Sheet 1 of 3

Common-Base/Gate Circuits Common-Base BJT circuit The figure below shows the simplied ‘Pi’ model of a common-base BJT.
rce

e
Vin

E

ib(β+1)

C

c
b
Zout RL
Vout

Vin rbe

Zin

ib

β.ib or gm.Vbe

Vout

B

RIN =

i (β + 1).rbe VIN 1 = b = rbe = IIN ib (β + 1) gm

wher gm = e

ICQ VT

AV =

VOUT β.ib .rce = VIN ib (β + 1)rbe

=

β.rce (β + 1)rbe

rce rbe

=

ICQ VA . VT ICQ

=

VA VT

(as

1 = rce ) gm

Ai =

IOUT β.ib β = = ≈ 1 β +1 IIN ib (β + 1))

Sheet 2 of 3

rce

iT+β.i

e
c
Vin

E

ib rbe

iT
iT-ib

C

iT
β.ib Vout

b
Rs

Zout RL

Vout
B

Vs

To determine the Output impedance of the circuit we can connect a voltage source (Vs + Rs) to the base and ground the input ie the emitter. We then have to resistances in parallel connected to the current source β.ib.

R OUT =

VOUT iT

VOUT = (i T + β .ib )rce + ib .rbe Also ib = i T Rs rbe + R s sub into above equation

⎛ Rs ⎞ Rs ⎟rce + iT VOUT = ⎜ iT + β .iT .rbe ⎟ ⎜ rbe + R s ⎠ rce + R s ⎝ R OUT = VOUT Rs R .r = rce + β .rce + s be iT rbe + R s rbe + R s

If R s = 0 then R OUT = rce If R s = large then R OUT = rce + β .rce + 1 = (β + 1).rce

Sheet 3 of 3

Common-Gate MOSFET Circuit

rds d
Io

RL source drain

IIN = gmVsg s

gmVsg Vin
rIN

rdg
Vsg
RL

Vout

Vin

Vout

gate

g

Voltage Gain Av

AV =

VO VIN

VIN = Vsg

⎛ r .R ⎞ VO = gmVsg(rdg //R L ) A V = gm⎜ dg L ⎟ ⎜r +R ⎟ L ⎠ ⎝ dg
Input Resistance

R IN =

VIN Vgs 1 = = = IDλ I IN gmVgs gm

Output Resistance As the source is low impedance ie close to ground for ROUT – rds appears to be connected across rds to ground.

R OUT =

VO = rdg //rds IO

Current Gain Ai Ai = 1

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