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Construction of Parallel Lines

# Construction of Parallel Lines

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11/22/2012

# Construction of Parallel Lines

suu r Construction 1: To construct a line parallel to a given line XY .

Steps of construction 1. Take points A and B on XY. 2. With A as centre, draw an arc which cuts XY at C. 3. With B as centre and the same radius, draw an arc which cuts XY at D. 4. With C as centre and the same radius, draw an arc cutting the arc drawn in step 2 at E. 5. With D as centre and the same radius, draw an arc cutting the arc drawn in step 3 at F. 6. Join EF and produce it to either side. The line EF is the required line parallel to the given line XY. Construction 2: To construct a line passing through a point P and parallel to suu r AB

Steps of construction 1. Take any point Q on AB and join PQ. 2. Construct ∠EPQ = ∠PQB with the help of a scale and compasses.

suu r 3. Produce PF on both sides XY is the required line passing through P and parallel to AB.
Construction 3: To construct a line PQ, parallel to line AB at a distance of 4 cm from it.

Steps of construction 1. Take any point C on AB and make an angle of 90o at C. 2. Now C a centre and radius equal to 4 cm, cut CR at P. Now length CP = 4 cm 3. At P, make an angle of 90o . 4. Take any point on it. Now, PQ is the required line parallel to AB at a distance of 4 cm from it. Construction 4: To construct a line parallel to a given line from a point on the other line making an angle with the line. Steps of construction Let AB is the line. Suppose we have to draw a line PQ from a point P on AB such that it is parallel to AC. 1. With AC as centre and any radius draw an arc. 2. Now, P as centre and the same radius draw an arc GH. 3. Now cut GH = EF

4. Draw ray PQ passing through H. PQ is the required ray on AB parallel to the given line AC making an angle with AB. Explanation of principle behind parallel lines a. In construction 1, we employed the principle of a parallelogram, that the opposite sides of a parallelogram are parallel and equal. We made AE = DF and AE parallel to DF . b. In construction 2: we made use of the alternate interior angles, that is, if the lines are parallel and they are intersected by a transversal, then the alternate interior angles are equal. So, conversely, we made ∠XPQ equal to ∠PQB so that XY parallel to AB . c. In construction 3: we employed the principle that lines perpendicular to a given line are parallel to each other. We made AB ⊥ CP and PQ ⊥ CP so that XY parallel to AB . d. In construction 4: we employed the principle that in parallel lines corresponding angle are equal. So, conversely we made ∠CAP = ∠QPB so that AC parallel to PQ . *********************************************

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