This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

)

What is the voltage divider rule?

The voltage divider rule is a simple way of determining the output voltage across one of two impedances connected in series. It is a useful tool for circuit analysis and design.

How is it used?

The voltage divider rule can be used with resistive, inductive, or capacitive circuit elements. It can also be used with AC or DC input sources. The equation for calculating the output voltage is different, however, depending on the type of circuit element. Following are the three general cases of two like elements connected in series:

Resistive Divider

The formula for determining the DC or AC output voltage of a resistive divider is: Vout = VIN*R2/ (R1+R2)

Example

In the following circuit, the output voltage would be: Vout = 9V*10K/ (10K + 5K) = 6V

Inductive Divider

Inductive dividers can be used with AC input signals. A DC input voltage would split according to the relative resistances of the two inductors by using the resistive divider formula above. The formula for determining the AC output voltage of an inductive divider (provided the inductors are separate, i.e. not wound on the same core, and have no mutual inductance) is: Vout = VIN * L2/ (L1+L2)

Example

In the following circuit, the output voltage would be: Vout = 10VAC*50mH/ (50mH + 100mH) = 3.33VAC. Note that the output voltage is not dependent on the input frequency. However, if the reactance of the inductors is not high at the frequency of operation (i.e. inductance not large enough), there will be a very large current drawn by the shunt element.

Capacitive Divider

Capacitive dividers can be used with AC input signals. A DC input voltage would not pass through the capacitors, so the DC case is not relevant. The formula for determining the AC output voltage of a capacitive divider is different from the resistive and inductive dividers, because the series element, C1 is in the numerator instead of the shunt element, as shown below: Vout = VIN*C1/ (C1+C2)

Example

In the following circuit, the output voltage would be: Vout = 10VAC*0.022uF/ (0.022uF + 0.01uF) = 6.875VAC. Note that the output voltage is not dependent on the input frequency. However, if the reactance of the capacitors is not large at the frequency of interest (i.e. capacitance not large enough), the output current capability will be very low.

- Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)
- IEB (Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh) Membership Form
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering Interview Common Questions
- REDUCING POWER FACTOR COST
- Complete Note on Solar Panel Installation
- FIR Window Design
- Digital Filter Design
- Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook vol-2
- Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook vol-1
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering Interview Questions and Answers
- Generator & Exciter basic
- Single-Phase Electric Motor Characteristics and Applications
- Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (IEEE)
- UNDERSTANDING RELAYS
- 555 Timer – A Complete Basic Guide
- Numeric Water Level Indicator
- Motor Basics
- Fuel Cell
- Electromagnetic Pump
- 8086 Lab Manual
- Mobile Phone Detector
- Composite Insulators
- Magnetic Levitation
- Analog to Digital Converter.pdf

Voltage Divider Rule

Voltage Divider Rule

- Programmable Logic Controller (PLC)
- IEB (Institution of Engineers, Bangladesh) Membership Form
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering Interview Common Questions
- REDUCING POWER FACTOR COST
- Complete Note on Solar Panel Installation
- FIR Window Design
- Digital Filter Design
- Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook vol-2
- Electrical Science Fundamentals Handbook vol-1
- Electrical and Electronics Engineering Interview Questions and Answers
- Generator & Exciter basic
- Single-Phase Electric Motor Characteristics and Applications
- Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (IEEE)
- UNDERSTANDING RELAYS
- 555 Timer – A Complete Basic Guide
- Numeric Water Level Indicator
- Motor Basics
- Fuel Cell
- Electromagnetic Pump
- 8086 Lab Manual
- Mobile Phone Detector
- Composite Insulators
- Magnetic Levitation
- Analog to Digital Converter.pdf
- Digital Voltmeter
- Logic Family
- The Sale of Goods Act
- Digital Multimeter – Basic Guide
- Sample Cover Letter- Entry Level

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.

scribd