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PART ONE: BASIC mAs AND TIME CONVERSIONS
Working with Decimal Timers
Exercise 1: Calculating Total mAs Values
1. 5 mAs
2. 6.4 mAs
3. 1.9 mAs
4. 12.5 mAs
5. 80 mAs
6. 4 mAs
7. 10 mAs
8. 12.8 mAs
9. 30 mAs
10. 3 mAs
11. 25 mAs
12. 60 mAs
13. 80 mAs
14. 1.6 mAs
15. 0.6 mAs
16. 7 mAs
17. 9 mAs
18. 21 mAs
19. 210 mAs
20. 30 mAs
21. 150 mAs
22. 480 mAs
23. 3.6 mAs
24. 4.8 mAs
25. 30 mAs
26. 90 mAs
27. 12 mAs
28. 4.5 mAs
29. 75 mAs
30. 7.5 mAs
31. 45 mAs
32. 1.8 mAs
33. 1.2 mAs
34. 4 mAs
35. 16 mAs
36. 28 mAs
37. 64 mAs
38. 6.4 mAs
39. 132 mAs
40. 320 mAs
41. 280 mAs
42. 2.8 mAs
43. 40 mAs
44. 15 mAs
45. 100 mAs
46. 350 mAs
47. 3.5 mAs
48. 62.5 mAs
Working with Fractional Timers
Exercise 2: The 100 mA Station
1. 50 mAs
2. 5 mAs
3. 2 mAs
4. 20 mAs
5. Approximately 12 mAs
6. Approximately 1.2 mAs
7. Approximately 8 mAs
8. Approximately 0.8 mAs
9. Approximately 15 mAs
10. Approximately 7 mAs
11. 2.5 mAs
12. Approximately 33 mAs
13. Approximately 3.3 mAs
14. Approximately 16 or 17 mAs
15. Approximately 1.6 or 1.7 mAs
16. Approximately 66 or 67 mAs
Exercise 3: The 200 mA and 50 mA Stations
1. Approximately 24 or 25 mAs
2. 2.5 mAs
3. 40 mAs
4. 4 mAs
5. Approximately 6 mAs
6. Approximately 2.4 or 2.5 mAs
7. Approximately 16 or 17 mAs
8. Approximately 1.6 or 1.7 mAs
9. Approximately 4 mAs
10. Approximately 0.4 mAs
11. Approximately 7 to 8 mAs
12. Approximately 14 mAs
13. 5 mAs
14. Approximately 16 or 17 mAs
15. Approximately 1.6 or 1.7 mAs
16. Approximately 66 or 67 mAs
17. Approximately 6.6 or 6.7 mAs
18. Approximately 32 to 34 mAs
19. Approximately 3.2 to 3.4 mAs
20. Approximately 132 to 134 mAs
21. Approximately 8 to 9 mAs
22. Approximately 0.8 to 0.9 mAs
23. Approximately 0.6 to 0.7 mAs
24. Approximately 30 mAs
Exercise 4: The 300 mA Station
1. 60 mAs
2. 50 mAs
3. 6 mAs
4. 5 mAs
5. 15 mAs
Bushong: Radiologic Science for Technologists, 10th Edition
e2
6. 150 mAs
7. 20 mAs
8. 25 mAs
9. 2.5 mAs
10. 12 mAs
11. 75 mAs
12. 7.5 mAs
13. Approximately 36 mAs
14. Approximately 3.6 mAs
15. Approximately 45 mAs
16. 20 mAs
Exercise 5: The 400, 500, and 600 mA Stations
1. 20 mAs (4 sets of 5)
2. 25 mAs (5 sets of 5)
3. 30 mAs (6 sets of 5)
4. 80 mAs (4 sets of 20)
5. 120 mAs (6 sets of 20)
6. 8 mAs (4 sets of 2)
7. 12 mAs (6 sets of 2)
8. 125 mAs (5 sets of 25)
9. 150 mAs (6 sets of 25)
10. 12.5 mAs (5 sets of 2.5)
11. 15 mAs (6 sets of 2.5)
12. 20 mAs (
1

3
of 60, or 6 sets of 3.3)
13. Approximately 13 mAs (4 sets of 3.3)
14. Approximately 6.4 mAs (4 sets of 1.6)
15. Approximately 60 mAs (4 sets of 15)
16. 100 mAs (4 sets of 25)
17. Approximately 4.8 to 5 mAs (4 sets of 1.25)
18. Approximately 60 mAs (5 sets of 12)
19. Approximately 48 to 50 mAs (6 sets of 8)
20. Approximately 5 mAs (6 sets of .8)
21. Approximately 40 mAs (5 sets of 8)
22. Approximately 3.2 to 3.3 mAs (4 sets of 0.8)
23. Approximately 28 mAs (4 sets of 7)
24. Approximately 35 mAs (5 sets of 7)
25. Approximately 16 mAs (4 sets of 4)
26. Approximately 20 mAs (5 sets of 4)
27. Approximately 24 mAs (6 sets of 4)
28. Approximately 120 to 132 mAs (4 sets of 33)
Exercise 6: Complex Fractions
1. 40 mAs
2. Approximately 14 mAs (2 sets of 7)
3. Approximately 21 mAs
4. 15 mAs (3 sets of 5)
5. 35 mAs
6. 150 mAs
7. 80 mAs (2 sets of 40)
8. 120 mAs
9. 160 mAs
10. 60 mAs
11. 140 mAs
12. Approximately 28 to 30 mAs (2 7 2)
13. Approximately 42 mAs (2 7 3)
14. 30 mAs (3 sets of 10)
15. 70 mAs
16. 160 mAs (2 sets of 80)
17. 240 mAs
18. 320 mAs
19. 120 mAs (3 × 40)
20. 280 mAs
21. 200 mAs
22. 120 mAs (2 × 60)
23. 180 mAs
24. 240 mAs
25. 90 mAs
26. 210 mAs (7 × 30)
27. 40 mAs (2 × 20)
28. 60 mAs
29. 45 mAs (3 × 15)
30. 60 mAs
31. 140 mAs
32. 200 mAs
33. 150 mAs
34. 700 mAs ([7/5] × 500)
35. 75 mAs (3 × 25)
36. 240 mAs (2 × 120)
37. 360 mAs
38. 180 mAs (3 × 60)
39. 90 mAs (3 × 30)
40. 120 mAs*
(*Note that on question 40 you may simply take
double the answer you would get at the 300 mA station. If
you have memorized that 15 s and 20 s go together at the
300 mA station, then a fifteenth at 600 would be double
20 or 40. Then take 3 sets of 40. Many problems at the
600 mA station can be solved this way—by just doubling
the answer you would get at 300 mA. Also, many mAs
values can be figured at the 400 mA station in a similar
manner by doubling numbers you are familiar with using
at the 200 mA station.)
Timers: Converting Fractions into Decimals
and Vice Versa
Exercise 7: Converting Fractions Into Decimals
1. 0.75
2. 0.667
3. 0.25
4. 0.2
5. 0.167
6. 0.142
7. 0.125
8. 0.083
9. 0.0667
10. 0.05
11. 0.04
12. 0.033
13. 0.025
14. 0.02
15. 0.0167
16. 0.0125
17. 0.01
18. 0.005
19. 0.7
20. 0.133
21. 0.15
22. 0.4
23. 0.6
e3
24. 0.8
25. 0.33
26. 0.2
27. 0.35
28. 0.0067
29. 0.375
30. 0.3125
Exercise 8: Converting Decimals Into Fractions
1.
1
⁄20
2.
1
⁄30 (common denominator is 333)
3.
1
⁄5
4.
3
⁄4
5.
1
⁄40
6.
2
⁄3
7.
1
⁄7

(common denominator is 143)
8.
1
⁄500
9.
4
⁄50
10.
1
⁄6

(common denominator is 167)
11.
1
⁄8
12.
3
⁄5
13.
1
⁄16
14.
1
⁄120 (common denominator is 833)
FINDING mA AND TIME COMBINATIONS FOR A
DESIRED mAs
Exercise 9: Warm-up Calculations
1. 2 sets of 40
2. 3 sets of 15
3. 2 sets of 33
4. 3 sets of 25
5. 3 sets of 60
6. 3 sets of 40 or 2 sets of 60
7. 2 sets of 80 or 4 sets of 40
8. 3 sets of 80 or 4 sets of 60
9. 3 sets of 30
10. 4 sets of 80
Exercise 10: Calculations Using Fractions
1.
1
⁄25
2.
1
⁄40
3.
2
⁄3 (2 sets of 33)
4.
1
⁄15
5.
1
⁄6
6.
1
⁄12
7.
1
⁄30
8.
1
⁄60
9.
1
⁄80
10.
1
⁄120
11.
2
⁄5 (2 sets of 20)
12.
1
⁄30
13.
1
⁄20
14.
1
⁄2
15.
1
⁄8
16.
1
⁄5
17.
3
⁄5 (3 sets of 40)
18.
1
⁄40
19.
1
⁄40
20.
2
⁄15 (2 sets of 7)
21.
1
⁄6
22.
1
⁄50
23.
1
⁄15
24.
1
⁄120
25.
3
⁄20 (3 sets of 15)
26.
3
⁄5

(3 sets of 60)
27.
4
⁄5

(4 sets of 60)
28.
1
⁄4 (cut in half twice)
29.
1
⁄5
30.
3
⁄5 (3 sets of 80)
Exercise 11: Calculations Using Decimals
1. 0.04
2. 0.025
3. 0.67
4. 0.07
5. 0.16
6. 0.08
7. 0.033
8. 0.017
9. 0.4
10. 0.05
11. 0.025
12. 0.125
13. 0.2
14. 0.6
15. 0.025
16. 0.0125
17. 0.07
18. 0.17
19. 0.02
20. 0.07
21. 0.6
22. 0.25
23. 0.2
24. 0.6
Exercise 12: Applying the 15% Rule for kVp, Applying
the Rule in Steps, Applying the Rule in Portions
1. 6
2. 4.5
3. 4
4. 2.5
5. 3
6. 10.5
7. 6
8. 9
9. 16.5
10. 3
11. Approximately 5
12. 6
13. Approximately 4
14. Approximately 7
15. 9
16. 102 kVp
17. 46 kVp
18. 64 to 65 kVp
19. 74 kVp
e4
TECHNIQUES
Exercise 13: Adjusting for Distance Changes, the
Inverse Square Law, the Square Law: Rules of Thumb
for Distance Changes
1. Approximately 75
2. Approximately 30
3. Approximately 30
4. Approximately 36
5. 15
6. 10
7. 15
8. 25
9. 68 to 70
10. Four times
11. Two times
12.
1

4
13.
1

2
14. 62.5
15. 3.47
16. 0.77
17. 0.28
18. 70
19. 12 in
20. 30 in
21. 40 in
22. 60 in
23. 1.17
24. 4.34
25. 8.1
26. 0.31
27. 0.69
28. 1.93
29. 0.56

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