Translated into English prose from the original Sanskrit Text.












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Having bowed down unto Narayana, and unto that most exalted of male viz., Narci, and unto the goddess Saraswati also, must the word JAYA

be uttered.



"After Drona bad been



monarch, the

royal warriors (of the

Kaurava army) headed by Duryodhana, with hearts with great anxiety, all repaired to Drona's Son. Lamenting the

Drona, and deprived of energy in consequence of their cheerlessness, they sat around the son of Saradwat's daughter, afflicted with grief. Comforted for a little while by considerations founded upon the scriploss of



tive tents.

night came, those rulers of Earth proceeded to their respecThose lords of Earth, however, O thou of Kuru's race, could
in their abodes.

HO happiness

Thinking of that immense slaughter,

they could not also sleep.

The Suta's son (Kama), and king Suyodhana and Dussasana and Sakuni, in special, could not compose themselves to Those four passed that night together in Duryodhana's tent, sleep. reflecting upon the woes they had inflicted upon the highsouled Pandavas. Formerly they had brought Draupadi, plunged into woe on account of
at dice, into the assembly.




they experienced




hearts being filled with anxiety.

sufferings inflicted

(upon the Pandavas)

match, they passed that night

Thinking of those consequence of the gambling sorrow, O king, as if it were really a


all of


Then when morning came, observing the dictates of the them duly went through the customary rites. Having

gone through these customary rites and comforted to some extent, O Bharata, they ordered their troops to be arrayed, and then came out for

having made


their generalissimo by tying the auspicious

thread round his wrists, and having caused

many foremost of Brahmanas,

by presents of vessels of curds, clarified butter, Akshatas, coins
kine, jewels

and gems, and costly robes, to pray for their victory, and having caused heralds and musicians, and panegyrists to adore them



with hymns about victory. 1 The Pandavas also, O king, having gone through their morning rites, issued from their camp, resolved on battle. Then commenced a fierce battle, making the hair to stand on end, between the Kurus and the Pandavas, each desirous of vanquishing the other. During the commandership of Kama, the battle that took place between the Kuru and the Pandava troops was exceedingly fierce and




Then Vrisha (Kama) having made an immense
at last slain in

slaughter of his enemies in battle,

the sight of the

Dhartarashtras, by Arjuna. Then Sanjaya,

repairing to

Hastinapura told

that had


at Kurujangala."

son of

"Having heard

other mighty car-warrior,

of the fall of Bhishma and that Drona, the old king Dhritarashtra the

Amvika had been


with great





of Brahmanas, could he, plnnged into grief, support his life having heard of the death of Kama, that well-wisher of Duryodhana ? How indeed, could that descendant of Kuru support his life when he, upon whom, that

monarch had rested the hope king did not lay down his
think that

of his sons' victory

it is very difficult O circumstances of great grief

had fallen ? When the even after hearing of Kama's death, I for men to yield up life even under Brahman, when the king did not yield
the venerable son of Santanu, of





hearing of the

fall of

Valhika and Drona and Somadatta and Bhurisravas, as also other friends and his sons and grandsons, I think, O regenerate one, that the Tell me all these in act of yielding up one's life is exceedingly difficult I am not satiated with hearing detail and as they actually happened
! !

the high achievements of






Kama, O monarch, the son of Gavalgana, with a cheerless heart, set out that night for Nagapura, on steeds that rivalled the wind in speed. Arrived at Hastinapura, with a







with deep anxiety, he proceeded to Dhritarashtra's abode

which no longer teemed with kinsmen and friends. Belolding the king deprived of all energy by grief, joining his hands he worshipped, with a bend of his head, the monarch's feet. Having duly worshipped king
Dhritarashtra, he uttered an exclamation of woe and then began, 'I am lord of Earth ! Art thou not happy ? I hope thou art not Sanjaya,


1 Akshatas were probably Purna-patras, i.e. certain vessels full to brim The fullness is indicative of with oorn and other articles of use.





stupefied, having through thy own faults fallen into such distress ? Counsels for thy good had been uttered by Vidura and Ganga's son and Kesava. I hope thou feelesc no pain now, remembering thy rejection of those counsels ? Counsels for thy good had also been uttered in the

assembly by

Rama and Narada and Kanwa and others. no pain now, remembering their rejection by thee ?


hope thou




no pain, rembering the slaughter in battle, by the foe,

hope thou feelof Bhishma and

Drona and others, those friends that were ever engaged in thy good ? Unto the Suta'a son who with joined hands was telling him so, the monarch, afflicted with grief and drawing a long and hot breath, said these words.
son of
fall of





that warrior in


all celestial

Sanjaya, of the fall of the heroic weapons as also of the


all bowmen, viz. Drona, my heart feeleth great That hero endued with great energy and born of the Vasus themselves, who slew every day ten thousand car-warriors clad in mail,

that foremost of


that high-souled

one unto


weapons, that warrior who in the bow by Rama, alas, even he, hath been slain by YajnaAt this my heart is sena's son Sikhandin protected by the Pandavas
science of

Bhrigu's son had given the highest his childhood had been trained in the

greatly pained
iors, viz.,


That hero through whose grace those mighty carwarr-


have become Maharathas,*

royal sons of Kunti, as also many other lords of Earth, alas, hearing of the slaughter of that great

Drona, by Dhrishtadyumna, my heart is viz., Those two had not in the world a person equal exceedingly pained to them in (knowledge and use of) the four kinds of weapons Alas, hearing of the slaughter of these two, viz., Bhishma and Drona, in battle my heart is exceedingly pained 3 That warrior who had not in the


sure aim,



knowledge of weapons, alas hearing of the slaughter of that hero, viz., Drona, what did the people of my After the high-souled son of Pandu, viz, Dhananjaya, exerting side do ? himself with prowess, had despatched unto Yama's abode the strong
three worlds a person equal to


Narayana weapon of the intelligent son of Drona hed been baffled, and after the (Kaurava) divisions had begun to fly away, what, indeed, did the people of my side do ? I think that, after Drona's death my troops, flying away and sinking in an ocean of grief, resembled shipwrecked mariners struggling on the bosom of the vasty deep. What also, O Sanjaya, became the colour of the faces of Duryodhana, and Kama, and Kritavarman the chief of the Bhojas

force of the Samsaptakas, after the

Nilakantha rightly explains that verse 13 alludes to Bhishma and

not to Drona.

can fight simultaneously with ten in one who thousand bowmen. T. 3 Four kinds of weapons viz., mukta, amukta, muthamukta and Yantramukto. These terms have been explained in an earlier note. T.

A Maharatha

away from the Tell me all truly happened O son of Gavalgana. the son of Vikartana. that coward. human purposes may or may not become attainable. Hence. uttering a loud roar. ! Upon the fall of Drona. using his celestial weapons warrior in battle. seemed 1 pendent attitude. brought the mighty Bhimasena the ordinary ! endued with the strength of ten thousand elephants to that plight It is he who. hearing all that has happened unto the ! Kauravas through thy fault.4 MAHABHABATA of the Madras. they stood perfectly silent. in battle. What Engaged can be strange then in this (viz. O Sanjaya ! I regard " !' this to be the result of Destiny Tell me all that thou wishest SECTION "Sanjaya said. Relying upon the might of your army the 'Pandavas to battle and caused this passage-atI have summoned in their arms to commence seems to be cheerless. a warrior may have either victory or death. 'O sire. Unless Nakthatrhi taken to mean falling meteors. and Salya. the death of Drona)? Fight ye with faces turned towards every direction. Through fear of that careering in battle. thy troops. Dhanajaya the son of Kunti. the weapons of many of them. thy mighty car-warriors. king. to resemble falling meteors in the sky. III bowman Drona. and of the field ? when it the Kuru divisions fled in battle. Innumerable weapons. thou shouldst not feel any anguish He that is wise never feeleth any pain at what Destiny bringeth ! And since Destiny is unconquerable. those O Bharata. this as and of my remaining sons. viz. T. Afflicted with grief and without looking at one another. dyed with blood. themselves perturbed by grief. all of them. that bowman ! mighty strength. Then king Duryodhna. always It is he who. O again. hung down their senses. the comparison would be meaningless and absurd. great Behold now of the highsouled Kama. dropped from their hands. 'Upon the fall of the great sons. by turns back like a small deer at the sight of a lion methods of human battle. heads. however. be . became pale and deprived of their Armed with weapons. the prospect Warriors engaged in battle all die in battle. slew with his invincible dart I 1 I think Nilakantha correctly explains this sloka. "Dhritarashtra all said. O monarch. Beholding them with such afflicted countenances. he that is wise never feeleth pain on the acquisition or the reverse of the objects cherished by him. Seeing Drona slain in battle. said. vacantly gazed upwards. 'I do not 1 feel great pain. the ruler others. O monarch. O Bharata. beholding that army of thine thus standing as if paralysed and lifeless. still retained in the grasp of the soldiers. and describe to me the prowess put forth by the Pandavas and the warriors of my side !" "Sanjaya said.

is the correct T. fell down on the Earth. Obtaining the command. . and understanding that line of 15 is read differently in some texts. you will today behold one another engaged in the achievement of mighty tasks !' I son "Sanjaya continued. O best of the Bharatas. made Kama the generalissimo (of the Kuru army). so fierce in battle. 1 Vidura also. 4 A respectful-epithet for a blind man. regarded Suyodhana to be already dead. greatly agitated. Dhritashtra the son of Amvika. household). and not pasyatam. O king. Gandhari. Then Sanjaya. wept aloud. began to comfort those ladies stricken with grief. deprived of their senses.KARNA PABVA the S a thousand illusions and well acquainted Behold today the inexhaustible might of arms Let the of that intelligent warrior of sure aim and invincible energy sons of Pandu behold today the prowess of both Aswathaman and Kama brave Gliatotkacha of celestial with weapons I ! 1 All of you are singly able to rssembling that of Vishnu and Vasava How much more slay the sons of Pandu with their troops in battle I ! then are you capable. began to comfort the puissant 4 descendant of Kuru with monarch who had knowledge only that Slowly restored to consciousness. the Bharata ladies. and reft of consciousness. like flights of beesafflicted the Having activity. uttered loud roars and fought with the foeHe caused. the Panchalas. a great carnage among the Srinjayas. he was at last slain by Arjuna f SECTION IV "Vaisampayana said. and the Videhas. The second Marisha T. ''Hearing this intelligence. thy Duryodhana. O sinless one. bathed in tears. with his brothers. the mighty car-warrior Kama. the king fell down on the Earth like an elephant deprived of its senses. When that foremost of the monarehs. 3 From his bow issued innumerable lines of arrows. 8 those ladies began to tremble repeatedly like a plantain grove shaken by the wind. feeling the acme of grief. O monarch. of that feat Endued with great energy and accomplished in weapons. loud wails were uttered. T. Panchalas and the Pandavas endued with great and slain thousands of warriors. one close behind the wings of another. Immersed in a deep ocean of woe. for his eye. sprinkling water. the Kekayas. Exceedingly agitated. 'Having said these words. O bull of Bharata's race. O sire. with hearts exceedingly agitated and scorched by grief. Comforted (by Sanjaya). and the other ladies of the household. 2 reading 3 Both I and 2 are triplets in the Bengal texts. T. when united together. all fell down on the earth. at the end of the first line. by the ladies (of the royal That noise was so loud that it seemed to fill the entire Earth. Approaching the king.

deprived of steeds and weapons. 'The mighty car-warrior Vaikartana. and bearing 1 remembering the wrongs inflicted upon own vow. Anarta warriors in battle. drunk by Bhima!' scna in battle SECTION V "Hearing these words. O Sanjaya. O king." 'I have heard. stood. "Though the evil policy. Having reflected then for sometime. O Suta. facing the duties of Kshatriyas. hath been slain. the king. and other Suta warriors. the king censured his intelligence applauded the Pandavas. O monarch. Hath my son Duryodhana. Censuring also his own and that of Sakuni the son of Suvala. . "Thus addressed by the king. hath been slain with his sons and brothers. by telling who are dead amongst the Kurus and the Pandavas "Sanjaya me who I' are 1 alive and "Endued with great prowess and invincible in said. O Remembering the in many mind foul his him by Duryodhana. already gone to Yama's abode. O Sanjaya. hath been slain. with heart agitated by grief. Vaisampayana saying. Having slaughtered the half of what remained after the carnage by Bhishma and the illustrious Drona. Sanjaya. began to tremble repeatedly. Bhishma the son of Santanu. all of ! whom were mighty bowmen Dussasana also hath been ' ready to lay down their by the renowned son of lives in battle slain Pandu- Indeed. Borne texts read Srinjayanam for Pandavanam. foe. Amvika's said. all that thou hast said. O Jana- "Dhritarashtra said. of my son of is little foresight. Endued with monarch. having slain large numbers battle. prince Vivingsati. and repeatedly drawn long breaths. having slain hundreds of great strength. O monarch. hath been slain after ten days. Vikartana's son hath been ! This intelligence cutting I the very core of my heart I am desirous of crossing this sea of grief still Remove my doubts. the king. ' !' mejaya. Controlling his mind once more. having reflected for a long time. all this even if thou wilt have to repeat it Vaisampayana continued. O monarch. having slaughtered the Panchala divisions in battle. slain ! O sire. questioned his sons and own charioteer Sanjaya the son of Gavalgana. Vikartana's son Karna hath been slain. remained perfectly silent for sometime like one reft of reason. therefore. despairing of success ? Tell me truly. Bhimasena T. the king. who is ever desirous of victory. the Suta said unto him. and invincible bowman Drona of the golden car. from wrath. with sufficient fortitude. his blood also hath been. Thy heroic son Vikarna.6 MAHABHABATA the ladies of the household were there. The mighty of Srinjayas and Panchalas. addressed his driver son Dhritarashtra.

prowess. who used to career in battle most fearlessly. hath been slain in battle by Arjuna. That hero who had under his sway ten kingdoms having Sindhu for their chief. Having fought with many thousands of foes and with the mighty car-warrior Bhimasena himself.KARNA PABYA hath slain him. that handsome warrior armed with sword and shield. O monarch. hath been despatched to Yama's abode by Dhananjaya exerting himself great with prowess. been slain by Bhimasena. viz. the son of Somadattat viz. the son of Duryodhana. him who was ever obedient to thee. the virtuous king Bhagadatta. hath been slain by Partha who reminded him of that antipathy before taking his life. have been slain. hath been despatched to Yama's abode by Draupadi's son exerting himself with great prowess ! The ruler of the Kiratas and other dwellers of the lowlands on the seacoast. possessed of mighty arms and fierce in battle. hath. O king. Srutayus. king.. much respected and dear friend of the chief of the celestials himself. the viz. O king. hath been slain by Arjuna. that enhancer of the fears of foes. having been the son of the lattet's maternal uncle. The brave son of Dussasana. vizJayadratha of mighty energy. The old king Bhagiratha. the two Avanti.* Kama's son Vrishasena.. O sire. hath O king. of Thy son Dussasana. have gone to Yama's abode. hath O been slain by Satyaki in battle. both endued with great prowess and might and energy. who always displayed a deep-rooted antipathy towards the Pandavas. Arjuna hath slain after princes of t vanquishing eleven Akshdyhenis of troops with his keen arrows. hath himself been to Yama's abode by Subhadra's son exerting himself with despatched of the Kosolas. ever obedient to his sire's commands. 7 Possessed of great might. hath been slain by Subhadra's son. The brave younger brother of the ruler of the Madras. viz.. after achieving the most difficult feats. that foremost of Kshatriyas. hath. The kinsman of the Kauravas. thy son Chitrasena hath been slain by Bhimasena. Sudakshina. The ruler having slain many hundreds of foes. in the very sight of Kama. the brave and celebrated Bhurisravas. and Vrihatkshatra the ruler of the Kaikeyas. accomplished in arms and who was always wrathful. He who was equal to Kama himself in battle. viz. Bhagadatta's son. been slain in battle by Sahadeva although the former happened to be the latter's brother. been despatched to Yama's abode by Dhananjaya who put forth his prowess remembering the slaughter of his own son Abhimanyu and bearing in mind the vow he had made. Vinda and Anuvinda. Salya's son of great prowess. O king who . The Amvashtha king Srutayus. That lord of Earth.. of mighty energy and steady prowess. accomplished in arms. Rukmaratha. Endued with great activity and incapable of being easily defeated in battle. who was ever devoted to Kshatriya duties. who had many thousands wonderful elephants. and invincible in battle. hath been slain by the son of Subhadra.

that mighty car-warrior. abode. hath been slain by Satyakiin battle. who were endued with great viz. the Madrakas the Dravidas of 1 fierce prowess. have both repaired to Yama's abode. (viz. So also that great bowman. O monarch. who were exceedingly wrathful in battle. viz. and who never 1 retreated from the field. and Vrishanta. unto whose vehicle were yoked asses (of monstrous shape) hath been despatched to Yama's abode by Ghatotkacha exerting himself with great prowess. The Vasatis. hath been slain by the high-souled son of Subhadra. effectual smiters of all. having achieved the most difficult feats. The Abhishabas. the prowess. the Lalittyas. the as Apavrittakaviras T. both of by Bhimasena with his Durmarshana and Durvisaha and mighty car-warrior Durjaya. hath been by Bhimasena. the prince of the Magadhas. in battle O king. Thy son Durmukha. O king. have all been slain in battle. The mighty Jayatsena the son of Jarasandha. King Salwa of mighty arms bowman both in name and feats. O king. explained by Nilakantha "unretreating heroes. with the Kalingas. after causing an immense carnage.So also that fore- Kshemadhurti. approaching Arjuna.. The two brothers Kalinga and Vrishaka. Alayudha. who were invincible as heroes. also the Sivis. as also the Surasenas endued with clad in mail. Yama. the mighty king Jalasandha." . hath. Those also. is the Yaudheyas. Radha's son of the Suta caste.Thy two brothers-in-law. and those mighty car-warriors who were his brothers.. whom were regarded have been slain mace.3 MAHABHABATA was possessed of great wisdom and great strength. hath been slain in battle by Bhimasena with his mace. as also thy other son Dussaha. prowess. viz. hath. O king.) who live and grew in Gokula. have other heroes been slain. great having achieved very difficult feats have gone to Yama's Thy counsellor Vrishavarman of the Suta caste. been slain by Bhimasena. the Narayana Qoas. the in battle. have gone to Yama's abode. endued with despatched to Yama's abode by Bhimasena energy. with all his followers. hath been So also king Paurava who was endued with the might of ten thousand elephants. Oghavat. That prince of Rakshasas. Many thousands of Srenis.. thousand.. most of car-warriors. and fierce in battle. viz. possessed of great might and prowess. those foremost of car-warriors. fighting together in battle and exerting themselves with great vigour for the sake of their ally. all capable of smiting effectually. the Malavas. hath been slain by Nakula who always careers in battle with the activity of the hawk. as also the Samsaptakas. with his followers. have all repaired to the abode of princes Vrishaka and Achala. been slain by Pandu's son Arjuna. slain who was a great by Savyasachin. Thy all grandsire Valhika.. have been slain by Savyasachi. have and for the sake been slain fierce deeds. numbering two exerting himself with prowess. and the Kaikeyas.

O son. Many mighty bowmen among the Panchalas. with all his kinsmen. have repaired to Yama's abode. fraught with great destruction.KABNA PABVA erners. 9 Kshudrakas. even so hath Arjuna. Tell me now. adopt the Bombay reading. viz. mentioned the names of my side that have been slain in battle by the Pandavas. have been slain in battle by Partha who is never fatigued with exertion. been slain in battle. and Rudra slew (the Asura) Andhaka.. well-meaning friend failed not to apprise thee of it. who was equal to the diadem-decked Arjuna himself in battle as regards energy and might. So the those of 1 I SECTION VI 'Thou hast. T. Others. that foremost of smiters. . sire. the Savitriputras. after fighting a terrible battle celebrated through the three worlds even as Skanda slew (the Asura) Mahisha. Even thus did the destruction take place when Arjuna and Kama fought. Even as Mahendra slew Vritra. with all his kinsmen and friends. Many heroes also. large numbers of car-warriors. who was . endued with great energy and great might. and endued with perseverance and possessed of high birth and good conduct. the Eastthe Notherners the Westerners. (have met with a similar fate). the Usinaras. slain. in single combat. and desirous of slaying their foes. have. although. endued with immeasurable might. and hundreds of other heroes. and Rama slew Ravana even as Krishna slew Naraka or Mura in battle even as the mighty Rama of Bhrigu's race . ! and who was the great cause of the the Pandavas Pandu's son hath now accomplished that which at one time thou couldst not believe him capable of accomplishing. have been slain in fight by Bhishma. 1 Satyajir. The Narayanas. have been slain. and with armour and attire and ornaments. invincible in battle. slew the heroic Kartaviryya. O Sanjaya. "The Kuntis possessed of great prowess in battle. O ! king wishing them well. These and many other kings. encountering Drona. O monarch. hath now come Thou. with their followers. That which thou askest me I am answering now. myriads O upon myriads of steeds. the Tundikeras. hast I heaped those evils on the heads is of thy covetous sons The fruit of those evils now manifesting itself I" "Dhritarashtra said. . Large bands of footsoldiers. numbering thousands. with all their kinsmen and advisers. O monarch. the Valabhadras. have all been slain by Savyasachin. That calamity. all devoted (to the Pandavas) have been slain in battle by the heroic Bhishma. and many huge elephants. and the Southerners. with standards and weapons. Kama. hath been slain in battle by Drona of sure aim. O king. invincible in battle and their upon whom the Dhartarashtras had placed hostility with hopes of victory. a 11 of whom were skilled in battle. the names of those amongst the Pandavas that have been slain by the people of my side !" "Sanjaya said.

Yudhamanyu of immeasurable prowess.. have. handsome son all his of Amvashtha. surrounded by a large for foe. Janatnejaya of the hilly country. with their sons. the the field. the brave Lakshmana. Purujit and Kuntibhoja. the duties of a Kshatriya. viz. after making a great slaughter. viz. that son of Subhadra. slew him on viz-. foremost of car-warriors and slain by them. after making an immense slaughter of the foe. Abhibhu the Kasis. Chitrayudha and Chirrayodhin. have both been slain in battle by Vikarna exerting himself with great prowess and displaying diverse manuoevres of his car. and Uttamaujasof great energy. Abhimanyu. . viz. At last. Having made slaughter among the he was encountered by Duryodhana's son. been by Drona. The two kings Manimat and Dandadhara. have been despatched by Drona with shafts in battle. The mighty bowman Vrihanta. The chief of the Kaikeyas. has fought (for the Pandavas) Having achieved the most difficult feats. hath been despatched to Yama's abode by Dussasana exerting himself with great prowess. who was equal to Vrikodara himself in battle and surrounded by Kaikeya warriors. Nila. Unable to resist himself. That invincible hero. O stayed in battle. though a child in years. has been slain by Kaikeya. have together been despatched to heaven by Drona with his shafts. who. have been slain by Drona. had put forth a great prowess the sake of his allies. was at last encompassed by six Arjuna hero. been slain by thy plished in encounters with the mace. like two brilliant planets. two kings Virata and Drupada.. the brother by the brother. endued with great prowess. Another ruler of a by Samudrasena maritime country. have both. still viz. son Durmukha. cibly despatched to O Bharata. to hath been obliged by Vasudano's son to lay down his life in battle. endued with great prowess and accomking. The slayer of the Patachcharas. with his son. warrior who was highly accomplished in battle. O king. in battle and despatched to Yama's abode.. the ruler of the sea-coast. at the such regions as are by death head of many of his followers. O monarch. force. accomplished in arms and invincible in battle. Many other kings. Ansumat the ruler of the Bhojas. both venerable slain in battle who exerted themselves with great prowess for their ally. the two maternal uncles of Savyasachin. hath been for- Yama's abode. O lord. and Vyaghradatta of great energy. all of them have gone to Yama's abode. both of whom were invincible in battle and had put forth their prowess for their allies. was still equal in battle to Arjuna or Kesava or Valadeva. the brothers Rocha- O mana. that.. remembering the king Dussasana's son. hath. Chitra- sena. hath been despatched to Yama's abode by Drona exerting himself with great prowess. that mighty car-warrior at the head of his own forces.10 MAHABHABATA in years. Those two foremost of men. they thus slew Arjuna's son! Deprived of his car. been despatched to Yama's abode by Aswathaman.

as also Uttara of great strength. however. two foremost hundreds of heroic warriors. Similarly. O "Dhritarashtra said. hath at last been slain by Drona in battle. viz. "Virata's son Sanlcha. viz.. those two foremost of the Kurus. plished the most difficult feats. that foremost of warriors. wz. Srenimat also. hath. ! O king. Similarly Satyadhriti of the Matsyas.. slain possessed of great bravery. hath repaired to Yama's abode. Suketu the son of Sisupala. has been despatched of Earth. hath at last obtained undisturbed peaceSutas. Yama's abode- now told them all that thou hadst asked me. I do not think that the remnant of my army will not perish When those two heroes two mighty bowmen. O Bharata. Sanjaya have perished. the last.KARNA PARVA after slaying 11 by our men. has been despatched to Yama's abode by Bharadwaja's son exerting himself with great prowess. Sikhandin's Kshatradeva. what use can I any longer have with life ? I cannot also brook the death of Radha's son. I have hostile heroes. and Suryadatta possessed of great prowess. heroes! seems. those of bowmen. have been despatched to Yama's abode by son Drona. slain by Bhishma. the Chedis. having made a great the Pandavas. O monarch. have and Madiraswa of great energy. after accomplishing the foremost of car-warriors among most difficult feats. endued slaughter in to battle for the sake of with great prowess. and who careered fearVardhakshemi.. having accomrepaired to Yama's abode. have themselves been slain The Panchala prince Mitravarman. having slain many foes. who Lakshmana. the might of whose arms was as great as O foremost of speakers. at monarch. having fought with great prowess and accomplished the most difficult feats. O monarch. tell me now. These and many other mighty car-warriors of the Pandavas have been slain by Drona exerting himself with great energy. hath. that slayer of endued with great energy and acquainted with the highest wepons. O O heroic Satyadhnti. having consumed many foes in battle. who are yet alive in my army after the death of all the foremost ! SECTION "When all VII ! Thou hast told me the names of those that have fallen. been by thy grandson The two heroes Suchitra and Chitravarman. lessly in battle. That lord Similarly the chief of the Magadhas. who was like the ocean at full tide. to me that those who are still alive are almost all dead It 1' I . having had his weapons exhausted That foremost of in battle. have been slain. Bhishma and Drona.' * the foremost of my warriors. Vasudana also. O that of ten thousand elephants Suta. Dhrishtaketu. have been slain by Drona. having made an immense carnage in battle. that king been slain by Valhika. that ornament of battle. sleepeth on the field of battle. have all been slain by Drona with his shafts. O sire were sire and son and endued with great might. hath repaired to the abode of Yarna. Senavindu.

T. like the ing in battle. desirous of battling for thy sake. stayeth on the field. stayeth on the of Sun himself shining brilliantly the cloudless firmament.. thy sake. viz. that first of warriors. is still on the field. which read differently in the I adopt. called Saradwat's son of fight- Gautama. Srutavarman. That dweller of the Anarta country. by many foremost combatants. viz. of gold like a fire with little smoke or the Sun emerged from the So also thy sons Sushena. looked resplendent in his beautiful armour clouds. are staying. that son of Drona. capable of shooting to a great on the field. Dala. 1 In the midst of many kings. is on the fields desirous high-souled distance. and powerful "Sanjaya said. half of the first line of 15 is Bombay The Calcutta reading. and Vanayus. Purumitra. that abandoned his own sister's sons. that foremost of all yet on thy side. Kritavarman. viz.. O chief of Kuru's race. the midst of an elephant force and accompanied. desirous of engagfield. is unquestionably . to whom many blazing. for battling for thy sake. that hero of firm grasp. and the heroic Satyasena. that Hero endued with great activity who promised in the presence of Yudhishthira that he would in battle depress the proud spirit of Kama. taking up a of bearing great strain. ways. that invincible Salya. Accompanied by his own Saindhavas.. that chief of the Bhojas. armed with sword and shield. desirous of battling for force consisting of Ajaneyas. and Dussala. all of whom are possessed of great might. desirous of battling for thy sake. endued with mighty arms and capable in ing with diverse weapons beautiful and large bow field. that mighty car-warrior. who is equal unto Sakra himself in energy. Thy son also. strong weapons. with Chitrasena. he.12 of Brahmanas. that mighty carwarrior. Duryodhana also. shafts. viz. in in O king. celestial. stayeth on the capable That mighty car-warrior. accomplished in arms. mountaineers. Artayana's son. and Satyavrata. O king. the king of the Gandharas stayeth on the field. riding on his car possessed of the effulgence of fire or the Sun. the Pandavas. possessed of skill and lightness of hands. The second edition. that foremost and mighty weapons of the four kinds. that foremost of men. dwellers of riparian regions. imparted Drona. desirous of battle. 2 Endued with modesty. is still of battle. endued with great energy. the son of the car equipt with standard and diverse beautiful ruler of the Kaikeyas riding on a goodly goodly steeds. stay 1 better. that foremost of heroes in Kuru's race. for making his own words true. that son of Hiridika. dauntless in battle. that foremost one among the Satwatas. stayeth on his car adorned with gold. possessed of the splendour of a lotus. their hearts full of joy and themselves desirous of battle. the Bharata princes Chitrayudha. "That hero O king.. Kamvojas. and Jaya.

T. "Hearing of the slaughter of Kama that was incredible and astounding. The high-souled Satyasandha. the son of Kama. that are immeasurable might.' SECTION Janamejaya of said. The king swooned away. Dhritarashtra the son of Amvika. O O kingi at the head of forces that are large and incapable little of being 3 pierced by warriors of energy. or the defeat of Indra of terrible feats at the hands of his foes. lost his senses and fell My down on ' the Earth. possessing a knowledge of high weapons and endued with great lightness of hands. O foremost of regenerate ones.' "Thou Vaisampayana continued. and elephants and 1 on the field. for all his foremost of warriors had died. poignant was the grief 1 after he had been a all little that he experienced. having learnt that only a small portion of his army was alive.KABNA PABVA on the field. 'Wait for a moment And the king said. those proud warriors capable of smiting effectually and possessed of sureness of aim. The heroic Srutayu and Srutayudha. what. Accompanied by (Duryodhana) is these heroes and by possessed of many other foremost of warriors. proud of his courage. slaying his foes. those foremost of men. stayeth The ruler of the Kaitavyas. that prince and capable of fearlessly careering in battle and p >ssessing foot-soldiers and cavalry. desirous of battle. having heard of this dire cala!' senses are being stupefied. . 'O son. it hast told me duly all that are alive From this I plainly see on which side the " may be inferred from the facts. felt his heart to be Partially exceedingly agitated by grief. both amongst us anJ the foe. that lord of Earth. did the king say. Indeed. and mity. cars. my heart is greatly agitated. and Chirtangada and Chitravarman. "While saying this. the Kuru king staying like a second Indra in the midst of his elephant !' division in expectation of victory "Dhritarashtra said. stayeth on the field. are both staying.- VIII of "Having heard comforted ? Kama's fall and the slaughter his sons. desirous of battle. stay on the field. Indeed. or the falling 1 A 2 This different reading ooours in the is a triplet. king. Bombay edition. restored to his senses. he addressed Sanjaya. that was dreadful and capable of paralysing the senses of all creatures. victory will be. I ask thee. my limbs are about to be paralysed !' Having said these words. that looked like the downfall of Meru or a never-to-be believed clouding of the intellect of the wise Sukra. that the king said on that occasion !" Vaisampayana said. Two other sons of Kama. Dhritarashtra the son of Amvika. desirous of battling for thy sake. saying. desirous of battling for thy sake. T. arising from the calamity that befell his sons Tell me. 18 desirous of battle.

called also Vrisha. and all other foes ! Often did he use to say unto the foolish. their foremost of cars. Indra mighty sons of Pandu ? As was the foremost of man. the heroic and the foremost of gods. the Tanganas.. avaricious crest-fallen. of the Earth. viz. Relying upon that mighty-armed one. the Kasi-kosalas. of mighty energy. and his eyes. the Asmakas. that slayer of large bands of foes. by means of his keen and whetted arrows equipt with Kanka feathers. Radha's son. the Kalingas. the points of the compass. and afflicted Duryodhana even such words as these. in battle. thought that his army had been annihilated. saying. the Angas. wielder of Qandiva foes. that foremost of carwarriors viz. Of limbs as hard as the thundergait. the Madrakas. that Alas. the Kichakas. protector the son of Vikartana. Duryyodhana had provok- himself ! At the siund of his bowstring and palms and his ed hostilities with those mighty car-warriors. he always disregarded Kesava of unfading glory. and filled with melancholy. that warrior of unfading glory. throw down from viz. Alone. or a scarcely-to-be comprehended drying up of the ocean. he armies. 1 shall. the Videhas. with limbs almost palsied. the Khasas. the Vatsas. that receptacle of inexhaustible waters. and the waters. the heroic son of Adhiratha was endued with the prowess of the lion or the elephant His neck was as thick as that of a bull. those two invincible warriors united together. perfectly astounding. like a bull never flying away from to be a bull. that foremost of car-warriors. or the fruitlessness of acts b >th virtuous and sinful. Thinking that other creatures also. scorched with a similar fate. the Matsyas. the sons of Pandu ! How then could Kama.. began to lament. that tiger among men. highly cheerless. how could of that warrior acquainted with celestial weapons. and Dhananjaya. viz. would meet with Amvika. had caused all of them to pay tribute to us for the aggrandisement of Duryyodhana. Kama slain viz. the firmament. Subjugating all these brave races. and the Rishikas. king Dhritarashtra. O Sanjaya. And the king said. Kama . that hero of irresistible onset. the Taralas.. O and Alas. the Pundras. never desisted from battle even if his foe happened the great Indra at the whizz of arrowy showers men and steeds and cars and elephants fled away from battle. viz. the Suhmas. that young man. as unslayable as and sighing like a snake.14 MAHABHABATA the down on Earth of the resplendent Sun from the firmament. and voice were like the bull's of grief ! ! Kama. the Trigartas.'. or the annihilation. long breaths. In the three worlds no third person has been heard of by us to be like them. king Dhritarashtra the son bolt... the Kulindas. be forcibly slain by Partliain battle? Relying on the might of his own arms. the Panchalas. kingdom-coveting. and the Vrishnis. I the wielder of Sarnga and the He had subjugated many invincible and mighty the Gandharas. the Nishadhas. having earnestly reflected for sometime on it. in battle is by his foes.

. hath been slain in 'I of the how could that mighty car-warrior. T. I do not die of such grief. subjugated the whole Earth. would not yield up his life ? I desire to have poison or fire or a fall from the summit of a mountain. fall down on the Earth like a large tree uprooted by the tempest ? Indeed. birth. Uchchaisravas is the foremost YaJcshas. in said. life for the gods ordained. of grief like a person men. Without 1 regard the slaughter of Kama doubt. edition reads this verse with a slight variation. 'The world regards thee to be equal to Yayati learning 1 the son of Nahusha. highly Summon thy fortitude Do accomplished and crowned with success ! I not yield to grief 1" "Dhritarashtra said. Having slaughtered Yudhishthira's army and the think Destiny is supreme. a very me. to be highly incredible. the Kshatriyas of the world. Duryyodhana'saggrandi-e- conciliation all ment. this hard heart of mine is made of the essence of adamant. O Suta. slain by the foe. having scorched all the points of the compass by means of his arrowy showers. fruitless since large throngs Panchala car-warriors. before (my birth). for it does not burst into a thousand fragments upon hearing of the fall of Kama long 1 1 I Without doubt. am plunged ! in an ocean woe like a wrecked vessel of in the vasty deep Indeed. steeds. I do not behold the end of my sorrows like a drowning man unable to see the end of the ocean ? My anxieties are increasing. the foremost smiters. in beauty. ! battle even Kama. Kama amongst celestials. Unvanquished by even the most heroic and the mightiest of monarchs. fame. since sore distressed on hearing of the death of Kama. Hearing of the defeat and humiliation of kinsmen and relatives and allies. I think my heart is impenetrable and made of something harder than the thunder-bolt. and learning. hearing of Kama's death and Phalguni's victory O Sanjaya. Vaisravana . like a great Rishi. save my wretched self. O Sanjaya. O king. he had. alas. hath been slain in single combat. except the had challenged Kauravas and the Yadavas. asceticism. to bear this heavy load of grief !" SECTION IX "Sanjaya Indeed. having stupefied the Parthas in battle like the wielder of the thunder-bolt stupefying the Asuras. Indra is the foremost amongst was the foremost. I am unable. I 1 do not desire to Indeed live. to battle. who else in the world. Sanjaya. hearing that that foremost I ! car-warriors.KABNA PABVA Amongst is 15 . and honours obtained The ruler of Magadha having by Kama for a friend. thou art. Hearing that I Kama hath been slain by Savyasachin in single of combat. and Exertion who was like a Sala tree. that best of am sinking in an ocean without a raft in the sea When. The Bombay .

against the propriety of battle. fell down from his car. a mighty bowman. in consequence of the fall of Bhishma calamity. of cheerless soul. greater pain and by foes ? have I come. slain. O which Bhishma of great foresight said. hath been slain by Arjuna prince of ! ! He my was sons a ! hero. wholesome as medicine.16 I MABABHARATA do not die I 1 . pitied by all Having formerly been the honoured of the whole world. param the Bombay edition reads paryam. Kama. Time incapable Suta. O of being transgressed while flying away from the I Was field. on this life of one that is destitute of friends. like The fulfilment of Duryodhana's mountain struck down by Indra is even like locomotion to one that is lame. our schemes end otherwise. to my sons 2 That hero What use having shot innumerable arrows. the life. afflicted with arrows. have to live. the have I of life. O Sanjaya. O O Sanjaya. O sire. ? ? humbled son. Partha. he. 8 ! dispeller lieth. Alas. bathed mountain-peak riven by the fall of thunder in blood. adorning the Earth. Fie. miserably Brought today. live. of the fears of Alas. and son Dussasana. Possessed of great then lying on his Beholding the jet renown. (to the dust). Destiny thirsty wishes ! is all my powerful. . like an elephant slain by an ! infuriate He who was the strength of the elephants Dhartarshtras. viz. I hope he did no and destitute of all manliness dastardly act on that occasion Did not that hero meet with his death like the other Kshatriyas that have fallen ? The foolish Duryodhana did not accept Yudhishthira's constant advice. to this wretched ! Suta. T. shall I plight. like a battle ! He ! ! Without doubt. or the gratification the poor man's desire. alas. of foolish understanding that I am. hath been slain in battle without that bull among men ? Without doubt.. That has now come to counsels. 2 3 The Bengal 1 adopt the latter texts have T. O Sanjaya. pierced the surface of the Earth of water caused by the son of Pandu. he who was an object of fear to the sons of Pandu. son of Adhiratha. my As regards myself. and Drona and the high-souled Kama I do not see that any one (of my army) will escape with life when the Sutas son hath been slain in ! was the great raft. the mighty ! armed (Bhishma. peace will be thine Let the with the Pandavas war between thyself and thy cousins end with me Enjoy the Earth in brotherliness with the sons of Pandu Having disregarded those child is certainly repenting now. reft of (on the Earth). O Sanjaya. O Sanjaya. how shall I. said. make peace Hostilities ceasing. or stray drops water to one that is of Planned in one way. he lieth. when begged for drink by Bhishma arrowy bed. addressing Duryodhana). The Bombay edition reads mitranam for putrafiam. over-ridden From pain to'. pass ! ! ! ! 1 A triplet in the Bengal texts T. . that pride of all bowman. that hero.

but the creature cannot achieve locomotion in consequence of its winglessness even so have I . were incapable of being slain in himself by fair means. 1 had cut off with his keen shafts the bow T. Bhishma. viz. the viz. gold-decked. Similarly. merrily release it.. his Sanjaya. having seen the warriors with Drona at their head afflicted with arrows and turn away from the field. how our brave warriors have fallen. I (on the field) when before slain this. while he was engaged in shooting his manifold celestial This that I tell indeed. become. Kama. O sire. who. that mighty-armed one. mighty bowman Drona who. that puissant one. who. in exchange for equipt with goodly wings. Sanjaya. Even Drona this ! what I have heard about the slaughter Indeed. of kinsmen and deprived of relatives and which point cheerless and over-powered by enemies. how. 1 With his powerful tell I O who were these heroes that stayed shafts Sikhandin felled in battle that foremost of to repel all wielders of weapons. ! am fallen into great misery like a bird In consequence shorn of its As children engaged in sport. having seized a bird wings and cut off its wings. he The Bengal texts rightly read viras in the second line. battle by the wielder of the thunder-bolt ! Kama. alas. resource. Drupada's Dhrishtadyumna. weapons? thee is the truth As regards could Death touch him. having for the accomplishment of his purpose vanquished the Gandharas and the whole Earth for the sake of Duryodhana's aggrandisement. and capable of slaying all foes. Purandra had given that foe-slaying. Bhishma and Drona. to without the compass shall I go ? He who vanquished all the Kamvojas and the Amvashthas with the Kaikeyas. told me. lying (within has quiver) amid snake-mouthed celestial arrow decked with gold. in battle. . O Sanjaya. 9 The>e two were both slain at a disadvantage and especially by deceit.. and celestial dart of the splendour of lightning. slew already pierced with many arrows. hope he was not alone and abandoned (by friends) in battle by the Pandavas ? Thou hast. T.KABNA PABVA Sanjaya. disregarding those heroic and mighty car-warriors having Bhishma and Drona at their head. that He unto whom. his ear-rings. while contending is of in Bhishma and fight. destitute of every friends. who did nothing son the attack. by the diadem- decked ( Arjuna). he who had. had laid aside his weapons in battle and devoted hrmself to Yoga. of that mighty bowman. sandal-dust. had acquired from Jamodagni's son the terrible Brahma weapon. of I 17 ! am destitute of counsellors I and reft of sons gambling. 2 A triplet in Bengal texts. like a bird shorn of its wings 1 Weak. of Subhadra's son. he who. subjugated the ! slaughter. me. uplifting scimitar. that hero equal unto Indra himself. he hath been vanquished by the heroic and strong Pandavas endued with mighty arms Upon the Videhas in battle.

with Sakra'sdart. smear. his bow broke.. doth not from ! and in partiality.. had made the latter for such a long compassion and considerations virtue. saying. slay the let sons of Kunti. see any other cause thou tellest me that he is slain That high-souled one who had made the for (explaining) his slaughter / will not wash my feet till I slay Phalguni. the snapping of his bow. king Yudhishthira the had not. In those lines Dhritarasbtra charges Arjuna with having made his engagement with the Samsaptakas a pretext for avoiding Kama. when it will course through the welkin ? alas. of his he who. vtz. alas. having vanquished Sahadeva by car. ed with cool sandal-paste. how could that hero be l How could he be slain by foes unless one of these had slain in battle ? happened to him viz. that high-souled hero of great prowess relying upon whose valour my son had forcibly dragged the wife of the Pandavas to the assembly. the fever of thy heart be dispelled ! who also said. Duryodhana. or his car sank in the Earth. period avoid a single combat with him. that are even like sessamum seeds without thou oj the fairest kernel. that hero of the Suta the princess of Panchala as the midst of the assembly had addressed Krishna. therefore. while shaking his formidable bow and shooting therefrom his terrible shafts and celestial weapons in battle ? Surely. endued with great impetuosity. slew him not from of he who. I think.. since I do not. had laughed at him. having in a deprived the invincible Bhimasena endued with the might of ten thousand elephants and the speed of the wind. that warrior terrible vow ! ! through whose fear that bull among men. and the exhaustion of his weapons ? Who could vanquish that tiger among men. . caste. or his weapons became exhausted. and there in the midst of that conclave. indeed. for thirteen years continuously. how could that warrior be slain possessed of shoulders broad as those of the bull by Arjuna ? He who. in the very sight of the Pandavas and in the presence of the Kurus. obtain- ed a wink of sleep. in the who complexion eqally harsh and rude. who from desire of slew that prince he whose feats in victory. had invoked a thousand kinds of illusions. viz. filling Dhananjaya with fear. If Bhishma who boasteth of his prowess in battle or Drona who is invincible in fight. even I will slay them all. All thy husbands. disregarding the fierce touch of the Three lines occur after this in the Bombay edition. like a real tiger. are no more. had addressed wife of slaves. The Bengal texts 1 omit them rightly.. the destruction of his car. wrath had caused her to listen to other expressions how was that hero slain by the foe ? He who had said unto Duryodhana even these words. tiz. Kama. T. just. means of his straight shafts and made him careless. in the wilderness. vz. What will (Arjuna' s) Gandiva and the two inexhaustible quivers do to that shaft of mine. seek some other husband. Ghatotkacha.. battle.18 MAHABHABATA trice who. of Rakshaaaa. Krishna. Such an accusation would be absurd.

indeed. I think that son of mine is now indulging in lamentations Beholding his host dispirited. proud. O Sanjaya. that never retreated from battle. that foremost of carwarriors. say when he saw Kama slain ? What did that mighty car-warrior among the Satwatas. had made up his mind for the rejection of Vasudeva's proposals. for even a moment. and his car-warriors already fled. that teacher of the science of arms. with passions not under control. intent on flight. as also his brother Dussasana. at the hands of the very gods with Vasava at their of the O sire. say ? Having himself provoked such fierce hostility though dissuaded by all his friends what. Thou host no hatbands now ! an J glared at the Pandavas. of the Moon. say when he saw Kama sighti slain ? What did the mighty leader of the Madras warriors. that wight. while the latter. say ? Bhimasena. viz. he who. I think. that king . who having got Kama. of wicked understanding. putting touch the bowstring It on his fences was possible for the Earth to be des- titute of the splendour of the Sun. Duryodhana. what indeed. what. relying on the might of his own arms. saying. battle ! Kama will slay Arjuna in When he saw that Kama slain. did he say ? What. did the ungovernable. the son of Suvala. upon whom Brahmans and Kshatriyas and Vaisyas that are desirous of acquiring the science of arms wait. did Durand foolish yodhana say ? My son had. and seeing his host break when slaughtered by mighty car-warriors. had entertained no fear. what then need I say. did Aswatthaman. and the Pandavas crowned with victory. what. did Duryodhana say ? Seeing Durmarshana slain in battle and Vrishasena also. say when he saw Vaikartana slain? Endued with youth. O sire. that great bowman. with the ruler of the Gandharvas. beholding the slaughter of the bull-shouldered Kama and of Dussasana. who had formerly been filled with joy after going through the match at dice and cheating the son of Pandu. Kritavarman the son of Hridika. he. That foolish child of mine. the intelligent son of Drona. is now in iulging in lamentations! Seeing Vikartana's son slain in single combat by Savyasachin. agreeable to the and celebrated throughout the world. say when he saw Kama slain ? What did Saradwat's son Kripa.iya. what. of the Parthas could not possibly meet with death with their sons and Janardana. of Gotama's race. surely. for his ally. but the death of tint foremost of men. indeed. did Sakuni. who has suffered a great loss in battle of Beholding his brother slain in battle by friends and followers. and upon his blood being drunk. Pandavas ? The person could not be seen competent to ! stay before the son of Adhiratha. beholding also the kings (of his ! army) turn back their faces.. said. what. possessed of a handsome form. or of fire. used to head rushing against him in fury. O sire. O Sanj. could not be possible. fot protections. indeed. indeed.KABNA PAIiVA 10 arrows shot from Oandiva had addressed Krishna. Duryodhana.

. the might of whose arms equalled that of ten thouTell me. O Sanjaya..20 of the MAHABHABATA Madras viz. . at Duryyodhana's request. T. reading Pandavascha Stoyam 3 The Bengal reading Hotoisahaaya is preferable to the Bombay readThe latter. although accepted by Nilakantba. O Sanjaya. would ing Hatotsedhasya. advance against him the car of Vaikartana ! Who shooting showers of shafts like the clouds pouring torrents of rain Tell of ? 2 me 1 its futile that mighty shaft. who were ever ready to lay down their lives sake. that tiger among car-warriors slain? that bull among men. say when he saw Kama slain 7 did all the other warriors. have been crushed 3 those two mighty bowmen. tl at ornament of assemblies. involve a pleonasm in view of the allusion to the kukud being crushed. and who were they.that stood at the rear of that hero ? Who were those heroes that did not desert Kama. viz. the great bowman Salya of the Sauvira clan. O bowman Drona on had been baffled of that Bharata. O Sanjaya. became the heads of the several divisions in their order ? Tell me. say. what use have I of life ?* Again and again I am unable to endure that Kama. O Sanjaya. verse 9.. and who were they that guarded his left wheel. hence. celestial and foremost with a head like that of a serpent became species. and how that slayer ' foes received his quietus in the fight !' SECTION X "Sanjaya that day. Salya consented. the brave Pandavas. that foremost of car-warriors (temporarily) 1 What also engaged in driving the car. Compare Drona Parvam. see the possibility of even a small remnant also. viz Salya the ruler of the Madras. after the death of EXrona of ! Tell me also how the sons of Kunti fought the battle with Kama. 4 Tyktajivita often implies one ready to lay down his life. and after the purpose said. became engaged in driving came to fight. 'After the fall of the mighty 1 Though a great car-warrior. sec. and equipt I do not. XXV . how that foremost of carwarriors. sand elephants. were they that guarded the right wheel of the Sutas son while the latter was engaged in 6ght. viz.. and not one that has laid down bis life. a leader of leaders. how of my cheerless host being saved when its leaders Hearing of the slaughter of those two heroes. viz. who. difficult of defeat in battle. O Sanjaya. and who were those mean fellows that ran away ? How was the mighty car-warrior Kama slain amidst your united selves ? How also did those mighty car-warriors.-T 2 The Bengal reading Pandavascha Katham is better than the Bombay T. O Sanjaya. should be slain by the Pandavas in the battle between the brave warriors of the Kauraall that occureJ my ! vas and their foes. those lords of earth that when they behold Vaikartana After the fall of the heroic Drona. to drive Kama's car during the latter's engagement with Arjuoa. ! for Bhishma and Drona. Kukud literally means the hump of a bull .

Those foremost men we had on our side. and loyal. spoke the following words suited to the occasionwelfare. were struggling for hours twilight. said these are the all of words Enthusiasm. declare ' all of you. even Destiny therefore. steadying his mind and relying on the might . possessed of policy. by the learned. Ye foremost is of intelligent men. and in battle. he caused of his arms. without delay. built great hopes on of Kama. the might who. addressing expression. mighty car-warriors : all. skill and policy. your opinions! what is necessary and what Under still more these circumstances. seated on their thrones. Kama. to be capable of accomplishing ends. monarch. devoted. shall install ! endued with great might incapable of defeat the . All of us. the son of Drona. slain. with joy and had been the troops the approach there of the evening to be withdrawn. he is quite competent to vanquish our preceptor's son. having arrayed his O own troops. and having entered their own encampment. fought for a long together. that foremost of men. foes in battle !. Duryodhana then. time with filled Pandavas. and comforted (by filled O his Bharata. relying on the his foes. O Bharata. O Bharata. Having caused the On withdrawal of their troops. and beholding the monarch's face radiant as morning Sun. the preceptor's son endued with intelligence and accomplished in speech. This Kama is be properly applied. ye ? necessary "Sanjaya continued. having gained their end. accomplished in weaoons. of Kama would vanquish the Pandavas. dependent on Destiny. If all these means may be made propitious. endued besides with every accomplishment. and after the vasty army. Having caused take up their stand. have been For all that we should not despair of victory. said. accomplished. equal unto the celestials. thy son. made various gestures expressive of their desire of battle. own army running away. he is a hero. Cherishing the hope in his heart that after the fall Bliishma and Drona. those lions among men. at that time. and on excellent seats and luxurious beds. of the Kauravas had fled away. stayed on field. however. "Duryodhana kings. Perceiving him seeing his staying on the thy son. rallied O bull of Bharata's race. in the command of the army Making Kama our commander. 'When that prince of men had spoken those words. his divisions to them with great courage. the field with his brothers. we shall crush our foes. opportunity.KARNA PABVA 21 mighty car-warriors. Partha. Irresistible as Vama himself. Observing the indications of those who were all desirous of pouring their lives as libations on the battle-fire.Hearing these words from O king. the Kauravas held with one another a consultation about their own on costly couches overlaid with rich Then king Duryothose mighty bowmen in agreeable and highly sweet dhana. They are.. viz. it). seated like the celestials coverlets. with joy at having heard those words of Aswatthaman. these means declared.

They were. as I think. said unto Radha's son. he said unto Kama. O king. the sons of Pandu. 'Strong became that hope. and the Srinjayas. like a leader. Thou art endued with do that which may appear desirable to thee and thou art even my supreme refuge Those two great wisdom. Cherishing that hope within his O Sutas son. O sire. in the heart of thy son. (supporting the celestial army). That old man also has been slain by Dhrishtadyumna more speedily. and beneficial to himself O Kama. fly away from battle. viz. that is. like the Danavas at sight of Vishnu. destroyeth the thick gloom. Kama would vanquish the Pandavas. Bhishma and Drona.22 MAHABHAKATA arms. thou hast accordingly acted for our good. these words that were fraught with affection and regard. it behoveth thee. lead this vast ! ! force l ! When thou shalt stand resolved on the field. that Drona was made our leader Pritha spared. and the great friendship : O For all that. it was at thy word. heart. ! Viewing his relationship of grandsire were spared in dreadful battle by Thyself also Bhishma successive days having laid aside thy Bhishma was slain in great battle by Phalguni with Sikhandin before him After that great bowman had fallen and betaken himself to his bed of arrows. even so do thou destroy our foes "Sanjaya continued. do thou support this Dhritarashtra weapons. thee. Therefore. scorching everything by his energy... O hero. their friends. even on reflection. the Pandavas. I know thy prowess. whose prowess could not be measured by even Withthose two foremost of warriors that have been slain in the fight out doubt. destroy thou all the throngs of our foes Beholding thee staying in battle. thou alone today art competent to win victory for us Before. the valiant ! I ! ! host Like Mahendra slaying the Danavas. O mighty-armed one. and later on. those mighty car-warriors. in this battle. Do thou. Atirathas that were my Generals. the Panchalas. in the middle. Like the celestial generalissimo. monarch. Partha never wishes to fight. Still both those heroes were respected by me. of their relationship unto him of pupils. have been slain. therefore. another warrior equal to thee in battle. delightful. O tiger among By him also were the sons of men. that where Bhishma and Drona had been slain. I shall address me words that are for my good Having heard them. will. will all fly away with ! As the risen Sun. besides. thou that art mightier than they Both of those great bowmen were advanced in years. the lord Skanda of unfading prowess. to bear the burden thyself. standing before thee ! 1 This is triplet in the Bengal texts. Be thou my General. Thyself install thy own self in the Generalship. with the Panchalas. in consequence. viz. the Pandavas of wicked hearts. partial to Dhananjaya. thou bearest to the certain ! ! ! ! I O son of Radha. at thy word for ten ! unto them. and that were true. I do not see. T. .

. viz. T. I 28 said before in the thy prePandavas with their become thy General. with also fragrant herbs and plants. 3 TaraJcamaye means that in which (the Asura). praised that high-souled one after he was bathed on that excellent seat. O to son of Radha. regarded himself as one who had his purpose accomplished. I ! shall vanquish all sacrifices with the gods. plendent like Skanda surrounded by the celestials. many foremost the Parthas wiih of to utter blessings on him. caused. Brahmanas O king. With golden and earthen jars filled to the brim with water and sanctified with mantras.KABNA PABVA ''Kama said. also. seated at his ease on a seat made of udumvara wood and overlaid with silken cloth. Taraka was the evil sought to be put down. in like the celestials for honouring Skanda. for honouring Kama with the 1 command of the all army. ordered the troops to be arrayed. according the rites enjoined by the ordinance. The Adhisheka consisted in pouring T. to Then. O bull among men! (And they also said). with other vessels decked with jewels and gems.. having obtained the command. O king. Having installed the son of Radha (thus) in the command of the army. Brahmanas. That chastiser of foes. viz. by presents of Niskas and kine and other wealth. at the Surrounded by thy sons. like owls unable to gaze at the The Parthas with the Panchalas are incapable burning rays of the Sun 1 of standing before thee Indra in battle! Installed in the armed with weapons. Kshatriyas. for our victory. his fierce rays ! like risen ness with The son of Sun ever destroying DarkPandu with Kesava are not able even look at the shafts shot by thee. Slay the Parthas and the Panchalas. O monarch. Kama. the kings headed by Duryyodhana." 1 2 A triplet in the Bengal texts. O son of Gandhari. O monarch. Vaisyas. and respectable in the Sudras. sons and Janardana I I shall ! have. dhana then stood up with all the monarchs. sanctified water on the head of the person requiring the investiture. urged on by Death. desirous of victory. like the Danavas before command. the son of Radha. It is compounded of Tarawa and amya. T. Thus installed command. In this there is no Consider the Pandavas to be doubt. Kama. even these words. the installed Kama 3 command.. Kama looked resrise of the Sun. viz. O monarch already vanquished 'Thus addressed. Tranquilise thyself. Qovinda and all their followers^ even these were Vanquish the words that the eulogists and the Brahmanas said (unto him). and with other articles collected in abundance. in the battle having 8 Saraka for its evil root. that slayer of foes. O Bharata. according to the rites in the scriptures. Radha's son of incomparable splendour looked resplendent in beauty and radiance like a second Sun. thy son. with tusks of elephants and horns of rhinoceroses and mighty bulls.. like He of a hundred sence. was invested with the command. king Duryo''Sanjaya continued.

1 All the expressions qualify O Rathena. was Gotama's warriors. became tremendous and touched the very heavens. O monarch. and after he had been addressed by the king himself in those sweet and brotherly words. O with pure gold. ! O sire. thy sons. recked. ! field) in his car possessed bearing of the splendour of the radiant Sun. In the left foot. T. O Sanjaya. while putting on armour or in course of being harnessed. surrounded by those mighty In the tip of the beak of that MaJcara. While it still wanted a long period for the coming dawn. blowing his conch. of foot soldiers and steeds.In the middle was king Duryyodhana supported by a large force. that foremost of car-warriors. 2 The Gopalas. and shaking his formidable bow adorned Beholding the mighty bowman Kama. bearing the device of the elephant's rope. And the uproar that arose. Kama caused the vast army of the Kauravas to be drawn out. In the head was Drona's son and in the neck were all the uterine brothers. "Having learnt Kama's O bull of Bharata's race. the GopaJas. equipt a gold-backed bow appeared (on the with a white standard. furnished with mace and wooden fence. 1 And the SutaVson appeared on the field. and supplied with many bows. that scorcher of foes. of foremost of elephants and fenced cars while under process of noise of Array. a loud suddenly arose among thy troops.. that mighty bowman. O king. the loss of Bhishma or Drona or other sire.SECTION XI "Dhritarashtra said. Kama. proceeded against the Pandavas from desire of victory. with steeds of the hue of cranes. freighted with Sataghnis and rows of bells and darts and lances and spears. son me. tiger among men. and of combatants moving with activity and shouting unto one another Then the Sutas son. ordered the troops to be arrayed with joyful music. and those invincible 3 In the right foot. of the Kama do ? "Sanjaya said. were very probably shepherds. O with the blasts of his conch. viz. To this day there . son of prowess incapable of being baffled. viz. O king decora. equipment. ted with a net-work of gold. difficult of approach and resembling the risen Sun that destroys the gloom. filled with a hundred quivers. their O monarch. none amongst the Kauravas. "After having obtained the command of the army. crowned with many banners. In the two eyes were the brave Sakuni and the mighty car-warrior Uluka. Having arrayed the troops in the Makara array. what did Vikartana's wishes. was stationed Kritavarman accompanied by the Narayana troops. was stationed Kama himself. king. Array.. with the exception of Hemapri* are htena Dhaunsha which evidently refers to the verb Adri&htya. O king. seated on his car. men Speeding the warriors. and after he had ordered the troops to be tell arrayed at the hour of sunrise.

according to the measure of his enthusiasm and resolution. ! think. and Dindimas. T. ! warriors. O king. and on the right was stationed the great ! and Dhananjaya the son of the array were the king Nakula and Sahadeva were at the rear of king Yudhishthira the just. regarded the Dhartarashtras with Karna to be already Then conches. viz. O Partha. that Pandava of the white steeds disposed his army in counter array after the form of the half moon. The two Panchala princes. that foremost of men. In the left hind- foot was stationed Salya with a large force raised in the country of Madras. form thou the array that thou wishest words of his brother. The remaining kings. in 1 A triplet in the Bengal texts. I They that remain. thus came out. Beholding thy army disposed into battle array by the Suta's son in battle Duryyodhana with all his brethren regarded the Pandavas to be already slain. and large drums. quit Protected by the diadem-decked Arjuna himself. were the two royal brothers of mighty energy.. the victory will be The thorn also which for twelve years hath been thine. equal. In the tail . including the gods. to straw it 1 I O mighty-armed one. each in the position assigned to him. Asuras and Gandharvas. are feeble. shineth Only That foremost of car-warriors is incapable of being vanquished by the three worlds with their mobile and immobile creatures. viz. and cymbals. vas. O Having thus formed their great array.KABNA PABVA bowmen viz. stood in the array. and the Kinnaras and great serpents! in thou slayest him to-day. 26 the Trigartas and by the Southerners. Gopalas now called Gotolas or Ahirs. O hero. and kettle-drums. In the middle of Pandu. O great king. possessed of great courage. O Phalguna Knowing this. who allow themselves to be hired for local fights and brawls. and J/iarjharas. said 11 these words in : Behold. clad in mail. protected by heroes and mighty car-warriors. viz. O Bharata. the Suta's son. Kama. . slain. surrounded by a thousand cars and three hundred elephants. Similarly Yudhishthira. were loudly blown and certain districts of Bengal and Debar. Yudhamanyu and Uttamaujas. they did not for Arjuna a moment. wheels. On the left side was stationed Bhimasena. viz Chitra and Chitrasena surrounded by a large force. In the right (hind-foot). was Sushena of true vows. and tabours. Bharata. are an extremely sturdy clan. hath been This vast Dhartarashtra force hath lost its bravest arrayed by Kama this battle.. king Yudhishthira the just. how the Dhartarashtra force. O mighty-armed one.. O thou planted in my heart will then be plucked out If ! ! of Hearing those mighty arms. beholding the Pandeva army disposed in array. 'When. O monarch. became the protectors of (Arjuna's) car- bowman Dhrishtadyumna.. as one great bowman. the Pandaand the mighty bowmen of thy army set their hearts on battle. T. casting his eyes on Arjuna.

XII 'Then those two vast armies. as regards both armies. of course. teeming with rejoicing elephants resembling in splendour the celestial and strike men and steeds and the Asura hosts. and horsemen by of foot-soldiers.. the Earth looked strewn with fierce five-headed snakes slain by Garuda. 8 From elephants and cars and steeds. like the denizens of heaven from their celestial cars on the resplendent as if exhaustion of their merits. seemed the battle. strokes destructive of bodies and sin. those loud-sounding instruments were among both the armies. and battle-axes. and foot-soldiers by horse-men. brave warriors fell down. the noise of neighing steeds and grunting elephants. T. struck by foes. blown and beat. O king. (in the Kaurava army). through their respective divisionsto The two (in joy). and both firmly resolved. Men. shone. dropped 1 It would seem that when the actual encounter took place. felt the loss of Drona. the order the array. in that tumultuous fight. eager for battle and (ready) to destroy each other without delay. warriors desirous 1 of battle forth. the .26 MAHABHARATA all beaten on sides ! Indeed. falling upon the Earth. the two heroes. and cars by elephants." SECTION "Sanjaya said. and foot-soldiers. Men destroyed by cars. viz. stood. arose. steeds. O monarch. that battle by brave combatants with heavy maces spiked Cars also. to dance From came the wings and the side-wings of both. Leonine roars also by brave warriors for victory. for death in battle is rewarded with heaven. full moon or the Combatants cut off the heads of combatants. seeing the great bowman Kama clad in mail and stationed at the head of the array. Then commenced cars. Both armies. were crushed by cars. Kama and the son of Pandu. of fierce prowess. The meaning. If this reading be accepted. and infuriate elephants by infuriate compeers. and the fierce clatter of car. And there also arose. O monarch. The arms of men of long and massive arms. is that the man were slain BO that their bodies were destroyed as also their sins. each other. cut off by men of long and massive arms. elephants. and horsemen by horsemen. O king. steeds* and engaged in destroying one another. Other brave warriors fell down by hundreds. began to cars. at that time. meeting together. each resembling the sun in splendour and the lotus in fragrance. was speedily and entirely lost. O Bharata. teeming with joyous men. None. 2 1 adopt the Bengal reading which is Dehapapmapramasanan.wheels. excited with wrath at sight of each other. With those writhing arms adorned with red fingers and palms. as they advanced meet each other. stood or careered. crushed in clubs and short bludgeons. 3 The Bombay text reads Prahitias. of men. uttered O king. with crescent-shaped and broad headed shafts and razor-faced arrows and axes. elephants. 2 Lion-like men made sturdy strewed the Earth with the heads of lion-like men. decked with weapons and bracelets. There. armies.

and agreeable in speech were the combatants of the infantry files led by Satyaki. Their cars and steeds and elephants. possessed of red teeth. With a lance in his outstretched arm. the Kosalas. armed with swords and nooses. and surrounded by their fierce foot-soldiers. surrounded by a mighty array. crowned many foremost of with the risen Sun. endued with the prowess of attired in robes of diverse colours. also rushed forward. advanced against us. using their hands and feet and weapons and cars. and the Maghadhas. looked resplendent. the foremost of its kind. whose elephants thus encountered each other. They consisted of Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin and the (five) sons of Draupadi and the Prabhadrakas. headed by Vrikodara. the Karushas. Great was the carnage made of car-warriors and steeds and elephants and men by men and steeds and elephants and car-warriors. advancing against thy army. Kshemadhurti. Bhima began to burn his foes. was as resplendent as the autumnal firmament bespangled with stars. all possessed of broad chests. . the Kanchis. the Kaikayas. the Panchalas. T. the Cholas. is adopt the Bengal reading. and never deserting one another. tall statures. 1 T. challenging.KABNA PABVA down on the 2? field. 2 Vadyaravais of the Bengal texts I preferable to Vadyadharci's of the Bombay edition. and large eyes. infuriate elephants. Those two heroes. Decked with ornaments. and Satyaki and Chekitana with the Dravida forces. bearing bows adorned with long locks. and the Pandyas. came Vrikodara. Separameaning would be "dropped" by Garuda. forcibly struck each other with lances endued with the splendour of solar raysi and uttered loud roars. studded with costly gems. himself on an elephant. equipped with quivers. smeared with powdered scents. all of the foremost kind. fierce forms resembling two huge hills topped with trees. ments. rushed cheerfully towards Bhima who was more cheerful An encounter then took place between those two elephants of still. as also cars and steeds and foot-soldiers destroyed by and cars and steeds and elephants by foot-soldiers. elephant-soldiers. riding on the neck of an elephant. long arms. fighting with the other as it liked. That and foremost of elephants. fierce like the stone-built mansion on the top of the Udaya mountain. each. capable of restraining mighty elephants. duly equipped. companions in death. and cars elephants and foot-soldiers and elephants by steeds and men and elephants by cars. then. Beholding that elephant from a distance. his head decked with a beautiful diadem. seemed to dance and laugh. T. Its armour of iron. belonging to Other the Andhra tribe. and the Keralas. and possessed of the splendour of the meridian Sun at autumn. endued with fierce forms and great energy. 1 brave warriors such as the Chedis. When that host was being thus struck and slain by heroic warriors the Parthas. and gladdened by the notes of diverse instru8 In the midst of that vast force.

using their elephants with upturned trunks and decked with banners floating on the wind. The ruler of the Kulutas then. and then with six others. T. Endued with great strength.28 ting. of his elephant. with the sword in his arm. and rained on each other showers of darts and lances like two masses of clouds in the rainy season pouring torrents of rain. then crushed the elephant of Vrikodara then struck Kshemadhurti his antagonist with his mace. fell down lifeless. thus struck. also. 1 thunder-riven Beholding the celebrated king of O bull of Bharata's race exceedingly distressed. by the side thy troops. Kshemadhurti then. Then Bhima the son of Pandu. Then Kshemadhurti pierced Bhimasena in the centre of the chest with a lance endued with great impetuosity. fought. O Bharata Bhima. however. stayed field like a not on the wind-blown cloud. " 1 A triplet in the Bengal texts. and made entirely of iron. jumped down from his crushed elephant. Then with a well-shot razor-headed arrow that was perfectly straight. looked resplendent like the cloud-covered Sun with his rays issuing through the interstices of that canopy. Kshemadhurti. Filled with wrath. they roared at each other. though sought to be restrained. And who. like a lion hill. accomplished in weapons. Kshemadhurti cut off his antagonist's own bow and then afflicted that hostile elephant. who had jumped down from his elephant and stood on the Earth before the fall I Bhima and struck his elepart. . in that battle. and uttered a loud shout. like a wind-blown mass of clouds pursuing another mass driven by the tempest. uttered a loud shout and deeply afflicted with his shafts the elephant of his antagonist. Then each cutting off the other's bow. coursing perfectly straight. MAEABHABATA a up they then careered in circles with their elephants* and each taking bow began to strike the other. cut off that lance with ten shafts and then pierced the son of Pandu with sixty shafts. was advancing against him with uplifted weapon. That huge elephant of the beast. both of them. pierced phant with many long shafts in every vital 1 of Bhima then fell down. that elephant. The his (flying) fierce prince of elephants owned by Bhima then pursued compeer.Thus afflicted in that battle by Bhimasena with his arrows. Gladdening the people around with their loud roars and the slaps on their armpits and the whizz of this arrows. drawing his bow. Bhimasena. fled away. With those lances sticking to his body. struck down by thunder beside a the Kulutas slain. Then Bhima carefully hurled at his antagonist a lance bright as the rays of the Sun. they continued to utter leonine shouts. Restraining his elephant valiant Kshemadhurti pierced with his shafts the pursuing elephant of Bhimasena. whose form then blazed with wrath. taking up a bow whose twang resembled the roar of the clouds.

Duryyodhana rushed against on all sides. 3 The Bengal texts read Maharane for Afahavanc. O king. O Bharata.. began to fall. larly. the elephants. T. those two brothers. and a number of powerful shafts. shrouded the two Kaikaya brothers. began to smite the army of thy son in the very of Kama. The invincible Sikhandin Srutakirti encountered Salya. O king. encountered thy son Dussasana. Taking up two other beautiful bows. Shot by the two brothers. advancing Srutakarman and Prativindhaya against Chitra owning a beautiful standard and a beautiful bow. 'Then the mighty and heroic bowman Kama began smite the Pandava army in that battle. Dhrishtadyumna proceeded against Kripa. King. shrouded. in that battle. O great king covering pierced Satyaki of true deeds with all the points of the compass with a shower of arrows and smiling the while. those mighty shafts equipped with the feathers of the Kanka and the peacock and decked with gold. Simithose great car-warriors. . Cutting off their beautiful bows. closed with Kritavarman. Oking. son. and Madri's the valiant Sahadeva. the two brothers speedily shrouded the car of Sini's grandson with their shafts. Those two heroic brothers deeply struck Satyaki in the chest like two elephants-striking with their tusks a hostile com8 Indeed. illumining all the points of the compass. O Bharata. In that slaughter of great heroes. king Yudhishthira the son of Dharma while Dhananjaya rushed against 3 the angry throngs of the Samsaptakas. T. Kama O uttered loud cries. checked the two brothers. 1 . son. viz. in that battle. and the latter also. 2 The Bengal texts read Kruddhin and not Kruddhas. with his straight shafts. Checked by those shower of arrows shot by the grandson of Sini. There. In that dreadful battle 1 Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanfci were slain by Arjuna. peer in the forest. became faint. And Bhimasena rushed against Drona's son who was engaged in the accomplishment of the most difficult feats. the Pandavas. SatYaki. his shafts. struck by Kama with also. checked them both with his keen arrows in that battle. Satyaki with a shower of blazing arrows. sight filled with wrath. The two Kaikaya princes. O Bharata. their shafts. in that battle slew the Pandava army with his cloth-yard shafts bright as the rays of the Sun and polished by the hands of the smith. T. not of the Avantis. Saurin of great fame. The two warriors here referred to were of the Kaikayas. the two began to cover Satyaki and carrier with great activity and skill.SECTION to XIII "Sanjaya said. . lost strength. and wandered While the army was being thus destroyed by the Sutas Nakula rushed with speed against that mighty car-warrior. their own vitals pierced with shafts. however. Satyaki checked the Kaikaya King Chitrasena rushed against the princes Vinda and Anuvinda.

Bengal texts. Then the grandson of Sini. Satwata cut in twain the shield of Kaikeya. cut off Anuvinda's head with a keen razorheaded shaft. Kaikeya began to career in circles. and each armed with an excellent sword. Satyaki began to slay with his shafts the large force of the Kaikeyas. pierced the arrows. Having slain him in battle that foremost of car-warriors that scorcher of foes. Having cut off his antagonist's shield covered with centuries of stars. Cased in armour that great bowman. viz. looked resplendent in that battle. Satyakii with the greatest ease. and having each quickly driver and steeds approached each other on foot for a 3 with swords. stringing another bow began to resist the grandson of Sini from every side. Then the invincible Satwata. The latter also. . viz. T. The vast army of the Kaikeyas. Beholding that brave warrior slain. the mighty car-warrior Vinda. leaving that foe of theirs fled away on all sides.SO MAHABHAKATA between them. like Jambha and Sakra. took up another bow in that battle. fell down like a hill riven with thunder. they looked resplendent on that extensive arena. the other's Then those handsome bow return) with five and twenty two foremost of car-warriors. Samvara slain in the great battle (of old). Wait. thus cut off in twain in that great battle. his brother. filling all the Kaikayas with grief. of And each Then them made great efforts for the destruction of the other. like a flowering Kinsura. All his limbs ! that wounded with arrows. that large head. and stringing it. O king. O king. the Kaikeya prince. Pierced by the high-souled Kaikaya in that encounter. a tered each other in battle. each decked with having taken up a shield hundred moons. Satyaki of prowess incapable of being baffled. Wait mighty car-warrior of the Kaikayas speedily struck Satyaki with many thousands of shafts in his arms and chest. having each cut off Kaikaya (in slain the other's fight in that encounter.' ' O 1 Both 20 and 21 are 2 A triplet in the Bengal triplets in the texts. endued with great activity. O king. in the battle between the gods and the Asuras (of old). in that great And then they speedily encounbattle. O king. Piercing with sixty arrows equipped with wings of gold and whetted on stone. Those mighty car-warriors then cut off each other's bows.. cut in twain the shield of Satyaki. cut off by a sidestroke the prince of the Kaikeyas thus careering in that great arena armed with excellent sword. filled with rage. each approaching the other near. king. then began to career in circles. the brave grandson of Sini quickly got upon the car of Yudhamanyu. Afterwards riding upon another car duly equipped (with everything). he uttered a loud shout and the Earth in Then said. it fell like And 1 reached no time.. Both of them. thus slaughtered in battle. O king. the head of Decked with ear-rings. the arrows they shot caused a darkness there. Both endued with massive arms. T. advancing and receding (at times). both endued with great might.

against (his slayer). and cut in twain the foe-resisting bow of Chitrasena. Then Prativindhya. O monarch. struck that lord of Earth. O king filled with wrath. letter's bow having been cut off.With another broad headed arrow. pursuing them with keen arrows. O king. arrows. Srutakarman then. O sire. pierced his driver with five. piercing Chitra with five arrows.. filled with with fury. with nine broad-headed . Srutakarman. Beholding them flying away his hopeless of vanquishing the foe. wearing beautiful garlands. Srutakarman great renown (viz his insensible antagonist). against that army. Him Chitra pierced. then. That great bowman then. recovering conscious- ness. Adorned with those arrows. Srutakarman then. with that arrow in the battle. with ninety The mighty car-warrior Chitrasena then. broad-headed arrow. O king. shooting his shafts. like the will. interval. Srutakarman then. and his standard with one. struck his driver with three. decked wit') headgear of his high souled antagonist. the youthful king. striking Srutakarman. ruler of the Abhisars The (in return). striking in the arms and the chest. moon loosened from the firmament upon the Earth at slain. like Yama filled all creatures at the time of the universal dissolution. he cut off the head. Beholding the king the troops of Chitrasena. . they on all sides like elephants scorched by a forest-conflagration. thus assailed by the foe. he said unto him. became filled with The rage. centre of the chest. like a pierced mountain shedding streams of liquid red-chalk. looked exceedingly resplen- dent (on his car). Quickly piercing Srutakarman with an arrow in the Wait! Wait! Srutakarman also. viz. made Chitrasena assume a wonderful appearance. That blazing head of Chitrasena fell down on the ground. and pierced Taking up another bow that was decked with gold and capable of striking hard. in that battle. sharp-edged anJ keen pointed. Srutakar- man. with nine straight arrows. against Slaughtered quicklv fled rushed. with that arrow by that high-souled prince the heroic Chitrasena this felt great of pain and swooned away. During covered that lord of Earth. looked in that battle like a well-adorned youth in the midst of an assembly. filled with rage struck Chitrasena at the head of his forces. with his waves of arrows. Chitrasena. began to shed blood. O king. with a keen arrow in a vital part. Bathed in blood and dyed therewith. that hero shone in battle like a flowering Kinsuka. cut off his antagonist's bow with a his antagonist himself with seven arrows. in that battle by thy grandson armed with the bow. rushed impetuously rage. covering him completely therewith.SECTION XIV "Sanjaya said 'Srutakarman then. with fifty shafts. Deeply pierced. pierced him with three hundred arrows equipped with goodly wings.

and resembling a flame of fire. into three fragments. was thus flying away. . his car. sped at thy grandson a terrible and irresistible dart. Prativindhya hurled at well-adorned and equipped with a golden staff. they soon covered Prativindhya like masses of clouds covering the Sun. like the thunderbolt inspiring all creatures with fear at the end of the Yuga. only Drona's son singly rushed with thy troops. penetrating through his armour and chest.' 1 Or. That mace slew the latter's steeds and driver and crushing. Bharata. routed thy army like the thunder-wielding Sakra routing the Asura host. having keen points. that great battle. That lance. O Bharata. having alighted from Chitra dart. taking up a huge hurled also in it at Prativindhya. Thus slaughtered in battle by the Pandavas. consuming with his arrowy showers those assailants of his in that battle. entered the Earth like a mighty snake in its hole. hurled the very weapon at the brave Prativindhya in that battle. cutting off with his shafts the bow of his antagonist. mace decked with a net-work of gold. stretching out his large and massive clubs. The mighty- armed Prativindhya. piercing through his right arm.32 shafts MAHABHABATA equipped with wings of gold. and plumed with Kanka and peacock feathers. those ornaments of of iron battle. the king fell down. besides. While thy army. Beholding that dart towards him like a flashing meteor. falling fell illumined the whole region like a blast king. O Bharata. and desiring to compass the destruction of Chitra. that dart as it coursed Cut off into three fragments. that Prativindhya. in that battle. with the greatest ease. Shooting diver5e kinds of shafts and Sataghnis decked with rows of bells. Striking O blazing dart. O Beholding Chitra slain. Struck with that lance. rushed impetuously at Pralivindhya from all sides. 1 bafflad.' T. Chitra. sped at him a lance decked with gold. the high-souled king Chitra. adorned with golden bells. arms that resembled a couple thy warriors. that dart fell down. cut off. All at once a fierce encounter ensued between them like to what had taken place between Vritra and " Vasava in the battle between the gods and the Asuras (of old). Catching it as it coursed towards him. Then with rage. Then Chitra. and 3 of lightning. slaughtered on all sides. tfpeed O king. fell with great Meanwhile. O monarch. with Prativindhya's shafts. Prativindhya. against the mighty Bhimasena. his car. deeply struck the latter with five keen arrows. impetuosity on the Earth. however. 2 A triplet in the Bengal texts. Then Prativindhya. filled down on the Earth. T. suddenly dispersed in all directions like congregated masses of clouds dispersed by the wind. Prativindhya. 'like a blazing brand.

all over leonine roar. And then those two chastisers like a couple their fangs of foes soon became visible and blazed forth like Mars and Mercury his right. Drona's son placing Vrikodara to poured pouring torrents of rain upon a mountain. then struck the Pandava on the forehead with a clothyard shaft. Bhimasena looked resplendent in that battle The son of Pandu then. "Endued with the greatest activity. could not brook that indication like the clouds hundreds of fierce arrows upon him 5 . the son of Drona with a thousand well-directed shafts. failed to shake him like the wind failing to shake the Similarly the son of Pandu. the quick-handed Aswatthaman with keen again struck him with Pierced arrows by the son of Drona. thosa two foremost of men careered in that combat of tigers. Shrouding each other with showen of terrible shafts those two great car-warriors. struck the str uggling son of Drona on the head with three clothyard shafts. Drona' son. but mountain. that Brahmana looked beautiful like a three-peaked mountain washed with water in the season of rains. those two heroes endued with fierce might. as if smiling. uttered a ninety shafts. those three in that battle fore- as if smiling all the while. then. O king. and engaged themselves and actually engaged in matching deed by deed with showers of arrows most fearlessly. arrows constituted and bows their mouths. O king. The son of Drona then afflicted the Pandava with hundreds of harrows. Baffling with his own shafts the shafts of his foe in that the son of Drona. destruction of the world. filled with joy. however. pierced Bhima with an arrow. Aiming at all his vital points for he had a knowledge of all the vital points of the body. covering like the Sun himself with his rays. Both invincible and terrible. Then at that instant during the progress of that awful battle. in the forest bears its horn. They became invisible under those clouds of arrows on all sides like the Sun and the Moon in the firmament shrouded by masses of clouds. other in scorching each with their rays representing excellent arrows. shone resplendent on those two foremost of cars of Then they looked like two blazing Suns risen for the theirs. Endeavouring with great care to counteract each other's feats in the great battle. The son of Pandu bore that arrow on his forehead even as the proud rhinoceros. Bhima. With arrows sticking on his forehead. The valiant Bhima. could not in that battle shake the son of Drona of rain failing to with his hundreds of keen shafts like torrents shake a mountain. displaying the lightness of his arms. freed from cloudy screens. battle. O king.SECTION XV Fierce fight between Bhima and Aswatthaman Sanjaya said.

counteracted all those weapons of his foe. coming collision illuminated the points of the also all around. are like two Yamas in this battle. those two lions among Careering in diverse paths. fire flames. viz. invoked many mighty weapons. and both are fierce in prowess. Excellent. That was generated there with sparks and blazing began to consume both armies. universal in Those all shafts. A not come up battle like this will never occur again. let off by them. And among the assembled denizens of heaven there arose a leonine roar. Such ware the words of theSiddhas heard there every moment. the Siddhaa. O monarch. the welkin assumed a king. heroes. O it is compass and thy troops of arrows. when fire cover d with falling meteors. and (executing) circular manoevres. like to Covered with flights what happens. Both of them stand in this battle like two universe-destroying Yamas at the end of the Yuga. and wonderful is the skill of the other in weapons. the battle station men became exceedingly furious.. however. there took place an awful encounter of weapons. 1 Then that car-warrior. Both are possessed of courage. Then. this battle is the foremost of to all battles. terrible sight. And each of them desired to make to their fullest stretch. there. Their cars continuing to wheel around in diverse way and advance and retreat (according to the exigencies of the situation). Beholding the amazing and inconceivable feats of the two warriors in that battle. this Brahmana and this Kshatriya. viz. saying. Dreadful is the might of Bhima. are endued with knowledge. O lord. O Bhima. Both these persons. The son of Pandu. glared at each other with eyes rolling in rage. these words. and Charanas were filled with wonder. shafts. both endued with terrible forms. They are born like two Rudras. How great is their energy and how wonderful the skill possessed by both. O king. their lips quivered in rage. having done to each other. or like two SunsThese two tigers among men. And the other earless in that battle. eyes red in rage. the son of Drona. Any battle (fought before) does even sixteenth part of this.34 of his MAHABHABATA enemy's triumphs. O king. the dense throngs of Siddhas. The son of Pandu. also With 1. they continued to strike each other with arrows shot from their bows drawn between each made the greatest endeavours to compass the destruction of the other. And the gods. in Meanwhile those two injuries that battle. From the clash of O Bharata. Excellent.. Siddhaa moving said O a monarch. O Bharata. . in that battle. began to counteract the latter's feats. O and the great Rishis applauded them both mighty armed son of Drona. And they A triplet in the Bengal texts T. like to the terrible encounter of planets at the time of the dissolution. from that very on Aswatthaman's right. at the time of the universal dissolution. with his own weapons.

the son of in Pandu. a triplet in Bengal texts. they took up in that dreadful encounter. Having pierced each other's standards and drivers in that great battle. And those two great each other with showers of arrows. king. Those two blazing arrows. and of other lords of the Earth with Partha. away from the battle-field on his car. and having also pierced each other's steeds.KAENA PABVA grinded their teeth in car-warriors covered 35 wrath and bit their lips. steeds. struck them both. the battle of Arjuna with Aswatthaman. like a tempest agitating the vast deep. cut off the arms of his foes. headed shafts. A triplet in the is This also T . penetrating into the Samsaptaka force that resembled the Cutting off with broad-headed arrows exceedingly. 1 And in that battle. with leathern gloves casing their and looking like five-headed snakes. 2. 8 And the son of Pandu repeatedly cut 1. O monarch." SECTION XVI Arjuna fights with Samsaptakas and Aswatthaman Dhritarashtra said. and smeared with sandal-paste and other per- fumes. with his razorplucked off their stalks. with fingers. they continued to strike each other. two arrows. to the two warriors as they stood at the head of their respective divisions. Similarly. of keen edges the heads of brave warriors that were decked with faces possessed of the splendour of the full moon and with beautiful eyes and eyebrows and teeth. Each of the two mighty combatants then deeply struck with those terrace of his respective car. with his broad-headed shafts. the battle of the heroic warriors (on our side) with the foe which was destructive ocean.. sins." the me O Sanjaya said. Then. that scorcher of foes. "Listen. That slayer wz. in grasp. Dhananjaya speedily caused the Earth to be strewn there as if with lotuses. large and massive. O king. resistless and endued with the force of thunder. coming. T. sank. who was repeatedly falling into swoon. agitated it of bodies. Arjuna. and each desirous of slaying the other shot quickly at his foe. O king. "Describe to me the Samaaptakaa. as I speak to thee as to how occurred the battle of foes. weapons off. O arrows. riders. on the O king. and of the other kings with the Pandavas. Partha. as if they were in that battle two masses of clouds that poured torrents of arrows for rain and that gleamed with weapons constituting their lightning. filled with rage. the battle of Arjuna with Narrate to also. Understanding the son of Drona to be insensible his driver then bore him away from the battle field. and lives. Bhima's driver bore the sight of all the troops. Sanjaya. that were all well rounded. drivers. Bengal texts.

tor's son then thou regardest me a give me today. worthy guest arrived (before thee). with the whole heart.' Hearing and of a thousand great car-warriors fighting together. 3. These two heroes. and and bows and arrows. and whose warriors and steeds and drivers had been slain before. and arms decked with gems* And Arjuna in that battle. Arjuna regarded himself highly honouredf and addressing Janardana said. with many thousands of arrows. the hospitality of battle.36 MAHABHABAtfA flags. took their lives.* and celestial Rithia O Bharata. The Bombay 2. car-warriors and elephants and horses and horsemen. that enhancer of the fears of his foes. and axles had previously been shattered by him. the force of the wind and the radiance Stationed on the same car these two heroes are of the Sun. O king.vardhanam. 'These viz. achieved feats magnificient to behold and rivalling those Crowds of Siddhcu and Charanas all applauded him. Arjuna. T. Aswatthaman. whose poles. Kesava and Arjuna. . 1 All of them then began to strike Arjuna with their arrows as the latter was employed in slaying them. cutting off into minute fragments own weapons them fast the weapons of his foes on large throngs of cars. that is. with great rushed against Krishna and Arjuna in that battle. even like the battle between the Daityas and the wielder of the thunder-bolt on the occasion of the conquest of the three worlds. piercing with innumerable arrows. care and resolution. 'The Samsaptakaa should be slain 1. Resisting with his Arjuna. T. With his arm that held an arrow in its grasp. are those two heroes that always possess the beauty of the moon. otherwise called Jaya. filled with rage and roaring like bulls mad (like them) with excitement for a cow in season.. O hero. despatched to Yama's abode. 'If. The battle that took place between him and them made the hair to stand on end. are Nara and Narayana. and wooden fences and shafts broken already.' Thus summoned by the precepfrom desire of battle. 8 all sides. and standards crushed. cars. and smilingly told him these word. rushed towards Arjuna. and traces and reins sundered. the son of Drona hailed the Pandava shooting shafts equipped with foe-slaying heads. wheels. and floral showers fell upon the heads of Kesava and Arjuna. the splendour of fire. Bengal texts read Bhaya. And celestial kettle-drums sounded. Like the wind destroying vast masses of clouds. A triplet in The texts read this with a slight variation the Bengal texts T. like infuriate bulls striking one of their species with their horns. and filling every body with wonder. invincible even like Brahman and Isana. And an incorporeal voice said. beholding these wonderful things. Many foremost of warriors. with loud cries. and whose weapons and quivers had been displaced. the foremost of all creatures.

elephants. the arms. the face. I first O Madhava. Hearing that roar of his. replied saying. however. The consequences. regarded himself as Arjuna. Drona's son with joy. Drona's son took up coolly bow that was still more formidable.' Thus to who had been summoned according the vicinity challenge of Drona's son. off ta's 2 arrowy shower. The time has come for those that are dependent on others to repay their obli- The disputes between Brahmanas are subtle.KABNA PABVA by me. Kesava. the hands. 'to pay off their master's cake. towards me of the regardeth us to be I will having shrouded us with by my training one of those arrows every and might. Piercing Madhava and filled the son of Pandu with the thick arrowy shower. and the former with a thousand. So be it pierced Kesava with sixty shafts and Arjuna with three. said unto him. For obtaining those excellent rites of hospitality that from folly thou solicitest at the hands of Partha. the chest. cut off Aswatthaman's bow with three shafts.' Cutting shot by Aswatthaman into three fragments. the bow. Saluting Drona's son whose mind was upon one thing. 'O Aswattha- man. of the disputes of Kshatriyas are palpable. race destroyed After this the son of shafts. Arjuna then. he pierced Arjuna and Kesava. the pores of the body. this wickedness slain.' Literally. 'having made us the inmates of this arrowy mansion. the son of Pandu said unto Kesava of unfading glory these words. Literally. that foremost of regenerate ones. and the standard. that foremost one of Bharapresently. with good care. arrows began to issue. and without losing a moment strike and bear. stupefying Arjuna in that battle. Vayu bearing Indra fixed to the sacrifice. the car. Osire. From the quivers.' Thus addressed by Vasudeva. cars. drivers. the heads. the armour on his person. however. And then another Drona's son. his dense O He Madhava. baffle his purpose. but Drona's son again to hospitality is 37 Tell me. fierce Samtaptakas with their steeds. standards and foot-soldiers. which of these duties should be offered. 'Behold. 1. the latter with three hundred arrows. fight now with the son of Pandu. every one of those that were stationed or steed or elephant. the eyes. roared aloud like a vast mass of congregated clouds. the them all like the Sun destroying a Pandu once more pierced with thick his fog. being either victory or defeat. 1 gation to their masters. Stringing it within the twinkling of an eye. summoning me. those win sled shrouded by the arrows of arrows of diverse forms slew 2 T. Shot from Qandiva. filled with rage. the fingers. if turn ? First let the services of thou thinkest that to addressed. Every one of those that stood there as there on foot or car spectators. the ears. the nose. the limbs. shot thousands and ten of thousands and millions of arrows. . of that utterer of Brahma. be cool. preceptor's son. Krishna bore Partha to the rules of triumphant like be proper.' T. the bowstring.

moment. proffered unto Aswatthaman.. . the son of Pandu continued to shower his arrows on his enemies. With his mountains crushed by Indra shafts cutting into minute portions wellriders. Pankteyam and its negative.36 in that battle elephants MAHABHABATA and steeds and men whether stationed in his immediate front or at the distance of two miles. like equipt cars that looked like dissolving edifices of vapour in the evening sky and unto which were yoked well-trained steeds of great speed and which were ridden by warriors invincible in battle. continued to slay well-decked horsemen and foot-soldiers of the Indeed. The son of Pandu then filled with great wrath. everything in his house Leaving the Samsaptakas then the son of Pandu rushed towards Drona's son like quivers a donor abandoning "' is unworthy guests. Dhananjaya. that desirable guest. however. fell down like tall trees little after down fell elephants. Desirous of battle. down with the axe. by means of keen arrows constituting his rays. offering upon quivers of arrows like a charitable person unto a guest. a peculiar significance- He that is . for proceeding towards one that worthy. The trunks. 1. of elephants. of Pandu once more pierced Drona's son resembling a with shafts of great impetuosity and the splendour of the Sun. in the forest struck A huge with as hillocks. like the wielder of the thunder-bolt piercing a mountain with the thunder. Arjuna. cut off with broad-headed shafts. down whose cheeks and other limbs flowed the juice indicative of excitement. He. the preceptor's son then. the son huge hill. is a panketeya. The two words used here viz. dried up the Samsaptaka ocean incapable of being dried up Without losing a easily. quickly cut off the shafts shot at him by Aswatthaman. filled with rage. To this day the leaders of all castes in India are busied with questions affecting the inclusion in or the exclusion from the caste line of its members on occasions of feed and festivity* T. resembling the very Sun as he rises at the end of the Yuga. on the other handi that is excluded from the line is an apankteya. approached Arjuna for piercing him and his steeds and drivers by means of his swiftly-coursing shafts. And Dhananjaya foe. his with their thunder. have worthy of being admitted to the same line with honoured guests while sitting for a feed.

resembling the lotus. that achiever of fierce feats. The elephant of the foe of the Daityat would belonging to Indra. Aswatthaman) then pierced both Kesava and Arjuna with well-shot shafts which were inspired with great impetuosity and struck with which Death himself would feel pain. . "Then occurred that battle between Arjuna and Aswatthaman resembling the planets Sukraand Vrihaspati in splendour. began to strike the Samsaptakas. With that shaft the son of Drona looked resplendent like the Sun with upward rays. or the full Moon in beauty and resplendent with diadems and necklaces and crowns. And he struck the son of Drona with innumerable shafts. the Sun. in large numbers. looked like two Suns at the end of the Yuga resplendent with their own rays. With his well-shot shafts Partha began to cut off the bows and quivers and bowstrings and hands and arms and tightly grasped weapons and umbrellas and standards and steeds and car-shafts and robes and floral garlands and ornaments and coats of mail and handsome foes.SECTION XVII Aatoatthaman retreats from the battle-field. of his unretreating and beautiful heads. (tz. T. the Vanga. and f shrouding that foremost of heroes and his steeds and driver and standard. Then the Kalinga. that resembled in splendour the elephant of the great foe of the Daitycu. between Sukra and Vrihaspati in the firmament for entering the same constellation. I cannot reject the obvious meaning of the compound for following the commentator. The two Krishnas (Nara and Narayana). Arjuna covered him with twice as many arrows equipt with goodly wings. Cut off with broad-headed and crescent- shaped and razor-faced arrows human heads. called Airavata. those terrifiers of the world stood like two planets both deviating from their orbits. Well-equipt cars and steeds and elephants. Afflicting each other with blazing shafts that constituted their rays. shields ridden by heroes fighting with great care. 1 1. were destroyed by the the hundreds of shafts sped by Partha and fell down along with heroes that rode on them. and the Nishada heroes. Sanjaya said. dropped ceaselessly on the earth. riding on elephants. Checking the shafts of Drona's son. Arjuna shot a weapon from which issued torrents of shafts on all sides. also deeply afflicted by Aswatthaman with hundreds of arrows. Daityaripudwipa i s explained by Nilakantha to mean an Asura having the form of an elephant. Then Arjuna deeply pierced like the battle Aswatthaman with a shaft in the midst of his eye-brows. mean the prince of elephants. each resembling the thunder or fire or the sceptre of Death. Then when Vasudeva seemed to be stupefied. Endued with mighty energy.

deeply afflicted wished not to go back and renew the fight with Partha. Thus borne away by these of the wind. gave a loud roar. of clouds at the close of in like a shrouding mass summer after the firmament. sped Then Drona's son them they formed only one arrow. like the wind shrouding the risen Sun with masses of congregated clouds. All that could be seen was that elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers and car-warriors. the son of Pandu. and shot with great cutting off heads Then to the traces of Aswatthaman's steeds. from desire of slaying him. those two foremost of men. Arjuna began pierce the steeds themselves. of the Dasarhas addressed Arjuna ? and this said. viz. Struck with those arrows. these pierced regarded those two heroes slain by Aswatthaman the warrior who Then the chief had completely mastered the science of arms. Arjuna of unclouded understanding began with good care to mangle the son of Drona with Now the son of Pandu. Arjuna. reflecting for some time. his Deeply afflicted shrouding the Sun or the Moon with those arrows. with the shafts of Partha. massive arms. became bathed in blood. Drona's son both Arjuna and Vasudeva with his arrows. those elephants. treated with even this one will be the cause of great woe. the intelligent son of Drona. the trunks. the riders. when he aimed them. Partha cut off the vital limbs. five Arjuna and the other five pierced Vasudeva. smeared with sandal-paste. whereat the latter bore Aswatthaman away to a great distance from the field. like a disease not sought to be put down by treatment. In that battle none could see when Savyasachin took up his shafts. Slay warrior. Knowing that victory is ever with the chief of the Vrishnis and with Dhanan- steeds endued with the speed . the standards. quickly pierced the his shafts. and the unrivalled thighs of his antagonist with shafts equipt with force from Oandiva. all the people there Indra. and the banners of like mountain summits riven with thunder.' Replying unto Kesava of unfading glory with the words 'So be it'. struck with his arrows fell down deprived of life. and pierced all of them with shafts equipped with goodly wings. and the chest. the head. speedily dispelled that darkness caused by Aswatthaman's arrows. Shot with great force. and when he let them off. aiming weapons at Aswatthaman and at those followers of his belonging to the army. like Kuvera and Thus afflicted. filled with rage. 'Why errest If thou in thus sparing Aswatthaman indifference.. without losing a quickly as of if moment. aiming ten foremost of arrows. like goats' ears. the diadem-decked Arjuna shrouded the son of his preceptor with shafts endued with the splendour of the newly risen Sun. When that elephant force was broken. upon which those beasts fell down Checking with his own shafts those of Arjuna.40 MAHABHABATA rushed with speed against the queller of the pride of the Danavas.

or a calamitous planet like a fierce comet. Kesava and Arjuna proceeded towards the Samtaptakaa. O sire. After Aswatthaman. restraining his steeds. "Meanwhile towards the northern part of the Pandava army. 1 and which looked like the Danava with elephantine face and form. In training and might he is not inferior to Bhagadatta himself.graha j s 1. with steel Ankuea-graha means 'in handling the hook. deprived of hope and with shafts and weapons almost exhausted. that foremost one of Angirasa's race. 1 whose roar resembled that was destroying with of a congregated his shafts thousands of cars mass of clouds. the beast moved like the wheel of Death.' Vikacha. the headless planet. Having slain him first. thou wilt then slay the Sanuaptakae' At the course of the conclusion of his words. that enemy of theirs. pressed down into the Earth a large number of men with their steeds and drivers. T. along the chief of the Magadhas caused these to be pressed down soldiers. like thick reeds pressed down with crackling sounds. Drona's son. Slaying men adorned with their horses and footcoats of mail. and having comforted himself a little. 41 activity. fore-feet crushed and slew with his two Indeed. Kesava bore Partha to the presence of Dandadhara. The chief of the Magadhas. with his (foe-crushing) elephant is unrivalled in prowess. said. on their car whose rattle resembled the roar of the clouds his steeds like a disease removed from the and whose banner waved on the wind. treading upon cars with their feet. a loud uproar arose of cars and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers as those were being massacred by Dandadhara. entered the force of Kama teeming with cars and steeds and men. Dandadhara and steeds and elephants and men." SECTION Arjuna kills XVIII the chief of Dandadhara^ Magadha Sanjaya said. Indeed. into the earth. Kesava. The elephants also. but without stopping the steeds which were as Oaruda or the wind. peerless in handling the elephanthook even as the headless planet Ketu (is peerless) among all the planets. also which that foremost of elephants. and trunk. T. explained by Nilakantha to mean either Ketu. 2 Vidt note to verse 12 in the previous Section 6 . was destroying the hostile army like a fierce comet destroying Riding on his foe-slaying and well-equipped elephant the whole earth. Many were the elephants. addressing Arjuna. Turning the car. 'The fleet as chief of the Magadhas. endued with great entered the army of Kama. had been thus removed from the field by body by incantations and medicines and means.KABNA PABVA jaya.

riding on that foremost of cars. Cut off with a crecsent-shaped arrow by the diadem-decked (Partha). and Arjuna with five. adorned with angadas. of his foe. and the sound of palms. a mass of clouds. of Pandu then uttering a loud shout. the two arms each looking like the trunk of an elephant. the lord of Girivraja became filled with Desirous of agitating Janardana with that tusker ot his. resembling . the twang of bow-strings. Then Partha pierced with many excellent arrows bright as the rays of the sun that elephant of his foe. fell down with the guide on its neck. rushed quickly towards that prince of elephants in the midst of that host teeming with thousands of cars and steeds and elephants. and covered with blood it looked resplendent as it lay like the sun dropped from the Asta mountain towards the western quarter. cut off the two arms of Cut off by means of razor-headed shafts. cut off the bow of and arrow fixed thereon. smeared with sandal-paste. those two arms. Upon the fall of his brother in battle. that elephant equipped with golden armour looked as resplendent as a mountain in the night with its herbs and trees Afflicted with the pain and roaring like blazing in a conflagration. and resounding with the beat and blare of innumerable cymbals and drums and conths and uproarious with the clatter of car-wheels. and uttered a loud shout. and them the guides of his beast and the footmen antagonist with string that protected the animal. At this. and which resembled a mass of and was endued with the speed of the wind. almost at the same instant of time. Then Partha. Even Dandadhara pierced Arjuna with a dozen foremost of shafts and Janardana with sixteen and each of the steeds with three.42 MAHABHABATA by means of that mighty and foremost of elephants belonging to him. and then the head. as also his welldecked standard. desirous of slaying them. Danda struck Janardana with three whetted lances bright the rays of the sun. the head also of Danda fell down on the Earth from the elephant's back. Danda advanced against Indra's younger brother and Dhananjaya. and with lances in grasp. rage. the elephant crying and wandering and running with tottering steps. and exceedingly weakened. temples had split from excitement. Then Arjuna struck the elephant of this Covered with the gold-decked arrows of Partha. his with a number its of broad-headed shafts. on his tusker white as snow and adorned with gold and looking like a Himalayan antagonist with hundreds of arrows. Then Arjuna. Dandadhara Dhananjaya with many lances. looked resplendent like a couple of large snakes of great beauty falling down from a mountain-summit. and then uttered a loud shout and laughed repeatedly. resembling the full Moon. summit. like a mountain summit riven by thunder. The son of Pandu then. as they fell from the elephant's back at the same instant of time. cut off. with three whose clouds struck razor- headed arrows. as The son Danda.

and heads. and drivers. then by this time our foes would have felt that delight which we now feel at their death. Arjuna. O slayer of enemies. of heroic foes fighting with O Bharata. king. encompassing Arjuna like the celestials encompassing Purandara. with arrows. hath by good luck been slain by thee. steeds. filled with rage. some of which were broad. Then his soldiers. At this the vast hostile Then elephants and cars and steeds and men. that foe of whom we had been frightened like creatures at the sight of Death himself. The battle that took place between them and him made the hair to stand on end. however. of Then the son Ugrayudha pierced Partha with three shafts resembling three venomous snakes. they violently struck one another and fell down deprived of life. began to say. Partha. Mercury in the orbit. and bulls fighting some furnished with heads like the calf's tooth.KABNA PAEVA 43 a mass of white clouds whereupon it fell down with a noise like a Himalayan summit riven with thunder. colour and fell down and died. covered Arjuna from every with diverse kinds of weapons at the close of like the clouds side urged by the Maruts his shrouding Himavat summer. brave warriors by hundreds and thousands closed upon Arjuna. some crescentshaped. the wielder of the thunderbolt on the occasion of the conquest of the three worlds. men. 'O hero. like the encounter between the Daityat and Indra. of the Samiaptakas. Many foremost of animals tied to yokes. its kills the Sameuaptakat like the planet 'Wheeling round. some equipt with heads like razors. each according to his deserts. Jishnu (Arjuna) once more slew large number Afflicted with the shafts of Partha. the son of Pandu cut off in that battle. clashed against one another and fell down on the tield. worshipped those men. headed. If thou hadst not protected from that fear those people that were so deeply afflicted by mighty foes. and arms. and proceeded once more against the Sameaptakcu. Checking with own wea- . and shafts and hands and weapons in grasp. with a cheerful heart. Like with a bull for the sake of a cow in season. cut off from his enemy's trunk the tatter's head. in dense force broke. O lost and elephants. Tottering. and standards. and bows." SECTION XIX Arjuna "Sanjaya curvature of said. were cut off by Savyasachin. in that battle.' Hearing these and other words uttered by friends and allies. Then those warriors. Then other huge elephants capable of winning victory and resembling the two already slain. throngs. wavered and wondered and him. even as the two (belonging to Danada and Dandadhara) had been cut off.

dropped by those People then beheld Arjuna crossing soldiers ocean constitued by steeds and footand having mighty weapons for its waves. filled Then the chief. when he aimed them and when Daityas. fell down on the Earth. themselves deprived of strength and bathed in blood.44 MAHABHABATA pons those of his foes on every side. Arjuna slew a large number of his enemies with well-shot shafts. shafts. cars. and presenting an awful sight. Brave warriors. and foot-soldiers also. began to destroy them like Indra destroying the sinless in ? one. on a bridge constituted by his own mighty weapons of offence Then Vasudeva. wind. and the Parahni drivers of many cars. wondered and tottered and fell down and uttered cries of pain and looked Like Mahendra smiting down the Danavas Partha smote pale. all desirous of slaying (Arjuna). Elephants. and deprived many of their wheels and standards. and elephants and takat. caused all equipments of many to fall from their places. O and defence. and broke the cords. Men and steeds and elephants. "So be it" unto Krishna. of with wrath and accompanied by their followers. lay on the standards. the drivers. with their riders. shooting diverse like wind. their vitals pierced with shafts resembling thunder-bolts in impetuosity. With his arrows Arjuna then cut off the Trivenua. mail and decked with ornaments and armed field. their bodies only lay on Earth. down large numbers of his foes. with even the closest attention. Then Arjuna towards him. by means of shafts whetted on stone and resembling the thunder cased in costly coats of of poison in deadliness. belonging to thy army. pierced by Savyasachin (Arjuna) with bis shafts. 'Why. slain with their cars and Vanquished (and deprived of life). the steeds. dost thou sport this way thyself for Kama's At that time. Arjuna then.' Saying. thus smashed and injured by Arjuna in large numbers. addressing Partha. their tongues and entrails pressed out. Warriors borne on their cars and steeds and elephants. and displaced the weapons and quivers of many. struck by Arjuna. rushed against Arjuna. with diverse kinds of weapons. slaughter. forcibly smiting the remnant of the Samsavtakas with his weapons. haste Grinding these Samaap. men could not mark when Arjuna took out his shafts. various realms. by means of keen destroyed that thick shower of weapons that raftless warriors constituting a mass of congregated clouds. looked like the luxurious mansions of the rich destroyed by fire. and destroyed the bottoms and yokes of others. and rain. Those cars. said. the traces and the axles of many. that foremost of car-warriors. O sire. . persons possessed of noble birth and great knowledge. fell down like mansions on mounand the Large numbers of steeds tain-tops overthrown by blasts of lightning. rushed weapons with great speed. proceeded to heaven in consequence of those glorious deeds of theirs while of righteous deedsi by Partha.

and lopped off from arms. O with hands having fingers cased in fences. regarded it wonderLike swans diving into a lake the shafts of Arjuna. these bows. of the in blood. and heads split with Mushalcu or smashed and trod great activity and to be by elephants and steeds and cars. deprived of life. decked with ornaments. mail. and these huge maces twined round with thr ads of gold. of heroes endued with great Bharata. These victory-longing warriors endued with decked handles. and these heavy Mtuhalas. these short arrows. adorned with gold and fallen off from the bodies of the warriors. white and active as swans. and those rich coverlets. of many mighty bowmen. and these coats of loosened from their bodies. and these girdles and quivers Behold these straight shafts equipt with wings of gold. and those yak-tails perfectly white. and those beautiful with triumphal banners. their limbs quick crushed with maces. 45 let them off quickly. occurreth this great and terrible destruction of the Bharatas and other kings of Earth. and cords of hemp. and those elephants with tongues lolling out and lying on the field like hills.KABNA PABVA he ful. broken in diverse ways. dreadfully mangled with shafts and darts and swords and lances and scimitars and axes and spears and Nakharaa and bludgeons. penetrated into the hostile force. O slayer of foes. the Earth looks resplendent. Partha. still seem with life. these darts adorned with the same metal. the field of battle is strewn with the bodies of men and elephants and steeds. said these words to Savyasachin. and these Kanapaa these iron Kuntas lying around. O Bharata. and bathed in streams of blood. each consisting of one piece of blanket. with golden backs. gems. and diverse kinds conchs. these Bhusundit. 'Here. Behold these spears embellished with gold. for the sake of Duryo- O dhana alone. O son of Bharata. and these battle-axes equipt with goldBehold also these spiked clubs. Then Govinda. (the Earth looks exceedingly beautiful). O Bharata. armed with diverse weapons. lying scattered about. . Govinda himself. headgears set with Behold those beautiful Behold those and long those huge numerous steeds bathed quivers. Behold those thousands of warriors. decked with golden bells. Behold these swords decked with bright gold and these axes adorned with the same. beholding the field of battle during the progress of that carnage. and these long arrows washed with oil and looking like snakes freed from their sloughs. and those beautiful and . and those slain elephantwarriors. Behold. Strewn with arms smeared with sandal-paste and decked with Angadas and graced with auspicious indications and cased in leathern fences and adorned with Keyvras. for the backs of those huge beasts. also Strewn activity and with heads adorned with ear-rings and cars. and with severed thighs looking like the trunks of elephants. though dead. Behold these beautiful lances decked with gold. those bottoms of cars of standards and banners and combatants.

indeed. Like Yama himself slaying creatures whose lives have run out.' Even thus did Krishna show the ( field of battle from the of field to their camp unto Arjuna. and those armours set with diamonds for their breasts and those rich cloths. and those numerous bells loosened the bodies of elephants and broken into fragments by those creatures. the grunt of elephants. lotuses.46 MAHABHABATA from falling variegated and torn blankets. and those ornamental yokes of steeds. Penetrating into that force by the aid of his steeds possessing the fleetness of the wind. was destroying crowds of foes by means of diverse kinds of shafts. that foremost of smiters overthrew and deprived them of life. and those beautiful necklaces of gold. and the fierce clash of weapons. O Arjuna. And while returning ). and embellished with well-cut beards. and those umbrellas displaced from their positions. these feats that have been achieved by thee in great battle today are. Piercing the bodies of the elephants and steeds and men with sharp shafts. resembles a lake adorned with a dense assemblage of lilies and lotuses. and those yak-tails and fans. strewn with those faces looking like lilies and full moon. Krishna became filled with wonder upon beholding the army grinded by Pandya. adorned with gold and tied to the ends of the standards borne by horsemen. bright as the moon or stars. for the backs of steeds and fallen on the ground. Behold the Earth strewn with faces adorned with ear-rings. looks like the autumnal firmament bespangled with stellar lights. and those hooks with handles set fallen with stones of lapis lazuli upon the Earth. that foremost of warriors skilled in shafts and weapons. worthy of thee or of the chief of the celestials himself in heaven. Pandya. and those large diamonds adorning the headgears of kings. Cutting off with his own shafts the diverse weapons hurled at him by many foremost of foes. set with brilliant gems and inlaid with gold. they heard a loud noise in the the army Duryodhana. Behold. and those variegated coverlets and housings and Rank* skins. the Earth possessing the effulgence of the bright moon and diversified as if with myriads of stars. and each looking like the The Earth." . Indeed of uproar beat of consisted of the blare of conchs and the was heard cymbals and drums that and Patahas and the clatter car wheels. the neighing of steeds. Pandya slew his enemies like Sakra ( Indra ) destroying the Danawu.

him and said. Beholding Pandya destroying with his shafts in battle that host consisting of four fearlessly kinds of forces. horsemen with their darts and lances and quivers. in battle O Sanjaya. those thorough masters of the science of weapons. Pandya. as also the And he cut down horses. were unyielding and obstinate in battle. shafts Mangling with his the Pulindas. and divesting them of their weapons and coats of mail. Pandya at the time was slaughterThat force. that foremost of smiters. having previously cut down the standards and banners and weapons with which they were armed. the Andhakas. Pandya deprived them of their lives. destroying its steeds elephants with their riders. the measure and his pride. Like the spliter of mountains striking down mountains with his thunder. thy Of celebrated might and prowess.SECTION XX 1 Pandya Dhritarashtra said. his of his might. began to turn round like the potter's wheel. Pandya. however. Stretching with thy two massive arms the bow held by thee and whose large string is attached to thy grasp. that foremost of kings. Filled with rage like the Destroyer himself." Sanjaya said. of that car-warriors most amongst the kings as equal to himself. birth is noble and learning great. spirit. Drona's son. and the Bhojas. the Southerners. to me before the nara . O thou with eyes like the petals of the lotus. Know. the son of Drona proceeded towards that fearless warrior. the Tanganas. Nor did he admit within his heart that he was inferior in any respect to Vasudeva or Arjuna. Pandya overthrew that force. of have never been narrated by Tell me today in detail the prowess of that great hero. and foot-soldiers that protected those beasts. teeming with foremost of foot-soldiers. the Valhikas. the Nishadas. summoned in 'O king. He never admitted his equality with Kama and Bhishma. endued with great courage. are regarded by thee as the foremost of car-warriors. Like the wind dispersing a mass of congregated clouds. . skill. all of whom. of Pandya. that hero of world-wide celebrity. struck by Pandya. thou resemblest Indra himself. "Bhishma and Drona and Kripa and Drona's son and Kama and Arjuna and Janarddana. with his well-shot arrows. Even such was in Pandya regarded himself superior to all these foreIndeed he never regarded any one energy. the Khasas. a feats in battle "Thou didst mention thee. that first of wielder of weapons. swelling with cars and steeds and ing the army of Kama. began to disperse and drivers and standards and cars and causing its weapons and elephants to fall down. Fearlessly addressing sweet words that warrior who then seemed to dance on his car. smiling the while. but his feats. and energy.

Malayadhwaja pierced the son Then Drona's son. Earth resound with the loud clatter of thy car-wheels thou the autumnal cloud of Taking out of thy quiver and shooting thy keen shafts resembling snakes of virulent poison fight with myself only. By this. that regenerate one filled the entire welkin and the ten points of the compass with his arrows. Then Drona's son. like a crop-destroying loud roars. motion. with nine shafts of his cut off all of motionthose arrows of his antagonist. 'So be it'. Then Drona's that unstringed bow. of a day. drawing his bow to a circle. Drona which consisted only of the eighth part shot as many arrows as were carried on 1. Different limbs require to be pierced with arrows inspired with different kinds of T. steeds of his his with four other shafts he afflicted the which they speedily expired. Having sharp shafts. sped thousands of arrows (at his foe). cut them all into pieces. . lookest resplendent! O king. foot-soldiers do match for thee in and elephants and of terrible and steeds. foe. yet Pandya. assailed causing them to course through the welkin with the ten different kinds 1 Pandya. the son of O sire. of Although knowing that those shafts of the high-souled son Drona employed in shooting were really inexhaustible. straight.48 MAHABHABATA them I tbou lookest beautiful like a mass of congregated clouds as pourest over thy foes thick showers of impetuous shafts. transverse. arrows equipt with keen points and capable of piercing the very vitals. stringing had meanwhile speedily yoked other excellent steeds unto his car. telling him 'Strike'. Beholding the lightness of hand disDrona's son. however. cutting off all those shafts shot by the latter. Pandya answered. During that space of time. his foe. struck Pandya with some fierce arrows. the sun. The antagonist of that bull among men. began to played by shoot his arrows like a mass of clouds pouring torrents of rain. the while. and seeing that his men slayer of foes. etc. Aswatthaman. him with vigour. like ( the Asura ) Andhaka fighting with the three-eyed deity/ Thus addressed. like the fearless lion might Making the welkin and crushing herds of deer in the forest. downwards. cut off the arrows of Drona's son. These are upwards. In return. that best of of Drona with a barbed arrow. carefully then slew with his own keen shafts the two protectors of the latter's car-wheels in that encounter. not see anybody save myself that can be a Alone thou crushest numerous cars battle. With at Pandya then cut off the endued with the splendour his stretched of bowstring of Aswatthaman son. four then. preceptors. smiling capable of penetrating into the very vitals and resembling flames of Then Aswatthaman once more sped at his foe some other large fire.

he struck elephants and steeds and human warriors. At that time a huge riderless elephant with large tusks. Beholding that prince of elephants. Then Drona's son cutting off the standard. the Earth with her preceptor's mountains and his arrowy shower. who was well acquainted with the method of fighting from the neck of an elephant. roaring against a hostile compeer. of the roaring Pandya. with the Vayuvya weapon that unbearable shower of arrows Baffling shot by the Aswatthaman-cloud. slew the four steeds of the latter. Pandya. yet he did not slay him from desire of fight. that slayer of foes and foremost of carwarriors. Drona's son although he obtained the opportunity to do his enemy the crowning evil. and inspired with rage. and cutting off with a crescent-shaped arrow the bow also of that warrior whose twang force son poured on resembled the roar of the clouds. the Moon. Like a mass of clouds at the that hostile close of summer drenching the with torrents of rain. looking like a cloven mountain-summit. Almost those the men that then beheld Aswatthaman. the Pandya-wind. Repeatedly shouting in joy. or rather the Destroyer of the Destroyer trees. advanced towards the direction of Pandya with great impetuosity.Meanwhile Kama rushed against the large elephant-force of the Pandavas and began to rout and destroy it. Aswatthaman cut off his enemy's car into minute fragments. and with that cool care for which he was distinguished in hurling weapons with great force. filled with joy. art slain' 1 Thou or Parjonnya. struck with Aswatthaman's shafts. although he had made Pandya. the younger brother of Surya. quickly ascended that beast like a lion springing with a loud roar to the top of a mountain- summit. still slew him not. Pvahanuja. bright as Surya's rays. endued with great might.. Slaying then his foe's driver with a single shaft. and cutting off all the weapons of the latter. with innumerable straight shafts. well-equipt with all utensils of war. their senses. Depriving car-warriors of their cars. uttered loud roars.. the deity of the clouds . mountains. O Bharata. from desire of battling with him for some time more. who at the time looked like Destroyer lost himself filled with rage. the son of Drona. quick to proceed against any enemy. treading with speed. pearls. . at the preceptor's son and uttered a loud shout. earless. striking the prince elephant with the hook. Pandya (with that lance) crushed to pieces the diadem of Drona's son adorned with foremost of jewels and diamonds of the first water and the very best kind of gold and excellent cloth and strings of That diadem possessed of the splendour of the Sun. T. Checking with the weapons those of his enemy.KABNA PABVA eight carts each 49 all drawn by eight bullocks. 'Thou art slain. That mighty bowman . that lord of the of Then quickly sped a lance. smeared with sandal-paste and other perfumed unguents and bearing the device of the Malaya mountain on it.

the Battle foremost of heroes. T. endued with great effulgence. the king. is t*s. his shafts like a blazing fire in it crematorium. accompanied by his brothers approaching the preceptor's son worshipped with great respect that warrior who is a complete master of the science of arms. extinin guished with water after lifeless has received a libation the shape of a body Then like the chief of the celestials joyfully worshipping Yishnu after the subjugation of the Asura Vali. looked resplendent like the Moon himself between two bright constellations. did Arjuna do in a hero. after the body has been reduced to . adorned with ear-rings." SECTION XXI Pandya falls in Dhritarashtra said. what. thus cut off by that skilful warrior into six pieces with those five shafts and the king into four pieces with those three looked like the sacrificial shafts lay divided in all into ten pieces that butter distributed into ten portions intended for the ten deities. Having cut off numerous steeds and men and elephants into pieces and offered thus them as food unto the Rakshasas. falling consequence of the violence of the stroke. the custom lifeless exists of extinguishing in the crematorium ashes. The high-souled Sankara himself all hath made him invincible among 1 creatures. thy son. and with three the two arms and the head of the king. and with six he slew the six mighty car-warriors. "When Pandya had Kama was employed been in slain and when that Sanjaya..50 the planets. smeared with excellent sandal-paste. thunder. At this. after indeed. or the fire. in India. king Pandya was a quieted by Drona's son with 1 . My greatest the fears fire To this day. endued with great might. red as copper with rage. and adorned with gold and pearls and gems and diamonds falling upon the Earth. he had completed the task he had undertaken. the foe. and a com- O routing and destroying battle ? That son of Pandu plete master of the science of arms. Those long and well-rounded arms of the king. attentive to his duties. in MAHABHABATA split into down. like a man upon blazed up with exceeding rage like a prince of snakes struck with foes the foot. fell mountain-summit riven by Indra's down on the Earth with great noise. That head also. and took up four and ten shafts capable of inflicting great pain and each resembling the Destroyer's rod- With five of those shafts he cut off the four feet and the trunk of his adversary's elephant. falling on the ground. Aswatthafragments. having a prominent nose and a pair of large eyes. graced with a face bright as the full Moon. began to writhe like a couple of snakes slain by Garuda. The elephant. that followed king Pandya.

desirous of taking one another's life. and the diverse shouts pale. against which no other car could fight. If the Parthas had returned. the twang of bow-strings. the and the Earth. With his shafts Kama then despatched to employed Yama's abode twenty car-warriors among the brave Panchala heroes. off the son of Radha. O best and darts and rapiers and battle-axes and maces and spears and polished Kuntaa. foes rushed upon foes. the combatants quickly fell upon one another. endued with great energy. encompassed Kama on all Kama agitated that hostile force with showers of weapons like the leader of an elephantine herd lotuses and covered with swans. and standards. that Partha achieved there on that occasion. Kama is slaying the Srinjayas.KABNA PARVA proceed from that Dhananjaya. "After Pandya's fall. 'I do not behold the King. Then many foremost of warriorsi of the Pandava army. and the clatter of car-wheels. with the whizz of arrows. the cardinal points of the compass. O headed by Bhimasena and of kings. 51 O Sanjaya. and fell T. plunging into a lake adorned with Penetrating into the midst of his foes. Gladdened by that loud noise. . more commenced a battle between Kama and the Pandavas that swelled the population of Yama's kingdom. and the shouts of foot-soldiers and falling men.' force of the diadem-deeked (Arjuna). that slayer of foei. that the Parthas ourselves headed by the Suteia son. there once Then. The other Pandavas also have retreated. With bows and arrows and spiked clubs and swords and lances and axes and short clubs and Bhuahvndis closed with each other. the heroic son of Adhiratha crushed with his arrows. heroes. saying. the vast enemy would have been broken. weapons speedily wheeling round. the firmament. and short shafts and hooks. began to strike 1 Literally. Large numbers those foes thus shouting and shooting weapons. drivers. A great carnage is being made (by that warrior) of steeds and car-warriors and Thus the heroic Visudeva represented everything unto the elephants. exceedingly fierce. the grunt of elephants. the troops took of became in and fell down. and quick in the use of sides. 'Urge the steeds. Loud became the noise caused by the sound of bow-strings and fences and bows. fought with heroes desirous of reaching the end of the hostilities. of Hearing the terrible whizz brave warriors. of arrows fright. sound of palms. Filling the welkin. the subsidiary ones. Partha quickly addressed Krishna. with their steeds. In fulfilment of purposes entertained by Aswatthaman. The Kurus and the Pandavas once more fearlessly Hrishikesa." Ttll me. Krishna quickly said unto Arjuna these beneficial words.' is. shaking his best of bows. 1 Then Hrishikesa proceeded on that The encounter then that once more took place became irresistible car. Hearing of and beholding that great danger of his brother (Yudhishthira). all Sanjaya said.

When those Kurus. and fell at their foes. fell down like fallen mountains. encountering were slain foot-soldiers with activity. and human arms. and cars with steed yoked Many brave warriors. The beautiful forms of ele- phants and steeds and human beings. proceeded against Kama. covered with blood and deprived of life like sandal trees cut down with the axe falling down and shedding as they fall their cool blood-red Cars destroyed by cars. Kama. in that with rage mangled or cut or pierced or overthrew or looped off or slew one another with battle-axes and short arrows and hooks and spears and lances. cut off with razorfaced or broad-headed or crescent-shaped arrows. sire. There was none amongst them that needed the touch of a second striking the steeds with the arrow of Like a driver of whip. and challenging one another.52 their MAHABHABATA heads with his sharp shafts. assailed by one another with blood rising from their limbs and deprived of brains and eyes and weapons. fell down on the Earth. and umbrellas. and heads. struck the fences (of his foes) Like perceivable only by their bow-strings. Standards. herds of deer. cut off. elephants by elephants. They struck one another. fell down on the Earth. Slain by one another they fell down. Large numbers also of men. The shields and coats Kama's. trunks. men by men. with life shafts capable crushing coats of mail and bodies and the that quickened them. O king. destroyed or in down on all sides. Similarly crowds by horsemen. and juice. some. uniting together. as they lay there with faces beautiful as pomegranates. began one another. and banners and standards (on their bodies). fell down in thousands. seemed to be alive. and elephants. slain in that dreadful battle looked like floral The faces and the limbs of those Crushed lotuses and faded wreaths. with like uplifted O down. and Panchalas and Pandus were thus Then the chief of the Panchalas. horsemen. with their trunks cut fell off. many elephants and cars. uttered loud shouts. and elephants. the other warriors. having teeth- adorned mouths filled vast ocean of . slain by the latter. fell down. and became exceedingly repulsive to look at. course of destruction. and many tuskers. slain by thereto. Draupadi. Covered with weapons. filled with blood.battle. Assailed by foot-soldiers. and Yuyudhana. Well-cased in armour and coats of mail and adorned with head-gearsi combatants endued with great strength rushed engaged in battle. sire. reckless of their very to strike at maces and short clubs and spiked bludgeons looking rods of the Destroyer. and jumping. were crushed in that battle. and the sons of lives. laid themselves down on the field. Others. his of mail of the warriors. Horsemen. O and the twins. of foot-soldiers. . steeds by steeds. then resembled cloths foul " with dirt. Kama speedily grinded all those Pandus and Srinjayas and Panchalas that came within range of his a lion grinding arrows.

he with three as it fell jump from the back of down on the Earth. with a long shaft endued with great impetuosity. each resembling the rod elephant with a hundred arrows. and the Prabhadrakas. like the clouds drenching the hills with their showers. the Vangas. or six whetted shafts. the Nishadas Bharata. Those furious elephants. the Koshalas. and shafts those (foe-crushing) elephants urged forward by their riders with heels and toes and hooks. the Panchala hero pierced with ten. shafts shot with the advanced against him like a moving mountain. Then Satyaki. causing Sahadeva to desist. Each of those beasts that were huge as hills. they pierced with the points of their tusks. drenched the Panchala force therewith Prishata's son covered with his arrows in that battle. and Chekitana endued with great energy. O and arrows like pouring clouds. and his foe's Angas with three long shafts. the Magadhas. proceeded against Drishtadyumna. Pundra. those heroes drenched those elephants from every side with their weapons. And some . and all Satyaki. himself afflicted elephant of the ruler of the Yama.SECTION XXII The. the Pundras. O Bharata. Fight Deepens Sanjaya said. the Mekalas. filled with rage and desirous of compassing his destruction.Nakula however. and Sikhandin. and some they raised aloft and dashed down on the ground others taken aloft on the tusks of those huge beasts. urged by thy son. caused it to fall down on the field of battle. belonging to the Easterners. and urged by heroes beating the time. those warriors began to dance the dance of heroes. thus cut off that elephant. Many foremost of combatants skilled in elephant-fight. the Paadus and the Panchalas proceeded towards his rescue) uttering loud roars him ( for Pouring weapons upon those elephants. Then Nakula and Sahadeva. Having depriving it of its standard and driver and armour and life. and the sons of Draupadi. whom he could Thus struck by Satwata. the Angas. aided by the music of their bowstrings and the sound of their palms. the Dasharnas. crushed them with their feet. the Tamraliptakas. fell down inspiring spectators with fear. men and steeds and cars. Then the ruler of of . the Southerners. struck while Sahadeva. Then Satyaki pierced with another long shaft the chest of the rider not hitherto touch. Sahadeva proceeded against the chief of the Angas. and showering shafts and lances uniting with the Kalingas. urged on by Mleehha warriors dragging down with their their trunks and armed with sharp weapons. just as the latter was about to his beast. piercing the of the vitals of the elephant belonging to the king Vangas staying before him. eight. the Madras. Meangreat care. Beholding the prince of the Panchalas shrouded by those elephants like the Sun by the clouds. "Many elephant-warriors riding on their beasts.

and looking like blazing mountains. with many straight Then the Panchala prince. which. and the Somakas. from desire of And many Mekalas and Utkalas. the Panchalas. on their elephants decked with proceeded banners that waved in the air. and Nishadas.54 1IAHABHABATA hundred lances bright as the rays of Nakula cut off into three fragments. Then occurred a fierce battle between those carhousings of gold. possessing excellent mouths. quickly slew eight of those huge elephants which fell down with their riders. thus slaying those elephants of thine cast their eyes on the hostile army. fell. and the grandof shafts. and Tamraliptakas. " . the with rage elephant-men Angas. the latter their lances pierced with shafts. their numerous shafts. showering their shafts and lances. adorned with crushing him to pieces. struck down by torrents of rain formed by Those leaders like real mountains struck down with a thunder-storm. those hills constituted by the elephants of the foe. the former showering their arrows and by thousands. agitated it once more. also advanced against Nakula. And Nakula also. were split and mangled. with speed against Nakula. At this that Mlechha king. warriors and elephant-men. that delighter of his race. Then the Pandus. with four and sixty impetuous arrows. slew many elephants. desirous of slaying him. of Each of these Pandu then cut off the head of his antagonist with a crescent-shaped arrow. Those warriors of Pandu's son. and Kalingas. The frontal globes and other limbs and the tusks and adornments of the elephants. bow with great vigour. bending his excellent shafts. and then rushed against Kama. having thus agitated that army of thine. of the Pandava car-warriors then. drenched those huge elephants with showers Then in consequence of those rain-charged clouds constituted by the Pandava warriors. and Sikhandin. deprived of life. exceedingly shafts. as it fled away at that time resembled a river whose continents had been washed away. Upon the fall of the prince of the of the Angas who was filled well- skilled in elephant-lore. Then Sahadeva. son of Sini (Satyaki) and the sons of Draupadi and the Prabhadrakas. rushed with speed for the rescue of Nakula shrouded by those warriors like the Sun by the clouds. The son the Angas hurled at Nakula eight the Sun. fell down with the animal he rode. filled with rage.

ly with his keen it to fall down Then. Sahadeva in that battle. swarm of ants. Sahadeva. sharp sword. in that dreadful conflict. that fixed on his bow-string a terrible shaft resembling the O swooned away. as a man excited with wrath crushes so. hurled with rage. having first pierced thy son with an arrow. beholding Duryodhana's division. pierced him again with seventy arrows. great speed through his strong armour and body. in that dreadful battle." O Bharata. that large sword fell down on the Earth like a snake from the firmament. took up a it quickly towards the car of thy son. with the greatest ease. that shaft entered the Earth. O Bharata. and then his driver with three. with his keen-edged sword. O king. O king. cut off every one of those numerous arrows as they coursed with great impetuosity towards him. with five shafts of his. filled with rage. having cut off Sahadeva's bow in that great battle. was thus blast- thy host. and caused in that battle. in that battle. however. Having vanquished the Kuru warrior great car-warrior. like a snake penetrating into an ant-hill. cut off into two fragments that shaft. O Bharata. did that son of Pandu begin to crush . Then the valiant Sahadeva taking up another The Kuru warrior. the mighty son of Pandu was struck arrows by thy angry son armed with bow. Cutting off Dussasaaa's bow with string and arrow fixed on it. the son of it on all sides. Then Dussasana. shout. O nine arrows. thy son uttered a loud it. Sahadeva. Then thy son. Cutting off each of those shafts with three shafts of his. "While Sahadeva. shafts. bow. even the Kaurava host. Meanwhile that valiant warrior took up another bow with a shaft. began to crush Indeed. in the all the great car-warriors uttered waved their garments. pierced Sahadeva himself with three and seventy arrows in chest with three the arms and the chest. Then Sahadeva filled sword. Dussasana. as it coursed towards him. quick- O sped four and sixty shafts at the car of Sahadeva. shot a deadly shaft at Dussasana. Dussasana quickly hurled it in that battle at his foe. Then. proceeded against him. O king. the leonine shouts and Beholding those two engaged in dreadful combat. that sword as it coursed towards him. O monarch. however. however. Beholding him deprived of his sense. sped a large number of arrows at his foe. Then Sahadeva. Piercing with and forcibly drawing the bow. Destroyer himself he sped that shaft at thy son. having pierced Then Dussasana. his driver quickly took away the car. king.SECTION XXIH Sahadeva' a KncounUr with Dustatana Sanjaya ing said. filled with rage. and whirling. Pandu. cut off. brother against the brother- O great king. bright Then whirling that as the rod of Death. Checking then those mighty shafts sped by thy som Sahadeva. thy son. king. O monarch. struck the latcer's driver The valiant Sahadeva then. thus. himself forcibly struck all the while with keen arrows. making the whole Earth resound with king.

the arrows in the shoulder-joint. of hostile heroes. "While Nakula was employed in destroying and Kaurava divisions in battle with great force. O king. once more. through the favour of the gods. a O Kama's bow with razor-headed shaft of great keenness. Then Kama. and thou also. through thy faults that the Kauravas Slaying thee in battle myself as one that has achieved his object. with three and seventy shafts. cuting off his antagonist's bow Nakula. without indulging in brag. O hero. quell thy pride. pierced the latter with eighty shafts resembling snakes of virulent poison. with three hundred arrows. . Then. O return afflicted with a number of arrows winged with gold and whetted on stone. O with the gods son (in the welkin). regard bowman in manliness. Nakula. that great bowman. the Suta's son said unto him the following words befitting a prince and a will thinned. Then Nakula. the heroic son of Pandu then struck the bowless Kama. to O sire. O wretch. pierced cut off Kama monarch. Then Nakula smiling while.' Thus addressed by Nakula. I am seen by thee. thus pierced by the Suta'e son. Having Sutas son quickly struck the son of Pandu and encounter. checked him. Blled with rage. and the fever of my heart will be dispelled. struck Nakula with taking up sire. With those arrows sticking to him son of Madri looked resplendent like the Sun with his own rays while Kama shedding his light on the Earth. dost of my sight. Then in Bharata. It is this hostility.Nakula Fights with Sanjaya routing the the SECTION XXIV Kama said. O brave warrior. addressed Kama. Having particular.. Then Karna.Those arrows. Vikartana's son Kama. like the Nagas of virulent poison water after having pierced through the Earth. him with thirty arrows. encountering one another. here. were Then Vikartana's five Kama by the son of Pandu. achieved some feats in battle. Thou art the root of all these evils. filled with rage.' Fight now with said me these to the best of thy in that words the pierced him. and I said. taking up in that battle a tougher bow. that foremost of car-warriors. Then Nakula piercing seven shafts. this quarrel. that slayer with twenty arrows and his driver with three. riors there. Beholding Kama thus afflicted. viz. might. piercing through his armour drank his blood in that battle. drinking taking up another formidable bow whose back was decked with gold. become the object are being to-day. they that are heroes I will fight in battle the best of their powers. all the car-warfilled with great wonder. Smiling the while. another bow. 'After a long time. thou shouldst then boast. We desire to witness thy 'Strike me. cut off one of the horns of O Kama's bow. with sire.

every side of Nakula The mighty car-warrior. covered the son of Pandu with showers of arrows from every side. Then was seen overspread to in the welkin number it is of arrows like the spectacle presented by the sky when with myriads of roving fire-flies. looked beautiful like rows of cranes while flying through the welkin. both the warriors became invisiThen ble. When the sky was thus covered with showers of arrows and the sun himself from the view. Kama. felled the keen shafts. Indeed. The shafts shot by Nakula. king. in that battle. ful battle. O monarch. O king. their greatly much pain began breathe last. they quickly shrouded each other. like struck with the shafts of Nakula. The son of Adhiratha then. When all sides were thus covered with showers of arrows. latter's cutting oft the bow of the high-souled Nakula. the sky shrouded with those hundreds of arrows shot (by both the warriors) looked. an extensive shade seemed to rest on the field of battle. O The two armies thus salughtered by mighty celestial shafts. O monarch. by the Sutai* son. Displaying their celestial weapons on the field of battle. With those shafts of the highsouled Kama. smiling the while. the son of Pandu felt no pain like the Maker of day when covered by the clouds. Completely covered. each desirous of compassing the destruction of the other. O monarch. filled with rage and assuming a terrible aspect in the battle. a shade was caused there like that formed by the clouds. dressed with Kanka and peacock in the welkin. Similarly. hid by the clouds. decked with gold. those two warriors with their retreated from the range of those arrows and stood as spectators of the encounter* When both the armies were driven off by means of the shafts of Kama and Nakula. to Slaughtered with the shafts afflicted issuing from feeling Karna's bow the Somakas. thy warriors. next. as if it was covered with flights of locusts. hid those two high-souled warriors looked resplendent the end of like two Suns and risen at the Tuga. driver from the car-niche with the greatest ease. tuose two high-souled warriors began to pierce each other with showers of shafts. clouds tossed by the wind. dispersed on all sides. shrouding shrouding the son of Pandu. Nakula. however. O monarch. like the Sun and the Moon. O sire. seemed to stay the shafts sped by the Suta's son in that dreadSimilarly.KABNA PABVA filled 57 with his arrows. feathers. Indeed. Then Kama. seemed to stay in the welkin. thus suddenly shrouded with the arrows shot from Kama's bow quickly cut oS all those the welkin on shafts with shafts of his a vast own. the 8uta's son. Those filled arrows. in hundreds and thousands. with those excellent shafts constantly issuing out (of his bow). issuing repeatedly in continuous lines. O 8 . sped arrowy lines. Shrouded within arrowy chambers. no creature ranging the air could descend on the Earth. With four he quickly despatched the four steeds of Nakula.

to the abode of MAHABHABATA Yama. And many elephants were seen to wander there in all directions (with limbs scorched by arrows) like invividuals of their ipecies in the wide forest with limbs icorched . that puissant warrior beheld many careering all the while with the activity of a wheel. There. O king. With his shafts. O king. Return home. proceeded towards Yudbishthira's car in Scorched by the Suta's son. utter them now once more in joy. O son of Madri. fight Do not. quickly alighting from his car. armed with a spiked bludgeon. Nakula. so uplifted by the son of Pandu. made a great massacre there at that hour when the Sun had reached the meridian. LaughRadha pursued him and placed his stringed bow. With the large Moon in neck. O child. fled ing repeatedly. having vanquished Nakula. The son of Pandu. that terrible bludgeon. Acquainted with morality as the brave Kama was. Canst thou said. the son of Pandu looked resplendent the firmament when within a circular halo of light. O monarch. viz.. Thus struck in that battle by that mighty warrior accomplished in weastrain. borne away from the battle on their steedless and Panchala car-warriors throngs. and shield decked with a hundred moons. and with standards and pennons also that were broken and torn. Then Kama. gorgeous pennons and whose steeds were as white as the Moon. thus let off. the Suta's and armourless. O king. or go thither where Krishna and Phalguna are. addressing 'The words thou hadst uttered were futile. O monarch. repeatedly struck as thou art by me ? Do not. ceeded against the Panchalas.' Having addressed him thus he abandoned him then. pons. a great uproar arose among the Pandavas when they saw the leader of the Kaurava army proceeding towards the Panchala car- The Suta's son. cut off Beholding with many keen arrows capable of bearing a great his adversary weaponless. fight again with those amongst the Kurus that him. riding on that car of his which bore many great shame. bow around like around the neck his Nakula. and mace. feel bowman. O son of Pandu. O son of Pandu. Kama began to strike him with many straight shafts. he then ascended his brother's car. he also cut off into minute fragments that excellent car of his antagonist as also his standard and the protectors of his car-wheels. Recollecting the words of Kunti. he did not then slay Nakula who was already within the jaws of death. but took care not to afflict him greatly. O king. and burning with grief he continued to sigh like a snake kept within Meanwhile Karna. Kama let Nakula go. Then Nakula steedless and earless Even son. stood. O king. and sword. by that are possessed of greater might. the Suta's son. O monarch. We driverless cars with broken wheels and broken axles. Osire. of the retreating O Bharata. quickly proa jar.58 Bharata. with them that are thy shame for it. any equals. and other utensils and equipments of battle. the son of away precipitately in great affliction. or a white cloud girdled round by Indra's bow.

frightened by the shafts and lances of Radha's son proceeded against Radha's son himself like fire. and some were divested of their shafts. shooting his shafts at them. slain. were seen wandering here field." . Those heroic and mighty car-warriors of the Panchala that survived the slaughter fled away. the SuuTs son. The brave Karna. and unto which were yoked steeds of great fleetness. or bathed in blood. the warriors (of the and mangled slaughtered the latter's as in great and fierce calamity overtook Pandava army) as they fought with whetted arrows.however. had their wheels broken and some were without banners and standards. destitute of saddle-cloths. and with their ornaments of battle. O Bharata. Indeed. and some. struck by the high-souled Kama. heroic riders. decked with gold. fell down. And some arms destitute of their were seen lying weapons and some with weapons still in lifeless ou the field in large numbers* elephants also were seen by us. studded with clusters of stars. around. Many car-warriors also were seen there. continued to scorch them with his shafts. pursued those broken and retreating warriors from behind. they were with the shafts of Kama. regarding him to be the blazing Yuga fire. O Bharata. slain or in course of being slain or trembling with fear. possessed of great might. by us. cut off with shafts sped from Kama's bow. with quivers fallen off from their backs. adorned with rows of beautiful bells. as that mighty car-warrior was engaged in scorching the Pandava divisions) the Kshatriyas avoived him. or with trunks lopped off. he pursued those combatants divested of armour and destitute of standards. towards a blazing against one another and shedding blood from tains with rillets Other huge elephants were seen striking various limbs like mounSteeds of the foremost running down their Hreasts. O monarch. wandering all . O Bharata.KARNA PABVA and burnt in a forest conflagration. were beheld by us lying around. blindly proceeded against self like insects rushing upon a blazing fire. Heads and arms and chests and other limbs. wandering in all directions. The Srinjayas. we beheld many a horseman adorned with armour and head-gear. Others with their frontal globes split open. Cars also. Some of these had their axles and poles broken. insects like straggling clouds. and there on the Pierced and cut and deprived. their riders having been slain. of diverse limbs. or their tails lopped off. Endued with great energy. divested of breast-plates and their ornaments of silver and trappings and bridle-bits and yak-tails and brass and gold. deprived of their cars and scorched with the shafts of the Suta's son. Other elephants. like the dispeller of darkness scorching all creatures when he attaint to the meridian. Indeed. or with their armour cut down. with lances and scimitars and swords. breed. and And many decked with variegated banners of diverse hues. battle A that by the Suta's son. were seen by us dragged with exceeding speed hither and thither.

overcome with fear mounted upon the car ( with rage. "Against Yuyutsu vast tain with the thunderbolt. Sutasoma covered Sakuni. both enhancers of the glory of the Kurus. Yuyutsu. pierced greater impetus. The mighty car-warrior Satanika. reducing thy son's car with its ments. 'Wait. hurled a mace. Beholding that great enemy of his father. steeds and driver into fragrilled of Vivingsu. O king. Be- made of gold. with rage pierced Yuyutsu and then cut off his standard and gorgeous standard made of gold. Then Uluka. like (Indra himself striking) a mounSanjaya said. however. that warrior of sure aim and conversant with all methods of warfare. deprived of their cars. while Satanika Sakuni. Having . in that battle. 'actuated by desire of battle. O Bharata. fearlessly made Satanika steedless and driverless and earless. failed filled quickly got upon the car of Prativindhya. with rage. O best of the Bharatas. with eyes red in wrath. with many to make thousands of arrows. struck Uluka with five shafts in the centre of the chest. Yuyutsu. Thy son Srutakarman. deprived of his senses by wrath. Sakuni. Having oil. retreated from the encounter. Wait' Then Yuyutsu. took up another formidable bow endued with O bull of Bharata's race. That lofty holding his standard cut off. O monarch. Uluka. Yuyutsu struck Uluka once more. at thy son. son himself with a barbed shaft. staying on his steedless car. but the latter tremble like a torrent of water failing to produce any impression upon a mountain. Slaying next his four steeds he struck Yuyutsu himself with five arrows. saying. glaring at each other. cut off thy son's bow with with rage at this. pierced Stuasoma with many keen shafts. Yuyutsu proceeded to another car. Uluka proceeded quickly towards the Panchalas and the Srinjayas and began to slaughter them with sharp shafts. Then thy son. in that razor-headed arrow and struck thy Casting off that broken bow. fell down upon the Earth with great speed. cut off. That mace. and pierced it through. filled with twenty shafts adorned with gold. O sire. Filled a battle. The prince then. vanquished him in battle. Uluka with sixty arrows. O sire. O king. Then those two heroes. fell down in front of Yuyutsu's car. thus cut off (by Uluka). Piercing next the driver of Uluka. quickly cut off all those shafts with his own winged arrows. with a broad-headed arrow steeped in the head of his antagonist's driver. Uluka proceeded with speed. with a winged arrow of keen edge struck Uluka with great force. within half the time taken up by a wink of the eye. Then Uluka. Deeply struck by the strong Uluka. however.SECTION XXV Uluka Fights with Yuyutsu who was employed in routing the army of thy son. O king.

continued in the grasp of Sutasoma. the fourteen different kinds of manoevres. Sakuni then. uttered a loud shout. Filled with rage (at this). The warriors present there. . Sutasoma then. Sutasoma cut off even scimitar. O king. was re- garded by Sakuni playing. Bharata. and shrouded therewith the car of thy brother-in-law in that battle. ( half of) that large scimitar suddenly fell down on tiie Eatth. as also the Siddhat in the firmament were highly pleased at sight of that wonderful and incredible feat of Sutasoma. and possessed was of prowess equal to that of Garuda himself. 1 Then Sakuni. and having his standard cut off. having taken up a good bow. the bow of Sutasoma as also all his quivers. that illustrious warrior crushed that were those arrows with arrows of his own. O king. Sakuni. That scimitar of the as it and equipt with an ivory intelligent Sutasoma hero.KABNA PABVA 61 checked those shafts with his own keen arrows in battle. The son of Suvala. and the driver of his adversary. tilled with rage. with a number of broad-headed shafts of great impetuosity. And he shot a large number of arrows equipt with golden wings and whetted on stone. the mighty car-warrior Sutasoma retreated O I Both flokat are triplets in the Bengal text* T. as he to be as fatal as the Armed with that scimitar he suddenly began to career in circles over the arena. the great bowman (Sutasoma). dis- O monarch. was whirled by that rod of Death. with his arrows cut off into minute frag- ments the steeds. inasmuch as he contended on foot with Sakuni staying in his car. stood on the Earth. Bowless. cutoff that bright scimitar of his adversary as the latter careered in circles before him. at which all the spectators uttered a loud shout. behold- ing those showers of arrows that resembled a flight of locusts. jumping down from his car. O sire. and earless. endued was with skill and might. did all not tremble. but the latter quickhis cut them off with that excellent scimitar of as they coursed towards him. once more sped these as he at virulent poison. On the other hand. and making side-thrusts and jumping forward and leaping on high and running above and rushing forward and rushing upwards. O monarch. Indeed. Sutasoma a number of shafts that resembled snakes of Aided by his skill and might. With a razorheaded arrow of great sharpness. of the hue of the clear sky. Seeing his sword cut off. he displayed in that battle all those motions such as wheeling about and whirling on high. keen and perfectly straight. cut off. Thus cut off. the standard. the son of Suvala. with his displaying his great activity. coming towards his car. Deprived of his steed and car. however. struck Sutasoma with three arrows* Thy brother-inlaw then. uplifting a scimitar of the hue of the blue lotus handle. while half of it. The valiant son of Suvala then sped a ly number of arrows at his foe. O king.

he is endued with great energy and filled with rage. proceeded towards the Panda va army. quickly fell down on the gold Then Sutasoma went taking up another great car of Srutakirti. could not advance even Beholding Gautama's car in front of Dhrishtadyumna's. routed by the illustrious son of Suvala. king. even like that of the Destroyer manner of Drona himself. Saradwata's son of mighty energy and great intelligence and versed in celestial weapon. O monarch. 'Without doubt. capable of penetrating the very vitals. sccmi.62 six steps MAHAEHARATA and then hurled that half (of the scimitar) which he had in his grasp at his foe. said. filled with rage Will Dhrishtadyumna today from the hands of Gautama ? Will this vast army escape today escape Will not this Brahmana slay all of us together ? this great danger ? The form that he has assumed today. Earth. endued with great lightness of hands. Possessing a knowledge of weapons. in Never It is before have a lucky seen it such a calamity overtake thee battle. His driver then. Dhrishtadyumna. The preceptor Gautama. Daitya army. Beholding the son of Suvala careering fearlessly in battle. Struck in that battle by the illustrious Gautama. chance. that these shafts. O Bharata. began to afflict the son of Prishata in all his vital limbs while the latter stood inactive.' Diverse speeches like step. uttered by the warriors of both the armies were. greatly stupefied. formidable and invincible bow." SECTION XXVI Kripa Resists Dhrishtadyumna while Sikhandin with Kritavarman fights like a Sanjaya said. this foremost of men. addressing him. Checked by the mighty son of Gautama. shows that he will today act after the himself. arose among the Pandavas in that part of the army. Suvala's son also. "Kripa. a loud uproar. Even as the chief of the celestials crushed the king. Drawing deep breath in rage. sped by . is ever victorious in battle. The fragment. with string. viz. becoming very cheertion to be at hand* less. cutting off Sakuni. 'It is I not right with thee. O People witnessed those large and proud divisions bristling with arms. O son of Prishata. Saradwata's son Kripa.. said. heard there as those two heroes encountered each other. O knew all not what to do. Sarabha in the forest resisting a proud lion. decked with to the the bow. slaying large numbers of foes (on the way). is at the death of Drona. one creatures these. O king. resisted Dhrishtadyumna in battle. Prishata's son. of the illustrious and gems. the son of Suvala destroyed that army of the Pandavas. all were inspired with fright and regarded the latter's destrucCar-warriors and horsemen.

' is incapable of being slain by Thus addressed. Indeed. however. he routed the son of Prishata Indra routing the Danava Namuchi. Carefully exerting themselves to slay each two mighty car-warriors moved thousand . shooting hundreds of shafts. the cause of Bhishma's death. slowly said. with eighty arrows. Beholding the car. O monarch. took up another bow. Dhrishtadyumna. monarch. ninety shafts of great impetuosity. Even this is my certain conviction. those in blood. single arrow then." ' The invincible Sikhandin. and perspiration covereth my limbs. was in smiled repeatedly as he fought Sikhandin. by whom thee. And that chastiser of foes repeatedly blew his conch. all equipt with Those shafts. I will presently cause the car to turn back. arrived at Arjuna or Bhiraasena. all recoiled from Kritavarman's armour. taking up another bow with a string and an arrow fixed thereon. of battle. urging the steeds.' Then. encountering the mighty carwarrior of the Hridikas. and resembled couple of in a two combatants bulls that have gored circles with each other with their horns. 'My mind becometh stupefied. laughing the while. proceed slowly to the presence of either Dhrishtadyumna speedily moving away from that spot. said.EABNA PARVA that 63 foremost of Brahmanas aiming at thy vital limbs. the charioteer. in the arms and the chest. With a he cut off his bow. O sped at his foe golden wings. Sikhandin son of Drupada. who arrow. Seeing those shafts recoil and scattered on the surface of the bow with a keen razor-headed with wrath he struck the bowless son of Hridika. Gautama followalso like ed it. My body trembles and my liair stands on end. then. Sikhandin cut off Kritavarman's vomited blood through which it is filled. Filled then resembled a hornless bull. like the current of a river thy dashed back by the sea. O king. prosperity may be mine. With those shafts like a sticking lordly to his shoulder-joint. proceeded to the spot where the mighty bowman Bhimasena was battling with thy troops. prowess hath been annihilated.' Then. Kritavarman Earth. O sire. filled with rage. The mighty with wrath. limbs like a jar disgorging the water with the Bhoja king looked beautiful like a mountain. and addressing Wait. I think that Brahmana. struck him with five keen and broad-headed that battle. are not striking thee. O king. 'Wait. shafts at the shoulder-joint. filled the son of Hridika. Then the mighty car-warrior Kritavarman pierced his foe with sixty winged arrows. however. struck Sikhandin in his The puissant Kritavarman shoulder-joint. streaked with streams of liquefied red chalk after a shower. resisted by Hridika's son who with the former. the a were bathed other. Filled with rage but torn and mangled with shafts. Avoiding that Brahmana in where Arjuna is. his Bathed in blood. O sire. O charioteer. its Sikhandin looked resplendent tree with spreading branches and twigs- Having pierced each other.

sped with great Struck therewith. the it on Kauravas. of Susruta's son. and Mitradeva pierced him with three and sixty. Those warriors to melt in seemed in away like hundreds of thousands. he smote off from his trunk. and that force which consisted And Satyasena and Chandradeva. Then Kritavarman. the head. activity a terrible and fatal shaft at his foe. and Mitravarman. and the king of the Trigartas surrounded by his brothers and by his sons that were all mighty bowmen accomplished in diverse weapons. And Mitravarman pierced him with three and seventy arrows. approaching Arjuna. the son of Susruta with seven arrows. and Mitradeva of the Narayanas. he pierced Satyasena with three. the Samsaptakas. and Susruta's son. din quickly swooned away. approaching a heap of cotton. Mitradeva with a hundred. routed thy force even as the winds. As regards shafts. encounter. O lord. . Arjuna Indeed. and in that encounter by many. all Against him rushed the Trigartas. they did not leave the son of Pandu like insects. never receding from a blazing fire. The ruler of that the Bhojas then. Satrunjaya with twenty and Chandradeva with eight. and Susruta's son with seven. After the defeat of the heroic son of Drupada. and Chitrasena. with a number of other despatched Chandradeva to the abode of Yama. Srutasena with three. SikhanOvercome with stupefaction. slaughtered on all sides. Without any delay he then. he supported The driver then of that foremost of away from the fight." car-warriors speedily bore him SECTION XXVII Arjuna Fights with the Trigartas and others Sanjaya said. O Bharata. Though slaughtered still battle. like a fierce current of water towards the ocean. stone. suddenly advanced. scatters sides. piercing those kings in return. pierced all Thus pierced Satrunjaya pierced him with twenty. Satyasena. in that encounter. and Chandradeva with seven. O monarch.64 their in MAHABHARATA respective cars on that arena. and Satrunjaya. pierced that son of Pandu with three arrows. Scorched with the shaft of Hridika's son he drew breath upon breath repeatedly. the Salwas. O king. himself by seizing his flag-staff. Then slaying king Satrunjaya with a number of arrows whetted on decked with head-gear. Mitravarman with nine. the Pandava army. snakes at sight of Garuda. And Susarman with nine. O monarch. shooting and scattering showers of shafts in that battle> against Arjuna. the Sivis. pierced the son of Prishata with seventy shafts all of which were equipt with wings of gold and whetted on stone. that foremost of smiters. fled away from the field. and Susarraan with eight. "The white steeded (Arjuna) also.

cut off with a number of broad-headed that king decked with shafts of great sharpness. and garlands and cuirasses and coats of mail. with hundreds of shafts. began to issue all the points of them thus. ear-rings. as they lay with Adorned beautiful of sandal-paste. Pritha's son Dhananjaya mustered all his wrath and addressing Vftsudeva. O sire. aiming at Krishna. Afflicted by mighty car-warrior Jishnu. cing through the the Earth.' The illustrious Kesava then. on the field. Beholding the Ruler of the Universe pierced. the large head of Pritha's son trunk at the head of the army. and uttered filled Then Satyasena. quickly taking up the goad and the reins. like stars in the firmament. O king. that battle. of arrows and steeds and spears and swords. and axles and ^wheels and traces with chords. and then the latter's driver. that mighty car-warrior. the mighty Pratha then. keen calf-toothed arrow. O Then all the Samsaptakas filled with wrath. and each resembling the full moon. 'O mighty-armed one. and Sataghnis equipt with wheels and arrows. Dhananjaya. From that weapon. O Bharata. and maces and spiked clubs and darts continually. a loud din was heard of falling cars with standards and quivers and yokes. he check- hurled a formidable lance in a leonine roar. he then despatched Chitravarman with a number of keen shafts. Thighs and necklaces and Angadas and Keyuras. That iron-mouthed lance having a golden shaft. O sire. thousands of shafts. penetrated into being thus pierced with that lance in great battle. of immeasurable soul. flowers garlands 1 Both the slokas are triplets. the Then king. O king. fell down from his hands. the goad Yama's abode. 9 . all sides and began to afflict him with showers encompassed Dhananjaya on of weapons and make the compass resound with their shouts. that mighty car-warrior cut off the head of the illustrious Mitrasena. so that I may. O lances and axes. Beholding V&sudeva's limb pierced through. from off his felled the Samsaptakas in hundreds and thouwith a razor-headed arrow equipt with wings of sands. with a Filled with rage. looked.KARNA PARVA 1 ed each of them with five arrows. O puissant one. checking Satyasena with some keen arrows. Heads adorned and with ear-rings and beautiful eyes. and umbrellas and fans and heads decked with diadems lay on the battle-field. T. said. pierleft arm of the high-souled Madhava. endued with prowess resembling that of Sakra himself. caused the steeds to bear the car to the despatch him to front of Satyasena's vehicle. Then. invoked the AmoVa weapon. of bottoms of cars and wooden fences around them. silver. 66 the other mighty car-warriors vigorously contending with him. bear the car to Satyasena. Madhava and the reins. king. with rage. Filled with rage he then struck Susarman in the shoulder joint. with keen shafts. Having thus cut off Satyasena's head.

desirous of rescuing the king. "King Duryodhana." SECTION XXVIII Duryodhana worsted in fight with yudhishthira Sanjaya said. just. The royal Yudhishthira the just. engaged as he was in continually slaying his foes and striking down elephants and steeds with his broad-headed shafts. own careering in that battle through that bloody mire. Then the (other) sons of Pandu. with nine keen arrows. Then king Yudhishthira sped at Duryodhana three and ten arrows equipt with wings of gold and whetted on stone. and others rushed suddenly towards the spot.' Duryodhana. pierced Yudhishthira. himself fearlessly received Yudhishthira. saying. was. alighting from imminent danger. Pritha's son Jishnu looked resplendent.66 MAHABHABATA and excellent robes. With four that mighty car-warrior then slew the four steeds of his foe. a fierce battle wai . and with the eighth And then with five more shafts king Yudhishthira the deeply afflicted the Kuru monarch. contending with the foe. then. with the his scimitar. in return. endued with the speed of the mind or the wind. Wait. and with the fifth he cut off from his trunk the head of Duryodhana's driver. without leaving even a remnant. With the sixth arrow he felled the (KuruJ king's shafts standard on the Earth. There was no path on the field for the wheels of the illustrious Pandava's car. all proceeded to the encounter. as the latter was engaged in shooting large numbers of shafts. however. upon which. came impassable in that battle as if she were strewn with hills. speedily piercing thy son. Having vanquished large numbers of the Samsaptakas in battle. that mighty car-warrior. O monarch. that the wheels of his car stopped in fright at the sight of his self O sire. like a blazing fire without smoke. O Bharata. 'Wait. With the slain princes and Kshathe Earth betriyas of great might and fallen elephants and steeds. His steeds. looked like welkin teeming with vapoury forms. addressed him. It seemed. Thus slaughtered by Pandu's son armed with the bow. and filled with great wrath. son. as the latter was rushing towards him with impetuosity. Beholding Kama and Drona's son and Kripa in Thy O king. struck Yudhishthira's driver also with a broadheaded shaft. however. the that steedless car. The field of battle. dragged with great efforts and labour those wheels that had refused to move. stood on Earth him in that situation of great peril. sandal and smeared with many paste were the bodies of slain warriors that were seen to lie on the terrible as it ground. surrounding Yudhishthira. seventh his bow. that host fled away almost entirely.

seized by other elephants. as also many huge elephants as these wandered over the field. The car-warrior. approaching the elephant. were. O king. of great prowess and armed with diverse kinds ment. All those heroes the combatants showed no regard pierced for one another. hurled them to the ground with violence. and horse with horse. Soon it became an encounter of mad men. O king* routing large numbers of steeds. slew them with their tusks or crushed them with elephants. elephant-warriors thus in in those spots began Others that great battle. Large numbers of horsemen also. Others. men closed with men. made a loud noise with their palms. encompassing many foremost of stesds. dragged down many of them in that battle. And those horsemen slew those steeds as they ran hither and thither. and elephants with foremost of elephants. with wrath. O endued with great impetuosity and desirous of compassing the destruction of one another. And car warriors closed with car-warriors. they slew one another in battle. were deprived of life with borne away from their own divisions into the their tusks. mangled by huge elephants which rolled them repeatedly on the ground. Others. O king. from behind and the to flanks. understanding indications of victory. and a confused din of of weapons and possessed of great skill presented a beautiful sight. struck by foot-soldiers. surrounding those to slay them. 67 Thousands of trumpets then were blown in that great engagemyriad voices arose there. Others. that were quickly Elephant-warriors. made the them with their tusks. wheeled their beasts and causing beasts great i them to seize those beautiful ornaments. Other foot-soldiers endued with and fierce to pierce might. fought beautifully and with great activity and skill. over the field. and tore them (with their tusks) most fiercely in diverse places. thrown aloft into the air trained beasts by elephants with their trunks. there were many encompassed on the field. sides. in which king. in battle. suddenly were slain in that battle. from behind others. availing of the uttered terrible cries of pain and fled away on all proper opportunities. For only a very short time that battle presented a beautiful aspect. were pierced by those with the points of their tusks as they fell down.KABNA PABVA fought. elephants. filled great force. midst of others. hither and thither on the . Infuriate elephants. And the various couples of battling men and animals. whirled on high like fans. Elephants approaching steeds. riding on huge elephants. Some men. There where the Panchalas engaged the Kauravas. and closed with them. patched it the lattet with keen shafts and des- Yama's presence by means of straight arrows. Others. pierced with their tusks horses with horseOthers seizing such with great force. Among the foot-soldiers that fled away in that great battle Many throwing down their ornaments. Observing the (sanctioned) pracNone of them fought tices of warriors.

using diverse kinds of weapons. Even thus occurred that destruction of troops of both the Kuius and the Pandavas. During the resplendent. off their heads. both patties having been actuated by the desire of winning great fame. Combatants." assailing . each began to strike the hair. A fierce battle took place there. unperceived by them. and men laid low. at that hour when the Sun had passed the meridian. head of a falling and some. sire. O king. the warriors failed to distinguish the kings fought on because they fought that fight they should. and foes. O Bharata. O monarch. drenched with gore. in combatants struck one another with firsts or seized one another's hair or wrestled with one another with bare arms. Some elephants. Earth. king. Afflicted with shafts. Like the mad and roaring current of the Ganges it seemed to fill the whole universe with its uproarfoes. with their encountering fists. O king. slaughtered the Kurus and all the elephant divisions of the latter. Kama salughtered the Panchalas while Dhananjaya slaughtered the Trigartas. friends from Solicitous of victory. the Earth. In many instances. the Earth like mountain-summits fell down on cloth-yard shafts. and some thrust foe. miry with gore and flesh. With broken cars. with whom they came in contact. took the lives of combatants engaged with others and. the weapon the a living foe. Even thus occurred that fierce battle marked by the awful clash of weapons. hundreds and thousands of headless trunks stood up on the field. pinned them down to the Earth or crushed them with great force. soon became impassable. mail-clad car-warriors. the fallen elephants. Exceedingly afflicted by fierce carwarriors and horsemen stationed on their flanks. therefore. And Bhimasena. progress of that general engagement when all the combatants were mangled in battle. approaching from their vehicles and hurled them down with great force upon the Earth Some huge elephants slain by means of in that fierce and awful fight. Weapons and coats of mail. struck with his feet some O foe that was dead. combatants. striking foot-soldiers with their lances. and covered with streams of blood. many elephants. O raised them aloft riven by thunder. struch his off with into bis sword. looked body of which the combatants. each began other to or seizing other by drag and throw their Others. The warriors slew both friends The combatants of both the armies were deprived of reason by the heroes of both the armies them with fury. arms and throwing down their foes on the placed their feet on their chests and with great activity cut Some combatant.68 field. with spears and lances and darts in their cheeks and frontal globes and parts between their tusks. like cloths dyed with grogeous red. In that dreadful battle many horsemen on their steeds. fell down on the Earth. and steeds lying on the ground. MAHABHARATA that stood full in front of other elephants had their bodies Many elephants were deeply wounded exceedingly pierced and torn. stretching down and mangle each other. ripped open.

of many and unbearable griefs as also of the losses sustained by my sons. Duryodhana then. Dharma's son took up another bow at the head of his forces. repeatedly uttered leonine ruars.' Thus urged by that battle. poignant From what thou hast said unto me. in that king. filled with rage and looking like an infuriate elephant. in 'Proceed. it is my certain conviction. Duryodhana was made How did Dharma's son (then) fight. quickly urged his royal master's goodly car towards the face of Yudhishthira. They then. earless that the Kaurain vas are battle." "When the troops of both armies were engaged in Sanjaya. with a broad-headed arrow whetted on stone. they continued to shoot showeri aside his of shafts at each other. O virulent beholding king Yudhishthira the just. no more. on another car and filled with rage like a snake posion. O Bharata. At this. they in resembled a pair of angry They struck each other that battle Those mighty car-warriors continued to like a couple of roaring career. said. taking up another bow. that dreadful O Sanjaya. O . thy son Duryodhana. O Suta. the own driver. to both filled with wrath. quickly addressed his quickly take mail shineth the king. O sire. battle. Yudhishthira also. O looked resplendent like flowering Kinsukas. of riding according to their respective divisions. cut in twain the bow of the virtuous monarch. bulls. witn eyes red in wrath. from die manner in which the battle Dhritarashtra has been fought. vanquishing each other. where the royal under yon umbrella held over driver. proceed. for thou art the royal skilled in narration. pierced Filled with rage. Those two rulers of men. king. and how did Duryodhana also fight in return ? How also occurred that battle which was fought in the afternoon ? Tell me all this in detail. both difficult of defeat those two great in battle. 'Proceed to where Suyodhana is. clad in his head. dreadful battle. in that encounter. Then king Duryodhana. Yudhishthira could not brook that insult* Casting broken bow. approaching each other. O driver. son of Pandu. bowmen began Filled with rage. Then wounded with shafts sped from bows drawn to their fullest stretch the two warriors. mangle each other with their arrows in that battle. me there. also made loud sounds with their palms and caused king. urged his own Then those two driver saying. Both endued with great energy. and then cut off Duryodhana's standard and bow. O Sanjaya. the son of Pandu. saying.SECTION XXIX Duryodhana Encounters Yudhishthira again said. Desirous of lions. expecting to find each other's lapses. "I have heard from thee.' heroes and brothers and foremost of car-warriors encountered each other.

that dart then fell down. and then pierced Duryodhana also with five arrows. O monarch. That arrow. stupefied him and then (passing through his body) entered the Earth. quickly advancing. looked large blazing brand. king Yudhishthira the just. endued with great impetuosity. and producing a loud whizz. filled with wrath. combatants being inspired with the desire of victory 1 . uplifting a mace of great Filled shot it lities impetuosity. hurled a dart capable of slaying everybody. And they blew their conchs too with great each other very much. the Kuru Then Bhima. Equipt with golden staff. with sharp shafts. mighty with rage and possessed of great valour. T. battle. exceedingly keen. striking thy son. and resembling a advanced. swooned away. 1 in the . The Yudhishthira then placed that arrow on his bow-string. Beholding the dart struck Yudhishthira with nine sharp and keen-pointed arrows. with blazing flames. and while falling. hurled at thy son a mighty dart blazing with splendour. Beholding him armed with that uplifted mace and resembling Yama himself with his bludgeon. flaxen chords. prince. MAHABHABATA bows to twang loudly. came upon then. O Bharata. king Yudhishthira the just. deeply pained. Bhima up a mace adorned with gold and in that wards Kritavarman rushed impetuously toThus occurred the battle between monarch. thee. Him. I have made some corrections. Deeply fpierced in the chest by that dart as he stood on his car. tible shafts endued with force of thunder. every one of the thy troops and the foe on that afternoon. struck thy son in the chest with three irresisthira.70 their force. has been that the numbering will not be found to agree with that of any of the printed texts. Then king Yudhishrilled with rage. 'This one should no be slain by O king. I fear. rushed at king Yudhishthira the just. Then Duryodhana. that scorcher of foes quickly took up an arrow for aiming it at Duryodhana. his fell down and addressed recollecting own vow. and looking like a large blazing brand. thy son. taking thy royal son then sunk in an ocean of calamity. At that time Kritavarman. Pierced deeply by his mighty foe." O The numbering of the verse in this section is very unsatisfactory Calcutta edition. that mighty carwarrior. his Yudhishthira. thy royal afflicted And they son quickly pierced. the result of which. saying. Then king Duryodhana. in return. it As resplendent like a large brand baffled. the son of Pandu then at his foe. with five keen shafts winged with gold and whetted on stone. speedily cut it off into three fragments. for ending the hosti(that raged between the Kurus and the Pandus).' At this Yudhishthira abstained from giving foe the finishing blow. however.

shone with beauty. difficult defeat in fight. Vasusena. a host of '*. returned and fought (with the foe) a battle that re- sembled that between the gods and the Aturcu. then quickly shrouded that foremost of men. teeming produc- with ing many foremost of men and steeds and cars and elephants. with his car and steeds and driver. Then the son of Surya. Thereupon that 1 host. the Sun. That force. Then many Atiratha* belonging to thy army. and everyone of which resembled the lotus. and resembling the army fierce of the Atwos or that of the celestials. thy warriors. the Earth looked exceedingly resplendent. filled with wrath advanced against the foe and slew the latter with strokes of diverse kinds of weapons. thy son resembling the children of the celestials. Excited by the loud uproar made by elephants and men and can and steeds and conchs. and graced with beautiful diadems and ear-rings. steeds and men. vie. Elephants and cars. that bull of Sini's race. In consequence of car-warriors and men and steeds and elephants slain by the and lying with ghostly features and gaping wounds. all proceeded against Satyaki. with warriors of immeasura-ble might at their van. by thousands. and those bulls amongst those foe." T. elephant-men and car-warriors and foot-soilders and horsemen. in large numbers. in that dreadful battle. Then. or the Moon. struck that foremost one of Sini's race with shafts whose splendour resembled the rays race also. with diverse kinds of shafts terrible as the poison of the snake. "Placing Kama at their van. an uproar loud as that of the vasty deep. Strewn with human heads that were fair faces and beautiful adorned with white teeth and eyes and goodly noses. Elephants and men and steeds. thy troops. O god among men. were destroyed by brave warriors with sharp battle-axes and swords and axes and shafts of diverse kinds and by means also of their animals.Sanjaya of said. however. resembling the chief of the celestials himself in prowess and like unto the younger brother of Indra. when they beheld the latter deeply afflicted with the shafts of that foremost hero of Sini's race. the field of battle looked like the domains of the king of the dead at the time of universal Jissolution. accompanied by elephants and cars and quickly approached that bull among car-warriors.. were slain with hundreds of spiked clubs and short bludand darts and lances and hooks and Bhusvndia and maces.. 1 Literally "of the salt waters. . vast as the foot-soldiers. the Kurus. of the Sun. That bull of Sini's in that battle. The geons blood that fell formed a river-like current on the field.

and the divisions of the Chedis and the Karushas and the Matsyas and Kaikeyas. next cut off his umbrella with one arrow. capable of taking the life of the person struck. with showers of shafts. with the men that guided them. coming up. encompassed Kama on all sides in that . and Uttamaujas and Yuyutsu and the twins and Dhrishtadyumna.Yudhamanyu and Sikhandin and the sons of Draupadi and the Prabhadrakas. Radha. however. bending Qandiva and as if dancing on his car. Meanwhile Satyaki. he proceeded against the son of Kama. Then Arjuna. Arjuna desvehicles. he felled the latter's Then cutting off standard and steeds. he sped at Duryodhana an excellent shaft. striking him with his straight shafts. quickly rushed against thy troops. Although many were the arrows that he shot while slaying his foes in that battle. Obtaining then an opportunity. Then Duryodhana singly who was angry and irreproceeded against sistible and resembled a veritable Yama.. Drona's son. cutting off his adversary's bow and driver and steeds and patched with his arrows to that Yama's abode. accompanied by cars and steeds and elephants. Arjuna. and king Yudhishthira of excellent vows. the his arrows many cars looking like celes- were well-adorned. the Kurus) cast their eyes cheerlessly on that car whose resembled the roar of the clouds and whose banners waved in beautifully and which had white steeds yoked unto it and which was coming towards them. and the mighty Chekitana. all these. viz. Then all the foremost heroes among the Parthas began to afflict Kama. assailed by foes possessed of that time a great carnage occurred of phants. that son of Pandu destroyed. and once more with a hundred. along with their drivers. like Indra himself inspired with wrath.. Kama yet felt no arrows and Krishna fatigue. Their foes rattle ( . the Pandava warriors headed by the sons of Drupada. with tial Like the tempest destroying the clouds.72 MAHABHARATA great quickness tris. not leaving the air the smallest space empty.Cutting off then the bow of Drona's son and slaying the four steeds of the latter with his arrow. adorned with triumphal banners and weapons. Then cutting off the this. cardinal and subsidiary. Arjuna and Kesava and duly worshipped the lord Bhava.. pierced Kama with nine and ninety fierce arrows. mighty car-warrior standard with seven shafts. fled away from the field. ocean. filled the welkin and all the points of the compass. and Partha again repeatedly. leaving Satyaki quickly pierced Arjuna with with twenty. the son of Pandu next cut the off the formidable bow of Kripa too- bow of Hridika's son. and foot-ioldieri of fierce prowess. and many horsemen with horses. At men and cars and steeds and ele- Then those two foremost said having their daily prayer of men. and many foot-soldiers also. standards. and equipt with weapons and Many elephants also. cut off that shaft into seven fragments. three At bow of Dussasana. resolved to slay those foes of theirs.

struck with in fear.KABNA PABVA battle. In consevictory. uttered loud wails of woe and wandered senselessly. deprived of weapons. close Upon the at the of the day. 73 him oil and showered upon him diverse kinds of weapons. and with limbs mangled and torn. O king. Then Arjuna. and carnivorous the night. and applauding Achyuta of sounds and Arjuna. then retired from the field. their combantants. the Pandavas. addressing words and resolved to compass his destruction. Kama's weapons. car-warriors. fearing a night-battle. retired from the field. The shafts bludgeons. we quence of the darkness. And some of Arjuna fell like heavy clubs and spiked like Sataghnis and some fell like fierce thunderamongst them fell all bolts. Kama dispersed his in harsh assailants the trees that stand on to by the power of his weapons like the wind breaking down Filled with wrath. Kama was seen its way. the Parthas. and destroy elephants with their riders. entered O king. After those heroes had thus withdrawn the army. those sinless men." 10 . the Kaurava force consisting of infantry and horse and cars and elephants. again. The withdrawal having been made. cheerful at having obtained the victory. the Sun approaching the Setting Mountain. smiling the while baffled with his own weapons the weapons of Kama and covered the welkin. O Bharata. jeering at their enemies by producing diverse kinds with their musical instruments. Many were the steeds and men and elephants that perished on that occasion. Many. shutting its eyes. also retired to their own encampment. in large numbers. Cutting chat shower of weapons with his sharp shafts. for beasts.. the Earth. the energy of an d large bands of foot-soldiers. and horses with horse-men. retirement of the accompanied by all Kauravas. became very glad. The mighty bow- men (amongst the Kauravas). and proceeding to their tents rested there Then Rakshasas and Pisachas. almost the Slaughtered by whole of that force of the Pandavas. all the troops and all the kings uttered benediction upon the Pandavas. could not notice anything favourable or unfavourable. shafts and deeply afflicted fled away "Whilst thy warriors were thus engaged in battle from desire of it. vi?. Slaughtered therewith. came to that awful of field of battle resembling the sporting ground Rudra himself. and the points of the compass with dense shower of arrows. but especially owing to the dust.

sighing like an angry snake. however. the counsel of one another. 'So be it* his purposes. with his celestial Single-handed. they cheerfully went out for battle 1 They then beheld an invincible array formed by king (the next day). O Suta. firm. that counter-actor of foes. and according to the sanction of Vrihaspati and Usanas. that foremost one of Kuru race.' and then granted permission to those foremost of kings to retire. they prowess. and eyeing thy son. that warrior with neck like that of a bull. The Kurus cannot be blamed. viz. the heart of the king turned towards Kama. deserve praise (for their having fought with such a warrior). with great care. and single-handed. Then that slayer of foes. vain Kauravas. and Kartaequal to Purandara himself virya in energy. Partha ravished Bhadra. Single-handed. Single-handed. and made all the kings pay tribute. he gratified Agni." did. battle. called to mind the heroic Kama. the And the hearts of all son. O lord of Earth.. by that sudden shower of weapons we were deceived by him. Tell me also. and posion. were him all the kings of the Earth endued with fierce vanquished by On the other hand. protected the he gratified Bhava. he him in the guise of a hunter. when the time comes Vftsudeva awakes him (to what should be done). that mighty bowman. "Struck and wounded and overthrown from their vehicles and divested of armour and deprived of weapons and their beasts slain. in battle. possessed of skill. with plaintive voices and burning with grief and vanquished by their foes. if Arjuna took up arms against Him. and endued with intelligence. Duryodhana. Single-handed. and single-handed. Indeed. Again. "It Single-handed. Bharatas. Bidden by the king. Tell me now what they after that. all those rulers proceeded to their respective tents. the Destroyer himself could not escape him in Indeed. the troops also turned to that hero." 1 This is a verse in one line T.SECTION XXXI Kama's Hopes Dhritarashtra said. I will frustrate all Thus addressed by Kama. said. Maruts in might. Having passed the night happily. Today. squeezing his hands. Kama. . he contented in bow he slew the Nivatakavachas. Duryodhana said. that Suva's as one's heart turns to a friend in a situation of great danger. what Duryodhana did Sanjaya said. 'Arjuna is always careful. Yudhishthira the just. entering their tents once more took They then looked like snakes deprived of fangs others. Tomorrow. battle with Mahadeva who stood before Single-handed. for Victory seems that Arjuna slew all of you at his will. he subjugated the whole Earth. trod upon by Unto them.

grieve. great what foolish did that mighty car-warrior. T. bull of Bharata's race. Kama always exceedingly attached to king Duryodhana. however. Diverse sinful acts of monarch. O San- jaya. accept those counsels. O I O sire. One may be ruined by such reflection. counselled against warring with the Pandavas. king Duryodhana had set his is fierce. "O think thine like that match dice the point of fruition. the the Pandu displaying 2. why have I then to hear of the frequent defeats and deaths of my sons ? There is no one that can resist the also is Pandavas in battle. overcome the sons of Destiny is supreme. due to Duryodhana's acts. these heartrending sorrows. grave nature were perpetrated by this thee against the sons of kings Pandu. supreme. is now past. listen now 1 A triplet. did Vikarna's son Kama fight ? How also did all the Pandavas ? The mighty-armed Kama would. relying on Kama. Do not thou of unfading glory. thou didst not reflect on the propriety or impropriety of thy acts then. king. Relying battle. Thou didst not. it is do? Alas. ! Pandu Without unto terrible darts." now of all those wrongful acts of and the others acts that have passed away from the subjects of thought with man. Destiny. although possessed of knowledge. heart on of Beholding seeing Duryodhana also deeply sons of afflicted by the son Pandu. Alas. with their sons and grief Duryodhana. O king. Alas. a O from of folly.KABNA PARVA Dhritarashtra said. One should not.. since. the midst of helpless They penetrate women. a matter of great that in Kama fight ! could not. many in number and like doubt. . slay the Parthas with the Srinjayas. and the upon and prowess also of that high-souled one Kama. when such is the case. Many a time wert thou. at into my army is like a man into indeed. however. That result (which thou hadst expected) is now much removed from Sanjaya said. Kesava in battle hopeth to I vanquish the Parthas Alas. when the hearts you turned towards Vikarna's son Kama ? Did my troops cast their eyes on Radha's son like persons afflicted with cold turning their gaze towards the Sun ? Upon the recommenceof all ment fight of the battle after the withdrawal of the troops. with his strength. singlehanded. The might of Kama's arms in battle equals that of Sakra or Vishnu. Kama. to the details of the awful carnage that has occurred. O Sanjaya. are now being borne be me 1 Sanjaya son used to be then regarded as a politic person. awful slaughter hath now come. "What of did Duryodhana next O Smto. how. Suvala's . prowess. O O however. All For those acts that. His weapons are with the Suta'a son fierce. reflect on byegone acts. 75 do. the terrible end of that gambling match hath now come Alas.

Approaching the king. called Ftjaya. to these words of mine. The T. like was with that bow that the Earth was subjugated thrice seven times (by Bhrigu's son). With that bow given to me by Rama I will contend in battle with the son of Pandu. I Partha will advance me. in prowess. It in battle with the mighty-armed victorious warriors. (the celestial artificer) for Indra. Today there is nothing that is incapable when the object is to do even as success is incapable of being missed to by an under zealously devoted will not is virtue able to and control. or he will slay me. The energy weapons. back. Either I will In consequence of the slay that hero today. and since against will stand in battle. forest and islands. spoken accord- my wisdom. listen now to what is beneficial. At its twang the 1 That bow. thee today king. I will. That formidable bow. Arjuna in be having his soul bear me in battle even 1 as a tree in contact with fire incapable of bearing that element. Indra O contend Arjuna.. engage in battle today the illustrious son of Pandu. The sense of the original that the Daitya* were stupefied . gladden with thy friends. With that bow I will king. the mighty-armed hero said. diverse things both myself and Partha had to do. hands. weapons is equal to the energy of Arjuna's the feats counteracting range of the arrows shot. is superior to Qandiva. by slaying in battle that hero vz. Therefore. The whole Earth with her mountains and that foremost of conquerors. and in hitting the marki physical strength. being achieved by me. O Duryodhana. will. O king. in lightness of skill. I must. it was (of its kind). Arjuna ing to I Listen now. Daityas to Bhrigu's son (Rama). could not hitherto take place between myself and O monarch. My bow. declare 1 what respect is am inferior to Arjuna. however. Arjuna. With that had vanquished the Daitya*. Savyasachin is never my equal. That celestial and by all. an encounter. O Bharata. especially because ruler of of am destitute of the dart Sakra gave me. O king. become thine today. O Bharata. in It my celestial men.76 MAHABHABATA "When the night dawned. is the foremost of all weapons Desirous of doing what was agreeable (to Indra). in of Savyasachin never my equal. 'I shall. respected beheld the ten points to be empty. over which especially thyself with thy sons and of grandsons will reign supreme. Kama repaired to king Duryodhana. in aiming. is what agreeable ascetic to thee. made by Vishakarman bow. In knowledge of (weapons). Sakra gave foremost of bows Bhrigu's son gave to me. without a heroic warrior (to oppose thy wish). O Without slaying Partha in battle I will not come Since this army of ours hath been deprived of its I foremost warriors. in is powerful foes. O Bharata. in courage. the gift of Rama. that foremost of Indra fighting with the assembled Daityas.

I have none like him. Let a large number of carts bear my long shafts and those that are winged with vulturine feathers. the most point. thee.. is Listen to now to those matters in of which the heoric son of Pandu of his superior me. celestial. given unto him* by Agni. Kama. are endued with the speed of the who mind. This Salya. advance against me in battle. I still desire to fight with him. Thou by wilt then see. which thou thinkest. All these being attended I will become superior to Arjuna to. I foremost also of and the two large quivers of his are Govinda. resisted Let a number of foremost cars. O ( king. There of arms. viz. foes. Krishna. His celestial standard. Krishna.KARNA PABYA string of his 77 bow is celestial. and am superior to Arjuna. that car. called Qandiva. O best all of the Kurus. arrangements Arjuna.. I aid will rendered to me on every will desirable in battle. this be accomplished. O Kama. be vanquish Phalguna. the very gods with Vasava at their head will not dare advance. saying. If he becomes my driver. "Thus addressed by that ornament of battle. therefore. victory will blies. yoked unto them. none equal to the chief acquainted of the Madras become superior to Partha. inferior to who is Creator of the universe. What need be said then of the sons of will they will Pandu viz. when I take my stand on my car. So circumstanced. with excellent steeds O bull of Bharata's race. bearing the blazing Ape. however. what I achieve every means vanquish the sons of Pandu in battle when The very gods and Asuras are not able to approach me. in the attributes of warrior I and will then. O Bharata. am superior to Arjuna. protects Arjuna in respect of these things. I will. have that and formidable bow I called Vijaya. The holder is the reins steeds ) is he of Dasarha's race adored by all the worlds. O hero. therefore. is equal certainly be thine. even so is that is with horselore. His celestial car decked with gold. . who is incapable of being Though by foes be the driver of my car. with a glad heart. the ornament of assemto Saurin. acquainted with Salya horselore. Again. Against my car. is impenetrable in every part. be superior I as regards the qualities to to Salya superior vz. that are of human ' origin ?' Sanjaya continued. Let no time be suffered effectual to elapse. In respect ot our bows. is inexhaustible. answered him. By these mentioned. As there is none equal to Salya in in might none equal to myself in weapons. 'Accomplish that. is O monarch.. this to be done O scorcher of these wishes of If all mine by accom- plished. desire. His is bows. thy son. always follow me. is As that slayer of foes. I will mighty car-warrior. and his steeds also. Let Salya. which is irrefragiexcellent. O Let be monarch. worshipping the son of Radha. is exceedingly wonderful. so there is knowledge of steeds. he of Dasarha's race. His driver that celestial and ble in battle.

for the destruction of Partha and for my good. as also all the kings. Ourselves. Sanjaya said. we had divided amongst ourselves the hostile army into portion for the share of each. viz. O king of the Madras. There is none else for holding the reins of Kama's steeds. Bhishma. many other O sinless one. lions of kings. and thyself and the valiant ruler of the Bhojas. "Having said these words. the ruler of the : O hero in battle. follow thee in battle. however. how. have departed hence to heaven. share that had been allotted to Bhishma is now no more as also that which had been allotted to the high-souled Drona. myself am desirous of soliciting thee among all these O thou of incomparable prowess. those two slew my foes. With thee for his driver. do thou.78 MAHABHABATA battle. of the office foremost of car-warriors. with humility and for the destruction of the foe. thou that art the equal of Vftsudeva in battle.. thou Kama who spoke unto me. in these words good fortune.' Sanjaya continued. constituted the chief strength of our army. and Sakuni the son of Suvala. the son of charioteer. to heaven. except thee. Similarly. such cars shall follow thee in Let as many cars as thou wishest bear thy long shafts and arrows cquipt with vulturine feathers. O enhancer of the sorrows of foes. casting off their lives and having made great exertions tigers . from love. and Kripa. Therefore. O hast heard. bow of the head. to accept. O Kama ' will. that mighty car-warrior. have ascended tigers among men. I solicit thee today. O thou of great from affection. were old. approached the ruler of the Madras and addressed him in the following words. for the sake of fear. Even thus. O thou of true vows. and Drona. "Thy son then." SECTION XXXII Duryodhana approaches Salya for of Kama acting as charioteer humbly approaching Madras. Equipt with goodly quivers and steeds. protects by O chief of the Madras. protect the son of Radha today. and both of them have been Having achieved the most difficult feats. O Radha will subjugate my foes. O monarch. O ruler of the Madras. Protect Kama then by every means Even as he of Vrishni's race like Brahma protecting Maheswara. and Drona's son and myself. eudued with great prowess. every means the son of Pandu in all dangers. slain by foes in battle. addressed him. Going even Those beyond their allotted shares. O foremost of I thou that inspirest hostile troops with speakers. The two slain deceitfully. O lord of Earth. thy royal son. among men. O thou of great good fortune. of our army. both of them. it behoveth thee.

"Hearing these words of Duryodhana. Kama wishes to contend in battle tohim. in battle even with the gods What then need be said about the having Sakra at their head " Pandavas ? Do not doubt my words. in such a way. is the foremost of holders of reins for all Partha in battle. do thou. resembling two Suns risen above the horizon. this vast routed by Partha because he is united Dhritarashtra force with Krishna. fly away. whole world. Sanjaya continued. even so let thyself as darkness is destroyed. O son of Gandbari. are great. for As Krishna so. and waving his arms repeatedly. and thou art the foremost of drivers. A portion remains of the share allotted to Kama and Bear that share with Kama. What should present ? Do that now. Even as Surya. Salya. In the clash of As he of Vrishm's race battle. the Pandavas have in battle slain the bravest warriors of this my force. united as battle. O thou of great splendour. beholding in battle those two warriors endued with the effulgence of the morning sun. state by the Parthas has been reduced to this be done for the who were at first fewer than us. powers. became filled with rage. again there is none equal to thee. protects the son of Pandu under all circumstances. as that art the foremost of car-warriors men. Kama is the foremost of car-warriors. uniting with Aruna.KARNA PABVA to the best of their 79 therefore. O lord of Earth. O king. even of reins in O king. and rolling his large eyes red in wrath. may be prevented from exterminating the remnant of my host. Kama's car. viz-. said these words. is day with Arjuna. that warrior of massive arms proud of his lineage and wealth and knowledge and strength. Day after day. in the O tiger among is devoted to our good. his prowess has become great. Let the mighty car-warriors (of the enemy). all holders sire. of prowess incapable of being baffled. O ruler of the Madras. O king. Kama become invincible. my hopes of victory none else in the world (save thee) that can make so reins for O a holder of the Kama. Even and Kaunteyas (Pandavas) with the Panchalas and the Srinjayas perish beholding thee and Kama. This my host. the greater portion of which has been slaughtered. and thyself. Arjuna Now however. des- troys the darkness. Accompanied and O before thee. even so let the protect Vikarna's will son Kama ! in battle. be thou the foremost of protected. O sire. or without . by him he O ruler of the Madras. is the feats that Partha achieve are had never slain his foes in battle Formerly. With thee as his driver. The mighty-armed Kama alone also thyself. by which the mighty and the high-souled sons of Kunti. is seen to be destroy it unitedly in battle. Contracting his brow into three lines. at the sight of Surya Aruna. "Salya said 'Thou insultest me. Kama and Salya. O lord. There good all On Salya. uniting with Kama. slay Partha in battle. with Krishna.

Behold my car. to be appoint me to the of driver in battle for such a low-born person as Adhiratha's son ? of afflicting the foe. created the Brahman arms. Agriculture and tending of cattle and occupations of the Vaisyas according to the scriptures. the Sutas are the servants of latter the servants of the former. by teaching gifts. and vice versa. thou wishest. ing. He mouth. say. protectors (of the other classes) acquirers of wealth and givers of O Bharata. O king of kings. Regarding Kama to be superior to ourselves. viz. O thou of Kuru's race. my mace with the speed of the wind. I. will return come from. from those four have the same. office It my own O king. those born of men of superior classes wedding women of classes inferior to themselves. sprung particular classes. my prowess today. hostile troops. locks sages. Similarly. Behold also. contend. I will. While engaged in consuming the foe. Assign to I me a much greater share. The Brahamanas have been its established on the Earth for the sake of favouring and gift acceptance of are the pure people by assisting at sacrifices. I O can split the very Earth. ! behoveth thee not. decked with gold and twined with hempen chords. with so capable. the Kshatriyas. behold thou Brooding upon an insult. and dry up the oceans.80 MAHABHABATA doubt suspectcst me. I deserve the worship and bards and eulogists render and sing. without hesitation. Destroying that in battle. Listen to these my words. and not Vaisyas. Sudras have been ordained to be the servants of the Brahmanas. dost thou O monarch. never engageth in my task. Filled with wrath. and the Kshatriyas from his created the Vaisyas from his thighs and the Sudras from his Brahmanas from his feet. with the enemy. Act thou as a driver. single-hand- ed. unto which are yoked excellent steeds endued son of Gandhari. do not regard the son of Radha as my if equal in battle. to the place I O lord of Earth. I am born in a race of royal I am of the praises that reckoned a great ear-warrior. to set me to such mean tasks Being so superior.. Or. to yield to a sinful wighti certainly incurreth the sin of confusing the superior with the inferior. The Kshatriyas have been described to be. own will and obedient from love. Being all this. however. I am one whose coronal have undergone the sacred bath. strong as the thunder. and the Kshatriyas. doubts about me. In consequence of the inter mixture of those four orders. Behold these two massive arms of mine. O sinless one. Behold a person like ourselves also my excellent bow. I cannot make up my mind to obey the commands He that causeth a superior person arrived of his of a sinful person. why Knowing me. thou applaudest him thus. As regards myself. mountains. Do not have thy Never shouldst thou humiliate me in battle. I O slayer cannot go to the extent of acting as the .Odelighter of the Kurus. since thou solicitest me. scatter the energy. and these shafts that resemble snakes of virulent poison.

will never undergoing an act ask thy permission. Let this. "O king. Kuru's race." Sanjaya continued. O sire.KABNA PABVA driver of the Suta'i son in battle. O Salya. Partha in the matter of weapons.. I will become the driver of Radha's son of great fame while he will be engaged in battle with the foremost one of Pandu's sons. therefore art thou that name of Salya on O thou makest large present (to Brahmanas) at sacrifices. dant of those that had truth called by the And foes. men and ornaments Salya. king. Neither the son of Radha nor myself am superior to thee in valour that 1 would select thee as the driver car). 'Since. nor do I suspect thee. Kama is certainly superior to Thou too art bull among men. do thou accomplish all that which. of those foremost of steeds (that are yoked unto Kama's As. addressed him in these sweet and conciliatory words. for this that thou art called Artayani (the descenfor their refuge). O hero. every object. I in the Gandhari. of assemblies. since. held the king. virtuous one. words that filled tiger among with rage stood up quickly and endeavoured to get away from that concourse of kings. "Having said viz. thou art like a barbed arrow to thy Earth. O giver of honours. O superior to Krishna in knowledge of steeds and might. O son of Gandhari. however. Kama is nor superior to thee. O best of Bharata's race." of the Madras. O O ruler of men. Thy and son. thou describest me. even so doth the world re- gard thee to be superior to V^sudeva. 11 . however. as thou solicitest me. Kama is superior to Dhananjaya in regard to many qualities. from affection and great regard. thy son. to be superior to O son of Devaki's son. saying. that were capable of accomplishing as thou hast said. thy knowledge of horse is double that which the O ' high-souled Vftsudeva hath. however. I I 81 fight. be my understanding with Vikartana's son that " presence utter whatever speeches I desire. 'Without doubt. with Kama then. of The I royal chief of the Madras that were will never do that which is false. Sanjaya continued.' "Salya of said. it is even so But I have a certain purpose in view. am gratified with thee. Listen to it. O thou midst of all these troops. for returning these home. 1 I will in his O Bharata. of humiliation. Those foremost think it is men thy ancestors always told the truth. thou hadst previously said thou wouldst accomplish. Without doubt ruler of the Madras. answered the prince So be it.

such a way ag . bowed will to amongst themselves after long and repeated conthe great Master of all the worlds and said these it words. After a thousand years then. knowing black iron. with one shaft. Asuras then. by the aid of his own ascetic merit. in the battle what I will say unto thee. another of silver. Kamalaksha and Vidyunmalin. pierce those three cities united into one. Those filled it with joy having of the settled among selected having obtained those boons and themselves about the construction at for purpose the great Asura no fatigue or decay. O sinless one. having settled ferences. and Danavas. lived in the observance of high vows. and our three That foremost cities also. The great Rishi "Duryodhana said. practising the austerest penances. Unitedly for the they of solicited the Grandsire of the worlds. By those penances they emaciated their bodies. one amongst the gods who will. named Tarakaksha. Upon the defeat of the Daityas. to about what happened.SECTION XXXIII Destruction of the son of Tarakasura once more. each desirous of vanquishing the other. Markandeya narrated out anything. the the celestial artificer. O king. will. Then Maya. Solicit some other boon that may seem desirable to you. and without mistrusting it at all. Residing in three with thy grace ever before us. we rove over O be lord. which had Taraka for its evil (root). cause of our destruction. In consequence of their self-restraint. 'Listen. it to my sire. divine 'There is nothing like immunity from death at the hands of all creatures. O scorcher ces. and the iron city wai on the Earth. 'O god. O king. will become united into one. O ruler of the Madras. O lord. Listen to that account confidingly Between the gods and the Asuras. three cities.' When all of them. Therefore. Maya. we will come together. this Earth. The golden city was let set in heaven. the three sons of Taraka. and the third of cities. ye Asuras.' to Saying unto them. be the so. there happened a great battle. abstain from such a prayer. of great and worshipped by all the Daityas constructed three intelligence. give us this boon. Let it that god ascended heaven. The Lord and Master of all the worlds said unto them. between the gods and the Asuras in days of yore. one of which was of gold. O king. cities. with the boon-giving Grandsire be- came gratified them and all gave them boons. boon immunity from death at the hands of all Creatures of all times. It hath been heard by us that the Daityas were defeated by the gods. I will now recite it without leaving O best of royal sages. O Grandsire. the silver city all in in the welkin. their penan- their vows and contemplation. O king. of foes.

they roamed at will over celestial forests and other realms dear to the denizens of heaven and the delightful and sacred asylums of Rih*8. upon which Grandsire became gratified with him. at all times and from all places. again. desirous of great prosperity. The beautiful city of gold belonged to the illustrious Tarakaksba 1 : the silver city to Kamalaksha. In whatever this form and whatever guise that lake. And they cona hundred And sisted of houses and mansions and lofty walls and porches* of Earth. created a lake. and deprived of their senses. came from every side millions upon millions. son of Tarakakasha. enhancers of the fears of the gods sustained. yet the streets were wide and spacious. all of them resided there. 'Who is he called the continued to Creator ?' Unto those foremost of Danavas having no heroes equal to flesh-eating Danavas them. When the god was gratified. saying. the gods with their attendants. "Yojanas in 83 Each of those cities measured breadth and a hundred in length. that was capable of reviving the dead. in perfect fearlessWhoever amongst those residing in the triple city wished for ness. all of them began to shamelessly exterminate the cities and towns Filled with pride at the boons they established all over the universe. O monarch. and began to say. anybody. the slain among them. O lord 1 though teeming with lordly palaces close to each other. Sakra. success Crowned with had received. Hari solicited a boon of him. Tarakakasha had a heroic and mighty named Hari. He underwent the austerest of penances. had his wish fu!611ed by Maya aided by powers of illusion. Relying upon him.* Obtaining O boon. And the wicked Danavas ceased to show any While the worlds were thus afflicted. when thrown into it. might have been slain. lord.KABNA PAEVA to revolve in a circle. had a separate king. any object the son the lattler's in his heart. Maya became the supplier of every thing they wanted. 'Let a lake start into existence in our city. no diminution in battle. those worlds. come out with life. surrounded by the Maruts. may. dwell and reign. if thrown into in the self-same form and guise. soon assailing the three worlds with their energy. battled against the three cities by hurling his respect for 1 Chakrastham T. three Daitya Those kings. he was restored ing alive a Daitya to life. of whom now all Unto them thus united. and driving before them. Stupefied then by covetousness and folly. it here* is explained by Nilakantha in the sense in which I render . O king. slain by means of weapons. such that persons. and settled in the three cities. and the iron one to Vidyunmalin.And they were adorned with diverse mansions and gate-ways. of proud and who had before been defeated by the celestials.Each of those cities. Obtain- the Daiiyas began to afflict the three by means of austere penances. in his city. the heroic Hari. and with redoubled sttength.

They that give pain to you always offend against me. O gods to that chastiser of foes. in the high words of the Vedas. they had imagined him to be of various forms. for asked the divine Grandsire the means by which the triple city could be destroyed. 'Our repeated salutations with the bow.' never fatigued with work.. that One by whom All this always under control beheld him. 'Tell us the object of your visit. For all that. Those righteous ones acompanied by Riihia devoted to the severest penances and uttering the eternal words of the Vedas. that is. the gods and the regenerate Riihis. They then words unto him. who hath no equal in the universe.. saying. And they praised. Beholding in that highsouled one in forms that each had individually conceived them became filled with wonder. save Sthanu. There is no doubt in this. shaft. Soul and to withdraw Soul from Matter. that Supreme is pervaded with his Soul. Saluta- tions to thee that art the source of all the gods. lam impartial to all creatures. O Lord. gods. as your warrior. they that are unrightous should be slain. that dispeller of fears in all situations of fear that Universal Soul. Representing everything and bowing with their heads unto him. shaft.' Commanded by said these the Three-eyed god. called Ishana. Those three forts are to be pierced with one tion be effected. king. select Sthanu. thunder upon them from every to pierce those cities When. otherwise called Ishana and who will destroy those Asuras. to be the embodiment of all creatures. lord Salutations to thee that (**. they who had their soul Soul. is competent to pierce them Ye Adityas. that Lord of the universe. told the 'He that all Asuraa are an offender against you offends against me also. O king. the illustrious Sankara addressed them those diverse own heart. their hearts became easy. no other means can their destruc- with one Jishnu. to thee that art full of to thee. to thee that art armed wrath. sought Bhava with their whole soul. that that mass of energy. hadst destroyed the sacrifice of that of creatures Daksha) . It is he that Hearing these words of his. all touched the Earth with their heads. the chief of celestials. the Grandrepresenting unto him the oppressions committed by the Asuraa. hearing the words of Indra. Saluting them with the word Welcome and rising them from their bent attitudes. viz. they repaired with those very sire. the gods with Sakra at their head. This is my By fixed vow. by special penances. source (of everything). all of smilingly. is None else. Beholding that Unborn one. his boons. Though that Deity is one. however. The is illustrious Deity. that sinless Self. however Purandra failed made impenetrable. The of wicked souls and always hate the gods. that lord of Uma.84 MAHABHABATA side. making Brahman take their lead. and leaving those cities. Then the gods had learnt to still all the functions of his who. sought the protection of the Deity having the bull for his mark. filled by the Creator with with fear.

thee always at the head of troops. 'Let your fears be dispelled. the holy one. to thec that art thee that art observant of vows. to thee that art destruction's self. to thee that hast eyes as beautiful as those of the gazelle. and ever the lord of sacri- Salutations to the that art that art three-eyed. to thee that leadest to to thee that art the life of a Brahmacharin . O lord to these. to thee that art robed in to thee tawny.' . to the afflictions of that seek thy shelter. to thee that art Brahman. to thee that art Ishana: to thee that art immea- surable. Rishis Deity. to Salutations to thee that art red. O Lord thou art the one whose shelter should be sought. to thee that art three-eyed. to thee that art blue-throated to thee that art armed with the trident. show favour Slay the Danavas. thee that art irresistible. to thee that art endued with fierce energy. It behoveth none else. through thy grace.' the word Welcome said unto them. the Lordship of all creatures is mine. what we are to do for you. O wielder of the trident. to thee that art the destroyer .) "Duryodhana the gods. to that art ever engaged in penances. " Say. devote ourselves to thee in thought. the lord of all fices. all praise. to thec that deservest to be praised. for the benefit that show no regard for any one. and deed. to thee that art the lord of all trees. the lord of to all kine. thee that art Death's self. O Lord of all. We Be gracious unto Gratified with these adorations. to thee haters of Brahmanas. all honours. to tbee that % art fierce. to thee that deservest pure. We " seek thy shelter. to thee that art robed in . O Lord of the Past and the Future. to thee that art incapable of being baffled. men. Occupying that rank. obtain happiness. and said of the universe. art of the only person competent to slay the foes of these denizens thy protection and that solicit thee. O giver of of all the worlds. heaven that have sought of all the gods.fcARNA PAHVA to thee that art adored 85 Salutations to by all the lords of creatures. word. to thee thee that destroyest that destroyest all armed with all the foremost of weapons. thee that art always praised. to thee that art the tatters . animal skins to thee that that art art the sire of Kumara. Thou O god. save I have given a great boon to the Danavas. 'Through thy favour. and the said. SECTION XXXIV Destruction of the tons of Tarakasttra (Conld. Brahman then these words offered had thus been dispelled by that high-souled his adorations unto Sankara. to thee that fightest with the foremost of weapons. to destroy those wicked wights thee. saluting them with us. let the universe. great controller. 'After the fears of those throngs of the PHrit.

Vasuki. we each. slay in battle those foes Therefore. O Maheswara. consume yours in battle. **.' "The holy one half of indeed. this very day. three worlds and of each. those enemies of strength. I will. Himavat and Vindhya mountains became . The enemies the gods are might. those tigers among the Saygods began the construction of that made Vishnu and Soma and Hutasana the arrow for Sankara's use. ' 'We will not be able. of gods. in might that god became superior the universe. he became superior to all in Indeed. then. slay those enemies of yours. be a large the hand-work of Viswakarman. And with her large cities and towns. 1 The great god T . of I shall not slay them single-handed. from my of yours. of to bear half With. "Sthanu however.* ''The gods said. ye denizens of heaven. for "The gods " said. *' then. all of you. The Mandara mountain was made its axle and the great river Ganga was made itsJangha and the points of the compass. that home of diverse creatures. I will slay them. gies said' all The celestials addressing the god 'So be it' O best of kings. see then said. cardinal and subsidiary became the ornaments of the car.' "Duryodhana continued. possessed of " said.' Therefore. endued with your united energy. O king. Agni became the staff. The constellations became its shaft the Krita age became its yoke and that best of Snakes. 'If.' this. with half my might. 'Gathering forms that may be found will in the of taking portions the gods. With half of my energy and might. car. construct a car of great energy car. in Taking half of their enermight. became the Kuvara of that car. and Vishnu the point. and Soma became the head. on the other hand. . was made the car.* 'Armed with bow and shaft.' "The gods said. ing car. Union is great 'Theirs think. And Mahadeva ye gods. It will O Lord for thee.86 If AHABHARATA foes should be slain. of thy energy. from of them. united together. ye have not half of bear my might. throw the Atvras down all on the Earth. might. said. her mountains and forests and islands. now to my car and bow and shaft " so that I may. 'All your But. From that time Sankara came to be called Mahadeva. The goddess they Earth.' we we have already seen their energy and that "The holy one said. designed with intelligence. (Danavas') is twice the energy and might of ourselves. do the ability to thou slay those foes. half our united might.. " 'Those sinful wights have offended all against ye should be slain. of that foremost of arrows.

T. 2 i.KABNA PABVA its .. and humility. with a portion of the previous lunar day running into (3) the day of new moon by itself. . Kalaprishtha. The two Twilights and Dhrilri and Medha and Sthiti and 1 Sannati. and the firmament bespangled with planets and stars. (2) the day of new moon. vi?. and the Pitris presiding over them were made the hooks and pins. and Pleasure. The herbs and the creepers.' were made the steeds of that car. gravity. that abode of the Danavcu it other axle. That space of time which. Indra's bow attached to it. Indra. Religion. all exceedingly strong. intelligence. the Clouds called Samvartafea and Valahaka were the leathern strings of the yoke. Making the Sun and the Moon equal. and the Seasons became its AmukarThe blazing planets and the stars became its wooden fence* sha. that blazing car gave fierce light. had. steeds. ?nd the 1 These are embodiments or personifications of courage. Day and Night were made its auspicious wings on the right and left. Varuna. been fixed as a Year. became the bow. T. and Nahusha. decked with flowers and fruits.-T. car. were made the skins for covering that car. of the waters. Yama. Penances and profit were made the The Mind became the ground upon which that car stood. became the string attached sound VasHat became the goad. on a former occasion. The ten foremost of snakes having Dhritarashtra for their first. in the Sacrifice of the high-souled Ishana. became its Trivcnu. united together. They made the excellent Ocean. all The seven Rishis became the protectors of the wheels of that Ganga and Saraswati and Sindhu and the Sky became its Dhura rivers and all the other the waters became the chords for binding Day and Night and the other divisions and Kasthas. .* directions Action and Truth and ascetic chords of that car. with a portion of the previous lunar day running into it. 3 The ittelf. 87 Apaskara and Adhishthana and the Udaya and the Asta mountains were made the wheels of that car by those foremost ones among the gods. and Kuvera. became its bells. and Dhananjaya and the other snakes became the chords for The cardinal and the subsidiary binding the manes of the steeds. and Qayatri The four auspicious days were made the traces of the to that goad. and Karkoraka. and (other) shaft of that car. these were made the ( other two) wheels of that foremost of cars. Those Regents of the world. and of treasures. the Lords of the gods. the several limbs of that car. and th day of full moon by it. four auspicious days mentioned here are (1) the day of new moon. and Speech the tracks upon which it was to proceed. of the dead. formed the The Sky was made its (other) yoke. Beautiful With lightning and banners of various hues waved in the air. Profit. of time such as Kalas The Vedic became the reins of the steeds of that car.

as looked exceedingly resplendent. the Soul of similarly said to consist For this the touch of of the holy Bhava of immeasurable energy. and Fever became the protectors rod. Rudra's rod. blazed thousand Suns. And the lord Sankara cast on that arrow his own irresistible and fierce wrath. the gods became filled with wonder. and the Puranas. the unbearable fire of anger vi?. of the sides of that car and stood with faces turned towards all sides. the gods wondered. accompanied by many beings of terrible might and terrible forms that were of agitating and crushing the fourteen faculties of the soul awake about him. looking like ten of super-abundant Energy. the Samaveda. that car shone brilliantly Time* midst of the pirests officiating at a sacrifice. became the indestructible string of that bow. called Hara. A celestial coat of mail was made. O monarch. and the clouds decked with flashes lightning became its banners. viz. that which was born of wrath of Bhrigu and Angirasa. with the six seasons his bow. and impenetrable and effulgent. like a blazing 6re in the O sire. and the Vedic sound of stood in of that car. for grinding own celestial Sankara placed upon his weapons. Seeing the energies of the entire universe united together in one place. The universe is Vishnu. After. Vishnu (as already said) to the arrow. which Rudra's shadow. Ratri the Death-night therefore. that rescuer of the righteous and destroyer of the unrighteous. sprung from the wheel of beautiful of That golden mountain. advance The histories Vashat car. his The illustrious Rudra is Death's self. thus been constructed by their foes. That discombeing discomfited. and all hymns. The Rigveda. Vishnu is. All sacred Speeches and all the Sciences stood around it. that best of cars had O tiger among men. it And the syllable Om. and shrouded by the up with splendour. became the flagstaff. that victor. O king. that bow-string became unbearable to the Asuras. it O monarch. the illustrious Sthanu. vz.88 MAHABHABATA goddess Savitri became the loud-sounding bow-string. Having his limbs for their refuge. Making the sky he placed upon it his bovine bull.. decked with costly gems.. The Brahmana's the rod of Death. the Meru. its flagstaff. The uniSoma. and at last represented unto that illustrious Deity that the car was ready. and the Yajurveda became the protectors of the rear. he made his own shadow the irrefragable string of that made bow The Year became is in that battle. this if endued with the speed of the mind and capable with all . the gods. bow Kala . and Agni and Soma became verse is said consist of Agni and Then He robed fire called Nila Rohita (Blue and Red or smoke) that terrible Deity in skins. also fiter of even him that is difficult of that slayer of all haters of Brahma. Thus equipt. standing in the van of that Having made the Year adorned exceedingly beautiful. Atharvan and Angirasa became the protectors of the car-wheels of that illustrious warrior. all foes. again. Beholding that car properly equipt. also.

fied foes The Deity having the bull for his mark has been us. A car hath many wonderful weapons. 'We have accomplished everything. looked beautiful. and praised by the eulogists and diverse tribes of dancing Apsaras well-versed in the art of dancing. 89 of mobile and immobile creatures that were present ance. become thy driver 1' 'Reflecting yourselves. to breathe after that puissant Deity all the fragrance that he carries. he then asked the gods. looked very beautiful. behoveth thee accomplish that promise. stars have become the adornments of that vehicle. its make Except thee. *z. Wind. know equipt with is who one. The four Vtdat have become the four foremost of steeds. see who is to become the driver. all is A driver should be sought for in that car is who is superior to these. Then the great Riahia. duly equipt. ascended that car very gods. he cased himself in mail and O armed himself with the bow. O god.. those throngs of gods resolutely. gods. 'He whom thou wilt appoint. We do not. Striking the Danavas with fear. armed with Pinaka hath been made the warrior who is to stand on it. the gods be appointed as the driver. that boon-giving lord. thee to make true this. Then Mahadeva. will. and the warrior. That irresistible and best of cars. saying. the Earth has become the car of that high-souled one. without delay make him my driver who is superior to Deity. said Hearing these words uttered by that high-souled repaired unto the Grandsire and inclining him to these words. and took up that celestial shaft born of Soma and Vishnu and Agni. With her mounThe tains. however. let some foremost one among us. hath been cons- The Deity tructed out of the component parts of the celestials. Smiling. king. that can O Grandsire. Thou art endued with every accomplishment. O Lord of the Unto them the god replied. without doubt. Therefore. Armour. we do not behold any person driver. however. even to said it behoveth that hadst then said to to us Before O god. and those diverse tribes of Apsaras began to praise that Lord of the gods while he was about to ascend that car. Equal to thee importance that car. and bow. O holy !' me one. 12 . those words that thou O holy thou. and weapons.KARNA FABVA entire universe there. the driver of We been constructed by do not. 'Who will become my driver ?' The gods answered him. these Hara we have got already. terrifying the and making the very Earth tremble. then commanded that foremost of celestials. to become that foremost of cars. the Oandharvtu. he is prepared for battle. presenting a highly wonderful appearBeholding that car. armed with scimitar and arrow and bow. It hadst tbou wouldst do us good. Adored by the regenerate Rishis. The gods. the gods grace. grati- with us. O lord. that thou hadst ordered us to do in the matter of afflicting the of celestials. O king. (As already said) Hara is the warrior. that router of our foes.

And the illustrious Deity was adored. Mounting upon that car with speed. all the three worlds.Then that Lord of the gods proceeded surrounded by all the gods. saying. The great Deity once more said unto the gods headed by Indra. O king. sire with the speed of the wind. endued god. running wildly on all sides and shouting at in joy one another. the boon-giving Lord. O played upon diverse kinds of musical instruments at the . became exceedingly gratified. O lord. that dispeller of the fears of universe. and by others and that danced on the present occasion. then praised that Lord of the gods after he had ascended the car. those took the reins and the goad. the throngs of gods. the gods sought to gratify him for inducing him to accept the drivership. armed with scimitar. O best of men. that were invincible in battle. which had nothing to compare with it.' The gods then answered.90 MAHABHABATA Thou. taking that Vishnu and Somaand Agni. Sthatu. for the victory It has been heard of the celestials and the destruction of their foes. those steeds. The Asurag have already been slain. of great good fortune. king. the Earth. upon that large car. that Creator of the worlds. And the Rifhit there adored the Lord of the gods with diverse hymns. hold the reins of those foremost of steeds. the Oandharvaa. possessed of ascetic merit and endued with high qualities. and enhancing his energy. of viz. took up their station there.' by us that bowing with their heads unto the Grandsire that Lord of the three worlds. was appointed by the gods as the driver of the high-souled Ishana. dkarwu became exceedingly gratified. doubting my ability to Asuras have already been the destroy the Asura. And millions upon millions of Qan. saying. the Grandresplendent with his own energy. that subsisted on meat. And when he was about to ascend quickly upon that car worshipped by all. shaft. viz.. Then the illustrious god. raising steeds addressed that foremost one among the gods. bowed themselves with their heads to the Having ascended the car the illustrious Deity. stayed on the car causing the three worlds to blaze forth own energy.' Indeed. I will hold the reins of the steeds Then that illustrious for Kapaddin while he will be engaged in fight. 'Ye should never grieve. 'There is nothing of untruth in all this that ye have ye denizens of heaven. The great Rishie. Know that with his means of this arrow. slain by ! all the while by the attendants that always wait upon him. anow composed causing the foe to tremble by means of his bow. the gods 'It is true thinking that the words which the divine Lord had said could not be untrue. and bow. Resplendent with beauty. the entire the gods. said.' Then. Sthatu ascended the car. and the diverse tribes of Apsaras. art superior to all the gods. 'Ascend. When that boon-giving Lord. "The Grandsire said. as also the gods wished for Mahadeva's success. thus proceeded. Grandsire. Rishis also..

standing. Urge the steeds wakefully. god quickly proceeded for the victory of Indeed. Rudra was employed O best of men. the three cities during that time became united. When the three cities. Excellent I Proceed. and which coursed with such speed that they seemed to devour the skies. Then Sarva. that Deity of fierce and indescribable form. those enemies their of the gods. the illustrious Deity. having ascended the car. assumed the form of a bull and raised that large car. All creatures became frightened. set his bull uttered tremendous roars. deprived of his senses he wrath. protected by the Daityaa the and the Danavaa. endued with great might began. filling all Hearing that loud and terrible roar of the last. set out for the Aaurcu. Then in Sthatu. Ogod. 'Excellent. on that time city. Agni. that car seemed to sink. that Lord universe. the head of his bull and the back of trious in his steeds. adoring Maheshwara. the points of the compass. the illusin that posture. as Rudra thus stood. to the spot where the Daityaa are. thinking of the triple city. waited. out towards the triple city. losing their separate characters became united. armed with trident became Frightful portents appeared when In consequence. as also of the pressure caused by that of Brahman and Rudra and the latter's bow. many of the descendants and followers of Taraka. the Lord of the Universe. aud the great flwAw. the Siddhaa. said. Then Narayana.KARNA PARVA 91 hour of his setting out. O At giver of honours. And O king. O king. of the pressure caused by the weight of Soma. then drawing that celestial . Rudra cut eyeing the off Danava the While teats of the horses and clove the hoofs of the bull. The triple city then appeared immediately before that deeds. issuing out of the point of that shaft. And from that time. god of unbearable energy. from the date the hoofs animals of the bovine species came to the cloven. smiling the while. stood. was on the point of aiming that ever. O Others amongst them stood facing king. When the boon-giving Brahman. Behold today the might of arms while I slay the foe in battle. bull. During the time the car had sunk and the foe had began to roar. Brahman urged those steeds endued with the fleetness of the wind or thought towards that spot where the triple city. when Bhava. Then all the gods. riding on the car. horses.' Thus addressed. howshaft. to utter loud shouts. that warrior trious who was of desirous of slaying the Amraa. and Vishnu that were in that shaft. With those steeds worshipped by all worlds. afflicted by the mighty Rudra of wonderful came to be without teats. having stringed his bow and aimed that shaft with which he had united the Pawpato weapon. uttered the word Jaya. the illusirious the denizens of heaven. O king. of all Blessed be thou. and the three worlds began to tremble. breathed the foe for battle. holding his bow. the The illus- deity. from rage. tumultous became the joy of the high-souled gods.

art Kama. that Creator of the worlds. he threw them down into the Western ocean. There is not the slightest do. worlds. the Rishit. O Salya. thy desire known that to me. showed himself unto Rama. The fire born of O his own wrath. at the triple city. Upon thee depend Kama. their object being accomplished after such effort. of cheerful soul.. did that which was for the good of all the As the illustrious Brahman. being shot. Listen once more to A virtuous Brahmana had it in the presence of my father. Hearing those delightful words fraught with the reasons and purposes of acts. our kingdom. he gratified Bhava for obtaining weapons. ourselves. is I am gratified with Blessed pure. *. without entertaining any scruples. thee. 'Do not reduce the three worlds to ashes. loud they woe were heard from began to fall down towards the Earth. I Kama). another story which narrate. And Mahadeva be thou.' After this. therefore. the gods with the Creator at their head went away to the places they came from. and thou like Brahman in policy. and the three worlds became all restored to their natural dispositions. the gods. In the race of the Bhrigus was Jamadagni of severe ascetic penances. and to Phalguna. saying. who became celebrated by the recited name bound his of Rama. Salya. and gratified Sthanu of unrivalled energy with words of high import. Practising the austerest penances. acted as the driver of Rudra. the three-eyed god quenched. O tiger among kings. and (our) victory (of in battle. his senses to observances and vowsi and keeping the god under control. that be done speedily today by which this Kama. from desire of doing ^good to the three worlds. what thou mayst settle. In battle. understanding the desire cherished in his heart. There it. do. Thus was the triple city burnt and thus were the Danava* exterminated by Mahesthose cities as wara in wrath. Lord of both the Gods and the Maheswara. United. Receiving then the permission of the great god. Make thy soul Thou then have all thou deiirest. are competent to vanquish my foes that are even like the Aauras. so like Radha to do thou restrain the steeds of the high-souled son of Grandsire restraining those of Rudra. the Grandsire. Let. that Asuras. Kama is like Rudra. Thus did that illustrious Deity. the Supreme Deity of unfading glory. grinding the Pandava troops.92 bow. He had a son endued with energy and every virtue. ye two. Upon that foremost of shafts. O thou of good fortune. therefore. Sankara. Burning those Aaurag. Hold the is reins. devotion and tranquility consequence of Mahadeva became gratified with said. . wilt 'O Rama. the Creator of the worlds. In him. of heart. may be able to slay Kunti's son owning white steeds and having O Krishna for the driver of of the excellent steeds will his car. great MAHABHARATA sped that shaft which represented wails the might of of the whole universe.ubt. that thou art superior to Krishna.

with many Jamadagni's son. Thou shalt those slay those foes- Having vanquished merits. Rama adored Sarva for many long years. having promised the destruction to 'Slay our foes. proceeded against the Danavas.' enemies. the Lord saying. from desire of doing good unto the for summoned Rama And Sankara all all the assemthe worlds as also my satisfaction. destitute as I am of weapons. slay bled foes of the gods. the Daityas became very mighty. proclaimed his virtues in the presence of gods and the Meanwhile. however by . I have been sent by the God of gods to vanquish you-' Thus addressed by the descendant of Bhrigu. said. uniting together. virtues : in the presence of his divine spouse. of described him. that Jamadagni. strove earnestly for the destruction of those foes. 'Ye Daityas that are fierce in battle. it behoveth always devoted to thy ' when. thou shalt acquire numerous Hearing these words and accepting them all. 'O that fit thee to service. Rama. Those burn a person that is incompetent and that them/ Thus addressed by the deity bearing the trident. repairing to Maheswara. of firm vows is many the Lord Sankara thus me*' Gratified with him. and restraining and observances of vows.KABNA PABVA I 93 will give thi'o all weapons. that foremost of Brahmanas returned wounds on his person inflicted by the Janata*. of weapons when thou wilt become pure. came back Mahadeva. failed to vanquish them. with strokes whose to touch resembled that of Indra's thunder. Rama replied unto that boon-giving Lord of Three-eyes. the Daityas began to fight. 'O descendant of Bhrigu. give me battle. Touched. saying. give those weapons unto me am god of gods. Blinded by pride and folly. They. The delighter of the Bhargavas. Rama. The gods then. The gods then.' Thus addressed. as possessed ever devoted to repeatedly Ris/iis. began That god. At last Mahadeva. to slay in battle the O assembled Danavas that in fight ?* are accomplished in Maheswara said. 'Go thou at all weapons and invincible my command. addressed Rama. however. slaying the Daityas in battle. bending his head unto that high-souled one. however. Addressing those enemies of the gods that were endued with might and possessed with folly and pride. of of Uma. and firmly resolved to slay them.' their foes unto the descendant of Bhrigu.' "Duryodhana continued! 'With penances then. 'What strength have I. pleased with the high-souled his senses. son of god of gods. 'This O slayer of foes. son of Bhrigu's race. celestials. indeed thou wilt regard me for holding them. and worship and offerings and with sacrifices and Homa performed with mantras. chief of the gods. is not deserving that puissant O son of Bhrigu. causing propitiatory rites to be performed for his success. saying. gratky him with devotion. he said. they afflicted the denizens of heaven.

. The driver of the hero. Endued with great valour. Kama could have been bron in the Suta order. the illustrious god gave diverse kinds boons unto heart. expand 146 a little. I think him to be the son of a god. selected with As the on that occasion the Grandsire had been care by all celestials. this ' disciple of Rama.. O to great king. should be superior to the warrior on it. ascetic Obtaining the leave also of the gods This is that great recited. healed. O among men. Therefore. O lord of Earth. the old story that the Rishi of had The descendant of Bhrigu gave the whole science O tiger among kings with high-souled Kama. born in the Kshatriya order. With his (natural) and (natural) coat of mail. could have been born in the Suta order. had any fault. each resembling the Kama trunk of a prince of elephants. so thou with care. indeed. Brahman. ear-ring resembling Surya himself. O king of kings. his IfAHABHARATA wounds were immediately son of Bhrigu. as one greater than Sankara. could not be borne by a common woman even as a she-deer can never bear a tiger. His arms are massive. that O all the worlds. that art superior Kama the art now selected by us the Grandsire 1 I holding reins of Rudra's steeds. T. the high-souled trident-wielding With said. do thou hold the reins of the steeds in this battle. this mighty car-warrior of long arms. cannot be an ordinary person. went away.' "Duryodhana continued.' SECTION XXXV Accepts to Act as the Charioteer of Kama's car "Duryodhana Grandsire of sion and car. is a high-souled personage.94 Sthanu. tiger said. O Salya. accept from me ' these celestial weapons. 'Having obtained all the celestial weapons and the boons that had been desired by him. 'Even thus did that . act as driver on that occaeven thus did Rudra become the warrior. As of the fall of desired by thee. 1. O delighter of the Bhrigus. the delighter of Bhrigu's race I do not think that would never have given him his celestial weapons. Like do thou hold. O king. broad Vaikartana. this which he was born might be By no means. I think that he was abandoned Kama (in infancy) in order that the race in ascertained (by his features and feats). Rama bowed unto Siva with his head. Gratified of his also with the in that feat of his. weapons unto the If delighted heart. satisfaction in God of gods The pain thou hast suffered weapons upon thy body evidences the superconsequence human feat that thou hast achieved. Behold his chest that is so Kama otherwise called and capable of resisting every foe. illustrious Deity.

'O foremost of men. will then consume thy army.' excellent and celestial history. was still slain that night (by Kama). Thyself also. and the mace. O shaft. It is for this. was. Feeling a great fear all these days Vibhatsu could never The mighty Bhimasena also. "Salya said. saying. O sire. the reins of Kama's steeds in battle. is competent to slay Purandara himself armed with the thunder-bolt in fight. ' 95 O thou of great splendour. screened by his illusions and displaying hundreds of illusions. were all destroyed with one Krishna also had knowledge of all this before. That bearer of the conch. thither by the horn of Kama's bow. again. learning. all O mighty-armed one. that chastiser of foes. from some object he had in view. O slayer all of foes. by some means. he did not. O of Vrishni's race. though. warrior is acquainted with the meaning of the whole body of our scriptures. art called Salya. such as all the in Srinjayas headed by Dhrishtadyumna. that thou arms. Krishna knoweth the past and the future with all their details. Indeed. he became the driver. cheerful soul replied. "Unto the ruler Madras who was speaking thy mighty-armed son of strain. addressed in very The two brave sons of Madri harsh words such as Fool and Glutton also were defeated by Kama in great battle. of those two lions among the Grandsire acted as the driver of I have heard how gods. of Partha like the Self-create becoming the driver of Rudra. the chief of the Satwata clan. have been repeatedly defeated Kama the great car-warrior who has achieved all these feats and who excited with wrath. thou art like a dart (Salya) unto thy enemies. think that disparagingly of Kama.' of the *2. ***. O hero. Others. *'z. the knowledge. Sanjaya in that said. beholding Partha slain. O king. slay them then. O king. Hearing the terrible and loud twang of his bow and the sound of his palms. was vanquished by battle by Kama and made earless. fronting Kama. of how the illustrious Grandsire had become the driver on that occasion of yore. Knowing this fact. the Pandava troops fly away on all sides. Encounterto get ing the might of thy the Satwatas were unable tbc . will fight himself.. Thou art. There It the Suta's son. otherwise called Vaikartana. the discus.KARNA PABVA without delay. Bharata. 'Do not. Thou hast witnessed it with thy who is the foremost of wielders of arms and who mighty-armed one. Kesava. how Ghatotkacha.. O Bharata. many a time have I heard this recited to me. succeeds in slaying the son of Kunti. the master of all branches of There Irresistible in is none on Earth who is thy equal in might of arms* prowess. Bhava and how the Asuras also. art acquainted with every weapon. no king here that will stay one of Vrishni's race when he is in will the ranks in front of that illustrious ' be excited with wrath. moved hither and stand. in battle. Indeed. That foremost one own eyes. the heroic Satyaki..

and thyself pardon . O king ? of the Pandava troops Partha. Let Kama. O king. in this one's presence. this is what is thou thinkest.O thou features. joyfully answered that slayer of foes. will I accept the drivership of the fight celebrated son of Radha when he desirest. embraced Kama. I would willingly and the other heroic kings of the Earth. 'O son of Gandhari. for whatever acts may may employing myself therein with my whole heart I will bear the burthen of those acts of thine. even ' do thou protect the son of Radha today from every of danger. is O hero. a make with Vaikartana. that lord of Earth. saying. as thou to have. I shall. of 'If Duryodhana. saying.. me before thy troops to be superior to the son of Devaki. 'Slay all the Parthas in battle. Duryodhana. the great Thus addressed. Kama today. bards and panegyrists around). Salya the ruler the Madras. Kama. once more spoke unto tnz. I O giver of honours.96 better of it. words. the counsellor of Partha. tw". Having I solicit slain the other warriors repeatedly. however. 4 Salya. however. handsome for that/accomplish everything that I be agreeable be fit. with a cheerful Duryodhana. that foremost of all drivers. O king. answered the ruler of the Madras. thy son then once more addressed Kama.' Salya having accepted the office of holding the reins of his steeds.' once more addressed Madras does not say very him once more in sweet solicit heart. possessed of wisdom and accomplished in everything. like the great Indra slaying the DanatHM. saying. "Thy son then. to thee. O sire..' Sanjaya continued. I am exceedingly gratified with thee.' Sanjaya continued. describest when thou. the mighty king Duryoudhana. in a voice deep as whole region there with the sound O Salya. O sire. with Kama. Eulogised (by ship. O royal son of Gandhari. even so art thou to bear the burthen of thee in to bear the burthen if Kama lay down his life. and I that this ' : I will utter compact whatever words may wish. with that foremost of the sons of Pandu. saying. as Krishna upon the slaughter of this vast (Kaurava) force be able to resist might of arms. O tiger all among men thinks that he should fight with Arjuna hold the reins of Kama's steeds in battle. matter of holding the reins of is his steeds. As Krishna. Why should he ray troops and why shouldst not thou be able to slay the hostile troops. Kama thee. O king. 'The ruler of cheerfully what he says. MAHABHABATA Is Krishna superior to is Indeed. 'Let it be so* in the presence of all the Kshatriyas. O sire ? follow the footsteps of ray (slain) brothers For thy sake. O chief of the Bharatas. so in the desires to slay Phalguna. "Embracing thy son then. filling the ruler of that of the clouds and of that voice : the Madras. Assured by Salya's acceptance of the driverfilled with joy." "Salya said.

which it Salya presented to Kama.' good "Salya said. 1 ' When engaged with Partha. saying. of the car Indeed. like Matali the driver of the chief of the celestials. as by those that are respectable. will act as thy driver. O puissant one. be thou ever engaged in our " Kesava in that of Partha. are never practised said.KABNA PABVA me all 97 that I those words. SECTION XXXVI a Ascends Kama's Chariot Duryodhana said. belonging to Kama like 13 . and foremost of cars. "When the morning came. "This one. however. quickly equip the car for me. I For to it duly. like Matali himself.. I will hold the reins of thy Let thy anxiety be dispelled. its kind. is O learned one. Salya. 'O charioteer. victory to thee. speaking ill of others. Duryodhana once more addressed the ruler of the Madras endued with Madras.' duly equipt that trium- phal CAT. for inspiring thy all thati listen fit That. duly worshipping that car which had in days of old been sanctified by a priest conversant with and carefully adoring the god Surya addressed the ruler of the Madras standing near. Kama cheerful heart addressed his driver. am it. the foremost of sions in the sky. 'These four kinds of conduct. thy car to-day. who superior to Krishna. 'So be car.' may speak unto Kama ' from desire 'O ruler of the Madras. in managing the thou wilt be steeds. with a O Bharata. in knowledge coming danger and of the means of avoiding avoid it and in competence in battle to in practice. 'O ruler of the Protected by thee. that foremost of car-warriors. O monarch. resembled the vapoury mansaying. shall say. steeds.' Then Kama. hold the reins in great activity. viz. Kama as Brahman in that of Ishana. self-rebuke and selfpraise. Radha will vanquish Dhananjaya. 'Blessed be thou. to act as the driver of even of Indra in watcfuluess. which I confidence fraught with self-adulation. the son of battle of Kama's foremost of steeds. When Having Salya approached that saying. invincible. it' ascended the car. saying. is O Kama. agreeable or disagreeable. and adulation of others. this ruler of the Madras." Sanjaya continued. Salya be the driver of the steeds of With thyself as warrior on that ruler of the Madras as its driver. and circumbulating 1 it that large. O Suta's son. as Matali taketh the of management even so will unto which the steeds vehicle and the Indra are attached. of his good.' Thus addressed. that foremost of car will certainly vanquish the Parthas in battle. 'Ascend the vehicle. Thereupon 'Salya of mighty energy ascended Brahma. answering.

98 MAHABHABATA excellent car a lion ascending a mountain summit. 'O son of Adhiratha. the O will shoot shafts with great energy for the destruction of ' Duryodhana.. let. I I will be engaged in shooting hundreds and thousands. Kama with the constituting his rays. 'O Suta's son. all of whom are great Pandavas and the victory of bowmen. addressed in battle. O Salya. all of whom are endued with great might. let Dhananjaya so that I behold today the might of shafts my arms. among men. O son of Radha. I had always believed that those two mighty carwarriors. looked beautiful like the Sun on Mandara mountains* Unto the mighty-armed son of Radha. stationed on his car for battle. ascended his charged with lightning. and of proware capable of inspiring fear in son of Radha. the reins of whose gised then (by bards steeds were held by Salya.' "Salya said.. endued with the splendour of the Sun or Beholding Salya stationed. resembling the peal of the thunder itself. why dost thou think so low of the sons of Pandu. the just or slay Dhananjaya and Bhimasena. when in winged with Kanka feathers Salya. those two heroes of great effulgence looked like Indra and Agni adored with hymns in a sacrifice by Ritwiks and Sadasyas. To- day. of great are acquainted with every weapon ? good fortune. Duryodhana said these words. 'Urge the steeds. that warrior of immeasurable energy. all Set out for battle. those two heroes like the fire Surya and Agni sitting together on a cloud in the firmament. do thou in great battle achieve that feat worthy of a hero which was not achieved by those two. and all of whom They are unretreating. O hero. When thou wilt behold . O tiger among men. that warrior accomplished saying. the foremost of car-warriors stationed on his car. viz. O may slay Dhananjaya and Bhimasena mighty-armed one. Madri. stretching his formidable bow. looked resplendent like Eulo- and panegyrists). produced a noise like that of the clouds in Accepting those words (of Duryodhana). Salya. in the very sight of all the bowmen. O son of Radha. thou wilt not then utter such speeches. would. that tiger light. and both the twins and king Yudhishthira. Blessed be thou. twang of Qandiva in battle. of Pandu's son.. of Reduce the troops Then thousands trumpets and tens of thousands of drums. like the Sun Stationed on that foremost of his shafts himself within a halo of circular cars. Either seize king Yudhishthira Bhimasena in battle. sounded together. *. invincible. Bhishma and Drona. thou wilt hear the ess incapable of being baffled. They the heart of Indra himself. and the twin sons of victory to ashes be thine. the son of Radha. Kama Sun riding on a mass of clouds Mounted on the same car. Kama stood on that car. without doubt slay Arjuna and Like a second wielder of the thunder-bolt. When. tnz.' the welkin. do thou achieve that feat difficult of accomplish- ment which Drona and Bhishma have not achieved.

his steeds tumbled down on the calamities. with their sharp arrows. the Earth. making death only the point at which to stop. filled with delight. That slayer of hostile heroes. Reflecting on the mighty feats of Partha. foreboding great After Kama had set out. shouts batants endued with great activity. shed copious tears. With the beat of cymbals and the sound of with the whizz of diverse kinds of arrows and the roars of comdrums. their standards trembled (of the Kuru warriors) seemed to be ablaze and their animals. none of them regarded those portents at . and breathburning 'When ing long and hard. 'Proceed. : . endued with great lightness of hands and shooting (showers of shafts) and weakening their foes. and fierce winds began to blow. and blazing with wrath. . blazed up with splendour like the Sun or fire. The seven great planets including the Sun seemed to proceed against one another (for combat). Stupefied by destiny. he addressed Salya and said these words stationed on my car and armed with my bow. all. viz. and the other invincible kings (of the Pandava army). Meteoric showers became noticable and all the quarters seemed ablaze. all thy troops proceeded to battle.' Sanjaya continued. Thunders fell from a cloudless sky. and with self-conceit and pride.' SECTION XXXVII Kama's Bragging and Salya's Warning Sanjanya said. A frightful shower of bones fell from the sky. I would not take fright at Indra himself armed with the thunder and excited with wrath. These and many other terrible and awful portents appeared for the destruction of the Kurus. ruler of the Madras. O king. that foremost of car-warriors. uttered loud from every side. then thou wilt not utter such words. I do not feel any anxiety. saying. Animals and birds in largr numbers kept thy army to their right. O monarch. When Kama set out and the warriors of the Kuru army were filled with joy. The weapons Earth. Beholding the Suta's son setting out.KARNA PARVA 99 Dharma's son and the twins causing a canopy. ' "Disregarding those words spoken by the Kama addressing him endued with great activity. as he stayed on his car recollecting the death of Bhishma and Drona. the Kauravas. all the rulers of men (in the (Kaurava army) cried victory to him. Beholding those great heroes headed by Bhishma lying on the field of battle. The Kauravas regarded the Pandavas to have been already vanquished. trembled and made a loud noise. "Beholding the mighty Kama take up bis station from desire of battle. like that of the clouds in the welkin. Seeing even the faultless Bhiihma and Drona.. Vaikartana.

in prowess he resembled Vishnu or Purandara in policy he was irresistible as he was. when 1 Nilakantha explains to refer to this verse in a different way. in consequence When the preceptor himself is of the inevitable connection of acts.. any fear in this battle. that is competent to bear the advancing Arjuna. In this world I do did not the preceptor slay in battle all foes. Enbattle. the Pamlavas. and Satyaki. without doubt. even on reflection. ordinary and celestial. &c. against the army of our enemies. uttering loud wails. indeed. listen to me. save myself. and Bhimasena and Arjuna. weapons. I when the valour it of is the 1 Dhartarashtras has been to know it. seeing not find anything. and the highest of weapons and policy. These intestine dissenwill not go into the very midst of those heroessions cannot be tolerated by I O me (Without seeking of to tolerate them) will even follow in the wake Druna. T. to be stable. why. . that who am therefore. ye Kurus. Who else. that warrior who resembles Death himself in his In Drona were the skill attendant on fiercest form. in this towards the Panchalas. or myself to Yama's twins ? Salya. dead. that I will others. In energy Drona was equal to fire or the Sun. he suggests. and the Therefore. Do not think.100 MAHABHARATA of cars equal unto Indra and Vishnu. countering them in battle.. O ruler of the Madras. The meaning. and achievements and wise policy. slain by the foe. and bravery. I will fight to the best of my dhana) is what I will never suffer powers lest by doing otherwise I injure Duryodhana's cause) &c. I will have to be numbered amongst them). those heroes that I and were unslayable. is not have to go into the midst of Bhishma and Others. ('. When even that high-souled one had to succumb to Death. any injury. and the Srinjayas. still do not experience them destroy the mightiest of our kings with their drivers and elephants and cars ? Remembering that Drona in great battle. either I will slay them. and might. When (our) women and children are weeping and even today's sun-rise? When the . there is none amongst you. proceed quickly. O Salya.. O Salya. Acquainted with mighty weapons. instead of to Yudhishthira and Do not think. fight. ProceeJ save myself. : . ani himself the foremost of Brahmanas. who then will indulge in the certain belief that he will live till preceptor was thus slain by the enemy in battle. weapons could not equal to Vrihaspati or Usana yet protect him. to my friend (Duryo. taking teaham Curanam Bhi>hma and others. strengthless and on the point of death. 1 Wise or ignorant. defeated. practice. . however. will be able to bear those troops amongst whom are stationed the royal son of Pandu firm in truth. that I presence by the path taken by Urona. I regard all the others (of our army). are not able to compass the happiness of man. and might and prowess. I tell you truly. those crushers of foremost steeds and elephants.

For the period . Jaya had vanquished Asuras and gods and great snakes and men and birds and Pisachas and Yakshas and RaJcshusas with his and gave unto that god the food he had desired. slay among himself. art thou.' ' Sanjaya continued. always engaged in doing me good. 'Forbear.KARNA PABYA his 101 is is run out. and gave him the following reply for checking him. this white conch of fierce and loud blare. I will cast away my life-breaths that are so dear. the valiant king of the Madras.. for this. that universal Arjuna. I its wheels producing a having white steeds yoked unto deep as that of and adorned with in battle that bull will. O learned one. fz. Dost thou remember. save Arjuna. O lowWho else. with all their followers coming hither. consumer. that foremost of men. the occasion when. unitedly protect the son of Pandu in this great battle. laughed aloud. troyer accomplishment of his purpose. also. forbear." "Salya in is said. Kuvera. with axle producing no sound equipt with a golden seat endued with trivenu made of silver. O Salya. and unto which are yoked these foremost of steeds. deriding him. I am unable to transgress my desitny. This foremost of cars coverad with tiger-skins. everybody equally regarded by the Desno one can escape. car decked wirh banners. this blazing sword. I will proceed against the Parthas. what need of many words. (Kesava) that foremost of all persons. O Kama. emiued with prowess that is could on the occasion by the slaughter of an animal. Rama gave unto me. If Yama. Where Dhananjaya. excellent quivers. I would still encounter hin in fight and either slay him or myself go to car-warriors. these maces. were to protect with vigilance the son of Pandu in battle. O king. of these beautiful bows. Varuna. slaughtering those foes in large numbers with his excellent shafts endued with the effulgence of shafts the Sun. Thou art transports of delight and sayest what thou shouldst never say. Riding upon rattle it. and this body that is so difficult of being cast away. If Death Yama's presence following Bhishma. the thunder. summon Bhava the Lord of Lords. these shafts this fierce forms. having forcibly agitated the home of the Yadus that was protected by the younger brother of Indra and that resembled heaven itself that is guarded by the chief of sister of celestials ? What man prowess save Arjuna who is equal to the of the chief of the celestials. O Kama. I will still vanquish him with them. from such brag. "Hearing these words of the bragging Kama who was exceedingly delighted with the prospect of battle. Phalguna liberated Dhritarashtra's son himself among the . could take away the younger est of men. the Creator of the worlds. to battle ? For the sake of of the dispute caused honouring Agni. putting forth my might. and where again. this mighty weapon. and Vasava. The son of Vichitravirja's son is. Behold. these standards.

" O Suta's son. a cartthe person who dishim a century of kine with as many does not satisfy animals. speedily enquired after Dhananjaya. and having the prewere ceptor and the preceptor's son and Bhishma amongst them.. the Kauravas. the latter's foe. the Madra king : excited with rage. know be slain. proceeded against his foes. like the Sun destroying the darkness. gladdening thy army. let it be so. Indeed. ing these praises of "When the ruler of the Madras heartily engaged in addressing these harsh speeches to Kama was most and utterviz. he does not become satisfied. even these words: 'Unto him that will today point out the high-souled Dhananjaya of white steeds to me. "The ruler of the Madras said. didst thou not vanquish Arjuna then ? For thy destruction another excellent battle has now presented itself. I brass for milking those will give a hundred I foremost of villages unto the person that discovers Arjuna to me. Kama proceeded tiger-skins with a cheerful heart.102 MAHABHABATA ? Kurus the Dost thou remember the occasion when. addressed and gave no reply. give him. If he vanquishes be regarded as well-uttered. 'Let it be so. said these the commander of the Kuru army. O son of Suta. had set out for he spoke unto every Pandava soldier that he met with. dost about to ensue between in fight. Proceed then that great car-warrior.. from desire of fight. If thou dost not fly away from fear of thy enemy. him that will load of jewels and gems. slaying large numbers in battle along bis way. having white saying. vessels of I will give discover Arjuna to me. Salya. I will give whatever wealth he desires. then will these thy praises Sanjaya continued.' When Kama. .' A me battle Why. If having got it is. that as soon as thou goest to battle thou wilt Sanjaya continued. vanquished by that foremost of men. 'Let it be so. on that car covered with and having white steeds yoked unto it. "After Kama. words unto "Kama said. swelling with numbers in respect of both men and animals. to fly thyself having been the quarrelsome sons of Dhritarashtra were liberated by the Pandavas after the latter had defeated those rangers first away. that scorcher of foes." SECTION XXXVIII Kama's Eagerness battlei to meet Arjuna Sanjaya said. Why. that covers Arjuna to me. of the skies ( viz. and beholding the army of the Pandavas. that If I shall in addition. steeds yoked unto his vehicle and owning Salya as his charioteer. is thou indulge in Arjuna's praises ? myself and him. the Qandharvas headed by Chitraratha) (Virata's) ? On the occasion also of the seizure of kine. however.

give all the may mean. I shall make him a more valuable gift. also To him that will discover Dhananjaya to me. on the other end have put it. a hundred villages and a hundred cars. articles of give him if enjoyment that I have. full of wealth. as applied to a damsel. I shall give him a hundred elephants. I shall of cars.. I he desires them. it shall. T. and covered with housings of gold. i. born in the western shores of the shall also give bright car made of gold ocean." "that shall have six elephants attached to T. belonging to the country of the Magadhas. situated in the proximity of forests and rivers. with chains of gold around their necks. the other shore of the ocean.. I shall make him a more valuable gift.. after slaying those two. 2 fair-complexioned. and whose complexion is bright T. fat. the person that discovers Arjuna to me. Sons. that. 8 danger. and having six bulls that does not satisfy give him another foremost 1 I shall also give unto yoked unto it that shall be as large as elephants* him a hundred damsels decked with ornaments. that does not satisfy the person five Arjuna to me. free from all sorts of necessaries). I pleasure and Kesava and Arjuna 1 Or. docile. with collars of gold. means one whose skin in winter and cold in summer. which he himself will solicit. unto him who discovers to me. with golden collars. hundred steeds. I give eighteen other steeds of great the person that discovers Arjuna to me a and adorned with diverse ornaments and having foremost of Kamvoja steeds yoked unto it. as trace a reference to Africa in this expression. and of very youthful age. Indeed. I shall person that discovers Arjuna to me four hundred kine. If that does not satisfy the person that discovers Arjuna to me. If each with golden horns and her that discovers vit.KABNA PABVA will 103 also give damsels of If him that shows Arjuna to me a number of long-tressed black eyes and a car unto which shall be yoked white mules. very probably.. does not satisfy the person that discovers also give to the capable of dragging cars and well-trained. . If that Arjuna to me. give a hundred female slaves. six hundred elephants. I shall make him a more valuable gift! viz. and acting is as its bulls. indeed. I will make him a more valuable wives and shall gift. and ten thousand steeds of the foremost of breed.e. and accomplished in singing and dancing. fourteen Vaisya villages. as heated gold. warm 3 I think one can is The original I means. viz. If that does not satisfy the person that discovers Arjuna to me. it 2 The word Shyama. calf. made of gold. . these all. and trained by elephant trainers. If that does not satisfy the person that discovers Arjuna to me. well furnished (with other and worthy of I being shall enjoyed by kings. adorned with trappings of gold and decked I shall also with jewelled ornaments. endued with many excellent qualities. docility. it aparanteshu. teeming with people.

Without doubt thy period utter speeches that are ? is full. thou to art certainly able to perform many sacrifices. cing a sweet blare. What man desirous of living would so is incoherent and unlike that of a person deserving of being listened to desirous of crossing This thy endeavour the having attached to his down from the summit of a mountain. O Suta's son. When t the brag. or of one desirous of leaping If thou art desirous of winning Dhananjaya. From foolishness thou art giving away wealth as Without any trouble. arose there. O king. fight with thy arrayed division. I say this to thee for the good of Dhritarashtra's son and not from any ill will to thee. Duryodhana. well protected from within what is for thy good. Thou seekest what should never be sought by thee. It seems that thou hast no friends for for- Thou bidding thee that art speedily falling into a blazing fire. viz. laughing in scorn. that mighty car-warrior who was about to plunge into that ocean of battle and who was indulging in such vain there. lions As regards thy desire. do thou perform those sacrifices. but thou seest not the With demerits attaching to those gifts that undeserving persons. that is surely vain. however. . Therefore.104 MAHABHABATA may be left wealth that by them-' Having uttered those diverse and produwords of Suta's son that were suitable to his disposition. thou wilt behold Dhananjaya today. with all his followers became At that juncture the beat of cymbals and drums and filled with joy. entertained of a couple We have never heard of having been overchrown by a fox. son of Radha. sea-born Kama blew Hearing these O bull among men. ocean by the aid of only his two arms after neck a heavy stone." SECTION XXXIX Salyas Advice "Salya said. Thou art for Suta's son. the ruler of the Madras. Thou wilt obtain a sight of Dhananjaya today. The shouts also of warriors filled with joy arose (Kaurava) troops were thus filled with joy. that large wealth which thou art desirous of giving away. the son of Radha. from folly. and aided by all thy warriors. six bulls of to Kama give away to any man a golden elephantine proportions. speeches in that battle. among the (Kaurava) troops. 'Do not. O if thou wert the Lord of treasures. and grunts of elephants with the sounds of diverse musical instruments. his excellent conch. O car with giving away this wealth like a senseless person are made . unable to discriminate between what thou shouldst do and what art thou shouldst not. leonine shouts. said these words unto that grinder of foes. O king.

not even Indra himself uplifting his thunder. Salya. called also Savyasachin. in desiring cheeks. 'Relying on the might of my own arms I seek Arjuna in battle. viz.' "Kama said. desirous of provoking Kama exceedingly. meat in the forest challenging the not be destroyed. challenges that foremost of birds. will scorch the (Kuru) army and afflict thee exceedingly with keen shafts. O Kama. when at its height at the rise of the Moon. From folly thou art piercing. challenge Dhananjaya the son of Pandu. disregarding that lion the son of Pandu. yellest at him. even so dost thou. to fight 1 thou art for rubbing to-day with Arjuna of keen-edged feats. the receptacle cf all the waters. T 14 . thou. even so dost thou from folly seek to vanquish the res(of plendent Arjuna stationed on his car. possess- ed of beautiful plumage and great activity. the son of Pritha. lion excited with wrath. Thou desirest to Cross without a raft the terrible ocean. even like a hare challenging a mighty elephant with tusks large as plough. As a snake. Thou. said these words in reply. yells at him. Thou. with mountain waves and teeming with aquatic animals. with a piece of wood. like a jackal that. understanding. O Suta's with mighty energy like a fox gratified forest. disregarding a maned for its own Vinata's son. all thy limbs against the keen edges of a trident. challengest Dhananjaya. shot by Phalguna of string mighty arms and impelled from his bowand sped with all his energy. then wilt thou lament thy encounter with that hero. When Partha. then accept the words spoken by me. No person shall deter me from this resolution. O Suta's son. the ruler of the Madras. is like that of a foolish young little deer of activity challenging a huge lion excited with wrath. wilt thou repent thy folly). will seek thee.PARVA ids If thou hast any wish for preserving thy life. 'At the conclusion of these words of Kama. 'When keen-pointed shafts winged with Kanka feathers.. tnz. the son of Pritha. O Suta's son. Like its 1 I translate the expression literally. challenge that prince of Do not. In desiring. This thy challenge of Arjuna. that art a foe with the face of a friend desirest to frighten me.. what then need be said of a mortal. son. destruction. Endued with little among men. however. O Kama.shafts. O Kama. Do mouth and rent hole. then. the black cobra of virulent poison excited to fury within its to fight with Partha. O Kama. 1 " Sanjaya continued. O Kama. As a child lying on the lap of its mother seeks to seize the Moon. and with the juice issuing out of its maned monarch of the encountering Arjuna. to battle even like a calf challenging a smiting bull of keen horns and neck thick as a drum. thou challengest Dhananjaya. taking up his celestial bow.

art destitute of every merit. them that are themselves meritorious but not are known them that are desti- tute of merit. "Thus rebuked by Salya of immeasurable energy. A jackal. his bow. darts. the greatness of Krishna. and beholding him roaring like a tiger. O Salya. lying alone within one quiver. that bull among the lords of Earth. a fox and a lion. O Salya. fool. O Salya. ev en so. long as thou dost not hear the twang of Gandiva in great battle. of keen mouth. his wrath. allusion to the word Salya. for thou dost not behold that represser viz. however. his wordy said. causing Thou As the ten points of the compass to resound with the roar of his car and the twang of his bow. his energy. thou wilt always a lion. answered him "Kama to 'The merits of meritorious men. or a hare and an elephant. O Kama. thou always. thou croakest at is even like Parjanya 1 among men. Beholding Partha. thou regardest thyself a lion sees a lion. of foes. to O Salya. blood. thou beholdest Dhananjaya. that tiger till residing in the forest in the midst of hares. O son of Radha. So also. and becoming filled with rage. Thou. But knowing my own energy as also that of I challenge him to battle. as poison and nectar. so long art thou able to do what thou pleasest. equipt Pandu's son.' Salya's advice SECTION XL to Kama continued Sanjaya said.. T. even so art thou and Partha known to all by your respective jackal. become a Thou art always a jackal. which means a dart. I have this shaft. thou barkest at a As Dhananjaya. dog from within the precincts of the house of his master barks at a forest-roaming tiger. regardest thyself a lion the two Krishnas stationed on the same car like Surya and Chandramas. among men. the son of Radha. O in consequence of thy " deeds. I do not act an insect in respect of a blazing fire. that tiger among men.drinking. feeling the propriety of his rebuker's name in conse- quence of thus 2 . like 1 Parjanya 2 An the deity of the clouds. seemest to be like a jackal. As a mouse and a car are to each other in strength. as falsehood and truth. is T.106 MAHABHARATA Arjuna who frog croaking at a teriible and mighty cloud yielding copious showeis of rain. regardeth himself a lion till he actually Ev en so. or a dog and a tiger. his shafts and the prowess also of that high-souled hero are. and Dhananjaya envy and hatred for heroes. How then canst thou judge of merit and demerit ? The mighty weapons of Arjuna. O Salya. O Kama. thou dost not know. well known to me. so as well as I myself. .

Knowing as I do my own might. and Krishna's discus and the Garuda-bearing thou shalt banner. and a wretch amongst Kshatriyas. those two invincible warriors. Partaking of the nature and form of a snake. I will. I may pierce even the mighty mountains of Meru with it. as if Madrakas. generally those sayings formed part of their studies. the son of Devaki. and exceedingly awful. about the wicked Brahmanas also duly narrated the same things formerly in in course of fool. The and Vasudeva were sister and brother. it is poisonous and fierce and capable of killing large numbers of men and steeds and elephants of terrible form. Victory is Among all the sons of Pandu. and mean. Hold thy tongue. it is capable of piercing coats of mail and bones. Salya. In this I tell thee the truth. O the Madraka who 1 Kunti is mean in speech and is the lowest of mankind. T. Thou art a fool. fight with Vasudeva and Dhananjaya. Or. however. Those two tigers among men. A thousand Vasudevas and hundreds of Phalgunas. The Madraka He that hateth us is a Madraka. Overcome with terror. well-steeped dust. Arjuna's Gandiva and the ape-bearing banner. young and and women.:they are causes of delight. stationed together on the same car. Thou shalt. will cousins. it is Krishna in whom Prosperity is always established. like an enemy. will advance against my single self for battle.KABNA PABVA with wings. To me. thou ravings. That would be a feat worthy of me. I do not cherish any fear of the two Krishnas. There is no friendship in friends. Inspired with wrath. and persons arrived utter. old. Of all the heroes in the Vrishni race. behold to-day the nobility of my O lineage. their listless wanderings. Those two see. O Salya. inspired with rage. one of whom 1 is the son of the aunt and the other the son of the maternal uncle. . Listening to those sayings attentively. of evil disposition. why dost thou. Being a friend. Salya. O thou that art born in a sinful country. That shaft I will never shoot at any other person save Phalguna or Krishna. the sayings. the courts of kings. it is Partha in whom always established. Listen to it. that O Salya. inspire with fear only those that are timid. 1 shall. frighten me with these praises of the two Krishnas ? Either they two will slay me to-day or I will slay them two. thou art praising them for some reason not known to me. men. Born in a sinful country thou art wickedsouled. is always a hater of thou mayst forgive or rejoin. already passed into proverbs. utterest these and unskilled in the ways of great battle. slay. single-handed. be slain by me (with one shaft) and will look like two pearls strung together in the same string. Having slain those two first. amid sandal worshipped by me for long years. I shall then slay thee to-day with all thy kinsmen. in oil 107 It lieth and well-adorned. With that shaft. Hear from me.

how canst thou wish to declare restrictions. even with these words : As a Brahmana that assists at the religious ceremonies of a Sudra suffereth degradation. in respect of all their acts. as one that hateth Brahmanas always suffereth degradation. we hear. the son. thy poison I is nought. with men known and unknown. mingle together. In the Madraka land there is no friendship. is always untruthful and hath been heard by us that till the moment of death the Madrakas are wicked. Amongst the Madrakas all acts of friendship are lost as purity amongst the Gandharakas and the libations poured in a sacrifice in which the king is himself the sacrificer and priest. O Madraka. The Madraka is always the dirt of humanity. in their duct. the grand-son. slaves male and female. are generally very shameless and hairy and gluttonous and impure. are capable of being asserted of them by myself and others. always a person of wicked soul. homes. but vinegar I would not give. I would The young give him my husband. or listen to something further that will say. indulging the while in the freest speeches. how canst thou. and other kinsmen. at own will. even so a person by making an alliance with tne Madrakas becometh fallen. she scratches her hips and without being desirous of giving it. Knowing off this. cast their robes and those women that are not attached (to particular individuals) in the matter of intercourse of those owning any women. says these cruel words. (Amongst the Madrakas) the sire. They sing incoherent songs and mingle lustfully with one another. As there is no friendship in the Madraka. the mother-in-law. How then can virtue have a place amongst the Madrakas who are arrogant and notorious for all kinds of evil acts ? No one should make friends with a Madraka or provoke hostilities with him. 'Let no man ask any would give him my son. it is truly seen that wise men treat a person bit by a scorpion and affected by its poison. and that they do as they please without that being as thou art the child of one the duties of a little men ? When a Madraka woman is solicited for the gift of quantity of vinegar. The women of the Madrakas mingle. Madraka maidens. be a fit person for declaring the duties of men ? Those women that live and answer calls of nature like camels and asses. the It mother. companions. Those women dance. I 1 . the brother. With these mantras of the Atharvan hav e duly performed the rite of exorcism. from the crown of their heads to the tip of their toes. vinegar of that is me so dear to me. being as thou art the child of one of those sinful and shameless creatures. O their scorpion. so. intoxicated by spirits.108 MAHABHAEATA is Madraka crooked. Then again. strangers arrived at their homes. Of unrighteous conand subsisting upon fried and powdered corn and fish. These and many other things of a like nature. O learned I one. they laugh and cry having drunk spirits and eaten beef. hold thy tongue. I say. that.

O monarch. declared unto me in past times by my preceptor Rama. citing an example. People will to-day see or hear. as they are. covered with sweat. I am also the dear friend of the intelligent son of Dhritarashtra. that slain in battle. he should lie down on the Earth. I I by thee. Forbear to speak. viz." Salijas SECTION XLI advice to Kama continued Sanjaya said. For his sake. Like a deer. O thou that art born in a sinful country. recall to my mind imitate the excellent behaviour of Pururavas. that laid down their lives in battle. Prepared for rescuing the that I am now determined to Kauravas and slaying our foes. this. Kama has slain the two Krishnas. Observant am incapable of being frightened the end. of those lions among men. reasons.' Having said these the 'son of Radha. for these three ruler of the Madras. and being totally regardless of all duties ? It hath been heard by us that even this is the highest duty of a Kshatriya. applauded by the righteous. Salya. I do not. fearlessly saying. O O such words again. I shall then crush thy head with my mace that is as hard as the thunder. "Hearing. desirous as I am of heaven through Death. in a sinful country. these words of Radha's son who delighted in battle. behold the person in the three worlds that can. since thou beha vest towards us in everything like a foe. either that the two Krishnas have or that slain Kama words. I in such a way from shall not now slay thee fear ? O wretch amongst the and present thy car-case as an offering to carnivorous creatures. for the sake of Dhritarashtra's son. dissuade me from this purpose. Like a righteous man that is incapable of being led astray by atheists. O ruler of I the Madrakas. 109 would the Madrakas and the Sindhu-Sauviras know any- thing of duty. proceed. O thou that art born in a sinful country. it is evident that thou hast been tempered with by the Pandavas. knowing think. surely I am incapable of being dissuaded from this battle by hundreds of person like thee. who were kings whose coronal locks under- . thou art at liberty to weep or as I thirst. thou still livest. are my life-breaths and whatever wealth I have! As regards thyself. and for avoiding blame. 'I am born in the race of men who performed great sacrifices. indeed. O sire. That I should lay down (my life) in this clash of arms is my foremost wish. being born. once more addressed the king of the Madras. 'Proceed. all Why dost thou rave Madrakas. those unreturning heroes.KABNA PABVA How. know am of the duties of a Kshatriya. Salya once more addressed Kama. thou speakest If. who never retreated from battle.. being mlechhas in their practices. From regard for friend.

of flight. for which. O Kama. what would be heavy for the steeds and what exceedingly heavy for them. that oviparous creature from folly and words to be true. and all kinds of omens and indications. For all that. to this simile of a crow that I am about to narrate. certain swans of cheerful hearts of great speed and capable of going everywhere at will and equal unto Garuda himself in range and speed and curds. the fatigue and faintness. behold- ing those swans. 'O ranger of the skies. He had many sons whom he loved. the strength or weakness of the warrior (on my vehicle).110 MAEABHARATA went the sacred bath. made liberal gifts. the crow then. and milk. which weapons counteract which. and pure in habits and mind. The Vaisya boys. I innocent thy O thou of mighty arms. in me ill. from friendship. seemest to be like one that is intoxicated with spirits. He performed sacrifices. addressed the crow and said. I who am so nearly connected with this car. should be familiar with. and sugared milk with rice. and butter. He lived fearlessly in the dominions of a king that was guided by virtue. O thou that art destitute of intelligence and that art a wretch of thy race. remember the slightest fault virtue. I narrate this instance to thee once more. and honey. I am also myself devoted to the practice of Thou. Thus fed with the refuse of their dishes by the young children of that Vaisya. self. the extraction of arrows and the curing of wounds. the several methods of battle. O Vrisha.' Deceived by those children of little pride. the cries of animals and birds. thou mayst desire to slay my must tell thee what is for thy good and what is for acquainted as I am with both. The foolish crow at last challenged him amongst those birds of tireless wings whom . Listen. seek to cure thy erring and intoxicated self. at all times. and was kind unto all creatures. regarded their understanding. especially as I am the driver of thy car and desirous of the good of king Duryodhana. alighting in the midst of those swans capable of traversing great distances. I will. thou art superior to all winged creatures. thou mayst do what thou choosest. I do not. O Kama. came to that side of the ocean. being none else than its driver. was peaceful. a knowledge of the the refuse of the dishes set before those well-behaved young children Those Vaisya children always gave the crow meat of the Vaisya. Proud of the refuse of the children's dishes upon which he fed. the crow became arrogant and came to disregard all birds It chanced that once that were equal to him or even superior. For this. What land is level and what not. Having heard it. devoted to the duties of his own order. desired to enquire as to who amongst them was their leader. There lived on the other side of the ocean a Vaisya who had abundance of wealth and corn. of the steeds and the warrior weapons that are available. There was a crow that lived on (I am driving). O Kama.

' The crow having said these words. ye swans. only a crow. explaining all the different kinds of motion mentioned here. Many of his meanings. Tell us. and soaring high. to the words that the swan said. 1 The second I 2 . repeatedly finding fault with the words of that swan.' At these words. T. how thou shalt fly with us. Settling the kind of motion amongst yourselves. and whirling around. 111 us 1 compete in flight. saying. fly thou in any kind of course those crows that had been assembled there laughed aloud. in consequence of the foolishness of his species. different kinds of motion. Rising up. eyes. I by which of these motions shall course Point out duly. The crow said. The swans then. O line of 27 I read as it is in the Bombay edition. T. wilt doubtless fly the hundred and one different kinds of flight. however. and doing large distances in course of his O crow. O fool. and soaring straight. spoke. saying. Being. and amongst winged creatures we are always applauded for the going length of the distances we traverse. O crow. are fanciful if not unintelligible. that were capable of began to laugh.' The boastful crow. and rising up by the jerks. Nilakantha appends a learned note. the swans that had assembled there. through space. O son of Radha. those foremost of birds endued with great strength. and darting forward and soaring upwards with fiercer velocity. I shall display all those motions. With one of these different kinds of motion presently rise into the sky. having our abode in the Manasa lake. fly in that one kind of motion that all (other) birds know. and swooping down. fly displaying a hundred and one Doing every hundred Yojanas in a separate and beautiful kind of motion. know any other. and proceeding gently. and coursing straight. 'I shall without doubt. 2 these all I shall display in the sight of all you. however. one of the swans addressed him. do not render the last few kinds of motion as these are not very intelligible. I shall. do not. O crow. and once more falling down and wheeling in a circle and rushing proudly. addressed the crow. 'Let everywhere at will. Hearing those words of the raving crow. of going flight ? everywhere at challenge a swan endued with might. capable will. thou of red that thou likest. and once more proceeding * gently and then proceeding with great impetuosity. and performing the diverse courses up and receding back.KABNA PAEVA he regarded their leader. Listen. and diverse other kinds of motion. for The swan I As regards thee. at last gav e this answer. how canst thou. you will have to course with me. and advancing steadily. ye shall have to course with me through supportless space. saying. 'We are swans. We traverse the whole Earth. Adopting all those different motion. Ye shall then witness I shall my strength. 'Thou. and once again swooping down and whirling around and advancing steadily. as thou art.

And the crow thought within his heart as to where he should alight when tired. the crows that were there were loudly. thinking. that thou art now practising thee. filled with great joy and began uttering to caw more The swans also laughed in mockery. being as it is the abode of countless creatures. other to wonder (at his skill) and each speaking highly of his own achievements. crow. is irDwelt in by hundreds of monsters. And they began to soar and alight repeatedly. Men know. challenging each other. many remarks disagreeable (to the crows). he seemed to yield to the crow. The ocean. come. Kama. O crow. and about to sink. The swan. looked back at the crow. of the Nothing can exceed of its waters. the swan cast his eyes on him and waited. Beholding the diverse kinds of flight at successive instants of time. howev er.' (thy present motion) because of its hav ing been a mystery to us ? What is the name of this kind of flight. while the crow coursed in a hundred different kinds. therefore. 'Thou hadst repeatedly spoken of many kinds of Thou wouldst not speak of this flight while speaking on the subject. with that one kind of slow motion (with which he was familiar) began to traverse the skies. is evidently yielding' Hearing these words. upon that vast expanse of water. that the waters of the ocean are as limitless as space. causing each viz. Suta's son. Which amongst those diverse kinds of flight is this. 'Let the crow a great distance in a come The crow then. came up to the swan. And the swan flew and the crow also flew. that thou hast now adopted ? O Thou touchest the waters with thy wings and beak repeatedly. crow who became almost senseless at not seeing any island or trees whereon to perch when tired. up. crows. the (soaring) swan flew westwards with great veloThen fear entered the heart city to the ocean. exceedingly tired. here and there. O sire. it in depth. for I am waiting for . hav ing traversed moment. it is grander than space. O crow. : The at this. the swan proceeded in one kind of motion. Capable of going everywhere at will. And they uttered diverse cries indicative of their victory. that abode of Makaras. the swan addressed him in these words.MAHABHABA^A 'How will the swan with only one kind ?' of flight get the better 6f a hundred different kinds of flight the swan and the crow. what is a crow to it ? The swan. For the extent O O OKarna. and desirous of rescuing holding him in remembrance of the practices of good folks. and (though capable) could not leave him behind. quickly.' ? Come.. And they began to come down and rise up from tree-tops and the surface of the earth. disregarding the swans. "Then those two. Having transgressed the crow. rose into the sky. For a moment. said these words 'That swan amongst you which has soared into the sky. resistible. Behim succumbing.

said these words. as that crow. what thou hadst said in praise of thyself. took up with his feet. Kama. O lord. casting his eyes upwards at the swan. 'We are we wander hither and thither. saying. regarded myself as the equal of Garuda and I disregarded all crows and many other birds. I can. caw. fed on dishes the remains of others' dinners. 'Proud of the remains of others' upon which I fed. swan. and exhausted crow said unto the swan. fed upon the remainj of the dinners of the Vaisya children. adopted a life of peace and quiet. addressing the crow who was on the point of death. Thou. placing my life-breaths at thy hands. 'Remember. casting off the pride of might and energy. didst thou not slay Partha at Virata's city when thou hadst he O Why i advantage of being protected by Drona and Drona's son and Kripa and Bhishma and the other Kauravas ? There were. crying caw. not seeing the limit of that watery expanse with the effort of his crows. suddenly fell down. ye all were defeated with great slaughter by the 15 . fleet as the mind. replied. Oh. then. take me to the shores of some island. vanquished by the swan. If. and slowly caused him to ride on his back. disregarded his equals and superiors. the swan. the swan. disregard all thy equals and superiors. caw. Indeed. so dost thou.' 'Him that said so and was so melancholy and weeping and deprived of senses. that state 113 "Salya continued. Placing down that ranger of the sky on dry land and comforting him. very O much fatigued. him so drenched by the water and so disgusting to look at and trembling with fear. thou that art superior to me. alas. now. take me to the shores of the ocean with the wings and beak. proceeded to the region he desired. even. beheld in O by the swan. that art fed by the sons of Dhritarashtra upon the remains of their dishes. flight the Indeed. seek thy protection and place my life-breaths at thy hands. Oh. Oh rescue me now from this calamity. without a word. I will never again disregard anybody. O swan. like a pack of jackals defeated by a lion. I had. Thus was that crow. why then art thou tired and fallen down on the ocean ?' Overcome with weakness. O swan. addressed the latter. the swan. O crow. challenging each other. and sinking down in fatigue. the swan quickly returned to that island whence they had both flown. however. The crow. Beholding him fallen upon the waters of the ocean with a melancholy heart. the crow. 'Exceedingly afflicted.' The crow. therefore that wouldst fly a hundred different kinds of flight. him that was sinking in the ocean.KABNA PABVA with his wings and beak. uttering cries caw. the crow then. The words even were that thou wouldst course through the sky in a hundred and one different kinds of flight. I seek thy protection. return in safety to my own country. Having caused the crow whose senses had deserted him to ride upon his back. and touching the water thou of wicked soul. and seeking to gratify him.

was thou that. hast no ocular proof of those matters. stationed together on the same car. Thou. with hundreds of arrows.114 IfAHABHABATA diadem-decked Arjuna. with great slaughter. paineth me greatly to-day." SECTION XLII Kama Sanjaya said. the son of of Kunti and Pandu. deserting all the Kurus. of Rama that best of regenerate persons. and of Pandu's Vasudeva and the son son Dhananjaya. The skill of Saurin in the management of cars. had sought the protection of the swan. having listened unconvinced to these words of the ruler of the Madras. "The high-souled son of Adhiratha. stationed on that foremost of cars. however.' I dwelt. story). The curse. Forbear indulging in such boasts. when thou wert assailed by the Gandharvas. O Kama. it was Partha. O Kama. speaks of Curses on Himself. the son Pandu are well-known to me at this hour. As the crow (in the with intelligence. O learned one. Like the Sun and moon. thou shalt not then. those two foremost of all wi elders of weapons. By the skirts also of the Dwaitya lake. Soon wilt thou see. utter such speeches. Partha Thou that art a fire-fly. that liberated Duryodhana with his it wife. didst first run away. O Kama. do not. addressed Salya. . Thou didst frequently hear the words of Drona and Bhishma. O son of a Suta. do not think disrespectfully of Achyuta and Arjuna. that the two Krishnas are unslayable. O Salya. Rama himself. Kama. When thou shalt in battle behold V^sudeva and Dhananjaya. Those two best of presons are celebreted among the gods. the Asuras and human beings. it was thou that didst fly away first. When O will. 'art like a fire-fly among men. Having vanquished in battle the Gandharvas headed by Chitrasena. I have told thee a little only regarding those matters in which Dhananjaya is superior to thee like the Brahmana who is superior to all created beings. I shall fearlessly fight with the two Krishnas. then wilt thou behold the difference between thyself and Dhananjaya. speaking in the presence of all the kings. Kesava and Arjuna are celebrated for their resplendence. Those two high-souled persons are lions among men. Thou however. quell thy pride. 'That which Vasudeva and Arjuna are is well-known to me. saying. acting so do thou seek the protection of him of Vrishni's race. before the kings in the (Kuru) assembly spake of the great prowess of both Partha and Kesava. in the very sight of the Kuru heroes. however. what became of your prowess ? Beholding also thy brother slain by Savyasachin. think disrespectfully of those two resplendent luminaries. from folly. and the might and the high weapons of Arjuua. those two endued with great prowess.

I think. O Salya. I will slay in battle that scorcher mighty warrior accomplished in weapons. at the time of need. He amongst Hearing my words. Like the continent resisting the Ocean. The immeasurable Ocean. that worm. fierce. that great warrior possessing the highest weapons. that lord of all waters. and who is exceedingly 'terrible. Salya. I think.' I hav e forgotten that great weapon in this fierce and terrible battle. while he will be engaged in overwhelming (hostile) kings. having assumed the dire O form of a worm. his heart rage. On that occasion. by approaching my thigh and piercing it. The continent. that cruel and terrible hero. In consequence of the deception. that I will slay in battle that fierce bowman. thereon. that son of Pandu. however. in this world. then. by which thou hast obtained this weapon. holds and checks him. when the hour of thy death comes. truly informed him of myself. viz. saying that filled Suta. a pool of thick blood flowed from I my had I body. a Suta. desirous of obtaining celestial weapons from him. who is universal destroyer. Awaking. thar hero endued with activity. that fierce immeasurable energy. Brahma cannot certainly reside in one that is not a Brahmana. O Know. To-day.KABNA PABVA in the. beheld taken place. it will nev er.. In consequence of the piercing of my thigh. caused an obstacle. that hero like unto the Ocean's self of farreaching arrows. viz. I have that weapon (at least) under my control to-day with which I will be able to destroy large numbers of foes. Arjuna). did not move my what art. disguise of a 115 Brahmana with Rama in former days. Witnessing my patience he addressed Tell me. that terrible person whose energy is unbearable. that foremost of all drawers of the bow-string while he will be engaged in ceaselessly shooting his countless shafts equipt with goodly wings. I will to-day resist that mightiest of the mighty. saying. the chief of the gods wishing to benefit Phalguna.' For fear of (disturbing the slumber of) my preceptor limb. When my preceptor slept having laid his head thigh. that great resister of enemies. Behold today the fierce battle I fight with him that hath no equal. the Brahmana. who is accomplished. however. will burn many foremost of Kshatriyas. rusheth with fierce impetuosity for ov erwhelming of enemies. saying. Dhananjaya. that warrior whose promises are accomplished. 'and having shafts for his waves. was with O the Bharatas. occur to thy memory. destructive of heroes. cursed me. 'Thou art never a Brahmana. Salya. among men wielding the bow. approaching my began to pierce it through. the great ascetic. I will resist in fight the son of Kunti. Dhananjaya. capable of penetrating into every limb and none of which becomes futile. that bowman of innumerable creatures. that foremost of warriors.. who is an effectual smiter. however.. that mighty crusher. and that would v anquish the v ery gods united with . me truly who thou I O Salya. (viz.

thou hast said all these words unto me. that hero in fight. I shall to-day fight with Dhananjaya. that is ev en in wrath. There is none else save myself that would on a single car fight with that Pandava who resembles the destroyer himself. Desirous of he will approach me with his mighty and super-human weapons. that car. speak to me of Phalguna's prowess. of friends. will with Savyasachin who vanquished creatures including the very gods in the country called Khandava proud his weapons strike deep he is endued with great of hands he is conversant with steeds. that seems ready to consume the whole Earth. like that dispeller the darkness.116 the Aswras. What fight other man that desirous of sav ing his life. except all ? myself. thou art a detractor of one that is forgiving. . that is exceedingly difficult of his foes. I shall. he agitates vast hosts lightness he is regarded an Atiratha. Baffling his weapons with my own weapons in battle. Thou art cruel and mean and being thyself unforgiving. Scorching his foes like the Sun endued with ot fiery rays. that warrior who is always in the van and who is competent to meet all foes. extinguish the son of Kunti in battle. battle MAHABHAEATA Exceedingly proud is that son of Pandu. Though such. I shall. comLike the clouds ex- pletely shroud Dhananjaya today with my shafts. all-crushing. I shall. headed shafts I shall still the son of Kunti. like and blazing with flame a mass of clouds. Terrible is . Thou art of sinful deeds. I shall yet. fierce and smiting god of wind. being captured. Cursed art thou for thou art an injurer friendship is of friends. strike his head from off his trunk to-day. for the times. . that terrible snake of virulent poison. quence of my Crooked-hearted as thou that art. that is endued with keen fangs. with my sharp O Salya. but I forgive thee in conse- Thou forgiving disposition. a fool as thou and of foolish understanding. . I shall today overthrow that Partha with my own excellent shafts. and that always consumes ing the like a blazing fire that flames up Like Himavat bear- mighty. ever keepshafts. am of a sincere heart. that foremost of all wielders of bows in the world. owing to the excigency of the Like a fool thou hast. I shall resist in battle Dhananjaya. I can slay a hundred persons like thee. art a doer of disagreeable deeds. dost thou. Arjuna is .warrior who is conversant with all car-tracks. with my showers With my broadof arrows. bear the angry and vindictive Dhananjaya. because seven-paced. sake of Pandu's son. ing Death or victory in battle before me. Why however. I think. rebuked me and told me many disagreeable things. without moving. I myself will gladly speak of the prowess of Phalguna in the midst of art an assembly of Kshatriyas. tinguishing a blazing fire of great energy and smoke-mixed flames. no equal Today I shall fight in battle with that person who hath among men wielding the bow and who conquered the entire Earth.

now passing. O ruler of the Madras. and the king himself knows all on the other hand. He. and unwillingly killed while it a solitary forest. Arjuna will never be able to escape that weapon. I was then for giv ing him seven hundred elephants of large tusks and many hundreds of slaves male and female. Once on a time. Witness today my Behold today my excellent weapons. offered to give that Brahmana a thousand kine and six hundred bovine bulls. for the sake of victory. O Salya. be gratified. that weapon of immeasurable energy. hurl to-day at Partha. O Salya. I have all those attributes. horo of fierce prowess. or Vasav a himself armed with the thunder-bolt. in Collecting next full fourteen thousand kine.' From these words of the Brahmana I am experiencing great These kings of the Lunar race that are lords of (other people's) weal and woe. each calf I black grace hue and having a white was still unable to obtain the . and for the sake of God himself. or Varuna himself armed with his noose. I will to-day slay that celestial weapons. 'Since. or Kuvera himself armed with his mace. and wrongs us in diverse ways. who honours another. if only the wheels of for the sake of myself. chastises. sharpens his weapons. causes us to sigh. All these attributes are to be found in thee and tell thee that thou discoverest all of for the sake of doing them in me. I this.KABNA PARVA the hour that I is 117 to battle. who protects another. however. is a foe. becoming insensate. like an exceedingly infuriate elephant slaying an infuriate compeer. by shooting many it fierce shafts of terrible forms. who makes himself agreeable to another. that destroys. That foremost of Brahmanas would not still fear. the Brahmana would not be gratified. while wandering for the sake of practising weapons on my bow called Vijaya. On the other hand. Duryodhana hath himself come am solicitous of seeing his acting in such a ! way that it purposes achieved. I will with vigorous exertion. I Know this. The Brahmana then addressed me. I shall. who gladKuru king) dens another. my car do not sink into the Earth in battle to-day. For the sake of Duryodhana. would not take fright at Yama himself armed with his rod. called the Brahma. by my mind alone. heedlessly struck the calf of a (Brahmana's) Homa cow with one was wandering in of those shafts. art shows thee to have no friendship (for the He is a friend who shows affection for another. or at any other foe whatever that may approach for slaying me. I have no fear from Partha. and who rejoices in the joys of another. With even such a gift. fight with Partha and Vasudeva. the wheel (of thy car) will sink into the Earth while at the time of battle fear will enter thy heart. injures.. I shall encounter them both in to-day's destructive battle. Thou. saying. that I had. as also those that are human. thou hast slain the offspring of my Homa cow. O king. viz. for my v ictory. my Brahma and other feats. what is agreeable to thee. makes us cheerless. Therefore. nor from Janardana.

thou sayst many bitter things. once more addressed him.) thee. Important is the task that has now to be done for Dhritarashtra. to that which. A wealthy mansion full of every object of whatever wealth I had. but he refused to accept the gift. O Salya. whom thou wouldst be able to frighten in battle is some other Thou hast spoken many bitter words to me. person (and not myself) Therein lieth the strength of a person that is low. 'That which. He. That task. I would not still feel any fear. depends on me. saying these words. Do There is none not. for fear in battle. O Madraka. O Suta. O Salya. what need be said then of my fears from Pritha and Kesava ? I am incapable of being frightened by means of words alone. I know I thee that art rebuking " me Be silent now. for the preservation of virtue I do not venture to speak what is false. O Salya. For this. and hear what will presently say. I was born for displaying valour as also for achieving ! glory for affection. selves with If incapable of being all the gods them- Vasava would fight with me. Without a thousand Salyas I would vanquish my foes. again. A false speech would destroy creatures. still Though rebuked by thee all for friendship's sake. my own self ! For the sake of my friendship for thee. That compact should be observed. I tell O O Salya. I wished to give him with due worship. "That chastiser of foes. the Brahmana said.' . O Madraka. I have thus. It cannot be otherwise. in words. Unto me then that had offended and that had begged so importunately for his pardon. silencing the ruler of the Madras. Therefore. He that injureth a friend is sinful. hath been uttered by me is sure to happen. On heart. the other hand. It is for this that thou livest.' SECTION XLIII Kama rebukes Salya Sanjaya said. destroy the means of a Brahmana's support. I made a compact with thee that any disagreeable speeches thou mightest utter would be pardoned by me. the son of Radha. In answer instance. desire. thou hast I said unto me by way of thee that am frightened by thee in battle with thy words. and sin also would be mine. king thou livest a moment. thus monarch. Incapable of speaking of my merits. (for the sin of having slain a calf. disclosed this. for these three reasons thou still livest. It is for this that thou livest for the " present. viz.118 of that best of 'Brahman as. to the world that would be able to falsify my speech. for my and for thy being an ally. Accept those It will be thy atonement.. Before this. MAEABHARATA in fact. O thou of wicked Kama was never born.

without garlands and unguents. venerable "Kama ruler of presence used to kings of in years while reciting old histories. withabsent a thousand The sense seems still times. that was heard by me while it was recited in the of Dhritarashtra. In Dhritarashtra's abode the Brahmanas narrate the accounts of diverse delightful regions and many ancient times. drink. 1 Addressing many drunken exclamations to the fallen women among the Vahikas. and in all other matters they act as they like. On some very secret mission had among the Vahikas. "Unto the ruler of Madras.SECTION XLIV Kama "Salya said. O Kama. and boiled rice that walls of the houses in cities. inOf righteous practices they others. 'Listen with devoted attention to this. those impure people that are out of the pail of virtue. and that live away from the Himavat and the Ganga and Saraswati and Yamuna and Kurukshetra and the Sindhu and its five tributary rivers. the latter once said words that were twice bitter. laugh and dance outside the eat cakes of flour mixed with meat. a river of the name of Apaga." T. I would to be that "if thou wert vanquish the Pandavas. O the Madras. The practices of these people are very censurable. To this day the practice is observed. blames Vahikas and Madras These. 1 ' ' are ravings that thou utterest I regarding the foe. A foremost one among Brahmanas.* toxicated with drink and div ested of robes." said. Maddened with epithets. regards myself without a thousand Karnas able to vanquish the foe in battle. There is a town of the name of Sakala. In intercourse they are absolutely without any restraint. their own rice. blaming the Vahikas and Madrakas. As am who was more Sanjaya continued. They also eat beef with garlics. and eat fried barley with it. boil 9 Orthodox Hindus must boiled rioe from others. without purchasing T. and a clan of the Vahikas known by the name of the Jarttikas. they call upon one another. said these words. saying such disagreeable things unto Kama. is conduct of these people In consequence of such residence the well known to me. They also is bought from have none. of harsh features. I remember from the days of my youth that a slaughter-ground for kine and a space for storing to liv e intoxicating spirits always distinguish the entrances I of the abodes of the (Vahika) kings. They drink the liquor called Gauda. . using many endearing their husbands and lords. Their women. singing while drunken obscence songs of diverse kinds that are as musical as the bray of the ass or the bleat of the camel. 'One should always avoid the Vahikas.

viz. one that is. that (Vahika) maiden of large proportions. that liv ed amongst those arrogant women. and those five rivers 1 flow. even for a moment amongst the Vahikas that are so fallen and wicked. abstain from T. with streaks of jet black collyrium on their eyes. and their beautiful forms attired in blankets and skins and themselves uttering shrill cries When shall I be happy. and with those maidens and ladies of large proportions. the A king takes a sixth of the his Hence. One of those wicked Vahikas. sing and cry. There where forests of Pilus stand. is thinking of me. the young and old. When shall having many pleasant paths of Sami and Pi lu and Kariral on the I. the Satadru. and snatching beat them repeatedly ! What man is there that would willingly dwell. and so depraved in their practises ?' Even thus did that Brahmana describe the Vahikas of base behaviour. fall upon passengers. a sixth of whose merits and demerits * Hav ing said this. that pious Brahmana began once is thine. among the inhabiin vain!' How can tants of Sakala. with blazing circlets of red arsenic on their foreheads. in the ! company mules ! of those intoxicated ladies amid the music of drums and kettle-drums and conchs sweet as the cries of asses and camels and be amongst those ladies eating cakes of flour and meat and balls of pounded barley mixed with skimmed milk. it is interest to see them become righteous and merits and demerits of his subjects. her Vahika lover that is now passing his days in Kurujangala. a Rakshasa woman used to sing on every fourteenth day of the dark fortnight. and arriving at my own country. amid my own countrymen.120 MAHABHABATA out observing restrictions even on sacred days. saying. who happened to live for some days in Kurujangala. O Salya. however. O Salya. give themselves up to dancing. more to say what I am about to repeat respecting the wicked Vahikas.. sin. 'Alas. at the hour of her going to bed. in accompaniment with a drum. . the Vipasa. in the shall I When forests. dressed in thin blankets. Listen to what I say. burst out with cheerless heart. intoxicated with spirits. decked in -ornaments. mustering in strength their robes and attires high-roads. speak again to thee about what another Brahmana had said unto us in the Kuru court. having gorged myself with beef and drunk the Gauda liquor ? When shall I again. when shall I cast my eyes upon those beautiful women with thick frontal bones. gorge upon a large number of sheep and large quantities of pork and beef and the meat of fowls and asses and camels ? They who do not eat sheep live Even thus. must. virtue be met with I among such a people ? Thou shouldst know this. When shall I next sing the songs of the Vahikas in this Sakala town. Crossing the Sutlej and the delightful Iravati. In the large and populous town of Sakala.

how can they be converafter issuing the scriptures ? The Karashakas. Being of such low origin. and other peoples of no religion. and the Vitasa and which have the Sindhu removed from the Himavat. Those regions are without virtue and religion. Pitris. There is no food and no milk that they do not take. The people residing there are called the Vahikas.' sant with the duties ordained in thus did a Rakshasa woman of gigantic hips speak unto a Brahmana who on a certain occasion went to that country for bathing in a sacred water and passed a single night there. Vahikas that shouldst are steeped in ignorance this. They are not creatures created by the Creator. The gods. The> are 1 In Yugandhara all kinds of milk were Bold and taken. the Mahishakas. 16 . T. No one should go thither.' Thou know O Salya. having drunk milk in the town called Yugandhara.Vahikas. or the Vahikas gious. without sacrifice and without the power to assist at other's sacrifices.' who never perform sacrifices and are exceedingly irreli- That learned Brahmana had also said in the Kuru court. 'The Vahikas. again speak to thee had said unto me in the Kuru court. the Keralas. or those that are begotten by Sudras on the girls of other castes. are the countries called by the name of the Arattas. women were unchaste and the conduct For & resident it was impossible to escape the of the people irreligious. the 121 for their sixth. and bathed 1 There where the five rivers flow just in the spot called Bhutilaya 7 must. and resided in the place called Achyutasthala. again. The lowest of Brahmanas also are residing there from very remote times. The regions are called by the name of Arattas. without any feelings of revulsion. the and the Brahmanas. eat of wooden vessels having deep stomachs and earthen plates and vessels that have been licked by dogs and that are stained with pounded barley and other corn. I about what another Brahmana 'How can one go to heaven. No one drinking milk in that town could be sure that what he took was pure vaccine milk. In Bhutilaya. one should always avoid. never accept gifts from those that are fallen. The Arattaasses of milk. the ViraEven kas.KABNA PABVA Iravati. however. there was only one piece of water in which Brahmanas and Chandalas used to bathe together. In Achyutasthala. Thus Nilakantha. contamination. there among the Aratta. there in those regions Chandrabhaga. the Kalingas. no respectable person should dwell even for two days. The Vahikas drink the milk of sheep and camels and and eat curds and other preparations from those different kinds Those degraded people number many bastards among them. should be avoided. The Vahikas are the offspring of those two Pisachas. the Karkotakas. They are without the Veda and without knowledge. There are two Pisachas named Vahi and Hika in the river Vipasa. from the mountains.

that the sisters' sons of the O Arattas.' shall. The Prasthalas. ed even of these various countries know what religion is. Returning to the status of a Brahmana. never shall ye escape from the consequences of this dreadful sin. however. There I heard that one at first becomes a after that. become the their heirs. the races I have met will admit that to be true religion which has been declared by persons conversant with the Vedas. the Koshalas. upon which she cursed them. O Salya. Indeed. and then a barber. Observing our practices he became highly gratified and said unto us. Sinfully was she violated by them. 'I dwelt for a long time on a peak of the Himavat quite alone. O king. The Kauravas Matsyas. . again speak unto thee. Listen with close attention to what I say. saying. know what the eternal religion is. 'Since ye have sinfully v iolated a helpless girl fore. these all sinful irregularities this. become a barber. he would again become a slave. In former days a chaste woman was abducted by robbers (hailing) from Aratta. Never. 'Thou shouldst know all this. I howev er. the Sindhus and the Sauviras are almost as blamable in " their practices. Brahmana and then he becomes a Kshatriya. the Magadhas. said unto me again speak to thee about those ugly words that another regarding the Vahikas. the Madras. Since then I have seen diverse countries following diverse religions. those called Khasas. he would then again become a Having Brahmana. the Salwas. the are even such. the Vasatis. Travelling through various countries following various religions. the Naimishas. The wick- with the Panchalas. and the Chedis who are all highly blessed. become a Vaisya.' It is for this. Thou shouldst know O Salya. thereall the women of your families shall become unchaste. the Kasapaundras. amongst the Vahikas. I at last. came among the Vahikas. I shall. a Vahika would. falling off from like. act as they : Gandharas. howhave I seen all the people of a country act unrighteously. The gods never accept any gifts from them. All ever. of these practices. the Arattas. who am not without a husband. the Gandharas. The virtue. the Kalingas. and not their own sons. Ye lowest of men. destructive of virtue. Salya. and the Vahikas of little understanding Having travelled through the whole world I heard of Madrakas.' SECTION XLV Dwryodhana stops Bickerings between Kama and Salya "Karna continued. One person in a family becomes a Brahmana all the others. The Vahikas. Once on a time a Brahmana came to our house as a guest.122 all fallen MAHABHABATA and many amongst them have been begotten by Sudras upon other peoples' girls. add then a Sudra.

observing the practices of the country of the five rivers. . live without righteousness. while a Kshatriya's dirt.' 2 Madra women are the dirt of the whole female shasa. the residents of the Kuru and the Panchala countries. shall be thine thou do not abandon me. the priestly ministrations of Kshatriyas. dirt of however. while I shall. for thou never protcctest them. Beginning with the Matsyas. and the sex. Thou art not a sharer in their merits. Thou art the protector and king of that people. in are the dirt of eunuchs. the latter gave this answer. I will recite you. it to While sinking in the stream. said. cried fie on them. 'Eleemosynation is the non-observance of vows is a Brahmana's dirt. in all king. When even in the Krita age. Salya. they who their sacrifices. and. .KARNA PABVA 123 however. of again speak to thee. the oilmen are the dirt of the Mlecchas eunuchs are the dirt of oil- men . The words that follow are all very true. what would you now say to men in the world 7 1 Even thus did the Grandsire condemn the practices of the country of the five waters. Brahman had censured the practices of those fallen people of evil deeds who were begotten by Sudras on others' wives. therefore. the partaker of a sixth part of their merits and demerits. The sin of those again that avail of for their priests. Or perhaps. O Salya. T. like Knowing all these things. A Rakshasa of the name plunging in a tank. Listen to me. Thou shouldst know all this. 2 The sense seems to be that a Kshatriya subsisting on eleemosyso a Brahuiana living without nary alms is the dirt of all his order observing any vows is the dirt of his order. the Easterners follow the practices 1 The Bengal reading at the end of the second line is "who is there that would succeed in shaming them ?" T.' Ev en was declared by the Rakshasa to be the formula that should be used for curing a person possessed by a Rakshasa or one killed by the energy of a poison. and the Surasenas perform sacrifices. The Vahikas are the the Earth. hold thy tongue. The Panchalas observe the duties enjoined in the Vedas the Kaurav as observe truth the Matsyas . When all people were observant of the duties of their respective orders. 'The Mlecchas are the dirt of mankind : . This cannot be said of the Madrakas and the crooked-hearted race that resides in the country of the five rivers. matters connected with O religion and virtue. In days of yore. the Grandsire had to find fault with . king that protects is a sharer in the merits of his subjects. a king rescued the RakAsked by the former. Kalmashapada. these men. the Grandsire. A when the eternal religion was reverenced in all countries. . the pious among all races are conversant with the eternal truths of religion. of also of the this have the last named persons if Madrakas. the Naimishas as well and the other respectable peoples. thou art the partaker of a sixth part of their demerits only. O one deprived of utterance.

probably the Nilakantha makes a desperate attempt to explain away the T. the Southerners are fallen. 2 The . force of the passage. The Mountaineers. . The Guhyakas. the best of South that is is presided over by The West mountains.124 of the Sudras MAHABHARATA . 'The abandonment of the afflicted and the sale of wives and children are. the Angas. there is no sin that they have not. headed by Agni. adultery with the wives of their preceptors. dwell in the East. all O protects all creatures. the v iolation of the beds of their preceptors. The Vahikas resent beneficial counsels as regards the Madrakas there are none amongst those (mentioned abov e. ! old men among the Northerners. (without . lustful wanderings during the night out of Saurashtras are bastards. slaughter of kine. and the robbing of other people's wealth. but fails miserably. theft. otherwise called Janardana. among the gods. harshness of speech. The Pitris dwell in the The Yama of righteous deeds. prev alent amongst the Angas whose king thou 1 Literally T. know what religion is. So Rakshasas and Pisachas protect the Himavat. Panchalas comprehend from a half -uttered speech the Salwas cannot comprehend till the whole speech is uttered. tectors Without great king. 1 like the Sivis. having slain thee first. (For that the Vahikas hav e no especial pro. Vishnu.) The Magadhas are comprehenders of signs the Koshalas comprehend from what they see the Kurus and the . The Madrakas are regarded on Earth as the So the Madra woman is called the dirt of dirt of every nation. A high compliment to the Yavanas and the Suras. They that have for their practices the drinking of spirits. all these. the Kauravas. are omniscient . Many goods. Fie on the Arattas and the people of the country of the five rivers. " Do not let me slay Keshava and Arjuna. Do not seek to oppose me. art so.themselves knowing what virtue is) follow the practices of the pious. The Yavanas.) Thou. the Vahikas are thieves . the mighty Varuna who overlooks the other protected by gods there.' "Salya said. Mlecchas are wedded to the crea- Other peoples cannot understand. The north is protected by the div ine Soma along with the Brahmanas. O king. the Magadhas. . the whole female sex. the Naimishas. home. Know- own fancy. protect the mountains of dou bt. 'can with difficulty be made to understand the mean- ing. drunkenness. be silent.' 2 Greeks. what sin is there that they do not incur ? Fie on the Arattas and the people of the country of the five rivers Commencing with the Panchalas. the They that are defiled by ingratitude. ing this. Thou shouldst not reply to me. the destruction of the embryo by procuring miscarriage. are very stupid. the Suras are particularly tions of their so. and the wearing of other people's ornaments. the Matsyas. Gandhamadana. O Salya. O Kama.

that hero of great of the Panda v a forces like Maghavat great slaughter the Asura host. O Sanjaya. proceeded." energy made a Dhritarashtra said. 125 Recollecting those faults of thine that Bhishma recited on the occasion of the tale of Do Kama. Then Radha's son. he placed the eldest son of Pandu to his right. Everywhere may be found virtuous men. And he with the loud din of musical instruments. O Kama. viz. knows his own faults. Vaisyas and Sudras. how were pose his forces in -counter-array to all the the warriors stationed ? How also did the sons of Pandu dispose their army in counter-array to battle commence ? mine ? How also did that great and awful Where was Vibhatsu when Kama proceeded against .KABNA PABYA art. did the son of Radha dis- Pandavas headed by DhristaBhimasena. uttering leonine shouts and causing made the Earth to tremble And that chastiser of foes. Proceed. women of chastity and excellent vows may also be found everywhere. SECTION XL VI Battle Array and Counter Array of the Kauravas and Pandavas Sanjaya said. all those great bowmen inv indyumna and protected by cible by the very gods ? Who. his that hero in battle. once more urged " Salya. Striking Yudhishthira then with many slaughtering arrows. troops in counter-array. Brahmanas may be found everywhere Kshatriyas . so also O another. saying. There are men in " many countries that surpass the very gods by their behaviour. however. Kama. or knowing them. sire. men also may be found everywhere. "How. Lustful Everywhere are kings devoted to their respectiv e religions.' Sanjaya continued. Kama his car to produce a loud rattle. may be found everywhere Rathis and Atirathas. It cannot be. O also was quieted by thy son and forbore saying anything more. Everywhere men take delight in jesting with men and wounding one . "Then king Duryodhana stopped Kama and Salya (from going on with their wordy warfare). seemed to tremble in rage. addressing the son of Radha as a friend. No one. Every one on every occasion can command skill in speaking of the faults of others.. that all the people of a country are sinful. drive away thy wrath. stood in the wings and the further wings of our army ? Dividing themselves properly. Salya then faced the enemy. Duly disposing own O bull of Bharata's race. O Sanjaya. smiling. "Beholding then that unrivalled array of the Parthas made by Dhrishtadyumna which was capable of 'resisting all hostile armies. and employed in chastising the wicked. and beseeching Salya with joined hands. feels shame. not be angry.


Who could

succeed in assailing Yudhishthira in the

That Arjuna who had vanquished, single-handed in former days, all creatures at Khandava, who else that is desirous of life, save the son of Radha, would fight with him ?" Sanjaya said, "Hear now of the formation of the arrays, the manner in which Arjuna came and how the battle was fought by both
presence of Arjuna
sides surrounding their respective kings.

Saradwat's son Kripa,

O king,

and the Magadhas endued with great activity, and Kritavarman of Satwata race, took up their position in the right wing. Sakuni, and the mighty car-warrior Uluka, standing on the right of these, and accompanied by many fearless Gandhara horsemen armed with bright lances, and many mountaineers difficult to defeat, numerous as flights of locusts, and grim-looking as Pisachas, protected the (Kaurava) army. Four and thirty thousand unreturning cars of the Samsaptakas, mad with desire of battle, with thy sons in their midst, and all desirous of slaying Krishna and Arjuna, protected the left side (of the Kaurava army). On their left, the Kamvojas, the Sakas, and the Yavanas, with cars and horse and foot, at the command of the Suta's son, stood, challenging Arjuna and the mighty Keshava. In the centre, at the head of that host, stood Kama, clad in armour with beautiful coat of mail and adorned with Angadas and garlands, for protecting that point.
Supported by his

own angry


that foremost of


wielders of

weapons, that hero, shone resplendent at the head of the








The mighty-armed

Dussasana, possessed of

the effulgence of the sun or fire with twany eyes and handsome feariding on the neck of a huge elephant, surrounded by many


and stationed at the rear of the army gradually approached for Behind him came Duryodhana himself, O monarch, protected fight. by his uterine brothers riding on beautiful steeds and cased in Protected by the united Madrakas and the Kekayas of beautiful mail.

exceeding energy, the king, O monarch, looked resplendent like Indra of Aswatthaman a hundred sacrifices when surrounded by the celestials.

and many everthe very clouds and ridden by brave Mlecchas, followed behind that car-force. Decked with triumphal standards and blazing weapons, those huge creatures, ridden by warriors skilled in fighting from their backs, looked beautiful like hills ov ergrown with trees. Many thousands of brav e and armed with axes and swords, became the footunreturning warriors, guards of those elephants. Gorgeously decked with horsemen and carwarriors and elephants, that foremost of arrays looked exceedingly beautiful like the array of the celestials or of the Asivras. That great array, formed according to the scheme of Vrihaspati by its commander,

and the other foremost


mighty car-warriors,

infuriate elephants shedding temporal secretions like

well- versed in


seemed to dance (as it advanced) and struck terror into the hearts of foes. Like ever-appearing clouds in the season of rains, foot-soldiers and horsemen and car-warriors and


of battle,

elephants, longing



began to issue from the wings and furthat slayer of

ther wings of that array.
foes, that one hero in the

Then king Yudhishthira, beholding Kama
world, and said these words,

at the head of the (hostile) army, addressed Dhananjaya,


Arjuna, the mighty array formed by Kama in battle. The At looks resplendent with its wings and further wings.
vast hostile force, let such measures be adopted that

hostile force

sight of

may not

vanquish us.' Thus addressed by the king, Arjuna replied with joined hands, 'Everything will be done as thou sayest. Nothing will be otherdo that by which the destruction of the wise. I will, O Bharata, be compassed. By slaying their foremost of warriors, I will enemy may

achieve their destruction.'
"Yudhishthira said, 'With that view, do thou proceed against the son of Radha, and let Bhimasena proceed against Suyodhana, Nakula against Virshasena, Sahadeva against the son of Suvala, Satanika
against Dussasana, that

amongst the



Satyaki, against

the son of Hridika, and Pandya against the son of Drona. I myself Let the sons of Draupadi with Sikhandin will fight with Kripa.

amongst them, proceed against the rest of the Dhartarashtras. " other warriors of our army encounter our other foes.'
Sanjaya contiuned,

Let the

"Thus addressed by Yudhishthira the


ordered his troops (to do the needful) Dhananjaya himself proceeded to the head of the army. That car for which and the Leader of the universe, viz., Agni, who derives his effulgence from

Brahman, became the
gods as
belonging to
himself, that car


that car which was

Brahman because
in days


known amongst the first from Brahman
borne Brahriding on that



old had successively

man and

Ishana and Indra and Varuna one after another,

primeval car, Keshava and Arjuna now proceeded to battle. Beholding that advancing car of wonderful aspect, Salya once more said unto Adhiratha's son, that warrior of great energy in battle, these words 'Yonder comes that car having white steeds yoked unto it and owning
Krishna for
the troops,

driver, that vehicle


incapable of being resisted by all the inevitable fruit of work. * There comes the son
foes along the


way, he, that is, about been enquiring. Since tremendous is the uproar that is being heard, deep as the roar of the clouds, it is, without doubt, those high-souled ones, viz., Visudeva and Dhananjaya. Yonder

Kunti, slaughtering his

thou hadst



must be followed by





ascends a cloud of dust that overspreads the welkin like a canopy. The whole Earth, Kama, seems to tremble, cut deep by the circum-


ference of Arjuna's wheels. These violent winds are blowing on both sides of thy army. These carnivorous creatures are yelling aloud

and these animals are uttering fearful cries. Behold, O Kama, the and portentuous Ketu of vapoury form, making the hair to stand on end, hath appeared, covering the Sun. 1 Behold, diverse

kinds of animals, all around in large packs, and many mighty wolves and tigers, are looking at the Sun. Behold those terrible Kankas and those vultures, assembled together in thousands, sitting with faces towards one another, in seeming discourse. Those coloured yaktails

attached to thy great car are waving unquietly.*





Behold these thy beautiful



huge limbs and

great speed resembling



are also quivering.

From these portents, it is certain that kings, in hundreds and thousands, O Kama, deprived of life, will lie down on the ground for eternal The loud uproar of conchs, making the hair to stand on end, is sleep. being heard. The sound also of drums and cymbals, O son of Radha,
being heard on all sides, as also the whizz tof diverse kinds of arrows, and the din made by cars and steeds and men. Listen also,



to the loud

twang produced by the bow-strings of high-souled



O Kama,

those banners of Arjuna, that are equipt

and decked with golden moons and stars. Made skilful artists out of cloths embroidered with gold and of diverse by hues, they are blazing with resplendence on Arjuna's car as they are shaken by the wind, like flashes of lightning in a mass of clouds. Behold
with rows of
those (other) banners producing sharp sounds as they Those car-warriors of the high-souled Panchalas,

wav e




with flag-decked

standards on their vehicles, are looking resplendent, Kama, like the very gods on their celestial cars. Behold the heroic son of Kunti, the


unvanquished Vibhatsu (Arjuna) with that foremost of apes on his standard, advancing for the destruction of the foe. There, on the top of Pratha's standand, is to be seen that terrible ape, that enhancer of the fears of The discus, foes, attracting the gaze (of warriors) from every side.
the mace, the


called Sarnga

and the conch (called Panchajannya)

of the intelligent Krishna, as also his

Kaustubha, look exceedingly The wielder of Sarnga and the mace, viz., Vasudeva, beautiful in him. of great energy, cometh, urging those white steeds endued with the
fleetneess of the wind.


Yonder twangs Gandiva, drawn by Savyasachin.
sped by that strong-armed hero, are destroying

Those whetted


The malignant

known by

that name.


2 Another reading

"are blazing"


his enemies.


The Earth


with faces beautiful as the moon at

strewn with the heads of unretreating kings, full, and decked with large and

expansive eyes of coppery hue. There the arms, looking like spiked maces, with weapons in grasp, and smeared with excellent perfumes,

and contending with uplifted weapons, Steeds with eyes, tongues, and entrails drawn out along with their riders, are falling and fallen and deprived of life lie prostrate
of warriors delighting in battle

are falling.

lifeless elephants huge as mountain summits, torn, mangled, and pierced by Partha, are falling down like veritable hills. Those cars, looking like the changeful forms of vapour in the sky, with

on the Earth. Those

their royal riders slain, are falling


like the


cars of the

denizens of heaven upon the exhaustion of the latter's merits. Behold, the army is exceedingly agitated by the diadem-decked Arjuna, like

herds of countless cattle by a maned lion. There the Pandava heroes, advancing for the attack, are slaying kings and large numbers of elephants and steeds and car-warriors and foot-soldiers of thy army engaged
in battle.

and dust)
top of his


There Partha, shrouded (by friends and foes and weapons not to be seen, like the Sun shrouded by clouds. Only the standard may be seen and the twang of his bow string may be
art sure, O Kama, to behold today that hero of white Krishna for his driv er, engaged in slaughtering his foes Thou art sure of beholding him about whom thou hadst


steed with
in battle.


been enquiring. Today, O Kama, thou art sure to behold those two among men, both of red eyes, both chastisers of foes, viz., Visudeva and Arjuna, stationed on the same car. If, O son of

Radha, thou succeedest in slaying him that hath Kesava for his driver and Gandiva for his bow, then thou shalt be our king. Challenged

by the Samsaptakas, Partha now proceedetri against them. That mighty is engaged in making a great slaughter of his foes in battle.' Unto the ruler of the Madras who was saying so, Kama, in rage, said,
'Behold, Partha is assailed on all sides by the angry 5 amsaptakas. Like the Sun shrouded by the clouds, Partha is no longer visible. Plunged, into that ocean of warriors, O Salya, Arjuna is sure to

"Salya said,





with fuel
? is

Who is there

there that would slay Varuna with water, or that would seize the wind, or

drink off the ocean


regard thy act of afflicting Partha to be even incapable of being vanquished in battle by the very

gods and the Asura* united together and having Indra himself at their head. Or, suffer thyself to be gratified, and be of easy mind, having Partha cansaid those words (about thy capacity to slay Partha.

not be conquered in battle. mayst have in thy mind.

Accomplish some other purpose thou He that would uplift this Earth on



two arms, or burn all creatures in wrath, or hurl the gods from heaven, may vanquish Arjuna in battle. Behold that other heroic son of Kunti, viz., Bhima, who is never fatigued with exertion, blazing with resplendence, mighty-armed, and standing like another

With wrath ever
his injuries.

kindled and longing for revenge, Bhima of

great energy stands there desirous of victory in battle, and


There that foremost

of virtuous



Yudhisthira the

of being resisted

that subjugator of hostile towns, stands difficult by foes in battle. There stand those two tigers

among men, the twin Aswins, the two uterine brothers Nakula and Sahadeva, both invincible in battle. Yonder may be seen the five sons of Krishna, that have the features of Panchala princes. All of them,
equal to Arjuna in battle, are standing, desirous of
sons of Drupada, headed by

There the

Dhristadyumna, swelling with pride and heroes endued with great energy, have taken up their stand. energy, There, that foremost one among the Satwatas, viz., Satyaki, irresistible like Indra,

advanceth against



desire of


like the

destroyer himself in wrath before our eyes.' While those two lions among men were thus addressing each other, the two armies mingled
fiercely in battle, like the currents of the

Ganga and Yamuna."

The Encounter Begins


the two armies, duly arrayed, thus

mingled with each other for battle, O San jay a, how did Partha assail the Samsaptakas, and how Kama, the Pandavas ? Tell me the incidents
of the battle in detail, for

thou art

skilled in


Listening to

the accounts of the prowess of heroes in battle, I am never satiated." Sanjaya said, "Observing the vast hostile force stationed in that

manner, Arjuna arrayed his troops in proper form, in consequence The vast Pandava force then, teeming of the evil policy of thy son. with horsemen and elephants and foot-soldiers and cars, and headed

by Dhrishtadyumna, looked exceedingly magnificient. With his steeds white as pigeons, the son of Prishata, equal in splendour to the Sun or the Moon, armed with bow, looked resplendent like Death himself

embodied form.


the side of the son of Prishata.

sons of Draupadi, desirous of battle, stood by They were clad in excellent coats of mail,

and armed with excellent weapons, and


them were endued with

the prowess of tigers. Possessed of effulgent bodies, they followed their maternal uncle like the stars appearing with the Moon. Beholding the


standing in array, Arjuna, with wrath excited, rushed



against them, drawing his bow Gandiva. The Samsaptakas then, desirous of slaying Arjuna, rushed against Partha, firmly resolved on victory,

and making death their goal. That brave host of heroes, teeming with men, steeds, infuriate elephants, and cars, began very quickly to afflict Arjuna. Their encounter with Kiritin (Arjuna) became exceedingly furious. That encounter resembled the one that took place between Arjuna and the Nivatakavachas as we have heard. Partha cut off cars and steeds and standards and elephants and foot-soldiers engaged in fight, with shafts and bows and swords and discs and battle-axes, and uplifted arms with weapons in grasp, and the heads also of foes, by
thousands upon thousands. The Samsaptakas, regarding the car of Partha sunk it that of deep vortex of warriors, uttered loud roars. Partha,

however, slaying all his foes in front, slew those that stood further off, and then those that were on his right and his back, like Rudra himself in rage slaughtering all created things endued with life. The encounter
that took place between the Panchalas, the Chedis, and the Srinjayas,

with thy troops, was exceedingly fierce. Kripa and Kritavarman, and Sakuni the son of Suvala, those heroes difficult of defeat in battle, accompanied by troops that were all cheerful, themselves filled with

and capable of smiting down thick ranks of cars, fought with the Koshalas, the Kasis, the Matsyas, the Karusas, the Kaikayas, and the
Surasenas, all of

were possessed of great courage. That battle fraught with great slaughter, and destructive of body, life and sins, became conducive to fame, heaven, and virtue, in respect of the Kshatriya, the Vaisya, and the Sudra heroes that were engaged in it. Meanwhile the Kuru king Duryodhana with his brothers, O bull of Bharata's race, and supported by many Kuru heroes and many mighty Madraka
car- warriors, protected


Kama while the latter was engaged in battle with the Pandavas, the Panchalas, the Chedis, and Satyaki. Destroying that vast division with his sharp arrows, and causing many foreoff the

most of car-warriors Karna succeeded in afflicting Yudhishthira. Cutting armour, the weapons, and the bodies of thousands of foes and
slaying his foes by

thousands and sending them to heaven and making great fame, Kama caused his friends great joy. Thus, O sire, that battle destructive of men, steeds, and cars, between the Kurus and

them earn

the Srinjayas, resembled the battle between the gods and the Asuras of

The Battle rages
said, "Tell

Sanjaya, how Kama, having caused a great slaughtered penetrated into the midst of the Pandava were those troops, and struck and afflicted king Yudhishthira.




foremost of heroes among the Parthas that resisted Kama ? Who were they whom Kama crushed before he could succeed in afflicting


?" said,

stationedsfor battle, that crusher of foes,

"Beholding the Parthas headed by Dhrishtadyumna viz., Kama, rushed impetuous-

Like swans rushing towards the sea, the Panchalas, longing for victory, rushed as quickly against that highsouled warrior advancing to the encounter. Then the blare of thousands
against the


of conchs, as


piercing the heart by


shrillness, arose

from both
also of

and the

fierce peal also of

thousands of drums.

The sound

diverse musical instruments and the noise made by elephants and steeds and cars, and the leonine shouts of heroes, that arose there, became
It seemed that the whole Earth with her mountains and trees and oceans, the entire welkin covered with wind tossed clouds, and the whole firmament with the Sun, the Moon, and the All creatures regarded that noise to stars, trembled with that sound. be even such and became agitated. Those amongst them that were endued with little strength fell dead. Then Kama, excited with great

exceedingly awful.


wrath, quickly invoking his weapons, began to smite the Pandava army Maghavat smiting the army of the Asuras. Penetrating then into the Pandava host and shooting his arrows, Kama slew seven and seventy

foremost of warriors among the Prabhadrakas. Then that foremost of car-warriors, with fiv e and twenty sharp shafts equipt with goodly
wings, slew five and twenty Panchalas.

With many

cloth-yard shafts

equipt with wings of gold and capable of piercing the bodies of all foes, that hero slew the Chedis by hundreds and thousands. While he was

employed Panchala

in achieving those


feats in battle, large throngs of

him on all sides. Aiming Kama, otherwise called Vaikartana or Vrisha, slew five Panchala warriors. The five Panchalas, O Bharata, that he slew in that battle were Bhanudeva and Chitrasena and Senavindu and Tapana and Surasena. While the Panchala heroes
quickly surrounded

O king,



five irresistible shafts,

were thus being slaughtered with arrows in that great battle, loud cries of Oh and Alas arose from among the Panchala host. Then
ten car-warriors

among the




Panchalas, monarch, surrounded Kama. speedily slew with his shafts. The two protectors of




Kama's car-wheels, viz., his two invincible sons, O sire, that were named Sushena and Satyasena, began to fight, reckless of their very


eldest son of



the mighty car-warrior Vrishasena,

himself protected his father's rear. Then Dhrishtadyumna, Satyaki, and the five sons of Draupadi, and Vrikodara, Janamejaya, and Sikhandin, and many foremost warriors among the Prabhadrakas, and many amongst the Chedis, the Kaikayas, and the Panchalas, the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva), and the Matsyas, all clad in mail, rushed fiercely upon

Radha's son skilled in smiting, from desire of slaying him. Pouring upon him diverse kinds of weapons and thick showers of arrows, they began to afflict him like the clouds afflicting the mountain-breast in the
season of rains.

Desirous of

rescuing their father, the sons of





and many other heroes,


of thy army, resisted those

(Pandava) heroes

a broad-headed arrow the



Sushena, cutting off with Bhimasena, pierced Bhima himself

with seven cloth-yard shafts in the chest, and uttered a loud roar. Then Vrikodara of terrible prowess, taking up another tough bow and stringing it quickly, cut off Sushena's bow. Excited with rage

and as if dancing (on his car), he quickly pierced Sushena himself with ten arrows, and then pierced Kama, within the twinkling of an With ten other shafts, Bhima then eye, with seventy sharp shafts.

Bhanusena, another son of Kama, with his steeds, driver, weapons, and standard, in the very sight of the latter's friends. The sightly head of that youth, graced with a face as beautiful as the

Moon, cut off with a razor-headed arrow, looked like a lotus plucked from its stalk. Hav ing slain Kama's son, Bhima began to afflict thy troops once more. Cutting off the bows then of Kripa and Hridika's son, he began to afflict those two also. Piercing Dussasana with three arrows made wholly of iron, and Sakuni with six, he deprived both Uluka and (his brother) Patatri of their cars. Addressing Sushena next in these words, viz., 'Thou art slain.' Bhima took up an arrow. Kama, however, cut off that arrow and struck Bhima himself with three shafts. Then Bhima took up another straight arrow of great impetuosity and sped it at Sushena. But Vrisha cut that arrow also. Then Kama, desirous of rescuing his son, and wishing to make an end of the cruel Bhimasena, struck the latter with three and seventy fierce arrows. Then Sushena taking up an excellent bow capable of bearing a great strain, pierced Nakula with five arrows in the arms and
Nakula, then piercing his antagonist with twenty strong shafts capable of bearing a great strain, uttered a loud roar and inspired Kama with fright. The mighty car-warrior Sushena, however, O king,
the chest.
piercing Nakula

with ten


quickly cut


the latter's


with a razor-headed arrow.

Then Nakula,

insensate with rage, took



up another bow, and resisted Sushena in that battle with nine shafts. That slayer of hostile heroes, O king, shrouding all the quarters with showers of arrows, slew Sushena' s driver, and piercing Sushena himself again with three shafts, and then with three other broad-headed arrows, cut off his bow of great strength into three fragments. Sushena also, deprived of his senses in rage, took up another bow and pierced Nakula with sixty arrows and Sahadeva with seven. The battle raged fiercely, like that of the gods and the Asuras between those heroes striking one another. Satyaki, slaying the driver of Vrishasena with three arrows, cut off the latter's bow with a broad-headed shaft and struck his steeds with seven arrows. Crushing his standard then with another arrow, he struck Vrishasena himself with three arrows in the chest. Thus struck Vrishasena became senseless on his car, but within the twinkling of an eye, stood up again. Deprived of his driver and steeds and car standard by Yuyudhana ( Satyaki ), Vrishasena then, armed with sword and shield, rushed against Yuyudhana from desire of slaying him. Satyaki, however, as his antagonist rushed towards him, struck at his sword and shield with ten arrows equipt with heads like a boar's


Dussasana, beholding

Vrishasena made earless and wea-

ponless, quickly

caused him to ascend his



away from the
five sons of

caused him to ride another vehicle.

and bearing him The mighty

car-warrior Vrishasena then, riding on another vehicle, pierced the

Draupadi with seventy and Yuyudhana with five, and Bhimasena with four and sixty, and Sahadeva with five, and Nakula with thirty, and Satanika with seven arrows, and Sikhandin with ten, and king Yudhishthira with a hundred. These and many other foremost of heroes, O king, all inspired with desire of v ictory that great

his shafts.


the son of



monarch, continued to




in that battle, the invincible Vrishasena continued to

protect the rear of

driverless and steedless and

of Sini, hav ing made Dussasana by means of nine times nine arrows made wholly of iron, struck Dussasana with ten shafts in the forehead. The Kuru prince then, riding on another car that was duly equipt (with all necessary implements), once more began to fight with the

Kama. The grandson

Panda v as, from within the division of Kama. Then Dhristadyumna pierced Kama with ten arrows, and the sons of Draupadi pierced him with three and seventy, and Yuyudhana with seven. And Bhimasena pierced him with four and sixty arrows, and Sahadeva with seven. And Nakula pierced him with thirty arrows, and Satanika with seven. And the heroic Sikhandin pierced him with ten and king Yudhishthira with a hundred. These and other foremost of men, O monarch, all
inspired with desire of victory,

began to grind that great bowman,


the Suta's son, in that dreadful battle.


chastiser of

foes, viz.,

every one of those warriors with ten arrows.


the Suta's son of great heroism, performing quick evolutions with his
car, pierced




king, witnessed the lightness of hand displayed by the high-souled Kama and the power of his weapons. Indeed, what we saw appeared to be highly wonderful. People could not notice when he took up his

when he aimed them, and when he let them off. They only beheld his enemies dying fast in consequence of his wrath. The sky, the firmament, the Earth, and all the quarters, seemed to be entirely

shrouded with sharp arrows. The firmament looked resplendent as if covered with red clouds. The valiant son of Radha, armed with the bow, and as if dancing (on his car), pierced each of his assailants with thrice as many arrows as each of them had pierced him with. And once more piercing each of them, and his steeds, driver, car, and standard with ten arrows, he uttered a loud roar. His assailants then gave him a way (through which he passed out). Having crushed those


bowmen with showers

of arrows, the son of Radha, that crusher

of foes, then

penetrated, unresisted, into the

midst of the division

commanded by
sharp arrows.

the Pandava king. Having destroyed thirty cars of the unreturning Chedis, the son of Radha struck Yudhishthira with many

Then many Pandava warriors, O king, with Sikhandin and Satyaki, desirous of rescuing the king from the son of Radha, surrounded the former. Similarly all the brave and mighty bowmen of thy
resolutely protected the irresistible



that battle.


noise of diverse musical instrument arose then,



and the leonine

shouts of brave warriors rent the sky.


the Kurus and the Panda-

vas once more fearlessly encountered each other, the former headed by the Suta's son and the latter by Yudhishthira."

Retreat of the Division of Yudhishthira and Rally of


Sanjaya said, "Piercing through the Pandava host, Kama, surrounded by thousands of cars and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers, rushed towards king Yudhishthira, the just. Cutting off which hundreds of fierce shafts the thousands of weapons sped at him by his foes, Vrisha
Indeed, the Suta's son cut off fearlessly pierced through that host. the heads, the arms and the thighs of his enemies, who deprived of life, fell down on the Earth. Others, finding their divisions broken, fled

away. The Dravida, the Andhaka, and the Nishada foot- soldiers, urged on by Satyaki, once more rushed towards Kama in that battle, from desire of slaying him. Deprived of arms and head-gears, and slain by


with his




down simultaneously on

the Earth, like

a forest of Sola tree cut


down (with the axe). Thus hundreds, thousands and ten thousands of combatants, deprived of life and filling the

whole welkin with their fame, fell down with their bodies on the The Pandus and the Panchalas obstructed Karna, otherwise called Vaikartana, who careered wrathf ully in battle like the Destroyer himself, even as people seek to obstruct a disease with incantations and drugs. Crushing all those assailants. Karna once more rushed towards Yudhishthira, like an irresistible disease unchecked by incantations and drugs and (propitiatory) rites. At last checked by the Pandus, the Panchalas, and the Kekayas, all of whom were desirous of rescuing the

Karna could not succeed

in passing

them over


Death that


unable to vanquish persons conversant with Brahma. Then Yudhishthira, with eyes red in wrath, addressed Karna, that slayer of hostile heroes, who was held in check at a little distance from him, and said these words 'O Kama, O Karna, O thou of vain sight, O son of aSuta, listen

Phalguna in battle. thou always seekest to oppose us. Mustering thy great prowess, show thou to-day all thy might, all thy energy, and all the hatred thou bearest towards the sons of Pandu. To-day in dreadful encounter, I will purge thee of thy deHav ing said these words, the son of Pandu, O king, sire for battle.' Karna with ten shafts made entirely of iron and equipt with pierced wings of gold. That chastiser of foes, and great bowman, viz.,




Thou always

challengest the

acti v e

Obedient to the counsels of Dhritarashtra's


the Suta's son,


in return, with ten

Bharata, pierced Yudhishthira, with the greatest care, arrows equipt with heads like the calf's tooth. Thus

sire, the mighty-armed Yupierced by the Suta's son in contempt, blazed up with wrath like a fire upon receiving butter. dhishthira, Bending his formidable bow decked with gold, the son of Pandu placed



string a whetted arrow capable of piercing the very hills. the bow to its fullest stretch, the king quickly sped that arrow, Drawing fatal as the rod of the Destroyer, from desire of slaying the Suta's


Sped by the king endued with great might, that arrow whose whizz resembled the noise of the thunder, suddenly pierced Karna, that mighty car-warrior, on his left side. Deeply afflicted by the violence of that stroke, the mighty-armed Karna with weakened limbs, fell

swoon on his car, his bow dropping from his hand. Beholding Karna in that plight, the vast Dhritarashtra host uttered cries of Oh and Ainu, and the faces of all the combatants became colourless. Beholding the prowess of their king, on the other hand, O monarch, amongst the Pandavas, leonine roar and shouts and confused cries of joy arose. The son of Radha, however, of cruel prowess, recovering his senses soon enough, set his heart on the destruction of Yudhishthira. Drawing his formidable bow called Vljaya that was decked
into a

endued with great activity. encompassed him on all sides. Kama. and the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva) and Bhimasena and Sisupala and the Karushas. The high-souled Karna. the Kaikayas. however. Karna invoked into existence the Brahma weapon and filled all the points of the compass with arrows. with those sharp shafts the armour of his antagonist. however. and laughing the while. rushing towards Karna. the Suras. The Pandava heroes. Thus assailed on all sides by the foremost of Pandava warriors. Yudhishthira. that great bowman. armed with diverse kinds of arrows 1 and diverse weapons and accompanied by cars and elephants and steeds. looked beautiful. The bow inflicted a cutting son of Adhiratha then. That armour. that armour. fallen off from the body of that foremost of men. wrathfully hurled at the son of Adhiratha a dart made wholly of iron. standing by the side of Yudhish- looked resplendent like the constellation Punarvasu by the moon. adorned with costly brilliants. that forest of like a wind.KABNA PABVA 137 with gold. the two Yudhishthira. Matsyas. Yudhishthira. and again pierced him with sixty arrows and then uttered a loud shout. The heroic Karna then. That stars. all these brave heroes. Then many foremost heroes amongst the Pandavas. laughing and shaking his wound on the king's body with a broad-headed arrow. And he pierced every one of the protectors of Kama with three side of the straight arrows. assailed Vasushena. rushed in wrath towards Karna and began to grind their arrows. from desire of slaying him. With a couple of razor-headed arrows he slew in that encounter Chandradeva and Dandadhara. Karna cut off. cut (into pieces) that blazing dart. The Panchala prince Janamejaya then pierced Karna with many arrows. cut off the bow of that foremost of men. desirous of him with rescuing the king. as it coursed through the welkin. bespangled with His armour cut off with those arrows.. like unto a blazing fire hav ing shafts for its scorching flame. careered in battle. decked with gold and set with gems. the Suta's son of immeasurable soul began to resist the son of Pandu with his sharp shafts. Satyaki and Chekitana and Yuyutsu and Sikhandin and the sons of Draupadiand the Prabhadrakas. aiming some mighty weapons. each with three thirty arrows. the Kasis and the Kosalas. Panchala princes. 18 . arrows. the son of Pritha. burning Pandavas troops. as it fell down. Then aiming ninety straight arrows within the twinkling of an eye. viz. 1 I do not render the names of the several kinds of arrows mentioned here as those names have in several instances been rendered before. looked beautiful like the firmament in the night.tossed cloud penetrated by the rays of the Sun. Indeed. thira's car. that protected the two car wheels of the high-souled Each of those heroes. covered with blood. with seven shafts. once more pierced Karna with And he struck Sushena and Satyasena.

And the sons of Draupadi. the fish. warrior Satyaki. son of Kunti. but thou like us. or thither where those two. riding on another car unto which were yoked those steeds. seize this best of Salya addressed him and said. filled Thus did Yudhishthira began to turned his face and began to fly. and the mighty caraway. Go back to thy quarters. cheerless and unable to stay before Kama. That ruler of men. fight again. he will reduce both thee and me kings. and observant though thou art of in disparagingly. setting Yudhishthira free. ThereEarth. and the latter. O Do battles. repeatedly uttered loud shouts. the son of Pandu. not use harsh language towards heroes and do not come to great Thou mayst use such words. indeed. the Panchalas. Kshatriya duties. The son of Radha then. Kama will never slay one like Having said these words unto the son of Pritha. Then Kama. addressed the 'How.' O Then Kama. devoted to the study of the Vedas and the performance of sacrificial rites. thus cut off MAHABHABATA Then Yudhishthira. Yudhish- thira. the hook. By using such thou wouldst in battle meet with this words towards persons and other kinds of behaviour. all followed that monarch of unfading glory. Indeed. and desired to seize him by force. and the twin sons of Madri by Pandu. the Pandavas. and the Suras. Endued with Brahma force. upon blood spouted forth from the wounds of Kama. fell down on the striking Kama with four lances in his two arms and forehead and chest. And he also cut off the couple of quivers (that his foe had) and the car (he rode) into minute fragments. (viz. O king. and do not again approach brave warriors. with rage and breathing like a snake. Do not. began to slaughter the Pandava host like the wielder of the thunderbolt slaughtering the A sura host. the umbrella. O sire. shouldst never address persons like us in that way. indeed. Thereupon the king. viz. the mighty Kama. the flag..' are. O son of Kunti.) then. quickly fled away the Chedis. laughing son of Pandu and thus spoke unto him born though thou art in a noble race. desiring to save thy life ? I think that thou art not well-acquainted with the duties of Kshatriyas. Beholding the king flying king. 'Do not. His Parshnl driver had been slain. pursuing Yudhishthira. thou art. As soon as thou seizest him. cut off his antagonist's standard and pierced the Panda v a himself with three broad-headed arrows. to ashes. towards others. Kesava and Arjuna. with those shafts of great bowman. He became exceedingly retreat. that used to bear him (to battle). wouldst thou leave the battle in fear.. He then remembered the words of Kunti.138 dart. thee. cleansed himself by touching him in the shoulder with his own fair hand (the palm of which was) graced with the auspicious signs of the thunder-bolt. O king. mockery. also followed the king. the tortoise. Beholding the division of Yudhishthira retreat- O . and the conchshell. white as ivory and having black hair on their tails.

and footsoldiers with foot-soldiers. speedily slew one another. and steeds Indeed. And with arrows. with which those bands of heavenly choristers continually greeted the newly arrived heroes slain in hundreds and thousands by brave enemies on Earth. slain by hostile heroes in that dreadful clash. heroes. heads that were adorned with large and expansive lotus or the moon. those lords of Earth. Looking like the mountain-summits in consequence of their uneven backs. Then king Yudhishthira the filled just. and the noise made by and the clash of weapons. with cheerful hearts. Strike. striking one another.KABNA PARVA ing. And in consequence of the showers of cars and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers. placing them on celestial cars. thus commanded by the king. with steeds.warriors of cars and life. and large bands of foot-soldiers. with their armour. arose from among the Dhartarashtra troops. Car-warriors with weapons loosened from their grasp. and deprived by (hostile) car. 'Slay these enemies. O thou of Kuru's race. commanded them. they repaired on those vehicles (towards the region of Indra). along with their heroic riders. headed by Bhimasena. highly glad with all the Kurus and began The din of battle-drums and conchs and cymbals and bows. all rushed against thy sons. Carwarriors fought beautifully with car-warriors in that battle. deprived of life. covered over the field. Face the foe. and adornments all torn and broken and displaced. Witnessing with their own eyes those wonderful sights. and elephants with elephants. in consequence of the sound of music and song proceeding from large bands of Apsaras on their celestial cars. fell down in thousands. and actuated by the desire of going to heaven. began to behold the prowess of Kama. and addressing warriors. Thousands of steeds. O Bharata. The Earth became covered with the heads of heroic combatants intoxicated with battle. deprived of in consequence of those life. quickly riding on the car of Srutakirti. fell down like mountains riven by thunder. became with rage. when that battle. seeing his troops fast his slaughtered. Meanwhile Yudhishthira. huge elephants with their riders. of the warriors (of both hosts). Indeed. fell down on the Earth. destructive of elephants and . became tremendous. And eyes of coppery hue and faces as beautiful as the people heard noises as loud in the sky as on the surface of the Earth. saying. equipments. shafts shot by them a shadow as that of the clouds seemed to spread rulers of men. were the words Exert. and leonine shouts. deprived of life and limbs. they became divested of banners and standards and umbrellas and steeds and drivers and weapons in that battle. Why are ye inactive ?' Then the mighty car-warriors of the Pandavas. 139 the heroic Kama became to pursue the retreating force. The shouts then. and with which. that the combatants addressed to one another as they began to slay one another in that dreadful battle. fell down.

headed by rushed impetuously against that army already beaten. O king. The combatants dragged one another by their locks. their armour and weapons and robes all became bloody. Indeed. Beholding the impetuosity of that rush of the Panda v a heroes to be irresistable. the touch. the field became covered with the dust raised by the troops. With the odour. the welkin. all the combatants. became very cheerless. O bull of Bharata's race. and robes and armour. the firmament. even like a herd of elephants in the forest afflicted by lions. and some sank in it and some rose above its surface as they swam through it. in that vast host teeming with men. floated the bodies of men and steeds and elephants. Smeared all over with blood. raged on from the bodies of (slain) human beings and steeds and elephants. became miry with flesh and exceedingly terrible. Some bathed in it and some drank the liquid and some became strengthless. And that current carried away a large number of dead bodies of elephants and steeds and men. The Bhimasena and Satyaki. and all the points of the compass. fled away in all directions. and combatants that were slain. Cars and steeds. once more Panda v a heroes then. that host of thine. and men and elephants and weapons and ornaments. Then enemies slew enemies and friends slew friends. teeming with cars and steeds and elephants and men no longer in compact array. and elephants." . And on that current. steeds. Indeed. a river of blood ran fraught with carnage of elephants and steeds and men. some combatants forded it and some remained on the other side. and fought one another with bare arms in that fierce battle battle. and struck one another with clenched fists. Impelled by the desire of victory. O Bharata. as that so fiercely. the taste. bit one another with their teeth. the vast force of thy sons. And some plunged into its depths. raged in this way. Indeed. or about to be slain and the Earth. tore one another with their nails. became red. that river formed by the blood of men and steeds and elephants and horsemen and elephant-men. destructive of both life and sins. almost and the exceedingly red sight of that blood and its rushing sound. inspiring the timid with terror.140 steeds MAHABHABATA and men. with armour and coats of mail displaced and weapons and bows loosened from their grasp. whilst being agitated by the enemy. turned its back on the field.

and set his heart on the destruction of Karna. is such that it seems he is capable of resisting the three worlds united together. O Then one of the wings of the army and its king. I shall today reach the end of that woe. the mighty-armed son of Pandu. Addressing the heroic Prishata. saying. that delighter in battle. "Beholding the Pandav a heroes rushing impetuously monarch endeavoured to check host. Karna. Thus urged by ing Salya. thy son cried at the top of his voice. Dhartarashtra force with all its kings flying away. Without doubt. those steeds approaching the car of Bhimasena. making Beall the points of the compass resound with a loud leonine shout. towards the spot where Vrikodara was. of the hue of swans. the puissant king of the Madras addressed the Suta's son in the following words. Having said these words. he said. In my sight have bull of Bharata's race. excited with rage. cheerful Today make over the king sacred pledge. that delighter in battle. the son of Suvala. Beholding Bhima. Today. Never upon before did I see him assume such a form. Meanwhile. With difficulty he escaped from a situation of great peril before my very eyes. 'Proceed towards the car of Bhima. he is desirous of vomiting thee that wrath which he has cherished for many years. 'Behold. either in dreadful battle. Although.SECTION L Bhima Comes Upon Karna San jay a towards thy said. addressed the ruler Thus adof the Madras. advancing quickly. by Radha's son of wicked soul. however. Filled with wrath. the form is filled he hath now assumed endued with the splendour of the all-destroying fire at the end of the Yu^a. or I he will slay thee truly. as I tell I shall slay Karna in battle.' these words unto the son of " Sanjaya continued. not even when Abhimanyu was slain and the Rakshasa Ghatotkacha. beholding the the warriors of his army on all sides. still refused to stop. his flying troops. O O bull of Bharata race. O son of me you to Prishata. for Duryodhana's gratification. 'Go you to protect king Yudhishthira of virtuous soul. Duryodhana. beholdwith rage. the mighty-armed Bhima proceeded towards Adhiratha's son. Bhima. the ruler of the Madras began to urge those foremost of steeds. "Salya said. "While the ruler of the Madras was saying Radha. Karna also. and Sakuni. further wing. the son of Radha laughingly said unto Salya these . of O Satyaki and Dhrishtadyumna. approaching him in that way. came upon Karna.' dressed by Karna. 1 With hearts exert ye today for protecting the king. O who with rage. mingled Karna approach. Vrikodara. that ornament in filled of battle. holding Bhima. and the Kauravas well armed against Bhimasena in that battle. the son the armour and robes of the king been cut off and torn. became battle.

viz. Thus pierced by the Suta's son. filled with rage. He is is me O ruler of the Madras. and in strength of limbs he is superior to all. for doing what was agreeable to Draupadi. Then Vrikoking. There rose then the blare of trumpets and the monarch.' Thus addressed. or he will slay me.. began to scatter thy troops difficult of deBhimasena. That desire mine may be fulfilled today in consequence of my encounter with Bhima. And once more. O Kama. O king.. BeBhima coming towards him. will be accomplished.142 words. This desire.' Sanjaya continued. viz. with his sharp and polished shafts. 'The MAHABHARATA words that thou. relying then on the might of his bare armes. Kama. ' Setting thy heart on battle proceed to the spot where Vrikodara is. 'O thou of mighty arms. proceed against Bhimasena of great might. to spoken Vrikodara regarding Bhima. pierced the Suta's son with many keen Karna pierced him with five and twenty arrows. filled O and awful. was engaged in routing thy army. If I slay Bhima or make him earless.' Hearing these words of Radha's son of immeasurable energy Salya replied. hath been cherished through all my days. I tell the truth. Karna of immeasurable soul. otherwise called Vaikartana holding or Vrisha. O peal of drums. Then Kama. Kama once more said unto Salya. to all sides. That which is thy purpose. that either of I shall slay Arjuna or Ar juna will slay me. This ready to engage in battle with the Destroyer armed with uplifted mace. and knowing full well what the dara. with a number of arrows. Partha may come against me. While leading a life of concealment in the city of Virata. struck him with shafts in the centre of the chest. brave and is a hero full of wrath. however. Salya speedily proceeded on that car to the spot where that great bowman. O monarch. And he once more pierced Karna with nine straight and keen shafts. saying. That collision in battle. he pierced him once again in the centre of the chest with a shaft of great keenness and capable of penetrating every kind of armour. that desire which for many long years thou hast cherished in thy heart. hast to-day O lord. "Then. at the head of battle clad in mail and insensate with wrath. taking up another bow. between Karna and the son of Pandu became. feat. He is reckless in protecting his body. when Bhima and Karna met. Having checked Bhimasena. and the noise that arose was tremendous. Settle that without delay which thou thinkest to be suitable to the hour. Bhima. thou mayst then obtain Phalguna. The mighty with rage. Then the body are. O vital parts of arrows. he Even he stands to-day secretly slew Kichaka with all his relatives. Cut in king. are without doubt all true. like a . fierce twain Bhima's bow at the handle. And after cutting off his bow. covered him with a shower of arrows. Bhima covered the former with winged arrows. 'Either I shall slay Arjuna in battle. That will be well for me.

what did my son Duryodhana next Sanjaya said. capable of bearing a great strain. insensate with wrath. beholding the Suta's son deprived senses. that commander (of thy forces). Kama. O monarch. Bhimasena began to rout the vast ruler of the The Dhartarashtra host like Indra routing the Danavas. sat down senseless on the terrace of making a noise loud as that of the thunder." SECTION Bhimasena Dhritarashtra that feat. that shaft. the Suta's son. used very often to say unto me. endued with great energy and might. eyes red with rage and the desire of revenge. those princes. Struck by Bhimasena. and competent to pierce the very mountains. pierced his car. the son of the Windgod. filled end of Kama. and Dhanurgraha and Durmada and Jalasandha and Sala and Saha. bore that ornament of battle away on his car. Forcibly drawing the bow-string to his very ear. rushed towards him like insects towards a blazing fire. and protect the son of Radha who is plunged into that fathomless ocean of calamity represented by the fear of Bhimasena. O Suta. that son of Radha now do?" defeated by Bhima in battle. Surrounded by large car-force. There is only one person. saying. They were Srutarvan and Durddhara and Kratha and Vivitsu and Vikata and Soma. fixed on his bow an excellent shaft of great impetuosity. Beholding. with wrath and desirous of making an Thus sped by the mighty Bhima. O perpetuator of Kuru's race. 'Go ye quickly. sped that shaft. thy son. said. approached Bhimasena and encompassed him on all . who will slay the Panda v as along with the Srinjayas even this is what Duryodhana. that great bowman. of his fight. viz. his of blazing brands. addressed his uterine brothers. the son of Pandu. and impelled by the desire of slaying the Suta's son. blessed be ye. excited with wrath and desirous of slaying Bhimasena. from that Then after Kama's defeat.' Thus commanded by the king. and Nishangin and Kavashin and Pasin and Nanda and Upanandaka. a LI Furious Fights O Sanjaya.KABNA PABVA number 143 hunter striking a proud and infuriate elephant in the forest with a His limbs mangled with those shafts. through Kama in that battle.. and Duspradharsha and Suvahu and Vatavega and Suvarchasas. which was achieved by "Exeedingly difficult of accomplishment was Bhima who caused the mighty-armed Kama himself to measure his length on the terrace of his car. "Beholding Radha's son of the Suta caste turned back from the fight in that great battle. like the thunder-bolt itself piercing through a mountain. however. those princes. Madras then.

return with seven shafts sped from his bowThen Kama. Those steeds. monarch. utterwith dense arrowy downpours ed a loud shout. I became very curious to observe the course of the battle. thereupon fell down on ing like a couple of celestial youths. Kama and the son of Pandu in battle. the (other) O lord. Oking. Thus cut off that prince fell down on the sons of thine that then. Loud cries of woe then. that prince fell down on the Earth. filled with rage. terrible prowess. shrouded the of arrows. O monarch. pierced Bhima with nine broad-headed and straight arrows made entirely of iron. Then Bhima. once more urged his steeds of the hue of swans to that place where the son of king. Pandu was. the Earth O without losing a moment. the troops thus slaughtered.warriors close with each other. became. then despatched Nanda and Upananda in that battle to Yama's abode. of v irulent poison.warriors with five hundred others. with showers of winged shafts in the very sight of thy sons. struck off the head of Vivitsu adorned with ear-rings and head-gear. all When those those sons of thine slain. fled away seeing that Bhimasena in that battle behaved like the Destroyer himself at the end of the Yuga. O king. Those two viz. MAHABHABATA They sped at him from every side showers of arrows of diverse Thus afflicted by them. Bhimasena with a broad-headed arrow. filled with wrath. O monarch. upon of terrible prowess. exceedingly fierce and awful and fraught with a loud din. those two mighty car. the Suta's son with a cheerless heart. and graced with a face resembling the full moon. thus struck by Kama. Then Kama. sighing like a snake of O son of Pandu with a thick shower shrouding that mighty car-warrior in the very sight of the Kauravas. Then Kama. quickly slew fifty foremost car. The mighty Bhima . O king. urged on by the ruler of Madras. grasped his bow. Deprived of life. were being were once more agitated. strongalso. Earth. Filled with rage. O king. Beholding there when those heroic sons of thine. With two other broad-headed arrows Bhima then. Bhima of great strength. arose great bowmen. from every side. mighty Bhima. rushed in that battle. like a couple of trees uprooted by the tempest. O king. Bhima of terrible prowess took the lives of tv/o other sons of thine in that dreadful battle. Beholding. exceedingly agitated and inspired with fear. despatched Kratha to the abode of Yama. boasting of his prowess in battle covered Kama in that encounter. Beholding that heroic brother of theirs slain. Thereupon thy sons.. king. advanced against him. lookbrothers there. O approached with great speed the car of Bhimasena and mingled in The collision. that warrior acquainted with the highest of weapons. Thereupon the mighty-armed pierced Bhima in his assailant string drawn to his ear.144 sides. with a long arrow of keen point. amongst those kinds. Then Bhima. O ruler of men. that once more took place between battle. Vikata and Saha.

he also cut off Bhima's bow. king. ran away. passed out In consequence of the violence great pain and became exceedingly agitated. filled with rage and the desire to retaliate. O king. and all skilled in smiting hostile troops. Kama. and then with many more. With another broad-headed arrow of great sharpness. he struck frontal globes and eyes and the parts those animals. like that of a couple of piercing through the body of his antagonist. 19 . Bhima with his mace prostrated those seven hundred elephants with their riders and weapons and standards. Suddenly the son of Pandu. Indeed. and with another broad-headed arrow he despatched Bhima's driver to the presence of Yama. cut off into many fragments that spiked mace as it coursed towards him with the tremendous peal of thunder. and desiring to slay Kama outright. like the clouds covering the Sun. That chastiser of foes. drawing the bow with great force and stretching the string to his very ear. like the wind destroying the clouds of autumn. struck Then Kama. Deeply pierced by Kama. grasping his bow with greater strength. pierced Bhimasena with three arrows. endued with tusks as large as plough-shafts. felt Kama O Bhima with five and twenty shafts. That shaft cutting through and entered Kama's armour and piercing through the Earth like a snake into of ant-hill. what the them on their temples and above their gums. twined round with hempen cords and decked with gold and resembling a second bludgeon of Death himself. covered Kama with keen shafts. his body. that grinder of hostile troops. O king. Like Indra felling mountains with thunder. Possessed of great strength and a knowledge of vital parts of an elephant are. who resembled the Wind-god (in prowess) took up a mace and jumped down from his excellent vehicle. The battle that took place between Kama and the son of Pandu in that meeting. the mighty-armed Bhima. O chief of Bharata's race.. became awful for a huge lions desirous of slaying each other. viz. that great bowman and foremost of all persons endued with might then took up a terrible shaft capable of moment. that stroke. hurled it at him with a loud roar. he trembled on his car like a mountain during an earthquake. taking up a terrible Parigha. Kama deprived Bhima of terrible feats of his car. Indeed. O king. however. Bhima began to slay thy troops.KABNA PABVA 145 and pierced Bhima with ten arrows whetted on stone and equipt with Kanka feathers. filled with wrath routed seven hundred elephants. with a number of arrows resembling snakes of virulent poison. With one arrow he then cut off Bhimasena's standard. the son of Kunti. jumping down from his car with great fury. Then Kama. Deprived of his car. inspired with fear. Then the mighty-armed Bhima of great strength. that schorcher of foes. Thereupon But urged again by their drivers they surrounded Bhimasena once more. Then Bhima. Next quickly cutting off the bow of Pandu's son with another winged arrow.

shrouded Kama with thick showers of arrows as the latter pursued the king from behind. Meanwhile. Those troops of thine. The son of Radha then. and Kritavarman. pursued him. neither the rays of the Sun nor the points of the compass. covered Dharma's son (Yudhishthira) that chastiser of foes. the blazing effulgence of the Sun shining at mid-day was dispelled by those dense showers of arrows shot by Kama and the son of Pandu. filled with anxiety through fear of Bhimasena. That slayer advancing impetuously towards them. respected by all brave men and armed with darts and swords and lances. despatched by Sakuni. rushed towards of horsemen. shooting shafts equipt Then that mighty car. O arrows. Kama also. avoided Bhima in that battle and fled away in all directions. Indeed. O bull of Bharata's race. and covering the entire welkin with his shafts. Then five hundred car. those flights of Spread by them. looked other. Then three thousand mail. thousand excellent horses of Suv ala's son in that way. and coursing in diverse Loud sounds arose from among them tracks. Scorching thy army. blazing as the backs of cranes. thy army began to shrink like a piece of leather spread over a fire. Beholding the son of Suvala. Like Vishnu destroying the Asuras. quickly covered Bhima himself with sharp arrows from every side. that crusher of foes. O king. turning back from the pursuit. rushed towards Bhima. shooting thick showers arrows on all sides. with thick showers of arrows. placing himself on the side of Bhima's car. Scorched by the Sun as also by the high-souled Bhima. could any longer be noticed either by ourselv es or by the enemy. looked exceedingly fierce and In consequence of those thousands of arrows. filled with wrath. Then Satyaki. cased in excellent Bhima with loud shouts. O king. like those that arise from among herd of elephants struck with large pieces of rocks. began to afflict Kama who was in front of Bhima. the son of Pandu then destroyed a century of foremost cars and several hundreds of foot-soldiers in that battle. while they were being assailed by Bhima. fly away in that battle. Though exceedingly afflicted by Satyaki. exceedingly resplendent as they sped their beautiful arrows at each monarch. terrible. Having of foes. cardinal and subsidiary. and Drona's son.warrior beholding Yudhihshthira many straight-coursing with Kanka feathers. and slain those three felled his driver. Kama still approached Bhima. and filled with rage proceeded against the son of Radha. Bhima destroyed with his mace all those brave warriors with their drivers and cars and banners and standards and weapons.146 MAHABHABATA next pressed down two and fifty elephants of great strength belonging to the son of Suvala. of immeasurable soul. in the welkin. O Bharata. slew them with his mace.warriors. The son of the Wind-god. and . Approaching each other those two bulls among all wielders of bows. he rode upon another car. those two heroes endued with great energy.

was in that battle made to hear it by his antagonist. Tremendous became the din. striking one another. 1 One vast host rushed against another. and Kripa. by his father's or one another by name. that was made by that host as filled with great joy as the warriors beheld and seized one another in that dreadful melee. and the Kauravas also. that their periods of life had been run out." SECTION The Sanjaya said. O rushed impetuously against their foes. and large bodies of horses. perfect Babel of voices of the shouting warriors was incessantly heard there. royal Bharata. for battle. mingled into one mass like two furious rivers that run into each other. Horsemen Elephants approaching elephants routed one another. harbouring feelings of animosity against one another and longing to take one another's life. began to slay one another in that battle. respecting the dire consequences that would ensue. mighty car- O warriors all. king. was loud and deep as that which may be heard when several oceans mingle with one another. the Kauravas and came back to the fight. "The battle then commenced. mother's side or in respect of his acts or conduct. The battle that commenced at that hour when the Sun had reached the meridian was such that its like had never been heard or seen by us. Beholding the bodies of those angry heroes of immeasurable energy a great fear entered my heart. The din that arose from the two hosts as they roared at each other. 1 A triplet. both of whom were inspired with the desire of winning great fame. We beheld the falling of maces and spiked bludgeons and Kunapas and lances and short arrows and rockets hurled at one another in that dreadful engage- ment. O king. began to mangle one another with their keen shafts. as they addressed He who had anything. like a vast reservoir of water rushing towards the ocean. Arrowy showers. engaged with the Panda v as. Throngs of cars. Indeed. between the Kurus and the Panda v as. the two furious hosts. resembling that terrible noise that is made by many oceans swollen with rains. I thought. awful and terrible. O king. Furiously engaged in battle. T. terrible to look at coursed like flights of locusts. O monarch. LII field of Battle presents an awful Scene "Those Kshatriyas.KARNA PABV1 rallied 147 Adhiratha's son. Then the Panda v as. . Beholding those brave warriors loudly rebuking one another in that battle. the two hosts became it monarch. that could furnish A O matter for ridicule. approaching each other. and teeming divisions of infantry and elephants in large numbers mingled with one another.

like mountains divested of clouds at the advent of winter. fell down. creatures looked resplendent like moving Bathed in blood. uttered cries of pain. struck by hostile Some of those creatures. whose armour had been cut off with shafts. and others seeing retreating foes. beholding their relatives and sires and grandsires. and elephants of great speed meeting with the three other kinds of forces. at their frontal globes or the parts between their tusks. combatants striking one another and shouting at the top of their voices. and many. the field of battle creatures (of became awful. or those held horizontally by hostile combatants. Other roared aloud also. and arms and thighs and ear-rings and other ornaments displaced from the bodies of warriors. shouted to one another their well known names and the names of their races. Men also. struck with arrows and all. O king. The arms of many combatants. and banners. afflicted with arrows and much pained by their wounds. looked. began. O Bharata. O sire. looked beautiful like a vast plain in the season of rains covered with the red coccinella. fell on the making Earth. and car-warriors encountering anl foot-soldiers encountering foot-soldiers. Many huge elephants. Many foremost of elephants pierced with arrows winged with gold. Indeed. like winged mountains (when clipt of their wings). the field of battle looked as if decked all over with gold. and coats of mail. the Earth assumed the aspect of a youthful maiden of great beauty. Elephants. struck down. Lances hurled by horsemen. compeers. O king. cut off. directions. Others. looked beautiful like mountains.148 MAHABHABATA car-warriors. uttering diverse cries of pain. those huge decked with metals. struck with arrows. attired in white robes dyed with deep Variegated with flesh and blood. huge as hills. while many amongst them twisted and broke those weapons. or ran in golden trappings. fell down in that battle. king. O elephants looked exceedingly beautiful. whose summits are hills lighted with blazing brands. and footsoldiers meeting with horsemen. fell down touching the Earth. rnrs2. Steeds came weak. lay scattered on the ground. lances or dragged down. their tusks. and foot-soldiers meeting with cars and elephants. resembling the slaughter-ground of Rudra himself). down whose breasts ran streams of liquid chalk. and cars meeting with elephants and horsemen. Others. ran hither and thither. O Inconsequence of those brave king. coming against elephants. tore one another with Struck with the tusks of hostile compeers. to crush and grind one another. and collars and cuirasses and bodies of brave bowmen. were seized by many of those beasts. or beOthers. covered with blood. And many. in like lions. diverse kinds of motion. decked with ornaments of gold. O Bharata. The Earth. Large numbers of heads severed from trunks red. O sire. O . uttering terrible sounds. in that dreadful battle.n2!i ii thit battle. fell on the Earth and writhed in agony.

and perished. And many amongst them. casting off and observing the vow of warriors. writhed on the ground. becoming general. And the hair of the warriors constituted their floating weeds And and moss. and many seemed to dart forward like five-headed snakes. Many plunged into those streams inspiring Kshatriyas with fear. is about in all fear They. began to dance around. when drenched with blood. And terrible creatures.KABNA PABVA king by foes. declaring the names of their sires and families. on that field where countless arrows and darts coursed through the air. displaying their prowess. looking like the tapering bodies of snakes. Those arms. -O king. began to crush one another. brave warriors careered fearlessly. they declared their names and families. making diverse kinds of 149 motion. roaring and yelling on all sides." which so difficult of 'being cast off. Thousands of such arms fell down and sprang up. . with currents swelled by blood. and bows and arrows and maces formed the rafts by which to cross them. Addressing one another. fearlessly did their duty. And innumerable headless trunks rose up on all sides. Flesh and blood forming their mire. and the weapons used fell in thick showers. And in consequence of various carnivorous 1 creatures. and smeared with sandal paste. Bones formed the. And soon there began to flow many mighty rivers of the bloody currents. were thus formed there. When the battle. Those awful rivers led to the abode of Yama.fishes with which they teemed. of battle O tiger among men. O king. the warriors fought with and slew one another without distinct perceptions of those they fought with or struck. And crows and 'vultures and cranes. howev er. and which was crowded with carnivorous creatures of diverse kinds. that fierce and awful battle proceeded thus. raged so furiously on all sides. with darts and lances and battle-axes. O Bharata. like little standards of gold. A dusty cloud overspread the field of battle. looked beautiful. During the progress of that fierce and awful battle. Indeed. and blood. were seen to move glee. the combatants could no longer distinguish friends from foes. O Bharata. O king. gratified with fat and marrow and other animals relishing flesh. they abounded with the heads of combatants that formed their rocks. enhancing the fears of the timid and the joy of the brave. The scene being thus darkened. the field became terrible like the domains of the king of the dead. those terrible and awful rivers. that were heroes. the Kaurava army became strengthless and unable to bear up any longer like a foundered vessel on the bosom of the ocean. gorging on flesh and drinking fat. O lord. Indeed.

as it stood inactiv e. And he covered all the combatants that were close to him with many arrows. recovering their senses. Assailing him. Partha came upon Susarman of excellent That foremost of car. he said. quickly checking those arrowy showers. thy army became inspired with fear. the loud twang of Gandiva. with great force. looked beautiful like the Chitraratka forest with flowery burthen of diverse Then those warriors. Kurus. showers of arrows. the handiwork of the celestial artificer and roared very fiercely. leonine roars. O sire. Then Susarman. that were fit Addressing Kesava then. 'Behold. began to drench Arjuna with their arrowy downpours like the clouds drenching the mountains. the Samsaptakas. under the influence of a great fear. Thereupon that foremost of apes. The puissant Partha. and the Narayana forces. O king. Hearing the roars of the ape. piercing Partha with ten shafts. however. accomplishing a fearful task although slaughtered in thousands. where the son of Pandu was engaged in slaughtering the Samsaptakas. and every other limb of his vehicle. the progress of that began to pour showers of arrows on Arjuna's head. Then Kesava. Then all of them encompassed the great car of the Panda v a. his car-shaft. O chief of the kinds. was heard above the din on that spot. that army became himself. the Kosalas. Sanjaya said. O king. That army then. plunged into that battle. shaking his arms on the field joy as he stood on his car. and began to slay many foremost of car-warriors. and beholding his car assailed and Kesava attacked in that manner became filled with rage. like a wicked elephant shaking down all the riders from his back. O .wheels. Indeed. all the while they were being struck and slaughtered with sharp Assailing his steeds.SECTION Partha fights roith LIII the Samsaptakas battle in which so many "During Kshatriyas sank down. O sire. O bull for close encounters. they uttered Some among them seized the massive arms of many and some among them. struck Janardana with three in the right arm. Then Partha. af righting thy troops. Plunging into the midst of that division of cars with the aid of his whetted shafts equipt with Kanka feathers.warriors poured on Arjuna thick weapons. these countless Samsaptakas engaged in Krishna. O sire. of battle. Filled with rage and longing for v ictory. O thou of mighty arms. With a broad-headed arrow then. O king. he pierced the standard of Arjuna. encompassed by those great car-warriors. of huge dimensions. its O king. Meanwhile the Samsaptakas also cov ered Partha with their shafts. threw down all those that had seized them. in that battle. began to utter loud sounds perfectly inactive. his car. they uttered loud roars although shafts. and overthrew a large number of car-warriors and foot-soldiers. seized Partha himself with great Kesava.

Arjuna sat down on the terrace of his son. aiming at foot-tying weapon. were seen and elephants. beholding his army thus paralysed. Freed from that foot-tying weapon. snakes. Cutting off own arrowy downpour that shower of mighty weapons Vasava's hostile heroes. There was no man amongst them all Samsaptakas and Gopalas. the weapon called Naga. move all a step. saying. Deeply pierced therewith. O king. all sides to slay kings ed. these warriors in that battle. arose there. quickly invoked the weapon called Sauparna. whom Partha had in- had their lower limbs encircled with O monarch. And steeds and warriors. O king. issuing from that weapon. with a straight arrow. and feeling great pain. and commenced to throw Thier legs being paralysed. viz. were also seen to be slaughtered in that battle. all of them stood Pandu. a great fear entered the hearts of in the all the O Bharata. Thus tied with those invoking.' Having said these words. that slayer of Then Susarman. and hurled their weapons at Arjuna's car. they set the car free. Re- car. slew O king. began to waver. And all of with his O sire. pierced Arjuna in the chest. in hundreds and thousands. with these weapons. looked like the Sun himself giving light unto all creatures. save myself. Then this covering his senses. Arjuna . and then he pierced him with three other shafts. foot-tying bands by the high-souled son of Pandu. at the sight of rangers of the sky. there is 151 none on Earth. the Samsaptaka force. to fly away. of Then that slayer heroes. Thus slaugh- tered in that battle. paralysed the legs O motionless. There very sight of the heroes.KARNA PABVA amongst the Yadus. Thereupon numerous birds began to come down and devour those snakes. The latter again. and loud leonine shouts. them pierced Partha with numerous weapons. Indeed. and the peal of drums. Vibhatsu blew his conch. Partha of immeasurable soul. the son the Samsaptakas by repeatedly monarch. that would be able to bear such a close attack on his car. voked that Then the mighty car-warrior Susarman. when freed from clouds. and became inspired with of of hostile great fright. began to slaughter those warriors. At all the troops loudly cried out. Then while the troops were thus being slaughterThen thousands on of arrows. began. Then Partha them with his straight arrows. they could not. down all their weapons. Then Krishna also blew his conch filling the welkin tiamsaptakas with its blare. that could fight with began to Arjuna. Thus liberated. owning white steeds and having Krishna for his driver.. speedily invoked the Aindra weapon.' the blare of conchs. Hearing that blare the army of the O king. and the sound of diverse musical instruments. 'Partha is slain. as if they had been petrified. O king. those warriors once more shot their arrows. O monarch. O sire. The son of Pandu then began to slay those motionless warriors like Indra in days of yore slaying the Daityas in the battle with Taraka.

Pandu. driver and car. (thus assailed) remained perfectly inactive in that battle. And then fourteen thousand warriors. thick. beholding the (Kuru) and O unable to stand together like a vessel wrecked on the ocean. deeply pierced Kripa. MAHABHABATA Beholding that slaughter. filled with rage. endeavoured to rescue it with great O Bharata. The great car. with seven straight arrows equipt with Kanka feathers. deeply pierced with those keen arrows. Then Sikhandin filled with rage. took place became exceedingly fierce.warrior Kritavarman. the diadem-decked son of Pandu became awful. which seemed exceedingly wonderful. depriv ed Sikhandin of his steeds. speedily proceeded against the grandson of Gautama (Kripa) and poured upon that bull amongst Brahmanas his arrowy downpours from all sides. Kripa. O king. and Suvala's son (Sakuni). and wrathfully pierced Sikhandin with ten arrows in that battle. that great carwarrior. Indeed. best of the the mighty car-warrior Dhrishtadyumna speedily proceeded against kings. Then the son of fectly inactive. as flights of locusts. Then the Samsaptakas once more encompassed Dhananjaya. O Dhrishtadyumna as the latter proceeded against the son of Saradwat (Kripa). looked resplendent. Kripa quickly covered him with many straight arrows in that encounter. For a short space of time. making death or victory their goal. like a blazing fire without somke.. "Then Kritavarman. all of them remained perwithout putting forth their prowess. and Kripa. viz. and three thousand warriors. O monarch. in that encounter. The battle he slew full then that took place there between thy warriors and that mighty hero. for Sikhandin. covered the Srinjayas. however. and three thousand elephants. As the Panchala prince advanced. Then Sikhandin. the mighty car -warrior (Sikhandin) rushed impetuously at the Brahmana. his steedless vehicle. the battle that once more speed. even like the flying of rocks. Acquainted with the highest weapons Kripa then checked that arrowy downpour. Then Drona's son checked Yudhishthira as the ." SECTION LIV Kripa fights with Sikhandin and Kritavarman with Dhrishtadyumna Sanjaya said. The dense showers of arrows shot in battle by Kripa. enhancing as it did the fears of timid and the joy of the brave. having taken up a sword and a shield. Jumping down from . Drona and the Suta's son. hav ing slain full ten thousand combatants in that battle.152 destroy thy troops. exceedingly wonderful was the sight that we then beheld. and the son of sire. and Uluka. The twice-born Kripa then. with his uterine brothers. rushing impetuously received Beholding Sikhandin covered (with arrows) by Kripa. army afflicted with the fear of Pandu's son. the king himself.



with his son and troops, was rushing towards the car of SaradThy son Duryodhana, shooting a shower of arrows, received and checked Nakula and Sahadeva, those two great car-warriors endued with celerity. Kama too, otherwise called Vaikartana, O Bharata,
wat's son.
in that battle, resisted Bhimasena,

and the Karushas, the Kaikayas, and

Meanwhile Saradwat's son, in that battle, O sire, with great activity, sped many arrows at Sikhandin, as if for the purpose of burning him outright. The Panchala prince, however, whirling his
the Srinjayas.

sword repeatedly, cut off all those arrows, decked with gold, that had been sped at him by Kripa from all sides. The grandson of Gautama (Kripa) then quickly cut off with his arrows the shield of Prishata's son, that was decked with hundred moons. At this feat of his, the troops

Deprived of his shield, O monarch, and placed under Kripa's power Sikhandin still rushed, sword in hand,





(towards Kripa), like a sick man towards the jaws of Death. Then Suketu, the son of Shitraketu, O king, quickly proceeded towards the mighty Sikhandin plunged into such distress and assailed in that manner by Kripa with his arrows.
Indeed, the young prince of immeasur-

able soul rushed towards the car of Saradwat's son and poured upon that Brahmana, in that battle, innumerable shafts of great keenness. Beholding that

Brahmana observant


vows thus engaged

in battle (with

another), Sikhandin,

O best of kings, retreated hastily from that spot. Meanwhile Suketu, O king, piercing the son of Gautama with nine arrows, once more pierced him with seventy and again with three. Then the prince, O sire, cut off Kripa's bow with arrow fixed thereon,

and with another shaft struck hard the latter's driver in a vital limb. The grandson of Gautama then, filled with rage, took up a new and very strong bow and struck Suketu with thirty arrows in all his vital limbs. All his limbs exceedingly weakened, the prince trembled on his excellent
car like a tree trembling exceedingly during an earthquake. With a razor-headed arrow then, Kripa struck off from the prince's trunk, while the latter was still trembling, his head decked with a pair of

blazing ear-rings and head-protector.

That head thereupon



on the Earth like a piece of meat from the claws of a hawk, and then trunk also fell down, O thou of great glory. Upon the fall of Suketu, O monarch, his troops became frightened, and avoiding Kripa, fled away on all sides. "Encompassing the mighty Dhrishtadyumna, Kritavarman cheerhis

The encounter then that addressed him saying, Wait, Wait between the Vrishni and the Panchala warriors in that battle took place

became exceedingly
piece of meat.

fierce, like

that between

two hawks,

O king, for a

Filled with rage,


in that battle, struck

the son of Hridika (Kritavarman, the ruler of Bhoja) with nine arrows


in the chest,

and succeeded in



Then Kritav airman,

thus deeply struck by
assailant, his steeds,

Prishata's son in that encounter, covered his
his car


with his


Thus shrouded,



along with his car, Dhrishtadyumna became invisible like the Sun shrouded by rain-charged clouds. Baffling all those shafts decked with

Dhrishtadyumna, O king, looked resplendent in that battle in his wounds. The commander of the Pandava forces, viz., the son of Prishata, then, filled with rage, approached Kritavarman and poured

upon him a fierce shower of arrows. The son of Hridika, however, in that battle, with many thousands of his own arrows, destroyed that fierce arrowy shower coursing towards him with great impetuosity. Beholding his irresistible shower of arrows checked in that battle by Kritavarman, the son of Prishata, approaching his antagonist, began to And soon he despatched Kritav ar man's driver to Yama's resist him. abode with a broad-headed arrow of great sharpness. Deprived of life, the driver fell down from the car. The mighty Dhrishtadyumna,
having vanquished his mighty antagonist, began then to resist the Kauravas with shafts, without losing a moment. Then thy warriors, O king, rushed towards Dhrishtadyumna, uttering loud leonine roars. At this a battle once more took place between them."


Encounter with Yudhishthira

Sanjaya said, "Meanwhile the son of Drona (Aswatthaman), beholding Yudhishthira protected by the grandson of Sini (Satyaki) and


the heroic sons of Draupadi, cheerfully advanced against the king, scattering many fierce arrows equipt with wings of gold and whetted on

and displaying diverse manoevres of his car and the great skill he had acquired and his exceeding lightness of hands. He filled the entire welkin with shafts inspired with the force of celestial weapons. Converstone,

sant with


weapons, Drona's son encompassed Yudhishthira in that

The welkin being covered with the shafts of Drona'sson, nothing could be seen. The vast space in front of Aswatthaman became one expanse of arrows. The welkin then, thus covered with that dense shower

arrows decked with


looked beautiful,


chief of the Bharatas, as

a canopy embroidered with gold had been spread there.

Indeed, the

having been covered with that bright shower of arrows, a shadow, as that of the clouds, appeared there on the occasion. Wonderful was the sight that we then beheld when the sky had thus be-




come one expanse

one creature ranging the sky could course through his element. Then Satyaki, though struggling resolutely,
of arrows, for not



and Pandu'sson king Yudhishthira the just, as also all the other warriors, could not display their prowess. Beholding the great lightness of hands son of Drona, the mighty car-warriors (of the Pandava displayed by the army) were filled with wonder. All the kings became incapable of even looking at Aswatthaman, O monarch, who then resembled the scorching Sun himself in the sky. While the Pandava troops were thus being slaughtered, those

mighty car-warriors, viz., the sons of Draupadi, and Satyaki, and king Yudhishthira the just, and the Panchala warriors, all uniting together, cast off their fears of death and rushed against the son of Drona. Then Satyaki, piercing the son of Drona with seventy arrows, once more

him with seven long shafts decked with gold. And Yudhishthira pierced him with three and seventy arrows, and Prativindya with seven, and Srutakarman pierced him with three arrows and Srutakirti with five. And Sutasoma pierced him with nine arrows, and Satanika with seven. And many other heroes pierced him with many arrows from every side. Filled then with rage and breathing, O king,
like a snake of virulent poison, Drona's

son pierced Satyaki in return

with five and twenty arrows whetted on stone. And he pierced Srutakirti with nine arrows and Sutasoma with five, and with eight arrows

he pierced Srutakarman, and Prativindya with three. And he pierced Satanika with nine arrows, and Dharma's son (Yudhishthira) with five. And each of the other warriors he pierced with a couple of shafts. With some keen arrows he then cut off the bow of Srutakirti. The
latter then,

Drona's son,

that great car-warrior, taking up another bow, pierced first with there arrows and then with many others equipt

with sharp points.







monarch, the son of Drona cov ered, the with thick showers of arrows, O bull of

Bharata's race.

Of immeasurable

the while, cut off


of king Yudhishthira

the son of Drona, next smiling the just, and then

pierced him with three arrows. The son of Dharma 'then, king, taking up another formidable bow, pierced Drona's son with seventy


arrows in the arms and the chest. Then Satyaki, filled with rage in that battle, cut off the bow of Drona's son, that great smiter, with a
sharp crescent-shaped arrow and uttered a loud roar. His bow cut off, that foremost of mighty men viz., the son of Drona, quickly felled Satyaki's driver from his car with a dart. The valiant son of Drona
taking up another bow, covered the grandson of Sini, O Bharata, with a shower of arrows. His driver having been slain, Satyaki's steeds were seen to run hither and thither, O Bharata, in that battle. Then the Pandava warriors headed by Yudhishthira, shooting sharp shafts, all

rushed with impetuosity towards

Drona's son, that foremost of


wielders of weapons. That scorcher of foes, however, viz., the son of Drona, beholding those warriors wrathfully advancing against him



received them


that dreadful




a fire in the

consuming heaps of dry grass and straw, that mighty car-warrior, Drona's son, having showers of arrows for his flames, consumed the Panda v a troops in that battle, who resembled a heap of dry grass and straw That army of Pandu's son, thus scorched by the son of

Drona, became exceedingly agitated, O chief of the Bharatas, like the mouth of a river by a whale. People then, O monarch, beholding the prowess of Drona's son, regarded all the Pandavas as already slain by
that great car-warrior and disciple of Drona, filled with rage and the desire to retaliate, addressed Drona's son, saying 'O tiger among men, thou hast no affection, thou hast no gratitude,


Then Yudhishthira,


since thou


to slay me to-day.

asceticism and gift and study.
It seems, therefore,

The duties of a Brahmana are The bow should be bent by the Kshatriya that thou art a Brahmana in name only.

In thy very sight, however,


thou of mighty arms,

I will

vanquish the
thee that

Kauravas thou art



Do what thou

canst in battle.

I tell

wretch amongst Brahmanas.' Thus addressed, the son of Drona, smiling, and reflecting upon what was proper and true, gave no Without saying anything, he covered the son of Pandu in reply. that battle with a shower of arrows like the destroyer himself in

wrath while engaged


annihilating creatures.

Thus covered by

Pritha quickly went away from that Drona's son, O sire, After Yudhishthira, the son spot, leaving that large division of His. of Dharma, had gone away, the high-souled son of Drona also, O king, left

the son of

that spot.

Then Yudhishthira,


king, avoiding

the son of Drona in

that great battle, proceeded against thy army, resolved to achieve the cruel task of slaughter."

Awful Destruction and Carnage

in on Either Side

"Meanwhile Vikartana, himself,


supported by the Panchalas and the Chedis and the Kaikayas, covered him with many arrows. In the v cry sight of Bhimasena, Karna, slew
in that battle

and the Srinjayas.

many mighty car-warriors among the Chedis, the Karushas, Then Bhimasena, avoiding Karna, that best of caragainst the

like a blazing fire son also in that battle, began Suta's towards a heap dry grass. to slay the mighty bowmen amongst the Panchalas, the Kaikayas, and

warriors, proceeded

Kaurava troops


Indeed, the three mighty car-warriors viz., Partha and Vrikodara and Karna, began to exterminate the Samsaptakas,

the Srinjayas, in thousands.



adopt the

Bombay reading




the Kauravas, and the Panchalas, respectively. In consequence of thy evil policy, king, all these Kshatriyas, scorched with excellent shafts


by those three great warriors, began to be exterminated in that battle. Then Duryodhana, O chief of the Bharatas, filled with rage pierced Nakula and his four steeds with nine arrows. Of immeasurable soul, thy son next,


ruler of men, cut off the golden standard
Filled with wrath,

Sahadeva with

a razor-faced shaft.

Nakula then,

king, struck thy son with three and seventy arrows in that battle, and Sahadeva struck him with five. Each of those foremost warriors



Bharata's race and foremost of
in rage


bowmen, was struck by Duryo;


with five arrows.


a couple of broad-headed arrows,

then, he cut off the

and then he suddenly pierced each of the twins with three and seventy arrows. Taking up then two other beautiful and foremost of bows each of which resembled the
of both those warriors



of Indra himself, those


youths in that battle.

two heroes looked beautiful like a pair of Then those two brothers, both endued


with great activ ity in battle, poured upon their cousin, O king, ceaseshowers of terrible shafts like two masses of clouds, pouring rain

upon a mountain breast. Thereupon thy son, that great car-warrior, O king, filled with rage, resisted those two great bowmen, viz., the twin sons of Pandu, with showers of winged arrows. The bow of Duryodhana in that battle, O Bharata, seemed to be continuously drawn into a circle, and shafts seemed to issue from it ceaselessly on all sides. Covered with Duryodhana' s shafts the two sons of Pandu ceased to shine brightly, like the Sun and the Moon in the firmament, divested of splendour,

when shrouded by masses



Indeed, those arrows,



covered all the points of the compass like the rays of the Sun, when the welkin was thus shrouded and all that was seen was one uniform expanse of the Destroyer himself, at the end of the Yuga. Beholding on the other hand, the
prowess of thy son, the great car-warriors all regarded the twin sons of Madri to be in the presence of Death. The commander then, O king, of the Pandava army, viz., the mighy car- warrior Parshata ( Son of

equipt with wings of gold and whetted on

where Duryodhana was. Transgressing two great car-warriors, viz., the two brave sons of Madri, those Dhrishtadyumna began to resist thy son with his shafts. Of immeasurPrishata) proceeded to that spot

among men, viz., thy son, filled with the desire to and smiling the while, pierced the prince of Panchala with five and twenty arrows. Of immeasurable soul and filled with the desire to retaliate, thy son once more pierced the prince of Panchala with sixty shafts and once again with five, and uttered a loud roar. Then the king,
able soul, that bull

with a sharp razor-faced arrow, cut off, in that battle O sire, the bow with arrow fixed theron and the leathern fence of his antagonist.



Casting aside that broken bow, the prince of Panchala, that crusher of up another bow that was new and capable of bearing a great strain. Blazing with impetuosity, and with eyes red as blood
foes quickly took


rage, the great bowman Dhrishtadyumna, with many wounds on person looked resplendent on his car. Desirous of slaying Duryodhana, O chief of the Bharatas, the Panchala hero sped five and ten


Those shafts, whetted on stone and equipt with the feathers of Kankas and peacocks, cutting through the armour decked with gold of the king passed through his body and entered the Earth in consequence of the force with which they had been shot. Deeply pierced, O monarch,





thy son looked exceedingly beautiful like a gigantic Kinsuka in the season of spring with its flowery weight. His armour pierced with those

and all his limbs rendered exceedingly infirm with wounds, he became filled with rage and cut off Dhrishtadyumna's bow, with a broad-headed arrow. Having cut off his assailant's bow the king then, O monarch, with great speed, struck him with ten shafts on the forehead between the two eye- brows. Those shafts, polished by the hands of the smith, adorned Dhrishtadyumna's face like a number of

adorning a full-blown lotus. Throwing aside bow, the high-souled Dhrishtadyumna quickly took up another, and with it, sixteen broad-headed arrows. With five he slew the four steeds and the driver of Duryodhana, and he cut off with
bees, desirous of honey,

that broken

another, his

bow decked with



the remaining ten shafts, the

son of Prishata cut off the car with the upashkara, the umbrella, the son. dart, the sword, the mace, and the standard of thy Indeed,

the kings beheld the beautiful standard of the Kuru king, decked with golden Angadhas and bearing the device of an elephant worked Then the uterine in jewels, cut off by the prince of the Panchalas.

brothers of Duryodhana,


bull of Bbarata's race, rescued

the earless

Duryodhana who had
sing that ruler of

all his

In the very sight of Dhrishtadyumna,


weapons, besides, cut off in that battle. Drudhara, O monarch, cauto ride upon his car quickly bore him away from

the battle.

"Meanwhile the mighty Kama, having vanquished Satyaki and
desirous of rescuing the (Kuru) king, proceeded straight against the face
of Drona's slayer, that warrior of fierce shafts.

however, quickly pursued him from

arrows, like an elephant pursuing a limbs with his tusks. Then, Bharata, fierce became the battle that raged between the high-souled warriors of the two armies, in the space that intervened between Karna and the son of Prishata. Not a single

The grandson of Sini, behind, striking him with his rival and striking him at the hinder-





the Pandavas nor ourselves turned his face from

the battle.



that hour

Then Karna proceeded against the Panchalas with when the Sun had ascended the meridian,
best of men, of elephants




and steeds and men, took place
inspired with the desire of vic-

on both
tory, all







rushed with speed against Karna like birds towards a tree. son of Adhiratha, of great energy, filled with rage, began from their front to strike those Panchalas, with the keen points of his shafts,

singling out their leaders, viz., Vyaghraketu and Susarman and Chitra and Ugrayudha and Jaya and Sukla and Rochamana and the invincible Singhasena. Those heroes, speedily advancing with their cars, encompassed that foremost of men, and poured their shafts upon that angry warrior, viz., Karna, that ornament of battle. That foremost of men endued with great valour, viz., the son of Radha, afflicted those eight heroes engaged in battle with eight keen shafts. The Suta's son

possessed of

great prowess,

warriors skilled in

then slew many thousands of other Filled with rage, the son of Radha then slew


and Jishnukarman, and Devapi, O king, in that battle, and Chitra, and Chitrayudha, and Hari, and Singhaketu and Rochamana and the great car-warrior Salabha, and many car-warriors among the Chedis bathed the form of Adhiratha's son in blood, while he was
engaged in taking the lives of those heroes, himself. There, O Bharata, elephants, assailed with arrows by Karna, fled away on all sides in fear and caused a great agitation on the field of battle. Others assailed
with the shafts of Karna, uttered diverse cries, and fell down like mountains riven with thunder. With the fallen bodies of elephants and steeds and men and with fallen cars, the Earth became strewn
along tha track of Kama's car. Indeed, neither Bhishma, nor Drona, nor any other warrior of thy army, had ever achieved such feats as

were then achieved by Karna in that battle. Amongst elephants, amongst steeds, amongst cars and amongst men, the Suta's son caused a very great carnage, O tiger among men. As a lion is seen to career fearlessly among a herd of deer, even so Karna careered fearlessly

among the



a lion routeth a herd of terrified deer to all

points of the compass, even so Karna routed those throngs of Panchala As a herd of deer that have approached the jaws of cars to all sides.

can never escape with life, even so those great car- warriors that approached Karna could not escape with their lives. As people are certainly burnt if they come in contact with a blazing tire, even so

Bharata, were burnt by the Karna-fire when they the Srinjayas, in contact with it. came Many warriors among the Chedis and the


single-handed Karna

Bharata, that were regarded as heroes, were slain by the in that battle who fought with them, proclaiming name, in every instance. Beholding the prowess of Karna, O kf". his




from the son

thought that a single Panchala even would not, in that battle, escape of Adhiratha. Indeed, the Suta's son in that battle

repeatedly routed the Panchalas.


thus slaughtering the Panchalas in that dreadjust,

ful battle,

King Yudhishthira the

Dhrishtadyumna and the sons of Draupadi

rushed in wrath towards him, also, O sire, and hundreds of

encompassed that slayer of foes

the son of Radha.


Sikhandin, and Sahadeva, and Nakula, and Nakula's son, and Janame-

and the grandson of Sini, and innumerable Prabhadrakas, all endued with immeasurable energy, advancing with Dhrishtadyumna in their van, looked magnificent as they struck Kama with shafts and diverse weapons. Like Garuda falling upon a large number of snakes, the son of Adhiratha, single-handed, fell upon all those Chedis and Panchalas and Pandavas in that encounter. The battle that took place between them and Kama, O monarch, became exceedingly fierce like that which had occurred in days of old between the gods and the Danavas. Like the Sun dispelling the surrounding darkness, Kama


and alone encountered


those great


united together

and pouring upon him repeated showers of arrows. While the son of Radha was thus engaged with the Pandavas, Bhimasena, filled with rage, began to slaughter the Kurus with shafts, everyone of which resembled the lord of Yama. That great bowman, fighting single-handed with the
Valhikas, and the Kaikayas, the Matsyas, the Vasatas, the Madras, and Saindhavas, looked exceedingly resplendent. There, elephants, assailed in their v ital limbs by Bhima with his clothyard shafts fell down, with

making the Earth tremble with the v iolence of their Steeds also, with their riders slain, and foot-soldiers deprived of fall. life, lay down, pierced with arrows and vomiting blood in large quantities. Car-warriors in thousands fell down, their weapons loosened from their hands. Inspired with the fear of Bhima, they lay deprived of life, The Earth became strewn with cartheir bodies mangled with sounds. warriors and horsemen and elephant- men and drivers and foot-soldiers and steeds and elephants all mangled with the shafts of Bhimasena. The army of Duryodhana, O king, cheerless and mangled and afflicted
their riders slain,

with the fear of Bhimasena, stood as


stupefied. Indeed that melancholy

host stood motionless in that dreadful battle like the

Ocean, king, during a calm in autumn. Stupefied, did that host stand even like the Ocean calm. However endued with wrath and energy and might,






of thy son then, divested of


pride, lost all



Indeed, the host, whilst thus being slaughtered

became drenched with


The Bengal





The Bombay



gore and seemed to bathe in blood.




O chief

of the

Bharatas, drenched with blood, were seen to approach and slaughter one another. The Suta's son, filled with rage, routed the Pandava division, while Bhimasena in rage routed the Kurus. And both of them, while

thus employed, looked exceedingly resplendent. During the progress of that fierce battle filling the spectators with wonder, Arjuna, that fore-

most of various persons,


slain a large


of Samsaptakas in

the midst of their array, addressed Visudeva, saying, This struggling force of Samsaptakas, Those great carJanardana, is broken. warriors amongst the Samsaptakas are flying away with their followers,


unable to bear


shafts like deer unable to bear the roar of the lion.


vast force of


There that banner

the Srinjayas also seems to break in this great of the intelligent Kama, bearing the de-

vice of the elephant's rope,
thira's division,




seen in the midst of Yudhish-

where he


careering with activity.

car- warriors (of our

army) are incapable of vanquishing
possessed of

The other great Kama. Thou

knowest that


great energy as regards prowess in

is routing our force. Avoiding (other warriors) in battle, proceed against the Suta's son, that mighty This is what I wish, Krishna. Do, however, that car-warrior.

Proceed thither where



which thou likest.' Hearing these words of his, Govinda smiled, and addressing Arjuna, said, 'Slay the Kauravas, O son of Pandu, without delay.' Then those steeds, white as swans, urged by Govinda, and bearing Krishna and the son of Pandu penetrated thy vast force. Indeed, thy host broke on all sides as those white steeds in trappings of gold, urged by Kesava, penetrated into its midst. That ape- bannered car, the clatter of whose wheels resembled the deep roar of the clouds and whose flags waved in the air, penetrated into the host like a celesKesava and Arjuna, filled with tial car passing through the welkin. as they penetrated, piercing rage, and with eyes red, as blood,
through thy vast host, looked exceedingly resplendent in their splendour. Both delighting in battle, as those two heroes, challenged by the Kurus,


to the field, they looked like the twin

rites in a sacrifice

petuosity of

by the those two



Aswins invoked with proper Filled with rage, the imincreased like that of two

among men
at the

claps of hunters. elephants in a large forest, enraged Having penetrated into the midst of that car-force and those bodies of horse,

armed with the

Phalguna careered within those divisions like the Destroyer himself, fatal noose. Beholding him put forth such prowess within his army, thy son, O Bharata, once more urged the Samsap' takas against him. Thereupon, with a thousand cars, and three hundred elephants, and fourteen thousand horses, and two hundred thousands of endued with great courage, of foot-soldiers armed with the bow,



sureness of aim and conversant with
of the Samsaptakas rushed [from

the ways of battle, the leaders

every side] towards the son of Kunti [in the great battle] covering the Panda v a, O monarch, with showers of arrows from all sides. Thus covered with shafts in that battle, Partha, that grinder of hostile forces, exhibited himself in a fierce form like the Destroyer himself, armed with the noose. While engaged in slaughtering the Samsaptakas, Partha became a worthy object of sight to all. Then the welkin became filled with shafts decked with gold and possessed of the effulgence of lightning that were ceaselessly short by the diademdecked Arjuna. Indeed, everything completely shrouded with mighty
shafts sped from Arjuna's arms and falling ceaselessly all around, looked resplendent, O lord, as if covered with snakes. The son of Pandu, of immeasurable soul, shot on all sides his straight shafts equipt with wings of gold and furnished with keen points. In consequence of

the sound of Partha's palms, people thought that the Earth, or the vault of the welkin, or all the points of the compass, or the se v eral oceans, or the

mountains seemed to split. Having slain ten thousand Kshatriyas, Kunti's son, that mighty car-warrior, then quickly proceeded to the furtherer

wing of the Samsaptakas. Repairing to that further wing which was protected by the Kamvojas, Partha began to grind it forcibly with his
arrows like Vasava grinding the Danavas. With broad-headed arrows he began to quickly cut off the arms, with weapons in grasp, and
also the heads of foes longing to slay him.

Deprived of diverse limbs, and of weapons, they began to fall down on the Earth, like trees of many boughs broken by a hurricane. While he was engaged in thus slaughtering elephants and steeds and car-warriors and foot-soldiers, the younger brother of Sudakshina (the chief of the Kamvojas) began to With a couple of crescent-shaped pour showers of arrows on him.

Arjuna cut

off the

two arms, looking

like spiked maces,

striking assailant,

and then

beautiful as the full moon, with a razor-headed arrow.

he fell down from his vehicle, his thunder-riven summit of a mountain of. a red arsenic.

head graced with a face as Deprived of body bathed in blood, like the
Indeed, people

and exceedingly handsome younger brother of Sudakshina, the chief of the Kamvojas of eyes resembling lotus petals, slain and

saw the


down like a column of gold or like a summit of the golden Sumeru. Then commenced a battle there once more that was fierce and exceedingly wonderful. The condition of the struggling combatants varied
repeatedly. Each slain with a single arrow, and combatants of the Kamvoja, the Yavana, and the Saka races, fell down bathed in blood,
1 This expression occurs 2 This occurs in 100 T. in 101




upon which the whole field of battle became one expanse of red, O monarch. In consequence of car-warriors deprived of steeds and drivers, and steeds deprived of riders, and elephants deprived of riders, and riders deprived of elephants, battling with one another, O king, a When the wing and the further wing of the great carnage took place.
Samsapatakas had thus been exterminated by Savyasachin, the son of Drona quickly proceeded against Arjuna, that foremost of victorious

Indeed, Drona's son rushed,

and taking with him many

terrible arrows like

shaking his formidable bow, the Sun, himself

appearing with his own rays. With mouth wide open from rage and with the desire to retaliate, and with red eyes, the mighty Aswattha-


looked formidable like death himself, armed with his mace and with wrath as at the end of the Yuga. 1 He then shot showers

of fierce shafts.

Pandava army. on the car, O king, he once more sped
of fierce shafts.

With those shafts sped by him, he began to rout the As soon as he beheld him of Dasarha's race (Keshava)


those falling shafts,


him, and repeated showers monarch, sped by Drona's

both Krishna and Dhananjaya were completely shrouded on the car. Then the valiant Aswatthaman, with hundreds of keen arrows, stupefied both Madhava and the son of Pandu in that battle. Beholding those two protectors of all mobile and immobile creatures thus covered with arrows, the universe of mobile and immobile beings uttered cries
of oh




of Siddhas

and Charanas began

to repair to

that spot from every side, mentally uttering this prayer, viz., 'Let did I see prowess good be to all the worlds.' Never before, king,



was engaged in shrouding the two Krishnas with shafts. The sound of Aswatthaman's bow, inspiring foes with terror, was repeatedly heard by us in that
that of
battle, While careering in king, to resemble that of a roaring lion. that battle and striking right and left the string of his bow looked beautiful like flashes of lightning in the midst of a mass of clouds. Though endued with great firmness and lightness of hand the son of

Drona's son in that battle while he


Pandu, for


that, beholding the son of



became greatly

Indeed, Arjuna then regarded his
his high-souled assailant.

own prowess

be des-

troyed by such in that battle that

The form

Aswatthaman became

men could with difficulty gaze at it. During the progress of that dreadful battle between Drona's son and the monarch, Pandava, during that time when the mighty son of Drona,


thus prevailed over his antagonist and the son of Kunti lost his energy, Krishna became filled with rage. Inspired with wrath he drew deep

1 Kinkaradandabhrit,




Nilakantha explains that Kinkara was probably T. the maoe or bludgeon that Yama had for bis weapon.

Filled with rage. Brave heroes fighting in battle with brave Kshatriyas equal to them The occain might and prowess. when speed was of the highest moment. that obtain such a battle. Krishna addressed Partha in an affectionate tone. is exceedingly strange. O Partha. behold in battle regarding thee. the Panchalas. and seemed to burn with his eyes both Aawatthaman and Phalguna as he looked at them repeatedly. slaughtered thy troops by hundreds and thousands. him. Aswatthaman sat down. 'Without seeking hath this occasion arrived. During the progress dara. in great pain owing to his wounds. Meanwhile Yudhishthira. sion that . Partha speedily took up four then that I see O O and ten broad-headed arrows at a time. 'This. retreating about two miles from the battle. surpasseth thee to-day Hast thou not now ! the energy and the might of thy arms thou hadst before ? Hast thou not that Gandiva still in thy hands. viz. O son of Radha. and with them he cut off Aswatthaman's bow and standard and umbrella and banners and car and dart and mace. regarding him as the son of thy prebull of Bharata's race. Meanwhile that scorcher of foes. obtain great good. O monarch. viz. thy son. in awful destruction : of the battle destructive of great heroes. that I since Drona' s son. supporting himself on his flagstaff. these words. The latter's driver then. O Partha. MAHABHARATA O king. desirous of protecting him from Dhananjaya. This is not the time for sparing ceptor. Thereupon ov er come with a deep swoon. Vijaya. Within a short time Vibhatsu routed the Samsaptakas Vrikoand Vasusena. Either let these brav e Kshatriyas. With a few calftoothed arrows he then deeply struck the son of Drona in the latter's shoulder. when the gates of heaven have become wide open.164 breaths. O Kama. and dost thou not stay on thy car now ? Are not thy two arms sound is it ? Hath thy fist suffered any hurt ? Why the son of Drona prevail over thee in battle ? Do not.' Thus addressed by Krishna. consequence of thy evil counsels. hath come is even such." SECTION LVII The Vow of Aswatihaman San jay a to said. O sire. spare thy assailant. repairing him as also unto the ruler of the Madras and the other lords of Earth present there. there rose of many headless trunks all around.. bore him away insensible and thus deeply afflicted by the foe.. said unto "Then Duryodhana. saying. Kama. Happy are those Kshatriyas. Partha. a cruel and and carnage commenced as thy warriors were engaged with the enemy. O king. in the very sight of that hero. rested himself for some time. O chief the Bharatas. O chief of Bharatas. the Kurus : Thus.

the warriors once to fall battle. gods. Filled with joy. Be it Arjuna. became destruction of life then set in at the van of the exceedingly awful. with diverse kinds of Soft winds bore celestial perfumes. the entire Bharata army. 1 A Upon the commencement with the of that passage- (superior) beings. Hearing these words of Duryodhana. for beholding those foremost of men. out slaying be not or be or fulfilled. I swear truly before you all. and with many foremost of warriors. and the noise of musical instruments. my father after he had laid was slain by Dhrishtadyumna. be it Bhimasena. those excellent odours to the nostrils of all the foremost of warriors. and the latter also rushed against the former. | Bombay reading. By that wrath which such an act might kindle. the Earth looked beautiful like the firmament bespangled with myriads of stars. united together. Then in consequence of cheers coming from the welkin more engaged in down on the Earth. let it Dhrishtadyumna I shall not doff my armour. and before the eyes of you all. with celestial garlands. O Bharata. those bulls among Kshatriyas cheerfully uttered loud shouts and beat and blew their musical instruments.' After Aswatthaman had uttered these words.KABNA PABVA slaying the slain 165 Pandavas in battle. If this vow of mine me not go to heaven. the son broad Earth. whoever will come against me I will crush him them. and striking one another Strewn with celestial flowers. or let them. came there accompanied by the Apsaras. Kala-yuganta is explained as the I ft . all In the very sight of the troops. Hav ing smelt those perfumes in consequence of the action of the wind. When Duryodhana' s force became thus rilled with joy. T.of men devoted to various the duties of their order. at-arms. that resembled what takes place at the last great universal dissolution.1MSV // I Hahapralaya. the furious passage-at-arms distinguished by twang of bows and clatter of car-wheels and shouts of " warriors became exceedingly fierce. The collision of brave leaders of car-divisions. Kurus and the Srinjayas. rushed against the Pandavas.' of Drona. the Apsaras began to cover those foremost. Withaside his weapons. and for the sake also of my friend. Listen then to that oath of mine. ye king. anybody else. win the blessed region reserved for heroes. gladdening all thy warriors further said. all of There is no doubt in this. with began beautiful shafts equipt with wings of gold. 1 I adopt the A. obtain the in battle by the foe. and with diverse species of gems.

the son of Pandu became angry. I do not. those beautiful rockets. along with the mighty Srmjaya car-warriors of great strength. were During the progress of and awful making death their that great carnage. foremost of warriors. No one amongst the Dhartarashtras fight. O king. those axes with golden ornaments. and those displaced shields embossed with gold. visible. warriors that came to battle. is this carnage. Arjuna. with the goal. see king Yudhishthira the just. decked with gold. O Vibhatsu. and those huge maces twined round with gold. "Thus raged that great battle between those lords of Earth when Arjuna and Kama and Bhimasena. Endued (while living) with great activity. those discs displaced from the arms of their wielders. Behold. or heads broken by means of heav y clubs. the Pandava army is flying away. how O Bharata. what is. and those clothyard arrows washed with oil and looking like snakes freed from their Behold. those darts hav ing golden ornaments. Behold. O great Bharata. O thou Dharma's still of Dasaratha's race. having ivory handles. saying. O Bharata. of Kshatriyas on Earth for the O Partha. O the day remaineth. Behold those lances decked with gold. third part of O Janardana. as also their costly quivers Behold those straight shafts equipt with wings of gold. the gold-backed bows of slain displaced from their shoulders. and the heads of those battle-axes fallen off from their golden handles. sake of Duryodhana. or torn and mangled by elephants and steeds and cars. are Behold.' At these words of fight with the foe. having taken up diverse weapons. though deprived of life. Kama is slaying our great car-warriors in this battle. Hari (Krishna) quickly proceeded on that car to that spot where king Yudhishthira.ore. and sloughs.SECTION LVIII Vasudeva describes the Battle Scene to Arjuna San jay a said. beholding the fighting foe. said. as if still alive. and other great car-warriors. addressed Savyasachin. thousands of lying. with limbs crushed by means of maces. of son. Behold those swords adorned with gold. proceed to the spot where Yudhishthira Beholding Dharma's son safe and sound with his younger brothers in battle. Nor The is the standard cometh against me for For doing. field of battle. there . those scimitars. Govinda. addressing Vasudeva. those short clubs exceedingly heavy. 'Behold. warriors. 'Behold. is agreeable to me. The field of battle is covered with shafts and darts and swords and axes and scimitars and spiked maces and lances arid iron . warriors lying on the field. Behold those iron Kuntas. and those spears (that have been used) in this dreadful battle. those huge bludgeons with spiked heads. Having vanquished the son of Drona. I will again thou of Vrishni's race. O Krishna of mighty arms.

and those other beautiful and variegated and torn blankets. the Earth looks exceedingly beautiful. Arjuna. decked with beautiful ear-rings and well-cut beards and possessed of the splendour Behold those wounded warriors in whom life is of the moon and stars. and those beautiful necklaces of Behold gold. Their relatives. Behold those whips. of cars. Behold those housings of elephants. hacked with many wounds and covered with streams of blood and deprived of life. and the bodies of 167 steeds and elephants. with arrows yet sticking to their bodies. Behold. deprived them of Having covered many warriors with arrows and behold those combatants. strewn with the faces of heroes. O slayer of foes. broken in diverse ways. seeing them become senseless are throwing down the water they brought and are running wildly. and those other elephants and steeds. still in the grasp of (slain) horsemen. others in quest of drink. decked with Anyadas of gold and with men and Key was. With hands cased in leathern fences. those gigantic conchs of car-warriors. those quivers. Behold those gems for adorning the diadems of kings. life. Behold those bottoms extinguished fires. O Bharata. are once more proceeding Others are running hither and for battle against their antagonists. endued with activity longing for victory. Being begged for water by fallen heroes. casting aside their weapons are tending them. lying on the Earth. O prince. with fallen heads. Behold those rows of bells deprived of life torn and broken in diverse ways in consequence of falling elephants of gigantic size. the Earth. and those blankets and skins of the Eanku deer falling on the ground but which had served for seats on horse-back. lying all around. . many have them have gone last O breathing their meanwhile. with tongues lolling out. like an altar strewn with Behold those beautiful cars with rows of golden bells. white in hue and scattered all over the field. thither on the related to field. of heroes having large expansive eyes. and those hooks falling upon the ground. with displaced ornaments. weeping incessantly. are uttering wails of woe. miry with blood.KARNA PARVA Kuntas and battle-axes. and those displaced umbrellas and yak-tails for fanning. with arms smeared with sandal. and those beautiful goads set with stones of lapis lazuli. not yet extinct and who. The Earth looks beautiful. huge as hills. those diverse kinds of standards. and swelling with rage. decked with costly gems and ear-rings. and decked with triumphal banners. adorned with gold. With headless trunks smeared all over with blood with severed limbs and heads and hips. trunks of many active warriors. and those slain steeds lying scattered on the field. their brave relatives. shouting at one another. are Returning. the Earth looks. O best of the Bharatas. and variegated with gems. with severed thighs looking like elephants. those banners. Many. and having their ends cased in leathern fences. Behold those elephants. and those skins and blankets.

were left unslaughtered. biting their nether lips. that have Dhrishtadyumna for their head. while proceeding quickly. V^sudeva proceeded towards Yudhishthira. king in that great battle. Proceed. and the Panda v as they. Then commenced a terrible battle. the Pandava side) and those mighty car-warriors the Pandava them- . making death their goal. are surveying the field all around. of the enemy is O Arjuna. Arjuna also. who resembles a blazing fire. are following Bhima. between Karna and the Pandavas. that increased the population of Yama's kingdom. Dhrishtadyumna. set in O monarch. thus. Behold Kama. again broken by the rushing trying to rally the flying The mighty car-warrior Dhrishtadyumna is rushing against that hero. Others. Parthas. the Parthas being headed by Yudhishthira. The Srinjayas are following the lead of Dhrishtadyumna. yonder proceedeth Drona's son. O best of men. O monarch. They that are the foremost among the Panchalas. in battle. Kama is Resembling the Destroyer himself in impetuosity and Indra himself in prowess. had commenced. field of battle to Partha. who is the foremost of all wielders of weapons. slowly said unto Partha once more. 'Behold those kings rushing towards king Yudhishthira. fights singly with Karna and Aswatthaman fear- "Then the Kurus and the Srinjayas once more encountered each other in battle. O terrible and awful king. Behold. with all the kings (on After that furious battle. are still seen to rush towards foes in great battle deserting their dear relatives. beholding the saying. Yonder the mighty-bowman Bhima is proceeding to battle. producing rivers of blood. commenced a thing unto the diadem-decked Arjuna. the Srinjayas. O Bharata. and when a remnant only of the brave Samsaptakas. again. Proceed. and ourselves headed by the Suta's son. O lord of consequence of thy evil counsels. Then." SECTION LIX Dhrishtadyumna Sanjaya lessly said. The vast army Behold. are dying while drinking.' While saying these words unto Arjuna. Even O on Earth.168 MAHABHABATA died after having slaked their thirst.. O Bharata. that is. Others. the Srinjayas are falling' 'Thus did the invincible Vasudeva describe everyking. repeatedly urged Govinda. and many. Having shown the Madhava. on the arena of the battle. though affectionate towards relatives. that hero. of both thy warriors and those of the enemy. and with faces rendered terrible in consequence of the contraction of their brows. viz. Kauravas. O thou of Kuru's race. making the hair to stand on end. did that destruction Earth. Loud leonine shouts arose as the two hosts encountered each other.

pierced him in return with many arrows decked with gold. displaying great lightBeholding his shaft baffled by the arrows of Satyaki. With those straight shafts numbering seventy. the hair of all the creatures there present seemed to stand on end. great bowman. foes.warriors encountering Karna. took Dhrishtadyumna. O monarch. sped at his antagonist a gold- decked shaft that resembled a second rod of death. Drona's son. sinless one. behold- 22 . that mighty car-warrior of his great lightness of hand. O slayer of a Brahmana. Similarly. 'Wait. coursed impetuously towards Prishata's son. and beat back on all sides when it encounters a battle. it O Karna resisted Satyaki with showers of arrows from every side. soon objects of sight. that took place between them and Karna made the hair stand on end. unaided by any one received in that battle all those advancing warriors filled with joy and longing for victory. however. Those mighty car. Wait. in that encounter. wait. that subjugator of hostile towns. piercing through the gold. said. king. Karna then. The shook his foremost of bows called Vijaya. 'Wait. he pierced Karna. with many shafts resembling snakes of virulent poison. O monarch. As Drona (while alive). The battle then that took place. with nine arrows. The grandson of Sini.decked armour of the highsouled son of Prishata. Like the mountain receiving a vast body of water. Then Dhrishtadyumna assailed the son of Radha with a straight shaft in that battle. Filled said these words. retaliated by piercing Karna with many keen Filled with rage. The slayer of Drona. O king. he pierced Satyaki in that encounter with seven clothyard shafts. and queller of the prowwith rage. himself. Though awful. Karna. in that battle. with many keen and terrible endued with great impetuosity.' Having against Prishata's son that chastiser of ess of all enemies. of Kama and Beholding the grandson of Sini. O ness of hand. however. and cutting off the bow of Dhrishtadyumna. That terrible shaft. Karna. were beat off and broken like a mass of water. thou shalt not escape me to-day with life. as also his arrows resembling snakes of virulent poison Those arrows.' The mighty car-warrior Karna. who also strove to the utmost of shafts prowess. addressing Dhrishtadyumna. The mighty casting aside that broken bow. Meanwhile the mighty son of Drona rushed ers with fear. deeply pierced the brave son of Prishata. as son of Sini. striving resolutely. O king. assailed Dhrishtadyumna. the grandking. up another bow and a number of car-warrior shafts resembling snakes of virulent poison.KABNA PABVA selves. became bathed in blood and looked beautiful O like so many cochineal. and addressing him said. that scorcher of foes. covered Prishata's son. all 169 rushed against Karna only. filled with rage. mountain. cut off into seven fragments. between those two warriors was such as to fill both spectators and listen- And it became beautiful and deserving the feats. that shafts.

or if thou dost not fly away. The son of Radha. will to-day answer this speech of thine. the valiant Dhrishtadyumna same sword of mine which answered thy resolutely engaged in battle. beholding before him. and possessed of mighty weapons. beholding Drona's son in that battle. the son of Prishata. if thou stayest : in battle without being protected by Partha. MAHABHABATA O sire. Drona's heroic son. All this seemed exceedingly . however. rushed with great speed against Drona's son. the heroic son of Drona. that mighty car-warrior. the bow. O arrows. why should ?' in battle to-day of the by me. to thy great ev il. the wrathful commander the son of Pandava forces. in that battle. Then Dhrishtadyumna. the mace. the sight of each other. O monarch. Similarly. quickly cut off. nor the points of the compass. The sin thou hast committed before by slaying Drona will fill thee to-day with regret. Bowless and earless and steedless and driverless. with a keen arrow. the driver. O chalas and the Panda v as and the (five) sons of monarch. viz. the valiant son of Drona then. O. with many broad-headed arrows. with his arrows. slain I Drona could be only. however. I shall to-day ing not far from him despatch thee to Yama. fool. and the car of Prishata's son. those weapons also of Dhrishtadyumna before the latter could come down from his car. 'That Thus addressed. however. the standard. death. in the very sight of Kama. that ornament of battle. Then Drona's every side of Dhrishtadyumna. with straight be any longer seen. O thou that art a Brahmana in name not then. even so the son of Prishata. in that battle. sire. in that battle cut off the very tough and formidable bow of Drona's son as also all his arrows resembling snakes of virulent poison. heroes. O king. O king. Shrouded with thousands of arrows. the dart. Both of them were filled with great rage at Endued with great activity. O and rushed towards him.' saying. Drona's son. shrouded Drona's son. shrouded king. regarded him as his Soon. with arrows.. nor the combatants all around.170 ing the son of Prishata. had become cheerless and regarded that slayer of hostile him as his death. If I tell thee truly. could. Prishata. the son of Prishata then took up a huge scimitar and a blazing shield decked with a hundred moons. viz. putting forth my prowess. slay thee also Hav ing said these words. in wrath. in consequence of which became the cynosure of all eyes. O monarch. said these words unto Dhrishtadyumna stay'O wretch amongst the Panchalas. destroyed within the twinkling of an eye. too. Dhrishtadyumna stationed monarch. remembering that he was unslayable in battle now by means of weapons. drew deep breaths. like the Destroyer running against the Destroyer at the time of the universal dissolution. Endued with great lightness of hand. the steeds. singly resisted the PanDraupadi and Yudha- manyu and the mighty feat he car-warrior Satyaki. neither the welkin. replied.. pierced Drona's son son filled with great rage.

although pierced and exceedingly mangled with many arrows. Indeed. if who is now within the jaws Drona's son as these words. that scorefforts for slaying O ruler of men by cher of arrows. as he rushed towards his foe resembled that of Garuda swooping down for seizing a large snake. slay the earless and bowless Dhs irhtadyumna. Seeing Dhrishtadyumna dragghis enemy. a long shaft that resembled a second rod of Death or rather. Thus provoked. however. Partha. O chief of the Bharatas. sped at Drona's son. steedless and Meanwhile Madhava. began to pierce Partha with many shafts. he laid aside his bow and quickly proceeded towards the son of Prishata.' Having said Vasudeva urged the steeds towards that spot steeds. he will slay the prince. O king. by the v iolence of the stroke. coming towards him. desiring a single combat with him. addressing Arjuna. Beholding Prishata's son rescued and Drona's son afflicted. expectant of victory. king. O monarch. the valiant within the jaws of Death himself. Meanwhile. viz. in that battle.. decked with gold and sped from at the son of Drona. how the son of Drona is rushing with great speed towards the car of Prishata's son. abandoned the Panchala prince of immeasurable energy. therefore. repeatedly eyed Arjuna in that battle. beholding the latter senseless. the mighty Partha sped many arrows ed. bore away on his car the son of Prishata. thus afflicted with Dhananjaya's shafts. he sat down on the terrace of his car and filled O swooned away. ing such wonderful feats in battle. O king. and taking up his own excellent bow. 171 The mighty car-warrior Aswatthaman. O ruler of men. monarch. though struggling vigorously could not. When. O king. in that battle. foes. said. Exceedingly agitated. Gandiva.KARNA PAKVA wonderful. shook his bow Vijaya and. of the splendour of the moon. Beholding those two of great energy. with rage. rescue the son of Prishata. That arrow of great splendour fell upon the shoulder of the Brahmana hero. mounted on his car. the mighty Aswatthaman made great where Drona's son was. pierced Drona's son with many son struck Arjuna in the arms and the chest. O Partha. the heroic Sahadeva. devouring urged by Kesava. Krishna and Dhananjaya. the hero. the valiant son of Drona. 'Behold. towards the car of Drona's son. SeeThousands shouts. Meanwhile the driver of Drona's son. O of . O mighty-armed one. The impetuosity of that high-souled one. the son of Drona found that he could not slay his enemy with arrows. Arjuna then. Thus pierced with those terrible arrows. began to utter loud sweet instruments began to be sounded. Without doubt. Death rage. Those Dhrishtadyumna soon. quickly bore him away on his car from the field of battle. Then Kama. O crusher of of foes. Drona's Filled with himself. Those arrows. approached the son of Drona and pierced him deeply like snakes penetrating into an ant-hill. proceeded the very skies. the combatants uttered leonine the Panchalas.

the king of the whole world. Sakra himself. Behold. every mode to take away the Amrita. our brother (Yudhishthira) is being pursued by many mighty and great bowmen amongst the Dhartarashtras. viz. O Partha. O tiger among men. or Drona's son's or Kripa's or Kama's would break down the very mountains. like the Daityas. The mighty Panchalas. and equipt duly. thus brought under the influence of Duryodhana. by me. is pursuing the Panda v a king. are proceeding after the of rescuing high-souled Yudhishthira from desire Yonder. all inspired with the desire of slaughtering him. was once compelled by Kama to turn field. that desired is as fatal as that of poisonous snakes of warfare. Those mighty bowmen are uttering leonine roars. The army of Dhritarashtra's son. resembles the Destroyer himself ? The force of the heroic Duryodhana's shafts. towards the Samsaptakas." SECTION LX Yudhishthira placed in a position of great peril the Sanjaya said. are again proceeding towards Yudhishthira like a vast quantity of water in the season of rains rushing towards the ocean. for this is greatly desired Hearing those words of Pandu's son.. pointing out king Yudhishthira just. accompanied by his brothers. The mighty car-warriors (of the Kuru army). made motionless by Sakra and Agni. checked by Satyaki and Bhima. addressed him in these words 'Yonder. 'Proceed. his back upon the king Yudhishthira. and who are all conversant with Those Dhartarashtra elephants and horses and car. : O son of Pandu. clad in mail and accompanied by a large car force. to be already within the jaws of Death or already poured as a libation on the blowing their conchs. saying. the touch of whose weapons him.warriors and foot-soldiers are advancing to seize Yudhishthira like poor men after a precious gem. when angry. can scarcely escape. and shaking their bows. they have again been stupefied. Duryodhana. The son of Radha is endued with great might . Partha addressed Visudev a. I regard Kunti's son Yudhishthira. Pandava. is arrayed coming within the range of its in battle O arrows. of the heroic Duryodhana greatest celerity Who will bear the impetuosity who shoots showers of arrows with the and who. he of Dasarha's race proceeded on that car graced with many banners and whose speed O Krishna. MAHABHABATA Having achieved that feat. unto Kunti's son Partha.' resembled that of the wind or the mind. however in consequence of the vastness of their numbers. sacrificial fire. "Meanwhile Krishna. That scorcher of foes. difficult of defeat in battle. is pursuing him.172 roars. Impelled by the desire of slaughtering his rival the mighty Duryodhana.

The king. The king. There those crowds of car-warriors. Indrasjaha O Bharata. hath been placed in a situation of great peril. Of rigid vows. O Partha. those car-warriors of thy army. that king Yudhishthira since that chastiser of foes. routed crusher of that O Partha. he is accomplished He is competent to afflict the eldest son of Pandu in fight. like strong men rushing to the rescue speed of a person sinking in a bottomless sea. I think. is casting his eyes on all sides. There. the royal son Bharatas. of the Suta's son. coolly beareth the leonine roars of the frequently shouting Dhartarashtras longing for victory and blowing their conchs. away foes. Yudhishthira. on his bearing the device of the elephant's rope. as he beautifully draws his foremost . Behold. O best of the exceedingly emaciated in consequence of his fasts. viz. that are flying away in all directions. as also of all the Panchalas and the Chedis. by Kama. the Pandus. of Pandu. O Partha. is seen to move all over the field. and Pasupata. when the son of Pritha (Yudhishthira) had been engaged in battle with all those warriors. He is with Brahma force. and with clubs and other weapons. in battle. It has probably been struck down by Kama with his shafts. car. yonder Kama is destroying the Pandava division with his arrows. by Kama. O Bhimasena. O Bharata. Possessed of great skill. the wrathful think. assailed by Kama in battle. are seen to proceed with great speed is towards him at a time when the highest moment. those mighty car-warriors of the Panchalas are being routed (by Kama) even as the Daityas had been routed by Sakra in dreadful battle. O son of Pandu. viz.warriors of the Dhartarashtras Pritha with the weapons called Sthunakama. O in Bharata. however. like an elephant destroying an assemblage of lotuses. are flying away. must be deeply afflicted and exceedingly weakened. see. are flying O Partha.. that Pandu's son Yudhishthira is dead. Behold. There. in all directions. I think. O lord. other great car-warriors had struck him and contributed is to his defeat. has fallen. Kama. of In the very sight of the twins. those foremost of all wielders of wea- towards the son of pons. There. Yonder Kama urges forward the mighty car. The king's standard is no longer visible. and of Satyaki and Sikhandin. O Partha. for seeking thee. and the Srinjayas. of pain. Those elephants.KABNA PABVA 173 and great lightness of hand. See. uttering cries battle. but the puissant one is not endued with of endued much of Kshatriya might. how those great warriors are retreating. and Dhrishtadyumna and Bhima and Satanika. foremost of standards. O bull among men. There. the son of Radha is now rushing against Bhimasena. when he is united with the mighty and brave son of Dhritaspecially rashtra. scattering hundreds of shafts as he proceeds and slaughtering thy army therewith. Assailed. Indeed. because the Panchalas and the Pandavas. having vanquished the Panchalas. that scorcher of I foes.. Partha. Kama.

ev en like an insect into the mouth of a lamp. Let that wickedbe slain by thee. Both of you are endued with great strength. in this thee. he cometh for his own destruction.' Saying these words. he is behind (his troops). he is ever engaged in the good of DhritaOf wicked understanding. bow and shooteth. and remembering also that the son of Radha harboureth a great son of Kunti. O bull of Bharata's race. is a triplet . There the Kauravas. we Udaya a hills adorned by the moon. do this all of you. O mighty-armed one. 1 O Partha. With his beautiful umbrella moon in full. beholding the prowess of Kama. putting forth thy vigour. animosity for the virtuous Yudhishthira. O giver of will follow you behind. as come hither. in this Kauravas and rush United together. Behold Karna. O Partha. ribs. the son of Radha turneth towards this direction. beholding thy banner bearing the ape. in dreadful battle. let all the Kauravas behold thy prowess. Dhritaup with thee. Karna. prince. achieve that. hundred resembling the battle. Kama himself. of great celebrity. As regards battle escape with life.warriors. he Behold him. like a celestial When encountering each other in battle. rashtra's son. along with those allies of his. terrifying the Pandus with his whole soul. that are endued with 1 48 texts. after vanquishing his foes. O casting his glances after Without doubt. There. kingdom and happiness. will. and desiring. advancing adorned with his white umbrella in this battle and looking like the ourselves. in this dreadful battle. for protecting all souled one. five hundred foremost of car-warriors. Righteously setting thy heart on battle. he is always unable to put Beholding Karna alone and unsupported. There. is of O Bharata. and a Danava in the great battle between the gods and the Asivras. in this battle. an encounter with thee. advance. Indeed. which should O advance against that leader of car. looketh exceedingly beautiful even as Sakra in the midst of the celestials. O scorcher of foes. held over his head. are roaring and inspiring the Pandus and the Srinjayas with fear on every side. Duryodhana in wrath will not be able to do anything. him. ye with such speed that no Srinjaya may. rashtra's son. Beholding thee and Karna also excited to fury.174 MAHABHABATA of bows. now be achieved. all the troops. O bull of filled with great rage Bharata's race. O thou best of car-warriors. the third line is omitted in certain Bengal T. with great speed. scattering his shafts. from desire of winning fame. is addressing honours. saying. 'Blessed be ye. Remembering thyself to be of purified soul. Both of you are possessed accompanied by his car-force. . turneth towards him with great resolution. O Bharata. he shaketh his formid- able snakes of virulent poison. his shafts Wrathful and brave. resembling There.

with the Srinjayas and by Satyaki. great speed. are slaying and their armed their foes that are effectual smiters. the Panchalas are uttering loud roars and blowing their conchs as they are rushing against their foes and crushing them with their shafts in battle. hero. I think he will exterminate the Panchalas. There the Panchalas of great Dhananjaya. difficult of defeat in battle aided by the might force. of Reckless of their very lives. Yellow and red and black and white banners. some good is 1 Yudhishthira the just hav ing returned. in blood. The heads and arms of their foes are being struck off and felled on the lions slaying elephants. filled with great wrath is rushing against the Panchalas. There. Behold their great energy and power. There. adorned with umbrellas. O There. unto that great bowman. towards him with There. The troops of Dhritarashtra's son. are rushing against the riderless Dhartarashtra speed. and elephants and steeds also. those car. the hostile There. their faces turned O from the Bathed field. all united together. O O elephants and steeds and cars.KABNA PABVA 175 great might and fierce energy. deprived of life by the unreturning Panchalas with shafts of diverse kinds. the Kauravas are being slaughtered with keen shafts by Bhimasena. and engaged in routing the (Kaurava) host. supported by living. O son of Kunti. son of Kunti. Bhimasena are crushing. . Advance. stars and moons and suns as also many Arjuna. O son of Kunti. are advancing against or thy own will. and five thousand elephants. O chief of Bharata's race. and innumberable foot-soldiers. Through sheer valour. viz. and twice many horses. Bharata army. their wounds. struck by Bhima the with his shafts. are speedily flying and with blood streaming down from away from battle. O bull of Bharata's race. stationed at the head of the army. presents an exceedingly cheerlees aspect like that of the Earth when divested of crops. O tiger among men. standards are lying about. and uttering loud roars. O chastise r of foes. Show thyself. Bhimasena. lie scattered about. that foremost of combatants. is Partha. those warriors. the Panchalas are slaughtering the Dhartarashtras like angry foes Unarmed they are snatching the weapons of with those weapons thus snatched. Bharata. and the high-souled Panchalas. The Panchala 1 cars and elephants and horses are all worthy of the varia- The Bombay edition reads the second line with a slight tion T. I will tell thee.warriors are falling from their cars.. I see his standard approaching towards the car of Dhrishtadyumna. filled with rage like a snake of v irulent poison. thee. field. as O O the Suta's son. Kama. O bull of Bharata's race. Behold. and protecting one another. Made of gold or silver or brass and other metals. scattered all over the field. the mighty-armed Bhima. King news.

viz. Dost thou not recogunbearable leonine shouts. Full three Akshauhinis of Duryodhana's soldiers had been assembled together (in front of Bhima). is As regards those other elephants. that tiger among men. MAHABHARATA Like swans of great speed leaving the Manasa lake and rushing into the Ganges. in wrath. 1' host consisting of four kinds of forces. achieved by Bhimasena. with his straight shafts. viz. now that Bhima.. and every part of the vast Dhartarashtra force is assailed by them. Slaying with his keen shafts those elephants. The greater portion of the vast Dhartashtra army has become exceedingly frightened. Arjuna. the Panchalas are rushing against the Kauravas. Bhimasena. are lopped off. There. pierced by Bhima with his clothyard shafts." Sanjaya continued. filled with rage. The shouts of the Dhartarashtras bull of Bharata's race. each of them being slain with ten shafts by him. their triumphal standards also. with his keen shafts. They have all been checked by that lion among men. fled away in all directions. . armed with his bludgeon. assailing the hostile force is shooting his shafts and uttering loud roars. on from desire of slaying him with his lances. difficult of accomplishment. deeply pierced with the straight shafts of Bhimasena nise the are flying away. Bhima proceedeth against other elephants looking like masses of blue clouds and ridden by riders guiding his foremost of elephants. O Partha. O engaged in battle. Behold those elephants. with lances in grasp. the prince of the Nishadas. the fearless son of the Wind-god. crushing their own ranks. skill. putting forth all their valour for resisting the are The Panchala heroes headed their foes. like Destroyer himself them with Behold those riders striking Vrikodara with darts and lances in profusion. of the terribly-roaring O Bhimasena inspired with desire of victory in battle ? There. Like bulls resisting bulls. destroyed is equal to Purandara himself. seven at a time. are falling down like mountain-summits riven by the thunder. the two arms of the roaring prince. who is are no longer heard. "Behold that feat. overcome Many amongst them (that fell).176 highest praise. Slaying the prince.. the heroic Kripa and Kama and other leaders are Panchalas. O lord. Arjuna. those huge elephants. became the guests of Sakra and attained to great happiness.bolt of Indr a. by Dhrishtadyumna slaying thousands of the great car-warriors of the Dhartarashtra army already sinking in the ocean of Bhima's weapons. continued. As regards Partha. slaughtered and routed (by Arjuna). to slaughter the Dhartarashtra with fear. in battle The mighty Samsaptakas. Beholding the Panchalas overwhelmed by their foes. is coming against the son of Pandu. the remnant of his foes. are cut down by thy elder brother. Struck by Bhima even with ten keen clothyard shafts endued with the splendour of the fire or the Sun.

when ray troops were being slaughtered by the Pandus and the Srinjayas. O king. in return. the two armies then. while Yudhishthira against Chitrasena. from every side. assumSikhandin proceeded against Kama. The great car.. vie. the mighty Kama. Deeply pierced by the Suta's son in that encounter. O king. Seeing thy army rallied it away from Bhimasena. the great car-warriors of thy army. those tigers quickly proceeded against the Pandava host. O tiger among men. fly O king. With those three arrows sticking on his fore-head. my vast army being broken and routed repeatedly became cheerless. and Sikhandin and Janamejaya. proceeded against the mighty of great strength bowman Yudhamanyu. and all the Prabhadrakas. those heroes difficult of defeat in battle. and ed a wonderful aspect." Sanjaya of said. proceeded against Satyaki proceeded against Sakuni. accompanied by a large force. The mighty-armed Bhimasena. indeed. O monarch. The mighty car-warrior Kama then. viz. Dhrishtadyumna proceeded against thy son Dussasana. assailed Sikhandin with three arrows in the midst of his eyebrows. the Suta's son great valour. shaking bows and shooting their shafts. slaying Sikhandin's steeds 23 . rushed towards him. having rallied thy sou's host. when. with his winged arrows.SECTION LXI Feats of Bhimasena Dhritarashtra said. Teeming with cars and elephants and horses. and their among men. with great care. The slayer of Bhishma. alone and unsupported. O Sanjaya. and Dhrishtadyumna of great strength. O king. Sikhandin. Uluka. then. The mighty-armed Kama. and the grandson of Sini. and the sons of Draupadi against the other Kauravas. with eyes red in wrath. the mighty bowman Sikhandin pierced Kama. Held in check. Sahadeva. proceeded against the Pandavas. resisted Kama. with ninety keen shafts. The mighty car. while Kritavarman proceeded against Uttamaujas. "When Bhima and Pandu's son Yudhishthira were engaged in battle. and abounding with footsoldiers and standards. with great efforts. Bhimasena.warriors of the Pandavas also. rushed in that battle. Similarly. resisted all the Kurus and thy sons at the head of their div ision. his lips trembling in rage. in that battle. O sire.. desirous of slaughtering it. pired against thy army. Sikhandin looked highly beautiful like a silver mountain with three elevated crests. the Panchalas. rilled with rage and inswith desire of victory. what the Kauravas did. proceeded against the son of Radha.warrior Aswatthaman Saradwat's son Kripa proceeded. careering fearlessly in that battle. against Arjuna. "Beholding the mighty-armed Bhima. Kama then. tell me. Nakula proceeded against Vrishasena.



and next his driver with three arrows, cut off his standard with a razorfaced arrow. That mighty car-warrior then, that scorcher of foes, filled with rage, jumped down from his steedless car and hurled a dart at Karna. Cutting off that dart with three shafts in that encounter, Kama then, O Bharata, pierced Sikhandin with nine keen arrows. Avoiding
then the shafts sped from Kama's bow, that best of men,


exceedingly mangled, retreated speedily from that spot. Then Kama, monarch, began to scatter the troops of the Pandavas, like a mighty


wind scattering

a heap of cotton.

Meanwhile Dhrishtadyumna,


monarch, afflicted by thy son, pierced Dussasana, in return, with three arrows in the centre of the chest. Then Dussasana, O sire, pierced his assailant's left arm with a broad-headed shaft, sharp and straight and equipt with wings of gold. Thus pierced, Dhrishtadyumna, filled with

wrath and the desire to

retaliate, sped a terrible


O Bharata,


however, O king, with three shafts of his, cut off that impetuous arrow sped by Dhrishtadyumna as it coursed towards him. Approaching Dhrishtadyumna then, he struck him in the arms and the chest with seventeen other broad-headed shafts adorned with Thereat Prishata's son, filled with rage, cut off Dussasana's bow, gold.



with a sharp razor-headed arrow, at which all the troops there uttered a loud shout. Taking up then another bow, thy son, as if smiling, held Dhrishtadyumna in check with showers of arrows from every

O sire,

Beholding the prowess of that high-souled son of thine, the combatants as also the Siddhas and the Apsaras, became all filled with

wonder. then saw the mighty Dhrishtadyumna thus assailed by Dussasana to resemble a huge elephant, held in check by a lion. Then many Panchala car-warriors and elephants and horses, O elder brother
of Pandu, desirous of


rescuing the


(of the

Pandava army)

encompassed thy between thy warriors and the enemy, presented as frightful a sight as that which may be seen at the destruction of all creatures at the end of
the Yuga.



that commenced,

O scorcher of foes,

"Vrishasena, staying by the side of his father, having pierced

Nakula with

five arrows

with three other arrows.

made wholly of iron, pierced him once again The heroic Nakula then, as if smiling, deeply

pierced Vrishasena in the chest with aclothyard shaft of great keenness. Thus pierced by his mighty foe, that scorcher of foes, viz., Vrishasena, pierced his assailant with twenty arrows and was himself pierced by him with five. Then those two bulls among men shrouded each other with

thousands of arrows, at which the divisions that supported them broke. Beholding the troops of Dhritarashtra's son flying away, the Suta's son,
following them,

began to forcibly stop them. gone away, Nakula proceeded against the Kauravas.


After Karna had

Kama's son


sire, to where his father, avoiding Nakula, proceeded quickly, son of Radha, was for protecting his car-wheel.



his four steeds, the

"The angry Uluka was held in check by Sahadeva. Having slain valiant Sahadeva then despatched his foe's driver to the abode of Yama. Uluka then, that delighter of his father, jumping down from his car, O king, quickly proceeded and entered the division

the Trigartas. Satyaki, having pierced Sakuni with twenty keen arrows, easily cut off the standard of Suvala's son with a broad-headed arrow. The valiant son of Suvala, filled with rage, king, in that


Then Satyaki
his driver,

encounter, pierced Satyaki's armour and then cut off his golden standard. pierced him in return with many keen arrows, and struck

monarch, with three arrows. With great speed then, he with other shafts the steeds of Sakuni to Yama's abode. despatched Speedily alighting then, O bull among men, from his car, Sakuni, that mighty car-warrior, quickly ascended the car of Uluka. The latter then bore away with great speed his father from Sini's grandson, that
warrior skilled in battle.





king, rushed in

that battle

against thy army with great impetuosity, at which that army broke. Shrouded with the arrows of Sini's grandson, thy army, O monarch, fled

away on all sides with great speed, and fell down deprived of life. "Thy son resisted Bhimasena in that battle. In a trice Bhima made
that ruler of

men steedless and driverless and earless and standardless, which the (Pandava) troops became highly glad. Then thy son, O The whole Kuru army, king, went away from Bhimasena's presence. at this, rushed against Bhimasena. Tremendous became the din made
by those combatants inspired with the desire
of slaying


Yudhamanyu, piercing Kripa, quickly cut
that foremost of

Kripa, wielders of weapons, taking up another bow, felled Yudhamanyu's standard and driver and umbrella on the Earth. At





Yudhamanyu retreated on his car, driving Uttamaujas covered the terrible son of Hridika, endued with terrible prowess, with a thick shower of arrows like a cloud pouring torrents of rain on a mountain. The battle between them, O scorcher of foes, became so awful that its like, O monarch, I had never seen before. Then Kritavarman, O king, in that encounter, suddenly pierced Uttamaujas in the chest at which the latter sat down on the
the mighty car-warrior

His driver then bore away that foremost of carwarriors. Then the whole Kuru army rushed at Bhimasena. Dussasana and Suvala's son, encompassing the son of Pandu with a large elephant Then Bhima, causing the force, began to strike him with small arrows.
terrace of his car.

wrathful Duryodhana to turn his back on the field by means of hundreds of arrows, quickly rushed towards that elephant force. Beholding that
elephant force advance


against him, Vrikodara





with great rage and invoked his celestial weapons. And he began 1 elephants with elephants like India striking the Aswras.

While engaged


those elephants,

Vrikodara, in that

covered the welkin with his shafts like myriads of insects covera fire. Like the wind scattering masses of clouds, Bhima quickly ing scattered and destroyed crowds of elephants united together in thousands. Covered all over with networks of gold, as also with many gems,
the elephants looked exceedingly beautiful in that battle like clouds charged with lightning. Slaughtered by Bhima, those elephants, O king,

began to



Some amongst them, with

their hearts pierced, fell

Earth. With those fallen and falling elephants adorned with gold, the Earth looked beautiful there, as if strewn with broken mountains. With the fallen elephant-warriors of blazing resplendence and adorned with gems, the Earth looked beautiful as if strewn with 2 planets of exhausted merit. Then elephants, with their temples, frontal

down on the

pierced, fled in hundreds in that battle, with the shafts of Bhimasena. Some amongst them, huge as hills, afflicted with fear and vomiting blood, ran away, their limbs mangled with arrows, and looking, on that account, like mountains with

and trunks deeply

liquid metals running

their sides. People then beheld the two two mighty snakes, smeared with sandalBhima, resembling paste and other pounded unguents, continually employed in drawing the bow. Hearing the sound of his bow-string and palms that resembled the peal of thunder, those elephants, ejecting urine and excreta, ran away The feats of the single-handed Bhima of great intelligence, on in fear.




that occasion, shone like

those of Rudra, himself, while engaged in


all creatures.'

Kawravas Pw&ue Retreating Yudhishthira
said, "The handsome Arjuna then, on that foremost car which were yoked white steeds, and which was urged by Narayana himself, appeared on the scene. Like the tempest agitating


of his, unto

the ocean, Vijaya,

O foremost of

kings, in that battle, agitated that host

of thine teeming with horsemen.


the white-steeded

Arjuna was

otherwise engaged, thy son Duryodhana,

with rage, and surrounded by half his troops, approached suddenly, and encompassed the advanc8 The Kuru ing Yudhishthira inspired with the desire of revenge.

T. 1 A triplet in the Bengal texts. 2 The righteous on Earth, after death, become planets and stars. Upon the exhaustion of their merits, they are supposed to fall down. T. T. 3 triplet in the Bengal texts.


king then pierced the son of


Pandu with three and seventy razorheaded arrows. At this, Yudhishthira, the son of Kunti, became inflamed with ire, and quickly struck thy son with thirty broad-headed

The Kaurava troops then rushed impetuously for seizing Yudhishthira. Understanding the wicked intentions of the enemy, the great car-warriors of the Panda v a army, uniting together, rushed

towards Yudhishthira, the son of Kunti,

for rescuing him.


Nakula and Sahadeva and Dhrishtadyumna, the son of Prishata, surrounded by a full Aksliaukini of troops, thus proceeded towards Yudhishthira. Bhimasena also, in that battle, crushing the great carwarriors of thy army, proceeded towards the king surrounded by foes. Kama, otherwise called Vaikartana, king, shooting dense showers of


arrows, checked, single-handed,
(to the rescue).


those mighty

Though they

shot dense

bowmen thus advancing showers of arrows and hurled

with determination, yet they were unable even Indeed, the son of Radha, that master of all weapons offensive and defensive, by shooting dense showers of The high-souled Sahadeva, shafts checked all those great bowmen. (the spot where Duryodhana was), and however, quickly approaching invoking without loss of time a (celestial) weapon, pierced Duryodhana


lances, righting

to look at the son of Radha.

with twenty arrows. Thus pierced by Sahadeva, the Kuru king, covered with blood, looked beautiful like a huge elephant of split temples. Beholding thy son deeply pierced with many arrows of great
energy, that foremost of car-warriors,
rage, rushed to that spot.

the son of Radha, filled with

Seeing Duryodhana reduced to that plight, weapons quickly, began to slaughter the troops of Yudhishthira and Prishata's son. Thus slaughtered by the high-souled Kama, Yudhishthira's troops, O king, afflicted with the arrows of the Showers of shafts fell together. Indeed, Suta's son, soon fled away. those sped subesquently from the bow of the Suta's son touched with

Kama, invoking


In consequence of those wings of those sped before. O monarch, colliding with one another, a falling showers, of shafts, to blaze forth in the welkin. Soon Kama conflagration seemed shrouded the ten points of the compass, O king, with arrows capable
their heads the
of piercing the bodies of foes,

with advancing flights of locu

Displaying the highest weapons, Kama began to wave with great force his two arms smeared with red sandal-paste and adorned with jewels









with his



the just. Filled with rage at this, deeply son Yudhishthira struck Kama with fifty keen shafts. In Dharma's


consequence then of the darkness caused by those showers of arrow>. the battle became awful to look at. Loud cries of woe arose from

among thy



monarch, whilst they were being slaughtered by



Dharma's son, O sire, with diverse kinds of keen shafts equipt with Kanka feathers and whetted on stone, with numerous broad-headed 1 arrows, and with diverse kinds of darts and swords and clubs. Thither where Pandu's son of virtuous soul cast his eyes with the desire of
producing evil, thither thy army broke, O bull of Bharata's race. Inflamed with great rage, Kama also, of immeasurable soul, inspired with
the desire of retaliating, his face flushed in anger, rushed in that battle, against Pandu's son, king Yudhishthira the just, shooting cloth-yard
calf's tooth.

and crescent-shaped arrows and those epuipt with heads like the Yudhishthira also pierced him with many whetted arrows equipt with wings of gold. As if smiling the while, Kama pierced the royal son of Pandu in the chest with three broad-headed arrows, whetted on stone, and equipt with Kanka feathers. Deeply afflicted therewith, king Yudhishthira the just, sitting down ont he terrace of his car, ordered his driver to retreat. Thereupon all the Dhartarashtras, with their

king, set


a loud shout, saying,

pursued the (Pandav a) king.

Seize Seize, and all of them then Then seventeen hundred Kekaya troops

in smiting, united

with a body of the Panchala troops,

O king,

checked the Dhartarashtras. During the progress of that fierce and terrible battle, Duryodhana and Bhima, those two warriors endued with
great might, encountered each other."

showers, to

to his

Yudhishthira Retreats

began, with his arrowy






the mighty car- warriors of the Kaikayas, viz., those that stood before him. Indeed, the son of Radha desfull fiv e

patched to Yama's abode


of those warriors that



checking him in that

to be irresistible in that battle,

Beholding the son of Radha those warriors, afflicted with the arrows

of their assailant, repaired to the presence of Bhimasena. Breaking that

car-force into

many parts by means of his arrows, Kama, singly and on that same car of his, pursued Yudhishthira who then, exceedingly mangled with arrows and almost insensible, was proceeding slowly for reaching the Pandav a encampment with Nakula and Sahadeva on his two sides. Having approached the king, the Suta's son, from desire of doing good to Duryodhana, pierced the son of Pandu with three
formidable arrows.

In return, the king pierced Radha's son in the

A triplet in the

Bengal texts.

T. the

2 2k

27 form a is pleonastic. second line of 27, for Y-udhishthira read Panduyutra. T.

a triplet. The two lines of 26 with complete sentence. The construction


lines of

In the

centre of the chest and then his driv er with three shafts.




two scorchers

of foes,


the twin sons of Madri, those

two protectors

of Yudhishthira's

rushed towards Karna so that the latter not succeed in slaying the king. Then Nakula and Sahadeva, might both shooting showers of shafts with great care, covered the son of
car- wheels,

Radha therewith. The valiant son of the Suta, however, in return, pierced those two high-souled chastisers of foes with two broad-headed arrows of great sharpness. The son of Radha then slew Yudhishthira's
excellent steeds, white as ivory and fleet as the mind, and having black hair in their tails. Then smiling the while, the Suta's son, that great

bowman, with another broad-headed
Kunti's son.

shaft, felled the head-gear of the valiant Karna, hav ing slain the steeds of Similarly, Nakula, cut off the car-shaft and bow of that intelligent son of Madri.

steedless and earless sons of Pandu, those two brothers, ascended the car of Sahadeva. Beholding those two brothers thereupon made earless, that slayer of hostile heroes viz., their maternal uncle, the

Those two

compassion, addressed the son of Jiadha and said, Thou art to fight today with Pr itha's son Phalguna. dost thou then, with rage inflamed to such a pitch, battle with Dharma's
ruler of the Madras,

moved by


royal son



art suffering thy weapons to be exhausted.

Thy own


being weakened.


thy shafts reduced, and without

quivers, with thy driver and steeds fatigued, and thyself mangled by son of Radha, foes with weapons, when thou wilt approach Partha,


thou wilt be an object of derision and mirth.' Though thus addressed by the ruler of the Madras, Karna still, filled with rage, continued to And he continued to pierce the two assail Yudhishthira in battle. sons of Madri by Pandu with many keen arrows. Smiling the while,

he made Yudhishthira turn his face from the Then Salya, laughing, once more said unto Karna as the latter, battle. excited with great wrath and resolved upon Yudhishthira's destruction

by means

of his shafts

stood on his car, these words, 'Him for whose sake Dhritarashtra's son son of Radha What wouldst always honours thee, slay that Partha,


The two Krishnas are blowing thou gain by slaying Yudhishthira their conchs whose loud blare is being heard. The twang also of Arjuna's bow is being heard, like the roar of the clouds in the season of rains. There, Arjuna, striking down the foremost of our car-warriors

with his arrowy down-pours, is dev ouring all our troops. Behold him, O Karna, in this battle. The two that are protecting his rear are Yudhamanyu and Uttamaujas. The brave Satyaki is protecting his left
wheel, and Dhrishtadyumna is protecting his right wheel. There, Bhimasena is fighting with the royal son of Dhritarashtra. Act in such son of Radha, that Bhiuia may not be able to slay the king today way,


in the sight of us all,

that the king may, indeed, escape him.





brought under the power of Bhimasena, that ornament Approaching if thou canst rescue him, it will, indeed, be a

very wonderful feat. Going thither, rescue the king, for a great peril has overtaken him. What wilt thou gain by slaying the sons of Madri or king Yudhishthira ?' Hearing these words of Salya, O lord of Earth, and beholding Duryodhana overpowered by Bhima in that dreadful
son of Radha, thus urged by the words of Salya and exceedingly desirous of rescuing the king, left Ajatasatru and the twin sons of Madri by Pandu, and rushed for rescuing thy son. He was borne by his steeds that were fleet as birds and that were urged by the ruler of the Madras. After Kama had gone away, Kunti's son Yudhishthira retreated, borne,
1 battle, the valiant

O sire, by the fleet steeds of Sahadeva. With twin brothers accompanying him, that ruler of men, quickly repairing in shame to the (Pandava) camp, his body exceedingly mangled with shafts, alighted from the car and hastily sat down on an excellent bed. The arrows then being extracted from his body, the royal son of
Pandu, his heart exceedingly afflicted with sorrow's dart, addressed his



two mighty car-warriors, the sons




'Repair quickly to the division of Bhimasena.

cloud, Vrikodara

engaged in

Roaring like a Riding another car, Nakula,

that bull

among car-warriors, and Sahadeva of great energy, those two brothers, those two crushers of foes, both endued with great might,

Indeed, the

then proceeded towards Bhima, borne by steeds of the utmost fleetness. brothers having together repaired to Bhimasena's division, took up their places there."

(Incidents of the Battle contd.)



"Meanwhile Drona's



king, suddenly proceeded to that spot

surrounded by a large where Partha was.

Like the continent withstanding the surging ocean, the heroic Partha having Saurin (Krishna) for his help-mate withstood the impetuously rushing Aswatthaman. Then, O monarch, the valiant son of Drona, filled with rage, covered both Arjuna and Vasudeva with his shafts. Beholding the two Krishnas shrouded with arrows, the great car-warriors

Pandava army), as also the Kurus that witnessed it, wondered exceedingly. Then Arjuna, as if smiling, invoked into existence a celestial weapon. The Brahmana Aswatthaman, however, O Bharata, baffled that weapon in that battle. Indeed, all those weapons that Arjuna sped from desire of slaying the son of Drona, were baffled by the latter, that
(of the




that encounter.

During the progress

of that awful

This word occurs in 31.




encounter of weapons, O king, we beheld the son of Drona to resemble the Destroyer himself, with gaping mouth. Having covered all the points of the compass, cardinal and subsidiary, with straight arrows, he
pierced Vasudeva with three arrows in the right arm. Then Arjuna, slaying all the steeds of his high-souled assailant, caused the Earth in
that battle to be covered with a river of blood that was exceedingly awful that led towards the other world, and that had diverse kinds of creatures floating on it. All the spectators beheld a large number of

car-warriors along

with their


Partha's bow.


and destroyed by means


belonging to the division of of the arrows sped from his enemies, caused a terrible slaying

During the progress of that fierce and awful battle between Drona's son and Partha, the combatants fought, without showing any regard for one another, and rushed hither and thither. In consequence of cars having their steeds and drivers slain, and steeds having their riders slain, and elephants having their riders and guides slain, an awful carnage, O Car- warriors, deprived of king, was made by Partha in that battle life with shafts sped from Partha's bow, fell down. Steeds freed from their trappings, ran hither and thither. Beholding those feats of Partha, that ornament of battle, that valiant son of Drona, quickly approached the former, that foremost of victorious men, shook his formidable bow decked with gold, and then pierced him from every side with many sharp arrows. Once more bending the bow, O king, the son of Drona cruelly struck Arjuna, aiming at the chest, with a winged

river of blood to flow there that led to Yama's domains.

Bharata, in that encounter, Deeply pierced by Drona's son, the wielder of Gandiva, that hero of great intelligence forcibly cov ered the son of Drona with showers of arrows, and then cut off his bow.



His bow cut off Drona's son then, taking up a spiked mace whose touch resembled that of thunder's, hurled it, in that encounter, at the diadem-decked Arjuna. The son of Pandu, however, O king, as if smiling the while, suddenly cut off that spiked mace decked with gold,

advanced towards him. Thus cut off with Partha's shafts, it fell down on the Earth, like a mountain, O king, broken into pieces, struck with the thunder-bolt. Filled with rage at this, Drona's son, that great car-warrior, began to cover Vibhatsu, aided by the energy of the Aindra weapon. Beholding that shower of arrows spread over the welkin through the Aindra weapon, Partha, endued with great activity, O king, taking up his bow Gandivct, and fixing on his bow-string a mighty
as it

weapon created by Indra, destroyed that Aindra shower of arrows. Having baffled that arrowy shower caused by the Aindra weapon,


Partha soon covered the car of Drona's son (with his own arrows). son of Drona, however, overwhelmed with Partha's shafts,




penetrated through that shower of arrows shot by the son of Pandu, and approaching the latter, invoked a mighty weapon and suddenly pierced Krishna with hundred shafts and Arjuna with three hundred

Then Arjuna pierced the son of his preceptor with a hundred arrows in all his vital limbs. And then he poured many arrows on the steeds and driver and the bow-string of Drona's son in the very sight of thy warriors. Having pierced Drona's son in every vital part, Pandu's son, that slayer of hostile heroes, then felled his adversary's driver from the car-niche with a broad-headed arrow. Drona's son, however, himself, taking up the reins, covered Krishna with many arrows. The activ ity of prowess that we then beheld in Drona's son was exceedingly wonderful, since he guided his steeds while he fought with Phalguni. That feat of his in battle, O king, was
small arrows.

applauded by all the warriors. Then Vibhatsu, otherwise called Jaya, smiling the while, quickly cut off the traces of Aswatthaman's steeds in that battle, with a razor-faced arrow. Already afflicted by the energy of Arjuna's shafts, the steeds of Drona's son thereupon ran away. Then
a loud noise arose from thy




Meanwhile the

Pandavas, having obtained the victory, and desiring to improve it, rushed against thy troops, shooting from all sides sharp arrows at them.
host, then, O king, was repeatedly broken by the heroic Pandavas inspired with desire of victory, in the very sight, monarch, of thy sons, conversant with all modes of warfare, and of Sakuni the son of Suvala, and of Karna, king ! Though sought to be

The vast Dhartarashtra




army, afflicted on all sides, not on the field. Indeed, a confusion set in among the vast stayed terrified host of thy son in consequence of many warriors flying away on all sides. The Suta's son loudly cried out, staying Stay, Stay ! but


by thy

sons, that gteat

thy army, slaughtered by many high-souled warriors, did not stay on the field. Loud shouts were uttered then, O monarch, by the Pandavas, inspired with this desire of victory, on beholding the Dhartarashtra
host flying

away on




affection, 'Behold,



Then Duryodhana addressing Karna bow our army, exceedingly afflicted

by the Pandavas, though thou art here, is flying away from battle Knowing this, O thou of mighty arms, do that which is suited to the


chastiser of foes

Pandavas, are,

O hero, calling after

these grav e words of these words unto the ruler of the Madras, 'Behold the prowess of my ruler of men arms and the energy of my weapons, Today I will

Thousands of (our) warriors, routed by the thee only, O best of men Hearing Duryodhana, the son of Radha, as if smiling, said
! !'



slay all

the Panchalas and the Pandavas in battle


Cause the steeds to

Without doubt, everything proceed with my car, O tiger among men will be as I have said!' Having said these words, the Suta's son of

great valour,
that hero, taking


up his ancient and foremost of bows and rubbed the string repeatedly. Bidding the troops stay on the field after having assured them upon his truth and by an oath, the mighty Kama of immeasurable soul fixed on his bowFrom that weapon string the weapon known by the name of Bhargava. flowed, O king, millions and millions of keen arrows in that great battle. Entirely shrouded with those blazing and terrible arrows winged with feathers of Kankas and peacocks, the Pandava army could not see
called Vijaya, stringed
afflicted, in

from among the Panchalas, O king, mighty Bhargava weapon. In consethen of elephants, O king, and steeds, by thousands, and cars, quence O monarch, and men, falling on all sides, deprived of life, the Earth began to tremble. The vast force of the Pandavas became agitated from one extremity to another. Meanwhile Kama, that scorcher of






that battle, with the


his foes, looked resplendent

that foremost of warriors, that tiger among men, while consuming Thus slaughtered by like a smokeless fire.
to lose their senses all

Kama, the Panchalas and the Chedis began
field like


elephants during the conflagration in a forest. Those foremost of men, tiger among men, uttered loud roars like those of the tiger. Loud became the wails of woe, like those of living creatures


at the universal dissolution, that

were uttered by those crying com-

batants struck with panic and running wildly on all sides, the field of battle and trembling with fear. Beholding


king, of

them thus

by the Suta's son, all creatures, even beasts and birds, were filled with fear. The Srinjayas then, thus slaughtered in battle by the Suta's son, repeatedly called upon Arjuna and Vasudeva like the spirits of the dead within Yama's dominions calling upon Yama to rescue them. Hearing those wails of the troops slaughtered with Kama's shafts, and beholding the terrible Bhargava weapon invoked
into existence

O sire,


son Dhananjaya





words, 'Behold,

mighty arms, the prowess of the Bhargava It cannot, by any means, be baffled Behold the Suta's son weapon also, Krishna, filled with rage in this great battle and resembling the

O Krishna of


Destroyer himself, in prowess and employed in achieving such a fierce feat Urging his steeds incessantly, he is repeatedly casting angry I will never be able to fly away from Kama in glances upon me battle The person that is living, may, in battle, meet with either
! ! !

Hrishikesa, victory or defeat. To the man, however, that is dead, even death is victory. How can defeat be his that is dead ?' Thus


men and

addressed by Partha, Krishna replied unto that foremost of intelligent chastiser of foes, these words that were suitable to the

mangled by Kama.

'The royal son of Kunti hath been deeply wounded and Having seen him first and comforted him, thou

wilt then,


Then Kesava proceeded, desirous of monarch, beholding Yudhishthira, thinking that Kama meanwhile, Then Dhananjaya, himself would be overwhelmed with fatigue desirous of beholding the king afflicted with arrows, quickly proceeded on that car, avoiding the battle, at Kesava's command. While the son

O Partha,




of Kunti

was thus proceeding from desire of seeing king Yudhishthira he cast his eyes on every part of the army but failed to find The son of Kunti proceeded, his eldest brother anywhere on the field. with the son of his preceptor Drona, and O Bharata, having fought having vanquished that hero incapable of being resisted by the wielder

of the thunder-bolt, himself.'


'Having vanquished the son of Drona and achieved

a mighty and heroic feat that

exceedingly difficult, of accomplishment,

and with bow outstretched in his hands, cast his eyes among his own troops. The brave Savyasachin, gladdening those warriors of his that were still battling at the head of their divisions, and applauding those among them that were celebrated



for their former achievements, caused the car-warriors of his

own army

to continue to stand in their posts.


seeing his brother Yudhish-

thira of Ajamida's race, the diadem-decked Arjuna, adorned, besides,

approached Bhima and enquired of him the whereabouts of the king, saying, 'Tell me, where is the king ?' Thus asked, Bhima said, 'King Yudhishthira the just, hath gone away from It is doubtful this place, his limbs scorched with Kama's shafts.

with a necklace of

gold, speedily

whether he still liveth Hearing those words, Arjuna said, 'For this reason go thou quickly from the spot for bringing intelligence of the

Without doubt, deeply hath gone to the camp In king pierced by fierce passage-at-arms, though deeply pierced by Drona with keen that shafts, the king endued with great activ ity, had still stayed in battle,

king, that best of all the descendants of




shafts, the


That foremost one expectant of victory, until Drona was slain among the Panda v as, possessed of great magnanimity, was greatly

For ascertaining his condition, I will stay here, checking all our foes quickly go hence, O Bhima Thus addressed, Bhima said, 'O thou of great glory, go thyself for ascerimperilled by
in to-day's battle



taining the condition of the king, that bull amongst the Bharatas Arjuna, I go there, many foremost of heroes will then say that






frightened in battle taptakas are before
first, it is


Then Arjuna

said unto

Bhimasena, 'The Samthis


to stir

slaying those assembled

impossible for







said unto Arjuna, 'Relying

upon my own




as a car-warrior he was celebrated throughout all the worlds.' SECTION LXVI "Yudhishthira said. stationed Bhima. the just. worshipped the feet of king Yudhish- the two Krishnas became Beholding that bull or tiger among men safe and sound. leaving this sea of troops ' ! I desire. addressed Bhima. Both O Then of them. you two. and the proA slayer of hostile troops. O Kesava to see king Ajatasatru " ! "Sanjaya continued.KABNA PAEVA one among the Kurus. O thou that hast Devaki for thy O Dhananjaya ^ The sight of both of I see that Achyuta and O Arjuna. He was accomplished in all weapons. monarch. 'Just as he was on the point of urging the steeds. you. borne by those steeds that resembled Gadura. approached the king who was lying alone on his bed. filled with joy like the twin Aswins on seeing then congratulated them both like Vivaswat congratulating the twin Aswins. addressed the Vrishni hero. He was the saviour of the Dhartarashtras. O Bhima ! Slay these assembled foes of Partha f Then Hrishikesa proceeded with very great speed to the spot where king Yudhishthira was. have slain the He was in battle like unto a snake of mighty car-warrior Kama virulent poison. he was He was invincible in battle by always prepared to inflict woe on us mother. Therefore. or like Vrihaspati congratulating Sankar and Vishnu after the slaughter of the mighty Asura Jambha. saying. 'Urge the desiring steeds. 'Welcome. proceeding on their car. thinking that Kama had been slain. and welcome to thee. Vasava. 'This feat is not at all wonderful for thee. to see the king. that chastiser of foes. O ! ! ! ! ! ! ! . he was the crusher ceeder in their van of large bands of foes. The leader of all the Dhartarashtras. those words of Bhimasena that were difficult of accomplishment. at the head of the army and having commanded him. his brother I 189 the Samsaptakas in battle ' will fight with all ! O Dhananjaya. that foremost one of the Darsarhas. King Yudhishthira the just. and that scorcher of foes thereupon addressed " them in these words in a voice choked with delight. his foes. O king. 'Hearing in the midst of foes. those two foremost of men. he was their armour and protector While he was always protected by Vrishasena and by Sushena. is exceedingly agreeable without being wounded yourselves. (viz. having to go (hence). Krishna and Arjuna). I am about saying. from that car. both of fighting -ons whom are great bowmen! Of great energy. O Hrishikesa. to fight (with the Samsaptakas). The king became filled with joy.. do thou go thyself ! "Sanjaya continued. Ever engaged in Duryodhana's good. Arjuna. Kesava. he had recer from Rama in weapons He was invincible in battle The foremost one in all the world. alighting thira.

wherever I used to go. like a couple of celestials after vanquishing an Asura ! Today. since Kama. although I ! exerted myself resolutely in battle doubt. he was like the Destroyer himself unto foes ! Hav ing slain Kama (who the very gods with Vasava at their head. the son of Radha was always worshipped by Dhritarashtra How then hath he been slain by thee ? In and his son. The enhancer of the joys of friends. In weapons he was equal unto Rama. that I son. ! O son Tell me in detail ask thee today about thy welfare In battle Kama was equal unto hast slain Kama today how thou Sakra himself. Inspired Wherever I O Dhananjaya. Kama of mighty energy then vanquished me. for thy sake ! ! . How then hath he been slain ? He was regarded He as a mighty car. knowing that the time for my own destruction had come. of the heroic Sikhandin. thither battle. O Dhananjaya. I was also made steedless and earless by him in the very sight of Yuyudhana. What more need I say ? I am For thirteen years. I did not obtain any sleep by night or any comthrough ed is me in diverse harsh speeches. O Dhananjaya. I always beheld Kama (with my mind's eye). a great battle was fought between myself exerting with might and that hero resembling the Destroyer himself. due to the prowess of Bhimasena. that ornament of battle. O Dhananjaya Like from Kama. O son of I Kunti.warrior ! ! It is for this. The whole of my time had passed in the thought as to how I would accomplish the destruction of Kama in fort by day ! Filled with hatred of I fled ! the bird Vaddhrinasa battle ! Awake or asleep. In gravity he was unfathomable as the Nether world. and the one man amongst all men O prince. In prowess he was equal unto Yama. that I met with today at the Vanquished. O Achyuta. was even by good luck it is that you two have come. the universe appeared to me to be with the fear of Kama. to-day cried fie on me ? That which I had never before met with at the hands of Bhishma or Kripa or Drona in battle. by that hero let off ! Kama my eyes ! retreated from battle. and Arjuna. of ! Dhirishtadyumna. while seeking to exterminate all creatures My standard was cut down. alive was hands of the Suta's of Kunti.warrior. I burn. that foremost of warriors address! That I am still alive. and all the Panchalas Having vanquished those innumerable foes. so) in dreadful battle. and my two Parshni drivers also were slain by him. in with my I standing before steeds and car. O thou of mighty arms. of the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva). as also in the very sight of the sons of Draupadi. vanquishing all my Pursuing me then and without protectors. ! Kama. was the foremost of all bowmen.190 MAHABHAEATA In energy and might he was equal unto the god of fire and the god of wind. beheld who never What use have I of by him life or of kingdom either. conversant with all modes of warfare. full of Kama ! was. unable to bear that humiliation fear of Kama. that mighty car.

hath that Karna been slain by thee in battle ? Tell me. O hero. used to regard Karna as bull then. O Krishna. in which I was brought to that distressful plight. viz. intoxicated with pride of heroism. divested of might. and of gold along with a number of elephants and bulls Hast thou really slain today that sinful wight who was exceedingly dear to Suyodhana. O tiger among men. the battle. doth that Kama of on the field. hast really slain that Suta's son. 'Why. before the without having slain Krishna and Partha sinful understanding lie today I ask. tiger among men. thy death.. used always to brag in the assembly of the Kurus ? Encountered in battle. cut off trom the trunk of that Karna of wicked understanding his resplendent head decked with earrings ? Pierced with Kama's shafts today. for thy sake of giving unto others a magni- ficent car. really slain in battle that sinful wretch who used to always challenge thee and who was made ? desirous. thought of . that Karna who had promised to give a car with six bulls of elephantine proportions unto him that would point thee out. had addressed Krishna. while he was engaged ! O among men How ! O O in battle. and who. his body pierced with shafts? the nature of the battle that took place when the Srinjayas and the Kauravas encountered each other. Dhritarashtra's son. I ask doth that Karna of wicked soul lie today on the bare ground. and fallen? That Kama who had vowed for thy sake. exceedingly weak. Encountering that Thou knowest Karna. hast thou today. used to always boast in the midst of the ? ? Have the two arms Have those words been of Dhritarashtra's son been (at of Indra. saying that he would not return from battle the assembly. used to search everywhere on the field of battle for thee ? Hast thou. I had. with arrogance and pride and bragging of his heroism. his limbs exceedingly mangled with sky-ranging shafts sped by thee from thy bow and all steeds steeped in blood last) broken by him unfulfilled. with blazing shafts sped from Gandiva. doth that wretch lie today on the field. son kings for gladdening Duryodhana.KABNA PARVA all 191 engagements. slain with thy keen arrows equipt with Kanka feathers ? Having slain the Suta's son in battle. saying. O sire. that Suta's son O who made ? the vow that he would not wash his feet as long as Partha lived in That Karna of wicked understanding who Kuru chiefs. I will slay Phalguna ? hath that Kama of little understanding been slain by thee today. hast thou slain him today? O Savyasachin. son of Kunti. in battle. didst thou. O Arjuna. strike off his head in battle searched all the points of the in the sight of all his friends like a tiger tearing off the head of a very Euru deer ? That Suta's son who compass for finding thee. filled with pride. thou hast accomplished a deed highly agreeable to me Encountering him filled ! thou who. uttered from folly who. how that Karna hath been slain by thee How. dost thou not abandon the Panda v as that are saying.

each drawn by eight bullocks. king. foremost of kings. Approaching me. is that our grandsire Bhishma hath he O Phalguna. Jishnu of infinite energy. Slaying full five hundred of those. 'While battling with the Samsaptakas today. having been counted as only half a car-warrior during the tale of Rathas and Atirathas. proceeded against Drona's son. laughing the while. ? recked us little. telling battle Tell me that thou hast slain Kama today. suddenly came proceedeth at the head of the Kuru troops. with pride. that foremost of heroes among the Kurus. carried his hundreds of arrows. but like a wind destroying the clouds I destroyed with my shafts that arrowy shower of his. replied unto the invincible Yudhishthira of great might. that were being slaughtered by me. of rattle deep as the roar of clouds. by the slaughter of Kama. Beholding my car. engaged in battle with me. 'Hearing these words of the righteous king who had been filled with anger. Then. shooting shafts that resembled snakes of virulent poison. O ' SECTION LXVII Sanjaya said.. hath he been slain today by thee ? won That in gambling by of little Kama understanding who.192 MAHABHABATA ! thee (that thou wouldst slay him) Hast thou then. Like the me. incapable of being made to tremble began to afflict me and While Janardana with whetted shafts resembling poison or fire. that O O hero with great resolution rushed against me like a prince of elephants against a lion. before me. I had so long waited for thee. I then. and desired to rescue. the Kaurava car-warriors. Displaying thy prowess. having encountered him in The news of Kama's slaughter is exceedingly agreeable to me. that Kama filled formerly. in the presence of the Kauravas and in the midst of the assembly called us sesame seeds without kernal. thousands of other arrows. eight darts. who had encountering that Kama in battle. therefore. O Bharata. O monarch. how the Suta's son hath been slain ! ! divine Vishnu waiting for the arrival of Indra with the intelligence of " hero ! Vritra's slaughter. viz. the preceptor's son. this fire in my heart born of v indictiv eness and is fanned by the wind of humiliation. Drona's son who always king. in that battle. Suyodhana. He then shot at me. all sped from his bow-string stretched to his .. been slain by thee ? Extinguish. all the troops O began to encompass it. had upbraided that foremost of all wielders of weapons on Earth. hast thou slain him today ? That Suta's son of wicked soul who had. with skill and force and resolution. viz. hast then that refuge of Suyodhana of great wrath. that high-souled Atiratha. He shot them all at me. commanded Dussasana to forcibly drag Yajnasena's daughter Suvala's son. always today destroyed That Suta's son of wicked soul. saying. made that thought of mine true ? In consequence of the protection granted him by Kama.

six thousand princes are sacrificing themselves in battle today. putting for victory. At last. king. the left or the right. Slaying them thee. nor could we notice when he took like even a black cloud in the season of torrents the water with which it is charged. O king. then that end will be mine. Come fight with the Suta's son if he can be found in this battle today. and beholding the elephants and steeds f lyinj away. Sakra encountering Vritra. I have seen. the Suta's son. O king. O Bharata. them off. the bow of Drona's drawn to a circle. and wonderful (Bhargava) weapon of Karna There is now no other warrior among is able to resist the mighty car-warrior Karna. kings. staying in the hostile army. Karna has already despatched to Yama's abode full seventeen hundred of those distressed car-warriors. If. O thou of inconceivable feats.. slay Kama today with all his relatives while engaged in battle with him. Indeed. Within the twinkling of an eye. all and avoiding . O foremost of kings. however.. I afflicted him with the force of thunder. Let the heroic princes Yudhamanyu and Uttamaujas the Srinjayas that protect my rear. I will. having approached Karna. O Bharata. he soon assumed the form of a porcupine. viz. and struck with fear. Beholding his troops. hadst first I by him. he shot his arrows. be the protectors of my car-wheels. I have quickly come hither for seeing All the Panchalas are afflicted with fear at sight of Karna like lion. having come away from the cruel Karna. Let grandson Satyaki. O thou of great glory* encountering that heroic and like viz. forth my strength. O O lion among 25 which is his that does not accomplish a vow taken . There. I thought that thou must have. Thou been engaged with Aswatthaman and exceedingly mangled heard that after that thou wert seen by Karna. the Prabhadrakas are rushing towards the face of a mighty bull. for the sake of heaven. kine at the scent of a The Prabhadrakas also. are like persons that have entered the wide-open jaws of Death. the great displayed in the Sini's van of battle. up his arrows let and when he son was seen by us to be incessantly he then entered the car-division of the Suta's son. that grinder (of hostile hosts). Exceedingly afflicted with those shafts sped by me. Seeing the troops overwhelmed by me in battle. O king.KAKNA PABVA very ear. O son of Pandu. and Dhrishtadyumna. Kama approached me quickly with fifty great car-warriors.^arna. and behold me and the Suta's son contending with each other in battle invincible car-warrior. Indeed. 198 rains pouring in So quickly did Drona's son career in that battle that we could not discern from which side. those foremost of warriors all covered with blood and overwhelmed by me. been enjoying rest (in the camp). I do not. the Suta's son did not become cheerless till he had a sight of us. the son of Drona pierced me with five whetted arrows and Vasudeva also with five whetted arrows. There. O king. All his limbs became bathed in blood.bolts.

however. and hav ing obtained mastery ov er all branches of knowledge. we have always uttered blessings on thee. This one will. All those expectations. With his senses under control. slay Why. by merely desiring it. Vasava himself ! ! him. dom unto ourselves covetous of kingdom point out destruction in the shape of kingFor these thirteen years. Yonder. through fear of Kama hast come hither. on a single car. Pritha's son angry with Phalguna and burning with the shafts of Kama. thou hast come hither since thou hast been unable to slay Kama. O tances. . slay the Kurus. by entering her womb. the Kalingas. have proved vain like those of persons expectant of fruit! Like a fish-hook getting instead of a tree burthened only with flowers hid within a piece of meat. ! SECTION LXVIII 'Hearing that Kama of Bhima. O prince. rendered the conception Thou hast acted improperly by deserting Bhima. avoiding ? Kama then. I will. or poison overlaid with food. why hast thou broken us into pieces by throwing us down on a hard soil ? Expecting diverse good things and benefits from thee. saying that v ictory will be mine in battle. we have. ! O Dhananjaya. will bring all creatures Under subjection to himself. and no creature will ever be able to vanquish him. kept that promise. because thou wert unable to slay the Suta's son. and deserting Bhima I shall If in the Dwaita woods thou hadst said unto me. This high-souled son that is born of thee. me in the Dwaita woods that thou wouldst. mighty energy was still Yudhishthira of immeasurable energy. Bringing us into the midst of foes. O lion among kings. bless me. not be able to fight with Kama'. said these words unto Dhananjaya. ! [This son of thine that is born will have the prowess of O He will vanquish all his heroic foes Endued with he will at Khandava vanquish all the celestials united superior energy. of Kunti abortive. 'O king. O Partha. O Arjuna. Thou hast. O hero. this one. lived relying on thee. 'O sire. the Dhartarashtras are about to devour Bhima. thou didst. slay the Suta's son and his troops and all our foes!"' by him. Having promised me the slaughter of Kama. we would have made other arrangements suitable to the circumsPartha. This one will subjugate the together and diverse other creatures Madras. in the midst There will be no bowman superior to of many kings. then. thou hast not. thy army is fled and hath been beaten in a way that is scarcely honourable Inspired with fear and deserting "San jay a said. like seeds sown on earth in expectation of the showers sent by the gods in season Even these were the words that a voice in the skies had said unto standing ! thou of foolish underPritha on the seventh day after thy birth. for disappointing us at last. exceedingly alive. from hope.194 MAHABHA&ATA * I beg of thee. Thou hadst. and the Kaikeyas. said unto Kama.

fie on the might of thy arms. then Kesava could have (by this time) slain the fierce Kama like the lord of the Maruts (Sakra) slaying with his thunder the Asura Vritra. This thy bow Gandiva is full six cubits long. and fie on tible arrows have. All that. drew his sword for slaying that bull of Bharata's race. in courage of Sakra. the son of Aditi. or having taken thy birth there. hath not come to pass. 'Why. through fear of ? If. from battle. thou of wicked soul Fie on thy Gandiva. Kesava. Thou comest from battle. O Partha. and with standard that bears the ape. He will be the slayer of all foes like Vishnu. the world will not then behold us bereft of sons and wives. be the founder of a race f ] Even thus. If thou art unable to resist for thy driver. give this thy Gandiva today to some other king. that may be thy superior in (the use and knowledge of) weapons. ! O Dhananjaya. however. in an unfathomable hell of great misery. in the skies. dost thou draw thy sword ? I do not. Why. O son of . will in beauty be the rival of Soma. Beholding his wrath. O prince. as he is careering in battle.KABNA PARVA 195 O Kunti. that voice spoke. ! O thy car given thee by the god of " fire !' SECTION LXIX 'Thus addressed by Yudhishthira. fillei with rage. thou hadst given this bow to Kesava and become his driver. deprived of happiness inconsequence of the loss of kingdom. in speed of the god of wind. if thou hadst come out on the fifth month an abortion. in splendour of Surya. than to ! thus come away from battle. the workings of the (human) heart. Alas. he will be celebrated for the destruction he will deal to foes and the success he will win for friends. Endued with immeasurable energy. it shows that the gods even may speak untruths Hearing also the words of praise always uttered about thee by many foremost of Rishis. He will. I never expected that Suyodhana would win success and prosperity or that thou thyself wouldst be afflicted with the fear of Kama Thou ridest upon an excellent car constructed by the celestial artificer himself. It would have been better for thee if thou hadst never been bom in the womb of Kunti. Thou hast Kesava in patience of prosperity of the ! ! Kama hast thou come away wicked soul. fie on thy inexhausFie on thy banner with the gigantic ape on it. in Lord of treasures. conversant with "Sanjaya said. Meru. on the summit of the Satasringa mountains. Thou bearest a sword attached to thy belt of gold and silk. then. besides. with axles that do not creak. and in might of Vishnu. and sunk. said. O son of Pandu. in the hearing of many ascetics. O Partha O thou of the fierce son of Radha today. Kunti's son owning white steeds. whom thou hast to intelligent fight The behold any one here with Dhartarashtras have now been assailed by the Bhiraasena. in forgiveness of Earth. If that be done.

I will do what O O committeth acts that should not be done and doeth acts that are apparently proper but condemned by the scriptures. declare their opinions. O son of Kunti. in which thou. Having seen that among kings who endued with prowess equal to that of a tiger. why this folly at a time when thou shouldst rejoice ? I do not see here. have drawn the sword. O Gov inda I dare not forgive I will them.' "Sanjaya continued. O sire. O Janardana. that thou hast not waited upon the old. Arjuna. but thou dost not know. cannot be ascertained easily. Since (believing thyself) conversant with morality. I will dispel my grief and fever. The man not acquainted with those rulings becomes confounded and stupefied. Fie' unto Partha and once more continued to say. I will keep my vow. the person whom thou mayst slay. MAHABHAEATA The king has been seen by thee. casting his eyes on Yudhishthira. Thou believest thyself to be conversant with virtue. ask thee.196 Kunti. from virtue. Why then dost thou desire to strike ? What is this delusion of thy mind ? dost thou. 1 would cut off the head of that man who would secret tell me 'Give thy Gandiva to another person' Even ! this is my vow. Slaying this best of men. thou of inconceivable Why O ! O prowess. however. is this that thou art about. will pay o3F my debt to truth. O Partha. son of Pandu. Even slaying Yudhishthira. inasmuch as. waited upon by pupils. O Partha. said unto Gov inda. No one that acquainted with the distinctions of morality would act in the way. son of Kunti What take up that formidable sword ? I ask thee this. 'Gov inda then said. O tiger among men. following the that is dictates of morality. Everything can be ascertained by the aid of the scriptures. thou art desirous of observing morality (in this way. thou graspest that sword in anger ?' Thus addressed by Krishna. for seeing the king. tiger Indeed. ? By that I what do you think suitable to the circumstances that have arisen knowest the entire past and future of this universe. O Partha. it seems) thou art actuated by ignorance. " thou wilt tell me. in thy presence. O thou of immeasurable prowess. What should be done and what should not. -with such speed. art acting to-day ! He. Abstention from injury to animals . 'I now know. 'Fie. and breathing like an angry snake. Thou knowest not the decisions of those learned men who. Those words have been spoken by this king. is the worst of men who is Thou. It for that slay this king who himself fears the slightest falling off is for this that I I. even as thou hast been stupefied. thou hast yielded to wrath at a time when thou shouldst not have done so. O delighter of the Yadus. with them. that the slaughter of living creatures is a sin. O Partha. that art unacquainted Dhananjaya. since. Thou. is Yudhishthira is well. in discriminating between what should be done and what should not. art not acquainted with the scriptures.

O son of Pandu. who The slaughter of a person not engaged is conversant with morality ? in battle. Alt these attricareless. by the righteous Yudhishthira. or when life is in danger. Why. falsehood may be uttered. I think. and by T 'unti. 'There was a certain hunter of animals. How then. was adopted by thee before from foolishness. of the name of Valaka. Devoted. There ever. or of enjoying a woman. able to distinguish between truth and falsehood. O holy one. from even the desire of winning merit. his son and his wives and not from will. These five kinds of falsehood have been declared to be sinless. rivers " ?' "Arjuna (living) said.KABNA PABVA 197 One may even speak an untruth. the highest virtue.to the duties of . In consequence of that vow thou art now. loss In a situation involving the On an of one's entire property. but is. butes are in thy superior. the King. or of a foe. for the livelihood of OBharati. of great celebrity. falsehood becomes utterable. O Partha. O Bharata who has turned his face from battle or seeks protection or joins his hands or yields himself never applauded by the righteous.'" "Vasudeva said. dost thou rush towards thy reverend superior for slaying him. He used. desirous of perpetrating a sinful act. O foremost of men. Listen to is it. In a situation of peril to life and in regards its essential attributes. this illustration about Valaka and about among rivers. this mystery that was declared by Bhishma. I will tell thee that mystery in truth is all its details. this mystery connected with morality. this story that I mav undercCausika viz. without flies who away or is up or is having resolved the exceedingly subtile course of morality that difficult is. and even where falsehood would become truth and truth would become falsehood. again. This vow. Behold. couldst thou wish. to slay animals. On these occasions falsehood would become truth and truth would become falsehood. may obtain great merit like Valaka by the slaughter of the blind beast ? What wonder. He is a fool that practises truth without knowing the difference between truth and One is said to be conversant with morality when one is falsehood. O Partha. O Dhananjaya ! One who speaks righteous.. again. of being understood ? I will now tell thee. earns great sin like Kausika (living) among the stand it. howexceedingly difficult to be understood as Truth may be unutterable. by perpetrating even a cruel act. from folly. or when one's entire property is about to be taken away. or for the sake of a Brahmana. like an ordinary person. in this that a foolish and ignorant person. Tell me. to slay thy eldest brother. one should never kill. truth as practised is nothing higher than truth. occasion of marriage. falsehood becomes utterable. falsehood may be utterable marriage. by Vidura otherwise called Kxhifri. What wonder then in this that a man of wisdom.

1 must always speak the truth. O Partha. Valaka went to heaven. There was an ascetic of the their instruments. There must be some indications for a foolish man. and unacquainted with the distinctions of morality. So it is the conclusion of the Pandits that what maintains is Dharma. did Kausika give it is them the information. tell us this.' Thus 1 adjured. 'Those men have entered this wood crowded with many trees and creepers and plants. I have narrated to you the signs and indications of Dharma. Hearing this. Sometimes that high and unattainable knowledge may be had by the exercise of reason. 'O holy one. For this reason he was made blind by the Self -born. saying. In consequence of that great sin consisting in the words spoken. he he saw a beast of prey whose sense of smell supplied the defect of his eyes. still he slew it immediately. saying. employed in drinking water. that the scriptures indicate morality. Then those cruel men. answer us. however. Many persons say. and resounding with the songs of Apsaras and the music of A delightful animals. having undergone ascetic austerities. day. Having slain that animal which had resolved to slay all creatures. a floral shower fell from the skies celestial car also. Kausika told them the truth. heard. slew them all. exceedingly (upon the head of the hunter). Thither even. at a point where many rivers met. Even thus. Dharma protects and preserv es the people. on the one hand. filled with rage. He made a vow. 1 He lived on a spot much removed from a village. At last even with perseverance and care. If thou hast seen them. Kausika. that speaker of truth. At that time certain persons. Although he had never seen such an animal before. of little from sin.198 MAHABHAEATA order and always speaking the truth and never harbouring malice. also to support his parents and others that depended upon him. came from heaven name of Kausika without much knowledge of the scriptures. searching for animals own One he used found none. Dhananjaya. fell into a grievous hell. After the slaughter of that blind beast. ignorant of the subtilties of morality. Approaching Kausika then. searched for them carefully. O Partha. even as knowledge. entered that wood (where Kausika dwelt). for taking away that hunter of That beast of prey. the robbers. from fear of robbers. had obtained a boon and had become the cause of the destruction of all creatures. you decide whether Yudhishthira . The scriptures. distinguishing virtue That which is connected with inoffensiveness is religion. by which path have a multitude of men gone a little while before ? Asked in the name of O Truth. as a speaker of truth. finding out the persons they sought. do not provide for every case. Morality is even so difficult of being understood. For the growth of creatures have precepts of morality been declared. He then became celebrated. falleth into painful hell by not having asked persons of age for the solution of his doubts. I do not contradict this. they asked him saying.

may become true while at the same time both myself and the eldest son of such counsel that ' me my vow. to counsels in consequence of which Yudhishthira without being actually deprived of life may yet be dead. he spoke those improper words He provoked thee by those words so that thou mightst slay Karna in battle.' Arjuna said. After that. A superior. O Partha. "Partha. so thou art conv ersant with the canons of morality. Dharma does not deserve death. known Pandu may live. arrows. that the king in great wrath said those harsh words to thy face. As long as one that is also. call made a promise that whoever would him 'tularak. address this Yudhishthira as tliou when his usual form of address Dioit.. the Kauravas would necessarily be vanquished.' "Vasudeva said. and under the influence He had been mangled in battle by Karna with numerous of grief. If I slay him. hero. labouring unto thee in wrath.KABNA PABVA is 193 to be slaughtered by you or not. It was for this that. O Kesava of the Vrishni clan. as also by all heroes and all persons in the world that are venerable for years. he was repeatedly struck by the Suta's son (with his shafts). should be kept. Bear thyself thus. give thy Gandiva to some one Bhima has also shall at once put an end to his life." me. 'Give thy bow'. thou knowest tell I my vow that whoever among men would braver than you. For this the son of Arjuna. It was for this. That Karna being slain. is is your honour. O son. your words are fraught with great intelligence and impregnated with wisdom. O Partha. The son of Pandu knows that the wretched Karna is incapable of being borne by any one else in the world (save thee). while he was retreating from battle. O hero. viz. Thy vow O deserving of respect continues to receive respect. 'Krishna. Therefore. In some trifle then show him disrespect. Now the King has repeatedly used those very words to me in thy presence. 'The king was fatigued. always been respected by thee and by Bhima and the twins. of O Bharata. of Kunti. O foremost of all righteous persons. Nothing is unknown to thee in the three worlds. Having intended again the slaughter of the -king through and the loss of my mental faculties. It behov eth thee today. under a load of sorrow. O O a folly moment.' would be slaughtered by him there and then. Listen now to my counsels that will be agreeable to thee. by being addressed as killed though not deprived life. I have been polluted by sin. however. When. such a person meets with disresThis king hath pect. one is said to live in the world of men. The stake in the game of today's battle has been made to lie in the ever alert and always unbearable Karna. Even this is what the royal son of Dharma had thought. Thou art to us like our parents and our refuge. he is spoken of as one that is dead though alive. to gi v e throughout the world. I will not be able to live in this world for even Kesava. towards king .

who is battling with the foremost heroes of ths world may upbraid me. That Bhimasena hath the right to upbraid me. Agitating the foremost of car-warriors and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers. " !' never be angry with thee. address these upbraidings to me. Having addressed him in this way. son of Pandu. Endued with the prowess of Indra. slain a thousand elephants and ten thousand Kamvoja mountain 2 ars. O thou mayst then worship his feet and speak words of respect unto this son of Pritha and soothe his wounded honour. the like of which thou canst never achieve. That hero achieveth feats. That foes hath the right to upbraid me. however. O Partha. the Nishadas. Having afflicted his foes at the proper time in battl. desiring good should always act in this way without scruples of any kind. hath been declared by both Atharvan and Angiras. With also his foremost of swords he hath destroyed many horsemen and cars and steeds and elephants. cheerfully slay the Suta's son Kama SECTION LXX "Sanjaya said. and . O king. Without being deprived of. the most difficult chastiser of Bhima.life a superior is yet said to be killed if that venerable one is addressed as thou.200 Yudhishthira. single-handed. Thy brother is wise. putting forth his strength. applauding those counsels of his friend. therefore. the tor of just. in the manner I have indicated. The chastiser of foes is who slaying the Kalingas. the Angas. address king Men Yudhishthira. thou wilt then. 'Thus addressed by Janardana. will as also Fxeed from falsehood from fratricide. he hath destroyed a large number of steeds and cars and elephants in battle. at thy hands. Pritha's son Arjuna. Bhima.' "Arjuna said. the just.. the Vangas. he hath. MAHABHARAtA Adopt this censurable behaviour. thou that art passing thy time full two miles away from battle. then vehemently addressed king Yudhisthira. in addition. the just. all O perpetua- Kuru's race! This best audition of auditions. is now in the midst of the Dhartarashtras. and with his bow also. he destroy eth the hostile army. With the broken limbs of cars. but not thou that art always protected by friends. king Yudhishthira will never regard as an offence committed by thee. 'Do thou not. he consumeth his foes. and is uttering loud roars in battle like a lion after slaying innumerable smaller animals. Conv ersant with duty as thou art. Jumping down from his car mace in hand. The royal son of Pandu. Possessed of great might and resembling Kuvera and Yama. and slain many brave lords of earth and many foremost of car-warriors and huge elephants and many heroic horsemen and countless brave combatants. This death. with his feet and also his bare arms he slayeth numerous foes. in language that was harsh and the like of which " he had nev er used before.

now to vanquish thy foes through our aid. again. Thou thinkest me like thyself. himself told thee the means of his death in battle. and was slain by the heroic and high-souled Sikhandin. that hero poureth showers of arrows in great battle like the clouds pouring torrents of rain. it is sons and wives. It was for thee that Striking us.' speeches. the intelligent Sav yasachin of calm wisdom. protected by me. with the cruel goad of thy arose from thee. we lost our kingdom. We have never derived any happiness from thee since thou wert engaged in gambling with dice. Our calamity gambled. that happiness from thee. Thou. and large numbers of hostile elephants that are ever infuriated and that look like masses of blue clouds. firmly devoted to truth. art strong in words and very unfeeling. thyself caused all this calamity. do not provoke our wrath. Having. who is ever actuated by 26 . Eight hundred elephants. Bhishma. Having thyself committed a wicked act to which they only are addicted that are low. the West. I do not derive any pleasure from the thought of thy restoration to sovereignty. I always strive to do thee good with my soul. thou desirest O Bharata. is competent to upbraid me. Thou art without any and thou art cruel. I have never obtained any It was for thy good. again. Yet dice. Slain by us. hostile troops are lying on the field. and with shafts in his (other) hand. O king king. and the South. the ends of tneir tusks cut words. I slay thy sake anxiety. the son of Drupada. though for the mightest of car-warriors. darts. Nations from the North. Lying on Draupadi's bed thou insultest me.fcABNA PABVA 201 the Magadhas. ! O "Sanjaya said. It was thou that didst that cruel act in consequence of which the Kauravas have become offenders and are being destroyed. notwithstanding all this. It was for this that all of us have fallen into hell. Since. addressing these harsh words to me. with mangled bodies and uttering loud wails. shafts in battle. the East. after the performance of incomparable feats It was thou that hadst in battle by great warriors of both sides. thou couldst not abandon. and that the Kshatriya's strength is in his arms. 'Having addressed these harsh and exceedingly bitter words unto his eldest brother and thereby comniitteda veinal sin. life. O son of Pandu. shaking his bow at the proper time. which is worshipped by the wicked. Riding on a suitable car. since thou art addicted to the ev il practice of gambling. wounded and slain. Thou hadst heard of the numerous faults and the great sinfulness of dice that Sahadeva spoke about. are being struck. off. O chief of men. thou still piercest me with such wordy ness ev ident that we cannot expect any happi- from thee. thou art. lies with their frontal globes split open and have today been slain by Bhima with foes is That slayer of competent to tell me harsh learned say that the strength of the foremost of Brahmanas in speech. I have seen. The O to be Bharata.

brought to completion by gift of Daksliina. is lying dead on the field. O have thy own self. own merit. the West. what would then been thy condition and what wouldst thou not then have own self. of sin. O O . The son of the chief of the celestials became filled with remorse and breathing heavily.' 1 king. of men. Hearing those words of Partha. the East and the South. and brought all to thy subjection. is not approved hero among men. O king. I alone have ed.202 MAHABHAEATA the fear of defection from virtue. were both due to my prowess. except the deity that bears Pinaka I am regarded by even that illustrious deity. Slaughtered by me. For this reason I do not reduce the three worlds to ashes. It was I. Kesava. O king. Nations from the North. slay my own self by whom this wicked act hath been done. have been struck down. 'I shall. said unto Yudhishthira. there is no other bowman. saying. have done ? O Kiritin. Partha. thou wouldst sink into a more terrible Declare now. the very host of the celestials. The Rajasuya (performed by thee). By hell des- troying thy if own self. and the celestial palace owned by thee.' Applauding these words and Krishna. with my arrows. exterminated and destroyA small remnant only of the Samsaptakas is alive. This. the son of saying. 'Having said these words unto the thy object. why hast thou become so cheerless ? O slayer of foes. Let this king become cheerful now. thou hadst today. soles are the signs of cars with standards. In a moment I can destroy this universe of mobile and immobile creatures. however. putting forth my strength. slain. became very cheerless. 'What is blue as the sky ? Tell me what for then I shall give thee counsel for the grati- fication of in great sorrow Thus addressed by that foremost of men. Why dost thou again unsheathe thy sword thy answer is.' Dhananjaya. O Bharata. Arjuna. I will surely slay Kama in battle. or Kunti will . Seeing this. that vanquished all the points of the compass with all the kings ruling there. lowering his bow. I slay those with (high) weapons that are conversant with high weapons. O Morality is subtil. Thou Sakra. especially by those that are ignorant. Krishna and myself will soon proceed for slaying the Suta's son. and unknowable. Krishna asked him. slain half of the entire (hostile) army. 'Listen. thy slain than thou hadst slain thy brother. from fear If. Either the Suta-dame will today be made childless by me. Riding upon my terrible and victorious car. thou desirest now to destroy thy by the righteous. that foremost of ruler virtuous persons. O king. like unto myself. No one can vanquish a my person like me in battle. 'Let it be so. slain this thy eldest brother of virtuous soul. shalt then. in words. that foremost of all righteous persons said this unto Dhananjaya. answered Kesava. In my hands are (marks On both of) sharp shafts and a stringed bow with arrow fixed thereon. the Bharata host that resembled. Listen to me as I preach to thee. this ? drew his sword.

the thy good. Let Bhima become king. am idle and a coward. Partha. 'Be cheerful. The eunuch that I am. standing there. Partha threw hands. acting also at this insult.' Thus seeking to cheer that royal hero capable of bearing all foes. forgiving understand a little while after. 'Give thy Gandiva to another. king. said unto him. I shall. A A do with sovereignty ? I am incapable of bearing these harsh speeches of thee excited with wrath. rising up from that bed (on which he had been sitting). What I have said. Hearing. those harsh words of his brother Phalguna. O thou forgive me that beseech and bow mighty arms. Pandu's son. Truly do I say it that I will not put off " my armour before I have slain Kama with my arrows in battle. with joined viz. suddenly stood up and desired to go to the woods. down his weapons and cast aside his bow and quickly thurst his sword back into its sheath. those very words were addressed to him by you.' Having said these I words. Live you happily without me. Kama cometh towards me. known to thee. I shall this obedient to a cruel person like me ? very day retire into the woods. the king. For that. I am of foolish understanding. leaving that bei. am cruel. that foremost of men. I I am the worst of men. what use have I with life. once more said. 'O king. Arjuna. you will 'This task will not be delayed.. with my whole soul. my instance. inflicted is O lord of Earth. I tell thee that I hold my life for O king. throw ourselves on thy mercy. Know this diadem-decked Arjuna of blazing splendour touched the king's feet and rose for proceeding to the field. this my race.' Sanjaya said. . I have acted wickedly. addressed Yudhishthira. said these words unto Partha. and the exterI minator of I my I am a wretch. committed for maintaining the truth. what shall high souled Bhimasena is fit to be king. What wouldst thou gain by always being wretch that I am. for the truth. I shall proceed against him. am an insulter of the old. for tell keeping that earnest vow. the diadem-decked Ar juna. head today.' Having said so. and said. king Yudhishthira the just. it behoveth thee to to thee this transgression. Insult to superiors of said to be their death. It will be accomplished soon. who is ever devoted to That man in the world who would Even you him. O great king. Having been insulted thus. O hero.' would be slain by him. me. Do thou strike off. Yudhishthira. yc have been overwhelmed with terrible calamity. bowing down. "Having said these words unto that foremost of virtuous persons. of O both myself and Arjuna. 'O Partha. with his heart filled with sorrow. Therefore. therefore. I am addicted to wicked courses. Hanging down his head in shame. proceed for rescuing Bhima from the battle and for skying the Suta's son. I bow to thee. the celebrated vow of the wielder of Gandiva is truth about his Gandivn. however. Then Vasudeva. For this reason.KABNA PAEVA 203 be made childless by Kama. Both of The Earth shall today us. O king.

this hour. I have been guilty of a transgression. we two will proceed against the car of the my wish.' Then Arjuna. By thee. O Achyuta. Forgive. Suta's son for fighting him. Both of us stupefied by folly.. do thou. that slayer of foes. joyful words of king Yudhishvirtuous soul. then The latter. O Partha. lying weeping at his feet. is what I think to be suitable to this. O Partha. 'Be Having done pleased with me. O monarch. such cheer- what wouldst thou have done - thou hadst slain the king. in a great fury.' Hearing those words of Krishna. this foremost of is all practisers of virtue. in battle. son. am saved by thee. that delighter of the Yadus. passed over an ocean of sorrow and grief. Having obtained thee. lessness hath possessed thy heart. O king. raised the prostrate Hrishikesa and joining his hands.' have said from desire of observing virtue and from fear of "Beholding Dhananjaya. thou hadst slain the son of Dharma with thy sharp sword ? Having only addressed the king as fhoii. we obtained have today been rescued from a great calamity. drink the blood of the wretched son of Radha. Slaying Kama t-)day with thy keen shafts Even this. I I have now been awakened by thee. all that I " sin. Sanjaya said.204 MAHABHAEATA Suta's son as slain today. Then Vasudev a. Gratify now this king of virtuous behaviour. "Having heard these 'thira. however. that lord of the earth. O Madhava. after that? Morality is so inscrutable. myself and Arjuna. O Achyuta. * we are not masterless. O bull of Bharata's race. give great happiness to Dharma's O mighty-armed one. smiling. in shame. Even this Gratifying the king with devotion. O Govinda. said in haste. thy purpose will be achieved. became exceedingly ^cheerless for having committed a trivial said sin. And he repeatedly said unto that chief of the Bharatas. viz. just. O giver of honours. if. the just. king Yudhishthira. He. king Yudhishthira the And king Yudhishthira. touched king Yudhishthira's feet with his head. we have. have been rescued from an ocean of distress. . 'What would have been thy condition. unto the son of Pandu. this chief of Kuru's race. especially by persons of foolish understanding. and after Yudhishthira will have been made happy. with our relatives and allies. having the raft of thy intelligence today. whose slaughter thou desirest. raised his brother.' " SECTION LXXI Sanjaya said. having obtained thee as our lord. Know the swear truly to thee. < r\. observant of virtue. I hath today lost his life. addressed those words unto Yudhishthira. Indeed. If wouldst have sunk also in terrible hell in consequence of the slaughter of thy brother. It is even so as thou hast said. having at the instance of 'Krishna. Govinda of "addressed Partha. Without doubt great Thou grief would have been thine in consequence of thy fear of sin.

' Thus addressed.' Having said these words unto the king. If thou dost not in battle today. blessed be thou. O Krishna. saying. were cut off in battle. O son of said. as to how.' Endued with great intelligence. *O for a long while. O sinless one.souled certain. O Bharata's race. my armour. being myself slain by him fall Swearing truly. dart. of great splendour. down on the earth. standard. and as cheerful as before. O mighty car-warrior. I lose my Life itself is no longer dear to me. and by thy grace.' "Yudhishthira said. Then embracing him once more with affection and smelling his head. O great bowman. thou of mighty arms. slay that hero Thinking of and seeing his feats in battle. I will cast life ?' away my life-breaths. O king. said unto Partha. " Do not. myself and this one came hither. O king. Do thou ever win greatness and victory. O Partha. Bhima.KABNA PABVA then embraced his brother affectionately and wept aloud. to slay the mighty Kama. thou wert not slain. I 'Approaching Radha's son today that is proud of his shall slay that man of sinful deeds with my shafts in battle. "Then Dhananjaya. Madhava once more addressed the son of Dharma. What bull of use have I with Thus addressed. 'O Dhananjaya. O lord of the earth. bowed unto Yudhishthira by bending his head. doubt. exceedingly gratified. Thou hast told me beneficial I words that thee. him to slaughter afflicted been behoveth thee to comfort Vibhatsu. O sire. 205 The two brothers. Vijaya. O best of kings. in the very sight of all the troops. thou wouldst slay Kama in battle. I touch my weapons. O Vibhatsu. Come. deserved to be and I have forgiven thee. for ascertaining thy plight. bow. replied. he addressed Madhava. and embrace me. or. the son of Pandu. Ev en this hath e v er been my thought. O king. Aided by thy one is< intelligence. O Partha. I have been greatly " honoured by thee. thou wert not seized.' the feet of his eldest brother. O best of men. be angry for the Sanjaya continued. saying. slay harsh words I said unto thee. and arrows. said. and by the twins. energies in grief. the slaughter of that wicked. although I exerted myself with care. command O Dhananjaya. O "Arjuna might. Kesava. By good luck. O it Kama son of Pandu. having wept came freed from grief. By good luck. by best of men. and bless him. and seized with his two hands. that 'I in battle. Having heard that thou hadst with shafts of Kama. saying. steeds.' go and Kama. him. 'O Yudhishthira. applauded his brother Jaya and said. with thy wishes for his victory. Raising him and embracing him the king smelt his head and once more said these words unto closely. 'Without I shall slay Kama. by Kama with his shafts. O Phalguna. and command of wicked soul. today O swear by Truth. O best of the Bharatas. I will slay Kama in battle today. O monarch. at last be- thou of mighty arms. 'Thou art competent. 'Come. . Pandu. Comfort thy ** Vibhatsu.

' Proceed quickly. Yudhishthira. 'Having with a cheerful heart gratified king Yudhishthira the just. O monarch. called Pung. I tell thee this truly. that Kama. and such a period of life as accordeth with thy own desire. Go quickly to battle. King-fishers All the points of the compass. let them be quickly brought and decked in their trappings. that chief of said. Beholding that great bowman thus proceeding. of great wisdom. even as Purandara slew Vritra for his own aggrandisement. O Govinda. large O king. saying.' SECTION LXXII "Sanjaya said. by thehigh-souled Phalguna. having bent the thee with his shafts. They have been trained by persons skilled in horse lore. and slay " Kama. obtaining Yudhishthira's leave and causing the Brahmanas to perform propitiatory rites and utter benedic- on him. O best of kings. ascended that excellent vehicle. and energy. will his. by the highbecame serene. respects Without hav ing slain Kama I shall not come back today from the great battle. with a cheerful heart. Let all kinds of weapon be placed upon that great vehicle. prepared to slay the Suta's son. king. Obtain thou all these to the measure desired by me. 'Do all that Arjuna.' San jay a continued. obtain today the bitter fruit of that act of lord of the earth. said these words of grave import. also blessed him. O pay thee today come back from the dreadful battle to by walking behind thee. Partha. Truly do I swear this by touching thy feet. the After this. O lord of the uni- my " verse. foes. wheeled around the son of O Pandu. and victory. Krishna commanded Daruka. A number of beautiful and auspicious birds. Let the gods grant thee prosperity. 'Do thou obtain imperishable fame.' Bharata's race and that foremost of all wielders of the bow. causing Arjuna (by their timely appearance) to put forth . I say. Beholding the car equipped by the high-souled Daruka. The steeds have rolled on the ground. afflicted bow kinsmen and followers. Phalguna proceeded towards Kama's car. son. I shall Having slain Kama. Phalguna. yoked those steeds unto that car covered with tiger-skins and ever capable of scorching all He then represented unto the high-soule d son of Pandu the fact of having equipped his vehicle. regarded Kama as already slain souled Pandava. all creatures.206 along with all his MAHABHAEATA strongly. and the destruction of thy foes. hath Thus ordered by Krishna. saying. Daruka. He who. *Let my car be once more equipped and let my fore- most of steeds be yoked thereto. O Bharata. "Unto the diadem-decked (A rjuna) who was speaking in that way. for the slaughter of the Suta's Thus addressed. O king. addressed Govinda. Along with the other equipments of the car. and parrots and herons. King Yudhishthira. tions just.

bow Gandiva with which thou fightest. Maharatha. proceeded in advance of his car.KARNA PARVA 207 greater speed in battle. The slayer of Madhu then. He is accomplished (in the ways of battle) and conversant For this reason there ! modes of warfare. cheerfully uttered their cries around him. making of the thumb as the linger measurement. 'O wielder of Gandiva. O son of Pandu I regard the mighty car-warrior Kama as thy equal. Partha. O however. save thee there exists no other this man that could vanquish those whom thou hast vanquished with bow of thine. He is also well acquainted with all that suits place and time. addressed the wielder of Gandiva and said these words. I have not seen or heard of is even one that Partha ! is equal to thee. vi^. His anxiety also became very great as to how he would achieve his vow. and cranes and hawks and ravens. We have seen many heroes. that ornament of battle He is proud and accomplished in weapons. and indicated auspicious omens foreboding the destruction of the hostile host and the slaughter of Kama. and Vinda and Anuvinda of Avanti and Sudakshina. encounterWho else. say that Kama is mighty-armed one. have attained to the highest regions. amongst the very gods. What need is there of saying much ? Hear in brief.. Do not. In wrath. would be safe ! ! regards the selection of means. he resembles the Destroyer himself.which is due to knowledge Thou canst strike with effect Thou hast sureness of aim. the chief of the Kamvojas and Srutayudha of mighty energy and Achyutayudha as well ? Thou hast celestial weapons. O sire. he is equal to the impetuosity of th: wind. disregard Kama. O son of Pandu.' ' 'Vasudeva said. Endued with might. And while Partha proceeded. O is no one that is equal to thee. O king. tempted by the prospect of food. or With the greatest care and resolution shpuldst perhaps. that is not ing thy heroic self in battle and sound after encountering Drona and equal Bhishma and Bhagadatta. endued with ! prowess like that Sakra. O puissant one. and lightness of hand and might. is . O Arjuna ! Thou art competent to destroy all mobile and immobile creatures including the very gods with the Gandharvas ! On earth.closed fiat it ia a sort of cubit measured from the elbow to the end of the supposed to bo equal to the breadth of 21 fingers. As with all ! ! regards speed. which is beneficial to thee. In energy he is equal to Agni. Brahma. that wield the bow. and presence of mind as to thee. I must. T. Terrible Kankas and vultures. there is no human warrior who O equal to thee in battle. He is a possessed of might. * A Eatni . he resembles a He is eight l^itnis* in stature. invincible in battle.. Amongst all Kshatriyas. himself created the great The Creator of all beings. beholding Partha filled with anxiety as he proceeded. who. His lion in the formation of his body. . thy superior thou slay him in great battle. and thou art never stupefied in battle! Thou hast also that humility . a copious perspiration covered his body.

can vanquish that carwarrior. Protected by thee. save thee. Slaying that Kama. Towards the Pandavas he is always of wicked soul and sinful behaviour. as their foe. Despatch today unto Yama's presence that Suta's son. not all the son. Slay. Indeed. and these Pandava troops ! ! also. can slay the son of Radha. and arrows for his teeth. O king The Kauravas also. he in the a Engaged he always hates the sons of Pandu. that active and proud Kama. In his quarrel with the sons of Pandu. He is a hero. dispeller of the fears of friends. Possessed of every accomplishment of a warrior. united together. and the^ Chedis. I know fulfill interests. O Dhananjaya. as I think. firmly resolved upon slaying Kama. ground on the field. man today for whose sake the wretched Duryodhana regardethr himself all a hero. was advancing (to battle). that Kama. slay that Slay. good of Dhritarashtra's warriors (of the three worlds) fighting together. arms are His chest is broad. not even the gods fighting with great care. the just. that tiger among men. 'Today is the seventeenth day. otherwise called elephant. He is invincible. he is actuated by no consideration affecting his own thy purpose today. that host has be^n O Encountering the foe very much reduced in numbers. At the of men and elephants and steeds. who hath the sword for his tongue. . He is exceedingly is handsome. however. O Bharata. show the love for Yudhishthira. which is incapable of being resisted by the gods and Astiras. thy prowess truly. like a lion slaying an Partha. O the Matsyas. and of wicked intelligence. the bow for his mouth. that son of a Suta. not even the gods with Vasava at their head. He is. from exceeding pride. and cruel. O Partha. therefore.Vaikartana. again. always disregards the sons of Pandu. in battle. The Suta's son of wicked soul. they These lords of have been nearly exterminated in the van of battle Earth and these Srinjayas. the Karushas. of this terrible massacre outset vast was the host that belonged to you. the foremost of heroes. the Panchalas. He is sensitive. I know thee well as regards the energy and the might that are in thee. teeming with elephants and steeds. that root of (those) sinful persons. Encountering thee. O Partha. were numerous at first. obtaining thy invincible self as their leader. are maintaining their slayer of foes. slaying that Suta's son. Slay the brave O Kama in battle. whose death is near. Dhananjaya. No one possessed of flesh and blood. Bharata.268 MAHAB3AKATA large. that first of car -warriors. the Suta's son to day. in consequence of whose energy Dhritarashtra's son disregards thine " !' O SECTION LXXIII "Sanjaya said. therefore. 'Once more Kesava of immeasurable soul said these words unto Arjuna who. have caused a great . Slay in battle today. that foremost of car-warriors. No one.

the Ramathas. Santanu's son Bhishma. the Kiratas of fierce prowess. filled with wrath. their steeds and cars and elephants having been mangled (with thy shafts). owing protected by thee. what other man in this world is able to vanquish those fierce lords of Akshauhinis.KAENA PABVA destruction of thy foes. and ? Innumerable divisions of soldiers have been destroyed (by thee). and human beings. the Vatadhanas. that are very sensitive of their honour. the Darvabhisaras. the Pulindas. and Kripa. wrathful and fierce. Bhishma and Drona. O sinless one. the Khasas. ten thousand elephants. united together. and the Easterners. could vanquish in battle those two mighty car-warriors of the Bharatas. delighting in battle and armed with maces. Who. and the Bhojas Vasatis. was slain in battle by Abhimanyu. have been destroyed by king Duryodhana himself thee. the ruler of the Magadhas. Seven days have elapsed since the mighty Jayatsena. viz. however. What need I say then of the Kaurava host ? Save thee. who else is there. who is there that can vanquish the mighty car-warriors of the Pandavas protected by thee ? is Who Thou. those unreturning and invincible heroes. the Dasamiyas. Of terrible deeds and exceed- ingly fierce. of fierce feats. both of whom were endued O with prowess equal to that of Sakra himself ? Sav e thee. united together. beholding the mighty and swelling host of the Dhartarashtras arrayed in order of battle ? Protected by thee. the Asuras. large bodies of combatants clans. viz. art competent to vanquish in battle the three worlds consisting of the gods. all accomplished in weapons and united together. O tiger among men. the Sakas. even if he resemble Vasava himself in prowess. these all. hailing from diverse provinces. the Kamathas. the Tusharas. and Vaikartana. After that. the Andhrakas. puissant O one. indeed. could advance. Numberless Kshatriyas also. were 27 . are incapable. the Mountaineers. at this vast force O Partha. So also. the Pandavas.. to their having been always protected by thee that Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin succeeded in slaying Drona and Bhishma. the Mlecchas. 209 there that can vanquish the assembled Kauravas in battle ? On the other hand. all the lords of earth. have destroyed that host shrouded with dust and resembling a swollen sea. unprotected by I thee. and Drona. that could vanquish king Bhagadatta ? So also. approaching thae and Bhima. and Drona's son. that is O Partha. of even gazing Partha. the Daradas. O scorcher of foes What man. united with the Kurus and fighting wrathfully for Duryodhana's sake were incapable of being vanquished in battle by anybody else save thee. such as the Govasas. O tiger among men. and penetrating into its midst. Teeming with horses and elephants.. that used to follow that king. the Tanganas. all endued with great wrath and great might. the Yavanas. hav e met with destruction. the O Bharata. of diverse Kshatriya O Bharata. and the races hailing from the sea-side.

with their steeds and car-warriors and thus. each of a new kind. At last the Pandavas. Abandoning the diverse motions. the region of Death. he slaughtered many lords of Earth among tha Chedis. Indeed. were incapable of even looking at that hero when he careered in battle like the Sun him- many steeds and tars that Bhishma shot in battle. he shrouded the Chedis. that great car. have from hence repaired to. The van of the Kaurava army. and caused a great massacre of the Pandava army teeming with cars and steeds and elephants. however. O Partha. he afflicted the Pandava divisions and caused a grat carnage amongst them. with all their and rushed against that warrior who. that grandsire is now stretched on a bed of arrows. he slew a hundred thousand men and elephants of great might. O son of Pandu. having been struck down by the Pandavas.warriors to be slain. Encountering him. the Panchalas. numberless were the shafts Slaughtering the Pandava host for ten Bhishma made the terraces of numberless cars empty days together. and other lords of earth. in which they In all. and deprived them of life The welkin became filled with gold. aud the Kaikayas with the shafts. After that. awful the Partha. the Panchalas. he caused a great carnage in the nocturnal battle. used to career in battle even in this way. Without availing himself of any aid. and the Kaikayas. Sikhandin. self of scorching splendour. Endued with great valour. shooting showers of shafts at a time. O sire Conv ersant with the highest weapons. all well-armed. other elephants. protected by thee. Bhishma shot showers of fierce shafts. like Vritra when he obtained Vasava for his foe. Desirous of rescuing the wicked Suyodhana who was sinking in a raf tless sea. while perishing.warrior had protected Jayadratha (for some time). and by hundreds. Innumerable foot-soldiers among the Srinjayas. during the progress of this Kauravas. encountering ! ! slew thousands of car-warriors. Fierce as the Destroyer himself. Having made an impenetrable array and caused many mighty car. made a mighty effort. the Karushas. that issued out of his bow. have been destroyed by Bhima in that battle. Having obtained thee that art a tiger among men (as his foe). car. capable of piercing the bodies of all foes. and came to be regarded as the one resources. foremost hero in the world.winged and straight-coursing shafts. the Matsyas. inspired with the desire of victory. those wicked kings and elephants. He careered. slew that tiger among men with his straight shafts. he routed.warriors. and deprived innumerable elephants and steeds of life. Having assumed the form of Rudra or of Upendra in battle.210 slain MAHABHARATA by Bhimasena with his mace. elephants. the heroic son of Bharadwaja consumed innumerable combatants with his . exercise of his might. destroyed and elephants. Even O Bhimasena and thee. the Pandavas and the Srinjayas in battle. The fierce Drona also slaughtered the hostile army for five days together.

and bestow thou the Earth with all her islands and cities on king Yudhishthira. the terrible Dhartarashtra host. reft of Yonder host of fierce prowess. viz. O Prishata. obtaining thee as a foe. foremost of men slay Kama today with speed. suffer extermination in course of even a whole day. All the kings regarded the slaughter of the ruler of the Sindhus to have been exceedingly wonderful. however. the Moon. the ruler of the one. and the nether regions below it.. now consists of only five great car-warriors. Slaying this host like Vishnu in days of yore slaying the Daityas and the Danavas. Salya. O Partha. with keen shafts. side.. Kritavarman. encountering Dhrishtadyumna. if. cars. is due to a pre- approaching Kritavarman. their foes being slain. obtain today the whole earth with the welkin above it. may be regarded to have lost all its heroes. splendours today like the Asura host in days of The remnant of that viz. do not regard it so thou didst it and thou art a great car-warrior. be thou a hero that hath killed all his foes. Slaying those five great O tiger among men. Indeed. Let Pritha's son Yudhishthira of immeasurable energy and prosperity. the Bharata the Sun. thou hadst not checked in battle all the (Dharta- rashtra) car-warriors headed by the Suta's son. thou hast any kindness for Kripa for the sake of respect that ceptor. Checking the vast (Kaurava) army and slaying many brave kings. thou cherishest compassion for Aswatthaman. consequence of thy regard for that foremost of men. save thee. If. if. Drona then would never Thou heldst in check the whole Dhartarashtra force.. end. do thou. thou dost not despatch him today to Yama's abode in consequence of the honour that is due to one's kinsmen by the mother's mother's brother. that vile wretch of sinful O heart who cherisheth the fiercest hate for the son of Pandu. approaching thy Madras. hath been shorn of yore shorn of grand master its its splendours by Sakra's prowess. and elephants O destroyed. I ask thee. Kama. thou dost not from compassion slay him. that Drona could be slain by the son of What other Kshatriya. Dhananjaya. Partha. and Kripa. viz. I think. aided by the might and energy of thy weapons. It was for this. could in battle achieve such feats for compassing the slaughter of Jayadratha. army looketh today like the firmament. When Bhishma and Drona have been slain. with all its foremost warriors slain. man. thy preceptor Drona. 911 attained to the highest At last. thou killedest king Jayadratha. like the If in celestials rejoicing after the slaughter of the Danavas by Vishnu. . still regard these Kshatriyas to be truly mighty. again. the waters on it. If this vast assemblage of Kshatriyas. if. I. Let the Panchalas rejoice today. Aswattha- car-warriors today. he on that day. it This is thy noblest duty. . I should. have been slain.KABNA PARVA arrows. and stars. O lotus-eyed Salya. bestow the Earth on the king like Hari bestowing (the three worlds) on Sakra. with its steeds. There in nothing in that would be impro per.

O Though fully acquainted with thy might.versed in the ways of foul welfare.warriors of their cars. is and here is no fault in the act. Only the wicked-souled Kama and Suyodhana laughed in joy. Vasudeva Buoying up the wicked-souled son of always roareth in the (Kuru) assembly. and bathed in blood. Routing the (Kaurava) divisions and many mighty car-warriors. grief entered the heart of every one. 'I will vanquish the assembled Parthas and that mighty car-warrior. the firm belief of Dhritarashtra's O giver of honours. the wicked Kama sinful understanding hath been the leader. of which DhritaSlay rashtra's son hath been guilty towards you. O thou of unfading glory. he endeavours to afflict It is me also (in consequence of that support). without doubt. of that my limbs are burning at the thought that while the son hostile Subhadra was thus advancing. dice. he despatched innumerable men afflicting and steeds and elephants to Yama's abode. bulls among men. Drona's son. depriv ed steeds also of their riders and footsoldiers of weapons and life. he by six car. inflamed with rage. Made bowless by him in that battle. son of Kunti. viz.. deprived of consciousness. Upon the slaughter of that hero. Dhritarashtra's son hath selected war with you in consequence of his reliance on Kama. O sinless burning thy mother with all her children. Kama cut off Abhimanyu's bow. The wicked-souled the root. to stay that battle before Abhimanyu's face. will slay all the Prithas in battle. I saw the heroic son of Subhadra of eyes like those of a bull. At last hearing those cruel words of Drona in battle words that were suited to the hour. Kama also always says. deprived elephants of their riders and mighty car. well.212 MAHABHAEATA of it. five great car-warriors then. slew that hero with showers of shafts. perfectly stupefied and exhausted with the wounds he had receiv ed. afflicted with arrows.' Dhritarashtra. The bull-necked Abhimanyu. I swear by Truth to thee. At last. Eagerly desirous of flying away and becoming hopeless of life. Drona. [Thou rememberest also] the harsh and bitter words that Kama cruelly said unto Krishna in .warriors Kurus and the Vrishnis. Suyodhana always hopeth for deliverance Filled with rage. We approve Kama one. even on that occasion the wicked-souled acts of hostility to that hero. him today. the wicked-souled Kama of of Dasarha's race. Kama drew deep breaths. he was obliged to turn his back upon the field. O Partha. O friend. In all the acts of injury. royal son. still. that spreader of the fame of both the mighty Grinding those Kripa and other heroes. that Kama. consuming the shafts. slain of cruel heart belonging to the Dhritarashtra army. O Bharata.. army with was engaged his Kama in in of O lord ! Unable. mangled with the shafts Subhadra's son. and of that conduct which Suyodhana adopted towards you in consein the night for made quence of that match at through Kama. viz. he stayed for some time in battle. of that attempt.

as his slaves f Even these were the foul words that that wretch. fallen Let his kinsmen. Let all the kings of the earth. and I O O beautiful lady. thy husbands are no more for. Let thy shafts quench all those wrongs and the life also of that wicked wight. in thy hearing. let the wicked-souled Kama recollect today the words of Bhishma and Drona Let foe-killing cloth-yard shafts. now the abode of Dhritarashtra as a serving woman. afflicted faces. of great impetuosity. Yonder. Sankara himself. that is . Enter speeches The thou of curving eye-lashes. ! Today only Duiyodhana is regarded as the one king on earth all other kings of the world are worshipping the agency by which his administration is kept up. O Partha. with thy arrows. 'The Pandavas. and have sunk into hell. a slave . Behold now. Let thy enemy Suyodhana today. abandoning the gold-decked car (he drives) upon seeing it deprived of its warrior and steeds and cut off into fragments with hundreds of shafts by thee. dipped in Let the lofty gore and with his weapons loosened from his grasp standard of Adhiratha's son. quench (the fire of) those the other wrongs that that wicked-souled wight did unto of lightning. are dead They have sunk into eternal O ! hell thou of sweet large hips. they are all now one another. choose other lords now. cut off by thee with a broad-headed arrow. It is evident that they are sesame seeds without kernel. shafts. how all the sons. that king of kings. or. Feeling the touch of terrible arrows sped from Gandiva. O Partha. They will have to serve the Kaurava (Duryodhana).KABNA PABVA 218 the (Kuru) assembly. is energy. ! Let Salyafly away in terror. Know. viz. are yet. the cause of the Pandavas. ! ! O thou of O O ! Pandavas will art thyself. O art the wife of men Thou Krishna. today.of Pandu have equally fallen ! Overwhelmed by the energy silently eyeing of Dhritarashtra's son. behold Kama fall down from his car today. Krishna. pierce his vital limbs and drink his blood ! Let fierce and mighty shafts. with cheerless behold Kama down and stretched at his length on the earth. penetrate the vitals of Kama today and despatch him to Yama's abode. bearing the device of the elephant's rope. though slaughtered by Kama with his whetted shafts. despair of both his life and kingdom. not. O amiable one. shot by thee. equal unto Indra in slaughtering thy troops with his There the Panchalas. princess of Panchala.. in the presence of the Panda v as and Kurus. spoke on that occasion. the sinful Kama of exceed- ingly wicked heart. shot by thee. cheerless and filled with grief and uttering wails of woe. be of any service to thee today thou that are slav es. sped by thy arms. fall fluttering on the earth. rushing (to battle). equipped with the effulgence ! they are sped. perhaps. Kama. for serving O chief of Bharata's race. beholding Adhiratha's son slain by thee.*O Bharata Let gold-decked shafts whetted on stone and capable of taking the life ! of him at whom words and all thee.

are coursing in battle thick as swarm of bees. the Panchalas. I tell ! . afraid of They have never turned Adhiratha's son. thou only art able to vanquish in battle the Kaurava host with Kama amongst them. Those mighty bowmen are utterly reckless of death in great battle. slaying the mighty fame. having encountered the son of Radha in battle. again. O Partha. and Nakula himself. of unappeasable wrath. as they are being struck by Kama in dreadful battle. and Satyaki The loud uproar made by those allies of thine. had encompassed the Panda v a army with a cloud of the Panchalas did not turn away their faces from him. with his shafts. that hero who always burnt from his foes in battle. those great bowmen. are flying away in all directions ! Yonder. the invincible Drona. O shafts! neglected. viz. and Sudharman. and the (five) sons of Draupadi.. that are resolved to lay ! down their lives fo the sake of their allies raft It behoveth thee. is destroying in hundreds the Panchalas that are advancing against him. The heroic Kama. those heroes. and Satanika. single-handed. viz. the son of Nakula. O foremost of warriors Achieving this great feat. afflicted by will. O Bharata. the latter with keen Partha. exterminate the Pandavas. hath been displayed. and Janamejaya. O Bharata. and Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin. The awful form of that weapon which was obtained by Kama from that foremost of sages. and the Panchalas. Kama's bow.. that is irresistible by persons not having their souls under control. Slaying that Kama today with thy keen shafts. viz. like a neglected disease whose germ has entered the body. O scorcher of ! foes. viz. however. The son of Radha. that preceptor of all wielders of the bow. surrounding our vast army.. Scorching all the troops. Then O chastiser of foes. there the Panchalas. Encountering Kama's weapon in battle.214 MAHABHAEATA prevailing over the Panchalas. like a blazing fire taking the lives of myriads of insects. and Durmukha. and scorching thy troops. to become a sinking in the raftless ocean represented by and rescue those brave warriors. O Bharata. their faces battle. Rama of Bhrigu's race. and Sahadeva. that weapon of exceedingly fierce and awful form is blazing with Those arrows. sped from its own energy. is heard. surrounded is fighting with If Kama. all sides on the Srinjayas. they always strov e with alacrity to v anquish forcibly in battle their great foe. in this battle. shafts. and no one else. Save thee I do not see another in Yudhishthira's army that would come home safe and sound.. nor do they turn away their faces from the battle. The Panchalas have not at all been inspired with fear. act according to thy vow. that are Kama. and win great thee truly. Kama by the Srinjayas. and the sons of Dhrishtadyumna. that blazing fire of weapons. Bhima. O bull among men. Encountering even that Bhishma who. is taking the lives of the Panchala warriors endued with great activity as they are advancing against him.

and sons. I tell thee truly. victory is sure to be mine. Today. Today the earth will drink the blood of that Suta's son who in 1 slay O battle contemns all other men on /' earth ! bation. Today. beholding Kama cut in pieces by me with my arrows. I see too the Bhargava weapon careering in all having been invoked by Kama. destroy the three worlds assembled together. like Vritra in days of yore by Indra in the battle between the gods and the Asuras. and my with keen shafts car. Aided by thee. O men " !' SECTION LXXIV "Sanjaya said. Today let the son of Suvala. he held his bow for the destruc- Kama. O Today the royal son upon the slaughter of the Suta's son by me. that today.. boasting of his husband now. O thou of Vrishni's race. who as the earth will was undeserving kingdom. on the throne. slaying Kama will dispel the long sleeplessness of Kunti's son. 1 will not tcash my feet Phalguna' Falsifying this vow of that wretch. viz. as long last. *Today king Dhritarashtra will curse that intelligence of his in consequence of which he had installed Duryodhana. Vibhatsu soon cast off his anxiety and became cheerful. unbarbed arrows. O Kesava. with straight shafts. I see also Kama careering fearlessly directions. Kama become hopeless of both life and kingdom. prosperity. O Krishna. Govinda. Dhritarashtra will be divested of sovereignty. O Krishna. what need be said of Kama then ? I see the Panchala host is flying away. in great battle. O Govinda. I can. attain thy object. I the chequered cloth. the Suta's son hast 740 Kama. shall be gratified and be of cheerful heart and obtain happiness for ever. let king Duryodhana call to mind the words thou hast spoken for bringing about peace. O slain. Rubbing then the string of Gandiva and stretching it. O Krishna. I will shoot an irresistible and unrivalled arrow that will deprive Kama of life. 'With thee for my protector. like the puissant thunder invoked by Sakra. Today. With own Dhritarashtra's appro- . and when thou that art acquainted with the past tion of and the future art gratified with me today. O Krishna. 'Hearing these words of Kesava. This is that battle in which Kama will be slain by me and of which all creatures will speak in battle. saying. Even this. Today. of Kunti. best of O Partha. arms and sped from the Gandiva. happiness. was the 1 vow of that wicked-souled till one about my slaughter. and crowned with success. of sovereignty. O mighty-armed one. my Gandiva the box for throw- ing them. will impelled by my take him to Yama. being city. and addressed Kesava. O Bharata. 'Tliou keen shafts will falsify that merits.KAENA PABVA car-warrior 215 Kama. throw down his body today from his car. know that my shafts are dice. be happy. Duryodhana will Krishna. Krishna My had said. slayer of Madhu. O Janardana. mangling Kama. I will.

be freed from the grief that I have cherished for thirteen years. by . of wicked understanding. wrath. the heroic king Yudhishthira will cast off a great pain a great -sorrow cherished long in his heart. will today become seeds with kernel after the fall of the Suta's son Kama of wicked soul. the always disregarded us. cranes and other carnivorous birds will. Govinda. to my own I will to the Kurus. with shafts resembling the blazing fire or the poison of the snake. O slayer of I will. O Krishna.MAHABHAEATA speech of his. will fly away in all directions. loitli that speech of will slay that Kama who Panchalas their sons' Today. after Kama's fall. O slayer. Today slain. in battle. Today. Today the son of Radha will repent for those cruel words that he said unto the princess of Panchala in the midst of the assembly. I will cut off in battle the O O limbs of Radha's son of wicked soul with keen Vipathas and razor-faced Today. with his sons and grandsons and counsellors and servants. wilt I will O myself from the debt to I owe to all bowmen. slaying the son of Radha. crush the bodies and cut off the heads of all the foes of Abhimanyu. O Krishna. slay that Kama. shelterless. sped from Gandiva. perhaps. that son of Radha. like deer afraid of the lion. cause the earth to be strewn O Madhu. Today. let king Duryodhana relatives. or. other- wise called Vaikartana ! I will save ye from the sons of Pandu ! even these were the words that Kama. shot by myself possessed of mighty arms. 'I will slay all the I the bowmen. Kesava. and to Gandiva. will send Kama on his last journey. Today. of Madhu. Today. in the very sight of said. the son of Dharma. slayer of Madhu. of with (the bodies of) kings cased in golden armour. free Dhartarashtras on my O Kesava. Today. Today. said unto the sons of Dhritarashtra his ! My keen shafts will all falsify Today. I will. ! bragging of his own I merits. and arrows. Kama. followers of Today. Today. will Today. O Krishna. walk over the earth divested of Arjuna ! Today. divested brother. I will cut off in battle the head of Radha's son Kama. with all his kinsmen. in disparagement of the Panda v as ! They that were on that occasion sesame seeds without kernel. with my straight shafts equipped with vulturine feathers. repent upon the slaughter of in battle. relying on whose prowess the proud son of Dhritarashtra. slayer of Madhu. Today. thou. I will Today. with keen shafts. of the effulgence of the lightning. I will bestow the earth. Like angry snakes of virulent poison. they will drink Cloth-yard shafts. struck with panic. Dhartarashtras with their king. O Kesava. will slay the cheerless Kama in battle. in the very sight of all the bowmen. sport over the limbs of Kama O cut off into pieces with my shafts. know me make king to be the foremost of bowmen Dhritarashtra. with his sons and by me Today. my shafts. I I will gladden king Yudhishthira. beholding Kama let*the wrathful son of all Dhritarashtra. his life-blood. Krishna.

that slayer of foes. and the noise of palms. In that awful and fathomless encounter of the Pandavas and the Srinjayas with the warriors of Dhananjaya. with mark of a car my me feet occur the battle. army. Know that my prowess is higher than the highest.warrior. drums and other instruments constituting their mouth. for rescuing . cruel and destructive of living creatures. did the fight my "Sanjaya said. Madhava. and arrows and swords and cloth- 28 . I will pay off my debt.irs. blood-red eyes. of the joy of Sini's grandson today after I shall O ha v e slain Kama and won the v ictory . constituted their roar diverse weapons decked with . Today. began to roar aloud. 'The innumerable divisions of the Pandava army. Today. decked with lofty standards and swelling (with pride and energy) and united together in battle. Huge elephants were its clouds weapons were the water they were to . I do not know what will be the measure. that foremost of all heroes. me in Armed with the bow and aided by the prowess of my arms. putting forth my might.KAENA PAEVA slaying I Kama slain in battle like in Maghavat let slaying Samvara. In prowess also. My palms bear these marks of arrows and this excellent and outstretched bow with arrow fixed on the string. how. when proceeded for battle. pour the peal of musical instruments. On each of the soles of and a standard. like masses of clouds at the close of summer uttering deep ro. who the mighty car-warriors of the battle. I will slay Kama in his son. proceeded quickly to battle. after have Kama Somakas. I will. When a person like goeth forth to he cannot be vanquished by any one. burn them with their followers like a fire in the midst of a heap of dry grass at the close of winter. O Madhava.' SECTION LXXV "Dhritarashtra said. Once more there is none equal to me in the world. The battle that ensued resembled a baneful shower out of season.Bhima and " cutting off the head from Kama's trunk. I can vanquish the Asuras and the gods and all creatures united together. the rattle of car-wheels. indeed. that mighty car. occur ?' O sire. and give and the twins and Satyaki. is there that is is equal to forgiveness ? In wrath there is no one that equal to me. . regard their task as accomplished. to the Panchalas with Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin! Today let all behold the wrathful Dhananjaya fight with the Kauravas in battle and slay the Suta's son. Today.' Having said these words unto Achyuta. who is there battle as also joy to Bhima that resembles me ? What other man also. are desirous of accomplishing the task of their allies. slaying Kama in dreadful battle. gold formed their flashes of lightning . Alone assailing all the Kurus and the Valhikas with the fire of my shafts issuing from Gandiva.

on the earth. or one despatched many adversaries united together. while Satyaki proceeded against Duryodhana. The heroic son of Kama struck that son of the princess of Panchala with many arrows. Kama became filled with grief. that foremost of warriors The heroic Uttamaujas. shooting showers of shafts. was engaged with Drona's Sushena. the son of Nakula. And Srutasravas son. Soon. Conver- Satanika. Some one rider. rushed Kama. however. and Yudhamanyu with Chitrasena. filling the earth and the welkin with a loud noise. Beholding Kripa deprived of his car. with a single elephant. quickly ascended the car of Sikhandin. Or. Meanwhile Uttamaujas. Dhrishtadyumna. clad in golden mail. that bull car-warriors. The while great Srinjaya car-warrior Uttamaujas Gandharas.warriors despatched a single adversary. Many car-warriors. car-warriors and horsemen. of his son's slayer with many keen shafts. blood flowed in streams in that encounter. many shafts. the son of the Wind-god. encompassed one car-warrior and despatched him to Yama's presence. attacked Kama. united together. with Dussasana. Kripa and Sikhandin encountered each other in that battle. sant with all modes of warfare. and of foot-soldiers. despatched Similarly. the commander of the Kaurava army. putting forth his struck the son of Kama and cut off his head which fell down strength. Rendered awful by incessant strokes of the sword. The youthful against the youthful Vrishasena.. among king of the Panchalas. Marked by impetuous onsets. viz. of elephants and horses with their riders. with clouds of despatched large numbers of cars with drivers and steeds. one foremost of car. of irresistible impetuosity. the king of the a hungry lion against a mighty bull. fiercely attacked in that battle Bhima. began to scorch with his keen arrows the troops of thy sons like the mid-day own sun scorching everything in the summer season. Meanwhile Bhima. with all his forces. belonging to the enemy.' " . the son of Yajnasena. Partha. like the son of was engaged with Kama's son Sahadeva rushed against Sakuni. Sikhandin who was on his vehicle.2l3 MASABHAEATA yard shafts and mighty weapons constituted their torrents of rain. Bharata. The son of Drona then. wished not to strike him with his shafts. assailed Kritavarman. Beholding the head of Sushena lying on the ground. in rage he cut off the steeds. The O the swelling host of the Samsapta'kas forming a portion of the Bharata army. Madri's son Nakula. the car. Again. some one carwarrior despatched to Yama's abode some one adversary along with his driver and steeds. covering with his the car of Kripa. rescued the latter like a bull sunk in a mire. piercing with his keen shafts and cutting off with his bright sword the steeds of Kripa and those warriors also that protected Kripa's sides. it was fraught with a great carnage of Kshatriyas. and the standard.

Even this is my O charioteer. however. of his enemies. addressed his driver. I This adds to just. cut off all those advancing arrows two or three fragments with Bhima's arrows. When Bhima at the of furious impetuosity displayed all his himself armed with mace end of the Yuga. that resembled the din made by mountains when riven with thunder. Then. saying. Then with my shafts. rushed against Bhima in that battle from every side. the elephants and cars and horse and foot. when Thy thy troops thus rushed against him. 'Bear me into the midst of the Dhartarashtra host. Let me not shroud our own troops 1 am unable to distinguish them. like Bhima endued with impetuo- that of the Destroyer himself of wide open mouth when he rusheth at the end of the. leaving me in do not know whether he. though filled . Then. began to strike that foremost of vehicles belonging to Bhima. I will Proceed. amongst those foremost of Kshatriyas. the charioteer proceeded. Bhima. grief. Absorbed in battle. their limbs pierced with Bhima's powerful shafts. as also Vibhatsu. O monarch. should have gone away. O Visoka. however. The king is in The diadem-decked Arjuna fill also has not yet come. O Suta. with numerous arrows. being encompassed by innumerable foes. struck with Bhima's shafts. those shafts. my heart with sorrow. Thus cut off into set up a loud wail. The high-souled Bhima. equipped with golden wings. O charioteer. like masses of clouds scattered by the tempest the Bharata host. am greatly afflicted. are ours or the enemy's. that king Yudhishthira the alive or dead. the mighty Bhimasena of once more cheerfully said unto his charioteer. like Destroyer he burns and exterminates all creatures soldiers were unable to resist in fierce that battle that fierce forcible energy of sity. with his own shafts of golden wings. thus by the high-souled Bhima. of his enemies. the midst of the enemy. great intelligence 'Ascertain.Yuga for exterminating all creatures. Bharata. beholding hostile warriors and cars and the I tops of their standards on all sides. vim. quickly and with great impetuosity. Then a large number of Kaurava troops. from every side.' Thus urged by Bhimasena.SECTION LXXVI "Sanjaya said. I shall. like new- fledged birds towards a tree. They then. pain. Thus struck by Bhima. whether those assembled cars and standards that are advancing towards me. fell down on the earth. while fighting along. despatch all these Dhartarashtras to the presence of Yama. with elephants and cars and horse and foot. 'During the progress of the fierce engagement. O Suta. in that battle mangled and burnt broke and fled in fear in all directions. with speed. against thy son's host to that spot whence Bhima desired to slaughter it. O king. borne by these steeds. is my sorrow. advanced against him from all sides. those foremost of Kshatriyas. These things.

. the Bharata host ? breaking Why do evident that Savyasachin. "Visoka loud twang of the O Bhima. for of maces and swords and other weapons used with the arms alone. Suta the Kaurava host. again. These huge elephants. are uttering loud cries. duly is invoked. as also lances and scimitars and darts and spears ! Nev er fear that thy said. is respeatedly filling its gaps. today this awful battle in which everything will be shrouded with my my bow and mangling all my impetous arrows sped fiercely foes. of the weapons. Examining all the quivers containing my arrows. equipped with Yonder.' said. O hero. the portion Indeed. Indeed. weapons 'Behold. are being scattered. assailed with the shafts. how much of what sort. thou hast yet sixty thousand. thou hast thousands upon thousands. by ! O bullocks.' "Bhima from O Suta. like elephants filled with panic at a cries of woe. of foot-soldiers. will be exhausted. while thy razor-headed shafts number ten thousand. Of arrows. succumbed in battle or that. are There. O Visoka. still left three thousand that six still son of Pandu. Of cloth-yard shafts thou hast still two thousand. Let that slayer of foes Arjuna. Visoka said. come here sacrifice. that foremost of men. all the Kauravas. assailed with shafts. or let all of them strike Bhimasena down. those Visoka. though slaughtered extensively.220 MAHABHAEATA grief. tell me. if placed on carts. with great destroy those hostile troops of great might. Behold. and resembling thunderbolts in force. ascertaining the matter well. I will overthrow them all. and elephants and steeds and bands of foot soldiers standards. making the latter resemble the domains of Death Today.' "Thus commanded. having flying forest conflagration. alone he hath subjugated all the Kurus O ! Today. and uttering away. e v en this will be known to all the ! Suta. O ! wings of gold and feathers of peacocks. that Bhimasena hath Kshatriyas including the very children. crushing lost their down bands sense. O hero. with those warriors riding on them. O Suta. Behold. remains is not capable of being borne. of Dhananjaya. assailed with shafts and darts. O Partha. is quickly shrouding that host with his shafts. that is. fly now like Sakra. It is away O are flying away. that thou dost not hear the Gandiva stretched by Partha in wrath ? Are yawning 'How is it. Let the gods that aid in the achievement of the best acts. cars and steeds and elephants are flying away. Alone. and in consequence of which the very sun will disappear from the field. and of Pradaras thou hast still. foes. quickly ! coming to a those kings Behold. these cars. and broad-headed ones number as much. what quantity of arrows is on my car. Shoot and hurl them. me let all the Kauravas fall in battle or let all the world applaud beginning with the feats of my earliest years. bless me. . I shall Thus rejoice slaughtering in the midst of battle my assembled with thee today. O learned one.

Behold. Kunti. are falling upon the earth. split with shafts. looketh exceedingly resplendent. O son of on his breast and all his triumphal garland.KABNA PABVA these 221 two ears of thine gone ! ? All thy wishes. as he penetrates hostile army. which by the Yadus. Arjuna addressed Govinda. ever increase. Even I.' arrival. O Visoka. advancing. Suta. the forest uprooted mighty Arjuna is coming towards thy side even like the constellation All thy wishes are fulfilled. into the There. as also the blazing Kaustubha There. and urged by Krishna. they are falling down like a by the tempest caused by Gadura's wings. are falling down.' Hearing these words of Arjuna. Behold. that is first and foremost of car. is O hero. that enhancer of his fame. and edge sharp as a razor. the precious jewel on the diadem. the Panchajanya of Krishna. mangled by thy younger brother with the energy of the chief of the celestials. cut off by Kiritin. 'Hearing the roars of cars and the leonine shouts the warriors) in battle. exceedingly beautiful and of the hue of the moon. Thy foes are being exterminated. reins in hand. looking at it. being pleased with thee. resembles lofty trees perfectly straight. the trunks. pierced and discus of Kesava. I will me of Arjuna's 'Since. of huge elephants. the string of Gandiva is flashing repeatedly like lightning amid blue clouds. Partha. of the hue of white clouds. and seven hundred elephants and innumerable foot-soldiers and horsemen slain in this battle by Kiritin with his mighty shafts. am struck with fear. with their riders. Govinda said unto him. O son of Pandu. four hundred car-warriors. Behold.top is everywhere seen to terrify hostile divisions in this dreadful battle. O ' SECTION LXXVII "Sanjaya said. thou tellest give thee four and ten populous villages and a hundred female slaves and twenty cars. Yonder the Ape on Dhananjaya's standard. brilliantly. Slaughtering the Kurus. There the beautiful diadem of Arjuna is shining There. behold his conch Devadatta of loud blare and the hue of a white cloud.for this agreeable intelligence imparted by thee ! "Bhima said. viz. 'Urge (of the steeds to greater speed. endued with the splendour of the sun. Behold those cars and steeds and bands of foot soldiers. There. that always worshipped There. have is been fulfilled Younder the Ape (on Arjuna's banner) seen in the midst of the elephant force (of the enemy). behold. its nave its hard as thunder. Let thy might. like hills riven with thunder.warriors. with their steeds and drivers. borne by his foremost of steeds. Behold. behold his discus of solar effulgence. routing the hostile army as he comes. beside him. saying. There those huge creatures also. 'I am proceeding with great speed to the spot where . Chitra.. Without doubt. by the side of Janardana. as also the period of thy life.

resembling tigers (in prowess) rushed in that battle against that tiger among men. despatched to Yama's abode several thousands of cars and elephants and steeds. congre- gated clouds. abandoning all fear of death. as they were pierced with shafts of golden wings. O king. Partha. and yak-tails garlands. armed with the thunder. Thus struck in that battle . and the tread of their horses' hoofs. penetrated into thy host like a Makara.in days of Then that tiger among men. Huge elephants. Kama. and sin. Between them and Partha. Those mighty car-warriors. shooting at all him showers of weapons. and steeds. While those great car-warriors in that battle were thus struck with shafts sped from Arjuna's bow. Beholding the son of Pandu. resembling that made by the waters of the ocean lashed into fury by the tempest. Then Arjuna. thy warriors. however. Piercing elephants and steeds and cars with excellent yore for ri v shafts resembling Vasava's thunder. united together. the rattle of their car-wheels. advanced against Jaya (Arjuna) as the latter proceeded for v ictory. against (the Asura) Jambha for slaying him. slew four hundreds of those heroic car-warriors exerting themselves vigorously in battle. Arjuna. cut off the for fanning. like a tempest driving off masses of all skilled in smiting. life. like the battle between the Asuras and the god Vishnu. ani proceeded against Arjuna with a large number of cars and began to pierce him with keen shafts. Arjuna. and elephants. rushed against him. that foremost of victors for the sake of the three worlds. decked with diadem and in trappings of gold in great mighty weapons sped by them as also their heads and arms in diverse ways. borne by his steeds white as snow or conchs and decked celestials and pearls and gems. mighty-armed chastiser of into the ocean. with his shafts. looked replendent. fell down on the earth. O sire occurred a great battle destructive of body. routed the troops of those leaders of the Kurus as they advanced. ablaze with light. foes. accompanied by cars and foot and a large number of elephants and steeds. like the chief of the wrath proceeding.222 MAHABHABATA Bhima is stationed. Alone. and cars. even as Indra. they were filled with fear and seeme 1 In all. like a forest broken down by a tempest. like mountains. mutilated in div erse ways. his sharp arrows. Tremendous was the dm made by them as they advanced against Partha.' Then many lions among men (belonging to the Kaurava army). and bands of foot. excited with wrath and accompanied by a large force of cars and horse and elephants and foot and making the earth resound with the whizz of their arrows. decked in caparisons of gold and equipped with triumphal standards and warriors (on their backs). Dhananjaya that proceeded quickly for the slaughter of ing ( the Asura) Vala. Those great bowmen. Umbrellas. and standards. with his razor-faced and crescent-shaped and broad-headed arrows of great keenness. with to disappear one after another from their cars.

looked beautiful in that battle. that hero. thy warriors became dhana addressed race. since upon Bhima's fall he would regard the Pandava troops already exterminated. . thy army. and monarch. with cruel intent and eyes red Vrikodara their arrowy downpours. Innumerable elephants. the son of the Wind-god. Beholding on that occasion the by him. Having slaughtered these. became filled with joy. Afflicted O king. began to reel like a wrecked bosom of the sea. and the hair of animals formed its woods and moss.PABVA with sharp shafts of diverse kinds. like that made by Gadura in days of yore when swooping Hearing that sound. moved by the desire of slaying him. king Duryo- and great bowmen. Seeing his mightiest soldiers thus afflicted by Bhimasena. prowess equal to that of the wind. O king. all like that of the Destroyer at filled with fright. Loud was the noise with which Arjuna when O faced his foes. Tremendous was the uproar made at the van of the army by those warriors as they broke and fled like that made by the surging sea it breaks upon a rock. Arms lopped Innumerable jewels and off from trunks formed its foremost of snakes. and cars. Blood and elephants were the constituted its water. the end of the Yuga. Indeed. Bhima came out of the press like a fish coming out of a net. that chief of Bharata's race. Accepting that command of thy son. reckless of his very life. inspired with desire of victory. sire. inflicted upon those kings. his troops O Bharata. against the division of the Suta's son. he began. vessel on the O superhuman might of Bhima. gems were carried along by the current. retreating elephants. avoiding Arjuna. as the Moon at full within his CDrona looks beautiful. to grind thy troops. Having routed with his arrows that army struck with fright. As soon as the valiant Bhimasena heard of Partha's arrival. O bull of Bharata's commanding them to slay Bhima in that battle. Thus encompassed by those brave warriors encompassed men O on all sides. Bhima began to cut and mangle that host with his fierce arrows and despatch large numbers to the abode of Yama. . desirous he had been of obtaining a sight of Partha. and a hundred car-warriors. even so that best of All exceedingly handsome. and horse. Displaying his lightness of hands. Pritha's son Arjuna then proceeded. men. the mighty Bhimasena. monarch. O monarch. O Bharata. and five thousand horses. began to career in that battle like the wind itself. and cars its eddies with which it teemed. Thighs constituted its gravels. having slain ten thousand un- two hundred thousand and two hundred men. in wrath. O Bharata. looked resplendent like the Moon surrounded by the stars. Men were its fishes. all the kings shrouded Bhima with showers of shafts from every side. Bhima caused a river of blood to flow there. and steeds its alligators sharks. O king. Possessed of as down for snakes. the valiant Bhima. Vrikodara. Piercing that mighty host with straight shafts. they fled away on all sides.

Very soon. quickly took up another and six and ten broad-headed arrows. Thither where that best of car-warriors. suddenly shot at Suvala's son a shaft decked with gold. hurled in that battle a dart made of iron. Piercing through the armour of the high-souled son of Pandu. speedily fell upon the car of the high-souled son of Suv ala. surrounded by his brothers. and maces and spiked bludgeons formed its and marrow mire. and cut off with a broad-headed arrow the bow of Suvala's son with the greatest ease. O monarch. With the remaining four. said. endued with great O seven fragments that terrible arrow as When his shaft fell down on the earth. antagonist. proceeded against the sons of Suv ala. however. king. Necklaces constituted lotuses. its swans. O monarch. while those that were timid and affrighted found it exceedingly difficult to cross. That dart. and head-gears and the earthy dust that Those endued with noble qualities could cross it with ease. Seeing those feats achieved in battle by Bhimasena. The mighty Sakuni. O monarch. became highly enraged. those fierce shafts. hurled from Bhima's arms. arrows constituted the rafts by which men sought to cross that terrible river. O Bharata. With two of those straight and and broad-headed arrows. and with two. Bhima. casting aside that broken bow. at the left side of Bhima's chest. with its staff adorned with gold. Upon his defeat the mighty host of the Pandavas may be regarded as defeated. The valiant son of lightness of hands. penetrated. Warriors constituting its crocodiles and alligators. Then Sakuni. the son of Suv ala pierced the four steeds of his Filled with rage at this. disresisting the ocean. with one he cut off Bhima's standard. sped a number of cloth-yard shafts equipped with wings of gold and whetted on stone. the mighty Bhimasena in battle. did that arose formed waves. 'Vanquish. O monarch. O king. that scorcher of foes. its And umbrellas and its standards formed its foam. regarding them all. it coursed towards him. the valiant Bhima. indeed. he struck Bhima himself. O monarch. restless as the tongue of a snake. sunk deep into his body. O uncle. O monarch. Bhima. viz. was difficult to cross. the v aliant son of Suv ala. thither he felled hostile warriors in hundreds and thousands. tiger among men cause that river to flow. that bloody river. equipped with feathers of Kankas and peacocks. cutoff into Suv ala then. the son of Pandu. the heroic Sakuni checked him like the continent Though resisted with keen shafts. Deeply pierced in that battle. The . Bhima..224 MAHABHAEATA its And it was covered with heads forming its rocks. addressing Sakuni.' Thus addressed. competent to wage dreadful battle. Duryodhana. Even as the terrible Vaitarani is difficult of being crossed by persons of unrefined souls. And bows and snakes. his umbrella. terrible and enhancing the fears of the timid. proceeded. it ran towards the region of Yama. Approaching in that battle Bhima of terrible prowess.

and then his driver. At this. his who were fighting reckless of their very lives. could not bear that leonine roar of his foes endued with great activ ity. Kama then became their refuge. O king. shooting many hundreds of shafts. baffling those shafts. in a moment. O then. Finding Kama. it decked dart and hurled monarch. bull of Bharata's race. 1 O " making death itself their goal. cut off Sakuni's bow in rage and pierced Sakuni himself with many keen arrows. approaching the spot where Kama was. was thus taken up on Duryodhana's car. O tiger of men. slain O monarch. Bhima. the retreating Dhartarashtras. Then thy son. however. O monarch. plight. proceeded against their foes for battle. fell upon them. the Dhartarashtras. the troops. Beholding the king himself turn away from the battle. seeing him stupefied. Bhima rushing impetuously. The mighty son of Pandu then. down on the earth almost lifeless. O The king. 29 O Sanjaya. filled with wrath. relying upon one another. set up a loud roar all around. Seeing all the Dhartarashtra troops turn away from battle and fly in all directions. viz. Endued with great might and great energy. Sakuni. innumerable arrows. Slaughtered by Bhima. fled away on all sides inspired with fear on that occasion of great terror due to Bhimasena. what. his eyes red like blood in rage. stood on the ground. When that tiger among men. thy son Duryowith great fright. when at last they reach an island. like shipwrecked mariners. battle. once more. Piercing through the left arm of the high-souled son of Pandu. O Bharata. O He then. 'When our troops were broken in battle by Bhimasena.headed arrow without losing a moment. SECTION LXXVIII "Dhritarashtra said. turning their faces from battle. Abandoning with speed that steedless car. fled away. Upon the defeat of O king. the Dhartarashtra troops. covered with shafts the soldiers of Suvala's son in that battle. king. retreated. Sakuni fell O king. and himself breathing heavily.. took up that same goldback at Bhimasena. Deeply pierced by his powerful antagonist. it fell down on the earth like lightning flashed down from the sky. by that great bowman. from regard for his maternal uncle's life. . thy troops became comforted and stood cheerfully. borne away by his fleet steeds. struck Bhima from every side with valiant Bhima. bore him away from battle on his car in the very sight of Bhimasena.KABNA PABVA latter 225 O monarch. in their distressful They then. that scorcher of foes. from the Suvala's son. that foremost of men. did Duryodhana and Suvala's son say? Or. Bhimasena. Bhima of great prowess next cut off his antagonist's standard with a broad. once more stood for surrounding him. filled encounters in which each of them had been engaged. Having four steeds. dhana. with his bow ready drawn in his hands. quickly taking up another stringed bow.

and the very hope of life. Bhima also of great strength began to destroy the Dhartarashtra Then Kama. and Dhrishtadyumna. addressing (his driver) Salya. O Sanjaya.' Indeed. cheerfully conducted those steeds Kama. troops. of warriors belonging to the Kama then smote hundreds and thousands Pandava army. struck the son of Radha in the . I think. 'Bear me to the Panchalas only. towards the Chedis. desired to go to. endued with great might. the fame. 'Bear me to the Panchalas. The heroic Satyaki. that grinder of hostile troops. car. and Nakula. Kama. surrounded the son of Radha. and the (five) sons of Draupadi. or Drona's son Dussasana. became terrified. beholding his army in course of being routed by Bhimasena of great intelligence. and Bhima. like bow-string drawn to his ear. Sikhandin struck him with five and twenty shafts. and Sahadeva. Salya the ruler of the Madras. do or the other kings and mighty car. became audible in that dreadful With hundreds upon hundreds of keen arrows sped from the battle. he fought in battle with all the warriors of my of army. or the sound of a mountain splitting into fragments. in that battle. Sikhandin. and Sahadeva with seven. that best of men. in that encounter. The mighty Bhimasena. pouring showers of arrows upon him. 1 urged. is the prowess of Pandu's son. Exceedingly wonderful. into every spot that Penetrating then into that mighty host. is the prosperity. difficult of defeat in battle. Indeed. or the warriors of what did Kama. filled with rage. that foremost in that battle. monarch. Beholding the army broken by Kunti's son of immeasurable energy. In that afternoon. Kama once more Thus addressed his driver. the Panchalas and the Karushas. saying.warriors of our army ? Tell me all this. many mighty bowmen and great car-warriors among the Pandavas encompassed him on all sides. or Kripa. for thou of art skilled in narration !' "Sanjaya said. the son did Adhiratha and Radha. Salya. or my army say ? since. urged those white steeds that were fleet as thought. the Suta's son of great valour began to smite all the Somakas in the very sight of Bhimasena. O Sanjaya. that car cased in tiger-skins and looking like a cloud. of the Kurus. what did Kama. struck Kama in that engagement with twenty keen shafts in the shoulder-joint. While the unvanquished Kama achieving those feats. do in that battle ? What also my sons. that foremost of warriors. the son of Prishata. said unto him. The rattle O then of that unto the peal of thunder. Kritavarman. O monarch. from desire of despatching him to the other world. the armour. to his Did the son vow ? That Radha act towards the (hostile) troops according slayer of foes. and Nakula with a hundred. and the sons of Draupadi with four and sixty. single-handed. was employed in and Satyaki.226 MAHABHAEATA of victors. the Beholding Pandus and the Panchalas. and Dhrishtadyumna struck him with seven.

Kama. he next cut off the standard of Sahadeva. O king. The Suta's son. inasmuch as all the Pandavas. were unable to even gaze at him. fled in all directions. struck with fear. sire. and elephants. Then viz. that the Chedis. Struck with fear at the noise. Loud wails arose there among the Panchalas in that great battle. of the high-souled Kama on that occasion. and steeds. O king. burnt the hostile army first like a mighty and blazing conflagration consuming a heap of dry grass in the summer season. brave foes. mighty car-warrior. began to smite them with his keen shafts. Swords and standards. with his straight shafts casting those heroes to turn back fight. fought with all those bowmen who contended with him all to the and checked those Pandava warriors. Pandavas.. Indeed. regarded him as the one warrior in that battle. once more achieved an exeedingly wonderful feat. Thus slaughtered by Kama. viz. Cutting off the bow of Satyaki as also his standard. the vast host of the Pandavas. The son of Radha pierced each of them in return with five arrows. the mighty-armed Kama in that battle. poured upon him showers of shafts.KABNA PAEVA 227 shoulder-joint with ninety straight shafts.. alone and unsupported in that battle. those that crusher of foes. applauded of all bowmen. Within the twinkling of an eye he then deprived the (five) sons of Draupadi of their cars. all the gods as also the Siddhas and the Charanas were best gratified. from the the heroic Kama began to slay the Panchalas and many Thus struck in that battle. O Bharata. Indeed. with his shafts. cut off the arms and the heads of his burning the vast host of the With great fire without smoke. stood there like a blazing activity that hero. that the Suta's son of great prowess. united together. bull of Bharata's race. enemies of Kama. O utmost of their prowess. rushing against Kama alone. while they were thus struck with the keen shafts sped from Kama's bow. the Pandava troops. O Bharata. self O bull of Bharata's race. monarch. With the lightness of hand. of great might laughing in scorn. . that foremost of great car-warriors. however. O of men. with hilts of ivory. at the very sight of Kama. Kama pierced Satyaki himFilled with wrath. then. O monarch. afflicting his foes. I beheld this exceedingly wonderful feat. with nine shafts in the centre of the chest. the Pandava army broke when it came in contact with Kama. the Chedis and the Matsyas. then pierced Bhimasena with thirty shafts. O mighty car-warriors among monarch. that chastiser of foes afflicted Sahadeva's driver. with his shafts. he With a broad-headed arrow. The son of Adhiratha. that Then Kama. which seemed exceedingly wonder- O O ful. and their ears decked with ear-rings. and with three other arrows. the son of Radha. Like a swelling mass of water breaking when it comes in contact with a mountain. ani darts. and drawing his excellent bow let off many keen shafts. All the great bowmen among the Dhartarashtras also.

they refused to fly away that hero at the head of battle. O king. the Suta's son of great bravery. that scorcher of foes. the mighty car-warrior that Kama for. O of the army. Bharata twenty car-warriors among the Panchalas and more than a hundred Chedi warriors were slain by O Kama with his shafts. that bull among men and scorcher of foes. and elephants. that mighty bowman. in consequence of slain horse and foot and broken cars and dead elephants. O monarch those two brothers of prowess incapable . having slain foot. car-warriors. the earth became impassable and miry with flesh and blood. like the Destroyer himself of great might standing after slaying all creatures. caused diverse musical instruments to be beaten and blown in all parts shouts. however. Routing the foremost of Panchala car-warriors and (other) foes. and Kritavarman. and wheels of many kinds. decked monarch. At that time. the king (Duryodhana). O monarch. broke those returned heroes in div erse ways. steeds empty. There. with gold. The combatants could not distinguish friends foes in that thick darkness caused by shafts when Kama's The mighty car-warriors of the displayed. returned heroically to the fight. with elephants and steeds slain by Kama. could no from longer be distinguished. of the Panchalas seemed to be The prowess exceedingly wonderful. and yokes. in that battle. O king. in that battle. in that battle. The uneven and even spots also of the field. having slain the Somakas. Pandavas. we then beheld stood alone. O Bharata.228 MAHABHAEATA and cars of diverse kind. O monarch. were repeatedly broken by the son of Radha. The son of Radha. Beholding the Pandava army turn away from battle. Those mighty car-warriors (celestial) weapon was O of the Pandavas. were completely shrouded with shafts. The two sons also of Kama. slaughtered the Pandava warriors in hundreds and thousands. though broken. Thus. and axles. though struggling vigorously. filled with great delight. Making the terraces of cars and the backs of and slaying the combatants that fought from the necks of elephants. and Kripa. and Dussasana. Then Duryodhana. There. and Sakuni also of great might. horse. and routing the foot soldiers. Kama of great fame. Indeed. the son of Saradwata. stood there on his car. the Dhartarashtra bowmen of great might rushed against the retreating host uttering terrible monarch. and Aswatthaman. The great bowmen amongst the Panchalas. that were sped from Kama's bow. Kama. became incapable of being gazed at like the mid-day sun and looked resplendent like the Destroyer himself at the end of the Yuga. were cut off in various ways by Kama observant of a warrior's vow. that slayer of foes. even as a herd of deer in the forest is routed by an angry lion. O Bharata. those fore- most of men. and banners. making death their goal. slew the Pandava warriors like a wolf slaying smaller animals. from though thus struck by Kama.

assemblage of lotuses.' Thus addressed. and having obtained a sight of the angry son of the Suta in that dreadful battle. O Janardana. O Krishna. sight. car-warrior. look'eth exceedingly resplendent as he is engaged in routing the Panchalas. Kama's in car. Even thus a great destruction took place among the Pandavas everywhere on the field. There Kripa. Krishna. the mighty -armed Hari." also suffered great loss at the hands of the SECTION LXXIX monarch. Janardana. Bear me is mighty car-warrior. in my exterminate the mighty car-warriors of the Parthas and the Srinjayas. well conversant with holding the seated on the terrace of to that reins. bearing necklaces constituted -(Even) and head-gears formed its excellent foam. the Panchalas. There. slaughtered the Pandava army in several parts of the field. that slayer of hostile horses and bull among men. filled Pandava Draupadi. towards the mighty bowman Kama. proceeded on his car. are protecting king Duryodhana. with the white umbrella over his head. O There. that river ran. the standard of the Suta's son is O visible. are flying away. four kinds of forces (of the enemy). assuring (by that very act) all the . its eddies. Otherwise. said. and even thus thy army mighty Bhima. will. Human heads constituted Elephants and steeds formed its banks. Yonder. Kesava quickly proceeded on his car. Similarly the Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin and the (five) sons of with rage. 'Yonder. and cars were the rafts with which it teemed. he guideth that vehicle. Pandu's son. Having caused that river to flow. themselves protected by the Suta's son. along with Kama. for even such slaying Without Kama this battle I will the wish cherished by me. The battle at that place was dreadful and cruel and the carnage that occurred was very great. Full of the bones of heroic combatants. never return. Umbrellas were its swans or rafts. and Kritavarman. king Duryodhana. Vibhatsu. . at the command of Savyasachin. afraid of Kama. Bows and shafts constituted its fishes and the crowns of crushed men floated on its surface. having slain the "Sanjaya said. it resounded with the cries of ravens and vultures. Salya. for causing a single combat to take place between Kama and Indeed. that mighty car-warrior. caused a river of blood to flow there that was tawny with flesh and O marrow and bones. Bhimasena and others are fighting with that great There. And its rocks and stones. And it could be easily forded by persons desirous of victory. looketh exceedingly resplendent as.KABNA PABVA of 229 being baffled. filled with rage. and Drona's son. Shields and armour were its away heroes like trees along its current. addressing Vasudeva. 'Meanwhile Arjuna. heroes. while to those that were cowards it was unfordable. slaughtered thy host. the son of Radha.

proceed protection. mighty-armed one. the fears of those retreating comba- tants. as I think. Nakula and Sahadeva. there O hero. Partha. Save thee. O tiger refuge in this battle. are quickly is flying away. Mustering thy great prowess. those kings. and the brothers. judging by Blazing with wrath. those mighty car-warriors of the Dhritaslay this rashtra's army. Behold tha might of my arms tolay. Dhananjaya advanceth with great speed. dispel no other man. especially (by thee). exceedingly mangled and when Vrikodara is being so much that king Yudhishthira the just hath been Learning made earless by thee. Beholding Arjuna of white steeds and having Krishna for his driver thus advance. and Satyaki. O Suta's s:>n. entertain any fear of Dhananjaya. therefore. or a tiger in the forest. Kama. the king of the Madras. that scorcher of foes. Pandava battle. of resist in this great battle Drona. encounter with thee. He cometh. do not behold any arrangements made for He advanceth alone success now. his Avoiding all our for. and Uttamaujas. advanceth impetuously on a single car against thee. for there I is no other bowman (among us that can do his protection. said. who is always gratified by the diadem-decked (Arjuna). Thou alone art able to against Proceed. thou proceed against that hero of Bharata's race. O then of Arjuna' s vehicle rose loud in that the tremendous peal of Vasu's thunder. If thou canst slay him today. Do O . addressing Kama. Thou art the equal of Bhishma. and Dhrishtadyumna. obtaining thee as their depending on thee and desirous of thy mighty-armed one. Indeed.' O "Kama said. not. and seeing the standard of that high-souled one. Dhananjaya that resembles a snake frequently darting out its tongue. Partha will not stop from desire of battle with anybody afflicted else save thee. an form swelling with rage and energy. slaying his foes in battle. great good may then be done to us. proceed so). All those Kurus. There cometh he about whom thou wert enquiring. and the (five) sons of Draupadi. The rattle sire. in battle. Do thou the advancing Savya- sachin. O Kama. slaying. 'There cometh that car-warrior having white steeds yoked unto his vehicle and having Krishna for his driver. of Drona's son. avoiding other combatants. O through fear of Arjuna. that can. and Yudhamanyu. the son of Prishata. There. against him. our chief warriors. or a roaring bull. holding his bow Gandiva. of Kripa. Look after thy encounter the two Krishnas Dhananjaya. desirous of an encounter with thee.230 MAHABHAEATA troops. Without doubt. O Kama. against thee. and seeing (the plight of) Sikhandin. as he cometh. regardless of pne another. against Vrishni's race. Do warriors. 'Thou seemest now agreeable to to be in thy usual frame of mind and thou art now me. Do thou. in battle. he is advancing with speed against us. resembling. either on his flanks or at his rear. stand among men.

KABNA and behold Krishnas field ! my I skill. (Arjuna). They are massive and covered with cicatrices. They never tremble. Firm in the use of weapons. that warrior who is endued with such energy and such attri- . endued with great activity. the son of There that mighty-armed one. Who is there on Possessed of greatness of soul. moving on a single car he vanquished all of and snatched from us that wealth of kine. So also. They always fall on the foe. Quickly fixing them on the bowstring. these all will be exterminated. and many celestial weapons. say that this fore- most of car-warriors. even when alone. and all the Kalakeyas. The him their weapons of several Regents of the world. There. that with Kama's . there is no warrior equal to the son of Pandu. to-day. In the region of Indra he obtained his conch Devadatta and slew innumerable Daityas. will among men. such a superior car-warrior has never been born on earth Behold my prowess. Challenging that foremost of Kshatriyas. as also those two I lions say this truly unto thee.' i4 Salya said. high-souled Krishna obtained his discus. the gratified the god Agni at Khandava. and took from all the foremost of car-warriors (portions of) their garments. Slaying or slain. and Savyasachin. with which that lion among men us. however. the Kalakhanjas. with Krishna as his ally. borne by his Perhaps. united together gave immeasurable energy. quickly destroyed in battle those united Asuras. from the God of Fire. he is protected by Krishna. who will venture to vanquish him ?' "Kama in battle line. as also his two great celestial and inexhaustible quivers. He taketh a large number of arrows and shooteth them as if they were one. The two arms of this prince are never covered with sweat. obtained his bow Oandiva. said. I shall to-day achieve my purpose.death. in Virata's city. slain by those two. on that occasion. and obtained from him the terrible and mighty weapon Pasupata that is capable of destroying the three worlds. endued with might that knows no decay. I will to-day destroy the mighty host of the Pandavas. he will despatch steeds white in hue. When again. is invincible. Victory is uncertain in battle. Single-handed. he propelleth them to the distance of two miles. Indeed. that hero having him of Vrishni's race for his ally. O Kama. 'As far as I I have heard. also obtained his terrible car unto which are yoked those white steeds. the two never return from the to-day without slaying two heroes. he earth that is superior to him ? gratified Mahadeva himself in fair fight. me to Yama's abode Know. Pandu. I shall to-day sleep on the field of battle. Or. since I will contend with even that Partha who is such. What warriors is there on earth that is equal to him ? That Atiratlia. 'Ail great car-warriors. he is possessed of great skill and endued with great lightness of hands. This prince of Kuru's this foremost of car-warriors. careers in battle.

to be the foremost of persons in all He is. the mountains of Himavat may move from the spot where they stand but not the two Krishnas. viz. and saluted respectfully by him. I may easily . ye lords of roars in that battle. and the son of Pandu. pierced with the arrows sped by Dhananjaya. and cause them to be tired with exertion. discus. cannot (in narrating) exhaust in ten thousand years. firm in the use of weapons. began to strike Dhananjaya with innumerable arrows in that battle. and the preceptors and his own younger brothers. possessed of great skill. Even such are Vasudeva. again. so that.. the . Who else. Those mighty carwarriors then. All that could be seen was that men and steeds and elephants. obeying the behest of Kama. and all the foot-soldiers and horsemen and elephant-riders. fear entereth my heart together with courage. hav ing arrows for his rays. Saying will be fulfilled without delay. like those of the the earth. Approaching then thy son. speedily proceeded against him.2$2 butes. O Salya. Indeed. His foes could not notice when he fixed his excellent arrows on the bow-string and when he let them off. Both of them have adamantine frames. Partha with his own at the sun. Soon will that wonderful and matchless and beautiful battle take place. while Narayana is unrivalled in encounters with the discus. that high-souled Vasudeva. Either I will overthrow those two in battle to-day. save myself. who is Narayana himself and who is without a rival. Partha is the foremost of all bowmen. O Salya. Like the great ocean containdeeply. slaying ing a vast quantity of water receiving all rivers with their tributaries Arjuna received all those warriors in battle. that of a battle with the son of Pandu. protected by that Kesava great energy. and mighty car-warriors. Kripa and the Bhoja chief Kritavarman. that ever victorious Vishnu armed the world in point of courage. or the two Krishnas will to-day overthrow me. of with conch. Kama. I regard MAHABHAEATA myself. united Beholdtogether. continually fell down. would proceed against Phalguna and Vasudeva that are even such ? The desire cherished by me to-day. Kama said unto that prince as also unto those two mighty-armed warriors. Both of them are heroes. O ruler of the Madras. that foremost one among the Kurus. 'Rush towards Achyuta and Ar juna and close up their path all around. whose attributes all the world. slay those !' two after ye all will have mangled them those foremost of heroes. deprived of life. and the ruler of the Gandharvas with his son. Smiling th> while. desirous of Saying 'So be it Arjuna. these words unto Salya. these words. and mace. Like men with diseased eyes that are unable to gaze Kauravas on that occasion could not gaze at Jaya who seemed to be possessed of the energy of the all-destroying Sun that rises at the end of the Y^^ga. began to utter loud clouds. ing the two Krishnas together on the same car. that slayer of foes. and Gandiva for his beautiful circular disc.

The son of Drona then. his standard. standing at the van of battle. and thy son himself. Stringing that bow as he stood on the earth. like clouds excelled in of the who shrouding the dispeller of darkness. took up another costly bow. like the clouds pouring torrents of rain on a mountain. Kripa was afflicted with as many thousands of arrows by Arjuna as Ganga's son Bhishma before them (tu>. shooting showers of shafts. and Kesava with three. like the wielder of the thunder in days of yore shafts showering his His weapons destroyed by Partha's shafts. on the day of his fall) by the same diadem-decked warrior. shooting his shafts. with his shafts. shooting showers of shafts. Then those mighty car-warriors. and pierced the chest of each of his adv ersaries with three shafts. 30 . as he constituting like the Sun himself between the months of Jyaishtha and Ashadha. The valiant Partha then. and showered many shafts on the Ape on Arjuna's banner. Kripa and point Bhoja and thy son.. The son of Pandu. and the four steeds of Dhananjaya with four. and his standard also having been crushed in that great battle. filled with wrath. looked resplendent. that mighty car-warrior. bright as the body of Takshaka. even so Arjuna. rushed towards him. Drona's son also. mighty car-warriors. rushed ! towards him. and his four steeds with his four other shafts and his standard with three other arrows and felled him from his car. and bringing out one after another shafts and weapons. with great activity and speed. all of them rained their arrows on him. fell upon and shrouded that bull among the Pandavas. cut off with his own sped at him with great care in that dread- by those accomplished warriors desirous of slaying him. and resembling a mighty snake caught from the foot of a mountain. corona. Drona's son. with Gandiva drawn his fullest stretch scorched his foes. arrows. baffling the arrows of his Then Kripa.KABNA PABVA showers of arrows cut off 23$ the excellent arrows sped at him by those to a complete circle. that warrior two unvanquished and foremost many accomplishments. O king of kings of the Bhojas. began to afflict those of men and pierce them from a near with many shafts. he struck bow Gandiva them with innumerable As the sun of between the months of Jyaishtha and Ashadha easily drieth up the waters (of the earth). Possessed of prowess equal to that thousand-armed (Kartavirya). Indeed. and his driver. For all that Dhananjaya cut off the fulldrawn bow in his adversary's hand with three shafts. Partha then showered bis shafts on Kripa's bow with arrow fixed on it. his steeds. the Arjuna -sun. and decked with gems and diamonds and gold. Hav ing to arrows for his fierce its rays. Then Drona's son pierced Dhananjaya with ten foremost of shafts. within his bright corona. shafts those excellent arrows ful battle however. consumed thy troops. drawing his fierce rays In return. the head of his driver with a razor-faced arrow. and the chief toes. cut on (the Aswra) Valt.

Bhima who. Then other warriors. proceeding in the direction of Dhananjaya. seemed to sink (under that attack). followed slew one another with straight shafts of great energy. in consequence of steeds and cars and elephants. Dhananjaya. desirous of rescuing by many foremost of warriors of the Kuru army. and cloth-yard shafts of bright polish. encountering one another with rage. cars bearing lofty standards. which some divested of . Filling the welkin with his shafts that resembled dense flights of feathery creatures. Like the great Vaitarani (separating the regions of life from those of the dead). the field of battle. and those equipped with heads flat and sharp as razors. piercing them with keen arrows. 'Then.284 off the standard MAHABHAEATA and the bow steeds of of thy roaring son. Destroying next the Kritavarmari. SECTION LXXX Kunti's son Dhananjaya. placed all his afflicted foes on his right side. O monarch. The field of battle became strewn with falling warriors. became uneven and impassable and unsightly and terrible. like the A suras and the celestials in days of yore in great battle. all chastisers of foes. while others were seen to slay thy army. fell fast on the field. armour and some deprived of heads. checked those foes and. Sikhandin and Satyaki and the twins. Elephant.' well shot arrows. as also its cars with their steeds and drivers and bows and standards. Then those mighty car-warriors. avoided. O Bharata. assailed hostile heroes (that were opposed to Bhima) to the regions of death. Partha mangled the bodies of his foes and cut off their heads. then began to destroy with great speed the elephants of the hostile force. Then Kesava. the troops of the Suta's son and began. O king. Successive showers of Arjuna's shafts were seen overspread on the sky. With his broad-headed arrows.warriors and horsemen and car-warriors. some with bodies cut and mangled. with his shafts. parts like an He Thereupon that vast host of thine broke into a hundred embankment washed off by the waters. uttered terrrible roars. with their well-equipped Dhananjaya who was proceeding with great speed like Indra proceeding for the slaughter of Vritra. became enveloped in gloom and the very effulgence of the sun became totally shrouded. inspired with desire of victory or impatient of proceeding to heaven. desirous of an encounter. Then the Kuru heroes and the Srinjayas. became the very Destroyer unto the Kurus. Uttering loud shouts. at that time. O king. quickly urging Arjuna's car. he cut off the latter' s standard as handsome well. they pierced one another v igorously with In consequence of those high-souled warriors of great courage shooting their arrows at one another in that dreadful battle and by that means causing a darkness there. cardinal and subsidiary. to despatch those "Sanjaya said. the points of the compass.

Then four hundred well. and with cars that were steedless or that had their steeds and others that were driverless or that had their drivers. Phalguna informed his brother that the arrows had been extracted from Yudhishthira's body and that the latter was perfectly well. stayed there for a moment. and with lifeless heroes deprived of weapons and engines and of armour. Indeed. looked beautiful like a blazing forest of bamboos on a mountain in the night. After the Kurus had been routed. (on their cars). causing the earth and the welkin. fell down. He was then surrounded by ten heroic and foremost of warriors. the earth became covered with (other) huge elephants struck down by Dhananjaya with his arrows. on all sides. Hav ing met Bhima and held a consulation with him. r>. The . burnt thy army. violently lashed shafts. O Bharata. of gigantic mountains. like animals in the great forest frightened at a dispersed forest conflagration. those heroes. Dhananjaya then proceeded (once more against his foes). With BhimasenaVleave. excited with wrath. The twang of Gandiva became tremendously loud. like a large vessel on the bosom of the ocean. away on all sides. peopled with living creatures. thus afflicted with Dhananjaya's shafts. smitten with the shafts of Dhananjaya. filled with anxiety. and with cars broken in diverse ways. and urged by fierce guides with pressure of heels and toes.trained and ever furious elephants. thy sons. turned their faces from battle. Crushed and burnt and thrown into confusion. the unvanquished Vibhatsu. like the peal of thunder in the welkin. seemed to dance. The Kuru host then (that had assailed Bhirnasena) abandoning that mighty armed hero. like loosened summits. struck by the diadem-decked Arjuna with his shafts. as also with arms of diverse kinds loosened from hands that held them. The (Dhartarashtra) army then. Arjuna's car passed through dense bodies of elephants with juicy secretions flowing down their bodies and looking like masses of clouds. that host of thine then fled Indeed.. Afflicting Arjuna with their shafts like hunters afflicting an elephant with burning brands. burnt by Savyasachin. approaching Bhirnasena.KABNA PAEVA off in 235 struck with Dhananjaya's shafts. Diverse kinds of fatal ing brands by the tempest. were mangled and crushed and cut diverse ways. all of whom were Dussasana's juniors in age. the Kauravas. broke. to resound with the rattle of his car. Like the sun piercing through masses of clouds. and mangled and massacred by the diadem-decked Arjuna with his arrows. O Bharata. The earth was also covered with broken shafts and wheels and axles. That mighty host. with outstretched bow. Phalguna caused his track to be heaped up with slain elephants and steeds. and ridden by warriors cased in mail of golden hue and adorned with ornaments of gold. sped from Gandiva. and resembling burn- and meteors and thunder-bolts.

urged the white steeds of Arjuna. with his keen shafts. he proceeded towards Kama's car. some of which were hurled by the elephants with their tusks. Slain by the diadem-decked Arjuna with diverse kinds of shafts. Arjuna. Like the Sun destroying the darkness with his rays. along with their drivers and bows and standards. endued with great speed and adorned with ornaments of gold and covered with networks of Those ninety Samsaptaka cars pursued pearls. he expected that Arjuna would very soon send all of them to Yama's presence. Beholding Arjuna's car proceeding in a different direction. many Kauravas. borne by tigers among men. Arjuna. those heroes rushed towards him. (without minding those among men. checking his further progress. Phalguna. cut off their standards and steeds and bows and arrows. That matchless shower of weapons. With barbed arrows and Nalikas and cloth-yard shafts and lances and spears and darts and Kampanas and short arrows. afflicted Partha on his car. Then Arjuna. pouring upon him showers of shafts. they fell down like Siddhas falling down. however. encompassed that tiger Krishna. continued to proceed. battle against the ape-bannered 'Meanwile ninety Kaurav a car. cut off those ninety assailants endued with great activ ity. Then with some broad-headed arrows he cut off and felled their heads decked with lips bit and eyes blood-red in rage. Soon. steeds of exceeding fleetness. fearlessly advanced against that foremost one of Kuru's race. teeming with struggling men and steeds. with their cars. that chief of the Bharatas. with ten broad-headed shafts endued with great impetuosity and equipped with wings of gold that slayer of foes. causing them to fall down on the earth.286 slayer of MAHABHAEATA Madhu then. Phalguna cut off with his . towards Kama's car.' " SECTION LXXXI "San jaya his said. then encompassed Dhananjaya. with a number of cloth-yard shafts and crescent-shaped arrows. that slayer of foes. having sworn a terrible oath about the other world. placed all of them to his right. That large force of thy sons. Having slain those ten Kauravas cased in golden mail. guiding his car. with cars and elephants and steeds. Indeed.warriors rushed for Arjuna who was advancing. After this. and swelling with foremost of elephants. Then a force of Mlecchas riding thirteen hundred ever infuriated elephants. the son of Pandu destroyed with his own shafts that shower of weapons over- spread in the welkin. at the command of thy son. however. warriors). viz. Those as Dhananjaya. Those faces looked beautiful like an assemblage of lotuses. Partha. from heaven upon the exhaustion of their merits. assailed Partha in the flank. The mighty Kaurav a bowmen shrouded that descendant of Kuru's race with darts and swords and lances and spears and maces and scimitars and arrows..

Struck therewith. struck (with Elephants. he struck all those elephants and their standards and banners and riders like Indra striking mountains with thunder. With that mace the son of Pandu crushed men and steeds cased in steel armour. that night. with the crowns of their heads and bows and lower limbs crushed. penetrated into the elephint division (of the thought that midst. shafts). Yama The . and resembling an infuriated elephant. excited with rage. looking like the changeful vapour in the sky. proceeded towards his unfatigued Bhima armed with a mace. O monarch. down on the field. and capable of crushing walls and mansions and gates of that exceedingly terrible mace of Bhima incessantly descended on men and elephants and steeds around him. subsisting upon men and elephants and steeds as its cities. the portion that still remained after the greater part had been (as already said). O Bharata. exceedingly weakened.bolts. like the deathgazed at. wandered forms of in all directions. At that time the might of Arjuna's arms was seen. to the spot where Dhananjaya's car was. wandering hither and thither. their riders slain. beholding Bhima mace in hand. was in their son of Pandu then. deprived of riders and steeds. and rushed impetuously. in that battle. That mace. Meanwhile the Kaurava force that still remained after heavy slaughter. food. beholding the diadem-decked Phalguna encompassed. by a large (Kaurava) host consisting of three kinds offerees. those huge decked with necklaces of gold.KABNA PABVA broad-headed shafts 237 and crescent-shaped arrows of great keenness. With excellent arrows of diverse kinds. were seen to fall down deprived of life by the shafts of Partha. away on all sides. Steeds Cars. laid themselves creatures with food. and bathed in blood. O sire. Biting the earth with their teeth. these. they fell down with great noise. and mace eating bones as well. O also. fell down deprived of life. slew numberless steeds and riders. of the Kaurava host possessed of great might. seen in thousands. abandoned the small unslaughtered remnant of the Kaurava car-warriors with whom he had been engaged.warriors (that had been assailing him from every side). Afflicted with gold-winged shafts. he vanquished horsemen and elephants and car. O king. fled monarch. armed with his mace. O monarch. thy troops. shouting and wailing of army of men and Gandiva. rose high. himself. The slaughtered by Arjuna. Bhima ran hither and thither in rage. supplying all carnivorous Satiated with blood and flesh and marrow. destroyed. elephants Amid that roaring and like mountains ablaze with volcanic fires. O elephants and steeds. Bhima beholding Arjuna. Having slam ten thousand horses and numerous foot. armed with his fatal bludgeon. Then Bhimasena. O bull of Bharata's race. were Horsemen. Fierce as the deathnight. difficult of being (of Bhimasena) became. fled away. (So great was that might) that alone. Then. brother. the twang king. in that battle.

they fled away in fear on all sides. Sinking. fled from the field. Seeing that the Kurus had left the field. Arjuna covered it with life-scorching shafts. like snakes without poison. Partha. moved by the fear of creatures. however. within a very short time. Their coats of mail pierced with shafts and themselves bathed in blood. looked beautiful like Kadamva flowers with their filaments. actions. Deserting Kama in that battle as they were being thus struck with Arjuna's shafts. stood desirous of slaughtering the foe. thy army began to turn round with great speed. that foremost of all wielders of weapons. penetrated into that elephant division. the Kauravas. continued between the Kurus and the Pandavas of great might. Thus struck with Arjuna's shafts that quickly slew men and steeds and cars and elephants. reflecting a little. as they seemed to be.i th2 shujhter o: Parthi anl bajin to draw . the enraged Bhima. the troops looked blazing like a forest of flowering Asokas. like a Makara entering the ocean. even as from fear of death. That great host. loud wails. pursued them. Thy sons then. Then. and almost motionless. the mighty Bhimasena. and exceedingly frightened. O king. arose from the Kuru army. Men and steeds and elephants. like winged mountains. despatched it to Yama's abode. in a fathomless ocean. endued with shelter of virtue. Kama then became an island unto them. saying. O monarch. Beholding Savyasachin putting forth his valour on that occasion. fly O monarch. filled with cheerlessness and about to away. pierced in that battle with showers of shafts by the wielder of Gandiv a. took Kama's the wielder of Gandiva. assailed on all sides with weapons? Beholding that host looking humble and standing inactive. from fear of the high-souled son of Kama. thy sons. st his heart u. Regarding the touch of Arjuna's shafts to be unbearable. O sire. the Kauravas became hopeless of Kama's life. proceeded towards the car of Kama. 'Do not fear broken by Partha. addressed those distressed warriors afflicted ! !' Come to me with arrows and bathed in blood. then beheld those infuriated elephants with spiked plates on their We bodies falling on every side. took shelter with the mighty bowman Kama. Kama. followed Arjuna in his rear. and huddling close to one another. vanquished by the wielder of Gandiva.)3. however. with his formidable mace. uninspired with Pandu. Having destroyed that elephant division. The Kauravas. O ruler of Indeed. loudly calling upon the Suta's son (to rescue them). Kama. With cries of Oh and Alas. thus slaughtered. O monarch. stood almost inactive. with their riders and standards. take the men. The battle. Having. stretching his Beholding thy army vigorously bow. fear.888 MAHABHAEATA Kauravas ). shelter. shooting hundreds of shafts and gladdening the Pandava warriors headed by Bhimasena. There was not a single carwarrior or horseman or elephant-warrior or steed or elephant that was un wounded. once more riding on his car.

'The Panchalas . Kama.with three its branches lopped off with an axe. the Suta's son 'Kama' began to destroy the sons of the Panchalas with his mighty shafts. however. The fierce son of the Suta then. Having slain next the steeds of Satyaki. had been put to flight by the mighty car-wariior 'Arjuna' of white steeds. saying. O thou of great intelligence. and seemed to dance upon his car. fell down. downpours on him -like clouds pouring rain upon a mounof arrows. Bending his formidable bow. whereupon the latter. and then cut off the head of Dhrishtadyumna's son. however. With a number of broad-headed O arrows he then pierced both Satanika and Sutasoma and then cut off the bows of both those heroes. with many keen arrows of straight course. the son of Kama." SECTION LXXXII "Sanjaya said. 'After the Kurus. . Upon the slaughter of his son. while they were being thus smitten by the Suta's son.KABNA PABVA 239 deep breaths. saying. addressed Partha. he next slew the steeds of that Panchala warrior. Soon. without the loss of a moment. with heart filled with rage. for the sake of his friends. fell down upon the ground from his car. 'Thou art slain. Felling Janamejaya's driver with broad-faced shafts called Anjalikas. like a Sa la tree to tremble. viz. deprived many Panchalas of their lives. that rescuer of friends. with eyes red as blood. O sire. and after Dhrishtadyumna's son had been slain. deprived of life. Soon. shot by Kama. with struck by the grandson of Sini.. poured their arrowy tain. he slew in that encounter the steeds of that prince. many lords of the earth. Ugrakarman. struck and pierced Sikhandin himself with six shafts. cutting off with a couple of razor-faced arrows the bow and the standard of Sikhandin. addressed that bull among the Sinis from desire of slaying him. Adhiratha's son Vrisha once more rushed against the Panchalas. in the very sight of Savyasachin. Loud sounds of wail were uttered by the Panchalas. cov ered the steedless grandson of Sini. Next he pierced Dhrishtadyumna with six arrows. Kama. The high-souled son of Adhiratha then pierced Sutasoma with a very keen shaft. During the progress of that fierce battle. Upon the slaughter of the Kaikaya prince. rushed with speed and striking of fierce impetuosity caused Prasena. rhe commander of the Kaikaya division. Then Prasena. O grandson of Sini and sped at him an arrow capable of slaying all foes. Then thousands O foremost of liv ing creatures. the son of the ruler of the Kaikayas. the Suta's son then slew Visoka. cut the arms and the head of his son's assailant. Then Sikhandin cut off that arrow with three shafts of his. the son of him off crescent-shaped arrows. and then. king. O lion among kings. and struck Kama himself with three other shafts. like the tempest destroying congregated masses of clouds. with many shafts Then Kama. !' Krishna.

Partha. was employed in shooting at his assailants and slaying his foes. that foremost of heroes. those fiv e mighty car-warriors then stood inactiv e. on that occasion of terror. The Suta's son then pierced Sikhandin with a dozen keen shafts. (no longer finding room in their element). Go.' Thus addressed the mighty-armed Arjuna. Stretching his Gandiva of loud twang and fiercely striking his palms with her bowstring. fell upon the foe. rescued those maternal uncles of theirs that were sinking in the Karna-ocean. and slay Kama. he suddenly created a darkness by means of his arrows and destroyed large numbers of men (of that and steeds and cars and standards. Then Uttamaujas and Janamejaya. with his struck each of lion.MAHABHARATA are being exterminated. like persons rescuing from the depths of the ocean shipwrecked merchants in the sea by means of other v essels. The birds. drivers and banners. smiled and then O proceeded on his car towards the car of Adhiratha's son desirous. took shelter in the caverns of mountains. During that interval. pierced Kama with many shafts. gladdening their foes. and then each of the other Prishata's son (Dhrishtadyumna) Vanquished in dreadful battle by the Suta's son. and Yudhamanyu with three. as the diadem-decked Partha. and the enraged Yudhamanyu and Sikhandin. Those fiv e foremost of elephants.warriors rushed against Kama otherwise called Vaikartana. standards. encountering their foes along the way. that leader of car-warriors. O sire. proceeded with great speed towards Kama. With his own full- drawn bow. even as the objects of the senses are vanquished by a person of purified soul. the son of Adhiratha looked resplendent like the sun. shake off the person of purified soul from abstinence. with her mountains and trees. proceeded on his car behind that son of Pandu. on their and cov ered the ten points of the compass with his shafts. within his corona. thinking that the very earth. Then that two. and Uttamaujas with half a dozen. with three . Somaka (Janamejaya) and shafts. Those two princes then. Arjuna looked resplendent. that foremost of men. with shafts in hand touching the bowstring. cars. with other well-equipped cars. with his multitude of blazing rays. Bhimasena. at that terrible moment. the Suta's son fought fiercely. The echoes twang) travelled through the welkin. Panchala car. viz. Shooting his shafts with that large and extended bow of his that resembled the bow of Sakra himself. Kama loud roar like a them with five arrows and then uttered a People then became exceedingly cheerless. He slew a large number of car-warriors and steeds and protecting his rear. steeds. might split at the twang of Kama's bow while that hero. Indeed.. of rescuing the Panchalas slaughtered by Kama. The five sons of Draupadi then. Quickly bows. but they could not shake him off his car like the objects of the senses failing to cutting off their shafts. grinding the Somakas. uniting with Prishata's son ( Dhrishtadyumna ) and uttering loud roars.

with languid limbs and like one deprived of life and with outstretched arms. and Karna himself. they reeled or uttered wails of woe in affliction or fell down deprived of life. pierced Vrikodara with a dozen shafts.t. resembled that between Samvara and Sakra in days of old. like two mighty elephants excited with lust and with juicy secretions incessantly trickling down their bodies. however. shooting showers of shafts. became so fierce that it resembled the encounter in days of old between the gods and the Aawra.' 31 . Vrikodara. and irresistible as the stroke of India's thunder. protected that foremost one among the Sinis. That foremost one. Car-warriors and elephants and steeds and foot-soldiers. like a lion springing towards a large Euru deer. became exceedingly fierce. the mighty car-warriors among the Panchalas. of Yadu's race fought with those four warriors like the chief of the Daityas fighting with the Regents of the (four) quarters. thy son Dussasana. Satyaki became exceedingly irresistible Those scorchers of foes like the meridian Sun in the autumnal sky. and thy son. taking up another bow. and other precious gems. Vrikodara also rushed impetuously against him. the younger brother of the king. They struck each other deeply with shafts possessed of great energy and capable ot piercing each other's body. Then Dussasana sped a shaft bright as the rays of the sun. cut off. riding on their cars and clad in mail and united together. he once more poured over Bhima a shower of straight arrows. diamonds. The battle fraught with the slaughter of men and steeds and elephants. capable of piercing the body of his assailant. decked with gold. fearlessly advanced against Bhima..KAENA PABVA bull 241 own keen shafts the innuand piercing Karna himself with many merable arrows sped by Kama. the bow and the standard of thy son. Recovering " his senses. keen arrows made entirely of iron. like the Maruts protecting Sakra while engaged in afflicting his foes in battle. and the Bhoja chief (Kritavarman). once more then. fighting with each other in the vicinity of a she-elephant in her season. covered with showers of diverse weapons. His body pierced therewith. with a couple of razor-headed arrows. and from which shafts flowed incessantly. viz. With his twanging bow stretched to its fullest limits. Struck by one another. upon his own excellent car. Prince Dussasana. that then ensued between thy foes and the warriors of thy army. Vrikodara fell. with great speed. assailed Satyaki iii return with keen shafts. began to move from one point to another. cutting off with his driver. pierced thy eldest son with eight shafts. With another winge d arrow he pierced his antagonist's forehead and then (with a fourth) cut off from his trunk the head of the latter's among the Sinis. however. When such was the state of affairs. Himself holding the reins of his steeds. The encounter then that took place between those two heroes incensed with each other and who engaged in battle's sport making life itself the stake. Then Kripa. he began to roar like a lion.

whirled his terrible mace and hurled it at his antagonist. began to tremble. endued with great activity. and then with six shafts he pierced his foe's driver. O the stroke of my mace. Having achieved those feats. quickly and deeply. Having said this. then pierced Bhimasena with many shafts of Filled with rage at this. perspiring like an elephant with juicy his adown hurled his mace at the prince. beholding Dussasana (in that plight). in and garlands were all displaced. in that dreadful battle. afflicted Endued with great activity. joy. threw Dussasana down from length of body. of that terrible battle and standing as he did amid many the midst foremost warriors of the Kuru army. Indeed the high-souled warrior. most difficult feats in that encounter. thy high-souled son cut it off with ten shafts shot from his bow drawn to its fullest stretch. precipitately breaking Dussasana's dart.SECTION LXXXIII "Sanjaya said. struck thy son on his head. Blazing with wrath at Dussasana. thrown down on the ground. the prince. With that weapon. O king. pierced Bhima himself with nine shafts. That mace. once more. 'Pierced I have hero. O king. Beholding that terrible dart impetuously coursing towards him like a blazing brand. however. been. sped at thy son a fierce dart. without losing a moment. Dussasana. All his steeds also. he 'O thou of wicked soul. the enraged Bhima took up that terrible mace of his for Dussasana's slaughter. Bhima. filled with Seeing that difficult feat achieved by him. were slain. endued with great activity. blazed up in wrath like fire fed with . all the warriors. all the acts of hostility (done towards the PandavaiO by thy sons. ing him.' Bear now. his great force a fierce dart resembling Death itself. th^ innocent Bhima. 'Fighting fiercely. Once more address- today drink thy blood on the field of battle. Bhimasena then recollected. ten bows. and he began to writhe. prince Dussasana achieved the With a single shaft he cut off Bhima' s bow. The mighty-armed Bhima of inconceivable feats. saying. I shall form filled with wrath. said. applauded him highly. by thee. Bhima then addressed him. Bhimasena. and his car too was reduced to atoms by that falling weapon. reflecting also upon the diverse other wrongs inflicted on that princess while her husbands sat with faces turned away from the scene. Bhimasena forcibly his car at a distance measured by the Struck with the impetuous mace. secretions trickling Indeed. thy son sped at Bhima with Bhima also. indeed. and recollecting the seizure of Draupadi's tresses and her disrobing while she was ill.' Thus addressed. his armour and ornaments and with 'agony. great energy. Thy son then once more pierced sight of Bhima deeply with another shaft. attire As regards Dussasana himself.

' of fierce deeds. and ripping open the breast of his enemy stretched on the ground.* 1 with. can). or milk.' with wrath. rushed towards Dussasana in that battle and attacked him in the very sight of Suyodhana and Kama. while he filled with joy at having quaffed the blood of his foe. The brave Yiulham myu then struck off his enemy's heal with \ shaft equipped with goodly wing. his heart filled Once more. 'I regard the taste of this blood of my enemy to be superior to that of my mother's milk. Bhima thee ? ing Dussasana dead. fled away. he said these words. Like a lion of fierce impetuosity rushing towards a mighty elephant.KABNA PARVA libations of clarified butter. Vrikodara. Then looking at him with wrathful eyes. at the head o c his troops. was uttering those words and stalking on the field of battle. like a trample J snake of great energy to. They that did not fall down at the sight. king. desirous of accomplishing his vow. Many. Drawing then his whetted sword of keen edge. that foremost of heroes. fie 1 away with Chitrasena. or excellent water. . and fixed his eyes steadfastly on his fallen foe. Then throwing him down and cutting off. from fear. repeatedly 'hrthv. or all other kinds drinks there are on earth that are sweet as ambrosia or nectar. behold'What more can I do to When Bhima had assumed that form. ' 243 Addressing Kama and Suyodhana and Kripa and Drona's son and Kritavarman. fell down in fear. with that sword the head of thy son. he alighted on the ground. 'Today I shall slay the wretched Dussasana. cried out feebly and looked at Bhima with half -shut eyes. saying unto Then the (Panchala) one another. he place 1 his foot upon the throat of Dussasana. he said. 1 lit. beholding human beinq him quaff his enemy's blood. T. overwhelme with fear. or good wine that is prepared from honey. fearlessly pursued the retreating Chitrasena and pierced him with seven keen shafts. and saying unto one another. quickly sped one after another. again quaffed his enemy's blood quaffed his little by little. that saw Bhimasena. or of skimmed milk. or clarified butter. or curds. from desire of slaying Dussasana. or honey. people. Let all the warriors protect him (if they and great activity suddenly rushed. laughed softly They. and trembling with rage.a Raksliaxa !' t /' prince Yudhamanyu. our I At its this. Tkit Bhima mustb. Jumping down from his car.' Having said this. Indeel all those that stood around Bhima an 1 beheld him drink the blood of Dussasana. Bhima of exceeding strength O warm life-blood. Bhima of great intelligence.igue and desirous of vomiting its poison. dren:lv. saw their weapons drop from their han Is. O king. Kick \n Chitrasena turn-? pierce 1 the Panchala prince with three shafts and his driver vvith six. Death has rescue 1 thee from my hands. as if for enjoying its taste.. 'This one is no I and said.an exceedingly keen noint an sp^d with greit care from his bow drawn to i .

I have accomplished today. uttered loud shouts. beast' . the setting fire to the house of lac. all these woes borne by us through the counsels of Sakuni and Duryodhana and Radha's son. the strokes of shafts and weapons in battle. stretch. and Alolupa. king. the bites of black cobras. Our sleep at the palace at saying. beast. soon accomplish in this my other vow by battle. endued with stentorian lungs. ten of thy sons. proceeded from thee as their cause. with eyes red as and Saha. bathed in blood. Upon the fall of his brother Chitrasena. our exile in the woods. the other kinds of sufferings we endured at Virata's abode.. even as the mighty and high-soulevi Indra of a thousand eyes had roared Bhima. and his son. we have endured all these woes. Bhimasena endue i with great activity. and. put the Pandava host to at which Nakula rushed against that warrior of immeasurable energy. once more spoke these words unto Kesava and Arjuna..' Having said these words. slaying that second beast. " after slaying (the Asura) Vritra.244 its MAHABHAEATA fullest filled flight. he said these words in the hearing of all those foremost of heroes of the world. repeating their own words. Resisted on all sides with their shafts by those great car-warriors Bhima. Nishangin. Striking the head of of Duryodhana. shrouded Bhima with their shafts. filled with great Through the wickedness of Dhritarashtra wrath. and filled with the poison of wrath. drenched with blood. I will viz. Bhima. Happiness has never been ours. these ten. all of whom were great car-warriors. 'beast.. Indeed. with blood flowing from his wounds. with wrath and displaying his prowess. the cruel seizure of Draupadi's beautiful tresses. and Kavachin. abuse us once more. and Shanda. that wicked-souled one with shall sacrifice of my foot in the presence said the Kauravas. having slain there (at the very sight of Kama) the vindictive Dussasana.(as thou didst before) that danced at us then. O king.' Having these words. !' And he continued. 'After the slaughter of Dussasana.. filled I obtain peace. and checked the mighty-armed Bhimasena with their shafts. thy life-blood from thy throat.' ev en we will dance 'They at them now. ^^.' SECTION LXXXIV "Sanjaya said. endued with mighty energy. took up a little quantity of his blood. 'Ye heroes. O and Vatavega and Suvarchasas. 4 'O wretch amongst men. saying. afflicted at the slaughter of their brother.. Pramanakoti. that which I had vowed in respect of Dussasana in battle. the administration of dea ily poison to our food. the victorious Vrikodara. united together .. Kama. with great joy. and Pasin and Dundadhara and Dhanurgraha. the robbing of our kingdom by gambling. said these words. with face exceedingly red. our miseries at home. heroes that never retreated from battle. here I drink Filled with joy.

Nakula. viz. that ornament of assemblies. Afflicted with the fear of Bhimasena. Vrishasena. . Then Salya. are advancing against thee for battle. Duryodhana is stupefied Kripa and others. filled with wrath. quickly took up another bow. At this Kama's son also. bear that burthen to the best all of thy power and might. Kama. The high-souled Nakula. cut off his enemy's standard decked with gems. Then. Partha. viz. however. Possessed of mighty weapons. headed by DhananFor these reasons. pierced his antagonist with shafts that resembled large blazing brands. concluded unalterably that fighting had become unavoidable. addressed that chastiser of foes in words suited son of Radha ! This deed does not to the hour. filled with rage. the son of Pandu with many mighty celestial weapons. Kama's son then. looked resplendent like the Destroyer himself in rage. O thou of mighty arms. armed with his mace. and riding upon his own car.. their rage quellei among men. are tending Duryoihana. like the victorious Maghavat with joyous heart rushing against (the Axuri} Jambha. mustering thy prowess and keeping the duties of a Kshatriya before thy eyes. striking him with arrows. O become thee. desirous of showing his regard for Dussasana. Those heroes. 'Do not be grieved. with a golden belt attached to it. of the king's brothers that are still alive. with a razor. great fear at sight of Bhima's prowess which resembled himself unto living creatures. defeat. is rushing towards the Pandavas. resembled the Destroyer himself with his fatal rod. viz. and those by sorrow. O king. That foremost of heroes. thy army fled away in the very sight of the Suta's son. In victory there will be great fame. thy son. and was employed in slaughtering thy troops. There. rushed towards that son of Pandu. proceed against Dhananjaya. understanding the state of Kama's mind from Kama a survey of his features. overwhelmed with the entered the heart of that of the Destroyer fear of the Pandavas. the Pandavas of sure aim. with afflicted hearts. of theirs. filled with wrath. With a broad-headed arrow. then. he next cut off the bow also of Kama's son. rushed at that enemy. O with wrath at sight of the stupefaction that has overwhelmed thee. these kings are all flying away. Vrikodara. filled heaven is certain. reflecting.. despatched to Yama's abode those Bharata princes decked with golden bracelets. with ten broad-headed shafts of great impetuosity. Then the brave Nakula. The entire burthen (of this battle) has been placed upon thee by the son of Dhritarashtra.' Hearing these words of Salya of immeasurable energy.. who. O tiger jaya. sitting around him. In son of Radha. and pierced Nakula. Exceedingly pained by the calamity that has befallen his brother Dussasana in consequence of his blood having been quaffed by ! the high-souled Bhima. Then Vrishasena.headed shaft. Upon the fall of those ten heroes.KABNA PAEVA fire 845 with fury. ten equipped with golden wings. Kama's son.

Pandu's son Nakula. of sure aim. in in that dreadful battle. Then Kama's son. the high-souled Nakula achieved such terrible feats on that occasion. -his antagonist's showers of shafts. well-paid. all foes. Then Vrishasena poured showers keen shafts upon Nakula of great energy as the latter precipitately advanced against him in that battle like a hawk with outstretched wings from desire of meat. Filled with -rage. were quickly cut off by the single-handed Nakula inspired with desire of victory. O king.paste. the son of Pandu cut off many foremost of men and steeds and elephant?.246 MAHABEARATA showered celestial accomplished in weapons. in that dreadful battle. the son of Kama O blazed up like a fire with libations of clarified butter. careered there like a bird. delighting from diverse realm?. Cut off with that sword. while employed. cut off. and terrible and fierce was whirling it rapidly.l to sport in that battle. suddenly advancing with great speed' against the rushing Nakula appointed to that duty. Without losing a ' moment. (viz. Pierced by the son of Pandu. they fell down on the earth like animals cut off in a horse-sacrifice by the person steedless vehicle. Nakula. however. as also from his own resplendence and the energy of his weapons. 'polished and -keen-edged. white and decked with trappings of gold. however. in destroying the foremost of men and steeds and elephants. were of the Vanayu breed. made of capable of bearing a great strain and oj: destroying the bodies of as the poison of this. Alighting then from his and taking up a bright shield decked with golden and armed also with a sword that was blue as the sky. unaided. O king. with his mighty shafts. king. Then Kama's son. decked with a thousand of Nakula. while he was careering with great activity in tl. thit foremost of men. From rage engendered by the strokes of his enemy's weapon. Two thousand well-trained heroes. Vrishasena became filled with wrath. Indeed. frequently jumping up. in battle. beautiful motions. Nakula careered in diverse of beautiful motions.. Nakula struck his brav e antagonist in return. Deeply pierced by Vrishasena in that battle. Thus struck with shafts (by Vrishasena). while he 1 Vrishv>3ii deeply pierce his . Baffling. cut off that naked sword of Nakula. with half a dozen sharp razor-headed shafts. became filled with rage and rushed in that encounter against the son of Kama from desire of slaying him. the son of Kama then pierced with eighteen shafts the heroic Nakula who seeme. by his brother Bhima. stars. moons. Protected. hailing that battle pierced him from every side with many keen arrows from desire of slaying him."the shield. endue i with great activity. then steel. and their limbs smeared with excellent sandal. Performing diverse beautiful evolutions in the air. that resister of foes Vrishasena). that in hue. weapon upon Nakula. Kama's son then slew with his excellent weapons the beautiful steeds of the delicate Nakula. After the snake.

and sword cut off. those eleven heroes (of the Pandava army). with libations of clarified butter. the grandson of of Sini forming the sixth. those foremost of Kaurava c\rwarriors. the diadem-decked Arjuna. armed with their bows and . thus afflicted by Kama's son. viz. against Kama's Hearing these words. and resembling two fires fed viz. viz. approached the Pandava brothers. The steedless son of king. Nakula. Nakula is here being afilicted. Nakula addressed him. 'Learning that Nakula had been deprived of his car.' son of ) arna is re ijting us. Bhima and Arjuna. Those well-armed warrior: began to destroy thy elephants and cars and men and steeds with shafts that resembled formidable snakes. to be " Thus addressed in that battle driven towards Vrishasena... addres ing Phalguna. poured terrible showers of arrows son of the upon Vrishasena and the other assembled warriors around him. After the destruction of that car belonging to the son of Pandu Nakula). 'Behold. proceeded to the car. quickly proceeded on their loud-sounding cars drawn by bounding steeds. and guided by accomplished drivers. Beholding that hero arrived near. Then those two sons of Pandu. with arrows and mangled with the weapons of Kama's son. Proceed. sprang upon Bhima's car like a lion springing upon a mountain summit. assailing those foremost oc men and car-warriors.. filled with wr ith. (viz. that formidable hero. the fiv e heroic sons of Drupada. bow. and began to strike them with showers of shafts. The son. the high souled Nakula of great activity. saying. taid. 'Do thou speedily slay this one. uniting together. and after his sword also had been speedily cut off with (Vrishasena's) -shaft many other foremost of Kuru heroes. O Madri. guided by Kesava himself. standing before him. The e i .1 mounted upon their cars clouds. therefore. Then Hridika's son and Kripa and Drona's son and Duryocthana and Sakuni's son and Vrika and K rath and Devavridha. these eleven formidable "Sanjaya resisters of all foes.' by his brother. of Bhimasena. filled with wrath. and the five sons Draupadi. precipitately caused his ape-bannered vehicle.' SECTION LXXXV afflicted said.. afflicted with those shafts. and that he had his shafts. The Wind-god then. all 247 antagonist in the centre of his chest with some well-tempered and keen Having achieved those feats in battle that were applauded by noble persons and that cotiid not be achieved by other men. -. poured his arrowy showers upon those two mighty car-warriors for piercing those two sons of Pandu.KARNA PARYA shafts. with banners waving in the air. The high-souled and heroic Vrishasena then. first of of rattle deep as the roar of elephants or the aurava warriors. speedily proceeded against them. in the sight of Dhananjaya. the diadem-decked (Arjuna) approached the car of his brother Vrikodara.

rushed against their enemies.48 MAHABHARATA At king. armed with thy army. and covered with gold. those mighty car-warriors of joy. Struck with Kritavarma's shafts. thunder of Sachi's lord. Urged by the prince. that elephant. and the horse under Satanika. fell 'down on the ground. having saved himself in time. The ruler of the Gandharvas. Then the third brother of the Kulinda chief assailed thy son Duryodhana with some excellent shafts in the centre of the however. with ten shafts made wholly of iron. with arrows and scimitars and darts and swords and maces and battle-axes. blew their se^-born conchs. with the mightiest of shafts. born in Himalayan regions and ridden by accomplished warriors longing for battle. Thy son. The younger brother of that prince then. the innumerable foot. the shafts of Saradwata's son. the prince fell down with his elephant on the ground. with its rider. cut off the head of that warrior while still uttering those those kulindas. Pierced. and adorned with lofty standards. fell down. the Kulindas. became fierce and awful and exceedsteeds and elephants. . with the prince on his back. three huge elephants equipped with peals of thunder are assailed by fierce chief of the all kinds. those infuriated elephants. Car-warriors and and elephants and foot. The O prince of the Kulindas then vigorously assailed Kripa and his driver and Struck (in return) with steeds. ridden by accomplished warriors. Then the Bhojas struck tha huge elephants. uttered loud roars. advanced against those kaurava heroes. Thi battle then that once more took place between the Kurus on the one side and the Pandavas and roars. with red streams running adown its breast. Well-equipped. About this time. Upon the fall of filled with the Srinjayas on the other. these soon fell down on the ground. bows. making the field of battle look like the welkin when congregated masses of clouds charged with lightning and producing incessant ingly destructiv e of steeds men and winds from all sides. pierced him as also his elephant with many That prince of elephants then. fell down lifeless on the ground like gigantic cliffs riven by thunder. with streams of blood issuing from every part of his body. The Kulinda prince. however. that invincible like a thunder-riven hill. however. looked resplendent like clouds in the welkin. the car-warriors. of weapons. however. tumbling down when riven by the chest. riding upon their elephants of impetuous speed that looked like mountain summits and that were of the hue of newly risen clouds. striking one another. checked their progress. rode another elephant. and. struck with Aswatthaman's shafts. with Kratha's shalts. assailing Kripa's car with a number of lances made wholly of iron and all bright as the rays of the sun. charged with lightning. whetted shafts. that animal assailed Kratha with his driver and steeds and car. like a mountain of red chalk in the season of rains. fell down The ruler of the Krathas.

of Unsupported by anyone. with many whetted arrows. the latter advanced towards him.h uts. however. that great car-warrior. as Arjuna. bow. Like Namuchi rushing against Indra. deeply pierced by the son of Vabhru. he struck Partha again with ten . with a razor-headed arrow. pierced Satanika. The mountaineer succeeded in afflicting Sakuni greatly. the high-souled son Kama. the chief of the Gandharas cut off his head. Beholding feat of Vrishasena. with that elephant of his which was capable of slaying the foremost of warriors with its tusks and body. Then Vrika deeply pierced with a dozen shafts that prince having his abode on the Himavat as he stood on his elephant. About this time huge elephants and steeds and car-warriors and large bands of foot. Once more Vrishasena pierced Partha in the left arm-pit with many formidable shafts. deprived of his steeds in the midst of and beholding Janardana mangled with arrows. however. The white-steeded Arjuna. became The slightly enraged and set his heart on the slaughter of Kama's son. having before been pierced by Vrishasena. like Namuchi in days of old after having pierced Indra. smiling the while. the son of Nakula. fell down with driver. Garuda's wings. Kama's son. with arrows by Sahadeva's son. that prince of the Magadhas. uttered a loud shout. that warrior possessing thousands of arrows. rushed impetuously towards Sakuni for slaying him. That prince of elephants then. the Kauravas became filled with joy and applauded him greatly. seeing Madri's son Nakula. . And he pierced Bhima with three arrows and Nakula with seven. however. all. that slayer of hostile heroes. with its rider. fell down on the earth. that achiever of superhuman feats. The prince of the afflicted Kulindas then. They. that foremost of men. with those formidable arrows. also rushed. The huge beast quickly crushed with his four legs (the Kaurava warrior) Vrika with his steeds and car. Soon. made wholly of iron and Arjuna also with as many. advanced impetuously against the latter. fell down. cut off from his antagonist's trunk his head resembling a lotus. Then Kama's son pierced Satanika with three arrows. regarded Vrishasena as a libation already poured on the fire. against that fierce and foremost of men. and Janardana with a dozen. struck by Satanika. however. struck with shafts by the prince 249 born on the his steeds. rushed in that battle against Vrishasena who was then staying in front of the Suta's son (Kama). paralysed and crushed like snakes beaten by the tempest caused by Then a Kulinda warrior (on the Kaurava side). Vabhru's son. quickly piercing Partha with a shaft in that battle. The diadem-decked that Arjuna then. that were conversant with Dhananjaya's prowess. . mountains from the back of another elephant. and standard. Nakula's son. Piercing Krishna next with nine arrows.KAENA PABVA car-warrior. in that battle. however. like a mighty tree uprooted by the tempest. 32 .

rushed against Krishna and Arjuna. these words. Teeming with O O . in battle. a number of shafts for the slaughter of fearlessly Arjuna then.' SECTION LXXXVI "Sanjaya said. Dhananjaya. that bull amongst men. The diadem-decked and with great force.warrior having white steeds and owning Salya f^r his driver cometh hither with whom thou art to contend in battle. viz. addressed Arjuna. the well-equipped car of Kama. Arjuna. 'Beholding the gigantic and roaring Kama. Putting forth my strength. I will unto Yama's abode with my keen arrows despatch the fierce Vrishasena People say that all of you. filled by the white-steeded Arjuna in battle. in thy very sight in this battle. slay thee that art the root and that hast become so proud in consequence of Duryo- dhana's patronage. united together. he of Dasarha's race. even I. O king.S50 MAHABHAEATA high-souled and diadem-decked Arjuna then. and Bhimasena will slay this Duryodhana. Behold then. and while he was alone and unsupported on his car. that hero capable of slaying latter all Yama himself if the fought with him. through whose ev il policy this quarrel born of dice hath arisen. Indeed. beholding his son slain in his sight Kama. however. I will certainly slay thee in this battle. inspired with wrath. ten shafts in Kama's son. eyes red in wrath. great activity.' Having said these words. Struck with of Kama. advancing like the surging sea. son of Pandu. O f ool. Let all the Kaurava car-warriors protect htm. That car. then laughed terribly and said unto Kama and the other Kaurava heroes headed by Duryodhana and Drona's son. will slay thy son in the very sight of you all. After that. quickly sped from the van of battle a number With of shafts for the destruction of Vrishasena in that encounter. summon all thy coolness. like a gigantic Sala adorned with flowers falling down from a mountain summit. Beholding his son thus struck with arrows and fall down from his vehicle. the high-souled " with great wrath. his brow furrowed f roni wrath with three lines. I. Today. slew my son. White steeds are yoked unto it and Radha's son himself is the warrior that stands upon it. fell down on the earth from his car. saying. Therefore. deprived of arms and head. pierced Vrishasena with all his vital limbs. he cut off Vrishasena's Partha's shafts. incapable of being resisted by the very gods. I will slay the fierce Vrishasena. endued with great activity and scorched with grief on account of the death of his son. this wretch among men. and sped. the son With four fierce razor-headed arrows bow and two arms and head. the Suta's son Kama. in the midst of battle of this quarrel ! Today I will. endued with ! O Kama. Arjuna rubbed the string of his bow and took aim at Vrishasena in that battle.. in my absence. quickly proceeded on his car. I will slay thee. against the car of the diadem-decked Partha.

the three worlds. It is well known to me that thou art O competent to vanquish in battle the three worlds with all their mobile and immobile creatures including the very gods and the Gandharvas. that deity the three-eyed otherwise called called Sthanu. thou wilt today behold me with (Kama's) arrows.. since thou. Behold Kama slain today and cut in pieces with slain my shafts. to slay the Suta's son with every care. thou obtain victory in battle. O mighty-armed one. Kapardin ? Thou.' "Arjuna said. There is no doubt in this. it. silencing all other bow There the (Vijayn) stretched by Kama of immeasurable mighty car-warriors among the Panchalas. O Gov inda.' Thus addressed by the high-souled 1 son of Pandu.' That terrible battle. Through the grace. capable of stupefying is at hand. and my car. stationed on the fore-part oh the car. There the royal chief of the Madras. Let prosperity be ever with thee. O Krishna. slay Kama. O Partha. Hear the peal of their drums and the fierce blare of their conch-. O Hrishikesa. is Behold agreeable to he advanceth from desire of doing what Dhritarashtra's son. it 251 looks like a celestial car borne Behold also the standard of along the welkin by steeds white the high-souled Kama. that art the master of all the worlds.. Once more Partha of great energy said unto Krishna.KARNA PARVA banners and decked with rows of bells. people will Saying these words unto Krishna who is never tired with exertion. Sarva. O Partha. art pleased with me. Hear the terrible twang. Partha quickly proceeded on his car against Kama like an elephant against a rival elephant. bearing the device of the elephant's rope. and do '. The other deities also have all given thee boons. with forest at their followers. shooting showers of shafts like the as Kama clouds pouring torrents of rain. Or. Kesava wished him victory an urged steeds as fleet as . ! Urge the steeds. the diverse leonine roars coming from every loud sounds. viz. O great car-warrior Today Phalguna will not return from battle without slaying Kama. that deity armed with a trident. and looking like the bow of Indra himself that divides the firmament by a in hue. speak of O Hrishikesa. is certain. that great god. guideth the steeds of Radha's son of immeasurable energy. Hear. the fierce and terrible Isana. gratified that god of gods himself. It behoveth thee. clear line. that chastiser of foes. for time passeth. O son of Pandu. hadst. side. What need be said about battling with that puissant one. No other person save thee can venture to bear the shafts of Kama. As long as the earth will last. 'My victory. by battle. of the energy. O slayer of Madhu. are breaking like a herd of dear in the great the sight of an angry lion. like Indra slaying the Asur Namuchi. 'Urge the steeds. that Siva who is the source of bliss unto all creatures. these words. however. of that god of gods. son of Kunti. when people are incapable of even gazing at him.

for gladdening Dhananjaya. both had scimitars tied to their belts. and both were adorned with wealth of weapons. that of Kama bearing the elephant's rope and Partha bearing the ape. the whizz of arrows. soon " reached the front of Kama's car.' SECTION LXXXVII "Sanjaya said. all creatures were filled with wonder. those two foremost of car-warriors. and both looked alike. Seeing those two car-warriors engaged with each other. Beholding those two warriors that resembled Indra and Virochana's son (Vali) carefully preparing for battle for the conquest of the three worlds. and both ware decked with white umbrellas 1 . those two great bowmen. approach each other. each equipped with arrows and darts. thousands of combatants there slapped their arm-pits and waved their garments on the air. Both possessed of leonine necks and long arms. both possessed of solar effulgence and covered with tiger-skins. Both were armed with bows that seemed to flash like lightning. when they came together. having summoned Dhananjaya to battle. and both were adorned with garlands of gold. With those leonine shouts and slaps on armpits and other loud cries and roars of brave warriors. and seeing also viz. Then those two cars. the twang of bows. People beheld those two tigers among men. the sound of palms. those two warriors possessed of solar effulgence. stationed on their cars. O Bharata. looked resplendent like the sun and the moon in the firmament. the eyes of both were red. all the kings uttered leonine shouts their standards.. possessed of great speed. shed tears from his eyes for the death of his son.252 thought. and each owning a lofty standard. The Kauravas beat their musical instruments and blew their numerous conchs for gladdening Kama. Seeing those two warriors rushing towards each other with the clatter of car-wheels. both had white steeds. Both had yak-tails for beinj fanned thsra-vith. Kama. with eyes red as copper from rage. looked like two suns close to each other. MAHABHAEATA Then that car of Pandu's son. Both having white steeds and both crushers of foes. Endued with great energy. caused every point of the compass to resound with the blasts of their trumpets and conchs. tremendous became the noise there on the occasion of that encounter between Kama and Arjuna. Beholding that single combat between Partha and Kama. that of and cheered them repeatedly with applause. each armed with his formidable bow. filled with grief and rage. Similarly. and leonine shouts. Both were clad in mail. 'Beholding Vrishasena slain. all the lords of the earth became filled with wonder. and the other had Salya. all the Panda v as. One had Krishna for driver on his Both of them were great car-warriors car. and both were adorned with excellent conchs. Kama proceeded in the face of his foe.

the bands of Siddhas and Char>m>i* that came there The Dhartarashtras then. Kama and Dhananjaya. thy troops. they resembled the ^vumSamvara and the chief of the celestials in respect of their skill Both equal to Kartavirya or Dasaratha's son in battle. again. of thy army in that battle. either victory or Those two then. bulls.irjijel with eich defeat was certain. filled with joy. Kama and Arjuna. and both were borne on foremost of cars. Beholding those two tigers among men. in beauty. Bharata's race. they looked like the the moon come of their own accord on the field of battle. without losing any time. Both armed with superior weapons. Filled with wrath. encompassed the high-souled KarrUi. vh. O king. Indeed. O bull of became filled with wonder. sun an of 1 they were of godlike energy. the two hzross. Skillel in fight. each desired to slay the other. those two heroes endued. Both of them. both made the welkin resound with the slaps on their arm-pits. in thit encounter. and both resembling gods Yuf/a. and both well-practised in battle. resembled Vishnu himself in energy or Bhava himself in fight. O monarch. they were armed with diverse weapons. were filled with great joy. they resembled two mighty planets risen for the destruction of the world at the end of the Both of them born of celestial fathers. Enraged with each other like Indra and Vritra. as regards the parties engaged in that vas headed by Dhrishtadyumna. both filled with pride in battle. that ornament of battle. engaged in battle. bscama highly e. Similarly the Panda- became the stake. Challenging each other. Both possessed of great celebrity in consequence of prowess and might. Both had white steeds. The limbs of both were smeared with red sandal-paste and both looked like infuriated lion.KABNA PABVA 958 held over them. Seeing those two tigers amongst men. with the impetuosity of tigers. a doubt entered the hearts of all as to which of them would be victorious. with their troops.. had foremost of drivers in that great battle. They were like a couple of infuriated elephants or of angry mountains or of infant snakes of virulent poison or of all-destroying Yamas. while Partha became the stake of the Pandava^. . Both were broad-necked like the both were broad-chested. began the match between ourselves and the Pandavas both standing on the field of battle. and both endued with great strength. Indeed. O king. high-souled Partha who was unrivalled in battle. And they rushed against each other like two mighty bulls in a cow-pen. Both them endued with great might. O monarch. The soldiers of both sides were as members of that assembly and became the spectators of that game. O monarch.. they looked like the sun and the moon in splendour. viz. encompassed that Kama game of battle. O niDrurch. both in battle. Beholding. Both had excellent quivers and both looked execdingly handsome. for victory or the reverse. those two great car-warriors looking resplendent on their cars.

adopted the side of Radha's son. and ravens and other rangers of the sky. Kama O sire. All the gems and precious jewels. and the N'tyaft. the sacrifices. while the wide earth became so on Partha's account. became the partisans of king. were for Arjuna. were on the side the Pitris. came there for witnessing the encounter between Kama and Arjuna. of classes of Arjuna. O monarch. however. The Gandharvas headed byTumvuru. the Rakshasas with all the monsters of the sea. O scorcher of foes. O offspring of Surabhi. O best of men. gods. O bull of Bharata's race. the Snakes. The gods. Desiring to take each other's life. like Indra and Vritra. the Yakshaa. lord. and Vasuki. and many wise sages. differences and disputes. and Pisachas. and Takshaka. the Sutas. and those The Pretas. Airavata and his children. the Gandharvas. were heard to differ and Arjuna. the four Vedas with the histories as the fifth. the offspring of Vaisali. the great Rishis versed the . The the Pisachas. The Vaisyas. the Sadhyas. -in the Nayas. and all the offspring of Kadru with their children. the Danavas. Then in the sky. The rivers. having for their vehicles wolves and stags and elephants and steeds and cars and foot and clouds and the wind. the birds. With the offspring of Pradlii and Mauni. The Vasus. The diverse tribes of celestial and regenerate and royal Rishis were for the son of Pandu. the and the Bhogins. All the inhabitants amongst themselves. the Maruts. became anxious on Kama's account. all the great snakes endued with poison. with all the stars. the seas. their followers. and Upatakshaka. and with all that were numbered with them as also with and Yama and Vaisravana and Varuna were on the side of Arjuna. the Upavedas. with king. and the jackals were for Kama. The smaller snakes all sided with Kama. all. gifts called Dakshinas. the dogs. O king. the Gcmdharvas. and Agni and Indra and Soma Rudras. took the side of the diadem-decked Arjuna. with all their mysteries.254 MAHABHABATA other and wished to slay each other. t3ok the side of Arjuna. while all the Adityas sided with Kama. these sided with Arjuna. The Brahmanas. adopted opposite sides in that encounter between Kama and Arjuna. on the subject of of the world. the deciduous plants and herbs. arose among the creatures there. the Rakshasas. the Sudras. and the compilations. the Upanishads. and all the mountains. the the Viswedevas and the Asicins. the several Gandharvas and Apsaras. the mountains. they faced each other like two mighty O comets of terrible form. for Dhananjaya. and Pavana. Yatudhanas. and Chitrasena. the Guhyakas. the Danavas. O The celestials. many carnivorous animals and birds. The welkin. the Kshatriyas. and the ten points of the compass. like the mother for her son. The Asuras. and those castes that were of a mixed origin. sided with Kama. accompanied with revilings. victory to Partha. Wolves and wild stags and all kinds of auspicious animals and birds were. the trees.

O chief of the The high-souled Phalguna. Be gratified with me. and asceticism and the sciences. O thou of a eyes. The gods were on the side of Partha. devoted to truth and to morality. the gods and the Asuras adopted opposite sides. disputed with each other. gain the victory in this battle. who were there and hid adopted opposite sides. Beholding and Dhananjaya. Vishnu himself ? Possessed of energy of mind and great strength. the gods urged him. celestials. coming to heaven.e. 1 those two high-souled Kama v Brahman). the purposes of the gratified the eater of sacrificial libations in the forest of ! who gods will be achieved. O Sakra Kama is on the side of the Danavas. about to engage themselves in The three battle. those two foremost of personages. 'Formerly the two Krishnas are always sure to was said by thy holy self that win victory. about to encounter each other. who hath for the J river of Lord of the universe. Br.. with the regenerate Rishis and the Lords of creatures. Let my son..KABNA PAEVA $55 the Pitris that subsist upon the gifts called Swadha. Kama and Dhananjaya. without doubt. making a great noise. say but the word. By this. trembled at the sight.. hundred he. Let not the vast universe be destroyed in consequence of this encounter between Kama and Arjuna. slaying Arjuna. and Bhava himself on his car. bull He by whom the high-souled and holy god having the on his standard was gratified. Even thus did Surya and Vasava.'hman. came to that part of the welkin. Maghavat. Self-born one. viz. be victorious. Brahman and Isana replied unto the chief of the celestials. Possessed also of great energy his car that . win victory. (viz.' sire. The victory of the high-souled Vijaya is certain.. while the Asuras were on that of Kama. Sakra himself said. saying. therefore.e. 'Let Arjuna vanquish Kama. slaying Karna. that foremost one of it all intelligent beings. is He must always be victorious. viz. i. again. O monarch. these O equal. rendered assistance to thee. i. O god.' Surya. 'Let. saying. One's should always be important. said. Indeed. siding with this or that leader of car-warriors. worlds with the celestial Rishis and all the gods and all other creatures. viz. Partha is a hero. let the success of these two be Hearing these words. let my son Kama. came. O holy one !' At this. that he should meet with defeat. bowing down unto the Grand- represented this unto that god of gods. and the (celestial) herbs with diverse virtues. saying. the Kuru or the Pandava hero. Beholding those two highsouled ones.. It is proper. and took up their stations in the welkin. 'Let Kama vanquish Arjuna. why should not he. Beholding the Self -born Lord of Creation ones. of that Savyasachin Khandava and who. without doubt.. that is. however. own business. Let it be (now) as thou then saidest. Thus all creatures were interested in that encounter. accomplished great in arms and endued with ascetic merit. the success of two lions among men be equal.

upon which Kama and Arjuna were stationed. These two bulls among beings are the Creators of regard all real and unreal things. had white steeds yoked unto them both. The favourable l entire universe exists in consequence of the power of these two. since that would accomplish the purposes of the gods. MAHABHARATA he beareth the entire science of weapons. they show place. In consequence of his greatness. looking like a snake of virulent and made of jewels and gems and exceedingly strong and resemblpoison ing the bow of Indra. hearts. They are rulers over all. perfectly bright. be worshipped in heaven. perfectly fearless. that deity. Indeed. itself. Let Kama. they are scorchers of all foes. "walk behind these two. He ought to be victorious. All the gods and all creatures walk behind them. said so. belong to the is brave and is a hero. These two are Nara and Narayana. In heaven or among human beings. O king. Partha transgresses destiny . in The warriors). it waved in the air).' became celestials filled Hearing these words of Indra. son with cheerful sire. here. for Vikartana's that bull Let the victory. obtain these foremost of regions of bliss Let him. approaching the brave Vasudeva and Arjuna as The battle then also Salya and Kama. of the universe. like the planets Baku and Ketu risen the firmament at the time of the universal dissolution. 1 Literally. the two ancient and best of Rishis. then showered diverse kinds of fragrant flowers and blew Indeed. The three worlds with the celestial ftishis and the Charwiax are behind these two. the Danavas and the Gandharvas all waited there for witnessing that matchless single combat between those two lions among men. a great destruction of creatures takes When the two Krishnas are excited with wrath. all creatures.. looked resplendent (as T. overwhelming all timid persons they challenged each other like Sakra and standards of the two heroes. and both produced a loud rattle. however. The two cars. There is none to rule over them. two Krishnas. Fiercely Samvara. for nothing." . the deity of a thousand eyes. the gods. The their trumpets. there is none equal to either of them. Sta^ ye then. Partha hath every accomplishment. Many foremost of heroes.' After those two foremost ones among the gods (viz. O king. began each to blow his conch commenced (between the two with fear. with Drona and Bhishma. The elephant's rope on Kama's banner. among men. worshipping those words of Brahman and Isana and saluting all creatures himself said.S66 of body. Let him obtain identity with the Vasus or the Maruts. Brahman and Isana). whether favourable or unand when he does so. And both had excellent standards. 'Ye have heard what has been said by the two gods for the benefit It will be even so and not otherwise. O with wonder and applauded. looked exceedingly beautiful on their cars.

replied unto Krishna who was never fatigued with exertion. Verily. vanquished with his glances. will slay myself. The lotus eyed keen glances. saying. The latter also cast similar Vasudeva. I will.' Salya answered. O friend. however. his place. becoming desirous of battle. the Ape. vanquished Salya with his those glances of his. O Janardana O Krishna. The impetuous Ape on the standard of the wielder of Gandiva. Arjuna slays thee in battle to-day.' Krishna. 'If Partha by any means slays me in battle to-day. arms. using my bare and Salya in battle. O Kama.' Hearing these words of Krishna. bells. and resembling the fatal noose (in the hands of Yama or Varuna). smiling. united Thou shalt together. inspired fear by his formidable teeth. "Sanjaya continued. smilingly addressing Salya. are not a match for myself alone. however. combat between those two heroes. with jaws wide Open and terrible. behold Kama with his standard and banners. the elephant's rope. while Dhananjaya. Salya and his car and steeds. the son of Kunti. with his umbrella and armour and darts and shafts and bow. fire itself may become ! O Dhananjaya If. said unto Partha these words of grave import. 'The Sun himself may fall down from . struck the elephant's rope with his nails and Decked with rows of little teeth. slay both know then that the destruction of the As regards myself. Still may split into a Kama thousand fragments will not be able to slay thee. and difficult of being gazed at like the sun himself. which was the result of what had been settled at the time of the match at dice.' Once Kama more the ruler of the Madras said. reduced to dust like a tree in the forest crushed by a tusker. with to-day. hard as iron. Then the Suta's son. Thou shalt to-day behold him with his car and steeds and darts and armour and ! Kama weapons. their standards first battled with each other. To-day the widowhood of the wives of Radha's son is at hand. cut in pieces with my shifts in battle. again. Meanwhile the in that fierce single Thus steeds of the one neighed at the steeds of the other. 'Salya and Kama. darting forward. said. I both Madhava and Phalguna. Endued with great impetuosity. the ape-bannered Arjuna. closed with the Ape. saying. universe will be at hand. however. any such occurence takes place. belonging to Partha. tell me truly. I myself will slay both Krishna and Dhananjaya. O 33 Mahadeva I ! become widows. rushed from his station and fell upon Kama's standard. the Earth herself cold. what thou wilt do after that. cannot restrain my wrath at what was done before (last night's) . 'Arjuna also asked Govinda a similar question. filled with wrath. 'If thou art slain. they must have in their evil. on a the white-steeded single car. Kesava pierced Salya with glances at the former. like Garuda falling upon a snake. dreams seen signs of approaching thou shalt to-day see the wives of Kama Verily. 'If.KAfiNA PAKVA 257 That foremost of apes. smiling.

looked exceedingly resplendent 1 Garuda and his progeny. after Kama's fall. abounding in heroes. To-day. filled with joy. fear all the ten points of the with keen and straight arrows. comfort Krishna of tearful face and king Yudhishthira the Madhava. looked exceedingly two heroes. thou shalt behold Kama crushed by me like a tree with its load of flowers crushed by an infuriated elephant. hear those sweet words. . thou of Vrishni's race.' SECTION LXXXVIII "Sanjaya said. neither thy warriors nor the enemy could any longer see the warriors there sought the protection of either Kama or Arjuna like rays of light spread out in the welkin converging towards either the sun or the moon. began to slaughter each other's foes. All human beings assembled there beheld those beings of wonderful aspect staying in the sky. commenced between Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son. thou shalt. filled with joy. To-day. thine /' lighter O just with words sweet as ' nectar. To-day thou shalt. and Asuras and regenerate Rishis and royal sages and birds of excellent feathers. and crowded with lifeless bodies. and the sky itself resounded with the voice of musical instruments and song and adulatory diverse other kinds of charming sounds. when O Thou shalt to-day comfort the mother of Abhimanyu with a heart for having paid thy debt to the foe. A From each baffling with his own. 'By good luck.. filled with gods and Nagas Asuras and Siddhas and Yakshas and with large bands of Gandharvas and and Bakshasas. the blare of conchs. unbearable to combatants in consequence of the falling of maces and swords and darts and rapiers. anything. viz. victory hath been the assembly and words. the other's weapons like the east and the west winds encountering each other.258 MAHABHAEATA this fool of little now by foresight when he beheld Krishna dragged to laughing at us he abused us repeatedly in vile Govinda. hymns and laughter and dance. the battle between the Kurus and the Pandavas then resembled that in days of yore between After that fierce and awful battle had the gods and the Asuras. shrouded compass and the host opposed to him darkness having been caused there with the arrows shot on that occasion. To-day thou shalt. and Lonine roars and the din of battle. and Then the Kaurava and the Pandava warriors. 'Meanwhile the welkin. each of those gore. crimsoned with resplendent. Indeed. the field of battle. ! assumed a wonderful aspect. clad in excellent mail. T. O slayer of Madhu. Teeming with men and steeds and elephants and cars and weapons. comfort thy paternal aunt Kunti. and causing the earth and the ten points of the compass to resound with the voice of musical instruments. The two heroes then.

KABNA PARVA like the 259 sun and the moon risen after dispelling the darkness caused by the clouds and covering the welkin. like Indra and the Asura Jambha. consisting of elephants and foot and horse and car-warriors. these five great car-warriors. The two armies then greeted those two best of men with the sounds of drums and other instruments and with leonine roars. I adopt the Bombay readings. those two warriors. at which those two bulls among men looked beautiful like thssun and the moon greeted by roaring clouds Each armed with a formidable bow drawn to a comand looking like a (solar or lunar) corona. fell (upon which was witnessed by 1 The second line of 9 and the first of 10. Dhananjaya felled his contending enemies on the field. desirous of able men and steeds and elephants as also to strike each other. as read in the Bengal texts. a hundred elephants. assailed Dhananjaya and Kesava with his shafts. those two formidable bowmen began. Dhananjaya. Blown by gentle son with a dozen arrows. plete circle ' Both invincible. with their terrible shafts. excellent floral showers. Arjuna's head). to slay innumercreatures. both capable of exterminating foes. quickly rushed against Arjuna from desire of slaying him. viz. however. of those warriors. Invoking the mightiest of weapons then. with same time the bows. and elephants. are incorrect and unmanning. Kama and the son of Pandu. Then Duryodhana. saying. Speedily cutting off with the shafts and razor-heade j arrows in his hands the excellent weapons of his foes. the troops of both the Kurus and the Pandavas. pierced the Suta's shafts capable of Then a hundred cars. These were mingled with the praises of Arjuna. Beholding that incident. .. closed fearlessly with each other in that dreadful battle. and steeds. and the cars with their drivers. O king ! Afflicted once more by those two foremost of men. and the son of Saradwatas daughter. 'Do not fly away !' the enemy and thy warriors stood their ground. encircling those two mighty car-warriors like the gods and the Asuras standing around Vasava and Samvara. those two heroes of great splendour. and Then in cars. breezes. the welkin blasts of celestial trumpets were blown by the excellent gods. and mangling everyone of them with excellent shafts. fragrant and auspicious. as also their heads. accompanied by some of the foremost combatants among the Kamvojas. the steeds. T. cut off at the producing great pain. and each displaying his skill upon the other. the quivers. Each hav ing encouraged his troops. shooting in that battle thousands of arrows that constituted their rays. the elephants. and a number of Saka and Tukharaand Yavana horsemen. each slaying the other. resembled two unbearable suns risen at the end of the Yuga for burning the entire universe with its mobile and immobile gathered around. fled away on all sides like other animals in the forest when assailed by the lion. and the chief of the Bhojas. and Suvala's son. and Kripa.

Dhananjaya will abstain. as it The slayer of Vala himself could not achieve its like. I am inclined It is to think that Karam Karena. act in that friends. to the words that I would say unto thee. The Pandavas. Then Drona's son. O Duryodhana Make peace with the Pandavas.. Dissuaded by king. those that become so through wealth. hath been slain. Let the kings that are still alive go back to their homes. viz. MAHABHAEATA all creatures. agree to become with a cheerless heart. hast said. for the benefit He will always follow of the universe. thy desire. Duryodhana reflected for some time. thee and the Parthas. have also been slain. too. is even much greater than that. Thou always honourest It is I. O king. bear a great friendship for thee. greatly. through. made as friends for certain by conciliation. Drawing deep breaths. 1 Only thy son and the Suta's son who were both of the same opinion. Aswatthaman was pained to see the carnage. Let the troops abstain from hostilities. struck by foes in battle. Yudhishthira is always engaged in the good of all creatures. There is no need for quarrel. are four kinds of friends. they way.' almost a sterotyped expression for signifying agony. Fie on war The preceptor. The wicked-hearted 1 In the first line of 19. If thou dost not listen to my words. He will thee. (sharing it) with the sons of Pandu. O king of kings. said. O king. as also my maternal uncle. . Rule the kingdom for ever. As regards myself. for this that I say so unto thee. So also are the twins. Thou hast beheld. Listen. 'Be gratified. and All lastly those brought under subjection by the exercise ot power. I shall dissuade Kama also. T.' These beneficial words having been said unto him by his friends. Dhananjaya. O hero. were filled with wonder. nor Prachetas. for nipetu &c. nor the Destroyer. Obtain them again are so If upon thyself being gratified. ! ! O me. Be thou gratified. what has been achieved by the single-handed Arjuna decked with diadem and garlands. It is as thou.. Vrikodara is obedient to him. are naturally thy friends. never transgress whatever I say unto him.. Peace being made between creatures will be benefited. all would seem. felt neither pain nor wonder. he then. conversant with the mightiest of weapons and like unto Brahma itself. these elements are owned by thee with regard to the sons of Pandu. saying. however. those that by conciliation. the Bengal texts incorrectly read napetu &c. T. O friend. Janardana also doth not desire hostilities. me prov ided thou art inclined to peace. headed by Bhishma. Other bulls among men. as well as the universe. means 'squeezing his own hands. Discerning persons say that there those that are naturally so. nor the illustrious king of the Yakshas. 2 As the touching of hands was not the custom then. &c.260 gods and men. I am unslayable. thou wilt have to burn with grief. do thou. catching hold of Duryodhana's hand. addressed thy son. 2 and adopting a soothing tone. as regards his merits.

the Suta's son Vikartana and Arjuna. or a mountain encountering a mountain. Incapable of being endured by others and marked by a river whose distasteful water consisted of blood. viz.. those two mighty car-warriors struck each other with shafts that resembled the great Indra's thunder. Having with exceedingly humility said these words repeatedly unto the preceptor's son. both endued with exceedingly mangled. moving towards each other for an encounter. Karna will soon slay him. Nor. and their bowstrings and palms emitting loud sounds. both teeming with lotuses fish and tortoises. fighting with each other for the sake of a she-elephant in her season. saying. 'Then when the blare of conchs and the peal of drums became very loud. and echoing with the voices of diverse kinds of fowl. Both endued with prowess equal to that of the great Indra. those two foremost of men. closed with each other like two infuriated Himalayan elephants. encountered each other. doth /' Karna now 'Abstain from battle Phalguna is tired today.KABNA PARVA 261 Vrikodara. spoke words that still dwell in my heart. each striking the other with mighty weapons. How then can there a tempest Arjuna again will not be able to bear Karna in battle. approaching each two cars graced with standards approached each other. thy son commanded his own troops. Thou also heardest the same.. of diverse kinds and other. Nor will the sons of Pritha have the least con? be peace fidence in me. Those two heroes endued with great impetuosity. viz. like the great Indra himself and (the Asura) Vritra. both pouring showers of arrows. those two mighty warriors encountered each other. of thy son's evil policy. both resembling the great Indra himself. Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son. both owning white steeds. Both the armies consist- . O preceptor's son of unfading glory. tall cliffs and abounding in trees and and herbs and both teeming with the diverse other denizens creepers that are natural to them. like whose force is weakened when encountering the mighty mountains of Meru. Like a mass o? clouds encountering another mass. O king. thinking of the many acts of forceful hostility (done by it me towards behove thee them). as also their 'drivers and animals. having slain Dussasana like a tiger. and softly stirred by the wind. their bows loudly twanging the while. 'Armed with arrows. Why stand ye inactive ?' to say unto SECTION LXXXIX "Sanjaya said. the limbs of those two heroes. The combat between the two heroes became furious like that between the chief of the celestials and Virochana's son in days of yore. those Like two large lakes. rush against " and slay these foes. became mountains. and the wheels of their cars producing a deafening Like two clatter. both of full-grown tusks. those two warriors. encountered each other in consequence.

when Arjuna rushed against the son of Adhiratha. proceed. became quenched. The robes of all the slaying all foes. spread over the welkin. that victor over all foes. from desire of slaughter. that Arjuna. with cheerful hearts they rushed against each other fiercely. O king. O Arjuna. and (with it) the desire their arms. Those arrows of Partha. however. were inspired with fear upon beholding that encounter of wonderful aspect between Arjuna and Kama. Arjuna. then sped showers of cloth-yard and Nalikas and arrows equipped with heads like boar's ears and razors. Indeed. Loud sounds also arose heard when a forest of bamboos in a wilderness is on fire. Let the sons of Pritha once more go to the woods for were there. into a tree for roosting there in the night. were cut off by the Suta's son with a fiery his own of arrows. is what That conflagration then. A large mass of clouds quickly caused all the points of the compass to be enveloped with darkness. Those clouds whose extremities presented the aspect of mountains. of Oandiva. Cut off his head without delay. in the centre of the chest. surrounding every That fierce conflagration. Beholding that fiery weapon acting on all sides. go and pierce Kama. the Suta's son Kama of great valour shot in that encounter the Varuna weapon for warriors took there like fire.' first Then Kama shafts. like one infuriated elephant rushing against another. mighty and Arjuna then mangled each other with many shafts Desirous of obtaining advantage of each other's laches in that dreadful encounter. and slay Arjuna with keen shafts. sped at Kama. The Somakas then loudly shouted to Partha. The son of Indra then sped at Kama weapon capable Covering the earth and the welkin and the ten points of the compass and the very course of the sun with its effulgence. that fierce shafts. Rubbing his two arms and the string also Suta's son equipped with goodly wmgs. 1 of Dhritarashtra's son for kingdom. the shafts. weapon. O king. though side. 'Proceed. shot by the son of Pandu. flooded the earth with water. penetrated into Kama's car with heads bent down. with furrowed brow and angry glances. The entire it was such. at which they fled away. penetrating in the evening All those arrows. bowman. Similarly many warriors of ours that unto Kama. it caused his own body also to blaze up with light. O Kama. said pierced Partha in that encounter.262 ing of cars MAHABHARATA and elephants and steeds and foot. and Anjalikas. was still quenched by those clouds in a trice. all those successive showers of shafts like flights of birds. 'Be quick. in consequence of Kama's quenching it. ever. filled with joy and uttering leonine shouts. . with ten Arjuna pierced him in return with ten keen-pointed shot with great vigour. all equipped with beautiful armour and ornaments and robes and weapons. raised waving their fingers or the pieces of cloth they held. and those also that were in the welkin. saying. and crescent-shaped arrows. Others among the spectators.

endued with the arrows. and crescent-shaped shafts. those leaders of the Panchala forces who had always challenged him like (to battle). its string. the yoke. those impetuous and keen shafts equipped with v ulturine of the and impetuosity thunder. all the points of the compass became dark and nothing could be seen. looked beautiful a mass of clouds pouring torrents of rain. thus afflicted by Kama with showers of shafts in that encounter. the bow. Filled with wrath and possessed of great activity. the steeds. laughing at the two Krishna's. and his shafts. cardinal and subsidiary. pierced the foremost of Panchala warriors with well-shot arrows in that battle. that foremost of men. the Suta's son. invoked into existence the Bliargava weapon. afflicted with many shafts the cars. Then the Panchalas and the Somakas. . became filled with wrath and uniting together pierced the Suta's son with keen arrows from every side. issued from Gandiva in thousands. on the earth. making loud sounds. the Suta's son. Cutting off Partha's showers of shafts proceeding from the mouth of that weapon of Indra (which Arjuna had shot). After this. thinking that Kama had won the v ictory. and the standard of Kama. by means of the Vayavya weapon. with eyes rolling in wrath. like mighty elephants slain by an angry lion of terrible strength. they fell down. Kama. feathers piercing all the limbs. Then thy warriors. those heroes endued with great slain strength. and invoked into existence that resembled the thunder in energy and prowess. the wheels.KABNA PARVA welkin and all the directions. destroyed cars and elephants and foot-soldiers (of the Panda v a army). Pierced all over with arrows and bathed in blood. through the energy of the Bhargava weapon. and the steeds of the Panchalas. and cloth-yard shafts and those equipped with heads like the boar's ear. all keen and sharp. deprived of life. Thus shrouded by clouds. clapped loudly and uttered 27. Then Arjuna dispelled those clouds caused by Kama. the elephants. Dhananjaya. with mantras. Unable to endure the feats of Arjuna in that fierce battle. [the high-souled] 1 Kama then. the mighty car-warrior Kama did this. were shrouded by clouds. incapable of being over-mastered by foes inspired Gandiva. O king. Quickly cutting off those arrows with his own. as he shot his arrows. and Xalikas. vigorously agitating them in that battle. bending his bow of enduring string and producing a twang loud as the roar of the sea. Kama. quickly penetrated into them like snakes frightened by Garuda penetrating into the earth. 1 This occurs in T. and force Possessed of great might and great energy. Their bodies pierced with those shafts of Kama. another weapon that was the favourite of the chief of the celestials and Then razor-headed Anjalikas. O king. having thus baffled his antagonist's weapon with his own. Having those foremost of warriors.

O diadem-decked Arjuna. summoning that patience once again. Indeed. viz. began to squeeze his hands. the wrathful Bhima. do thou also win unrivalled fame.' Then Vasudeva. putting forth his How. Recollect the woes of Krishna. By that act. 'Sesame seeds without kernel . MAHABHAEATA O chief of the Kurus. [standing behind Kama]. this might in battle. of the mighty car. O hero. that Kama should succeed in crushing thy weapons to-day with this ? Why dost. 'What is this. bestow king Yudhishthira the earth with her belt of seas. Thou receivedst the touch of the arms of Sthanu himself. drew deep breaths and addressing Arjuna of true aim. O diadem-decked Arjuna. of edge keen as a razor. seeing that valour. keen. dost thou show such indifference (towards this act) ? This is not the time for showing thy indifference to Kama's slaughter. could the Suta's son pierce thee first with ten long shafts such by car-warriors ? That the Suta's son should to-day have succeeded in baffling the arrows shot by thee. as also terrible Kshatriyas.' of Thus addressed (by Krishna). O diadem-decked Arjuna. the high-souled Partha exceeding . her towns and upon villages. that I give unto thee. lose thy wits ? Markest thou not that the Kauravas. him with my mace. slay so many foremost of Panchala warriors.. and Asuras born of pride. said unto the former. with the thunderbolt. like Sakra striking off the head of his foe Namuchi. O hero. Yuga after Yuga. with eyes blazing with wrath. O Savyasachin. all of them know that thy weapons are being baffled by Kama with his. then. his anger being provoked. I also will crush are even now shouting in joy ? Indeed. incapable of being borne by foes. and wealth. Beholding that weapon of Dhananjaya frustrated by Kama in the midst of battle. in many a battle. O Jishnu. thou hadst slain persons having the quality of darkness for their weapons. with that patience. seems to me to be very amazing. slay thou the Suta's son. could this wretch fallen off from virtue. as are used Suta's son. After that. That patience with which thou didst gratified the illustrious deity Mahadeva in the guise of a hunter. strike off the head of that foe of thine with this Sudarsana. with that patience do thou slay Kama today. and cutting words that this wicked-souled and fearless son of a Suta used towards us. Why. 'How. slay the Suta's son with removed. quickly slay the wretched Kama to-day. and those disagreeable. said. in thy sight ? Before now thou couldst not be conquered by the very gods or the Kalakeyas. and from off whose surface all foes will have been all his followers. Putting forth thy might.warrior Kama. O Partha. That patience with which thou didst vanquish all creatures and feed Agni at Khandava. thou. the angry son of the Wind-god. That patience with which.'' Recollecting in battle all this. all of them then regarded the two Krishnas as brought by Kama under his power. beholding Partha's shafts baffled by Kama.364 leonine roars.

Beholding that weapon of the diadem-decked Arjuna baffled in the midst of battle by Kama. in hundreds upon hundreds. Then piercing Bhimasena and Janardana and the diadem-decked Arjuna of superhuman feats. to shoot his shafts. Savyasachin of immeasurable soul bowed unto Brahman and invoked into existence that excellent irresistible weapon called Brahma which could be applied by the mind alone. The (right) arm of a third. the wrathful and mighty Bhima. however. Partha. cut off (by Partha). earth. he addressed Kesava. Baffling that weapon. The head of some hostile warrior. Another. 'I will not invoke into existence a mighty and fierce weapon for the good of the world and the destruction of the Suta's son. urged by Bhima and Janardana. and of all those that are conversant with Brahma. saying. like a cloud pouring torrents of rain. Thence also issued long darts and battle-axes and disci and hundreds. in a moment shrouded the car of Kama. at which hostile warriors all around began to be deprived of life. as also Brahman's and Bhava's. therefore. and calling to mind the object for which he had come to this world. with a loud whizz. cardinal and subsidiary. 34 . fell down with the sword in grasp. Let me have thy permission.' Having said these words unto the holy Kesava. Even thus. those arrows of golden wings. The left arm of a fourth. Once more.' Do thou then.KABNA PABVA S65 might set his heart upon the slaughter of the Suta's son. endued with the effulgence of the Yuga fire or the sun. through fear. fell down with the shield in it. all of awful forms. Partha shot eight and ten arrows. became unable to endure (the feats of his antagonist). that bull of Bharata's race. in the midst of that battle. beholding Bhima and Janardana. the diadem-decked Arjuna. O Savyahis that. with arrows sped from Gandiva that resembled Created by fierce snakes and were like the blazing rays of the sun. severed from his trunk. fell cloth-yard shafts in down on the field of fell down dead on the large battle. Thus addressed by the kind. brother. These. addressed Arjuna of sure aim and said. Kama looked beautiful as he continued. use. fell upon the son of Pandu like torrents of rain poured from the clouds. each with three arrows Kama of terrible might uttered a loud awful roar. Indeed. cut off with a razor-headed arrow. Struck with Kama's shafts. shot dealing shafts. decked with diadem and garlands. that mighty means (for achieving the destruction of foes). thousands of arrows. and massive as the trunk of an elephant. 'People say that thou art a master of the high Brahma weapon. another weapon of the same kind. sachin. and taking an internal survey of himself. blazing up with rage. Savyasachin used a second weapon of With Partha of abundant energy shrouded all the points of the compass. wounded and slew all the foremost warriors of Duryodhana's army with his terrible and deathVaikartana also. and recollecting (his woes). beholding his fallen comrade.

four. of both Dhananjaya and Adhiratha'sson. Then the with force. those many arrows.266 AHABHABATA Piercing the beautiful standard of Kafna with one of those arrows. bowstrings. and palms. Capable of cutting the very blood-drinking shafts. viz. slew large numbers of the Pandavas and the Panchalas. he pierced Salya with four and Kama himself with three. Partha slew four hundred elephants equipped with many weapons. During the interval thus offered. O king. restraining the animals they rode or that were yoked unto their vehicles. with mighty weapons. the Suta's son pierced Partha with a hundred small arrows. the sounds caused by the bows. Kama with his driver and car and steeds and standard inv isible with Then the Kauravas. struck each other with many motionless. Surya's son then pierced Bhima with thousands upon bow-string of the son of Pandu. Kama and Partha. and then Phalguna again with eight. and eight hundred car-warriors. quickly came to that spot for witnessing (tha encounter between Arjuna and Kama). engaged in fight. loudly addressed Adhitratha's son. incessantly shot vitals. eight. broke with a loud noise. clad in golden mail. With ten other well-shot shafts he then struck the Kaurava warrior Sabhapati Thereupon that prince. O king. and resembling snakes freed from their sloughs. winged with the feathers of birds.e two first foremost of arrows. and ten arrows. stood As the two heroes. He then quickly pierced Vasudeva with sixty shafts. Once more piercing Kama with three. and eight thousand brave foot-soldiers. became tremendous and their well-sped arrows also caused a deafening whizz. and slayers of foes. thus slaughtered by straightly coursing shafts. and one thousand steeds with And soon Partha made riders. twelve. those two warriors of great strength that were capable of bearing all foes. Beholding king Yudhishthira the just arrived there like the resplendent full Moon freed from the jaws of Rahu and risen in the firmament. those two heroes acquainted with weapons. he has begun to extermi1 Thus urged. from his foremost of cars. deprived of head and arms and steeds and driver and bow and standard. well sped by Kama. fell down.in the Bombay text. with his best nate the Kurus with his shafts! endeavours. stretched 1 Read with a slight variation. of all Then Yudhishthira clad in golden mail. both celestial^and terrestrial. all creatures Beholding those two foremost of warriors. T. the spectators. Kama. 'Shoot thy arrows and slay the son of Pandu. Already. . became filled with delight. his arrows having been extracted and himself made sound with mantras and drugs by foremost of surgeons well disposed towards him. struck the warriors opposed to them as also each other. saying. Dhananjaya. of heroes tho. wounded and dead. Thus those two foremost bowmen. like a Sala tree cut down with an axe. keen and steeped in oil..

purging the contents of their stomachs. Deeply struck with those winged arrows of fierce energy shot with great force from Partha's bow. pierced through. and he caused five other blazing arrows and might) resembling five snakes to penetrate the body of Krishna. assailed the Kauravas. also afflicted with his arrows many foremost of warriors among O Their bodies pierced with Kama's shafts. in" that dreadful encounter. those arrows. sporting in the midst of crematorium at noon or 1 eve. Karna. a delicious wind then blew. clapped furiously and uttered loud leonine roars. in return shrouded Karna with showers of straight shafts like masses of clouds shrouding the sun in the welkin. king. Shot with great force. them. destroyed their cars and steeds and elephants. his body dyed with blood. The welkin having been darkened by means of that mighty weapon. however. And the Suta's son. Partha. T. Partha forcibly struck Salya's armour with ten arrows. regarding the v ictory to be already theirs. the Suta's son. And once more many foremost of combatants among the Panchalas and many such (among the Kauravas) fell down after this. those mighty combatants. Then thy troops. because world. Laughing the while. certain hours are especially regarded as fierce. filled with rage in consequence of his limbs having been mangled with Kama's arrows. with mangled limbs and body bathed in blood.the of Dhananjaya who resembled that foremost of 1 beings and passing out of his body fell armour upon the Eudra muhurta. bearing fragrant odours. all of them regarded the two Krishnas to have been brought by bow-string and Kama under his power. These. looked resplendent like Rudra at the universal destruction. 267 Having pierced Krishna and Partha's standard. Piercing Karna next with a dozen shafts. he struck him once more with seven. appropriated by Rakshasas and evil genii for their rounds over the . Then quickly bending his baffling all those shafts of Adhiratha's son. decked with gold. Indeed. the very birds were unable to range in their element. Kama felled many amongst the Somakas that followed Partha. The son of Adhiratha then pierced the chief of the celestials himself (in energy with three arrows. Indeed. perished like a pack of dogs afflicted by an angry lion. The diadem-decked Arjuna pierced Karna and Salya and all the Kurus with those arrows. Accomplished in the use of weapons. deprived of life and making a loud noise as they fell. he clapped his palms and suddenly caused a darkness there with the showers of shafts he shot. many fell down. afflicted by Karna of terrible strength. Deprived of life by the mighty Karna with well-aimed arrows shot with great force. stupefying those advancing warriors with his shafts and baffling all the weapons shot by them. they fell down on the ground.KABNA PARVA thousands of mighty arrows. slain by Karna and Dhananjaya. Rubbing his bow-string.

and their wailing sons and sires. rushed at Arjuna. but. soon slew in that battle two thousand foremost of Kuru warriors. and and wounded. swelling with energy. and who. that bull of He then pierced Kama in all his fatal shafts shot Kuru's race. staying at a distance. the broken divisions of the Kauravas. Kama trembled in pain. O Bharata. urged by Duryodhana. Those shafts were five mighty snakes that had adopted the side of Takshaka's son (Aswasena whose mother Partha had slain at Khandava). O king. vital limbs with many blazing and from the bow-string stretched to the very ear. viz.>pace around him empty. (Deeply pierced). Endued with great energy. Beholding himself abandoned by the terrified Kurus and seeing the . they entered the earth with great force and having bathed (in the waters of the Bhogavati in the nether region) coursed back towards Kama. summoning all his patience.' 1 still Kauravas that were abandoning their dying SECTION XC of "Sanjaya said.. the points of the compass. baffled that weapon of Arjuna while it was still careering in the welkin and which Arjuna had shot with great that vigour in that fierce encounter for 'the destruction of his foe. cardinal and subsidiary. With the greatest difficulty he stood. on " the other hand. Then thy sons and the alive fled away. the Suta's son now crushed with his shafts winged gold. had been consuming the Kurus. Then that slayer of foes. had been fighting with great energy. forming the protectors of Kama's carwheels and wings and his van-guard and rear-guard. continued to gaze at Arjuna's weapon swelling with energy and careering around with the effulgence of lightning. with their cars and steeds and drivers. and who constituted the very pick of Duryodhana's car-force. and Kama's car. with Bending then his own loud-sounding bow of irrefragable 1 In numbering the slokas of this Section I have followed the edition. deserting Kama. with showers of terrible shafts. Dhananjaya having been filled with wrath. Kama felt no agitation. Then Kama. Indeed. weapon (of Partha) which. the very all splendour of the Sun. all became invisible with the showers shot by him. O king. that foremost of heroes.268 MAHABHARATA earth. Arjuna decked with diadem and garlands blazed up with wrath like a fire engaged in burning a heap of dry grass. with a cheerful heart. Savyasachin. Beholding Krishna's limbs thus mangled with those snakes transformed into arrows sped from Kama's arms. The welkin seemed as if it were shrouded by a thick forest. With ten broad-headed arrows shot with great force. Arjuna cut off each of those five snakes into three fragments whereupon they fell down on the earth. T- Bombay . 'Flying away in consequence of the falling Arjuna's arrows.

burning weapon of Arjuna with his power which he had obtained from Rama. Indeed. recollecting (for going to the subterranean region). Freed from the conflagration at Khandava. the snake Aswasena. as he thought. The Suta's son destroyed that own foe-killing weapon of great keen shafts. from anger. O king. became a very dreadful one. All the points of the compass then Arjuna and the son became shrouded with weapons and the very sun became invisible. sometimes the Suta's son prevailed over his rival and sometimes the diadem-decked Partha prevailed over his. and which resembled (in And he pierced Partha also with numerous efficacy) an Atharvan rite. shouted. Karna and Partha made the welkin one dense mass of arrows by means of their arrowy downpours. In that dense darkness caused by arrows. who was hostile to Arjuna. both accomplished in weapons. now rose from the lower skies. that took place between of Adhiratha. At that time a net of arrows was seen. shedding its bright arrows around. Karna and sometimes 'Excellent. applauded filled Karna and Arjuna. while the earth was being pressed deep with the weight of cars and the tread of steeds and elephants. he quickly entered into Kama's quiver. with their arrowy downpours. Beholding that wide-spread expanse of arrows. with !' joy. made the welkin one vast expanse of arrows without any space between. The encounter then. In that thick and awful darkness to caused by arrows they were unble see anything 'else. They continued to strike each other with arrows like two fierce elephants striking each other with their tusks. cheerfully saying. Endued with the power of ascending the he soared up with great speed upon beholding that fight between Karna and Arjuna. All the Kauravas and the Somakas then beheld a wide-spread arrowy net. Karna and Partha. penetrated through the earth That brave snake. all the other warriors on the field of battle became filled with wonder. O king. many of them saying. While they were thus contending with each other in battle. region. sometimes 'Excellent. they were unable to see anything else. displayed diverse kinds of beautiful manoeuvres. Then those . was passing nether region. in the form of an arrow. as they incessantly aimed and shot innumerable arrows.KABNA PABVA string. Arjuna During the progress of that fierce encounter. king. Thinking that that was the time for gratifying his animosity towards. Thos> two foremost of men. The beings in the welkin. all the Kauravas and the Somakas became filled with fear. Indeed. in prowess and weapons and lightness of hands. the wicked-souled Partha. he had. his time in the O the death of his mother and the enmity he on that account harboured against Arjuna. Beholding that terrible and awful passage-at-arms between tho?e two heroes each of whom was desirous of availing himself of the other's laches. 369 Karna shot showers of shafts. at a O king. O king. /* time.

Indeed. he aimed that blazing arrow. laid themselves down on the ground. exceedingly keen. then said unto the ruler of the Madras. ear. 'O Salya. snake-mouthed. white as the rays of the moon and decked in trappings of gold. And Sakra and Surya. and aimed it at Partha. 'Thou art slain. The Suta's son did not know that the snake Aswasena had entered his arrow by the aid of his Yoga powers. and fierce shaft. which had been polished according to rule. Madhava. All the points of the compass and the welkin became ablaze and terrible meteors and thunder-bolts fell. Madhava. seeing that snake (in the form of an arrow) aimed by Kama. the slayer of Kansa viz. he quickly said unto his rival. the steeds. Kama. fatigued with their exertions in battle looked at each other. Both of them were then fanned with excellent and waving fans made of young (palm) leaves and sprinkled with fragrant sandal-water by many Apsaras staying in the welkin. his limbs very mangled. blazed up in the welkin and seemed to divide it by aline such as is visible on the crown of a woman div iding her tresses. gently brushed the faces of those two heroes. the Regents of the world. O king.' activity. When at last Kama found that he could not prevail over Partha and was exceedingly scorched with the shafts of the former. let off that shaft which he had worshipped for many long years. When that snake of the form of an arrow was fixed on the bow-string. Beholding that shaft blazing in the welkin. the Suta's son. O Kama. causing it to sink about a At. that splendour. that ever-worshipped weapon which lay within a golden quiver amid sandal dust. those two foremost of all bowmen in the world. as it left shaft of awful whizz. set up loud wails. with great care.270 MAHABHABATA tigers two those among men. O Phalguna Sped from !' Kama's arms. with eyes burning in wrath. fix may another arrow that Endued with great Persons like us never become crooked warriors. might. much set his heart upon that shaft of his which lay singly The Suta's son then fixed on his bow-string that foe-killing. will not succeed in striking off Arjuna's head.. Beholding Vaikartana aim that arrow. born in Airavata's race. bending their knees. resembling fire or the sun in the bow-string. and which he had long kept for the sake of Partha's destruction. Kama never aimeth an arrow twice. with great speed and the greatest ease. within a quiver.this. Indeed. Searching succeed in striking off thy enemy's head. two heroes. for cutting off Phalguna's head in battle. 'This arrow. the high-souled ruler of the Madras. said. Stretching his bow-string to his 1 and blazing splendour. pressed down with his feet that excellent car. using their hands. including Sakra. that hero. Bent upon winning the v ictory. blazing. carefully. put forth his strength andi thus pressed down with J his feetjthat . Kama fixed that shaft of fierce energy addressing Kama. that foremost of all persons endued with fl cubit deep.' Having said these words.

great activity. the welkin. quickly reducing into fragments that well-made ornament set over with many a gem and blazing with beauty. forcibly tore it away from Partha's head. with that arrow. like the thunderbolt riv ing a mountain-summit decked with lofty and beautiful trees graced Crushed by that excellent weapon. contributing to the happiness of him that wore it. people. welkin. the Suta's son swept off from the When crown of his rival. and adorned with gold and pearls and gems and diamonds. . heaven. now broke it forcibly with his snake-inspired shaft. Many celestial voices were heard. Vrisha. it was inspiring terror in the hearts of foes. swept it away from Arjuna's head. exertions of the slayer of the car had thus been pressed down into the earth through the Madhu. became extremely agitated and reeled as they 1 The last line of 29 and the two lines of 30 do not occur in the Bombay 2 edition. and blazing with the fire of (the snake's) poison. O king. possessed of with flowers. Then loud sounds arose in the welkin in applause of Vasudeva. They T. That snake. that snake forcibly wept away from Arjuna's head that diadem adorned with many gems. endued with the splendour of the sun or the moon or fire or a planet. like the thunder of Indra felling a beautiful mountain-summit adorned with lofty tress bearing budding leaves and flowers. celebrated throughout the earth. Costly as its appearance indicated. and the waters. laid themselves down upon the earth when the car ' 271 down itself had sunk into it. roar aloud. 2 splendour. and leonine shouts also were uttered. the excellent ornament of Arjuna's head. are evidently a repetition. that wicked-natured snake of fierce falling Endued with form and false vows. whereat the steeds. that ornament had been given by the chief of the celestials himself with a cheerful heart unto Partha while the latter had proceeded to slaughter the foes of the -gods. Hearing that tremendous noise. notwithstanding their efforts to be calm. that beautiful and much liked diadem of Partha fell down on the earth like the blazing disc of the Sun from the Asta hills. and celestial flowers were showered upon Krishna. And the earth.KABNA PABVA Car into the earth. Indeed. That diadem. e v en such was the roar that arose in all the worlds at that time. upon that diadem decked with gold and gems. T. heaven. (as already said) bending their knees. had with great care been made by the puissant Self -born himself for Purandara. A triplet. O Bharata. and shedding a fragrance. It could not be endured by even the foremost ones among the gods. when agitated by a tempest. however. and the waters. in consequence of the very nature of that snaky weapon and the great care and wrath with which it had been shot. That diadem was incapable of being crushed by Rudra and the Lord of waters and Kuvera with Pinaka and noose and thunder-bolt and the very foremost of shafts.

'Slay that great snake inimical to thee. said unto him. Do not disregard me. addressing Partha in Partha.' slayer of Madhu. the latter would still have to go to the domains of the king of the Pitris.. that mighty snake who from before had become the deadly foe of Arjuna.272 stood. Arjuna stood perfectly unmov ed. by himself proceeded. that prince of snakes. I will slay thy foe. Of fierce form. and by resolute effort and wrath. I shall then slay thy foe Suta's and mine Thus addressed in that battle by him. he desired to come to Arjuna once more with great speed. in battle. viz. that I 1 This verse appears to be one of the curses of Vyasa. O king. still shoot the Hearing those words. said. the dark-complexioned and youthful Partha looked beautiful like a blue mountain of lofty summit.. With that white gear on his head. Thus addressed by the that encounter. same shaft twice. O Kama. Sped from Kama's arms. Kama. My enmity towards him is due to his having slain my mother. never desires to have victory in battle to-day by relying on another's might. through her son in the form of an arrow. Be thou happy and go elsewhere. Binding then with a white cloth. sped by Surya's son. he said these words. thus crushing the latter' s diadem. the wielder of Gandiva. I will not. however. have follow- . went away. beholding Arjuna of exceeding energy and might standing with his head at a level with the reins of the steeds. the son are you possessed of such fierce form ?' The snake answered. 'Thou hadst sped me. It was for this that I could not strike off Arjuna' s head. Shoot me without delay.' 'Kama. Surya's son. Thus that she-snake (whom Arjuna had his locks killed at " Khandava) of excellent mouth. that costly shaft resembling fire or the sun in effulgence. he looked like the Udaya hill illumined with the rays of the sun. Kama. viz. for the slaughter of Partha. saying. having assumed the form of an arrow. Do my bidding. If the wielder of 'Who the thunder-bolt himself were to protect Partha. Even if I have to slay a hundred Arjunas. Asked. took away his diadem only. But Arjuna also (as will appear in the sequel) did not return from that l battle without causing the snake to succumb to the power of Yama.' Thus addressed.' Once more addressing him in the midst of battle. Having burnt the gold-decked diadem of Arjuna displayed on his head.' again. Then Krishna. unable from rage to bear those words. ed Nilakantha in interpreting it. 'Aided by the nature of shall slay my other snaky weapons. Kama said. that well-made ornament (formerly) owned by Aditi's son and endued with the effulgence of Surya himself. after seeing me well. O snake. MAHABHABATA Reft of diadem. said. O snake. without having seen me. by Kama (who saw him but knew him not). the desire he ardently cherished was the destruction of his enemy. 'Know me as one that has been wronged by Partha. T. I that best of men. Do thou quickly shoot me once too.

he fell down on the earth. Endued with great activity. in rage. Krishna. O king. this snake was then in the sky. each human Deeply pierced with those trembled like a mountain riven with thunder. with ten shafts whetted on stone and equipped with peacock feathers. pierced Kama with four whetted shafts of great arrows. After that snake had been cut off by Arjuna. that snake in the welkin as the latter was coursing His body thus cut off. with in six keen shafts. its wings also having been drenched with gore. cut off by Dhananjaya with his winged shafts. adorned with costly gems and precious diamonds and pure gold. Then Arjuna sped ninety arrows. armed with bow. thou killedest the mother. sped a cloth-yard shaft endued with the energy of a snake of virulent poison and shot from his bow-string stretched to his ear. Partha. the lord Kesava himself. Then Dhananjaya. as also his ear-rings. possessed of prowess like that of India. and as if suspending his life-breaths. glancing obliquely at Dhananjaya. as if. 'Whilst thou. pierced that foremost of persons. cut off. And he pierced Janardana with a dozen shafts and Arjuna with nine and ninety. After thus divesting him of his armour. raised up a slanting direction. Acquainted with all the vital Kama parts of the body. fell down on the earth. enraged at the stroke of the shaft. pierced those vital limbs with hundreds of arrows even as Indra had struck Vala with great energy. wert engaged at Khandava in gratifying the god Agni. The son of Pandu. Kama. falling from the firmament within his mother's. Remembering that act of hostility done by thee. turning his face in rage. indeed he advanceth right against the mouth of Garuda ?' Krishna replied. the son of Pandu cut off within a moment in many fragments. At that time. at Kama. behold him coming like a blazing destruction. 'Who own accord against me. well shot by Arjuna. however. could not endure his enemy's joy. The costly 35 . shaft. That foremost of shafts. resembling the rod of Death. Then Jishnu.KARNA PABVA bowman who was is 278 that snake that advanceth of his always fierce unto foes. meteor. like snakes of virulent poison vomiting venom. that foremost of beings. staying in !' "Sanjaya continued. with his arms that car from the earth. shot many mighty shafts. penetrated through Kama's armour. Kama and bright armour also of the Suta's son that had been forged with great care by many foremost of artists working for a long time.. Partha then. drank his blood and entered the earth. viz. of massive arms. he cometh towards thee today for thy O resister of foes. And once more piercing the son of Pandu with a terrible laughed and uttered a loud roar. piercing Kama with a dozen well-shot and keen arrows equipped with heads like the boar's ear. saying. The headgear of Kama. like a snake beaten with stick. Vrisha. enquired of him. his body ensconced Thinking that it was only a single snake that was so the sky.

like Then the Suta's the son of Agni piercing the Krauncha mountains. sped from Arjuna's arms. with great speed. Other traditions represent him as the son of Hara and Parvati. covered Kama and his car and steeds with many calf -toothed arrows. and putting forth all his vigour he shrouded all the points of the compass with shafts equipped with wings of gold. 'Why. his grasp loosened and himself in great anguish. Pierced with those arrows equipped with heads like the calf's tooth. casting aside his bow that resembled the very bow of Sakra. felt great pain. will once more advance against thee as before. encountering in the 1 Agni s son is the celestial generalissimo Kartikeya. and stood inactive. The virtuous Arjuna.874 energy. O monarch. observant of the duty of manliness. addressed him. Slay him. even for a moment.' Saying. with numerous excellent shafts. with those numerous arrows sticking to his body. O dana. Once more Arjuna. piercing his very vitals. therefore. and fever. MAHABHABATA Struck forcibly by his foe. and reeling. Adhiratha's son of O broad chest looked resplendent like an AsoJca or Palasa or Salmali decked with its flowery load or a mountain overgrown with a forest of sandal trees. . as also his quiver. in that battle. looked resplendent like the prince of mountains with its top and glens overgrown with trees or decked with flowering Karnikaras. Deeply struck by Partha with those diverse arrows of keen points and fierce energy. dost great excitement. He that is learned earneth both merit and fame by slaying foes fallen into distress. Kama suffered great pain like a diseased person afflicted by bile. saying. wind. when able. Kama (covered with blood) looked resplendent like a mountain of red chalk with streams of red water running adown its breast. with fallen into such distress. Indeed. The diadem-decked Partha. with those arrows constituting his rays. the slayer of Taraka. son of Pandu. Samvara. 'So be it. stupefied. thou become so forgetful ? They that are truly wise never spare their foes. like Indra slaying the Asura Namuchi. like the sun coursing towards the Asia hills. however. The Suta's son. wished not to slay his enemy while The younger brother of Indra then. Arjuna. Once more circling Arjuna pierced Kama in the centre of the chest with many straightcoursing and strong shafts made entirely of iron and equipped with wings of gold and each resembling the fiery rod of the Destroyer. and sped from his bow with much force and speed and care. Kama also shooting repeated showers of arrows. that foremost of all quickly pierced Kama with many and worshipping Janarpersons in Kuru's race once more excellent arrows like the ruler of !' Krishna heaven. Bharata. looked. Shafts. Kama. of great keenness. J son. with disc bright with crimson rays. T. piercing the Asura. phlegm. Lose no time in precipitately crushing Kama who is always inimical to thee and who is the first of heroes. O however weak. of keen points. mangled Kama.

and when the high weapon he had obtained from Rama no longer shone in him through inward light. Recovering his coolness. and when his terrible snake-mouthed shaft also had been cut off by Partha. with elevated platforms of brick or earth round their trunks. righteousness. we always endeavour. when high Brahma weapon that the unto him. approaching invisibly. Kama Parva 2 To this day. sitting and smoking and deciding many important causes. As regards ourselves. Unable to endure all those calamities. perfectly straight and of fierce impetuosity. Kama's car began to reel. however. each of which looked like an angry snake. of snake or fire in made wholly of iron. sped from the arms of Adhiratha's son. His very having been struck. that are devoted to it. resembling mighty snakes. when the hour of Kama's death had ' come. He then pierced Krishna in the arm with three terrible arrows. too. is I. and Partha. sacred trees. and alluding to the Brahmana's curse. Kama became filled with melancholy. Endued with awful impetuosity. 'The Earth is devouring thy wheel /' Indeed. those T. escaped from his memory. he became exceedingly agitated by His steeds and were displaced from their usual position. told him. destroyed them all. Upon these platforms the village elders may be seen T. ten terrible arrows. may be Been in villages and towns. he became indifferent as to what he did. illustrious Bhargava had imparted And the earth also began to devour the left wheel of his car. with seven. Then Dhananjaya desired to shoot a mighty and terrible arrow. to the best of our ability and knowledge to practise righteousness. Then in consequence of the curse of that foremost of Brahmanas. think that righteousness does not always protect his driver also vitals its worshippers. .' While saying these words. and shooting many shafts that resembled angry snakes. Kama then pierced Partha with ten shafts and Krishna with half a dozen. resembling the poison energy. and which was inspired with the force of a high (celestial) weapon. such as the banian or the Aswattha. and whose whizz resembling the peal of Indra's thunder. Kala. he waved his arms and began to rail at righteousness saying. repeatedly railed at righteousness in that battle. Then Arjuna sped seven and in force. load of flowers standing his car began to reel from the its That destroying us now instead of protecting us therefore.KABNA PABVA 976 welkin the blazing arrows. the tree with When upon an elevated platform. and the strokes of Arjuna's arrows. 'They that are conversant with righteousness always say that righteousness protects those that are righteous. At that time. and desirous of informing Kama that his death was near. curse of the Brahmana. O foremost of men. resembling fire in splendour and like unto Indra's thunder 1 Verse 41. having sunk deep into the earth and having been transfixed at that spot like a sacred 2 the hour of Kama's death came.

cut off the string of Arjuna's bow. Inspiring Gandiva. that with rage he said these words. snakes of blazing mouths. be displayed in the vicinity of Kama's vehicle. the son of Radha shed tears from wrath. 'O Partha. beholding Arjuna afflicted with the weapons of Kama. issuing out of Partha's car. The sixth also was cut off by Vrisha. this sunken wheel. and then at last the eleventh. Displaying also his own prowess. the son of Pandu covered Kama with shafts that resembled arrows.276 MAHABHAKATA arrows pierced Kama and passing out of his body fell upon the surface of the earth. The son of Radha baffled with his own weapons those of Savyasachin. Then Kama. he seemed to get the better of Dhananjaya at that time. The feat seemed to him to be exceedingly wonderful. addressing Arjuna. then the ninth. Seeing his wheel swallowed. till I lift . So quickly did Arjuna replace each broken string that Kama could not mark when it was broken and when replaced. Kama knew not that Partha had a hundred Tying another string to his bow and shooting many strings to his bow. Kama then displayed his activity to the utmost of his power. is. Seeing that weapon thus destroyed. and then the fourth. Capable of shooting hundreds upon hundreds of arrows. the earth up with a great effort. Partha struck Kama (with many) arrows. Beholding the Brahma weapon. and shrouding all the points of the compass with arrows. were seen to its string. with her seven islands and her hills and waters and forests. Steadying himself by a powerful effort he invoked the Brahma weapon. wait for a moment. and his shafts also. the Vrishni hero. O king. and uniting the Raudra weapon with it. Then superior Krishna. Those arrows endued with great energy and power. Drawn up with force by Kama. O ! proper mantras. he seized his sunken wheel with his two arms and endeavoured to lift it of shooting it at his foe. ivith said these words unto Partha celestial : 'Approaching filled Kama. Arjuna then fixed the Brahma weapon on his string. Trembling at the shock. filled O Partha. said. and beholding Arjuna. that scorcher of foes poured showers like Purandara pouring rain in torrents. became desirous swallowed up one of wheels of Kama's car.' Partha 'Shoot high weapons. then the tenth. Similarly he cut off the second string. and then the seventh. Quickly alighting then from his vehicle. then the eighth. with rage. inspiring with mantras another weapons that looked like fire and that resembled the poison of the snake and that was as hard as the essence of adamant. Arjuna invoked the Aindra weapon with proper mantras. with mantras. and then the fifth. with a number of With whetted shafts endued with great energy. which had swallowed up his wheel. rose up to a height of four fingers' breadth. and then the third. At that time. The mighty car-warrior Kama baffled all those shafts displayed in his front. The son of Radha baffles thy shafts. strike him weapons' Then Dhananjaya. the earth.

scantily dressed because in her season and obedient to Dussasana's 1 will. O SECTION XCI 'Then Vasudeva. whither. 877 car O Partha. O Kama. clad of in a single into the midst of the assembly. had this 1 virtue of thine gone ? Thou laughedest at Krishna while she stood in the midst of the assembly. or at a Brahmana. the son of Suvala. thou didst not make over to the Pandavas their kingdom. or at him who joins his palms. T. 'By good luck it is. or at one whose weapon has fallen off or been broken Thou art the bravest ! of men ! in the world. Thyself staying on thy car and myself standing weak and languid on the earth. rail at Providence but never at their own misdeeds. On piece of raiment. an adept in dice. had this virtue The thirteenth was the year of concealment. Whither had this virtue of thine then gone? Thou didst set fire to the house of lac at Varanavata for burning to death the sleeping Pandavas. Kama. vanquished Kunti's son Yudhishthira who was unacquaintwhither had this virtue of thine gone ? When the Kuru king (Duryodhana). addressed Kama. acting under thy counsels. whither had this virtue of thine then gone ? When the period of exile into the woods was over as also the thirteenth year. O son of Radha. stationed on the car. or at one who has put up his weapon. ! had caused Draupadi. it behov eth thee not to slay me now. ed with it. Thou art also of righteous behaviour. righteousness. "Sanjaya said. never shoot their weapons at persons with dishevelled hair. Neither Vasudeva. Thou art born in the Kshatriya order. Thyself and Suyodhana and Dussasana and Sakuni. excuse me for a moment. O son of Pandu Thou art well acquainted with the rules of battle. the left wheel of my swallowed through striking accident by the earth. this virtue O thine did not manifest itself. or at one whose arrows are exhausted. or at him who yields himself up or beggeth for quarter. When at the assembly Sakuni. treated Bhimasena in that way with the aid of snakes and poisoned food. or at those that have turned their faces from battle. or at one whose armour is displaced. from the earth. O son of Pandu. nor thou. that thou rememberIt is generally seen that they that are mean. O son of Radha. Thou art the perpetuator of a high race. Whither then. then. inspirest me with the slightest fear. Brave warriors that are observant of the practices of the righteous. till I extricate my O Dhananjaya. For these wheel. saying. abandon (instead of cherishing) this purpose (of and slaying me) that is capable of being harboured by only a coward. excuse me Recollecting the teachings of " son of Pandu P for a moment. to be brought that occasion. when they est virtue sink into distress.KABNA PARVA Beholding. reasons. that is. .

being endued with great energy and prowess. Then Vasudeva. Beholding it. have sunk into eternal hell. that lady whose tread is as dignified as that of the are lost. The sight seemed to be exceedingly wonderful. said. by the aid of the Brahma weapon. The Dhartathey. 'The Pandavas. rashtras will meet with destruction at the hands of those lions among men (viz. thou didst not interfere. Partha also.. They thou lookedest on the scene with delight. poured arrowy down-pours upon Kama. and once more made an effort to extricate his car. this virtue of thine gone ? When many in battle. O son of Radha. remembering the incidents alluded to by Krishna. Like Nala who was defeated by Pushkara with the aid of dice but who O regained his kingdom by prowess. Kama. 'O thou of great might. head in shame and gave no answer. will recover their kingdom by the prowess of their arms. had this v irtue of thine gone ? Covetous of kingdom and relying on the ruler of the Gandharvas. what is the use then of the parching thy palate now by uttering that word ? Thou art now for the practice of virtue.' Thus addressed by the holy one. all The Suta's son also. in these words. . O Bharata. showered his shafts upon Dhananjaya. by Vasudeva.'' Do thou choose another husband Whither then had warriors. caused the points of the compass to be shrouded with a darkness such as may be seen on a rainy day. Whither thou. throw him down. The son of Kunti then. O king. Arjuna became filled with rage. Krishna. that bull among men. that weapon blazed up with its own energy.. Hav ing slain in battle their powerful foes. Whither.278 MAHABHAEATA of thine gone ? When from the apartment reserved for the females innocent Krishna was dragged. the son of Pandu continued to strike him. and. aided with all their friends. With lips quivering in rage. had this virtue of thine gone ? Thyself addressing the princess Draupadi. mighty car- slew him. Suta.. viz. thou summonedest the Panda v as (to a match at dice). O Kama. with the Somakas. by the clouds he created. he continued to fight with Partha. blazing flames of fire seemed to emanate from all the pores of the angry Partha's body. but thou shalt not escape with life. however. Then. The son of . piercing Kama with a celestial weapon. Sped by Arjuna. will recover their kingdom. aiming at Kama sped another favourite weapon of his that was inspired with the energy of Agni. O Bharata. the Panda v as. his Kama hung down Indeed. that are always protected by v irtue !' "Sanjaya continued. Dhananjaya blazed up with fury. the sons of Pandu). quenched that conflagration with the Varuna weapon. addressing Phalguna. elephant. Baffling with his own weapon the weapon of his foe. he raised his bow. Kama. who are free from cupidity. invoking the Brahma weapon. 'Thus addressed. boy Abhimanyu encompassing then gone ? If this virtue that thou whither had this virtue of thine now invokest was nowhere on those occasions.

moon. desirous of extricating that had been swallowed up by the earth. His grasp became loosened. the O king.. and called Anjnlika. Its form commanded applause. O Bharata. the mighty car-warrior Arjuna took up a razor-headed arrow of blazing effulgence and struck the standard (of Karna) bearing the elephant's rope and bright as the spotless sun. and 1 So called because the heads of those arrows were broad as the T. endued with great energy.KARNA PABVA 879 ' Pandu. . bearing hard pebbles. He trembled like the prince of mountains in an earthquake. addressing rod of Death. fell upon Dhananjaya's chest anl penetrated it like a mighty snake penetrating an ant-hill. Celebrated over the whole world. that standard. recovering his senses. Indeed. Meanwhile the diadem-decked and high souled Arjuna. O sire.. Violent winds began to blow. before he succeeds in getting upon his car. ing the device of the costly elephant's rope. two hands joined together. took up a terrible arrow blazing like fire. that great car-warrior. the high-souled Vibhatsu. jumped down his vehicle. took up a shaft. sped from Kama's arms. the mighty car-warrior Vrisha. he failed in his would have it. and forged with care by foremost of artists excelling in knowledge. with that razor-headed shaft. When that adored shaft was fixed on the bow-string. trembled with her mountains and waters and forests. the Pandavas. the fame. for slaying the son of Pandu. but efforts. with cheerless hearts. Partha. began to reel. arose among the gods in the welkin. That standard always used to fill thy troops with high courage and the enemy with fear. as destiny though possessed of great strength. The Suta's son then. earth. its effulgence was like that of fire or the sun or the The diadem-decked Arjuna. and variegated with pure gold. That grinder of foes. at which his bow Gandiva dropped from his hand. cut off that standard of Adhiratha's son. 1 Applauding those words of the lord Vasudeva. it resembled the sun in splendour. Wails of grief. equipped with wings of gold. and possessed of great beauty. exceedingly sharp. hope of victory. pride. and while the wheel of his enemy was still sunk. 'Cut off with thy arrow the head of this enemy of thine. That standard bear- was adorned with gold and pearls and gems and diamonds. viz. That shaft of keen point and endued with the effulgence of Sakra's thunder. as it fell. viz. Vrisha. said. fearlessly dispelled those clouds by means of the Vayavya weapon in the very sight of Karna. Availing himself of his car-wheel that opportunity. thus deeply pierced in that encounter. gave themselves up to great sorrow. it from to Seizing the wheel with his two arms he endeavoured drag up. All the points of the compass became enveloped with dust. and blazing with With beauty. possessed of the splendour of fire when fed with libations-of clarified butter. Beholding that shaft aimed by the Suta's son. fatal as the 1 Then Vasudeva.

it being sped) in that dreadful battle. Thus sped by that mighty warrior. Let this shaft. 'Peace The wielder of Gandiva then fixed on his bow be to the universe! 1 it with a high and mighty weapon. 'Let this shaft conduce to my victory. decked with of hostility towards diadem and garlands. of measured three cubits and six Endued with the force of the thousand-eyed Indra' s thunder. and incapable of being endured by Death himself in battle. that high-souled being which was always adored by the son of Pandu. with great cheerfulness. 'Let this shaft of mine be Drawing his bow Gandiva. Shot by me. Beholding that shaft by Partha in that battle. worshipped by me and possessed of great sharpness. that arrow fierce and efficacious as a rite prescribed in the Atliarvan of Angiras. blazing with effulgence. destructive of straight course and fierce impetuosity. seeing that weapon raised (for discus. With that weapon Arjuna struck off his enemy's head like Indra striking off the head of Vritra with his . made feet. Beholding that standard cut off and thrown down by that hero of Kuru's race possessed of great O Bharata. were no longer hopeful of Kama's victory. resembling Pinaka or Narayana's was exceedingly terrible and destructiv e of all living creatures. let this arrow possessed of the splendour of of Yama. he quickly said. and which was capable of vanquishing the very gods and the Asuras. fell. the entire universe shook with its grasped mobile and immobile creatures. of costly materials. said.880 MAHABHABATA everything dear. it resembling fire or the sun. cheerfully struck his foe with that foremost of shafts which was possessed of the splendour of the sun or the moon and capable of bestowing victory. Arjuna. the Rishis loudly cried out. superiors. gratified my that unrivalled arrow. in the shape of an arrow. steeds. vitals. uniting and listened to the counsels of well-wishers. that shaft endued with the energy of the sun caused all the points of the compass to blaze up with light. desirous of slaying Kama. And the diadem-decked Partha. like a mighty weapon capable of quickly destroying the body and heart of my enemy. cherishing feelings Kama desirous of slaying him. and loud wails of Oh and Alas arose (from the Kuru army). which could not be resisted by the very gods. and elephants. Partha cheerfully took up that great weapon. thy troops. Indeed. gence of the thousand-rayed Sun. irresistible as Bakshasas in the night. men. Partha took out from his quiver an excellent Anjalika weapon that resembled the thunder of Indra or the rod of fire and that was possessed of the effullightness of hand. besmeared with blood and Capable of penetrating the very flesh.' Hav ing said these words Dhananjaya let off that terrible shaft for the destruction of Kama. if I have ever practised ascetic austerities. Hastening then for Kama's destruction. as also the hearts of the Kurus.' fire or the sun take Kama and to the presence Saying these words. slay my enemy Kama by that Truth.

quickly took away the head and the body of Kama. The Somakas. fell down on the earth like the sun of bloody disc dropped down from the Asta hills. the tall trunk of Kama endued with great splendour. the son of Indra cut off the head of O Vaikartana in the afternoon. Kama hath been stretched on the earth and mangled with arrows. the king of the Madras. that arrow of Arjuna. even so that shaft with it Kama's life-breaths. fell down like the thunder-riven summit of a mountain of red chalk with crimson streams running adown its sides after a shower. away with him all his rays. In great delight they blew their trumpets and waved their arms and garments. was at last caused to be set by the mighty Arjuna-time. king. were filled with joy and uttered loud fall of Kama. 281 Indeed. 1 Cut off with the Anjalika weapon in that battle. endued with splendour equal to that of the risen sun and resembling the meridian sun of autumn. blew their conchs. the head of Kama fell down Asta (of retires taking passed out. beholding Kama slain by Phalguna. and uttering loui shouts. Then from that body of the fallen Kama a light passing through the welkin penetrated the sun.KARNA PARVA thunder. and follow Nilakantha's gloss in interpreting T. beholding Kama slain and lying on the field. This wonderful sight. the also of that com(Kaurava) army. taking of along with his body. O king. shouts with the other troops (of the Pandava army). 36 . exceedingly beautiful and always nursed in luxury. O king. pierced with arrows and bathed in blood. As the Sun. in the very sight the Kaurava troops. possessed of might. Indeed. danced. with arrows after having scorched the hostile army. All the warriors. went away on that car depriv ed of its standard. Thus cut earth. filled loudly with delight. or a quenched it fire after the sacrifice hills. approaching Partha. was beheld by the human warriors after the fell trunk of Kama down on the The head mander of the Then the Pandavas. while proceeding towards the hills. off with that Anjalikt. said. that head abandoned with great unwillingness the body. 'By good luck. began to applaud him joyfully. blew their conchs. with blood issuing from every wound. embracing each other. Others. Beholding the heroic Kama thrown down stretched on the earth. the severed head of Kama looked beautiful like a mountain summit loosened by a tempest. Krishna and Dhananjaya also. is over. like an owner abandoning with great unwillingness his commodious mansion filled with great wealth. Cut off with Ar juna's arrow. O sire. After the fall of 1 I adopt the Bombay reading of this it. and losing no time. that excellent Anjalika weapon inspired with mantras into a mighty weapon. or the image of the sun after for its rays. The death Arjuna) hour of the Suta's son.' Indeed. has reached the Asia The Karna-sun. line. Similarly. of Kama of noble deeds. Indeed. was the afternoon of that day. and deprived of life.

Having fought a dreadful battle. on that car divested of standard said in sorrow these O words : The elephants. robes. has certainly flowed. It is for . of fell Kama " whose feats were like those of the thousand-eyed Indra. Kama had powerfully assailed the two Krishnas today and all others who are thy foes. upon their conchs. and weapons. and dance. with eyes bathed in tears.' SECTION XCII "Sanjaya said. beholding the Suta's son slain at that juncture. the Kauravas. That bull among men. having all been displaced. In consequence of those mighty warriors. had been slain by Dhananjaya. some showed signs of joy. however. Desirous of beholding the heroic Kama. Others amongst the Kauravas. O Bharata. and and elephants huge having been coming into contact with one another. Duryodhana. even thus. The ruler of the Madras. The Somakas and the Srin jayas also loudly blew All the Kshatriyas embraced one another in joy.282 MAHABHARATA Kama. his armour. Indeed. frequently casting their eyes on that lofty standard of Arjuna that blazed with splendour. with stupefied heart. fled in fear like a herd of kine afflicted with exceeding fear at losing its bull. filled with wrath. some of wonder. the steeds. Salya proceeded. thy host looks like the domains of Yama. pierced with arrows and bathed in blood. king. viz. controlled by Partha. 'Beholding the troops crushed with arrows in that encounter between Kama and Arjuna. and afflicted with fear. and some gave themselves up to great grief. Kama was slain by Arjuna like an elephant by a lion. graced with a face that resembled a lotus of a thousand petals. The beautiful head. fled away from the field. slain. began to slap his armpits. Arjuna. Amongst those belonging to the enemy and thy army that thus stood there. the warriors came there and stood surrounding the fallen hero.. Partha reached the end of his hostility (towards Kama). and the foremost as hills. to the side of Duryodhana. hearing that Kama of mighty energy. Never before. frightening the Dhartarashtras by those mov ements. fear. ornaments. Bhima then. and stretched on the earth like the sun dropped from the skies at will. repeatedly sighed the very picture of woe. uttering loud roars and causing the welkin to tremble with those awful and tremendous shouts. of car-warriors of thy slain after army have been steeds. deeply pierced with shafts in that battle. Destiny. down on the earth like the thousand-rayed sun as he looks at the close of day. on that car divested of equipments. according to their respective natures. thus accomplished his vow. has a battle been fought like that between Kama and Arjuna today. jump. some of some of sorrow. quickly proceeding. Beholding his army deprived of the Suta's son and its cars and steeds and elephants destroyed.

fled foot. said. whose vessels have wrecked on the fathomless ocean. . some on cars. they crushed one another in course of their flight and looked at one another. terrified and mangled slaughter of the Suta's son. their troops thrown into confusion. these words of the ruler of the Madras and reflecting on his own ing evil doings. became almost " deprived of his senses and sighed repeatedly the very picture of woe. Success cannot be always attained. O king. fall of Kama. grieve for this. with a cheerless heart. ' ' SECTION "Dhritarashtra said.KABNA PABVA this that 288 are Destiny is protecting the Pandavas and weakening us. Brave kings. Divested of weapons and armour. Bombay reading of the last line of 14. who were almost unslayable. Their foremost of heroes slain. masterless elephants afflicted by lions. HearComfort thyself. who in energy. resolved to accomplish thy objects have been forcibly slain by the enemy. have in battle been slain by the Pandavas. courage.warriors. then like raftless merchants. themselves mangled with keen arrows. After the king. and bands of foot-soldiers were T. after Kama's Partha uttered leonine shouts. endued with Cars were broken by elephants. Duryodhana. were equal to Kuvera or Yama or Vasava or the Lord of the who were possessed of every merit. fled away in fear.' Destiny. Many the heroes who. This is waters. some on elephants. thy sons. and deprived of their senses. and who were desirous of achieving thy object. no longer able to ascertain which point of the compass was which. Some on horses. with attention how that awful and great carnage of human beings and elephants and steeds occurred in fall When. the Kauravas. O king. they fled away like bulls with broken horns or snakes with broken fangs. away in fear. and might. became like a herd Vanquished by Savyasachin on that afternoon. 'Hear. afflicted with fear. Do not. and some on great speed. 'It is me that Vibhatsu is pursuing with speed /' 'It is me that Vrikodara is pursuing with speed /' thought every one among the Kauravas who became pale with fear and fell down as they fled. of thy army set his heart on rallying the troops or putting forth warrior Their refuge having been destroyed by Arjuna they were his prowess. XCIII aspect of the 'What was the it Kuru and the Srinjaya host on that awful day while scorched (with weapons) in that encounter between and while it was flying away from the field ?' was crushed with arrows and Kama and Arjuna "Sanjaya battle. O Bharata. a great Upon the fall of Kama no fright entered the hearts of thy sons. mighty car-warriors. after the with shafts. horse- men were crushed by great 1 I adopt the car. O of and desirous of protection. desirous of crossing the uncrossable main.

difficult of being defeated in battle. Dhrishtadyumna before him. filled with joy. perished in a trice like living creatures upon seeing the The mighty Bhima. he began to slaughter them all. prepared for Bhimasena filled with wrath. thy warriors became. with Destroyer. fight standing rear of the army. Those infuriated combatants. Some amongst them challenged the two heroes by name. approaching Bhimasena. T. Possessed of great energy. the son of battle. saying. careered like a and destroyed all those five and twenty thousand combatants. mace in hand. without cars and cavalry and elephants among them. Alighting from his car. Having slain 1 The correct. encompassed them with four kinds of forces and began to strike them with their shafts. Dhananjaya proceeded against the (remnant of the) car-force (of the Kauravas). Bombay reading is ha ha Kritiva. Without doubt. they looked upon the world as if it were full of Partha. with rage and becoming reckless of their lives. This seems to be . belonging to thy army. and relying upon the might of his arms. Then five and twenty thousand warriors on foot.284 MAHABHAEATA trodden down by bodies of horse. In return. Vrikodara. Kunti. his troops thus leave the field in thousands. They were then Afflicted with like elephants without riders and men without arms. as these fled in fear. The Kaurava warriors like the Destroyer armed with his bludgeon. armed with mace. rushed with speed against Sakuni and slaughtered the troops of Suvala's son. and Satyaki. Slaying Arjuna and Gov inda and the proud Vrikodara and the rest of my foes. addressed his driver. began to fight on foot with those foes of his that were on foot.' Hearing these words of the Kuru king that were so worthy of a hero and honourable man. Taking up his massive mace adorned with gold. filled against Bhima in that battle like insects upon a blazing fire. Then Bhimasena became filled with rage. of Oh and all Alas. he fought with those warriors arrived for Observant of the rules of fair fight. after the fall of the Suta's son. Like people without protectors in a forest teeming with beasts of prey and robbers. came down from his car. Duryodhana. rushed on foot. and Dhrishtadyumna the son of battle. Prishata. once more stood. if I Urge my steeds slowly in the behind the troops. hawk Having slain that division of heroic warriors. Beholding them fly away afflicted with the fear of Bhimasena. those warriors fought with Bhima and Prishata's son. of prowess incapable of being baffled and of great might. the son of as the vasty deep is Kunti will never be able to transgress me even unable to transgress its continents. I will free myself from the debt I owe to Kama. the charioteer slowly urged his steeds adorned with trappings of gold. The two sons of Madri. indeed. Bhima. &c. uttering cries 'Partha will never be 1 able to transgress me standing bow in hand. and seeing fear.

viz. Suddenly he shrouded them with showers of arrows. Then Duryodhana challenged the Pandavas to battle. Duryodhana then beheld his own troops who. All those heroes. his O lord. Beholding that car having white steeds yoked unto it and owning Krishna for its driver. he fought with all the Pandavas united together. beholding a remnant of thy army still standing for battle. gone not far from the field. became filled with wrath. Duryodhana. like the Asura Vali in days of yore challengthe gods. At this.KAENA PAEVA 286 with keen shafts his cavalry and elephants in that encounter. with Bhimasena before him. foot. blew their conchs. Pandu's son Savyasachin of great might. car-force. of Bharata's race. Chekitana and Sikhandin and the (five) having slaughtered thy vast army. however. Dhananjaya. thy son. still pursued them. that great car -warrior among the Panchalas. Possessed of great energy. thy son . thy troops fled away in fear. filled with rage. O monarch. O king. rushed against that car-force. and in great fear. mangled with arrows. Having slain them. drawing his bow Gandiva celebrated over the three worlds. soon showed That slayer of foes and mighty himself. they rushed impetuously against Sakuni himself upon which a great battle took place. with keen shafts. rushed ing against the advancing Duryodhana. viz. the highit. re-appeared (amid the Panda v a ranks). Meanwhile Dhananjaya. rushed against all all his foes advancing against him. and seeing that Arjuna was the warrior standing on on Five and twenty thousand soldiers deprived of cars and mangled with shafts. that tiger among men. bowman appeared exceedingly handsome. shooting and hurling at him diverse O chief weapons and upbraiding him repeatedly. for alone and unsupported. uniting together. The dust that was raised darkened the scene and nothing could any longer be distinguished. of lightness of hands in the use of weapons. proceeding against thy twanged bow Gandiva. had perished (at the hands of Bhima and Dhrishtadyumna). had set their hearts on flight. O monarch. When the Kuru army was thus broken.. O sire. the Kuru king. Rallying them then. The prowess that we then beheld of thy son was exceedingly wonderful. souled Dhrishtadyumna the son of the Panchala king. O king. fearlessly slaughtered those enemies of his in hundreds and thousands. although they saw thy troops flying away with faces turned from the field. When the earth was thus shrouded with dust and when darkness covered everything.. having pursued with great speed the king of the Gandharvas who was possessed sons of Draupadi. thy troops. Beholding Dhrishtadyumna's car which had steeds white as pigeons yoked unto it and whose lofty standard was made of the trunk of a Kovidara. like bulls pursuing angry bulls after vanquishing them. the Kauravas fled away The twins (Nakula and Sahadeva) of great fame. fled on all sides from fear. all the Pandava heroes. celebrated over the three worlds. Satyaki.

If we fly in disunion. pursuing us. dead knows no misery. are housings of gold. said resolved to maintain his honour. Some tracts are cov ered with fallen elephants huge as mountains. the sinful Pandavas. There no more blessed path for heaven. the shields and the swords with which they were equipped lying scattered about. On the other hand. with happiness. exceedingly mangled. cov ered with fallen steeds. whither What use now if ye fly. " on all sides. For is this. and with . The two Krishnas also are exceedingly mangled. Would ye place is who yourselves under the power of the angry foe Bhimasena ? It behoveth you not to abandon the duty observed by your sires and grandsires.' fled away SECTION XCIV 'The ruler of the Madras then. than the duty of Slain in battle. gladdening those warriors of them : 'I do not see that spot in the earth or ! on the mountains. will certainly slay all of us. deprived of life. that would not fight. ye Kauravas. that are assembled here When the destroyer Yama spareth neither the hero nor the ! fraught He that is coward. Fight. exceedingly mangled. their vital limbs pierced with shafts. said these words unto Duryodhana. with their rocks and lofty trees and herbs loosened from them and lying all around. Some of them are sending forth soft some are biting the earth with rolling eyes and some are Portions of the field are covered with horseuttering piteous neighs. Listen. their bodies are now bathed in blood. in rallying the troops. is There is no greater sin for a Kshatriya than flight from battle. The and iron hooks and lances and standards with which those huge creatures had been equipped are lying on the ground. such a one enjoys eternal bliss hereafter. 'Behold this awful field of battle. enjoy heaven without delay. ay. although observant Kshatriya's vow like us. lying helplessly. hard in pain and vomiting blood. O hero. victory will certainly be ours. Adorned with bells again. all of you. covered "Sanjaya said. These fallen their animals resemble huge mountains riven with thunder.286 MAHABHAEATA these words unto who was his. with fear depicted with heaps of slain men and steeds and elephants. " 'Salya said. of a there so foolish of understanding. 'While even these words were being uttered by thy son. armour displaced and the weapons. Death in battle it is better that we should die in battle. "Sanjaya continued. beholding thy son on his countenance employed and with heart stupefied with grief. breathing wails of pain. ye Kshatriyas. men and elephant-warriors fallen off from their animals. regardless of that speech. the (Kaurava) warriors. observant of the Kshatriya's duty. the Pandavas will not slay you then in flying away ? Small is the force that the Pandavas have.' battle. If all of us stay for battle. ye warriors. Some tracts. mangled with shafts.

uttering soft cries in pain. In their quivers cut consequence of well-equipped royal cars deprived of riders and dragged of men and elephants and cars and horses that the army has been broken in diverse ways. With those foremost of heroes the firmament. Covered with thousands of fallen displaced. vomiting blood. heavy clubs.KABNA PABVA 287 bands of car-warriors forcibly thrown down from their cars. mallets. earth looks like the firmament overspread with autumnal clouds. with some amongst them whose breaths were returning slowly. their wheels loosened. The shafts sped from the arms of and Arjuna. cars. piercing through the bodies of elephants and steeds and men and quickly stilling their lives. 'their bodies the weapons of the foe. and their niches (for the accomodation of drivers) strewn with those vehicles adorned with gems and gold. sharp lances. being strewn with other elephants. Indeed. divested of the armour that covered their limbs. and with their quivers and banners and standards adorned with housings of gold struck deep with The earth looked like the cloud-covered welkin in consequence of being strewn with the fallen bodies of elephantwarriors and horse-men and car-warriors. deprived of the warriors on their backs. the earth seemed as if strewn with blazing planets fallen from ed fires. and reft of the foot-soldiers that protected their flank and rear. and depriv ed of consciousness. their UpasJcaras destroyed. . by fleet steeds. the fastenings of off. as also maces with golden bells. combatants mangled with arrows. that their traces broken. the earth looketh even such. the broken. all of great fame. and divested of armour and ornaments and attire and weapons. and of footsoldiers slain by foes fighting face to face. their axles and is. the earth has become awful to look at like the great Vaitarani (skirting the domains of Yama). and with cars broken with the shafts of Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son and with the numberless shafts themselves shot by them. fully exposed to the view. stretched on the ground with trembling bodies and broken tusks. with yokes and Trivenus reduced to fragments. The earth has become impassable with heaps of slain men and steeds and elephants. their AnuJcarsanas cut in pieces. Covered also with the corpses of men and steeds and elephants as also with crushed cars and other huge elephants with their trunks and limbs cut off. Spiked fled very quickly. Strewn with well-equipped cars crushed by means of mighty shafts along with Kama the warriors and the weapons and the standards upon them. the earth seemed as if covered with many extinguish- among both the Kurus and the with arrows and deprived of life by Partha and Srinjayas. or like the nocturnal firmament itself bespangled with blazing planets of serene light. Some of them are already dead and some are at the point of death. their joints separated. entered the earth like mighty snakes entering their holes with heads bent downwards. pierced Kama. battle-axes.

O king. and collars for the neck with strings of gold. and caparisons of elephants. Bows decked with ornaments of gold. beholding the earth. the Sun ! of honours. 'Alas. corr. proceed towards thy camp Remember. that thou art the cause of all this Having said these unto Duryodhana. lying on the ground. though slain and pierced with gold-winged on stone and equipped with feathers and dyed in blood shafts whetted and sped from Gandiva. ! O king. and umbrellas. camp. the Kauravas. all of them speedily proceeded Beholding the Sun towards their Kama. and acquiring great merit for the devotion they showed to the virtuous of their order.288 MAHABHAEATA bright unsheathed swords. wept for the Suta's son. O hanging low in the welkin. and maces covered with cloth of gold. Salya. they have speedily gone in a blaze of fame to regions of bliss. and yak-tails lying about. that was drenched with the blood flowing from the bodies of men and steeds and like a courtezan attired in crimson robes and floral and ornaments of gold were unable. yet that hero. stopped. repeatedly comforting Duryodhana. to As the other ocean from desire of a bath. and arms decked with excellent flowers and gold. O lord ruler of men. are lying scattered about. At that terrible hour when everything his senses. their features incapable of recognition owing to the blood that covered them. Turn back. and bright unsheathed and scimitars bright as gold.e Thinking so. and heads beautiful as the moon. Kama ! Oh Kama f Then all the kings headed by Drona's son. 1 around looked so resplendent. words. and garlands luminous with corals and pearls. O giver is ! !' Duryodhana. saying. deeply afflicted and deprived of and with eyes bathed in tears. frequently looking back at the lofty standard of Arjuna that seemed to be ablaze with his fame. Abandoning their bodies and enjoyments and robes and diverse kinds of agreeable pleasures. It seemed that illustrious Surya. hav ing touched with his rays the gore-drenched body of Kama. and fans. and conchs. Kama ! Alas Kama !' assume a crimson hue. ev er kind to his worshippers. and rapiers of excellent temper. proceeded. O king. look ! lamentations. and carfences and diadems. lances. and bodies brought up in a great luxury. and standards. they indulged in loud elephants. and brilliant crowns. however. and diverse kinds of costly diamonds and gems and pearls. with aspect crimson in regards grief. and necklaces. and bracelets for both the wrist and the upper arms. at that time. looked resplendent like the Sun himself of bright rays. proceeded towards the camp. and chaplets for the head. to stand there garlands Filled with grief at the slaughter of Kama. have fallen on the field. O Duryodhana Let the ! troops retire There. saying. and shafts equipped with beautiful wings of pure gold. the throngs of celestials and Bishis (that had there for witnessing the . to repair to all of whom had resolved the other world. with heart filled with grief.

taking away with him that blazing glory of his own which he had earned on earth by fair fight. was quieted by Partha's energy. It seemed to be endued with life and All the warriors. Nothing. thus went thy son had proaway with him the hope whom 37 . though slain. that tiger among men lay like a heap of pure gold. filled with wonder and applauding (the encounter). possessed of a neck that commands. like fright at sight of the Suta's son lying dead on the other animals at sight of the lion. went away. '1 give but never the words 'I have not f The righteous always regarded him as a righteous person. Indeed. though dead. Though his armour had been cut off with arrows. not even his life. All the wealth of that high-souled person had been dedicated to the Brahmanas. heated the universe like the thousand. the Suta's son owned a face which resembled the full moon in splendour. entertaining the same thought. The of other beings also. viz. Karna. Having shot showers of arrows and scorched the ten points of the compass. that he could not give away unto the Brahmanas. Thus fell that by by suitors he always said. which had inspired all living creatures with dread. seemed changed. relying upon to heaven. Even as a blazing conflagration is extinguished when it comes in con- tact with water. The foremost of Kuru heroes also. left the world. hav ing poured showers of arrows and burnt the hostile divisions. Adorned with diverse ornaments and decked with Angadas made of bright gold. indeed. everyone beheld the body of the hero to resemble heated gold. possessed of the effulgence of fire or the sun. to utter his Indeed.KABNA PABVA battle) left 389 large crowd the scene for proceeding to their respective abodes. having beheld that wonderful battle between Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son. with his sons and followers. repairing as they chose to heaven or the earth. He. Having scorched the Pandavas and the Panchalas with the energy of his weapons. lay stretched like a gigantic tree adorned with branches and twigs. and though he had been skin in course of that dreadful fight. Karna. still that beauty of features which the son of Radha possessed did not abandon him when dead. the Karna-conflagration was extinguished by the Partha-cloud in the battle. he liberal. He was ever the favourite of ladies. and a mighty car-warrior. hero who was a Kalpa tree unto those swarms of birds represented Solicited attained to the highest end. that tiger among men. O king. He left the world. exceedingly Burnt by the weapons of Partha.rayed Surya of great beauty.. or like a blazing fire extinguished with the water of Partha's shafts. and was very beautiful. Vaikartana. in Clad in beautiful attire. There was nothing. taking voked hostilities. suitors. along with his sons. otherwise called Vaikartana. were inspired with field. Indeed. proceeded (to their nightly quarters). Even such was Vrisha who fell in single combat. that tiger among men seemed ready that illustrious dead. having.

blew simultaneously with those beautiful mouths of theirs. whose effulgence resembled that of the snow or the Moon or the conch or the crystal. and Vritra. covered with smoke. The mountains with their forests began to tremble. O king. and on the earth. causing the forests. planet Mercury. the mountains. When Arjuna. felt pain. or the sun. in his energy like the deity of a Then riding Panchajanya and that of Devadatta filled the earth. and heaven. The great oceans were agitated and uttered awful sounds. . struck off Kama's head adorned with a face beautiful as the moon. The blare of piercing the hearts of their foes with the sound. the Ape-bannered Arjuna. the rivers and the . viz. all the Kauravas. the happiness. took up with their hands their loud-sounding conchs adorned with gold and white as snow. loud cries of Oh and Alas were heard of creatures in heaven. and whose steeds were like those of Indra himself. the son of Pandu and the crusher of Kesin. both of whom were possessed of immeasurable prowess. the rivers stood . afflicting the constellation Bohini assumed the hue of the moon of victory. Those foremost of men. The planet Jupiter. At the sound of the heroic Madhava's conch as also at that of Arjuna's.MAHABHABATA and the armour of the Kauravas. points also of the in darkness. the sky. When The Sun set with a pale hue. and slaying the Kurus with showers of shafts. which was adorned with banners and equipped with a standard incessantly producing an awful noise. Gandharvas. human was worshipped by the gods. appeared to course through the firmament in a slanting direction. Meteors of blazing splendour Rakshasas and other wanderers of the night became filled with joy. and who were like fire or the sun in splendour. Forcibly divesting the enemy of his splendour by means of the twang of Gandiva and the slaps of their palms. O sire. in the welkin. filled with joy. like Vishnu and Vasava mounted on the same chariot. Kama. and all creatures. in Having battle slain his foe Kama who beings. fearlessly careered over the field of battle with great speed. assuming the hue of fire or the Sun. whose energy resembled that of the great Indra. The still. those two foremost of men. Kama fell. then. All the points of the horizon.. became filled with fright. those two foremost of men. O best of kings. the Pritha's son Arjuna looked resplendent thousand eyes after the slaughter of on that car of theirs whose rattle resembled the roar of the clouds and whose splendour was like that of the meridian sun of the autumnal sky. The firmament seemed to be rent in twain the earth uttered loud roars violent and awful winds began to blow. and placing them against their lips. Upon the fall of compass became ablaze. the Garuda-bannered Krishna. the subsidiary The sky became enveloped fell. The earth trembled. seemed to be ablaze. the son of Soma. and who were adorned with gold and pearls and gems and diamonds and corals. with that razor-faced shaft.

and applauded by those with their friends. each according to his age. O bull of Bharata's race. withdrew the . Having received all their friends then. voured to be checked by thy O Bharata. O congratulated Dhananjaya. whose flight had been endea- Understanding their wishes. Casting off those arrows. Then Kritavarman. stupefied with fear. Upon the slaughter of Kama in that dreadful battle. viz. uniting together. Saradwata's son. were thus being blown. proceeded quickly towards the encampment. great and great Nagas.wishers and friends. gladdened Yudhishthira therewith. and the army of thy son with fright. acting according to the advice of Salya. O king. broke and fled in Then. those two mighty warriors. all all directions. those two Achyuta and Arjuna.. viz. fled away on all sides. Kripa. hearing that the heroic Kama had been slain SECTION XCV 'Upon the fall of Kama otherwise by the foe. thy troops. quickly Surrounded by a thousand proceeded towards the encampment. deserting Bharata. Then diverse creatures.KABNA PABVA points of the compass to filling 981 resound with the blare of their conchs. Indeed. the leaders. Yakshas. Rishis. son. the two heroes rejoiced and Vishnu after the overthrow of Vali. human beings.' called Vaikartana. that hero shining resplendent on the field of battle. Duryodhana. the gods. the ruler of the Madras and the chief of the Bharatas. the Kauravas. beholding the son of Adhiratha slain. surrounded by thy unslaughtered remnant of thy Narayana troops of thy army. Charanas. looked resplendent like the bright and many-rayed moon and the sun risen after dispelling a gloom. surrounded by well. worshipped Krishna and Arjuna with great respect and wished them victory (in all things). happily entered their own encampment. king. both endued with unrivalled prowess. . as also Janardana. Gandharvas. As soon as the Kauravas heard the blare of those conchs that all of them left the field with great speed. desirous O of withdrawing their troops. thy son. O Bharata. like the lords Vasava and Vishnu duly invoked by sacrificial priests. those two foremost of men who then looked like a couple of risen suns.. chastisers of foes. Sakuni. "Sanjaya said. like the chief of the celestials friends in return for their incompa 2ble feats. Pierced with Kama's arrows. Gandharvas. casting their eyes on empty space. filled with anxiety.army. afflicted with fear.

O lord. and with voices choked with tears. troops 'Vritra was slain by thee. O king. casting his eyes on towards The other mighty car-warriors of the Bharata army. casting his eyes on those terrified soldiers. proceeded the camp. trembling. Having unto king Yudhishthira the just. 1 slain and the Kaurava said. O Arjuna. Guiding them with care. O son of Kunti. some applauding Kama. thunder. some applauding of thy army fled away in fear. his heart filled with grief. Kama hath been slain by thee with bow and sharp arrows. set his heart upon resting them for the night. that foremost of car-warriors. afflicted with fear. proceeded. retired from the field with cheerless hearts and pale faces. filled with grief and sorrow. there was not a single person who had still any wish for fight. Go. he of Dasarha's race. Those great car-warriors also. and a prey to many Salya. on that car deprived of standard. proceeded quickly towards the encampment. still all sides. fled quickly. Upon the fall of Kama. this slaughter of Kama in represented just. O monarch. and cheerless thoughts. filled with shame. O monarch.893 MAEABHARATA surrounded by the large elephant force that resembled a mass of clouds. Amongst those thousands of warriors of thy army in that great battle. O Bharata. The heroic Aswatthaman. still a large Susarman also. unto king Yudhishthira "Sanjaya SECTION XCVI Kama had thus been : the prowess of thine that is capable of procuring thee great fame and that hath become well-known in the world. proceeded quickly towards the encampment. accepting his orders with" bent heads. deeply afflicted and deprived of everything. wives. proceeded. almost deprived of their senses. Surrounded by the unslaughtered remnant of the Samsaptakas which was force. The mighty car-warriors chief of Kuru's race. 'After had fled away. embracing Partha from joy. and represent. repeatedly drawing deep breaths at the sight of the v ictory of the Pandavas. and wealth. kingdom. Indeed seeing Kama over-thrown. afflicted and anxious with fear. Men will talk said unto him these words (in the same breath) of the slaughter of Vritra and Kama in awful Vritra was slain in battle by the deity of great energy with his battle. thy son. all the Kauravas fled away quickly. numerous. King Duryodhna. the Kauravas became hopeless of life. this battle for compassing which thou hadst been endeavouring for a long .

That chastiser of foes. battle that has hair of the body to stand on end.. 'Good luck. having been freed from this been so destructive of heroes and that made the very Do thou those acts. that tiger among kings. the mighty -armed monarch. By good luck. are all safe. With Partha company. who had laughed at the dice-won Krishna. and Vrikodara. all kinds of enjoyable articles P "Sanjaya continued. pierced and mangled with shafts. joined his palms and addressed king Yudhishthira whose foes had been killed saying. . and thyself. Gov inda beheld Yudhishthira. spoke to him of Kama's death exactly as it had happened. which should next be done. lieth today on the bare ground. possessed of great might and otherwise called Vaikartana. with great joy. thou victory hath become thine.' Partha answered Kesava. we come back having informed the king of Kama's slaughter by Arjuna. and enjoy ! O son of Suta's son. otherwise called Achyuta. with care. pierced all over with arrows. That descendant of Kuru's race then asked Vasudeva (the particulars of Kama's death). 'By good luck. stand all of you carefully. 'Blessed be ye. worshipped in return that hero of Dasarha's race. The Suta's son Kama. O king of kings. thou wilt be freed from the debt thou owest to the During the progress of the battle between thyself and Kama. 'Having heard these words of the high-souled Kesava. Beholding their joy and the extraordinary wounds on their bodies. lying on an excellent bed of gold. O monarch. he could not stay in battle. then went back to his king. hath been slain. Both of them then. The Earth drinketh today the blood of that Pandu wretch among men.KABNA PAEVA 998 rourse of years. touched the feet of the king. stand ye here with care. i growest. saying. Having. By good luck. that bull of Yadu's race. Smiling then. *So be it P The latter then cheerfully caused the car of that foremost of carwarriors to turn back. Yudhishthira. That foe of thine. with great joy. O thou of mighty arms. the son of Pandu. facing the foe P Unto Dhrishtadyumna and Yudhamanyu and the twin sons of until Madri and Vrikodara and Yuyudhana. that with us. repeatedly embraced Vasudeva and Arjuna with affection. The king. Yudhishthira regarded the son of Radha to be in his dead and rose quickly from his bed. Krishna. however. O son of Pandu. 'Ye kings. Krishna addressed the soldiers. Having said these words unto Arjuna. the son of Dharma once came for beholding the field. hav ing risen from his bed. Behold that tiger among men. and the two sons of Madri. he then set out for the quarters of the king. Good luck\ were the words. that bull among men. been deeply and exceedingly pierced (with arrows). saying.' Having received the permission of these heroes. rule now. this earth that is divested of all thy foes. Then the sweet-speeched Vasudeva that descendant of the Yadu race. viz. the wielder of Gandiva. tent. Gov inda said. O bull of Kuru's race.

facing his foes. we are certain to hav e. viz. In this way. in consequence of thyself of great wisdom having become my protector and lord.. those ancient and best of Rishis. should achieve feats O mighty-armed one. in thee. viz. Having beheld Kama with with shafts sped from Gandiva. we have acquired our objects. By good thy grace. viz. Conversing with those two heroes. with my brothers. that chief of Kuru's race.. that bull among men. O Dhananjaya the son of Pandu. Indeed. O thou of mighty arms. that perpetuator of Kuru's race. we will sleep happily this night. the son of Pandu. conversing pleasantly with Krishna and Arjuna along the way. and not defeat. Hearing of the slaughter of that tiger among men. that Partha. O monarch !' "Sanjaya continued. By good luck. taking hold of Kesava's right arm adorned with Angadas. today I have become king of the earth. that are ever employed in the preservation of righteousness. king Yudhishthira beheld Kama pierced all for over with arrows like a Kadamva flower with straight filaments all around its body. Madhava and Phalguna. 'It is O son of Devaki. battle. praised Janardana greatly as 1 also Arjuna. saying. king Yudhishhis son slain and mangled thira repeatedly looked at him before he could believe his eyes. set out. as regards both life and kingdom. also. He then applauded those tigers among men. since thou hast accepted the drivership of Partha in just. king among men. Through thy influence. this me this celestial history. lying on the field of battle. Victory. without ever turning back from any of them.. the highly blessed Vyasa. 'O Govinda. Yudhishthira beheld Kama illuminated by thousands of golden lamps filled with perfumed oil. hath been crowned with victory. mounting his car adorned with gold and having steeds of ivory white and black tails and fleet as thought harnessed unto it.' Yudhishthira the that tiger Having said these words. the wicked-souled son of Dhritarashtra will with despair. Madhava and Phalguna. beholding the field of battle on which thousands of incidents had taken place. charioteer. . O Govinda be filled O ! hath been slain. hath repeatedly told Krishna. the master Krishna-Dwaipayana. the enemy luck. the wielder of Gandiva. and addressing both Kesava ang Arjuna. victory hath been thine. hath vanquished them. said. that righteous son of Pritha.that he said. the proud son of Radha. viz. Yudhishthira. Through bull among men.. and surrounded by many Pandava troops. ruler of men. O through thy grace.' Then not wonderful. king Yudhishthira the just. Gifted with great intelligence. the king beheld Kama. 'Beholding Kama with his son slain with Partha's shafts. 'Narada told me that ye two are the gods Nara and Narayana. And he added. Thirteen years we have passed in wakefulness and great sorrow. hav ing obtained thee for his that are even super-human. By good luck.

His heart filled with anxiety and sorrow. and fame. filled with towards their own camp. strength and victory in battle health and freedom from disease. the Kuru king Dhritarashtra suddenly fell down on the ground from his excellent seat. ing to every region of bliss. those heroes possessed of sureness of aim and longing for victory. in consequence. evil policy ! O king. men always read this sacred and first of Samhitas. Similarly.KABNA PABVA 295 regarded himself as reborn. a Kshatriya Vaisyas would obtain immense wealth. He that does so will obtain all kinds of happiness. worshipped the son of Kunti at the slaughter of the Suta's son. and Sikhandin. viz. Soma. it. Comforted by them. so also he musing. for the slaughter of Karna in battle. Then Vidura and San jay a both raised the fallen monarch and Similarly the Kuru ladies raised Gandhari. under that great grief. great car. it for th's that the man reading or hear- becometh happy and acquireth the objects of his heart. O The is so. that royal ascetic. Therefore. and Sahadeva. and the Sr in jay as.warriors all filled with joy. that hears the account of this battle read. Nakula. He that reads of this great battle. it Thus occurred that great carnage. he remained silent. between the high-souled Dhananjaya and Adhiratha's son. With that foremost of persons. obtaining man must. therefore. by reading Vedas . She indulged in diverse lamentations. proceeded Then those great car-warriors. and the illustrious Self -born. The kings (in the Pandava army). . They that do. king. Then again and Sudras would obtain the illustrious Vishnu is eternal. approached Kunti's son Yudhishthira and gladdened him greatly. Filled with devotion. the Panchalas. the son of Pandu. will be happy and capable of attainmalice. did not again swoon away. viz. Vishnu. the king. delight. he that will. that foremost of car-warriors the Vrishnis. those delighters in battle. also praised those scorcher of foes.. and Surya. and the eternal Vishnu is Agni. the royal lady Gandhari of great foresight fell down. and Satyaki. the learned say that the holy Sacrifice. without hear or recite this Parvan. with speeches fraught with panegyrics. Wind. however. of thy Why dost thou grieve for now ?' "Vaisampayana continued. A become pleased. and grain. is And all since it is that god who hath These been ing it glorified in this Parvan. Thinking destiny and necessity to be all powerful. making the hair stand on end. which is like unto a sacrifice. A Brahmana. both obtain. those effectual smiters. rejoice. Extolling king Yudhishthira. 'Hearing those evil tidings. Bharata. and Vrikodara the son of Pandu. the two Krishnas. indulging in melancholy began to console him. fruit of a great sacrifice duly performed. and others O among among the Pandus. and Bhava also. ever hear it wealth. would obtains obtain the fruit of having studied the . without malice.. seemed to lose his senses. and each of those other gods. and Dhrishtadyumna.

1 TEE KARNA PARVA FINIS .996 MAHABHABATA ! words of the great Rishi (Vyasa) can never be untrue The merit that be attained by listening to the recitation of the Kama Parvan is may equal to his who giveth away unceasingly for a whole year good cows " with calves.

the O monarch. resembling that between the gods and the Aswas.SALYA PARVA SECTION I Having bowed down unto Narayana and Nara. accompanied by the unslaughtered remnant of the kings on his side. though comforted by those reasons inculcated by the scriptures. putting forth his strength. . accompanied by that unslaughtered forces. Thinking of the slaughter of the Suta's soni he could not kings with excellent the Kuru king Regarding Destiny and Necessity firmly resolved on battle. sena. fled away from the field of battle and penetrated into the depths of a terrible lake from fear of his enemies. Then king Duryodhana. to his camp. Oh Kama. On the afternoon of that day. slaughtered the Panchala troops in the night. having lost all his friends and kinsmen. slew him summoned Duryodhana After Duryodhana's slaughter. "After the fall of Kama.' obtain peace of mind. speedily. what did the small (unslaughtered) remnant vas did. "After Kama. Oh Kama. and having obliged him to come out. and the goddess Saraswati. into an ocean of grief and saw despair on every Indulging in incessant lamentations. causing the lake to be Aswatthaman and Kripa and Kritavarman). Dhrita- son Suyodhana was plunged deep side. On next morning.. to be all-powerful. in battle of the by Kaura- Beholding the army (of the Pandavas ) and energy. the three car-warriors (of the Kuru side) that wete still unslain ( viz. filled with rage. Then. at last lost a large number of his troops and was slain by Yudhishthira at mid-day. with listening to the grand feats of my ancestors. O monarch. ? I I desire to hear all am never satiated Tell me. O king. he proceeded with great difficulty 'Alas. Janamejaya said. proceeded for battle. what behaviour did the Kuru prince Suyodhana adopt towards the Pandavas. Having duly made Salya of his the generalissimo of his forces." Vaisarapayana rashtra's said. that bull among kings. must the word JAYA be uttered. Alas. Then Salya. O foremost of regenerate this. having made a great carnage in battle. saying. had thus been slain Savyasachin. a terrible between the tryops of the Kurus and those of the place Pandavas. O chief of Bharata's race. O monarch. Bhima- remnant battle took encompassed by many mighty car-warriors. thinking it suitable to the swelling with might O regenerate one? hour ones. the most exalted of male beings.

All the kings and monarch. O . Oh king 1 The whole hearing of city. the princes have been also lias been slain by the son With his thighs brokeni O monarch.. all the people.. entered the abode of the king and beheld that foremost of monarchs. sent forth notes of lamentation from every side. The Northerners have of all been all slain. the Panchalas. having set out from the camp. The Suta their senses gone. the Duryodhana's then be- We about. the translation would run. powerful. Similarly Suvala's son Sakuni. the Mlechhas. in Alas. with heart filled with grief. since all our allies. have been destroyed. and the Yavanas. erners. deeply agitated. hath been slain. that chief of Bharata's race. have also been slain. have been slain by the PandavasV Seeing Sanjaya come back to the city. and prowess is fruitless. is he wept aloud. 'lam Sanjaya. king. all us are ruined by the slaughter of that high-souled monarch. viz. death. O king and the Prabhadrakas. The heroic and mighty son of Kama. O Bharata. O bull of Bharata's race. Destiny is allT. All the Samsaptakas. I bow to thee. Salya hath been slain. entered the city ( the Kuru with grief and sorrow. as also the West- O O ruler men. said unto him. O king. have been slain. having wisdom for his eyes. seated. that All the men ( that had been assembled ) 1 The Bombay edition reads the first line of 17 differently. and Uluka. slain. Filled with grief. O tiger among mem held all including the very children. and engaged in thinking on that very subject. 'Alas. and the Chedis. and those tiger among men. viz. O Janamejaya. viz.' men and women running Sanjaya then.2 Sanjaya. the Mountaineers. weepingly and in a voice choked with tears. the Suta Sanjaya. hath been O king. wept loudly. raising his arms in grief.. O king ! Alas. capital ). O tiger among men.. entered palace of the king. the death of Kama. The Easterners have been slain. and with limbs the trembling. surrounded by his daughters-in-law and Gandhari and Vidura and by other friends and kinsmen that were always his well-wishers. covered with blood. MAHABHABATA cheerless and filled the city. O monarch. and resembling people that are demented. filled with great anxiety. he also lieth now on slain. Thy sons have all been slain as also the (five) sons of Draupadi. Beholding the sinless monarch. and crooked his course. and all the Southerners. the dust. as also the unvanquished Sikhan- Uttamaujas and Yudhamanyu. O tiger of among men. deeply afflicted with grief. 'Alas. saying. O best of kings. The ruler of the Madras. after of Pandu the King Duryodhana manner he had vowed. that valiant son of the gamester (Sakuni). the Kamvojas together with the Sakas. O tiger among men. If reading be accepted. Time all-powerful. Having entered the Suta Sanjaya. Vrishasena. that lord of men. viz. saying. endued with might equal to that of Sakra himself. Dhrishta- dyumna din. in that distressful plight.

mind hath become All greatly unsettled. the world.8ALYA PABVA have been warriors. addressed Vidura. Vidura also. Making Duryodhana and his hostility (towards the Pandavas) the cause. O monarch. O bull of Bharata's race. O best of kings. and Drona's son. O thou of great wisdom. On the side of the Pandavas seven are alive. celebrity. Then Sanjaya cheerlessly . turned his face on every side. All the carmen. O monarch. as also Gandhari of great fame. I am lordless ing the king so afflicted. all his kinsmen. like a snake put into a jar. and all the steeds. that ruler of men. as also those friends. now consists of only women. the king. Earth. the ladies retire. among on thy side. hearing those cruel words.' Having said these r he once more fell down. repeatedly trembling slowly dismissed those ladies retired. the ladies. sons. O best of kings. that lord of Vaisampayana continued. 'O learned Kshattri. sighing heavily. 'Let all did the same. and said these words unto Kshattri bull (Vidura). deprived of his senses. art now my refuge. Gandhari also. rashtra. they are the five (Pandava) brothers. fell down on the Earth. and Kritavarman. thou. slowly and with covered his senses. of great fame. Kripa. afflicted with sorrow on account of the death of his sons. that foremost of victors.. O monarch. and all these friends. suddenly fell down on the ground. having repeatedly swooned. Sanjaya also wept aloud. Having rewith trembling limbs and sorrowful heart. As soon as the king fell down. deprived of his senses. O best of men. 8 All the elephants O tiger Very few are alive and the Kauravas having encountered each other. of all the Akahauhinif mustered on thy side. sprinkled cold water over him and fanned him with fans. All the ladies too. the world. O ruler of men. deprived of their senses and raving deliriously. In consequence of the Pandavas seems.' Thus addressed. beholding the king deeply afflicted. by Time. have fallen in battle. Dhritarashtra. and all the Kuru ladies. remained silent. on the Earth. afflicted with the calamity represented by the death of his difficulty regained his life-breaths. that were present there. O bull of Bharata's all O chief of the Bharatas. beholdof Bharata's race. it have been destroyed. slain. are all that survive. That entire conclave of royal persons remained lying on the ground. saying. that lord of Earth. Then king Dhritarashtra. afflicted with sorrow on account of the king's distress. These are the survivors. hath been destroyed. like figures painted on a large piece of canvas. Beholding him fallen. O monarch. stupefied by Time. with Gandhari of great After a long while. Comforted after a long while. the rest have perished. and Vasudevai and Satyaki and while amongst the Dhartarashtras three are so viz. Vidura. Dhritafell down. My race. O lord. These three car-warriors. O monarch. O and destitute of all my sons.' " "Hearing these cruel words.

will now. and that respectfulness ? Invincible as thou wert in battle. he said these words. king. O then. deprived of life. Exhaling breaths that resembled smoke. O monarch. loss that the Pandavas are safe and have suffered no in battle. clasping my neck 'Command me. O sire. hast thou been slain by the Parthas? that me am blind and old ? O Who father. Deprived Where now. great have waked from sleep at the proper hour. Bhagadatta and Kripa and Salya and the two princes of Avanti and Jayadratha and Bhurisravas and Sala and Somadatta and Valhika O . with moistened eyes. since Without doubt. abandoning me that am Come. I heard even these words from thy lips. O monarch. "Dhritarashtra said. and reflecting a little. how. O Sanjaya. is that compassion of thine. alas. to indulge in lamentations. began. comforted that ruler of men who was sighing scorcher of foes.4 MAHABHABATA was weeping who. in affliction. abandoning all the assembled kings dost thou lie on the bare ground. great grief that I 'Alas. I fail to obtain peace of mind. my hard heart is it breaketh not upon hearing of Thinking of their ages. plunged into grief greater than that which had afflicted him before. I became exceedingly glad. O hero. Dhritarashtra. being overwhelmed with grief on O account of the distress that has overtaken them. O king without a protector now. manhood. the viz. senses. "After the ladies had been dismissed. where dost thou go now. O Lord of the world and affectionately king. of kings of thee. in incessantly. intelligence is fraught with all hear from thee. viz. made the of the essence of thunder. Vidura great sweet words. my heart seems to break into pieces. to (Duryodhana) O mighty-armed one. sports in childhood. that have been slain and divested of prosperity and Hearing to-day energy. Address me. O son. having recovered his With joined hands. come. 'This wide Earth is as much ours as it is of Pritha's son. the son of Amvika." SECTION II Vaisampayana said. O Suta. the refuge of kinsmen and friends.. and of their and learning to-day that all of them have perished. after I will in repeatedly address me O father. looked at the king. like an ordinary and wretched king ? Having been. them in consequence of the affection one of early feels for his children- Hearing that they had passed out of childhood and entered the period of youth and then sinless one. such endearing and respectful words as.. and repeatedly waving his arms. will seek my orders. Although in consequence of my blindness I never saw their forms. that love. still I cherished a great love for fall of my sons. in that sweet language once more* O dear child. what will be my plight ? Why. thou of Kuru's race. saying. O monarch.

he has told me. and Jalasandha of Puru's race. will slay O monarch. When what can it be but Destiny 1 When king Alamvusha. away their very lives in great battle. Even one amongst these. have taken up arms for my sake. and the mighty-armed Alamvusha and the great car-warrior Suvahu. I will the Panchalas and the Chedis. All the heroic kings will then live under is my sway. He who their viz. O king. has been slain. is able I to resist in battle the all Pandavas rushing to- wards him. battle. ? . I believed that the Pandavas would be slain in battle. viz. has been slain in battle by the Pandavas. What need say then of whom has wrong to avenge will fight these heroes. excited with rage. in them leader. as also Srutayush. Vinda and Anuvinda) have been slain.. and Ayutayush. and Sudakshina the ruler of the Kamvojasand the king of the Trigartas and the grandsire Bhishma and Bharadwaja's son and Gotama's son (Kripa) and Srutayush and Ayutayush and Satayush of great energy. and exerting themselves vigorously in battle. it Sudakshina has been slain. What can it be 1 what can be but Destiny When but Destiny Vrihadvala has been slain and the mighty king of and the valiant Ugrayddha. has been slain by what can it be but Destiny? When Bhurisravas battlei as also Somadatta and king Valhika. has been slain in it weapons offensive and defensive. when the two princes of Avanti (viz. O Suta. every one of on the Pandavas. having encountered it Sikhandin. O king.' Even in this way. and the Rakthasa .. Stationed fight on the 6eld amidst against all the Parthas and and surrounded by my brothers. that type of all bowmen the Magadhas. met with his death like a lion meeting with his at the hands of a jackal. however. with myself. will not. when united together ? All these. that master of all the Pandavas in battle. and when Jayadratha hath been slain. what can that lord of the world. the mighty Vasudeva. skilled in fight from the backs ? elephants. and the ruler also of the Trigartas. prepared to cast these. that foremost of all wieldets it be but Destiny 1 of weapons. my sons stationed in the midst of those heroes. O best of monarch?. O tiger among kings. and the sons of Draupadi and Satyaki and Kunti-Bhoja and the Kakahaaa Ghatotkacha. and Jalasandha and Rishyasringa's son and the Rahshasa Alayudha.8ALYA PABVA 6 and Aswatthaman and the chief of the Bhojas and the mighty prince of Magadha and Vrihadvala and the ruler of the Kasis and Sakuni the son of Suvala and many thousands of Mlechhat and Sakas and Yavanas.. these and numerous other kings. what can it be but Destiny ? When the Brahmana Drona. as also numerous Sanuaptakas. did Duryodhana often use to speak to me. what can be but Destiny of When Bhagadatta. with the followers of the Pandavas and Kama alone. put on mail for them. When. what can The mighty Pandya. Hearing what he said. have all been slain. the valiant be but Destiny ? When Bhishma. will slay the Pandavas.

Old as I am. have been but Destiny ? When the Narayanas have been Gopalas. r was the Suta's son. and many thou- sands of Mlechhas. how shall I be able to bear the roars of that Bhimasena who hath alone slain a hundred sons of mine in battle ? He will frequently speak of the slaughter of Duryodhana in grief and sorrow. and burning with grief. man takes his birth. That man who is possessed of good fortune meets with good. that bull of Bharata's race once more enquired of his charioteer Sanjaya. I shall not be able to bear my hearing. I am bereft of good fortune. What can be but Destiny Without doubt. subject to Destiny. and Rishayasringa's son. and. "Even thus that king. I will go into the else than an exile into the woods can be better for me into this plight and who am shorn of my wings. Having wept for a long while Dhritarashtra. what can it it be but Destiny Endued with great might. Bhishma was slain at the van of battle by the diadem-decked Arjuna in the very Even thus was Drona slain in the sight of ye all." grief Vaisampayana continued. Nothing of relatives who am Sanjaya. that through the fault of Duryodhana. slain. Alayudha.6 MAHABHABATA slain. the population of the Earth and the Suta's son ? . the details of what had happened. breathed heavy and hot sighs at the thought of his defeat. as also my friends and brethren. 'After Bhishma and Drona had been slain. O Sanjaya. the son of Amvika. Deprived woods. how shall I now submit to the sway of enemies ? I do not think anything else lord. what can it be but Destiny ? When innumerable high-souled heroes. also the were invincible be but Destiny ? in battle." "Dhritarashtra said. burning with and deprived of relatives and kinsmen. have been slain. have heen slain. am deprived of my children. slain by Arjuna in the thus Long before. the son of Gavalgana. that hero atthe head of his forces. realms. fallen to be good for me. Even sight of ye all. accomplished in all kinds of weapons offensive and defensive and endued with prowess equal to that of Sakra when Kshatriyas hailing from diverse himself. his cruel Burning with words. whom did my warriors make their The Pandavas are slaying without any delay every one generalissimo whom my warriors are making their generalissimo in battle. what can When Sakuni. O Sanjaya. O than exile into the woods I and kinsmen as When Duryodhana had been slain. when Salya has been when Dussasana and jVivingsa and the mighty Vikarna have been slain. called the gamester's son. the son of Suvala. Overwhelmed with sorrow. swooned. ? have all been slain in battle. those troops that it what can as it be slain. and the mighty Uluka. my sons and grandsons have been ? slain. O Suta . the high-souled Vidura had told me sight of all the kings. overwhelmed with sorrow on account of the death of his sons. also overthrown. repeatedly. therefore. O am. that valiant Kama.

of human beings in battle subsequent to Kama's death. be slain. for the words he uttered were nothing but the truth. I did not then act according to those words. They then looked persons on the wide sea desirous of reaching some shore of safety. and after thy troops had been repeatedly rallied and had repeatedly fled away. Those words of Vidura have been even so unto my foolish self. and the kind of battle tion.BALYA PABVA T would be exterminated. After the Suta's son had been slain by the illustrious son of Pandu. was slain by the diadem-decked Arjunai they were like protector ing his prowess. once more after Kama's fall ? Who was that car-warrior who proceeded against Arjuna and Vasudeva ? Who were they that protected the right wheel of the ruler of the Madras in battle ? Who protected the left wheel of that hero when he went to battle ? Who also guarded his the mighty rear? How. Krishna and Satyaki). The fruits of that have now manifested themselves. struck with O panic and mangled with arrows.' SECTION III Sanjaya said. Partha began to utter leonine hearts of thy in sons. Indeed king. thy troops. then said. ? Tell Tell me the details of great destruction the me how my son Duryodhana their fell in battle. Afflicted by fate. O Sanjaya. it was. and Krtpa and Kritavarman and Drona's son. when all of you were together. 'Hear.. Tell me and Dhrishtadyumna how all the Panchalas with and Sikhandin and the five sons of Draupadi. Tell me how the (five) Pandavas and the two Satwatas (viz. fell. men desirous of a protector or like a herd of deer afflicted Vanquished by Savyasachini they retired in the evening. What Vidura of righteous soul. Indeed. conversant with attributes of everything. were like unprotected by a lion. after At that time a great fear entered the Kama's death. with attention how that great carnage of the Kurus and the Pandavas occurred when they encountered each other. O king. the O Sanjayai by of the Pandavas Bharatas. There are some fools that do not see things even though they cast their eyes on them. Describe them to me. O Who became the head of our army son of Gavalgana. I desire to hear everything about the manner in which the battle occured followers. have escaped with life. could evil course ! king of the Madras. ' Thou art skilled. as also my son. hath turned out exactly. after the slaughter of the Suta's son. there was no warrior upon like thy army who Could set his heart rallying the troops or display- ship-wrecked merchants on the When their fathomless ocean without a raft to save themselves. and after a terrible carnage had taken place. roars. O foremost of men. in narra- Tell me everything. like bulls with broken horns or .

Many amongst them challenged two Pandava heroes. mentioning their names. proceeded slowly (for I When will forth valour in battle. thy sons. observant of the rules of fair fight. slaying Arjuna with Govinda. themselves thrown into confusion and mangled with keen arrows. and Dhrishtadyumna the son of Prishata. cut elephants whose riders had been slain. beheld the whole world to be full of Partha. Deprived of in mail. so becoming a hero and an honourable man. Duryodhana then. the rear of the army. his words of the driver slowly urged those steeds adorned with trappings of gold. afflicted with fear. and five and twenty thousand foot. aban- doning the foot-soldiers. MAHABHABATA Their foremost of heroes slain. did not fight with those Armed then with that heavy mace of foes who were on the ground. All of them fought vigorously with the Bhima and Prishata's son. Partha then will never be able therefore. thinking It is me whom Vibhatsu is pursuing it is me whom Vrikodara is pursuing. Urge the steeds. Relying on the might of his own arms. many great car-warriors fled away from fear. Bhima slew them all like Yama slaughtering creatures with his club. Surrounded by them in battle. his Beholding saying. To-day. Many fell down or became pale. excited with great rage. upon the slaughter weapons and coats of which direction of the Suta's son. many of them began to slaughter one another. O sire. all of them lost their senses and knew not Casting their eyes on all sides in fear. fled away in fear.8 snakes shorn of their fangs. who was on his car. and bands of foot were smashed and slain by bodies of horses as these fled away from the field* After thy troops became like stragglers from a caravan in a forest abounding with robbers and beasts of prey. he began to fight. having lost . on fleet elephants.' Hearing these Kuru king. filled with wrath. his that was made entirely of iron and adorned with gold and equipt with a sling. battled Then Bhimasena. with cries 'If I take up my post at bow. At that time many brave warriors deprived of elephants and steeds and cars. and others whose trunks had been off. put my Dhananjaya the son of Kunti will not venture to transgress me like the the ocean never venturing to transgress its continents. troops flying away afflicted with the fear of Bhimasena. addressed his driver. Some riding on fleet steeds. Bhima became enraged with them. of Oh and Ala. and the rest of my foesi I will free myself from the debt I owe to Kama. armed with my to transgress me. horsemen were crushed by great car-warriors. encompassing those troops with the assistance of four kinds of forces. Quickly descending from his car. and some to fly. Some the fall of the Suta's son. Vrikodara the son of Kunti. with speed. some on fleet cars. Those foot-soldiers. Cars wer ebroken by elephants. and that resembled the Destroyer himself as he becomes at the end of Yuga. and the proud Vrikodara. destroyed them with shafts. armed with his mace. O king.

all endued with great strength. whereupon a fierce car-warrior Satyaki. (viz. O monarch. speedily slew that brave division and stood triumphant. O monarch. viz. and the battle in fled away king. towards Bhima like insects towards a blazing Indeed those warriors. enveloped the scene. the (five) sons of Draupadi. and kinsmen. speedily among Gandhara king who was quick in Chekitana and appeared to our view. Bhima careered like a hawk and slaughtered those five and twenty thousand warriors of Having slain that brave division. Then the mighty Savjasachin. he shrouded that remnant of thy forces with arrows. beholding a Pandava) heroes pursued and smote bulls. those them like bulls pursuing vanquished the son of Pandu. Meanwhile Dhananjaya of great energy proceeded towards the car-division (of the Kurus). O kingi penetrated into the midst of the car division of the Kauravas. however. sire. that was then raised. filled with rage and invincible in battle.. suddenly perished like living creatures at the glance of the Destroyer. blew their conches. At sight of Dhrishtadyumna unto whose car were yoked steeds white as pigeons and whose standard was made of a lofty Kovidara. the Panchalas. stretching his bow Oandiva celebrated over the three worlds. the troops away in fear. those Pandava heroes quickly rushed against Sakuni himself. were prepared to throw away their lives. Beholding all the troops flying away with their faces O from the field. cheerfully rushed Sakuni with great speed from desire of slaying him. was a mighty bowman possessed of great beauty and a crusher of large bands of foes. Having against slain with keen shafts the numerous cavalry of Sakuni. Suddenly. The son of the Panchala king. Beholding that car having battle white steeds yoked unto it and owning Krishna for its driver coming towards them. with Arjuna as the warrior on it. the celebrated Dhrishtadyumna. of prowess incapable of being baffled. Armed with sword and mace. Deprived of cars and steeds and pierced with shafts from every side. was covered with arrows.. with Satyaki the them. the mighty Bhima. Thy troops.SALYA PABVA their 9 and rushed fire. When his army was thus broken. field of Darkness also spread over the scene. was fought there. having slain a large number of thy troops. fled The celebrated sons of Madri. rushed against both friends and foesi Kuru O Then 2 . friends in that battle approaching Bhimasena. The dust. once more stood. with Dhrishtadyumna before him. engaged in the pursuit of the use of weapons. The twin sons of Madri and the mighty thine. Then that mighty car-warrior amongst Dhrishtadyumna) with Bhimasena at his head. the monarch. in consequence of which we could not see anything. O king. thy troops fled away in fear. then fear on all sides. remnant of thy army still keeping their ( ground. Then Dhananjaya. five and twenty thousand foot-soldiers proceeded towards Partha and surrounded him. became filled with rage.

therefore. and prepared to fly away. exceedingly fierce. Then commenced a battle once more. 'I do not see that spot on plain or mountain whither. thy son. a death. fearlessly smote his foes with The prowess that we then saw of thy son was exceedingly wonshafts. however. The latter. the great Kshatriya car-warriors once more rushed against that was the Pandavas. rushed against the roaring Duryodhana. The two Krishnas have been exceedingly mangled. upbraiding him repeatedly and shooting diverse weapons. and the elephants and foot-soldiers. if ye fly. is for our good. unable to endure their defeat and firmly resolved to put forth their prowess. seeing the field of battle assume an aspect as awful as that of the 1 sporting grouud of Rudra. Nida. addressed those warriors. like the Pandavas to battle. derful. exceedingly mangled with shafts. however. a all eternal happiness in the other Let the Kshatriyas assem- were better that they should even submit to the power of the angry Bhimasena than that they should abandon the duties practised by them from the days of their ancestors. saying. is pleasant. since all the Pandavas together were unable to transgress him.'' SECTION IV 1 Sanjaya said. . the Pandavas. Thy son Duryodhana monarch. between thy troops and the enemy. his troops. ye in fight according to Kshatriya practices. resolved on battle -and desirous of gladdening them. It act more is sinful for a Kshatriya than flight from battle. the Pandavas What is the use then in flight ? The Pandava army will not slay ye. O monarch. O slain in battle. have victory.10 MAHABHARATA all Duryodhana challenged race. of battle. observing the inglorious end T. "Beholding the fallen boxes of cars as also the cars of high-souled warriors. a niche or box for the driver. there not a better path to heaven than the duty The warrior acquires in a day regions of bliss ( in the other world ) that take many long years for others to acquire. and that resembled the one between the gods and the Asuras. staying at a little distance from him. sire. Death in battle. If all of us make fly a stand here. O chief of Bharata's the Asura Vali in The Pandavas then. and filled with rage.' Fulfilling those words of the king. O headed by Yudhishthira. There is no bled here listen to me. hath now been reduced to a small remnant. Such death properson enjoys duces no kind of grief. rushed against the Pandavas then. Death in the field of battle while engaged If. pursuing your sinful selves. Rallying them then. with all his troops. By encountering such world. will slay ye all. Ye Kauravas. we are certain to away. uniting together days of yore challenging all the celestials. breaking your array. At this time Duryodhana beheld.

our heart will die away within us. Urged on by Krishna. regards ourselves. and their limbs decked with gold. and the twang gods. approaching his Ape-bearing standard that is lofty as an Indra's pole (set up in the season of spring) and that is effulgent as Indra's bow. shall we that mighty-armed hero is incapable of being defeated by the very The vast (Kaurava) host. approached king Dnryodhana. have all gone to regions of blessedness attainable by persons conversant with Brahma casting off their bodies. Having recourse to that path. practices fights with son. Moving like flashes of and blinding our eyes. it. O hearing also the loud crushed. even then Vibhatsu could not be vanquished. shaken. were deliberating as to what they should next do. Having heard them. erous accomplishments. he is slaughtered is there flies is great merit in field. do thou act according to them. and in battle. that is the : better than the duty of battle. and thy son Lakshmana. Arjuna's Gandiva is seen to resemble a Decked with pure gold. that formidable bow as it is circle of fire. the adoption of Kshatriya as Unto regards this. there for this that great of sin in he from the living It is the life a is duties say person desirous of exceedingly terrible. deprived of those great car-warriors possessed of num- have to pass out time in grief. they bear Arjuna . hath always trembled in fear. looks lightning's flash moving about on every side. possessed of years and good conduct and filled with compassion. He who sire. O Bharata. Kshatri- O bull of the Kshatriya order. having caused numerous kings to perish. arc yoked unto his car. There is no path. lives in the observance of Kshatriya sister's son. At the leonine roars of Bhimasena and the blare of Panchajanya. like the masses of clouds of Qandiva. wails of the Kaurava warriors that were being and marking the displayed and disordered tokens of great Kuru leader Kripa of great energy. kings. O monarch. yas. Steeds white in hue and possessed of great speed and endued with the splendour of the Moon or the Ka$a grass. O sinless one. Having Krishna. filled with anxiety and fallen into great distress. Bharata. and that run devouring the skies. for his eyes. O sinless one. and angrily said these words unto him 'O Duryodhana. if it please thee. relatives. by thee. witnessing also the prowess of Partha after the retreat of thy son with grief-stricken heart and when thy troops. I will a few beneficial words. it u' and kinsmen. As . to these words that I will say unto thee. After the fall of Bhishma and Drona and the mighty car-warrior Kama. after the slaughter of Jayadratha and thy brothers. listen. brother. and endued with eloquence. O monarch. When all those heroes were alive. engage in battle. driven by the wind.SALYA PABVA obtained by hundreds and 11 thousands of kings. lighting. If and maternal uncle. Similarly. what is there now for us to do ? They upon whom we had rested all burdens of sovereignty we had been enjoying.

unto the righteous Pandavas.. with great care. While terrifying all the warriors with the twang of his bow. burnt that great force of thine like a swelling conflagration consuming dry grass in the forest in the season of winter.. viz. be accomof the army the Pandavas. where was I. in the midst O monarch. have fallen into great danger. viz. Savyasachin. mustered bull of Bharatogether a large force. of Oandiva robbeth us of our energies. where was Drona with all his followers. viz. thy The diverse divisions of autumnal clouds dispersed by the wind. (when Jayadratha was slain) ? Upon beholding Jayadratha and finding him within the range of his arrows. Where was the Suta's son. O Bharata. for O . Possessed of the splendour of Indra himself. difficult to be defeated. without any cause. at his pleasure. putting forth his prowess upon all thy kinsmen and brothers and allies and maternal uncles. That vast force as also thyself. where was Hridika's son. The twang. The fruits of those acts have now come. Arjuna. was vigorously wielder of Qandiva. we have those two bulls among all persons armed with the bow. The mighty-armed Arjuna of white steeds will. For the sake of thy own objects thou hadst. like a blazing conflagration amid heap of grass. Arjuna. or like a river that is dried up with all the trees on its banks broken by elephants. the two is Krishnas. MAHABHABATA That foremost of all persons conversant with arms. again. O monarch. slew king Jayadratha in the very sight of is all. would split all the mountains or dry up all the oceans. Satyaki and Bhimasena. Preserve thy own self now. we have seen Dhananjaya to resemble an elephant agitating a lake overgrown with lotuses. clad in mail. are looking exceedingly beautiful. again seen the son of Pandu to resemble a lion inspiring smaller animals with dread. ta's race. The words that Bhima spoke of the assembly have all been nearly accomplished by him. where wert thou. This army of thine that is now without a leader is like a night without the Moon. career amid this thy a masterless host. plished by him. Ye have done many protected by the foul wrongs. of those are being slaughtered in the midst of this fight. Those two foremost of bowmen in all the worlds. To-day that the seventeenth day of this awful battle. and placing his feet upon their heads. What now then that there for us to do now ? Who Pandu is there among thy troops would vanquish the son of ? That high-souled warrior possesses diverse kinds of celestial weapons. While agitating thy army and inspiring the kings with fear. The impetuosity of those two.. That which remains unaccomplished While Kama was battling before will again it. while penetrating into our ranks* we have seen Dhananjaya to look like an elephant with four tusks. where thy army are broken and dispersed like brother Dussasana accompanied by his brothers. caused thy army to tremble and reel like a tempest-tossed boat exposed on the bosom of the ocean.18 to battle.

Thou will recollect king. obey. breathing long and hot breaths. At the request of Vichitraviryya's son and of Govinda. These beneficial and excellent words. done everything for me. Kripa the son of Saradwat said these words weepingly. foi do not say this unto thee from any say. he will allow you to continue as king. be beneficial. all of them will. Breathing long and hot breaths." SECTION V by the celebrated grandson of Gotama. O monarch. nor will the son of Pandu be able to transgress those of Krishna. The world has seen thee penetrate into the midst of the Pandava divisions and fight with the mighty car- warriors of the Pandavas endued with great energy. that scorcher of foes. O protecting my life. Advanced in years. be able to transgress the words of Dhritarashtra of Kuru's race. I think peace with the Pandavas is for our good. We are now inferior to the sons of Pandu as regards the strength of our army. do not seem acceptable to me. He that is being O weakened should seek peace by conciliation. O lord. Thy words. is soon divested of his kingdom and never obtains any good. that which regard to these words when thou will be on the point of death (it thou neglectest mean motives nor them now). Deprived by us of his kingdom (on a former occasion). thou hast said unto me. Whatever Hrishikesa will say unto the victorious king Yudhishthira and Arjuna and Bhimasena. the king (Duryodhana). the high-souled Sanjaya said. of Pritha is A cessation of hostilities I with the sons I what I I consider to be for thy good. I think. This is the policy taught by Vrihaspati. then said these words unto Saradwat's son Kripa -. O . remained silent. O foremost of Brahmanas. without caring for thy very life. He that does not know what is for his good or (knowing) disregards what is for his good.SALYA PABVA self is 13 thing inhering thereto the refuge of everything. If by bowing unto king Yudhishthira sovereignty may still remain to us. do not please me like medicine that ill pleases the person that is on the point of death. even that would be for our good. If the refuge is broken. sire.Whatever a friend should say. Therefore. Yudhishthira is compassionate. Krishna will not. He that is growing should make war. That mighty king was once defeated by us at dice. to sustain through folly defeat ( at the hands of the Pandavas). hast said. everyis scattered on every side. Thou hast also. That which should be said by a friend has been said by thee. Having reflected for a little while. "Thus addressed son of Dhritarashtra. fraught with reason. however. that mighty-armed one. why will the son of Pandu repose his trust on us. and not. O king. whilst battling. Why will he again thou. he then gave way to sorrow and almost lost his senses. without doubt.

how shall I be able to enjoy. mail and armed Dhrishtadyumna and will Why those two. Krishna will never forget that act of ours. Draupadi plunged into distress.14 believe MAHABHABATA my words 7 1 So also. hath become very We miserable. Having heard of the slaughter of his sister's son. hath flamed up. Aban- doning honour and pride. in sorrow. O lord. Those best of O scorchers of foes. who still remember is the naked battle. Peace with them hath become imposssible in consequence of the slaughter of therefore. viz. Arjuna also. this is the time for peace. is exceedingly fierce. breathing animosity against us. The heroic twins. the princess Krishna was treated cruelly by raiment Dussasana in the midst of the assembly and before the eyes of all. viz. in consequence of Abhimanyu's death. however.. Brahmanas. That act of ours was exceedingly ill-judged. when clad in with their swords. with miserable men as my companions ? I do not hate those mild and beneficial words that thou hast spoken. Sikhandin have drawn their swords against me. Abhimanyu. He will break but not bend. On the other T. This is scorcher of foes. strive for my good ? While clad in a single and in her season. Formerly it was heard by us that the two Krishnas have the same heart between them and are firmly united with each other. a kingdom in peace ? Having shone like the Sun upon the heads of all the kings. That fire can never be quenched. Kesava passeth his nights in have offended him highly. He has made a terrible vow. . ever engaged in the good of the Parthas. how shall I lead a miserable life now. will Hrishikesa trust my words ? The princess Krishna. To fight righteously policy. Why then. undergo- ing the austerest of penances for my destruction and the success of the objects cherished by her husbands. Why will he forgive us then ? sorrow. Having also enjoyed the sovereignty of this Earth bounded by the ocean.. Krishna. I. Even if solicited. resemble a pair of Yamas. O regenerate one. how shall I walk behind Yudhishthira like a slave? Having enjoyed all enjoyable articles and shown great compassion. Krishna. when he came to us as an envoy. wept piteously. was deceived by us. the uterine is sister of Vasudeva (Subhadra) always serving Draupadi as veritable waiting-woman. O 1 A triplet in the Bengal texts. and sleepeth every day on the bare groundi intending to do so till the end of the hostilities is attained. what I regard to be good not the time for acting like a eunuch. while standing in the midst of the assembly. Drupada. why will he strive for my good ? The second son of Pandu. under favour of the Pandavas. nor that act. do not think that is. Pandavas. can the daughter of never be dissuaded from Then again. the mighty Bhimasena. To-day. Everything. the deprivation of thira Yudhish- by us of his kingdom. we have seen it with our eyes.

Possessed of great courage and conversant with excellent weapons. have now become the denizens of Indra's abode. joyfully gaze at such heroes when engaged in battle. I have listened to Vedic recitations. obtaining the companionship of those that have attained to the highest end. who had. who had exerted themselves vigorously for my sake in this battle. and by no other means. Death on one's bed at home is highly sinful. without doubt. We will now ascend the path that is trod by the celestials and by heroes unare performers of sacrifices. the meaning will be 'once . That road will difficult in consequence of the crowds of heroes that 1 will for reaching that blessed goal. Many brave kings. The man who casts away his body in the woods or 'in battle after having performed He is no man who dies miserably weepsacrifices. The death that a Kshatriya meets with at home is censurable. What becomes of kingdom. Remembering with grati> 1 Some If bhabet. I have obtained the attainment of all my wishes. have been slain. the retreat truth. is in heaven. by righteous battle. Mangled with arrows and their limbs bathed in blood. I dare not. I have performed many sacrifices. by disease and decay. Religion and debt to the I have paid off my profit and pleasure I have pursued. My servants have all been well cherished foremost of by me. that is 15 time for the battle. which has been taken by our venerable grandsire. there is no happiness here. Pitria and to Kshatriya duty. proceed to the regions of Sakra. viz. kinsmen. heroes of are from who righteous behaviour. in the midst of crying Abandoning diverse objects of enjoymenti I shall now. and of who the sacrifice weapons. again. performed sacrifices as ordained in the scriptures. texts read durgamo hi sukham bhabet for durgamo hi punarthe former reading be accepted. that path. Without doubt. dom. and by Dussasana. Without ing in pain. I have given away Dakthinas to Brahmanas. habitation of battle. obtains great glory. the Pitria behold them worshipped in the assembly of the gods and rejoicing in heaven.. and what of good name ? Fame is all that one should acquire here. by the preceptor endued with great intelligence. They have paved once more be hurry along it the way (to that blessed region). address such humble words to the Pandavas. O conquered foreign kingdoms. who never with intelligence and devoted to gifted who have been sanctified in The diverse tribes of Apsarat. I have regenerate one. those kings. by Jayadratha. That fame can be obtained by battle. they lie now on the bare Earth. returning from battle. I have properly governed my own king. by Kama. in the company of Apsaras. Certainly. I have relieved people in distress. I have enjoyed diverse kinds of enjoyable articles. having cast off their life-breaths in the discharge of their duties. afflicted doubt.8ALYA PABVA hand. I have walked upon the heads of my foes.

all lorded it over the universe It will in that way. All of them then. ). all Once more own selves as well as one another. and firmly resolved being determined to upon displaying their prowess. and bowing down unto the son of Pandu ? I having caused friends my who have ven by dhana.16 MAHABHABATA off If. . inspired with fright by the Pandavas desirous of victory. I desire to pay the debt I owe them. tude the feats of those heroes that have died for me. in the presence of Salya.' Excellent' Thus addressed by Duryoat all the Kshatriyas there 'Excellent. T. Kauravas. were allowed to go on. will now acquire hea- fair fight. saying. after having made some one the generalissimo of thy army. "On that table-land at the foot of of O monarch. What kind of sovereignty will that be which I will enjoy. took ( up two Yojanat distant from the field. I save my own life. that road will become easy in consequence of the crowds of heroes that will hurry along it for reaching that blessed goal. they continued to wait rallying their (on their resting ground). Himavat. became filled with enthusiasm. those Kshatriyas. failed to obtain peace anywhere else than on the mountains of Himavat. instead of ceasing." O king. not be otherwise. Sanjaya said. these words. Indeed Salya and Chitrasena and the bled together. the their quarters at the prospect of battle. all fight. applauded that speech and cheered the king. and brothers and grandsires to be slain. delighting them. who were resolved on battle.' Duryodhana. instead of fixing my heart upon kingdom. 'It behoveth thee to fight with the enemy. duly worshipped the king and said unto him. in that case. the world will without doubt. destitute of kinsmen and friends and well-wishers. Then difficult. delighting at the battle After the heroic Kama had been slain in battle. passed mighty car-warrior Sakuni and Aswathaman and Kripa and Kritavarnun of the Satwata race. and Sushena and Arishtasena and Dhritasena of great energy and Jayatsena and all these kings passed the night there. O king. Having groomed their animals. censure me. they bathed in that water and quenched their thirst with it. urged by fate. waited (in their encamp- ment SECTION VI warriors. protected by whom in battle we will vanquish our foes'. Without grieving for their of defeat. if the battle. Having reached the Saraswati of red waters on the sacred and beautiful table-land at the foot of Himavat. those and assemprospect the night. Their for the night ) at a spot a little less than spirits raised by thy son. thy sons. would be bald to be alluding to the many Kshatriyas that would yet die for obtaining regions of bliss in the other world.

I apprehend. of eyes resembling the petals of a full-blown lotus. that one who has mastered ments. and beautiful nails. he is superior. he has taken up our side. all 'Thou. Owning a large force of his own. upon a wife not born of woman. may vanquish the Pandavas ?' "(Thus addressed). of head well-covered. that ocean of accomplishfaultless Aswatthaman. he was an ocean of learning. and clever in every act.* He knew also the four Veda* with all their branches. placing whom at our head. in fame. Ever vanquishing his foes with great speed. the) celes1 These words occur lower down in verse 17. in having abandoned the sons of his own sister. and well-joined. all of us. is Bombay 3 A p add although Nilakantha notices the latter in bis gloss. himself not born of woman. Drona. with well-made joints. of a neck lines like those in a conch-shell. . in beauty of person. in energy. that hero conversant with all the rules of 3 battle. Possessed of every auspicious mark. O preceptor's son. equal unto Garuda or the wind in speed and might. of beautiful intelligence fingers. He knew. Aswatthaman. in prowess. that branches of learning. is Sarva yuddhavidhanajnam as some of the Bengal texts. without alighting from his 17 car. tread. fore. he was incapable of being forcibly vanquished by of four padas in all its details. of well-formed thighs and waist and hips. having worshipped the Three-eyed deity with great attention and austere vows. having a chest that was broad and well-formed. and of a face like that of the dignity of Meru. the son of Drona answered. massive. and not Sarvayuddhavibhavajnam. in The correct reading. of adorned with three sweet speech. the science of weapons consisting and ten Angas. an anga being a smaller T. and the Akhyanas as the fifth. eyes. endued with arms that were large. rivalling Usanas himself in and the Moon in beauty and form and charms of face. is Tell us. gifted with a splen- dour a like that of the rays of the Sun. as in the 2 edition. Possessed of beautiful limbs. or sub-division. that mighty-armed one is like a second (Kartikeya. begat him merit. division. and voice. united together. that one who is unrivalled in beauty Approaching that personage of unon Earth. rivalled feats. Mindful of the services rendered to him. (viz-.) who resembled the Destroyer himself in battle.8ALYA PABVA Duryodhana. he seemed to have been made by the Creator with care after collecting one after another all the beautiful and good attributes of creation. with body that seemed to be made of a number of golden lotuses. art today our highest refuge. 'Let Salya become the leader of our army. T. there- who to be the generalissimo of my forces now. a great division of a subject. resembling the bull of Mahadeva as regards neck. thy son told him these words. 1 (proceeded towards) that foremost of car-warriors. Possessed of great ascetic foes. In descent. and every other accomplishment.

O foremost O of kings. 'I is at thy service. accomplish that which thou askest me to accomplish. said these words unto Duryodhana in reply. surrounding Salya. I say this to thee. be thou our generalissimo at the van of our army. 'O mighty-armed Duryodhana. protect us in Skanda protected the gods in battle. rites ordained in the scriptures. 'I will. risen up in arms. O monarch.' Thus addressed (by Salya). After e.' After Drona'sson had said these words. alighting from his car. like Indra slaying the Danavaa. solicit thee with offer of the leadership of my army. the Pandavas. O foremost of eloquent men. in battle." SECTION VII Sanjaya said. There I will no doubt in this. cheerless. in the midst of his troops. will become the not be able to is form such an array that our enemies will overmaster it. O king. Asurat. O maternal uncle. said these words. fight.. according to the 1 i. joined his hands and joy. slay our foes in battle own self to be installed in the command as command of (the forces of) the celestials. with their friends. me 1 in might of arms. addressing Salya. they felt great Then Duryodhana. the valiant monarch (Salya). and the Panchalas will be depressed. The ID pouring sanctified water on the bead of the person . battle. with the whole world consisting of not. O Duryodhana. all the kings stood. art. "Hearing these words of the (Kuru) king. to be the foremost of car-warriors.' "Salya answered. Without doubt. after making the unvanquished Skanda their commander. on the ruler of the Madras. be able to gain victory. thyself cause thy Pavaka's son Kartikeya in the hero. king Duryodhana cheerfully poured sanctified water. O best of monarchs. together equal to say of the Pandavas ? When angry. ceremony consisted chosen T. O king of the Kurus. who was on his car. my lifebreath.18 tial MAHABHABATA generalissimo. and cried will we Having made up their minds for battle. when on their car.. formally invested him with the command of the army. O 1 best of the Bharatas. viz. at What of can the van however.' "Duryodhana said. I will vanquish the assembled I Parthas and the Somakas leader of thy troops. Thou regardest the two Krishnas. 'O thou that art devoted to friends. my wealth. like the gods. and men. that rival oi Drona and Bhishma in battle. without losing any time. Everything I have. my kingdom. When will become thou wilt proceed to battle. listen to me. in the guise of friends as to Brave as thou whether they are true friends or otherwise. They are need I gods. that time has now come for thy friends when intelligent men examine persons victory to him. even foremost of warriors. as comparably. Making that king the commander of our forces.

and Satyaki. Dhritarashtra' son. proceed to heaven. it. Knowing this that has happened. said these words. O king. Long life to thee Slay all the assembled foes Having ! ! obtained the might of thy arms. slain and the sons of Draupadi. the troops O giver of honours. 'Today. Let the Parthas. of vanquishing in battle the three worlds consisting of the gods. O bull of Bharata's race. in battle. will career on the field. doing what agree- able to thee. by Let the world behoU me today careering (on the field of battle) fearlessly. 'The ruler of is the highly regarded by all been made the leader of his forces by the warriors hath. for O lord. addressing him of Vrishni's race.. viz. 'Victory to thee. rule the wide Earth without a foe. sides. the mighty king of the Somakas and the Srinjayas that are Madrakas obtained great I joy that is unattainable by persons of unrefined souls- all the Panchalas them. Madras. T. and Vasudeva. O Madhava. as also the mighty car-warriors among the Madrakas. thy troops. felt Bharata's race.T' 2 Literally. is in battle. already Having obtained great joy. O bull of any grief on account of Karpa. among thy troops and diverse musical instruments also. O Kaurava. saying. and the strength of my arms. slept that night happily and became very cheerful. in the hearing of all the Kshatriyas. They regarded the Parthas as slain and brought under the power of the ruler of the Madras. and all the Siddhas. Hearing those shouts of thy army. what need be said of the mortal ?' Thus praised. O Bharata. O Madhava. "Salya said. king Yudhishthira. that ornament of battle. The Kaurava warriors became very cheerful. and all my prowess and the great might of my bow. and my quickness. the Aturaa. and Sikhandin. 'with all their foes slain. Salya. adopt diverse all To day I will rout the troops of the Pandavas on Surpassing Drona and Bhishma and I the Suta's son. behold of weapons I possess.' . do. behold today the strength that is in my arms and the wealth the Prabhadrakas. and Dhrishtadyumna." Sanjaya continued.SALYA PABVA Salya had been invested with the 1 10 loud leonine roars arose command. let the mighty car- warriors of the Pandavas. any longer no one among thy troops. or. And all of them praised the royal Salya. with the Charanas. O king. and the energy of my weapons. that great bowman who 1 for The Bombay edition reads. will either slay with the Pandavas in battle. desirous of counteracting courses of action. I think. ''After Salya had been invested with the command. Klithtarupai Hrishtarupaa. Today let all the sons of Pandu. let the Dhartarashtras endued with 3 Thou art capable great strength. were beat and blown. Beholding my prowess today. became cheerful and glad. Indeed. wrongly.

Hearing. Kesava." . O Bharata. delighted in consequence of the Its fever dispelled. He is accomplished. For this.20 MAHABHABATA Do said that which is beneficial. with thy followers. truly. abounding having reached the shore as it were. 'I that unto know Artayani. became very happy that night. do not behold a match for him that art possessed of is in battle save O tiger a tiger. O.' Then Vasudeva. do not sink. endued with the prowess of a lion or an elephant. will career fearlessly in battle like the Destroyer himself in wrath amongst creatures at the time of the I universal destruction. Upon the fall of the ruler of the his slaughter. viz. thee. he is highly illustrious. O sire. he is superior in might to Sikhandin and Arjuna and Bhima and Satyaki and Dhrishtato them. in of Kama. I think that the ruler of the Madras or perhaps. Endued with prowess and great energy. thou art certain to have victory. The king of the Madras. superior is in battle equal to I do not Bhishma or Drona or Kama. Save thee there whole of who. among men. against that mighty car-warrior of the O the ruler like Madras. in battle. like an elephant from whose of the Panchalas fall body the darts have been plucked out.Partha. in the print of a cow's hoof represented by Salya. O ruler of men. All those great bowmen. happily slept that night. would be able to slay the ruler of the son. O thou of mighty Vasava slaying the Asura Namuchi. Display in battle the whole of thy ascetic power and thy Kshatriya energy. Having crossed the fathomless oceans represented by Bhishma and Drona and Kama. Keeping the duties of a Kshatriya before thee. proceed. that hero is invincible in battle. he agitates thy troops. slept that night happily. conversant with all the modes of warfare. Treated with honour by Dhritarashtra's this world. and possessed of great lightness of hand. Upon of monarch. Day after day engaged in fight. slay the ruler of the Madras. even upon reflection. which should next be done. consequence of the victory. O monarch. like Maghavat slaying Sam vara. dismissing all his brothers and the Somakas. and the Pandavas.. that king. slay Salya in battle. In battle. O Madras while excited with wrath in battle. it had won by the slaughter of Kama. proceeded to his tent in the evening. thinking that this one is thy maternal uncle. O Bharata. dyumna. these mine now. prowess equal to that of no other person in either heaven or the son of Kuru's race. Madras words viz. showing any compassion here. Slay that warrior. Thou art our leader and protector. the vast Dhartarashtra host will be slain. that slayer of hostile heroes.' Having said these words. Slay that car-warrior. the army with great bowmen and mighty car-warriors of the Pandavas. O monarch. After Kesava had gone. find the warrior who may be a match for Salya while engaged in fight. king Yudhishthira the just. There is no need of arms. worshipped by the Pandavas.

The noise of musical instru- monarch. Salya. Soon. met thy son. foot-soldiers began to The elephants began to be equipt. The arm. for enhancing the martial enthusiasm the soldiers. and which great battle.SECTION VIII Sanjaya said. Hearing the command of the king.. Then all the troops. the Pandavas. 'Arm. with patience. presented the aspect of the vast deep swelling with its surges. of Bhishma and son. after Drona and Bhishma and the Suta's son had been thy overthrown. O king. of the son of Radha- Tell me now of the fall of Salya and of my How. was Salya slain by king Yudhishthira was my son Duryodhana slain by Bhimasena of great might ?" Sanjaya of "Hear. O chief of the Bharatas. the ruler of the Madras. thy son Duryodhana. "I have heard of the fall of Drona. in made such an understanding with one another Madras at their head and quickly proceeded all Similarly. Then all thy warriors. to stand. O Bharata. as describe ( to The hope became strong. with the Pandavas. others ran hither and thither. the warriors began to put on their armour. relying in battle upon that mighty car-warrior. whose noise resembled that of the agitated ocean. And will be stained with the five grave sins and all the minor sins. for with them on every side. O Bharata. were of seen. And they said. 'All of us. stood in divisions. the terraces of cars. distributing their troops.' they said. in the breasts of sons that. Others. Cherishing that hope in his heart. thee) the battle. will fight with the foe. viz. proceeded against seemed to be wonderful in consequence of its cars and elephants. with Kripa and Kritavarman and Drona's son and Salya and Suvala's son and the other kings that were yet alive. ye mighty carwarriors'. or he that will abandon a comrade engaged in fight. arose there. numbering thousands. regarded himself as possessed of a protec- . Some began to yoke their steeds to their cars quickly. O sire. having arrayed their troops the Kauravas. O king. that fighting host. King Duryodhana then. 'He amongst us that will fight. began to spread carpets on ments. the great car-warriors of the Kauravas. viz. "After that night had passed away. that none of them would individually and alone fight with the Pandavas. ? indeed. clad in mail and resolved to make death their goal. O the just And how said. having placed the ruler of the against their foes. united together. addressing all thy soldiers. of the destruction I human bodies and the loss of elephants and steeds. said..' Those great car-warriors. and drawing comfort from it." Dhritarashtra said. alone and unsupported. Sanjaya. O king. O Having made the ruler of the Madras their leader. and arrived at this understanding. would slay all the Parthas in battle. placed in their proper posts.

. a grand array whose arrangements were auspicious in every Kama's great fear. In the centre was Duryo- dhana. O Similarly. Surrounded by a large force of cavalry and other troops. as also the mighty car. race. proceeded against the Parthas in battle. and after both the Kurus and the Pandavas had been reduced in numbers. monarch. dispelling in of The Madras. great car-warrior Uluka at the head of their forces. In the rear was monarch. "After the fall of the Parthas. Protected by that car. And that mighty car-warrior was mounted upon a foremost of vehicles having horses of the Sindhu breed yoked unto it. Kritavarman. a had possessed the hearts of the Dhartarashtras. O of the thy sons. having formed. O bull of Bharata's Arjuna. of the And the valiant king and exceedingly strong bow capable of inparting a great velocity to the shafts sped from it. rushed with great speed against that bowman. against The two sons of against Sakuni and the proceeded foes in battle. respect. accompanied by their troops. 1 MAHABHABATA When after fall the Parthas had uttered leonine roars. O king. The mighty themtroops. became once more angry in battle. surrounded by the Trigartas. Madras proceeded. the Dhritarashtra said. and when. 1 Both 16 and 17 are triplets T. accompanied by the brave Madrakas and the invincible sons of Kama. the valiant king of the Madras. possessed of great prowess. O king. that slayer of large bands of foes. against Salya alone. Riding upon his car. the Pandavas. into three bodies. Sakuni." mighty bowmen Bhishma and Drona and the great car-warrior Kama.22 tor. shaking his beautiful his driver hero. thou- sands upon thousands of warriors. king proceeded at the head of the array. "Hear. dividing monarch. On the left was Kritavarman. stood. On the right was Gautama (Kripa) with the Sakas and the Yavanas. accompanied by his troops. armed with diverse weapons and filled with rage. viz-. Suvala's son. that brave the mail. proceeded with the others. bowmen amongst selves.. viz. protected by the foremost of the Kuru warriors. Kripa. desirous of slaughtering their Madri. Sanjaya said. rushed of slaughtering O against thy car-warrior Satyaki Salya- Then king. indeed. rushed Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin and the mighty proceeded with great speed against the army of Yudhishthira.warrior Uluka. of thy army. and the Samsaptakas. crusher fears of foes ( Salya ). proceeded against the Pandavas in that battle. those chastisers of foes. was the strength of each of the armies ?" what. from desire great him. made that the vehicle look resplendent. clad Aswatthaman surrounded by the Kamvojas. Assuring him duly. how we and the enemy both stood for battle on that occasion and what was then the strength of the two O Sanjaya. Bhimasena and the great car-warriors among the Somakas rushed. O monarch.

and armies. all those tigers among men. despatched them to the other world. other brave combatants ran on the field. and car-warrior against car-warrior. 1 The Bombay reading. is Nagan Ratkavaran &c- T. O king. that was as fierce and awful as the battle between the gods and the Asuras. despatched them to Yama's abode. forms was then heard there. six thousand elephants. and thePanchalas possessed of great fame. bull of Bharata's full 8 race. Similarly. encompassing elephants class. struck by elephants. surroundon the field. "Then commenced the battle the roars of the clouds in the welkin. despatched large and the foot-men that urged and protected the the other world. and steeds. O monarch. Well-trained horsemen. in that battle. and elephant-warriors and horsemen by thousands. desirous of slaughtering their foes. ing great car-warriors. encompassing in- dividual car-warriors excited with wrath and scattering showers of shafts. all careering around. O lord. all The loud noise possessed of great prowess. encompassing great car-warriors. Having distributed their forces in this way. to O Bharata. 1 Similarly. and slaying the Some combatants armed with striking bows. and three millions of foot. excited with wrath and inspired with desire of victory. O Bharata.8ALTA PAEVA Eleven thousand cars. encountered one another. ourselves. and one million of foot. Even thus. O monarch. Then commenced a fierce and terrible all battle in between thy troops and the enemy. elephants. were all that composed the remnant bull of Bharata's race. desirous of victory. resembling of rushing elephants of fearful Sanjaya said. Pandavas. careered latter with spears and darts and swords. Six thousand cars. O king. Some car- warriors. ten thousand two hundred thousand horse. composed the strength of thy army. the many unitedly battling against individual ones. Elephant-warrior rushing against elephant-warrior. of the Pandava force in the battle. bodies of cavalry elephants. Other great car-warriors. came to battle. were deprived of their cars. and foremost warriors of their own slew some mighty one amongst them that fought on the field. Routed by those infuriate animals. These. with their shafts. . encountered one another those tigers at dawn of day. O encountered each other for battle. proceeded against the Pandavas. the brave among men. Welltrained car-warriors. Men and crowds of cars and elephants. O and seven hundred elephants. in the season of rains. the combatants being striking and slaughtering one another." engaged SECTION IX between the Kurus and the Srinjayas. O monarch. having placed ourselves under the command of the ruler of the Madras. which I adopt. ten thousand horse.

the fallen looked resplendent as if strewn with full-blown lotuses. and bones its pebbles. The sound made. O monarch. In consequence of bows and flashing sabres and the glaring armour of the combatants. the peal of cal instruments. fell down here and there like broken clouds dropped from the skies. Teeming with hundreds of headless trunk and strewn with umbrellas and yak-tails. With made by the tread of heroes. looking like fearlessly. looking like the swans found on the Himavat. Elephant-divisions. looked beautiful like a beautiful woman the noise bearing the marks of (her lover's) nails on her person. The arms ( of combows its current. dispersed in all directions like wind-tossed clouds. and cars its eddies. dissolution of the world at the looking like A Standards formed batants ) its trees. . and looking like the tusks of elephants. elephants its large rocks. by heads falling on the field of battle. With arms of the combatants. monarch. were seen. that nothing could be distinctly marked. Innumerable arms. resembled that made by the falling fruits of palmyra trees. lopped off from human bodies. indented with the hoofs of those steeds. O monarch. all became so confused there. Strewn with those fallen heads that were crimson with blood. fell down on the Earth. O lord. like mountains riven with thunder. cut off in that battle and looking like the tapering trunks of elephants. flowing with their riders. They rushed with such speed that they seemed ready to devour tfce very Earth. Blood formed its waters. the shouts of foot-soldiers. were seen to make confusion worse confounded.24 MAHABHABATA slew each other with darts and lances and cloth-yeard shafts. O king. O BharataCars and elephants and horse. Heaps upon heaps. Indeed. Elephants afflicted with arrows and lances. towards the other world. The field. lying on the ground. their limbs bathed in blood and. crushing foot-soldiers in the midst of battle. O beautiful like a flowering forest. that were exceedingly mangled (with shafts and other weapons). O monarch. and the blare of conches. warriors careered therefore. mountains. on the occasion of the end of the Yuga. smeared with sandal and adorned with costly Keyuraa. the earth looked bright as if strewn with the gorgeous poles set up in Indra's honour. the field of battle. of fallen steeds river appeared on the field of battle. flowering Kinsukas. the wheels of cars. looking like clouds. also. The field of battle became covered with the thighs of kings. on the field of battle. the drums and other musiEarth began to resound twanging as if with deafening peals of thunder. steeds rushed plains at the foot of on all sides. the grunts of elephants. Adorned with yaktails. with those lifeless heads with upturned eyes. that vast army looked Then. Those elephants. jumped up and writhed and moved furiously about. the Earth looked resplendent as if adorned with gold-coloured lotuses in their season. were its alligators. slaughtered by high-solued warriors.

Teeming with wheels that Chakravakat. placing king Yudhishthira at their head. accomplished with great speed against thy host. loudly called upon O Some. Arjuna and Bhimasena stupefied their foes. As soon as they heard that loud peal. Exceedingly wonderful and terrible. whose shores abounded with Kurus and Srinjayas. SALYA PABVA and steeds its 85 its smaller ones. Urging their steeds and elephants to greater speed. cried out For all that. returned. afflicted with fear. therefore. then fought with Salya." . O bull of Bharata's race. and invincible in battle. by the aid of their vehicles and animals serving the purposes of rafts and boats* crossed that awful river which ran towards the monarch. and which. Bhimasena and Dhananjaya blew their conches and uttered their friends. Those brave warriors. mangled in diverse ways with shafts by the Pandavas eager for victory. rushed against the ruler of the Madras. stop saying. thus slaughtered. Then thy army. with arms resembling spiked bludgeons. O scorcher of foes. bent only upon their own safety. During the progress of that fierce and awful battle. fled in away on Alas. resembled the battle between the gods a-nd the Asuras in days of old. like a woman under the influence of liquor. began to fly away from the field. unitedly and separate bodies. deserting on the field their dear sons and brothers and maternal uncles and sister's sons and relatives by marriage and ! other kinsmen. its formed Dandaa. O bull of Bharata's race. inspired with desire of victory. arose from among thy warriors. its swarms of Abounding with armour and head-gears. broken by the stop. Loud cries of Oh and O Bharata. while some illustrious Kshatnyas among the routed combatants. Dhrishtadyumna and Sikhandin. those troops of thine. That host. Fat and marrow formed mire. kinsmen and leonine roars. O monarch. it was covered with Trivtniu and beautiful Inspiring the brave with delight and enhancing the fears of the timid. Pandavas. in region of the dead. desirous of victory. thousand of warriors fled away. umbrellas its swans. called upon by crying kinsmen. trees. all sides in the very sight of thy sons. O monarch was the manner in which those heroes. which no consideration was shown by any body for any one. thus struck and broken by firm bowmen. and maces banners constituted its rafts. During the progress of that battle. fraught with awful destruction of the four kinds of forces. The two sons of Madri. fled away. Having stupefied that army. That vast host of thinei O ruler of men. swooned away on the field. some among the combatants. endued with great weapons. proceeded activity.. that fierce river set in.

Nakula. taking up a down from his vehicle like a lion from a mountain summit. With those three arrows sped from the arms of his foe sticking to his forehead. the son of Pandu. the Kauravas returned.SECTION X Sanjaya said. Each bent upon slaying the Then Chitrasena. the mighty-armed hero. Possessed of active prowees. viz. approaching. As. The son of Pandu then from Chitrasena's trunk his diadem-decked head adorned with it in the . Indeed. Fearlessly then the son of Kama struck the bowless Nakula at the forehead with three shafts equipt with wings other. Next. Both of them both of were accomplished in weapons. coming in that battle. he checked it like the continent checking the surging sea. ascended cut off very sight of all the troops. O king. against Salya. with a and whetted on stone. like two pouring clouds other I could not mark any risen in the welkin on the south and the north. his antagonist poured a shower of arrows upon him. conversant with all modes of warfare and incapable of being tired with exertion. saying. broad-headed shaft. With a few other keen arrows he then despatched Nakula's steeds to Yama's abode. After they had returned. freely like water. sire. The Parthas are unable to stand before driver of the me in battle. making death their goal. These two heroes. Deprived of sword. O driver. O king. jumped his bow and his cars. difference between the son of Pandu and his antagonist. the son of Pandu. like the rushing sea upon encountering a mountain. 'Quickly urge these steeds endued with the fleetness of thought.. Salya fell suddenly upon the mighty host of the Pandavas. Alone. well-tempered and sharp. the valiant king of the Madras^ addressed his driver. each with three arrows. however. cut oft Nakula's bow at the handle. held over his head. the brave Nakula.' to Thus addressed. Beholding the ruler of the Madras standing for battle on the field. O monarch. an awful battle set in. they carefully looked for each other's laches. in which blood flowed "The invincible Nakula encountered Chitrasena. looked beautiful like a mountain with three crests. and both conversant with the practices of car-warriors. the Madra king proceeded that spot where stood king Yudhishthira the just of true aim. Nakula received that arrowy shower on his shield. looking resplendent with the umbrella Take me thither with speed. and witness my might. and separately taken up their posi- tions in well-formed array. stood O still the large force of the Pandavas. Getting at the car then of Chitrasena. drenched each with showers of arrows in that battle. both endued with might. "Beholding the army broken. Yonder stays king Yudhishthira. whom were excellent bowmen. he felled both the of gold standard and the driver of his antagonist. he rushed on foot.

frequently darting out her tongue.BALYA PABVA ear-rings. fell down on the terrace of his car. shaft. O monarch. laughing the while. Each of the latter separately pierced the son of Pandu in return with many straight-coursing Next they pierced Nakula's driver also with many keen shafts. Beholding Chitrasena slain. Though pierced with arrows Pandu cheerfully took up another in battle like the bow himself in Destroyer monarch. however. Satya- great strain. took up another bow and pierced Sushena with five arrows and struck his standard with one. Chitrasena. he hurled it at Satyasena in that encounter. pierced each of his antagonists with a couple of shafts. with their Then Nakula. Sushena and Satyasena. all the great carwarriors there uttered loud cries of praise and many leonine roars. Baffling up another foe-slaying bow that was capable of bearing a shrouded the son of Pandu with arrows from every side. whom O king. Indeed. as they poured those shafts. Satyasena then. rage. smote the four steeds of Satyasena with four whetted and laughing.. O sire. insensate with rage. At this. O of gold. Those foremost of car-warriors rushed with speed against the son of Pandu like a couple of forest rushing tigers. shot showers of keen shafts. filled the formidable with wrath. straight shafts. both were great car-warriors. Both of them poured their keen shafts upon the mighty car-warrior Nakula. they resembled two masses of clouds pouring rain in torrents. the valiant and heroic son of after ascending another car. endued with great lightness of band. as also his brother Sushena. the shafts of Nakula's car and his bow with a couple of arrows. The valiant a she-snake of Raising that dart. the bow of Satyaon another car and taking up another mounting bow. that slayer of hostile heroes. all over. Then Nakula. keen shafts in that encounter. and steeped in oil and exceedingly bright. beholding their brother slain. viz. pierced the heart of Satyasena in that battle and reduced virulent . The valiant son of Madri fearlessly pierced each of them. staying on his car. That weapon king. O poison. cut off Nakula's car into fragments. Meanwhile the two sons of of Kama. Sushena. cut off without his brother's help. taking off all the bow and the leathern fence of Satyasena the troops there uttered a loud shout. It resembled. Aiming a long shaft equipt with wings and stood Then those two brothers. took up a dart equipt with a golden handle and a very keen point. O monarch. at which sena. Nakula. 87 and graced with a beautiful nose and a pair of large eyes. O lord. bow of Pandu's son with a razor-headed arrow. he then cut also. those arrows. off. with couple of shafts at the van of battle. Without losing a moment. rushed against the son of Pandu. sena. cut off in that battle. endued with the splendour of the Sun. The Atiratha Nakula. Then the mighty car-warrior the son of Pandu then cut At this the latter. in the deep against an elephant from desire of slaying him.

then protected. viz the ruler of the Madras..Smilingly. Then Sushena.. Kama's son fell down like a lofty tree on the bank of a river thrown down by head in the current of the stream. Deprived of his senses and life. Nakula. desirous of battling on every Then Satyaki. O bull of viz. viz. rushed to that spot for rescuing his sire 1 in battle. that slayer of hostile heroes. endeavoured to encompass each other's destruction. and those two Pandavas. Thus slain by the illustrious Nakula. he poured his arrows over the son of Pandu fighting on foot. fled away Their commander. Nakula sped it with great force at Kama's son in that battle. approaching each other. those Rallying his host. stood. Yudhishthira. insensate with rage. Then taking up another bow. fiercely. thy army. and Bhimasena. Mounting then upon the car of Sutasoma. and surrounding him on all sides in bowman. however. inspiring the timid with fear. placing that chastiser of foes and abode of modesty. That feat seemed exceedingly wonderful. T.39 it MAEABEARATA into a hundred fragments. both of whom made death their goal. cheerfully proceeded . That fearless combatants. struck the son of Pandu with three shafts and Sutasoma with twenty in the arms and the chest. the son of Draupadi. O king. ous Nakula. uttered leonine roars. Bharata's race. against the foe once more from every Those high-souled warriors. at their head. of O the compass O best latter's of kings. and shooting showers of arrows. O O side. Salya stood fearlessly in battlei uttering loud leonine roars and causing his bow to twang Then thy troops. Then taking up a sharp shaft points endued with great energy and equipt with a semi-circular head. in fear. O monarch. looked beautiful like a lion upon a mountain. viz.. the side. all thy warriors. At this the impetufilled monarch. that hero of Bharata's race. between thy between and the enemy. And those heroes also caused a loud whizz with the arrows they shot and frequently indulged in diverse kinds of shouts. king. Sushena. Then commenced soldiers battle a battle. speedily of the encompassed the ruler Madras and stood from desire of battle. With that arrow. protected in battle by that firm troops in that battle. that chastiser of foes. Those two great car-warriors. . surrounding that great bowman. the mighty car-warrior down upon Sutasoma. with rage. filled with rage. Without losing a moment. twin sons of Madri. Beholding his brother slain. covered all the with arrows. king. that battle. he fell the Earth from his car. suddenly made Nakula earless in that battle. the son of Pandu cut off from Sushena's trunk the the very sight of all the troops. Beholding the slaughter of Kama's sons and the prowess of Nakula. enhancing the population of Yama's edition reads The Bombay MaKaratham for Maharathas. the brave and valiant ruler of the Madras. Seeing Nakula earless. he fought with Sushena.

during the progress of tliat dreadful sport. were thus agitated. the Kaurava army. that between the gods and the Afurcu king. when the foot-soldiers in that dreadful battle began to shout and wail aloud. when many of the warriors fled away and the elephants began to utter loud cries. divisions Kaurava became stupefied. they became much agitated like two streams in the tering season of rains. when a terrible embodied creatures. ran in O diverse directions. all the Pandavas. be slaughtered in hundreds and thousands in that battle by thy sons on every side with their host. arrows. rushed against that portion of the slaughtered Kaurava army. exceedingly excited. protected by the high-souled Yudhisthira. Pandava O king. on that awful occasion of the destruction of life. headed by Dhrisbtadyumna. when combatants encountered one another from desire of slaughter. Covered with keen arrows sped by the Pandavas. the Pandavas slaughtered thy troops with keen shafts. indeedi during the progress of the battle as it was fought on that morning about the hour of sunrise. then could not discern the cardinal point from the subsidiary points of the compass. destruction set in of when all carnage became awful. race of Kuru. O rushed against Indeed. fought with thy The Kuru army. skilled in smiting. monarch. troops slew those of the Pandavas. deprived of its foremost warriors. after the same manner. O thou of the forces. slaughtered by one another. that is. Then the ape-bannered son of Pandu. having days of yore. O Kaurava. host Overwhelmed by the Pandavas. where thus slaugheach other. the Samaaplakat in battle. O entered the hearts of thy warriors the Pandavas. became of weakened and agitated conflagration' like a herd of she-deer frightened at a foresthelpless like Beholding that army weakened and a cow . in 29 O monarch." a great fear as also those of SECTION XI Sanjaya said. During that battle inspiring the timid with terror. wavered and broke on began to Similarly. that host to of thine be slaughtered by the mighty car-warriors of the Pandavas. of that awful battle that enhanced the population of Yama's kingdom.8ALYA PABVA kingdom. During the progress of that dreadful battle. all sides. king. began While the two armies. resembled. when weapons of various the to be when cars and elephants began mangled together. the Pandava heroes good aim. when the steeds. encountering the proud Pandavas endued with great strength. the Indeed. thy kinds fell or clashed with one another. Smiling. and possessed of sureness of aim. making death itself their goal. when heroes felt great delight and cowards felt their fears enhanced. "When the troops. those the same division t shooting the showers of keen arrows. and.

O king. Pandavas also. victory. Then a fierce battle took place between the Kaurava and the Pandava combatants. Then the Prabhadrakas. ran towards Yudhishthira the son of Kunti (for protection). with keen points bright as those of lances equipt with handles.. O monarch with rage. proceeded against the ruler of the Then the view. inspired with desire of Madras and pierced him with ruler of the Madras.. assembled together bodies. rush- ed against the Pandava army. The with Mercury. each with ten arrows equipt with wings of gold and whetted on stone. down or wandered or uttered loud wails. piercing the air. the rear of the Pandavas and conjunction of issue to the front Blazing flames seemed to from weapons. Salya then poured dense showers of arrows on Yudhishthira the son of Kunti like the thousand-eyed Indra pouring rain in torrents.' T. Filled an excellent bow. possessed of great strength. in large Then. portending a great slaughter and defeat. 'like the Destroyer let loose by time. Crows and owls in large numbers perched upon the heads of the combatants and on the tops of their standards. the shafts of Salya fall like thunder-bolts from the clouds. 2 Literally. two sons of Madri by Pandu. taking up rushed for battle against the Pandava foes. and the five sons of Draupadi and Dhristadyumna. Indeed. Multitudinous flights of locusts. the ruler of the Madras. appeared at all the (Kaurava) lords of Earth. afflicted that host with showers of keen arrows in the very sight of king keen shafts. the Kauravas.* aloud like the clouds. mustering all their divisions. trembled. da2zling the eyes (of the warriors). 1 O monarch. Deer Yudhishthira the just. The in that encounter. the points of Venus and Mars. Salya. and buffaloes and to their right. thus slaughtered by Salya. proceeded against the Pandava army. afflicted with Salya's arrows. T. making a loud noise. placed thy army in O king. birds. and Sikhandin also. Possessed 1 . were seen to and steeds and footElephants fell soldiers and car-warriors. were seen felled or like falling as by thousands. and the grandson of Sini. O king. Meteors. he pierced Bhimasena. swarms of bees or in consequence of Salya's arrows. planets in large numbers. that time diverse portents appeared to the with her mountains. and the Somakas. he began to pour his arrows Maghavat (Indra) pouring rain at the close of the summer season. Possessed of great strength. The Pandava army.80 MAHABHABATA in sunk mire. the ruler of the Madras shrouded his foes in that battle like the Destroyer The mighty ruler of the Madras began to roar at the end of the Tuga. these animals were seen to pass along the left of the Kuru army. Of soul incapable of being depressed. fell upon the Earth from the firmament. Infuriate with rajfe and prowess. . desirous of rescuing it. At The Earth herself.

and Aswatthaman against the twins. The preceptor's son Aswatthaman. shooting a dense seemed to shower of be the embodiment Kritavarman. O king. The preceptor Gautama (Kripa) once more fearlessly fought with Dhrishtadyumna. against the enemy. he struck them both with many arrows. checked that warrior who then Excited with rage. less The his steed- son of Pandu. Dhrishtadyumna with many arrows. Then the valiant Bhima. of Suvala. pierced Salya with seven arrows. both exerting themselves with great care. Piercing Bhimasena with three arrows. Then much wrath and as if smiling in that battle. proceeded. and aimed it at Salya for . and infuriate with rage. O monarch. took up his mace like the Destroyer taking his bludgeon. took place between thine and in that battle. Then Vrikodara. slaughtered many Somakas and Pandavas. and all that battle. like himself with his uplifted Madras then slew Sahadeva slew Salya's son with his sword. the impetuous Artayani. Sakuni proceeded against the That foremost sons of Draupadi. Salya. Beholding the Parthas on every side. arrow quickly with five. on diverse parts of the field. viz. Then a terrible arrow at Yudhishthira that resembled a snake of Salya sped shafts. Beholding Salya impetuously rushing towards him with horse and foot.BALTA PABVA 81 of great lightness of band. even virulent poison. Thus hundreds of combats. quickly alighting from his car. (Salya) showers arrows Salya struck by Kripa rushed in and Sakuni the son with smiles on his in mass of clouds pouring rain upon a mountain. Salya also. took up his mace in that battle. that mighty hero crushed the steeds and the car of Kritavarman. without the bludgeon. and Nakula with like a The (five) sons of Draupadi poured upon of that foe-slaying hero. of warriors. Kritavarman then fled away. The chief of the Bhojas then slew the brown steeds of Bhimasena's car in that encounter. both Kritavarman and wrath towards that spot. Kripa struck of wrath. began to fight the Destroyer with mace. pierced each of the five heroic sons of Draupadi with ten arrows. king Yudhishthira. Once more the steeds of Bhimasena were slain in that battle. as filled with wrath. alighting from his car. Excited with wrath. that down upon the Earth. viz. The steedless son of Pandu. protected Salya by every means lips. checked him with keen an infuriate elephant is checked with iron-hooks. that were fierce and beautiful. having in that battle crushed them with whetted arrows. and once more afflicted Yudhishthira with many keen shafts. Jumping down from his vehicle. began to afflict Yudhishthira with a dense shower of shafts. biting his nether lip. fell Piercing through the high-souled son of Kunti. and endued with might. shafts. The ruler of the steeds of Sahadeva before his eyes.. Kesava and Arjuna. Duryodhana. and Sahadeva pierced him ten. excited with rage. filled with wrath. and the mighty car-warrior Aswatthaman thy sons. possessed of fierce energy. Uluka also of mighty energy.

39 the latter's destruction. though resisted by many had in wrath slain a large number of proud Quhyakas endued with powers of illusion on the breasts of Gandhamadana for the sake of procuring Mandara flowers for doing what was agreeable to Draupadi. Vrikodara. rushed impetuously to1 i. Beholding that terrible feat of his in battle. with which the mighty son of Kunti Lord of Alaka. of the king of the Quhyakas or T. and capable of riving mountain-summits. Alaka being the capital or abode YaJcshas. fearlessly plucking out the weapon. looking like a blazing meteor. mace and began to cast his glances upon his foe. c. hard as thunder. inspiring hostile troops with terror and friendly troops with joy. down with from At this the ruler Madras came down his car and cheerlessly gazed at thus counteracted. . "Seeing his driver fallen. His vitals pierced. smeared with sandal-paste and other unguents like a desirable lady. O king. Salya the ruler of the became filled Madras took up his Bhima. twined round with cloth of gold. presented into his body. Salya. however. with cheerful hearts. the driver. skilled in battle. however. Of tranquil soul." who was incapable of being SECTION XII Sanjaya said. the friend of weapon with which Bhima. exceedingly destructive of the lives of elephants and steeds and human beings. piercing through the armour of Pandu's son.. Bhima. That lance. hurled a lance at the broad chest of Bhima and uttered a loud shout. crushed the four steeds of Salya that were possessed of great fleetness. shrill like unto the fat and blood. With that mace of awful sound. and made wholly of iron. celebrated in the world of men. Bhima. impending (upon the head of the foe) like kalaratri (death-night). Kuvera. Beholding his own feat with wonder. smutted with marrow and Yama. the Parthas. armed with his mighty mace. resembling the very tongue of sounds in consequence of the bells attached to thunder of Indra. Then the heroic Salya excited with wrath in that battle. vomiting blood. fierce as a she-snake. the mighty armed son of Pandu now rushed against Salya. drenched with the juicy secretions of elephants. quickly took up his mace made wholly of iron and stood immovable as a hill. had in Kailasa that mace. pierced agitated heart. therewith the driver of the of fell Salya in the chest. resembling in s'iape a snake of its virulent poison just freed from slough. producing it. uplifting that mace which was rich with diamonds and jewels and gems challenged the enraged Maheswara 1 that and possessed of eight sides and celebrated as Indra's thunder. equipt with a sling. worshipped Bhima tired with exertion. MAHABHABATA Resembling the very bludgeon of Yama.

that is delighter of the Yadus. or an infuriate elephant in the forest. Excellent from every side. . Save the ruler of the Madras. 1 Similarly. the mace of which seemed exceedingly Salya produced a shower of blazing coals wonderful. like a 2 couple of combatants striking each other with iron-bound clubs. is dahyamaneva T. In that encounter between among men. Vrikodara and the ruler of the Madras. the mace of Bhima. The careering in circles or of their wielding mace of Salya. was heard on successive peals of thunder. Their limbs being struck with each other's mace. there no other warrior that can venture illustrious king viz. gold that looked like a sheet of dread. like a mountain assailed by an elephant with his tusks. those two heroes began to strike each other with their foremost ot maces. edition. each having advanced towards the other by eight steps.Once more the clash took place between those two warriors of superhuman feats. The noise made by the blows all sides like of the maces of those two lions among men Having ceased for a moment. Similarly. struck by Bhima with tusks. or Rama. the mace of like the inspired the spectators with high-souled Bhima. as in the Bombay T. or the Destroyer armed with the noose. Salya. the delight of heroes. 2 Totras were clubs with heads of iron. Similarly. careered in circles. O king. The combatants ! looking at those two foremost of warriors 'Excellent. frequently those two lions jumping up in the air. roaring careered in circles. or the Kailasa mountain with its formidable crest. of the Madras in endure the force of mace of the Those two combatants then. applauded them both. or Mahadeva with his trident. saying. enhancing of both armies. produced sparks of fire in the welkin which thereupon seemed his mace. no difference could be noticed between them of either in respect of their the mace. as the latter the clouds.' like bulls. with uplifted maces. or two huge bulls striking each other with their horns. though struck repeatedly with the force of Bhima's mace. At that time the blare of thousands of conches and trumpets and loud leonine roars arose there. wrapped round with a resplendent cloth fire. those two warriors of great energy once more began. the mighty-armed Bhimasena stood immovable like a mountain. Similarly. battle. save Bhima. to career in closer circles.. O king moved not. Struck by the ruler of the Madras on both his left and right. or Vasava with his thunder. The oorreot reading.8AL7A PARVA II wards Salya who then looked like the blazing Yuga fire. and each assailing the 1 fcfta. Like two gigantic elephants striking each other with their to be ablaze. looked lightning in the midst of Struck by the ruler of the Madras with his mace. there the impetuosity of none to else that can venture to endure is Bhima in battle. they soon became bathed in blood and looked handsomer in consequence like two flowering Kinsukas.

other with his

uplifted iron club.

they once
of the

more careered,


Then, wishing to get at each other, Both accomplished (in the use

mace) they began

to display their superiority of skill.

their terrible weapons, they then

Uplifting struck each other like mounagain

tains striking each other with their crests at the

time of an earthquake. Exceedingly crushed with each other's mace in consequence of each other's strength, both those heroes fell down at the same time like a
couple of poles set up for Indra's worship. The brave combatants then of both armies, at that sight, uttered cries OH and Alas. Struck with


them had become exceedingly Then the mighty Kripa, taking up Salya, that bull among the Madrasi on his own car, quickly bore him away from the field of
great force in their vital limbs, both of

Within, however, the twinkling of an eye, Bhimasena, rising up, and still reeling as if drunk, challenged, with uplifted mace, the Then the heroic warriors of thy army, armed ruler of the Madras. with diverse weapons, fought with the Pandavas, causing diverse musibattle.


arms and weapons, and making a loud noise, O monarch, thy warriors headed by Duryodhana rushed against the Pandavas. Beholding the Kaurava host,

instruments to be blown and beat.


the sons of Pandu, with leonine roars, rushed against those warriors headed by Duryodhana. Then thy son, O bull of Bharata's race, singling out Chekitana amongst those rushing heroes, pierced him deeply with a
lance in
the chest.



the terrace of his car, covered

by thy son, Chekitana fell down on with blood, and overcome with a deep
great car-warriors


Beholding Chekitana

slain, the



arrowy showers (upon the Kauravas). Indeed, the Pandavas, inspired with desire of victory, O monarch, careered beautifully on all sides amongst thy divisions. Kripa, and Kritavarman, and the mighty son of Suvala, placing the ruler of the

Pandavas incessantly poured


Madras before them, fought with king Yudhishthira

the just.


fought with Dhrishtadyumna, the slayer of Bharadwaja's son, that hero endued with abundant energy and prowess.



Three thousand cars, O king, despatched by thy son and headed by Drona's son, battled with Vijaya (Arjuna). All those combatants, O king, had firmly resolved to win victory and had cast off fear with life




king, thy warriors penetrated into the

midst of the

swans into a large lake. A fierce battle then took Pandava army place between the Kurus and the Pandavas, the combatants being actuated with the desire of slaughtering one another and deriving great pleasure from giving and receiving blows. During the progress, O king, of that battle which was destructive of great heroes, an earthy


A mode

of expression signifying that they

had cast

off fear


were ready to lay down their



the wind.






From only


names we heard
course of



Pandava warriors

that were

that battle

and from those



Kuru warriors

by the Pandavas, we knew the combatants that That dust, however, O tiger fought with one another fearlessly. men, was soon dispelled by the blood that was shed, and all the among
that were uttered

points of the compass became once more clear when that dusty darkness was driven away. Indeed, during the progress of that terrible and

awful battle, no one among either thy warriors or those of the foe, turned his back. Desirous of attaining to the regions of Brahman and
longing for victory by fair fight, the combatants displayed their prowess, For paying off the debt they owed inspired with the hope of heaven.
to their masters on account of the sustenance granted by the


firmly resolved to accomplish the objects of their friends and allies, the warriors, with hearts fixed on heaven, fought with one another on that

Shooting and hurling weapons of diverse kinds, great carSlay, pierce, geize, strike, cut off

warriors roared at or smote one another.

were the words that were heard in that battle, uttered by the warriors and those of the foe. Then Salya, O monarch, desirous of
slaying him, pierced king Yudhishthira the just, that mighty car-warrior

of the


sharp arrows. Conversant with what are the vital limbs monarch, with the greatest body, the son of Pritha. however,


ease, struck the




Madras with four and ten cloth-yard
Resisting the son of

aiming at the

latter's vital limbs.




Salya of




adversary, pierced him arrows equipt with Kanka feathers. Once more,

with rage and desirous of in that battle with innumerable

O monarch, he struck Yudhishthira with a straight shaft in the very sight of all the troops. King Yudhishthira the just, possessed of great fame and filled with rage pierced the ruler of the Madras with many keen arrows equipt
with feathers of Kankas and


The mighty car-warrior then

pierced Chandrasena with seventy arrows and Salya's driver with nine, and Drumasena with four and sixty. When the two protectors of his car-wheels were ( thus ) slain by the high-souled son of Pandu, Salya, O king, slew five and twenty warriors among the Chedis. And he pierced Satyaki with five and twenty keen arrows, and Bhimasena with seven, and the two sons of Madri with a hundred, While Salya was thus careering in that battle, that in that battle. best of kings, viz., the son of Pritha, sped at him many shafts that

resembled snakes
top of


virulent poison.


a broad-headed
his car the


Yudhishthira the son of

Kunti then cut



standard of Salya,

saw the adversary as the latter stood in his front. which was thus cut off by the son of Pandu in that


great battle,


a riven

mountain summit,



and observing the son of Pandu standing before him, the ruler of the Madras became filled with rage and shot showers of shafts.
standard fallen

That bull amongst Kshatriyas, viz., Salya of immeasurable soul, poured over the Kshatriyas in that battle dense showers of arrows like the deity of the clouds pouring torrents of rain. Piercing Satyaki and Bhimasena and the twin sons of Madri by Pandu, each with five arrows, he afflicted Yudhishthira greatly.

We then, O

monarch, beheld


net of arrows

spread before the chest of Pandu's son like a mass of risen clouds. The mighty car.warrior Salya, in that battle, filled with rage, shrouded
Yudhishthira with straight shafts.



king Yudhisthira afflicted

with those showers of shafts, felt himself deprived of his prowess, even as the Asura Jambha had become before the slayer of Vritra.




king Yudhishthira the just was thus



ruler of Madras,


Bhimasena and the two
their cars, began to

sons of Madri by Pandu, encompassing Salya with





Beholding the




successfully repel loud sounds of applause were heard, and the Siddhas (who witnessed the encounter) became filled with delight. The ascetics, assembled together (for witnessing the battle), declared it to be wonder-

afflicted by those great car-warriors (and seeing




Then Bhimasena in that encounter, having pierced Salya who had become (as his name implied) an irresistible dart in prowess, with one arrow, next pierced him with seven. Satyaki, desirous of rescuing the son of Dharma, pierced Salya with a hundred arrows and uttered a loud leonine roar. Nakula pierced him with five arrows, and Sahadeva with the latter then once more pierced him with as many. The seven

the Madras, struggling carefully in that battle^ thus by those mighty car-warriors, drew a formidable bow capable of bearing a great strain and of imparting great force to the shafts sped from it, and pierced Satyaki, O sire, with five and twenty shafts and Bhima with three and seventy and Nakula with seven. Then cutting
heroic ruler of

with a broad-headed arrow the bow, with shaft fixed on the string, Sahadeva, he pierced Sahadeva himself, in that battle, with three and seventy shafts. Sahadeva then, stringing another bow, pierced his maternal uncle of great splendour with five shafts that resembled

snakes of virulent
then struck

poison or blaring fire. Filled with great rage, he adversary's driver with a straight shaft in that battle and then Salya himself once more with three. Then Bbimasena pierced
tbt rultr of th

Madrai with wventy arrowi, and Satyaki pierced him



with nine, and king Yudhishthira with sixty. Thus pierced, monarch, by those mighty car-warriors, blood began to flow from Salya's body, like crimson streams, running down the breast of a mountain of red chalk.


however, quickly pierced


return each of those great bow-

men with five arrows, O king, which feat seemed exceedingly wonderful. With another broad-headed arrow, that mighty car-warrior then, O sire, cut off the stringed bow of Dharma's son in that encounter.
Taking up another bow, that great car-warrior, viz., the son of Dharma, covered Salya, his steeds, and driver, and standard, and car, with many

Thus shrouded


that battle by the son of

Dharma with


shafts, Salya struck the former with ten keen arrows.


with rage upon beholding the son of Dharma thus afflicted with shafts, checked the heroic ruler of the Madras with clouds of arrows.
Salya cut off with a razor-faced arrow the formidable bow of Satyakii and pierced each of the other Pandava warriors with three arrows. Filled with rage, monarch, Satyaki of unbaffled prowess then




hurled at Salya a lance equipt with a golden staff and decked with many jewels and gems. Bhimasena sped at him a clothyard shaft that looked
like a blazing



Nakula hurled



a dart,

Sahadeva an


ent mace, and the son of


a Sataghni impelled by

the desire of

despatching him. The ruler of the Madras, however, quickly baffled in that battle all those weapons, hurled from the arms of those five
warriors at him,
as these

coursed towards his car.





ed of valour

broad-headed arrows Salya cut off the lance hurled by Satyaki. Possessand great lightness of hand, he cut off into two fragments

the gold-decked shaft sped at him by Bhima.


then resisted with

Nakula had sped

clouds of shafts the terrible dart, equipt with a golden handle, that at him and the mace also that Sahadeva had thrown.


a couple of other arrows,


Bharata, he cut off the Sataghni sped

him by the

king, in the very sight of the sons of

Pandu, and uttered

a loud leonine roar.

the defeat of


The grandson of Sini, however, could not endure weapon in that battle. Insensate with rage, Satyaki

took up another bow, and pierced the ruler of the Madras with two At this, Salya, O monarch, excited shafts and his driver with three. all of them with ten arrows, like persons pierwith rage, deeply pierced
cing mighty elephants with sharp-pointed lances. battle by the ruler of the Madras, Bharata,

Thus checked

in that


those slayers of foes

became unable

to stay in front of Salya.

King Duryodhana, beholding

the prowess of Salya,

regarded the Pandavas, the Panchalas, and

Then, O king, the mighty-armed Bhimasena. possessed of great prowess and mentally resolved to cast off his lifebreaths, encountered the ruler of the Madras. Nakula and Sahadeva and Satyaki of great might, encompassing Salya, shot their arrows at
Srinjayas as already slain.



him from every

Though encompassed by those

men and mighty



four great bowthe Pandavas, the valiant ruler of

fought with them. Then, O king, the royal son of Dharma, in that dreadful battle, quickly cut off with a razor-headed arrow one of the protectors of Salya's car-wheels. When that brave



and mighty car-warrior,

that protector of Salya's car-wheel, was thus slain, Salya of great strength covered the Pandava troops with showers of arrows. Beholding his troops shrouded with arrows,


king Yudhishthira the just began to reflect in this strain, how shall those grave words of Madhava become 'Verily* true. I hope, the ruler of the Madras, excited with rage, will not


in that battle,

my army in battle.' Then the Pandavas. O elder brother of Pandu (Dhritarashtra) with cars and elephants and steeds, approached the ruler of the Madras and began to afflict him from every side. Like

the wind dispersing mighty masses of clouds, the king of the Madras, in that battle, dispersed that risen shower of arrows and diverse other
kinds of weapons in profusion.


then beheld the downpour of


winged arrows shot by Salya, coursing through the welkin like a flight of locusts. Indeed, those arrows shot by the ruler of the Madras from the van of battle were seen to fall like swarms of birds. With the golddecked shafts that issued from the bow, of the Madra king, the welkin, O monarch, became so filled that there was not an inch of empty space. When a thick gloom appeared, caused by the arrows shot by the mighty
ruler of

dreadful battle,

extreme lightness of hands in that of the Pandavas thus agitated by that hero, the gods and the Qandharvaa became filled with great wonder. Afflicting with vigour all the Pandava warriors with his shafts from every side, O sire, Salya shrouded king Yudhishhis

the Madras owing to

and when they beheld the vast host

thira the just

and roared repeatedly like a lion. The mighty carwarriors of the Pandavas, thus shrouded by Salya in that battle, became unable to proceed against that great hero for fighting with him. Those,
however, .'amongst the Pandavas, that had Bhimasena at their head and that were led by king Yudhishthira the just, did not fly away from that

ornament of

battle, viz., the

brave Salya."


many arrows by
Drona's son

the son of

"Meanwhile Arjuna, in that battle, pierced with Drona as also by the latter's followers, viz.,

and mighty

car-warriors among the Trigartas, pierced return with three shafts, and each of the other warriors

with two- Once again, the mighty-armed Dhananjaya covered his enemies with showers of shafts. Though struck with keen arrows and

though they looked





those arrows

sticking to their limbs,

bull of Bharata's race, fled not thy troops, from Partha in that battle. With Drona's son at their head, they


encompassed that mighty car-warrior and fought with him, shooting of shafts. The gold-decked arrows, O king, shot by them, speedily filled the terrace of Arjuna's car. Beholding those two great


those two foremost of


warriors, viz.,


two Krishnas

covered with arrows, those invincible (Kaurava) combatants became Indeed, at that time, the Kuvara, the wheels, the filled with delight.


lord, of Arjuna's car, with arrows. The like of what thy warriors entirely enveloped then did unto Partha had never before, king, been either seen or heard. That car looked resplendent with those keen arrows of beauti-

the traces, the yoke, and the Anukaraha,



ful wings like a celestial vehicle blazing

with hundreds of torches drop-

ped on the Earth. sion with showers

monarch, covered that hostile diviof straight shafts like a cloud pouring torrents of rain on a mountain. Struck in that battle with arrows inscribed with

Then Arjuna,






the field of battle to be full of Parthas.

beholding that state of things, regarded Then the Partha-fire, having

wonderful flames and the loud twang of Gandiva for the wind that

it, began to consume the fuel constituted by thy troops. Then, Bharata, heaps of fallen wheels and yokes, of quivers, of banners and standards, with the vehicles themselves that bore them, of shafts



and Anukarthas and Trivenus, of axles and traces and goads, of heads of warriors decked with ear-rings and headgears, of arms, O monarch, and thighs in thousands of umbrellas along w.ith fans, and of diadems and crowns, were seen along the tracks of Partha's car. Indeed, along
the track of the angry Partha's car,


monarch, the ground, miry with
of the Bharatas, like the


became impassable,




ground of Rudra. The scene inspired the timid with fear and the brave with delight. Having destroyed two thousand cars with their fences,
that scorcher

Partha, looked like a smokeless fire with
as the

blazing flames.

Indeed, even

Agni when he blazes

forth (at the end of the Yuga) for destroying the mobile and the
bile universe,


mighty car-warrior Partha. Beholding the prowess of Pandu's son in that battle, the son of Drona, on his car equipt with many banners, endeavoured to check him. Those two tigers among men, both having white steeds yoked unto their


so looked,


king, the

and both regarded as the foremost of car-warriors, quickly

encountered each other, each desirous of slaying the other. The arrowy showers shot by both became exceedingly terrible and were as


bull of Bharata's race,

as the torrents of rain

masses of clouds at the close of


poured by two Each challenging other, those


in that battle, like

two warriors mangled each other with straight shafts

couple of bulls tearing each other with



between them,



was fought equally

for a long while.

The battle The clash of

weapons became terrific. The son of Drona then, O Bharata, picerced Arjuna with a dozen gold-wingled arrows of great energy and Vasudeva with ten. Having shown for a short while some regard for the preceptor's

son in that great battle, Vibhatsu then, smiling the while, stretched

bow Oandiva with force. Soon, however, the mighty car-warrior Savyasachin (Arjuna) made his adversary steedless and driverless and earless, and without putting forth much strength pierced him with three

Staying on


steedless car, Drona's son, smiling the


hurled at the son of

with iron spikes.
off into

heavy mallet that looked a dreadful mace that weapon, which was decked with cloth Beholding
Seeing his mallet cut


of gold, coursing towards him, the heroic Partha, that slayer of foes, cut

seven fragments.

Drona's son of

great wrath took up a terrible mace equipt with iron spikes and looking like a mountain summit. Accomplished in battle, the son of Drona hurl-



Beholding that spiked mace coursing towards Destroyer himself in rage, Pandu's son Arjuna quickly cut Cut off with Partha's shafts in that it off with five excellent shafts. great battle, that weapon fell down on the Earth, riving the hearts, as

then at Partha.

like the

were, O Bharata, of the (hostile) kings. The son of Pandu then piercThough deeply pierced by the ed Drona's son with three other shafts. Drona's son, however, of great might, relying upon his mighty Partha,


manliness, showed no sign of fear or agitation.

That great carthe Kshatriyas.


the son


Drona, then,

O king,

shrouded Suratha (the

Panchala) with showers

of shafts before the eyes


this, Suratha, that great car-warrior

among the Panchalas,






car whose rattle



the roar of

the clouds rushed against the son of




foremost of

bows, firm and capable of bearing a great strain, the Panchala hero covered Aswatthaman with arrows that resembled flames of fire or
snakes of virulent poison.

towards him

in wrath, snake struck with a stick.

Seeing the great car-warrior Suratha rushing the son of Drona became filled with rage like a




into three lines,


licking the corners of his

mouth with

his tongue, he

looked at Suratha in

rage and then


that resembled the fatal rod of Death.

bow-string and sped a keen clothyard shaft Endued with great speed, that

pierced the heart of Suratha and passing out entered the Earth, riving her through, like the thunder-bolt of Sakra hurled from the sky.

Struck with that shaft, Suratha fell down on the Earth like a mountain summit riven with thunder. After the fall of that hero, the valiant son

Drona, that foremost of car-warriors speedily mounted upon the

of his slain foe.




battle, viz.,


son of Drona, well equipt with

monarch, that warrior, invincible in armour and weapons,

and supported by the Samsaptakas, fought with Arjuna. That battle, at the hour of noon, between one and the many, enhancing the population of Yama's domains, became exceedingly fierce. Wonderful was
the sight that we then beheld, for, noticing the prowess of all those combatants, Arjuna, alone and unsupported, fought with his foes at the same time. The encounter was exceedingly fierce that thus took place
of yore,

between Arjuna and his enemies, resembling that between Indra, and the vast host of the Asuras."



Sanjaya said, "Duryodhana, O king, and Dhrishtadyumna, the son of Prishata, fought a fierce battle, using arrows and darts in proBoth of them, monarch, shot showers of arrows like fusion.


showers of rain poured by the clouds in the rainy season. The with five arrows the slayer of Drona, (Kuru) king, having pierced

Prishata's son

of fierce shafts,

once more pierced him with seven


Endued with

great might and steady prowess, Dhrishtadyumna,

that battle, afflicted king thus afflicted,

Duryodhana with seventy arrows.



bull of Bharata's race, his uterine

accompanied by a large force, encompassed the son of Prishata. Surrounded by those Atirathas on every side, the Panchala hero, O king,
careered in that battle, displaying his quickness in the use of weapons. Sikhandin, supported by the Prabhadrakas, fought with two Kuru

Then viz., Kritavarman and the great car-warrior Kripa. monarch, that battle became fierce and awful since the warriors were all resolved to lay down their lives and since all of them fought, making life the stake. Salya, shooting showers of shafts on all sides, afflicted the Pandavas withSatyaki and Vrikodara amongst them. With patience and great strength, O monarch, the king of the Madras at the same time fought with the twins (Nakula and Sahadeva), each of whom



son of

resembled the Destroyer himself in prowess. The great car-warriors the Pandavas who were mangled in that great battle with the

Then the heroic Nakula, the Yudhishthira the just greatly afflicted, rushed Madri, seeing king with speed against his maternal uncle* Shrouding Salya in that battle (with many arrows), Nakula, that slayer of hostile heroes smiling the while, pierced him in the centre of the chest with ten arrows, made
shafts of Salya, failed to find a protector.

entirely of iron, polished by

the hands of the smith, equipt with wings

of gold, whetted on stone, and propelled from his bow with great force. Afflicted by his illustrious nephew, Salya afflicted his nephew in return with many straight arrows, Then king Yudhishthira, and Bhimasena,




ruler of the Madras.

and Satyaki, and Sahadeva, the son The vanquisher



rushed against


of foes, viz., the generalissimo of

Kuru army, received in that battle all those heroes that rushed towards him quickly, filling the cardinal and the subsidiary points of the compass with the rattle of their cars and causing the Earth to tremble therewith. Piercing Yudhishthira with three arrows and

Bhima with seven, Salya pierced Satyaki with a hundred arrows in that and Sahadeva with three. Then the ruler of the Madras, O sire, cut off, with a razor-headed arrow, the bow with arrow fixed on it of the high-souled Nakula. Struck with Salya's shafts, that bow broke into pieces. Taking up another bow, Madri's son, that great car-warrior quickly covered the ruler of the Madras with winged arrows. Then
Yudhishthira and Sahadeva,



each pierced the ruler of the

Madras with ten arrows in the chest. Bhimasena and Satyaki, rushing at the ruler of the Madras, both struck him with arrows winged with Kanka feathers, the former with sixty, and the latter with nine. Filled with rage at this, the ruler of the Madras pierced Satyaki with nine
arrows and once again with seventy straight shafts. Then, O sire, he cutoff at the handle the bow, with arrow fixed on it, of Satyaki and then despatched the four steeds of the latter to Yama's abode. Having

made Satyaki earless, that mighty car-warrior, viz., the ruler of the Madras, struck him with a hundred arrows from every side. He next pierced two angry sons of Madri, and Bhimasena the son of Pandu, and Yudhishthira, O thou of Kuru's race, with ten arrows each. The prowess


we then beheld

of the

ruler of


wonderful, since the Parthas, even unitedly, could

Madras was exceedingly not approach him
the mighty Satyaki, of

that battle.

Riding then upon another


prowess incapable of being baffled, beholding the Pandavas afflicted and succumbing to the ruler of the Madras, rushed with speed against him. That ornament of assemblies, viz., Salya, on his car, rushed against the car of Satyaki, like one infuriate elephant against another.


collision that

then took place between Satyaki and the heroic ruler

the Madras, became fierce and wonderful to behold, even like that

which had taken place
before him

the chief of the celestials.
in that battle,

days of yore between the Asura Samvara and Beholding the ruler of the Madras staying

Satyaki pierced him with ten arrows and said, Deeply pierced by that high-souled warrior, the ruler of the Madras pierced Satyaki in return with sharp shafts equipt with beautiful feathers. Those great bowmen then, viz., the Parthas, behold-

Wait, Wait

ing the king

of the


assailed by Satyaki, quickly rushed towards

him from

desire of slaying that meternal uncle of theirs.

The encounter
by a which takes

that took place between those struggling heroes, marked

great flow of

became exceedingly awful

like that



monarch, place between a number of roaring lions. The struggle, that took between them resembled that which takes place between a



With the of roaring lions fighting with each other for meatdense showers of shafts shot by them, the Earth became entirely enveloped, and the welkin also suddenly became one mass of arrows. All
around the
field a

darkness was caused by those arrows.

Indeed, with

by those illustrious warriors, a shadow as that of the clouds was caused there. Then, O king, with those blazing shafts sped by the warriors, that were equipt with wings of gold and that looked
shafts shot

snakes just freed from their sloughs, the points of the compass seemed to be ablaze. That slayer of foes, viz-, Salya, then achieved the most wonderful feat, since that hero alone, and unsupported, contended with many heroes in that battle. The Earth became shrouded with the fierce shafts, equipt with feathers of Kansas and peacocks, that Then, O king, we fell, sped from the arms of the ruler of the Madraslike

beheld the car of Salya careering in that dreadful battle like the car of

Sakra in days of yore on the occasion of


destruction of the

Sanjaya said, "Then, O lord, thy troops, with Salya at their head, once more rushed against the Parthas in that battle with great


fierce in battle,

afflicted, still these troops of thine, who were rushing against the Parthas, very soon agitated them in

consequence of their superior numbers. Struck by the Kurus, the Pandava tioops, in the very sight of the two Krishnas, stayed not on the field, though sought to be checked by Bhimasena. Filled with rage
at this,

Dhananjaya covered Kripa and his followers, as also Kritavarman, with showers of shafts. Sahadeva checked Sakuni with all his Nakula cast his glances on the ruler of the Madras from one of forces.

The (five) sons of Draupadi checked numerous kings (of Kuru army). The Panchala prince Sikhandin resisted the son of Drona. Armed with his mace, Bhimasena held the king in check. Kunti's son Yudhishthira resisted Salya at the head of his forces. The battle then commenced once more between those pairs as they stood, among thy warriors and those of the enemy, none of whom had evei
his flanks.


retreated from

then beheld the highly wonderful feat that Salya achieved, since, alone, he fought with the whole Pandava army. Salya then, as he stayed in the vicinity of Yudhishthira in that battle,


looked like the planet Saturn in the vicinity of the Moon. Afflicting the king with shafts that resembled snakes of virulent poison, Salya rushed
against Bhima,

covering him

with showers of arrows.

Beholding that

lightness of


hand and that mastery over weapons displayed by Salya the troops of both the armies applauded him highly. Afflicted by Salya the Pandavas, exceedingly mangled fled away, leaving the battle, and

Yudhishthira commanding them to stop. While his troops were thus being slaughtered by the ruler of the Madras, Pandu's son, king Yudhishthira the just, became filled with
disregarding the cries of

Relying upon his prowess, that mighty car-warrior began to the ruler of the Madras, resolved to either win the battle or

meet with death. Summoning all his brothers and also Krishna of Madhu's race, he said unto them, 'Bhishma, and Drona, and Kama, and the other kings, that put forth their prowess for the sake of the Kauravas, have all perished in battle. Ye all have exerted your valour according to your courage and in respect of the shares allotted to you.
warrior Salya, remains.
constituted by the mighty carvanquish that ruler of the Madras today in battle. Whatever wishes I have regarding the accomplishment of that task I will now tell you. These two heroes, viz., the two
share, viz.,

Only one

mine, that


desire to

sons of Madravati, will



protectors of



They are

counted as heroes incapable of being vanquished by Vasava himself. Keeping the duties of a Kshatriya before them, these two that are deserving of every honour and are firm in their vows, will fight with their
maternal uncle.
Blessed be ye.

Either Salya will slay me in battle or I will slay him. Listen to these true words, ye foremost of heroes in the
of Kshatriya duties,



will fight




uncle, ye lords

of Earth, firmly

resolved to

either obtain

victory or

Let them that furnish cars quickly supply my vehicle, be slain. according to the rules of science, with weapons and all kinds of implements in a larger measure than Salya's. The grandson of Sini will protect my right wheel, and Dhrishtadyumna my left. Let Pritha's son

Dhananjaya guard
wielders of


rear today.



Bhima, that foremost of


weapons, fight
did as



shall thus be

superior to

Salya in the great battle that will occur.'

his well-wishers

Thus addressed by the king, they were requested. Then the Pandava

troops once more became filled with joy, especially the Panchalas, the Somakas, and the Matsyas. Having made that vow, the king proceeded The Panchalas then blew and beat against the ruler of the Madras.

innumerable conches and drums and uttered leonine roars. Endued with great activity and filled with rage, they rushedi with loud shouts of joy,
against the ruler of the Madras, that bull

among the Kurus. 1



caused the Earth to resound with the noise of the elephants'


tive form.

The reading Kurupungavas is incorrect. It should be in the accusaThen again, I read, following the Bengal texts, taraswinat and

not taratwinam as in the




and Kritavarman.With eyes opened wide We and body trembling in rage. As he careered in battle. dragging the car after them. began to slay them with his arrows. their driver. fell O giver of Once more the king. for though very mild and soft. of victory. desirous with rage. Then Yudhishthira. aiming at the gold- decked standard standard of honours. When Duryodhana swooned away. the bowless Bhima then. followed that of rescuing thy son. mangled each other. he then became exceedingly fierce. pierced the chest of thy son with a dart. Felling cars with steeds and drivers and standards and throwing down car-warriors in large numbers. Bhima> cut off in that battle. received those assailants. O king. witli The down. the son of Kunti. putting forth his prowess. cut off the beautiful bow of Bhima that looked like the trunk of an elephant. and with great laches in in battle. none could mark any him. all of whom were inspired with the desire Kuni heroes around. quickly. displayed those diverse kinds of lessons that Drona had taught him.8ALYA PABVA the loud blare of conches and trumpets. ruler of the Madras. Duryodhana then. with of a straight shaft. Vrikodara once more. Salya and Yudhishthira. Then thy Udaya and the Asta in battle. at which loud wails arose (in the Kuru army). rushed against the ruler of the Madras. and Kripa. viz. himself urging his then saw something that steeds white as ivory and fleet as thought. Those amongst the soldiers against whom the eldest Pandava proceeded. cut off the head of his trunk. adorned many bells. with razor-faced driver from his shafr. Then the mighty all sides. Salya poured a shower of king Yudhishthira the just. O king. with a sharp razor-faced arrow. without any assistance. . and Satyaki. the son of Kunti cut off hostile warriors in hundreds and thousands by means of his sharp shafts. Boasting of his prowess arrows on that chastiser of foes. like the 46 son and the valiant hills. The (Kaurava) troops (at sight of The followers of Duryodhana became exceedingly agitated. like Maghavat pouring rain. The high-souled king of the Kurus also. like a couple Bhima was engaged with thy son The Panchala prince (Dhrishtadyumna). was wonderful in Yudhishthira. ran wildly O car-warrior Aswatthaman. were overthrown by him. Endued with great energy. skill. having taken up his beautiful bow. of tigers fighting for a piece of meat. occurred in that spot an awful battle between thy again warriors and those of the foe. this) became terrified. beautiful Bhimasena. The on steeds of Duryodhana's car. both endued with great prowess that delighter in battle. like mountain summits riven with thunder. and the two sons of Madri by Pandu. the wielder of Qandiva. At that time. drawing his bow. received Sakuni and the other there In consequence of thy evil policy. At this. thy son sat down on tha terrace of his car.. deprived of Bharata. And he poured successive showers of arrows beautifully. excited car. Yudhishthira.

O Bharata. Salya. placed his foes to his right. each other's arrows and bathed in blood. Then with another blazing. With two other very sharp shafts. the soldiers could not conclude which of them would be victorious. speedily army of Duryodhana broke. shaft. Then those two heroes. Filled with rage. The son of Pandu then slew the four steeds of his antagonist with some straight arrows. in course of that battle. well tempered and sharp Then. heard Yudhishthira roar aloud. he cut off the standard of Salya staying in his front. the son of Kunti covered the ruler of the Madras with showers of arrows. by the warriors present there. That best of cars had been reduced to that plight. the mangled battle with Madras and Yudhishthira. in that viz. he then cut off the two Parshni drivers of Salya. Taking up another bow. Wait. however. could not be ascertained. all thy warriors became inspired with fear. they fled away quickly. he cut off the latter's bow. the ruler of the Madras then ascended another car that had been equipt duly. would bestow the Earth on Duryodhana. the this time. Stopping. he destroyed steeds with riders and steeds without riders and foot-soldiers by thousands in that battle. his shafts Rudra destroyHaving Yudhishthira ! made the 6eld empty by shooting on all sides. The son of Drona. O chastiser of foes. that vehicle made the hair of . Both of them filled with rage. rushed against the ruler of the Madras and said. both blew their conches. ruler of the looked like a Salmali and a Kinsuka tree decked with flowers. like ing living creatures (at the time of the universal dissolution).. Then Salya shot a hundred foremost of arrows at Yudhishthira. Beholding them both. at proceeded towards the ruler of the Madras who had and quickly taking him up on his own car. those Both possessed of splendour two illustrious warriors uttered loud roars. or whether Salya having slain the son of Pandu.46 MAHABHABATA began to sport there like a mighty wind destroying masses of clouds. Wait Beholding the feats then of that hero of terrible deeds. Yudhishthira pierced Salya with three hundred shafts and cut off the latter's bow with a razor-faced arrow. all Well-furnished with weapons and instruments and foes stand on end/' kinds of utensils. With another arrow of great sharpness. and both invincible in battle. Whether the son of Pritha would enjoy the Earth. each then Returning and encountered the other Then Salya covered Yudhishthira with showers of arrows. having slain Salya. a rattle deep as the roar of the clouds. After the two had proceeded for a moment. Similarly. proceeded against him. King Yudhishthira. challenging each other.

he afflicted Yudhishthira greatly. O king. and caused the Earth strewn with (slain) warriors like the sacrificial altar with blades of Kusa grass. clad the ruler of Pritha. The high-souled son of and other combatants pons. the brave ruler of the Madras and the heroic Pandava.. washed in oil and shot from their bow-strings stretched to their ears. pierced his foe with nine arrows in that dreadful encounter.SECTION XVII Sanjaya said. at the command of Duryodhana. the ruler of the Madras pierced Yudhishthira and roared like a lion. The ruler of the Madras at this time quickly pierced Yudhishthira with seven arrows in that battle. encompassed that warrior while he was fighting with the (Pandava) king of troops like all-destroying Death. Protected by Bhimasena. surrounded him on all sides. both endued with great strength. the ruler of the Madras and Yudhishthira. beholding the of thy army. both incapof able being defeated by foes. and the two sons of Madri. in battle. viz.. the Panchalas. and those two foremost of men. and the Somakas. And he cut off the arms of combatants with weapons to be in grasp and the standards of vehicles. checked that first of men in that encounter and began to strike him with winged arrows of fierce energy. and by him of Madhu's race. Those two great car-warriors. of battle like They careered on the two young tigers in the deep forest fighting for a piece of . And all heroes. and both foremost of car-warriors. ha