ninth Tenth = erste (ayrstay) = zweite (tsvai-tay) = dritte (dreetay) = vierte (feertay) = fünfte (feunftay) = sechste (zaykstay) = sieben (zeebayntay) = achte (aakhtay) = neunte (neuntay) = zehnte (tsayntay) Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com Lesson 19 Numbers One Two Three Four Five Six Seven Eight Nine Ten Eleven Twelve Thirteen Fourteen Fifteen Sixteen Seventeen Eighteen Nineteen Twenty = eins (aa-ins) = zwei (ts-vei) = drei (drei) = vier (feer) = fünf (feunf) = sechs (zayks) = sieben (zeebayn) = acht (aakht) = neun (neun) = zehn (tsayn) = elf (aylf) = zwölf (tsvei-lf) = dreizehn (drai-tsayn) = vierzehn (feer-tsayn) = fünfzehn (feunf-tsayn) = sechszehn (zayk-tsayn) = siebenzehn (zeebayn-tsayn) = achtzehn (aakh-tsayn) = neunzehn (neun-tsayn) = zwanzig (tsvaan-tsish) From twenty-one onwards the word ‘und’ is used in between.
feminine or neuter gender. Though it is not necessary now. die. Body Face Head Eye Ear Mouth Nose Hand Finger Thumb Arm Leg Neck Chest Foot Chin Cheek Lip Tongue Stomach Tooth Elbow Heel Shoulder Palm Nerves Thigh Lung Liver Toe = Körper (ko-erpayr) = Gesicht (gayzisht) = Kopf (kopaf) [a = half ‘a’ sound+ = Auge (awgay) = Ohr (or) = Mund (moont) = Nase (naazay) = Hand (haant) = Finger (feengr) = Daumen (dawmayn) = Arm = Bein (baa-in) = Hals (haals) = Brust (broost) = Fuss (foos) = Kinn (kin) = Backe (baakay) = Lippe (lipay) = Zunge (tsungay) = Magen (maagayn) = Zahn (tsaan) = Ellbogen (aylbogayn) = Hacke (haakay) = Schulter (shooltayr) = Palme (paalmay) = Nerven (nayrfayn) = Schenkel (shaynkayl) = Lunge (loongay) = Leber (laybayr) = Zehe (tsay-e) Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. or das has to be used with them.com . but later.26 Lesson 20 Parts of Body The parts of body are also categorized as masculine. So the article der. you can look into your dictionary to find out the gender of a word.
27 Lesson 21 Relations Parents Father Mother Brother Sister Uncle Aunt Cousin Brother Cousin Sister Son Daughter Husband Wife Nephew Niece Grandparent Grandson Granddaughter Grandmother Grandfather Brother-in-law Sister-in-law Father-in-law Mother-in-law Son-in-law Daughter-in-law Male Friend Female Friend Fiancé Fiancée Lady Gentleman Mr. Miss Mrs. Unmarried Married = Eltern (ayltrn) = Vater (faatayr) = Mutter (mootayr) = Bruder (broodayr) = Schwester (shwaystayr) = Onkel (onkayl) = Tante (taantay) = Vetter (faytayr) = Kusine (koozeenay) = Sohn (zon) = Tochter (tokhtayr) = Ehemann (ayhaymaan) = Ehefrau (ayhayfraw) = Neffe (nayfay) = Nichte (nishtay) = Grosseltern (groseltrn) = Enkel (aynkayl) = Enkelin (aynkaylin) = Grossmutter = Grossvater = Schwager (shvaagayr) = Schwägerin (shveigayrin) = Schwieger-vater (shveegayr) = Schwieger-mutter = Schwieger-sohn = Schwieger-tochter = Freund (fro-int) = Freundin (frointin) = Brautigem (brawteegaym) = Braut (brawt) = Dame (daamay) = Herr (hayr) = Herr = Fräulein (froi-lin) = Frau = Ledig (laydish) = Verheiratet (fayraai-raatayt) Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org .
Ehefrau. eye. Mermelade. Juni. mouth. Nase. head Write the meaning of these words in English. Nichte. orange. ear. Leber. Lunge. Sommer. nose. tomato. Apfelsine. son. Schenkel. Tochter. Hammelfleish Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. Imbis. Ehemann. summer. Frühling. Winter. mutton. Huhn. nephew.28 Lesson 22 Eatables Coffee Fruit Fish Egg Flour Butter Cream Wine Pastry Ice Cutlet Lemonade Apple Cherry Grapes Banana Lemon Orange Jam Snack Noodles Onion Potatoes Vegetable Salt Soup Chicken Biscuits Mutton Tomato Salad Breakfast Lunch Supper = Kafee (kaafee) = Obst (opst) = Fisch (fish) = Ei (ei) = Mehl (mayl) = Butter (bootayr) = Sahne (zaanay) = Wein (waa-in) = Gebäck (gaybayk) = Eis (aa-is) = Schnitzel (shnitsayl) = Limonade (limonaaday) = Apfel (aafayl) = Kirsche (kirshay) = Weintrauben (vinay-trawbayn) = Banane (banaanay) = Zitrone (tsitron) = Apfelsine (aafelzine) = Mermelade (mayrmelaaday) = Imbis = Nudeln (noodeln) = Zwiebel (tsvai-bel) = Kartoffeln (kaartofeln) = Gemüse (gemeuzay) = Salz (zaalts) = Suppe (zoopay) = Huhn (hoon) = Keksen = Hammelfleish (haamayl-flaa-ish) = Tomate (tomaatay) = Salat (zalaat) = Frühstück (freush-teuk) = Mittagessen (mitaakesayn) = Abendbrot (aabent-brot) Exercise: Write the meaning of these words in German.com . snack. Herbst. Neffe. Keksen. biscuits. Zehe. Sohn. July. thumb. April. Zitrone. niece.
Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. The ‘Sie’ meaning ‘you’ is written with capital ‘S’.com . To resolve the doubt as to which of the other two sie means what we have to look at the accompanying verbs which will be explained in next lessons.29 Lesson 23 Prepositions On For Without Through Against About After From In / into Of With To In front of Behind Near Since At Because of Under During = auf (awf) = für (feur) = ohne (onay) = durch (doorsh) = gegen = um (oom) = nach (naak) = von (fon) = in = von = mit = zu (tsoo) = vor (for) = hinter = bei (baa-i) = seit (zaa-it) = an = wegen = unter (oontayr) = während (veiraynd) Pronouns I We He She It You They This That These Those = ich (ish) = wir (veer) = er (ayr) = sie (zee) = es (ays) = Sie (zee) *Capital ‘S’+ = sie (zee) = dies (deez) = das (daas) = dies = das The word ‘sie’ represents three pronouns.
com .30 Lesson 24 Possessive Pronoun My = mein (maa-in) [mas & neuter] meine (maa-inay) [fem & plural] Or. meinige (maainigay) = mein Onkel = meine Schwester = meine Schwestern = meine Onkel = meine Feder (faydayr) My uncle My sister My sisters My uncles My pen Our Our uncle Our sister Our sisters Our uncles Our pen = unser (oonsayr) [mas & neuter] unsere (oonsayray) [fem & plural] = unser Onkel = unsere Schwester = unsere Schwestern = unsere Onkel = unsere Feder His His uncle His sister His sisters His uncles His pen = sein (saa-in) [mas & neuter] seine (saainay) [fem & plural] = sein Onkel = seine Schwester = seine Schwestern = seine Onkel = seine Feder Your Your uncle Your sister Your sisters Your uncles Your pen = ihr (eer) [mas & neuter] ihre (eeray) [fem & plural] = ihr Onkel = ihre Schwester = ihre Schwestern = ihre Onkel = ihre Feder Their / her / its = ihr (eer) [mas & neuter] ihre (eeray) [fem & plural] Their house = ihr Häuser Her mother = ihre Mutter Her nieces = ihre Nichten Their nieces = ihre Nichten Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo.
Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = ich bin in dieser Klasse. [bin = am] = unser Haus ist in dieser Strasse. [sind = are] = sind dies sein Bücher? = das sind gute Bücher. = wo ist das Wasser? = ich bin ein Inder.com .31 Lesson 25 Possessive Pronoun ‘thy’ Thy Thy uncle Thy sister Thy sisters Thy uncles Thy pen = dein (daa-in) [mas & neuter] deine (daainay) [fem & plural] = dein Onkel = deine Schwester = deine Schwestern = deine Onkel = deine Feder Objective Pronoun Me / to me = mir (meer) Us / to us = uns (onns) Him / to him = ihm (eem) Her / to her = ihr (eer) You / to you = ihnen (eenen) Them / to them = sie (zee) Interrogative Pronouns Who What Where Whom Whose Which When How Why = wer (vayr) = was (vas) = wo (vo) = wen (ven) = wessen (vaysayn) = welcher (velchayr) = wann (vaan) = wie (vee) = warum (varoom) = dies ist mein Onkel. [ist = is] = ist dies mein Onkel? = das ist unsere Freund. bin and other helping verbs are explained in the next lesson.The usage of ist. (eendayr) = was ist ihr Vater? This is my uncle Is this my uncle? That is our friend These are my books Are these his books? Those are good books I am in this class Our house is in the street She is tall Where is the water? I am an Indian What is your father? Note: . = dies sind mein Bücher. = sie est gross. sind. This lesson was to introduce all the pronouns.
= ist sie nicht? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com Lesson 26 Present Indefinite Tense Affirmative sein = to be I am We are You are They are He is She is It is = ich bin (ish bin) = wir sind (veer zint) = Sie sind (see zint) = sie sind (zee zint) = er ist (ayr ist) = sie ist (zee ist) = es ist (es ist) The word ‘sie’ is used for you. the meaning can be understood by seeing the verb form. = wir sind Mädchen. = ich bin eine Lehrerin. = bin ich nicht? = wir sind nicht. (faalsh) = die Äpfel sind grün. He is a man I am a teacher You are beautiful We are sisters This is here This is night I am thirsty We are girls They are there We are wrong The apples are green = er ist ein Mann. = wir sind schwestern. For other two pronouns.com . = ich bin durstig. they all the three pronouns. she. = sie sind dort. ‘Sie’ begins with capital letter. For you. Negative and Interrogative I am not Am I not? We are not Are we not? You are not Are you not? He is not Is he not? She is not Is she not? = ich bin nicht. = es ist nicht. = es ist hier. = sind Sie nicht? = er ist nicht. = ist er nicht? = sie ist nicht. (f) = Sie sind schön. = wir sind falsch. = sind wir nicht? = Sie sind nicht.
Sie sind nicht ein König. = sie ist nicht böse. They are not poor.com . Translate these sentences into English. raa-if) = der Schneider ist schlecht. dies sind mein Bücher. ich bin nicht ein Student. Is she old? Is it not big? That is here. = sind sie nicht? = es ist nicht. I am hungry. We are here. ich bin in dieser Klasse. dies ist mein Onkel. ist dies mein Onkel? das ist unsere Freund. sind Sie hungrig? ich bin ein Inder. = ich bin nicht ein Student. sie ist nicht böse. (zayr) = is die Nuss reif? (noos. We are guests. You are a hero. = ist die nacht nicht dunkel? = sie est nicht sehr gross. He is a prince. wo ist das Wasser? es ist nicht ein Buch. sind dies sein Bücher? das sind gute Bücher. They are teachers. = Sie sind nicht ein König. She is a queen. We are brave. I am not a king. shlesht) = die Magd is nett. I am a soldier. (shnaa-idayr. We are students. er ist ein Mann.33 They are not Are they not? It is not Is it not? = sie sind nicht. It is a pen. = der Bruder ist arm. = es ist nicht ein Buch. = ist es nicht? We are not there This is not a book I am not a student You are not a king She is not angry Are you hungry? Is he not thirsty? Am I tall? Are we not fat? Is it not false? Is she not thin? It is not here not there The brother is poor Is the night not dark? She is not very tall Is the nut ripe? The tailor is bad The maid is pretty = wir sind nicht dort. Are you tall? Are we fat? Is he not thin? The man is a soldier. (boezay) = sind Sie hungrig? = ist er nicht durstig? = bin ich gross? = sind wir nicht dick? = ist es nicht falsch? = ist sie nicht dünn? = es ist nicht hier und nicht dort. net) Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. ich bin eine Lehrerin. We are brothers. was ist ihr Vater? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. Sie sind schön. (maagt.
= you do not love = they do not love = he/she/it does not love = thou do not love = thou people do not love The rule of negative sentence is that the word ‘nicht’ comes after verb in German. ‘lieb’ is the stem which remains unchanged with any pronoun. Negative ich liebe nicht wir lieben nicht Sie lieben nicht sie lieben nicht er/sie/es liebt nicht du liebst nicht ihr liebt nicht = I do not love. the letter ‘en’ is added to the stem. Interrogative liebe ich? lieben wir? lieben Sie? lieben sie? Interrogative Negative liebe ich nicht? lieben wir nicht? lieben Sie nicht? liebt sie nicht? = Do I love? = Do we love? = Do you love? = Do they love? = Do I not love? = Do we not love? = Do you not love? = Does she not love? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = we do not love. we. Affirmative ich liebe (leebay) wir lieben (leebayn) Sie lieben sie lieben er/sie/es liebt (leebt) du liebst (leebst) ihr liebt (eer) = I love = we love = you love = they love = he/she/it loves = thou love [singular] = thou people love [plural] In case of pronoun ‘ich’ – (I). the letter ‘st’ is added to the stem. But ‘-en’ is the termination which undergoes changes with pronouns. the letter ‘t’ is added to the stem.com .34 Lesson 27 Verbs in Present Indefinite lieben (leebayn) = to love This verb has two parts – the stem (root). they). In ‘Sie/wir/sie’– (you. and the termination. But in English ‘not’ comes before verb. In ‘du’ – (thou). In ‘er/sie/es/ihr’– (he/she/it/thou people). the letter ‘e’ is added to the stem of the verb.
35 Lesson 28 Some verb forms haben (haabayn) = to have ich habe Sie/wir/sie haben er/sie/es hat du hast spielen (shpeelayn) = to play ich spiele Sie/wir/sie spielen er/sie/es spielt du spielst rauchen (rawkhayn) = to smoke ich rauche Sie/wir/sie rauchen er/sie/es raucht du rauchst fragen (fraagayn) = to ask ich frage Sie/wir/sie fragen er/sie/es fragt du fragst sehen (zay-ayn) = to see ich sehe Sie/wir/sie sehen er/sie/es sehet du sehest hören (hoe-rayn) = to hear ich höre Sie/wir/sie hören er/sie/es höret du hörest wollen (wolayn) = to want ich wolle Sie/wir/sie wollen er/sie/es wollet du wollest = I have = you/we/they have = he/she/it has = thou have = I play = you/we/they play = he/she/it plays = thou play = I smoke = you/we/they smoke = he/she/it smokes = thou smoke = I ask = you/we/they ask = he/she/it asks = thou ask = I see = you/we/they see = he/she/it sees = thou see = I hear = you/we/they hear = he/she/it hears = thou hear = I want = you/we/they want = he/she/it wants = thou want Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org .
Does she go? Does she not go? Thou go. t. I play. She does not play. then before using terminator –t or –st. m. du atmest du tanzest du reisest du öffnest = thou breathe = thou sing = thou travel = thou open Present Continuous Tense There is no Present Continuous Tense in German. Do I play? Do I not play? We play. We do not play.36 Lesson 29 Some verbs kaufen (kawfayn) verkaufen (ferkawfayn) bringen (bringayn) besuchen (besookayn) empfangen (empfaangayn) wollen (wolayn) sehen (zay-ayn) loben kämpfen (keimpfayn) zugeben (tsoogaybayn) hören (hoe-rayn) träumen (troe-mayn) wohnen gehen (gayhayn) warten antworten arbeiten = to buy = to sell = to bring = to visit = to receive [ n = half ‘n’ sound+ = to want = to see = to praise = fight = to admit = to hear = to dream = to live = to go = to wait = answer = to work If the stem of a verb ends in d. Do we go? Do we not go? She goes. ss. Do thou play? Do thou not play? I go. I play/I am playing She does not play/She is not playing Do you ask/Are you asking? Do I not sell/Am I not selling? Do they not visit/Are they not visiting? Do I see/Am I seeing? Thou travel/Thou are travelling He smokes/he is smoking = ich spiele. n. I do not play. Thou do not play. Do we play? Do we not play? She plays. z. Do thou go? Do thou not go? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. the letter ‘e’ is placed in the middle to make the pronunciation easy. She does not go. Do I go? Do I not go? We go. Thou do not go.com . The same rule is applied if a stem ends in the letter s. We do not go. I do not go. Does she play? Does she not play? Thou play. = sie spielt nicht? = fragen Sie? = verfaufe ich nicht? = besuchen sie nicht? = sehe ich? = du reisest = er raucht Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. Instead of that Present Indefinite tense is used.
= sie haben gewartet. Once again it is said that to make a past participle of a verb. die or das. He plays. He does not play. That means: ‘ge–‘ prefix and ‘–t’ termination. [No emphasis] = wir haben die Bucher.com . = ich habe gehört. = sie hat gearbeitet. For this – I have = ich habe Now for ‘bought’ – ge+kauf+t I have bought = ich habe gekauft. Is he playing? He has played. I do not play. the regular verbs take ‘ge-‘ before the stem and take ‘-t’ at the place of termination. I am not playing. Does she have an apple? Do they not have the car? He has money We have books. You have bought We have asked I have heard They have waited He has answered She has worked Thou have loved Thou people have heard = Sie haben gekauft. the object takes the definite article ‘den’ instead of der. it takes ‘einen’ instead of ein. The sentences in Accusative Case He has a dog = er hat einen Hund. [No emphasis] Present Perfect Tense In this tense. He is not playing. = wir haben gefragt. = ihr habt gehört. you have add ‘ge-‘ before the stem and just ‘-t’ termination. Do I play? I am playing. Does he play? He is playing. = du hast geliebt.37 Lesson 30 Accusative Case In Accusative Case. I play. And for indefinite article. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. For example: I have bought. Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. = hat sie ein Apfel? [No emphasis] = haben sie nicht das Auto? [No emphasis] = er hat das Geld. an object of the sentence is accused of an incident. = er hat geantwortet. In this case. Am I playing? I have played. *Using ‘a’ you emphasize dog] Do you have the book? = Haben Sie den Buch? *Using ‘the’ you emphasize book] Who has the letter? = wer hat den Brie? *Emphasizing ‘the’+ Do you have an umbrella? = haben Sie einen Schirm? (sheerm) I have an uncle = ich habe einen Onkel. The accusation of this case is similar to emphasis of English when you put stress on something while saying.
= sie haben nicht gekommen. We have not sold. Have we sold? Have we not sold? You have heard this. = sie hat nicht gefragt. Has he worked? Has he not worked? We have sold. Have you heard this? Have you not heard this? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: email@example.com Lesson 31 Step-ahead for Present Perfect Irregular Verbs Till now. But there are some irregular verbs also which do not have a fixed rule while changing into past participle form. = Sie haben nicht gehört. do not take ‘-ge’ as prefix. and so. These irregular verbs take ‘-ge’ as a prefix. study = studieren studied = studiert visit = besuchen visited = besucht Negative of Present Perfect I have not visited They have not come He has not spoken She has not asked You have not heard We have not begun You have not eaten Negative of Present Perfect Have I visited? Have they not come? Have they drunk? Has he understood? Have you sold this? Has she not received? = ich habe nicht besucht. = Sie haben nicht gegessen.com . the verbs that you learnt were regular verbs. = er hat nicht gesprochen. they had a fix rule to change their termination. You have not heard this. He has worked. = wir haben nicht begonnen. but the vowels in the verbs undergo some changes. = habe ich besucht? = haben sie nicht gekommen? = haben sie getrunken? = hat er verstanden? = haben Sie es verkauft? [es = this] = hat sie nicht gefaunden? Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. He has not worked. And some other verbs which start with ‘be’ also do not take ‘-ge’ as prefix. do = tun done = getan drink = trinken drunk = getrunken speak = sprechen spoken = gesprochen play = spielen played = gespielt Some verbs which end in ‘ieren’.
You do not play. = sind Sie nicht dort gewesen? = sie sind hier gewesen. Have you played? Have you not played? You have been playing. The verbs are: gegangen gekommen geblieben = gone = come = stayed = ich bin = ich bin gekommen = er ist gegangen = sie ist geblieben I am I have (am) come He has (is) gone She has (is) stayed been = gewesen I have (am) been We have (are) not been out Have you not been there? They have been here Who has been there? Some past participle studied = studiert answered = geantwortet visited = besucht finished = geendet done = gearbeitet opened = geöffnet put = gehabt I have played I have studied You have answered We have visited I have finished They have done He has answered She has opened Thou have put = ich bin gewesen. = Sie haben geantwortet. Note: . You have not played.com . = wir sind nicht aus gewesen. Have you been playing? Have you not been playing? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. Do you play? Do you not play? You are playing. Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. = ich habe geendet. Are you playing? Are you not playing? You have played. You are not playing. You play. Present Perfect is used.There is no Present Perfect Continuous tense. = sie hat geöffnet. = sie haben gearbeitet. = er hat geantwortet. = wir haben besucht. You have not been playing. = du hast gehabt. = wer ist dort gewesen? = ich habe gespielt.39 Lesson 32 Step-ahead for Present Perfect There are some verbs which do not agree with ‘haben’ but they agree with ‘sien = to be’ for present perfect tense. For that. = ich habe studiert.
= Sie/wir/sie warren. he. = Sie/wir/sie liebten. = ihr wart. = du liebtest. the verb drops its final ‘-en’ and adds ‘-te’ to the stem. it and singular noun. love – lieben I/he/she/it love You/we/they love Thou love You people love say – sagen ich/er/sie/es sagte Sie/wir/sie sagten du sagtest ihr sagtest play – spielen ich/er/sie/es spielte Sie/wir/sie spielten du spieltest ihr spieltet They smoked We visited They did not smoke We did not visit Did they smoke? Did we visit? We sat He did not ask They did not sell You did not buy Did you not hear? Did they not sell? Did I not come? Did I not ask? = sie rauchten. = er fragte nicht. With you. = sie verkauften nicht. = Sie kauften nicht. = wir besuchten. = wir besuchten nicht. With I. the verb drops ‘-en’ and adds ‘-ten’ to the stem. = rauchten sie? = besuchten wir? = wir sitzten. = du warst.com . = ihr liebtet. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. she.40 Lesson 33 Past Indefinite Tense I/he/she/it was You/we/they were Thou were You people were = ich/er/sie/es war. = hörten Sie nicht? = verkauften sie nicht? = kommte ich nicht? = fragte ich nicht? = ich/er/sie/es liebte. they and plural noun. we. = sie rauchten nicht.
as you move ahead. Instead of Past Continuous.com . things would get clearer to you. But don’t worry.41 Some sentences with irregular verbs I knew him = ich kannte ihm. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. He went to house = er ging nach Hause. I came = ich kam. He bought this = er brachte es. He did = er tat. so you may face some problem while understanding these sentences. We did not help them = wir halfen ihnen nicht. They began = sie begannen Why did they not speak? = warum sprachen sie nicht? He gave me a book = er gab mir ein Buch. Past Indefinite tense is used. Verbs in Past Indefinite form send = senden sent = sandte run ran burn burnt love loved say said play played think thought bring brought = rennen = rannte = brennen = brannte = lieben = liebte = sagen = sagte = spielen = spielte = denken = dachte = bringen = brachte The reason to give more focus to this tense is that again there is no Past Continuous tense ahead. We went = wir gingen. [nach = to] Because these are irregular verbs.
= ich hatte nicht geantwortet. We have not studied. = ich hatte nicht studiert. = ich hatte geendet. had – hatte I/he/she/it had You/we/they love Thou love You people love I had played I had studied You had answered We had visited I had finished They had done He had answered She had opened Thou had put They had waited Thou had bought She had opened I had become He had had I had (was) been Negative and Interrogative I had not played I had not studied Had I played? Had I studied? Had I not played? Had I not studied? We had not waited I had not answred Had he waited? I had not become Had she not answred? Had you waited? Had she written? = ich/er/sie/es hatte. = sie hatte geöffnet. past participle form is used which you have already learnt. Have we studied? Have we not studied? We had studied.42 Lesson 34 Past Perfect Tense To form sentences in Past Perfect. = sie hatten gewartet. = du hattest gekauft. = ich war gewesen. Following is the list of ‘hatte’ changing with pronouns. = hatte sie nicht geantwortet? = hatten Sie gewartet? = hatte sie geschrieben? Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. = hatte ich gespielt? = hatte ich studiert? = hatte ich nicht gespielt? = hatte ich nicht studiert? = wir hatten nicht gewartet. = er hatte gehabt. = Sie hatten geantwortet. = ihr hattet. = er hatte geantwortet. = du hattest. We had not studied. = ich hatte geworden. we have to use ‘hatte’ (haatay).com . = ich hatte studiert. We have studied. = Sie/wir/sie hatten. = ich hatte gespielt. = hatte er gewartet? = ich hatte nicht geworden. = wir hatten besucht. After this. Had we studied? Had we not studied? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = ich hatte nicht gespielt. = du hattest gehabt. = sie hatten gearbeitet. which is applied as (had) of English. = sie hatte geöffnet.
= sie werden spielen. = du wirst. shall/will – werde (vayrday) I shall He/she/it will You/we/they will Thou will You people will I shall play I shall study He will play She will study They will play We will study I shall not play I shall not study Shall I play? Shall I study? Shall I not play? I shall not study We shall not go He will not do She will not answer I shall not write I shall not copy Will you not come? Will you not ask? Will she come? I shall do it (I shall it do) He will not do it (He will it not do) I shall not go out (I shall not out go) They will not copy it (They will it not copy) I shall write a letter (I shall a letter write) = ich werde. = sie wird studieren. = wir werden studieren. = er wird spielen. which is applied as (shall/will) word of English. Following i s the list of ‘werde’ changing with pronouns. = Sie/wir/sie werden.com . = werde ich spielen? = werde ich studieren? = werde ich nicht spielen? = werde ich nicht studieren? = wir werden nicht gehen. = ich werde nicht studieren. After this. *Use of ‘nicht’ is complicated-will explain later] = ich werde nicht aus gehen. = sie werden es nicht abschreiben. = er wird nicht tun. = ich werde nicht schreiben. = er/sie/es wird. = ich werde einen Brief schreiben. = ich werde nicht abschreiben. Object comes before main verb] = er wird es nicht tun. we have to use ‘werde (vayrday)’. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Lesson 35 Future Indefinite Tense To form sentences in Future Indefinite. = ich werde studieren. = werden Sie nicht kommen? = werden Sie nicht fragen? = wird sie kommen? = ich werde es tun. the complete verb is used without dropping termination. = ich werde spielen. [‘es’ is an object. (toon) = sie wird nicht antworten. = ich werde nicht spielen. = ihr werdest.
And before ‘haben’ the past participle is used which is the unique system of German language. = der Knabe wird gelernt haben. Have = haben is used as a complete verb without chaning termination.com . = Sie/wir/sie werden haben.44 Lesson 36 Future Pefect Tense The Future Pefect sentences are formed using shall/will + have. = ich werde studiert haben. Have I played? Have I not played? I played. I do not play. I have not played. Had I played? Had I not played? I will play. I play. I did not play. I shall have He/she/it will have You/we/they will have Thou will have You people will have = ich werde haben = er/sie/es wird haben. Will I have played? Will I have not played? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = ich werde nicht studiert haben. = ich werde nicht gespielt haben. Am I playing? Am I not playing? I have played. = wir werden gewartet haben. [sein = his] = sie werden es verkauft haben. = Sie werden gesprochen haben. = werde ich gespielt haben? = werde ich studiert haben? = ich werde gekauft haben. I am not playing. I will not play. = er wird sein Hause verkauft haben. I will not have played. I shall have played (I shall played have) I shall have studied (I shall played studied) I shall not have played (I shall not played have) I shall not have studied (I shall not played studied) Shall I have played? (Shall I played have) Shall I have studied? (Shall I played studied) I shall have bought You will have spoken He will have sold his house They will have sold it The boy will have learnt We will have waited I will have answred Will he have waited? Will I have become Will she have answred? Will you have waited? Will she have written? = ich werde gespielt haben. I had not played. Will I play? Will I not play? I will have played. Do I play? Do I not play? I am playing. = wird er gewartet haben? = werde ich geworden haben? = wird sie geantwortet haben? = werden Sie gewartet haben? = wird sie geschrieben haben? Exercise: Translate these sentences into German. = ihr werdest haben. Did I play? Did I not play? I had played. = ich werde geantwortet haben. = du wirst haben.
= senden Sie ihr das Buch. = gehen Sie nicht. (aantvort) = gehen Sie. = zeigen Sie es mir. I do not sell = ich verkaufe nicht. Do they not visit? = besuchen sie nicht? If there are two verbs. = warten Sie. [So object falls before verb] I have bought the book = ich habe das Buch gekauft. I have done it = ich habe es getan. I gave it = ich gab es. Placing ‘Object’ and ‘Nicht’ This lesson also requires a proper attention. (tsaai-gen) = Machen Sie die Tür zu. = kommen Si emit uns. The word ‘nicht’ is placed at various places.com . = lesen Sie. (awf) = stecken Sie das Buch in die Tasche = legen Sie das Messer auf den Tisch. There is a set of rules for placing object and ‘nicht’ in a sentence. = setzen Sie sich. (zeesh) = stehen Sie auf. nicht is placed BEFORE the last verb. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. I have not done it = ich habe es nicht getan. (shnayl) = lessen Sie ihn gehen. I asked him = ich fragte ihm. If there is one verb in a single clause. = kommen Sie schnell hier. = gaben Sie ihnen das Geld. nicht is placed at the end. = suchen Sie es.45 Lesson 37 Imperatives Imperatives (commanding sentences) are formed using Sie (you) after the infinitive verb. the verb comes at the end. = geben Si e mir ein Buch. He will not find them = er wird sie nicht finden. = senden Si emir die Antwort. In a simple clause of one verb. Where there are two verbs. the second verb is placed at the end of the sentence. Sell it (you sell it) Do no go (you do not go) Come with us (you) Look for it (you) Give them the money (you) Come here quickly Le him go Show it to me Shut the door Give me a book Send her the book Send me the answer Go Wait Read Sit down Get up Put the book in your pocket Put the knife on the table = verkaufen Sie es.
com . please look into the dictionary.46 Lesson 38 Some irregular verbs offer bend begin stay break burn think hire recommend eat fall catch find succeed recover enjoy happen win dig hold know load run lend read like take struggle call push sleep beat cry out see send sit walk do become know wish = bieen (beetayn) = biegen = beginnen = bleiben (blaai-ben) = brechen = brennen = denken = dingen = empfehlen = essen = fallen = fangen = finden = gelingen = genesen = geniessen = geschehen = gewinnen = graben = halten = kennen = laden = laufen = leihen = lessen = mögen = nehmen = ringen = rufen = schieben = schlafen = schlagen = schreien = sehen = senden = sitzen = treten = tun = werden = wissen = wollen The irregular verbs do not follow any rule while chaning its past and past participle forms. To see their forms. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo.
= sie kommen nicht. = es ist niemand dort. = Heute ist es schön. = er ist so gross wie Sie. = einmal war ein Mann. = was muss ich fragen? Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. it is fine He was out but she was not I saw him but not her There is nobody there Please come here Once there was a man Bring me a little butter They are not coming We knew him formerly What kind of children! What letters! Where did he go? You must not come alone? They must not go Where is the water You are not allowed I have already eaten my bread He is as tall as you What must I ask? = wo ist mein Buch? = wo gehen Sie? = wo war ihr Zimmer? = darf ich? (daarf) = warum erlauben Sie ihm? = Sie werden sich erkälten. = wir kannten ihm. = bringen Sie mir ein wenig Butter. = sie müssen gehen nicht. = er war aus. = ich habe mein Brot schon gegessen. kommen Sie hier. aber sie war nicht. = ich sah ihm.com .47 Lesson 39 Some Expressions because as soon as by means of inspite of during how much already however therefore but in order that on this side of on that side of a little nevertheless than = weil (vaa-il) = sobald (sobaalt) = mittels (mitels) = trotz = währen = wieviel (weefeel) = schon = jedoch (yedok) = daher = aber = damit = diesseits = jenseits = wenig = dennoch = als (aals) Where is my book? Where are you going? Where was your room? May I? Why do you allow him? You will catch cold Today. (es ist = there is) = Bitte. = was für Kinder! = was für Briefe! = wo ging er? = Sie müssen nicht allein kommen. = wo ist da Wasser? = Sie durften nicht. aber nicht sie.
= bitte. = kann ich ihnen helfen? = bitte. it is true What is this? May I offer you something May I visit him? What is the matter here? = guten Morgen. = auf Wiedersehen. = sie können nicht hinein. = entschuldigen Sie. = nicht der Rede wert. = kommen Sie bald wieder. geben Sie mir. = es nützt mir nichts. = wie heissen Sie? = ich bin froh Sie haben gekommt. = fragen Sie nicht. (aanshoo-leegayn) = glauben Si emir. öffnen Sie die Tür. (feelen) = tun Sie es sofort. = ich danke ihnen für ihre Hilfe. = zu schwer. = was ist das? = darf ich ihnen etwas anbieten? = darf ich ihn besuchen? = was gibt es hier? To know the exact meaning of a few words used in these sentences. = guten Tag. bitte.com . kindly look into the dictionary. = gue Nacht. kommen Sie mir? = ich kann ihm heute nicht helfen. = es tut mir leid. steigen Sie ein. = zu teuer für mich. bitte. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = guten Abend. = bitte.48 Lesson 40 Some Expressions-2 Good morning Good afternoon /good day Good evening Good night Good bye How do you do! Thank you How are you? Please Please give me Please open the door Can I help you? Will you please come with me? I cannot help him today I thank you for your help Thank you very much Do it at once What is your name? I am glad you have come I am sorry It is of no use to me I am ill That is too much Too difficult Too expensive for me Please sit down Please give it to me You cannot get in Come back soon! Get in please What is the matter with you? Ask him Do not ask him Do not mention it Excuse me Believe me. (awf veedayrzayn) = guten Tag. = setzen Sie sich. At most of the places in this book. the word ‘ihm’ and ‘ihnen’ is written with small ‘i' letter to avoid the confusion of reading it as small ‘L’ letter. = danke (daankay) = wie geht’s? (gayts) = bitte = bitte. = da ist zu viel. = vielen Dank. = was fehlt ihnen? / was haben Sie? = fragen Sie ihn. es ist wahr. = ich bin krank. = gehen Sie es mir.
= ja. = kann ich ihnen helfen? = vielen Dank. = es ist zu früh. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = nehmen Sie noch eine Tasse Tee. please Help yourself Just a moment What is the time? It is 11 o’clock It is too early Do you like meat? No. wie er heisst? = eingang verboten. = ich werde Dich morgen sehen. (forzisht) = kann ich auf Sie verlassen? = wie lange dauert es? = nein. = hören Sie auf mich! = tun Sie es sofort. (yaa) = bedienen Sie sich! = Moment! = was Uhr ist es? = es ist elf Uhr. = wann ist die Bank geöffnet? = kennen Sie ihn? = wollen Sie ein wenig warten? = hallo. I do not know him Yes. = mögen Sie es nicht? = ich tue es immer. please When does the bank open? Do you know him? Will you wait a little? Hello. ich kenne ihn nicht.49 Lesson 41 Some Expressions-3 Take it easy Silence! It does not matter Have another cup of tea What is he? What are you? I have no objection Get in. who is speaking? This is Martin speaking Can I help you? Thank you very much = immer mit der Ruhe! = Ruhe! = es macht nichts. I like fish Please get me a taxi Here is your ticket. please! Listen to me Do it at once I am well It seems to me Do you not like it? I always do it Can you tell me where he lives? What is the news? Was there any news? Do you know his name? No admission No smoking I shall see you tomorrow Take care Can I rely on you? How long will it take? No. = bitte. = können Si emir sagen. = es kommt mir vor. = bestellen Sie bitte eine Taxe.com . steigen Sie in. ich esse gern Fisch. = es geht mir gut. wer spricht? = hier spricht Martin. bitte. = rauchen verboten. wo er wohnt? = was gibt es Neues? = gab es etwas Neues? = wissen Sie. = essen Sie gern Fleish? = nein. = was ist er? = was sind Sie? = ich habe nichts dagegen. = Vorsicht. = hier ist ihre Karte. bitte.
50 Lesson 42 Introduction How are you? What is your name? My name is Ryan Where is Suzan? He was upstairs Why is he not here? This is not his house Do not ask me please What building is this? I cannot accompany you I really believe you are right Do you want to ask me anything? I know nothing of it Will you not wait a little? I cannot wait a minute Shall I help you a little? Where do you live? I live in Mumbai Where do you come from? I am coming from Delhi I am an Indian What are your parents? How many bros and sis do you have? I have three bros and two sis Which house do you live in? Where is your uncle’s house? Here it is This is too difficult May I smoke here? Can I do something for you? When does the next train arrive? Tell me how much it costs I like to hire a car Can I change this? Have you apples or grapes? Give me a little of it Bring me a little cheese This is very expensive I will call you back I am sorry for Is there a telephone booth? Please dial the number I telephone to her father = wie geht es? = wie heissen Sie? = meine Name ist Ryan. = dies ist zu schwer. = ich bin ein Inder. = soll ich ihnen ein wenig helfen? = wo wohnen Sie? = ich wohne in Mumbai. wieviel es kostet? = ich möchte Auto mieten. = das is sehr teuer. = darf ich hier rauchen? = kann ich etwas für Sie tun? = wann kommt der nächste Zug an? = sagen Sie mir. = willst du mich etwas fragen? = ich weiss nichts davon. = was sind ihre Eltern? = wie viele Brüder und Schwestern haben Sie? = ich habe drei Brüder und zwei Schwestern. = warum is er nicht hier? = das ist nicht sein Haus. = wo ist Suzan? = er war oben. = ich telefoniere ihrem Vater. bitte. bitte.com . Sie haben recht. = wollen Sie nicht ein wenig warten? = ich kann nicht eine Minute warten. = fragen Sie mich nicht. = ich glaube wirklich. = kann ich das umtauschen? = haben Sie Apfel und Weintrauben? = geben Sie mir ein wenig davon. = wo kommen Sie? = ich komme von Delhi. (te-uayr) = ich rufe Sie zurück. Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. = es tut mir leid um = ist es ein Fernsprechzelle? = wahlen Sie. = was für ein Gebäude ist das? = ich kann Dich nicht begleiten. = bringen Sie mir ein wenig Käse. die Nummer. = in welchen Haus wohnen Sie? = wo ist das Haus ihres Onkels? = hier es ist.
in www. Expand your reach with confidence and enter the world of German with gradual and continuous move. Daily practice on what you have learnt is necessary to stop from falling down. speaking and listening –do all the four things until you find yourself fully strengthened.cromosys.51 To write this book was really challenging to me. now you must need a German to English dictionary. If required.facebook. Niranjan Jha Email: cromosys@yahoo. you can buy a level two German Grammar Book to advance further. Reading simple stories and watching videos will also be a great help.com/cromosys +91-9561450045 Teach Yourself German – by Niranjan Jha – Email: cromosys@yahoo. I thank you for learning this much! As you have reached here.com . writing.com www. Start reading the SIMPLE text of German from any book or internet with the help of dictionary. Reading.