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1st Semester, School Year 2008-2009 POLITICAL LAW Defined - People v. Perfecto, 43 Phil. 887 - Macariola v. Asuncion, 114 SCRA 77 THE PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION Nature of the Constitution Definition; Classification; Qualities and essential parts of a good written Constitution Ratification / Political vs. Justiciable Question - Javellana v. Executive Secretary, 50 SCRA 33 Constitutional Construction - Perfecto v. Meer, 85 Phil. 552 - Endencia v. David, 93 Phil. 696 - Nitafan v. Commisioner of Internal Revenue, 152 SCRA 284 Self-executing provisions - Manila Prince Hotel v. GSIS, GR 122156, Feb. 3, 1997 Constitutional History Pre-1935 Constitution Schurman Commission; Taft Commission; Spooner Amendment; Philippine Bill of 1902 Jones Law of 1916; Tydings-McDuffie Act of 1934 1935 Constitution Declaration of Martial Law - Aquino v. Enrile, 59 SCRA 183 1973 Constitution - Javellana v. Executive Secretary, 50 SCRA 33 1986 Snap Presidential Election - Philippine Bar Association. v. Comelec, 140 SCRA 455 People Power Revolt Proclamation No. 1, Feb. 25, 1986 Proc. No. 3, Mar. 25, 1986 - Lawyers League v. Aquino, GR 73748, May 22, 1986 - In re: Bermudez, 145 SCRA 160 Freedom Constitution 1987 Constitution - In re: Letter of Reynato Puno, June 29, 1992, 210 SCRA Effectivity of the 1987 Constitution - De Leon v. Esguerra, 153 SCRA 602
Tolentino v. GR 127882. 416 US 312.Fernandez v. 506 US 224 . 2006 . Ratification Doctrine of Proper Submission . Revision Procedure 1. By Congress b. Jan.2d 675 Mootness .Board of Optometry v. Comelec. May 3. Arroyo. GR 134577. 146738. v.Baker v.Sanidad v.Defensor-Santiago v. Comelec. 1996 . Proposal a. No. July 30.Francisco v.Javellana v.Ed. Constitutional Supremacy Political vs. 73 SCRA 333 POWER OF JUDICIAL REVIEW .Estrada v.R. 2 L. GR 122241. 1. GR 127882. Proper Party . 461 US 95. Concepcion. 2004 Ripeness . Carr.AMENDMENT PROCESS Amendment vs. 18. By a Constitutional Convention Theories on Position of Constitutional Convention c.Ed.La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn. Dec. 1995 Requisites of Judicial Review: 1. 2001 . Actual Case or Controversy . 2004 Presumption of Constitutionality . 1997 2. June 15. Odegaard. Justiciable Question . March 19. US. GR 115044. 444 US 996. Colet. Comelec. Jan. March 2. Lyons. 75 L.2d 428 .Mariano v. 215 SCRA 489 . Pacquing.Ed. GR 160261. Torres. House of Representatives. v.Lim v. DENR Secretary.La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn.Defensor-Santiago v. Guingona. Nov.Sanidad v. 40 L. 396 US 186 . Comelec. 10. 62 L. 27. Carter. 73 SCRA 333 . 50 SCRA 30 .Ed.Marbury v.Goldwater v.Nixon v. GR 163193. 60 . By the People thru Initiative RA 6735 . 41 SCRA 702 Judicial Review of Amendments . 5 US 137. Macapagal-Arroyo (PP1017).2d 164 2. GR 127325. Nov. 242 SCRA 211 . 1998 . 27. 2003 Judicial Supremacy vs. Executive Secretary.DeFunis v.Brillantes v. Comelec. GR 171396.City of Los Angeles v. 2004 . DENR Secretary. G. Madison.David v.
Morato.People v. 1995 Standing of Integrated Bar of the Philippines . G. G. Jan. August 14. Constitutional question must the very "lis mota" of the case Doctrine of Purposeful Hesitation . 41 SCRA 292 . 1991 . October 10. Boren. October 1.Philconsa v. 138570.R. 1993 CONCEPT OF STATE 1. 2000 . 232 SCRA 110 .Republic v. Commissioner of Immigration.Kilosbayan v.Kilosbayan v.Warth v. G. Aug. Zamora. No. 141284. Seldin. Question must be raised at the earliest possible opportunity 4. 397 Transcendental importance to the public . 8. People Citizenship Distinguished from nationality Modes of Acquiring citizenship Citizens of the Philippines .2d. GR 118910. 16. 92191-92.In re: Vicente Ching. Nov.Drilon v. 2000 3. July 14.Ed.Tatad v. GR 79732. Bar Matter No. 235 SCRA 506 . G. 50 L.Bayan v.Craig v.2d. 429 US 190. Morato (Recon. 246 SCRA 540 . Committee on Privatization. 56 Taxpayer’s Suits . 4. 914.IBP v. July 30. No. 1999 Doctrine of implied election .Ed. Domingo. Zamora. Guingona.Gonzales v. 343 Representative Standing Jus Tertii standing . August 15.Conventional Standing . 422 US 490. 65 Phil. CA. HRET. 45 L. Enriquez.).R.Bagatsing v.Co v. No. Garcia. Lim.R.Moy Ya Lim Yao v. 1994 Functions of Judicial Review Effects of Declaration of Unconstitutionality Doctrine of Operative Fact . GR 112497. 2000 Standing of the Government to question its own laws . Narvasa. 140835. 30. 243 SCRA 436 . No. 1995 Election of Philippine citizenship .Djumantan v. 1995 Standing of members of Congress .Kilosbayan v. Nov. Vera.R. GR 112399.
October 10.Cabanas v. UN Convention on the Law of the Sea 3. 887 .Gov't. 161434. 169 SCRA 364 Reacquisition of citizenship.Macariola v. HRET.Frivaldo v. No.Bengson v. Territory Philippine Archipelago. GR 73748.By express renunciation or expatriation . 2003 2.By naturalization in a foreign country .S. G. Pilapil. 1999 Res judicata in citizenship cases Doctrine of Indelible Allegiance Naturalization .Lawyers League v. 176 SCRA 1 . Reyes. 142840. G. 35 Phil. Comelec. vs. March 26. Islands v. 2000 DOCTRINE OF STATE IMMUNITY Basis .Bayan v. G. 1993 . RA 8171 Retroactivity of Repatriation .R. Comelec. Welfare State Doctrine of Parens Patriae . 2004 Dual citizenship & dual allegiance . 2001 . 257 SCRA 727. No. Monte de Piedad.Makalintal v. GR 157013. Sovereignty Effects of Change in sovereignty . March 1. 114 SCRA 77 Effects of Belligerent Occupation Doctrine of Jus Postliminium Dominium vs. No. G. Zamora. 147066. GR 135083. May 7. Imperium Derogation of Philippine Sovereignty. Ministrant Laissez-faire vs. 174 SCRA 245 . Comelec. Aquino. 728 .R. Asuncion. De la Rosa.Labo v.U. March 3.A. Government Functions Constituent vs. Archipelago Doctrine. Comelec. 1986 4.R. Comelec. May 22. 58 SCRA 94 Classification . 232 SCRA 785 Loss of citizenship . 1996 Suffrage .Tecson v.Frivaldo v. 43 Phil. of Phil. No.Natural-born citizens . The Visiting Forces Agreement . June 28.Yu v. July 10. 138570. Manzano.Akbayan Youth v.R. Comelec.Republic v. Perfecto.People v.Mercado v.De Jure .De Facto . May 26. Defensor-Santiago. 2001 .
1996 . 148 SCRA 424 General Law . Gov't.Republic v. 3038 Special Law .USA v. CA.SEAFDEC v. Pan Oriental Shipping. 195 SCRA 692 Unincorporated If principal function is governmental .Municipality of Makati v. Sept. Ruiz.Municipality of San Fernando v. 194 SCRA 486 Consent to be sued does not include consent to execution . Islands. 2180. NLRC. G.Farolan v. Feliciano.DFA v.Wylie v. 1. 136 SCRA 487 Suability not outright liability . 34 Phil. No. 18. NLRC.Municipality of San Miguel v. 30. Maliaman. CTA 217 SCRA 298 If proprietary suable Suits against Public Officers .Meritt v.CA 327. PD 1445. CA. 125865. CA. 244 SCRA 210 .The Holy See v. Sept.Veterans Manpower v. 1994 Determination of Immunity by the Department of Foreign Affairs . 130 SCRA 56 . 1996 Immunity of Government Agencies Incorporated Municipal Corporations . Judge Firme. Fernandez. Art.Liang v. RTC. IRRI. 209 SCRA 357 Consent to be sued Express Consent .City of Angeles v. Aug. Villasor. Islands. of the Phil.Immunity of Foreign States & Diplomats Principle of par in parem non habet imperium Process of Suggestion . January 28.Callado v. Dec. 2000 Immunity of International Organizations and Agencies . 40 SCRA 464 PRINCIPLES AND STATE POLICIES Preamble Republicanism . Act No. 190 SCRA 206 Immunity cannot be used to perpetrate an injustice on a citizen .Republic v. Gov't.Meritt v. People.Froilan v. 241 SCRA 580 . 54 SCRA 84 . 28. 34 Phil. 311 . GR 101949.Ministerio v. of the Phil. Rarang.Fontanilla v.R. 311 Implied Consent When State commences litigation . 1954 When State enters into a business contract . 214 SCRA 286 . CFI of Cebu.
Nemo est supra leges . 141284. Non-delegation of powers . 39 Phil. No. 22.First Emergency Powers cases. Bill of Rights 5. 368 .Villavicencio v. August 15.Ichong v.O. Jan.Ed. Rule of majority 3.IBP v. Delegation to Local Government Units e. v. 148 SCRA 659 . 343 US 579. Ermita (E. 115 Civilian Supremacy . GR 100481. 245 SCRA 253 8. Delegation to the Administrative Bodies Power of Subordinate Legislation . G.Second Emergency Powers cases. Legislature cannot pass irrepealable laws 6. Hernandez. Emergency Powers to the President . 1153 .Hirabashi v. United States. 778 2. G. Accountability of Public Officials 4. Alba. State Immunity (supra) 9. 320 US 99 . IAC. Jan. 96 L. 2000 Government to serve and protect the people People to defend the State Separation of Church and State Independent Foreign Policy Nuclear Free Philippines Just and dynamic social order . Tariff Powers to the President b. Zamora.Miners Association v. Election through popular will Act of State Incorporation Clause Conflict between municipal law and international law . Delegation to the People d.De la Llana v. 92 Phil. Sufficient Standard Test . Factoran. Synar. GR 98332.R.464). 603 c.The Steel Seizure case. 1995 Principle of Subdelegation of Powers Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency Tests for valid delegation a.Bowsher v. 1997 Potestas delegata non delegare potest Permissible Delegation a. 16. Orbos. 478 US 714 . CA. No.Phil. 101 Phil. Separation of Powers Principle of Blending of Powers Principle of Checks and Balances .R. 84 Phil. 112 SCRA 294 Legislative standard need not be expressed . Interisland Shipping Ass'n. Completeness Test b. 169777 7. Lukban.Senate v.Ynot v.Manifestations 1.Chiongbian v.
Republic v. 1996 Recall . Pilapil. DENR Secretary.Social Justice . Williams. DENR Secretary.Cruz v. DPWH Secretary. 268 US 510 . Yoder. PEA & AMARI.Oposa v. GR 103882. November 25. referendum and Recall . 170 SCRA 786 . 1993 Priority to education.Defensor-Santiago v. G.Chavez v. 2003 Independent People's organizations Family and Youth . 175 SCRA 343 Regalian Doctrine .Meyer v. 135385. 2004 Indigenous Cultural Communities . 2000 . 11. Jan. GR 118295. of Small Land Owners v. July 30.SBMA v.R. Sept. GR 1010183.Cruz v. 1997 Indirect Initiative . 40 LW 4476 . Nebraska. 70 Phil. 197 SCRA 52 Autonomous Region .Disomangcop v.Calalang v. GR 149848. PAGCOR. G. December 6. March 19. science and technology Protection to labor Land Reform . 263 US 393 . GR 133250. No. Comelec. Angara (GATT case). 26. 2000 Honest public service and full public disclosure LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT Legislative power Initiative. GR 127325. May 2.La Bugal-B’laan Tribal Assn.Wisconsin v. 27. GR 127882. Comelec.Pierce v. DENR Secretary. Nov.R.Tañada v. Factoran.Limbonas v. Nov.Cabanas v. 58 SCRA 94 Self-reliant and independent national economy . Sec. of Agrarian Reform.Ass'n. 726 Respect for human dignity and human rights Fundamental Equality of men and women Promotion of health and ecology . 135385. 2004 Inalienable Lands of the Public Domain . No. decentralization of Power . CCP Intervenor. 1998 . v. Society of Sisters. December 6. CA. Mangelin. 1997 Communication and information in nation-building Autonomy of Local Governments Decentralization of Administration vs.Basco v. 25.
Garcia v.Santiago v. GR 127255.Evardone v. Term of office) House of Representatives Composition (District Representatives.Veterans Federation Party v.Eastland v. De Venecia (Sin-taxes case).Avelino v. Cabangbang.Santiago v. 2000 Sessions. No. February 3. Comelec. G. 204 SCRA 464.Aquino v. 242 SCRA 211 . Preventive Suspension . No. 132875-76. Guingona. HRET. Nos. 17 SCRA 714 Disqualifications and Inhibitions Effect of Imprisonment .Jimenez v.Bengson v.R. 1995 Theory of legal impossibility Natural-born . 443 US 111 . Adjournment. 421 US 491 .. Party-list Representatives) Party-list Representatives .Baker v. 2000 . Officers . April 18. Comelec. October 6. 1995 Gerrymandering Doctrine of Equal Representation Qualifications . US Servicemen's Fund. G. Mar. G.People v. G. No. Carr. Oct.Arroyo v. 128055. 2001 Term of office Privileges Freedom from Arrest Parliamentary Immunity . 1997 Discipline of members Suspension vs. May 7. June 26.R. 83 Phil. Unicameralism Senate (Composition. June 26.Montejo v. GR 118702. 142840. 147589. 19. Comelec. Comelec. 472 Bicameralism vs. Comelec. Jalosjos.R. Comelec. 2001 Apportionment of Legislative Districts .R. 369 US 186 . G. Proxmire. 18. 1993 Loss of confidence. 2001 Quorum .Hutchinson v. Sept. Comelec. No. 17 Rules of Proceedings .R.Mariano v. a political question . 136781. No. G. 147589.Ang Bagong Bayani-OFW Labor Party v. Aug. Qualifications. Sandiganbayan. Comelec.Marcos v.R. 5. 248 SCRA 300 . 14. 2001 . Cuenco.
Daza. 214 SCRA 789 Powers . 1995 .Sampayan v.Caruncho v.Bondoc v. 1999 Commission on Appointments Composition . Enrolled Bill Electoral Tribunals Composition .R. one subject . Enriquez. Mison. GR 105371. 196 SCRA 221 Constitutional limitations and rules Riders Sub rosa appropriation Prohibition against transfer of appropriation .Guzman v. Drilon. GR 115455. Judges Association v.Phil.Aquino v. G.Chongbian v.Guingona v. 201 SCRA 792 . 245 SCRA 253 Bills that must originate exclusively from the House . 235 SCRA 506 Power of the Purse Implied limitations on appropriation measure .Decision on Motion for Reconsideration. Pineda.R. 129118. 78 Phil. Comelec. 2000 Sufficiency of Title . Senate Electoral Tribunal.Ed. Sept. Prado. 30. 77 L. Comelec. G. 1 . 1995 Three readings on separate days Bicameral Conference Committee Legislative Process Approval of Bills Presidential veto Pocket veto Item veto . Comelec.Mabanag v. 462 US 919. Gimenez. 1993 .Casco Chemical v.Immigration Service v. July 19. 166 SCRA 651 Powers . No. Oct. One-House Veto . 156 SCRA 549 Powers of Congress General Legislative Power Limitations Substantive Limitations Procedural Limitations One Bill. 7 SCRA 347 Legislative Journal vs. No. 25. Orbos.Enrolled Bill Theory .Sarmiento v.2d 317 .Guingona v. Gonzales. Secretary of Finance. Constitution Association v. 213 SCRA 807 Jurisdiction over Proclamation Controversy . 208 SCRA 133 Legislative veto. 135996. 11. Chadha. 18. Nov. Aug.Abbas v. Lopez Vito.Bengzon v. Carague. 1994 .Tolentino v. September 30.Phil.
358 Power to declare existence of state of war . 2001 Powers Executive Power . McNamara. Arroyo. March 2. G.Beltran v.. 97 Phil. PET Case no. 13. 2001 Prohibitions and inhibitions Rules on Succession Vacancy at beginning of term Vacancy during the term Temporary Disability Removal of the President .Arnault v.Estrada v.Ed. 001. Nazareno.Defensor-Santiago v. Jones. May 27. April 3. March 3.US v. 67 US 635. 2001 . No. 146738.Bengzon v.O. 161434.Estrada v.Mora v. G. Makasiar. 459 . Maryland. 19 L. 167 SCRA 393 . Balagtas.McCulloch v. 1996 Term of office Privileges Official residence Salary Presidential Immunity . G. 2004 Election Congress as canvassing board Supreme Court as Electoral Tribunal . 235 SCRA 506 Power of Taxation . Nixon.Phil. No. Comelec. No. Arroyo. Ramos.Nixon v.Decision on Motion for Reconsideration.Arnault v.Ed. Ermita (E.2d 287 EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT President and Vice-President Qualifications Natural-born Citizen . 2001 .Ed. 17 L. Fitzgerald. 169777 . 203 SCRA 767 Power to Punish contempt .R. April 3. 457 US 731 . 145 SCRA 160 .Clinton v. Senate Blue Ribbon Committee.2d 1039 . March 2. Feb.Tecson v. 17 US (4 Wheat.R. Constitution Association v.Senate v. 389 US 934. 87 Phil.The Prize cases. 316) Power of Legislative Investigation . 418 US 683. 146738. 520 US 681. 29 . Enriquez.R. 41 L. 1997 .464). No.In re: Bermudez.R. G.Decision on Motion for Reconsideration.
Feb.Gaminde v. No. Perez.Lacson-Magallanes v.Gonzales v. GR 171396. No. 343 US 579. July 23.The Steel Seizure case. 1153 Prosecution of Crimes . May 10. 177 SCRA 668 Power to Determine National Policy .Municipality of San Juan v. Executive Secretary. No. 48339. Torres. Zamora.. August 14.Lacson v.Gordon v. 2000 Appointments subject to confirmation of Commission on Appointments . CA.Flores v. 272 US 52 Legislative Powers . Military Commission No. 4. 21.IBP v. CA. Military Commission No. Gil. 1998 .Drilon v. Sept. Sept.Carpio v. Mison. 14.Manalo v. 2000 Declaration of State of Rebellion . 2000 Appointing Power Discretionary power .Luego v. GR 104732.Webb v. Drilon.Ople v. COA. 1998 Residual Powers . 71 US 2 . GR 112497.R. 11. Administratrix v. August 15. 140835. Aug. 1999 Limitations on the Appointment Power Power of Removal Power of Control Control vs. Executive Secretary. 156 SCRA 549 . May 3.Gordon v. 1994 Alter-ego Principle or Doctrine of Qualified Political Agency .Marcos v. 2006 .R.Olaguer v. 21 SCRA 895 Military Powers Commander-in-chief clause .Myers.Aquino v. Aug.Sarmiento v. Judge Santos. 143 SCRA 327 Classes of Appointment . 2001 . Lim. GR 127685. Pano.Ex Parte Milligan. Narvasa. United States.Ed. 62 .Carpio v. No. 247 SCRA 652 Creation of Preparatory Committee on Constitutional Reforms . Macapagal-Arroyo (PP1017). 34. Civil Service Commission. 2. CA-GR Sp No. 147780. 1992 The Executive Secretary . G. G. Manglapus.R. 1997 . G. De Leon. 141284.R. GR 134900.David v. Sistoza. 67 Phil. Supervision . Aug. 1. December 13. 1998 . GR 107369. 150 SCRA 144 . June 22. 1993 . 63 SCRA 546 .Planas v. G. supra Calling Out the Armed Forces . 140335. 29. 96 L.
882 . Castañeda.Philconsa v. Dec. Amnesty Diplomatic Power .Maniago v. 1994 JUDICIAL DEPARTMENT Judicial Power Expanded jurisdiction Effect on the political question doctrine Jurisdiction .First Lepanto Ceramics v. 19. 1996 Rule-making powers .Lansang v.People v. Aug. Esparas.Dolalas v. 91 Phil. Garcia. Salle. 59 SCRA 183 Suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas corpus . 1999 Powers Supervision over the Judiciary . Factoran. Office of the Ombudsman.Declaration of martial law . Executive Agreements Power to Impound .Barcelon v.People v. Aug. 87 .R.Aquino v. 170 SCRA 190 . 453 US 654 Treaties vs.Garcia-Padilla v. 42 SCRA 448 . Enrile.Garcia v. G. Oct. 226 SCRA 356 Pardon vs. 121 SCRA 472 Pardoning Power . 250 SCRA 581. 1995 . Dec.Diaz v. 1994 Constitutional Safeguards to insure independence of the Judiciary Justices/judges may not be designated to any agency performing non-judicial functions Fiscal Autonomy Power of Judicial Review Appointment to the Judiciary Procedure for Appointment Judicial and Bar Council Supreme Court Composition En Banc & Division cases Fortich v. Regan. No. 5. August 19. Enrile. 5 Phil. Baker. 1996 Writ of Amparo Equipoise Doctrine . 7. 253 SCRA 674 Mandatory Review of Death Penalty Cases . CA. 4. CA. Dec. Enriquez.Dames & Moore v. 131457. CA. COA. 24. 1994 . Chairman. Corona. GR 120034. 20.Montenegro v.Monsanto v.
1993 ACCOUNTABILITY OF PUBLIC OFFICERS Impeachment Impeachable Officers .Luego v. COA. 18. March 26.De la Llana v. Secretary of Justice. NLRC. GR 102781.Relampagos v.R.Commissioner of Internal Revenue v. 85 Phil. 14. G. Apr.People v. 93 Phil. CSC. Fontanilla. 251 SCRA 700 Approval of appointments . 243 SCRA 690 .Prudential Bank v. Comelec. Comelec. 1993 .Akbayan Youth v.Loong v. CA. 152 SCRA 284 INDEPENDENT CONSTITUTIONAL COMMISSION Safeguards to insure the independence of the Commissions Prohibition on appointment in an acting capacity . 244 SCRA 498 2. v. Commission on Elections En Banc and Division cases . Cir. July 17.Perfecto v. 29. 696 . Jan. Cumba. 552 .DOH v.Reyes v. 143 SCRA 327 . 147066.Ramonte v. Yorac.Guieb v. 1996 SC Revised Admin. 1999 Tenure of Justices/Judges . Gacott. 22. Ombudsman. Jan.Galido v. 1-95 1. 192 SCRA 358 Disqualifications and Inhibitions Decisions . Jan. Comelec. Commission on Audit . 112 SCRA 294 Removal and Discipline . Apr. 244 SCRA 41 . GR 101976.Certiorari to the Supreme Court . Commisioner of Internal Revenue. 246 SCRA 52 Salaries .Maceda v. Civil Service Commission Scope of the Civil Service . RTC. 1999 Exclusive Original Jurisdiction and Appellate Jurisdiction . Castro. Meer. GR 132601. 158 SCRA 646 Power to control execution of decision . 2001 3.Nitafan v. 1995 Special Registration of New Voters . 247 SCRA 348. 212 SCRA 307 Powers and Functions .Decisions of the Court .Brillantes v. GR 133676. David. Aug.Endencia v. 1991 . CA.Echegaray v. 14.Garces v. Comelec. 206 SCRA 127 .Nicos Industrial Corp. No. Civil Service Commission. 19.Sarmiento v. Alba.
Sandiganbayan. 2004 Presidential Commission on Good Government . July 2. GR No.Cojuangco v. 1997 Order signed by only one commissioner . No.Romulo v. 1999 .Republic v. 25. Office of the Ombudsman.Honasan v. GR 121017. 13. 2004 Power to investigate cases of ill-gotten wealth after Feb. January 20.Lacson v. Sandiganbayan. Jan. No. Deputy Ombudsman for the Military. 24.R. 1997 Power to issue subpoena. Roxas. Mar.Camanag v.R. Executive Secretary. 1994 Fiscal Autonomy . G. 1997 Imprescriptibility of Right of State to Recover Ill-gotten Wealth . Sandiganbayan. 1999 Special Prosecutor .Chavez v. 141 SCRA 263 Impeachment and Criminal Prosecution . 25. CHR.R.Cariño v. Sandiganbayan.Romualdez v. October 25. Political Rights . PCGG.Estrada v. CHR. Dadole. GR 159747.Grounds for Impeachment Procedure .Hagad v.Almonte v. Gonzales. GR 130716. 195 SCRA 797 .Republic v.Agbay v. CHR. v. DOJ Panel of Investigating Prosecutors. 9. 5. Apr. April 3. 17.Acop v.CHR Employees Assn. Arroyo.Presidential Committee on Behest Loans v. 128096. G. 229 SCRA 117. 1998 . 160 SCRA 843 Commission on Human Rights Powers and Functions of the Commission . 22.Decision on Motion for Reconsideration. GR 106244.Zaldivar v. 2001 . No. No. Sandiganbayan. Jan. 7. 2. 155336. 130140. Vasquez. 1999 Ombudsman Supervision and control . 258 SCRA 685 . 1991 Civil Rights vs. 248 SCRA 566 Prosecutorial Powers . Feb.R. 1994 Ombudsman for the Military . Dec. 134503.Republic v.Republic v. GR 96681. Nov. Desierto. 244 S 152 Sequestration . G. Sept. G. 241 SCRA 242 Concurrent with the DOJ . 1996 . 2001 Sandiganbayan Jurisdiction . Yniguez. Guerrero. Form of complaint . GR 113420. 244 SCRA 266 Power to Investigate Administrative Charges Concurrent with the Office of the President . Dec. 146738. March 2.Simon v.
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