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SSB Guide: A collection of Various Blog Contents

Service Selection Board: For Armed Forces of India

Compiled By
Ravindra Mathanker

2/16/12

Indian Arm - Wikipedia, the free enc clopedia

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The I A (IA, Devanāgar : भारतीय थलसना, Bhārat ya Thalasēnā) is the land based branch and the largest component of the Indian Armed Forces. According to the IISS, in 2010 the army had a strength of 1,129,900 active personnel and 960,000 reserve personnel,[2] making the Indian Army the world's largest standing volunteer army.[1][3] Its primary mission is to ensure the national security and defence of the Republic of India from external aggression and threats, and maintaining peace and security within its borders. It also conducts humanitarian rescue operations during natural calamities and other disturbances. The President of India serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the Army. The Chief of Army Staff (COAS), a General, is a four star commander and commands the army. There is typically never more than one serving general at any given time in the Army. Two officers have been conferred the rank of field marshal, a 5-star rank and the officer serves as the ceremonial chief. The Indian Army came into being when India gained independence in 1947, and inherited most of the infrastructure of the British Indian Army that were located in post-partition India. It is a voluntary service and although a provision for military conscription exists in the Indian constitution, it has never been imposed. Since independence, the army has been involved in four wars with neighboring Pakistan and one with the People's Republic of China. Other major operations undertaken by the army include Operation Vijay, Operation Meghdoot and Operation Cactus. Apart from conflicts, the army has also been an active participant in United Nations peacekeeping missions.

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15 August 1947 – Present India Army 1,129,900 Active personnel 960,000 Reserve personnel 158 Helicopters Ministry of Defence Indian Armed Forces New Delhi, India Gold, red and black indianarmy.nic.in (http://indianarmy.nic.in/)

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1 Mission 2 History 2.1 British Indian Army 2.2 First World War 2.3 Second World War 2.4 Inception 3 Conflicts and Operations 3.1 First Kashmir War (1947) 3.2 Inclusion of Hyderabad (1948) 3.3 Liberation of Goa, Daman and Diu (1961) 3.4 Sino-Indian Conflict (1962) 3.5 Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 3.6 Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 3.7 Siachen conflict (1984) 3.8 Counter-insurgency activities 3.9 Kargil conflict (1999) 3.10 United Nations Peacekeeping Missions 3.11 Major exercises 3.11.1 Operation Brasstacks 3.11.2 Operation Parakram 3.11.3 Operation Sanghe Shakti 3.11.4 Exercise Ashwamedha 3.11.5 Operation Sudarshan Sakthi 4 Structure 4.1 Commands 4.2 Corps 4.2.1 Regimental organisation 4.3 Other field formations
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C A N General V K Singh[1] S Field Marshal Cariappa Field Marshal Manekshaw

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5 Regiments 5.1 Infantry regiments 5.2 Artillery regiments 5.3 Armoured regiments 6 Indian army staff and equipment 6.1 Strength 6.2 Statistics 6.2.1 Sub-units 6.3 Rank structure 7 Combat doctrine 8 Equipment 8.1 Aircraft 8.2 Uniforms 9 Recipients of the Param Vir Chakra 10 Future developments 11 See also 12 References 13 Bibliography 14 External links

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The Indian Army provides that "The Indian Army is the land component of the Indian Armed Forces which exists to uphold the ideals of the Constitution of India."[citation needed] As a major component of national power, alongside the Indian Navy and the Indian Air Force, the roles of the Indian Army are as follows: Primary: Preserve national interests and safeguard sovereignty, territorial integrity and unity of India against any external threats by deterrence or by waging war. Secondary: Assist Government agencies to cope with ‘proxy war’ and other internal threats and provide aid to civil authority when requisitioned for the purpose."[4]

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H New Delhi H Indian military history British Indian Army Indian National Army Army Day (15 January) E Equipment of the Indian Army C Regiments P

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Main article: British Indian Army Further information: List of regiments of the Indian Army (1903) A Military Department was created within the Supreme Government of the East India Company at Kolkata in the year 1776. Its main function was to sift and record orders relating to the Army that were issued by various Departments of the Government of the East India Company[5]

With the Charter Act of 1833, the Secretariat of the Government of the East India Company was reorganized Chief of Army Staff into four Departments, including a Military Department. The army in the Presidencies of Bengal, Bombay & Ranks and insignia Madras functioned as respective Presidency Army until April 1895, when the Presidency Armies were unified into a single Indian Army. For administrative convenience, it was divided into four commands at that point of time, namely Punjab (including the North West Frontier), Bengal, Madras (including Burma) and Bombay (including Sind, Quetta and Aden).[6] The British Indian Army was a critical force for the primacy of the British Empire both in India and across the world. Besides maintaining the internal security of the British Raj, the Army fought in many other theaters - Anglo-Burmese Wars, First and Second Anglo-Sikh Wars, First, Second and Third Anglo-Afghan Wars, First and Second Opium Wars in China, Abyssinia, Boxer Rebellion in China.

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Main article: Indian Army during World War I
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In the 20th century, the British Indian Army was a crucial adjunct to the British forces in both the World Wars. 1.3 million Indian soldiers served in World War I (1914–1918) for the Allies, after the United Kingdom made vague promises of self-governance to the Indian National Congress in return for its support. Britain reneged on its promises after the war, following which the Indian Independence movement gained strength. 74,187 Indian troops were killed or missing in action in the war.[7] The "Indianisation" of the British Indian Army began with the formation of the Prince of Wales Royal Indian Military College at Dehradun in March 1912 with the purpose of providing education to the scions Indian Army personnel during of aristocratic and well to do Indian families and to prepare selected Indian boys for admission into the Operation Crusader in Egypt, 1941. Royal Military College, Sandhurst. Indian officers given a King's commission after passing out were posted to one of the eight units selected for Indianisation. Political pressure due to the slow pace of Indianisation, just 69 officers being commissioned between 1918 and 1932, led to the formation of the Indian Military Academy in 1932 and greater numbers of officers of Indian origin being commissioned.[8]

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Main article: Indian Army during World War II In World War II Indian soldiers fought for the Allies. In 1939, British officials had no plan for expansion and training of Indian forces, which comprised about 130,000 men (in addition there were 44,000 men in British units in India in 1939.) Their mission was internal security and defense against a possible Russian threat through Afghanistan. As the war progressed, the size and role of the Indian Army expanded dramatically, and troops were sent to battle fronts as soon as possible. The most serious problem was lack of equipment.[9] Indian units served in Burma, where in 1944-45 five Indian divisions were engaged along with one British and three African divisions. Even larger numbers operated in the Middle East. Some 87,000 Indian soldiers died in the war. On the opposing side, an Indian National Army was formed under Japanese control, but had little effect on the war.[10]

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Upon independence and the subsequent Partition of India in 1947, four of the ten Gurkha regiments were transferred to the British Army. The rest of the British Indian Army was divided between the newly created nations of Republic of India and Republic of Pakistan. The Punjab Boundary Force, which had been formed to help police the Punjab during the partition period, was disbanded,[11] and Headquarters Delhi and East Punjab Command was formed to administer the area.

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(1947)

Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1947 Immediately after independence, tensions between India and Pakistan began to boil over, and the first of three full-scale wars between the two nations broke out over the then princely state of Kashmir. Upon the Maharaja of Kashmir's eagerness to accede to India against the will of the 95% Muslim population of Kashmir, a 'tribal' invasion of parts of Kashmir began with mostly people from the NWFP region helping out the local Kashmiri population.[12] The men included Pakistan army regulars. Soon after, Pakistan sent in more of its troops to prevent Indian annexation by force. The Maharaja, Hari Singh, appealed to India, and to Lord Mountbatten of Burma, the Governor General, for help. He signed the Instrument of Accession which was largely seen as a deal by the Kashmiri population and Kashmir acceded to India (a decision ratified by Britain). Immediately after, Indian troops were airlifted to Srinagar.[12] This contingent included General Thimayya who distinguished himself in the operation and in years that followed, became a Chief of the Indian Army. An intense war was waged across the state and former comrades found themselves fighting each other. Both sides made some territorial gains and also suffered significant losses. An uneasy UN sponsored peace returned by the end of 1948 with Indian and Pakistani soldiers facing each other directly on the Line of Control, which has since divided Indian-held Kashmir from Pakistan-held Kashmir. A host of UN Resolutions (http://www.kashmiri-cc.ca/un/index.htm) (38-47) were passed calling for a plebiscite to be held in Kashmir to determine accession to India or Pakistan. These Resolutions (http://www.kashmiri-cc.ca/un/index.htm) however were never accepted by India. Tensions between India and Pakistan, largely over Kashmir, have never since been entirely eliminated.

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(1948)
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Main article: Operation Polo
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After the partition of India, the State of Hyderabad, a princely-state under the rule of a Nizam, chose to remain independent. The Nizam, refused to accede his state to the Union of India. The following stand-off between the Government of India and the Nizam ended on 12 September 1948 when India's then deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel ordered Indian troops to secure the state. With 5 days of low-intensity fighting, the Indian Army, backed by a squadron of Hawker Tempest aircraft of the Indian Air Force, routed the Hyderabad State forces. Five infantry battalions and one armoured squadron of the Indian Army were engaged in the operation. The following day, the State of Hyderabad was proclaimed as a part of the Union of India. Major General Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri, who led the Operation Polo was appointed the Military Governor of Hyderabad (1948–1949) to restore law and order.

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Major General El Edroos (at right) offers his surrender of the Hyderabad State Forces to Major General (later General and Army Chief) Joyanto Nath Chaudhuri at Secunderabad

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(1961)

Main article: Portuguese-Indian War

Even though the British and French vacated all their colonial possessions in the Indian subcontinent, Portugal refused to relinquish control of its Indian colonies of Goa, Daman and Diu. After repeated attempts by India to negotiate with Portugal for the return of its territory were spurned by Portuguese prime minister and dictator, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar, India launched Operation Vijay on 12 December 1961 to evict the Portuguese. A small contingent of its troops entered Goa, Daman and Diu to liberate and secure the territory. After a brief conflict, in which 31 Portuguese soldiers were killed, the Portuguese Navy frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque destroyed, and over 3,000 Portuguese captured, Portuguese General Manuel António Vassalo e Silva surrendered to the Indian Army, after twenty-six hours and Goa, Daman and Diu joined the Indian Union.

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(1962)

Indian troops are greeted by crowds of Goans as they march through the streets of Panaji, shortly after the Portuguese retreat.

Main article: Sino-Indian War The cause of the war was a dispute over the sovereignty of the widely-separated Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh border regions. Aksai Chin, claimed by India to belong to Kashmir and by China to be part of Xinjiang, contains an important road link that connects the Chinese regions of Tibet and Xinjiang. China's construction of this road was one of the triggers of the conflict. Small-scale clashes between the Indian and Chinese forces broke out as India insisted on the disputed McMahon Line being regarded as the international border between the two countries. Chinese troops claim to have not retaliated to the cross-border firing by Indian troops, despite sustaining losses.[13] China's suspicion of India's involvement in Tibet created more rifts between the two countries.[14] In 1962, the Indian Army was ordered to move to the Thag La ridge located near the border between Bhutan and Arunachal Pradesh and about three miles (5 km) north of the disputed McMahon Line. Meanwhile, Chinese troops too had made incursions into Indian-held territory and tensions between the two reached a new high when Indian forces discovered a road constructed by China in Aksai Chin. After a series of failed negotiations, the People's Liberation Army attacked Indian Army positions at the Thag La ridge. This move by China caught India by surprise and by 12 October, Nehru gave orders for the Chinese to be expelled from Aksai Chin. However, poor coordination among various divisions of the Indian Army and the late decision to mobilize the Indian Air Force in vast numbers gave China a crucial tactical and strategic advantage over India. On 20 October, Chinese soldiers attacked India in both the North-West and North-Eastern parts of the border and captured vast portions of Aksai Chin and Arunachal Pradesh. As the fighting moved beyond disputed territories, China called on the Indian government to negotiate, however India remained determined to regain lost territory. With no peaceful agreement in sight, China unilaterally withdrew its forces from Arunachal Pradesh. The reasons for the withdrawal are disputed with India claiming various logistical problems for China and diplomatic support to it from the United States, while China stated that it still held territory that it had staked diplomatic claim upon. The dividing line between the Indian and Chinese forces was named the Line of Actual Control. The poor decisions made by India's military commanders, and, indeed, its political leadership, raised several questions. The Henderson-Brooks & Bhagat committee was soon set up by the Government of India to determine the causes of the poor performance of the Indian Army. The report of China even after hostilities began and also criticized the decision to not allow the Indian Air Force to target Chinese transport lines out of fear of Chinese aerial counter-attack on Indian civilian areas. Much of the blame was also targeted at the incompetence of then Defence Minister, Krishna Menon who resigned from his post soon after the war ended. Despite frequent calls for its release, the Henderson-Brooks report still remains classified.[15] Neville Maxwell has written an account of the war.[16]

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1965
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Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 A second confrontation with Pakistan took place in 1965, largely over Kashmir. Pakistani President Ayub Khan launched Operation Gibraltar in August 1965, during which several Pakistani paramilitary troops infiltrated into Indian-administered Kashmir and attempt to ignite an anti-India agitation in Jammu and Kashmir. Pakistani leaders believed that India, which was still recovering from the disastrous Sino-Indian War, would be unable to deal with a military thrust and a Kashmiri rebellion. India reacted swiftly and launched a counter offensive on Pakistan. Pakistan launched Operation Grand Slam in reply on 1 September, invading India's Chamb-Jaurian sector. In retaliation, the India's Army launched a major offensive throughout its border with Pakistan, with Lahore as its prime target. Initially, the Indian Army met with considerable success in the northern sector. After launching prolonged artillery barrages against Pakistan, India was able to capture three important mountain positions in Kashmir. By 9 September, the Indian Army had made considerable in-roads into Pakistan. India had its largest haul of Pakistani tanks when the offensive of Pakistan's 1st Armoured Division was blunted at the Battle of Asal Uttar, which took place on 10 September near Khemkaran.[17] The biggest tank battle of the war came in the form of the Battle of Chawinda, the largest tank battle in history after World War II. Pakistan's defeat at the battle of Assal Uttar hastened the end of the conflict.[17]

Tanks of 18th Cavalry of the Indian Army take charge at Pakistani positions during the 1965 war.

At the time of ceasefire declaration, India reported casualties of about 3,500 killed. On the other hand, it was estimated that about 3,800 Pakistani soldiers were killed in the battle.[18][19][20] About 190 Pakistani tanks were either destroyed or captured by India. India lost a total of 175 tanks during the conflict and about 100 more had to undergo repair.[17][21] the decision to return back to pre-war positions, following the Tashkent Declaration, caused an outcry among the polity in New Delhi. It was widely believed that India's decision to accept the ceasefire was due to political factors, and not military, since it was facing considerable pressure from the United States and the UN to stop hostilities.[22]

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1971

Main article: Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 See also: Battle of Longewala, Battle of Hilli, and Battle of Basantar An independence movement broke out in East Pakistan which was brutally crushed by Pakistani forces. Due to large-scale atrocities against them, thousands of Bengalis took refuge in neighboring India causing a major refugee crisis there. In early 1971, India declared its full-support for the Bengali rebels, known as Mukti Bahini, and Indian agents were extensively involved in covert operations to aid them. On 20 November 1971, Indian Army moved the 14 Punjab Battalion 45 Cavalry into Garibpur, a strategically important town near India's border with East Pakistan, and successfully captured it. The following day, more clashes took place between Indian and Pakistani forces. Wary of India's growing involvement in the Bengali rebellion, the Pakistan Air Force (PAF) launched a preemptive strike on 10 Indian air bases at Srinagar, Jammu, Pathankot, Amritsar, Agra, Adampur, Jodhpur, Jaisalmer, Uttarlai and Sirsa at 1745 hours on 3 December. This aerial offensive, however, failed to accomplish its stated objectives and gave India its excuse to declare a full-scale war against Pakistan the same day. By midnight, the Indian Army, accompanied by Indian Air Force, launched a major three-pronged assault into East Pakistan. The Indian Army won several battles on the eastern front including the decisive of battle of Hilli, which was the only front where the Pakistani Army was able to build up considerable resistance. The operation also included a battalion-level airborne operation on Tangail which resulted in the capitulation of all resistance within five days.[23] India's massive early gains was largely attributed to the speed and flexibility with which Indian armored divisions moved across East Pakistan.[24] Pakistan launched a counter-attack against India on the western front. On 4 December 1971, the A company of the 23rd Battalion of India's Punjab Regiment detected and intercepted the movement of the 51st Infantry Brigade of the Pakistani Army near Ramgarh, Rajasthan. The battle of Longewala ensued during which the A company, though being outnumbered, thwarted the Pakistani advance until the Indian Air Force directed its fighters to engage the Pakistani tanks. By the time the battle had ended, 34 Pakistani tanks and 50 armored vehicles were either destroyed or abandoned. About 200 Pakistani troops were killed in action during the battle while only 2 Indian soldiers lost their lives. Pakistan suffered another major defeat on the western front during the battle of Basantar which was fought from 4 December to 16th. By the end of the battle, about 66 Pakistani tanks were destroyed and 40 more were captured. In return, Pakistani forces were able to destroy only 11 Indian tanks. None of the numerous Pakistani offensives on the Western front materialized.[25] By 16 December, Pakistan had lost sizable territory on both eastern and western fronts.

Indian Army personnel celebrate victory at the end Battle of Basantar on top of a knocked out Pakistani Patton tank.

Under the command of Lt. General J.S Arora, the three corps of the Indian Army, which had invaded East Pakistan, entered Dhaka and forced Pakistani forces to surrender on 16 December 1971, one day after the conclusion of the battle of Basantar. After Pakistan's Lt. General A.A.K. Niazi signed the Instrument of Surrender, India took more than 90,000 Pakistani prisoners of war. At the time of the signing of the Instrument of Surrender, 9,000 Pakistani soldiers were killed-in-action while India suffered only 2,500 battle-related deaths.[19] In addition, Pakistan lost 200
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tanks during the battle compared to India's 80.[26] In 1972, the Simla Agreement was signed between the two countries and tensions simmered. However, there were occasional spurts in diplomatic tensions which culminated into increased military vigilance on both sides.

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(1984)
Main article: Siachen conflict

The Siachen Glacier, though a part of the Kashmir region, was not officially demarcated on maps prepared and exchanged between the two sides in 1947. As a consequence, prior to the 1980s, neither India nor Pakistan maintained any permanent military presence in the region. However, Pakistan began conducting and allowing a series of mountaineering expeditions to the glacier beginning in the 1950s. By early 1980s, the government of Pakistan was granting special expedition permits to mountaineers and United States Army maps deliberately showed Siachen as a part of Pakistan. This practice gave rise to the contemporary meaning of the term oropolitics. India, possibly irked by these developments, launched Operation Meghdoot in April 1984. The entire Kumaon Regiment of the Indian Army was airlifted to the glacier. Pakistani forces responded quickly and clashes between the two followed. Indian Army secured the strategic Sia La and Bilafond La mountain passes and by 1985, more than 1,000 square miles (2,600 km2) of territory, 'claimed' by Pakistan, was under Indian control.[27] The Indian Army continues to control all of the Siachen Glacier and its tributary glaciers. Pakistan made several unsuccessful attempts to regain control over Siachen. In late 1987, Pakistan mobilized about 8,000 troops and garrisoned them near Khapalu, aiming to capture Bilafond La.[28] However, they were repulsed by Indian Army personnel guarding Bilafond. During the battle, about 23 Indian soldiers lost their lives while more than 150 Pakistani troops perished.[29] Further unsuccessful attempts to reclaim positions were launched by Pakistan in 1990, 1995, 1996 and 1999, most notably in Kargil that year.

India continues to maintain a strong military presence in the region despite extremely inhospitable conditions. The conflict over Siachen is regularly cited as an example of mountain warfare.[30] The highest peak in the Siachen glacier region, Saltoro Kangri, could be viewed as strategically important for India because of its immense altitude which could enable the Indian forces to monitor some Pakistani or Chinese movements in the immediate area.[31] Maintaining control over Siachen poses several logistical challenges for the Indian Army. Several infrastructure projects were constructed in the region, including a helipad 21,000 feet (6,400 m) above the sea level.[32] In 2004, Indian Army was spending an estimated US$2 million a day to support its personnel stationed in the region.[33]

A memorial at the headquarters of the Dogra Regiment of the Indian Army in remembrance of members of the regiment who died or served in the Siachen Conflict

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The Indian Army has played a crucial role in the past, fighting insurgents and terrorists within the nation. The army launched Operation Bluestar and Operation Woodrose in the 1980s to combat Sikh insurgents. The army, along with some paramilitary forces, has the prime responsibility of maintaining law and order in the troubled Jammu and Kashmir region. The Indian Army also sent a contingent to Sri Lanka in 1987 as a part of the Indian Peace Keeping Force.

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(1999)
Main article: Kargil War

In 1998, India carried out nuclear tests and a few days later, Pakistan responded by more nuclear tests giving both countries nuclear deterrence capability. Diplomatic tensions eased after the Lahore Summit was held in 1999. The sense of optimism was short-lived, however, since in mid-1999 Pakistani paramilitary forces and Kashmiri insurgents captured deserted, but strategic, Himalayan heights in the Kargil district of India. These had been vacated by the Indian army during the onset of the inhospitable winter and were supposed to reoccupied in spring. The regular Pakistani troops who took control of these areas received important support, both in the form of arms and supplies, from Pakistan. Some of the heights under their control, which also included the Tiger Hill, overlooked the vital Srinagar-Leh Highway (NH 1A), Batalik and Dras.
Map describing Kargil war. Once the scale of the Pakistani incursion was realized, the Indian Army quickly mobilized about 200,000 troops and Operation Meghdoot was launched. However, since the heights were under Pakistani control, India was in a clear strategic disadvantage. From their observation posts, the Pakistani forces had a clear line-of-sight to lay down indirect artillery fire on NH 1A, inflicting heavy casualties on the Indians.[34] This was a serious problem for the Indian Army as the highway was its main logistical
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and the Indian Army's first priority was to recapture peaks that were in the immediate vicinity of NH1a. This resulted in Indian troops first targeting the Tiger Hill and Tololing complex in Dras.[36] This was soon followed by more attacks on the Batalik-Turtok subsector which provided access to Siachen Glacier. Point 4590, which had the nearest view of the NH1a, was successfully recaptured by Indian forces on 14 June.[37] Though most of the posts in the vicinity of the highway were cleared by mid-June, some parts of the highway near Drass witnessed sporadic shelling until the end of the war. Once NH1a area was cleared, the Indian Army turned to driving the invading force back across the Line of Control. The Battle of Tololing, among other assaults, slowly tilted the combat in India's favor. Nevertheless, some of the posts put up a stiff resistance, including Tiger Hill (Point 5140) that fell only later in the war. As the operation was fully underway, about 250 artillery guns were brought in to clear the infiltrators in the posts that were in the line-of-sight. In many vital points, neither artillery nor air power could dislodge the outposts manned by the Pakistan soldiers, who were out of visible range. The Indian Army mounted some direct frontal ground assaults which were slow and took a heavy toll given the steep ascent that had to be made on peaks as high as 18,000 feet (5,500 m). Two months into the conflict, Indian troops had slowly retaken most of the ridges they had lost;[38][39] according to official count, an estimated 75%–80% of the intruded area and nearly all high ground was back under Indian control. Following the Washington accord on 4 July, where Sharif agreed to withdraw Pakistani troops, most of the fighting came to a gradual halt, but some Pakistani forces remained in positions on the Indian side of Memorial of Operation Vijay. the LOC. In addition, the United Jihad Council (an umbrella for all extremist groups) rejected Pakistan's [40] The Indian Army launched its final attacks in the plan for a climb-down, instead deciding to fight on. last week of July; as soon as the Drass subsector had been cleared of Pakistani forces, the fighting ceased on 26 July. The day has since been marked as Kargil Vijay Diwas (Kargil Victory Day) in India. By the end of the war, India had resumed control of all territory south and east of the Line of Control, as was established in July 1972 per the Shimla Accord. By the time all hostilities had ended, the number of Indian soldiers killed during the conflict stood at 527.[41] while more than 700 regular members of the Pakistani army were killed.[42] The number of Islamist fighters, also known as Mujahideen, killed by Indian Armed Forces during the conflict stood at about 3,000.

supply route.[35] Thus,

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The Indian Army has undertaken numerous UN peacekeeping missions:[43] Angola, UNAVEM I, 1988–1991 Angola, UNAVEM II, 1991–1995 Angola, UNAVEM III, 1995–1997 Angola, MONUA, 1997–1999 Bosnia & Herzegovina, UNMIBH, 1995–2002 Cambodia, UNAMIC, 1991–1992 Cambodia, UNTAC, 1992–1993 Central America, ONUCA, 1989–1992 Congo, ONUC, 1960–1964 El Salvador, ONUSAL, 1991–1995 Ethiopia & Eritrea, UNMEE, 2000–2008 Haiti, UNMIH, 1993–1996 Haiti, UNSMIH, 1996–1997 Haiti, UNTMIH, 1997 Haiti, MIPONUH, 1997–2000 Iran & Iraq, UNIIMOG, 1988–1991 Iraq & Kuwait, UNIKOM, 1991–2003 Israel, UNDOF Liberia, UNOMIL, 1993–1997 Lebanon, UNOGL, UNIFIL, 1958 Middle East, UNEF I, 1956–1967 Mozambique, ONUMOZ, 1992–1994 Namibia, UNTAG, 1989–1990 Rwanda, UNAMIR, 1993–1996 Sierra Leone, UNOMSIL, 1998–1999 Sierra Leone, UNAMSIL, 1999–2005 Somalia, UNOSOM, 1993–1995
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Indian Army soldiers arrive in Korea in September 1953 for peacekeeping along the neutral buffer zone

Indian Army's T-72 with UN markings at the Belgian compound in Kismayo, Somalia, in support of Operation Continue Hope as a part of UNOSOM.

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Yemen, UNYOM, 1963–1964 The Indian army also provided paramedical units to facilitate the withdrawal of the sick and wounded in the Korean War.

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Operation Brasstacks was launched by the Indian Army in November 1986 to simulate a full-scale war on the western border. The exercise was the largest ever conducted in India and comprised nine infantry, three mechanised, three armoured and one air assault division, and included three armoured brigades. Amphibious assault exercises were also conducted with the Indian Navy. Brasstacks also allegedly incorporated nuclear attack drills. It led to tensions with Pakistan and a subsequent rapprochement in mid-1987.[44][45] O P Main article: 2001-2002 India-Pakistan standoff After the 13 December 2001 attack on the Indian Parliament, Operation Parakram was launched in which tens of thousands of Indian troops were deployed along the Indo-Pakistan border. India blamed Pakistan for backing the attack. The operation was the largest military exercise carried out by any Asian country. Its prime objective is still unclear but appears to have been to prepare the army for any future nuclear conflict with Pakistan, which seemed increasingly possible after the December attack on the Indian parliament.[citation needed] O S S

Indian Army T-90 tanks take part during an exercise in the Thar Desert.

It has since been stated that the main goal of this exercise was to validate the mobilisation strategies of the Ambala-based II Strike Corps. Air support was a part of this exercise, and an entire battalion of paratroops parachuted in during the conduction of the war games, with allied equipment. Some 20,000 soldiers took part in the exercise.[citation needed] E A

Indian Army tested its network centric warfare capabilities in the exercise Ashwamedha. The exercise was held in the Thar desert, in which over 300,000 troops participated.[46] Asymmetric warfare capability was also tested by the Indian Army during the exercise.[47] O S S

It took place at Baundi village, 40 Km. south east of Barmer in Rajasthan on December 6, 2011.The Exercise, helmed by southern army command and the south western air command, seeks to build synergy between the army and the airforce in a network centric enviornment.

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Recently its has been proposed to enhanse the strength of army by more than 90,000 to counter the increasing presence of Chinese troops along the LAC.Initially, the army's main objective was to defend the nation's frontiers. However, over the years, the army has also taken up the responsibility of providing internal security, especially in insurgent-hit Kashmir and north-east.

Indian Army Structure (click to enlarge)

The army has a strength of about a million troops and fields 34 divisions. Its headquarters is located in the Indian capital New Delhi and it is under the overall command of the Chief of Army Staff (COAS), currently General V K Singh, PVSM, AVSM, YSM, ADC
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The army operates 6 operational commands . Each command is headed by General Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Lieutenant General. Each command is directly affiliated to the Army HQ in New Delhi. These commands are given below in their correct order of raising, location (city) and their commanders. There is also the Army Training Commanded abbreviated as ARTRAC. The staff in each Command HQ is headed by Chief Of Staff (COS) who is also an officer of Lieutenant General rank.[citation needed] Besides these army officers may head tri-service commands such as the Strategic Forces command and the Andaman and Nicobar Command.

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A corps is an army field formation responsible for a zone within a command theatre. There are three types of corps in the Indian Army: Strike, Holding and Mixed. A command generally consists of two or more corps. A corps has Army divisions under its command. The Corps HQ is the highest field formation in the army. The Arjun MBT is entering service with 140 Armoured Brigade in Jaisalmer. H ,I A , New Delhi XXI Corps, headquartered at Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh 31st Armoured Division headquartered at Jhansi 36th RAPID Sagar 54th Infantry Division (India) headquartered at Hyderabad/Secunderabad ?th Artillery brigade ?th Air defence brigade 475th Engineering Brigade S W C , headquartered at Jaipur, Rajasthan I Corps, headquartered at Mathura, Uttar Pradesh 4th Infantry Division (converting to RAPID ) headquartered at Allahabad 6th Mountain Division headquartered at Bareilly 33rd Armoured Division headquartered at Hisar 40th Artillery Division headquartered at Ambala Cantonment[48] ?th Engineering Brigade X Corps, headquartered at Bhatinda, Punjab 16th Infantry Division headquartered at Sri Ganganagar 18th RAPID at Kota 24th RAPID at Bikaner 6th Independent Armoured Brigade 615th Independent Air Defence Brigade 471st Engineering Brigade W C , headquartered at Chandimandir II Corps, headquartered at Ambala, Haryana 1st Armoured Division headquartered at Patiala 14th RAPID at Dehradun 22nd Infantry Division headquartered at Meerut 474th Engineering Brigade 612th Mechanised Independent Air
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C Pradesh

50th Independent Parachute Brigade headquartered at Agra C , headquartered at Lucknow, Uttar I Corps — Currently assigned to South Western Command C , headquartered at Kolkata, West

E Bengal

23rd Infantry Division headquartered at Ranchi III Corps, headquartered at Dimapur, Nagaland 2nd Mountain Division headquartered at Dibrugarh 57th Mountain Division headquartered at Leimakhong 56th Mountain Division headquartered at Zakhama IV Corps, headquartered at Tezpur, Assam 71st Mountain Division headquartered at Missamari 5th Mountain Division headquartered at Bomdila 21st Mountain Division headquartered at Rangia XXXIII Corps, headquartered at Siliguri, West Bengal 17th Mountain Division headquartered at Gangtok 20th Mountain Division headquartered at Binnaguri 27th Mountain Division headquartered at Kalimpong ?th Artillery brigade N C , headquartered at Udhampur, Jammu and Kashmir XIV Corps, headquartered at Leh, Jammu and Kashmir 3rd Infantry Division headquartered at Leh 8th Mountain Division headquartered at Dras
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S

?th Artillery brigade XV Corps, headquartered at Srinagar, Jammu and Kashmir 19th Infantry Division headquartered at Baramulla, 28th Mountain Division headquartered at Gurez ?th Artillery brigade XVI Corps, headquartered at Nagrota, Jammu and Kashmir 10th Infantry Division headquartered at Akhnoor 25th Infantry Division headquartered at Rajauri 39th Infantry Division headquartered at Yol 10 Artillery brigade ?th Armoured brigade C , headquartered at Pune, Maharashtra 41st Artillery Division, headquartered at Pune, Maharashtra XII Corps, headquartered at Jodhpur, Rajasthan 4th Armoured Brigade 340th Mechanised Brigade 11th Infantry Division headquartered at Ahmedabad 12th Infantry Division (converting to RAPID) headquartered at Jodhpur

Defence Brigade IX Corps, headquartered at Yol, Himachal Pradesh 26th Infantry Division headquartered at Jammu 29th Infantry Division headquartered at Pathankot 2nd Independent Armoured Brigade 3rd Independent Armoured Brigade XI Corps, headquartered at Jalandhar, Punjab 7th Infantry Division headquartered at Firozpur 9th Infantry Division headquartered at Meerut 15th Infantry Division headquartered at Amritsar 23rd Armoured Brigade 55th Mechanised Brigade C , headquartered at Shimla, Himachal

T Pradesh

R In addition to this (not to be confused with the Field Corps mentioned above) are the Regiments or Corps or departments of the Indian Army. The corps mentioned below are the functional divisions entrusted with specific pan-Army tasks. A 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. Indian Infantry Regiments Armoured Corps Regiments - The Armoured Corps Centre and School is at Ahmednagar. Regiment of Artillery - The School of Artillery is at Devlali near Nasik. Corps of Signals - Military College of Telecommunication Engineering (MCTE), Mhow is a premiere training institute of the Corps of Signals. Corps of Engineers - The College of Military Engineering is at Dapodi, Pune. The Centers are located as follows - Madras Engineer Group at Bangalore, Bengal Engineer Group at Roorkee and Bombay Engineer Group at Khadki, Pune. Corps of Army Air Defence-Center at Gopalpur in Orissa State. Mechanised Infantry - Regimental Center at Ahmednagar. Army Aviation Corps(India)

The Indian Territorial Army has units from a number of corps which serve as a part-time reserve. S 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Army Dental Corps Army Education Corps - Centered at Pachmarhi. Army Medical Corps - Centered at Lucknow. Army Ordnance Corps - Centered at Jabalpur and Secunderabad (HQ). Army Postal Service Corps - Centered at Kamptee near Nagpur. Army Service Corps - Centered at Bangalore and Gaya Corps of Electronics and Mechanical Engineers - Centered at Bhopal and Secunderabad.
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8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14.

Corps of Military Police Indian Corps of Military Police - Centered at Bangalore Intelligence Corps - Centered at Pune. Judge Advocate General's Dept. - Centered at the Institute of Military Law kamptee, Nagpur. Military Farms Service - Centered at the Military Farms School and Center, Meerut Cantt. Military Nursing Service Remount and Veterinary Corps Pioneer Corps

O
Division: An Army Division is an intermediate between a Corps and a Brigade. It is the largest striking force in the army. Each Division is headed by [General Officer Commanding] (GOC) in the rank of Major General. It usually consists of 15,000 combat troops and 8,000 support elements. Currently, the Indian Army has 37[49] Divisions including 4 RAPID (Re-organised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) Action Divisions, 18 Infantry Divisions, 10 Mountain Divisions, 3 Armoured Divisions and 2 Artillery Divisions. Each Division composes of several Brigades. Brigade: A Brigade generally consists of around 3,000 combat troops with supporting elements. An Infantry Brigade usually has 3 Infantry Battalions along with various Support Arms & Services. It is headed by a Brigadier, equivalent to a Brigadier General in some armies. In addition to the Brigades in various Army Divisions, the Indian Army also has 5 Independent Armoured Brigades, 15 Independent Artillery Brigades, 7 Independent Infantry Brigades, 1 Independent Parachute Brigade,3 Independent Air Defence Brigades, 2 Independent Air Defence Groups and 4 Independent Engineer Brigades. These Independent Brigades operate directly under the Corps Commander (GOC Corps). Battalion: A Battalion is commanded by a Colonel and is the Infantry's main fighting unit. It consists of more than 900 combat personnel. Company: Headed by the Major, a Company comprises 120 soldiers. Platoon: An intermediate between a Company and Section, a Platoon is headed by a Lieutenant or depending on the availability of Commissioned Officers, a Junior Commissioned Officer, with the rank of Subedar or Naib-Subedar. It has a total strength of about 32 troops. Section: Smallest military outfit with a strength of 10 personnel. Commanded by a Noncommissioned officer of the rank of Havildar Major or Sergeant Major.

A section of the Indian Army soldier during a reconnaissance mission training exercise in Alaska.

R
Main article: List of regiments of the Indian Army

I
Upon its inception, the Indian Army inherited the British Army's organizational structure which is still maintained today. Therefore, like its predecessor, an Indian Infantry Regiment's responsibility is not to undertake field operations but to provide battalions and well trained personnel to the field formations, as such it is common to find battalions of the same regiment spread across several brigades, divisions, corps, commands, and even theaters. Infantry Regiments of the Indian Army recruit based on certain selection criteria, such as geographical location (the Punjab Regiment), Assam Rifles etc. some regimental recruitment criteria are unique to India with some regiment's recruitment pool falling on ethnicity, caste or religion such as the Gorkha Regiments, Jatt Regiment and Sikh Regiment respectively. Over the years various political and military factions have tried to dissolve the unique selection criteria process of the regiments over a fear that loyalty to the regiment or its ethnic people opposed to loyalty to the union of India and have succeeded somewhat with the creation of caste-less, religion-less, non-regional regiments, such as the Brigade of Guards & Parachute Regiment, but have generally met with little success or gained popular support amongst the rank and file Jawans. Like its British and commonwealth counterparts troops enlisted within the regiment are immensely loyal and take great pride in the regiment they are assigned too and generally spend their entire career within the regiment.
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Soldiers of the Rajput Regiment.

Soldiers of the Garhwal Rifles.

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Regiments in order of seniority within the Indian Army are: Brigade of the Guards The Parachute Regiment Mechanised Infantry Regiment Punjab Regiment Madras Regiment The Grenadiers Maratha Light Infantry Rajputana Rifles Rajput Regiment Jat Regiment Sikh Regiment Sikh Light Infantry Dogra Regiment Garhwal Rifles Kumaon Regiment Assam Regiment Bihar Regiment Mahar Regiment Jammu & Kashmir Rifles Jammu & Kashmir Light Infantry Naga Regiment 1 Gorkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment) 3 Gorkha Rifles 4 Gorkha Rifles 5 Gorkha Rifles (Frontier Force) 8 Gorkha Rifles 9 Gorkha Rifles 11 Gorkha Rifles Ladakh Scouts Arunachal Scouts Sikkim Scouts[50] (Planned) Mizo regiment[51] (Planned) Meghalaya regiment[52] (Planned) Manipur regiment[53] (Planned)

Soldiers of the Sikh Light Infantry.

Soldiers of the Madras Regiment.

Soldiers of the Assam Regiment.

A
The Regiment of Artillery constitutes a formidable operational arm of Indian Army. Historically it takes its lineage from Moghul Emperor Babur who is popularly credited with introduction of Artillery in India, in the Battle of Panipat in 1526.[citation needed] However evidence of earlier use of gun by Bahmani Kings in the Battle of Adoni in 1368 and King Mohammed Shah of Gujrat in fifteenth century have been recorded.[citation needed] Indian artillery units were disbanded after the 1857 rebellion and reformed only in 1935 when the Regiment was established.[citation needed]

A
Artillery Insignia

There are 97 armoured regiments in the Indian Army. These include the following historic regiments dating back to the nineteenth century or earlier: 1st Skinner's Horse, the 2nd Lancers (Gardner's Horse), 3rd Cavalry, 4th Hodson's Horse, 7th Light Cavalry, 8th Light Cavalry, 9th Deccan Horse, 14th Scinde Horse, 17th Poona Horse, 15th Lancers, 16th Light Cavalry, 18th Cavalry, 20th Lancers, and the Central India Horse. A substantial number of additional units designated as either "Cavalry" or "Armoured" Regiments have been raised since Independence.

I
S
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Active Troops

I

A 1,129,900 800,000* 4,117 4,238

[2]

Reserve Troops Main battle tanks Artillery Ballistic missiles Ballistic missiles Cruise missiles Aircraft

Indian Territorial Army 160,000**

~100 (Agni-I, Agni-II, Agni-III) ~1,000 Prithvi missile series ~1,000 BrahMos ~1,600+

The mounted President's Bodyguard during a state visit by a foreign dignitary.

Surface-to-air missiles 100,000
* includes 300,000 1st line troops and 500,000 2nd line troops ** only 40,000 regular establishment

S
4 RAPIDs (Reorganised Army Plains Infantry Divisions) 18 Infantry Divisions 10 Mountain Divisions 3 Armoured Divisions 2 Artillery Divisions 3 Air Defence Brigades and 2 Surface-to-Air Missile Groups 5 Independent Armoured Brigades 15 Independent Artillery Brigades 7 Independent Infantry Brigades 1 Airborne Brigade 4 Engineer Brigades 41 Army Aviation Helicopter Units S 93 Tank Regiments (??) 32 Mechanised Infantry Battalions 50 Artillery Regiments 3 Parachute Battalions 7 Special Forces Battalions 23 Combat Helicopter Units 50 Air Defence Regiments

Soldiers from the 4th Rajput Infantry Battalion of the Indian Army handling INSAS rifles during a training mission.

R
Main article: Army ranks and insignia of India The various rank of the Indian Army are listed below in descending order: C O Field Marshal1 General (the rank held by Chief of Army Staff) Lieutenant-General Major-General Brigadier Colonel Lieutenant-Colonel Major
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Captain Lieutenant J C O (JCO ) (A )

Subedar Major/Honorary Captain3 Subedar/Honorary Lieutenant3 Subedar Major/Risaldar Major Subedar/Risaldar Naib Subedar/Naib Risaldar N C O (NCO )

Regimental Havildar Major/Regimental Daffadar Major 2 Regimental Quartermaster HavildarRegimental Quartermaster Daffadar2 Company Havildar Major/Squadron Daffadar Major Company Quartermaster Havildar/Squadron Quartermaster Daffadar Havildar/Daffadar O P Naik/Lance Daffadar Lance Naik/Acting Lance Daffadar Sepoy (infantry and other arms)/Sowar(Indian Army Armoured Corps)
Notes:

The 1st Battalion of 1 Gorkha Rifles of the Indian Army take position outside a simulated combat town during a training exercise.

1. Only two officers have been made Field Marshal so far: Field Marshal K M Cariappa—the first Indian
Commander-in-Chief (a post since abolished)—and Field Marshal S H F J Manekshaw, the Chief of Army Staff during the Army in the 1971 war with Pakistan.

2. This has now been discontinued. Non-Commissioned Officers in the rank of Havildar are elible for Honorary
JCO ranks.

3. Given to Outstanding JCO's Rank and pay of a Lieutenant, role continues to be of a JCO.

C

Soldiers of the Indian Army's Assam Regiment stand guard near the India Gate war memorial in Delhi.

The current combat doctrine of the Indian Army is based on effectively utilizing holding formations and strike formations. In the case of an attack, the holding formations would contain the enemy and strike formations would counter-attack to neutralize enemy forces. In the case of an Indian attack, the holding formations would pin enemy forces down whilst the strike formations attack at a point of Indian choosing. The Indian Army is large enough to devote several corps to the strike role. Currently, the army is also looking at enhancing its special forces capabilities. With the role of India increasing and the requirement for protection of India's interest in far off shores become important, the Indian Army and Indian Navy are jointly planning to set up a marine brigade.[54]

E
Main article: Equipment of the Indian Army Most of the army equipment is imported, but efforts are being made to manufacture indigenous equipment. The Defence Research and Development Organisation has developed a range of weapons for the Indian Army ranging from small arms, artillery, radars and the Arjun tank. All Indian Military small-arms are manufactured under the umbrella administration of the Ordnance Factory Board, with principal Firearm manufacturing facilities in Ichhapore, Cossipore, Kanpur, Jabalpur and Tiruchirapalli. The Indian National Small Arms System (INSAS) rifle, which is successfully inducted by Indian Army since 1997 is a product of the Ishapore Rifle Factory, while ammunition is manufactured at Khadki and possibly at Bolangir.

A
Main article: List of active Indian military aircraft

Arjun MBT

The Army Aviation Corps is the main body of the Indian Army for tactical air transport, reconnaissance, and medical evacuation, while Indian Air
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Force's helicopter assets are resonsible for assisting the army troop transport and close air support. It operates around 150 helicopters. The Indian army had projected a requirement for a helicopter that can carry loads of up to 75 kg heights of 23,000 feet (7,000 m) on the Siachen Glacier in Jammu and Kashmir. Flying at these heights poses unique challenges due to the rarefied atmosphere. The Indian Army chose the Eurocopter AS 550 for a $550 million contract for 197 light helicopters to replace its aging fleet of Chetaks and Cheetahs, some of which were inducted more than three decades ago.[55] The deal has however been scrapped amidst allegations of corruption during the bidding process.[56]

U
The Indian Army camouflage consists of shirts, trousers and cap of a synthetic material. Shirts are buttoned up with two chest pockets with buttoned up flaps. Trousers have two pockets, two thigh box pockets and a back pocket. The Indian Army Jungle camouflage dress features a jungle camouflage pattern and is designed for use in woodland environments. The Indian Army Desert camouflage, which features a desert camouflage pattern, is used by artillery and infantry posted in dusty, semi-desert and desert areas of Rajasthan and its vicinity. The forces of the East India Company in India were forced by casualties to dye their white summer tunics to neutral tones, initially a tan called khaki (from the Hindi-Urdu word for "dusty"). This was a temporary measure which became standard in Indian service in the 1880s. Only during the Second Boer War in 1902, did the entire British Army standardise on dun for Service Dress. Indian Army uniform standardizes on dun for khaki.

Nag missile and NAMICA (Nag Missile Carrier).

Agni-II ballistic missile

The modern Indian Army wears distinctive parade uniforms characterised by variegated turbans and waist-sashes in regimental colours. The Gurkha and Garwhal Rifles and the Assam, Kumaon and the Naga Regiments wear broad brimmed hats of traditional style. Traditionally, all Rifle regiments and the Jammu and Kashmir Light Infantry (Jammu and Kashmir Rifles, Garhwal Rifles, Gurkha Rifles, and Rajputana Rifles) wear rank badges, buttons and blackened wire embroidered articles of uniform in black instead of the usual Brass (or gold) coloured as the original role of the rifle regiments was camouflage and concealment.

R

P

V C
3 November Battle of Badgam, Kashmir, India 1947 8 April 1948 Battle of Naushera, Kashmir, India February 1948 17/18 July 1948 13 October 1948 5 December 1961 20 October 1962 23 October 1962 Battle of Naushera, Kashmir, India Tithwal, Kashmir, India Tithwal, Kashmir, India Elizabethville, Katanga, Congo Ladakh, India Tongpen La, Northeast Frontier Agency, India

Listed below are the most notable people to have received the Param Vir Chakra, the highest military decoration of the Indian Army. Major Somnath Sharma 4th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment

2 Lieutenant Rama Raghoba Rane Corps of Engineers Naik Jadu Nath Singh Company Havildar Major Piru Singh Lance Naik Karam Singh Captain Gurbachan Singh Salaria Major Dhan Singh Thapa Subedar Joginder Singh Major Shaitan Singh 1st Battalion, Rajput Regiment 6th Battalion, Rajputana Rifles 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment 3rd Battalion, 1st Gorkha Rifles (The Malaun Regiment) 1st Battalion, 8th Gorkha Rifles 1st Battalion, Sikh Regiment 13th Battalion, Kumaon Regiment

18 November Rezang La 1962 10 September Chima, Khem Karan Sector 1965 15 October 1965 Phillora, Sialkot Sector, Pakistan
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Company Quarter Master Havildar 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers Abdul Hamid Lt Col Ardeshir Burzorji Tarapore The Poona Horse
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Lance Naik Albert Ekka 2/Lieutenant Arun Khetarpal Major Hoshiar Singh Naib Subedar Bana Singh

14th Battalion, Brigade of the Guards The Poona Horse 3rd Battalion, The Grenadiers

3 December 1971

Gangasagar

16 December Jarpal, Shakargarh Sector 1971 17 December Basantar River, Shakargarh Sector 1971

8th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Light 23 June 1987 Siachen Glacier, Jammu and Kashmir Infantry 25 November Sri Lanka 1987 6 July 1999 3 July 1999 4 July 1999 5 July 1999 Point 5140, Point 4875, Kargil Area Khaluber/Juber Top, Batalik sector, Kargil area, Jammu and Kashmir Tiger Hill, Kargil area Area Flat Top, Kargil Area

Major Ramaswamy Parmeshwaran 8th Battalion, Mahar Regiment Captain Vikram Batra Lieutenant Manoj Kumar Pandey 13th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Rifles 1st Battalion, 11th Gorkha Rifles

Grenadier Yogendra Singh Yadav 18th Battalion, The Grenadiers Rifleman Sanjay Kumar 13th Battalion, Jammu and Kashmir Rifles

F
Futuristic Infantry Soldier As a System (F-INSAS) is the Indian Army's principal modernization program from 2012 to 2020. In the first phase, to be completed by 2012, the infantry soldiers will be equipped with modular weapon systems that will have multi-functions. The Indian Army intends to modernize all of its 465 infantry and paramilitary battalions by 2020 with this program. India is currently re-organising its mechanised forces to achieve strategic mobility and highvolume firepower for rapid thrusts into enemy territory. India proposes to progressively induct as many as 248 Arjun MBT and develop and induct the Arjun MKII variant, 1,657 Russianorigin T-90S main-battle tanks (MBTs), apart from the ongoing upgrade of its T-72 fleet. The Army recently placed an order for 4,100 French-origin Milan-2T anti-tank guided missiles (ATGMs). Defence ministry sources said the Rs 592-crore (approximately US$120 million) order was cleared after the 2008 Mumbai attacks, with the government finally fast-tracking several military procurement plans.[57] The Army gained the Cabinet Committee on Security's approval to raise two new infantry The TATA Group's contribution to Fmountain divisions (with around 15,000 combat soldiers each),[58] and an artillery brigade in INSAS 2008. These divisions were likely to be armed with ultralight howitzers. In July 2009, it was reported that the Army was advocating a new artillery division, said defence ministry sources.[59] The proposed artillery division, under the Kolkata-based Eastern Command, was to have three brigades—two of 155mm howitzers and one of the Russian "Smerch" and indigenous "Pinaka" multiple-launch rocket systems. The Indian Army plans to develop and induct a 155mm indigenous artillery gun within the next three and a half years.[60] Tanks and armored vehicles T-90 bhishma - India plans to induct Total 1657 tanks by 2020. 620 already in service. Arjun MBT - 248 On order - 124 inducted. Arjun MBT mk 2 - Trials started 2011. Production By 2014. FMBT - The FMBT will be a lighter tank of 50 tons. At conceptual stage. Missiles Intercontinental Ballistic Missiles Agni-V - 5,000 km-6,000 km, test by 2011. Agni-VI
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Cruise Missiles Nirbhay Missile Brahmos and Brahmos missiles Tactical Ballistic Missiles Prahaar (missile) - With a range of 150 km.[61] Shaurya (missile) - It has a range of between 750 to 1900 km. Anti-Tank Guided Missiles Nag Anti-tank guided missile Helina Air launched Anti-tank missile Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program - The Indian Ballistic Missile Defense Program is an initiative to develop and deploy a multilayered ballistic missile defense system to protect India from ballistic missile attacks. Vehicles Mahindra Axe - Light utility vehicle to be purchased. Kroton - Possible sale of 80 mine laying vehicles from Poland. Light Tank - 300 tanks (200 tracked 100 wheeled) to be deployed on china border. AHS Krab - Possible sale of 110 from Poland. deal along with kroton . PZA Loara - Possible sale of 100 from Poland. deal along with Kroton. Artillery Under the Field Artillery Rationalization Plan, Indian Army plans to procure 3000 to 4000 155 mm Towed, Wheeled and Tracked Artillery Systems. The requirement for artillery guns to be met with indigenous development and production. M777 howitzer - 145 British designed howitzers were planned to be acquired. Modern Sub Machine Carbine - The Modern Sub Machine Carbine (MSMC) is the latest combined venture of ARDE & OFB, developed for the Indian Army on a platform of experiences from the INSAS rifle. Army Aviation Procurement process for 197 light utility helicopters (LUH) is ongoing of which 64 will be inducted in the Army Aviation to replace the Cheetak and Cheetah Helicopters. HAL Light Observation Helicopter (LOH) or Light Utility helicopter (LUH) - Requirement for 384 helicopters including for army and air force. HAL has obtained a firm order to deliver 114 HAL Light Combat Helicopters to the Indian Army.[62] Rustom-1 UAV[63]

S
Indian_Navy Indian Air force

R
1. ^ "General V K Singh takes over as new Indian Army chief" (http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/General-V-K-Singh-takes-over-as-newIndian-Army-chief-/articleshow/5746561.cms) . The Times of India. 31 March 2010. http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/General-V-K-Singhtakes-over-as-new-Indian-Army-chief-/articleshow/5746561.cms. Retrieved 31 March 2010. 2. ^ IISS 2010, pp. 360 3. ^ Page, Jeremy. "Comic starts adventure to find war heroes" (http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article3338199.ece) . The Times (9 February 2008). 4. ^ Headquarters Army Training Command. "Indian Army Doctrine". October 2004. Archive link (http://web.archive.org/web/20071201062843/http://indianarmy.nic.in/indianarmydoctrine_1.doc) via archive.org (original url:
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Arm ranks and insignia of India
F W ,

T T , C , A .T .

I W B

.

Indian Arm

Contents
1F M 2O , 3C O R 4W O R 5N C R 6L G 'A' C -I (G 7L 8S 9R 10 E G 'B' C -II (G
I A S

Founded Countr T pe

15 A I A 1,325,000 1,155,000 M I N G ,

1947

) )

Si e Part of Headquarters Colour Website

D A D ,I F

Field Marshal
I F M .I ; , M S KMC , , .

. ( G F F M M :// VKS

. . . /)

Commanders
Chief of the Arm Staff Notable commanders

C M

Officer ranks, insignia and pa structure
*S
I M F

,

L

.

Commissioned Officer Ranks
Pa Structure

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Arm Ranks

Insignia[1]

Notes G

Basic Grade MSP[2] Pa Pa

G C C C A S

( S C I A ) 90,000 , ( ) -

. L A G VCOS C 80,000 G ( ) 75,00080,000 (HAG+) 80,000 67,00079,000 L (R G ) . (HAG) 79,000 -

L T

G 33.3%

G
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M

G

10,000

-

.

G

37,40067,000 (PB-4) 8,900 6,000

B

.

G C . 8,700 6,000

G L C . 8,000 6,000

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G M .

6,600

6,000

T C .

15,600- 6,100 39,100 (PB-3)

6,000

L

T .

5,400

6,000

Junior Commissioned Officer Ranks S S N R
D:/

Insignia G

M /R S * /N *

T O

G G
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Warrant Officer Ranks
Warrant Officer Ranks W (A P S ) Insignia

Non Commissioned Ranks
Non Commissioned Ranks R R C C H N L S *E /L N /S H Q H Q /D D /A * C /A C L * * D * M M M M -O H /S H D /S A -O Q A M * M D * Insignia

List of Grade 'A' or Class-I (Ga etted) ranks
G L M B C L M C L G G

C

List of Grade 'B' or Class-II (Ga etted) ranks
S S N -M /R S ( /N R )/R -M ( )

See also
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Indian Air Force
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Indian Air Force (IAF; Devanāgarī: भारतीय वायुना, Bhartiya Vāyu Senā) is the air arm of the से Indian armed forces. Its primary responsibility is to secure Indian airspace and to conduct aerial warfare during a conflict. It was officially established on 8 October 1932 as an auxiliary air force of the British Raj and the prefix Royal was added in 1945 in recognition of its services during World War II. After India achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947, the Royal Indian Air Force served the Dominion of India, with the prefix being dropped when India became a republic in 1950. Since independence, the IAF has been involved in four wars with neighbouring Pakistan and one with the People's Republic of China. Other major operations undertaken by the IAF include Operation Vijay - the invasion of Goa, Operation Meghdoot, Operation Cactus and Operation Poomalai. Apart from conflicts, the IAF has been an active participant in United Nations peacekeeping missions. The President of India serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the IAF. The Chief of Air Staff, an Air Chief Marshal (ACM), is a four-star commander and commands the Air Force. There is never more than one serving ACM at any given time in the IAF. One officer Arjan Singh, DFC has been conferred the rank of Marshal of the Air Force, a five-star rank and the officer serves as the ceremonial chief. In its publication the Military Balance 2010, International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) estimates that the Indian Air Force has a strength of 127,000 active personnel and operated around 1,380 aircraft. However, various reliable sources provided notably divergent estimates of its strength over the years.
Active Country Size Part of Headquarters Motto

Indian Air Force

8 October 1932 – present India 127,000 personnel approx. 1,380 aircraft Ministry of Defence Indian Armed Forces New Delhi, India नभः पृद म ् शं
Sanskrit: Nabhaḥ-Spṛśaṃ Dīptam "Touch the Sky with Glory"[1]

Contents
1 Mission 2 History 2.1 Formation and World War II 2.2 First years of independence (1947–1950) 2.3 Congo crisis and liberation of Goa (1960–1961) 2.4 Border disputes and changes in the IAF (1962–1971) 2.5 Bangladesh Liberation War (1971) 2.6 Incidents before Kargil (1984–1988) 2.7 Kargil War (1999) 2.8 Post Kargil incidents (1999–present) 3 Structure 3.1 Commands and structure 3.2 Bases 3.3 Wings 3.4 Squadrons 3.5 Flights 3.6 Garud Commando Force 3.7 Integrated Space Cell 3.8 Display Teams 4 Personnel 4.1 Officers 4.2 Airmen 4.3 Non Combatants Enrolled and civilians 4.4 Training and education 5 Aircraft inventory 5.1 Fighter and multi-role combat aircraft 5.2 Strike, attack and close support aircraft 5.3 Airborne early warning aircraft 5.4 Tanker aircraft 5.5 Transport aircraft 5.6 Training aircraft 5.7 Helicopters 5.8 Unmanned Aerial Vehicles 6 Land-based air defence 6.1 Surface-to-air missile systems 6.2 Ballistic missiles 6.3 Anti-ballistic missile systems 7 Future 7.1 Upgrades
Colour Anniversaries Engagements Website

Navy blue, Sky blue & White Air Force Day: 8th October[2] Notable Operations indianairforce.nic.in (http://indianairforce.nic.in/)

Commanders
Chief of the Air Staff Air Force Ensign Air Chief Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne

Insignia

Roundel

Fin flash

Aircraft flown
Attack Fighter Helicopter Reconnaissance Trainer Transport Jaguar, MiG-27, Harpy MiG-21, Mirage 2000, MiG-29, Su-30MKI, HAL Tejas Dhruv, Chetak, Cheetah, Mi-8, Mi17, Mi-26, Mi-25/35 Searcher II, Heron HPT-32 Deepak, HJT-16 Kiran, Hawk Mk 132 Il-76, An-32, HS 748, Do 228, Boeing 737, ERJ 135, Il-78 MKI, C-130J

7.2 Under procurement 7.3 Under development 8 See also 9 Footnotes 10 References 11 Bibliography 12 External links

Mission
The IAF's mission is defined by the Armed Forces Act of 1947, Constitution of India and the Air Force Act of 1950,[4] in the aerial battlespace, as:

Defence of India and every part thereof including preparation for defence and all such acts as may be conducive in times of war to its prosecution and after its termination to effective demobilisation.


Evolution of the IAF Roundel over the years: 1)1933-1942 2)1942-1945 3)1947-1950 4)1950-Present

Thus, the IAF has the primary objective of safeguarding Indian territory and national interests from all threats in conjunction with the other branches of the armed forces by defending Indian airspace. The IAF provides close air support to the Indian Army troops in the battlefield and also provides strategic and tactical airlift capabilities. The IAF also operates the Integrated Space Cell together with the other two branches of the Indian Armed Forces, the civilian Department of Space and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) to utilize more effectively the country's space-based assets for military purposes and to look into threats to these assets.[5][6]

[3] The Indian Air Force along with the other branches of the Indian Armed Forces provide assistance in disaster relief such as during natural calamities by undertaking evacuation or search-and-rescue (SAR) operations and air dropping relief supplies in affected areas.[7] The IAF provided extensive assistance to relief operations during natural calamities such as the Gujarat cyclone in 1998 and the Tsunami in 2004.[7] The IAF also provides assistance to other countries during relief activities such as Operation Rainbow in Sri Lanka.[7]

History
Main article: History of the Indian Air Force See also: List of historical aircraft of the Indian Air Force

Formation and World War II
The Indian Air Force was established in British India as an auxiliary air force[8] of the Royal Air Force with the enactment of the Indian Air Force Act 1932 on 8 October that year[9][10] and adopted the Royal Air Force uniforms, badges, brevets and insignia.[3] On 1 April 1933, the IAF commissioned its first squadron, No.1 Squadron, with four Westland Wapiti biplanes and five Indian pilots. The Indian pilots were led by Flight Lieutenant (later Air Vice Marshal) Cecil Bouchier.[11] Until 1941, No. 1 Squadron remained the only squadron of the IAF, though two more flights were added.[11] There were only two branches in the Air Force when it was formed, namely the General Duties (GD) branch and the Logistics branch. During World War II, the red centre was removed from the IAF roundel to eliminate confusion with the Japanese Hinomaru A Westland Wapiti, one of the first ("Rising Sun") emblem.[3] The Air Force grew to seven squadrons in 1943 and to nine squadrons in 1945, equipping with aircraft of the Indian Air Force. Vultee Vengeance dive bombers and Hurricanes, along with a transport unit with the surviving A.W. 15 Atalantas until 1944.[11] The IAF helped in blocking the advance of the Japanese army in Burma, where its first air strike was on the Japanese military base in Arakan. It also carried out strike missions against the Japanese airbases at Mae Hong Son, Chiang Mai and Chiang Rai in northern Thailand. In recognition of the crucial role played by the IAF, King George VI conferred it the prefix "Royal" in 1945.[10][12] During the war, many youths joined the Indian National Army. Forty five of them (known as the Tokyo Boys) were sent to train as fighter pilots at the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force Academy in 1944 by Subhas Chandra Bose.[13] After the war, they were interned by the Allies and were court-martialled. After Indian independence, some of them rejoined the IAF for service.[13]

First years of independence (1947–1950)
After gaining independence from the British Empire in 1947, British India was partitioned into the new states of the Union of India and the Dominion of Pakistan. Along the lines of the geographical partition, the assets of the air force were divided between the new countries. India's air force retained the name of the Royal Indian Air Force, but three of the ten operational squadrons and facilities, located within the borders of Pakistan, were transferred to the Royal Pakistan Air Force.[14] The RIAF Roundel was changed to an interim 'Chakra' roundel derived from the Ashoka Chakra.[3] Around the same time, conflict broke out between them over the control of the princely state of Jammu & Kashmir. With Pakistani forces moving into the state, its Maharaja decided to accede to India in order to receive military help.[15] The day after instrument of accession was signed, the RIAF was called upon to transport troops into the war-zone. And this was when a good management of logistics came into help.[15] This led to the eruption of full scale war between India and

Refugees awaiting evacuation by IAF Dakota on Poonch airstrip, December 1947.

Pakistan, though there was no formal declaration of war.[16] During the war, the RIAF did not engage the Pakistan Air Force in air-to-air combat; however, it did provide effective transport and close air support to the Indian troops.[17] When India became a republic in 1950, the prefix 'Royal' was dropped from the Indian Air Force.[10] At the same time, the

current IAF

roundel was adapted.[3]

Congo crisis and liberation of Goa (1960–1961)
The IAF saw significant conflict in 1960, when Belgium's 75-year rule over Congo ended abruptly, engulfing the nation in widespread violence and rebellion.[18] IAF sent No. 5 Squadron, equipped with English Electric Canberra, to support United Nations Operation in the Congo. The squadron started undertaking operational missions in November.[19] The unit remained there until 1966, when the UN mission ended.[19] Operating from Leopoldville and Kamina, the Canberras soon destroyed the rebel Air Force and provided the UN ground forces with its only long-range air support force.[20] In late 1961, the Indian government decided to deploy the armed forces in an effort to evict the Portuguese out of Goa and other Enclaves after years of negotiation.[21] The Indian Air Force was requested to provide support elements to the ground force in what was called Operation Vijay. Probing flights by some fighters and bombers were carried out from 8–18 December to draw out the Portuguese Air Force, but to no avail.[21] On December 18, two waves of Canberra bombers bombed the runway of Dabolim airfield taking care not to bomb the Terminals and the ATC tower. Two Portuguese transport aircraft (a Super Constellation and a DC-6) found on the airfield were left alone so that they can be captured intact. However the Portuguese pilots managed to take off the aircraft from the still damaged airfield and made their getaway to Portugal.[21] Hunters attacked the wireless station at Bambolim. Vampires were used to provide air support to the ground forces.[21] In Daman, Mystères were used to strike Portuguese gun positions.[21] Ouragans (called Toofanis in the IAF) bombed the runways at Diu and destroyed the control tower, wireless station and the meteorological station.[21]

Border disputes and changes in the IAF (1962–1971)
See also: Aerial warfare in 1965 India Pakistan War In 1962, border disagreements between China and India escalated to a war when China mobilised its troops across the Indian border.[22] During the Sino-Indian War, India's military planners failed to deploy and effectively use the IAF against the invading Chinese forces. This resulted in India losing a significant amount of advantage to the Chinese; especially in Jammu and Kashmir.[22] Three years after the Sino-Indian conflict, in 1965, Pakistan launched Operation Gibraltar, a surprise invasion into India which came to be known as the Second Kashmir War.[23] This was the first time the IAF actively engaged an enemy air force.[24] However, instead of providing close air support to the Indian Army,[25] the IAF carried out independent raids against PAF bases.[26] These bases were situated deep inside Pakistani territory, making IAF fighters vulnerable to anti-aircraft fire.[27] During the course of the conflict, the PAF enjoyed technological superiority over the IAF and had achieved substantial strategic and tactical advantage due to their sudden attack.[23] The IAF was restrained by the government from retaliating to PAF attacks in the eastern sector while a substantive part of its combat force was deployed there and could not be transferred to the western sector, against the possibility of Chinese intervention. Moreover, international (UN) stipulations and norms did not permit military force to be introduced into the Indian state of J&K beyond what was agreed during the 1949 ceasefire.[23] Despite this, the IAF was able to prevent the PAF from gaining air superiority over conflict zones.[28] The small and nimble IAF Folland Gnats proved effective against the F-86 Sabres of the PAF earning it the nickname "Sabre Slayers".[29] By the time the conflict had ended, the IAF lost 59 aircraft (24 lost in air combat), while the PAF lost 43 aircraft (37 lost in air combat).[23] More than 60% of IAF's air combat losses took place during the battles over Kalaikunda and Pathankot; where most of the aircraft were destroyed while parked on the ground.[30] After the 1965 war, the IAF underwent a series of changes to improve its capabilities. In 1966, the Para Commandos regiment was created.[31] To increase its logistics supply and rescue operations ability, the IAF inducted 72 HS 748s which were built by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited (HAL) under license from Avro.[32] India started to put more stress on indigenous manufacture of fighter aircraft. As a result, HAL HF-24 Marut, designed by the famed German aerospace engineer Kurt Tank,[33] were inducted into the air force. HAL also started developing an improved version of the Folland Gnat, known as HAL Ajeet.[34] At the same time, the IAF also started inducting Mach 2 capable Soviet MiG-21 and Sukhoi Su-7 fighters.[35]

Bangladesh Liberation War (1971)

HAL HF-24 Marut, the first indigenous fighter jet to enter service with the IAF.

By late 1971, the intensification of the independence movement in erstwhile East Pakistan lead to the Bangladesh Liberation War between India and Pakistan .[36] On 22 November 1971, 10 days before the start of a full-scale war, four PAF F-86 Sabre jets attacked Indian and Mukti Bahini positions at Garibpur, near the international border. Two of the four PAF Sabres were shot down and one damaged by the IAF's Folland Gnats.[37] On 3 December, India formally declared war against Pakistan following massive preemptive strikes by the PAF against Indian Air Force installations in Srinagar, Ambala, Sirsa, Halwara and Jodhpur. However, the IAF did not suffer significantly because the leadership had anticipated such a move and precautions were taken.[38] The Indian Air Force was quick to respond to Pakistani air strikes, following which the PAF carried out mostly defensive sorties.[39] Within the first two weeks, the IAF had carried out almost 2,000 sorties over East Pakistan and also provided close air support to the advancing Indian Army.[40] IAF also assisted the Indian Navy in its operations against the Pakistani Navy and Maritime Security Agency in the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea. On the western front, the IAF destroyed more than 29 Pakistani tanks, 40 APCs and a railway train during the Battle of Longewala.[41] The IAF undertook strategic bombing of West Pakistan by carrying out raids on oil installations in Karachi, the Mangla Dam and a gas plant in Sindh.[42] Similar strategy was also deployed in East Pakistan and as the IAF achieved complete air superiority on the eastern front, the ordnance factories, runways, and other vital areas of East Pakistan were severely damaged.[43] By the time Pakistani forces surrendered, the IAF claimed that 94 PAF aircraft, including 54 F-86 Sabres had been shot down.[44] The IAF had flown over 6,000 sorties[40] on both East and West fronts; including sorties by transport aircraft and helicopters.[40] Towards the end of the war, IAF's transport planes dropped leaflets

over Dhaka urging the Pakistani forces to surrender, demoralising Pakistani troops in East Pakistan.[45]

Incidents before Kargil (1984–1988)
In 1984, India launched Operation Meghdoot to capture the Siachen Glacier in the contested Kashmir region.[46] In Op Meghdoot, IAF's Mi-8, Chetak and Cheetah helicopters airlifted hundreds of Indian troops to Siachen.[47] Launched on 13 April 1984, this military operation was unique because of Siachen's inhospitable terrain and climate. The military action was successful, given the fact that under a previous agreement, neither Pakistan nor India had stationed any personnel in the area. The Indian forces, facing no opposition, took control over most of the heights on the glacier.[48] Following the failure to negotiate an end to the Sri Lankan Civil War, and to provide humanitarian aid through an unarmed convoy of ships,[49] the Indian Government decided to carry out an airdrop of the humanitarian supplies on the evening of 4 June 1987 designated Operation Poomalai (Tamil: Garland) or Eagle Mission 4.[49] Five An-32s escorted by five Mirage 2000s carried out the supply drop which faced no opposition from the Sri Lankan Armed Forces.[49][50] Sri Lanka accused India of "blatant violation of sovereignty".[49] India insisted that it was acting only on humanitarian grounds.[49] In 1987, the IAF supported the Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) in northern and eastern Sri Lanka in Operation Pawan. About 70,000 sorties were flown by the IAF's transport and helicopter force in support of nearly 100,000 troops and paramilitary forces without a single aircraft lost or mission aborted.[51] IAF An-32s maintained a continuous air link between air bases in South India and Northern Sri Lanka transporting men, equipment, rations and evacuating casualties.[51] Mi-8s supported the ground forces and also provided air transportation to the Sri Lankan civil administration during the elections.[51] Mi-25s of No. 125 Helicopter Unit were utilised to provide suppressive fire against militant strong points and to interdict coastal and clandestine riverine traffic.[51]

IAF An-32s were used to airdrop humanitarian supplies in Operation Poomalai.

On the night of November 3, 1988, the Indian Air Force mounted special operations to airlift a parachute battalion group from Agra, non-stop over 2000 kilometres to the remote Indian Ocean archipelago of the Maldives in response to Maldivian president Gayoom's request for military help against a mercenary invasion in Operation Cactus. The IL-76s of No. 44 Squadron landed at Hulhule at 0030 hours and the Indian paratroopers secured the airfield and restored Government rule at Male within hours.[52]

Kargil War (1999)
On 11 May 1999, the Indian Air Force was called in to provide close air support to the Indian Army at the height of the ongoing Kargil conflict with the use of helicopters.[52] The IAF strike was code named Operation Safed Sagar.[52] The first strikes were launched on the 26 May, when the Indian Air Force struck infiltrator positions with fighter aircraft and helicopter gunships.[53] The initial strikes saw MiG-27s carrying out offensive sorties, with MiG-21s and later MiG-29s providing fighter cover.[54] The IAF also deployed its radars and the MiG-29 fighters in vast numbers to keep check on Pakistani military movements across the border.[55] Srinagar Airport was at this time closed to civilian air-traffic and dedicated to the Indian Air Force.[53] On 27 May, the Indian Air Force suffered its first fatality when it lost a MiG-21 and a MiG-27 in quick succession.[notes 1][56][57] The following day, while on an offensive sortie, a Mi-17 was shot down by three Stinger missiles and lost its entire crew of four.[54] Following these losses the IAF immediately withdrew helicopters from offensive roles as a measure against the threat of Man-portable air-defense systems (MANPAD). On 30 May, the Mirage 2000s were introduced in offensive capability, as they were deemed better in performance under the of high-altitude conditions of the conflict zone. Mirage 2000s were not only better equipped to counter the MANPAD threat compared to the MiGs, but also gave IAF the ability to carry out aerial raids at night. The MiG-29s were used extensively to provide fighter escort to the Mirage 2000.[58] The Mirages successfully targeted enemy camps and logistic bases in Kargil and severely disrupted their supply lines.[59] Mirage 2000s were used for strikes on Muntho Dhalo and the heavily defended Tiger Hill and paved the way for their early recapture.[54] At the height of the conflict, the IAF was conducting over forty sorties daily over the Kargil region.[58] By 26 July, the Indian forces had successfully repulsed the Pakistani forces from Kargil.[60]
During the Kargil conflict IAF Mirage 2000Hs, along with MiG-27s carried out strikes against enemy positions.

Post Kargil incidents (1999–present)
On 10 August 1999, IAF MiG-21s intercepted a Pakistan Navy Breguet Atlantic which was flying over the disputed region of Sir Creek. The aircraft was shot down killing all 16 Pakistani Navy personnel on board.[61] India claimed that the Atlantic was on a mission to gather information on IAF air defence,[62] a charge emphatically rejected by Pakistan which argued that the unarmed aircraft was on a training mission.[63] Since the late 1990s, the Indian Air Force has been modernising its fleet to counter challenges in the new century. The fleet size of the IAF has decreased to 33 squadrons during this period because of the retirement of older aircraft. Still, India maintains the fourth largest air force in the world. The squadron strength is being raised to 42 squadrons.[64]

Structure
The President of India is the Supreme Commander of all Indian armed forces and by virtue of that fact is the notional Commander-in-chief of the Air Force. Chief of the Air Staff with the rank of Air Chief Marshal is the Commander of the Indian Air Force. He is assisted by six officers: a Vice Chief of the Air Staff, a Deputy Chief of the Air Staff, the Air Officer in Charge of Administration, the Air Officer in Charge of Personnel, the Air Officer in Charge of Maintenance, and the Inspector General of Flight Safety.[65] In January 2002, the government conferred the rank of Marshal of the Air Force on Arjan Singh making him the first and only Five-star officer with the Indian Air Force and ceremonial chief of the air force.[66]

Commands and structure
The Indian Air Force is divided into five operational and two functional commands. Each Command is headed by an Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief with the rank of Air Marshal. The purpose of an operational command is to conduct military operations using aircraft within its area of responsibility, whereas the responsibility of functional commands is to maintain combat readiness. Aside from the Training Command at Bangalore, the centre for primary flight training is located at the Air Force Academy in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, followed by operational training at various other schools. Advanced officer training for command positions is also conducted at the Defence Services Staff College; specialised advanced flight training schools are located at Bidar, Karnataka, and Hakimpet, Andhra Pradesh (also the location for helicopter training). Technical schools are found at a number of other locations.[67]
Operational Commands Central Air Command (CAC), headquartered at Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh Eastern Air Command (EAC), headquartered at Shillong, Meghalaya Southern Air Command (SAC), headquartered at Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala South Western Air Command (SWAC), headquartered at Gandhinagar, Gujarat Western Air Command (WAC), headquartered at Subroto Park, New Delhi Functional Commands Training Command (TC), headquartered at Bangalore, Karnataka Maintenance Command (MC), headquartered at Nagpur, Maharashtra
Ex-Air Chief Marshal Pradeep Vasant Naik

Bases
Main article: List of Indian Air Force bases The IAF operates over sixty air bases, with more being built or planned.[68] Western Air Command is the largest Air Command. It operates sixteen air bases from Punjab to Uttar Pradesh. Eastern Air Command operates fifteen Air bases in Eastern and North-eastern India. Central Air Command operates seven Air Bases in Madhya Pradesh and surrounding states of central India. Southern Air Command, a strategically important Air command, in line with India's latest doctrine of protecting the vital shipping routes. It operates nine Air bases in Southern India and two in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. South Western Air Command is the front line of defence against Pakistan, this important Command operates twelve air bases in Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan. India also operates the Farkhor Air Base in Tajikistan.[69] Depending on size, a base is typically commanded by a Group Captain or Air Commodore.[70]

Western Air Cmd E Central Air Cmd astern Air Cmd Southwestern Maintenance Cmd Air Cmd

Wings
A Wing is a formation intermediate between a Command and a Squadron. It generally consists of two or three IAF Squadrons and Helicopter Units, along with Forward Base Support Units (FBSU). FBSUs do not have or host any Squadrons or Helicopter units but act as transit airbases for routine operations. In times of war, they can become fully fledged air bases playing host to various Squadrons. In all, about 47 Wings and 19 FBSUs make up the IAF.[71][72] Wings are typically commanded by a Group Captain.

Training Cmd Southern Air Cmd

Commands of the Indian Air Force

Squadrons
Squadrons are the field units and formations attached to static locations. Thus, a Flying Squadron is a sub-unit of an air force station which carries out the primary task of the IAF. All fighter squadrons are headed by a Commanding Officer with the rank of Wing Commander.[73] Some Transport squadrons and Helicopter Units are headed by a Commanding Officer with the rank of Group Captain.

Flights
Flights are sub-divisions of Squadrons, commanded by a Squadron Leader.[70] Within this formation structure, IAF has several service branches for day-to-day operations. They are:[74]
Flying Branch Technical Branch Ground Branch Flying Engineering Logistics Administration Accounts Education Medical & Dental Meteorological

Garud Commando Force
Main article: Garud Commando Force In September 2004, the IAF established its own special operation unit called the Garud Commando Force, consisting of approximately 1500 personnel. The unit derives its name from Garuda, a divine bird-like creature of Hindu Mythology, but more commonly the word for eagle in Sanskrit. Garud is tasked with the protection of critical installations; search and rescue during peace and hostilities and disaster relief during calamities.[75]

Integrated Space Cell
Main article: Integrated Space Cell An Integrated Space Cell, which will be jointly operated by all the three services of the Indian armed forces, the civilian Department of Space and the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) has been set up to utilize more effectively the country's space-based assets for military purposes and to look into threats to these assets.[5][6] This command will leverage space technology including satellites. Unlike an aerospace command, where the air force controls most of its activities, the Integrated Space Cell envisages cooperation and coordination between the three services as well as civilian agencies dealing with space.[76] India currently has 11 remote sensing satellites in orbit. Though most are not meant to be dedicated military satellites, some have a spacial resolution of 1 metre or below which can be also used for military applications. Noteworthy satellites include the Technology Experiment Satellite (TES) which has a panchromatic camera (PAN) with a resolution of 1 metre,[77] the RISAT-2 which is capable of imaging in all-weather conditions and has a resolution of one metre,[78] the CARTOSAT-2, CARTOSAT-2A[79] (a dedicated military satellite)[80] and CARTOSAT-2B[81] which carries a panchromatic camera which has a resolution of 80 centimetres (black and white only).

Display Teams
Main articles: Surya Kiran and Sarang (military) Surya Kiran (Sanskrit for Sun Rays) is an aerobatics demonstration team of the Indian Air Force. The Surya Kiran Aerobatic Team (SKAT) was formed in 1996 and are successors to the Thunderbolts.[82] The team has a total of 13 pilots (selected from the fighter stream of the IAF) and operate 9 HAL HJT-16 Kiran Mk.2 trainer aircraft[82] painted in a "dayglo orange" and white colour scheme. The Surya Kiran team were conferred squadron status in 2006, and presently have the designation of 52 Squadron, Air force ("The Sharks").[83] Surya Kiran Aerobatic Team is based at the Indian Air Force Station at Bidar.[82] The HJT-16 Kiran is to be replaced by the HAL HJT-36 Sitara. The IAF have already given an order for 12 Limited Series Production aircraft for the Surya Kiran team.[84] Meanwhile, IAF has begun the process of converting Surya Kirans to BAE Hawks. It will take 2–3 years for the team to completely shift to Hawks.[84]

Sarang is the Helicopter Display Team of the Indian Air Force. The name Sarang (Sanskrit for Peacock) is symbolic as it is the national bird of India. The team was formed in October 2003 and their first public performance was at the Asian Aerospace Show, Singapore, 2004.[85] The team flies four HAL Dhruvs[86] painted in red and white with a peacock figure at each side of the fuselage. The Sarang display team is based at the Indian Air Force base at Air Force Station Sulur, Coimbatore.

HAL HJT-16 Kirans of the Surya Kiran display team flying in formation.

Personnel
Over the years reliable sources provided notably divergent estimates of the personnel strength of the Indian Air Force after analysing open-source intelligence. The public policy organization GlobalSecurity.org had estimated that the IAF had an estimated strength of 110,000 active personnel in 1994.[67] In 2006, Anthony Cordesman estimated that strength to be 170,000 in the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS) publication "The Asian Conventional Military Balance in 2006".[87] In 2010, James Hackett revised that estimate to an approximate strength of 127,000 active personnel in the IISS publication "Military Balance 2010".[88] The rank structure of the Indian Air Force is based on that of the Royal Air Force. The highest rank attainable in the IAF is Marshal of the Indian Air Force, conferred by the President of India after exceptional service during wartime. MIAF Arjan Singh is the only officer to have achieved this rank. The head of the Indian Air Force is the Chief of the Air Staff, who holds the rank of Air Chief Marshal. The current Chief of the Air Staff is Air Chief Marshal Norman Anil Kumar Browne with effect from 1 August 2011.

Officers of the IAF in their uniform.

Officers
Anyone holding Indian citizenship can apply to be an officer in the Air Force as long as they satisfy the eligibility criteria. There are four entry points to become an officer. Male applicants, who are between the ages of 16½ and 19 and have passed high school graduation, can apply at the Intermediate level.[89] Men and women applicants, who have graduated from college (three year course) and are between the ages of 18 and 28, can apply at the Graduate level entry.[90] Graduates of engineering colleges can apply at the Engineer level if they are between the ages of 18 and 28 years. The age limit for the flying and ground duty branch is 23 years of age and for technical branch is 28 years of age.[91] After completing a master's degree, men and women between the ages of 18 and 28 years can apply at the Post Graduate level. Post graduate applicants do not qualify for the flying branch. For the technical branch the age limit is 28 years and for the ground duty branch it is 25.[92] At the time of application, all applicants must be single.[93] The IAF selects candidates for officer training from these applicants. After completion of training, a candidate is commissioned as a Flying Officer.[94]
Ranks of the Indian Air Force- Officer Ranks

Ranks of the Indian Air Force- Officer Ranks

Shoulder

Sleeve Marshal of the Air Force¹

Rank

Air Chief Marshal

Air Marshal

Air Vice Marshal

Air Commodore

Group Captain

Wing Commander

Squadron Leader

Flight Lieutenant

Flying Officer

Pilot Officer2

¹ Honorary/War time rank. 2 Rank no longer exist.

Airmen
The duty of an airman in the Indian Air Force is to make sure that all the air and ground operations run smoothly. From operating Air Defence systems to fitting missiles, they are involved in all activities of an air base and give support to various technical and non-technical jobs.[95] The recruitment of personnel below officer rank is conducted through All India Selection Tests and Recruitment Rallies. All India Selection Tests are conducted among 14 Airmen Selection Centres (ASCs) located all over India. These centres are under the direct functional control of Central Airmen Selection Board (CASB), with administrative control and support by respective commands. The role of CASB is to carry out selection and enrolment of airmen from the Airmen Selection Centres for their respective commands.[95] Candidates initially take a written test at the time of application. Those passing the written test undergo a physical fitness test, an interview conducted in English, and medical examination. Candidates for training are selected from individuals passing the battery of tests, on the basis of their performance. Upon completion of training, an individual becomes an Airman.[95] Some MWOs and WOs are granted honorary commission in the last year of their service as an honorary Flying Officer or Flight Lieutenant before retiring from the service.[95]
Ranks of the Indian Air Force - Enlisted Ranks Junior Commissioned Officer Shoulder Arm Sleeve Master Junior Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Leading Aircraftsman Aircraftsman Enlisted

A Squadron Leader leading the IAF Airmen during a guard of honour ceremony to Lula da Silva at the Rashtrapati Bhavan.

Rank

Sergeant Corporal

Non Combatants Enrolled and civilians
Non Combatants Enrolled (NCs(E)) were established in British India as personal assistants to the officer class, and are equivalent to the orderly or sahayak of the Indian Army.[96] Almost all the commands have some percentage of civilian strength which are central government employees. These are regular ranks which are prevalent in ministries. They are usually not posted outside their stations and are employed in administrative and non-technical work.[97][98]

Training and education
The Indian Armed Forces has set up numerous military academies across India for training its personnel. Military schools, Sainik Schools, and the Rashtriya Indian Military College were founded to broaden the recruitment base of the Defence Forces. The three branches of the Indian Armed Forces jointly operate several institutions such as the National Defence Academy (NDA), Defence Services Staff College (DSSC), National Defence College (NDC) and the College of Defence Management (CDM) for training its officers. The Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) at Pune is responsible for providing the entire pool of medical staff to the Armed Forces by giving them in service training. Besides these Tri-service institutions, the Indian Air Force has a Training Command and several training establishments. While technical and other support staff are trained at various Ground Training Schools, the pilots are trained at the Air Force Academy located at Dindigul. The Pilot Training Establishment at Allahabad, the Air

Force Administrative College at Coimbatore, the School of Aviation Medicine at Bangalore, the Air Force Technical College, Bangalore at Jalahalli and the Paratrooper’s Training School at Agra are some of the other training establishments of the IAF.

Aircraft inventory
Main article: List of active Indian military aircraft The Indian Air Force has aircraft and equipment of Russian (erstwhile Soviet Union), British, French, Israeli, U.S. and Indian origins with Russian aircraft dominating its inventory. HAL produces some of the Russian and British aircraft in India under licence. The exact number of aircraft in service with the Indian Air Force cannot be determined with precision from open sources. Various reliable sources provide notably divergent estimates for a variety of high-visibility aircraft.[99]
The Sudan Block of the National Defence Academy (NDA). NDA serves as the joint services academy for the Army, the Navy and the Air Force.

Fighter and multi-role combat aircraft
The primary role of the fighter aircraft in the Indian Air Force inventory is to achieve and maintain air supremacy over the battle field. Air superiority fighters are fast and maneuverable aircraft designed primarily for air-to-air combat with limited capability to strike ground targets. Multi-role aircraft on the other hand are capable of conducting air-to air combat and ground attack with equal ease; sometimes within the same mission. This ability of combining different operational tasks offers considerable cost-of-ownership benefits to the operators.[100] The Sukhoi Su-30MKI is the IAF's primary air superiority fighter with the capability to conduct strike missions. The IAF have placed an order for a total of 272 Su-30MKIs[101] of which 146 are in service as of 2011.[102] The Mikoyan MiG-29 known as Baaz (Hindi for Hawk) is the IAF's dedicated air superiority fighter and forms the second line of defence for the IAF after the Sukhoi Su-30MKI. The IAF operates 68 MiG-29s, all of which are currently being upgraded to the MiG-29UPG standard.[103]

Sukhoi Su-30 MKI

The Dassault Mirage 2000, known as Vajra (Sanskrit for Thunderbolt) in Indian service, is the IAF's primary multirole fighter. The IAF currently operates 51 Mirage 2000Hs which are currently being upgraded to the Mirage 2000-5 standard.[104][105] The Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 serves as an Interceptor aircraft in the IAF. The IAF have phased out most of its MiG-21s and plans to keep only 125 that have been upgraded to MiG-21 Bison standard.[106] These aircraft will be phased out between 2014 and 2017.[107] The MiG-21s are planned to be replaced by the indigenously built HAL Tejas.[108][109]

Strike, attack and close support aircraft
These are military aircraft designed to attack targets on the ground. They are often deployed as close air support for, and in proximity to, their own ground forces, requiring precision strikes from these aircraft. The SEPECAT Jaguar known as Shamsher and the Mikoyan MiG-27 known as Bahadur (Hindi for Valiant) serve as the IAF's primary ground attack force.[110] The IAF currently operates 139 Jaguars[111] and over 100 MiG-27s.[112]

Airborne early warning aircraft
These aircraft are designed to detect and distinguish hostile aircraft. The system can be used to direct fighters and strike aircraft to their targets and warn them of hostile enemy aircraft in the area.
SEPECAT Jaguar

The IAF currently operates the EL/M-2075 Phalcon AEW&C. A total of 3 such systems are currently in service, with possible orders for 2 more.[113]

Tanker aircraft
These aircraft are used for aerial refueling which allows IAF aircraft to remain airborne for longer periods, hence enhancing their effective range. Aerial refueling also allows aircraft to take-off with greater payload (by carrying less fuel during take-off). The IAF currently operates 6 Ilyushin Il-78MKIs for aerial refueling roles.[114][115]
IAF Beriev A-50EI Mainstay AEW&C

Transport aircraft
Transport aircraft are typically used to deliver troops, weapons, supplies and other military equipment to the IAF field of operations. The IAF currently operate different types of transport aircraft for different roles.

IAF Il-78MKI

The IAF operates Ilyushin Il-76s known as Gajraj (Hindi for King Elephant) for military transport roles such as strategic or heavy lift at all operational levels.[116] The IAF currently operates 17 Il-76s.[117] The Il-76s are to be replaced by C-17 Globemaster IIIs.[118][119]

IAF Il-76 landing at Leh airfield.

The C-130J of the IAF is used by special forces for combined Army-Air Force operations.[120] There are currently 6 C130Js in service.[121]

The Antonov An-32 known as Sutlej (name of an Indian river) serves as medium transport aircraft in the IAF. The aircraft is also used in bombing roles and paradropping operations.[122] The IAF currently operates 105 An-32s, all of which are being upgraded.[122] The Hawker Siddeley HS 748 once formed the backbone of the IAF's transport fleet, but are now used mainly for transport training and communication duties.[123] The Dornier Do 228 serves as light transport aircraft in the IAF.[124] The IAF also operates Boeing 737s[125] and Embraer ECJ-135 Legacy aircraft[126] as VIP Transports. The IAF operates aircraft for the President of India as well as the Prime Minister of India under the call sign Air India One.[127]

Training aircraft
Training aircraft are used to develop piloting and nagivational skills in pilots and air crew. The HAL HPT-32 Deepak is IAF's basic flight training aircraft for cadets.[128] The HPT-32 was grounded in July 2009 following a crash that killed two senior flight instructors,[129] but was revived in May 2010[129] and is to be fitted with a parachute recovery system (PRS) to enhance survivability during an emergency in the air and to bring the trainer down safely.[129] The HPT-32 is to be phased out soon.[129] The IAF uses the HAL HJT-16 Kiran mk.I for intermediate flight training of cadets, while the HJT-16 Kiran mk.II provides advanced flight and weapons training.[130][131] The HAL HJT-16 Kiran Mk.2 is also operated by the Surya Kiran Aerobatic Team (SKAT) of the IAF.[132] The Kiran is to be replaced by the HAL HJT-36 Sitara.[133]
IAF BAE Hawk Mk 132

The BAE Hawk Mk 132 serves as an advanced jet trainer in the IAF and is progressively replacing the Kiran Mk.II. The IAF has begun the process of converting the Surya Kiran display team to Hawks.[84] A total of 106 BAE Hawk trainers have been ordered by the IAF of which 39 have entered service as of July 2010.[134]

Helicopters
An important objective of the IAF is to support ground troops by providing air cover and by transporting men and essential commodities across the battlefield. For this purpose the Air Force maintains a fleet of helicopters. The HAL Dhruv serves primarily as a light utility helicopter in the IAF. In addition to transport and utility roles, Dhruvs are also used as attack helicopters.[135] 4 Dhruvs are also operated by the Indian Air Force Sarang Helicopter Display Team.[86]
HAL Dhruv of the Indian Air Force Sarang Helicopter Display Team

IAF Mi-8 at Aero India 2011.

The HAL Chetak is a light utility helicopter and is used primarily for training, rescue and light transport roles in the IAF.[136] The HAL Chetak is scheduled to be replaced by HAL's Advanced Light Helicopter.[136]

The HAL Cheetah is a light utility helicopter used for high altitude operations. It is used for both transport and search-andrescue missions in the IAF.[137] The Mil Mi-8 and the Mil Mi-17 are operated by the IAF for medium utility roles. The Mi-8 is being progressively replaced by the Mi-17.[138][139] The IAF has ordered 80 Mi-17V-5s to replace and augment its existing fleet of Mi-8s and Mi-17s, with an order for 59 additional helicopters to follow soon.[140]
IAF Mil Mi-35 Hind Akbar

The Mil Mi-26 serves as a heavy lift helicopter in the IAF. It can also be used to transport troops or as a flying ambulance. The IAF currently operates 4 Mi-26s.[141] The Mil Mi-35 serves primarily as an attack helicopter in the IAF. The Mil Mi-35 can also act as a low-capacity troop transport. The IAF currently operates 2 squadrons (No.104 Firebirds and No.125 Gladiators) of Mi-25/35s.[142]

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles
The primary role of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) is to provide aerial surveillance and reconnaissance. UAVs can also be used as unmanned combat aircraft or pilotless target aircraft. The IAF currently uses the IAI Searcher II[143] and IAI Heron[144] for reconnaissance and surveillance purposes. The IAI Harpy serves as an Unmanned Combat Aerial Vehicle (UCAV) which is designed to attack radar systems.[145] The IAF also operates the DRDO Lakshya which serves as realistic towed aerial sub-targets for live fire training.[146]

Land-based air defence
Surface-to-air missile systems
The IAF currently operates the S-125 Pechora[147] and the 9K33 Osa[96] as Surface-to-air missile systems. The IAF is also currently inducting the Akash medium

range surface-to-air missile system. A total of 8 squadrons has been ordered so far.[148]

Ballistic missiles
The IAF currently operates the Prithvi-II short-range ballistic missile (SRBM). The Prithvi-II is an IAF-specific variant of the Prithvi ballistic missile.[149]

Anti-ballistic missile systems
Akash missile.

The S-300 SAM[150] serves as an Anti-Tactical Ballistic Missile (ATBM) system in the IAF. The S-300 is also able to detect, track, and destroy incoming cruise missiles and low-flying aircraft.[151]

Future
Main article: Future of the Indian Air Force The number of aircraft in the IAF has been decreasing from the late 1990s due to retirement of older aircraft and several crashes. To deal with the depletion of force levels, the IAF has started to modernize its fleet. This includes both upgrade of existing aircraft, equipment and infrastructure as well as induction of new aircraft and equipment, both indigenous and imported. As new aircraft enter service and numbers recover, the IAF plans to have a fleet of 42 squadrons.[152]

Upgrades
The IAF is currently upgrading its 69 MiG-29s (to the UPG standard)[103] and 105 An-32s.[122] IAF's HAL HPT-32 Deepak trainers are to be fitted with a parachute recovery system (PRS) to enhance survivability during an emergency in the air and to bring the trainer down safely.[129] There are also a contract to upgrade its 51 Mirage 2000Hs to the Mirage2000-5 Mk 2 variant[153] and 40 Su-30MKIs with new radars, on-board computers, electronic warfare systems[154] and the capability of carrying the air launched version of the BrahMos cruise missile.[155][156]

The air launched version of Brahmos.

Under procurement
The IAF has placed orders for 48 indigenous HAL Tejas aircraft,[157] 72 HAL HJT-36 Sitara trainers[84] and 65 HAL Light Combat Helicopters,[158] and will order 126 Dassault Rafale multirole fighters,[159] 22 AH-64D Apache Longbow heavy attack helicopters,[160] 10 C-17 Globemaster III strategic air-lifters,[161] 139 Mi-17V-5 helicopters,[140][162] 12 VVIP-configured AgustaWestland AW101 helicopters,[163] and IAI Harop UCAVs.[145][164] The IAF has also ordered 18 Israeli SPYDER Surface to Air Missiles (SAMs).[165] Pilatus PC-7 is selected for a tender to equip the IAF with 75 basic trainer HAL Light Combat Helicopter aircraft.[166] The IAF is planning to procure 15 heavy lift helicopters for which the CH-47 Chinook and Mi-26 are being considered.[167] A Request for Proposal for 6 additional tanker aircraft was issued, for which the EADS A330 MMRT and the Il-78 are the competing aircraft.[168] The IAF has issued a Request for Information (RFI) for 16 C-27J Spartan medium military transport aircraft.[169] The IAF also submitted a request for information to international suppliers for a stealth unmanned combat air vehicle (UCAV)[170] and the Indian Ministry of Defence (MOD) will float a tender for 125 light helicopters.
HAL Tejas

Under development
Indian defence companies such as HAL and DRDO are developing several aircraft for the IAF such as the HAL Tejas,[108][109] Advanced Medium Combat Aircraft (AMCA),[171] DRDO AEW&CS (revived from the Airavat Project),[172] NAL Saras,[173] HAL HJT-36 Sitara,[174] HAL HTT-40, HAL Light Combat Helicopter (LCH),[175] HAL Light Observation Helicopter (LOH),[176] DRDO Rustom[177] and AURA (Autonomous Unmanned Research Aircraft) UCAV.[178] DRDO has developed the Akash missile system for the IAF[179][180] and is developing the Maitri SAM with MBDA.[181] DRDO is also developing the Prithvi II ballistic missile.[182] HAL has undertaken the joint development of the Sukhoi/HAL FGFA (Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft)[183] (a derivative project of the Sukhoi PAK FA) and the UAC/HAL Il-214 Multirole Transport Aircraft (MTA)[184] with Russia's United Aircraft Corporation (UAC). DRDO has entered in a joint venture with Israel Aerospace Industries (IAI) to develop the Barak 8 SAM.[185] DRDO is developing the air launched version of the Brahmos cruise missile in a joint venture with Russia's NPO Mashinostroeyenia. DRDO is also developing the nuclear capable Nirbhay cruise missile.[186]

HAL HJT-36 Sitara

See also
Indian Armed Forces Nirmal Jit Singh Sekhon the only IAF personnel to be awarded the PVC Marshal of the Air force Arjan Singh

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Air Force ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Air Force ranks and insignia of India
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The IAF's rank structure is based on that of the Royal Air Force. The highest rank attainable in the IAF is Marshal of the Indian Air Force, conferred by the President of India after exceptional service during wartime. MIAF Arjan Singh is the only officer to have achieved this rank. The head of the Indian Air Force is the Chief of the Air Staff, who holds the rank of Air Chief Marshal. The current Chief of the Air Staff is Air Chief Marshal N.A.K Browne, appointed on July 31, 2011, following the retirement of Air Chief Marshal P.V.Naik

Indian Armed Forces

Contents
1 Officer Ranks 2 Junior Commissioned Officer and Non Commissioned ranks 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Triservices Crest. Militar Man Power Active troops Reserve forces 1,325,000 (3rd ) 1,155,000 (7th )

Paramilitar forces 1,293,300 (4th ) Components Indian Army

Officer Ranks
The following table shows the officer rank insignia for the Indian Air Force. Even though India is not a NATO country, the NATO ranking codes are given for comparison with other nations' military ranks (see Air force officer rank insignia for more information). Ranks of the Indian Air Force- Officer Ranks

Indian Air Force Indian Navy Indian Coast Guard Paramilitary forces of India Strategic Nuclear Command Histor Military history of India Ranks Air Force ranks and insignia Army ranks and insignia Naval ranks and insignia

NATO C de Shoulder

OF-10

OF-9

OF-8

OF-7

OF-6

OF-5

OF-4

OF-3

OF-2

Sleeve

Rank

Marshal of the Air Force

Air Chief Marshal

Air Marshal

Air Vice Marshal

Air Commodore

Group Captain

Wing Commander

Squadron Leader

Flight Lieutenant

Flying Officer

Honorary/War time rank.
2 Rank no longer exist.

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Air Force ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

NATO Code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student Officer
1 Honorary/War time rank. 2 Rank

number 1

Junior Commissioned Officer and Non Commissioned ranks
Ranks of the Indian Air Force - Enlisted Ranks J nio Commi ioned Office Shoulder Arm Sleeve Master Junior Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Warrant Officer Leading Aircraftsman Aircraftsman Enli ed

Rank

Sergeant Corporal

See also
Comparative military ranks Indian military Military rank

References E ternal links
World Rank Insignia site (http://www.uniforminsignia.net/show.php?podkategorie=Bharatiya%20Thal%20Sema%20%20Indian%20Land%20Forces&stat=India&id=832) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Air_Force_ranks_and_insignia_of_India&oldid=475259115" Categories: Indian Air Force Military ranks of India Air force ranks This page was last modified on 5 February 2012 at 18:25. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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Indian Navy
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Indian Navy (Devanāgarī: भारतीय नौ से Bhāratīya Nau ना, Senā) is the naval branch of the armed forces of India. The President of India serves as the Commander-in-Chief of the Navy. The Chief of Naval Staff (CNS), usually a four-star officer in the rank of Admiral, commands the Navy. In the 21st century The Indian Navy sees several principal roles for itself; In conjunction with other armed forces of the union, act to deter or defeat any threats or aggression against the territory, people or maritime interests of India, both in war and peace; Project influence in India's maritime area of interest, to further the nation’s political, economic and security objectives; In cooperation with the Indian Coast Guard, ensure good order and stability in India's maritime zones of responsibility. Provide maritime assistance (including disaster relief) in India's maritime neighbourhood.[1] To play a key role as part of 'a pluralistic security order' for a better world.[2] Though the primary objective of the navy is to secure national maritime borders, India also uses its navy to enhance its international relations through joint exercises, port visits and humanitarian missions, including disaster relief. In recent years, the Indian Navy has undergone considerable modernisation to replace ageing equipment currently in service, this is often seen as part of "India's drive" to become a fully fledged blue-water navy.[3] The 17th century Maratha warrior king Maharaja Shivaji Raje Bhosale is regarded as the Father of Indian Navy.

Indian Navy

Indian Navy crest

Active Country Branch Size Part of Headquarters Motto

1947–Present India Navy 58,350 personnel 181 aircraft Ministry of Defence Indian Armed Forces New Delhi शं व णः Transliteration: Sham नो No Varunah (May the Lord of the Oceans be auspicious unto us)

Colors Anniversaries Engagements

Navy Blue, White Navy Day: 4 December Portuguese-Indian War Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 Bangladesh Liberation War Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 Indian Military Honour Awards

Contents
1 History 1.1 Early maritime history 1.2 Origins 1.3 Early 20th century 1.4 Independence to the 1960s 1.5 Late 20th century 1.6 21st century 2 Structure and organisation 2.1 Commands 2.2 Bases 2.3 Ranks 3 The Indian Navy today 3.1 Ships 3.1.1 Aircraft carriers
Decorations Chief of Naval Staff Notable commanders

Commanders
Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma Admiral S. M. Nanda Kanhoji Angre

Insignia
Naval Ensign

3.1.2 Amphibious vessels 3.1.3 Destroyers and frigates 3.1.4 Submarines 3.1.5 Corvettes 3.1.6 Fleet tankers 3.2 Naval Air Arm 3.3 Marine Commando Force 3.4 Systems and sensors 4 Fleet reviews and naval exercises 4.1 Fleet reviews 4.2 International fleet reviews 4.3 Naval exercises 5 Exploration 6 Future of the Indian Navy 6.1 Long Term Force Objective 6.2 Modernization 6.3 Future orders 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Naval Ensign (2001–2004)

Naval Ensign (1950–2001)

Aircraft flown
Attack Electronic warfare Fighter Helicopter BAE Sea Harrier Dornier Do 228 BAE Sea Harrier, Mikoyan MiG29K HAL Dhruv, Kamov Ka-28, Kamov Ka-31, Sea King Mk.42C, UH-3 Sea King Ilyushin Il-38, Tupolev Tu-142 Dornier Do 228, IAI Heron, IAI Searcher Mk II HAL HJT-16, Harrier T-60

History
Main article: History of the Indian Navy
Patrol Reconnaissance

Early maritime history
Main article: Indian maritime history
Trainer

India has a maritime history dating back to 7,600 years.[4][5][6][7] The first tidal dock is estimated to have been built at Lothal around 2300 BCE during the Indus Valley Civilization, near the present day Mangrol harbour on the Gujarat coast.[8][9] The Rig Veda written around 1500 BCE, credits Varuna with knowledge of the ocean routes and describes naval expeditions. There is reference to the side wings of a vessel called Plava, which give stability to the ship under storm conditions. A compass, Matsya yantra, was used for navigation in the fourth and fifth century AD. The earliest known reference to an organisation devoted to ships in ancient India is to the Mauryan Empire from the 4th century BCE. Emperor Chandragupta Maurya's Prime Minister Kautilya's Arthashastra devotes a full chapter on the state department of waterways under navadhyaksha (Sanskrit for Superintendent of ships) [3]. The term, nava dvipantaragamanam (Sanskrit for sailing to other lands by ships, i.e. Exploration) appears in this book in addition to appearing in the Buddhist text, Baudhayana Dharmasastra as the interpretation of the term, Samudrasamyanam. Sea lanes between India and neighbouring lands were the usual form of trade for many centuries, and are responsible for the widespread influence of Indian Culture on other societies. Powerful navies included those of the Maurya, Satavahana, Gupta, Chola, Pandya, Vijayanagara, Kalinga, Mughal and Maratha empires.[10] The Cholas excelled in foreign trade and maritime activity, extending their influence overseas to China and Southeast Asia. During the 17th and 18th centuries, the Maratha and Kerala fleets were expanded, and became the most powerful Naval Forces in the subcontinent, defeating European

Navies at various times (See the Battle of Colachel). The fleet review of the Maratha navy took place at the Ratnagiri fort in which the ships Gurabs, Galbat, Pal & small ships called as "Sangmeshwari" participated. The 'Pal' was a three masted fighter with guns peeping on the broadsides.[11] Kanhoji Angre and Kunjali Marakkar, the Naval chief of Saamoothiri, were two notable naval chiefs of the period.
Chola territories during Rajendra Chola I, c. 1030

Origins
Main article: Royal Indian Navy In 1612, the English East India Company established the Honourable East India Company's Marine to protect its merchant shipping off the Gulf of Cambay and up the Narmada and Tapti rivers. Its first fighting ships in India were acquired on 5 September 1612. This force evolved into Her Majesty's Indian Navy in 1830, while most of India was under British rule. The force at this time had British officers and Indian sailors. The Navy saw action in the First Opium War of 1840 and in the Second Anglo-Burmese War in 1852. During World War I, the force then known as the Royal Indian Marine undertook minesweeping, as well as supply and support operations for the Allies.

Early 20th century
Sub Lieutenant D. N. Mukherji was the first Indian to be granted a commission as an engineer officer in 1928. In 1934, the navy was renamed as the Royal Indian Navy (RIN). The onset of World War II led to an expansion in numbers of vessels and personnel. The navy was actively involved in operations during the war around the world. Its sloops HMIS Sutlej and HMIS Jumna played a key role in Operation Husky, the Allied invasion of Sicily.[12] It was heavily involved in operations around the Indian Ocean, including convoy escorts, minesweeping, supply, as well as supporting amphibious assaults. At the end of the war, the navy underwent rapid, large-scale demobilisation of vessels and personnel. In 1946, Indian sailors started the Royal Indian Navy Mutiny, a rebellion on board ships and on shore establishments to protest discrimination against Indian officers and sailors by the British. A total of 78 ships, 20 shore establishments and 20,000 sailors were involved in the rebellion, which spread all over India. After the independence of India on 15 August 1947 and the ensuing partition, the RIN's depleted fleet of ships and remaining personnel were divided between the newly independent Union of India and Dominion of Pakistan. When India became a republic on 26 January 1950, the Royal prefix was dropped and the name Indian Navy was officially adopted. The prefix on her ships was changed to Indian Naval Ship (INS).

Independence to the 1960s
Main article: 1961 Indian annexation of Goa During the early years following independence, the navy still had many British officers who continued to serve with the Indian Navy. Vice Admiral Ram Dass Katari was the first Indian to assume office as the Chief of Staff of the Indian Navy on 22 April 1958. The first engagement in action of the Indian Navy was against the Portuguese Navy during the liberation of Goa in 1961. Operation Vijay followed years of escalating tension due to Portuguese refusal to relinquish its colonies in India. On 21 November 1961, Portuguese troops fired on the passenger liner Sabarmati near Anjadip Island, killing one person and injuring another. During Operation Vijay, the Indian Navy supported troop landings and provided fire support. INS Delhi (1948) sank one Portuguese patrol boat, while frigates INS Betwa (1960) and INS Beas (1960) destroyed the Portuguese frigate NRP Afonso de Albuquerque.[13]

The 1962 Sino-Indian War was largely fought over the Himalayas and the Navy had only a defensive role in the war. Indian Naval activity in the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965 largely involved coastal patrols. During the war, the Pakistani Navy attacked the Indian coastal city of Dwarka, although there were no military resources in the area. While this attack was insignificant,[14] India deployed naval resources to patrol the coast and deter further bombardment. Following these wars in the 1960s, India resolved to strengthen the profile and capabilities of its Armed Forces.

Late 20th century
Main article: Indo-Pakistani wars and conflicts The dramatic change in the Indian Navy's capabilities and stance was emphatically demonstrated during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971. Under the command of Admiral Sardarilal Mathradas Nanda, the navy successfully enforced a naval blockade of West and East Pakistan.[15][16] Pakistan's lone long-range submarine PNS Ghazi was sunk following an attack by the destroyer INS Rajput (1942) off the coast of Visakhapatnam around midnight of 3–4 December 1971.[17][18][19][20][21] On 4 December, the Indian Navy successfully executed Operation Trident, a devastating attack on the Pakistan Naval Headquarters of Karachi that sank a minesweeper, a destroyer and an ammunition supply ship. The attack also irreparably damaged another destroyer and oil storage tanks at the Karachi port. This was followed by Operation Python on 8 December 1971, further deprecating the Pakistan Navy's capabilities. Indian frigate INS Khukri was sunk by the PNS Hangor (S131), while INS Kirpan (1959) was damaged on the west coast.

Aircraft carrier INS Vikrant (R11) played a crucial role in enforcing the naval blockade on East Pakistan and ensuring India's victory during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971

In the Bay of Bengal, the aircraft carrier INS Vikrant (R11) was deployed to successfully enforce the naval blockade on East Pakistan. Sea Hawk and the Alizés aircraft from INS Vikrant sank numerous gunboats and Pakistani merchant marine ships.[22] To demonstrate its solidarity as an ally of Pakistan, the United States of America sent Task Force 74 centred around the aircraft carrier USS Enterprise into the Bay of Bengal. In retaliation, Soviet Navy submarines trailed the American task force, which moved away from the Indian Ocean towards Southeast Asia to avert a confrontation.[23] In the end, the Indian naval blockade of Pakistan choked off the supply of reinforcements to the Pakistani forces,[24] which proved to be decisive in the overwhelming defeat of Pakistan.[25][26] Since playing a decisive role in the victory, the navy has been a deterrent force maintaining peace for India in a region of turmoil. In 1988, India launched Operation Cactus, to successfully thwart a coup d'état by PLOTE in the Maldives.[27] Naval maritime reconnaissance aircraft detected the ship hijacked by PLOTE rebels. INS Godavari (F20) and Indian marine commandos recaptured the ship and arrested the rebels.[28] During the 1999 Kargil War, the Western and Eastern fleets were deployed in the Northern Arabian Sea, as a part of Operation Talwar.[29] They safeguarded India's maritime assets from a potential Pakistani naval attack, as also detered Pakistan from attempting to block India's sea-trade routes.[30] The Indian Navy's aviators flew sorties and marine commandos fought alongside Indian Army personnel in the Himalayas.[31][32]

21st century
In the 21st century, the Indian Navy has played a vital role in maintaining peace for India on the maritime front, in spite of the state of ferment in its neighbourhood.[33] It has been deployed for humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters and crises across the globe, as well as to keep India's maritime trade routes free and open. The Indian Navy was a part of the joint forces exercises, Operation Parakram, during the 2001–2002 India–Pakistan standoff.

More than a dozen warships were deployed to the northern Arabian Sea.[34] In 2001, the Indian Navy took over operations to secure the Strait of Malacca, to relieve US Navy resources for Operation Enduring Freedom.[35] Humanitarian operations The navy has played a crucial role in providing humanitarian relief in times of natural disasters, including floods, cyclones and tsunamis. In the aftermath of the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake and tsunami, the Indian Navy launched massive disaster relief operations to help affected Indian states as well as Maldives, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. Over 27 ships, dozens of helicopters, at least 6 fixed-wing aircraft and over 5000 personnel of the navy were deployed in relief operations.[36] These included Operation Madad in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu, Operation Sea Waves in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Operation Castor in Indian Navy Commander examines a Maldives, Operation Rainbow in Sri Lanka and Operation Gambhir in patient. Indonesia.[37] This was one of the largest and fastest force mobilisations that the Indian Navy has undertaken. Indian naval rescue vessels and teams reached neighbouring countries less than 12 hours from the time that the tsunami hit.[36][38] Lessons from the response led to decision to enhance amphibious force capbilities, including the acquisition of Landing Platform Docks such as the INS Jalashwa (L41), as well as smaller amphibious vessels.[39][40] During the 2006 Israel-Lebanon conflict, the Indian Navy launched Operation Sukoon to evacuate 2,286 Indian nationals and expatriates, besides 436 Sri Lankan and 69 Nepali citizens, from war-torn Lebanon.[41][42] In 2006, Indian naval doctors served for 102 days on board USNS Mercy to conduct about medical camps in Philippines, Bangladesh, Indonesia and East Timor.[43] In 2007, Indian Navy supported relief operations for the survivors of Cyclone Sidr in Bangladesh.[44] In 2008, Indian Naval vessels were the first to launch international relief operations for victims of Cyclone Nargis in Myanmar.[45][46] Anti-piracy operations In October 1999, a coordinated effort by the Indian Navy and the Indian Coast Guard led to the rescue of pirated Japanese cargo ship, MV Alondra Rainbow.[47] In 2008, the navy deployed INS Tabar (F44) and INS Mysore (D60) into the Gulf of Aden to combat piracy in Somalia.[48] Tabar prevented numerous piracy attempts,[49][50][51] and escorted hundreds of ships safely through the pirate-infested waters.[52][53][54] The navy also undertook anti-piracy patrols off Seychelles, upon that country's request.[55][56][57] In 2011, the navy launched Operation Island Watch to deter piracy attempts by Somali pirates off the Lakshadweep archipelago. This operation has had numerous successes in preventing pirate attacks.[58][59][60][61][62]
INS Mysore on deployment in the Gulf of Aden to check piracy

Structure and organisation
The Indian Navy is divided into the following broad categories: Administration Logistics and Material Training

Fleets Naval Aviation Submarines

Commands
The Indian Navy operates three Commands. Each Command is headed by a Flag Officer Commanding-in-Chief in the rank of Vice Admiral. Commands Eastern Naval Command HQ Location Current FOC-in-C Vice Admiral D K Joshi Vice Admiral K N Sushil
Indian Naval establishments.

Western Naval Command Mumbai Southern Naval Command Kochi

Visakhapatnam Vice Admiral Anil Chopra

Two of the three commands have a two-star commanded Fleet, the Eastern and Western Fleets, and each also has a Commodore Commanding Submarines. Southern Naval Command is home to Flag Officer Sea Training. Additionally, the Andaman and Nicobar Command at Port Blair under Vice Admiral D K Joshi is a joint command reporting to the Chief of Integrated Service Command (CISC) in New Delhi. The Andaman and Nicobar Command, a joint Navy, Indian Army and Indian Air Force command was set up in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands in 2001.[63] It was created to safeguard India's strategic interests in Southeast Asia and the Strait of Malacca.[64]

Bases
In 2005, the Indian Navy commissioned INS Kadamba at Karwar, 100 km from Goa. This is the third operational naval base after Mumbai and Vishakapatnam and the first to be controlled exclusively by the Navy. (The other bases share port facilities with civilian shipping, but this one is for purely naval use.) Built under Phase I of the multi-billion dollar Project Seabird, it is the largest naval base in the region.[65] Asia's largest Naval academy INS Zamorin, was inaugurated at Ezhimala, in January 2009 by the Prime Minister of India.[66] Another naval base is being planned for the eastern shores, near Vishakapatnam at a cost of US$350 million.[67] The base, which will be located fifty km south of Vishakapatnam in Rambilli Mandal, will have comprehensive anti-aircraft, antisubmarine and amphibious capability.[68] This east coast base expansion program is in direct response to Chinese PLA Navy activities in the region.[69]
Indian Navy Tu-142 and IL-38SD stationed at Arakkonam Naval Air Station

The Indian Navy is setting up a naval station in Madagascar,[70][71] to monitor and patrol the coast of Mozambique as well as the Southern Indian Ocean.[72] The Indian Navy also has berthing rights in Oman and Vietnam.[73]

Ranks
Commissioned officers The Commander of the Navy is the Chief of Naval Staff (CNS). Admiral Nirmal Kumar Verma, who was formerly the Eastern Naval Commander at Visakhapatnam, assumed responsibility in August 2009 as the head of the Navy from incumbent Admiral Sureesh Mehta, who retired from service.[74]

While the provision for the rank of Admiral of the Fleet exists, it is primarily intended for major wartime use and honour. No officer of the Indian Navy has yet been conferred this rank. (Both the Army and Air Force have had officers who have been conferred with the equivalent rank – Field Marshals Sam Manekshaw and Cariappa of the Army and Marshal of the Indian Air Force (MIAF) Arjan Singh.)
Rank Insignia

Shoulder

Sleeve Admiral of Admiral the Fleet

Rank

Vice Admiral

Rear Lieutenant Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Sublieutenant Admiral Commander

Enlisted personnel

The Indian Navy today
Main article: List of active Indian Navy ships The names of all in service ships (and Naval Bases) of the Indian Navy are prefixed with the letters INS, designating Indian Naval Ship or Indian Navy Station. The fleet of the Indian Navy is a mixture of domestic built and foreign vessels. As of 2010 the Indian Navy has 58,350 personnel on active duty (including 7,000 Naval Aviation, 1,200 Marine commandos),[75][76] and 1,000 Sagar Prahari Bal soldiers,[77]

Ships
Aircraft carriers The Indian Navy presently has one aircraft carrier in active service, the INS Viraat. The carrier is planned for decommissioning after the induction of the first domestically built Vikrant class aircraft carrier. The Indian Navy will also induct the Russian-built INS Vikramaditya, expected some time during 2012.[78] Amphibious vessels The Indian Navy has an Amphibious transport dock of the Austin class, re-christened as INS Jalashwa in Indian service. Besides, it also maintains a fleet of landing ship tanks and other landing craft. It is expected that four LPD amphibious assault ships are to be constructed along with eight landing craft vessels.[79] Destroyers and frigates The Indian Navy currently operates the Delhi and Rajput class guided-missile destroyers. The Delhi and Rajput class destroyers will be replaced by the next-generation Kolkata class (Project 15A destroyers). Seven vessels are expected to be

commissioned starting in 2012. In 2011, the Indian government gave the go-ahead for an additional 4 Project 15B destroyers (upgraded Kolkata class Project 15A destroyers). The core frigate classes currently in service are the Shivalik class frigates, of which 2 are in service and 3 Talwar class frigates. The last vessel of the Shivalik class (project 17) is undergoing sea trials and is expected to be commissioned some time in 2012. Furthermore seven Project 17A class frigates (improved Shivalik class project 17 frigates) are on order[80] and India recently closed a deal with Russia to construct three more Talwar class frigates. The first of which is expected to enter service in early 2013. The older Brahmaputra class and Godavari class frigates will systematically be replaced one by one as new ships are brought into service over the next decade. The last remaining Nilgiri class frigate (a variant of the British Leander class) is soon to be decommissioned as it is replaced by the last Shivalik class (project 17) frigate this year. Submarines Main article: List of submarines of the Indian Navy The Indian Navy operates a sizeable fleet of Sindhughosh and Shishumar class submarines. India has started construction of six Scorpène class submarines with MESMA, the submarines will have air-independent propulsion. These submarines will join the Indian Navy starting from the second half of 2015.[81] India issued a request for information for another six submarines in 2011.[82][83] In 1988, India acquired an ex-Soviet Charlie class nuclear powered guided missile INS Sindhurakshak (S63), a submarine with eight Ametist (SS-N-7 Starbright) anti-shipping missile launchers on a Sindhughosh class submarine 3-year lease. In the Indian Navy, the vessel was commissioned as the INS Chakra, and the submarine was manned by an Indian crew. Upon expiration of the lease term in 1991, the submarine was returned to Russia and joined the Pacific Fleet of the Russian Navy. India paid US$2 billion for the completion of two Akula-II class submarines which were 40–60% completed.[84] Three hundred Indian Navy personnel were trained in Russia for the operation of these submarines. India has finalised a deal with Russia, in which at the end of the lease of these submarines, it has an option to buy them. The first submarine is named INS Chakra and was handed over to India on 23 January 2012.[85] India's indigenously designed and built nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines of the Arihant class are expected to be commissioned starting some time during 2012.[86] The lead vessel of the class, INS Arihant, was launched for sea-trials on 26 July 2009 in Visakhapatnam.[87] The Navy plans to have six SSBN's in service some time during the next few decades.[88] Corvettes The Indian Navy currently operates the Kora, Khukri, Veer and Abhay class corvettes.The next-generation Project 28 and Project 28A class of corvettes are expected to be commissioned, starting sometime during 2012. The Navy also plans to introduce stealthy trimaran vessels that can be modified according to mission requirements. Fleet tankers The Indian Navy currently operates five replenishment tankers and one has been launched. They are the Jyoti Class Tankers, INS Aditya (A59) and the new Deepak class fleet tankers. The Deepak class tankers will be the mainstay of the replenishment

INS Shivalik the first indigenous stealth ship of the Indian navy.

CGI of INSArihant, India's first ballistic missile nuclear submarine.

fleet until the 1st half of the 21st century.[89]

Naval Air Arm
Main article: Indian Naval Air Arm The naval air-arm is an important component of the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy air arm consists of Sea Harrier jets that operate from the aircraft carrier INS Viraat. The Kamov-31 provide the Airborne Early Warning cover for the fleet. In the antisubmarine role the Sea King, Ka-28 and the domestic built HAL Dhruv are used. The MARCOS use Sea King and HAL Dhruv helicopters while conducting operations. Reconnaissance operations are carried out by Tupolev 142, Ilyushin 38, Dornier Do 228 aircraft, as well as HAL Chetak helicopters. The Aircraft used for carrying out roles of a strategic bomber and as a maritime strike are carried out by 4(3 more on order) Tupolev Tu-22M, which is also capable of performing reconnaissance missions. MiG-29K of the Indian Navy. The UAV arm consists of around 30 UAVs like Heron and Searcher-IIs that are operated from ships and shore for better surveillance. The Indian Navy also maintains a four aircraft aerobatic display team, the Sagar Pawan. The Sagar Pawan team will be replacing their present Kiran HJT-16 aircraft with the newly developed HJT-36 aircraft.[90] Following Indians purchase of the Soviet aircraft carrier Admiral Gorshkov (to be recommissioned as INS Vikramaditya) India purchased Russian built MiG-29Ks to operate from the aircraft carrier. The aircraft carrier is expected to become operational sometime after 2012.

Marine Commando Force
The Marine Commando Force (MCF), also known as MARCOS, is a special forces unit that was raised by the Indian Navy in 1987 for direct action, special reconnaissance, amphibious warfare and counter-terrorism. In 1988, the MARCOS successfully rescued several hostages, including Maldives' then-Minister of Education, aboard a ship hijacked by PLOTE mercenaries during Operation Cactus. The MARCOS are typically deployed to prevent infiltration through the Jhelum and Wular Lake and are also involved in covert counter-terrorism operations in and around lakes and rivers in Jammu and Kashmir.[91][92] During the 26/11 Mumbai attacks, the MARCOS were also involved in the rescue mission of hostages captured by the terrorists in Taj Mahal Palace & Tower luxury hotel in Mumbai as part of a large terrorist attack in Mumbai metropolis in November 2008.[93]
Indian Navy's marine commandos during an exercise in the Philippine Sea.

Systems and sensors
Weapon systems Main article: Weapon systems of the Indian Navy The Indian Navy uses modern technology and weapon systems, most of which are imported from foreign countries. Others, like the BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles, are jointly developed. There are reports on the joint development by India and Israel of the Barak 8 missile system, an improved, longer range version of the Barak 1 air defence missile which is operational on Indian Navy ships.[94] The Barak 1 is used on most of the main ships of the Indian Navy. The Indian Navy's nuclear deterrence capability is based on Sukanya class ships armed with the Dhanush ballistic missiles that has a range of 350 km. India has a number of foreign made cruise missile systems, including the Klub SS-N-27. It also has its own Nirbhay cruise

missile systems under development. The Sagarika (Oceanic) submarine launched ballistic missile (SLBM), which has a range of at least 700 km (some sources claim 1000 km) forms part of India's nuclear triad. Another successful programme has been the adaptation of the Yakhont anti-ship missile system into the BrahMos by the NPO and the DRDO. The BrahMos has been tailored to Indian needs and uses a large proportion of Indian-designed components and technology, including its fire control systems, transporter erector launchers, and its onboard navigational attack systems. The successful test of Brahmos from INS Rajput (D51) provides Indian Navy with precision land attack capability.[95] Electronic warfare and systems management Sangraha is a joint electronic warfare programme of the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) and the Indian Navy. The system comprises a family of electronic warfare suites, such as Ajanta and Ellora, for use on different naval platforms capable of intercepting, detecting, and classifying pulsed, carrier wave, pulse repetition frequency agile, frequency agile and chirp radars. The systems employ a modular approach facilitating deployment on various platforms like helicopters, vehicles, and small ships. Certain platforms, apart from ESM (electronic support measures), have ECM (electronic countermeasure) capabilities. Advanced technologies like multiple-beam phased array jammers are employed in the system for simultaneous handling of multiple threats.[96]

Brahmos supersonic cruise missile is becoming the primary anti-ship missile of the Indian Navy.

Fregat-MAE 3D Radar onboard the

destroyer INS Delhi. The Indian Navy also relies on information technology to face the challenges of the 21st century. The Indian Navy is implementing a new strategy to move from a platform centric force to a network-centric force by linking all shore-based installations and ships via high-speed data networks and satellites.[97][98] This will help in increased operational awareness. The network is referred to as the Navy Enterprise Wide Network (NEWN). The Indian Navy has also provided training to all its personnel in Information Technology (IT) at the Naval Institute of Computer Applications (NICA) located in Mumbai. Information technology is also used to provide better training, like the usage of simulators and for better management of the force.[99]

Fleet reviews and naval exercises
Fleet reviews
The President of India is entitled to inspect his/her fleet, as he/she is the supreme commander of the Indian Armed Forces. The first President's fleet review by India was hosted by Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 10 October 1953. President's reviews usually take place once in the President's term. In all, ten fleet reviews have taken place, including in February 2006, when former President Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam took the review.[100] The latest, on 20 December 2011, when President Pratibha Patil set sail in a warship INS Subhadra (P51) to take the 10th Fleet Review.[101]

International fleet reviews
The Indian Navy also conducted an International fleet review named Bridges of Friendship in February 2001 in Mumbai. Many ships of friendly Navies from all around the world participated, including two from the U.S. Navy.[102][103]

Naval exercises
India often conducts naval exercises with other friendly countries designed to increase naval interoperability and also to strengthen cooperative security relationship. Some such exercises take place annually like the Varuna with the French Navy, Konkan with the Royal Navy, Indra with Russian Navy, Malabar with the U.S. Navy, Simbex [105] with the Republic of Singapore Navy and IBSAMAR[106] with the Brazil and South African navies.[107] The Indian Navy also conducted exercise

with the People's Liberation Army Navy in 2003 and will send ships to the South China Sea to participate in the fleet review.[108] In 2007, the TROPEX (Theatre-level Readiness Operational Exercises) was held during which Indian Navy experimented the doctrine of influencing a land and air battle to support the Indian Army and the Indian Air Force.[109] Apart from the Indian Ocean, India has steadily gained influence in the Pacific Ocean. In 2007, Indian Navy conducted naval exercise with Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force and U.S Navy in the Pacific[110] and also signed an agreement with Japan in October 2008 for joint naval patrolling in the Asia-Pacific region.[111]

India has also held naval exercise with Vietnam,[112] Philippines and New Zealand.[113] In 2007, India and South Korea decided to conduct annual naval exercise[114] and India participated in the South Korean international fleet review.[115] In addition, Indian Navy will also be increasing naval cooperation with other allies, particularly with Germany[116] and Arab states of the Persian Gulf including Kuwait, Oman,[117] Bahrain and Saudi Arabia.[118][119] India held the first Indian Ocean Naval Symposium (IONS)[120] with an objective to provide a forum for all the littoral nations of the Indian Ocean to cooperate on mutually agreed areas for better security in the region.[121] The Indian Navy is increasingly used in international diplomacy.[122] Since 2000, the Indian naval ships have made port calls in Israel, Turkey, Egypt, Libya, Greece, Oman, Thailand, Indonesia, Australia, New Zealand, Tonga, South Africa,[123] Kenya,[124] Qatar, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, Kuwait[125] and other countries in 2005–2007. The first Atlantic Ocean deployment of the Indian Navy happened in 2009. During this deployment, the Indian Naval fleet will conduct exercise with the French, German, Russian and British Navies.[126] Tropex 2010 is currently underway with the Western and Eastern fleets taking part along with elements from the airforce.[127] In 2010, Indian naval warships were deployed in the Asia pacific region, and conducted courtesy calls at friendly ports.[128] Recently,Indian Navy carried out a Joint Naval exercise with Sri Lanka Navy codenamed SLINEX-II from 19 to 24 September'11.The exercise was aimed at increasing the capabilities of the two nations in carrying out anti-pirate operations and exchanging professional knowledge.[129] MILAN Once in two years navies from the Indian Ocean region meet at the Andaman and Nicobar Islands and the event is named as MILAN (Sanskrit: Get together).[130] MILAN included a passage exercise in 2010.[131]

Naval ships from five nations in formation during Malabar 2007, one of the largest joint naval drill by The United States Navy. [104]

Exploration
The Indian Navy regularly conducts adventure expeditions. The sailing ship and training vessel INS Tarangini began circumnavigating the world on 23 January 2003, intending to foster good relations with various other nations; she returned to India in May of the following year after visiting 36 ports in 18 nations.[132] INS Tarangini returned to port, after a ten month long overseas voyage named Lokayan 07.[133] Lt. Cdr. M.S. Kohli led the Indian Navy’s first successful expedition to Mount Everest in 1965; the Navy’s ensign was again flown atop Everest on 19 May 2004 by a similar expedition. Another Navy team also successfully scaled Everest from the north face, the technically more challenging route.[134] The expedition was led by Cdr Satyabrata Dam, belonging to the elite submarine arm. Cdr. Dam is a mountaineer of international repute and has climbed many mountains including the Patagonias, the Alps among others. This team's record is unmatched by any other navy. The Navy was also the first to send a submariner to summit Everest.[135]

INS Tarangini is the only sail training ship in the Indian Navy and is an icon of India's rich maritime history.

An Indian Navy team comprising 11 members successfully completed an expedition to the Arctic pole. To prepare, they first travelled to Iceland, where they attempted to summit a peak.[136] The team next flew to eastern Greenland; in the Kulusuk and Angmassalik areas, they used Inuit boats to navigate the region’s ice-choked fjords. They crossed northward across the Arctic Circle, reaching seventy degrees North on skis. The team scaled an unnamed peak of height 11,000 feet (3,400 m) and named it ‘’Indian Peak’’.[137] The Indian Naval ensign first flew in Antarctica in 1981.[138] The Indian Navy succeeded in Mission Dakshin Dhruv 2006 by traversing to the South Pole on skis. With this historic expedition, they have set the record for being the first military team to have successfully completed a ski traverse to the Geographic South Pole.[139] Also, three of the ten member team – the expedition leader – Cdr. Satyabrata Dam, leading medical assistants Rakesh Kumar and Vikas Kumar are now amongst the few people in the world to have visited the two poles and summited Mt. Everest.[140][141] Indian Navy became the first organisation to reach the poles and Mt.Everest.[142] Cdr. Dilip Donde completed the first solo circumnavigation by an Indian citizen on 22 May 2010.[143][144]

Future of the Indian Navy
Long Term Force Objective
By the end of the 14th Plan (2027), the Indian Navy expects to have "over 150 ships and close to 500 aircraft and helicopters". In addition to the existing mission of securing both sea flanks in the Bay of Bengal and the Arabian sea, the navy would be able to "respond to emergent situations far away from the main land". Marine assault capabilities will be beefed by setting up a new amphibious warfare facility at Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh.[145]

Modernization
The Indian Navy is currently undergoing a 15 year modernisation plan in an attempt to replace older in service equipment.[147] In 2004, India bought the Russian aircraft carrier, Admiral Gorshkov for the equivalent of US$1.5 billion. It will cost an additional US$1.5 billion to refit, and is expected to join the Indian Navy in 2012 as INS Vikramaditya. A further US$700 million was spent on the purchase of 12 single-seat MiG-29K and four dual-seat MiG-29KUB fighters, six Kamov-31 attack and reconnaissance anti-submarine helicopters; also included are training facilities for pilots and technical staff, delivery of simulators and spare parts, and establishment and maintenance of Indian Navy facilities. Upgrades included the removing of missile silos from the carrier foredeck to make way for a 14.3-degree ski-jump.[148] The Mig-29's will be delivered to the Indian Navy in 2009.[149] In April 2007, India began construction of a 40,000 tonne Vikrant class aircraft carrier at a cost of US$800 million and scheduled to operate 30 aircraft, including Naval LCA,[150] MiG-29K, and Sea Harrier combat aircraft, as well as HAL Dhruv, Ka-31, and Sea King Mk.42 helicopters. Four turbine engines will power the ship. The carrier is being constructed by state-run Cochin Shipyard Limited.[151] and will be commissioned by 2012–13.

The P-8 Poseidon will complement the Tu-142 ME in service. [146]

LCA Tejas

Yantar, a plant in Kaliningrad, Russia, was awarded a US$1.56 billion contract to build three additional 1135.6 frigates. The increased price is due to more sophisticated armaments such as BrahMos cruise missiles. The Navy has government approval for an additional eight warships. The Indian Navy has signed a deal with Boeing to supply twelve P-8 Poseidon Anti Submarine Warfare/Maritime Surveillance Aircraft. The first aircraft will be delivered 4 years after the signing of the contract, that is 2012.[152] Also there are plans to

induct four AEW&C aircraft that will be based on carriers.[153] An order has been placed for seven Project 17A class frigates.[154]

Future orders
The design of a 65,000 ton aircraft carrier called Indigenous Aircraft Carrier II (IAC-II) is currently underway and if ordered is expected to be delivered to the Navy by 2017.[155] After ordering six Scorpène submarines as part of Project 75, the Indian Navy is now on the look out for six next-generation submarines in a project worth over 50,000 crore (US$10 billion).[156] The RFP (request for proposal) for six MRMR aircraft with anti-submarine warfare (ASW) capabilities was issued on 11 July 2008. The contract is expected to be signed in 2011 and deliveries to begin by 2012/2013. The Navy is also planning to purchase more UAVs.[157] The Indian Navy has issued a tender for procurement of 16, multi-role naval helicopters to AgustaWestland, EADS and Sikorsky. The order is likely to grow to around 60 helicopters. The helicopters will be equipped with anti-ship and antisubmarine warfare equipment including missiles and torpedoes, and also be capable of being in-flight refuelling. The type will operate from both naval vessels and land bases.[158] In November 2011, India's Defence Acquisition Council was looking for induction of large amphibious ships which they refer to as Multi-Role Support Vessel. It's speculated that they accordingly issued an international RFP for up to 4 amphibious operation vessels (most probably LHDs) with significant capability to carry Helicopters and troops. First the Indigenous Shipyards were consulted but since they have no experience in developing such type of vessels and had no design to propose, Indian government expects candidates from foreign allies.[159][160] Bids have been floated for eight mine countermeasure vessels (MCMVs), to replace the Pondicherry class ocean minesweepers in service. Six of the craft will be produced at Goa shipyard under transfer of technology.[161] The aim is to have a total of three aircraft carriers in service, with two fully operational carriers and the third in refit. This aim will increase the overall effectiveness of the Indian Navy.[162] The long term plan was recently revealed by the Navy and shows a road-map to a blue-water navy with six aircraft carriers in service.[163]

See also
Indian Naval Academy Indian Naval Air Arm Naval ranks and insignia of India Project Seabird Multi-Role Support Vessel Indian Ancient Maritime History Kanhoji Angre – Notable Maratha Admiral after whom INS Angre – the western naval command – is named. Kunjali Marakkar – Navy Chief of the Zamorin after whom INS Kunjali – the western naval command – is named Chempil Arayan Middle Ground Coastal Battery Indian Coast Guard Indian Army Indian Air Force

References

2/16/12

Naval ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Naval ranks and insignia of India
F om Wikipedia, he f ee enc clopedia

The follo ing g aph p e en he office ank of he Indian na . The e ank gene all co e pond i h ho e of We e n mili a ie , and eflec ho e of he B i i h mili a ank .

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Contents
1 Office ank 2 J nio Commi ioned Office (JCO) and Enli ed ank 3 See al o 4 No e 5 E e nal link
T i e ice C e . Militar Man Power Active troops Reserve forces 1,325,000 (3 d ) 1,155,000 (7 h )

Officer ranks

Paramilitar forces 1,293,300 (4 h ) Components Indian A m Indian Ai Fo ce Indian Na Indian Coa G a d Pa amili a fo ce of India S a egic N clea Command Histor Mili a hi o of India Ranks Ai Fo ce ank and in ignia Am ank and in ignia

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Rank

the Admiral [note 1] Fleet

Naval ranks and insignia of India - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Vice Admiral

Rear Lieutenant Commodore Captain Commander Lieutenant Sublieutenant Admiral Commander

Admiral Vice admiral Commodore Commander Lieutanent Commander

Junior Commissioned Officer (JCO) and Enlisted ranks
All-forces ranks Master Chief Petty Officer (1st Class) (JCO) Master Chief Petty Officer (2nd Class) (JCO) Chief Petty Officer (JCO) Petty Officer Leading Seaman Seaman I Seaman II Insignia

See also
Comparative military ranks Indian military Military rank Army ranks and insignia of India

Notes
1. ^ Honorary/War time rank. No officer held this rank in the Indian Navy.

E ternal links
World Rank Insignia site (http://www.uniforminsignia.net/index.php?p=show&id=145&sid=1208) Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Naval_ranks_and_insignia_of_India&oldid=442202462" Categories: Indian Navy Military ranks of India Military insignia This page was last modified on 30 July 2011 at 13:54. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. See Terms of use for details. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

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WHAT THE ARMY OFFERS
1. Dear students, all of you have aspirations and dreams, of what your education will finally yield. If you are looking for a fat pay packet, a corporate job is the answer. But above and beyond this should be the question of what the job offer in totality. Let us see what attributes go into making an excellent career. The attributes that one expects from a satisfying profession are:(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) Professional Advancement Job Satisfaction Job Security Economic Stability Social Status Quality of Life Variety and Adventure

Scheme Men Scheme Women To Appl

Candida e S a SSB In e P oced e ie

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2. If these are what you too are looking forward to, then Army is the profession for you, as these in the Army, compare far more than favourably with any other service. 3. All of us are aware that, professions are competitive, in so far as promotions are concerned. Army is no different. However, as said earlier the competition in the Army is clean and devoid of any other factor but competence. PROFESSIONAL ADVANCEMENT 4. The promotional avenues available to an Army officer are:(a) By Time Scale Captain Major Lieutenant Colonel (b) By Selection Colonel Brigadier Major General

Major General Lieutenant General General JOB SATISFACTION 5. Lack of job satisfaction leads to tremendous frustration and results in job-hopping. Jobs in the civil world whether with the government or the corporate leave one with no alternate avenues if stuck with a frustrating portfolio or set up. On the contrary, the sheer variety, sense of purpose, responsibility and pride, negate any job dissatisfaction in the Army. JOB SECURITY 6. For an effective career, a long-term strategy is essential and this is possible only if continuity and job security is assured. The Army has been structured to ensure that its personnel work with unhindered dignity. Additionally, statutory rules and regulations exist to safeguard the interests of the servicemen adequately both while in service and after retirement. FOREIGN COURSES AND POSTINGS. 7. The service also offers opportunity for courses and postings abroad. The India Army is renowned all over the world and interaction with foreign armies is extensive. Service with UN Forces provides exposure and travel opportunities across the globe. ECONOMIC STABILITY 8. Consequent to the Sixth Pay Commission salaries have shot up. While the pay and the allowances of an Army officer may superficially appear to be at par with other Central government services, and may be less than that offered by the corporate sector, the quality of life and noninflationary nature of the perks, which the Army offers outshine the other services. Government job entitles you to many hidden perks, which you may NOT quantify while calculating remuneration. Apparently, there are about 61 types of facilities, benefits and allowances that are applicable to Army in general. In fact if one were to work out the remuneration of a service officer vis a vis a comparable job in the private sector, on the basis of cost to company you would be astounded to find the returns of an Army man to be more if not the same. Some of these perks which are not quantified in terms of cash and are immune to inflation are as follows in case of a Lieutenant, which is the starting rank. STARTING PAY RS 15600/- to 39100/-PM GRADE PAY RS 5400/MILITARY SERVICE PAY RS 6000/KIT MAINTENANCE ALLOWANCE Rs 400/-pm TRANSPORT ALLOWANCE RS 1600/- PM to RS 3200 pm/FIELD AREA ALLOWANCE RS 25% of Basic Pay RS6780/pm COUNTER INSURGENCY RS 6300/- PM HIGH ALTITUDE/UNCONGENIAL CLIMATE RS 5600/- PM SIACHEN RS 14000/- PM FLYING PAY RS 9000/- PM PARACHUTE PAY RS 1200/- PM

PARACHUTE PAY RS 1200/- PM SPECIAL FORCES RS 9000/- PM GALLANTRY AWARDS TECHNICAL PAY LIFE LONG PENSION QUALIFICATION PAY/ GRANT FOR SERVICE COURSES RS 6000/- PM TO RS 20000/- PM OUTFIT ALLOWANCE RENEWED EVERY THREE YEARS RS 14000/- INITIAL & RS 3000/ENTITLED RATIONS ANNUAL LEAVE TWO MONTHS & CASUAL LEAVE 20 DAYS 50% CONCESSION ON AIR TRAVEL FREE TRAIN TRAVEL ONCE A YEAR AND SUBSIDY FOR OTHER JOURNEYS, LTC FREE MEDICAL- SELF AND FAMILY IN WELL EQUIPPED MILITARY HOSPITALS SUBSIDISED HOUSING IN CLEAN CANTONMENTS ALL OVER THE COUNTRY CANTEEN FACILITIES FOR SUBSIDISED PURCHASE OF ITEMS INCLUDING CARS AND ACs INSURANCE COVER FOR RS 15 LAKHS AT SUBSIDISED PREMIUM GROUP HOUSING SCHEMES IN CITIES INCLUDING METROS LOW INTEREST LOANS SEPERATED FAMILY ACCOMMODATION IN CHOICE STATIONS. ENCASHMENT OF LEAVE UPTO 300 DAYS AT LAST PAY DRAWN STUDY LEAVE UPTO 2 YEARS WITH FULL PAY AND ALL BENEFITS FOREIGN POSTINGS The above are entitled as per service conditions and qualifications acquired. Cadets at the IMA, OTA, Cadet Training Wing at CME, MCME, and MCTE get a fixed stipend of RS 21000/- PM. POST RETIREMENT BENEFITS PENSION AT 50% OF LAST PAY DRAWN DEATH CUM RETIREMENT GRATUITY FREE MEDICAL TREATMENT INCLUDING DEPENDANTS CANTEEN FACILITIES AS BEFORE INSURANCE COVER RESETTLEMENT OPPORTUNITIES MBA PROGRAMME FOR RETIRED OFFRS TRAINING PROGRAMME (OFFRS). 9. Training for preparing retiring/retired officers for their resettlement in civil life is one of the major functions entrusted to the DGR. The resettlement training courses provide nationally/internationally accepted certification to facilitate officers to get quick employment within/outside the

certification to facilitate officers to get quick employment within/outside the country. In addition six months courses being conducted at reputed B Schools (IIMs - Ahmedabad, Kolkata, Bangalore, Indore, XLRI Jamshedpur, MDI Gurgaon, NMIMS Mumbai. These courses have received an overwhelming response from officers and resulted in good job placements in the corporate sector. Other courses are being conducted in multifarious fields like Information Technology, Security Services, Entrepreneurship Development, Business Administration, Personnel Management, Hotel Management, Tourism, Human Resources Development, Law, Insurance and many other short term courses on miscellaneous subjects. Constant endeavor is made to improve the quality of training by regular monitoring 10. If the above were to be worked out in tangible terms it would add up to an amount that no private firm would be either capable of, or willing to pay. QUALITY OF LIFE 11. As an Indian Army officer at 21, you d be looking at a lifestyle that one cannot imagine in any other profession, so early in life. What compromises “Quality of Life”? On one hand is a job with a thick pay packet but with the drudgery of 9AM to 9PM schedule, no avenues and time for extracurricular activities, no scope for adventure and excitement, no social status, lack of family life, threat of being terminated with a month s salary, working in suffocating environment with no self respect and honour. On the other hand is a job which offers you challenge, adventure, excitement, honour, prestige, self respect, whole some family life, safety and security for the family and to top it all the love, respect and esteem of our great India. In the somewhat chaotic social and economic conditions that prevail in our country, Army life is an island of sanity and social order that is the envy of our countrymen. Quality of life is an important attribute of Army life, and has no parallel in any other service. Some of the intangibles, which go to make the quality of life in the Army, are:Service of the motherland. A profession to be proud of Opportunity to travel and know the country and its people/culture/flora and fauna Opportunity to serve and represent the nation abroad A pure and noble profession Honour and social status No stagnation, a new challenge every day. Opportunity for growth Sports and adventure activity Messes, clubs and institutions facilities Education facilities – Both school and professional colleges for children AWWA hostel for girls in metros Army ensures your physical and mental health. (Quality of life ensured not only for officers, but also families. VARIETY AND ADVENTURES

12. Variety and adventure are the spice and romance of life. No profession has the kind of recreational and adventure facilities to offer as the Army does; from membership of the best clubs in country to horse riding, swimming, golfing, mountaineering, trekking and sailing. Posting to exotic stations gives one an opportunity to see India and its different cultures, in all its vivid glory. You may also get a chance to go abroad on course or on posting. So, if one is looking for a profession, which goes beyond being a mere job, accept the challenge and join the Indian Army. PROFESSIONAL ENHANCEMENT 13. The Army affords a very open, impartial and transparent avenue for professional enhancement. For a professionally dedicated officer with sincerity and dedication, the sky is the limit. Salient aspects of professional enhancement are as follows:Opportunity for higher study in prestigious institutions both in India and abroad Deputation in various scientific institutions in the country including DRDO, DGQA, LRDE, BEL, ITI and host of others Foreign assignments in the UNO and Indian embassies/missions Foreign assignments in connection with the procurement of advanced technology and weaponry and training to handle and maintain the same Promotions solely based on capability and free of any extraneous consideration SOCIAL STATUS IN SERVICE 14. All of us have our own opinion about what constitutes “social status”. However it is an undisputed fact that the status of a warrior has stood the test of time. History and society have both held the soldier in esteem and offered him a unique status in society. By joining the Army, one becomes a member of an exclusive and elite brotherhood, which is the envy of one and all. POST RETIREMENT 15. Even after laying down the uniform, Army officers continue to have the status of the most respected citizens of our country. This added to their ingrained code of conduct and ethical values enable them to occupy a special social niche in society. Since he is much fitter due to the active lifestyle he has led, a second career or lateral absorption in parallel employment is always eminently feasible. His do or die attitude and mental agility ensures that he never really grows into old age, but continues to contribute and thus remain a valued member of society. SYSTEM OF SELECTION 16. There are a number of ways in which one could get a commission in the Army. You can join right after school or after graduation. The selection procedures are impartial, objective and are uniformly applied to one and all and have only one aim – to “select the best”.

and have only one aim – to “select the best”. TYPES OF COMMISSION 17. The Army offers both permanent and short service commissions. Permanent commission (PC) is granted through the Indian Military Academy (IMA) Dehradun and Short Service Commission (SSC) is granted through Officers Training Academy (OTA) Chennai. When you opt for PC , you are basically looking at a permanent career in the Army, a career till you retire. SSC is a wonderful option for all those of you who aspire to serve it for a few years. It gives you the option of joining the Army, and serving it as a commissioned officer for five years. Once your tenure is over, you are allowed to opt for PC. Alternatively, you can also ask for a five years extension and can choose to resign from your post any time during this period. PERMANENT NDA DIRECT ENTRY ENGINEERING GRADUATES UNIVERSITY ENTRY SCHEME 10+2 TES ENTRY SHORT SERVICE NON-TECH TECH (BOTH MEN & WOMEN) NCC SPECIAL ENTRY(BOTH FOR MEN & WOMEN) 18. Details of eligibility criteria duration and venue of training and other information is freely available through news papers or may be obtained from www.joinindianarmy.nic.in. The following telephone numbers may also be contacted. (011) 26173215, 26175473, 26172861. ADVANTAGES OF SSC 19. With the SSC, one has the best of both worlds. Even as it gives one the privileges and benefits of a full-fledged commission, one will be imbibing qualities that will make him an invaluable asset to any organization that he/she may join after the Army, analytical thinking skills, planning ability, administrative prowess and organizational talent. At the end of the day, it will train you to become a good leader and a successful manager. OPPORTUNITIES: AFTER STANDARD XII 20. At the Standard XI and XII level, those of you who have opted for Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics and achieve an aggregate of 70 percent and above, can immediately apply further 10+2 Technical Entry Scheme. The Army will then, over the course of next five years arm you with as engineering degree and also commission you as an officer on completion of four years of training, all free of cost. 21. However on successful completion of Standard XII, everyone is eligible to apply for entry to the National Defence Academy through an entrance examination held twice every year. For the Air Force and Navy stream the applicant must have studied Mathematics and Chemistry as subjects during the 10+2 stage.

22. If you are planning to pursue an engineering degree, and have not yet made up your mind, you can still be commissioned in the Army directly as regular on Short Service Commissioned officers, while enjoying ante date seniority of two years and earning full salary in the last one year of your training. 23. For those who qualify the written test and others, as applicable to them, will have to undergo the Services Selection Board. This is one of the most scientifically designed selection tool available, and has stood the test of time. The list of eminent personalities who could not clear the SSB, but then went on to rise to the very top of their profession is legion and reads like a veritable who s who of our country. This just goes to show that the SSB is an adventure worth undertaking. The schedule is as given above in the same website. CHOICE OF ARMS AND SERVICES 24. Just prior to being commissioned as officers, cadets are asked their choice of Arms. The major fighting arms are the Armored Corps, the Infantry, and the Artillery, with the other supporting them in battle. All arms and services are equally vital to success in battle and individual choices are generally governed by parental choice, educational qualification or plain fascination for a certain way of life. However at the end of the day the Army promises immense satisfaction to each one of its warriors. LIFETIME OPPORTUNITY FOR PROFESSIONALS 25. The Army provides lifetime opportunities to professionals like Doctors, Nurse, Engineers, Lawyers, and Teachers. Commissioned into the various Corps, one can pursue his or her passion to your heart s content. An excellent infrastructure, dedicated support staff, and healthy environment provide unlimited growth. The Army invests heavily in human and technical resources. The latest and the best tools are made available for research and employment. Periodic forays into the academic world are encouraged in order to imbibe and practice current technology in your chosen field. POSTING/ TENURES SUBSEQUENT TO COMMISSIONING 26. Training is a judicious mix of technical, military and managerial instruction, in top class institutions run by the Army and a host of other prestigious institutes and establishments including IITs and DRDO. In accordance with the training received, proficiency acquired and aptitude shown, one gets posted on a variety of regimental, staff, or instructional appointments in organizations throughout the country. Additionally officers proceed on deputation to various organizations and foreign appointments. 27. Unlike in a civil environment where a posting means virtual uprooting of a household and starting a fresh new station, in the Army it is merely a change of scene. With more and more stations falling under the purview of peace stations and with better infrastructure facilities coming up even in small stations, the pangs of moving are speedily easing up. FOOD FOR THOUGHT 28. Here it would be apt to reiterate – That all professions serve our motherland – but none of them is in the same league as the Indian Army – for this is the only profession which affords you the

Army – for this is the only profession which affords you the opportunity to live up to these stirring lines. “TO EVERY MAN UPON THIS EARTH, DEATH COMES SOONER OR LATER. AND HOW CAN A MAN DIE BETTER FACING FEARFUL ODDS FOR THE ASHES OF HIS FATHER AND THE TEMPLE OF HIS GODS” -Macauley

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SSB Interview Procedure
SSB INTERVIEW SCHEDULE (THE DAY HAS ARRIVED)

Life In The A m T pe Of Commi En En Ho ion

There are three Selection Centres located across the country. These are at Allahabad, Bhopal and Bangalore. Each selection centre consists of four to five Service Selection Boards(SSBs). Your SSB interview w ill happen at one of these centres. RECEPTION. On the day of arrival you have to report to the Movement Control Office(MCO) at the railaw ay station. Here, a representative of Selection Centre manning the reception w ill receive you and direct you to a bus that w ill take you to the Selection Centre. Those arriving late or by road should proceed directly to the Selection Centre. After reporting you w ill get sufficient time to settle dow n. Normally the afternoons are free(Except your interview day). You can make use of this opportunity to visit places of interest, shop and have fun. SCHEDULE AT SSBs. OPENING ADDRESS AND FORM FILLING . The duty officer gives an introductory talk, explaining matters of administrative details, DOs and DONTs and

Scheme Men Scheme Women To Appl

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code of conduct at Selection Centre. You are also required to complete documentation including verification of required certificates for age/educational qualifications. All candidates are allotted chest number for further testing. It is important to remember that you are not competing w ith other candidates. All of you w ill be assessed against a common standard of suitability and it is possible for everyone in the group to be recommended/Not recommended. Other than the day of arrival/reporting, the SSBs have a five days testing schedule. With these tests w e aren t looking at your physical fitness. The tests are also geared to let us know more about various shades of your personality. The exact schedule of tests may be varied depending on the No of candidates to be tested, and GTO Tests may be done in a single day, if w arranted. Details of testing are as under:DAY I (STAGE I) Stage one selection system includes the follow ing:(a) (b) Intelligence Test (verbal and non verbal). Picture Perception and Description Test Picture is flashed for 30 seconds. The candidates

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Medical E amina ion

have to broadly note dow n seven basic parameters viz number of characters, age, sex, mood, action relating to past, present and future for each character in one minute. Time for story w riting is four minutes. (c) Discussion of the picture 30 Minutes In this phase batch is divided into different

groups. Strength of group is around 15 candidates. Each candidate narrates his individual w ritten story verbatim. Subsequently, in Part-II all the candidates have to discuss amongst themselves and achieve a common consensus about the characters and theme of the story. Once all candidates have undergone stage one. The results for stage one testing are declared. Recommended candidates are retained for stage-II testing and those not recommended are dispatched back.

DAY Psychological Tests include the follow ing:Them atic Apperception Test.

2 (STAGE II).

12 Pictures including one blank are show n. Candidates are asked to

w rite a story around w hat led to the situation? w hat is going on and w hat w ould be the outcome ?. Each Picture is show n for 30 seconds and candidates are asked to w rite it in 4 minutes. In the blank slide, they have to think a picture of their ow n choice and w rite a story around that. Word Association Test. In this test, a series of 60 w ords are show n to the candidates one after

another for 15 seconds each. The candidate is required to w rite dow n the first thought or idea that comes to his mind. Situation Reaction Test. This test consists of 60 routine life situations regarding day to day activities.

The situations are printed in a booklet and the candidate is asked to w rite his reactions by completing the sentences, as to how they w ould feel, think and act in these situations. Self Description Test. Candidate is asked to w rite five separate paragraphs on each context

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INTERVIEWS:- Interview s are norm ally conducted in the afternoon by the interview ing officer. The interview s w ill carry on from day 1 to day 4. You w ill be interview ed only once and w ill be inform ed about it w ell in advance. The atm osphere throughout the interview is relaxed and inform al. The questions are generally based on your everyday experience.

It is im portant that you understand that failure to clear the SSB interview is no reflection of your abilities. You could do exceptionally w ell in other professions. In fact, qualifying for the SSB itself m eans that w e shortlisted you am ongst the thousands.

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Indian Military’s Service Selection Board (SSB) Interview at a glance
REPORTING DAY - DAY 1 * * * Checking of documents and Call-Up letter and Candidates are assigned their Boards. Filling up of the FIRST Personal Information Questionnaire (PIQ) form. Assigning of Chest Nos.

SCREENING TESTS:- DAY 2 Filling up of the OIR(Officer Intelligence Rating) card. 1. Intelligence Quotients Tests (Written) (IQ): * Verbal Test (Basic Knowledge of English) * Non- Verbal Test (Basic Knowledge of Logical Maths and Numbers) 2. Picture Perception and Description Test: * Write a story on a given picture:- describe the situation , characters, what led to the situation, a problem with a possible solution with no fantasies 3 major things, * marking of a person/s in the picture with age(nearly as that of yours),sex(same as yours),mood(+/-). * write the action he is performing in the picture(what you can see). * write a story on this action with a positive note, easy/difficult problem where the main character is not a cause but a remedy for the problem. * Narration of the story in front of the group one by one and the assessing officers viz., one interviewer, one psychologist, one GTO. [Put your story forward with the best of your knowledge, fluency and command over voice and while narration or discussion never look at any of the assessing members, look at your group]. * Discussion and drawing of a common story from the group. Put your story forward with the best of your knowledge, fluency and command over voice. Never oppose anybody instead appreciate and give chances with a JOVIAL face. In the whole span of time of about 15 mins. Even if you speak for 20-25 secs. continuously and everyone listens to you quietly, YOU ARE IN. It is not necessary that you take a starting gallop in the discussion, wait for the chance but not too long and when you take your chance make sure that everyone listens. It is possible that your story may not be the group story but you should be with the group and never make any amendments in the final story. Wait for results after these tasks. SCREENING RESULTS: * Interviews Starts in the Afternoon. * Filling up of the SECOND Personal Information Questionnaire (PIQ) form. * Assigning Of NEW Chest Nos. ACTUAL SELECTION PROCESS STARTS: 3. Psychological Tests (Only Written Tests)(Why not ‘Tasks’?) - DAY 3 HAVE A GOOD HAND-WRITING AND PRESENTATION. 1. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)(Basic Confirmatory Test) This test consists of writing story on pictures shown for a span of 30 sec. and write the story in 4 DCA (1)

mins. In a similar fashion 12 clips are shown out of which 11 have picture and 12th one is blank(the story for this can be already made in advance). Always make margins for the story on the psyche booklet test and keep it in presentable form. The story should be POSITIVE, NOT Fantasy, Central character of a similar age and sex as that of the candidate. Central character should be a solution and not a cause for the problem. When no one in the picture seems to be the central character generate one and assume his presence. When view is clear and there is no blur in the picture write the story right away and write some of the stories and blank story on your principle hobby. The assessing officer should see some resemblance in your picture perception attitude and your PIQ (hobbies ,activities, NCC) and a spark of you bearing the Officer Like Qualities (OLQ’s). Never imagine yourself as some women or an old person or anything else other than you yourself .Do not describe the picture and story length must be 110-120 words. When all stories are seen at a glance the whole artwork should be JAM-PACK. Do not give awards to the central character, and give him an uncommon name. Never praise the character with direct adjectives like he was a “leader and a courageous man”, the quality should be seen from his action and deeds performed in the story. Do not please anyone in the story and it should be socially and morally acceptable. Divide the story in “introduction, a mature situation/problem, multiple solutions, conclusion. The full duration of this task is 54mins. 2. Word Association Test (WAT)(Confirmatory Test) In this test 60 words are flashed one by one at a time interval of 15 secs. In respect to the 15 (OLQ’s)*4=60. And the candidate has to write an “OBSERVATIONAL” sentence on the word and the thought that instantly comes to his mind on seeing the word in the 15 secs. itself. NEVER WRITE: Proverbs, Negations, Advice, Wrong facts, Egoistic & Absurd sentences ALWAYS WRITE: Observational sentences (try not to leave a blank). A good piece of work should contain: Advice 10-15 Egoistic 5-10 Proverbs 5-10 Wrong facts and absurd NIL Negations NIL Observational 40-25 (Best is to have 50 observational and balance rest) Make sentences which have a high level of mature thought, grammatically and semantically correct and may or may not form a part in the sentence. Only write the first observational mature thought that comes to your mind when you saw theword. DCA (2)

This task is completed in 15 mins. A break of 10 mins. is given after this. 3. Situation Reaction Test (SRT)(Confirmatory Test) This test contains 60 situations given in a booklet where 4 situations correspond to 1 OLQ. Make it appear in a presentable form and never skip any situation as if you were not able to respond to it. Explain your reaction in 2-3 sentences precisely and to the satisfaction of assessing officer. On an average 45-55 situations can be attempted giving an appropriate response to your situation reaction. About 30-45 mins. are assigned to this test. 4. Self-Description Test (SD)(Final Confirmatory Test) Interviews Starts in the Afternoon. The Self-Description test is a test which resembles the character of the candidate by the way he puts himself in the format as provided by the assessor. The format contain a descriptive passage by the candidate covering the points on how his 1. parents 2. teachers 3. friends 4. and he himself think about him as a person. Listen to the briefing by the psyche officer carefully as to what he wants in the content. Go according to his instructions. Write about yourself in 5 paras consisting of parents, teachers, friends, yourself and your future plans and strategies to overcome your shortcomings in the near future. Include 2 positive and 2 negative points about yourself in each para except the last one. Give solutions and remedies which you can attain and not anything that is permanent and not correctable. This test is assigned 15-20 mins. Interviews are held in the afternoon. 4. GROUP TESTING OFFICER

1: (Confirmatory Tests ) —————DAY 4 (Basically group activity testing day) 1. Group Discussion (GD) It is an indoor group activity and assessed by a Group Testing Officer (GTO). The GTO gives two topics out of which the first one has options and the second one is compulsory. In the first one, two current subjects are given to the candidates by the GTO from which one is to be chosen and that topic has to be discussed by the group for a span of 10-15 mins. DCA (3)

The second topic is compulsory and same time is allotted for this one also. Speak on the subject on which you are quite confident and sure about it. Never misguide the group with any fake statistics and absurd knowledge about the topic. Keep a brief idea of the current events and the root cause of such problems, this will help in establishing a good base in the discussion and also help in enhancing your performance. Always start late in the discussion after listening to some of the candidates and then put forward your own ORIGINAL point in the way that everyone revolves around your point and discuss it. If this is not possible then put up new contributions to the group . Speak to the point which you yourself feel justified for and can explain it completely to others even if you are the only one to be at that point. If the group does not take you in participation even then do not leave your point and never take another candidates point to elaborate and leave your own point. In the whole affair keep yourself cool and have a jolly face, do not abuse others and deny anyone’s thoughts. If you like someone’s thought acclaim his thought and connect your points to his by some means. Keep giving new ideas after a proper thought over it and simultaneously listening to. the group also Assigned time duration; 20-30 mins. Be JOLLY and PLEASANT overall. 2. Group Planning Exercise (GPE) This is also an indoor task where the group is given a situation which contains a set of problems and the candidates are required to solve the problems one by one by using the given resources and in a fashion to solve the most problematic condition first or the one to which they are near and then approaching the other concerned problems. On the briefing given by the GTO the candidate has to write his solutions on a sheet of paper. As this is the only part of written task for the GTO keep it very organized, clean, curios and interesting for the GTO to read. After this a discussion follows to chalk-out the most appropriate way to solve all problems in stipulated time. Always keep the time and distance factor in mind and solve the problem to which you are near and the one which are at a distance divide your group and use communication media as phones, lift on highway etc., to reach the destination. Do not make any amendments in the final group plan and be the one to give the group plan to the GTO. While writing your plan put them in points and a possible solution to each problem in stipulated time and not forgetting the distance factor. Be the centre of discussion and be fluent and dominating in this activity as it gives ALL OLQ’s. Allotted time 25-30 mins. Be JOLLY and PLEASANT overall and don’t get angry at anyone. DCA (4)

3. Progressive Group Tasks (PGT) This is the first one’s of the various outdoor tasks. Here a maximum of 3-4 continuous tasks are laid out which are to be crossed by the whole group with the assistance of helping material such as planks, ropes, some bamboos, a load for making the job tough and to generate the feeling of responsibility amongst the candidates. Every task has to be completed and the other one to be started only when the whole group along with the helping material have reached the end point of the previous task. Always carry the helping material except the load and be the one to make and execute plans and solutions. Never dominate others ideas and if you feel that someone has a good plan and not getting executed then make it sure that it is done and do not sit idle without any remedies. Don’t shout or abuse others and do not let anyone do it to you even. Listen to the GTO’s instructions carefully and do not violate any rules. Use colloquial terms instead of the actual terms for the helping materials like plank= phalli, balli=bamboo/danda,rope=rassi, load=dabba. Keep the rules in your mind and keep reminding it to your friends by using the colloquial terms and not the actual rule statement. Assigned time 20-30 mins. Color Rule Group Rule Distance Rule Rule of Rigidity Don’t panic and keep SMILING. 4. Group Obstacle Race (Snake Race) This is another outdoor task where the whole group has to compete against other groups for reaching the finish line in first position over a number of obstacles and an additional rope or snake which has to be held by each member while traveling from one obstacle to another and held by a minimum number on the obstacle as provided by the GTO. Always try to have an initiative and hold the snake in front or last to guide the group. Try and give demo of whichever obstacle the GTO asks. Be the first one to cross any obstacle in case of violation as guided by the GTO. Give your full JOSH and listen to the briefing by GTO carefully. Never abuse anyone and boost the morale of your group by saying all sorts of JOSHFUL things. In any way don’t act dumb to any of the proceedings in any of the group tasks. This activity is to test the ability of candidate in times of immense stress and his working capacity in time –bound situations. Keep your mind cool, body in full JOSH and go with the flow and with the group. Duration is about 30 mins. Keep SMILING as this will be a bit de-stressing for your team-mates. DCA (5)

5. Half Group Task (HGT) Another outdoor task similar to the Progressive Group Task but the group is divided into 2 halves and hence called so. Here also don’t loose ground and give chances to someone who was very inert in the above tasks to show your generosity. Be in full command and have knowledge of your task to a very fine perspective. The number of tasks maybe 1or 2-3. Make proper use of given resources and your knowledge and take concern of your team-mates. Ask them for suggestions but in a way to approve your own idea. Be creative and look for a venture where nobody is looking. Take care of speaking as this task is followed after Snake Race and your voice will be fully gone out of order. Duration 10-15 mins. Remain JOLLY. 6. Lecturette This is the last task of GTO 1 day and this is the most exhausting day. This task can be considered outdoor but is actually a sitting indoor task.. The task means to delivering a small lecture on a topic to be selected from a chit on which 4 topics are written (topmost= most difficult, next two= difficult and easy, last= easiest), for a span of 3 mins. continuously and fluently only in ENGLISH. Choose any of the topics but advised to select 2 or 3 for convenience. Give a brief introduction , actual cause and nature of topic selected, deep mature thought over its ascent over mankind, its +ve and -ve effects , a small example if possible to explain clearly your perceived thought. While giving your lecture, report your topic to the GTO and then proceed. Look into the eyes of group members and not the GTO while giving lecturette While preparing make sure you have taken the above points in consideration. Make a prior preparation of one topic which you like in case that you cannot speak on any of the topics given then ask for permission from GTO to talk on your topic. Just before the actual task starts the GTO asks for a brief introduction of all candidates one by one in the following format, NAME FATHER’S NAME FATHER’S OCCUPATION FAMILY BACKGROUND :............................................................................................................. :............................................................................................................ :............................................................................................................ :..................................:......................................................................... :.....................................:.......................................................... :..........:.........................................................................

SCHOOLING AND EDUCATION

CURRENTLY WHAT ARE YOU DOING

DCA

(6)

WHERE ARE YOU FROM and HOBBIES Cover all these points in 45 secs. and do not stumble anywhere, have a good profound fluent voice, Look at your friends and do not make any hand gestures. Limited hand gestures can be made at the time of lecture but not many. Don’t get tense and panic while delivering lecture instead keep a SMILING face.. Duration is per candidate = 3 mins, total about 30 -35 mins. Interviews in the Afternoon. 5. GROUP TESTING OFFICER 2: (Individual performance day) —————DAY 5 (Final Confirmatory Tests) 1. Individual Obstacles Tasks (IOT) These outdoor tasks are carried out on the second day of GTO. Overall this is the individual performance assessing day for each candidate except the Final Group Task which is a group task.. The individual task consists of 10 obstacles laid in a typical fashion. The 10 obstacles are numbered and the same marks are assigned to the respective task. A minimum of all tasks should be performed in a span of 3 mins. and if time is left any other task can be gone over again. It is not necessary to start the tasks from 1st , but it is left to the wish of the candidate where does he want to start from. Try to obtain 74 points ,that is, one round = 55 +9+10 = 74 The obstacles are 1. Difficult jump. (Jump over a small slide from the opposite side.)

2. Long jump. (jump across a 6 ft.* 3ft. drum.)

3. Zig - Zag Balance (walk over a zig-zag balance and complete I and land properly.)

DCA

(7)

4. High Screen jump ( jump over a slide and over a screen placed on it and land properly.)

5. Burma bridge (walk across a structure of rope tied between two ends of post carefully. Climb form any side and climb down from other side.)

6.Tarzan swing ( While taking the leap fold your body and legs and leave the rope at the instant where you feel it would be accurate for you to jump and cross the line.)

7. Monkey Jump (Climb on a big staircase structure and jump on the land safely.)

8. Double Ditch 8ft.*3ft. and 4ft.*3ft..(cross the 1st ditch with the help of a rope and the second one with ease ,just by proper leg work..)

9. Commando walk (walk from any side up and down from another, maintain balance..)

DCA

(8)

10. Tiger leap (walk up a podium, leap and catch hold of a rope, count 1001,1002 and start coming down, don’t come rushing down , but do it step by step.).

The best way of doing this is to follow this sequence:

10, 9, 8, 4, 6, 7, 1, 2, 5, 3.
Or if not possible make circular arrangement on seeing the placement of obstacles at the same day itself, but do it fast. A prior practice of climbing and running is necessary to enhance your performance. Duration 3 mins. per candidate, 35-40 mins. overall. 2. Command Task (CT) The command task is a task where every candidate is assigned a typical task according to his performance level and the degree of toughness depends on his prior performance and ability to communicate with the group. Every candidate is called one by one and the GTO has a pep-talk with him about his ongoing current activities and future plans etc. This task is alike the PGT but only one task is given here and the candidate has to guide his way out of the task to reach the other end. The candidate is allowed to call 2 of his colleagues as his helpers in the task . The task is explained by the GTO and asked to proceed. The first thing is to see what all is your helping material and where it can be placed. First see only for one solution and when sorted out GO for it. Meanwhile keep talking about your plan to your helpers and assign them some work, don’t keep them idle. When the GTO allows you to move ahead, you and one helper be the people to move keeping forward. Always make it sure that you, your helpers and helping material will get out the way you are about to follow. Do not violate any rules which have been listed above in the PGT. Single task, Duration: 10-15 mins. 3. Final Group Task (FGT) This also a PGT like task where the group again comes together to finish 1-2 tasks laid down serially and all the rules are applied here. Generally the GTO does not assess any performance here but he may do it for some special cases. Rest the rules are same and the amount of efforts to be given should not be less since it is the last task for the day and for the SSB, just in case some candidates may have their interviews in the afternoon. NEVER VIOLATE ANY RULES, REMIND IT TO FELLOW CANDIDATES, KEEP YOURSELF COOL, JOLLY AND SMILING. WHILE GIVING ANY IDEAS LET THE PERSON FINISH WHO IS TALKING AND INTERRUPT ONLY WHEN THE DISCUSSION IS GETTING MISGUIDED. Last Spell of Interviews in the Afternoon.

DCA

(9)

INTERVIEWS:
Get to know the name and rank(if he is deputy prez or prez of the board) of your interviewer. Q. What is your name, meaning of your name, meaning of other member’s names in your family, compare yourself with them, name of place you come from, currently what are you doing? Q. Family: How many members, since when living at the same place, description and sort of relationship with each member, closer to whom, why closer, whom you admire. Compare yourself with any of your brother/s or sister/s. If alone what would you prefer to have an elder/younger brother/sister? Occupation of working members in the family, if you are working what is your job profile, salary etc. Q. Education: Institution where you had your education, since when, any achievements, any responsible post held during your education at the institution, represented institution at what levels, subjects you liked most and those you did not like at all, why, teachers you liked most and those which you did not like at all, why (here include the teacher and subject till all these years of education and not only school), name and specialty of institution where studied and a brief description about it namely its location, crowd, cultural and other heritages it carries. What are you currently doing ,what are further options (if not army),why, Why ARMY, since when liked army? Q. Friends: What type of friends you like, what type you do not like, where have you gone and where would you like to go with your friends, why are these people your friends, describe your best friend, compare him with you (appearance ,height, texture, thinking, something common in both of you), their hobbies and interests, their way of living life and what do they want to achieve in life. Q. Why do you want to join the defense forces, if not defense other options, how did you come to the conclusion that you want to join the forces. Did you try for NDA, why not succeeded? Why not proper efforts were given? Q. Your hobbies and interests, how do you pass your time, which task did you find most interesting in psyche and GTO series, which books have you read, why did you not score well enough in 12th as you scored in 10th , NCC knowledge, Scouts, RSP, MCC, etc., knowledge. Q. Your life in college, any memories, what is the difference between your friends at Pune and SSB center .If given chance what would you like to change in Pune ( Geographical, economical, agricultural, tourism, traffic etc.) Compare your hometown and hometown friends with friends in Pune and Pune as a place itself. Have you ever come before to the SSB centre previously. Which places did you visit at the SSB place Q. Give 5 current national and international political news. Q. Give 5 current national and international sports news. Q. Some international matters, international organizations, their working procedure and a good knowledge of your specialized subject. Q. How would you organize a football match /hike/cycle race/ local festival /trek/swimming competition. Q. Why were you weak in some specified sphere, how did you cope up with it. Q. Have you taken coaching, why, what sort of? Give examples for any incidences that you are going to explain. Speak in relevance to your Self-Description test and PIQ and do not give fakes. Speaking is an art, whatever you speak give proper punctuations, gestures and emotions as necessary in your speech SPEAK CLEARLY AND MAINTAIN EYE CONTACT. Hesitation at the time of answering will cause a bad impression, never tell lies and give a full explanation of your family, friends, education, current life, future scope, and with an example for each. DCA (10)

OFFICER LIKE QUALITIES which they are looking for: 1. Effective intelligence - head 2. REASONING ABILITY - head 3. ORGANISING ABILITY - HEAD 4. POWER OF EXPRESSION - HEAD 5. SOCIAL ADAPTIBILITY - HEART 6. CO-OPERATION - HEART 7. SENSE OF RESPOSIBILITY - HEART 8. INITIATIVE - GUT 9. SELF – CONFIDENCE - GUT 10.SPEED OF DECISION - GUT 11. ABILITY TO INFLUENCE THE GROUP - HEART 12. LIVELINESS - HEART 13. DETERMINATION - LEGS 14. COURAGE - LEGS 15. STAMINA - LEGS Note: resembles that these qualities are inevitable and much more important than the others. 6. CONFERENCE DAY: - DAY 6

* *

Deputy President’s Talk and Brief description about the whole selection procedure and the listing of qualities they seek. Individual Conference of each Candidate.(Here is the only place where the candidate can see all the assessing officers, deputy president and the president of the respective SSB.) 7. RESULT (By any of the Psyche Officers.) 8. MEDICAL BOARD - DAY 7-14 Candidates are recommended for the Medical Examinations at the Military Hospital (MH) for a period of about 6-7 days.)

* *

Assigning of Medical Board Chest Nos. Medical Examinations

9. MEDICAL CONFERENCE
* Candidates who are found fit by the Medical Board are SELECTED and rest are given

Temporary Rejections (TR) over some medical problems by the Special Medical Board, (SMB) * Those Candidates who are given TR are asked to appear for a Appeal Medical Board (AMB)

conducted by a nearby Command Hospital or Base Hospital and under the supervision of its Officials. * If candidate is still found unfit after the findings of the SMB and AMB he can opt to appear for

Review or Re-appeal Medical Board (RMB). Hence after the candidate is not told about the result but it is conveyed to DGAFMS who conveys it to ARMY HQ for further formalities. In case the candidate has been cleared from RMB he is been given the Joining Instructions otherwise he is disqualified for that attempt. DCA (11)

The prerequisite for being an officer of Indian armed forces is that a person must have the officer like qualities. Officer like Qualities are the one's which are tested in SSB and based upon this the candidate is evaluated.

OFFICER LIKE QUALITIES

There are total 15 officer like qualities which are divided into four categories which are as under :-

PLANNING AND ORGANISING
1. EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE 2. REASONING ABILITY 3. ORGANISING ABILITY 4. POWER OF EXPRESSION

SOCIAL ADJUSTMENT

5. SOCIAL ADAPTABILITY 6. COOPERATION 7. SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY

SOCIAL EFFECTIVENESS
8. INITIATIVE 9. SELF CONFIDENCE 10. SPEED OF DECISION 11. ABILITY TO INFLUENCE A GROUP 12. LIVELINESS

DYNAMIC
13. DETERMINATION 14. COURAGE 15. STAMINA

After going through all the OLQs, now you have a clear picture of Officer Like Qualities. Before moving further I must tell you onething that officer like qualities denotes the overall analysis of the candidate's personality from Head to Toe. Officer Like Qualities are related to following parts : -

EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE : Head REASONING ABILITY : Head [Expressed through Mouth] ORGANISING ABILITY : Head

POWER OF EXPRESSION : Head [Expressed through Face expressions and Mouth] SOCIAL ADAPTABILITY : Heart COOPERATION : Heart SENSE OF RESPONSIBILITY : Heart INITIATIVE : Head [Related to conscience and require a GUT feel] SELF CONFIDENCE : Head [Related to conscience and require a GUT feel] SPEED OF DECISION : Head [Related to conscience and require a GUT feel] ABILITY TO INFLUENCE A GROUP : Heart LIVELINESS : Heart DETERMINATION : Head and Legs COURAGE : Head STAMINA : Legs
They above mentioned are the various personality traits which the armed forces people are looking for.

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On the 1st Da of SSB Interview Process, You'll be called for Screening Test (This will be the 2nd test for the Fl ing Branch Applicants after PABT). This Part of the test is known as Intelligence Tests. It comprises of two parts namel : 1. Verbal Reasoning 2. Non-Verbal Reasoning L 1. VERBAL REASONING R ' H Y MRP SSB 130 , I V (I R E 1. A 2. B 3. C 4. D 5. M 6. C 7. N 8. P 9. S T A T S R -D S R T Q ' V SSB C R ( 100+ . ) .H I (You Ma Direct Links To Defence Career Websites CLICK HERE .J ) .A 30 .D ' V R V .Y R ' - . .T D . F L N TWITTER

DAY 1-SCREENING TEST

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our anal tical abilit b practicing nearl 100 questions (with full solution and correct answer) a da at one sitting. Again remember that it is a time based test so ou must be able to solve nearl 60+ questions in the span of 15 minutes. Don't worr about our present speed, it will improve when ou practice like this. If time permits (If ou have more than a month's time to report at SSB Centre) then ou ma practice from some available books of Non-Verbal Reasoning in the nearb book shop. H E 1. Analog 2.Completion of incomplete patterns 3. Completion of Series 4. Cubes 5. D 6. F 7. S M S Q Click on the Desired Test to view the sample Questions with answers):
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Day 1 Screening Tests
Screening Test in SSB:-

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The screening test is at first day of the SSB interview. The test comprises of Intelligence Test or Officer Intelligence Test (O.I.R) and P.P.D.T. tests Picture Perception and Description Test. The tests are aimed to find out the analyzing ability of the candidate and to gauge their inner mind potential. Let we see in detail about these two steps. What is Intelligence? Intelligence is defined as the inner ability of the candidate to solve particular problem i.e. aptitude, reasoning etc. Officer Intelligence Rating refers to solve set of problems which consists of both verbal and nonverbal reasoning in a short duration of time. So here the time is less and the candidate has to solve more number of questions correctly. Like this putting the candidate under pressure to solve the intelligence questions is called as Officer Intelligence Rating. Importance of Intelligence Test at SSB :The marks obtained the intelligence test is important since, after getting recommended and clearing the medicals the overall merit or the national level is based on this marks only. Types of Questions asked in SSB for Intelligence Test :There are two types of tests are conducted at SSB, to measure the candidate innate ability, They are 1. Verbal Reasoning and
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ssb interview tips: Da 1 Screening Tests

2. Non Verbal Reasoning. Syllabus covered under Verbal Reasoning :Analogy and Classification. Coding - Decoding. Number Series. Blood Relations. Direction Test. Seating Arrangement. Puzzle Test. Basic mathematical aptitude. Syllabus covered under Non-Verbal Reasoning:Analogy and Classification of figures. Complete and Incomplete Pattern of figures Cubes and Dice Venn Diagram (simple one). Let we see in detail about each topic :Analogy and Classification:In this part, a word and its related word is given, then another word with four options are given. Such that we have to find out the related word from the option. E.g.:- Phone: Cellphone :: Computer ::___?____ a) Speaker b)Keyboard c) Theatre d) Laptop In this d)Laptop is the answer. Since Cellphone is the derivative of Phone like this Laptop is the derivative of Computer. Coding - Decoding :In this part, certain word is coded to some number/alphabet in reversal manner, then we have to encode it accordingly. The basic technique to follow is write numbers for the alphabets quickly in the rough space provided in the testing hall. E.g.:- A-1, B-2, C-3, D-4, E-5, F-6, G-7, H-8, I-9, J-10, K-11, L-12, M-13, N14, O-15, P-16, Q-17, R-18, S-19, T-20, U-21, V-22, W-23, X-24, Y-25, Z26. Like this write in the rough sheet as soon as you got the rough sheet. If you got the question like this means i.e. FROG - 6 18 15 7, the word is decoded as like this. Then they give another word such as DOCTOR and we have to decode it. DOCTOR - 4 15 3 20 15 18 Number Series:In this a series of number is given and we have to find out the next number. The series given may be of in squares, cubes values or simple odd or even numbers also. E.g.:555,666,777,666,777,888,__?__,888,999. For this test, the answer is 777. Since take the first three and compare with the next three, 111 is added to every number. Like this we have to analyse at that time constraint. Blood Relations:The Blood relation questions are easy one. If we are thorough with the relation then it is easy to solve. E.g.:- The husband of your brothers mother is whose husband. Answer:The Husband of your brothers mother is your father. So he is your mothers husband only. Like this they will twist the question little bit, but its easy if we practice
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well. Direction Test:In direction test, the candidates are advise to find the direction. E.g.:- You are facing towards east and if you move left for 10 meters then turn left for 15 meters and then take right cut for 25 metres then which direction you will face, the answer is north. Draw the direction on the paper then solve it. E | | N _____ _____ S | | W Seating Arrangement:In the seating arrangement test, the questions are such as group of five people are sitting in a round table such as A is left to D, C is right to E. Then write the sequence from A towards left. The answer is ABEDC. These type of questions are asked rarely, but if asked it is time consuming, so practice it well before test. Puzzle Test and Basic Mathematical Aptitude:In puzzle test you will get simple puzzles and in mathematical aptitude, you will get time and distance, work, basic numerical problems etc. Non-Verbal Reasoning:Analogy and Classification of Figures:-

Analogy refers to find the same type of figure. E.g.:- There will be two figures give which is related to circle and another two figures given which is related to squares. We have to find which figure is related to square. Question Type :- (a) {Figure with circle}:(b){figure with circle} :: (c) {figure with square}(d){---?---} In this we have find the figure from the given options that is which is relate to square. This one is easy one and with little practice we can solve it very easily. Complete and Incomplete Pattern of Figures :This type of question is also easy, that some part of the figure is missing. We have to find out from the given option that which part is missing. Cubes and Dice:This is little bit tough, but it need a lot of practice and it is time consuming. So practice this well. Usually they are not asking the cube problem. But Dice problems are frequent one. Venn Diagram:This type of question is very easy and two types of questions are coming from venn diagram part. One is with numerical data and another one is in pictorial representation. E.g:-

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After the end of the OIR tests , there is some time break for the next level of the test. The next test at SSB is P.P.D.T test. It is called Picture Perception and Description Test. NOTE:- My advice is to follow the R.S. Aggarwal verbal and Nonverbal books to practice these type of questions well. Since it is easy to write the OIR test, but good score in that is necessary for all India Merit after getting recommended. To get R.S. Agarwal books in online, click here P.P.D.T. - Picture Perception and Description Test:Picture Perception and Description Test - P.P.D.T is a projection test at SSB which is a part of the screening test. In this test the candidates are shown a hazy picture for duration of 30 seconds and the candidate has to write down a story in 3 minutes by noting down the basic seven parameters such as Age Sex Character Mood Past (what he done) Present (what is going on in the story) Future (what will he do) How it is conducted:The candidate are advised to sit in a big auditorium. Then the psychologist gives instruction about the P.P.D.T test. A hazy picture is projected from the projector for 30 seconds by switching off the light. In this hazy picture the candidate has to note down the basic seven parameters as i described above. Then they should think a constructive/positive story in mind to write. After writing the story the candidates are ordered to sit in a semi circle and discuss about their own stories. The President of the board, G.T.O , the psychologist sit there to select the students for the rest of the four days. Before writing, there is one thing that, a square box is printed in the psychological test answer sheet. In which the candidate should mark as who is the central character, whats his age, whats his mood, what led to the situation (past), what is going on in the situation (present), and what will happen at the end (future). Your will get clear idea about this after seeing this example.

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Example P.P.D.T :Let see the above picture, a guy is standing in front of the queue with a cap in his head. So he may be a service person. So marked in the psychological test paper i.e. in that square box as a male(M), age 22, his mood is + and his character is helping mind. Also i marked a point at the left up right corner of the rectangle because, i chosen that person from picture who is in that exact location. So we should be able to clear the psychologist that which person we are choosing from the picture. After marking this , how to project or write the story:The story in which we are going to write should be of positive one and the result should also positive. There should be some hero in the story. The hero should be of same age and same sex. If you find no hero in the story then create a hero of same sex and age. Write the story with little introduction i.e. what led to the situation (past), then what is happening in the situation(present) and what is the result (future). The story should be in past tense only. Example:Raj was a newly posted lieutenant, in Himachal Pradesh which is prone to land scapes. He was above average student from child hood but showing lot of interest in extra curricular activity such N.S.S. , N.C.C etc. One day on his house, he heard a sudden shouting of people and understand the situation quickly that the person near by apartment got under the small land scape. So he engaged himself by calling to the fire service and he rescued most of the people up to an extent. He saved many people and then joined hands with fire service people also. Later he arranged the affected people for food and shelter with the help of the local panchayat. In this story, we are showing his quality from child hood as a good boy(past), land scape and rescue operation scenario (present) and arranging shelter and food (future). Like this the story should be of positive one with positive end.

Description Part or Group Discussion:-

This is the very important point at the screening test of Day1. Since the selection for the four days and rejection (screened out) are based on this performance only. In this, the candidates are to sit in a semi circle before the president , G.T.O and the psychologist based on their chest numbers. The candidates are ordered to narrate their individual story before the group either by
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standing or by sitting. After the individual narration, the group starts to discuss about the picture and a final conclusion is made.

Tips for Success:-

1. Never look at the officials while narration of the story or while engaging in the discussion. 2. Listen to the speaker dont look any way 3. Keep proper body language as per the Group Discussion. 4. Try to talk at least three times, then surely you will get in. Its not necessary to talk all time in P.P.D.T 5. Also dont argue with others, Give your points clearly and keep patient listening. 6. Keep smiling its the key of success in P.P.D.T. 7. Be cool and talk three or four times with proper body language, then surely you are get in. 8. Help the weak members to talk. 9. After dispersing from the P.P.D.T keep smiling and walk with head held high and upraised chest. This shows that you are confident in your participation. To know more about body language tips click here These are about screening test at the Day 1 of S.S.B. After this the students will go for lunch and come at the auditorium for the results. The results will be declared and screened in students will be given new chest numbers and further procedure for their stay. If you want more about the five day process, CLICK HERE for Day-2 Psychological Test. CLICK HERE for Day-3 & 4 Group Task process CLICK HERE for Personal Interview. Wish you good luck for success.

176 comments:
Anonymous Jun 30, 2011 09:44 AM really nice information dude thaxsssss a lot... Reply

vignesh

Jun 30, 2011 10:59 AM

Thank you brother.. Reply

ankit malviya Jul 3, 2011 10:18 PM really bro its very fruitfull information. thnxx a lot. Reply

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SSB consist of 2 stages, first stage is called as screening and second stage consist of 3 important test knows as Psychology test, Group Testing Officers (GTO) Test and personal interview.This post is regarding screening, yes screening seems very difficult for those who got screened out many times.Screening test is indeed a difficult test because of the competition level, screening test result is on the basis of your Intelligence tests [verbal & non verbal ] and PPDT [picture perception and discussion test . Verbal and non verbal is not difficult to crack because its just to test your OIR [ officer's intelligence rate ], try to attempt all the questions because time is very limited if they say 15 mins for test take it as 10 mins and attempt most of the questions because no "negative" marking .

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Now the most famous picture perception and discussion test, what you need to do is write a story according to thepicture shown to you for 4 mins only and later you have to discuss about the picture and make a common story in group discussion. What are the mistakes candidates do generally? Firstly you write a good story which has head and tail and match with the picture shown to you, for god sake don't write Ram, Mohan, Sohan,..do all of you have friends with this name only? if not use your friends name, I am sure every second

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Ho to pass Screening test in SSB [PPDT]

person write "RAM" as his hero, so choose a good name for your character. Also some of them write totally different story like if they see a "village scene" then hero wanted to work for his village as an engineer !! Really you want to do that ?? At least write something which has quick action and not future plans kind of things. Some of you give rewards at the end of your story just for a social work, getting reward for a good work is not that easy in Indian ( kidding)please avoide this reward system and just make a happy ending with some twists and turns in your story, Assessors should get some interest and attention while reading/listening to your story but again do not make detective type and superman type stories be normal and practical. Okay you must be good at writing story so where is the fault ?? let us talk about group discussion, a very tensed situation isn't it ?? Tips while narrating: Be loud enough while narrating the story , be confident about your story , look at every one while narrating except looking at assessors, try to convey the message of your story instead of going deep into the story content { do not take much time to finish .Some time we get stuck in between during narration, do not worry about that try to come back on the track as soon as possible, and keep your story simple during narration so that you don't stuck in between and also don't bug others as well. On the whole your story narration is easy and attractive because all you need to get is attention from assessors, again do not try to gain attention through odd means.What are the odd means ?? okay you must have seen a candidate saying " gentle man I agree with chest number xyz story " and that candidate keep on saying this throughout the whole discussion, what is this ? fine its good if you like others story but it didn't mean that saying such lines let you in for 5 days, why are you there? you also have a story, did you put your point even once ? did you contribute in the story making ? did you convince others regarding few points which you think are correct ? All you need to do is to make a story with the help of others, so contribute some points during discussion and try to find out the common point in the story which others also observed and add it to the story because no one objects in something which he/she also observed. Suppose if most of you have seen a village environment then say that keep the village environment only and make story around that instead of making something odd. All you need is to convince others and also agree with others, supporting your story is good but forcing others to take whole part of your story as a common story is never gonna work for you.Sometimes GD becomes "Fish Market" and yes its not your fault because your are not getting involve but still you didn't get select, why ? because you didn't say a single world , if you try to stop such stupid stuff in GD by convincing others then you have a good chance, try your best to convince them, tell them not to argue and lets try to make a good story. If you keep quit under such situation it's difficult for you to get selected and yes people who are shouting may get selected because they were trying to do something to make a story . Please post our comment in the comment bo belo points regarding Screening. Click on Like button if ou like this post Jai Hind to bring out some more

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SUNDA , JANUAR

29, 2012

THE PS CHOLOGICAL TESTING
The Psychological Testing is a priceless tool designed for the observation of human beings responding to a variety of controlled conditions, conditions which resemble as nearly as possible those of everyday life, and of course, some unusual conditions. It helps ¡n recording various emotional and behavioral reactions, what previous experiences determined them, to what degree and what manner. It is based on the very popular psychological theory that “In every living Organism, a Stimulus creates a Response”. The technique employed at the selection center is Projective Testing .

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Projective Testing The word Projection has two psychological uses which can be clearly distinguished; these are in psychotherapy and exploration of personality. In psychotherapy, the projection process implies the referral or attributing of one s own repressed emotional trends to others. In exploration of personality, a projective is one which aims at exteriorizing, that is, as if projecting on screen a spontaneous written behavior or basic interpersonal attitudes. These have been widely used in personality assessment. The projective technique stem from the idea that what one perceives in the world around him is influenced by his own personality, his needs, his attitudes etc. As Tomlinson has rightly said We see things not as they are, but as we are!” These tests are conducted under time and space pressure so as to elicit from the individual, his unrestricted and free responses to stimulus situations. The assumption is that what he perceives and records as responses is a projection of his own self. These techniques permit as in the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT); free association to a set of selected words as in Word Association Test (WAT); or responses to verbally presented problem situations as in case of Situation Reaction Test (SRT). The TAT, WAT and SRT constitute the battery of projective tests used by the psychologists in the SSB s. There is also Self-Description (SD) through which the individual projects his attitude towards himself, other s attitude towards him and his capacity for objective selfestimation. This is interpreted in the light of other data presented in TAT, WAT and SRT. The rating achieved in the intelligence test is also referred to by the psychologist as a valuable input. These techniques help in finding out the individual s inner feelings, fears, hopes, attitudes and goal: his adjustment to work and people and his sense of responsibility, the impact he creates on others by his intellectual, social, emotional, and moral qualities and also his leadership potential. The psychologist goes about interpreting the individual s reactions to various stimuli presented ¡n different tests and then goes on to make a mental picture of various traits of the individual s personality and their relevance various OLQ s.

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Batter of Projective Tests . Thematic Apperception Test (TAT) . Word Association Test (WAT) . Situation Reaction Test (SRT) . Self-Description (SD)

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Freshers Vs Repeaters in SSB Interview

How to Tackle Word Association Test [WAT] in Ps cholog ...

What is SRT and how can it be tackled?

How to write a stor in TAT b Krishna Nair and Anoop T. ...

The meaning of our responses in TAT
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WEDNESDA , OCTOBER 19, 2011

Freshers Vs Repeaters in SSB Inter ie
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O I .O " Wh I am not getting recommend ? " I SSB , ? our assessors ou , . A .W I SSB , SSB

,

, " How come he got recommended ? " " Ye recommend ho ga a?? ab toh main kabhi SSB interview attend nahi karunga" . A , , , SSB 5-6 ,
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ill be in, in he e

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If o a e a f e he hen o ha e a good chance o ho ca e o alen and de i e o join he fo ce , al o he chance a e mo e if o pe fo m p o e pec ed le el. Ye o can ake coaching in a good in i e and i ill al a help o , fe a coaching ill change o o iginali , i ab d , one ho ld ha e minim m en e of follo ing he hing , ha e e o a e lea ning in coaching o m anal e i and pe fo m i in o o n a , imple cop pa e of coaching ill ne e make o h o gh. A a f e he coaching i 200% help f ll b i m be f om good hand . Repea e f iend , plea e anal e o pa pe fo mance , mi ake , p ac ice ha d , o kno ha he an . Repea e can ea il b eak he code of SSB beca e he ha e an idea of ha kind of candida e ge ecommend. Plea e do no j impl a end he ne SSB n il o kno he e a e o lacking and ha e ac l o need o do in he p coming SSB. " Mostl the repeaters are those who have weak ps cholog " If o had 5-6 a emp and ill nable o make i hen he ea on i eak p cholog , o do no kno ha o ho ld i e in p cholog e . Yo ma be i ing ome hing hich i fake and j ing o p ojec ome hing hich o do no ha e, al o o m be i ing ome hing hich do no ho an OLQ of o . P cholog can be imp o ed b p ac ice , b al o he e i a chance ha o a e good a P cholog b no doing ell in GTO. An a he main p oblem i of p cholog beca e P chologi ne e ake an chance of elec ing a do b f l candida e " its not eas to impress the ps chologist". Yo can imp e he IO o GTO b o look and manne i m b in ca e of o P chologi o Pen m do he job fo o . Here are few previous posts help full for ps cholog test. Common Mi ake in TAT In c ion fo SRT impo ance in P cholog Te .

Self De c ip ion e and man mo e j

go h o gh he blog.

Wha do o hink abo hi po , plea e ha e o gge ion in he commen bo belo .

ie

and

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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES Indian Ai Fo ce Indian A m Ca ee P o pec i e CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C acking The W i en E am ? Office Like Q ali ie PIQ Fo m CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY Indian A med Fo ce ASSISTANCE Semina - Regi a ion P cholog i a e impo an pa a i con i e of 225 ma k . Befo e mo ing on o ha i he e in p mo impo an l one ho ld kno "Wha i P cholog " and he need fo cond c ing he ame. cholog ,
Sankh an Nipun Sainik School, Sujanpur Tihra gud site Reply Like 17 December 2011 at 19:52 Sat ajeet Chatterjee guys must vist this site if preparing for SSB. Reply Like 1 December 2011 at 07:06 Ankur Sherdill Aggarwal New Delhi, India tjis is really helpful. Reply Like 3 November 2011 at 11:01
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The e m p cholog i he combina ion of o e m Ps cho+Log . Ps cho mean mind and Log mean d . Hence p cholog i he d of mind. On a b oade pe pec i e p cholog incl de he follo ing a pec : -

Perception: Receiving, collecting, action of taking possession and apprehension with the mind or senses. Cognition: The process of thought. Attention: Deals with concentration power. Motivation: Activation or energi ation of goal-oriented behavior. Behavior: Actions of a person in relation to a given particular environment.
Ha ing ead ch an agoni ing defini ion of p of p cholog men ioned abo e. cholog man of o migh be hinking o a o king on each a pec

CAUTION :Y ou don't hav e to cramp all those aspects of the ps cholog and right now there is no need to work upon ev er aspect. As ou will go on reading ahead automaticall things will be clear to ou.

The mo i e behind gi ing ch an in en e defini ion i p cholog o ha o can out shine. No e :-

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ho ld be able o kno

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ha a e he in icacie

Read he a icle ca ef ll and a en i el beca e f om he e i elf o a en ion i one of he a ib e of p cholog . No i ime o kno Wha i o mind i h he help of a he e in p cholog . P cholog i i en pape . P cholog pape i f

mind

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aken p b he p chologi . P he di ided in o follo ing :-

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THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT) WORD ASSOCIATION TEST (WAT) SITUATION REACTION TEST (SRT) SELF DESCRIPTION TEST (SDT)
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PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS-DO S AND DONT S
DO S AND DON TS FOR SSB INTERVIEWS PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS-do’s 1. Try to showcase your positives 2. Try to write stories/ sentences where actions are involved 3. Try to make some heroes in that sentence /story and make him the doer of good things 4. The hero you are portraying is supposed to have different names in different stories/sentences 5. The hero/person about whom you are writing is directly depicting your character as far as the psychologists are concerned 6. Try to write as fast as possible, because you will be running short of time 7. Practice of writing 60 sentences in 30 minutes is a must(different words) 8. Even if a negative word is given you must not be the doer of that negative thing 9. In that case you must write as if to pacify or nullify the negative aspects happening PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTS-don’ts 1. Never write anything negative 2. Do not write proverbs 3. Do not write your own name 4. Do not write any bad qualities which are involved in human nature 5. Your story must be meaningful Pa o d: *
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Ani a Dha le Jawahar Navodaya vidyalaya mast Reply Like 20 October 2011 at 08:08 De G jar Computer Engineer at Army mast Reply
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1 Like 13 July 2011 at 07:52

Wha i TAT ??
T A . . .T , T , .B . '

Wha o do in TAT ??
TAT . 12 .H , ' 30 .E

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RULES
T T 11 + ( TAT 60 . 30 ). 4 .

Ac ion Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
A :-

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Iden ifica ion of Cha ac e

E abli hmen of Theme o Cen al Idea
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Explainoexpo - Thematic Apperception Test | TAT in SSB | Psychology SSB

W i ing he S o

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decent, sociall acceptable positive, practical, d namic

Side Cha ac e
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B , . "Wha he he o ha decided o do".

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Explainoexpo - Thematic Apperception Test | TAT in SSB | Psychology SSB

W i ing he S o
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Wha led o he Si a ion
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Explainoexpo - Thematic Apperception Test | TAT in SSB | Psychology SSB

Piece of Ad ice
As I hav e alread mentioned that the last picture is the blank picture in which candidate has to make a v irtual stor . Therefore, it is adv isable for each one of ou to prepare one stor in adv ance, before going for the SSB as per the guidelines mentioned abov e.

**FOR FURTHER ASSISTANCE - HELP PORTAL**

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COMMENTS
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+2 .I .T . Q

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2011-09-11 20:30

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: How to write a story in TAT by Krishna Nair and An

WORLD OF UNIFORM

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How to write a stor in TAT b Krishna Nair and Anoop T. Unnikrishnan [ Guest Post
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WORLD OF UNIFORM: How to write a story in TAT by Krishna Nair and An

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Perception - It is the process b which individuals organi e and interpret their sensor impressions in order to give meaning to their environment. TAT , ; , M T S .D .T .T . H C , ,

Basic Requirement in a Stor T .T T .T . , ' , , 100%. T , , , .

CHATROOM
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Stor : D A M / F , .H .I A S , C 5 ,4 ,P A .S . , .I .H 6 8 .R F 12, 2008, ,S S .A / .F M 1, K ,

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: How to write a story in TAT by Krishna Nair and An

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, .P .W .S , ,

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M Appointment with a Ps chologist b Krish Nair & Anoop T. E : @ . F : :// . . /

P E L T :G

ADMIN B T P !S

6:41 AM T S ,S F ,S M , TAT ,P

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Common Mistakes in TAT

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MONDA , AUGUST 15, 2011

Common Mi ake in TAT
TAT skills are very important in SSB, its a main part of psychology test and also PPDT requires perfect skills of writing a story. Earlier we have discussed about " to write a story in TAT", now this post is regarding the common mistakes done by a candidates while attempting TAT.

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C R M S U P W

Let s look into a story, which would put light on the common stories made by the aspirants at the SSB s.

S : Mahesh hailed from a remote area. He was a hard working and sincere student,who always thought about the development of his village. Mahesh completed his studies and became an engineer. Mahesh got posted to his district. He saw that his village lacked the basic infrastructure and because of the
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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Common Mistakes in TAT

funds, the village could hardly progress. Mahesh along with villagers approached the administration and requested the roads and bridges on the river. Soon, the Govt. sanctioned a bridge and a road to the village. Mahesh being the engineer was made the engineer of the construction work. Road and bridge was constructed, which brought prosperity to the village. Village became a modern village. L P I A S

M – The first requirement of the TAT is the Hero identification and not the introduction. Here, the Hero identification is not complete. Another point here is,you should name the village, district, state etc.
MCN: B22FF-3NRKXW6URH

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H – Please note that, no unwanted details, impression management is required and even no adjectives like hard-working, sincere, national-champion, honest, brave etc. These qualities should be revealed through your action and through your problem solving behaviour. H – Was there no one in the village to think about the development except him? For this, the Hero in the background should not necessarily be from an engineering background; rather he should be have been introduced as a social worker.

M – Which studies did Mahesh complete, whether B. Tech in Civil, Mechanical, Electrical etc and from where? Further, there was no one to see the progress of his village except him and that too, when he became an engineer. And before becoming an engineer, did he not see whether the village was lacking progress because of fund? M D . H ,

– Again,

Mahesh means the Hero is doing according to his wish by getting him posted to his own Dist and witnessing that the village lacked the basic infrastructure and due to the shortage of the funds, the village could not progress. So, what he is doing is writing the story as he wants. This kind of stor is evaluated as Self-Generated Response. This means, ou generate a response as per our wish and as per our convenience. See Mr. Mahesh is doing whatever he wants and the stor is running according to his wish, hence termed as Wishful-Thinking.

M .S , G . – Here, it means that getting the funds sanctioned was pre- determined, that the fund has to be sanctioned without hurdle or problem. Nothing comes ever so easy in life. Mahesh being the engineer, was made the engineer of the construction work – Again, here the story is being designed to suit the Hero and as he wants to perform. R
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, .V – Again, here the story reveals a small effort and big
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achievement, which is not possible in practical life.

T I

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The above interpretation by the Psyche officer was a subjective one. Now, we will see the psychological and actual interpretation which can make and break the story and may not allow the story to become psychologically desired one: Please see, in the above story the person has not perceived the situation and seen of the situation properly and has not used/applied his imagination to observe that, what this particular situation demands: • There is no similarity between the situation and the point of start. Now, the situation of the scene is that a person being alone is going ahead while facing the cyclone and heavy rain, that too in the night. • The aspirant has not forced his intellectual imagination to imagine that, what this particular situation demands and what the aspirant has perceived or has written in the story – is it logical? What the Aspirant has Perceived and Written? • The aspirant has perceived that a remote village has not progresses and no one has thought ever to do so except him, whereas the demand of the situation is something else. • What he is expected to perceive to make his story imaginative and acceptable? The aspirant has perceived a Long-term goal, where as the demand of the situation is to perceive Short-term goal. The requirement of the Armed Forces is Leader of Problem Solver and not a Manager-Crisis Preventer . Source: M Appointment with a Ps chologist b Krish Nair & Anoop T.

P
Posted by ADMIN at 4:43 AM Labels: PPDT, Psychological test, Study Material, TAT

,

174 commen :
Aug 15, 2011 05:21 AM Rahul is an young graduate who is coming from his frnds house late night.On his way to his house heavy rain dropped in with huge thunders and lightnings.He ran under the village community building for shelter.He understood that the rain is getting worse and observed many people in huts lying inside and the water pouring into their huts.He sensed trouble and ran with huge leaves which are lying there, by keeping on his head to the village sarpanch's house.He expalined the situation to the sarpanch,took keys of the community building,and with the help of young men evacuated the people under huts to the community building.That night rain turned to cyclone and many huts were damaged.But all thanked Rahul for his timely action which saved many lives. Reply

Aug 15, 2011 07:14 AM
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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Common Mistakes in TAT

How is this story admin???any mistakes? Reply

N

K

D

Aug 15, 2011 08:01 AM

anuj was a B.Sc Final year student.He was in his college football team.he used to practice in the college till 6pm.one day he has to reach on his sister's birthday celebration in evening by 7pm.And he has to be in practice since he was to play a important match next day.while returning weather went bad.he waited in the college for weather to be clear.but after 7pm he moved on to his house.Passing through bad weather he reached his house half hour late.And they celebrated his sisters birthday. Reply

N Reply

K

D

Aug 15, 2011 08:05 AM

@Admin: Sir,Is this story fine for CDSE level.

ADMIN

Aug 15, 2011 08:39 AM

Niraj first of all there is no CDSE level or xyz level of TAT. Coming to your story, its not even average I am sorry but its not showing any quality and maturity. 1. Anuj was in football team but in the picture there is nothing relevant to football, like a jersey and shorts or football shoes Anuj carrying after practice . Its a very irrelevant theme and imagination. 2 Anju waited till till 7pm because of bad weather but why did he went on in a bad weather, he could do this earlier also, so why did he waited for so long? 3 There is no difficulty faced by the Anuj to reach home. on the whole 3 out of 10 Reply

ADMIN

Aug 15, 2011 08:43 AM

Ajay , very good story . good points : 1 Rahul is aware of rain and he took a shelter to protect himself. 2 Rahul reacted quickely after observing that climate is getting worse. 3 Rahul took quick possible action to protect villagers . 4. This story shows a practice possibility and maturity. 8 out of 10 Reply

D

S

Aug 15, 2011 09:34 AM

Sonu was preparing for his final exam. While studying late night, he got persistent knock at his doors. His neighbour, an old lady approached him for getting help as his son was suffering from high fever. He assured her and left for a local doctor who was residing in the neighbouring village. On the way, he faced with inclement weather
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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Common Mistakes in TAT

followed by heavy rain and thunderstorm. He continued his journey and reached the doctor's house. As doctor was reluctant to attend the patient mid night , he convinced and persuaded him to leave for the patient. They reached his neighbour's house on time and doctor gave the necessary medication which relaxed him to some extent. He then, escorted the doctor to his house and thanked him. The very next morning, he took the patient to the district hospital which was 20 km away. Sonu was preparing for his final exam. While studying late night, he got persistent knock at his doors. His neighbour, an old lady approached him for getting help as his son was suffering from high fever. He assured her and left for a local doctor who was residing in the neighbouring village. On the way, he faced with inclement weather followed by heavy rain and thunderstorm. He continued his journey and reached the doctor's house. As doctor was reluctant to attend the patient mid night , he convinced and persuaded him to leave for the patient. They reached his neighbour's house on time and doctor gave the necessary medication which relaxed him to some extent. He then, escorted the doctor to his house and thanked him. The very next morning, he took the patient to the district hospital which was 20 km away. Reply

Aug 15, 2011 09:35 AM

Aditya was aggricultre student in pune,After completting his garduation aditya went to his villege,RAMPUR ,.he was very happy to meet his faimly and his old frnds. when he was goin to meet his friend, he jus observed that the farm which were not lookng gud due to improper planning.so he decided to explain all people about the agriculture .next mornning he asked all farmers of villege to gather in ground. After that aditya exaplain them few very important points about farming. all people were very impressed by him and decided to apply those tips.after a few month farmers were very happy to see the result.by seing this aditya was very happy with his work and decided to start a monthly lecture about farming in villege. Reply

D

S

Aug 15, 2011 09:43 AM

Hey admin.. How is this story?i've accidentally pasted the story twice in the comment box. Please ignore it and rate my story please Reply

Aug 15, 2011 09:58 AM Thanq Admin.Your comment is a booster to me. Reply

ADMIN

Aug 15, 2011 10:05 AM

Dilip very well done.Its has almost every possible qualities . But still you can put some more points, here doctor will only come with him if he has a proper safety transport or any other source , so mention it also. 9 out of 10 Reply

ADMIN

Aug 15, 2011 10:10 AM

Gaurav again the theme is same and the most common mistake which candidates do. Aditya is teaching villager farmers how to do farming, a boy who is just an agriculture student telling experienced villager about farming. Villagers are doing farming since Aditya was a small kid. " it also shows that your thinking is villagers are not so efficient in farming " which is
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Explainoexpo - Word Association Test | WAT in SSB | Psychology | Indian A

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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES I I C A F A P

CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C E O PIQ F CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY I S A -R F ASSISTANCE . ? L Q T W

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COMMENTS
1 2

#13 4

2012-01-22 20:48

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#10 Q

2011-06-08 22:59

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WAT (Word Association Test) : Practice Set
1. Attitude 2. Always 3. Education 4. Failure 5. Fear 6. Team 7. Money 8. Tough 9. Picnic 10. Regular 11. Worry 12. Happy 13. Problem 14. Success 15. Decision 16. Curiosity 17. Competition 18. Father -

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19. Victory 20. Stamina 21. Death 22. Lonely 23. Alone 24. Struggle 25. War 26. Faith 27. System 28. Plan 29. Solve 30. Detail 31. Together 32. Difficult 33. Decision 34. Respect 35. Nation 36. Peace 37. Compromise 38. Challenge -

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39. Impossible 40. Rights 41. Discipline 42. Careless 43. Love 44. Climb 45. Life 46. work 47. Prosperity 48. Fight 49. Mother 50. Responsible 51. Team 52. Danger 53. Advance 54. Lead 55. War 56. Character 57. Education 58. Newspaper -

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59. Program 60. Tiredness 61. Conference 62. Correct 63. Enjoy 64. Leader 65. Alert 66. Method 67. Defeat 68. Coward 69. Governor 70. Honor 71. Travel 72. Democracy 73. Plan 74. Irresponsible 75. Rigid 76. Persuade 77. Hate 78. Help -

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79. Struggle 80. Discipline 81. Courage 82. Understand 83. Revolution 84. Joy 85. Hard 86. Give 87. Knowledge 88. Adventure 89. Goal 90. Arrangement 91. Accommodate 92. Teacher 93. Bank 94. All 95. Uniform 96. Judgment 97. Loyal 98. Convince -

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99. Persuade 100. Relax 101. Continuous 102. Happiness 103. Hardwork 104. Book 105. Bluff 106. Allow 107. Helpless 108. Curious 109. Close 110. Sportsmen 111. Hint 112. Improvement 113. Drink 114. Conquest 115. Hurdle 116. Movement 117. Fellow 118. Clothes -

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119. Company 120. Award 121. Adventurous 122. Exaggerate 123. Dispute 124. Clever 125. Alone 126. Important 127. Lend 128. Complaint 129. Battle 130. Mad 131. Meet 132. Impress 133. Beat 134. Notice 135. Picnic 136. Junior 137. Curse 138. Opportunities -

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139. Politeness 140. Read 141. Danger 142. Interpretation 143. Union 144. Popular 145. Mischief 146. Literacy 147. Unity 148. Protect 149. Necessity 150. Make 151. Up To Date 152. Nation 153. Nervous 154. Merit 155. Behavior 156. Represent 157. Obey 158. Newspaper -

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159. Conscience 160. Election 161. Overcome 162. Recognition 163. Excuse 164. Rank 165. Poor 166. Encouraging 167. Difficult 168. Attempt 169. Cancel 170. Best 171. Against 172. Aggressive 173. Beat 174. Careless 175. Boys 176. Attract 177. Curse 178. Definite -

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179. Call 180. Beauty 181. Disturb 182. Difference 183. Childhood 184. Capable 185. Dream 186. Divide 187. Enter 188. Compile 189. Fear 190. Judge 191. Good 192. Cruel 193. Kill 194. Notice 195. Girl 196. Herd 197. Last 198. Patriotism -

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199. Rule 200. Inferior 201. Match 202. Graduate 203. Tease 204. Mood 205. Save 206. Welcome 207. Dead 208. Friend 209. Defence 210. Competition 211. Father 212. Stamina 213. Faith 214. System 215. Difficult 216. Responsible 217. Climb 218. Character -

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219. Coward 220. Courage 221. Reward 222. Alone 223. Picnic 224. Politeness 225. Danger 226. Democracy 227. Uniform 228. Curious 229. Admire 230. Graduation 231. Imagination 232. Aspiration 233. Revolution 234. Family 235. Important 236. Career 237. Irritate 238. Limit -

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239. Overcome 240. Limit 241. Command 242. Jealous 243. Fool 244. Confidence 245. Money 246. Definite 247. Attempt 248. Inference 249. Challenge 250. Motivation 251. Rest 252. Failure 253. Shy 254. Efficiency 255. Puzzle 256. Stamina 257. Tired 258. Death -

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259. Sister 260. Greed 261. Risks 262. Active 263. Temper 264. Risk 265. Dream 266. Give 267. Untouchability 268. Company 269. Future 270. Judge 271. Behavior 272. Detail 273. Desire 274. Difference 275. Delay 276. Persuade 277. Regular 278. Mend -

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279. Bold 280. Hard 281. Nervous 282. Clothes 283. Done 284. Thank 285. Duty 286. Quick 287. Criticism 288. Conflicts 289. Fight 290. Poor 291. Teacher 292. Efforts 293. Wife 294. Brother 295. Home 296. Life 297. Society 298. Rank -

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299. Uniform 300. Home 301. Sex 302. Light 303. Sleep 304. Heat 305. Firm 306. Power 307. Gun -

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SITUATION REACTION TEST
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GUIDELINES
W Y . T .T , . A . OLQ . F .

Piece of Ad ice
Candidate should aim to attempt all the question in giv en time constraint. But, if at an point of time candidate feels that he is not able to do so then atleast he should completel answer the questions which he will going to attempt. Remember, run for qualit and not for quantit .

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COMMENTS
1 2 3

#21 Anish G H

2012-01-11 10:50

.....Q

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#20 Anish G W .

2012-01-11 10:48

....S . Q

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#19 bhai aji

2012-01-01 15:51

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The answer to the SRT will therefore reflect the aspirant s power of understanding, practical ability, initiative, temperament, imagination, resoluteness, social behaviour, consistency, stability under stress in varying conditions. The psychologist is mainly interested to observe, whether the aspirant reveals a co-operative attitude or a negative or obstructive behaviour, whether he places the group before self interest. If you critically analyse the questions, you will notice that the answer being given has invariably some relation to one of these aspects. Therefore, carefully ensure that your choices are and the answer reveals your attitude. Mainly, you have to sacrifice your personal interest to general or group interest. Finally,be careful to avoid contradictions and co-relate the answers with the statements you have made in the questionnaire. If you have given your hobby as hiking or trekking, then you must be able to answer the questions related to trekking with certain knowledge,as compared to others.

How SRT can be tackled? “One has to enter into the problem, bail out the problem and draw the solution with the resources available by observing and imagining”. SRT is another projective technique to assess human personality traits. One will actually indicate his presence in choosing a particular course of action under a given situation. The time stress has been purposely introduced to ensure that aspirant is bound to record his actions without detailed and prolonged deliberations. No special intelligence or technical
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skill is required to answer theses questions.

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H t d eli ST o o o l n R?
Intermix of many qualities are revealed. These major qualities are – There are two components to solve the problem and to do well in SRT –
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Perception: For perception, you know knowledge and information about various agencies, their role and your role in the organization. Problem: One problem is associated with aspects of life. Let us exemplify the above as under – Situation - He wants to marry Saleema Bano, but she is from different religion, both the parents are quarrelling and there is apprehension of riots. He... Solution – Immediately situation with both parents, elders,discuss the merits and demerits and reach an amicable statement.

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A solution has to bring out the display of your personality through actions and reactions which spell your leadership qualities to come. You must bring solution to a problem. Assessment of situation is more important rather than offering a solution. Certain element will qualify the crisis. Level of problems and solutions both are interrelated.The important aspect to draw the solution is –

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Source : M Appointment with a Ps chologist b Krish Nair & Anoop T.

You might also like: SRT [Situation Reaction Test] Freshers Vs Repeaters in SSB Interview THE PSYCHOLOGICAL TESTING Instructions for SRT AFCAT Syllabus
LinkWi hin

Posted by ADMIN at 7:54 AM Labels: Psychological test, SRT

4 comments:
Roban Sep 5, 2011 01:47 AM Sir, need help for GD.....how 2 begin.....does v hav 2 express our views in line wise order.....n how 2 reach a conclusion ....it'll be very gud if u post a full GD conducted SSB Reply

ADMIN

Sep 5, 2011 05:12 AM

Roban GD will be on the current affairs , you just need to have knowledge about the subject. Express your ideas and thought is a polite manner and do not oppose others on their thinking. Try to speak as much as you know but allow others to speak also. Include interesting facts about the topic and create interest among the listeners. Reply

Alok Jan 8, 2012 01:02 AM
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Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
You are required to Solve 60 Situation (Questions) in 30 minutes. Write Your Solutions in Booklet Provided. Do Not Mark anything in this Test Booklet.
1. While traveling by train he went to toilet. On his return to his seat he found his briefcase missing. He.. 2. He received conflicting orders from his two superior officers. He.. 3. He was appointed captain of basketball team but other players revolted against his appointment. He.. 4. An epidemic spread in the village due to poor hygiene conditions. He.. 5. While he discussed his viewpoints others did not listen to him carefully. He.. 6. He noticed a car moving with high speed running over a child on the road. He.. 7. A fellow passenger fell from a running train. He.. 8. His parents wanted him to marry a wealthy and less educated girl, but he had already found a suitable educated girl for himself. He.. 9. He made a silly mistake and his friend pointed it out. He.. 10. He heard his neighbor screaming ‘thief – thief’ at mid night. He.. 11. A fellow passenger in the train objected to his smoking being an offence in public place. He.. 12. He reached home from office and saw his house on fire. He.. 13. He was going to Delhi for an interview but realized after one hour that he has boarded a wrong train. He.. 14. While he was going up in a lift the electric power supply failed. He.. 15. While he was hosting a dinner to his friends in a hotel he realized that he has forgotten his wallet at home. He.. 16. His friends came to borrow the book from which he was preparing for next morning paper. He.. 17. He was appointed to supervise evening games in the college but he was staying far away. He.. 18. He proposed to invite a political leader to preside over the annual day celebration but others were against it. He.. 19. He had undergone a major surgical operation but there was no one to look after. He.. 20. His parents were insisting on his early marriage but he wanted to take up a job first. He.. 21. He realized that his seniors were giving step-motherly treatment to him. He.. 22. Hearing an unusual sound at night he woke up and found a thief jumping out of his window. He.. 23. He was going to attend SSB interview. On reaching the Railway Station he noticed that his suitcase has been stolen with his original certificates needed at SSB. He.. 24. While he was traveling on his scooter, someone at gunpoint demanded his purse. He.. 25. He went to college but rowdy students told him to boycott the class. He..

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26. His father had a dispute with his uncle on landed property. He.. 27. He wanted to borrow money for his sister’s marriage. The relative who assured him, declined to lend him at the time of marriage. He.. 28. He was going on a bicycle in thick jungle. It was already dark and his destination was 10 Km away. His cycle got punctured. He.. 29. He went to buy a ticket to travel by rail. On getting the ticket he found that his purse was missing. He.. 30. While he was in a jungle in Nagaland, he saw six Nagas with lathis rushing to him. He.. 31. He was appointed Langar Commander. The dal has often been having stones which was complained by the dining members. He.. 32. He didn’t do well in written test of SCO Commission. His friends advised him not to venture in future. He.. 33. He was traveling in a train on reserved seat. A fellow passenger claimed to have the same seat on his reservation ticket. He.. 34. He won a lottery of rupees one lakh. He.. 35. His two school going children frequently missed the classes. He.. 36. He was going to the market and he noticed a car and a tonga collide with each other. He.. 37. He was asked to organize a picnic to a nearby historical place. He.. 38. On returning to his barrack from the firing range, he found that his friend had brought 20 rounds of 7.62 mm SLR. He.. 39. A helicopter crashed in the vicinity of his unit lines. He.. 40. He saw a rifle disc lying in the football field of his company. He.. 41. A speeding motor truck ran over a man as he happened to pass by. He.. 42. He was on a boat and he noticed mid stream water entering in the boat. He.. 43. He and his sister were passing through a thick forest on a scooter. The scooter had stopped at gunpoint for ransom. He.. 44. He was called upon to organize a variety entertainment show in aid of Jawans’ welfare in his unit. He.. 45. Due to financial difficulties his father couldn’t support him for further studies after he passed his metric examination. He.. 46. Demand of a loan from his close relative was urgent whereas he needed the same money for his son’s hostel admission. He.. 47. He entered the bathroom and notices a black cobra hanging from the ceiling of the roof. He.. 48. Recently his younger brother had become arrogant. So He.. 49. While he was watching cinema he suddenly noticed smoke coming out of cinema hall. The viewers started running causing stampede. He.. 50. His father had borrowed some money for his higher studies which he could not pay back. So He..

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51. While passing through a mountainous track he was challenged by two persons with weapons in their hands. He.. 52. He had to appear in an exam. On reaching the city, he noticed that curfew had been clamped. He.. 53. He was captain of basketball team and his team was about to loose in the final. He.. 54. After marriage, his in-laws forced him to leave the job. He.. 55. His parents often irritated him with their orthodox ideas about the role of women in a society. He.. 56. At the time of interview, he found that his certificates were missing. He.. 57. When he observed that his friend was having some suspicion on him. He.. 58. He had already decided to vote for a particular candidate whereas his friends wanted his commitment for the other candidate. He.. 59. His colleagues advised him to be tactful with his boss. He.. 60. He happened to be present at a bus stop when a child who was with his mother was hit by a speeding motorbike and was injured seriously. He..

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Situation Reaction Test : 1 1) His captain was injured before the crucial match, has was asked to lead the team? He........ 2) He was on his way to home and suddenly it started raining heavily? He 3) You are an officer posted at the border and suddenly shelling happens from the other side, you.... 4) You are at unknown city and u lost your purse. You need money. As a stranger to the place how will u manage? 5) Your brother wants to get admitted in a medical college but his marks fall short by 1% to be Eligible for admission. You would.... 6) You have to go to a city with cash for work but the way is dangerous as dacoits...... how will u manage to go? 7) He was travelling by a train and suddenly a person snatches purse from a lady and jumps out of the train. He............. 8) You are going to sign a contract suddenly u got news that one of your friend who had helped you once met an accident and is in ICU. you................... 9) He had boarded a wrong train and came to know only when he was asked to pay money to TT. He...... 10) He saw his girlfriend walking with another person on his way. He... 11) He was on his way to railway station to catch a train; suddenly a car passes by and throws a person out of the running car. He.................... 12) He was driving the bike without helmet and the traffic police caught him. He.......... 13) He was asked to organize the farewell party. He............. 14) He was ironing his clothes when suddenly he received an electric shock and he noticed the wire burning. He..... 15) He was in charge of wireless board in a sailing ship which unfortunately lost its communication with the coast. He........ 16) In a discussion with your colleagues, you find your losing ground, you….... 17) He was to appear for an exam and all of a sudden the curfew was imposed in that area, he.........

18) He went for the picnic with his friends and on the way he had hot arguments with them. He..... 19) There is a person who sells smuggled goods. You too, like many others, have purchased a wrist watch from him. But it doesn't work. You........ 20) Just two days before the semi-finals of the bridge tournament, his partner was called by his parents and had to go out of station for an urgent work. He........ 21) He was rather young when his father was killed in the war and later mother kidnapped by the rival group. He had no other relative. He............. 22) You are on the way to your home suddenly your bicycle got punctured. You….. 23) He urgently needed of money. He... 24) During d exams his teacher threatened him to fail in examination. He……. 25) You are getting late in reaching meeting. You would... 26) You find your hostel roommate not very friendly with you. You..... 27) Your mom is seriously ill and your boss doesn't grant u leave. You……… 28) He was wondering why most of the officers in India were corrupt and he......... 29) He was trying long jump, in school sports day, and injured his ankle. He................ 30) He was to marry a rich girl chosen by his father but he did not like her. He........... 31) His friend was copying from book in examination hall. He.................. 32) During a trekking trip, he was left alone in the jungle. He.................. 33) He was weak in studies, and knew that he could not do well in his education. He............. 34) He was going for the SSB and on the way he saw a person seriously injured and nobody was there to help him .He…….. 35) Your brother is facing charges for the murder which he really committed. You......... 36) He was crossing a flooded nala in his boat and suddenly lost his control. He...... 37) He was travelling to his SSB centre, and just before reaching the station, he found that his suitcase is lost. 38) He.................

39) He was all set for SSB but unfortunately there was a sad demise of his family member. He.... 40) He was playing out door and his brother got seriously 40) He was playing out door and his brother got seriously injured and it started to rain heavily. He............... 41) He had exams the next day and the road to his school was flooded with continuous rain for last two days. He...................... 42) While in discussion, his friend shouted at him, that he don't know anything. He....... 43) While passing by he found two people sneaking at a house from the window. He............. 44) He was walking on a dark street with his girl friend then suddenly ten armed people came and started harassing his girl friend the next police station was ten km away. He... 45) His friend was always quarrelling with him and the papers were near. He..... 46) His boss gives a peace of work and orders him to follow his instructions to complete the work, but the work is difficult to finish within time. He............ 47) He see a snake moving near to the bed where his younger brother is sleeping, when he enters his room.He…… 48) If some of your friend cracks a joke on you in presence of your girlfriend, what will you do... 49) You received an urgent order from your commander. But you feel that order passed on to you is wrong. What will u do…. 50) While shooting a film, terrorists kidnapped the heroine. You are in charge of the 'check post ' nearby the scene. What will you do… 51) Country young men are not interested in joining defense forces. What incentive would you offer to lure them..... 52) You are moving along with a convoy to forward area and sitting at the back of the vehicle. You saw a flag car is speeding fast. What will u do.... 53) An airplane crashed in a field nearby your battalion area. You are battalion commander. What steps would you take at such a critical juncture....... 54) He was watching a movie in the cinema hall. He sees a snake in front of his legs. He..... 54) He was watching a movie in the cinema hall. He sees a snake in front of his legs. He..... 55) You are a handsome, smart and brave young 'army officer'. You fall in love with the girl of

another community. But your parents oppose the proposal .what you do... 56) What if you and your friend fall in love with the same girl… 57) You heard rumors that enemy is likely to attack d country. As a serving soldier what u do... 58) A stocky built ruffian snatched the chain of wife of a soldier. You are passing by what you do( person is stronger than you and you are empty handed and there is no third person n u don't have even your mobile) 59) You have been invited for dinner by one of your friend and you are also required to attend Regimental 'Bara- Khana'.you…….. 60) You are in second year of comp. engineering. But now you find it hard to complete your degree. You……. 61) You are driving a car on highway at full speed suddenly brakes fail. You..... 62) Light in your colony suddenly goes off due to rain n storm. You.......... 63) You are in train and lost your purse with money. You…… 64) You are travelling by bus engine catches fire. You….. 65) Mr. X doesn't agree with suggestions put forward by you. You……… 66) Your friend dies in a drowning tragedy. You……. 67) In The Company of strangers you feel............ 68) You opposed strike in college and you are beaten up by strikers (your colleagues). You……. 69) You had a hot discussion with your friend on a certain point. Later u found that your friend was correct. You…….. 70) Your joke was well meant but still your friend became angry. You……. 71) In free period u wanted to study but your friends were continuously disturbing you. you... 72) Some passenger shook you out of sleep and asked for some money because he was pickpocketed 73) And with that ticket also gone......... 74) You went to Nagaland and some Naga's confronted you. You… 75) You are given a job you not interested in. You…….

76) The scooter you were driving dashed against a truck and you are thrown in to a ditch with serious wounds. You……. 77) You did something wrong what you shouldn't have done. You…….. 78) You are a horse rider. Once the horse went out of control. You…….. 79) In a fit of anger your friend hit you. You…….. 80) While hunting you and your brother lost way in dark (night) in jungle and you have no light. You…….. 81) In your village two leading parties got in conflict during sarpanch election......... 82) You are serving under two senior officers who always give conflicting orders.......... 83) Whenever your opinion differs from others. You........ 84) You were called for interview for a job you badly needed. But same day was your final exam............... 85) You had boarded a wrong train and only two minutes were left for the right train to start.............. 86) Generally people don't listen to his argument. He.......... 87) As cricket match was on, a fight suddenly started between the sympathizers of the rival team. As the captain he............. 88) You saw a small boy pushing another into water pool.......... 89) You fall seriously ill just before final exam. You…… 90) While playing hockey match he twisted his ankle badly............. 91) You are in cinema watching movie and theatre screen caught fire............. 92) You were doing tuition (weak financial condition)...but as exam came nearer you found that You were poorly prepared................. 93) While canvassing for a particular candidate in election you were threatened by opposition.................... 94) Severe drought conditions were prevailing in your district............ 95) You were going to examination hall and suddenly surrounded by 2 police man...........

96) You recently joined active services and felt that you r given too much work...... 97) You are travelling an auto which collides with a car and car driver starts beating auto driver.........what you do........... 98) What happens when a person breaks a curfew and comes out.(or protests coming out) 99) You were finding it hard to convince your friends over correctness of your stand 100) You were going for a walk and suddenly confronted by two gonads' (You r empty handed).......... 101) The appointed day of his sister's wedding had arrived but his father was held up in U K. So he................ 102) Due to cyclone his family lost all their possession and needed a fresh start. As the eldest son he........... 103) On your 1st visit to a snow bound area you saw a man being buried under snow. You …… 104) You were not a good swimmer, still being persuaded by your friend you go for swimming in river. You stayed in shallow water your friend went mid stream and suddenly got caught in whirlpool. You…… 105) The sea was very rough and it was night. Ship duty officer fell in sea while taking a round. What you do……. 106) Some people tried to harass his mother. So he……… 107) During blackout exercises, you were scout on duty. But one rich man was adamant on keeping his lights on. You…. 108) His father needed treatment and he was short of money. He…… 109) You had gone hunting with your friends. They were in forest and they could not be traced. You……. 110) You were on picnic where a boy (not your friend) stole mangoes and the gardener came out with stick. You…….. 111) Four of them decided to go on foot from Dehradoon to Mussoorie but that day it started raining and they were told the mountains slopes would be slippery. So he………. 112) You went to library for a very urgent book and found that all its copies were already issued to others. You……. 113) It was night and train at high speed when a huge built man with pistol entered his

compartment and tried to take his suit case. He…. 114) In an informal discussion you always……… 115) He was not getting enough salary for his job. He……. 116) To an angel grants a wish to you. What would You desire for………. 117) You won a lottery of 1000000. What you do…… 118) What sort of programme you would like to watch on TV……….. 119) You went to cinema but you noticed 'house full' what you do……… 120) He is superseded for promotion, although he feels he is fit for promotion in all respects. He …… 121) You appeared in a competitive exam and you noticed that the minister's son (who was in your examination hall) got a copy of solution from outside………. 122) He feels disguised as people with whom he deals are not co-operative but self-centered. He………. 123) He wants to do something new. What will be his next step………… 124) A person on his 1st day of SSB gets a call letter from a company to come for interview next day (can't be postponed, and you want that job). He……… 125) His boss reprimanded him in presence of others. What will b his reaction……….. 126) While traveling you found your suitcase missing from the seat. You……. 127) Your friends' are having heated arguments over a point. You……… 128) You caught a pick-pocket red-handed. What you do…….. 129) You were driving at high speed. And suddenly some person is runned over by your car and he died. You… 130) At night at railway station you entered an empty train. You found that a person was raping a woman. You… 131) He chooses a career. What will b his choice……… 132) You consider the best recreational activity as…….. 133) He is not satisfied with life. State reasons………..

134) He feels unhappy when………… 135) While choosing his life partner, his criteria of selection will be… 136) You feel that world can move towards peace if………….. 137) He thinks that he is more intelligent. Give reasons………… 138) He lost election. Why… 139) In order to produce better results in his organization what measures he should take……….. 140) He desires to make national plans a great success for nation what should he do…. 141) In order to help poor he has keen desire. To have good collection of money, what he should do……… 142) You are college cricket team captain. The opening batsman is the brother of the college goon. He's not been performing. You have the option of dropping him for the time being and getting a substitute. You… 143) You are walking down the road one fine afternoon and a man steals a lady's hand bag and in the process stabs the lady. You… 144) You are going to market with your sister and some boys start doing mischief with her. You… 145) You are a team leader while on a rock climbing expedition. While you are on pick on of your mates slips his hand and falls down. You… 146) Working under two commanding officers which are passing conflicting orders then what will you do....? 147) He is sitting on chair studying, there's a snake right behind his chair and he suddenly looks back. He... 148) He cracked a joke on one of his friends and his friend got angry so he... 149) He is studying for final year exam in night. He saw two masked persons entering the neighbors' house. He... 150) He and his friends are standing in doorway of train. As the train starts, a friend falls off. He... 151) Some people are abusing his old mother. He... 152) He is new in Ngaland. He gets lost in a jungle and sees armed Nagas, he...

153) He lost his purse in train compartment, he... 154) Epidemic is broken in his village and people have started moving out of their houses, he... 155) He and his friends are travelling from a speedy train when his friend looks out of window and gets hit by a pole. He... 156) He is in final year BA and his father lost the job. He... 157) While climbing an ice covered mountain, the leader decides to take steep climb and a friend falls in a ditch. He... 158) He is new in a town and doesn't know the local language, he... 159) His money is lost and he is new in town. He... 160) His professor asked him to arrange for a picnic. He... 161) They are climbing a steep wall with the help of ropes and some of them reach the top, when the rope gives away, he... 162) His father and uncle quarrel over his intended inter-caste marriage, he... 163) He is forced to vote for a candidate not of his choice. He... 164) He is a student of final year and his father expires. Uncle throws him out of the house. He... 165) Two of his seniors are always against each other and give him conflicting orders, he... 166) The leader of his trekking team decides to take a longer route when time is running out, he... 167) In his train compartment, two gunmen force passengers to give their belongings. He... 168) He is travelling in train and he lost his money. He... 169) They decide to give a treat to their retiring professor. He wants to give a dinner party whiles his friends want just a tea-party. He... 170) Exams are coming near and he falls seriously ill. He... 171) He and his father were going on a scooter when they met with an accident. Both of them get hurt but his father is severely injured and on calling for help no turns up, he... 172) He works too hard in his family but also wants to study further. He... 173) On a ship doing his duty, he sees fumes and smoke coming out of a cabin. He...

174) He is a prefect in his hostel. He notices two of his friends French bunking, he... 175) He was forced to join the Railways but he was really not interested. He... 176) He saw a truck hit a cyclist on highway, he... 177) All his family members are ill and his father is out of town. There is no money in the home. He... 178) He doesn't find a subject interesting to study so he... 179) On opening the door of his bathroom in his room he finds a big snake hanging from the ceiling. He... 180) He returns late in night from NCC camp. His step mother doesn't let him in. He...

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e >> Defe ce >> SSB P e a a i I dia A I dia Ai F ce I dia Na I dia C a G a d Pa a ii a F ce Defe ce Ca ee Defe ce A a d Fea e Defe ce Tech SSB P e a a i SSB I e ie Defe ce Ne Defe ce J b Defe ce Li g

Defence India

SELF APPRAISAL E e ca dida e i be a ed i e a f- a ai a d i g he ch Thi i be he a a f he P ch gica e . The ai f hi i c i ab - e f ega di g edge ab - e f. The a headi g de hich i be a ed gi e a) Wha i e a i i ab e f? b) Wha d e ae hi f ? c) Wha d e be f ie d hi ab ? d) Wha d e e e hi f ? e) Wha d e eache hi f ? f) Wha a e g i ? g) Wha a e ea i ? h) Wha a e he a i ie d i e de e ? Tips: G e a ic. S gge ed headi g : i) Ab a e a d ace f bi h a d fa i bac g ii) Ph ica A ib e i ) S cia C ac ) Ed ca i i) E a c ic a ac i i ie , achie e e ii) Y ai a d g a . B h h e a d g e iii) Re igi PSYCHOLOGICAL TEST QUESTIONNAIRE D a dD @ SSB SELF APPRAISAL WHAT TO FOLLOW G Pa i g he a gica e . a e
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An e ample of Self-Appraisal Ab a e a d ace f bi h: I a b a d b gh a C i ba e, a ba hi i he e e a f Ta i Nad . M a e a e de a e ed ca ed. We be g a idd e c a fa i . M fa he i a b i e a a d he i a h I ha e a e de b he h i i g a a f a e e gi ee i PUNE. Ph sical Aspects: I a Medi b i , a d 5 fee 8 i che a . A I ed i e e a da ed eg a e e ci e I a h ica fi . I d ha e a e i e ce f e i ai e . I g f J ggi g e e I a die . E e i g e h f ac i i ee e i ha e. Social Contacts: I ha a a e e b a aca i ih C i ba e. I i e chec ca a dh eighb h d. e ife.

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. Education: I , .A / .I .I .I BE E , O E tra curricular activities: S NCC. I R 26 J A 11 V 2002. ,I C , S , U O N .T 14 .I , "DO IT TODAY L " .T I I .I D I ' ,I [ , E , .I PSG E C .I I 285 300 .M A F T B . .I _________. I

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2/7/12

Explainoexpo - Self Description Test | SDT in SSB | Psychology | Indian Arm

they say I spent more time with friends, but I manage time effectively and convince them. This is for the first heading of SDT please tell me if any changes required Reply Like 20 December 2011 at 13:51 Santosh Pande Indra Gandhi National Open University - IGNOU

Saurav Mishra - parents has to be requested not convinced. conviced is used for friends persuade is used for juniors. rest all u can apply ur mind Reply Like 1 January at 06:24 Vande Mataram Works at Ssbcrack Check here http://ssbcrack.blogspot.com/#. Reply Like 9 August 2011 at 00:33 Manish Kumar Singh Makhanlal Chaturvedi National University of Journalism SIR CAN U SUGGEST FOR SELF DESCRIPTION TEST FOR SSB...... Reply Like 28 July 2011 at 10:38 Santosh Pande Indra Gandhi National Open University - IGNOU

dig out your own qualities let it be small and strengths. On the basis of that apply ornamental words. "D on ot tell lie.. they are highly qualified and u cannot make them fool. Reply Like 1 January at 06:23
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What is SDT ??
The elf de c ip ion e , al o kno n a elf app ai al i he la pa of he p cholog . The name of he e i elf define i meaning i.e. he candida e ha o de c ibe him elf. SDT i ba ed pon kno ning h elf and in hi e candida e can i e abo him elf - hi me i , deme i and ha hi f iend and o he hink abo him, i ho an e ic ion . Infac , SDT help he p chologi in aking he confi ma ion of he a e ed pe onali (ba ed on TAT, WAT & SRT) of he candida e and help him in kno ing he fai in igh of he candida e.

What to do in SDT ??
In SDT, candida e i a ked o i e hi pa en ' opinion, eache ' opinion, f iend' opinion and elf opinion of him elf. The ime gi en fo elf app ai al i 15 min . Mo eo e , candida e ho ld gi e a e pic e of hi pe onali o he i e p chologi can ca ch him ed handed.

RULES
The o al ime d a ion of SDT i 15 min . Candida e ha o i e hi app ai al fo each heading hich ha been a ked b him.

Action Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
To e cel in Self De c ip ion Te , one ho ld keep a check of follo ing poin :-

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Explainoexpo - Self Description Test | SDT in SSB | Psychology | Indian Arm

A good self description requires introspection so that the candidate should come to know that what are his strengths and weaknesses. Never tr to hide or supress our weaknesses because if ou do so, then ou cannot get rid of our weaknesses. Alwa s give our strong and weak points, do not give our likes and dislikes. Establish our true picture and be careful to avoid contradictions with what ou might have written in the PIQ.

Usual Headings under which candidate is required to give his appraisal: -

(a) Pa en ' Opinion

(b) Teache ' Opinion

(c) F iend' Opinion

(d) Self Opinion

(e) Yo

S eng h

(f) Yo

Weakne

e

(g) Aim in Life

[+]

(h) Q ali ie

o

o ld like o de elop

The abov e mentioned are the v arious headings under which the candidate is asked to write his appraisal. So I would request each one of ou to prepare the SDT part in adv ance before going for the SSB and get sufficient practice b writing again and again sev eral times.
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Friends, this blog contains SSB interview tips,preparation,experience,procedures,questions,examples,link for SSB interview books,videos,elaborate description of psychological tests,group task process,PABT test,AFCAT Question papers,my SSB interview experience, SSB Interview dates and centres, defense jobs in India such as Army jobs,Navy jobs,Air Force jobs, Indian Coast Guard jobs,NDA Exam,CDSE Exam,NDA Question Papers,CDSE Question Papers etc.I hope that it will help you a lot.
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Self Description in SSB
Example for Self Description:Self Opinion:I am optimistic, candid, responsible boy. I want to do my things successfully. I am confident with my thinking and analysis that i can able to convince my surroundings with my points. I used to do exercise regularly to keep myself fit. The game now iam playing is table tennis. My hobbies are blogging. I want to satisfy my surrounding people upto my extent and want to keep them happy. Things i want to improve is , i want to develop my technical skills, also iam working on that now by putting extra time. Friends Opinion:My friends say me as practical person as i put forward my points as outspoken. They feel happy and secured when iam with them, since i can able to handle situations easily. They like my helping tendancy in education and all. Teachers Opinion:My teacher say me as an above average student in studies and good at obedience. Also they like my participating attitude in extra curricular activities. They say that iam good at mathematics and lovable person at class as i have lot of friends. Parents Opinion:My parents say me as responsible boy as i support my family after degree by going to job and also they have a lot of affection over me for giving them a good name in the society. They have belief over me that i wiill achive my aim to become a officer in armed forces, and they are giving full support for me to achieve that.

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2/7/12

Explainoexpo - Group Testing Officers (GTO) | GTO tasks in SSB | Indian Ar

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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES I dia Ai F ce I dia A Ca ee P CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C ac i g The W i e E a PIQ F CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY I dia A ed F ce ai ASSISTANCE Se i a - Regi ? Office Li e Q a i ie ec i e
Ma ank Dube Executive Trainee at Bajaj Allianz gto is the good way to asses your personality traits! its awsum. Reply
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1 Like 7 January at 22:32

Wha i GTO ?
GTO a a d f G Te i g Office a . The a e i e f ecifie i ea i g ha a ffice i g i g e ag f ca dida e f a e i g hei e ai ai b gi i g he a . GTO i he a e f he ec d ha e, hich i c d c ed 3 d a d 4 h da . Thi e i a diffe e f he a e (P ch g & I e ie ) b he idea i a e i.e. ea h e e e ai ai f he ca dida e a d a e he c fi a i f h e e ai ai hich ha e a ead bee a e ed b he ch gi a d he i e ie i g ffice . The a he e f he GTO a gi e a i e i he i d f he ca dida e, a if he i a di g i a a i g a ea i h hi ea . Ta ' d e i e ga e a he ha e . N d b ha a ae e i e ga e , b a i g he e a e i e a g ea dea f OLQ . The ef e, e ha be e ca ef hi e a i g he e a a d d he i h di ci i e.

Cha U e

i h Online
i e

Need Fo GTO Ta k ?
GTO a i he e i hich he ca dida e ge d a i ie . He i gi e a cha ce e e hi ca ibe i di id a a e a i g . The ef e hi e be a effec i e f he GTO (G Te i g Office ) a e he e ai f he ca dida e a d a e he c fi a i f he e ai ai hich ha e a ead bee a e ed b he ch gi a d i e ie i g ffice .

We ha e 76 g e J i cha

TRANSLATOR
Se ec La g age

GTO a k a e di ided in o follo ing

o:1/3

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Explainoexpo - Group Testing Officers (GTO) | GTO tasks in SSB | Indian Ar

INDOOR TASKS

GROUP DISCUSSION GROUP PLANNING EXERCISE

OUTDOOR TASKS
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PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK HALF GROUP TASK COMMAND TASK LECTURETTE INDIVIDUAL OBSTACLE GROUP OBSTACLE RACE / SNAKE RACE FINAL GROUP TASK

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Group Discussion Topics at SSB 2011
Friends, here i have collected some of the group discussion topics of SSB for the year 2011. Usually as we know two GD's are held at a stretch.One is about the current affairs in India or International. and the another one is about the common issue. Here i list out some of the topics. All the best

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18. Conversion of salt water to drinking water. 19. Free supplements during election time is good or bad. 20. Election commission in India, discuss with examples for its efficiency
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GD topics in SSB
The Group Discussion in SSB is the first task at SSB GTO tasks. Two GD's are conducted at a stretch, and the topic given for the first one is optional out of three, while the second one is compulsory. For the first GD three topics were given and we should discuss with our group to choose any one. While for the second one it is compulsory. The time given for each topic is approximately 15 to 20 minutes. Also note that the second topic i.e. compulsory topic given are mostly from the current issues only. I am telling from my experience in SSB's. So try to have a broad knowledge in the current issues by keeping an eye in the news papers and see the debate going on at news channels. Let we see some of the common topics for SSB.

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1. Naxallism. 2. Nuclear reactors in India 3. Is it good to quit nuclear reactors in India like germany. 4. Alternative source of energy other than nuclear reactors. 5. Nuclear agreement with U.S. 6. Nuclear agreement with Russia. 7. Does Nuclear head of pakistan a threat to India 8. World Peace. 9. Pros and Cons of Science. 10. Increase in technology increaes life span of man's life 11. Compulsory Army training. 12. 33% reservation for Women. 13. Youth in politics 14. Unempoyment in India 15. Alternative source of fuel. 16. Role of press in India

► 2010 (2) ► 2011 (110) ► February (3) ► ► March (2) ► ► May (8) ► ► June (25) ► ► July (12) ► August (43) ► Aug 01 (2) ► ► Aug 02 (1) ► ► Aug 06 (3) ► ► Aug 07 (6) ► ► Aug 09 (1) ► ► Aug 12 (9) ►

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► Aug 13 (9) ► Aug 15 (12) Group Discussion Topics at SSB 2011 Indian Navy Marcos Life at Indian Naval Academy Indian Navy Passing Out Parade Official Video of Indian Navy Indian Air Force My Passion Life at Indian Air Force Training Academy Life at Indian Air Force Training Academy Videos Indian Air Force Training Sukhoi SU - 30 MKI IAF Tejas IAF MIG 29 ► September (4) ► ► October (7) ► ► November (3) ► ► December (3) ► ► 2012 (9) ►

17. Permanent seat in UNO for India 18. Permanent seat in G8 for India 19. India the super power by Defense or Agriculture. 20. India in Space Research 21. Success rate of wind power and solar energy for power. 22. Compuer and its pros and cons. 23. Internet and its pros and cons. 24. T-20 cricket changes the cricket style. 25. Which is best Test match of T-20 26. Important of Sex Education. 27. Common syllabus for School in India 28. Common Entrance test 29. Ragging in college good or bad. 30. Wearing helmet at road. 31. Should India improve its defense technology or not. 32. Who saves nation more Police or Army. 33. BPO jobs in India. 34. Love marriage or Arranged marriage. 35. Co-Education in India. 36. Number one state in India - The Gujarat. 37. Removing of Alcoholism is a revenue loss for India. 38. Government bars in states of India is good or bad. 39. Populationof India. 40. Child growth is influenced by Friends, Teachers and Parents ? 41. Joining of Rivers in India. 42. Construction of check dams to save river water is successful? 43. Inflation Rate of economy in India. 44. Quota system in India 45. Kashmir issue and LOC. 46. Terrorism. 47. Role of Communication in India. 48. Sports in India. 49. Hocky the national game. 50. Domination of cricket over hockey.
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CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C E O PIQ F CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY I S A -R F ASSISTANCE ? L Q T W

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Action Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
T :-

Identif the t pe and number of problems in the situation
G :T M M . 3-4 .T

Assign priorities to the identified problems.
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Identif the available resources and hidden resources
I .F L T T T . . . . :-

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GPE is one of the very important part in GTO series, it is conducted next after GD, so being a initial test, GTO select particular candidates who shows there good planning abilities and a good sense of decision making in GPE, those candidates are tested by GTO with more interest in later part of test. Here SSBCRACK presenting one more situation for ou, we got ver less response in Last GPE hope this time we will come out with more and more wa to solve the situation, this GPE is ver interesting hope ou will like it. Details: You are a group of students (as many as in the group) of Shyamgarh college returning from Dinapur after winning the Dinapur District Volley Ball Championship. The victory celebrations in your college are to start at 7.30 PM. As you mini -bus stopped at the petrol pump - cum – garage to get the headlights of the minibus repaired, you saw the attendant lying in a pool of blood. He told you that some anti - social elements had beaten him up and left him dead before looting all the cash and cutting off the telephone

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wires. He had managed to overhear their conversation. They planned to exchange large consignment of drugs in return for Arms from a foreigner near the Rock at 6.45 PM. They had also removed the fish plates of both railway tracks on the bridge. You know that an express train crosses the bridge at 6.30 PM. Also two of their men were hiding near the ferry to kill Tota Ram of Badli Village who was a police informer. The ferry has a motor boat with a speed of 20 Kmph which the two men have planned to use for their escape later. After telling this the pump attendant falls unconscious. Just then one of your friends comes running from the mini- bus and tells you that he has to take the mini – bus back to the office of Dinapur College where your Silver Trophy and the medals have been left behind. The time now is 5.30 PM. What will you do? MAP

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25 comments:
Roban Jul 30, 2011 04:45 AM 1. Take d injured attendant 2 d nearest hospital by d bus going 2 dinapur leaving 5-6 students on d pump only 2. 1 of d students can go 2 inform d nearest railway dept 2 repair fish plates 3. 2 students should go 2 ferry so dat criminals can't escape 4.2 students can go 2 badi village 2 inform tota ram dat he was being threatened Reply

ADMIN

Jul 30, 2011 09:07 AM for the activities, like taking injured some time, also you can find other not be comfortable for a injured purpose.

Roban, also mention the approximate time required attendant two the nearest hospital by bus will take mode of transport(Taxi, Auto) because bus may person and Bus is a public transport not for private

you have divided the group but did not concluded it well, also make sure all the group members should meet up at a same point after dividing group...if possible you should attend victory celebration on time . Reply

vinm24 Jul 30, 2011 09:50 AM

Divide the group into 2 sub groups. proposed plan: 1)1 sub group will shift the injured person to the Badli village which will be having the facility of hospital.And will inform the police station of badli village about the tota ram killing plan.

2)other sub group via mini bus will head towards dinpur(a district) railway station to inform regarding removal of fish plates of railway tracks of the bridge.And inform coast guard via telephone regarding smuggling of drugs near the rock for further steps.Will inform the police station also to take necessary.

3)After collecting the trophy and medals which were left behind at dinpur college will move to shyamgarh college (will pick up the other sub group on the way). Reply

ADMIN

Jul 30, 2011 10:09 AM

Vinm nice attempt, but utilize 10 mins during GPE in SSB and try to elborate more how will you do the stuffs by explaining small things also like, time management , indicating directions , resource utilization... also own safety should be considered.. Reply

Vaishnav Jul 30, 2011 10:32 AM

1. a sub group (they must be informed to get back to the ferry if their missions are successful) of the students take the minibus and find a cab. one of them must get into the cab and take the injured guy to the nearest hospital and make arrangements to inform the proper authorities and move to the ferry if the police and authorities permits to . 2.the other guys on the minibus in the mean time must go back to dinapur and inform the railway office about the fish plate and in the mean time the other guy must inform coast guard abt th esmuggling befor 6 15 pm. get back the trophies and if time permits repair the headlight and make a move back to ferry. 3. the other group which stayed back at the petrol pump must gather some local people and tell about the smugglers plan to escape through the motor boat . with the
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help of the local make the boat unavailable for their escape. 4. the subgroups meet at ferry before 7 15 if the culprits are caught and everything else is safe then try to get back to shyamgarh colg as soon as possble . Reply

vinm24 Jul 30, 2011 11:04 AM Thank you sir.Will surely keep the mentioned things next time. Reply

ADMIN

Jul 30, 2011 11:15 AM

Vaishnav good effort but you need to improve a lot.. your planning is depends on various factors,like you have used following lines: "move to the ferry if the police and authorities permits to" in last line you have used " meet at ferry before 7 15 if the culprits are caught and everything else is safe" It shows weak planning, you have to catch them there is no 'If' and 'But'... another thing... Also try to provide first aid to the mechanic like try to stop his blood flow, else there is no use of going till hospital, use First Aid Kit in your mini bus... you are seeking permission from authority for no reason...if you inform coast guard then they will catch the ROCK Smugglers at the same time they will go to ferry and catch those 2 men hiding there to kill Tota Ram...coast guard is for handling situations, Also make sure you inform concerned railway authority so that no train runs until fish plates get repaired.

But you have utilized Villagers and that is the very good point..you still need to make a plan accordingly ..Hope you will do well in GPE 3 . :) Reply

Vaishnav Jul 30, 2011 09:52 PM thank you sir . I will definitely improve in GPE 3. Reply

Nishant Jul 30, 2011 11:18 PM

1-all students except one + attendant board bus.That one student to take the track path towards Badli village and inform Tota Ram of the threat and make him slip out of the village through the tracks ahead(they would not hurt the boy crossing the river so as not to raise an alarm..moreover they dont know of his intentions..) 2-all students except one to get off at TRACK-ROAD JUNCTION..this is about 2kms as per the given scale. 3-students to go to coast guards..about 1kms away on foot and inform them of the evil plans.. 4-coast guard calls up the railway stns on both side of the bridge to stop the incoming trains before they reach the bridge..(stns will wireless the train drivers if train has left) 5-coast guard TEAM1(on motorboat) raids the rock and captures both-the foreigner and drug dealers 6-coast guard TEAM2(on motorboat) moves and captures the goons at the ferry.. 7-the bus returning from Dinpur with the trophy picks up rest of the team at TRACKROAD junction after about 30mins it dropped them there..bcz 10km up travel+10km down travel from Dinpur..assuming bus traveld at min 40kmph(which usually buses
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travel at) 8-even if students board the bus latest at 6:45(after ensuring their plans had reached a successful conclusion)..the distance to travel to college wud b 2KMS(to petrol stn) + 10kms(to college)=12 kms in all... 7-students reach college well before 7:30 and at the celebrations narrate how they worked as a group to a very good cause.. :) Reply

ADMIN

Jul 30, 2011 11:33 PM

Nishant, very well planned, you have mentioned the timing in you planning which is very important..also the distance factor according to the speed of vehicle is very commendable . Keep it up... Reply

Roban Jul 31, 2011 02:36 AM @ admin - thanx fr d suggestions n guiding me bt i believe bus will be better 2 take d injured as it will take time 2 find other transport n bus z already going 2 dinapur plz correct me if em wrong Reply

ADMIN

Jul 31, 2011 08:00 AM

Roban there are many solution, just you need to find most accurate solution. Yes you can use bus if you think that its difficult to find any transport then use bus. Its all depends on our imagination. You are in a garage you must use and other vehicle from garage also to save mechanic's life.. Reply

Rajat Sharma Aug 2, 2011 09:42 AM Sir,we are waiting for your answer as well.So,please post the answer as per your observation. Reply

sunn

Aug 3, 2011 07:23 AM

we will divide the group into 3 subgroups where one subgroup contains only two members and the remaining two contains 4 each. 1.the group with 2 members will ask for the lift of any vehicle and they will take him to shyamgarh hospital doing first aid in the journey with the kit available in the minivan.they will reach there by 10 min.They will admit in hospital. 2.4 members will go to the ferry and they will reach the opposite side and inform the villagers about the criminals and try to catch them.Those four members again will catch tje ferry along with the villagers and they will go through the creek.It will take 30 minutes for them to reach the rail bridge.Two of them will gwt down and will try to prevent the train from coming by placing a red flag on the track which they will bring from the village. the other two will move through the ferry to the sea and will inform the coastguard about the smugglers.this will take about 15 more minutes from the overhead railway track. 3.The other batch will move in the minibus to ramgarh and will inform the railway authorities about the derailment.this will take approximately 20 min as the distance is
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nearly 15-20 km assuning they move at a speed of 60 kmph.

4.It will take another 20 minutes for the third batch to come to the flyover and will collect the remaining 4 who will return back in a ferry to that place. 5.the remaining two will catch a cab to come to that junction which may take 20 min for them. They will be having one hour time to reach their place Reply

RANJAN Aug 4, 2011 05:36 AM

Priorities: 1)Save the life of the attendant 2)Prevent the train from derailment 3)take tota ram to a safe place 4)get the culprits arrested 5)reach shyamgarh college by 7.30 with the trophy's n medals. Method: 1)Give 1st aid to the attendant available with the team in their bus n rush him 2 a hospital in shyamgarh. The 10 km journey wil take 15 min. 2)After hospitalizing the attendant rush to the shyamgarh railway station by taking a lift from a bike n inform the station master of the proceedings n situation. this activity will take 20 min.Rush the bus simultaneously to the police station n give them the information of the meeting of the culprits as well as gansters near the ferry.this wil take 10 mins.Thn move towards college n reach thr in nxt 10 min. 3)2 grp members go to tota ram on foot n bring him back to the metalled road after making the ferry inoperable so that the culprits can not flee.Hire an auto n take tota ram along to shyamgarh.they wil reach shyamgarh college in 20 mins. 4)4 people hire an auto from petrol pump and 1get downs at the bridge with a red cloth so that he can try his bit in case of no communication between shyamgarh station master n the driver and 1 member at the coast guards office to inform them abt the deal n men near the ferry.The police in coordination with the coast guards wil take care of the culprits then 5)take the auto back to dinapur village,collect the medals n trophy's n also the members dropped at coast guards office,railway bridge and reach college.the total distance is approximately 50 km from petrolpump to dinapur n thn to shyamgarh which can be covered in 130hrs. The entire team will be at the fumction by 7. Reply

viku Sep 29, 2011 04:41 PM Reaction to the situation:-

1)divide the group(ratio: 4:4:2(if in case of 10 students)) 2)Now its 5:30. the first thing is to leave two behind to make arrangement's for the medical help to the injured person. 3)Now the group of 8 boys ,through the route of bridge(with the help of bus) will try to reach the nearest railway station in 20min(by 5:50pm) to report the railway authority about that railway line bcoz we can reach their through bridge. 4)(before rushing for tota ram)the rest 4 who were there till the station will b asked to meet again on petrol pump(they will also take 20mints that means they will be their around 6:50pm)Now after this with 4 boys and we will rush immediately to save the tota ram(it may also take time of 20 min a the distance is same as of petrol pump to raiway station.) as he is the informer and can prove to b of great help in interrupting illegal work of criminals and 5)Lets assume that episode till the securing of tota ram took half an hour and its 6:10pm , even then we are still left with more than one hour and 20 mints in hand.It must to be noted that the boat is very useful bcoz of it speed and now can help us in bringing the trophy back..as the distance given in the map is 10km and boat runs at 20kmph.. it means that 10 kilometer in half hour. 4)From there we will send 2 boys to bring back the trophy and the with the rest of the 2 boys we will plan to meet on the same petrol pump(it will also take 20min to return that means they will reach petrol pump by 7:10).with the hi-speed boat trophy will
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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Group Planning E ercise 2

come back in one hour..as the boat is of hi-speed and the that boat route leads near to the petrol pump. 5)Now going back to the petrol pump will also take half an hour , it means that we all r back to petrol pump by 7:15pm and from there we will take our rest of the frnds as will go back to our destination... Reply

Harman Oct 15, 2011 09:54 AM # PROBLEMS: 1. Unconscious man at petrol pump. 2. Tampered Fish plates at the rail track, 6:30 PM 3. Smuggling of Drugs and arms at 6:45 PM near rock. 4. Save Tota ram. 5. Get trophies from Dinapur. # Materials and help Available: 1. Given a. Vehicle in which players travelling. b. Boat at ferry. 2. Assumed Material and help a. Man Power at petrol Pump. # Time Now: 5:30 PM. # As The leader of the group, I will diveide the group into 2 Sub-groups: Team A with 2 members and Team B with 8 members. # Solutions: 1. Team A will take the unconscious man in their vehicle to Dinapur Hospital and get him admitted there and then inform the police about all the happenings. Distance 12 kms and time taken half hour.

2. Team B with the help of Man power available at petrol pump will nab the 2 men waiting for tota ram and take the boat to the coast guard where they will inform them about the tampering of rail tracks and the smuggling near the rock. Distance 6 kms and time taken 3-4 mins. 3. Group B will take the ferry and inform the coast guard. 4. Team A after getting the trophies from Dinapur will meet rest of team members at petrol pump and move to shyamgarh to their college. Time taken 30-40 mins to reach back. Reply

Harman Oct 15, 2011 10:36 AM This comment has been removed b the author. Reply

Harman Oct 17, 2011 02:22 AM @ADMIN plz give feedback. Reply

Blackboard Oct 19, 2011 12:58 PM #Manpower : 5+1extra =6 players, 1 bus driver 1)firstly divide my volleyball group into 2 teams each consisting 3 members. 2) 1st grp runs to ferry ghat.Reaches within 3 min(avg running speed 15km/hr, distance to ferry ghat approx 500m) 3)1st friend crosses the river go to Badli, find tota ram ,tell him to flee towards Dinapur
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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Group Planning E ercise 2

and take the villagers to the ferry, but as it is not certain that he will find tota ram, So 2nd friend will remain at the ferry to look for tota ram silently, without rousing suspicion. 3rd 1 would take a ferry, go directly to coast guards(CG) (this ll take approx 10 min) , inform the facts and to tell them to sent a patrol to ferry ghat and another 1 to the rock. CG would inform both dinapur and ramgarh railway station about the fish plate so to stop the express train of 6:45pm.(it said both the tracks and we don t know which way the train would come) 3rd friend would come with CG at ferry within 5:50pm where he ll meet the other 2. The culprits will get surrounded and eventually get caught. The operation would be over before 6:30pm.

2)2nd group including me would give first aid to the attendent. We 3 would take him to dinapur hospital by mini bus , The bus would drop 2 of us at the 3 way junction, (5:40pm) 1 would stay to look after the attendant and return back taking the trophy and medal from Dinapur college after admitting the attendant to the district hospital. The bus will return to the junction around 6:25pm (max) and wait for us there. We will both walk towards the railway tracks.it will take 5 min ie 5:45pm. My friend will wait at the railway tracks to try to stop the train if the driver don t get informed. He would do this by waving hist t shirt and pant. I ll go to the rock and find the foreigner and wait there till the CG reaches. The CG will arrive around 6pm.(15 min max) I will wait till the culprits are nabbed and the train is stopped. Then atlast we 2 would return to the junction, board the bus, go to the petrol pump pick up the 1st group and reach shyampur well before 7:30pm. Reply

Hudda insurrectionist Dec 12, 2011 08:54 PM

we have to save the train, save tota ram, the petrol pump man and stop the drug deal as well as recover the cash. fill the petrol for need. 2 men will go to before the bridge with a red cloth,,(if some railway signal man is there near the bridge, inform him otherwise) hurl red cloth there n stop the train giving them the information. other men take the injured petrol pump man in bus, close the pump, give him 1st aid in the bus. go to coast gurad , get headlights if any arrangement there or move otherwise , send the man in bus to hospital with 2 men n 2 men in the bus to dinapur.. inform coast gurad 1. stop the deal, recover the money, 2. save tota ram from the ferry site.. nab the culprits. on return bus picks up men form hospital, cosst guard and bridge site all assemble back at petrol pump. shyamgarh is just 10 km, we can easily return. Reply

Deepak Dec 23, 2011 10:42 AM the memeber should be equal to the number of your group with whom you will be giving ssb. It will impact a lot. Reply

kamal Jan 16, 2012 11:29 AM This comment has been removed b the author. Reply

kamal Jan 16, 2012 11:32 AM The group will be divided into 2 sub groups: 1. Group 1 will take the wounded man to the hospital in Shyamgarh in Taxi. It would
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OASC Group Planning E ercise E amples - The Student Room

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24-11-2009: 24th November 2009 02:14

Q_M
OASC Group Planning Exercise Examples

Overlord in Training Thread Starter

NO E

You have 20 minutes. The following example is to be done individually in the first instance. You are not to discuss to communicate with any other group member. You will be asked for your answer. Once you have completed the question, you are to discuss your answer in a group of 4. You will have 5 minutes to reach an agreement on your plan. Your group will be asked for its final answer and it will be discussed. Once you have done this, you should discuss your group answer with a second group of 4. You will have a final 5 minutes to reach an agreement on your plan. Your new group will be asked for its final answer and it will be discussed. You have 20 minutes....have fun Register to remove banners from posts

You are the head of a RAF rescue team. You are happily watching the Battle of Britain and swapping friendly banter when the phone rings. You are informed that a group of 6 people have come into difficulties in a nearby cave system. The caller is one of the 6 people stuck in the cave and describes the situation. The 6 recreational cavers have become trapped in a small section of the cave network and the water is rising. There is no chance of escape with the equipment they have and the nearby RAF rescue

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escape with the equipment they have and the nearby RAF rescue team is the only hope of survival for the group. They estimate that within an hour there will be no room left to breathe in the section of the cave they are in. It soon becomes clear that you cannot rescue the entire team of cavers in time – you estimate 4 can be saved and there may be time for the 5th person. The sixth has little chance of survival. You have managed to get some background information on the 6 people in the cave. You must make a decision on the order of rescue.

OASC Group Planning E ercise E amples - The Student Room

The cave system is 20 minutes drive away but your equipment and is ready to leave now. It is 16.00 and you must leave now. At 16.20 when you arrive at the cave you will have 40 minutes left and must have a plan for the order of rescue. Information on the 6 cavers: Stacy Catterick – works as an accountant from Cranditz and is a married mother of two and is 36 years of age. She has no caving experience and has come on the trip with a friend – Alan Boulmer. It has recently become known to the caving group that Stacy and Alan are having an affair. Stacy has a medical history of suffering from panic attacks. Paul Leeming – Paul is a 49 year old plumber from the Odiham area. He served 23 years in the British Army before being discharged with depression. Paul had a vast amount of caving experience and was on the British Army Mountain Rescue team. Paul has not been caving recently after a recent phase of depression. Owen Bovington – Owen is a 49 year old priest who works in the Aldergrove area. He has no caving experience whatsoever and has recently joined the caving club to meet more people. This is Owens first time in a cave. Sarah Brize – a 46 year old married mother of 4 from Marham in the area of sixfingerville . Sarah has no caving experience and has already suffered a broken arm in the cave as the waters rose. Joe Kinloss – Joe is a 59 year old man with some caving experience. He is a managing director for a large company in Leuchars that employs around 600 people in three factories. Joe is not particularly physically fit and this was his reason for joining the caving group – as well as to make new friends. Alan Boulmer – Alan is a 37 year old scientist from Ireland and has previous caving experience and is the leader of this team. He works with young disabled children part time and has been working with a company searching for a cure for cancer. They have recently had a breakthrough and think they are on the way to finding a cure for lung cancer. Alan is the leading mind in the breakthrough.

Should come in handy for some of you, such as the MSN revision guys/girls.

Q_M Last edited by Q_M; 24-11-2009 at 15:52.
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24-11-2009: 24th November 2009 10:49

Jason.faceplant
Full Member

#2 Join Date: Oct 2009 Posts: 87

Re: OASC Group Planning Exercise Examples That's puzzling, i'm not sure if i'd like to make the decision in real life, how come the age of the 6th guy isn't given?

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Junior Member

OASC Group Planning E ercise E amples - The Student Room

Hours Ago Re: OASC Group Planning Exercise Examples 1) Stacy Catterick - Since she has panic attacks, she can be a hazard to others; causing distress and panic among St Andrews Applicants 2012 Stalking Page others.
2) Sarah Brize - Has a broken arm, therefore, requires medical treatment. Also the others inside the cave can assist to get people who require medical treatment out. 3) Joe Kinloss - Although he does have have some caving experience, he is not physically fit. With water levels rising, my opinion is that he would not be able to stay afloat for long compared to others. 4) Owen Bovington - Has no caving experience, so is more unlikely to survive if was the last one in the cave. 5) Alan Boulmer - Does have caving experience but it seems like he doesnt have the cave experience compared to Paul Leeming. Plus could possibly have a cure for lung cancer. 6) Paul Leeming - Even though he does have depression, he is highly skiled as a ex british army moutain rescuer. Therefore, his training is more likely to kick in during the situation, so in my view is more likely to survive.

edited by: Chibelta, 4 Hours Ago English Offers 2012 edited by: Dalloway, 4 Hours Ago KCL 2012 Applicants Stalking Page edited by: gtfo, 8 Hours Ago

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24-11-2009: 24th November 2009 22:56

Sam-J-J
Adored and Respected Member

#18 Join Date: Nov 2005 Location: Hampshire Posts: 463

Re: OASC Group Planning Exercise Examples I would love to hear the opinion of some of the currently serving people have on this. Q_M, PM me the solution! The suspense is almost killing me... 0 0

24-11-2009: 24th November 2009 23:57

Rooster523
Exalted and Worshipped Member
Re: OASC Group Planning Exercise Examples Rooster says: 1. Broken Arm lady, she's in the most critical state IMO so she get's first out. 2. Stacy, I don't want her suffering a panic attack and scaring the rest of the group.

#19 Join Date: Jul 2009 Posts: 1,170

3. Managing Director, doesn't have much experience so he'll need a hand from the experienced guys. 4. Alan. He's pioneering a cure for cancer! Society NEEDS this man. I don't care if he's their group leader, his survival could mean thousands more survive. 5. Priest. He's devoted his life to God so if he's saved (there could be time) he will know his life's work was justified. If he doesn't make it, he gets to go to heaven (maybe) 6. Army Man. Well he's had 23 years experience in mountain rescue so he can help out the lesser experienced. He's been suffering depression recently so (rather crudely) doesn't have as much desire to live as the rest of the team. Boom. 0 0

25-11-2009: 25th November 2009 00:14

iainthegreat
Overlord in Training
Re: OASC Group Planning Exercise Examples Originally Posted by Q M

#20 Join Date: Aug 2008 Location: Devon/Loughborough Posts: 2,359

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Originally Posted by Q M

OASC Group Planning E ercise E amples - The Student Room

NO E
You have 20 minutes. The following example is to be done individually in the first instance. You are not to discuss to communicate with any other group member. You will be asked for your answer. Once you have completed the question, you are to discuss your answer in a group of 4. You will have 5 minutes to reach an agreement on your plan. Your group will be asked for its final answer and it will be discussed. Once you have done this, you should discuss your group answer with a second group of 4. You will have a final 5 minutes to reach an agreement on your plan. Your new group will be asked for its final answer and it will be discussed. You have 20 minutes....have fun

You are the head of a RAF rescue team. You are happily watching the Battle of Britain and swapping friendly banter when the phone rings. You are informed that a group of 6 people have come into difficulties in a nearby cave system. The caller is one of the 6 people stuck in the cave and describes the situation. The 6 recreational cavers have become trapped in a small section of the cave network and the water is rising. There is no chance of escape with the equipment they have and the nearby RAF rescue team is the only hope of survival for the group. They estimate that within an hour there will be no room left to breathe in the section of the cave they are in. It soon becomes clear that you cannot rescue the entire team of cavers in time – you estimate 4 can be saved and there may be time for the 5th person. The sixth has little chance of survival. You have managed to get some background information on the 6 people in the cave. You must make a decision on the order of rescue. The cave system is 20 minutes drive away but your equipment and is ready to leave now. It is 16.00 and you must leave now. At 16.20 when you arrive at the cave you will have 40 minutes left and must have a plan for the order of rescue. Information on the 6 cavers: Stacy Catterick – works as an accountant from Cranditz and is a married mother of two and is 36 years of age. She has no caving experience and has come on the trip with a friend – Alan Boulmer. It has recently become known to the caving group that Stacy and Alan are having an affair. Stacy has a medical history of suffering from panic attacks. Paul Leeming – Paul is a 49 year old plumber from the Odiham area. He served 23 years in the British Army before being discharged with depression. Paul had a vast amount of caving experience and was on the British Army Mountain Rescue team. Paul has not been caving recently after a recent phase of depression. Owen Bovington – Owen is a 49 year old priest who works in the Aldergrove area. He has no caving experience whatsoever and has recently joined the caving club to meet more people. This is Owens first time in a cave. Sarah Brize – a 46 year old married mother of 4 from Marham in the area of sixfingerville . Sarah has no caving experience and has already suffered a broken arm in the cave as the waters rose. Joe Kinloss – Joe is a 59 year old man with some caving experience. He is a managing director for a large company in Leuchars that employs around 600 people in three factories. Joe is not particularly physically fit and this was his reason for joining the caving group – as well as to make new friends. Alan Boulmer – Alan is a 37 year old scientist from Ireland and has previous caving experience and is the leader of this team. He works with young disabled children part time and has been working with a company searching for a cure for cancer. They have recently had a breakthrough and think they are on the way to finding a cure for lung cancer. Alan is the leading mind in the breakthrough.

Should come in handy for some of you, such as the MSN revision guys/girls.

Q_M Ok first thing I would say is leave now. It's a 20 minute drive so you can decide the plan on the way. The more time spent planning (or argueing) at base the less chance of saving them in time.

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time spent planning (or argueing) at base the less chance of saving them in time. Paul and Alan have caving experience, and as ex-army and a scientist I would tell them there job is to lead the group, keep everyone calm and instruct them on what to do. I would ask them to stay until the end. Sarah Brize is first priority as she has a broken arm so we need to get her out of there asap. Stacy Catterick would be next for me as she has a medical history of suffering from panic attacks and no caving experience. The last thing you want in this situation is one of the group panicking and making matters worse. It's either Owen or Joe next as the other 2 guys have alot more caving experience and know what they're doing. As Owen is less physically fit and his first time in a cave I'd get him out of there. Joe is next. That's the four people, and as I hope we were quick enough to get at least 5 out, we have either Paul or Alan left. I imagine this would be a decision they would decide themselves, neither would want to tell the other to stay. I would get Alan out of there as Paul is capable on his own and being ex-Army would have had some survival training. Hopefully we could get back in time for him. Whatcha think? 0

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PRACTICE PLANNING EXERCISE

WINTER AID
This practice Planning Exercise can be attempted at any time, but to gain maximum benefit it is recommended that you use it shortly before attending an AOSB Main Board, when it will serve as a useful reminder of the techniques which are taught and practised during the AOSB Briefing. It is shorter and rather simpler than those which you will experience on the Main Board and for that reason you are recommended to try to complete it within 45 minutes. Print a copy of the answer sheet provided – those who have attended the Briefing will know that at AOSB this is on A3 size paper, but 2 sheets of A4 will serve the purpose equally well. Use the sheet to write your answer on. Note that a suggested answer follows on from the script – you are strongly advised to resist all temptation to look at this until have completed your 45 minute attempt!

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© 2006 Crown Copyright

August 2006

WINTER AID The war in WALESIA is over and a fragile peace has been negotiated. Six years of war have left the population with bombed houses, a ruined infrastructure and a fear of continuing partisan activity. You and Neil Saunders travel to the country to join the staff of a small but efficient charity. The charity runs the Walesia Winter Aid Programme (WWAP) and aims to deliver much needed supplies and medicines to isolated northern regions, especially to medical centres and orphanages. You arrive in the town of TARDUS on Sunday 21 November and find yourself assigned to a team led by Tim Sanderson. He tells you that there is a briefing at 1800 hours and asks you and Neil to attend. Having settled into makeshift accommodation you join the others. Tim introduces you to his team, Aldo Hunter, an engineer, Clive Robbins, and Lucy Farmer who is a nurse. They are delighted you have arrived to replace two other volunteers who were injured in a traffic accident. The introductions over, the briefing begins. The last convoy of the year will leave tomorrow at 0900 hours. Essential supplies of blankets and winter clothing will be taken in 3 trucks; medical supplies will be carried in 2 landrovers and one truck. The convoy will travel the 225 miles along route 930 to the medical centre and orphanage at REBITZ. It will stop for 30 minutes at the small village of TARZA some 150 miles away. The landrovers will be driven by Lucy and you. The weather forecast is poor, storms, freezing temperatures and the possibility of snow. The aim is to deliver the supplies to REBITZ by 1830 hours which is 30 minutes after last light. The journey starts off well and you keep to the scheduled timings but by the time you reach TARZA at 1500 hours your landrover and 2 trucks, one of which is carrying medical supplies, need to stop at a garage for repairs. Tim decides to leave you, Neil and Aldo to do the work and then to carry on to REBITZ in the morning. Before he leaves Tim places you in charge and says he will telephone the garage later in the evening; he hopes you will not need your first-aid experience. Aldo tells you that the truck is using too much fuel and that if 4 wheel drive has to be engaged consumption will drop by half from 8 mpg. The tank holds 38 gallons. At 2020 hours Tim telephones on a bad line. He tells you that Route 930 is hazardous and weather conditions are worsening. At BRAGAH he was told that the doctor is visiting some remote villages but they hoped he would return by midday on Tuesday. The Tizdach Forest road has a reasonable surface but it is likely to be used by refugees. As a result your speed would be reduced to 15 mph; in addition the partisans are thought to be using the woods for cover. To the east there is a motorable track: although it is heavily cratered, you should be able to manage 10 mph in 4 wheel drive. The Karda Bridge was blown up by partisans last month, but has been repaired, albeit temporarily. The situation in REBITZ is horrendous, a fire has damaged the medical centre and orphanage and Lucy says that the medical supplies must arrive by 1500 hours if not before. Tim tells you not to travel at night but to leave at first light which is at 0720 hours. The route is up to you but as there is no petrol in REBITZ you must take the return journey into account. You think about the best route to take and set off at dawn, telling the others you will make a final decision on the route when you reach the junction 20 miles north of TARZA. Nearing the junction your eyes are drawn to the side of the road. Slowing down you see a woman and 2 children, aged about 3 and 5. They are weak, emaciated and bleeding. Just before the woman passes out she begs you to save her children. You recognise the signs of hypothermia and realise you must act quickly. Requirement Assess the problem; decide your aims, consider the alternative courses open to you and arrive at your plan giving your reasons. Allow 30 minutes for any immediate action you feel you should take.

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August 2006

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August 2006

FINAL SOLUTION WRITTEN PLANNING EXERCISE CAND NO Aims: ……………………………………………………………………………………………….. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… Factors which affect the plan: Deductions:

Courses which you considered:

Reasons for rejecting/accepting:

Course which you adopted (including detailed timings):

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August 2006

ROUGH NOTES

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August 2006

WINTER AID – POSSIBLE SOLUTION AIMS 1. There are 4 possible aims: a. b. c. d. FACTORS 2. Personnel a. b. c. d. e. f. Self (first-aid trained), Neil and Aldo (engineer). Rest of party: Tim, Clive and Lucy (nurse) at REBITZ. Woman and children require immediate first-aid – 30 mins. Danger from partisans in Forest. Refugees on Forest road. Deductions (1) Start delayed until first-aid administered. (2) Partisans and refugees could impede progress on Tizdach Forest. 3. Medical Assistance a. b. c. 4. Doctor at BRAGAH - may not have returned. Medical Centre at REBITZ. Deduction REBITZ best option for medical aid. First-aid for the woman and children. Get woman and children to doctor. Deliver the supplies to REBITZ as soon as possible and not later than 1500 hrs Tue 23 Nov. Maintain the safety of the party.

Petrol Calculations a. Tarza to Rebitz (Route 930) = 75mi – Fuel Consumption = 8 mpg Fuel consumed =

75 = 9.37 gallons (9!) 8

Return = 19 gallons total. b. Tizdach Forest route =

74 = 9.25 (9") 8

Return - 18! gallons total. c. Motorable Track 12mi @ 8 mpg = 1.5 gallons 38mi @ 4 mpg = 9.5 gallons 15mi @ 8 mph = 1.875 gallons or 12mi @ 8 mpg = 1.5 gallons 38mi @ 4 mpg = 9.5 gallons 18mi @ 4 mpg = 4.5 gallons ) single 12.875 gallons ) ) return 25.75 gallons )single 15.5 ) ) return 31 gallons.

d.

Deduction. Sufficient fuel for all routes.

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August 2006

5.

Time and Distance a. b. Aid must arrive by 1500 hrs today. Route 930 (1) TARDUS – REBITZ. (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) c. d. TARDUS – TARZA. TARZA – REBITZ. Junction to REBITZ. TARZA to Junction. BRAGAH to REBITZ. 225 miles. Journey time 9 hrs. !speed is 25 mph. (0900 to 1830 hrs = 9hrs 30 mins minus 30 min stop = 9 hrs) 150 miles @ 25 mph = 6 hrs. 75 miles @ 25 mph = 3 hrs. 55 miles @ 25 mph = 2 hrs 12 mins. 20 miles @ 25 mph = 48 mins. 20 miles @ 25 mph = 48 mins

Forest Road. Junction to REBITZ. 54 miles @ 15 mph = 3 hrs 36 mins. Track Route. (1) Junction to KARDA Bridge. 12 miles @ 15 mph = 48 mins plus 38 miles @ 10 mph = 3 hrs 48 mins. Total 4 hrs 36 mins. (2) KARDA Bridge to REBITZ. (a) (b) Metalled Road Track 15 miles @ 15 mph = 1 hr. 18 miles @ 10 mph = 1 hr 48 mins.

f.

Deductions (1) Time now 0808 hrs (0720 hrs plus 48 mins TARZA to junction). (2) Aid required at REBITZ in 6 hrs 52 mins (1500 hrs).

OPTIONS 6. 7. Route 930. Hazardous. May have deteriorated overnight. REJECT. Forest Road. 30 mins first-aid and journey time of 3 hours 36 mins. ETA 1214 hrs. a. b. 8. Advantages. Quickest route to doctor and aid delivered well inside deadline. Disadvantages. Could be badly delayed by refugees & danger from partisans. REJECT

KARDA BRIDGE a. Via metalled road from bridge. 30 mins first-aid plus 5 hours 36 minutes. Total 6 hours 6 mins. ETA 1414 hrs. ACCEPT b. Via track from bridge. 30 mins first-aid plus 6 hours 24 minutes. Total 6 hours 54 mins. ETA 1502 hrs. Too late for aid (but only just!) REJECT

BEST PLAN 9. Via KARDA Bridge and metalled road from bridge to REBITZ. (Include full details of route, timings, distances, specific actions eg taking woman & children to medical centre, etc).

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August 2006

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PGT

PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK (PGT)
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Wha i PGT ??
PGT stands for progressive group task, is the first outdoor task of the GTO. In this whole group has to tackle the given obstacles. As the name specifies, in PGT obstacles are placed in progression and as the group proceeds from one obstacle to another, the difficulty level increases. PGT works as a great source in providing candidate's personality. In PGT the GTO wants that the candidate should apply his general intelligence to complete the task. PGT helps GTO to unearth following personality traits of the candidate : -

INITIATIVE COURAGE STAMINA EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE REASONING ABILITY ORGANISING ABILITY POWER OF EXPRESSION SOCIAL ADAPTABILITY COOPERATION

Wha o do in PGT ??
In PGT a group has to face four obstacles which are in progression. Each obstacle is bounded by a set of parallel lines called the start line and finish line and the area between the two is declared as out of bounds. In the out of bounds area there are some structure available and using them, the group goes from the starting to the finish line. The following are explainoexpo.com/cracking-the-ssb/group-testing-officer-gto/pgt.html 1/6

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Explainoexpo - [PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK] Group Testing Officer (GT there are some structure available and using them, the group goes from the starting to the finish line. The following are the various structures available in the out of bounds area : -

Bench haped Goal Po Rai ed Pla fo m Co haped c

c

e

c e

e

T Shaped S

Group is provided with some helping material. Using the helping material and the structures provided in the out of bounds area, group goes from starting to finish line and moves to next obstacle. The following helping material is provided : -

Wooden Plank Wooden Bellie (Ro nd Shape) Rope Wooden Block
Many times, in addition to this common group load is provided at the start line of the first obstacle, which become the group responsibility to take it along with them till last. Most of the time, GTO will ask the group that how much time they require to complete the task. You should ask him to give 30 min.

RULES
You must strictly adhere to the following rules : -

OUT OF BOUND RULE
The ground between the start and finish line is out of bound for both human beings and helping material.
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Explainoexpo - [PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK] Group Testing Officer (GT

COLOR RULE
Whi e : Any thing painted white can be used by both human beings and helping material. Red : Any thing painted red is out of bound for everything. Black : It has no significance. G een/Bl e/Yello : Only human beings can touch it and is out of bound for helping material.

GROUP RULE
Unless all the members of the group reach the finish line of previous obstacle you can t proceed to the start line of the next successive obstacle, which means at one time the whole group tackling only one obstacle.

DISTANCE RULE
You can t jump across between two points having a distance of more than four feet.Either you bridge the gap or reduce the gap to make it less than four feet with the help of helping material so that you can jump. This distance restriction is applicable both in horizontal and vertical plane.

HELPING MATERIAL RULE
Two rigid helping material cannot be tied to each other with the help of a rope, but it can be placed one at the top of other as long as its not tied. Any number of helping material can be tied separately to any number of structures. Joining of ropes is permitted.

Wo h No ing Poin : In case you break any of the above rules even unintentionally, get back to the previous point from where you broke the rule and there after repeat it or change your idea. This is a restorative method, so you must do it at your own without pointing out to your GTO.

Ac ion Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
Every obstacle has atleast 2-3 solutions. For finding the solutions look at the structure as well as helping material then alone you will be able to establish the link between two which come to you in the form of an idea. The various ideas which can be employed are as under : -

STEP UP : If he di ance i le
explainoexpo.com/cracking-the-ssb/group-testing-officer-gto/pgt.html

han 4 fee hen ake a

ep.
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CANTILEVER : U e plank a can ile e beam.

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Explainoexpo - [PROGRESSIVE GROUP TASK] Group Testing Officer (GT

CANTILEVER : U e plank a can ile e beam. TIE IT : Tie he plank on he bench haped COILING : Coil he ope and p SWING : Make a ing c e i h he help of ope.

i benea h he plank. ing goal po .

i h he ope

** LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE ABOVE IDEAS PRACTICALLY **

GOLDEN TIPS
Take the Initiative by applying workable ideas from the very beginning itself. Be an active participant through out the outdoor task, which means you must make both mental and physical contribution towards achieving the progress for the group. This shows your endurance. Help your group members to carry the helping material as it is reasonably heavy. Continue giving as many ideas as possible. You should boost up the moral of your group members and keep encouraging them Encourage the weaker members of the group and do not neglect them. In case your idea is superior to those of other then try to convince them to accept yours. But in case some one else idea is better than yours then accept it. But there after don t withdraw, keep yourself physically involved in the completion of that idea. . If you are running short of time then do not get aggressive as it will ruin the situation . Never try to gain GTO attention by looking at him. Don't get into arguments and loose temper. Your body language should reflect enthusiasm, zeal, energy, interest and smartness Your voice should be loud and clear. Be conscious on observing the rules and take restorative action whenever you break it.

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GROUP OBSTACLE RACE (SNAKE RACE)
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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES Indian Ai Fo ce Indian A m Ca ee P o pec i e CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C acking The W i en E am ? Office Like Q ali ie PIQ Fo m CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY Indian A med Fo ce ASSISTANCE Semina - Regi a ion

GROUP OBSTACLE RACE ??
The group obstacle race is in the form of an intergroup race and each group have to carr a snake t pe thing while crossing the obstacles.

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Selec Lang age
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HALF GROUP TASK (HGT)
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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES Indian Air Force Indian Army Career Prospective CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM Cracking The Written Exam ? Officer Like Qualities PIQ Form CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY Indian Armed Forces ASSISTANCE Seminar - Registration HGT stands for half group task, is the second outdoor task of the GTO. In this the group is divided into into two equal halves. The obstacle given to each group is same and has a moderate difficulty level. The purpose behind conducting HGT is to give chance to those candidates who feel that they were not able to give their 100% in PGT. The candidate must show his following personality traits : -

What is HGT ??

INITIATIVE COURAGE STAMINA

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EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE REASONING ABILITY ORGANISING ABILITY

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POWER OF EXPRESSION SOCIAL ADAPTABILITY
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Explainoexpo - [HALF GROUP TASK] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, In

COOPERATION

What to do in HGT ??
In HGT the group is divided in to two equal halves and each half group is required to tackle one outdoor obstacle. The obstacle is same for both the half groups. When one group is doing it the other group will not be permitted to watch. Each group will get 10 minutes. The obstacle is bounded by a set of parallel lines called the start line and finish line and the area between the two is declared as out of bounds. In the out of bounds area there are some structure available and using them, the group goes from the starting to the finish line. The following are the various structures available in the out of bounds area : -

Bench shaped structures Goal Post Raised Platforms Cross shaped structures T Shaped Structures

Group is provided with some helping material. Using the helping material and the structures provided in the out of bounds area, group goes from starting to finish line and moves to next obstacle. The following helping material is provided : -

Wooden Plank Wooden Bellies(Round Shape) Rope Wooden Block
Many times, in addition to this common group load is provided at the start line of the first obstacle, which become the group responsibility to take it along with them till last. Most of the time, GTO will ask the group that how much time they require to complete the task. You should ask him to give 30 min.

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Explainoexpo - [HALF GROUP TASK] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, In

RULES
You must strictly adhere to the following rules : -

OUT OF BOUND RULE
The ground between the start and finish line is out of bound for both human beings and helping material.

COLOR RULE
White : Any thing painted white can be used by both human beings and helping material. Red : Any thing painted red is out of bound for everything. Black : It has no significance. Green/Blue/Yellow : Only human beings can touch it and is out of bound for helping material.

DISTANCE RULE
You can t jump across between two points having a distance of more than four feet.Either you bridge the gap or reduce the gap to make it less than four feet with the help of helping material so that you can jump. This distance restriction is applicable both in horizontal and vertical plane.

HELPING MATERIAL RULE
Two rigid helping material cannot be tied to each other with the help of a rope, but it can be placed one at the top of other as long as its not tied. Any number of helping material can be tied separately to any number of structures. Joining of ropes is permitted.

[+]

Group Rule is not applicable here.

Worth Noting Point : In case you break any of the above rules even unintentionally, get back to the previous point from where you broke the rule and there after repeat it or change your idea. This is a restorative method, so you must do it at your own without pointing out to your GTO.

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Action Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
The given obstacle has atleast 2-3 solutions. For finding the solutions look at the structure as well as helping material then alone you will be able to establish the link between two which come to you in the form of an idea. The various ideas which can be employed are as under : -

STEP UP : If the distance is less than 4 feet then take a step. CANTILEVER : Use plank as cantilever beam. TIE IT : Tie the plank on the bench shaped structure with the help of rope. COILING : Coil the rope and put it beneath the plank. SWING : Make a swing with the rope using goal post.

** LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE ABOVE IDEAS PRACTICALLY **

GOLDEN TIPS
Take the Initiative by applying workable ideas from the very beginning itself. Be an active participant through out the outdoor task, which means you must make both mental and physical contribution towards achieving the progress for the group. This shows your endurance. Help your group members to carry the helping material as it is reasonably heavy. Continue giving as many ideas as possible. You should boost up the moral of your group members and keep encouraging them Encourage the weaker members of the group and do not neglect them. In case your idea is superior to those of other then try to convince them to accept yours. But in case some one else idea is better than yours then accept it. But there after don t withdraw, keep yourself physically involved in the completion of that idea. . If you are running short of time then do not get aggressive as it will ruin the situation . Never try to gain GTO attention by looking at him. Don't get into arguments and loose temper. Your body language should reflect enthusiasm, zeal, energy, interest and smartness Your voice should be loud and clear. Be conscious on observing the rules and take restorative action whenever you break it.

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**FOR FURTHER ASSISTANCE - HELP PORTAL**

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Explainoexpo - [LECTURATTE] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, Indian A

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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES I I C A F A P

CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C E O PIQ F CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY I S A -R F ASSISTANCE .O ? L Q I GTO / .A :, GTO ' .A T W

What is LECTURATTE ??

SELF CONFIDENCE ABILITY TO INFLUENCE A GROUP LIVELINESS EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE

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What to do in LECTURATTE ??
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S L GTO I L , 3 .T GTO .W . 3 mins. T 3 .O .E

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Explainoexpo - [LECTURATTE] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, Indian A GTO

.

GOLDEN TIPS
N . U A . S . B M T G . . A A S Y S S . . . , . . GTO . . . . .I ,B /N 3 .T 10-15 . ,

Worth Noting Point : L . ' .M .S

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Lecturette

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This is the last task of GTO 1 day and this is the most exhausting day.This task can be considered outdoor but is actually a sitting indoor task.The task means to delivering a small lecture on a topic to be selected from a chit on which 4 topics are written (topmost= most difficult, next two= difficult and easy, last= easiest), for a span of 3 mins.continuously and fluently only in ENGLISH.

FOLLOWERS

1. Choo e an of he opic b

ad i ed o elec 2 o 3 fo con enience.

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Lecturette

2. Gi e a b ief in od c ion , ac al ca and na e of opic elec ed, deep ma e ho gh o e i a cen o e mankind, i + e and - e effec , a mall e ample if po ible o e plain clea l o pe cei ed ho gh .

e

3. While gi ing o lec e, epo o opic o he GTO and hen p oceed. Look in o he e e of g o p membe and no he GTO hile gi ing lec e e. 4. While p epa ing make e o ha e aken he abo e poin in con ide a ion.

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5. Make a p io p epa a ion of one opic hich o like in ca e ha o canno peak on an of he opic gi en hen a k fo pe mi ion f om GTO o alk on o opic.

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Just before the actual task starts the GTO asks for a brief introduction of all candidates one by one in the following format, NAME :.................................. FATHER S NAME :........................... FATHER S OCCUPATION :.................. FAMILY BACKGROUND :...................... SCHOOLING AND EDUCATION:............ CURRENTLY WHAT ARE YOU DOING:..........:................

WHERE ARE YOU FROM and HOBBIES Cover all these points in 45 secs. and do not stumble anywhere, have a good profound fluent voice, Look at your friends and do not make any hand gestures. Limited hand gestures can be made at the time of lecture but not many.

Don t get tense and panic while delivering lecture instead keep a SMILING face.. Duration is per candidate = 3 mins, total about 30 -35 mins.

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I thought i must update the latest group discussions and lecture topics…i also request my dear readers to post the topics which they have faced in their ssb’s… i feel that “of what good is that information when it does not provide help to those who are in need of it”…. State Of Indian Cricket Compulsory Service For All Iit’ans In Government Service In Today’s World Mental Ability More Important Than Physical Ability -discuss Women To Join Armed Forces In Combat Branches Meagre Import Duty And Open Invitation To Foreign Investors Affects Indian Companies And Their Employees-discuss National Game Losing Out To Cricket China As A Budding Problem To India’s Security Relevance Of Compulsory Millitary Service In India India Will Succeed When- Good People Join Politics / Bureaucracy If You Become The President Of India What Will You Do?

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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES I dia Ai F ce I dia A Ca ee P CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM C ac i g The W i e E a PIQ F CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY I dia A ed F ce ai ASSISTANCE Se i a - Regi ? IO a d f I di id a b ac e. A he a e ecifie , i IO ca dida e agai ge a cha ce e e hi ca ibe a a i di id a . I hi a ca dida e ha c e 10 b ac e aced i e ie , i a gi e i e c ai . Each b ac e ca ie a , he e' hich a e diffic b e e ca ie highe a a d ea ie e' ha e e e a . He e GTO i a ch h a e a b ac e a d h a f he . IO he i ef ec i g he f i g e ai ai f he ca dida e: Office Li e Q a i ie ec i e

Wha i IO ??

COURAGE STAMINA EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE

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Wha o do in IO ??
I IO ca dida e ha c e a d 10 b ac e aced i e ie b ac e a he c e i g e i c ea i g. The b ac e a e F i g a e he diffe e e f b ac e : i hi 3 i ha i .A i a eb e f he f e a e cha e gi g e.

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Se ec La g age

S inging on ope .
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J mp o a di ch f om a i en pla fo m.

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J mp o a di ch f om a i en pla fo m. J mping o e Climbing a ome e ical ba ie .

all.

Walk o e a n lon ne . Walking o e a bell . Walking o e a beam. Climbing h o gh a e ical ope. Coming do n h o gh a e ical ope.

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RULES

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RULES

Ti e D a i

i 3

i

. ce, he ca e ea he b ac e agai he e e f e eii f b ac e . i he i e i e.F hi he i

If ca dida e c a a ded e ha Adhe e he i

e e he e i e a a i a ci

gi e b GTO.

GOLDEN TIPS
Be B d a D hi i a e d a ce e . d he a e' . eea a d gi e he b ac e 100%. he d ge e. a i h ge h cce ac f i fc age. ife. The ef e a e a he b ac e

he i a e

i e

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a e he cceed ab e c a

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INTRODUCTION INDIAN DEFENCE FORCES Indian Air Force Indian Army Career Prospective CRACKING THE COMPETETIVE EXAM Cracking The Written Exam ? Officer Like Qualities PIQ Form CRACKING THE SSB LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE OUTDOOR TASKS IDEAS PRACTICALLY Indian Armed Forces ASSISTANCE Seminar - Registration CT stands for command task. In this task candidate gets the opportunity to show his caliber as an individual. He is the commander and the GTO assigns him a task consisting of only one obstacle. The entire responsibility of the decisionmaking and completion of the task is that of the commander. The candidate must show his following personality traits : Ra Bashotra Govt degree college hey rinku Reply Like 23 August 2011 at 05:07
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EFFECTIVE INTELLIGENCE

What to do in CT ??
In CT the GTO will call each candidate one by one and will brief him about the task. Now he will ask you to choose 2 subordinates from your group who will be assisting you in the completion of the task as per your commands. Commander has to tackle one obstacle. Commander will get 10 mins for the task. The obstacle is bounded by a set of Select Language parallel lines called the start line and finish line and the area between the two is declared as out of bounds. In the out of bounds area there are some structure available and using them, candidate goes from the starting to the finish line. The explainoexpo.com/cracking-the-ssb/group-testing-officer-gto/ct.html 1/6

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2/7/12

Explainoexpo - [COMMAND TASK] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, India bounds area there are some structure available and using them, candidate goes from the starting to the finish line. The following are the various structures available in the out of bounds area : -

Bench shaped structures Goal Post Raised Platforms Cross shaped structures T Shaped Structures

Group is provided with some helping material. Using the helping material and the structures provided in the out of bounds area, group goes from starting to finish line and moves to next obstacle. The following helping material is provided : -

Wooden Plank Wooden Bellies(Round Shape) Rope Wooden Block
Many times, in addition to this common group load is provided at the start line of the first obstacle, which become the group responsibility to take it along with them till last. Most of the time, GTO will ask the group that how much time they require to complete the task. You should ask him to give 30 min.

RULES
You must strictly adhere to the following rules : explainoexpo.com/cracking-the-ssb/group-testing-officer-gto/ct.html
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Explainoexpo - [COMMAND TASK] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, India You must strictly adhere to the following rules : -

OUT OF BOUND RULE
The ground between the start and finish line is out of bound for both human beings and helping material.

COLOR RULE
White : Any thing painted white can be used by both human beings and helping material. Red : Any thing painted red is out of bound for everything. Black : It has no significance. Green/Blue/Yellow : Only human beings can touch it and is out of bound for helping material.

DISTANCE RULE
You can t jump across between two points having a distance of more than four feet.Either you bridge the gap or reduce the gap to make it less than four feet with the help of helping material so that you can jump. This distance restriction is applicable both in horizontal and vertical plane.

HELPING MATERIAL RULE
Two rigid helping material cannot be tied to each other with the help of a rope, but it can be placed one at the top of other as long as its not tied. Any number of helping material can be tied separately to any number of structures. Joining of ropes is permitted.

Group Rule is not applicable here.

Worth Noting Point : In case you break any of the above rules even unintentionally, get back to the previous point from where you broke the rule and there after repeat it or change your idea. This is a restorative method, so you must do it at your own without pointing out to your GTO.

Action Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
First of all commander must brief his subordinates, explains the task and the helping material provided. Then you should proceed to the obstacle. The given has atleast 2-3 solutions. For finding the solutions look at the structure as well as
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Explainoexpo - [COMMAND TASK] Group Testing Officer (GTO), SSB, India

helping material then alone you will be able to establish the link between two which come to you in the form of an idea. The various ideas which can be employed are as under : -

STEP UP : If the distance is less than 4 feet then take a step. CANTILEVER : Use plank as cantilever beam. TIE IT : Tie the plank on the bench shaped structure with the help of rope. COILING : Coil the rope and put it beneath the plank. SWING : Make a swing with the rope using goal post.

** LEARN TO IMPLEMENT THE ABOVE IDEAS PRACTICALLY **

GOLDEN TIPS
Accept the responsibility courageously and confidently. After analyzing your task, choose your subordinates accordingly which suits best for that particular task. Take pride in your task as a commander by displaying interest and enthusiasm. Never ask for suggestions from your subordinates in the task. As a commander your decision making process should be quick. Commence your task after doing a short briefing of your subordinates, which should include your layout plan. You should boost up the moral of your subordinates and keep encouraging them. Do not ask your subordinates to do such a thing which is not practical. When you are a commander behave like a commander i.e. be firm and clear in your commands/instructions. As a commander you should not only give orders, you must physically work along with your subordinates. Never try to gain GTO attention by looking at him. If you get stuck up at some point then do not get frustrated or loose temper, think of an alternative solution. Your body language should reflect enthusiasm, zeal, energy, interest and smartness Your voice should be loud and clear. Be conscious on observing the rules and take restorative action whenever you break it.

In case that you happened to be subordinate of a commander, as a true subordinate just do what commander tells you to do. At the end of the task when the GTO calls you for other solution offer him as many solution as possible. When the task is completed thank your subordinates before you sending them.
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Inter ie

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What is Interview ?
An interview at the SSB is a conversation between the candidate and the interviewing officer, where questions are asked b the IO (Interviewing Officer) in order to assess the personalit of the candidate or in other words to judge the OLQs

Need For Interview ?
Selecting candidates for various appointments purel on the basis of written test is not a fair deal. Whether it is selection for the job in corporate world or for admission to a college or joining armed forces, there is definitel an interview in order to determine the personalit of the candidate.

AIM Of Interview ?
The aim behind conducting an interview at the SSB is to assess the leadership or Officers Like Qualities of the candidate b means of face to face conversation between the candidate and the IO (Interviewing Officer).

Action Plan - THE WINNING STRATEGY
Right action plan calls for a s stematic and logical approach. One of the most fundamental factors which contribute to the successful interview is the 'TIME' and 'QUALIT OF PREPARATION' made b the candidate. An accurate action plan includes the following factors : e plainoe po.com/cracking-the-ssb/inter ie .html 1/4

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3) question about hobbies ..GIVE ME AN EXAMPLE OF THE HOBBY U have written 4) reason u wanna join nav 5) few ques on ph sics : 1. how does a boat floats in water? 2. tell me the archimedies principle 6) how much do ou spend in a month? and whr do u spend it on? times have u gone out with friends to a trip.

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7) how much do u go outside for trips ?? how man 8) how man

friends u made in school , college and now in mtech? what kind of friends u like ? wt

kind of friends u dislike? 9) how often u visit home ? how man when u go thr at home ? 10) what did u learned from our previous attempt ? whr do u think u lacked in last attempt ? friends u have thr near our home ? how do u pass our time

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11) tell me about our famil ? YOUR PIQ.

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i went from 12 SSB Bengalore for Jul 09 batch. the questions asked to me are 1) How are U? 2)Tell me about Satara? 3)Are reading Newspaper? 4)What t pe of reading do u read? 5)Which book U recentl read?

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SSB Personal Interview
What is an Interview?

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Interview is the process of selling of the candidate to the particular organization or company. The organization may be any corporate companies or Defense System. (or) The Personal interview may also be taken as a purposeful conversation between a candidate and the interviewing officer to check out the particular pre-determined qualities(OLQ). SSB Personal Interview:-

In SSB, the personal interview is the psychological assessment of the candidate by the the interviewing officer usually in the rank of colonel i.e. who is the president or deputy president of the board. The interviewing officer reads well the PIQ filled by the candidate on the first day and also have the psychological test paper i.e. self description and comments of the psychologist over the candidate, in his hand before the candidate is called inside the interview room. Thus the the interviewing officer just cross check the candidate by triggering some basic questions, and also triggering the series of questions at a stretch that is called as Rapid Fire Questions(RPF). With these replies he note down the response and check the candidate whether he is truth ful with his answers and also he note down the OLQ of the candiate. So nothing to worry about the SSB Personal Interview friends, just be calm and march with good preparation, then it will be easy to crack the interview. How to be cool in interview:-

To make the interview as a cake walk, the only way is to be honest and truthful. Since it is not easy an easy task to tel a lie or bluff to the
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ssb interview tips: SSB Personal Interview

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B d a g age a a i a e i he i e ie . E e a ha ab e 93% f e ba c ica i a a ai e i i e ie . Si i e a e,a d ha e ha d , fi ge , eg d i g he i e ie . The ffice a che he e ef h he b d a g age ha a e h i g a ha i e. A ha e a e e e c ac . Kee b ea h a. F he e hi g be a , he e a d a i be hf
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ssb interview tips: SSB Personal Interview

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ssb interview tips: SSB Personal Interview

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ssb interview tips: SSB Personal Interview

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ssb interview tips: SSB Personal Interview

Which teacher ou dont like and wh Wh ou have chosen to stud this branch Whether ou chosen the particular brach of stud b self or b others compulsion(Parents) Wh there is some gap in studies between intercollege and graduation. How ou improved the percentage from tenth to twelth and wat are steps ou taken to achieve this. If ou scored less marks in twelveth than in tenth, the question is What are the steps ou have taken to overcome this decrease in percentage not to continue in graduation. What our friends and teachers think about ou How ou think about our friends and teachers Cross checking with Self Description:As we wrote in our self description about what our teachers and friends think about us, We should be truthful with our replies same in the personal interview also, the interviewer cross checks the replies of the candidate with the self description paper. From Famil Background:How much pocket mone much ou utili ed. How ou help our father You are close to father or mother and wh How much ou like our father and mother How ou are responsible person to our famil Sa about our sister and brother Whom ou like most and wh With whom ou pla more Which person other than in our famil and friends ou like more and wh Whats ou father/mother rank in the working place and income the are getting How the are utili ing their income and are ou satisfied with that If our famil is totall dependent on ou tomorrow, how ou will help or run the famil . From Friends:How will ou get new friends Which t pe of friends ou like How man friends ou have Out of friends how man are close to ou In our friends to whom ou share the personal things What ou like in our best friend and What he likes in ou What our friend or friends sa about ou What ou sa about ou and our friends. Which thing ou like in our close friend and wh . How ou will help our friend or helped our friend an good moments. How ou and our friends/friend do in our free times or in holida s. For Working Professionals:www.ssbinterviewtips.com/p/da -4-group-task-ii.html 6/14

ou got in our college da s and how

How ou help our mother in our holida s

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ssb interview tips: SSB Personal Interview

What our co workers will sa about ou What ou sa about our boss What our boss sa about ou Tel about our compan or organi ation Wh ou are leaving our previous job What ou like most in our job What ou dont like in ou job What difficult ou faced in our job and what are the steps ou taken to overcome those difficult . Wh are ou leaving the present job From Hobbies and Interests:What is our hobb Wh ou have chosen this hobb From when ou are doing this hobb What are the things ou have learn from our hobb What are the new things Wh ou implemented in our hobb Whats our childhood hobb and what are ou doing now ou change the child hood hobb to this(recent one) The require vast knowledge in the hobb since ever one will have a hobb , but a candidate with good attitude will get information about their hobbies. The different t pes of hobbies are music, singing, blogging, reading, philatel , photograph , trekking etc. Create questions based on our hobb and make responses for that to get thorough knowledge over that. Interests:What t pe of news channel, Tv shows ou see and which periodical ou used to read and wh ? From Games and Sports:-

Which game ou like and wh Wh ou have chosen an indoor game rather than an out door game Wh ou have chosen an out door game rather than an indoor game Whom ou like more in our team if we sa cricket or foot ball etc What is our position in the team i.e. as a team member or captain. Depth of knowledge in the Games or sports. i.e. Questions from si e of the pla ground/court si e and rules of the game and recent world records in the game etc Which pla er ou like most and wh What ou want to improve or ou suggestion for the Indian team in the game/sports ou pla A good oung outh with good ph sique should pla a game in his spare time. So ever one will have a game/sports to pla . If ou dont have a game to pla just join an club of our interests and start to pla . As it helps ou to get more OLQ's. Also get a thorough knowledge in the game which ou used to pla . Checking the Leadership and Organi ing abilit :-

Leadership and organi ing abilit is the important qualit of ever
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DO's and DONT's:Enter the interview room with head held high and uprighted chest as this gives ou a confident approach. Never insert our hands into our pocket, leave it casuall . Since the ver first impression gives ou a positive result. Prefer dress with good qualit and properl ironed. Don wear new dress or old own, wear dress which is properl stitched and good fitting. Avoid boot cuts and all.. Wear proper formal pant. Dont wear watch, or have something in the pocket. Have proper hair cut before the interivew and comb the hair well. Wish the interviewer while entering the room with proper sense such as check whether is morning, or evening or noon. Have a proper and constant voice tone, never raise our voice tone while telling about our achievements or reduce our voice tone while telling about our negative points. Have proper answer for our positive and negative points Have a proper bod language Don't argue with the interviewing officer. But tel our point with some positive points on that. Understand the questions clearl and and start to answer to that question slowl and confidentl . In case, if ou felt that ou dont know the answer, just sa after thinking a while, sorr sir i dont know the answer. In case, if ou didnt get the question from the interviewer means, ask him as sorr sir, i beg our pardon, please repeat the question. Never blame an one for our shortcomings such as low marks due to teacher etc. Since the dont want people who blame for shortcomings. The want people onl who take ever situation positive and over come the shortcomings with hardwork. Piece of Ad ice for Inter ie :-

As i told earlier, form the basic questions about famil , friends, teachers, environment i.e.native, sports, hobbies, girl friends etc and answer ourself with proper voice tone. Dont bluff to the interviewer and be honest to ourself and the interviewer. If ou have those OLQ's surel the interview will take ou in. Good Luck Gentlemen.

32 comments:
king Jul 6, 2011 11:23 PM respected sir, its nice to giving a comment on ssb interview that it was ver

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WORLD OF UNIFORM: Personal Inter ie

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INTERVIEWS: Personal Interview is a good chance for the candidate to create a good impression and shows you ability and dedication to join the force. Also its very crucial so do not try to bluff if you don't know how to, and always be natural and relaxed because it will be very simple and to the point about your personal life, so try to know your self better and people around you . Always prepare for the PI before attending SSB Interview because you know the type of question generally asked by the IO. Below are few questions which you may face during your SSB Interview. If you have any doubt please mention it in the comment box.

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Q. What is your name, meaning of your name, meaning of other member s names in your family, compare yourself with them, name of place you come from, currently what are you doing?

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Q. Family: How many members, since when living at the same place, description and sort of relationship with each member, closer to whom, why closer, whom you admire. Compare yourself with any of your brother/s or sister/s. If alone what would you prefer to have an elder/younger brother/sister? Occupation of working members in the family, if you are working what is your job profile, salary etc.

Q. Education: Institution where you had your education, since when, any achievements, any responsible post held during your education at the institution, represented institution at what levels, subjects you liked most and those you did not like at all, why, teachers you liked most and those which you did not like at all, why (here include the teacher and subject till all these years of education and not only school), name and specialty of institution where studied and a brief description about it namely its location, crowd, cultural and other heritages it carries. What are you currently doing ,what are further options (if not army),why, Why ARMY, since when liked army?
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Q. Friends: What type of friends you like, what type you do not like, where have you gone and where would you like to go with your friends, why are these people your friends, describe your best friend, compare him with you (appearance ,height, texture, thinking, something common in both of you), their hobbies and interests,their way of living life and what do they want to achieve in life.

Q. Why do you want to join the defense forces, if not defense other options, how did you come to the conclusion that you want to join the forces. Did you try for NDA, why not succeeded? Why not proper efforts were given?

Q. Your hobbies and interests, how do you pass your time, which task did you find most interesting in psyche and GTO series, which books have you read, why did you not score well enough in 12th as you scored in 10th , NCC knowledge, Scouts, RSP, MCC, etc., knowledge.

Q. Your life in college, any memories, what is the difference between your friends at Pune and SSB center .If given chance what would you like to change in Pune ( Geographical, economical, agricultural, tourism, traffic etc.) Compare your hometown and hometown friends with friends in Pune and Pune as a place itself. Have you ever come before to the SSB centre previously. Which places did you visit at the SSB place Q. Give 5 current national and international political news. Q. Give 5 current national and international sports news. Q. Some international matters, international organizations, their working procedure and a good knowledge of your specialized subject. Q. How would you organize /trek/swimming competition. a football match /hike/cycle race/

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Q. Why were you weak in some specified sphere, how did you cope up with it. Q. Have you taken coaching, why, what sort of?
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Give examples for any incidences that you are going to explain. Speak in relevance to your Self-Description test and PIQ and do not give fakes. Speaking is an art, whatever you speak give proper punctuations, gestures and emotions as necessary in your speech SPEAK CLEARLY AND MAINTAIN EYE CONTACT.

Hesitation at the time of answering will cause a bad impression, never tell lies and give a full explanation of your family, friends, education, current life, future scope, and with an example for each.

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Posted by ADMIN at 7:08 AM

110 commen :
aravind Sep 7, 2011 07:59 AM awesome... Reply

ankush bansal Sep 7, 2011 09:03 AM this will helps me a lot......!!!! thnxx sir Reply

mithun das Sep 7, 2011 09:05 AM it's very require things for us.thank you sir for this. Reply

ADMIN Reply
. bc ac .c /2011/09/ e i -a ed-i - e a -i e ie .h

Sep 7, 2011 09:33 AM

Most welcome and all the very best :)

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PRIYANKA Sep 7, 2011 09:51 AM is it necessary to speak in english..if we could express ourselves in hindi with more fluency,,,den wat should we do Reply

ADMIN @Priyanka

Sep 7, 2011 10:05 AM

You have to speak in English only but if you think is you want to say something in Hindi because you can express it much clearly then go for it, but mostly speak in English. Reply

Varun Sep 7, 2011 01:16 PM THANKS SIR.... IT'S REALLY VERY IMPORTANT FOR A FRESHER. Reply

Ashwin Sep 7, 2011 08:54 PM Sir, What answer should give for "Meaning of your name and meaning of name in your family members"??? Please explain me Reply

Saahil Sep 8, 2011 01:10 AM Sir what point of view is in this Ques. Q. Have you taken coaching, why, what sort of? and How one should ans it ? My two friendzz, gave different ans to this, One who said "no" was selected, and other one whose ans was "YES",was rejected. Do u think there any Logic behind this all?? Please help me for this...... Reply

SARVESH KUMAR Sep 8, 2011 01:13 AM gr8 effort sir thank u... Reply

SARVESH KUMAR Sep 8, 2011 01:21 AM @sahil most of my frns who said i took coaching got selected there is nothing as such saying NO or YES.. u must b truthful.. Reply

Saahil Sep 8, 2011 01:22 AM and both of them have taken the coaching from same Institue.... Reply
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Saahil Sep 8, 2011 02:47 AM @SARVESH KUMAR, Thakzz... Reply

sid bhati Sep 8, 2011 05:01 AM sir please help for this question.;have you taken any coaching Reply

ADMIN

Sep 8, 2011 07:57 AM

@sid its depend on you, if you say you have taken coaching then you are expected to perform much better. Reply

Niraj Kumar Dangi Sep 8, 2011 09:58 AM Few more difficult questions which I faced sir.. When did u had a fight last time? When did u had argument with ur father,mother or sister? when did u cry last time? When did u fought ur sister last time? when did ur teacher scolded u last time? Did u ever bunk?when?why? and he went in deep about my favourite sports like size of ground and size of ball and current affairs on football. Reply

ADMIN @Niraj

Sep 8, 2011 10:12 AM

All the question except the last one is just to check your behavior in the family and society, I guess its sounds a normal question but you should answer then wisely. Regarding sport questions , you should prepare at least something in detail . :) Reply

Shre

Sep 9, 2011 09:06 AM

@Admin: what does the assessor wants to know by asking a candidate about the teacher he/she likes n dislikes? Reply

ADMIN

Sep 9, 2011 09:45 AM

@Shrey They just want to see how was your behavior with your teachers and mentors. Never say that you hate someone just because that teacher scolded you or for any other reason... because again you will be going through tough training and again your bad and negative thinking about your trainers and mentors will come up there.. So they do not want that thing. . Reply

GAJENDRA MISHRA Sep 9, 2011 08:33 PM
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@Admin sir/madam i have certain query plz do reply Q1: what is the seniority advantage for techies in SSC...like for TGC N UES its two years.... Q2.do they permit to attend ssb of other forces like NAVY OR IAF.... Q3 .what Happens when you switch from army to navy or air force during the course of your training... Reply

Shre

Sep 9, 2011 10:34 PM

@Admin..thnx a lot sir...i was expecting this...the next time i wouldn't say that i hate a particular teacher of mine..!! Can u plz tell me some tricky questions asked by the assessor and how to tackle them.. Reply

ADMIN

Sep 9, 2011 10:52 PM

@Sherty there are many questions just think properly what you gonna answer for such questions. Reply

ADMIN

Sep 9, 2011 10:56 PM

@Gajendra.. seniority will be same for same entry type... You are free to attend any SSB now so what kind of question is this??? and nothing happens when you switch your training academy.. you will face the changes not the academy people. Yes its good to join your first choice if your getting chance :) Reply

Shre Reply

Sep 9, 2011 11:33 PM

@Admin: i will be grateful to you if u could give some examples of such tricky questions

Raghuveer Sep 11, 2011 05:24 AM hello sir what are the expected interview questions fore NCCC spl entry..?? would u suggest me some..?? Reply

ADMIN Reply

Sep 12, 2011 03:17 AM

@Shrey I will try to do it in next post sometime... :)

ADMIN

Sep 12, 2011 03:20 AM

@Raghuveer... There is no diff in SSB , yes as you have mentioned what kind of questions will come for NCC entry ?? So they may ask you anything about NCC ...rest will be the same level of questions.. Reply

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Shre Reply

Sep 12, 2011 09:46 PM

@Admin: Sir plz do that asap..it will be of great help to all the aspirants!

Raghuveer Sep 13, 2011 12:01 PM may i kno wat r d likely ssb dates 4 NCC spl entry 31st course..? Reply

awdesh sharma Sep 14, 2011 10:39 PM sir m 8th time repeater ,,,and what to say when i will asked y u not selected in the previous 7 attempts plz tell me Reply

ADMIN @ Awdesh

Sep 14, 2011 10:51 PM

First of all do not think that repeaters are not considered equally as Fresher, apparently repeaters have more chance. They will ask you about your opinion regarding your past performance, they just want to see whether or not you have the capability to judge your self and your performance in the past attempts. So just think about your performance and tell them where you were lacking earlier and what sort of measures you have taken to perform better in future. Always accept your earlier drawbacks and try to work on them, yes you have more chance to get recommend if you have analysed what you need to do...All the best :) So Reply

awdesh sharma Sep 14, 2011 11:25 PM sir how can i explain the 7 failures please tell as i was screen out also in these attempts please tell me what type of things i have to answr in this questions Reply

ADMIN @Awdesh

Sep 15, 2011 02:47 AM

Do not think that your 7 attempts are obstacles for you, I would say you have more chance because you have faced it many times. You will be asked about " How do you analyse your past performances. In other words they want to know how can you judge you past performance, one who can judge his own performance can improve.

When ever you are asked about you past performance never feel sad, keep smiling and show that you still have the courage and determination to face the challenge and tell them where are you lacking and how did you practice to improve your weaknesses . Reply

awdesh sharma Sep 15, 2011 04:08 AM ok sir thanks
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Reply

Shre Reply

Sep 15, 2011 08:34 AM

@Admin:What should the response be like when asked about the past performance ??

ADMIN Reply

Sep 15, 2011 09:09 AM

@Shery Just tell you good and weak points. Prepare this question well.

Shre

Sep 15, 2011 09:21 AM

@admin: My batchmates were trying too many things during PGT. 10 ppl n 100 ideas n things were just messing up. Do you think it will be a bad idea to say this to the IO? Reply

ADMIN

Sep 15, 2011 10:15 AM

@Shery its like blaming others .. and you may be correct but you can't say that I mean its like blaming others for your failure. There is a way to say the same thing...you could say that there were no proper planning in the group member earlier so we were not performing well in GTO series, but this time I had a proper planning with my group members and we you to talk in the free time regarding to know each others strength and weaknesses..and you can add many more things. Reply

Raghuveer Sep 15, 2011 11:55 AM Reply

ADMIN

Sep 15, 2011 12:17 PM

@Raghuveer its in April 2012 so likely dates will be in November 2011. Reply

Shre

Sep 15, 2011 11:15 PM

@ADMIN: What is the assessor looking for when he asks a candidate abt his daily routine n also the pocket money n the expenditures?? Reply

ADMIN @Shrey

Sep 16, 2011 07:28 AM

Daily routine is to know what you do most of the time and in free time specially, how you utilize it and all similar stuff, pocket money is also same, like where do you spend .

Such question are just to know about your personal life so just face it in a normal manner .
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ratish Sep 22, 2011 03:44 AM hello sir, though i was interviewed one time, the interviewing officer will ask me the same questions or anything different? please suggest me. Reply

ADMIN Reply

Sep 23, 2011 12:04 AM

@Ratish yes there are few sets of questions which are asked each and every time.

Shre

Sep 23, 2011 06:55 AM

@Admin: How does the board decide if a candidate has put up a better performance than the previous ssb? Reply

ADMIN @Shery..

Sep 23, 2011 08:42 AM

If you are getting recommend then obviously you have done better than your last performance... If your not getting recommend then there is no question about your previous performance. Reply

ratish Sep 23, 2011 10:25 AM thank you sir Reply

DEBASIS SAHO Sep 23, 2011 11:02 AM this is really a wooooooooonderful page...... Reply

Shre

Sep 23, 2011 09:45 PM

@Admin: It is generally said that the assessors match the present performance with the previous one for a repeater..So i wanted to know if they possess the old records of a candidate's performance.. Reply

ADMIN

Sep 24, 2011 07:15 AM

@Shery What matters is your present performance, if you do up to the mark then there is no question of comparing past performance ...also it doesn't matter at that time. Reply

Shre
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@Admin: As requested earlier by me, plz give me some instance of some easy looking but tricky questions asked during the interview and also tell me how to tackle them...I have ssb coming up shortly, plz help me out.. Reply

ADMIN

Sep 26, 2011 06:39 AM

@Shery what ever the questioned mentioned above are sufficient, IO may ask any thing and that depends on the IO only so just try to get the details about you , your family and friend is sufficient. And the questions are not difficult its common but you should respond to them wisely after thinking. Reply

Maninder Singh Gill Sep 26, 2011 08:36 AM @Admin in my previous ssb, during the PGT all the members were just speaking of their own and nobody was listening to other. in that situation what should we do? like we should also have to speak without listening the others? and whats being judged in snake race? plz reply thanks... Reply

ADMIN

Sep 26, 2011 09:52 AM

@Maninder Singh Gill PGT is all about giving idea and applying it effectively .

When others shout you try to make them calm and tell them to apply every bodies idea one by one, also you think of your own idea show them how to do. GTO is judging you so he should see you working in the group and coming out with good ideas..Fools just yell but clever thinks and do... Snake race is a group task like other, but its a kind of war situation, so what are you suppose to do in war time ??? help other members to pass the obstacles ..that's it :) Reply

sachin t agi Sep 27, 2011 01:38 AM dear sir, i want to know about any best ssb coaching institute in Chandigarh. please sir guide me. sachin tyagi mob-9988960202 email-id-sachintyagi99@gmail.com Reply

Maninder Singh Gill Sep 28, 2011 03:34 AM @Sachin Tyagi olive green is the best coaching institute in chd. Reply

Maninder Singh Gill Sep 28, 2011 03:35 AM thanku sir. i got it :) Reply
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aarav Oct 1, 2011 04:22 AM sir which is the best way to answer these questions. answer of questions like why you wanna join army includes some points that may goes aginst us.so what shoud i do? Reply

ADMIN @Aarav

Oct 1, 2011 08:58 PM

They need a original answer and not something which sounds artificial, so think of it and you can say as many as point you want to say. Reply

aarav Oct 2, 2011 01:50 AM @ADMIN thank you so much sir Reply

Naween Oct 2, 2011 04:37 AM thanx sir!!! 8-} work sir can we say 'I did't aply for NDA because i wanted to peruse btech and now i would like serve the country in defence as a technical staff' please respond . Reply

ADMIN @Naween

Oct 2, 2011 04:45 AM

You can't say so, if you are really wanted to go in technical then you could have had applied TES. You can say, you didn't clear it(NDA). Reply

Naween Oct 3, 2011 10:05 AM @ admin thats right sir , sir which officer is prefered in promotion or any other events one who entered through NDA or any other . so , is it any thing that differs among offficers in terms of seniority. Reply

ADMIN @Naween

Oct 3, 2011 09:51 PM

Yes it depends on type of commission , your educational qualifications , number of courses you have completed successfully and many more things. Reply

DARSHAN 79 Oct 5, 2011 11:37 PM if you have any information regarding campus interview for indian army....entry engineer.....rpy on 10 th oct my campus interview...
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Reply

jairam Oct 7, 2011 12:43 AM I have received the call letter to attend the ssb interview for induction into the 10+2 BTECH-JAN2012 course of the Indian Naval Academy.I am required to report at INS Agrani on 20th October.I know that swimming is compulsory for a trainee at the Indian Naval Academy. Is it compulsory for me to know swimming before the ssb interview or can I learn swimming before joining the naval academy,if selected? Reply

ADMIN @Darshan

Oct 7, 2011 08:09 AM

I am unable to understand you. @Jairam No there is not compulsion of such sort. Reply

jairam Oct 7, 2011 08:28 AM thank you sir, for the timely reply. I have benefited a lot from this website. Reply

ADMIN @Jairam

Oct 7, 2011 08:34 AM

Most welcome :) Reply

anki8812 Oct 9, 2011 12:02 PM

SIR, LAST TIME I WAS A BORDERLINE CASE?SIR I WANT TO ASK WHETHER SSB TEAM CHECKS OUR PAST PERFORMANCE OR NOT? Reply

ADMIN @Anki NO Reply

Oct 10, 2011 10:44 PM

Shashank Mishra Oct 16, 2011 01:34 PM I don't know your name but here people are addressing you as Admin..You are really doing a great job sharing your knowledge and expertise with others who have fire in their bellies for the Indian Defence Sector. Thank you for providing wonderful insights on Projection Techniques. Looking forward to a good time with you. Regards, Shashank Mishra Reply
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ADMIN @Shashank

Oct 17, 2011 10:39 AM

Thank you for kind words Reply

ma ank Oct 28, 2011 12:18 PM

@admin sir all these questions were asked when i was a fresher now am goin for the 2nd time are these questions be asked by a repeater or some more questions can be asked .. please guide me sir by givin some examples lik what do they expect from a repeater .. what type of questions can be asked.. Reply

ADMIN @Mayank

Oct 28, 2011 05:22 PM

Most of the question will be the same and they will ask you about your past performance and improvement. Reply

Ashish Chaudhar

Oct 31, 2011 07:14 AM

i have got a low % in 12th as compared to 10th. What shud be my ans if put up the same ques??. one more i want to share, i came from ssb 10 days before my board exams.Could it help me ?? Reply

ADMIN Reply

Nov 1, 2011 11:45 AM

@Ashish it must be the genuine reason and please do not make excuses.

shashank Nov 5, 2011 01:48 PM respected sir, what is the reason for repeaters to get selected in 2nd or 3rd attempt.........as i saw 95percent selection are of repeaters.freshers are not recommended easily......and is there any issue for not being an NCC cadet during schools or college times....... Reply

ADMIN

Nov 5, 2011 10:42 PM

@Shashank Repeater who sorted out his weak points and perform well gets recommend easily. Not being in NCC doesn't matter. Reply

Luck 007 Nov 11, 2011 12:54 PM admin Sir................is it true that there is no snake race and lecturette in afsb......???
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what other differences r there.....?? i got my afsb date on 28 nov.... Reply

ADMIN @Lucky

Nov 11, 2011 09:35 PM

There is snake race and lecturette also in AFSB and all other SSB, the only difference is in Individual task, 2-3 tasks are different in AFSB. Reply

viv

Nov 20, 2011 09:17 PM

hey admin can u plz suggest me some books for SSB.. Reply

ADMIN @Vivy

Nov 21, 2011 07:32 AM

http://www.ssbcrack.com/2011/07/blog-post.html Reply

vija

Dec 11, 2011 10:42 PM

hey guys.. thanks for all ur info.. i got selected in navy on 6th dec.. all the materials were helpful.. thanks admin Reply

ADMIN Reply

Dec 12, 2011 08:40 AM

@Vijay All the best

bipin cool dude Dec 29, 2011 08:45 PM @admin.........hw could a manipulate...if iam asked over my percenatage like i used to got 80 % during m school dayz and now my performance have declined to 50 % Reply

Alok Jan 3, 2012 07:40 AM Hi Everyone there, Can anyone share me NCC Related questions as i forget all....eg:footsteps/sec in quick march and ........and all type of salami shastra and more about contribution of NCC to nation and how it makes person differ from civilian candidate..........These type of questions. @Admin-Can you please help me on this? Reply

amrinder singh Jan 4, 2012 07:55 AM @admin: do they expect more from a sainik school guy?
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SUNIL Jan 6, 2012 05:57 AM Hello admin... its a wonderful post , this will surely him me a lot, i want know regarding interview that what is generally the FIRST question that is being asked by the interviewer to a candidate. plz tell me the a guess or normal order of question ??? plzzzz reply me..... eagerly waiting... Reply

SUNIL Jan 6, 2012 08:24 AM

Sir , also want to know, i am 2011 pass out , completed B.tech, i want to know how much a job is important for a SSB interview because till now i did not join any job. i have attempted 3 times SSB after my B.TECH ...what to write in teacher/boss opinion and when the interviewer ask few question on the same... plzzz reply .. i am eagerly waiting ... Reply

Alok Jan 17, 2012 05:25 AM Can Anyone share link for NCC special entry form 32nd course on site. Reply

Rohan Jan 19, 2012 03:43 AM

Sir do we need to sit for the written exam again(CDS) if we do not crack the Interview for the 1st time.?? Reply

ADMIN Reply

Jan 19, 2012 05:34 AM

@Rohan Yes you have write it again .

ADMIN @all

Jan 19, 2012 05:37 AM

Do not freak out in PI , its the most simplest thing in SSB but matters alot in your selection . Be normal and answer whatever asked to you, try not to bluff :) Reply

Rahul Jan 20, 2012 06:20 AM sir since i was preparing for my entrance exam i completely forgot about nda and didn't apply for it...can i say this when asked whether i tried for nda??? Reply Replies ADMIN Jan 20, 2012 08:51 AM

Lame excuse , say you were not aware of such opportunity at that time and was more concerned towards other competitive exams .

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Naween Jan 21, 2012 08:09 AM but u r from amry background then this wouldn't work...... Reply

singh991 Jan 22, 2012 04:50 AM @admin sir i hve gt vry less perctage of marks in frst 2 yr of grduatn as compared to 12th. bcz frst i was planning to do b.tch thn due to sme reasns.... i coldnt. in the frst year i was preparng fr engg so coldnt focus on college studies . nd in second year i ws mre focused towards m part tym job due to financial prblm . i was also focused towards n.c.c Reply

singh991 Jan 22, 2012 04:55 AM @admin is this o.k . plzz guide me hw shld i aswer if m asked fr the decline of m per Reply Replies ADMIN Be truthful Repl Feb 5, 2012 01:40 AM

Vivek Jan 22, 2012 05:43 AM @ADMIN:- sir I am having 76.80% marks in 10th and 67.00% in 12th i was asked the reason for this downfall in SSB interview at dehradun. Sir what could be a better answer for this question. What explanations should be given. Reply Replies ADMIN Feb 5, 2012 01:41 AM

You know the correct answer, tell me :) Repl

MANGESH Jan 24, 2012 11:16 PM @ADMIN

Sir, First of all, thank you very much for this website. It is a mine knowledge, from which anyone can openly take whatever he/she wants that too free of charge. I appreciate your contribution in helping candidates in joining forces. I thank you also for sparing your time for guiding everyone and sharing your knowledge. Reply Replies ADMIN
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Thank you, that means a lot :) Repl

arun kumar Feb 5, 2012 01:27 AM Reply Replies ADMIN Feb 5, 2012 01:43 AM

I didn't understand the question completely. Repl

arun kumar Feb 16, 2012 03:50 AM WHAT SHOULD I SAY IF IO ASKS -WHY SHOULD I RECOMMEND YOU? Reply Replies ADMIN Feb 16, 2012 08:44 AM

Say YES confidently .

arun kumar Feb 17, 2012 12:10 AM sir question is why should i recommend you?

ADMIN

Feb 17, 2012 08:21 AM

Tell the reason why you want to be in defence, tell the actual feelings of your and tell them that you deserve to be in it. Repl

Etr orcmet. ne u omn..

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Preparation ground for SSB
If you are one of those lucky ones who has received a call letter and is going to attend SSB interview in the coming days, here's what is going to help you. We bring you a small yet unique online platform to test you before you go for the BIG thing. Here's what we got for you

FREE Chat with a Doctor

Psychological tests: 1. WAT (Word Association Test): You get 15 seconds to make a sentence
out of a word displayed on screen, where about a total of 60 words will be displayed.Just click on the screen below in WAT, and start writing. 2. TAT(Thematic Appreception test): You will be shown a picture on screen, you get 30 seconds to watch it, and then you will be having 4 minutes to write a description about it, where about 12 pictures will be displayed on screen including one blank picture.We have displayed 12(including one blank pic in the last) pics, pick up your writing pad, click on the TAT screen and start writing. 3.SRT(Situation Reaction Test): You will be given a set of paper of 60 situations, where you have
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to write your natural reactions to it. You will be given 30 minutes to answer this paper. We have displayed 3 sets of such paper, practice all sets in every other interval. 4.Lastly, its SDT(Self Description test): You will be given a set of 5 questions, which are displayed below after practicing SRT test. The time given for this task is 25 minutes. Tips Write fast. Do not skip any word in WAT or any situation in SRT, if in case you have skipped, complete it before the task ends(which is remotely possible), so its better not to skip. Make sure you see and understand the pictures well in TAT before starting to write, as this test is also a part of the screening process. Do not start writing in TAT when the picture is being displayed, its against the rule. In our displays, we have intentionally reduced the time limits in order to make you learn writing fast and get used to it.
We are constantly updating information about SSB interview and all the procedure related to it. Right now we have an online practice ground for psychological tests, we will soon be updating on other tests like Screening and Group tasks. If you need any more information regarding SSB interviews or if you want to share it with everyone here, mail us at collectiontank@karessu.com.

Just click on the screens to practice Word Association Test and Thematic Appreception Test. Be prepared with your writing material to practice these tests before clicking on the screens. All the best!!

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Be Physically fit for your SSB

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ST R
Situation Reaction Test : 1 Si a ion Reac ion Te :2 Si a ion Reac ion Te : 3

Example: Situation Reaction Test : 1 1) His captain was injured before the crucial match, has was asked to lead the team? He........ 2) He was on his way to home and suddenly it started raining heavily? He 3) You are an officer posted at the border and suddenly shelling happens from the other side, you.... 4) You are at unknown city and u lost your purse. You need money. As a stranger to the place how will u manage? 5) Your brother wants to get admitted in a medical college but his marks fall short by 1% to be Eligible for admission. You would.... 6) You have to go to a city with cash for work but the way is dangerous as dacoits...... how will u manage to go? 7) He was travelling by a train and suddenly a person snatches purse from a lady and jumps out of the train. He............. 8) You are going to sign a contract suddenly u got news that one of your friend who had helped you once met an accident and is in ICU. you................... 9) He had boarded a wrong train and came to know only when he was asked to pay money to TT. He...... 10) He saw his girlfriend walking with another person on his way. He... 11) He was on his way to railway station to catch a train; suddenly a car passes by and throws a person out of the running car. He.................... 12) He was driving the bike without helmet and the traffic police caught him. He..........
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Other SSB tests about which we will be soon updating Group Testing: Group Discussion Group Planning Exercise Progressive Group Task Snake Race Half-Group Task Lecturette Individual Obstacles Command Task
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13) He was asked to organize the farewell party. He............. 14) He was ironing his clothes when suddenly he received an electric shock and he noticed the wire burning. He..... 15) He was in charge of wireless board in a sailing ship which unfortunately lost its communication with the coast. He........ 16) In a discussion with your colleagues, you find your losing ground, you .... 17) He was to appear for an exam and all of a sudden the curfew was imposed in that area, he......... 18) He went for the picnic with his friends and on the way he had hot arguments with them. He..... 19) There is a person who sells smuggled goods. You too, like many others, have purchased a wrist watch from him. But it doesn't work. You........ 20) Just two days before the semi-finals of the bridge tournament, his partner was called by his parents and had to go out of station for an urgent work. He........ 21) He was rather young when his father was killed in the war and later mother kidnapped by the rival group. He had no other relative. He............. 22) You are on the way to your home suddenly your bicycle got punctured. You .. 23) He urgently needed of money. He... 24) During d exams his teacher threatened him to fail in examination. He 25) You are getting late in reaching meeting. You would... 26) You find your hostel roommate not very friendly with you. You..... 27) Your mom is seriously ill and your boss doesn't grant u leave. You 28) He was wondering why most of the officers in India were corrupt and he......... 29) He was trying long jump, in school sports day, and injured his ankle. He................ 30) He was to marry a rich girl chosen by his father but he did not like her. He........... 31) His friend was copying from book in examination hall. He.................. 32) During a trekking trip, he was left alone in the jungle. He.................. 33) He was weak in studies, and knew that he could not do well in his education. He............. 34) He was going for the SSB and on the way he saw a person seriously injured and nobody was there to help him .He .. 35) Your brother is facing charges for the murder which he really committed. You......... 36) He was crossing a flooded nala in his boat and suddenly lost his control. He...... 37) He was travelling to his SSB centre, and just before reaching the station, he found that his suitcase is lost. He................. 39) He was all set for SSB but unfortunately there was a sad demise of his family member. He....
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Full Group Task

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40) He was playing out door and his brother got seriously 40) He was playing out door and his brother got seriously injured and it started to rain heavily. He............... 41) He had exams the next day and the road to his school was flooded with continuous rain for last two days. He...................... 42) While in discussion, his friend shouted at him, that he don't know anything. He....... 43) While passing by he found two people sneaking at a house from the window. He............. 44) He was walking on a dark street with his girl friend then suddenly ten armed people came and started harassing his girl friend the next police station was ten km away. He... 45) His friend was always quarrelling with him and the papers were near. He..... 46) His boss gives a peace of work and orders him to follow his instructions to complete the work, but the work is difficult to finish within time. He............ 47) He see a snake moving near to the bed where his younger brother is sleeping, when he enters his room.He 48) If some of your friend cracks a joke on you in presence of your girlfriend, what will you do... 49) You received an urgent order from your commander. But you feel that order passed on to you is wrong. What will u do . 50) While shooting a film, terrorists kidnapped the heroine. You are in charge of the 'check post ' nearby the scene. What will you do 51) Country young men are not interested in joining defense forces. What incentive would you offer to lure them..... 52) You are moving along with a convoy to forward area and sitting at the back of the vehicle. You saw a flag car is speeding fast. What will u do.... 53) An airplane crashed in a field nearby your battalion area. You are battalion commander. What steps would you take at such a critical juncture....... 54) He was watching a movie in the cinema hall. He sees a snake in front of his legs. He..... 54) He was watching a movie in the cinema hall. He sees a snake in front of his legs. He..... 55) You are a handsome, smart and brave young 'army officer'. You fall in love with the girl of another community. But your parents oppose the proposal .what you do... 56) What if you and your friend fall in love with the same girl 57) You heard rumors that enemy is likely to attack d country. As a serving soldier what u do... 58) A stocky built ruffian snatched the chain of wife of a soldier. You are passing by what you do( person is stronger than you and you are empty handed and there is no third person n u don't have even your mobile) 59) You have been invited for dinner by one of your friend and you are also required to attend Regimental 'Bara- Khana'.you .. 60) You are in second year of comp. engineering. But now you find it hard to complete your degree. You .
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Sl DsrpinTs ef ecito et
1. What do your parents think about you? 2.What do your friends think about you? 3.What do your teachers (or employers if in case you are employed) think about you? 4.What do think about yourself? 5. What are the qualities you would like to develop in you? Total time: 25 minutes.

GopTssilsrtos ru ak lutain

This is just an illustration of how the group tasks would be and should not be considered as an ideal task which is conducted at real SSB, as the kind of group tasks vary across different selection boards in the country.

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Introduction
The Army requires that candidates for Officer Training have certain mental abilities. These mental abilities are measured by three tests that are described in this booklet. It is essential that you read this booklet carefully so that you will understand the types of test you will be asked to take whilst at the Army Officers Selection Board (AOSB). The three tests of mental ability you will be asked to do at the AOSB are: Verbal Reasoning Numerical Reasoning Abstract Reasoning The purpose of this booklet is to give you some information about why the tests are used, what to expect at the testing session, and tips on how to do your best at the tests. It will also give you a chance to have a go at the types of question you will see in the Verbal, Numerical and Abstract Reasoning tests.

Using this booklet
It is important that you use the time you have been given to read this booklet well. Find a quiet place, free from interruptions. Read the information in this booklet carefully and have a go at the practice questions. You should mark your answers to the practice questions on the answer sheet provided at the end of this booklet. When you have attempted the practice questions, check your answers against the correct answers also given at the end of this booklet. Make sure you understand the solutions to all the practice questions, as this will help you when you take the real tests.

Taking the actual tests
You will take the Verbal, Numerical and Abstract tests on computer. All responses to the tests are given using the mouse. It is important to read the instructions for each test carefully. You can see a summary of these during the test by clicking on the question mark button, but this will give you less time to answer the questions. After the instructions, you will see example questions and have a chance to try some further practice questions. The tests are strictly timed, and you may not finish all of the questions in the time allowed. You should work quickly, but not so quickly that you make unnecessary mistakes. If you cannot answer a question, you can skip it and come back to it later if you have time. You will be given some paper to make notes or to do any rough-working during the tests.

Verbal Reasoning - Instructions
The Verbal Reasoning test looks at your ability to think logically about written information. In this test, you will see passages of text, followed by statements relating to the text. You have to read each passage of text carefully and then decide whether each statement follows logically from the information in the passage. For each statement there are three answer options you can choose from: True, False or Can’t tell. True This means that, on the basis of the information in the passage, the statement is true or logically follows from the passage. This means that, on the basis of the information in the passage, the statement is false. This means that you cannot tell from the information in the passage whether the statement is true or false.

False

Can’t tell

When deciding on whether a statement is true, false or you can’t tell, it is important to base your answer only on the information in the passage and not on any other knowledge you may have. Your task is simply to judge whether or not the statement follows logically from the passage. Look at the example on the next pages, and then have a go at the practice statements on the following pages. Mark your answers to the practice statements on the answer sheet provided, by putting a tick through ‘True’, ‘False’ or ‘Can’t tell’ for each. In the real test you will indicate your answers by clicking on them with a computer mouse. You will have 40 questions to answer in 15 minutes.

2

Verbal Reasoning – Example

The word ‘weather’ is used to describe the day-to-day changes in our atmosphere. The source of these changes is the sun. As the Earth spins at an angle to the sun, areas around the equator get more heat from the sun than other areas. Land also absorbs more heat than the sea. The atmosphere tries to equalise these differences in temperature, moving hot air that is near the equator to colder areas near the North and South Pole, and cool air to warmer areas. This movement of air is also affected by the spinning of the Earth and friction between the air and land. This process creates areas of high and low pressure in the atmosphere that result in the weather we experience on the ground.

E1.

Warm air tends to move towards the equator.

The answer to this question is “False.” Explanation: The passage tells us that the atmosphere moves ‘hot air that is near the equator to colder areas near the North and South Pole’ and ‘cool air to warmer areas’. Warmer air therefore moves away from the equator, not towards it. E2. The sea cools down more quickly than land.

The answer to this question is “Can’t tell.” Explanation: The passage tells us that ‘Land also absorbs more heat than the sea’. It does not tell us anything about how quickly land and sea cools down. Although some people may know that land cools down more quickly than sea, this statement should not be answered ‘False’ as this information is not given in the passage. Remember, your answer should be based only on the information in the passage and not any other knowledge you have. E3. The sun causes changes in the weather.

The answer to this question is “True.” Explanation: The first sentence tells us that “weather’ is …the day-to-day changes in our atmosphere’. The second sentence says that ‘The source of these changes is the sun’. Therefore the statement is true from the information in the passage. E4. Areas of high pressure are more common around the equator.

The answer to this question is “Can’t tell.” Explanation: The passage states that the movement of air ‘… creates areas of high and low pressure …’. It also tells us that areas around the equator tend to be warmer, and that warm air moves from the equator to cooler areas. However, the passage does not give any information about air pressure around the equator, so you cannot tell whether the statement is true or false.

3

Verbal Reasoning – Practice

Charges for late return of library books
It is expected that all users of the library will return books by the date they are due for return. Fines are charged on books which are kept beyond the return date. The purpose of fines is to encourage the prompt return of books, so that maximum use can be made of the library’s stock of books.    A reduced rate of fines applies to those under 18 years of age. All users, except those who are chronically ill, housebound or disabled, are subject to charges. If you are unable to return a book by the due date or have not finished with it, you can ask to extend the return date provided the book has not been requested by another user.

1.

All users of the library have to pay fines on overdue books.

2.

Your age can affect the cost of any fines.

3.

The money from fines is used to buy new books for the library.

4.

The return date can be extended on any book you have borrowed.

4

Verbal Reasoning – Practice

All companies should have a Privacy Policy. It should cover what personal information should be stored, where and how it is kept, and who can access it. This issue is not just an ethical one, since the Data Protection Act sets legal requirements. Changes in technology now make the issues increasingly complex. For example, an employer may request personal information, a recruitment agency be responsible for supplying it, but an independent recruitment consultant may actually collect and record that information. All three parties may end up with a copy of the information stored in different forms in different countries. The laws in all three countries may be different. It is also unclear as to whether the law applies to where the data are collected, stored or accessed. It is therefore increasingly urgent for harmonisation of Data Protection laws across national boarders.

5.

It is wrong to keep personal information without a person’s consent.

6.

A company’s Privacy Policy can cover paper as well as electronic records of personal information.

7.

Data Protection laws have been standardised across countries.

8.

Changes in technology have made issues around the storage and access of personal information more complex.

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Numerical Reasoning - Instructions The Numerical Reasoning test looks at your ability to solve numerical problems. You will see some numerical information followed by questions that relate to the information. For each question you are given five possible answer options. You have to work out the correct answer from the information provided. Look at the example on the next page, and then have a go at the practice questions on the following pages. The answer options to each question are labelled ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’, ‘D’ and ‘E’. Mark your answers to the practice questions on the answer sheet provided, by putting a tick through the correct answer option. Calculators are not allowed for the numerical test. In the real test you will indicate your answers by clicking on them with a computer mouse. You will have 36 questions to answer in 15 minutes.

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Numerical Reasoning – Example

E1.

Three members of a family share equally the cost of Silver cover for one car with Green Arrow. How much does each person pay? A. £20 B. £25 C. £30 D. £60 E. £180

The correct answer is £20 (A). To answer this question you first have to find out how much Silver cover with Green Arrow costs. The table shows you that this is £60. To find the cost to each person, you have to divide £60 by 3. £60 divided equally between three people gives you the answer of £20.

E2.

There is a 10% discount if you take out breakdown cover for more then one car. What is the cost of having two cars with Green Arrow Bronze cover? A. £46 B. £54 C. £60 D. £66 E. £72

The correct answer is £54 (B). To get the answer you first have to find the cost of Bronze cover with Green Arrow from the table. The table shows you this is £30. The cost of covering two cars would therefore be £60 (2x£30), but the question also tells you that there is a 10% discount if you take out cover for more than one car. To get the final cost, you need to find the discount (10% of £60), and subtract this from the total cost. To get 10% of £60, you need to divide £60 by 100 to get £0.6, and then multiply it by 10 to get 10% (£6). The total cost is therefore £60 - £6, which gives the answer of £54.

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E3.

What is the ratio of the cost of Silver cover with Green Arrow to Gold cover with Green Arrow? A. 1:3 B. 2:3 C. 3:2 D. 2:1 E. 3:1

The correct answer is 2:3 (B). To get the answer you need to find the highest number that will divide into the cost of Green Arrow Silver cover (£60) and Green Arrow Gold cover (£90). The highest number is 30, which divides into the cost of Silver cover twice (60/30=2) and the cost of Gold cover three times (90/30=3). This gives you the ratio of 2:3.

E4.

The cost of Bronze cover with Blue Star increases to £50. By what percentage has the cost of Bronze cover increased? A. 10% B. 20% C. 25% D. 50% E. 125%

The correct answer is 25% (C). To find the percentage increase you first have to find the actual increase in cost. The table tells you that the cost of Blue Star Bronze cover was £40. The question tells you this has increased to £50, giving an increase of £10 (the difference between £40 and £50). You then have to find what percentage of the original cost (£40) the increase is (£10), by dividing the increase by the original cost. £10 divided by £40 gives you 0.25. To turn this into a percentage, multiply the answer (0.25) by 100. This gives the answer of 25%.

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Numerical Reasoning – Practice

1.

How many red and black cars were sold during the year? A. 6 B. 19 C. 25 D. 34 E. 44

2.

How many more blue cars were sold than red cars? A. 1 B. 11 C. 25 D. 36 E. 61

3.

What percentage of the cars sold were white? A. 10% B. 12% C. 14% D. 16% E. 18%

4.

What is the ratio of white cars to blue cars sold? A. 1:4 B. 1:3 C. 3:4 D. 3:1 E. 4:1

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Numerical Reasoning – Practice

5.

How much does 3kg of Deluxe Muesli cost?

A. £2.04

B. £2.46

C. £2.71

D. £2.91

E. £3.11

6.

What is the difference between the cost of 2kg of Muesli Base and 2kg of Standard Muesli? A. 14p B. 15p C. 28p D. 29p E. 30p

7.

The shop weighs out the Muesli in 1kg bags. How many bags of Deluxe Muesli could you buy for £10? A. 9 B. 10 C. 11 D. 12 E. 14

8.

On average, a family eats 1 kg of Standard Muesli every 12 days. How much would it cost for 60 days? A. £4.01 B. £4.10 C. £5.00 D. £9.84 E. £39.36

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Abstract Reasoning - Why do AOSB use an Abstract Reasoning test? The Abstract Reasoning test looks at your ability to identify patterns and relationships between shapes. Some people may wonder why they are being asked to take a test about shapes. It is clear that army officers need verbal and numerical skills, but why do they need to pick out patterns in shapes? The reason is that the Abstract Reasoning test is related to a number of skills that are important to a good army officer. Some of these skills are not as obvious and direct as verbal and numerical skills. The Abstract Reasoning test will assess skills related to:  The ability to generate a range of ideas – part of the Abstract test requires you to identify common threads and similarities between shapes. To do this, you have to show an ability to generate a variety of ideas about how the shapes may be linked. If some ideas don’t work, you need the creativity to think of alternatives. It is this ability to generate new alternative ideas without getting stuck which is central to good problem-solving ability. The ability to focus on relevant information – The Abstract test contains some features that have nothing to do with the problem. This is true in real life – problems occur with lots of information, some of which is relevant and some which is irrelevant. It is all too easy to become distracted and to spend too much time on irrelevancies. The Abstract problems allow you to show your ability to identify and focus on what is relevant. The ability to switch between different types of information – The problems in the Abstract test are very varied – some need you to look at smaller details, whereas others are more about seeing a ‘bigger picture’. Some are based on simple and familiar concepts, whereas others are based on more abstract or unfamiliar concepts. This is another aspect of flexible and creative problem solving. The ability to be analytical as well as creative – To solve the problems in the Abstract test you need both the ability to generate alternative solutions (which requires creativity and flexibility) and the analytical skills to test out these ideas and make sure they fit clearly and precisely.

Abstract Reasoning - Instructions On each page of the Abstract Reasoning test you will see two sets of shapes: ‘Set A’ and ‘Set B’. All of the shapes in Set A are similar in some way, and all the shapes in Set B are similar in some way. Set A and Set B are not related to each other. You have to work out how the shapes in Set A are related to each other and how the shapes in Set B are related to each other. You then have to work out whether further shapes belong to Set A, Set B or Neither set. Look at the example on the next page, and then have a go at the practice shapes on the following pages. Mark your answers to the practice shapes on the answer sheet provided, by putting a tick through ‘Set A’, ‘Neither’ or ‘Set B’ for each. In the real test you will indicate your answers by clicking on them with a computer mouse. You will have 70 questions to answer in 12 minutes.

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Abstract Reasoning – Example

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Answers to Example Questions The only common feature between the cells in Set A, is that they all contain white shapes. As some of the cells in Set A contain one shape, and others contain two shapes, the number of shapes in each cell does not matter. Similarly for Set B, all the cells contain black shapes. Again, as some cells contain one shape and others contain two, the number of shapes in each cell does not matter. The answers to the example questions are: E1 – The correct answer is Set A, as it contains a white shape. E2 – The correct answer is Neither. As it contains one white and one black shape, it does not clearly belong to either set. E3 – The correct answer is Set A, as it contains white shapes. Although E3 contains five white shapes, more than any cells in Set A, it still conforms to the rules of Set A as the number of shapes is not part of the solution. E4 – The correct answer is Neither. As the shapes have both black and white parts to them, they do not clearly belong to either set. E5 – The correct answer is Set B, as this contains a black shape.

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Abstract Reasoning – Practice

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Abstract Reasoning – Practice

15

Abstract Reasoning – Practice

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Verbal Reasoning – Answers to the Practice Questions

Questions 1 to 4

1. All users of the library have to pay fines on overdue books. The answer to this question is “False.” Explanation: The second bullet point states that all users are subject to fines ‘… except those who are chronically ill, housebound or disabled’. As people who fall into these categories are exempt from fines, not ‘all’ users have to pay fines on overdue books.

2. Your age can affect the cost of any fines. The answer to this question is “True.” Explanation: The first bullet point states that ‘A reduced rate of fines applies to those under 18 years of age’. As younger users of the library pay reduced fines, age does affect how much people have to pay.

3. The money from fines is used to buy new books for the library. The answer to this question is “Can’t tell.” Explanation: The passage gives information on fines and why fines are imposed on overdue books. Although it says that the purpose of fines is to ‘make maximum use … of the library’s stock of books’, it does not say anything about how the money from fines is used.

4. The return date can be extended on any book you have borrowed. The answer to this question is “False.” Explanation: The passage says that ‘you can ask to extend the return date provided the book has not been requested by another user’. Therefore the return date cannot automatically be extended on any book you have borrowed, as the book may have been requested by another user.

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Questions 5 to 8 5. It is wrong to keep personal information without a person’s consent. The correct answer is “Can’t tell.” Explanation: The passage talks about issues relating to the storage of personal information, but does not say anything about getting consent from the individual to store this information.

6. A company’s Privacy Policy can cover paper as well as electronic records of personal information. The correct answer is “True.” Explanation: The passage states that ‘It (the Privacy Policy) should cover what personal information should be stored, where and how it is kept …’. ‘…how it is kept…’ indicates that a Privacy Policy can cover information stored in different ways, such as on paper or electronically.

7. Data Protection laws have been standardised across countries. The correct answer is “False.” Explanation: The last sentence of the passage says there is a need for ‘… harmonisation of Data Protection laws across national boarders’. Before this it also says ‘The laws in all three countries may be different’, when talking about data that may be stored in different countries. Both of these sentences indicate that there can be differences between the laws of different countries, therefore laws cannot have been standardised.

8. Changes in technology have made issues around the storage and access of personal information more complex. The correct answer is “True.” Explanation: The passage states that Privacy Policies should cover ‘what personal information should be stored … and who can access it’. The beginning of the second paragraph states that ‘Changes in technology now make the issues increasingly complex’. This statement is therefore clearly true on the basis of the passage.

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Numerical Reasoning – Answers to the Practice Questions

Questions 1 to 4
1. How many red and black cars were sold during the year? A. 6 B. 19 C. 25 D. 34 E. 44

The correct answer is 44 (E). Explanation: To find the answer you have to add the number of red cars sold (25) to the number of black cars sold (19). 25 + 19 gives a total of 44.

2.

How many more blue cars were sold than red cars? A. 1 B. 11 C. 25 D. 36 E. 61

The correct answer is 11 (B). Explanation: The answer is found by taking the number of red cars sold (25) away from the number of blue cars sold (36). 36 - 25 gives a total of 11.

3.

What percentage of the cars sold were white? A. 10% B. 12% C. 14% D. 16% E. 18%

The correct answer is 10% (A). Explanation: To get the answer you have to find what proportion of all the cars that were sold were white, and then turn this into a percentage. The total number of cars sold is found by adding the sales of all types of car together (25 + 12 + 36 + 19 + 28), which gives 120. You then divide the number of white cars (12) by the total number of cars (120). 12/120 is 0.1. To turn this into a percentage, multiply this by 100 to give 10%.

4.

What is the ratio of white cars to blue cars sold? A. 1:4 B. 1:3 C. 3:4 D. 3:1 E. 4:1

The correct answer is 1:3 (B). Explanation: To get the answer you need to find the highest number that will divide into the number of white cars sold (12) and the number of blue cars (36). The highest number is 12, which divides into the number of white cars once (12/12=1) and the number of blue cars three times (36/12=3). This gives you the ratio of 1:3.

Questions 5 to 8
5. How much does 3kg of Deluxe Muesli cost? A. £2.04 B. £2.46 C. £2.71
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D. £2.91

E. £3.11

The correct answer is £2.91 (D). Explanation: To find the correct answer you have to first get the price of Deluxe Muesli from the table. The table shows this is 97p per kg. To find the cost of 3 kg you have to multiply 97p by 3. This gives you 291p or £2.91. 6. What is the difference between the cost of 2kg of Muesli Base and 2kg of Standard Muesli? A. 14p B. 15p C. 28p D. 29p E. 30p

The correct answer is 28p (C). Explanation: The easiest way to get the correct answer is to first find the cost of Muesli Base and Standard Muesli from the table. Muesli Base costs 68p per kg and Standard Muesli 82p per kg. Then find the difference between these two values by subtracting the smaller (68) from the larger (82), to give you 14 (82-68=14). 14p is the difference between the cost of 1kg of Muesli Base and Standard Muesli. To find the difference for 2kg, you have to multiply the difference between them by 2, to give you 28p (14x2). Another way to find the correct answer would be to first find the cost of 2kg of Muesli Base (68x2=136) and 2kg of Standard Muesli (82x2=164). Then subtract the smaller value (136) from the larger (164) to give you the difference of 28p. 7. The shop weighs out the Muesli in 1kg bags. How many bags of Deluxe Muesli could you buy for £10? A. 9 B. 10 C. 11 D. 12 E. 14

The correct answer is 10 (B). Explanation: To get the correct answer you first have to find the cost of Deluxe Muesli from the table. The table shows that Deluxe Muesli costs 97p per kg. To find out how many 1kg bags of Deluxe Muesli you could buy with £10.00, you have to divide 97p into £10.00. 8. On average, a family eats 1 kg of Standard Muesli every 12 days. How much would it cost for 60 days? A. £4.01 B. £4.10 C. £5.00 D. £9.84 E. £39.36

The correct answer is £4.10 (B). Explanation: To get the answer, first find out how much muesli the family would eat in 60 days. You are told that 1kg lasts 12 days. To find out how much they would eat in 60 days, you need to find out have many ‘lots’ of 12 days there are in 60 days. 60 divided by 12 gives you 5, so the family would eat 5kg in 60 days. To find the cost for 60 days, find the cost of Standard Muesli from the table (82p per kg). Multiplying 82p by 5 (the number of kg eaten in 60 days) gives you the answer £4.10.

Abstract Reasoning – Answers to the Practice Questions

Questions 1 to 5
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The only common feature between the cells in Set A, is that they all contain shapes which have their narrowest point on the left. As some of the cells in Set A contain one shape, and others contain two shapes, the number of shapes in each cell does not matter. Similarly for Set B, all the cells shapes have their narrowest point at the bottom. Again, as some cells contain one shape and others contain two, the number of shapes in each cell does not matter. The answers to these questions are: 1 – The correct answer is Set B, as both shapes have their narrowest point at the bottom. 2 – The correct answer is Neither. Both shapes have their narrowest points on the right, and so do not belong to either set. 3 – The correct answer is Set A, as the shape has its narrowest point on the left. 4 – The correct answer is Neither. As the shape has its narrowest point at the top, it does not belong to either set. 5 – The correct answer is Neither. As two shapes have their narrowest point at the bottom, and the other has its narrowest point at the top, this does not clearly belong to either set.

Questions 6 to 10
All of the cells in Set A contain at least one white square and one black square. Although some of the cells also contain other shapes, this is the only common feature between the cells in Set A and so any other shapes can be ignored. The size of the squares also varies, but this can be ignored as it is not consistent between the cells and so is not part of the solution. Similarly for Set B, all the cells contain at least two white squares. Again, some cells contain other shapes and the size of the two white squares varies. However, as two white squares is the only common feature in all cells, any other shapes and the size of the squares can be ignored. The answers to these questions are: 6 – The correct answer is Neither, as there is only one square in this cell. 7 – The correct answer is Set B, as this cell has two white squares. 8 – The correct answer is Set A, as this cell has one white square and one black square. 9 – The correct answer is Neither, as this cell has two black squares. 10 – The correct answer is Neither, as this cell has two black squares.

Questions 11 to 15
The only common feature between all of the cells in Set A, is that they contain two shapes the same, with one of the shapes being rotated by 180°. Some of the cells also
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contain other shapes. However, as there is no consistent pattern to these shapes, they are not part of the solution and so can be ignored. All of the cells in Set B contain three different shapes. As there are no other common features between the cells, three different shapes is the solution to Set B. The answers to these questions are: 11 – The correct answer is Neither. There are two similar shapes in the cell, but one of them is rotated 90°, not 180°. Therefore it does not belong to Set A. As there are four shapes in this cell, and two of them are the same, it also does not belong to Set B. 12 – The correct answer is Set B, as this cell has three different shapes in it. 13 – The correct answer is Set A, as this cell has two triangles, one at 180° from the other. 14 – The correct answer is Set A, as this cell has two R-shapes, one at 180° from the other. 15 – The correct answer is Neither. This cell has two shapes the same, but one is reflected (i.e. is a mirror image) and not rotated 180°. Therefore it does not belong in Set A. Also, as it does not contain three completely different shapes, it does not belong in Set B.

Note: In all problems, Set A and Set B are not related to each other in any way. However, in some cases the rules may be similar for both sets. For example, in the first set of practice shapes the rules for both sets are about where the narrowest points of the shapes are. In the second set of practice shapes the solutions are based on the number and shading of squares. In the example above, the rules for Set A and Set B are completely unrelated to each other. In the proper test, some rules will be similar for Sets A and B and others will be completely different.

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Some Final Tips on Taking the AOSB Tests  

Listen to and read the test instructions carefully. If you are unclear about anything, ask. You will have time to read the instructions before the timed part of each test begins. Further examples and practice questions will be given to remind you of what you have to do. Work through these to make sure you are clear about what each test requires you to do. Try not to pay attention to other people taking the test around you. Remain focused on the test. The tests are strictly timed, so it is important to work as quickly and as accurately as you can. If you are stuck on a question, do not waste time on it - go on to the next one and come back to it at the end if you have time. The best approach with multiple-choice questions is to try and work out the answer yourself, and then see if your answer is one of the given options. If your answer is not one of the given options, check your reasoning or calculations. If you are absolutely stuck, make an educated guess rather than picking an answer randomly. Try to eliminate answers you know to be wrong and then go with your best guess from the remaining options. Only change your answer if you are sure you have made a mistake. If you are unsure, it is probably best to stick with your first answer.

 

AOSB Practice Tests
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Answer Sheet

Write your answers to the practice questions on this sheet. Indicate your answers by putting a tick in the appropriate box for each question.
Verbal Reasoning Practice Questions 1 2 3 4
True True True True False False False False Can’t tell Can’t tell Can’t tell Can’t tell

5 6 7 8

True True True True

False False False False

Can’t tell Can’t tell Can’t tell Can’t tell

Numerical Reasoning Practice Questions

1 2 3 4

A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

D D D D

E E E E

5 6 7 8

A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

D D D D

E E E E

Abstract Reasoning Practice Questions

1 2 3 4 5 11 12 13 14 15

Set A Set A Set A Set A Set A

Neither Neither Neither Neither Neither

Set B Set B Set B Set B Set B

6 7 8 9 10

Set A Set A Set A Set A Set A

Neither Neither Neither Neither Neither

Set B Set B Set B Set B Set B

Set A Set A Set A Set A Set A

Neither Neither Neither Neither Neither

Set B Set B Set B Set B Set B

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