Some Special Angles

By using a protractor, we can draw angles of any magnitude. But some angles, like 30o , 60o ,120o ,90o , 45o ,135o ,150o etc can be drawn by using a ruler and compasses also. This is why these are called special angles. 1. Construct an angle of 60o . Steps of construction

1. Draw a ray BP. 2. With B as centre and a convenient radius, draw an arc cutting the ray BP at C. 3. With C as centre and with the same radius, draw a small arc to cut the arc drawn in step 2 at A. 4. Join BA. m∠ABC = 60o 2. To construct an angle of 30o Steps of construction

1. Construct an angle of 60o 2. Bisect the angle. Each of the bisected angles is equal to 30o . 3. To construct an angle of 120o . Steps of construction

1. Draw a ray AB.

uuu r 2. With A as centre and any convenient radius, draw an arc cutting AB at C.
3. With C as centre and the same radius, draw another arc cutting the previous arc at D.

4. With D as centre and the same radius, draw another arc cutting the first arc at E. 5. Join BE and extend it to F. 6. ∠BAF = 120o 4. To construct an angle of 90o Steps of construction

1. Draw a line AB. Mark a point P on it.

uuu r 2. With P as centre and a convenient radius, draw a long arc cutting AB at X.
3. With X as centre and the same radius, cut the above arc at Y. 4. Again with Y as centre, with the same radius cut the same arc at Z. 5. Now with Y and Z as centers, with any convenient radius cut two arcs to cut each other at Q. 6. Join PQ.

suu r uuu r PQ is the perpendicular on AB at P. It makes an angle of 90o with PB . Hence ∠QPB = 90o
5. To construct an angle of 45o

Steps of construction

1. Construct ∠AOB = 90o 2. Using ruler and compasses, bisect it.
uuur 3. OX is the bisector of ∠AOB . Thus ∠AOX = ∠XOB = 45o

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