Organization and Management of Sports Competitions

Objectives:
Organize play days and tournaments in the school and community

Develop leadership in community play days
Be familiarized with the different organization of different tournaments Be familiarized with the organization of athletic meets Know the duties of different working committees in athletic meets

INTRODUCTION:
The desire to play is universal = everybody enjoys playing Play is a personal urge of the youth for physical activity, as an outlet of excess energy.

Informal form of activity to be indulged in during leisure moments.

ORGANIZATION AND MANAGEMENT OF SPORTS IN THE PHILIPPINES (Legal basis)
R.A. 3135 (Sport Federation Law) Presidential Decree 604

Executive Order 590

TYPES OF ATHLETIC COMPETITIONS
Intramural athletic program Play days

Dual meets
Integrated meets Regional meets

Palarong pambansa

VALUES OF THE INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
Develops leadership qualities among students Develops interest in techniques and organizational procedures of the activities

Make quality judgments relating to courage, loyalty, courtesy, fairness, honesty, cooperation, sportsmanship, and as a citizen

1. Develop physical skills among potential athletes 2. Help acquire self-discipline, social maturity, emotional stability, and good sportsmanship among athletes 3. Educate the public regarding sports competitions 4. Promotion of health and the wise use of leisure time. 5. Give opportunity for social contacts 6. Give opportunity to develop skills in leadership and being a follower.

OBJECTIVES OF ATHLETIC MEETS

MANAGEMENT OF ATHLETIC MEETS (FUNCTIONS OF COMMITTEES)
1. formulating policies
2. making eligibility rules

3. modifying rules of various sports to meet local conditions
4. acting on protests 5. deciding forfeits

6. approving the budget

TYPES OF TOURNAMENTS
1. Single elimination

2. Double elimination
3. Round robin

BYES
teams which may advance to the second round without playing FORMULA: 2n – N = X
– N is the number of teams in a competition – 2n is the next perfect power of 2 greater than N – for example, to compute for the number of byes in an 5-team tournament, find the next perfect power of two greater than 5.

BYES
23 – 5 = x
8–5=3 Therefore, there are three byes in a 5-team tournament

BYES
A bye is an advantaged status of a player or team not paired with a competitor in an early round and thus, automatically advances to play in the next round. This is achieved by drawing lots or by being the best player in previous tournaments. (seeding)

SINGLE ELIMINATION
in this system of elimination, half of number of participants are eliminated on the first part of the game. Therefore, players cannot go on to the next round.

TOURNAMENT SET-UP
The team who loses once is automatically out of the competition

SINGLE ELIMINATION
Champions from this type of elimination are easily determined because the games end so abruptly. Games like these are used when: - there is time constraint - there are several participating teams If a team loses in a round, they are out of the tournament

SINGLE ELIMINATION TOURNAMENT (without a BYE)
there are four teams compute for the number of games 4 – 1 = 3 games

SINGLE ELIMINATION TOURNAMENT DIAGRAM (without a BYE) Team A Team B
Team C Team D A

Team C
C (Winner)

SINGLE ELIMINATION TOURNAMENT DIAGRAM (with a BYE) 5 teams

Compute first for the number of byes 23 – 5 = x 8 – 5 = 3 byes
Then compute for the number of games 5 – 1 = 4 games

(BYE 1) C
A
(1)

(3)

C (4)

B

B

C

(BYE 2) D
(2)

champion

E

(BYE 3) E

DOUBLE ELIMINATION
Participating teams have the chance to play two or more times. A team will be eliminated after two losses. A team who loses during the first round will continue to play in the losers’ bracket.

DOUBLE ELIMINATION
DIAGRAMS will be presented and drawn on the blackboard because they will not be big enough to be clearly visible.

DOUBLE ELIMINATION TOURNAMENT DIAGRAM (without a BYE)

DOUBLE ELIMINATION TOURNAMENT DIAGRAM (with a BYE)

ROUND ROBIN
All the teams get to play with everybody.

ROUND ROBIN
TOURNAMENT SET-UP
The number of games to be played is determined by subtracting 1 from the total number of teams. For example: 6 teams – 1 = 5 rounds The teams rotate counterclockwise around a constant team which remains in place

ROUND ROBIN
In a four (4) team tournament, there will be three number of games, since: 4 - 1= 3

ROUND ROBIN TOURNAMENT
Game 1 A vs. B Game 2 A vs. D Game 3 A vs. C

C vs. D

B vs. C

D vs. B

1. recognizes that all members of a team are important 2. follow suggestions of the leader 3. can express his opinions and ideas freely but courteously 4. cooperate with his team for fun and enjoyment 5. willing to sacrifice for the good of his team

QUALITIES OF A GOOD FOLLOWER

QUALITIES OF A GOOD LEADER
1. aware that a good leader is a good follower

2. have the capacity to show a spirit of helpfulness
3. respects other teams 4. knows how to behave in success or defeat

5. know the rules an limits of a game
6. patient and tolerant to his teammates who need help.

WHAT IS SPORTS MANAGEMENT?

WHAT IS SPORTS MANAGEMENT?
defined as “any combination of skills related to planning, organizing, controlling, budgeting, leading and evaluating within the context of an organization, whose primary product is related to sport and/or physical activity”.

WHAT IS SPORTS MANAGEMENT?
Sport is organized, promoted and managed by a broad spectrum of formal organizations including not-for-profit community-based voluntary associations, provincial and national organizations as well as the private and commercial (for-profit) sectors.

WHAT IS SPORTS MANAGEMENT?
Volunteers are an essential part of the sport delivery system and fulfil many roles (e.g., board/committee positions, coaching, officials). an integral part of our culture and is a significant part of the leisure services sector.

OBJECTIVES OF SPORTS MANAGEMENT

OBJECTIVES OF SPORTS MANAGEMENT
To imbibe in the hearts and minds of the students that sport is a potent factor in making a person mentally alert, physically healthy and emotionally stable. A sport is also a very important social asset.

OBJECTIVES OF SPORTS MANAGEMENT
To create awareness among teachers, coaches, trainers, and sports officials that impressive sports management brings about success that has tremendous impact on the students. Athletes’ interest, involvement and performance, as well as adult managers and officials.

OBJECTIVES OF SPORTS MANAGEMENT
To further elevate the status of sports in the region and in the country and to contribute to the realization of the national objective.

INTRAMURAL PROGRAM

INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
This is a phase of the school physical education program which belong to extra-class or recreational program. Every one is encouraged playing to the best of their abilities and making an effort to win within the spirit of the rules.

INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
Win-at-all cost attitudes are inappropriate and strongly discouraged in Intramural Sports. Participants are expected to behave in a courteous and responsible manner on victory and defeat. The value of Intramural sports comes from playing, not winning.

INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
Sports activities can teach a lot about life, such as: –Setting goals –Teamwork –Cooperation

but these positive values can only be learned when the sport is enjoyable and played fairly.

INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
The foundation of intramurals is based on the fair play principles of integrity, fairness and respect. –Respect the rules; –Respect the officials and their decisions; –Respect your opponent; –Maintain your self-control at all times.

VALUES OF THE INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
Develops leadership qualities among students Develops interest in techniques and organizational procedures of the activities Make quality judgments relating to courage, loyalty, courtesy, fairness, honesty, cooperation, sportsmanship, and as a citizen in general.

PURPOSE OF INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
To provide a safe, enjoyable environment for students of any skill level to participate in a variety of recreational activities; To provide exercise, recreation, and fun to participants in a relaxed and structured environment;

PURPOSE OF INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
To encourage physical fitness by offering quality sports and recreational activities in order to promote healthy lifestyles, personal health fitness, and sportsmanship.

PURPOSE OF INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
Activities that are offered are based on student interests and the facilities that are available for use;

PURPOSE OF INTRAMURAL PROGRAM
To provide opportunities to students compete against other students.

TYPES OF COMPETITIONS OR TOURNAMENT
There are numerous ways where a team or individual can compete with one another. Scheduling of games is needed in order to determine the team to compete in the elimination round up to the championship round.

TYPES OF COMPETITIONS OR TOURNAMENT
The following are ways to be considered in the selection of the type of elimination or tournament:
–Type of activity –Number of competitors –Venue –Time

TYPES OF COMPETITIONS OR TOURNAMENT
A “bye” is assigned to one or more teams who do not play during the first round, so it is a rest for the team. teams which may advance to the second round without playing

BYES
To determine the number of byes is to subtract the number of teams from the next power of 2. FORMULA: 2n – N = X
– N is the number of teams in a competition
– 2n is the next perfect power of 2 greater than N – for example, to compute for the number of byes in an 5-team tournament, find the next perfect power of two greater than 5.

BYES
23 – 5 = x
8–5=3 Therefore, there are three byes in a 5-team tournament

TYPES OF TOURNAMENTS
1. Single elimination

2. Double elimination
3. Round robin

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