Hermie Terrence I Reodava

Good or Bad?
• Helping a man to cross the street? • Asking a traffic violator for money to acquit his acts? • Patrolling during duty hours? • Gambling inside the Police station while on duty? • Advising fellow Police officer to work excellently? • Encouraging fellow Police officer doing erroneous affairs?


ethics   Science of morality of man Study of human motivation and ultimately of human rational behavior .Defined.

. ethics   Ethics is a branch of philosophy which studies the principle of right or wrong in human conduct.Defined. Latin word ethos and Greek word ethikos have the same meaning which is customary.

. bad. or indifferent.Morality • Defined. morality .the quality of human acts by which they are constituted as good.

  . Immoral (bad) – actions which are not in conformity with the norm of morality.Norms of Morality  Moral (Good) – actions which are in conformity with the norm of morality. Amoral (neutral) – actions which stand neutral in relation to the norm of morality.

Ethics vs. Morality Theories of right and wrong (Ethics) translate Action (Morality) .

man as rational being is a failure. man is only an animal.Importance of Ethics:  Indispensable knowledge. Without moral perception.   Without morality. .

The most successful professional. the philosopher speaks of Ethics as the “only necessary knowledge”.• Moral integrity is the only true measure of what man ought to be. is nothing unless he is too morally upright. . Thus.

Ethics vs. Law Ethics Law Study human motivation Study external actions(explores thoughts and feelings) Requires that man desires Requires that we perform that of which is good and the required action act in accordance with that regardless of desire Concerned with what we do. not what we feel Concerned with the externality of the act .

BREAK!!! You can go to the CR or stretch your body! .

Human Acts How human acts are performed? • Performed by man. or voluntary • Results of conscious knowledge and are subject to the control of the will . knowingly and freely • Deliberate or intentional actions.

.ATTRIBUTES OF HUMAN ACTS • Performed by man. An action done under duress and against one’s will is not entirely a free action. by his own volition and powers. knowingly and freely It must be by a conscious agent who is aware of what he is doing and of its consequences. • Deliberate or intentional actions. or voluntary It must be performed by an agent who is acting freely. that is.

. This willfulness is the result to perform an act here and now. or in some future time.• Conscious knowledge and are subject to the control of the will It must be performed by an agent who decides willfully to perform the act.

Election 5. Wish 2. Use 6. Intention 3. Fruition . Consent 4. • Kinds of Elicited Acts: 1.KINDS OF HUMAN ACTS • Elicited Acts – are those performed by the will and are not bodily externalized.

tendency of will toward something whether this is realize or not. *What are some of your wishes? .• Wish is defined as: .

• Intention is defined as: . what will your intention to the woman? .tendency of the will towards something attainable but without necessarily committing oneself to attain it. *Usually when you see a sexy and beautiful woman.

• Consent is defined as: .is the acceptance of the will of those needed to carry out the intention. will you give your consent or not? . *When your intention is to get the number of the beautiful woman.

selection of the will of those effective enough to carry out the intention. . elect what method.• Election is defined as: . *Your intention is to get the number of the woman.

• Use is defined as: . after election of method. you will use the said method to attain your intention. *Your intention is to get the number of the woman.command of the will to make use of those means elected to carry out the intention. .

Fruition is defined as: .enjoyment of the will derived from the attainment of the thing he had desired earlier. . *After attaining your desire to get the number of the woman you will enjoy your intention.

Combination of the two (internal&external) . Internal actions 2.• Commanded Acts – are those done by mans mental or bodily powers under the command of the will. External actions 3. • Kinds of Commanded Acts: 1.

• Internal actions Example: conscious reasoning. recalling something. encouraging oneself and controlling aroused emotions .

eating. laughing. dancing.• External actions Example: walking. listening and reading .

writing a letter.• Combination of the two (internal&external) Examples: driving a car. playing chess and studying .

Modifiers of Human Acts Ignorance Passion Fear Violence Habits .

Vincible – easily be reminded through ordinary diligence and reasonable efforts 2.• Ignorance – absence of knowledge which person ought to possess Classification of Ignorance: 1. Invincible – lacks the mean to cure it. possess without knowing it .

“IGNORANTIA LEGIS NOMINEM EXCUSAT” (ignorance of the law excuses no one) .implies that no one should not act in the state of ignorance and that no one who has done wrong may not claim ignorance as a defenses. .

or tendencies away from undesirable or harmful things Classification of Passions: 1. horror. fear and anger . Positive – love. Negative – hatred. delight.• Passions – either tendencies towards desirable object. despair. hope and bravery 2. sadness. desire.

neither moral or immoral .man is bound to regulate his emotions and submit them to the control of reason . .• Passion are psychic responses.

• Fear – disturbance of the mind of a person who is confronted by an impending danger or harm to himself or love ones Fear is an instinct for self preservation .

maltreatment.• Viloence – any physical force extended on one person by another for purpose of compelling a person to act against his will. Bodily torture. isolation and mutilation .

• Habits– born out of repeated acts. for acting in certain manner. “habit-forming” • refer to certain experience shows how easy it is for one to acquire a habit • implies that habit is not easy to overcome or alter .

That is why we have Commission on Human Rights that addresses violation of such right.Rights and Duties Man is born with rights and duties and having rights is an attribute. . *Duty to do good and to avoid evil is above all rights.

. with the primary function of investigating all forms of human rights violations involving civil and political rights in the Philippines.Commission on Human Rights .is an independent office created by the Constitution of the Philippines.

right is a moral power. defined • Objectively: . of doing.Rights. bound to be respected by others. .it is anything which is owed or due • Subjectively: . possessing or requiring something.

Natural rights – based on natural law. either those enacted by the State or religious sect * civil rights – dependent upon the law of the state * ecclesiastical or religious rights . that is. on human nature 2.Kinds of Rights 1. Human rights – based on human positive laws.dependent upon the law of the church or religious sect .

Alienable and inalienable Rights – rights that can be surrendered. or removed.3. Right of jurisdiction – power of lawful authority to govern his subject and to make laws for them . such right to decent livelihood 4. renounced.

sell.5. Right of property – power to own. to lend. 6. Juridical rights – refers to all rights as they are based on laws Non-juridical rights (moral rights) – refers to either natural or human rights and based on virtue . to barter. to change. or give away one’s personal possession.

is anything. or avoiding something.moral obligation incumbent upon a person of doing. defined • Objectively: . we are obliged to do or to omit • Subjectively: . . omitting.Duty.

Kinds of Duties • Natural duties – are those imposed by natural laws such as the duty to care for our health • Positive duties – are those imposed by human positive law such as the duty to pay taxes and to observe traffic laws .

such as casting ballot during elections. applying for business license.• Affirmative Duties – those that requires performance of certain act. . • Negative – requires the omission of certain act such as not carrying illegal firearms. or not destroying the property of other.

.CONCEPT OF ETHICS It is the foundation of morality widely used accepted by community as standard behavior of professionalism.

. KNOWLEDGE must be his greatest weapon and a FIREARM is for his protection against law violator.DOCTRINE OF POLICE SERVICE Law enforcement officer must be equipping with knowledge as weapon in crime suppression and prevention rather than firearm.

END!!! Thank you for listening .

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